Accessible Building Design – Tactile Indicators on Handrails – Walkways and Walls

In this article “Accessibility” refers to the indicators for the disabled people in structures. This includes parking spaces, elevators, and restrooms.

Every public building must have accessible building design to facilitate the disabled persons. It does not only help the handicapped get access to their desired destination also it will somehow help them become useful citizen of the society rather than being a burden. For these purpose tactile indicators on handrails, walkways and walls should be provided to facilitate in moving and recognizing the path. Some methodical suggestions are mentioned below in this concern.

Edges adjoining a path are to match the level of the path or be at no more than 1 in 40 slopes for 600mm unless handrails are provided. Path limits that fall away or rise up can source problems for all users when enforced to go to the edge of the path. Curved paths should give some tactile assistance on the edging or centre of path. Cane and visually impaired users may de-orientate on curved paths.

Give clear visual and tactile clues to major destinations along routes. Use texture as well as lighting, contrast or other design approaches. All users profit from clear clues to destinations. Visually impaired get mostly benefited from textured markers.

Ensure doors or windows do not open onto path clear widths. In general anything that reduces the obvious width of a path should be avoided; doors and canopy windows in meticulous are collision points for all users. For Doors, windows; the complementary edging that to be used in along paths in high density areas and along paths of high usage. Definition between pathway and periphery assists visually impaired users.

Public transport pick up

There should be cross and longitudinal slopes in waiting and loading zones of pick up areas to be at maximum of 1 in 40. For Public transport pick up point slopes Tactile and contrasting indicators, 300 mm wide, to run full length in pull -in area. All users gain tremendous assistance by the periphery warning pavers. For Public transport pick up point boundaries Bus stops and taxis ranks to be on accessible paths and accommodate a wheel chair under cover. Access for public transport should be available for all users.

Protruding objects

Fire service equipment such as fire extinguishers and hose reels should be recessed into walls wherever possible or set clear of walkway clear space. Items should be placed to avoid collisions and not hinder canes users following walls as guides

Fire services

Object should protrude no more than 500 mm into walkways and should not reduce the clear width. Objects may project more into walkways if they are protected by nib walls on both sides no less than 100 mm higher than the objects, without reducing the clear width. Objects can be visually and physically protected by walls. This also assists cane users following the wall edges.