When Cooking Pork Tenderloin, It is Always Dry, Tough, and Stringy – Help?

Whenever my wife is cooking pork tenderloin, I always know that it is going to be tough. It is going to be dry and also stringy. What is up with that? And how can I stop it?

First off, the pork tenderloin is just about the most lean cuts of meat that we can have; some people call it the boneless, skinless chicken breast …. but the other white meat. you know what I mean.

When you go to the store, they are usually packaged two to a pack. Now that is a good thing because if it is just you and your wife, you can always wrap one up and freeze if for another day. But if you have kids, or company over, then you will probably have to fix both of them.

You can improve the flavor when cooking pork tenderloin by marinating it overnight in the fridge. Even just a few hours will help it if that is all the time that you have.

Just to be brief here and not go into do-it-yourself marinades, try a good Italian dressing and marinate your pork tenderloin in that overnight. When you pull it out the next day, wipe it down dry. Add a touch of salt and pepper to it. Now you are ready to go. Heat your oven up to 350 degrees F.

Get out your pancake pan, a skillet, anything that the pork will fit into nicely. Turn the heat up high, high.

No, that was not a misprint. You want the heat pretty high because you are going to brown all the sides of the pork tenderloin on the top of the stove.

OK, so you are browning and turning and browning all the sides of the pork tenderloin. Remember, just browning, you are not going to cook this baby all the way through on top of the stove.

When it brown on all sides, then place in a roasting pan and place in the pre-heated oven for about 18-25 min. This will finish up the pork tenderloin in the oven for you.

What you are looking for when cooking pork tenderloin temperature wise is about 157 degree f. and then you can take it out of the oven. If you like it just a little bit more medium rare, then pull it out at 150. Cover it loosely with aluminum foil for about 15 min. and then you will be ready to eat it after that.

Here are some misc. facts and tips about cooking pork tenderloin, etc.

There are five main cuts of pork:

* Leg (ham, cutlets, boneless roast)

* Side (spareribs, bacon)

* Loin (rib roast, sirloin roast, rib chop, loin chop, country style ribs, tenderloin, and Canadian-style bacon)

* Shoulder Butt (blade roast, ground pork, sausage)

* Picnic Shoulder (smoked hocks, picnic roast)

Here are some tips for using pork:

* wash your hand thoroughly after you tough the raw pork. This will prevent contamination.

* pork is like chicken; it should be cooked fully before serving.

Just by simply not overcooking it will cause it to remain juicy and filled with lots of flavor, especially if you have marinated it overnight.

How to Build a Solar Panel Step-by-Step

A solar panel is useful especially when there is a shortage in electricity. However, these are very expensive that is why many people want to build their own solar panels. Building a solar panel is a very easy task. First, gather the tools and components that will be used. If possible, gather information in book or in the Internet. If its parts are not available you can search it in Google or eBay.

In purchasing a solar panel, you can use a voltmeter for testing to make sure that it will work properly. Also, for a solar panel to produce 100 watts of electric power, 80 cells can make it. If for instance you wanted to have an 18 volt battery, you will need 36 solar cells each .5 volts.

For areas that do not get much sunlight, you will need to determine the amount of energy that each cell will be produced. You can then cut the dimension of the plywood that is enough for the solar cells to fit. After you cut, apply the UV-ray protective varnish.

For the solar cells, use a Rosin flux pen in applying flux to the bus strips on the solar cells. This is important so that your wiring is connected properly and the ribbons will exist completely. You can then connect the solar cells to each other.

After connecting the solar cells, fix them respectively to the plywood panel. You can use silicon when fixing. Then, have two unattached wires that hang from the connected solar panel, drill two holes so that your wires will be exposed through it. Seal the gaps around the holes with the silicon.

Make a frame for the panel then drill screw holes. Cover it with Plexiglas and adhere firmly to the plywood adding more silicon and putting screws in the frame. Male sure that it's waterproof and allow no gaps. Seal the holes, no matter how small with silicon to avoid moisture to penetrate inside. The last thing that you are going to do is drill a small hole to the bottom of the panel but away from the wiring to allow air and keep the moisture from building up inside. This also allows rain to keep collecting inside.

Wide Plank Flooring – An Authentic Look

There are many advantages to choosing wide plank flooring for your home when you are deciding which type of flooring will be best for you, your family and your overall decor. Wide plank flooring has become longer and wider and this decreases the amount of seams in your floor to create a more authentic look.

In order for your home to look its best, look for wide plank flooring that is made of old growth planks that have been newly sawn. Craftsmen of times long past, used newly sawn old growth wood to install in America's oldest homes and they still look beautiful 200 years later. When you use this material for your wide plank flooring, you can be assured you will have finest, most authentic look for your home, no matter which room in your home you decide to install it.

Look for wide plank flooring that has been cured for at least twelve months to ensure the durability and stability no matter what the climate is where you live. When you are shopping for wide plank flooring, you want the assurance that the product you choose will last a long time and stay looking beautiful through the years.

If you choose wide plank flooring that has been milled inadvertently, you may eliminate any need for you to sand your new wide plank flooring after it is installed. When you buy your wide plank flooring, it will come complete with installation instructions for you to put down your new floor simply and easily. You can install wide plank flooring over a number of surfaces such as a radiate heat system, plywood on concrete slabs, a screed system, etc.

To keep your wide plank flooring looking and feeling its best, many manufacturers recommend using a Tung Oil finish. This type of finish will be absorbed into the wood instead of merely coating it. This helps give your wide plank flooring the nourishment that is needed deep in the flooring in order for a long and healthy life for your new floor. It will also eliminate the need to wax and it can be cleaned with a mild wood cleaner for your convenience and ease.

Choosing Handrails For Your Building Project

Handrails are not only an important part of the staircase of a building, but they are also an important part of the overall look and the architecture of the building. Handrails are a paramount part of the staircase, which in turn is a main attention point in any building.

The use of the handrail can be required for use in balances, stairs, or other applications. When choosing a handrail, there are certain factors which need to be considered apart from just the place where they are to be fixed. Some of these factors include the fitting costs and also the maintenance and its costs in the future. The cost of the handrail and the suitability of the design are other important considerations, combined with the consideration of the regulations and rules concerning the fitting of the handrails.

Handrails are available in different kinds of materials so that they can be chosen in accordance with the look that you are trying to create in accordance with the architecture of the building. The people who want long lasting handrails usually choose the metal handrails, as they are less likely to suffer from damages and breakages. Also, if there are children in the house, the metal handrail prove to be useful because of the fact that these are less breakable and are more capable of bearing pressure.

Wrought iron is used mainly in buildings where an attempt is being made to create a purely contemporary and modern kind of look. However, wrought iron is relatively expensive, and that makes its practicality lesser among the masses. Therefore, less number of people is able to spend the amount of money that a wrought iron handrail requires.

If you want to create a spacious impression, then using a glass handrail is a good choice for you. Glass handrails also give the impression of the entire area being elaborately designed. The glass also gives an impression of elegance and modernity. However, when choosing glass rails safety factor needs to be kept in mind as glass is subjected to being broken easily.

So, from the safety point of view, glass handrail may not be a preference especially in buildings where there may be busy activities or too many people. Also, glass rails in busy buildings may also occur become the cause of someone being getting hurt due to his / her own fault or even due to someone else's negligence. Likewise, the handrails made of wood are also more subject to being broken as compared to the handrails that are made of metal.

Other than wood and glass handrails, there are many other options available for handrails such as steel and brass handrails. Just like the metal handrails, the steel and brass handrails are also less likely to suffer from damages and therefore require less maintenance.

You can achieve the maximum possible value and satisfaction from the choice of the handrail in the building only when the handrail goes with the kind of look you want to create. Other than that, the handrail has to be affordable as well as durable enough.

Iron Porch Railings For That Stylish Look

Iron Porch Railings for the Home

When building or renovating a home, we always think of the large details such as walls, flooring, appliances, etc. Often, we tend to overlook details like interior stairway railings or iron porch railings for the exterior of our home. Railings, whether for the interior or exterior, are very important to the sturdiness and decor of our home.

Railings come in many different styles and materials, depending on where they'll be used and what the decor of the rest of the home consists of. One of the most important reasons for using a railway is to ensure your safety against an accidental fall. Not only can you be liable and subject to a lawsuit if a guest falls in your home, but you need a railing for your own safety. Railings also enhance the appearance of your home. Stairs will look very plain without some sort of railing. In home interiors, an ornamental railing can add a touch of elegance and grandeur to the aesthetic style of the room. Stairways can be built to complement the architectural styles of the home. A wood winding stairway will add a rustic look to the room. Railings today are very versatile, whether you build them yourself, have them custom built or purchase them assembled.

Iron porch railings are the most commonly used stairway for outdoors. They're sturdy, attractive and go with almost any exterior home decor. Iron porch railings are also available in different colors, making them even more versatile for the home. Some homeowners choose to use iron porch railings for the interior of their home as well. They make a decorative statement when used as a room divider or stairway in a family room downstairs or in the basement. Whether it's elegant decorative railings or iron porch railings, safety should be the most important consideration when choosing your railroads. This is especially true if you have young children or elderly living in your home, two age groups that are more prone to accidents and slipping.

The most common materials used in the structure of stair railings are wood, steel or wrought iron, although, more elegant homes often use elegant ornate designs created of bronze, brass, copper or other metals that add beauty and elegance o the home. Once you've narrowed it down to the material you want, you want to choose a style that goes with the rest of your home as well as your exterior stairway. When your entire interior stair railing is installed, it will appear as one piece piece of furnishing, however, it consist of many small pieces such as wall rail brackets, top rails, bottom rails, newel posts, handrails, balusters and more. The final look should compliment your entire home decor.

What You Do not Know About Market Square

Market Square in Kuala Lumpur has several tourist attractions such as Central Market, Jalan Hang Kasturi, the OCBC building, Market Square, Sin Seng Nam restaurant, the Old Gian Singh building, the Bank Bumiputra building, Lebuh Ampang, Jalan Tun HS Lee, the MS Ally building, and the Tze Ya temple.

Central Market
You may be tempted to stand under a tree in this hot weather, but be careful. Other than being a popular destination for tourists looking for souvenirs, the trees in front of Central Market are also popular with crows, who might leave you a little souvenir on your head.

This charming little Art Deco building is the most popular one-stop cultural center in Kuala Lumpur. In fact, if you have very little time, this place is more than enough for some cultural experience, showcasing the best art and craft in the country.

Built in 1888, this building is just one of the many Art Deco buildings in Kuala Lumpur. The façade is repetitive and is held together by unifying windows and doors.

The unique square shaped entrance, with its steps, as well as the horizontal repetitive band that runs along the roof makes the architecture a delight to savour. The giant glass windows all over Central Market transmits only 20% of the sun's heat, but allows 60% of the light.

Central Market used to be Kuala Lumpur's wet market. After it was reopened in 1986, this building is now a cultural center and a Heritage Site; and is very popular with tourists. In there you can find endless selections of Malaysian handcrafts, such as the famous batik, which is a cloth that uses wax-resisting dye techniques; and the wau, the spectular Malaysian kite; and the infamous Malaysia inspired T-shirts.

The stalls are placed in zones based on the three main races in Malaysia: Malay, Chinese and Indian, which allow visitors to have a defect insight of the cultural differences in this country.

Tourists can also have their lunch or dinner at the second floor to savour some delicious, although a little touristy, Malaysian food. And if they are lucky, they might even catch a cultural show or two.

Jalan Hang Kasturi

Hang Kasturi was one of the five famous warriors during the time of the Malaccan Sultanate, who was rumored to have had an affair with one of the Sultan's concubines. The Sultan ordered Hang Tuah, another great warrior to kill his best friend, Hang Kasturi to prove his loyalty to him.

Along Jalan Hang Kasturi, or Hang Kasturi Road, tourists will see some fine examples of Neo-Classic buildings. At the time when Central Market was a wet market, Jalan Hang Kasturi completed it with its retail shops selling dried fish and preserved vegetables. Some of these shops still remain, although many have been turned into restaurants. Look out for shops number 32 to 52, built around 1909. You can easily recognize them as they are painted bright yellow and green. Symmetrical shapes, tall columns, triangular pediments right on top and long vertical windows- these are some characteristics of Neo-Classic buildings.

OCBC Building

Sleek and subtly theatrical, the OCBC building was built in 1938 for the Overseas Chinese Banking Corporation by the architect AO Coltman. Its design was innovative as it has basement storage for bicycles, which were then parked parked haphazardly on the pavement. This building is a fine example of an Art Deco building with a twist. The main corner of the building is not sharp and accentuated; instead it is slightly curved. Notice also the strong repetitive horizontal band that runs between the windows of both floors. Like many Art Deco buildings, the OCBC building has a flat roof.

Sin Seng Nam restaurant

Just across the road from the OCBC building, is the eye catching orange and white Sin Seng Nam restaurant. To call this building an institution may be a slight exaggeration, but the building, which Sin Seng Nam restaurant occupations, is a pretty historic. Built around 1906 by a wealthy businessman called Loke Yew, who has a street named after him, it used to be called the Red House, due to the distinctive red bricks. It has now been painted over with orange and white. Look at the triangular Dutch gables on the top of the buildings, and note the unique entrances where wooden bars act as security doors as well as to provide ventilation. The windows are narrow and long, and the upper and lower ones are shaped differently. During the olden days, this restaurant was popular among planters for its Hainanese food, despite their notoriously bad service.

Market Square

The tower forms the center of the Market Square. The Tower was erected in 1937 in honor of King George VI of Britain. An interesting thing to notice is the sunburst motif, which one can find at the base. The clock tower is located in the middle of the square.

How did this square come about? The city of Kuala Lumpur was founded by Chinese miners. And among the Chinese Settlers, the greatest of them was a man called Yap Ah Loy. This young man who left his village in China, arrived here at the tender age of 17, before rising to be the third Kapitan Cina of Kuala Lumpur. Kapitan Cina is loosely translated as Chinese Captain, or more specifically, a leader of the Chinese community. As Kuala Lumpur flourished, Yap Ah Loy ran his opium and gambling dens right here in Market Square. Imagine, hundreds of Chinese tin miners, gathering around this square, smoking in opium dens with their long pipes over oil lamps. This place was riotous with the disorderly noise of gamblers and the beckoning of prostitutes.

Yap Ah Loy built his large wooden house right here in this square. Maybe it was his way of keeping a close eye on the town he ruled. In 1882, citing health reasons and claiming that the site was state land, Frank Swettenham, the Resident General then, swooped in wanting the tycoon's market and gambling sheds demolished. As a compromise, Yap Ah Loy removed his gambling sheds and was allowed to rebuild his market with the conditions that it would use brick piers and a galvanized iron roof. However despite the adjustments, he was only granted the land title for life and, upon his death in 1885, the Government took over and relocated the market.

The British government then brave guidelines for shophouses to be erected. The result is a more gracious symmetry for the buildings. They are the ones very near where you are standing. You will not miss them as their Neo Classic architecture is clearly distinct from the other newer ones, not to mention they are painted with bright colors such as yellow and pink.The decorative plaster garlands along the rooflines are quite interesting. Other distinct features of these buildings are the triangular structures on the top, the long and vertical windows as well as the balustrades, which are the small little pillows on the balconies. Bright, geometric and dramatic, these old buildings have witnessed the early rise of Kuala Lumpur.

Old Gian Singh Building

Across Lebuh Ampang is a magnificent white building called the Old Gian Singh building. Built in 1909, the building is famous for its complex plasterwork- a blend of Dutch, English and Islamic influences.

Majestic and imposing, the building boasts intricate and elaborate architecture. Different sections of the building were built by different owners; hence as one runs their eyes along the building, one can see how the architecture changes from left to right.
Oriental Building

This beautiful Art Deco building was designed by AO Coltman in the 1930s. The building actually follows the curve of the road, as you can see from the ground floor. The front façade has a central panel flanked by two tower-like pylons. The main panel has a white decorative plaster line following its frame. The plasterwork is made up of interlocking disks. The tall vertical bands alternate with windows, and the lighter horizontal bands run across, giving the entire building a striking and majestic look. The Oriental Building housed Radio Malaya when first built. Some people say if you look from afar, the building looks like a radio from the 30s.

Lebuh Ampang

The first thing that may strike you is the smell of jasmine flower, followed very closely by the vibrant sounds of the latest Indian hit. This placed is packed with Indian restaurants, spice and sundry, fresh flower garlands and money-lenders. The buildings here are an assortment of Utilitarian, Neo-Classic and Art Deco.

Number 24, which is a pink building, and the two buildings after that, are built using Neo-Classic style, with its plaster carvings, and its roof top balustrade, which are the tiny pillows that line the roof. The vertical columns separate the windows, and give it a theatrical illusion. The bright yellow and green buildings used to be occupied by the Chettiars, a south Indian caste of moneylenders. Money lending business is so closely associated with the Chettiars that in Malaysia, if you ask someone for the money that they owe you, they might call you a Chettiar as a joke. Today Chettiar moneylenders are rare with the establishment of banks and financial institutions.

Numbers 32 and 34, which are painted bright yellow and pink respectively are two examples of Utility architecture. The roof and the butterfly grills on the windows help keep the building cool; and their beauty is not as important as their functionality.

On the right side of the road is house number 85. This is a good example of a Chettiar house. Peep in and you will see the glazed ceramic tiles with peacock design. The peacock is an important animal in Hinduism. It is the carriage of Lord Muruga who is the patron deity of the Chettiar people. There are also some low benches, chests and old safe.

Jalan Tun HS Lee

Tun HS Lee was one of the politicians who helped Malaysia achieve its independence, and this street is named after him.

If you walk on the right side of the road and look left and if you let your eyes follow the shop houses, you realize that they suddenly become shorter. The walkways are about two feet below the surface of the road. This is because the shorter shop houses are the some of the oldest buildings in Kuala Lumpur, and the newer ones are built higher than these. Today, these old shop houses have been restored and they look even newer than their surroundings. The original roofs have been refurbished by corrugated iron or tile roofs.

In olden times, feng shui or Chinese geomancy was very important on this street. Many shops hung feng shui mirrors to ward off evil spirits and bad luck. It was believed that when evil spirits looked into the mirror, they would be frightened by their own image and will run away.

MS Ally

Build in 1910, it was occupied by the Federated Engineering Company and Sime Darby. Today, it is used by MS Ally, a pharmaceutical tender agent. The curious orange lines that run along the Dutch gables are quite a sight.

Sze Ya Temple

The famous Sin Sze Si Ya temple, or more known by its shorter name, Sze Ya temple is set at an angle to Jalan Tun HS Lee and Lebuh Pudu, the temple is built according to feng shui principles. Here, it is a little hidden and is not easy to find.

It was built in 1864 by Kapitan Cina Yap Ah Loy, the same person who built Market Square, as a tribute to the deities Sin Sze Ya and Si Sze Ya. The oldest Taoist temple in Kuala Lumpur, the Sze Ya temple is a fine example of Chinese architecture using feng shui principles.

In 1859, a war broke out between the Malays and the Chinese. In this conflict, Kapitan Shin Kap, the head of Sungei Ujong, south of Kuala Lumpur, was captured by the Malays and beheaded. His death became sensational because according to local legend, when Kapitan Shin Kap's head was chopped off, white blood flew out. The Malays believe that the spilling of white blood indicates that the person is a saint. They begged for forgiveness and allowed the Chinese to retrieve his body for burial. As a result of this miracle, the Chinese began worshiping him as the deity of Chinese miners in Malaya and Kapitan Yap Ah Loy built this temple in his honor. One will see an effigy of Kapitan Shin Kap on the main altar on the left under the name Si Tze Ya. The other figure is Yap Ah Loy's chief general.

There is an altar of Yap Ah Loy on your left, together with other early Chinese founders of Kuala Lumpur. There are other deities in the temple such as Kuan Yin the goddess of mercy, Thai Swe the guardian of the year and Choi Sen the god of wealth.

7 Tips to House Proof Your Toddler

Once you have gone through all the hazard areas of your house, and you've taken all the safety measures to make sure your home is safe for your toddler to explore in. There is now only two other brutal toddler safety rules you need to stick too: Watch them like a hawk, and teach them some basic safety habits. Teaching your toddler safety habits can be a tall order, but with repetition, they will ever get it.

1. Start with the vocab: Begin to use words such as 'Ow!' and 'hot!' often and in context. When you have a cup of coffee for example, you can draw your hand back in mock pain, and say 'Hot!' Use other phrases such as 'Be careful!', 'Do not touch!' Every time they get close to something dangerous. The more you use these types of words, the sooner the message will sink in.

2. Be firm about no go areas: Remove your child gently and firmly, using one of your danger phrases. Remember, repetition is the key to your success.

3. Teach them to carry things safely: This will mean teaching then not to run. You can start by letting them use a plastic beaker or cup with only a little water in: Two hands. Then you can move them onto craft scissors: Blade in hand, (rounded) points down.

4. Teach them how to use the stairs safely: The sooner your toddler learns how to use the stairs, the fewer accidents there will be. Start by showing them how to slide down on their tummies (feet first), and once that is perfected, and they can walk up the stairs (with you holding their hand), beginning practicing them walking down the stairs with one of their hands in yours and one on the banister. If you do not have stairs in your home, try and find some, even if its at your friend's house. Let your toddler have plenty of up and down time practice.

5. Insist on tidy up time: The earlier you can begin this habit of them clearing up their jigsaw / leggo / set of toys before they get out another toy, the better. It's amazing how many trips and falls happen because toys are left all over the floor or on stairs.

6. Make them sit and eat: If your child is only having a snack, make sure they are sitting down. This is not only polite and instilling good eating habits, but it also creates less of a choking hazard.

7. Set a safe example for your child: Take care not to cut safety corners when you are cleaning or doing stuff around the house – even if it takes that little bit longer to get things done. The best way you can teach your toddler safety habits, is by demonstrating them yourself.

10 Best Ways for an Artist to Get Art Exhibited

When an artist has completed a project or series of pieces it is natural and necessary to show them. It is natural to want to share the realization of any vision with the like-minded – or visual-others who can share that vision. It is necessary because the artist needs to know who they are reaching and what parts of their message or vision are being experienced by those visual-others. Establishing oneself in the arts community is dependent on this process. Gaining sales and or representation also begins with exhibition.

Exhibiting art works for the unknown or "unconcribed" artist is difficult, to say the least. There are several reasons for this. First of all almost any venue for exhibition is inundated with requests for
shows. Exhibition venues like galleries and museums can usually choose from not only the very best artists available, they can chose from the wealthy and the "connected" artists.

An artist who is connected has relatives or friends who sit on arts organization boards or arts group councils or own galleries or write on the arts for prestigious publications. Connected artists may know this
or that head of an art institute or university art, or they have already been invested in by galleries and collectors who have real "pull." This is a reality in almost every field. Donations from the wealthy tend to
come with expectations, grants with certain limitations, etc. It's not a good thing to talk about this because exhibiting artists like to feel that they have been recognized for the strength of their work, and they want
the public to believe this too.

So where does that leave the new and unconnected artist who wants to exhibit? In the rear of a very slow line. This can be especially disheartening for the artist and most savvy viewers who see public and private wealth thrown at questionable or abjectly pathetic art – usually in the name of educating the public to what is a revolutionary art form or style.

So, Contemporary Art Gallery Magazine offers this list of The 10 Best Ways to Get Your Art Exhibited. The list is composed specifically for the new or unexpected artist – but is happily shared with the older and
more connected not afraid to be creative in getting exhibited.

1) Local Charity and Benefit Auctions – You must donate a work of art to do this, but you should do it in such a way that it's viewers know who you are, and what you do, and where they can see more of your
work. Be aware that even these charity auctions can be political – as to where your work appears, or gets hidden, or is written or stolen of.

2) Garden Shows and Home shows – You must contact the person setting up these shows to discuss if and how your work can be shown, protected, or sold.

3) Retail Businesses – You talk with the owner or manager about placing you work in their spaces with contact information to your studio.

4) Restaurants and Bistros – The owner or manager may have concerns about decor, so listen up, but many cafe's and bars like a change of scenery for their clientele.

5) Boutiques and Salons – This venue can be similar to other retail businesses with concerns for decor, but the customers of these kinds of businesses tend to be interested in art and they usually have disposable income.

6) Empty Storefront or Mall Rental Space – If you clear it with the owner or manager you can put on an event that draws attention to a space that needs to be rented – just put in your exhibition for 3 hours or
3 months, depending on the situation.

7) Restaurant Meeting – Send your email and art postcard invitations to prospective buyers to meet at a casual restaurant to see your latest work, here your briefing lecture, eat together, get their invitations
autographed, discuss your next project, buy. . .

8) School Exhibit – If you can not get a college, then talk to a highschool about a short exhibition and talk with students interested in art. Ask the art teacher or art department.

9) Form an art club or association – You can split the costs of a rental space at a major hotel or resort at a time when it will be full of rich guests who can follow the signs to your exhibit and mingle with your invited viewers.

10) Art Fairs – Fill out the forms and submit images, then show up in your space or booth – just follow the rules of the fair. Look at art fairs and talk to art fair participant artists for tips on how, where, when.

Contemporary Art Gallery Magazine is well aware that not every good artist can get the best exhibition venues. We hope these will help you get started – and we offer more information at

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  • Dementia In A Nutshell

    Dementia is a deterioration of mental condition. Dementia usually occurs in later life, though rarer cases of presenile dementia are diagnosed. Terms that are used synonymously with dementia are chronic brain syndrome, organic mental syndrome, and senile confusional state.

    The incidence of dementia is less than 10% of persons over age 65 but perhaps a quarter of those over age 80 and half of all nursing home patients. Dementia is not the most common mental disorder in later life (that is depression), nor should it be considered an inevitable concomitant of aging. Many individuals are able to preserve cognitive functioning into their ninth decade.

    The onset of most cases of dementia tends to be gradual. The first mental changes may be heightened rigidity, suspiciousness, crankiness, or depression. As the disorder progresses, deficits in short-term memory become pronounced. Patients may be able to recall in great detail what happened years ago but be unable to remember the answers to a question given five minutes ago. One woman in a nursing home could remember how to play a song she had learned in a Prohibition-era honky tonk, but when the other residents applauded and asked for another song, she played it again. The ability to follow instructions also decreases, leading to the consternation of the patient’s caregivers. Disorientation in time develops: the patient does not know which day of the week it is. Then comes disorientation in place: the patient may get lost, even in familiar territory. The patient may develop aphasias, apraxias, perseveration, and/or social withdrawal. In later stages the recognition of significant others may be lost, along with bowel and bladder functions. Death usually occurs when the patient loses the ability to swallow.

    Dementia is different in kind rather than degree from the forgetfulness of which most elders complain. Benign senescent forgetfulness is an age-associated memory impairment that does not have a serious prognostic implication. Neither is dementia analogous to a second childhood. Childish playfulness stems from a lack of knowledge about proper adult roles, whereas demented elders may manifest such behavior because of impaired memory, confusion, or sensory/motor limitations. Some nursing home patients may act more like children if the staff rewards such behavior with attention, especially affection.

    More than 50 different diseases can bring about dementia. Huntington’s chorea is due entirely to the presence of a single dominant gene. Creutzfeld-Jakob disease is caused by viral infection, perhaps due to the consumption of insufficiently cooked bovine brain. Kuru, a viral infection in Melanesia, may be spread by ritual cannibalism. Hydrocephalus is excessive pressure of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles, impairing the functioning of the cortex. Chronic alcohol abuse, tertiary syphilis (general paresis), AIDS, encephalitis, subdural hemotoma, Parkinson’s Disease, intracranial neoplasm, head trauma, and meningitis are other possible causes.

    The majority of the demented geriatric patients suffer from Alzheimer’s Disease (also known as senile dementia of the Alzheimer type), which results in specific degenerative diseases in the brain’s tissues. A similar though rarer disorder is Pick’s disease, which usually affects people in their fifties and is located primarily in the frontal and temporal lobes. These changes can be observed postmortem or via computerized tomography.

    Before 1980 it was assumed that the principal cause of dementia is cerebral arteriosclerosis, a hardening of the brain’s arteries that results in less oxygen being supplied to the brain’s tissues. The current consensus is that diminished blood flow is a significant causal factor in only a minority of dementia cases of later life. Reduced oxygen may be more a symptom of reduced cortical functioning rather than its cause. A greater cause of dementia posed by the vascular system may be multi-infarct dementia-many tiny strokes that have the combined impact of diminishing cognitive ability without bringing on the paralysis characteristic of the larger strokes.

    The diagnosis of dementia cannot be based solely upon the patient’s complaints of a failing memory. There is no correlation between the self-reported memory capacity and memory capacity as indicated by objective tests. Many of the elders who complain the most about diminishing memory are well within the normal range but suffer from depression. Some thoroughly demented patients perceive no difficulty with their memories.

    The first step should be brief psychological screening tests. Use of the Bender-Gestalt, Intelligence Quotient test scales, or other tests devised for other purposes or other age groups should be avoided. Questions that test the capacity for orientation in space and time are useful. The ability to draw a clock face with its hands and dial is useful. Focusing the examination on short-term memory tends to neutralize some of the confounding variables and give a truer indication of dementia. Many of these tests (e.g., the Mental Status Questionnaire or the Folstein Mini Mental Status Exam) have a greater sensitivity than specificity: it is more likely that some normal elders will be misdiagnosed as having dementia than that seniles will score in the normal range. Whenever these screening tests suggest the presence of dementia, a comprehensive neurological examination is appropriate.

    One diagnostic difficulty is to distinguish organically based dementia from a pseudodementia due to depression. Dementia is usually characterized by a gradual onset, while depression may have a rapid progression of symptoms in the wake of environmental stress or loss. Depressed patients are more likely to complain of memory loss and give “don’t know” answers. Purely demented patients are more likely to attempt to conceal cognitive deficits or to give ludicrous answers rather than admit that they do not know the answer. One complication for the differential diagnosis of depression is that self-rating scales (e.g., the Geriatric Depression Scale) may lose their validity as senile confusion increases: the patient may be unable to understand the questions. Another problem with differential diagnosis is that the two disorders are not mutually exclusive. Awareness of cognitive decline can produce a depressive reaction, and a sizable minority of early-stage dementia patients develop a clinically significant depression.

    Another possibility is that the cognitive impairments are the result of a delirium or an amnestic disorder rather than dementia. This may be the case with many confused elders admitted to general hospitals. What is needed is a knowledge of the details about the onset, course, and laboratory testing. The complicating factors are that delirious patients cannot take memory tests and these disorders are not mutually exclusive.

    Even with computerized tomography and spinal taps, the diagnosis of dementia is far from exact. Some patients are falsely labeled as demented, while other cases might go unnoticed until autopsy.

    Treatment for dementia can be both medical and psychosocial. About a fifth of dementia patients have a treatable organic cause (e.g., hydrocephalus, which is treatable by surgery). The use of medications has been much debated. While some patients report some benefit from tacrine or Hydergine, some report side effects from the former and most report little benefit from the latter. Another controversial issue is the use of psychiatric medications (e.g., antidepressants, antipsychotics) with dementia patients. In many nursing homes the antidepressants are probably underutilized while the antipsychotics are often given to diminish behaviors that the staff may find objectionable or inconvenient.

    Houses For Sale In France

    The French real estate market is extremely popular with foreign buyers, many of which are attracted to France (either as a permanent home or a second home) by the various attractions that France offers. Top of the list with many buyers are the climate, food, wine and lifestyle. What many of these buyers may not realize however is the diversity of real estate which is also available in France. In addition to the standard types of homes which one finds in all modern countries, there are many unusual and character houses for sale in France.

    These character properties include stone-built homes, farmhouses, chateau, sturdy homes, villas, chalets and so on. In addition to the house itself, one can find a large selection of properties for sale which offer additional features such as a lake (which is often a fishing lake), stream, sea frontage, outbuildings, large landscaped garden, very large plots of land (eg sufficient to keep horses), extra facilities (eg horse stables) and so on. Unlike some countries, finding such character homes or extra features is often not difficult as there is a large selection of properties for sale in France which offer them.

    Although one can find character properties in every region of France, the types of properties which are available vary from region to region. For example:

    • Ski chalets will be found only in the mountains and villas are almost always found in the hot south of France. This is large due to the fact that the weather, which varies greatly from one region of France to another, affects the technical requirements of local buildings. For example, in mountain areas the roofs are typically steep in order to shed the heavy snowfalls. In the cool north, windows tend to face south in order to capture the sun while in the hot south they tend to face north to preserve the cool of the house during the long hot summers. Nor is it just the weather which affects building styles; factors such as soil composition and soil humidity determine factors such as the presence, depth and type of basements and foundations.
    • Less obviously, certain building materials (eg granite stone) are used primarily in certain regions. Historically, transporting materials long distances was too expensive so each area adapted their house constructions to use local materials, be it a given type of stone, wood or other material. Although transportation is now less of an issue, most people consider it in bad taste to build in a style which is obviously not in keeping with the local region and in some cases local building regulations will prevent it.
    • Similarly, many building styles (eg Chartreuse) are specific to given regions. Even decorative features such as wooden balconies or lilies growing in the apex of thatched homes tend to be regional.

    Details on the various types of house styles, including which are regional and which are not, are provided at houses for sale in France . However, in this article we are sincerely noting the regional element and note that as a result, when one changes a region, one theryby chooses the types of properties available.

    Likewise, for certain property types, a decision to purchase that type of property determines which regions one can find a property in. Some people may think of this as a limitation. However, there are two advantages to this approach. The first advantage is that the use of a building style which is local to a region means that one has a building style which has adapted to local requirements and has been proven over hundreds of years. This avoids the disadvantages that one finds in a number of other countries (eg the building of Mediterranean villa style houses in New Zealand, which at one point was very popular but which have been proved to be unsuitable to the New Zealand climate). The second advantage is that it is part of the regional culture. One of the attractions of France is that each region has its own distinct characteristics in terms of food, wine, climate, culture, dialects and so on. Regional architecture is another facet of this attraction.

    Basix Certificate Requirements, Thermal Comfort and Window Placement Considerations

    Basix Certificates are required to ensure a level of energy efficiency is standard across all new and renovated dwellings. It can be overwhelming knowing where to start when planning your home with your Basix Assessment in Mind. Windows are a major consideration and using the information in this article, your task should become easier and ensure energy efficiency guidelines are easily met.

    The positioning of the windows in your home is of critical importance for a multitude of reasons. Firstly from an aesthetic point of view the overall look of your home is very important, from a resale perspective and to create a pleasing streetscape.

    Once upon a time homeowners felt that large windows were needed to complete an attractive facade to their lodging, but as the impact that glass has on the thermal properties of a house has come to light, building designers and architects have devised new and attractive ways to add windows to the house without the burden of too much heat penetration and expense.

    Different shaped windows, clusters of smaller attractive shaped windows and well shaded windows have taken the place of great expanses of glass. Not all blocks of land are fortunately enough to have a North / south aspect so some homes have had to deal with the front or facade of their home facing in a westerly direction.

    This places a huge amount of pressure on the dwellings ability to either remain cool or cool down at the end of the day. For this reason designers have planned ways to cut down on glazing to the facade of homes and instead place smaller, more shaded quantities of glass to most used areas of the home. Performance glazing is also now becoming widely used as a method of increasing the thermal comfort of a home.

    Be sure to request your designer keeps these things in mind when drawing up plans for your new home or major renovations, and your basix & thermal comfort assessments should be hassle free for everyone involved.

    How To Sweat A Copper Fitting

    I believe that any plumber would tell you that the key to successfully soldering or "sweating" a copper fitting is properly preparing the pipe and fitting for the soldering process. Cleaning the pipe and fitting is essential to get the solder to flow properly and insure that the pipe and fitting have been sold together. I just renovated my bathroom and used the existing lines that greeted the water up from the main to the bathroom. I replaced all the branches or "feeds" for the shower, toilet, and sink. When using existing pipe and new pipe together, cleaning and preparation are critical to insure good soldered fittings and joints. I'll use my bathroom as an example.

    The feed for my bathroom is 1/2 "copper pipe but because my shower and toilet position would be slightly different, I decided to route my hot and cold pipes differently to accommodate the changes. I needed to put a 1/2 'copper tee on the cold feed so I could run the cold water for the shower and toilet. I turned the main off in my basement to stop the flow of water. Once I had the water off, I could sweat the fitting properly. If you are a novice at sweating pipe, you need to know that you will never get your fittings soldered properly as long as there is water in the pipe. Even if there is the sligtest amount, it will be enough to keep the copper from heating up to the right temperature. Using a tube cutter, I cut the existing copper pipe back to its desired length. One thing about tube cutters for beginners, gradually increase the pressure on the blade as you rotate it. Putting too much pressure all at once can cause your pipe to deform during the cut. Once the pipe is cut and clear of all water, it is time to prepare the pipe and fitting for the sweat. Existing pipe will usually have a darkish brown tarnished look where new pipe or fittings will usually be shiny.

    Look at the existing pipe and make sure that there are not any burs on the end where the fitting will go. Use a small file to debur the pipe if necessary. Next take a piece of emery paper and work it around the pipe from the end to about an inch in until it is shinyand free from tarnish. I like to take a piece of clean cloth and just wipe the pipe off when I am through with the emery paper. This cleans any dirt or dust off of it. Next, take a 1/2 "pipe brush and run it through the fitting. the fitting on the end of the pipe until it slides all the way on. When sweating a tee, I like to prepare all three pipes and sweat them all so that I do not have to reheat the pipe and disturb the parts of the fitting already finished.

    Once you have your fitting in place, it is time to light your propane torch. Adjust the flame until it is a nice, steady blue flame. Remember that the solder will always flow in the direction of the heat so you neeed to place your torch in a position where the solder will flow evenly around the pipe and fitting and be drawn inward toward the heat. On a tee, you would want to place the torch in the center of the cross bar and heat from the bottom. That way you will heat all three pipes at once and the soldler will be drawn inward toward the heat bonding the pipes to the fitting. In the case of a 90 or 45 degree fitting, place the flame from the bottom on the curved part of the fitting. Once you have the flame on the fitting, you will notice the flux start to bubble. Keep watcching until the flux looks to dry up and the color of the pipe and fitting turn dull. Take your solder and start at the top of the pipe where the end of the fitting is. Touch the solder at this point and when it melts, keep feeding sold as you go around the pipe in one direction and stop at the bottom. Then come back to the top and do the same in the other direction. By placing the heat at the bottom and starting your solder at the top, you will fill in the area where the pipe goes into the fitting because the solder will flow toward the heat. Be sure to do this around all the pipes in the fitting. Once you are done, remove the heat. If you used to much solder, you will have a few seconds where the solder will still be wet. You can take a rag and gently wipe around the pipe and fitting to remove the excess solder and smooth it out. Now let the fitting and pipe cool down without disturbing them. Many solder joints became cracked because they are not allowed to cool properly. I recommend doing some practice in the garage before you attempt the real thing. If you know anyone who has done it before, why not ask them to come over for a beer and share their experience.

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    Cast Iron Radiator Safety Information

    Cast iron radiators are great for heating your home evenly and efficiently. They do this by getting hot. Very hot. And here in lies the problem. By achieving these high temperatures, cast iron radiators are inherently dangerous objects within your very home. While leaning against a radiator for a second will likely not harm you, getting stuck near one could mean burns or worse. You should take every precaution possible to ensure that your home is safe so that you can enjoy the benefits of radiator heating without worrying about your health. This is especially true if you have small children or pets at home.

    Using Radiator Covers
    The best way to secure your radiator is to use a cover. Many professionally built covers exist on the market, and typically add to the aesthetic of the room. A radiator cover is a specially crafted unit which is placed over your radiator, completely shielding it from the outside world. Typically the front of the unit is a screen or has perforations to allow heat flow in and out. This has the benefit of guiding airflow in the room to increase the efficiency of the radiator heating system, a benefit which means lower energy bills come the end of the month. For safety and practicality a radiator cover is the best way to go, but it comes at a price. Many of the better looking models can get something expensive, especially when you have multiple units to protect

    Crafting a Barrier
    If you find that you can not afford or find a suitable radiator cover, the next best option is to restrict access to your radiator. This is critical especially with young children around. Using child safety gates can put up an effective barrier so that your little one does not injure him or herself. You may want to consider reinforcing the supports so that the barrier does not fall and land against the radiator. Depending on the material which the safety gate is made out of, this could be a potential fire hazard. So be safe and be alert!

    Safety First!
    If you're still concerned with how best to make your radiator safe, it may be best to call your local professional for some advice. Cast iron radiators are wonderful for heating your home, so make sure that you take the time to ensure that they do not place your loved ones at risk while they do so!

    Gift Cards Free – For Your Unending Online Shopping

    Gift cards are an important part of several successful online marketing processes. These free offers allow sellers to lure in large number of customers to their website. The hope is that customer would find their site and products interesting and would want to visit again and again.

    Why do they do that? Many marketers know that people are attracted to free offers, everyone loves to get something for free, and especially something they consider valuable. So by luring them with free gifts customers would discover their sit and hopefully come another time. To access the free gift you will need to provide your email information and in some cases your shipping info, phone number and DOB. This information on one hand can be used to deliver your offer to you. The email can also be used on a later day to market other offers to you. However, you can opt out of their contact list at any time.

    How Do Free Gift Cards Work?
    Simple! Since most of the offers only require you to submit your email and maybe name, you simply sign up at different times with different emails. Emails are free to open. To be sure of your offer, you may use different devices in different locations to sign up for the same offer. Here is a good reason to use the contact addresses of your parents, your friends, and even your neighbors who are typically not excited about such things. Once you receive your shopping credit, you simply order and ship to these addresses and then go pick them up. Use this method and you might be enjoying up to $ 10,000 in a single gift offer.

    Types of Gift Cards
    Gift cards come in various forms. But the most popular ones are coupon cards for online stores like Amazon, Walmart, Netflix, etc. The other very popular type of gift cards is Credit Card Offers. To get these cards, you are only required to join with your email. When you join the offers you are supplying your agreement to receive marketing materials to your email. These emails can sometimes prove to be a very great resource for you. But if you do not want them, you can opt out anytime just by sitting the unsubscribe button at the end of the email and you will stop receiving their emails. What I do is create a separate email for this purpose. And I have specific times when I check these emails.

    Low Voltage Outdoor LED Lighting – Precious Information Regarding Outdoors LED Lights

    In spite of the truth that some outside LED lighting may be excessively vibrant and generate robust disable glares, minimal voltage outside LED lights will produce a non-glaring soft gentle that shines fantastically at evening.

    Even with the reality that some outside LED lamps could be excessively brilliant and create robust disable glares, small voltage outside LED lights will produce a non-glaring soft gentle that shines fantastically at evening. Affordable voltage LED light is good for accentuating primary parts inside your patio or backyard, despite the fact that also supplying security lights within the region of sidewalks, stairs, as well as other paths. What's extra, they will be capable to produce light-weight in parts of darkness exactly where intruders may possibly conceal from view.

    Elegance and protection are two very advantageous positive aspects of minimal voltage exterior LED lights, but they are also exceptionally power efficient, preserving you plenty of funds more than greater voltage illumination. Their lowered voltage indicates that they're additional environmentally pleasant.

    Further positive aspects will probably contain automated timers which may very well cut down vitality expenses, a substantial assortment of many wattages, and sensors that detect movement. A light-weight fixture that turns on as soon as movement is detected could make lifestyle hard for burglars along with other disagreeable intruders even though reducing power expenses like a consequential of reduced energy demands. Well-illuminated parts can deter undesirable intruders, and illumination that comes at at evening can enhance the safety of a household. Owing to all the benefits of affordable voltage LED lights, there's definitely a selection that may match your wants and spending budget.

    Putting in LED light techniques is really a quite trouble-free undertaking for that property proprietor. You can expect to unforgettable a big quantity of exterior LED lights kits to choose from that consist of all the elements you would like for speedy and trouble-free installation. These LED kits will consist of LED bulbs, also known as LED lamps, transformers, and all critical wiring. The transformers will minimize the voltage to twelve volts, creating it a great deal much less hazardous for home owners to set up their pretty personal out of doors wall lamps or other kind of exterior lighting. Outdoors lights are open towards the components for example rain and snow and in any respect situations existing a risk of electrocution. With very low voltage outside LED illumination this threat is absent thanks towards the decreed voltages, but it is nonetheless vital to gain LED lights kits that are climate resistant.

    Affordable voltage LED backyard lamps as well as other types of exterior LED lights are ordinarily installed for visible functions. They are supposedly to create your yard and household appear further gorgeous within the night. If extreme higher voltage illumination is utilized to mild your residence or landscape you are going to finish up shelling out a lot more income on electrical energy although detracting out of your home's visible attractiveness. Except the objective would be to illuminate a place for security factors, small voltage outside LED lighting and appliances are usually the optimum resolution.

    When placing up affordable voltage outside LED lighting it is going to be valuable to begin using a strategy. Believe wisely about exactly where the LED lighting will greatest suit its objective prior to purchasing and putting in it. Be certain to mild sidewalks and dimly lit locations with small wattage outside LED illumination for security. You can moreover cut down your expenses by placing in reflectors to enhance the gentle as an option to obtaining more bulbs. A supplemental tip for preserving bucks would be to set up techniques that include timers and movement sensors.

    Concern transformers there is only 1 truth you might be needed to become accustomed to. You will need to become specific in no way to overload it using lamps with an extreme quantity of wattage. As an example, if you've got 60-watt energy pack you'll be able to use 3 12-watt LED lamps or six 6-watt lamps.