Engineered Wood Joists – A Technologically Advanced Way To Build

Engineered wood joists are a technologically advanced way to build, which allows you to be more eco friendly than building with traditional dynamic lumber. Engineered lumber beams can be manufactured from smaller trees. Any construction project that calls for wood joists can use engineered lumber joists in the construction.

Modern technology has developed engineered lumber which has many advantages over traditional lumber joists and studs:

  • Engineered joists are more uniform in structural integrity, which allows the contractor to install them without the typical sorting and discarding of inferior standard lumber.
  • Engineered lumber joists offer more load bearing capacity than the same sized dynamic joists. This allows fewer joists to be installed in order to carry the same load.
  • Engineered beams can span greater distances than standard wood beams. This gives the architect and homeowner more design flexibility and lowers costs.
  • Engineered joists will save money as fewer joists are required to bear the same load. This will save money on material, labor, and transportation costs.
  • Engineered lumber joists offer more support and rigidity than standard lumber. There will be less deflection in any floor that uses engineered wood, especially over greater spans. The floor will have a more solid feeling, indicating superior construction compared to standard floor joists.

Using engineered i-joists in your construction project will benefit the environment in several ways, which may not be apparent at first glance. Since engineered lumber is lighter in weight, less fuel will be required to transport the material than standard lumber. Engineered i-joists are cut to exact lengths at the factory so there is less waste at the construction site and less material discarded which needs to be hauled to a landfill. The resins used to manufacture engineered wood products are toxin free. Small measures individually, but when multiplied over millions of construction projects, can make a significant difference to the environment.

Overall costs incurred at the construction site can be reduced by using engineered wood products for the same reasons. A fewer number of engineered wood joists are required to build the structure so less labor time is required to construct the building. Less time spent cutting to length decrees labor time, and less weight per joist requires less man to position engineered lumber joists and further decrees labor costs.

Engineered i-joists save money, provide a better constructed home, and are more eco friendly than typical dynamic lumber joists. It's hard to find a reason not to use engineered wood in all aspects of your construction project.

Swimming Pools – 6 Feng Shui Tips to Make Them Auspicious

Swimming pools are a wonderful addition to any home. They create an instant place for fun, relaxation, and exercise. Plus, water is extremely beneficial in any landscape. However, in feng shui, swimming pools can often create negative influence. That's because swimming pools possess a great deal of energy. It is also because swimming pools are often located at the rear of the home, and that is extremely inauspicious according to feng shui.

Even so, there are some instances when pools are a benefit to the homeowner. This would include a pool that is correctly sized, shaped, and positioned. Certain pool shapes and sizes can create problems, such as poison arrows, which are severe points of energy directed at the house.

On the plus side, pools positioned in certain locations can actually benefit homeowners. These are pools that are placed according to flying star. At their best, pools can be positioned to tap the "wealth star" – the secret location of prosperity that is tied to the direction of the front door. Another benefit of flying star placement is to overcome negative energies, as pools can offset negative energy from poor star placements.

Look at placing your pool in an auspicious location and follow feng shui's design criteria to make sure your pool benefits you! Positioned right, swimming pools can add tremendous wealth luck to a home! If not, though, it can be a very negative influence that can harm your wealth. To be sure about your pool, though, consider checking in with a feng shui consultant.

The Top 6 Feng Shui Pool Rules

1. Select a shape that is auspicious.

The best shapes for pools are round, oval, kidney, or curving. This is because none of these shapes have any hard edges or points that can create a poison arrow effect that square-shaped pools often do. Other good choices include octagons and figure-eights.

2. Keep your pool size proportional to the size of the home.

Pools are better if they are not overly large. If they are too large for the home, they can "overwhelm" it, leaving much negative energy. Better to go with a smaller pool than one that is too large.

3. Place pools at the sides of the yard.

If possible, it is better to position swimming pools at the side of a yard rather than directly in the rear. If that can not be accommodated, then do try to avoid having a pool that is directly in line with the rear center of the house. Pools that do can become menacing, as water behind you is considered bad feng shui.

4. Pools that embrace a home bring good luck.

These pools appear to wrap around a home or curve toward the home. These are a good design choice as they do not have hard edges pointing at the house.

5. Locate pools in a favorable sector for periods 8 and 9.

Until 2043, pools should ideally be located in the North, Southwest, East, or Southeast sectors.

6. Incorporate the five elements around your pool.

Pools should be mixed with the other elements, such as metal (handrailings, pumps, electrical equipment), wood (plants, arbors, gazebos), earth (rock, cement surroundings or deckings), and fire (lighting). This helps to ensure that the pool is well-balanced and harmoniously incorporated into the landscape.

Emphasis and Balance in Interior Design

Emphasis in interior design can be used to draw one's eyes in a particular direction or to a specific detail. For example, if you are working with a room that has a low ceiling vertical stripes can be introduced so as to make the room seem taller. Vertical stripes will draw the eyes upwards and therefore create vertical emphasis or also known as stress in a design. Alternately, the use of horizontal stripes would create horizontal stress or emphasis and draw the eyes around the room. Think about wooden moldings such as picture rails and dado rails which are often introduced into a scheme to break up large wall spaces. These kind of details although often subtle can have a major impact on your design.

Another factor to consider when planning an interior design scheme is that of contrast as without it any scheme would be bland and boring. By consciously choosing contrasting elements such as plain and patterned textures or by combining modern styling with antique furnishings, the details will often complement each other theby intensifying prominent characteristics of your design. Choosing contrasting details is the same as choosing contrasting colors and they key to success is getting the balance right.

Symmetrical balance in interior design occurs when one side of a scheme is the same as the other side but in reverse. Symmetrical balance is often seen in classical interiors which due to its more formal styling ratios heavily on proportion, symmetry and balance. Whilst such a scheme would obviously be well balanced, it can be deemed safe and therefore somewhere boring.

Asymmetrical balance is the opposite of the above. In this type of scheme objects on either side of the room would be different in proportion, size and layout. This type of scheme creates the impression of activity and movement and often comes across as being informal and more individual in style. Since asymmetrical schemes do not follow strict guidelines they offer more flexibility but by doing so make it harder to achieve visual balance.

Radial balance occurs when a scheme is arranged around a central point or focus but is less common in interior design. Such schemes often focus on setting on a round table or floral arrangements. Radial balance suggests movement through the circular arrangements and symmetry is used t achieve overall balance. This type of scheme is more individual and can therefore cross any number of interior styles.

There are many elements to consider when planning a scheme and it can be easy to get things wrong which is why people employ interior designers. It is important to take the time therefore to plan a scheme carefully so that you can visualize the end result and achieve balance in your design.

Pros and Cons Of Door Hanger Marketing

There are many pros and cons when it comes to using door hangers for your marketing and advertising needs. Here are a few examples of why.

PRO – They are personal. Some people appreciate this aspect of door hanger marketing. They need to be hand delivered, which shows effort and care on the part of the advertiser or company. This is great, especially when you are trying to motivate a specific target market of people. Custom hangers are great for local marketing. Local events, campaigns, etc. can all be promoted positively with printed door hangers.

CON – A lot of people who receive see them as an automatic throw away piece. Because there are so many postcards, flyers, and other types of advertising materials that come through the mail every day, you really need to make your hangers stand out in a positive way. This is why the design phase of your door hanger creation is so important, you must catch someone’s attention before your creation ends up in the trash can. Also, there is no envelope for a potential customer to open or other piece to distract them or make them look twice. So, this is why the look and design of your door hangers means so much.

PRO – They are one of the more unique pieces of advertising materials you could choose to use. While you do have the “throw away” hurdle to overcome, if you do a great job during the design phase, you will end up with a beautiful, unique hanger to distribute. This is definitely a pro. If you can grab attention and deliver a powerful message, yours will be a definite success.

CON – Some people view them as a weaker form of marketing material due to their lack of reach. Due to their delivery demands, hangers just cannot get to as many people as say, a postcard that goes through a stamping machine. Because each door hanger needs to be hand delivered, the amount of people you can contact is going to be smaller. Direct mail pieces are going to be able to reach more people due to their delivery method alone. This is why door hangers are great tools to use when you are trying to contact a local group of people.

Overall, they have several pros and cons but ultimately they are best suited to promote a local business or organization and be distributed to homes in the surrounding area. You are going to get the best response this way, especially if you design your door hangers well and make the consumer feel as though you care about them and value their business before they have decided to give it to you.

Principles of Accounting and Accounting Assumptions

In the modem world no business can afford to remain secretive because various parties such as creditors, employees, taxation authorities, investors, public and government etc., are interested to know about the affairs of the business. Affairs of the business can be studied mainly by consulting final accounts and the balance sheet of the particular business. Final accounts and the balance sheet are end products of book-keeping. Because of the importance of these statements it became necessary for the accountants to develop some principles, concepts and conventions which may be regarded as foundations of accounting. Such fundamentals having wide acceptance give reliability and creditability to the financial statements prepared by the accountants. The need for 'generally accepted accounting principles' arises for two reasons: First, to be logical and consistent in recording the transactions and second, to conform to, the established practices and procedures.

There is no agreement among the accountants as regards the basic concepts of accounting. There is no uniformity in generally accepted accounting principles (GAPP). The terms-axioms, assumptions, conventions, concepts, generalizations, methods, rules, doctrines, techniques, postulates, standards and canons are used freely and inconsistently in the same sense.

Principles

"A general law or rule, adopted or professed as a guide to action, a settled ground or basis of conduct or practice." This definition given by dictionaries comes closest to describing what most accountants mean by the word 'Principle'. Care should be taken to make it clear that as applied to accounting practice, the world principle, does not connote a rule for which there can be no deviation. An accounting principle is not a principle in the sense that it admits of no conflict with other principals.

Postulates

Mean to absorb without proof, to take for granted or positive consent, a position assumed as self- evident. Postulates are assumptions but they are not arbitrary deliberate assumptions but generally recognized assumptions which reflect the judgment of 'facts' or trend or events, assumptions which have been borne out in past by facts provided by legal institutions making them enforceable to some extent.

Doctrines

Mean principals of belief: what the scriptures teach on any subject. It refers to an established principle propagated by a teacher which is followed in strict faith. But in accounting practice, no such doctrine should be adhered to but the word denotes the general principals or policies to be followed.

Axiom

Denotes a statement of truth which can not be asked by anyone.

Standards

Refer to the basis expected in accounting practice, under different circumstances. In Indian context, the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) issued an Accounting Standards Board on 21st April, 1977. The main function of ASB is to formulate accounting standards taking into consideration the applicable laws, customs, usages and business environment.

Accounting Assumptions

The International Accounting Standards Committee (LASC) as well as the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) treat (vide IAS-I & AS-I) the following as the fundamental accounting assumptions:

(1) Going concern

In the ordinary course, accounting assures that the business will continue to exist and carry on its operations for an indefinite period in the future. The entity is expected to remain in operation sufficiently long to carry out its objects and plans. The values ​​attached to the assets will be on the basis of its current worth. The assumption is that the fixed assets are not intended for re-sale. Therefore, it may be contended that a balance sheet which is prepared on the basis of record of facts on historical costs can not show the true or real worth of the concern at a particular date. The underlying principle there is that the earning power and not the cost is the basis for valuing a continuing business. The business is to continue indefinitely and the financial and accounting policies are followed to maintain the continuity of the business unit.

(2) Consistency

There should be uniformity in accounting processes and policies from one period to another. Material changes, if any, should be disclosed even though there is improvement in technique. A change of method from one period to another will affect the result of the trading materialally. Only when the accounting procedures are adhered to consistently from year to year the results disclosed in the financial statements will be uniform and comparable.

(3) Accrual

Accounting attempts to recognize non-cash events and circumstances as they occur. Accrual is concerned with expected future cash receipts and payments: it is the accounting process of recognizing assets, liabilities or income for amounts expected to be received or paid in future. Common examples of accruals include purchases and sales of goods or services on credit, interest, rent (not yet paid), wages and salaries, taxes. Thus, we make a record of all expenses and imports relating to the accounting period whether actual cash has been disbursed or received or not. If a fundamental accounting assumption (ie Going concern, consistency and accrual) is not followed (in the preparation of financial statements) the fact should be disclosed. [AS-I para 27].

The Sacred Bird

As the Phoenix nears the end of its life it builds a nest of aromatic branches and spices – cinnamon twigs and myrrh were the most popular materials. It then ignites the nest and is consumed in the flames. Some Arabic legends claim the Phoenix rose from the ashes three days later, while others state the Phoenix was reborn and emerged from the still burning flames. The Phoenix features in mythology from several Middle Eastern countries.

The traditional Phoenix lived near a cool well, and every morning would appear to sing a song to greet the new day. So enchanting was the song the Greek sun god Apollo would stop to listen. It was thought only one Phoenix existed at any one time. The young Phoenix would gather the ashes of its predecessor into an egg made from myrrh and deposit them upon the sun god's altar at Heliopolis, the city of the sun. The Phoenix lives on the morning dew, and nobody has ever seen one eat. It kills nothing and crushes nothing it touches. When injured the Phoenix can regenerate itself, so it is immortal and invincible and a mystical symbol of divinity. A Phoenix is ​​also a healer, because its tears can heal wounds. Jewish folklore claims the Phoenix was the only animal not banished from the Garden of Eden with Adam.

The Ancient Egyptians' fascination with the Phoenix arose from their own yearning for immortality and eternal life. They named the bird Benu (or Bennu), and it was depicted in the shape of a heron, with long legs and two long white feathers on either side of its head. The Benu wears either the god Osiris' crown of Atef (white with ostrich feathers rising up from the sides) or the disc of the sun god Ra. The sacred bird of Heliopolis, the Benu is associated with the sun, and its image has come to represent Ra. The Egyptian Phoenix is ​​credited with the creation of the Nile river, and was the first life form that appeared on the isolated rocks and islands after the floods that wave birth to the river. Its call is the cry that marked the beginning of time, and it is the god of time – and that of the hours, days, nights, weeks and years.

In Chinese Mythology the Phoenix is ​​known as Feng Huang (or Fung), and is the second most respected creature after the dragon. It is a symbol of high merit and grace, of power and prosperity, representing the union of ying and yang. It is described as having the beak of a rooster, the face of a swallow, the neck of a snake, the breast of a goose, the back of a tortoise, the hindquarters of a stag and the tail of a fish – certainly an unusual looking bird! The Feng Huang's feathers are colored in the five fundamental colors: black, white, red, green and yellow, representing the Confucian virtues of loyalty, honesty, decorum and justice.

The Japanese Phoenix is ​​named according to gender: Hou-Ou or Hoo-Oo – Hou is male and Ou is female. It resembles its Chinese counterpart in looks, and is often depicted nesting in the paulownia tree. It only appears at the birth of a virtuous ruler, and marks the new era by flying down from the heavens to perform good deeds for people before returning home to await the birth of a new era. Some traditions claim the Hou-Ou only appears during times of peace and prosperity – in other words very rarely!

Persian mythology tells of the Huma, also known as the "Bird of Paradise". "Huma" is Persian for "fabulous bird". Considered an extremely compassionate bird, the Huma's shadow brings great fortune to anyone it touches. And if it alights upon an individual's head, even for just a moment, that person will become king. The Huma has the power to free the mind, breaking all limits so the person will be a wise and considerate king. It does not kill for food, choosing instead to feed upon carrion. Both genders are contained in the Huma's body, with each sharing a wing and a leg.

Another Arabian mythological bird is the Cinomolgus or "cinnamon bird", which builds its cinnamon nest at the top of the cinnamon tree. Aeons ago cinnamon was a very rare spice, and muchought after. People would throw rocks or shoot arrows at the Cinomolgus' nest in an effort to dislodged the cinnamon sticks when the poor bird took flight. Another tale claims the Arabians would scatter pieces of oxen or other beasts of burden at the bottom of the nest. The Cinomolgus, unable to resist such a tasty treat, would swoop down and carry the meat back to the nest. The weight of the meat would break the nest, leaving the joyful Arabs to gather the cinnamon sticks from the ground. This is why the Cinomolgus began to nest in cinnamon trees far from Human settlements, and sightings became extremely rare.

The Avalerion is an extremely rare bird from Indian mythology – there is only ever one pair of these birds. Every sixty years they produce two eggs. When the eggs hatch the parent birds drown themselves. An interest myth … unfortunately I've not been able to find much more information on these birds.

Russian folklore's Zhar-Ptitsa is a magical, glowing bird from a faraway kingdom. Better known as the Firebird, its name means "heat bird", and it is both a blessing and a curse to any captor. A large bird with a fiery crest and glowing eyes, the Firebird's plumage glows red, orange and yellow plumage, giving the illusion of firelight. When removed the feathers continue to glow, and one feather has the power to illuminate a large room. The Firebird has been a staple of many fairy tales, usually based upon a quest to find the bird or one of its tail feathers. The hero finds the feather, and sets out to capture the bird – usually after a request from a parent or his king. The hero begins his quest with noble thoughts about the Firebird, but as his search becomes more difficult he begins to blame the bird for his problems. Many fairy tales use this quest to introduce a myriad of fantasy characters, many of which are willing to help the hero capture the bird and return with him to his home.

There are other stories about the Firebird. One of the most popular beliefs is that the Firebird flies around giving hope to the hopeless. Legends say during flight the Firebird's eyes sparkle and he drops pearls fall from his beak. Peasants gather the pearls which are traded. Some claim the mystical Firebird spends its days flying around the king's castle, swooping down at night to eat the king's golden apples. The most popular legend tells of a tsar who, fed up with the Firebird stealing his golden apples, his missions three sons with capturing the bird. The tsar's apples were very special, empowering all those eating them with youth and strength. The sons tried really hard, but were unable to capture the elusive Firebird. However, they did come close, and located a few tail feathers. Sadly they bought the feather back to their father, which disappointment turned to joy when he saw how the feathers lit up the palace rooms.

They also have another sacred bird called the phoenix which I myself have never seen, except in pictures. Indeed it is a great rarity, even in Egypt, only coming there (according to the accounts of the people of Heliopolis) once in five hundred years, when the old phoenix dies. Its size and appearance, if it is like the pictures, are as follow: – The plumage is partly red, partly golden while the general make and size are almost exactly that of the eagle. They tell a story of what this bird does: he comes all the way from Arabia, and brings the parent bird, all plastered over with myrrh, to the temple of the Sun, and there buries the body. In order to bring him, they say, he first forms a ball of myrrh as big as he finds that he can carry; then he hollows out the ball, and puts his parent inside, after which he covers over the opening with fresh myrrh, and the ball is then of exactly the same weight as at first; so he brings it to Egypt, plastered over as I have said, and deposits it in the temple of the Sun. Such is the story they tell of the doings of this bird.
from – Herodotus, History of Herodotus

What Causes Fruit Flies?

Knowing what causes fruit flies is the key to eliminating them. Not many people would normally care where fruit flies came from, unless they had them in their home and were trying to get rid of them. In a nut shell, anything that is fermenting will attract these tiny flies. This includes fruits, vegetables, anything moist like mops and dirty rags, and of course alcohol. These are known as breeding places for fruit flies. They can smell something fermenting from very far distances away.

If you have anything like this in your home, they will be drawn in. Fruit flies originally come from out side, but will quickly make a new home for themselves in your home if you're not careful, especially if there is a change in temperature and it begins to get colder outside. Once they find the perfect spot, the can lay up to 500 eggs, in which those eggs, in a few hours, transition into adult fruit flies. The fruit fly only has a 10 day life span, so they develop extremely quickly from the egg to the larva and then ever the adult fly.

This is why you one day had only a few flies around, and then the next day, there are hundreds! Multiply this scenario by 500 and you can easily see how an infestation can occur. It can happen very fast, so the quicker you can eliminate them the better. Once you know what causes these pests, and where they breed, you can start focusing on those areas when you begin your eliminating process. Getting rid of their breading spots will help decrease their ability to reproduce, and make it easier for you to rid them from your home.

How to Promote Your Power Point Presentation for Your Network Marketing Business

Network marketing businesses are challenged by the changing internet scene to produce information accurately and entertaining. In the last article, PowerPoint presentations and their use were discussed in some detail. Unfortunately, the promotional aspect was not and today's lesson will help unforgettable some ways to promote your presentations. They are powerful tools that combine many elements into one easy to digest format.

Going beyond publishing with Power Point

In a network marketing business PowerPoints, you can increase your authority and trustworthiness, if used with actual data. This type of content can help jump start a business that is looking to build a strong reputation. There are other kinds of presentations that maybe needed to help with sales and marketing. Some internal issues including training and for style guides. The style guides will help you develop appropriate content for your audience. As mentioned in the previous article you can add audio to the individual PowerPoint. While videos are great, presentations can slow things down and share a volume amount of information within the fingertips of your team.

After creating the presentation, you will need to host it. After publishing the Power Point, you should have an idea of ​​where you want to distribute the material on. This can be on social media, advertising platforms, email marketing or something else. You could even get it to help drive leads for you. Do not feel like you have to be limited on which channels to use. It's fine to use more than one channel to share your content on.

Measuring the success of your Power Points

Every aspect in network marketing requires measurement and monitoring. While some are more max than others, Power Points are one that need attention. If you're hosting the PP on a hosting site, they should have a data section. This section may not be great but it should tell you the view count, comments and other data. Other hosts may offer better analytical tools. You need to know if the PP is getting views and if it's sending traffic to your site. If the presentation has a call for action, you need to know if it's working.

Over time in your network marketing business you will learn what data is important and what is not. If you need help with marketing, there are some free and low cost solutions available. Take care and plan out each presentation carefully and make sure they are tailor to your audience.

The Monastic Life – The Path To Spirituality?

INTRODUCTION

Elijah and John, like other hermits (a monastic way of life) lived in the deserts. Jesus did not. What then is the pathway to spiritual maturity? Is it the life of the monk or otherwise? What we achieve, it must be noted, the monastic life or otherwise, is by the grace of God. God looks at the heart. What was Jesus' first miracle? In which ceremony did he perform it? If Jesus performed a miracle in a wedding fever, so promoting joyful celebration (though, with limitations), is this not a hint that, the monastic, celibate or ascetic life is not godlier than the wedded, celebratory life? Is monasticism the path to spirituality? Although there are good principles in the monastic life, it must be emphasized, echoed and re-echoed that only God can bring us to spirituality. From the foregoing, spirituality is not by works of righteousness but but by His grace alone.

1. DEFINITION OF TERMS

a. Spirituality

The term spirituality is defined as living the Christian life with a consciousness or sensitivity to religious values. Striving or aiming for perfection and making particular use of prayer are therefore very important considerations in many different Christian circles. However, it must be emphasized that spirituality asserts various forms in several Christian traditions, for instance, from the solitude of the Orthodox monks to the activism of the Pentecostals.

b. The monastic life

The monastic life refers to a way of religious life that is usually pursued within the confines of a monastery where the residents take several vows of poverty, chastity and obedience, living by the rule of the order to which they belong. Generally celibate and universally ascetic, the monastic individual separates himself or herself from general society either by living as a hermit or anchorite (religious recluse) or by joining a society of others who profess similar intentions. It is believed that despite St. Anthony is viewed as the founder of monasticism, the founder of the rule of life is St. Louis. Benedict. The goal of the monastic way of life was the achievement of personal salvation with God through a continuous spiritual battle with temptation. It is therefore reasonable to note that "the chief aim of the monk, therefore, is personal sanctification …" (Cross, 1975, 914).

c. Monastic spirituality

Monastic spirituality implies a single-heart solitary seeking of God, an approach to Him in response to His invitation found in Scripture, for instance, "seek ye first the kingdom of God" (Mt. 6:33). It is meant to be transported out in a lifetime and perfected or finalized in eternal life after one's death. It is a "way of life … that requires a certain discipline to dispose oneself to meet the living God" (Monastic Spirituality 2004). It therefore flows from a belief in a God who comes to those who are disposed to listening, who will persevere in seeking God even when it seems pointless boring. The forty-eighth verse of The Rule of St. Benedict states, "Do not be daunted immediately by fear and man away from the road that leads to salvation." It is bound to be narrow at the outside "(The Spirit of Benedictine Life, 2004).

2. TYPES OF THE MONASTIC LIFE

The Encyclopaedia Britannica generally divides monasticism into two, organizational or institutional, and hierarchical and status types. The organizational or institutional type could be further divided into eremitic, quasi-eremitic, cenobitic, quasi-monastic, and mendicant monks. The two subdivisions in the latter group include sacerdotal, and secondary and religious orders.

A common feature of true eremitic institutions is the emphasis on living alone on a strict contemplative life. Quasi-eeremitic institutions had loose organizational structures with no external hierarchies. In cenobitic monasticism, ascetism was to be pursued in community life and in obedience. The quasi-monastic groups are Christian military orders. Strictly defined, mendicant monks are those who live by begging.

3. CAUSES OF THE MONASTIC LIFE

Several reasons could have been attributed to the rise of monasticism. An important influence was the philosophical. The dualistic view of flesh and spirit, with its tendency to consider flesh and evil and spirit good- so characteristic of the Orient- influenced Christianity though the Gnostic and Neoplatonic movements. It was thought that retirement from the world could "help the individual crucify the flesh and to develop the spiritual life by meditation and ascetic acts" (Cairns, 1967, 163).

Secondly, it would appear as if some Scriptures seem to justify the monastic life. I Corinthians 7 is a case in point. Some early Church Pathhers like Origen, Cyprian, Tertullian and Jerome, urged celibacy to support correct interpretation of the Scriptures. Furthermore, it is observed, Antony, probably the first monk, "in response to those words (Matt. 19:21), disposed of his property and wave the procedures to the poor, reserving only a portion for the care of his sister" (Gonzalez 1984, 141). He even disposed of the small reserve fund that he had kept for his sister, placed her under the care of the virgins of the church, and left for the desert when a later verse "Do not be anxious for tomorrow" (Matt 6: 34) moved him. Although we do not really know when the flight to the desert really began, "Antony first embarked on the life of a hermit shortly before the year 270; but it sees that he had predecessors" (Lawrence 1984, 5).

The total spiritual poverty that is demanded of Christians and to which monks respond without hesitation appears to be lovingly gifted through in the Beatitudes. This is the core of the Benedictine Spirit – adhering to His teachings, extremely following Him who has introduced the same path from His baptism in the Jordan through the trials, misunderstandings and humiliations of rejection, to His glowing obedience to His Father and the final unblinking act of sacrifice. Furthermore, thirdly, certain psychological tendencies strengthened the desire for a monastic life. In period of crisis there is always a tendency to retreat from the harsh realities. The late second and third centuries saw the beginning of civil disorder which was to become so prevalent in the later history of the Empire. It is evident there that "many left society for the monarchy as a means of escape from harsh reality and the moral contamination of the times" (Cairns 1967, 164). Historically, there was increasing moral deterioration, especially of the upper classes in Roman society and monasticism became a haven for those in revolted against this growing decadence of the times. Geographically, the warm dry climate and the multitude of caves in the hills along the banks of the Nile were conductive to separation of the individual from society.

4. BENEFITS OF THE MONASTIC LIFE

It is a truism that there is so much evil in the best of us and so much good in the worst of us that we have to critically evaluate and learn to accommodate each other in the Christian faith. No denomination has it all right. There are strengths in the different denominations and the Christian needs to have a receptive spirit to learn from each. The monastic life is not an exception. There are several good points in this way of life worth mentioning. It is observed that monasteries "are necessary because the world is not Christian. Let it be converted, and the need for a monastic life will disappear" (Chrysostom, 1972, 52-53). History has not vined his hope. Monasticism has a unique testonomy to the world. It is firmly believed that "monasteries were the conservators of learning and the centers of missionary and philanthropic work." The monks were the authors, preachers, philosophers and theologians of the age …. "(Vos, 1994, 122). This is why Cross believes that "the monks were the chief teachers of Europe and an important civilizing power" (Cross 1957, 104).

The life of the Church between Constantine and the Reformation reveals that "almost everything in the church that approached the highest, noblest and truest ideals of the Gospel was done either by those who had chosen the monastic way or those who had been inspired in their Christian life by the monks "(Noll, 2000, 85). Douglas, Cairns and Ruark argument that "the monks were prominent in the Origenist controversies, intervened tempestuously in the fifth-century christological disputes, and became Byzantine Church's 'democratic front'" (Douglas, 1978, 671). Leaders of the Reformation such as Martin Luther, John Calvin, Thomas Cranner and Menno Simmons used the writings of the monks to draw support for their theology. Luther and Calvin, for instance, reiterated the works of Augustine. In fact, "it should be remembered that Luther, Erasmus, and many other critics of the papacy had monastic backgrounds" (Vos, 1994, 122).
The monastic life was not only limited to manual labor but also extended to copying MSS., Teaching, art, all kinds of scholarly research and translation the Bible. A realistic summary of the influence of monastic life to Christianity could have been summarized thus:

If we read the Scripture in our native languages, we benefit from a tradition of biblical translation inspired by the monk Jerome (ca. 342-420). If we sing the praises of Father, Son and Holy Spirit, we follow where the hymn-writing monks Gregory (ca.540-604) and Bernard of Clairvaux … If we pursue theology, we (are) interested to the monks Augustine and Thomas Aquinas (ca.1225-74). If we pray for the success of Christian missions, we ask for blessing upon enterprises pioneered by monks Patrick (ca.390-ca.460), Boniface (680-754), Cyril (826-69) and his brother Methodius (ca. 815-85) and Raymond Lull (ca.1233-ca.1315). If we glow in the goodness that God imparted to the created world, we follow where the friar Francis of Assisi blazed the trail … (Noll, 2000, 85).

5. SPIRITUALITY OF THE MONASTIC LIFE

From the foregoing, a question that readily comes to mind is whether the monastic way of life is really a path to spirituality? Clebsch realistically observes that Antony's retirement from the world is, at the very least, an ambiguous retreat, for though he separates himself from the distractions and nagging presses of ordinary human community, the wilderness to which Antony flees holds more significant challenges and dangers. When Antony finds no relief from an enthusiastic crowd during a rare visit to the city, "he assures those around him that he must contend with equal numbers – of demons – at his cell in the wilderness" (Clebsch 1980, 8).

Monasticism preaches separation from society, which lives according to the elements of this world, and from its economic, political and social problems. This generally led to the flight to the desert and the later autonomous existence of communities that care for the needs of their members. The monastic republic is Mount Athos, for instance, is a striking example of a social, self-governing life, separated from the world and even opposed to it. The thorney issue is that since everyone can not realistically share this vote, the monastic solution remains limited. It is not the solution for the world in its totality.

Even though the researcher is coming from a war torn land (Sierra Leone), he has come to realize that forgiveness and love are ways to demonstrate true spirituality. It must be noted that monks "headed the Inquisition and persuaded multitudes to participate in the crusades" (Noll, 2000, 140). The question is why was this so If the monastic life aimed at personal sanitation? As Christians, we must be honest to admit that "as they unfolded, the Crusades never accomplished as much good as supporters hoped, while evil consequences, unintended and unforeseen by proponents like Urban, proliferated" (Noll, 2000, 140). Even in Christianity, it is not farfetched to say that the Crusades sealed the Schism. It is unimaginable to note that people living the monastic life took part in political warfare.

The conviction of Protestants (including the researcher of this paper) about the centrality of justification by faith is bound to raise questions about whether the monastic life encouraged harmful notions concerning the possibility of salvation by works. A legitimate question worth asking is whether what the monks owed to do did not obscure the fundamental or foundational reality of God's grace. Paul got it right when he observed that "… it is by grace you have been saved, through faith – and this not from yourself, it is the gift of God- not by works, so that no one can boast" (Eph 2: 8-9). Obtaining salvation by works is nothing but a legal approach which is consistently condemned by Scripture. The tense of the verb in Ephesians 2: 8 establishes the necessity of faith in Christ as the only means of being made right with God. How central is the teaching of grace? This is a question the person living the monastic life would have to struggle with.

Does the ascetic pration of the body by the monk affect the true seat of sinfulness? In response, it is vehemently argued that "the bent of the heart, rather than the disposal of the body, is the key matter in godliness" (Noll, 2000, 103). In fact, an issue in our recently concluded module was sex and spirituality. Although Catholics believe that sex is only for procreation, the Protestant views sex between husband and wife for pleasure also as true spirituality. Even Bro. Lawrence was honest enough to admit some of the problems of a type of monastic life. It is interesting to note that Brother Lawrence began to doubt the wisdom of his decision to live in the desert, wishing instead to live within a Christian brotherhood … Members of the group could have adjusted and exhort one another, protecting them against the changeableness of their individual whims (Lawrence, 1982, 78).

CONCLUSION

In all fairness to monasticism, the institution "owes its origin to the desire of leading a life of perfection in greater security than is normally possible in the world" (Cross 1975, 914). Monks for more than a thousand years sustained a lot of noble qualities in the Church. It is reasonable to note that the monastic life, "though never perfect, always in need of reform, and occasionally sunk in corruption- remains today, more than seventeen hundred years after Antony went into the desert, a guide and inspiration to large sections of the Church "(Noll, 2000, 104). However, it would be farfetched to state that monasticism is a path to spirituality. It is incontrovertible that there are good principles in the monastic life. This notwithstanding, one must hasten to note that only God can bring us to spirituality. It is not by works of righteousness but but by His grace alone. The environment is really not the issue. I believe that the inside of the man is the real issue. The philosophers believe that if a man is sick, he will still be at the same place if you were to remove him from the gutters to the palace. Why? The answer is that he carries his disease with him. Did Jesus avoid non-Christians? No. What does He mean when he observes that though the Christian is in the world, he is not of it? The researcher observes that these words suggest or recommend a very unique ministry. This ministry looks to show itself above the desert and the city, since it is called to surpass every form in order to express itself everywhere and in all circumstances. How can monks be given birth to or monasteries be populated without the life on the other side of the monastery? It is suggested that there is only one spirituality for all without distinction in its demands, whether of the bishop, monk or layperson. St. Seraphim left the extreme practices of the hermits and returned to the world. He was no longer a monk retired from the world nor a man living among people. He was both, and surpassing both, he was essentially a witness to Biblical spirituality.

WORKS CITED

Beaufort, Lawrence. The Practice of the Presence of God. New Kensington: Whitaker House, 1982.
Cairns, EE Christianity Through the Centuries. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing

House, 1967.
Chrysostom, John. Her Nature and Task, in Bible, Church Tradition: An Eastern Orthodox View,

Collected Works, Vol. 1. Maryland: Norland, 1972.
Clebsch, WA The Life of Antony and the letter of Marcellinus. New York: Paulist Press, 1980.
Cross, FL, The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. London: Oxford University Press, 1975.
Douglas, JDEE Cairns and James E. Ruark, The New International Dictionary of the Christian

Church. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1978.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1989 ed. sv Sacred Offices and Orders.
Gonzalez, JL The Story of Christianity: The Early Church to the Dawn of the Reformation, Vol. 1

Cambridge: Harper and Row Publishers, 1984.
Lawrence, CH Medieval Monasticism: Forms of Religious Life in Western Europe in the Middle Ages.

London: Longman, 1984.
Monastic Spirituality. Available [online]: http://www.christdesert.org/noframes/

scholar / monastic_spirituality.html. Accessed 20th September 2004.
Noll, Mark A. Turning Points: Decisive Moments in the History of Christianity. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids,

Michigan: Baker Academic, 2000.
The Spirit of Benedictine Life. Available [online]: http://www.christdesert.org/noframes/

scholar / benedict / benedict_spirituality.html. Accessed 20th March 2004.
Vos, HF Introduction to Church History. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1994.

How Amino Acids Help To Rejuvenate Your Skin

The Significance of Amino Acids And Their Anti-Aging Properties

The right mixture of amino acids provides a complete regenerative treatment for the skin, hair and nails. They ensure the vital active substances that are essential for improving the quality of hair, the strengthening of nails and increasing the skin's elasticity.

Beautiful shiny hair, strong fingernails and smooth, firm skin are characteristics of health and natural beauty. They require an adequate supply of certain nutrients and vital substances that nourish the skin, hair and nails from within. They ensure regeneration of the connective tissues, eg Collagen, Elastin and Keratin. This keeps the skin supple and elastic, the nails hard and resistant, and the hair strong and beautiful Skin And Nails.

Creatine Is Good For The Skin

Cell functions gradually slow down as part of the aging process. The skin synthesizes less and less Collagen and Elastin, leading to the typical symptoms of aging skin such as wrinkles, reduced elasticity and reduced thickness. In addition, highly reactive molecules damage the genetic material in the cells and fewer repair enzymes are produced. Scientists believe Creatine stimulates energy metabolism, which slows down as we age. This stimulation has a positive effect on cell functions and thus supports the natural mechanisms of skin functions.

Furthermore, Creatine can protect cells against external influenza by forming a water sheath around them that prevails the entry of harmful substances. The ability to form a water sheath also increases the moisture content of the skin. Creatine Consists Of Glycine, Arginine And Methionine. Creatine is an amino acid derivative that occurs naturally in the body and plays an important role in the energy metabolism of the cell. It is biosynthesised from three amino acids – Glycine, Arginine and Methionine (the latter is a component of Carnitine).

Carnitine is a quaternary ammonium compound biosynthesized from the amino acids lysine and methionine in living cells. A human body weighing 70kg contains about 120g Creatine.

More Creatine Means More Collagen

Creatine acts as a kind of energy store for times of higher energy demand. In experiments with tissue cultures, it was shown that energy metabolism could be increased by adding external Creatine. It stimulates the cells to produce not only more proteins, such as Collagen and Elastin which are important for the skin, but also enzymes that repair damaged genetic material in the cell.

Collagen provides natural beauty from within Collagen protein is synthesized by the body and bestows firmness and stability to the skin. It binds water and thus increases the skin's moisture content, allowing it to become smooth and supple. From the age of 25 onwards, our skin starts to age and the proportion of collagen in the skin is gradually reduced. By comparison, the remaining collagen is not as effective.

Collagen is an important moisturizing factor in the skin and is particularly effective when it can act directly from within. In conventional treatments, collagen is regularly injected into the skin. But who wants to suffer in order to be beautiful? A much kinder and more natural way is to stimulate the body to produce its own collagen. This requires the amino acids glycine and arginine as well as Carnitine.

The Skin As A Mirror Of The Metabolism

In general, amino acids are like skin care from within. The skin is a sensitive and extremely reliable early warning system. Its appearance reflects the state of the metabolism. Allergic reactions, inflammations and pale skin with poor blood circulation are all physical signs signaling imbalances in the body's metabolism. Many studies particularly those of recent years, have demonstrated the importance of amino acids for healthy hair and firm skin.

Glutamine For Firm Skin

Glutamine is the most frequently occurring amino acid and is biosynthesised by the body, however, the quantities become insufficient with age. Glutamine plays a highly important role in protein synthesis. If there is not enough available, the organism takes protein from the body's muscle mass and converts it into glutamine and energy. As a consequence, muscle proteins are lost, muscle strands become thinner and the skin becomes less firm.

Almost like a plant, people tend to dry out and wither as they age. In this respect, glutamine is an excellent anti-aging supplement and some scientists refer to it as the internal fountain of youth, not without reason.

Carnitine Is important for firm skin as it plays a significant role in fat burning

Increasing the Carnitine level accelerates fat transport so that more can be oxidised for energy. As a fat burner, Carnitine can thus make an important contribution to weight control. It is an important component of fitness and wellness programs and helps to ensure long-term weight loss.

The essential anti-aging ingredients that can help directly or indirectly in the biosynthesis of the above and the long term health of your skin.

The main components are amino acids (see below) however as part of the mix there is a natural vitamin complex containing Vitamins A, B1, B2, Nicotinamide, Pantothenic Acid, B6, Biotin, Folic acid, B12 and Vitamin C.

There is also a natural mix of Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium, Calcium, Manganese, Iron, Copper, Zinc, Phosphorous, Chloride Iodine and selenium and glucose.

All these combined with the amino acids help to promote Long Term Benefits.

Get Paid to Watch Movies

There is nothing that transports you away from the daily grind than grabbing a bucket of popcorn, a huge soft drink and sitting back to enjoy a blockbuster movie. Movie buffs can turn their passion for watching films into a rewarding spare-time job. Various programs sponsored by the movie industry and independent organizations are always looking for fans of film to help give opinions about the latest movies hitting the big screen.

Theses "get paid to watch movies" programs all differ slightly in the way that they are administrated, depending on the company a person registers with. Many programs require the participant to travel to a cinema at his or her convenience to screen a pre-determined movie and report finds through a paid survey. Participants will be asked questions on a variety of topics such as giving an opinion of the movie content, the film's title, opinions on the movie trailers and advertisements, the other movie-watcher's reactions, and more. Before the movie starts and after the movie ends, there will be a variety of administrative tasks to attend to such as filling out paper or online surveys to report your findings and sometimes even turning in a capacity count of how many people were in the screening room .

Other "get paid to watch movies" programs are done in the comfort and convenience of the participant's home. Movies can either be downloaded over the Internet or are delivered to the home address in DVD format. After previewing the contents, similar type questions will be asked about the movie and ratings will be compiled on paid surveys that are sent back to the client company. Occasionally, there are projects invite you to watch a movie with a group of people which is followed with a modified, focus-group like discussion about the film.

Joining a program that seeks consumer input on the latest movies is a great way to see all the latest, blockbuster hits. The film industry values ​​the opinions of its target audiences submitted through online surveys and also hopes that advance screenings will help create a positive word-of-mouth buzz that will help bring in lots of paying movie-watchers once the film is released to the public . Compensation for these movie programs varies from company to company and project to project.

Often participants will be "paid" with free admission to see movies and complementary vouchers for concession stand reviews – a great way to beat the exorbitant theater prices! Some longer and more complex projects may also may you a cash stipend or reward you with bonus points that can be redeemed in the future for movie-going perks and merchandise. These programs can be found by querying "get paid to watch movies" in an online search tool, visiting a reputable database of survey sites , and sometimes visiting a corporate cinema or movie production website.

Device Hardening, Vulnerability Scanning and Threat Mitigation for Compliance and Security

All security standards and Corporate Governance Compliance Policies such as PCI DSS, GCSx CoCo, SOX (Sarbanes Oxley), NERC CIP, HIPAA, HITECH, GLBA, ISO27000 and FISMA require devices such as PCs, Windows Servers, Unix Servers, network devices such as firewalls, Intrusion Protection Systems (IPS) and routers to be secure in order that they protect confidential data secure.

There are a number of buzzwords being used in this area – Security Vulnerabilities and Device Hardening? 'Hardening' a device requires known security 'vulnerabilities' to be eliminated or mitigated. A vulnerability is any weakness or flaw in the software design, implementation or administration of a system that provides a mechanism for a threat to exploit the weakness of a system or process. There are two main areas to address in order to eliminate security vulnerabilities – configuration settings and software flaws in program and operating system files. Eliminating vulnerabilites will require either 'remediation' – typically a software upgrade or patch for program or OS files – or 'mitigation' – a configuration settings change. Hardening is required equally for servers, workstations and network devices such as firewalls, switches and routers.

How do I identify Vulnerabilities? A Vulnerability scan or external Penetration Test will report on all vulnerabilities applicable to your systems and applications. You can buy in 3rd Party screening / pen testing services – pen testing by its very nature is done externally via the public internet as this is where any threat would be exploited from. Vulnerability Scanning services need to be delivered in situ on-site. This can either be performed by a 3rd Party Consultant with scanning hardware, or you can purchase a 'black box' solution wherey a scanning appliance is permanently sited within your network and scans are provisioned remotely. Of course, the results of any scan are only accurate at the time of the scan which is why solutions that continually track configuration changes are the only real way to guarantee the security of your IT estate is maintained.

What is the difference between 'remediation' and 'mitigation'? 'Remediation' of a vulnerability results in the flaw being removed or fixed permanently, so this term generally applies to any software update or patch. Patch management is incrementally automated by the Operating System and Product Developer – as long as you implement patches when released, then in-built vulnerabilities will be remedied. As an example, the recently reported Operation Aurora, classified as an Advanced Persistent Threat or APT, was successful in infiltrating Google and Adobe. A vulnerability within Internet Explorer was used to plant malware on targeted users' PCs that allowed access to sensitive data. The remediation for this vulnerability is to 'fix' Internet Explorer using Microsoft released patches. Vulnerability 'mitigation' via Configuration settings ensures vulnerabilities are disabled. Configuration-based vulnerabilities are no more or less potentially damaging than those needing to be remedied by a patch, although a strictly configured device may well mitigate a program or OS-based threat. The largest issue with Configuration-based vulnerabilities is that they can be re-introduced or enabled at any time – just a few clicks are needed to change most configuration settings.

How often are new vulnerabilities discovered? Unfortunately, all of the time! Worse still, often the only way that the global community discovers a vulnerability is after a hacker has discovered it and exploited it. It is only when the damage has been done and the hack traced back to its source that a preventive course of action, either patch or configuration settings, can be formulated. There are various centralized repositories of threats and vulnerabilities on the web such as the MITRE CCE lists and many security product vendors agree live threat reports or 'storm center' websites.

So all I need to do is to work through the checklist and then I am secure? In theory, but there are literally hundreds of known vulnerabilities for each platform and even in a small IT estate, the task of verifying the hardened status of each and every device is an almost impossible task to conduct manually.

Even if you automate the vulnerability scanning task using a scanning tool to identify how hardened your devices are before you start, you will still have work to do to mitigate and remediate vulnerabilities. But this is only the first step – if you consider a typical configuration vulnerability, for example, a Windows Server should have the Guest account disabled. If you run a scan, identify where this vulnerability exists for your devices, and then take steps to mitigate this vulnerability by disabling the Guest Account, then you will have hardened these devices. However, if another user with Administrator privileges then accesses these same servers and re-enables the Guest Account for any reason, you will then be left exposed. Of course, you wont know that the server has been rendered vulnerable until you next run a scan which may not be for another 3 months or even 12 months. There is another factor that has not yet been covered which is how do you protect systems from an internal threat – more on this later.

So tight change management is essential for ensuring we remain compliant? Indeed – Section 6.4 of the PCI DSS describes the requirements for a formally managed Change Management process for this very reason. Any change to a server or network device may have an impact on the device's 'hardened' state and therefore it is imperative that this is considered when making changes. If you are using a continuous configuration change tracking solution then you will have an audit trail available giving you 'closed loop' change management – so the detail of the approved change is documented, along with details of the exact changes that were actually implemented. Furthermore, the devices changed will be re-assessed for vulnerabilities and their compliant state confirmed automatically.

What about internal threats? Cybercrime is joining the Organized Crime League which means this is not just about stopping malicious hackers proving their skills as a fun pastime! Firewalling, Intrusion Protection Systems, AntiVirus software and fully implemented device hardening measures will still not stop or even detect a rogue employee who works as an 'inside man'. This kind of threat could result in malware being introduced to other secure systems by an employee with Administrator Rights, or even backdoors being programmed into core business applications. Similarly, with the advent of Advanced Persistent Threats (APT) such as the publicized 'Aurora' hacks that use social engineering to dupe employees into introducing 'Zero-Day' malware. 'Zero-Day' threats exploit previously unknown vulnerabilities – a hacker discovers a new vulnerability and forms an attack process to exploit it. The job then is to understand how the attack happened and more importantly how to remediate or mitigate future re-occurrences of the threat. By their very nature, anti-virus measures are often powerless against 'zero-day' threats. In fact, the only way to detect these types of threats is to use File-Integrity Monitoring technology. "All the firewalls, Intrusion Protection Systems, Anti-virus and Process Whitelisting technology in the world will not save you from a well-orchestrated internal hack where the perpetrator has admin rights to key servers or legitimate access to application code – file integrity monitoring used in conjunction with tight change control is the only way to properly govern sensitive payment card systems "Phil Snell, CTO, NNT

See our other whitepaper 'File-Integrity Monitoring – The Last Line of Defense of the PCI DSS' for more background to this area, but this is a brief summary -Clearly, it is important to verify all adds, changes and deletions of files as any change may be significant in compromising the security of a host. This can be achieved by monitoring for should be any attributes changes and the size of the file.

However, since we are looking to prevent one of the most sophisticated types of hack we need to introduce a completely infallible means of guarantee file integrity. This calls for each file to be 'DNA Fingerprinted', typically generated using a Secure Hash Algorithm. A Secure Hash Algorithm, such as SHA1 or MD5, produces a unique, hash value based on the contents of the file and ensures that even a single character changing in a file will be detected. This means that even if a program is modified to expect payment card details, but the file is then 'padded' to make it the same size as the original file and with all other attributes edited to make the file look and feel the same, the modems will still be exposed. This is why the PCI DSS makes File-Integrity Monitoring a mandatory requirement and why it is incrementally considered as vital a component in system security as firewalling and anti-virus defences.

Conclusion Device hardening is an essential discipline for any organization serious about security. Furthermore, if your organization is subject to any corporate governance or formal security standard, such as PCI DSS, SOX, HIPAA, NERC CIP, ISO 27K, GCSx Co Co, then device hardening will be a mandatory requirement. – All servers, workstations and network devices need to be hardened through a combination of configuration settings and software patch deployment – Any change to a device may adversely affect its hardened state and render your organization exposed to security threats – file-integrity monitoring must also be employed to mitigate 'zero-day' threats and the threat from the 'inside man' – vulnerability checklists will change regularly as new threats are identified

A Review of Ducati 1098 Carbon Fiber Termignoni Exhaust Silencers – Money Well Spent?

One of the first changes that a lot of Ducati owners make to their bikes after being run is to change the stock exhaust silencers for less restrictive aftermarket ones. This has the twofold effect of making the bike louder and also releasing a few extra training ponies (as if a 1098 really needed it!) – Oh, and they look great as well! Bonus!

There are a dazzling array of manufacturers who are producing two full systems and slip on silencers for the Ducati range, however due to the success of their products in racing, and the fact that they are the weapon of choice for the factory Corse Racing team, Termignoni has arguably edged it's way into pole position as the number one Ducati exhaust manufacturer.

Termignoni have a wide selection of systems to fit the 1098 family, from slip on silencers to full titanium and carbon fiber race systems at a full 70mm diameter. It is the carbon fiber 1098 silencer kit that we are having a look at today and is the focus of this review.

Contained in the kit is the complete inventory required to fit the less restrictive carbon silencers including an updated race ECU to adjust the fueling to match the increased airflow, and also a high throughput performance air filter to balance out the additional fueling. In addition there are the mountings and bands to support the pipes under the seat, so in summary this is an entire turn key solution.

Fitting is not beyond the realms of a competent home mechanic, the pipes are precision made and as such fit without the need for any tweaking, the only tricky bit being the installation of the air filter which requires tank removal. Other than that the ECU replacement is exactly that – remove old, insert new (with battery disconnected PLEASE !!), pipes bolt into place and job done.

So how do they work and sound? Well, starting with the easy answer first – they sound awesome, deeper, more boomy but without the muffled sound of the stock pipes. The kit does include a pair of decibel killers in case your neighbors are members of the sound police but it sounds good even with these inserted.

Now to the harder question, do they work? Well, without putting every bike on the dyno it is impossible to comment fully, suffice to say that typically you will see up to an 8% increase in horsepower, impressive given the already high state of tune on the stock engine.

As a conclusion, these are an absolute no brainer, lighter than stock which is always good, sound absolutely fantastic, release a few more horsepower, are easy to install and look like they should be on the grid of a world superbike race. Final bonus is that they are some $ 700 cheaper than the titanium variant.

My only reservation, and it is a small one, I am not a fan of race ECU's as there is a massive variance in output of stock bikes so one size fits all approach is not ideal – I prefer the infinite tuneability of a Power Commander, however these pipes do work well with the race ECU so would not worry too much about the later as it is all within tolerance. So yes, money well spent indeed!

For reference they are Ducati Part No: 9115707B and fit the following bikes -1098 2007/2008, 1098 S 2007/2008

Cuisinart Coffee Maker – Tips on How to Prolong Your Coffee Machine Lifespan

It is important that you take good care of your machine to ensure that they will serve you well. I personally have a Cuisinart Grind & Brew Coffee Maker which I have use for years without problem. This is because I take good care of it. I am going to share with you some good tips on how to prolong the life of your machine by proper maintenance.

I have notice that Cuisinart coffee maker parts need proper care to ensure their lifetime. This is because they are top notch machine which perform better compare to other brands and its parts are more flimsy. It is very important that you take care of them.

Many people do not know that location is important, this means that you must find a strategic place to put your Cuisinart coffee maker. This machine like said are build with high technology and have many electronically parts that are quite sensitive in nature. Always make sure that you find a place not to near to high temperature like near stoves or oven or even places near the back of radiators or refrigerators. The consequence of that is you may encounter more breakdowns if you place them at extreme temperature places. Do take note of this simple tip might lead you to lower costs of maintaining your coffee machine.

The best place I would suggest putting your Cuisinart coffee maker at your kitchen counter top. They are not very bulky in nature and also stylish in a way so just place them at your kitchen countertop.

Personally mine does not have any problems and I have not replaced any parts for years.

The next important tip is cleaning your Cuisinart coffee maker. For me personally, I clean my machine every time after use. Yes I know it is hard for most people but I advise that if you want them to perform longer, you need to do this. The reason is that the residual oil of the coffee beans would turn into rancid and if you do not rinse them off it will eat your parts up. So the best way is to clean them after use. If you really do not have the time, at least make an effort to rinse them off especially the carafe.

Cleaning your Cuisinart coffee maker is very important like I say earlier. It is a very good way to pro long their lifespan and you would have ensured that it will brew you the best coffee every day. If you really do not have the time you should at least wash them twice a week if you are a daily brewer.

My last tip on ways to pro long your Cuisinart coffee maker is you need to gauge how frequently you brew coffee. If you are those people that brew 2 to 3 times a day half capacity, this may wear off your machine in the long run. Try to cut it down by brewing a full pot once daily. This is because when you are brewing at half pot capacity, you are stressing your machine in a way. Try to purchase a coffee machine that caters to your capacity needs. If there is not so many people that drinks coffee, do not buy a 12 cup brewing machines. Try to look at your needs before buying.

Simple rite, these 3 steps if you follow them, I could guarantee you that your Cuisinart coffee maker will serve you long and well trouble free.

Newsboy Hats and Ivy Caps

[This is article # 8 in a series on Iconic Hats. It joins The Top Hat, The Bowler, The Fedora, The Cowboy Hat, The Beret, The Baseball Cap, and The Fez.]

Newsboy caps and ivy caps – variously known as flat caps, baker boy hats, driving caps, golf caps, English caps, eight-quarter caps, etc. – date to pre-World War I and historically are associated with the working classes. In pictures from this period, as well as in literature, one finds factory workers, employers, construction workers [there is a famous 1932 photograph by Charles C. Ebbets of construction workers on a beam over NYC – Lunch Atop A Skyscraper- where most are wearing a newsboy or ivy cap], etc. wearing variations of cloth caps. Because this headwear was cut-and-sewn primarily from either cotton or woolen fabrics, variations were plentiful and a man could easily distinguish himself from the next by his choice of color, material (eg tweed, herringbone, etc.), or style ( cut. Furthermore, these caps were inexpensive when compared to the full size hats of the day like bowlers, top hats, or fedoras, so a person could own more than one and, if so inclined, change his hat from day to day. Because of the small size, soft nature, and portability of these caps, their popularity spread to young professionals, college fraternities ("ivy" cap as in Ivy League), sportsmen ("golf" cap as worn by the likes of Bobby Jones and Ben Hogan), etc. A man accustomed to dressing up for work during the week with a full size hat, could now wear this informal cap on the weekend signaling his "time off" while he pursued leisure activity without stepping down in class.

Today, the popularity of ivy and newsboy hats is perhaps second only to its ubiquity in the early 20th Century. The English-born Kangol 504 cap helped to revitalize this style in the mid to late 1990s. Movie stars, musicians, golfers, fashionistas, skate boarders, people young and old, can be found on a daily basis wearing a newsboy or ivy cap frontwards, backwards, or sideways .. Those who determined that this was "my style" quickly learned that the variations of this headwear style are virtually limitless. Many – like my father – make a hobby of collecting caps and make sure to pick up one or two while traveling in the British Isles or Europe.