8 Top Project Design Skills For Nonprofits and Grant Writers

Successful and sustainable programs and projects begin with a solid design up front and include such design tools as logic models, SMART objectives and environmental scanning. This article will focus on the 8 top "project design and development" skills that non-profit personnel and grant writers should have.

Project design and development is one of 6 main grant professional skills measured by the Grant Professionals Certification exam. These include seeking, project designing, writing, managing, ethics and professionalism, and relationship-building.

Here are the 8 primary skills related to designing and developing your projects that lead to ultimate success and sustainability …

8 Skills for Effective Project Design And Development

To be effective in program and project design and development, you should be able to …

  1. Solicit and incorporated input from stakeholders including clients that is meaningful and meaningful. This includes including their contributions into the initial design of new concepts and programs.
  2. Build partnerships with other agencies that are applying.
  3. Educate agencies around financial and program-specific compliance with federation regulations and requirements.
  4. Use " logic models " whenever applicable to assist in program design. The logic model communicates the purposes, components and sequence of activities of a project.
  5. Distinguish between the various key components of project design, such as goals, objectives / outputs, activities, evaluation and sustainability, as well as tools that optimize design planning like SMART objectives, activity time lines, evaluation plans and sustainability plans. SMARTER objects are ones that are S = Specific, M = Measurable, A = Attainable, R = Realistic and T = Time-based.
  6. Use data-driven design elements that are descriptive, qualitative and statistical, as well as data-driven design tools such as environmental surveys, gap analyzes and gap-closing strategies, SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) analyzes, web-based surveys, feasibility studies and needs assessments.
  7. Identify resources that exist in the community that may aid in designing and developing projects and programs.
  8. Insure that your design is accurate, defensible and leads to increased program success and sustainability .

The Door to December by Dean Koontz

Dean R Koontz started his career about 1965 with some science fiction novels that received less than overwhelming approval from reviewers and fans. By the early 1970s he was writing crime thrillers under pen names.

As the incredible success of Stephen King and Anne Rice transformed horror in the field of publishing from an occasional book into its own separate genre, Koontz combined his science fiction background with his thriller background to come up with a style of contemporary dark fantasy that few others can pull off.

THE DOOR TO DECEMBER opens with brutal murderers of three men and the discovery of a nine year old girl – Melanie – taken from her mother six years previously by her father, after their divorce. Her father was one of the murdered men.

Dan Haldane is the police detective working the case, and the love that grows between him and Melanie's mother is so obvious as to be an inconsequential sideshow.

Turns out that her father along with his associates kept Melanie a prisoner in the "gray room" – which contains a sensory isolation tank, a biofeedback machine and an aversion therapy device which includes electrodes to shock people.

The father and another psychologist at UCLA were obviously conducting bizarre experiments on Melanie.

Melanie is a difficult figure. She's the central figure of the book, in more ways than one, yet because of the emotional and mental damage done to her by her father, she does not have or react as a normal child. She barely does anything at all (on the outside), giving us readers little reason to like her or feel for her. It takes Koontz's skill to bring her to life to the reader. We pity her because the two tough men (Dan Haldane and a hired security guard) do so.

But Haldane's most immediate problem is to figure out how the three men were killed. Their bodies are so smashed and battered in so many different ways that they defy forensic analysis. A team of gorillas could not have done it.

Melanie goes back to her mother, and more trouble follows. More people are horribly murdered, including the owner of an occult book and supply store in a classic, locked room mystery.

While Dan runs down clues, he gets Melanie's mother to hire a security guard and he is drawn into the drama. This to me is a dramatic flaw, because as a good tough guy protecting Melanie, he's a duplicate of Dan.

I suspect most readers will figure out the basic truth long before Dan. But that enables Koontz to follow a chain of rogue sadistic psychologists and an occult author to the government who wants to achieve complete mind control and social slavery over us all.

Other flaws: I could not believe that as a child psychologist herself Melanie's mother would try to treat her traumatized daughter by herself. Or that she would try to put the child under hypnosis right away, after she'd obviously just escaped from an extensive experience in a sensory isolation tank. She's obviously so stupid we start to understand why she was blind enough to his faults as to marry Melanie's father in the first place.

I could never believe the police background. And Dan's continual wisecracks never seemed funny to me. I kept wishing he'd shut up.

Yet the dark conspiracy of psychology / occultism / secret government projects was powerful enough to keep me reading long after I figured out what the "It" was that was murdering people and seemed to be threatening Melanie and her mother.

And once I did, I did not believe that It was a threat to Melanie herself. I'm not convinced it would have been – except for dramatic reasons – because I do not think a child who'd never be socialized would feel guilty about preserving her own life.

Somehow, despite all flaws, Koontz novels are always worth reading.

Know How to Take Good Care of Your Pontoon Boat

Many people invest in boats for cruising around seas, rivers and lakes. For people who just prefer a slow moving vessel to enjoy their time on water, a pontoon boat is perfect for them especially during family outing, fishing trips and entertaining guests. It is a slow moving vessel that consist of two floatation device called pontoons and a platform on top. These boats are equipped with couches, a bimini top to protect its passengers from the sun and a ladder for the swimmers to easily get in and out of the water. Cruising on a pontoon boat offers a fun and comfortable experience.

Cruising on water usually becomes a regular leisure activity for most people that it is important for them to have their boats well maintained. Regular cleaning and maintenance prolongs the life of a boat and saves boat owners an expensive repair later on.

Taking care of your pontoon boat means cleaning it after use. Everything should be washed with fresh water and a cleaning solution. A scrub and vacuum is needed to clean the carpet and upholstery.

When cleaning the boat exterior, make sure to include the part underneath the boat to avoid salt buildup. We all know that boats are intolerable to the growth of mold and mildew that's why it is important to clean storage areas and remove anything that is wet. You also need to flush out the engine every time and make sure you turn the key off after you have finished flushing. Dry the boat completely and wipe it down with an anti-corrosive solution.

The parts that need to be checked for cracks and leaks are fuel line, fuel primer bulb, fuel tanks, etc. Always check the entire boat for signs of wear and tear especially the parts hidden below the water.

It is necessary to cover the boat when not in use to keep dirt and water away during storage. Straps and poles should be used to tie the cover securely so water will not pool on the boat cover. The boat cover fabric needs to be breathable to keep moisture from building up inside. It is best to have your boats stored indoors to have it totally protected from pests and rodents. By properly covering your boat, you can be sure that it well preserved and ready for your next cruise.

Simple to operate and maneuver, a pontoon boat is such user friendly vessel that's why it is very popular for people who prefer a gentle cruise along a great lake or river. If you have your own boat, you know that you are responsible to take care of it rather than just using it from one cruise to another. It's also best to seek help from the expert pontoon maintenance Gold Coast .

6 Reasons Why You Really Should Visit the Dead Sea

The Dead Sea, Israel is one of those spots you've heard about, seen on TV travel programs and always wondered about … so quit that wonderful and get yourself over to Israel! Yes, you too can join the hordes of tourists covered in mud, or float in the amazing salty water, hands aloft holding yesterday's newspaper as you catch up on the latest headlines.

There are a ton of reasons why you should come and visit. Here are just six, six of the very best …

  • The Dead Sea is the lowest point on Earth at some 420 meters below sea level. How low can you go on your next holiday?
  • If you like salt, you'll love it here. It's very salty, in fact, it's known in Hebrew as the Yam HaMelah (The Salt Sea). Just a word of warning: do not go in straight after shaving or waxing!
  • The high concentration of salts and minerals provides muds full of minerals to smother on tourist skin, thermomineral springs to bathe in, and salty water to float in.
  • If you like it warm and sultry, you'll like the climate at the Dead Sea. It's pretty warm all year round though in the summer can get stifling (up to 40C), with very little rain to worry about.
  • There are a number of important historical sites in the area, including the fortress of Masada, the caves of Qumran and Mount Sdom.
  • If you're looking to get healthy and get those batteries recharged, then spend some time in the Dead Sea. You will not regret it.

Modern Packaged Boiler Operation, Maintenance and Training

The latter part of the 20th Century saw the introduction of more stringent boiler manufacturing standards, particularly in relation to welding technology and inspection, and the evolution of digital control systems that now provides an unsurpassed level of reliability. The modern, micro-processor based, high-integrity, "Boiler Control System" (BCS) has the ability to perform many of the tasks traditionally admitted by the qualified operator allowing extended periods of automatic operation without any human intervention whateversoever. A key feature of modern packaged boilers is that they are designed to operate unsupervised for extended periods.

The degree of human supervision and operator training requirements are determined by the level of sophistication of the "Boiler Control System" (BCS). They are defined in local boiler codes and standards and differ widely between jurisdictions. For example, in some, a high-pressure boiler is defined as any boiler operating above 1 BAR (approximately 15 psig) pressure and, regardless of all other considerations, it must at all times be under the control of an appropriately qualified operator. Other jurisprudence imposes capacity constraints on unsupervised operation but in many, boiler codes and other relevant legislation have been revised and extended to accommodate the demand from industry for this type of boiler.

Industrial boilers of all types generally fall into one of three categories in terms of their operational and qualification requirements. They are:

• Attended Boilers;
• Limited-Attendance Boilers;
• Unattended Boilers.

What is a "packaged boiler"?

The term "Packaged Boiler" is used to describe a boiler that is factory built and delivered either fully assembled or, as pre-built modules that can be easily assembled on site. It is essentially a self contained unit complete with a control system and all equipment required for operation. The boiler manufacturer assumes responsibility for all components and after delivery all that is required is for it to be connected to the steam distribution system, water, fuel, and electricity supplies. Almost all small and medium sized boilers manufactured today are packaged boilers and they may be the conventional firetube or watertube type, including their derivatives or, hybrid boilers such as once-through coil and electrode boilers.

What is an attended boiler?

Until relatively recently, the vast majority of steam boilers operated in the "Attended" mode. That is, they were required to have an appropriately qualified operator on-site and in the immediate vicity of the boiler at all times that it was operating. Since the introduction of micro-processor based technology to boilers from around 1990 onwards, many traditional attended boiler owners have upgraded their control systems. Given also that micro-processor based controls are now an almost universal feature on new packaged-boilers, the traditional boiler attendant is becoming an endangered species in small to medium sized plants supplying process steam. At the very least, their role has changed from that of direct, hands-on operation to one of supervising the operation of the BCS and performing tasks that ensure its continuing integrity and compliance with the requirements of boiler codes and standards.

Boiler operation has evolved to the point that in many jurisdictions, fully attended operation is unusual outside of large, complex plants. The exceptions are large power utilities, chemical recovery boilers and similar integrated processes where the boiler is a key component.

what is a limited-attendance boiler?

The Limited-Attendance mode of operation allows for periodic checking of the boiler at set minimum intervals rather than continuous attendance. A key feature of limited-attendance boilers is that they may at any time be brought under the control of an appropriately qualified operator and operated in the fully attended mode under continuous supervision.

Many older packaged boilers and those that have been upgraded from attended status are classified as limited-attendance simply because their control systems do not achieve the same standards of integrity and reliability as do modern micro-processor based systems. Many also include provision for manual intervention which in most jurisprudence disqualifies them for consideration for unattended status.

What is an unattended boiler?

An Unattended Boiler is essentially a fully automatic boiler that operates under the continuous supervision and control of a standardized, micro-processor based, BCS. The BCS controls the entire boiler function including the energy input management system (on oil and gas-fired boilers commonly known as the "Burner Management System" or, BMS), the water level management system, the alarm system, the pressure controls, trip devices, all instruments and circuitry.

A key feature of this type of boiler is that in most jurisdictions boiler codes and standards dictate that a boiler that is classified as unattended must be under the continuous supervision and control of the BCS at all times that it is in service. The unattended boiler may only be operated in unattended mode. It may not be operated in attended mode under any circumstances even for brief periods and even if a qualified operator is available. In practice, the BCS employed an unattended boiler has no provision for manual operation. In the event of a control system fault or a potentially unsafe condition, the BCS will shut down the boiler and lock-out the energy input system. It will prevent a boiler restart until such time that the control system fault has been repaired or, the potentially unsafe condition has been addressed and all of the BCS inputs indicate that the boiler is in a safe condition.

The BCS is equipped with some means of recording all major events that cause the alarms to activate. On early unattended boilers this was typically a simple printer that recorded such events on a line-by-line basis. More modern systems however, store the information in the onboard micro-processor memory for an extended period. They typically record a much wider range of information to provide improved oversight of boiler performance and, are sometimes integrated with a plant-wide information system which facilitates the remote storage of data for extended periods.

The unattended boiler is a relatively recent phenomenon. Traditionally most boiler installations operated under the continuous supervision of a qualified operator although in many jurisdictions, some small boilers were permitted to operate in limited-attendance mode. Until very recently, in most jurisprudence unattended boiler operation was subject to strict constraints. Typically, permitted maximum operating pressure and design output were strictly limited and in many locations those constraints still apply, at least on paper. In recent years however, boiler codes and standards in many jurisdictions have been extended to accommodate this type of boiler and in others it has become quite common for local regulatory authorities to grant exemptions on a case-by-case basis.

With the advent in recent years of improved manufacturing standards and the rapid evolution of sophisticated, increasingly reliable micro-processor based control and monitoring systems, most small to medium sized packaged boilers from reputable manufacturers now incorporate a high-integrity BCS as standard equipment. Where unattended operation is permitted, they may only require inspection and operational certification by an accredited inspection body to ensure compliance with national and local standards.

Limited-Attendance vs Unattended Operation

To achieve Limited-Attendance or Unattended classification, the boiler is subject to strict statutory oversight covering operation, maintenance, servicing and record keeping. Boiler codes and standards require that boilers in either category be equipped with a minimum, specified inventory of safety equipment that will automatically shut down the boiler in the event of a potentially unsafe condition.

The classification applied to a particular packaged boiler will depend heavily on the sophistication of the BCS or, sometimes, the type of fuel that is fired. For example, a 10 MW boiler firing natural gas may achieve unattended classification where a similar 10 MW boiler from the same manufacturer but firing solid-fuel may be classified as limited-attendance. Firing solid-fuels, particularly those with a variable moisture content, is sometimes something of a black-art requiring a degree of skill and experience. In this author's jurisdiction, unattended solid-fuel boilers are abruptless not uncommon even for quite large boilers over 20 MW capacity and often in multiple boiler installations.

The key differences between the Limited-Attendance and Unattended modes of operation are:

Limited Attendance

• An appropriately qualified operator or liable person must be on-site at all times that the boiler is in service;

• Codes and standards typically require that the boiler be continuously supervised during startup and shutdown periods;

• During normal operation, the limited-attendance mode allows for periodic checking of the boiler at set minimum intervals rather than continuous supervision;

• Limited-Attendance boilers may at any time be brought under the control of an appropriately qualified operator and operated in the fully attended mode under continuous supervision;

• The operator or responsible person must be on-site at all times that the boiler is in service and must be immediately available if required.


• Where unattended operation is permitted, a qualified operator is not a mandatory requirement. The boiler may be supervised by an appropriately trained "Responsible person";

• The operator or responsible person may leave the site provided that he or she is available to respond to boiler outputs. That is usually achieved by a pager or cellphone signal transmitted by the BCS;

• In many jurisdictions, unattended boilers may start up and shut down automatically under the control of the BCS provided that they are suitably equipped to the satisfaction of an approved inspection body;

• Unattended boilers are allowed to operate unsupervised for extended periods and in most jurisdictions this is currently 24-hours. Recent control and monitoring systems innovations by some manufacturers however, have seen that period extended in some jurisdictions. The 72H notation in Europe for example, signifies that the boiler is approved for unsupervised operation for periods of up to 72-hours;

• Boiler codes in most jurisdictions specifically forbid the provision for manual intervention in the operation of unattended boilers. They must at all times be under the control of the BCS. That is, they may only be operated in unattended mode. They may not be operated in attended mode under any circumstances even for brief periods and even if a qualified operator is available.

Training Requirements

Boilers that are certified for unattended operation do not require a qualified operator. This relaxation of the manning requirements imposes substantive obligations on boiler owners, controllers, manufacturers and inspection bodies to ensure compliance with boiler codes and other relevant legislation and, that boiler supervision and maintenance staff receive adequate training. Non compliance will almost always be interpreted as a breach of Occupational Safety and Health legislation which can result in severe penalties specifically because the non-compliance is discovered as a result of an incident or accident.

Accident investigation reports demonstrate that the most common contributing causes to boiler accidents are operator intervention with the safety controls, inadequate maintenance, control device failure following maintenance by unqualified personnel, isolation or deliberate disablement of the safety devices, inappropriate operating practices and inadequate water treatment. Automatic controls are not a complete substitute for supervision. A measure of supervision by a qualified operator or a trained Responsible person familiar with the BCS and the operation of the boiler plant is an essential feature of safe operation.

Unattended boilers that are operated in strict compliance with the manufacturer's recommendations, boiler codes and standards have an excellent safety record worldwide. Because they are designed to operate unsupervised for extended periods, routine operating, maintenance and inspection requirements are generally more stringent than for other types of boilers. The BCS and its associated safety devices clearly play a key role in the safe operation of this type of boiler and are there subject to strict compliance with routine testing procedures by the trained Responsible person and the approved maintenance contractor. It is extremely important that there should be a high level of confidence in the integrity of the BCS and the routine testing procedures that should be considered as a key element of safe operation.

Although those tests are generally universal in nature, there are differences in their implementation between jurisdictions. It is there before very important that the boiler owner, controller and trained Responsible person understand that they have a responsibility to familiarize themselves with the local codes and regulations applying to this type of boiler. Failure to meet that obligation will usually be interpreted as a breach of OSHA regulations. If in doubt, you should seek clarification from your boiler inspector, inspection body, the boiler manufacturer or the local regulatory authority.

Who is the boiler controller? – roles and responsibilities:

Boiler codes and standards generally require that unattended boiler installations have a nominated "Controller". This may be the owner or, a person nominated by the owner to perform that role. The Controller does not necessarily have to be closely involved with hands-on, day-to-day operation but rather, to provide general oversight of the boiler operation and maintenance.

The Controller's responsibilities include:

• Ensuring compliance with the Boiler code or relevant standard including the maintenance of appropriate operational and engineering records;

• Ensuring that the boiler is supervised by appropriately qualified or trained persons;

• The implementation and maintenance of a Quality Management System (QMS);

• The implementation and maintenance of appropriate safety and environmental procedures and, communications with the appropriate regulatory bodies for example, OSHA, environmental agencies, inspection bodies and so on.

The Controller is typically a engineering, maintenance or departmental manager or, someone in the organization that holds a qualification or Certificate of Competency in boiler operation.

what is a trained responsible person? – roles and responsibilities:

A "Trained Responsible Person" is someone who is appointed by the controller to exercise day-to-day supervision of the boiler. He or she is not required to hold a formal qualification such as a certificate of competency but, must be trained to a level specified by the boiler manufacturer or, to a level acceptable by an inspection body or other appropriate regulatory authority. The Responsible person is not required to have an intimate knowledge of boiler technology but rather, a basic level of knowledge and an understanding of the functionality and roles of the boiler components, mountings and ancillary systems including the fuel, feedwater, and steam distribution systems.

The primary roles of the Responsible person are to exercise general day-to-day supervision of the boiler operation, verify that all control and alarm systems are functioning correctly and to ensure compliance with the routine testing procedures specified in the relevant code or standard and, by the boiler manufacturer. The Responsible person should not necessarily be expected to diagnose and rectify equipment or system failure. They should be competent to respond to alerts, and to take appropriate action which, at a minimum, ensures that the boiler is shut down safely before calling for assistance.

what is an approved maintenance contractor ?:

Compliance with defined maintenance procedures is a key aspect of unattended boiler operation. There have been a number of recent catastrophic boiler accidents resulting from inappropriately performed maintenance tasks which in some cases, were undertaken by qualified and experienced tradesmen but, who lacked the specialist knowledge requirements associated with boiler maintenance.

The "Approved Maintenance Contractor" is a person or organization with the appropriate skills, knowledge and experience to maintain the boiler and its components to a standard acceptable by the manufacturer and the inspection body. They must have a thorough understanding of the role and functionality of the BCS in relation to limited-attendance and unattended operation.

Boiler codes and regulations define minimum acceptable standards for this role which may differ between jurisdictions. In general, they will require that the nominated organization be a boiler manufacturer or an independent contractor approved by the manufacturer or the inspection body. In organizations that have their own internal maintenance infrastructure, the Controller may apply to the inspection body to nominate the organization itself as the approved maintenance entity. In such cases, the organization must satisfy the requirement that nominated personnel performing the work have appropriate training and experience. That will typically require that nominated staff members can provide evidence of an appropriate trade qualification or, have received specialist training and have sufficient experience. Under no circumstances whatever should not-approved staff be allowed to perform maintenance on any pressure equipment or the BCS and its field devices including all safety devices and the energy input system.

Female Orgasms – How To Give Your Woman An ANAL ORGASM That Makes Her Addicted To Butt Sex

When it comes to female orgasms, most men only know about clitoral orgasms, some know about vaginal orgasms and squirting orgasms — but very few know how to give their women anal orgasms.

Heck, very few men (and women) even know that anal orgasms are possible.

But here’s the thing…

Anal orgasms are not only possible, they are one of the most POWERFUL types of orgasm a woman can have and in this article you are going to discover how to give your woman an anal orgasm so intense and sexually pleasurable — it makes her addicted to butt sex.

Does that sound too good to be true?

I can understand if you answered “YES” to that question.

However, if you read on with an open mind and use what you read with your woman… you will increase the quality of your love-making sessions in a way that words can not do justice.

Just before we get into the sexual technique that will let you to give your woman an anal orgasm, here are:

3 Rules For Successful Anal Play

1. Start Out Very Slowly

Quite simply — if you don’t and you end up doing something that hurts your woman, she will probably stop you from ever touching her anus again.

So always be cautious with anal play and start out slowly.

2. Use Lots Of Lubrication

This one is self-explanatory.

3. Never Put Anything That’s Been In Your Woman’s Ass Back In Her Vagina

Sticking to this rule will prevent any vaginal infections.

Now, let’s get into the fun stuff…

Female Orgasms – How To Give Your Woman An Anal Orgasm That Makes Her Addicted To Butt Sex

Start off by having some FOREPLAY with your woman and getting her very sexually aroused.

I then recommend that you give her a clitoral orgasm and at least one ‘deep spot’ orgasm because this will put her in an orgasmic state, where she’ll be expecting even more pleasure.

Next, make sure that your woman is laying on her back with her legs open and put your middle finger into her anus with your palm facing upwards.

At this point you need to understand that the wall that separates your woman’s vagina and anus is very thin. With that in mind, you are going to stimulate your woman’s G-Spot with the finger that is in her ass.

If you push upwards you will be able to feel her G-Spot through the wall that separates her anus and vagina. Once you find it — rub it backwards and forwards until you give her an ANAL ORGASM.

This is so powerful.

Once you give your woman an anal orgasm like this, expect her to beg you to ‘take her ass’ with your ‘tool’ very soon.

99% of men don’t know about this, so use it wisely and be sure to give your woman incredible pleasure.

The Wild West and The Role of Organizational Design

I have always enjoyed stories about the old west with gunfights at high noon out in the middle of nowhere. Some old western towns would start, grow and die in a very short period of time. These types of towns were called boom towns. They would start quickly, flourish and then leave a few broken down buildings with tumbleweed blowing across an otherwise empty ghost town. Other towns would boom and keep booming allowing the town to grow and spread across the frontier. Other towns would start slow and grow as needed with new and innovative ideas to meet their needs. With this combination, America moved west toward what many people called manifest destiny. Somewhere, someone in those old western towns had to have a vision or a design for the towns that survived. Many reasons existed for starting a town, but it took a designer to bring the town to life as well as innovations to keep them going.

Wild West Organizations

Organizations of today are much like the old western towns. Some start with a boom and then quickly go bust. Others come out of the gate running and never look back. Many start out small and grow as needed. Somewhere, somebody had an idea and design for the organization to take shape. Herein lays the key to the role of organizational design in 21st century organizations which is a designer, with a plan or idea, forecasting the future and yielding to innovation to bring it to pass.

To better understand the role of organizational design today, the designer needs to accurately forecast the future of the organization and allow innovation to have free reign to get there. A successful forecast requires a solid understanding of the mission and purpose of the organization. Some organizations have thrived for years as a traditional top-down hierarchical organization while others have undergone significant innovative organizational changes. Organizational leaders consistently use innovation and forecasting to develop future organizational structures. In his textbook on the Introduction to Management Science, noted Virginia Tech professor Dr. Bernard W. Taylor III states that a forecast is a prediction of what will occur in the future and many managers of today are constantly trying to predict the future in order to make decisions in the present that will ensure the continued success of their organization. The role of organizational design becomes vital to the forecasting of organizational growth and allowing the necessary innovations to get it there.


Today, people expect to be able to work, learn, and study whenever and where they want. Life in an increasingly busy world is where people must balance demands from home, work, school, and family, which poses a host of logistical challenges for today's ever more mobile society. Much like the old west, work and learning are often two sides of the same coin, and people want easy and timely access not only to the information they need, but also to tools, resources, and up-to-the moment analysis and commentary . These technology needs, as well as the increasingly essential access to social media and networks, have risen to the level of high expectations. The New Media Consortium (NMC), which is an international community of experts in technology from the practitioners who work with new technologies every day to the visionaries who are shaping the future of learning by conducting cutting edge research, identified those opportunities for informal learning in the modern world are abundant, and greatly expand on earlier notions like "just-in-time" or "found" learning. The world of work is increasingly collaborative, driving changes in the way organizations are structured. Because employers value collaboration as a critical skill, silos both in the workplace and at school are being abandoned in favor of collective intelligence. According to the NMC, to facilitate more teamwork and group communication, organizational projects and programs are more familiar on tools like wikis, Google Docs, Skype, and easily shared file-storage sites like Dropbox. Innovation is leading the way into the foreseen future.

The Wild West of Innovation

The Wild West is often thought of as lawless, unreasonable and without boundaries. Yet, through this reckless and impossible environment, the Wild West was tamed. Regent University professor, Dr. Gary Oster, concluded in his book The Light Prize that a vision that is extraordinarily expansive and even unreasonable- many would say impossible- is the key to producing successful innovation. However, not all forecasted plans lead to innovation. Some plans are simply boom towns waiting to collapse. Forecasting should be used in the innovation process to see and build for the future. The ability to see beyond the realistic and peer into the impossible or near impossible requires a leader to push beyond the edge to see what may be out there. Jay Galbraith, author of Designing Organizations, concludes that leaders of today need to become less of a decision maker and more of a decision shaper, which can be accomplished through organizational design. Albert Szent-Györgyi, a Hungarian-born biochemist who won the Noble Prize in 1937, stated that discovery consists of seeing what everyone has seen and thinking what nobody has thought. Dr. Gary Oster connected discovery and innovation by eliminating discovery as the unaware, identification, and recognition of a new concept, property or truth. However, true innovators need to be looking beyond the current age to see what the next age is, and then begin building the organization towards it. Strategic authors Dr. Cornelius A. de Kluyver and Dr. John A. Pearce II in their book Strategy: A View from the Top identified five common characteristics to foster a culture of innovation: first, a business needs a top-level commitment to innovation; second, a business needs a long term focus; third, a business needs a flexible organization structure, fourth, a business needs a combination of loose and tight planning and control; fifth, a business needs a system of appropriate incentives.


The 21st century organizational design will require an ability to share ideas, knowledge, resources and skills across organizational, generational and cultural boundaries within and outside of the organizational system for the purpose of achieving desired goals. Notable author Dr. Richard Daft in his textbook Organization Design and Theory asserts that top executives decide on the end purpose the organization will strive for and determine the direction that it will take which shapes how the organization is designed and managed. The Wild West atmosphere of innovation can be coupled with forecasting to tame the landscape of organizational design for 21st century organizations. Implementing the five characteristics of Dr. de Kluyver and Dr. Pearce will help organizations grow and develop without becoming another ghost town in the sky.

Friesian Care During Summer

It is often very hard to determine which rugs to use and when in a climate such as ours in Australia, especially during those months of the year when the weather is unpredictable. However, which rugs to use and because during the hot summer months is something often overlooked, as many horses a left naked during this time. Rugging horses such as Friesians during the summer months is a must for a number of reasons including keeping them cool enough, and keeping them clean for upcoming competitions.

When it is a really hot day, it is a good idea to keep your stable horses inside during the day, then, as the afternoon cools down, put them out in the paddock for the night, and generally leave them naked. For the horses that are paddocked all the time, or if the stabled horses are left out during the day, you can either leave them naked, or put white cotton sheets on them. The reasoning behind the white sheets is that they reflect the heat better than the black Friesian coats!

It is vitally important that your horse has a shell in his paddock so that he can get out of the sun into a cooler shaded area. Most places will have either shelters or tree cover in all of their paddocks.

Water is also very important – horses can get dehydrated very easily – they are made up of 70% water! As they are such large animals, dehydration is not an easy thing to fix – I have heard of several cases of dehydration where the horse needed over 50 liters of water pumped into it to rehydrate the horse (both intravenously and orally)! So making sure our water troughs are always full is a top priority in the summer!

Having roughage such as grass or hay in the summer is also vital – the fibers from hay and grass are held in the horses hindgut to ferment, and this keeps the horse hydrated as water is retained in the hindgut when this fiber is held in there!

Having your horse on a correct diet is also important in the summer, as grass dries up and loses both water content and nutritional value. Making sure your horse has access to a salt block or adding vitamins and minerals to a hard feed is essential. On the days you are riding in the summer, and your horse sweats, it is a good idea to give them electrolytes either in a paste form (like worming or drenching a horse) or in their hard feed on the same day they have been sweating as this makes sure the horse stays hydrated and is not losing too much in its sweat. Electrolytes do not build up in a horses' body – there is no reserve stores of them anywhere, so this is why it is important to give them every day the horse is sweating. A vitamin and mineral supplement in the feed every day is important for much the same reasons for many vitamins and minerals.

The most important thing that you as a horse owner can do, not only during the hot summer months, but through the year, is to check on your horse at least once a day, and keep an eye out for any changes – whether it be behavioral, your horse getting too hot / cold, weight changes and so on. You as the horse owner will know when anything is wrong or needs to be changed!

Your Homeowners Insurance May Not Cover Woodpecker Damage

Meet Amy, City Girl that became a small town resident upon her marriage to George. The stark difference between living in the very center of urbanized civilization and township dwelling was somewhat of an adjustment for Amy. Sure she loved the sights and sounds of nature exposed: the lake, the trees, grass, flowers and the vibrant color of winged birds. Nonetheless, how she missed the hustle and bustle and – yes – even the noise of what she had always recognized as the center of commercial shopping, auto and bus traffic – honking included – and life as she had been bred to appreciate!

Though noise has always been the core of her existence, the incessant pecking on the side of her roof in small town America where she currently had set up residence did absolutely no good for her nerves. Five o’clock in the morning, you see was far too early for a woman of the world such as she to be rudely awoken from her slumbering state. And the fact that the pecking was coming from a fine feathered ‘friend’ known most commonly as the woodpecker did little to placate her uneasiness.

Then came the crunch that really threw Amy off. It appeared as the bothersome woodpecker had begun to incur damage on her lovely home! But nothing could appease Amy when she discovered that her standard homeowners insurance policy did not even cover the damages and losses she now suffered!

“You see, Ma’am,” explained the nice insurance agent, “insurance companies simply do not cover general home liability that has been wrought through negligence. In fact, they view woodpecker damage as something that could have been avoided through proper home maintenance.”

If only Amy had known! She most certainly would have confronted the little peril with a vengeance. Now it appeared that it was too late and she and her husband would have to bear the losses through out of the pocket expenditures.

They say life is a great teacher. Amy knows better than most.

“Learn from me,” says Amy, former city dweller. “Don’t let pests get the better of you or your home risks will!”

How does one tackle a woodpecker problem? There are a number of hands-on methods:

• Go out and purchase a tool that’s on the market in regard to woodpecker deterrence.

• Surround outside home spots that connect to the roof with wired fencing.

• Attach colorful tape below roof and around the roof’s gutters.

• Seal attic holes and house siding with caulk or other materials.

• Hire a pest eliminating firm to take care of the problem.

• Explore your own creative to tackle the nasty wood-pecking problem.

Ask Amy. She’ll tell you forearmed is indeed forewarned: speak to an independent insurance agent about your homeowners insurance policy to make sure it is tailored to your needs.

Naturally Occurring Bonsai or Environmentally Dwarfed Plants

Let us talk about naturally occurring Bonsai, or environmentally dwarfed plants. We will take the example of the plant growing, tacked onto the side of a mountain. This article is not intended as a scientific paper, therefore I have no need and even less desire, to go into every variation of each sub-topic.

Any plant, given the required growing conditions, will survive if not flourish, for the expectant number of years for that particular species, if not longer. However, before a plant seed can even germinate, it requires: soil, sunlight, moisture in some form and nutrients. Also, the pre-emergent seed must contend with:

-extremes of temperature and exposure,

-inappropriate final resting place (in a tree, cave, between a rock and a hard place, etc),

-lack of available moisture,

-inappropriate soil types,

-and being consumed by any of the myriad other elements in nature, from: birds and animals large (bears) or small (rodents), insects, bacteria, moulds, fungi in general and various other pathogens.

An experiment was conducted in the ’80s, using 1 1/2 kilos of irradiated (for tracking purposes) seed (seed size is about that of a pin-head) from a species of river casuarina. This species grows on the water’s edge and the bulk of the tree hangs over the water. The majority of the seed was released at tree height (av. 20ft) to the river, as this is the natural seeding event of the plant, with wind playing a major role. From this release and up to 5 years following, it was found that 3 trees had survived. Think about that, 1 1/2 kilos of seed the size of a pin head. That’s a lot of seed that didn’t make it, in optimal circumstances.

This simple fact of seed predation and chance in nature, is why plants are such prolific producers of seed. Sheer chance that anything actually survives – it’s just a jungle out there.

Now, provided a seed lands where it has a chance and survives, this is all well and good. But what of our poor thing on the mountain? Multiply the chances of getting knocked off exponentially. So how can a plant survive in this situation?

In harsh environments a plant requires a few tricks for survival:

Speed of germination and establishment:

Once the right conditions are met, they may only be fleeting. If, a plant lands – in the lee of a rock, on viable soil, with some moisture, thereby taking care of most of the requirements, this may be the only day in the year that it actually rains. Seed germination and establishment needs to be rapid, in averse conditions.

One adaptation to the germination and establishment process, includes the development of taproots. This is the main central root from which smaller branch roots originate. In harsh environs, this taproot will be the first part of the plant to develop, plumbing as much of the available depth of soil as possible, as fast as it can. Not only does this allow a more stable plant, but as importantly, allows access to reserves of moisture and nutrient not available to plants with a lesser root system.

Fluctuations in Temperature:

There are those places on earth that experience the full gamut of seasonal weather in one day. Melbourne, Australia, comes readily to mind. On the side of a mountain, depending on the aspect in regards to the sun, a plant may very well experience freezing temperatures over night and scorching throughout the day.

In order to survive this, plants have through natural selection, evolved a number of protective adaptations to compensate. This can take the form of:

-a wax-like coating on the leaves that minimizes water loss,

-a covering of hair on leaves to reflect, or dissipate heat,

-modified leaves, or needles, reducing the surface area of the leaf and water loss,

-rhizomatous root systems, yam like roots deeply buried to escape such extremes,

-smaller leaves to reduce moisture loss,

-and latex-like sap, further reducing evaporation, plant palatability and in some cases, acts as a kind of anti-freeze.

Let us not be forgetting annuals and herbaceous perennials. In harsh environments, once conditions are right, annuals can grow, flower, set seeds, then die, all in a matter of weeks, and only repeat the process the following year. Herbaceous perennials, will die down to the ground level, possibly with a rhizome, to counter the effects of expansion and contraction due to freezing and thawing.


There are a great many plants that prevent predation, in particular that of grazing, by having unpalatable leaves. This can take the form of prickles, toxic sap, etc. Or for that matter, the sheer inaccessibility of the plant.

Overall Habitat:

If the plant has found footing in a place that meets all requirements, but is subjected to destabilising winds on a regular basis, the adaptation can take the form of the way the plant grows, or shape. These plants will regularly grow either very low to the ground, or in fact along it, to reduce the wind resistance. The shape of the plant creates a better environment for continued growth and subsequent shading of the soil can go a long way in saving, or reclaiming moisture.

Some species, such as juniper and cypress, will readily lose the bark on the windward side of the trunk, surviving at times with only a thin vein of viable bark feeding the tree. Hmm, starting to look like a bonsai.


No plant is not going to survive without some form of nutrient. Once again, in harsh environs, this comes down to chance. If a footing is found in the lee of a rock, there is far greater probability of available nutrient, as due to wind and rain action, organic detritus will gather in these places, ultimately breaking down to form a sparse sort of compost. Certainly not enough to grow veggies, but just enough to sustain a plant that already knows what a rock and a hard place is.


As these hardy plants develop, so the actual act of surviving gets a little easier. Branches are enticing for creatures to land on, adding their manures, the fact of the shelter provided will do the same. A larger plant, will hold a lot more moisture about it’s leaves and branches, whether after rains or from morning dews. This moisture, when on waxy leaves or needles, will then be shed at the drip-line, further increasing the moisture levels and chance of survival.

Animals may burrow under or about the plant, mixing manures, soils, minerals and organic matter as they do so. All of which may sound just peachy for the plant in question, however, the improvement in the physical aspects of where it grows, will not turn it into a Christmas tree. The deciding factor is still the environment. The improved habitat will keep it alive, longer.

Most of the above, happens incrementally, on a molecular scale and is therefore painfully slow. The fact that a plant surviving an adverse environment, looks really, really, ancient – is probably because it is. Fast growth is soft, full of sap, full exposed and in no way able to stand the depredations of harsh environments.

This why, in those conditions plants become naturally occurring Bonsai, or environmentally dwarfed plants. It is purely a matter of survival.

Entry Doors- Pre-Purchase Guide To Exterior Doors

Whether you are building or redesigning an older home, the entry door makes a definite statement about you and your home. Since an entry door can be seen both from the street or sidewalk and affects the inside view of your house, you want the entry door to match the look of your house from the outside, and the décor of the entry way or living room.

When you choose to replace exterior door fittings, you have many options to look at. Sometimes people replace exterior door fittings to add curve appealing to the house. You may be looking for additional security features in an exterior door. You may choose an entry door that lets more light in to your house or that adds decorative features not available in your original entry door.

You can choose to install exterior door fittings yourself or hire a carpenter or handyman to do the job for you. Unless you decide to enlarge the entry door opening as part of your remodel project, to replace the entry door is not an onerous task.

An entry door is generally made more solid than a similar design interior door. An entry door may be made of metal, wood, plastic, glass or laminate of some type. An exterior door may also be made of some combination of the above materials.

The entry door can be single or double doors. A patio door or sliding door is another type of entry door. The entrance door may be flanked by narrow windows for an attractive presentation. The entry door can also be topped with a fanlight.

An entrance door often is designed as either raised or lower panels in either vertical or horizontal designs. There are several permutations of panel arrangements which have become quite popular in entry doors. Some paneled type doors have quite ornate finishing with occasional base-relief carvings; however this type of entry door is more likely to be custom-made.

Entry doors are often finished in natural wood, but may also be painted or stained to match the color and décor of the house. Entry doors present a first line of defense against burglars and thieves, so you will want to make sure the door you select has appropriate features in terms of size and thickness. The hardware will also have an impact on the safety and security of the door.

The "Un-Wedding" Wedding

Getting married is as popular as ever these days, but no so the traditional wedding. It seems like more and more couples are opting for celebrations which are as unique as they are and which have more in common with a great party than a typical wedding reception. Take a look at the trend for fresh and fun “un-wedding” weddings.

What truly sets an “un-wedding” reception apart from its more traditional counterpart is attitude. An un-wedding celebration is rarely formal, never stuffy, and a lot of fun. The emphasis is on throwing a party which promises a great time to friends and family, full of delicious foods, wonderful wine or cocktails, and relaxed conversation. This style of wedding celebration can take place at a traditional venue, but may also be somewhere other than the standard club or hotel.

Restaurants are a great venue for an un-wedding reception. A party in a restaurant is going to feel more like a great big dinner party than a standard wedding reception. And by choosing your favorite restaurant, you can be sure that the food will be utterly fantastic, a far cry from the usual chicken or beef entrees served at most receptions. The bride and groom can choose relaxed attire, rather than a heavy looking tuxedo and ornate ballgown. A modern silk organza gown with a black ribbon trim and handcrafted bridal jewelry would be tres chic.

Keep the decor informal and interesting. If it fits the room, a few long tables will feel more family friendly than many small ones. A great look for the table decorations would be a long runner over a simple tablecloth with a variety of decorative elements loosely arranged to tumble down the length of the table. A mixture of flickering votive candles, fresh seasonal fruit, and flowers in short vases will suit the restaurant venue perfectly. One word of caution: not all restaurant venues have room for a dance floor, so decide if that is important to you, and select your restaurant accordingly.

Unusual settings are also popular for un-weddings. Why not select an interesting site like an aquarium or a trendy art gallery for your reception? The space itself will be so visually engaging that you will need to do very little in the way of decorations. Plan your menu to suit the space. At an art gallery, stations featuring contemporary and unique cuisine would be ideal for dinner. Naturally seafood would be appropriate for a wedding in an aquarium.

When working with an off-beat venue, choose your colors to suit the locale. Watery blues and greens would look wonderful for an aquarium, for instance. At a site like a gallery which will have a lot to look at on the walls, a restrained color palette like white and charcoal would blend well. This color combination is one of the most popular for weddings this year for everything from bridesmaid dresses to invitations to handcrafted bridal jewelry. Charcoal dupioni tablecloths with a bit of shimmer and texture can be topped with tall clear cylinders filled with a modern flower like white allium.

An un-wedding reception can take place anywhere that strikes your fancy. It could be an airplane hangar, a city loft, or an antique carousel. When you do away with tradition, your wedding can be anything that your heart desires and your mind can envision.

Beach Party Games – Having Fun In The Sand And The Sun

When having a beach party, games are an absolute must. Between the sun, sand and surf, there are plenty of ways to have a great time at the beach and satisfy your competitive instincts at the same time.

"Water-Balloon Challenge" Beach Party Game

Water-balloons and beach party games go hand in hand, especially in this instance. Players pair off, and are given one full water balloon each. Partners must face each other, starting out by standing 2 feet apart. Players must throw and attempt to catch the water balloon, taking one step backwards each time they catch it. Once a pair's water-balloon is dropped or bursts, they must exit the game. The last pair standing are the winners of this beach party game.

"Fruit-Legged Beach Relay" Beach Party Game

At a beach party, games like this one can give everyone plenty of laughs. Players split into two equal teams, with a piece of fruit being given to each player. A bucket for each team is placed down the beach. The object of this beach party game is for team members to take turns shuffling down the beach one at a time with their piece of fruit wedged between their thighs, run back up the beach and tag the next person in line. The first team to place all their fruit in their bucket and return to the starting line is the winner of this beach party game.

Beach party games are a fantastic way to enjoy a day by the sea. And the best part is, getting sandy and sweaty does not matter because you can cool off afterwards.

Adobe Flash Player: A Risk To Privacy and Security

Adobe Flash Player: a greater risk to privacy and security than you may realize

Do you know that if you have Adobe's Flash Players plugin installed on your web browser that your internet activity and history is potentially being tracked and used without your knowledge or permission? Just managing your web browser's tracking cookie through your web browser does not prevent your internet browsing activity, and its history, from being tracked. Additionally, just keeping your computer current and fully patched with all of Microsoft's critical updates keeps your computer safe from hackers, think again. Even using an antivirus program, with the most current virus definitions current does not always prevent your computer and privacy from being at risk.

Recently I came across a news article that made my eye. It was a New York Times technology piece with the title " Code that tracks users' browsing prompts laws" (Vega, 2010). This article reports about the increasing number of consumers taking legal action against companies that track their web activity without the consumer's knowledge or permission. Adobe's Flash Player is the main conduit for capturing this tracking data. This is not the first time that Adobe's Flash player has created legal privacy issues. In 2008, Windows Secrets Newsletter published an article on Adobe's Flash cookie privacy issues. Recently they published another article called " Eliminate Flash-spawned" zombie "cookies" following up on the same issue (Leonhard, 2010). Adobe has done little to resolve this issue. These law suits are directed at Adobe and other companies that collect and sell information about your web browsing activity without your knowledge or permission. Another ominous contention is that some companies are surreptitiously using Flash cookies to glean information from your browser, even though you have your web browser set to reject tracking cookies.

How does this happen

Adobe's Flash Player browser plugin uses and stores Flash cookies on your computer, separate from your better known browser HTML cookies . Both types of cookies are used to store browsing and site preferences, along with your browsing history and tracking information. Flash cookies , like your web browser cookies, are small bits of data saved by the websites you visit. These websites use these cookies to store website settings and info (like your name, preferences, Flash game scores, etc.), to track website behavior, and to target you for specific advertisements. They can also create what is known as persistent identification element to uniquely identify you and track what websites you have visited.

Flash cookies are not managed through your web browser's cookie settings. This same Flash cookies storage area can also be used to store a copy of your browser's cookies, allowing Adobe's Flash to recreate cookies that have been previously deleted from your browser, ie spawned 'zombie' cookies.

What to do to protect yourself

Adobe does not make it easy for users to manage Flash cookies. By default, when Flash Player is installed, it automatically allows third parties to store and access your computer. To change these settings you need to access Flash's Global Setting Manager. The easiest, most straight forward way to get started is to open your web browser and copy the Adobe URL listed in my references (Ezinearticles does not allow me to place the link here). Or do a Google search on: "adobe flash player setting manager." The macromedia.com link should be the first and second items found.

This will take you to the Global Setting panel for Adobe's Flash Player (see Adobe Flash Player Global Setting Manager below). The image embedded on the web page is the actual management console, not a picture. The current version of this panel has eight panels or tabs. Each tab covers a different aspect of privacy and security. You may want to add this to your browser's Favorites for future reference.

Adobe Flash Player Global Settings Manager Global Privacy Settings

The first tab on the Global Setting Manager is for your computer's camera and microphone settings. You have the option of setting this as "Always deny …" or "Always ask …" The "Always ask …" option forces the Flash Player to ask for your permission before allowing a third-party to access your computer's camera and microphone. "Always deny …" does just that, it always denies permission to access your camera and microphone. You will not receive any notification that a third-party tried to access either your camera of microphone with this option.

Your current settings are not displayed. Clicking on "Always deny …" or "Always ask …" overrides any previous global setting made for this. This setting is for sites you have not already visited. I recommend that you select the "Always ask" option. This will allow you the option of using an interactive flash site, requiring the use of your camera and microphone. You will be prompted to confirm your selection.

You will always be prompted for your permission at any website requesting access to your camera and microphone.

Global Flash Cookie Storage Settings

The second tab of the Global Setting Manager controls how much disk space you will allow for new web sites (third-parties) to store information, Flash cookies, on your computer. By condemning all, you may prevent some websites from functioning correctly.

This panel determines the amount of disk space you will automatically allow third-parties to use for websites you have not already visited. Some websites may not function correctly if you do not allow some disk space storage. This is the total amount for each website. If a website needs or wants more you will receive a prompt to allow or disallow this additional space (see below). Your installed Flash Player must be version 8, or newer, to have the option of allowing or disallowing third-party flash content. If your flash version is older than version 9, you will not have the option to allow / disallow storage and sharing of common Flash components.

The suggested settings that work for me are shown above. The Allow third-party Flash, and Store common Flash, are needed by a lot of sites to allow them to function correctly.

Global Security Settings

The third tab is the Global Security Settings panel. This panel controls how Shockwave Flash (SWF) and Flash Video (FLV) are handled. The problem with these types of files is that they can contain applets or computer scripts that can be used to collect and share information about you without your knowledge or permission. Both SWF and FLV files can be embedded on web pages. These files can and do exchange audio, video, and data using Macromedia's Real Time Messaging Protocol. It is possible for SWF or FLV content stored locally on your computer to communicate with the Internet without your knowledge of permission.

I recommend setting this to "Always ask." If a website needs to store Flash cookies on your computer, you will be prompted for permission. By being prompted, you will be aware of the website's tracking activity.

Global Flash Update Notification Setting

The fourth tab is the Global Notification Settings panel. This is where you set how often flash checks for updates. I recommend enabling this feature and having Flash check for updates at least every seven days. I strongly recommended that Flash updates be installed as soon as possible for security reasons. By keeping your Flash Player updated, you make the malicious code writers' job just a little harder. The security vulnerabilities for Flash Player plugins are very well-known.

After installing any Flash updates you should validate that your privacy and security settings have not changed. With previous Flash updates, the settings within the Flash manager have reverted back to default, ie wide-open, settings.

Protected Content / License Settings

The fifth tab is the Protected Content Playback Settings panel. When you purchase or rent Flash "protected" content, license files are downloaded to your computer. Sometimes these files become corrupt. By resetting these files, new licenses can be downloaded. This option should only be used when protected Flash content is not playing correctly, and a technician has advised you to reset the licenses files. This will reset ALL license files stored on your computer; you are not able to select individual files.

If you click on the "Reset License Files" button you will be prompted to confirm or cancel your selection.

Website Privacy Settings

The sixth tab is the Website Privacy Settings panel. This is the list of websites you have granted permission to store data on your computer. This panel is where you can "Always ask," "Always allow," or "Always deny" access you your computer's camera and microphone.

The recommended setting is "Always ask" or "Always deny." You can edit these by highlighting the website and change the permission or delete the website. You can also remove all the websites from this list by selecting "Delete all sites." The settings on this panel override the default setting from the Global Privacy Settings panel for these particular websites.

If you choose to delete a website from this list you are prompted for confirmation.

Note: The list of websites displayed in this and the following panels are stored on your computer and displayed to allow you to view and change your local settings. Adobe claims that it has no access to this list, or to any of the information that the websites may have stored on your computer.

Website Storage Settings

The seventh tab is the Website Storage Settings panel. This lists all the websites that you have visited that use Flash content, and how much storage they are using on your computer. You can change the amount of storage you allow, delete individual websites, or all the websites. This panel overrides the Global Storage panel settings.

On a Windows 7 computer, the storage location for these files is: C: Usersuser_nameApplication DataMacromedia Flash Player in a folder called #SharedObjects or a subfolder of: macromedia.comsupportflashplayersys.

Note: Deleting the website using the Flash Global Settings Manager only removes the website's storage content; it does not remove the folder created for the website. An empty folder will remain on your computer.

By selecting a website and using the "Delete website" button, you can delete that website from the list of visited websites. This also removes all data that the website has stored from this storage area.

Peer-Assisted Networking Settings

The last tab is the Peer-Assisted Networking Settings panel. This is where you allow or disallow users who are playing the same content to share your bandwidth. If you are not on a broadband internet connection, you never want to use this option. When in use, this option increases network traffic on your internet connection and to your computer.

It is recommended that you disable this option. This will not prevent Flash from working.

Other Notes and Considerations

The current versions of Internet Explorer 8 and Firefox version 3.6 share the same Flash settings. Changing or updating Flash through this console makes the changes for both. To verify this, validate the Flash Management console from within each web browser you use.

After installing any Flash updates you should validate that your privacy and security settings have not changed. With previous Flash updates, the settings within the Flash manager have reverted back to default, ie wide-open, settings.

On a Windows 7 computer, you can manually manage Flash cookies by navigating to: C: Usersuser_nameApplication DataMacromedia Flash Player in a subfolder located at # SharedObjectsnonsensical-filename and macromedia.comsupportflashplayersys. Deleting the website using the Flash Global Settings Manager only removes the website's storage content; it does not remove the folder created for the website. An empty folder will remain on your computer in the C: Usersuser_nameApplication DataMacromedia Flash Playermacromedia.comsupportflashplayersys folder. The Application Data folder is a hidden systems folder. You will have to have hidden directories visible using the "Show hidden files, folders, and drives" option under the Fold Folder View option. You may also need systems permission to actually view and navigate these directories on a Windows 7 computer.

Instead of doing this manually, you can also use a free utility like Flash Cookie Cleaner 1.0, produced by ConsumerSoft (www.customer.com). This product will clean up and eliminate unwanted and unneeded Flash cookies in both the #SharedObjects and macromedia.com subfolders. This is a much simpler and more efficient way to clean up Flash cookies. You can download this free program from: http://www.flashcookiecleaner.com/ . This utility is free of spyware, adware, viruses, and other malicious programs. Download and save this file to your desktop and run it from there. This is a stand-along program that does not install itself on your computer.


Adobe – Flash Player: Help. (nd). Adobe. http://www.macromedia.com/support/documentation/en/flashplayer/help/settings_manager02.html

ConsumerSoft – Freeware Products. (nd). ConsumerSoft.

Leonhard, W. (2010, August 5.). Eliminate Flash-spawned "zombie" cookies. Windows Secrets.

Vega, T. (2010, September 20.) Code that tracks users' browsing prompts lawsuits. The New York Times.

To request a pdf of the article with screenshot shot please visit the Friend Consulting web site and send an email from there with the Title: Adobe Insecurity.

Which Power Mover Do I Choose for My Van, Motorhome or Horse Float?

Al-ko power mover

One model of power mover called Al-ko comes with handle and clamp. It is an efficient caravan mover and comes with the original dual pawl ratchet system. This model can be mounted on either side of the drawbar allowing maximum manoeuvrability. It is fitted to the normal jockey wheel bracket and can be hurt to a height of 840mm. It comes with 12 months manufacturers warranty.

Trojans Ezi-shifta ratchet jockey wheel

Another model sold by Trojan states their Ezi-Shifta Ratchet Jockey wheel operation is easy and can handle moving 2 tonne on a flat surface with minimum effort. It has 3 functions-forward, backward and stop / lock. It is fitted with a 10 inch solid rubber wheel and has a load capacity of 280kgs.


Another type of power mover is the made by Ark and called Ezimover. It allows you to manoeuvre a caravan or trailer with lever action of the jockey wheel arm. If the blue buttons are folded out then it is set to reverse or forward. The lever action then allows the wheel to turn only in that direction and lock in the opposite direction. Rotating the shaft allows the RV vehicle to go sideways. Placing the blue button in the stop position will prevent free wheeling in any direction.

Warning: This is not to be used as a parking brake.

Advantages and specifications are the four functions:

  • forward,
  • reverse,
  • sideways and
  • lock
  • easy to operate
  • load capacity is 350kg
  • fitted with a 250mm solid rubber wheel

This jockey wheel comes with the bolt on bracket however bolts are not included. Disadvantages: not to be used for tandem vans instead we would recommend a double wheel Maco mule only.

Maco mule-single wheel

This model has a lever ratchet operated jockey wheel for a single person to park a trailered vehicle or hitch it to the tow vehicle.


  • the ratchet arm can be moved up and down by one person to obtain a huge mechanical advantage and crank the traction wheel along
  • great for moving single axle vehicles like boats, caravans and trailers
  • comes with 12 month warranty

Maco Mule Dual wheel

This is another lever and ratchet operated jockey wheel suited for a single person in parking a tow vehicle or to hitch it to the tow vehicle.


  • in moving the ratchet arm up and down a single person can gain a huge mechanical advantage and crank the traction wheel along
  • ideal for use with heavy trailers fitted with tandem axles or where greater traction is needed
  • 12 months manufacturers warranty

Most of these models have a handle handle which is replaceable at your local caravan accessory shop.