Land Mapping Through Aerial Surveying

Before GPS technology, land mapping was done by personally collecting data of an area that needed mapping. It takes a lot of time for cartographers to complete maps. The advancement in technology has had a great impact on aerial surveying which makes map making easier and time-effective.

In-flight surveys make use of a GPS or Global Positioning System, Infrared and other wireless technologies in gathering geographic information. Through them, experts and researchers no longer have to leave their bases just to collect necessary data from different places including those that are in distant places.

Apart from remote controlled sensing technologies, imaging devices are also necessary to conduct airborne observations and data collections. Although the idea is to have a visual duplicate of an area that is being surveyed such as taking photographs, data collectors require advance imaging equipments, tools and programs for maximum output.

Foggy or blurry images of places would be useless to those who need them. They need blemish-free pictures to come up with an accurate land map of their subject. If this is the case, an association that funds that project will have to acquire additional funds as they have to retake the images.

To avoid unnecessary costs due to useless data and materials, look for devices that are reputed to be top of the line. Although they may cost much, in the long run, they would still be cheaper and more efficient. In case buying is not an option for you, you can still do land mapping through paying the services of those that are already equipped for meticulous jobs such as this.

To know which companies can offer you accurate output, you have to know what the exact technologies and terms are being used to do the job. Additionally, since you will have to pay for their services, you have to make sure that you are familiar with the ins and outs of creating a land map through an airborne survey.

Here are some terms that you need to learn regarding bird's eye view surveillance:

• LIDAR or Light Detection and Ranging

Remote sensing technologies are needed to produce three-dimensional outputs. Airborne surveying companies can avoid spending money on aircraft gasoline and pilots as they no longer have to fly above the area that they have to survey.

• LAMP or Low Altitude Mapping Photography

This is a survey strategy that involves collection of geographic data at the altitude of 300 feet.

• UAV or Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

It is a kind of aircraft that can be controlled remotely. This is very useful when it comes to surveying dangerous terrains or regions.

From the above mentioned survey services, laser scanning is the most effective approach. It was even made better when 3D technology came out in the market. Through it, map makers can have three-dimensional views of the place that they have to map. Digital and 3D maps are created through LIDAR survey.

An aerial survey has great significance in producing quality and accurate maps. Looking for companies that offer airborne surveillance would be a better solution especially if you only have to map one location. To be sure that you'll be working with the right company, familiarize yourself with the terms and technologies that are being utilized in this kind of activity.

How a Flooded Yard Can Wreck Your Basement

When the rain comes down in buckets, it can be fun to watch. The sound is sometimes captivating and, of course, water is the basis of life, so a good rain will bring much needed nutrition to your plants, lawn, trees and garden.

But, too much rain will can also bring destruction to your yard, and perhaps surprisingly, your basement.

Why Too Much Water is a Bad Thing

Obviously, flooding is always bad. Any news coverage, video or pictures, will show the horrors and path of destruction that flooding brings.

But, even when it doesn’t go to the flooding stage, too much water is tough on your yard. Minor floods happen all the time,. They can often take place in the ground around your home, where you would never notice that it is happening.

Excess rain throws more water at your yard than it can handle. The ground can not absorb it, leading to a wet, soggy mess.

But, it isn’t just a problem for your lawn.

Ground Expansion

When most soil becomes water logged, it will cause an expansion. Dirt with poor drainage, like gravel and clay, is often used around homes because it is cheap to fill in when a basement or crawl space is dug for the house.

When there is too much rain, the soil holds onto that water and causes swelling.

This ground swell puts pressure on the walls of your basement and crawl space. Over time, the pressure mounts and the walls, even if they are made of brick, stone, or concrete, will give out. This leads to small cracks in the outer wall.

Cracks Lead to Flooding

Those small cracks push water inside of your basement (and foundation or crawl space) walls. Once water is inside, it works to weaken the walls and eats away at them. Water will start to trickle inside of your basement now. Over a short period of time, that trickle becomes a flood.

Even if you simply feel dampness you can be sure that you have a water problem and it will cause foundation problems and basement flooding soon.

How to Fix the Problem in Your Yard and Basement

Better drainage is the key to preventing yard and basement flooding. Yard drains, drains in your driveway or near your foundation are key.

If you are already experiencing flooding then basement waterproofing may be necessary to keep your home dry and your foundation from cracking.

Do not Go Boating Without the Proper Equipment

Whenever going out on the water, even if only for a couple of hours, there are some things that are essential to have in case of emergency. Having certain equipment on board could mean the difference between a disaster and your return to land safely. Unfortunately, statistics show that there are many deaths that occur due to boating accidents that could have been prevented with the proper equipment.

Life Jackets and Buoyancy Aids – Wearing it is mandatory at all times. You must always carry one of the correct size for each person on board your boat.

Bailing System – Even if you carry an electric bilge pump, you should always carry a bucket or bailer. It can be used to put out fires and it may come in handy for other things.

Anchor – To determine the right size for your boat, the anchor should weigh not less than 1.5 kg per meter of boat length, with the chain at least equal to the length of the boat and a non-floating rope well secured to the boat.

First Aid Kit – This should contain sufficient supplies to cover minor accidents or injury. You should also carry a remedy for sea sickness as well as sun block.

Alternative Power – Spare outboard, oars or paddles will help you maneuver the boat in the event of a power failure or if the wind dies away while sailing.

Fire Extinguishes – If you have an engine or cooker on board, always carry at least one. Make sure you know how to use it and see that it is served regularly.

Boat Hook – As well as being used to pick up lines, buoys and objects in the water, your boat hook can be used to check the depth of water, pushing off or helping in recovering a person overboard.

Throwing Line – Have a floating line at least 12 meters in length with a floating weight at one end.

Torch – Always carry a torch with spare bulbs and batteries.

Protective Clothing – Carry adequate warm, protective clothing for each person on board.

In all but very small boats you will need a chart. If you go more than a couple of miles from shore, you will need a compass. A GPS and a depth sounder are worth considering. Exactly what you carry will depend on the size and type of boat and how far from land you go. It is always a good idea to talk to the Coastguard or the Maritime Safety Authority for advice.

Cost Effective Temporary Structures for Great Events

Having a roof over your head is very important, especially when you are conducting an important event like a wedding or throwing an office party for your clients. While there are various options available when it comes to choosing a venue, many people prefer fabric structures over concrete, steel or wood structures. This is not only due to the cost but also due to the numerous benefits fabric structure offers.


The use of fabric structures dates back to over 44,000 years ago by the people in Ice Age. It is believed that the Shelters were constructed by them using animal skins. Fabric structures were widely used by nomadic people and the first one that was used was a loosely woven black tent. These tents were also used as storage Tents to store food, as overhead shelter and to protect livestock by Native American, Tibetan and Bedouin nomads. Later in the 19th century, tensile membrane structures were introduced by a German engineer that could become very popular and played a significant role in the world of architecture and interior design.


One of the popular choices for people planning to conduct a major event is the Clear Span Structure which offers total flexibility when it comes to construction. It can be set up in a short time regardless of where you want it. These structures allow natural light to enter through and you can save money on installing artificial lights. Depending upon the event, Clear Span Structures gives you the flexibility of designing it anyway you wants. Since there are no columns or pillows running inside the structure there is a lot of room for one to use it anyway they desire. These structures offer the elegance and grandeur necessary to be impress your guests.


Whether you are using it as Storage Tents or for a fund raiser event, these fabric structures are very easy to install. Because of a higher ceiling, it provides a lot of storage space. The term 'fabric' can be any material or membrane used to be construct these structures and they are typically constructed out of woven base cloths of different strength. This is then protected by a coating which will make it weather resistant and offer complete thermal, water protection and UV resistance. Finding a good supplier will be ensure you that you get the best design and quality for your money.

Dental Bridges – What They Are?

Types of Dental Bridges

There are different types of dental bridges. Your dental practitioner will recommend the most appropriate one depending on the location of the missing tooth (or teeth) and the condition of your teeth, mouth and gums.

Traditional bridges are used if there are natural teeth on each side of the gap where the tooth is missing. (As an alternative to a bridge, your dental practitioner may suggest a single implant to replace a missing tooth between two healthy teeth.

The Dental Bridge Procedure

1. If you have healthy teeth on each side of a missing tooth (or teeth), your dental practitioner files down the two healthy teeth to prepare them for the bridge. If you do not have healthy teeth or enough teeth to support a bridge, then dental implants may be surgically placed. A dental implant is an artificial root made of titanium metal that is inserted into the jawbone to replace the root of the natural tooth. The implant acts as an anchor to hold an artificial tooth or bridge in place.

2. Next, your dental practitioner makes a model of your teeth by taking impressions (molds). The model is used to custom-make the artificial tooth (or teeth) and 2 crowns as one piece. This piece is called a bridge.

3. Meanwhile your dental practitioner places a temporary bridge in your mouth to protect the exposed teeth and gums.

4. During your second visit, your dental practitioner removes the temporary bridge and places the custom-made bridge in your mouth. The crowns are either cemented to your 2 healthy teeth or attached to your dental implants on each side of the missing tooth (or teeth).

How long do dental bridges last?

You need to look after dental bridges with the same level of care and attention as your natural teeth. Providing you maintain a good oral hygiene program, good diet and attend regular dental check-ups, a high quality dental bridge can last 10-15 years or longer. There are different types of dental bridges .

Why do I want a fixed bridge?

There are several reasons why you would want a fixed bridge, including:

• Fill space of missing teeth
• Maintain facial shape
• Prevent remaining teeth from drifting out of position
• Restore chewing and speaking ability
• Restore your smile
• Upgrade from a removable partial denture to a permanent dental appliance

Multimedia and Hardware Education

Multimedia studies is an interdisciplinary field of academics nowadays, which focuses on the understanding of technologies and cultural dimensions of linking traditional media sources with the newer versions of the same. Its scopes can be explained better if the term communication is blended with the visual part of it, or through the concept of communication design. This is because if communication refers to the need and practice of interaction with people around us so as to make sense of the world and to position ourselves in the widespread socio-cultural reality, designing is a science as well to create a plan or a norm, criteria or a custom, for the construction of an object, system or measurable human interaction in business and in society at large. In the complex digital environment around us today, such designing can be thus applied to all transactions that are possible between an individual and their environment and has become a powerful means of reaching out to the target audience. Also, it is such a learning which seeks to attract, inspire, create desires and motivate people to respond to messages, with the objective of creating an impact for the initiator, which can be either to build a brand, move sales, or for general humanitarian purposes.

Considering communication and designing together is a modern systems-based approach, a mixed discipline between design and information-development, concerned with media intervention such as printed, crafted, electronic media or presentations to communicate with people. Thus, the stream of multimedia studies involve a broad spectrum of visual communication, involving editing, typography, illustration, web design, animation, advertising, visual identity design, performing arts, copywriting and professional writing skills applied in the creative industries. Students of this stream learn to create visual messages and how well they could be broadcast to the world in new and meaningful ways. Students learn how to combine communication with art and technology through the disciplines involving how to design web pages, video games, animation, motion graphics and more. The various mediums to get a message across are advertising, graphic designing, industrial designing, information architecture, marketing, technical writing and so on, to become illustrators, graphic designers, web designers, advertising artists, animators, video editors or motion graphic artists, or even printmakers and conceptual artists.

In West Bengal the ‘Brainware University’ is the one of its kind, offering extremely job-oriented full-time undergraduate and postgraduate courses in multimedia studies, and thus leading students of this generation to blend their imaginative thinking and their creative faculty to the technology of the day to meet the growing needs of the mass and media in multiple aspects.

How To Read Your Spark Plug in a Two Stroke Engine

For a two-stroke engine, having a fresh spark plug is incredibly important. So you should check your plug often.

By “reading” the color of the plug you can tell a lot of things about how the engine is running. The top of a new spark plug is covered in white ceramic insulation. If your engine is running perfectly, then this part of the plug would soon become a tan color. If your plug is grey or white, than you know that your engine is running too lean and you need to take steps to prevent engine damage. First, clean your fuel system, looking for any blockage. Dirt in your carb can cause the bike to run lean. Check your fuel mixture to see if you are mixing the oil and fuel in the correct proportions (50 parts fuel to 1 part oil). There are many factors that can cause an oil and fuel mixture that worked great to become less than ideal. The brand of the gas and the oil as well as air density can affect how well the mixture works.

The lean condition can also be caused by fresh air entering the engine somewhere it shouldn’t. So you should look for loose intake manifold bolts, leaks in the carburetor mounting, faulty gaskets and leaks in the crank seals. You may also need to change to a larger carburetor jet.

If your spark plug is black or oily than that means the engine is running too rich and is not properly combusting fuel. This problem can be caused by too much oil in the fuel and oil mixture and/or having a faulty spark plug that is misfiring. First, you should figure out if the spark plug is the problem. To do so, touch the electrode end of the plug to the engine while pulling the starter. If the sparks that result are blue, then you know you have a fully functioning plug. Install the plug and run the bike for a few minutes. Then stop the bike, remove the spark plug and look at it. If the plug is dark and oily, then you know that the problem is not your plug. You should check your oil and fuel mixture. If the bike’s engine stumbles, sounds clogged up or doesn’t run clear than you might want to get a smaller carburetor jet.

While you should regularly inspect your spark plug, it is essential to check your plug after any type of engine modification to make sure the engine isn’t running too lean. For standard use, the NGK B7HS short thread plugs and B9ES long thread plugs are recommended. For use in competition, the NGK B7HS-10 short thread plugs and the NGK BR9EIX long thread plugs are recommended.

First check your coil for a healthy spark. Use a fresh plug and ground the electrode to the engine while pulling the starter – the spark should be a healthy blue. If so, install the fresh plug, and operate the bike normally for a few minutes, remove the new plug and “read” it. If it still appears blackened or oily, the problem lies elsewhere. A hotter plug in not recommended – make sure your fuel mix is correct, and consider a smaller jet only if the bike stumbles or sounds “full of snot” and doesn’t run crisp. Operating your bike a little too rich won’t hurt it – but too lean is never good. A little dirt in your carb could cause it to run lean, and you wouldn’t even know why your bike was running so nice and crisp until it seized

Importance of Forklift Training

Forklift technology has improved much over the last few years and maintaining a forklift pays off pretty well nowadays. However, although companies are buying and bringing into operation the forklifts, most of them are ignoring the human aspect i.e. the workers operating forklift is not getting properly trained. As the human handling is the final key of proper forklift use and utilization, untrained or half-trained operators are decreasing the output. The companies which manipulate large inventories and fast turnaround, training of the forklift operators is an issue which must be addressed without any delay.

There are several reasons why one should train a forklift operator properly.

1. Time saving: Skilled and trained workers can move heavy inventory pretty fast, thus saving time and increasing productivity and maximizing work done per man-hour. This is one single but sufficient reason to get them trained.

2. Reduced risk of accident: Accident count related to forklift is on a sharp rise and unskilled operators are only adding to it. Any accident is unfortunate and should be avoided at any cost. Tutoring your operators is the first step in this direction as they will be handling the forklifts in an efficient way and reduces the accidental chance of anyone getting hurt. This also will add to the company’s reputation.

3. Lower inventory loss: If not any accident as of yet, you must have lost some inventories due to wrong handling of materials by the forklift worker. The losses may be not of much worth but accumulated loss will be much higher than the cost of getting your operators trained.

4. Better maintenance of forklift machines: When trained, they are also trained to maintain the machines and keep them running at the top form. This reduces the repair cost and maintenance cost. Also there is a lesser chance that the forklift will break down during any important operation.

5. Increased productivity: Properly trained operator can improve the overall productivity of your company which helps the company to stay competitive in this fierce competition. It also helps if the company is looking for some expansion.

6. Lesser chance of machine damage: Properly trained operators also ensure that machines are not damaged due to mishandling. It may cost the company a huge amount of money to get the damaged forklifts repaired.

7. Improved confidence level of the operators: when trained properly the forklift workers feel much more confident than before and also display signs of happiness and satisfaction. Many companies take pride in having an array of expert and trained forklift operators.

There are many companies using forklifts in Canada who will surely be willing to get the operators trained.

Sensorial Branding – The Future of Brand Building

“People spend money when and where they feel good”
– Walt Disney

Most brands & products are now interchangeable. This sad statement emanates from one of the fathers of marketing, Philip Kotler.

For a brand to be identified, recognized and understood in its values is the core of every strategy, the nagging issue of every marketing manager.

However, in a competitive environment where the usage & functional value of a brand (a product or a service) can be easily copied or duplicated, what is left to stand out from the crowd? How can the customer’s preference be triggered to ensure their loyalty? How can the tie that will closely link your brand to the consumer and put you ahead of the competition be built, retained or strengthened?

These are questions to which sensorial branding answers: use senses (and their impact on the consumers’ perceptions) to enrich the brand experience and build up its uniqueness and personality, while ultimately paving the way to the consumers’ affection, preference and loyalty.

Sensorial branding (and sensorial marketing) fills the gap left by traditional marketing theories when it comes to answering today’s consumer mindset. This new kind of thinking finds its origins in the ’90s, with the shift from the rational mindset that formerly prevailed in the consumer’s decision-making process to the emotional and hedonist quest that now drives their desires and consumption acts.

In reaction to an increasingly virtual and pressurized industrial world, people have started seeking a way to reconnect to reality in their private sphere, for a pathway to re-enchant their world. The individual values of pleasure, well-being and hedonism rose along with a true new concept of consumption that exposed the limits of traditional marketing theories.

Consumption today is a form of “being”. Just like any leisure activity, it becomes a place to express a piece of your personality, where you share common values with a small group of other individuals (a tribe). And maybe more than anything else, consumption acts must be analyzed as “felt” acts, as experiences capable of providing emotions, sensations and pleasure.

Purchasing acts are driven by this desire for sensational experiences that re-ignite senses and drive emotions. No matter how effective a product may be, it is its hedonist and emotional added-value, as well as the distinctive experience it offers, that lead consumers to buy it and ensure its loyalty.

What does it mean from a branding point of view?

First, it means that price and functionality are now taken for granted (or, in other words, not sufficiently differentiating). It is now the intangible, irrational and subjective attributes of the brand offering that are the new factors of success.

Second, it highlights the fact that sensations, new experiences and emotions must be part and parcel of the brand experience. It is through these 3 channels that the brand can create greater differentiation, influence consumer’s preference and secure their affection.

In summary, focusing the brand strategy on rational arguments regarding its functional value is no longer sufficient to ensure success. What is clear is that empowered brands are the ones managing to deliver hedonist and emotional attributes throughout the brand experience. This is where brands can add meaning and, therefore, value and sense to products and services, transforming them from interchangeable commodities into powerful brands.

This is where sensorial branding is competent: exploring and unveiling how brands can connect with people in a more sensitive way, at this true level of senses and emotions. To put it more clearly, it focuses on exploring, expressing, and empowering the brand’s hedonist and emotional potentials.

In this theory, sensations prevail because they are a direct link to consumers’ affections. Senses are directly affected by the limbic part of the brain, the area responsible for emotion, pleasure and memory. In a way, it is no big surprise. This is all about going back to basics, to what actually appeals to a human being on an everyday basis. Sense is a vital part of our human experience. Almost our entire understanding and perception of the world is experienced through our senses. A growing number of research shows that the more senses your product appeals to, the greater the brand experience.

While communication & visual identity focus mainly on sight and sound, an accurate poly-sensorial identity integrating touch, smell (and taste when applicable), sends a more powerful emotional message to consumers, multiplying the connections or touch points through which the consumers can be attracted, convinced and touched by the brand. It enables and encourages consumers to “feel” and “experience” the brand (product or service) with their “emotional brain”.

As Martin Lindstrom, author of best-selling book Brand Sense states, success lies in mastering a true sensory synergy between the brand and its message.

The first brand to intuitively implement the sensorial branding theory was Singapore Airlines. Like any other airline company, Singapore Airlines’ communication and promotions primarily focused on cabin comfort, design, food and price. The breakthrough was made when they decided to incorporate the emotional experience of air travel. The brand platform they implemented aimed at one simple, but rather revolutionary, objective: to present Singapore Airlines as an entertainment company. From that moment onward, every detail of the Singapore Airlines travel experience was scrutinized and a new set of branding tools were implemented: from the finest silk and colours chosen for the staff uniform, to the make up of the flight attendants that had to match Singapore Airline’s brand colour scheme; from the drastic selection of the flight attendants that had to be representative of the “Asian beauty archetype”, to the way they should speak to passengers and serve food in the cabin. Everything had to convey smoothness and relaxation to transform the Singapore Airlines travel experience into a true sensorial journey. Right after turning the Singapore Airlines flight attendant into an iconic and emblematic figure of the brand (the famous “Singapore Girl”), they broke through the barriers of marketing again by introducing a new dimension to the brand: a signature scent. They specifically designed a signature scent, called Stefan Floridian Waters. This olfactory signature was used by the crew, blended into the hot towels served to passengers, and it soon permeated the entire fleet of planes. Described as smooth, exotic and feminine, it was the perfect reflection of the brand and achieved instant recognition of Singapore Airlines upon stepping into the aircraft. It soon became a unique and distinctive trademark of Singapore Airlines, capable of conveying a set of memories all linked to comfort, sophistication and sensuality.

Another example given by Martin Lindstrom is Rolls Royce. To recapture the feeling of older “rollers” and maintain the luxurious aura surrounding the brand, Rolls Royce analysed and recreated the unique smell made by materials like mahogany wood, leather and oil that permeated the interior of the 1965 Silver Cloud Rolls-Royce. Now every Rolls Royce leaving the factory is equipped with a diffuser in the underside of the car’s seat to convey this unique identity of the brand.

What we learn here is that only when all the sensory touch points between the brand and consumer are integrated, evaluated and leveraged can true enrichment of your brand identity be achieved. In the future, it can become the most cutting-edge tool to stand out from the crowd, boosting the brand experience and eventually influencing consumer loyalty.

Few brands today are truly integrating sensorial branding in their strategy, while forward thinking companies are already implementing it with success. Adding a sensorial dimension to the brand experience is surely about to become the next competitive asset.

In the future, brand building for marketers may lie in one simple question: what does my brand feel like?
To get more information about Sensorial Branding services, either in China or internationally you can come have a look at Labbrand website.

Vladimir Djurovic

Choosing a Superior Auto Glass Repair Company

One of the most important features a vehicle can have is the glass. This is what provides the much-needed barrier between you and the elements on the road including weather. In addition, the glass can remain intact even if you were to get into an accident. Having the highest quality glass also makes it possible for you to maintain visibility while on the road. Cloudiness and distortions serve to make it harder when it comes to making very vital information such as distance from objects. When your auto glass needs to be repaired, you need to think carefully before making a selection.

Inspection of the auto glass

Getting your hands on the best glass manufacturer is just the beginning. The best repair company knows all the things that the best glass has to pass through and all the challenges you may have when shipping. Therefore, the best company should be knowledgeable on inspecting all the glass pieces before the installation.

Dealer glass

There are many auto glass companies that manufacture glass, but the quality does not really match up to that of the dealer glass. Distortions can be seen and they may interfere with visibility to a great extent. There are qualities that dealer glass has to meet so as to ensure that all standards are met.

Use of high-quality materials

Materials used to hold the auto glass into place are very important. The best companies only use the manufacturers’ adhesive. This should be able to hold the auto glass very securely in case of a collision. If you use low-quality urethane, then it will not have the chemical makeup that is needed to hold for a long period of time. This means that it may break down and the windshield can become loose. Cheap urethane can also need to water and wind noise leakage.

Technicians used for installation

When you want the auto glass installed the correct way, then you should have at least two people doing the job. The job needs to be done correctly without having to keep on trying. You only have a single chance of installing the glass and therefore you should not make any mistakes. When not done well, the result will be a shoddy looking job.

Removal of the cowl panel

So as to have the best quality repair, there is a need to remove the cowl panel. This is the plastic cover that you notice along the glass bottom. This has to be removed. If this is not removed, then urethane can get pushed aside or it may lead to the glass not making any contact whatsoever. There are companies that hurry the job by simply dipping or sliding the glass so as not to remove the panel. The position of the windshield wiper blades can tell you a lot about what is happening during the installation.

Lifetime guarantee

The best repair companies should be able to stand by their work. The best way that this can be done is by offering guarantees for the services. This certifies that the company that installed the glass used the best materials as well as methods that are superior and industry standard.

Getting Creative With Making Patio Furniture

You might be an avid do-it-yourself fan or perhaps it’s something that you will try for the first time. There might be many reasons why you want to make your own furniture which may be price or you have a unique idea. Either way, you can be creative and do it yourself when it comes to making your own patio furniture.

You will need to decide what type of patio furniture you want. In other words, will it be made of wood or metal? For wood, you won’t need too much skill, as hopefully you would have had some experience with woodwork in school or with your dad when you were young. For metal, you may require a bit of skill as the tools you will need are specialised.

If you opt for a metal framed patio set, then you will need to source the same type of metal. This will help you with the structure and the soldering process. With metal you will have to solder the pieces together so that it can be sturdy. To begin the process you will need to measure the parts and cut them to size. Make sure that you measure twice to avoid any mishaps with the length of the parts. Place all the parts in the order that you will join them. Double check this. Once you are sure of each part’s positioning then begin with soldering it together. Once the parts are together and you have all your patio seats, you can paint it the colour you desire. The metal patio set will prove to be hard and cold to sit on. For this you can simply measure the seating and back areas so that an upholsterer can make the cushions for you.

The wood option is usually more popular because it doesn’t rust and it is a cheaper alternative to the metal. In most cases, people find unused pallets and use it to create their own furniture masterpieces. With pallet wood you don’t have to start from scratch. You could simply take one pallet as it is, add four small legs on each corner, sand it and paint it to create an outdoor coffee table. You may want to add a glass top for a smooth surface. For the seats you will need to take the pallet apart in order to piece the wood together to make it sturdy. You will need a saw, hammer, nails and glue to achieve this. Again, make sure that you measure the length of the wood so that your patio seats are all the same size and are symmetrical. If you are happy with the measurements, then glue and nail the wood pieces together. You can paint the wood or varnish it for a natural appearance. Measure the seating and back area. Send those measurements along with your choice of material to the furniture manufacturer who can make it for you. That part you don’t have to make yourself, because sewing the cushions can be a bit tricky if you haven’t done it before.

Delphi MyFi Satellite Radio – Compact and Slim

MyFi satellite radio is another great product from the electronics manufacturer Delphi. Although some say that it is the new iPod killer, this is not the case. An iPod and a MyFi radio belong into two different categories and they have their own advantages and drawbacks.

For a hand-held satellite radio receiver, the MyFi is extremely compact and slim in size. The portable radio can be used as a car or home audio player and its sleek and trimmed features ensure that it can be used in the most congested places as well. The radio only weighs 7.2 Ounces and is 1.2 inches thick. The box includes several tools and accessories, which make it possible to install and run the radio at home or inside your car.

Connecting cables, antennas and mounting brackets are available that make it an easy affair to operate the device anywhere. There is a built in FM Transmitter just like an iPod and it works well even when you are in a low frequency zone. The navigation through different channels is done with the help of a scroll wheel which makes navigating through channels refreshingly easy. The device can add up to 30 preset stations and the Tune Select feature enables the user to add or store the names of 20 artists or simply save up to 20 songs on the device.

However, there is no expandable memory card slot, but at its listed price, 20 songs is a good deal. It also works as an alarm clock and allows you to get the daily weather report or daily stock prices of your favorite cities. The sound quality is not as good as an iPod and that's where it lags behind. With a price tag of $ 350, the product is either expensive nor cheap, but it is affordable and the features it provides are easily worth this price. On a scale of 10 the MyFi satellite radio is an easy 8.

Cut Glass and Glass Blowing History and Development

Natural glass, like obsidian, is a dense volcanic glass, and has been used by man for millennia. To early man, obsidian glass was an extremely rare and valuable commodity, because of the way volcanic glass fractures, sharp edges occur. This inherent quality of natural cut glass was put to use and was often made into sharp spear points and blades.

Man-made rudimentary glass was made from silica sand, plant ash and lime. Over time it was discovered that if glass was heated until it became semi-liquid, it may be molded or shaped and left to cool into a solid new piece or vessel. In ancient times glass pieces were valued as a substitute for precious stones or gems.

During first century BC, the craft of melting and blowing glass into useable objects was developed. Glass pieces and items gradually became more common after the discovery of glassblowing. Objects such as vases, bottles, and cruets were mouth blown and mold blown during the Roman Empire, usually for ordinary purpose and daily use.

Common glass normally has a greenish hue. The green tint is caused by minuscule amounts of iron impurities in the sand used to make glass. Glass producers learned to make decorative and colored glass by adding metallic compounds and mineral oxides such as cobalt. Colored glass of reds, blues and greens become prevalent. After craftsmen learned to score and cut glass, they found clear glass refracted light in spectacular fashion. Thus, clear cut glass became popular, and demand for colored glass plummeted.

Around 1000 AD, a new development was made in glassmaking. The glass making component of soda-lime, was replaced by potash obtained from wood ashes. From this time on, glass from the northern part of Europe differed very much from that made in the Mediterranean area, where soda-lime remained in common use. Centuries later in Bohemia, ashes from beech trees were used. The production of Bohemian "forest glass" was progressively refined over the years.

During the 11th century new ways of making sheet glass came about in Germany. Glass blowers would blow spheres, and then form them into cylinders. They would cut the glass while still hot and then flatten the glass into sheets. Glass makers in Venice, Italy improved this method in 13th century. By the late 1300's there was as many as 20 glassworks in Bohemia and Moravia. The 12th century saw the arrival of stained glass production. Stained glass, another form of colored glass, was made by adding metal impurities. Church and monastery applications of stained glass can be traced back to examples that remain today, ie St. George. Bartholomew church in Kolin. A glass wall mosaic is preserved there from around 1380.

Venice became the dominant center for glassmaking during the 14th century. Here new glass making methods were developed and export trade such as mirrors, tableware, and decanters flourished. Secrets of glass making were highly guarded in Venice, but historically glass workers moved to other areas of Europe taking their knowledge and skill with them.

A technique called "the Crown glass process" was used to make glass until the mid part of the 1800s. A glassblower would spin around 9 lbs of molten glass at the end of a rod until it spread out into a flat disk nearly 5 feet across. The glass disk would then be cut into panes. Glass from Venice was highly prized for over four centuries as they managed to keep this technique secret. In 1688, a method for casting glass was invented. This led to glass and glass panes in becoming a much more common material. The glass pressing machine was invented in 1827 and facilitated mass production of relatively inexpensive glass items. The glass pioneer, William J. Blenko, is recognized as first glass producer in America to use the cylinder method of creating flat glass by the 1920s.

The Bohemian countries of Czech and Slovakia are still known today as two of the finest cut glass and cut crystal producers in the world.

Your Point of Power

We'd all like to be flying above the storms of life and it's possible, but knowing your Point of Power is the key. There will always be storms, but you can choose to remain on the ground, battling them or you can supersede the natural law of gravity that governs the earthbound by achieving lifting and leaving the ground, with its storms, far beneath you.

Your personal point of power is that point at which you achieve lift and begin the ascent from the ground of your circumstances to that clear blue sky above the clouds. It's different for each of us, this breakthrough point that powers us through the clouds, and it often changes from day to day. So, how do you know what your Point of Power is? Here are a few clues.

It's that point at which you face down your biggest fear. It's that moment at which you decide that fear no longer has the power to paralyze you. If you have to move forward with fear digging it's talons into your back, you will. That's the Point of Power called courage. That's when you become truly unbeatable.

It's the point at which you let go of that ancient grudge. When you begin to see that your lack of forgiveness will poison no one but you, and realize that no matter how wrong you were, the grudge you hold is turning your own heart to stone, then you will soar.

It's the point at which you surrender control and begin to trust in what you know to be Truth. Very few of us actually lack knowledge of the Truth – we just refuse to live by it, preferring to take what appears to be the easy way. Face the Truth, acknowledge it and then commit to order you life accordingly and you will not be able to keep yourself from rising.

It's the point at which you acknowledge and accept your Purpose and Mission and step into it wholeheartedly. When you realize that your life is no accident and you have a reason for being here, a job to do, your point of power becomes your driving passion.

It's the point at which you put Goals to your visions, wings to your dreams. Driven by your vibrant visions and willing to risk everything in bringing them to pass, you will take to the air above those who are still stuck driving for comfort and ease in life.

It's the point at which you realize that it's not necessary to know it all, learn it all or understand it all before you soar. It's enough to know that the laws of lift work whenever the conditions come together. You do not have to wait to take a commercial flight until you understand completely how it works. It's enough to know that it does.

It's the point at which you allow yourself to love freely, giving of yourself with abandon, expecting nothing in return. And it's the point at which the needs and concerns of others become personal issues for you.

It's the point at which you determine to operate in integrity no matter what everyone else is doing or how it looks, the point at which your character achieves clarity.

It's the point at which you make a quality decision, no more waffling, and begin to live it, the point at which you examine your motives in light of your purpose and mission and are willing to change yourself, and no one else. It's the moment at which you assume responsibility and remove the word BUT from your vocabulary.

Achieve lift on your personal life path, in your relationships and in your career. You can rev your engines all you want and you can even begin to move down the runway. But until you find that point of power, you're going nowhere, and you'll never achieve lift or experience the exhilaration of watching the earth move away benefit you as you point yourself to the endless skies – no longer earthbound.

Your greatest potential is realized at your personal Point of Power. You were designed to soar. If you're feeling earthbound, begin today to determine what's snapping your power and then take the steps necessary to rid yourself of it. If you're soaring already, experiencing the thrill of operating above the storm, do not forget those still earthbound. You have the secret; do not be stingy. Find someone who's stuck and help them get off the ground!

Consider the following set of simple rules. Live by them; work toward them daily and do not make the mistake of confusing simple with easy. Points of power are rarely easy, but almost always simple!

5 Simple Rules to Live By:

Live simply.

Free your heart from hatred.

Free your mind from worries.

Give more.

Expect more of yourself and less of others.

Call to Action: We'd love to hear from you! What are your points of power and how have you experienced lift-off? Email us your experiences in this area. We'd like to encourage other readers with your story. We'll keep it anonymous if you prefer. But keep in mind that another Point of Power is in sharing the Truths you've learned and experienced for yourself.

It's all just commonsense!

Copyright 2006 So-lu'shunz Leadership Services