DuPont Laminate Flooring

DuPont laminate flooring in your home will only bring compliments. This is because the company produces high quality products. DuPont is the company that deals with the manufacture of laminates and it has created a good name over the years. There are several aspects that describe DuPont laminate flooring and they include the following;

1. Products come with a design that has seamless joints which is an exclusive interplank design.

2. A technology referred to as micro bevel is responsible for adding depth and great realism.

3. Realistic textures are created by real touch.

4. Joint guard glueless system ensures that these DuPont products have a prolonged life.

5. Noise reduction is as a result of a foam underlayment.

DuPont laminate flooring range will be found exclusively at all home depot stores in the United States. Therefore, if you find a furniture store near you, you are going to get the amazing and exclusive product.The internet is also a good source of information about DuPont products. There is no doubt that you are going to find products from DuPont very exciting and you can choose from the many designs that they avail. There are a few things you need to consider while installing the flooring as described by DuPont. They suggest that the first thing you do is to find a room that has been installed with laminate flooring and you should look out for the following details.

1. the trims around the edges should be neatly installed and that the joints should be tight.

2. There should be a correct transition bar in the doorway.

There are many other things that you should look out for so that you will know what lies in furniture stores. It is very wise to use the manuals that are provided by the manufactures. Apart from them knowing how best to guide consumers, following such instructions will ensure that you do not invalidate your warranty.

When you are ready to begin the installation process, you will require to have the right tools. Some of the tools include the following; hammer, tape measure, pencil and the list of tools goes on. Then, DuPont laminate flooring installation has began.

The first place too start will by preparing the floor that is going to be installed with dupont laminate flooring. Get in depth knowledge from the manufacturer an you are sure to make the project a success. Another thing that is important about the floors are the cleaning tips. The best thing is that this floors are not too complicated. Mainly, you will need a damp cloth and some mild detergent and they will do the trick. Therefore take every caution so that you can enjoy your product to the maximum. Using a vacuum cleaner around the edges will be very helpful. Finally, enjoy your flooring and make sure you have fun in it and at the time observing every precaution. For additional information the internet will provide this and more.

All About Pump Paintball Markers

Paintball is one of the sports which utilize guns as a main tool. Paintball guns or markers, as enthusiasts call it, were first invented in the year 1970 by James Hale of the Daisy Manufacturing and was first used as an instrument to make markings on trees and livestock by farmers and herdsmen. One type of paintball marker that arises after its conception is the pump action marker.

Pump paintball markers are recommended for those who just started to play paintball because these guns are good to hone the paintball players’ strength and skills. Basically, these guns are more efficient because it exhaust less CO2 and uses less paint. For this reason, the number of shots a player can execute is limited. Therefore, a player needs to develop his accuracy and stealth skills in order to achieve victory in the game. It would really be an excellent gun to start with because it will bring about the players to think of good strategies to prevail in the game.

Developing the players’ skills is important in playing paintball and it would be greatly affected by the type of gun he uses. Pump paintball markers would be most suitable in preparing the player for the game because a player will most likely depend on his own assets than on the gun. It is more difficult to develop a skill than to upgrade a gun. In cultivating one’s skill, processes are involved and it does not happen overnight. On the other hand, a paintball gun can be upgraded with a snap of a finger as long as you got the cash.

A pump paintball gun fundamentally works by using one or two CO2 12g cartridges. CO2 or carbon dioxide is used to boost the gun. Sometimes, it is also used for mines and grenades. A load of CO2 would already last long enough to discharge an opponent twice. This means that a player should bring some CO2 during the game.

Pump markers are also cheaper than any other types of guns. Because of its inexpensiveness, it is more practical to use. Rather than using expensive guns, it is more proficient to use something that could help you become a good paintball player in a very reasonable price.

How to Look Like a Male Fitness Model and Attract Women

The Male Fitness Model…More Attractive To Women Than The Bodybuilder Look

Bodybuilders are such a touchy bunch. There are probably a couple of guys experiencing “roid rage” right now! I know that most bulky guys look at male fitness models and think that they are wimpy. You see many bodybuilders are under the impression that everyone wants to be as big and strong as them. They see a guy who is lifting lighter weights and doing cardio as someone who isn’t as successful in the gym as them. They mistakenly believe that bigger muscles equates to being more attractive to women. Nothing could be further from the truth!

Male Fitness Models Are Built Like Hollywood Sex Symbols

How many male sex symbols are huge and buff? Do you think any of the current Hollywood sex symbols can bench press over 400 pounds? What about stars like Brad Pitt, Matthew McConaughey, Jamie Fox, Will Smith, Jared Leto, Daniel Craig (the new James Bond), etc. Women are attracted to men with average builds, but with great muscle tone. How many men who star in Soap Operas are huge and buff? The answer is that with very rare exceptions, it pays to have a lean muscle build…not a bulky bodybuilder type look.

Male Fitness Models Have To Workout Harder Than Bodybuilders

Lifting weights and bulking up is MUCH easier than burning body fat and getting lean. I don’t care how big you are…you know it’s true! To get big, you just lift with a high volume of lifts and progressively increase the weight over time. You don’t have to be on a strict diet and you don’t have to hit cardio hard. To get lean, you have to lift to maintain your muscle mass, you have to watch what you eat, and you have to hit cardio like a maniac. The reason you see very few guys in the gym with “six pack abs” is that getting lean is tough work.

A Simple Approach to Leaning Down if You Are Bulky

Getting that lean look is actually simple, but not easy. If you are kind of bulky right now and need to lean down you just need to do a few things:

1) Perform Intense Cardio At Least 4-5 Times Per Week for 30-45 Minutes

2) Multiply Your Body Weight by 12. The Number You Get Will Be The Total Maximum Amount Of Calories You Are Allowed To Eat Each Day…Aim for Less If Possible

3) Quit Obsessing Over Strength

4) Quit Obsessing Over Protein Consumption

5) When In Doubt, Cut Back on Lifting And Increase Cardio

6) You Will See “Six Pack Abs” When You Get Lean Enough. Don’t Go Overboard With Crunches and Ab Movements. Cardio is Your Ticket To a Six Pack.

Quit Trying To Impress Guys In The Gym…The Goal Is To Impress Women

When you are hitting cardio hard and limiting your calories, you won’t get as big of a pump as you are used to. You will also most likely lose a bit of strength. The big and strong guys in the gym command respect from all the other guys in the gym. I made the decision that it was more important for me to be physically attractive to women, then it was to impress the other gym rats. I aimed to get a physique similar to Matthew McConaughey and haven’t looked back since. I don’t care if the guys in my gym think that Matthew McConaughey is a wimp…women drool over this guy.

Aim for The Male Fitness Model Look and Don’t Look Back!

Bata 2Pitch4 Pitching Machine

The Bata 2Pitch4 is the latest of Bata’s pitching machines. It uses innovative technology to make it the best machine available! Although, the 2Pitch4 is very expensive, there is no other pitching machine out there that can compete with the features of this machine. It will go above and beyond your expectations. It is the most realistic pitching machine and its capabilities are unmatched.

What makes the Bata 2Pitch4 the best?

There are two heads on this machine. There are two heads and two wheels to each head of the baseball machine. This feature allows you to adjust the pitch to any speed with any type of spin you need. Both heads have the capabilities of throwing any pitch that can be thrown. It shows how amazing it is by being able to throw many combinations. You can have it throw a combination of a fastball and a curveball and then switch it to throw a split-finger change-up and a slider.

The heads tilt in unison because most players throw all of their pitches with the same arm angle. Since most do not drop their arms more than 35 degrees, the 2Pitch4 only allows the tilt head to range 35 degrees. A 35 degree tilt allows the practice to be more realistic. You are able to lock the two heads to any angle you choose from one lock handle.

Bata developed the 2Pitch concept back in 2000. This concept was created to allow for a realistic batting situation for experienced hitters. No other machine allows for such a realistic hitting experience. The original concept design has since been removed from Bata’s product line due to improvements coming from the 2Pitch3 design. Now they have built a model that outdoes both of its previous designs in the 2Pitch4.

Most machines only allows for the same thing to be thrown over and over again. The next step up is one that allows for different breaking balls to be pitched. The 2Pitch4 is in a league of its own above all other machines. When hitting off this machine you can keep the batter guessing by continuously changing the speeds and pitches.

The 2Pitch4 is fully mechanical unlike many pitching machines that are computerized. Due to this there are no computers to figure out and fewer moving parts. You will not be able find a better baseball machine than the 2Pitch4. If you get one of these machines you will be looked upon as having the best baseball training tool available.

The Benefits Of A Sunshade System

There are many benefits to having an external sunshade system installed at your home or business. First, you will get protection from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays. These rays have been shown to cause cancer in some instances. Also, choosing to install sunshades will help reduce the cost of energy bills. You will not have to use your air conditioner as much when you have external sunshades at your home or business. Having a nice window louvers exterior can be one of the most important investments you make to your home or office.

Transforming An Area

Retractable shades can transform any area into a shaded oasis. They offer quality protection from the damages that can be caused by the sun. You can add shade to virtually any outdoor area with these motorized window shade systems. They will also give you an added sense of privacy for your home or office. Finally, adding these sun shades will enhance the overall value of your home or business.

How They Improve A Business

Sunshades can be a great idea if you are a business owner and are looking to decrease your energy costs during the summer months. They would be fantastic for restaurant owners who wish to add seating outside. People will be very comfortable dining under the shade of these external shade systems. These external sunshade systems could actually make money for your company by providing more shaded space for people to eat, while lowering your energy costs.

Risks Of Sun Exposure

It is estimated that one in five Americans will get skin cancer at some point in their lives. This is due to the fact that more people are doing activities outside than ever before. It is important for anyone who spends a great deal of time outside to protect themselves from the sun. That is why installing external sunshade systems in your home or business space is such an important thing to do. You will ensure that you are not being exposed to damaging ultraviolet rays while still being able to enjoy the outdoors.

Added Benefits

In the summertime, adding shade to an outdoor area can decrease the temperature of that area by up to 20 degrees. This is an incredible difference that you will be able to experience the same day you put of your new sunshade system. This is a great benefit for young children who experience the damages of the sun’s rays more than anyone else. If you have a family that enjoys playing outside in the summertime you should think about putting a shaded area in your outside area.

Eureka Copper Canyon 1512 Cabin Tent

The Eureka Copper Canyon 1512 Cabin Tent is a splendid choice for those who are looking for extra space. This Eureka 2010 Model is a massive 180 sq ft tent that lets 12 people conveniently enjoy camping. With vertical walls, you enjoy plenty of interior space. The 7 foot 4 inches high roof gives you enough space to walk around without bumping.

This camping tent comes with 2 D doors and 6 windows that provide plenty of ventilation. It also has mesh screens to protect you from mosquitoes and bugs. The rooftop has 4 see through panels that let you enjoy the spectacular view of the sky.

The Eureka Copper Canyon 1512 Cabin Tent keeps you safe and dry during strong winds and extreme rain. It features awning poles and guy lines to help you escape from getting soaked. When not in use, the guy lines can be neatly tucked in pockets. The bathtub floors give you extra protection from the wet ground.

This Eureka tent comes with removable curtains that allow you to divide the room into 2. You can have some privacy from your kids or another family. The tent includes 2 ports for extending electrical cords. These ports zip open and have nylon flaps that stop rain from getting in. The tent also provides several organizers for your advantage. This camping tent is durable, comfortable and easy to set up.

The Eureka Copper Canyon 1512 Cabin Tent received tremendous response from reviewers. Almost all of them agreed that it is an ideal tent for camping. Some said that it protected them from severe weather conditions. Most of them marvelled at the tent’s massiveness. They could store king size mattresses, tables, cribs, and plenty of other stuffs and yet move around very freely. The reviewers appreciated the quality and design of this tent. One reviewer felt that he couldn’t have asked for more.

A few of the reviewers commented on the strength of the stakes. Some of them said that the ground cover was not effective but suggested that a 16′ to 12′ tarp would be a perfect solution. However, most of the reviews were favourable.

The Eureka Copper Canyon 1512 Cabin Tent is a unique, voluminous tent from the ever popular Eureka. It is an excellent choice for a larger group and satisfies all your needs. With a sunlight rooftop, you can stargaze and enjoy camping.

How to Estimate the Cost of Pressure Washing

Pressure washing differ from region to region and more so in the type of application performed. And there are also prime factors to bear in mind when estimating your works. The three most leading issues to consider are TIME, MATERIAL & PROFIT. But typically, when we talk about pressure washing, the most common thing comes to mind is the surface to clean; and when speak of surfaces, the size of the area would most likely be the basis if we are going to make estimates in the cost of pressure washing. So the two most common measurement of an area is either by Square Foot (sq.ft) or Square Meter (sq.m)

And not only is the size of the area to be considered here, the specific location and texture of the area is also accounted for, like a vertical or diagonal wall, window and even ceilings, concrete, wood or tiles. Will the application be done indoors or outdoors, will the work require detergents or certain special cleaning solutions or chemicals; or would it need special accessories such as surface cleaners,. So these things also go into estimating the cost of pressure washing.

Time – The quickest way to learn time is to actually do jobs. Along the course of time you do jobs, you will get the hang of how long it takes to do a typical house, driveway, boat, whatever. It doesn’t matter if you are doing the work yourself or if you have an employee doing it, time should always be counted in especially if you’re commercially doing Pressure Washing.

Materials – When we talk about materials costs for any job, there are only two types and that’s direct costs and indirect. The direct costs are pretty easy and should never be disregarded. If you will be losing money on your direct costs with jobs, your business is going to be a struggle. Listed under Direct Materials Costs are things like the chemicals used on the job, gas burned on the job, and anything and everything else purchased specifically for that job that won’t be used on other jobs. Indirect costs are other expenses incurred to perform the services in general, but not only in one specific contract. The cost of your pressure washer, accessories and other equipment such as safety tools, is listed as indirect cost. You need to be very aware of these costs, and learning to address them more from an overall point of view and less by specific jobs.

Profit – On top of your direct costs, is how much you add onto the top, the profit. Every customer expect you’ve added a great deal for profit and will somehow work you out to get you to give them a good bargain to your last dollar; but this area can dictate how reasonable and/or how competitive you are. Don’t cheat your customers, but don’t leave out yourself either. Always do a good and methodical job, be professional, and your customers won’t mind paying a respectable rate.

Mixing Them Together – Learn to maximize your time. Organize an efficient “system” to follow on all jobs so as not to waste a single minute. It will never be perfect and will take several jobs to develop, but streamlining is the key to any business – including yours. Don’t skimp on your cleaning chemicals to the point you’re already doing a lousy job, taking much time washing in the process that you lose opportunities to do numerous jobs in a day; but don’t be wasteful with resources just so you could skewer more jobs in a day either. Try to make the most of your buying power as much as possible with chemicals. Buying in bulk can greatly reduce your per job chemical costs. Remember, competence = income. Run a rigid ship and you can charge your clients very competitive rates and still keep a nice profit.

Explaining Your Pricing To Your Customers – When you are discussing your pricing with a client it is significant to let them know something semi-tangible from which you base pricing; like referring your running cost on pro existing rates in the region; or giving flexible rates to the customer like, it is much cheaper to do the whole pavement rather than have the half of it done. So having a customer friendly rate also does give a lot of sales pitch as well. Far too often we see service providers of all sorts say, “oh we’ll do it for X” almost as if his mood that day played a part in the price. I like to explain to our customers, “for the basic house wash we charge X per square foot” so a house your size is going to be X. You can always adjust your per square foot rate if needed.

Below are some general industry averages for several pressure washing services. (Just Samples)



• $100 – $300 flat price

• $0.50 – $2.00 per linear foot.

• $0.08 – $.18 per Sq. Ft

Driveways & Sidewalks

• $75 – $200 flat price

• $.08 – $.15 per Sq.


• Cedar Shake Roofs – $.60 – $.90 per Sq Ft.

• Composition Roofs – $.10 – $.30 per Sq Ft.

Mobile Homes

• Single Wide – $40 – $55

• Double Wide – $50 – $65


New Construction

• Remove Mortar Tags from New Brick – $.18 – $.30 per Sq. Ft.

• Surface cleanup (wand spray down) – $.02 -.03 Sq. Ft.

Parking Lots, Sidewalks & Drive-Thrus

• Banks / Restaurant Drive-Thurs – $8 – $30 per lane.

• Parking Lots, Garage Floors – $.03 – $.20 per Sq Ft.

• Parking Spaces – $8 – $20 each

Australia Landmarks Tour

Australia is a most famous tour travel destination places among the world tourist. Australia has world sixth number geographical land which has all around sea. Australian mostly people inhabited country border in cities; these cities located Australia border. These mostly cities also are harbor cities.

Australia has two most famous landmarks one is Uluru and second Opera House. Uluru landmark is natural but Opera is man made. Uluru location is central of the country but opera house location is Sydney city harbor.

Uluru: Uluru landmark is a natural muddy mountain and this is also a pilgrimage place for oldest Australian people. Uluru located in Northern Territory State. Most famous nearest city and airport is Alice Spring. Around Uluru land mark located big desert wildlife Sanctuary Park. Uluru landmark around area is 200 km squares and this is located on national highway (NH) number four. Uluru location is hot climate area. Any body can reach on Uluru but this is full with danger small animals and bust.

Opera House: landmark located on Sydney city harbor. This was started to build from 1959 and completed built on 1973. This is a beautiful landmark which man made and now listed of the UNSCO heritage list. Daily hundreds foreign and domestic tourist come to visit this landmark. Who tourists come to Australia then opera and Sydney Bridge are first choice of tourists.

Sydney Bridge: Sydney Bridge is also a famous tourist place. This was started to build from 1922 and completed on 1932. Bridge was constructed by Dorman Long and Co Ltd Company. Sydney bridge joint to Sydney business center and city’s other suburbs.

Uluru and opera are both Australia Tour landmarks. Uluru is a peace full landmark and location but opera house is very busy because opera house is located in Sydney harbor city so this is all year busies and most popular.

How to Make a Constitution

The idea of having in place a supreme legal order otherwise known as the constitution is of universal popularity and endorsement. Most countries of the world have their constitutions. It is also a popular idea that constitutions are a body of rules and regulation which commands a more special respect than ordinary laws. There are different types of constitution but the type adopted by a country is determined by her structural composition and the system of government practiced by that country. Nigeria, for instance, adopts a federal constitution because of her pluralistic structure.

The focus of this article is to examine how constitutions are made. However, there are preliminary issues to be first dealt with in order to achieve the primary objective.

What is constitution?

Wade & Philips in their book “constitutional law” defined constitution as ‘a document having a special legal sanctity which sets out the frame work and the principal functions of the organs of government of a state and declares the principles governing the operation of those organs”.

Though the above definition rendered by the two acknowledged authorities on constitutional matters captures the essence of a constitution, it suffers a pitfall by defining a constitution merely as a document. There are constitutions that are found in more than a single document. And in fact, some countries’ constitutions are unwritten. The Great Britain and New Zealand are classic examples of countries with unwritten constitutions.

In a nutshell, a constitution is a body of set rules which defines government powers, functions and citizens’ rights and duties in a definite political space. It may be codified in a single document like the United States of America’s constitution or made up of conventions which are contained in different documents as used in Britain. Habeas Corpus and certiorari in the U.K are examples of conventions with constitutional appeals.

Types of Constitution

There are basically 3 types of constitution and these are:

  • Unitary constitution
  • Confederal constitution
  • Federal constitution

Unitary constitution

A unitary constitution is the one that vests supreme legislative power in one authority in a given state. This type is usually adopted in a polity where the people are homogeneous. One authority is recognized and every citizen is subject to it.

Confederal constitution

It is a constitution that vests the regional components with overwhelming legislative powers and makes the central authority weak. This constitutional arrangement makes secession on the part of the component units a viable option. This model is quite unpopular worldwide.

Federal constitution

In this case, the structure of the country is divided into two: regional government and central government. Regional government represents the various states that have come together to form a united country and the central government is the national headquarters of government.

So a federal constitution is one that recognizes the division of a country into two. That is, the regional governments and the central government but each is made independent and autonomous to the other. Legislative powers are also divided into two and for the purpose of sustaining the union, the central government is accorded more powers, while less powers are given to the various states. This constitution is best suitable for countries with cultural diversity.

The Making Of A Constitution

Constitution, unlike other laws, is not to be enacted by the law-makers. The law-makers can amend a constitution. They cannot make it. The most widely acceptable mode of making a constitution is by the people who are to be governed by the same constitution. A Respected Nigerian professor of constitutional law, Ben Nwabueze, says this “A constitution is an act of the people if it is made by them either directly in a referendum…or through…….a constituent   assembly …”

A constituent  assembly  is a body of elected representatives of the people given mandate to make a constitution and nothing more. It is the duty of this body to fashion out a constitution which would reflect the wishes of the people. The  assembly  has a duty to revert to the people for approval of their assignment in a referendum. A constitution enacted in this fashion is said to be autochthonous, meaning one which derives its force from the people- its subjects.

The sole reason this method of constitutional making is the most acceptable is simply because it promotes the expression of the popular will. The people can identify with the constitution because it is a true reflection of their wishes and aspirations. Constitutions that have endured the world over are products of this procedure.

Conscious of the respect this method of constitutional making commands globally, the drafters of the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria inserted the following preamble:

“WE THE PEOPLE of the Federal Republic of Nigeria:

Having firmly and solemnly resolved:

AND TO PROVIDE for a constitution for the purpose of promoting the good government and welfare of all persons in our country on the principles of Freedom, Equality and Justice, and for the purpose of consolidating the Unity of our people:


No doubt, the preamble well captures how a people’s constitution is made. It is, however, unfortunate that the Nigerian Constitution is essentially a collection of the wishes of the junta in power as at the time the present constitution was made.

Car Rims

Car rims are also called wheel rims. The different types of rims are spinning rims, chrome rimes, truck rims, American racing rims or custom rims. These differ in design, price, size, weight and mounting options. When the rims are lighter in weight, the overall road performance of the vehicle is improved.

Car rims are vital to the handling and performance of the vehicle. The wheel styles range from regular 5 spoke alloy wheels and wire wheels to the latest chrome spinning wheels. Many car owners also use custom designed rims and this enhances the look of a vehicle and lends it a bit of exclusivity.

Earlier car models had steel rims. Steel wheels were heavy, added unnecessary weight to the car and reduced performance. Modern rims are more sleek and aerodynamic. Alloy wheels are a good choice for city commuting and are most common in the mainstream market. They are light, dissipate heat rapidly and improve mileage.

Chrome wheel rims are popular due to their shiny exterior. Many other types of alloy rims have been introduced in the last decade. Custom alloy rims include magnesium rims that are x-rayed and heat tempered to ensure that they look good and are durable.

The size of the rim increases with the size of the car. Smaller cars have rims that are 13 inches in diameter. Larger vehicles have rims that can go up to 27 inches and beyond. Rear wheel drives vehicles typically need rims 2 inches larger in diameter than front wheel drive vehicles.

Increasing the size of the rim enhances the look, as well as the performance of the vehicle. “Plus sizing” is a term that refers to increasing the size of the car rim in proportion to the wheel. Plus sizing gives the driver a better steering response and the ability to handle corners more efficiently. A larger surface area of the wheel comes in contact with the road when the size of the rim is increased.

One of the hottest trends today is for car rims that include spinners. These rims cause an optical illusion. The wheel looks as though it is still spinning when a vehicle is stationary. These wheels are designed to attract an onlooker’s attention. They don’t have any specific utility value, but are popular nonetheless.

How to Cut and Bond Laminate Sheeting

Tools you will need. You will need a fine-toothed saw, flat file, rolling-pin or flat cork block, hammer and a straight edge. Also available if you would like to buy, laminate cutters and special trimming knives with heavy-duty blades, these will give you better results than using a hand saw.

Cutting to size. Use a sharp panel saw, Tenon saw, laminate cutter or trimming knife, taking care to give adequate support to the off-cut to avoid cracking the surface. Always cut laminate sheet with the “face side” up. Cut slightly oversize this will help precision edge trimming.

Your local dealer will supply surfacing ready cut, if you prefer to supply dimensions. This would make it easier for you than buying standard sheets or panel sizes and cut them yourself.

Preparing the surface. Laminate sheet should never be bonded directly on to solid timber. This may cause warping. First, cover timber with hard-board or plywood by nailing and spot gluing. Particle-board, hard-board, plywood or core-stock are all ideal surfaces for direct bonding, and the sheeting may also be bonded successfully with contact adhesive to plaster. Always be certain that surfaces are clean, dry and free from grease, soap scum or similar deposits. The edge of base surfacing should always be flat and smooth to allow for effective finishing.

Bonding. Spread an even film of contact adhesive on both the sheet and the surface – using the special applicator supplied with the adhesive. If the surface material is porous, it may need two coats.

Allow the applied contact adhesive to dry for about 20 minutes, perhaps a little longer in cold weather. Test dryness by touching with your knuckles. When adhesive does not transfer to your knuckles, it is time to fix to the surface. Do not fix while adhesive is still tacky.

Positioning. Because contact adhesive bonds immediately on contact, it is important to line up one edge and one corner of your laminate surfacing very carefully ensuring a correct positioning. For large areas, precise alignment you will achieved by using dowels or thin timber strips to separate the adhesive coated surfaces. When accurately aligned, remove the dowel at one end and press laminate against core material. Carry on along the length, removing the dowels one at a time until you have removed them all.

Fix by using a rolling-pin or a cork padded wood block to protect the surface and tap firmly with a hammer ensuring a tight, even bonding.

Finishing. The edge of the base and surface material you need flat and smooth so that it will give you a perfect edge finish with the sheet. Allow 30 minutes for adhesive to dry out, then trim overhanging edges with a plane or file. Cut edge strip slightly oversize. Apply adhesive to both strip and edge surface. Important to Remember, that porous base materials may need two coats of adhesive. Allow adhesive to dry, and fix as directed for large areas. Hammer firmly, using the cork block to protect surface. Trim the oversize portion of edge strip with a sharp plane or file to give a bevel to the top edge and corners.

Clean surplus the adhesive by rubbing firmly with your fingers when completely dry.

How to Decide Upon What Colours You Want in Your Kitchen

Any design orientated person will be aware that decorating a house or indeed even a kitchen doesn’t just involve choosing the pieces of furniture that you like but rather the overall feel and character of the kitchen must feel right and the whole of the kitchen must be presented correctly. This is one of the hardest yet most rewarding aspects of designing a kitchen.

When kitchens are concerned people have no worries when it comes to choosing their appliances, tiles, unit style but when it comes to paint colours that’s when people tend to start pulling out their hair! Why is this though? The reason being that the best appliances, the perfect tiles and that oh so stylish unit choice will all just look wrong if it isn’t backed up by the colour of the room, it,s easily said that it’s the paint colour choice that can make or break the kitchen.

What I’m going to cover here are a few pointers that you can keep in mind, firstly you will want to imagine the overall look and feel of the room, paying particular attention to the feel. A lot of professional designers have access to professional software that will come up with a fully 3D image that will be rendered so that you can see that the finished article would look like, however most of us don’t have access to this specialist software so well have to just use our minds.

What you will want to do next is pick out all of your furniture that has a colour range that will complement the rest of the kitchen, for the uneducated in the world of design its generally best to try to keep things close to a particular shade but look into varying hues of this shade.

You will want to also pick colours for your kitchen tiles and the walls, colours that wont be to irritating to look at after a long time. Make sure that you’ll opt for a colour kitchen that will fit the type of style that you’re looking for, for example if you want a Mediterranean style kitchen try to stick with reds, oranges and terracotta style of colours.

So there you have it – some tips on what to look for when deciding upon colours of paint for your kitchen.

Chandelier Facts

Chandeliers are both luxurious and extravagant, adding a touch of elegance to a room. They look best in a room where they can be admired by visitors with plenty of space to show off its true beauty. Here are some facts about chandeliers that will increase your knowledge on these beautiful lighting fixtures:

· ‘Chandelier’ appeared in the English language in the 14th Century.

· The earliest candle chandeliers date back to medieval times and were made from wood with spikes for the candles to sit in. The whole fixture was secured and hung via a rope or chain which was suspended from a hook.

· In the 15th century chandeliers became more complex and designs were based on rings or crowns. Night time lighting was costly and was symbolic of luxury and high status.

· Come the 18th century chandeliers became ornate with long curvy arms with candles common in many merchant class homes.

· The 19th century saw the production of branch ceiling fixtures. Many candle chandeliers were converted to gas chandeliers and from the 1890s with the development of electricity – fixtures wholly powered by electricity were the standard.

· One of the most famous chandeliers is the chandelier in the Opera Garnier which is crashed by the Phantom in the 1910 novel ‘The Phantom of the Opera’ by Gaston Leroux.

· The bobeche is the dish which the candle sits in; it is designed to catch any wax drips and is known also as the drip pan.

· A festoon is a set of glass drops or beads which drape down or across a glass chandelier.

· Venetian is a type of glass from the island of Murano in Venice, but this word is also used to describe a chandelier of Venetian style.

· Crystal chandeliers are a popular choice as they refract the light from the light bulbs in the centre of the chandelier, creating a rainbow of different colours. (This only happens with clear bulbs)

· Antique chandeliers can be heavier than normal chandeliers as they are made from brass.

· Chandelier installation should be completed by a professional to ensure it stays up for life, and reduces the risk of the fixture falling and causing an accident.

Chandeliers are a true thing of beauty and there are many to choose from; from small to large and black chrome to crystal. They make a difference from your usual modern table lamp so why not consider one for your home?

The Hottest Fashion Trends From Kate Spade

‘Necessity is the mother of invention’. But what about luxury? Comparing it with the well-known saying one can call it as – ‘Perfection is the mother of luxury.’ After all, all luxury things are supposed to be perfect pieces of art, isn’t it?

How come one gets the hang of a luxury market and others don’t? These people are clearly dissatisfied with the daily activities in their lives and want to achieve something more. This strive for excellence, creates perfection and then a sense of luxury! Kate Spade is one of the biggest names in the modern fashion world. From a modest upbringing to churning out handbags and shoes of desire and pure perfection, she has surely come a long way.

About the Designer

She was born in 1962 and completed her education at the Arizona State University. She then earned an internship at the then famed fashion magazine – Mademoiselle. She was recruited as a trainee and was assigned at the accessory department. It could be well understood that she was fairly influenced with the ladies accessories back then and hence decided to create a new brand and give it a shot. The Americans lapped it up – the spread was generous and the brand was one to be identified with the country! Now they had a ladies accessory brand that was domestic to the market!

Just like a famous cartoonist, who created the world famous ‘mouse’, she also would sketch designs of handbags and shoes, often inspired by her mother’s good range of purses and clutches. Patience saw her to the very zenith of the American fashion industry! Today, she has an enviable range of accessories and other items under her name and they are doing well!

Fashion trends from Kate Spade

Kate’s most iconic design includes the diaper bag for new mothers. Yes, this is one piece of innovation in the fashion industry which was lapped up pretty fast by new mothers. Also, this became a great gift for the uber class of the society – fashion and utility both rolled into one! The bag was perhaps as fashionably designed as her other handbags if not more. It was way back in 1993, when she first materialized this concept; understandably, it was a rage! It was before she became Kate ‘Spade’ (prior to her marriage in 1994). Now here was a bag that was great luxury at a competitive price – actually much lower that its imported counterparts.

One of the biggest problems is that the fashion industry faces today is piracy. This has affected the sales of Kate Spade too. Because her luxury handbags and shoes are not as pricey as the other brands, it creates a sort of black market where there is rampant theft of original designs. Making the bags a bit practical also means to sacrifice a bit of the ‘luxury’ touch. Actually this is hardly visible, but then pirates just need a design to copy.

The negative issues apart, if you’re new to the luxury member’s club, Kate Spade is the brand that you must consider once.

Shovel Pain Free This Winter

As another winter season sets in here at the New Jersey shore (Bradley Beach), I see more and more people walking around the gym like there crippled because they hurt there back  shoveling  snow.

I am going to give you my top 4  shoveling  secrets today. These secrets are not just limited to snow, they apply to dirt, sand, and gravel as well. Furthermore, you never know when you are going to get snow as it snowed for the first time in 25 years in Las Vegas of all places.

1.) Don’t forget to warm up

Just as I do with every single client before a training session or a boot-camp class, perform a proper warm up that raises core temperature, excites the Central Nervous System, and stretches tight areas. The most common injuries I see are low back and shoulders and this is usually due to overly tight hips and chest.

Exercise#1- Reverse lunges (reach way back, chest up)

Exercise#2- Jumping jacks 3 ways (overhead, middle, low)

Exercise#3- 10 x push ups

Exercise#4- 10x squats

Exercise#5- Hip rolls (lay down face up knees together and let them fall to ground on both sides)

2.) Use a split stance when  shoveling 

The most common complaint of most people when  shoveling  is a sore/tight lower back. This usually is caused by tight hips causing too much flexion in the low back which leads to spasms and then possibly herniated discs. The warm up listed above will help. Also, try to split your stance with one foot forward, instead of keeping parallel feet. Make sure to alternate feet every so often and work both sides.

3.) Face your toes in the Direction that your  shoveling 

Even though you now have a split stance, the combination of back extension with rotation ( shovel  toss over shoulder) can leave you susceptible to injury. Minimize spinal rotation by pointing toes in the direction that your  shoveling .

4.)  Shovel  to both sides

Don’t just  shovel  to your strong side! By doing an equal amount to both sides, you are going a long way in preventing over use injuries and preventing the muscular and flexibility imbalances that are common place from  shoveling !

These tips will go a long way in preventing nagging injuries this time of year. Although its not fun to get hurt  shoveling , this type of injury is usually a sign being overweight, weak, and de-conditioned.