5 Nicotine Replacement Products

Nicotine replacement therapy means taking in nicotine in forms other than cigarettes – patches, gums, lozenges, inhalers, nasal sprays and gradually tapering off their use.

The nicotine replacement products offer nicotine much more slowly than cigarettes do. This is done by making it leach, either within the membranes of the mouth or across your skin. As a result, with these products, a strong surge of nicotine is missing.

Once the smoker begins using these products, he can resume his daily activities comfortably without cigarettes. Typically, a smoker will need the initial level of replacement products for several weeks. During this period, he will become accustomed to handling daily activities without cigarettes. After that, he can gradually cut back the levels ofreplacement products to zero amounts.

Five Nicotine Replacement Products for Smoking Cessation

– Nicotine gum is a substance that slowly releases nicotine when chewed or placed in between the cheek and gum. The gum gives you much lower amount of nicotine than a cigarette, at the same time reducing your cravings for cigarettes. The amount and frequency of gum you need to use varies from brand to brand. Nicotine gum is not for everyone.

– Nicotine patches are self-adhesive strips that contain nicotine. You have to apply one patch a day to your skin, which should be clean, non-hairy and dry. The patch releases small quantities of nicotine that is absorbed into your bloodstream through your skin. Put on the patch in the morning and take it off before sleeping – otherwise it can hamper your sleep. At first, you might need to use the highest strength – 21 mg. This is the typical dose if you were smoking 20 cigarettes a day. The two common side-effects with nicotine patches are local skin irritation and sleepdisturbance. Hydrocortisone cream can ease skin irritation. Sleep disturbance usually happens in people who use the patch for 24 hours, so use the patch for 16 hours only.

– Nicotine Lozenges are hard candies which dissolve and slowly release nicotine into the mouth. Each lozenge last for about half an hour. Generaly, you can use about nine lozenges a day during the first six weeks and then begin tapering off. Do not use lozenges beyond three months. The common side effects with lozenges are soreness of gums, throat irritation and stomach upset. Just like the side-effects of other nicotine replacement products, these side-effects donot last long.

– Nicotine Nasal Spray is a spray pump containing nicotine in an aerosolized form. The smoker sprays it into their nostrils and the nicotine is quickly absorbed into the nasal membranes. Unlike other replacement products, nicotine is absorbed very fast by this mode. The typcal dose of nicotine nasal spray is 5 times each hour or 40 times per day. Generally, you need to use your initial dose for a period for 8 weeks and then start to taper off over 4 to 6 weeks.The common side effects include nose and throat irritation, cough, sneezing, watery eyes. Most of these side effects disappear after 7 to 14 days.

– The Nicotine Inhaler or "the puffer" compacts a slender plastic cartridge containing a porous nicotine plug. When you puff on to the cartridge, nicotine vapors are absorbed through the lining of the mouth. A single cartridge can yield 400 nicotine vapor puffs. The vaporized nicotine will make its way into your throat. During the first 3 months of its use, you can use 6 to 16 cartridges a day and then begin reducing the number during the next 6 to 12 weeks. The advantage of an inhaler is that it matches the behavioral aspects of smoking. The side effects are irritation of the mouth's lining, runny nose, coughs and digestive problems.

Designing Your School Lockers

School Lockers For All Ages

Whether you have a child at school or are at college, every student is in possession of school lockers nowdays. Lockers are not only used for storage but a great way of demonstrating your personality through your locker. No two lockers should ever be the same. Even if you can not decorate the outside of your locker make sure to decorate the inside. Some school will let their students come in a day or two before school starts and let them decorate their lockers.

Ideas on Decorating

If you can come up with a theme, you are off to a great start. Theme ideas could be that of your favorite sport team, musical entertainer, profession, sport star, hobbies, pets, cars, class mates, divas, hunks, butterflies, unicorns, wildlife and any other idea you can come up with. There are certain items you need to have in your locker. They include but are not limited to the following items. Calculator, ruler, paper (writing, art and graph), pens, pencils, supply holder, stapler, paper clips, folders, erasers, safety scissors, glue stick, rubber bands, notebooks, and a protractor. Some of these items are provided by the school and some are not. A small waste bag, portable shelves, tissue paper, plastic bag for wet coats, mirror, small rug remnant, shelf liners, personal groom aides, air fresher, calendar, small clock, make up kit, boyfriend or girlfriend pictures and anything that will fit inside your locker that is appropriate.

Making Your Locker Individual

Decals, stickers name plates, player numbers and pictures can also go on the outside of the door. Some of these items must be approved by the administration. I personally never like identifying my locker to others. Many schools will provide a list of items that should not be in your locker. They include but or not limited to the following. Medication, sharp objects (including scissors), weapons, mobile phones, MP3 players, explosive (firecrackers), chemicals and any other unsafe items. School Lockers are an important part of demonstrating an individuals individuality and creativity. They also are a great way of placing books, stationery and personal belongings and help a student to keep organized no matter what time of day it is. Include your timetable also to ensure that you know just exactly where you need to be at any time of the day. School lockers are there to be personalized so make sure you do!

All About Apartment Leases

If you are getting ready to move into an apartment then you should educate yourself about leases. Many people do not want to be bothered reading it, but forget that a lease is a legal binding document and not every lease contains the same information. Before you sign one you should educate yourself on what they usually contain and what it means when you sign one.

For the most part the lease is the contract between yourself and the landlord which defines what you and the landlord can and can not do. Once you sign the dotted line you are agreeing to the terms within the document so it is important that you read the entire document including the fine print.

For the most part all leases contain some standard information including landlord / tenant's name, rent amount, property address, security deposit and the start and end date of the lease. While these are pretty much standard in all leases here are some clauses that can also be seen in a lease:

1. Pet Policy

2. Consequences of Late Rent Payment

3. What services are included in rent (utilities, snow removal, garbage removal etc.)

4. Landlords right of entry

So when you have finally found the right apartment and it is time to sign the lease make sure you read it over carefully. If something does not make sense or something is in it that you did not agree to, bring it to the landlord's attention. And remember for a lease to be valid it must be signed by both parties.
For more information visit About.com All About Apartment Leases

I Want to Lose My Belly Fat! How Do I Get a Flat Stomach?

You have probably screamed in one of your weaker moments, "I want to lose my belly Fat!" Or although you have asked the question, "How do I get a flat stomach?" You are not alone we have all thought and said out loud the very same things. If you like me you have tried this gimmick or that gimmick in order to find the magic cure to lose belly fat. Well let me cut right through all the crap.

Straight Honest Answers

Let me give you some straight honest answers about what is needed to not only get rid of your belly fat but to get a really lean and healthy body and keep it for the rest of your life. Do not forget, of course, you will also get those six pack abs that everyone wants! It really does not matter if you are young or old, male or female the suggestions that follow work for anyone and everyone if you put them into practice. I know you want to lose your belly fat or you would not be reading this article. I am here to tell you it is possible to get a rock solid stomach and those great looking six pack abs.

You simply need to adjust things

It is estimated that 70% of the US population is overweight and out of shape. That would leave 30% in the normal or lean weight ranges and it has been estimated that only 2-3% of the entire population can actually show off some nice six pack abs. The good news is that you can be one of that 2-3% with an unusually flat stomach and no excess belly fat. However you will need to put forth some effort. There is no such thing as a free ride to the all elusive six pack abs.

If you want to lose your belly fat you will have to pay close attention to what you put in your belly through your mouth. Nutrition is vitally important to your losing your belly fat. You can exercise like crazy but if you do not change your intake of foods in the right way the bell fat will cover up the muscles and a flat stomach becoming a pipe dream. Once I got my diet regimen down pat the craving subsided for all the junk foods I had been eating left and right. I am no longer hungry all day long and I am not eating extra amounts when I sit down and the banqueting table. The right kind of food in moderation goes a long way in eliminating the belly fat.

Hand in hand with the proper food go the proper training strategies. They actually fit together like peaches and cream or peanut butter and jelly. No kidding once you get this down pat it is really quite easy to get rid of that unwanted belly fat and fit and trim. You will not be afraid to show off that beautiful body. And talk about confidence it will be boosted.

Six Pack Abs Overnight

The truth of the matter is that most people are looking for that quick fix. As long as they do not have to change anything in their lives they are all for a fit and trim body. They are expecting to get six pack abs overnight. Well, the bad news is it "is not gonna" happen! No such animal exists on the market today. The good news is that a tight lean set of abs is definitely attainable to most people (regardless of genetics) if you get in the right mindset, get a home gym set up, follow some sound training advice and follow a healthy diet that promotes body fat loss. Some folks have been able to turn some pretty large beer guts into six packs with some hard work and discipline. It just takes a little time and patience. So remember when you think to yourself, I want to lose my belly fat, you too can do it!

All About Online Banking

Banking today is not about standing in line anymore. Instead of waiting in line, go online, and discover the advantages of internet banking. Access your account 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Do all of your banking from the comfort of your own home. In fact, the advantages are numerous:

  • Look at your financial statements anytime you want. The online transaction record is updated instantly, so when the bank knows you made the transaction, you know too.
  • Save precious time and money. Going to the bank often requires booking time off work, driving a reasonable distance, and spending hours in line. Doing your banking from home will save you has money, and will help you avoid unneeded stress.
  • Reschedule your payments. If you need to skip a payment, or pay off your credit card early, a simple click of the mouse and the transaction will be complete.
  • Send yourself money. If you are in the business or habit of sending money internationally, or even between cities, you could save yourself considered hassle by transferring your money electronically from the comfort of your chosen internet connection.
  • Borrow money when you need it. If you have a financial product such as a line of credit, you can borrow money from it over the internet. A simple click and you can place the money in your checking or savings account.
    The possibilities of using the internet to conduct financial transactions has greatly increased the flexibility of the modern internet user. Instead of spending your life waiting in line at a bank, go online, and save your time and money.

The Importance of Interior Business Signs

When you think of business signs, you probably think of those signs that are installed outside to alert potential customers to your location. While outdoor signs are very necessary to inform and direct customers to your business, interior office signs provide many important functions as well.

Interior signs are a key component to any successful business. Directional signs, dimensional wall signs, ADA signs, and other informational signals make your place of business look professional and help your customers navigate through your building. These signs can be customized to match the décor of your building and enhance the overall appearance of your facility.

Directional Signs: When potential customers walk into your business, you want to be sure that they can easily find their way around. Highly visible signs guide them to the areas that they want to visit without getting lost. This saves your visitors time and desires them from feeling frustrated or annoyed. Plus, it decrees the amount of time that your employees spend giving out directions, allowing them to focus on their primary responsibilities.

Directional signs should be used to clearly design restrooms, stairwells, exits, conference rooms, and other important areas in your facility. This not only makes visiting your building more convenient, it improves the overall safety of your customers and employees. In the event of an emergency, clearly defined outputs make evacuation the building easier and could potentially save lives.

Dimensional Wall Signs: One way to immediately grab your customers' attention and increase your visibility is with a prominently displayed dynamic sign. Create an impact with your logo and company name installed on an interior wall. It enables business owners to clearly define their space in a dramatic way. Dimensional signals boldly deliver your message and promote brand awareness. These signals are hard to miss, making it easy for repeat customers and potential new customers to find your location, and direct them where to go inside your facility.

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Signs: In 1992, the Americans with Disabilities Act set a series of guidelines for businesses to follow so that all facilities are accessible to individuals with physical limitations. One of the most important features of this act is the requirement for specific signs in commercial spaces. Recommendations for the size, font, color, materials, and installation of office signs are included in these guidelines.

Any sign that identifies a permanent room in the building, like restrooms, exits, and stairwells, must comply with the standards set forth by the ADA. Directional and informational signs, as well as those inform informants about accessibility features of the facility, must also meet ADA guidelines. Many business owners feel overwhelmed and confused by these specifications. Working with a professional sign company that has experience in ADA regulations ensures that you get the proper signage you need.

No matter what kind of signs you require, be sure that you choose high quality materials that will last for many years to come. A professional sign company will employ experts to help you design and install high impact interior signs that will enhance your space and impress your customers.

Prescription Drug Side Effects: Treating From The Outside Or The Inside?

Through time there have always been two opposing points of view as to how to maintain good health, or how to regain it after having lost it. This conflict has continued since ancient times …. and no doubt will continue well into the future.

One 'side' believes good health is as a result of outside intervention … drugs, surgery etc. The other 'side' believes that good health results from living in harmony with natural law … correct nutrition … cleanliness etc.

Both sides tend to be critical of the other … nothing much has changed over the ages.

Modern main western medicine takes the 'outside' approach. However, in recent years the "inside" approach which has always been under under principle traditional Chinese medicine has gained much ground. The increase in the popularity of the 'Inside' approach is no doubt due to a combination of several factors:

Known Prescription drug side effects
Dissatisfaction of traditional mainstream medicine
Increasing cases of medical 'misadventure'. (Hospitals are places to stay away from.)
Awareness that good health is primarily a personal responsibility … not of overworked doctors.
An increasing awareness that the medical industry is highly influenced by drug companies and that there are often better, safer and more economic natural alternatives to drugs.
Major Drug recalls have evidenced that many potential prescription drug side effects are not known …. and may never be

In spite of this justified 'swing' away from mainstream medicine and the growing importance of prescription drug side effects, mainstream medicine does have a place in everyone's health program … part of the obvious ones in treating accident cases or chronic urgent illness. So, if you are already a proponent of the "inside" approach do not overlook the benefits that mainstream medicine can offer to you in your overall quest for good health and longevity. These benefits are primarily in the early detection of a pending disease that you may not yet be aware of!

Prescription drug side effects: A potential conflict

Let's say your tests show that your cholesterol is 'out of whack', your 'main' physician may first suggest lowering your intake of diet cholesterol. That's unlikely to be successful as ingested cholesterol only makes up a relatively small percentage of blood cholesterol.

They will next likely propose one of the cholesterol lowering drugs commonly known as "statins". These are drugs that work by blocking an enzyme that your liver needs to manufacture cholesterol. (Up to 80% of your blood cholesterol is manufactured by your liver, NOT from the ingestion of cholesterol within your diet).

These drugs are very powerful and statin drug side effects are serious, including death. In fact Bayers were recently forced to withdraw their statin drug from the market place because of "unacceptable" levels of fatalities. In spite of such prescription drug side effects, sales of statin drugs amount to billions of dollars per year and are commonly prescribed.

It's ironic that there are natural alternatives to these statin drugs which can assist in lowering cholesterol, and do it safely, and without side effects. But the general public hears very little about them as they are not patentable and there is not the financial incentive for the big corporate's to promote them.

The same principle applies for many different ailments. There can be many legitimate methods of treatment. What is important is that you seek out the natural alternatives and apply them before agreeing to subject yourself to negative Prescription drug side effects.

Pharmaceutical drugs are "blockers" and do not normally heal the underling ailment. They generally work by suppressing natural functions such as certain enzymes mentioned earlier when giving the "statin" example. Because of this process, results are often "instant" and as such there is sometimes a place for these powerful prescription drugs in the case of life threatening emerging.

In contrast, natural products such as herbs, vitamins, etc. are "enablers". They work at correcting the cause of the ailment which is often a nutrient deficiency of some sort. The results are not immediate and have to be measured in weeks, or even months.

If you have a serious ailment, work with your physicist to try and correct it … by first using natural remedies. If she or he is not familiar with the treatment you would like to try, do some further research and get hold of supporting information so you are in a better position to discuss the options intelligently. If your physician has a closed mind to natural remedies it may be wise to ask around and find another qualified physician with an open mind. The consequences of prescription drug side effects are too serious.

Registry Repair Tools Can Address Issues With System Fonts

Registry repair tools not only confine them to the system registry but also provide you with a lot of other benefits including the solution to system font related issues. There are a number of errors that you can possibly come up with either saying that the TrueType font that you are looking for is not available in the font folder or the TrueType font that you are trying to install is already installed while it is not in the Font Folder previously.

You may also notice a significant difference in the font when you are going to print a document.

All these issues are related to the registry and the registry key associated with the TrueType fonts is responsible for these happening. It is possible that the registry key is damaged or missing. You need to fix the error by editing the Fonts registry key present in the registry tree of your operating system.

Manual registry editor can be used but it is not advised as a slight error can result into the complete failure of the operating system. The registry repair tools are the most appropriate selection in this respect. The key associated with TrueType fonts is searched in the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE SOFTWARE Microsoft Windows CurrentVersion class.

Registry repair tools scan the tree and locate the key associated with TrueType fonts. In case the key is present, the registry repair tools replace it with a new one just to make sure that the problem is resolved. In case the key does not exist due to any reason, these tools create new entries into the relative class. After you get the TrueType font key fixed, you will have the same font printed on the page as it appears on the screen as well as you will be able to add or remove fonts from the system's font folder.

Vinyl Siding – Can Your Home’s Replacement Windows Cause it to Melt?

A mysterious phenomenon seems to be plaguing homeowners-their vinyl siding is warping and buckling, or as some describe it, “melting.” The Vinyl Siding Institute as well as the National Association of Home Builders both insist that the problem is not widespread. However, the complaints have attracted enough media attention lately to cause some concern-and Low-E energy-efficient windows have been taking the heat.

The charge goes something like this: because double-paned, energy-efficient windows “bow inward,” the concave shape focuses the sun’s rays like a magnifying glass. Temperatures, consequently, can reach over 200 degrees Fahrenheit. When sunlight bounces off these windows, they say, vinyl siding can literally melt.

But are double-paned, energy-efficient windows really the culprit? There are other explanations for such warping. Even homebuilders are reluctant to blame the neighbor’s windows, and point to a variety of factors that could affect the intensity of the reflected sunlight. In fact, they recommend that each case be investigated on an individual basis. To quote the National Association of Home Builders, “The use of double paned low-e windows will not necessarily result in any damaging reflected sunlight incident. A combination of contributing factors must be present before the effect occurs….”

I’ve also discussed this with a local home inspector, who agrees-there are other contributing factors that can cause vinyl siding to warp, buckle and melt. He’s observed it mostly in newer neighborhoods, where the construction of homes is congested and concentrated, so homes are really close to one another. Plus, reflected and radiant heat can come from a number of sources, not just windows:

  • pavement
  • roofing
  • some underlayments
  • and of course, direct sunlight!

And just maybe it’s the siding.

According to current manufacturing standards, normal grade vinyl siding begins to distort at 160 – 165 degrees. That’s pretty low! Especially when you factor in atmospheric conditions such as wind speed, air temperature and seasonal sun angles. Now add to that the proximity of your neighbor’s windows…

Second, what lies under the affected siding might be contributing to the problem. What was installed underneath it? For example, if an interior vapor barrier was installed behind the drywall, heat will build up inside. Add reflected heat to the equation, and well, you see the problem…

But have you heard the saying, “Cheap is the most expensive price to pay?” What is happening here just may be more indicative of cheap siding, and to some extent, cheap thermal pane windows. Inferior products just can’t be trusted to hold up under extreme conditions.

True, if the glass on a window is sucked in, it can form a veritable parabolic dish, which condenses and concentrates the heat waves, much like a solar stove. But if the siding is thin enough (and close enough), after prolonged periods of sun exposure at the right angle, it can droop.

One solution is to choose better siding (one that is under warrantee for more than a year!) Look for heat-resistant vinyl siding that can withstand heat ranges of 185 to 220 degrees Fahrenheit. Choose your product carefully and discuss how the siding will be installed with your contractor or homebuilder. How thick is this siding? What will be under the siding? Is there another, more durable product that I can buy? What’s new on the market? What’s covered in the warranty? And remember-cheaper can end up costing you more!

Local building codes all over the country now require energy-efficient windows to be installed, and for very good reasons. Low-E glass technology and energy-efficient construction make good sense for your home and for the environment. So energy efficient, double-paned windows are not going away anytime soon. All new building products manufactured these days need to be of the highest quality and durability and designed to be compatible with one another to ultimately protect you-the consumer.

Speed Training Drills For Hockey – How to Take Your Skating Speed to the Next Level

Speed training drills are something that are often ignored during hockey practices. Skating drills will be done, but without any emphasis on speed, which will simply be left up to the players. A lot of people seem to think that speed is something only nature can produce, and if you aren’t born fast, then you’re doomed to be slow. This is completely incorrect. Here are some great tips on how to take your skating speed up a notch or two.

1) Form is everything in skating.

It’s surprising how many players have never taken a power skating course to learn correct skating form. Form is of the utmost important in skating, and very small changes to form can make huge differences in the speed a player can reach. If you’ve never taken power skating, I highly recommend it. Another great option is to find an indoor training centre in your area. Many have skate treadmills and systems to analyze your stride. If your form is poor, very small corrections could make all the difference.

2) Do what the pros do.Have you ever seen a player head down the ice on a break or chasing a puck, taking short, choppy strides all the way, almost like they’re running? What they’re actually doing is wasting energy. Once you’ve hit your current top speed, taking more quick strides won’t do anything but tire you. When the pros skate, they take a few quick strides to get up to speed, and then they switch to long, smooth strides, conserving energy and allowing them to maintain top speed.

3) Train in the gym as hard as you train on the ice.If you want to be fast on the ice, it takes more than just working on it during practice. You have to train for speed off the ice as well, whether it be in the gym or outdoors. One of the best ways to train for speed off-ice is to run intervals. Intervals will help you get faster and also improve your endurance. Always remember to time yourself so that you have a goal to beat for next time!

Following these three tips will take you a long way in developing your speed, but these are only a few of the things you can do to become a faster skater. For the best results, get a good hockey specific training manual, or consult with a coach or trainer to help develop a plan for you. Whatever you do, remember, speed is king in hockey, so don’t settle for anything less than your fastest.

Shakespeare’s Home Razed To The Ground and Utterly Destroyed

Shakespeare’s England

From a passage by Mark Twain:

“That beauty which is England is alone; it has no duplicate. It is made up of very simple details, just grass, and trees, and shrubs, and roads, and hedges, and gardens, and houses, and churches, and castles, and here and there a ruin, and over all a mellow dreamland of history. But it’s beauty is incomparable and all it’s own”.

From: Shakespeareland:

It is a happy circumstance that the small town which may be described as the heart of England should be set in such rich but homely scenery as that of “leafy Warwickshire”. It would not, perhaps, be easy to determine who first applied the epithet “leafy” to the county, but it is so happily descriptive, that one rarely thinks of the name of Warwickshire without the addition; and so, also, it is difficult to think of Stratford-upon-Avon without thinking of it as Shakespeare’s Stratford. Citizens of the place may be able to think of it as a kind of town entity, but for others it is a background to one of the worlds greatest men, to the supreme poet and dramatist whose genius commands the homage of the whole civilised world. It is a background full of beauty and of deep interest, a little conventionalized, maybe, from being a show-place. Few can be those people “with souls so dead”, to use Sir Walter Scott’s familiar phrase, as to be unmoved by wandering about spots associated with the greatly admired great.

The majority of visitors from afar reach Stratford-upon-Avon by railway, and the entries from the railway stations are perhaps those which give the least favourable first impression of the town. Especially is this the case with that from the Great Western Station, on the Alcester Road, leaving which, we find ourselves in a broad road, with the large general Hospital on our left, then new red-brick villas, and then flat-fronted, low, unpicturesque houses and shops rising from the foot walk. We have to pass along a road of strangely varying width, and might go right across the town from west to east – the one road having five names, Alcester Road, Greenhill Street, Wood Street, Bridge Street, and Bridge Foot – and come out on Clopton Bridge over the Avon without having any idea that we had passed through anything more than a quiet, comfortable market town of a kind not uncommon in the English Midlands.

A glance at the shop windows, with their in-numerable picture-postcards and varied souvenirs, would have shown that the town was other than it seemed. A little way on our left we should have passed the central shrine of this centre of many shrines – the birthplace of William Shakespeare – while a glance to the right down the High Street, which branches off at the point where the narrowest part of our highway of Wood Street becomes the broad Bridge Street, would give glimpses of some more of the older buildings of the town. When our traveller, whom we have presumed to be ignorant of the significance of Stratford, came to Clopton Bridge, looking downstream he would see a striking building by the waterside – a building of red brick and white stone, a building of high-pitched green-slated roof and many turrets and small gables. Such a building, in such a town, would surely pique our traveller’s curiosity, and he would find on enquiry that it is the Shakespeare Memorial. Beyond, further down the river, he would see the spire of Stratford Church rising from amid trees – the church in which Shakespeare is buried – and he would surely wish at one to linger in and about the town that had at a first glance appeared to have little that was especially attractive.

Clopton Bridge itself may well detain us. It is a fine stone structure of many arches, with low parapets, over which we have delightful scenes up and down the course of the soft-flowing Avon, the windings of which give us but short views of the water, while the low-lying meadows are backed by the greenery of Warwickshire’s ever-present trees. Looking downstream, towards the Memorial and Church, we see the old bridge is close-neighboured by another one of red brick, built for carrying a disused railway, and said to be one of the earliest of our railway bridges, a fact which may lessen our impatience at its obstructing the view downstream, and also for obstructing our view of the fine old bridge when we look upstream from the playing-fields on the left bank of the Avon.

Here it may be said that an old-time Stratford clergyman derived the name of Avon from a “British word, aufona, with them signifying as much as fluvius with us”. The river was spanned by an old wooden bridge, across which unsupported tradition says that Queen Matilda led her troops; but this was removed by one of Stratford’s more notable citizens and replaced by the current stone bridge, iron plates on which record its building and its repairing and widening in the early part of the last century. Until the widening there stood on it a stone pillar with the following sufficient story: “Sir Hugh Clopton, Knight, Lord Mayor of London, built this bridge at his own proper expense in the reign of King Henry ye Seventh”.

To the Avon we shall return. Going eastward again by Bridge Foot and Bridge Street, that we may visit the shrine associated with the memory of one who is not only Stratford’s, but England’s most famous son, we pass up the wide Bridge Street, and find the way forks on either side of plain white, many-windowed bank premises. The left road is Wood Street, by which we came from the railway station. The right is Henley Street, a short thoroughfare, two-thirds of the way along which we reach a neat and very picturesque timbered and gabled house rising, as most of the houses do in these older Stratford ways, straight from the street. This is “The Birthplace”. On either side of it is now garden ground, preserved open that the shrine may be less liable to any danger from fire, from which the town thrice suffered severely during the lifetime of Shakespeare. On the last of these occasions – July. 1614 – no fewer than fifty four dwelling-houses were destroyed, so that it is no doubt largely to those fires we owe it that there are not more of the Tudor buildings standing. Fortunately, among those spared are those most interesting.

To gain admittance to the house the necessary ticket must be obtained at the cottage immediately to the east, the office of the Trustees and Guardians of Shakespeare’s Birthplace. Though brick-fronted and much altered, this cottage was standing in the poet’s time, his neighbours there resident being of the name of Horneby.

The Birthplace itself is one of the chief shrines of the town, a place annually visited by many thousands of people from all over the world. From it’s small rooms, it’s tiny irregular staircase, we may easily imagine how comfortable citizens lived in the spacious days of great Elizabeth; in the fine collection of documents and books, signatures, mementoes, and curios, we get glimpses more directly personal to Shakespeare himself, his family, and the people whom he knew. Upstairs we are in the very room in which, on April 23rd, 1564, the poet first saw the light. Here generations of visitors scrawled their names, in accordance with a bad old habit to which Thomas Carlyle, Sir Walter Scott, and Charles Dickens fell victims. Now the autograph record of those who visit the house is duly kept in a visitor’s book provided for the purpose.

It is not possible for anyone gifted with imagination to be in these rooms unmoved – rooms in which the poet was born, in which he passed what we may well believe was a happy childhood, from which he went to the Grammar School about a quarter of a mile off, and from which he went a-courting a mile across the fields to Shottery. Of intimate knowledge of Shakespeare’s personality we may have but little, of the story of his life much may be surmise, but, here, at least, we can feel that we see rooms much as he saw them, though in place of the simple furnishings of Tudor times we have in some of the rooms the omnium gatherum of a museum. It is a museum full of interest to the student of Shakespeareana, and tempts the visitor to linger over the sight of copies of books which the poet himself might have read, over his and other old signatures to legal documents, over the celebrated “Ely” portrait of Shakespeare, over pictures, plans, and other relics of bygone Stratford-upon-Avon.

Little as we know of the details of Shakespeare’s life story, the history of his birthplace, from possessor to possessor, is fortunately complete from the time of his birth up to the purchase of the house by the nation in 1847. It is true that there have not been wanting theorists who have sought to prove that his birth did not actually take place here, but circumstantial evidence strongly supports the belief that it did. Here his father, John Shakespeare, lived, and here carried on his business of wood stapler and glover. The immediate surroundings have changed with improving conditions, for in the sixteenth century the elder Shakespeare was fined for keeping a muck-heap outside his street door! Now Henley Street is a neat and pleasant thoroughfare, though modernity is marked by a motor garage a little to the west, and passing along the street on a Saturday evening I have noticed, if not an ancient, certainly a fish-like smell from a fried-fish shop nearly opposite the Birthplace, while from the end of Henley Street have come the strains of a Salvation Army hymn. Even in Stratford men cannot live on sentiment.

Passing out at the back door of the house, we are in a garden, the guardians of which have made it a peculiarly interesting one by planting in it representatives of all flowers and trees named by the poet in his works. Here, during a September visit, I have found “the pale primrose” in full bloom, and here, earlier in the summer, are to be seen a beautiful display of those “oldfashioned flowers” and herbs which flourish unfadingly in the words of Ophelia and of Perdita:

“There’s rosemary, that’s for remembrance: pray you, love, remember: and there is pansies, that’s for thoughts…. There’s fennel for you and columbines: there’s a rue for you: and here’s some for me: we may call it herb of grace o’ Sundays: O, you must wear your rue with a difference. There’s a daisy: I would give you some violets, but they withered all when my father died”.

For you there’s rosemary, and rue, these keep

Seeming and savour all the winter long….

Here’s flowers for you;

Hot lavender, mints, savory, marjoram;

The marigold that goes to bed wi’ the sun,

And with him rises weeping:… daffodils,

That come before the swallow dares, and take

The winds of March with beauty; violets dim,

But sweeter than the lids of Juno’s eyes,

Or Cytherea’s breath; pale primroses,

That die unmarried ere they can behold

Bright Phoebus in his strength, a malady

Most incident to maids; bold oxlips, and

The crown-imperial; lilies of all kinds,

The flower-de-luce being one.

All these flowers of the poet’s – flowers to which he has attached epithets now familiar as themselves – will be found in the neat little garden at the back of the Birthplace. Passing through it in to Henley Street again, we retrace our way to the bank building, and thence, following the route which the schoolboy Shakespeare must have passed, sometimes perhaps –

with his satchel

And shining morning face, creeping like snail

Unwillingly to school –

we go in to the short High Street, at the further end at which we see projecting the simple ugliness of the Town Hall, and beyond the grand old Guild Chapel.

Before getting so far, however, there are places to arrest our attention. Just short of the Town Hall on our right – those with a sense of humour will in passing have observed smilingly the Shakespeare Restaurant, kept by one Bacon! – is a projecting timbered building worthy of more than a momentary glance. It is a beautiful specimen of a Tudor dwelling, with its richly carved timbers, its bulging upper floors. This is known as Harvard House, because it was the home of Katherine Rogers, the mother of John Harvard, founder of the famous Harvard College at Cambridge, Massachusetts. It is an interesting fact that as Shakespeare had gone, according to tradition, from Stratford to Southwark, so Katherine Rogers, his neighbour in Warwickshire, should have married a Southwark man. It suggests that there may have been some special reason for drawing the Stratfordians who went to London to the town at the southern end of London Bridge. This attractive old house, architecturally one of the gems of Stratford, has recently and most fittingly been converted into a rendezvous for the American visitors who form a goodly proportion of those who make the pilgrimage to Stratford. Picturesque outside, the interior, with its old-world furnishings, is also well worthy of inspection.

Nearly opposite to the Rogers-Harvard house is the undistinguished, not to say wholly unworthy, Town Hall, built a hundred and fifty years ago, and illustrating the beginning of one of the least pleasing periods in English architecture. On the northern end, facing up High Street, is the statue presented by David Garrick at the conclusion of the famous “Shakespeare Jubilee” of 1769. Within the Hall are some interesting pictures, including Gainsborough’s portrait of Garrick.

Next door to the Town Hall is the Shakespeare Hotel, part of which is the “Five Gables”, a picturesque timbered building, the lower portion of which consists of shops. The rooms in this hotel have long been notable as being named, frequently with peculiar felicity, after Shakespeare’s plays. Thus the bar – parlour is “Measure for Measure”, the coffee-room is “As You Like It”, and so on.

With that lavishness in the naming of streets which cannot fail to strike a visitor, we find that High Street ended at the Town Hall, and already we are in Chapel Street, with the handsome stone tower of the old Guild Chapel a short way ahead. A little beyond the “Five Gables”, and also on the left, at the corner of Chapel Street and Chapel Lane, we reach the site of “New Place”, the house which Shakespeare purchased in his prosperity, and in which he died on April 23rd, 1616. The house passed immediately before reaching it, New Place Museum, is known as Nash’s House from having been the home of the first husband of Shakespeare’s granddaughter, Elizabeth Hall – Thomas Nash, who is not to be confounded with the Elizabethan writer of the same name.

The site of the house and the garden are fenced from the road by a low wall, surmounted by an ornate iron railing, in the decoration of which the initials “W. S.” and the poet’s and town arms are included. The railings are somewhat uglified by being picked out with gilding. A little way down Chapel Lane, at the foot of which is the Memorial, is the entrance to the pleasant and well-kept garden attached to New Place. Here a mulberry stump is described as scion of that tree long associated with Shakespeare. Hare to be seen are a pillar from the ancient Town Hall, a sculpture from before the old Shakespeare Gallery in Pall Mall, and a large stone on which are engraved verses in honour of the poet by Richard Jago. The mulberry tree planted by the poet attracted so much attention on the part of visitors when interest in Shakespeare awakened in the eighteenth century, that the un-Reverend Mr. Gastrell, who then owned New Place, “damned himself to everlasting fame” by cutting it down; and he carried his despicable vandalism further still when, a few years later, in consequence of a quarrel with the Corporation in the matter of rates, he had New Place demolished, after which he fittingly retired altogether from the town of Stratford. The mulberry tree was acquired by a local tradesman, who made of it many momentoes for Shakespeare lovers – indeed, he is accused of having made far more souvenirs than the genuine timber could have supplied. Drinking at the great Festival from a cup made of the famous tree, Garrick sang his own words:

Behold this fair goblet, ‘t was carved from the tree

Which, O my sweet Shakespeare, was planted by thee;

As a relic I kiss it, and bow at the shrine,

What comes from thy hand must be ever divine.

All shall yield to the mulberry tree,

Bend to thee,

Blessed mulberry;

Matchless was he

Who planted thee;

And thou, like him, immortal be!

Of Gastrell an indignant writer said many years ago: “The rabid old gentleman who destroyed Shakespeare’s mulberry tree, and in an impotent fit of bilious rage pulled the poet’s last abode to the ground, quited Stratford amidst the general execration of it’s inhabitants. This wild mischief could only have been the work of eccentricity on the very verge of madness. We pity the poor wretch capable of an act so unfeeling and senseless; for though it was, we know, the constant visible presence of the Deity which hallowed the bulwarks of Sion, and fortified her walls with salvation, ten thousand vivid recollections sanctify the deserted dwellings of the truly great, endear their earthy abodes, and hallow their relics to the hearts and imaginations of posterity.”

New Place, which had been originally built by Sir Hugh Clopton in the time of Henry the Seventh, was purchased, altered, and given its lasting fame by William Shakespeare in 1597. Before becoming the property of Mr. Gastrell, of infamous memory, it had returned to the possession of the Clopton family, and under the famous mulberry another Sir Hugh entertained Garrick, Macklin, and other notables in 1742.

When Shakespeare’s daughter, Susannah Hall, was still living at new place – she died there in 1649 – there came the troubles of the Civil War, and hither Queen Henrietta Maria came on her way to join Charles the First at Oxford in 1643, and she made her stay at New Place, as being presumably the chief residence of the town. Prince Rupert, too, was here, and for a time the quiet town was a centre of military activity, with about 5000 troops quartered in it. A year earlier the town must have been in a fine flutter of excitement, with the Battle of Edgehill taking place less than a dozen miles away. One historian says: “At this period the Queen took up her abode for about three weeks at New Place, Stratford, while Mrs. Shakespeare resided there.” The writer was evidently confusing the poet’s wife and his daughter, for Mrs. Shakespeare had died twenty years before. Stratford did not go unscathed in these troubled times, for one of the Clopton Bridge arches was destroyed, and the old Town Hall was blown up – a pillar from it, as has been said, is to be seen in the New Place garden.

Divided by the width of a turning from the site of New Place is the beautiful old Guild Chapel of the Holy Cross, and immediately beyond it is a long range of fine timbered buildings, comprising the Guild Hall, the Grammar School, and almshouses for twenty four old people. Somewhat plain inside, it’s ancient mural paintings obliterated, it is as fine specimen of fifteenth-century architecture that the old Chapel claims attention. From its tower at morning and evening during the winter is still heard the clanging of the curfew bell. Here it is supposed that Shakespeare attended public worship, as there used to be a pew in the Chapel attached to New Place.

This connection of the house with the Chapel possibly dated from the time when Sir Hugh Clopton resided there, as he was a great benefactor to the edifice, rebuilding the nave and tower. On the south side of the Chapel is the entrance to the old half-timbered Guild Hall and Grammar School – the latter being above the former. This building is supposed to have been erected about the end of the thirteenth century by Robert de Stratford, presumably for the brethren of the Holy Cross. Shakespeare associations are everywhere about us. In the great schoolroom, with open timbered roof, he is supposed to have received his education; in the Guild Hall below, it has been suggested, he may have been present when companies of stage players are known to have given their performances during the time that his father was Bailiff of the town. In the pleasant enclosure at the back of the Guild Hall we see another timbered building, known as the Pedagogue’s House. With these old buildings on either hand, and the ancient Chapel in front of us, we have the corner of Stratford that is perhaps least changed of all since Shakespeare’s time, a true coup d’oeil of Tudor England.

That Stratford Grammar School – formed certainly as early as 1424, and re-established by Edward the Sixth in 1553 – was an educational centre of some importance in the time when Shakespeare was a boy, may be gathered from the fact that the headmaster was allowed “wages” of twenty pounds a year, a circumstance which made it likely that the best men available were sure to be obtained for the post, seeing that the ordinary headmaster of the time – as at Eton – had only ten pounds. This being so, it is likely that the poet’s education was probably a better one than early theorizer’s about his life were inclined to think. An inscription marks the place at which what is supposed to have been Shakespeare’s desk stood; and it has been suggested that if – as that snapper-up of unconsidered biographical trifles, John Aubrey, records – Shakespeare was for a time a schoolmaster, it may have been here in the school in which he had been educated. It is a pleasant conjecture, but nothing more. The desk is now at the Birthplace.

Next to the Guild Hall comes a similar but somewhat lower range of half-timbered, red-tiled buildings, the Guild Almshouses, for twelve old men and twelve old women – almshouses which are described as being among the oldest and most interesting in England. The fronts of these picturesque fifteenth-century dwellings were long plastered over; but the care with which Stratford guards it’s many ancient relics has been extended to them, and the fine timber framing has been newly and properly made plain. Continuing south – the street has become Church Street from from when we left New Place – we soon turn downwards to the left into what is known as Old Town, where Dr. Hall, the poet’s son-in-law, lived, and so reach the second of the chief Shakespearean shrines of Shakespeare’s town – the church in which he is buried.

Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-upon-Avon, is probably one of the most widely known, by pictorial representation, as it is assuredly one of the most beautiful of our churches. It’s tall spire, rising amid trees, as viewed from the meadows on the farther bank of Avon, has been represented in many paintings and in photographs without number. As we approach it from the town it is perhaps less impressive than as seen, in its cathedral-like proportions, from the left bank of the river. The approach from the road is by a short avenue of limes – “a sedate and pleasing shade”. Old elms that stood near the porch were cut down in 1871, and their wood was turned into momentoes, as that of “Shakespeare’s Mulberry Tree” had been more than a hundred years earlier.

If Stratford Church was not the burial-place of Shakespeare, it would be worthy of a visit as one of the most beautiful, as it is probably in part one of the most venerable of Midland churches. There was a church here when “Domesday Book” was compiled, but no vestige of that earlier structure remains. Sufficient antiquity is, however, claimed for Holy Trinity, for the tower is supposed to have been erected shortly after the Conquest, and the rest of the fine cruciform edifice to have been built during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Though there are many monuments of interest in the church – notably to members of the ancient Clopton family – it is in its memorials of Shakespeare and his kindred that it is attractive to the great majority of visitors, for the son of the sixteenth-century Bailiff of Stratford has become the town’s focal centre, so that it’s old benefactor and his family are of comparatively small interest. But of Sir Hugh Clopton, who built the beautiful bridge across the Avon and who owned the”Great House” (later the New Place of Shakespeare), only conjecture can point to his resting-place, and even so it is but few who trouble to enquire as to the good knight’s resting-place. It is Shakespeare’s grave and monument, and the graves of his people, in which most visitors to the church are interested. These will be found at the eastern end of the beautiful chancel. On the north wall there, near the altar, is the famous half-length figure of Shakespeare himself, with quill in hand, as in the act of writing. It is set, as it were, in an entablature with the poet’s arms and crest above, flanked by a couple of boyish figures. This monument, the work Gerard Johnson, was erected some time between the poet’s burial in 1616 and the issue of the First Folio edition of his work in 1623, as we learn from a reference made to it in the latter year. From the fact that it was erected soon after his death – and there can be little doubt by members of his family – it may well be accepted as giving us the likeness of Shakespeare nearest to him in the habit as he lived. The figure was coloured, and in 1748 John Ward, grandfather of the Kembles, had the tomb repainted and repaired from the profits of his company’s performance of “Othello” at Stratford, thus giving, as it were, a posthumous “benefit” to the great poet. In 1793 Edmund Malone obtained permission to paint the bust white, and white it remained until 1861, when the whitewash was removed, and the old colours, as far as they were traceable, restored. Fortunately an old historian of Stratford had described its original appearance: “The eyes were of a light hazel colour, and the hair and beard auburn. The dress consisted of a scarlet doublet, over which was thrown a loose black gown without sleeves. The upper part of the cushion was of a green colour, and the lower of a green colour, with gilt tassels.” Beneath the effigy of the poet is the following inscription:-




Stay Passenger, why goest thou so fast?

Read, if thou canst, whom envious Death hath plast,

Within this monument; Shakespeare with whome

Quick Nature dide; whose name doth deck ys Tombe

Far more then cost but page to serve his witt.


AETATIS 53. Die 23 AP.

Within the chancel rail is the actual grave of the poet, under a stone inscribed with the famous lines traditionally said to have been penned by Shakespeare himself to prevent the removal of his remains to the charnel house, which was long attached to the church, and contained a vast collection of human fragments. This charnel house was only taken down in 1800. It is also said that to prevent the likelihood of anyone’s risking the curse, the grave was dug seventeen feet deep. The lines run:





It was not until 1694 that these lines were said to have been written by Shakespeare himself. The tradition, it may be surmised, arose from the use of the words “my bones”, for it is not easy to believe that the great poet really did write such doggerel. It may well be that he had expressed horror of the custom, in accordance with which graves were redug, and the bones of their old occupants removed to the charnel house to make room for new tenants, and that his family had his wishes put into the lasting form, in which they are now familiar. Between Shakespeare’s grave and the north wall, on which is the monument, is the gravestone of his wife, on which their son-in-law, Dr. Hall, is supposed to have written the Latin memorial lines that follow in inscription: “Here lyeth Shakespeare, who depted this life the 6th day of August 1623 being of the age of 67 yeares”. On the other side of Shakespeare’s grave are the graves of Susannah Hall (1649), of her husband Dr. John Hall (1635), and of their son-in-law (1647). The inscription placed on Susannah Hall’s gravestone is worthy of quotation, because it suggests that, “witty above her sex”, she may have inherited some of her great father’s qualities, and also because it has been thought that possibly the lines may have been written by her daughter Elizabeth (later Lady Barnard), the last of Shakespeare’s direct descendants:


How Old Do You Have To Be To Work In Illinois?

In Illinois, the child labor laws are significantly less than most other states.

On very rare occasions in other states in the Union, children below 16 can work (if they are working for someone who is not their parents). In Illinois, children as young as 14 year old can be working as casiers, or other non-labor-intensive jobs. This does however, follow federal regulations which every other state has to follow.

No state can allow employed children under the age of 18 to operate heavy machinery at their job unless they do work for their parents, then the line between legal employment and illegal job requirements becomes skewed. Illinois' child labor law is more strict than California's labor laws however.

In California, a child as young as 10 can work in agriculture, whereas in Illinois the same child must be at least 12 years of age. Even the standard working age is different. Illinois however is a lot more like the rest of the Union and their child labor laws in the sense that the standard working age (the age that one's age does not determine if one can work a job, excluding public office) is 18, where California has their standard working age at 21.

There is a small loophole however, for children in Illinois under the age of 16, and working regular jobs. If a child wants to work at age 14, they can so long as they do not work during school hours, and they work at a State sponsored job. The definition of state sponsored in this case is that the state deemed a specific job type safe enough for a child under the age of 18, but older than 14 to work at. The state of Illinois however is allowing children to work at coal mines, lumber and brick yards, and manufacturing establishments.

For more information there are a number of resources that are available for you to find out about what working laws affect you as well as what kind of work is available for young adults like you to perform at your age. Please check out the resources available from the United States Department of Labor and the Illinois Department of Labor to find out more. Both departments have online websites that are reliably navigable and should provide you with the information you need to get started with your work!

Happy hunting and best of luck in your job search.

Something in Southern India That Makes India Even More Beautiful

Kerala is a state that adds the perfect tip to South India. It has been rightly known as 'God's own Country' that teachers all its visitors how to relax in the lap of nature without worrying about the modern day requirements. The state has given a charm to Southern India and has significantly given an upward push to the tourism rate in India. The international presence along with frequent domestic visitors can be much felt in the sanctuary of serenity. The legendary boat travels in the tranquil backwaters, the mountain Ghats fully clad in spice and tea plantations and the unmatched village life certainly beckons one to live in Kerala the traditional way.

While Kerala has many tourist places to unwind a vacationer from the droning city-life, Cochin, now known as Kochi is one of the most popular getaway destinations in Kerala that encourages one to break away from the usual humdrums. Cochin earlier was an international trading post where traders from different parts of the world traded spices, silk and gold for profit reasons. The city still invites people from different countries, not the voracious traders anymore, but tourists who come for genuine reasons. What makes the city even more delightful is its weather where the tropical monsoon climate acts as a refreshing change for those who have been enveloped in the irksome summer.

Fort Kochi, Mattancherry and Ernakulam are the places in Cochin that have been hyped for all the right reasons. Ernakulam is one of the most clean, smoke-free tourist destinations in India that boasts of numerous churches and temples. Fort Kochi is a water-bound region that has carefully preserved the wealth of colonial architecture. Being one of the busiest places in Cochin due to seasonal travelers, Fort Kochi has numerous hotels and resorts that make Cochin even more welcoming. One can even find a homestay in Cochin that reflect the old architectural charm of Kerala with chandeliers, wooden ceilings and vintage furniture that well blends the contemporary and conventional aspects.

Apart from homestays, people can easily abode at the available budget hotels in Cochin that offer luxury and comfort just as any lavish hotel would do in the metropolitan cities. With reasonable room rates, travelers coming for leisure reasons can entertain themselves with recreational facilities like Ayurvedic Spa and swimming pool while those who travel for business reasons can satisfy their corporate needs through business facilities that include business center to host conferences or meetings.

Most of the people living in different states of Southern India travel to Kerala to escape from the sweltering weather. People plan weekend getaways from Chennai and other regions to discover the pristine beauty of Kerala where religious rainforests, verdant hills and tranquil lakes bordered by coconut palms expect one to indulge in nothing but sheer relaxation. The state certainly looks to add a jewel to India's crown, while Cochin gives a soft polish to the jewel.

Optimizing Store Arrangements

The configuration of your store is as much important as the products or displays you provide. The right products and presentation may be lost if not arranged in a successful, conscious way. If correctly positioned, your retail store will pick up extra purchases from almost every customer.

As the customer enters your establishment, he or she will take a moment, unconsciously, to acclimatize to their new environment. Most advertisements or displays in this area of ​​the store are most often overlooked as possible purchases. Instead, fill this area with objects or decor creating the atmosphere you want your customers to experience in the store. At the end of the entranceway, sometimes place a power display, or large blocking display that forces buyers to stop, look, and change direction in order to proceed. The objects for sale in this first display may catch there attention, and even if they do not choose something to buy, the power display will set the precedent of what your store will offer. Position some employees in this arena with the task of handing out shopping carts and baskets. Because most customers do not feel comfortable only bringing one item to check out in a cart or basket, the customer is more likely to add a few things to their purchase. In addition, this makes it easy for your customer to changer their mind while shopping. Because they have the means to carry most any product, buyers' impulse is much stronger in all departments of your store.

The aisle ways of your store should also have some directive purpose. Many customers, most typically male, head for the product they want, snatching it as they walk down the aisle, and then retreating out the same aisle. Locating major name brand items in the center of these aisles causes these shoppers to pass buy the most amount of products possible. It is also important to cover the ends of aisles with products so that the customer's eyes never turn from the goods you are providing. Also, placing smaller tiles on the floors of strategic aisle ways produces the sensation of shopping carts moving more quickly, which in turn causes most shoppers to slow down. The obvious advantage to this is to cause shoppers to spend more time looking at your products.

Every seasoned seller knows about the "impulse-buy." There is not a more helpful tactic for producing extra purchases. As customers wait in line, boredom and wandering eyes will pass over magazines, candy, and various low priced desirables. However, impulse-buys are not just appropriate for checkout areas, but they work well anywhere a line may form, such as bathrooms or service counters. Lines produce buying time, the most valuable key to shopping.

Make sure to use some of these ideas or at least be purposeful in the arrangement of your retail store. There are an endless number of purchase producing capabilities that you can explore to give your business and products the success you believe they deserve.

Traits And Skills of Bank Customer Service

Customer service is one of the most important parts of mobile banking. Banks are actually service based on kind of business so many of the activities involve service elements. They do sell financial and banking products, but the tangible product is very little. The service manager's deal with service issues directly, but there are some jobs that have to do with service.


One element of service at the bank is the helpfulness and friendship offered by the service employees who are tellers. They are the banks face, according to regular customers. These are people who visitors interact with when checking transactions. Service oriented people affect the customer service reputation and performance.

The personal bankers

There are customers whose banking needs are more engaging and they need personal bankers. The bankers meet with customers when setting up accounts or getting information regarding products offered by the bank. There are many issues that such people handle including transaction errors and unexpected bank fees. The banks often have customer service managers that deal with very many customer service concerns.


The finance and loans side of a bank have different customer service situations. This is where you find the mortgage consultants who tell customers about refinance and new loan options and aid them with applications. When the loan is approved, the loans division communicates with the client regarding the paperwork required. They are updated in loan status. Loan payment and any servicing questions are also answered here.


Another part where the customer service of the bank is assessed is the self-service tools. Customers concentrate with the efficiency of banking more than in-bank experience that is personalized. The online banking tools that include moving money and paying bills are a good example. Mobile banking and ATMs are the additional options where banks offer the self-service opportunities.

Most banks will have a fixed customer service number that can be used 24 hours in a day and 7 days a week. When you select telephone banking, you can pay bills, transfer money and gain access to accounts easily and quickly. The other thing is the fact that you can make an application for a credit card or a loan over the phone. You may need a code to use some numbers, but this depends on the bank in question. One can also choose to communicate with a bank using a postal address.

Most banks today have a way to allow people with speech or hearing difficulty to use telephone banking. As such, an electronic typewriter is linked to the system and this allows anyone with such a difficulty to send and receive messages that deal with the issue present.

For bank customer service, there are a series of numbers that you can call for specific queries. In some cases, you will have a single business number to call. After the nature of your question has been established, you will be redirected to a person who is capable of handling the matter.