What Type of Cremation Urn Do I Need? Alternative Suggestions for Urns

What Type Of Cremation Urn Do I Need To Store The Ashes of a Loved One?


Alternative Urn Suggestions

The type of urn you choose for a loved one is based on Personal Choice rather than ‘Need’. When choosing an urn, many people will choose something that would appeal to their loved one with many choices based on their favourite colour, sporting team, hobby or trade.

Urns come in all colours, shapes, sizes and material so your choices are far from limited.

The majority of manufactured urns are made from either brass, marble and timber but can also come in pewter, ceramic, bio-degradable cardboard and a variety of other materials.

Really any airtight container can be used as an alternative to the more common manufactured urns but if it’s 100% security you’re looking for then you can’t go past the steadfastness of the brass urns.

Most brass urns have an extra long threaded lid in either the top of the base of the urn to safely secure the ashes without the worry of spillage, dampness or other foreign matter from getting in. In addition to this, you can be sure that your urn will survive should it succumb to a nasty fall off its resting place thanks to that curious cat or the kids sword fights. These urns can also be sealed with a water-resistant glue prior to tightening making them almost 100% protected from any outside elements.

Urns made of marble are visually stunning and also very sturdy but there is the risk of breakage in a fall. Marble urns in general, don’t have screw top lids and are more likely to have a lid that fits snugly into it’s opening. This can be glued for added security but I have come across many people who prefer not to use glue to seal the urn. Most people prefer to have that option of being able to open the urn for whatever reason. Some like to add items to the urn while others have been known to add the ashes of an extra family member in the same urn. Some marble urn styles have a threaded opening in the base.

Timber Urns, more commonly known as Ash Boxes, are an old favourite of carpenters, cabinet makers and builders for the obvious reasons. War Veterans and RSL members also lean towards the timber urns. Many timber ash boxes have a purpose-built section for mounting photos, medals and other keepsake items which make them highly suitable for the purpose of displaying War Veterans medals. Timber Ash Boxes usually have a base opening which is fixed in place with screws. They are very sturdy and strong but it’s advisable to keep the ashes within a plastic bag to prevent any possible leakage of dust particles and to stop dampness from getting inside. The drawback to a Timber Ash Box is the unlikely event of it being subjected to fire.

Keepsake Urns are smaller versions of all the types of urns I’ve mentioned above. They are commonly used as ‘sharing urns’ meaning that the ashes are divided and distributed into several keepsake urns, usually one for each member of the family. Keepsake Urns are also suitably sized to hold the ashes of a very young infant or small pet.

Cremation Jewellery is a new concept whereby a small amount of ashes (usually less than a teaspoon) is placed inside a specially made pendant and worn on a chain as a beautiful piece of jewellery and the perfect way to keep a loved one forever near to you. Cremation Jewellery pendants come in all sorts of shapes and designs, some of the most popular are hearts, crosses, angels, wings, tear drops and miniature urns.

As I stated earlier, many types of containers are suitable for holding the ashes of a loved one, you may find you want to separate yourself from tradition and use your creative imagination.

Here are some suggestions for alternative cremation urns:

The wife of a gentleman that made his own home-brew used an antique beer keg to house his ashes

A clock-makers wife kept his ashes inside the casing of a an old mantle clock that he was very fond of.

The widower of a wife who loved going to the beach, bought a plain timber box then adorned it with shells from her favourite beach.

The children of a fireman used a vintage fire extinguisher to house the ashes.

While these ideas may not suit everyone, they are a broad guide-line to some of the many options that are available when considering what and where to house the ashes of a loved one.

The final decision must always be one that makes you happy.

Final Note: It’s always a good idea to keep the ashes in a plastic bag before placing them in the urn or container. This gives the ashes added protection and can prevent spillage from some types of urns that don’t seal completely airtight.

 For detailed instructions on how to fill an urn, please see my article How To Fill and Seal A Cremation Urn

For more information on cremation urns or ash boxes online I highly recommend The Classic Urn website.

January 2011

Most Common Causes of Cloudy Swimming Pool Water

Your goal as a swimming pool owner is to maintain crystal clear pool water all year long. But it’s inevitable that some day, probably to your surprise, the water will start turning cloudy. Now it’s up to you to figure out why. Following are the most common reasons why a clear pool one day can suddenly and unexpectedly turn into a cloudy pool the next.

Swimming pool water clarity is dependent on three basic elements of pool maintenance… filtration, circulation, and water chemistry. If one or more of these three elements are out of whack, the pool could turn cloudy.

Filtration – there’s no doubt that without sufficient filtration, the pool water will soon turn cloudy. Possible reasons for inadequate filtration are a dirty filter, an old filter element that needs replacement, and not running the filter long enough each day. Insufficient filtration can also be caused by a lack of circulation… see below.

Circulation – turn on the pool pump and confirm that the pool has good circulation. All it takes is a clogged skimmer or pump basket to restrict water flow resulting in inefficient filtration. If all the baskets are clean and there still isn’t good circulation, the pump impeller may be clogged with debris and will need to be cleaned out. Lastly, check all circulation diverter valves to make sure they are in the correct position. If a valve has been inadvertently turned to block either an intake line or a return line, circulation will be disrupted.

Water Chemistry – keeping the pool water chemistry balanced is a key to clear water. The most common mistake is letting the chlorine level drop to zero. This will cause cloudy pool water, which is a sign of early algae growth. Next check the pH, alkalinity, and calcium hardness. If any of these parameters are outside the normal range, this could be the problem also.

Most cloudy pool water problems are solved by simply checking these three areas of pool maintenance, and much of the time it ends up being real obvious. If you are not able to identify the problem, it is time to seek out a professional for help. Call the local pool store or a pool service technician to help troubleshoot and fix the problem.

Importance Of Building Materials

Most people take buildings and structures for granted. They overlook the fact that these structures are laid down and constructed one small piece at a time. It is actually these small solid pieces that make up structures ranging from simple buildings to mega structures. The common belief that cheaper is always better is flawed when it comes to building materials. Hereon, we will discuss the role of building materials in construction works.

Building materials can range from simple bricks, cements and tiles to more intricate tools such as safety equipment and tools. These raw materials are the bread and butter of building your desired structure. Therefore choosing an appropriate supplier for your structure would be the foundation of your building and one of the most important decisions you would have to make. The problem with the society is that people are willing to slack on quality to save costs. However, working with a good supplier can help you get good deals at reasonable prices for your materials as well as labor charges.

Generally the suppliers are the ones who are in charge of making the final distribution of building materials to the clients. Therefore they would have the best perception on the quality of the materials. Choosing a reliable and trustworthy supplier can ensure that you get the highest quality materials at affordable prices. It is also important to note that the quality of building materials cannot be overlooked if you wish to construct a structure which is both physically and technically safe and sound. The poorly designed structure and low quality materials used are the primary reasons contributing to the collapse of the Sampoong Department Store in 1995, which resulted in widespread damages and loss of lives.

A reliable and knowledgeable supplier would know what you require for your building by looking at your tender plans. Occasionally, building materials require a certain degree of product certifications to ensure that materials used are quality controlled. Product certification is not mandatory on everything but a knowledgeable supplier would know and distribute materials that are. Some of these suppliers will have incorporated product quality systems to ensure that materials used comply with building codes and statutes. These incorporated systems ensure that the materials used meet minimum building code performance requirements.

Choosing the supplier which synchronizes well with your project can help ensure that materials get delivered on time. Constructions of structures are considered to be hefty investments and the contractor or owner might not be able to afford any unforeseen delays or glitches. Besides timely delivery of materials, reliable suppliers may also provide warranties for defect materials delivered.

Besides raw materials like bricks and tiles, safety equipments and tools are also essential for the development and construction of a building. Construction workers put their lives at risk when they scale high rise buildings to lay a brick or tile. Scaffoldings and harnesses are an important part of construction work as they help prevent unwanted accidents from happening. Safety tools such as paddings, helmets and protective clothing help protect workers from getting injured during the construction process. Together, they help provide a safe working environment for workers to lay the basic building materials to put together the final finished structure.

Writing a Good Character Reference Letter For a Landlord

Writing a good character reference letter should not be a difficult task, although the mere suggestion of having to write one seems to strike fear into the heart of many. You may be asked to write one for someone if they are in the process of finding a new apartment to rent and the landlord requires one.

In the movies, landlords are sometimes portrayed as evil, greedy people with black hats and curly mustaches. This is not the case at all these days, as landlords must have the best interests of their tenants at heart in order to remain in business and out of the government’s watchful eye.

Landlords have a financial interest in their property and seeing to it that their apartments or homes remain fully occupied and the tenants are happy to live there. In order to do so, landlords try to screen their potential tenants in order to keep out the bad or troublesome renters. Rental applications ask a lot of questions that are constructed in order to gather enough information in order to decide if you, the potential renter, will be a good renter or a bad renter. In other words, the landlord is trying to reduce the risk of losing income by renting to the good renters more often than bad renters. In some cases, the landlord may request a character reference letter in order to further reduce the risk by gathering the independent opinion of a third party.

Character reference letters are usually written in support of an employment application or an apartment rental agreement, or lease. In any case, employer or landlord, the letter is intended to attest to the veracity of the person for whom the letter is written. In short, this means that the letter backs up the information provided on the applicant’s application form.

A good character reference letter is written around those areas that the landlord will consider important in making a decision about the applicant’s character. As a friend, you probably know that he or she always pays the rent on time, always cleans up after themselves, never disturbs the neighbors, and hasn’t ever had the utilities cut off for non-payment. It should be easy to write a number of short paragraphs about you friend’s social history to support their application. Be truthful and be honest when writing the letter. Never lie for a friend, no matter what! It will make your friend look bad and reflect directly back on you if your friend doesn’t live up to the rosy picture you have painted of them.

If you need some ideas of what you should write about it should be a simple matter to pick up a copy of the rental application. Look it over, picking out three or four areas that you know the most about and feel the most comfortable writing about. Begin with a short introductory paragraph describing how you know the person and for how long you have known them. Then delve into your knowledge about your friends past and hopefully good behaviors as it relates to the three or four areas you’ve selected. End your letter casually and with an invitation, or permission to contact you for further information if needed. Don’t forget to include your contact information.

With these guidelines in hand, you should be able to write a good character reference letter for a landlord or an employer. You may want to write a few drafts before keyboarding the final letter, which will be sure to help your friend obtain that much sought after apartment or job. When writing, always remember that the key to success when writing a good character reference letter is honesty.

Can Plagiocephaly Be Treated in Adults?

These days it’s common to see babies with flat heads, and you might have even seen one or two sporting funny looking helmets to correct the deformity. But what if you have reached adulthood with a flat spot on your head, having been born at a time when knowledge of this condition was limited? Can plagiocephaly be treated in adults and older children?

The rise of plagiocephaly

Plagiocephaly has gained much media attention in recent years. While the Back to Sleep campaign of the 1990s may have successfully reduced the incidence of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), long periods spent lying in the supine position also left many children with misshapen heads.

Fast forward 20 or so years, and awareness about plagiocephaly is beginning to pick up, with doctors and health visitors providing advice for parents and private clinics offering helmet therapy to correct severe cases of plagiocephaly in infants.

But how about those teenagers and adults who were born before the information and treatment options we now have came to light? Is there a limit to the age at which plagiocephaly can be treated?

Plagiocephaly treatment for adults

Unfortunately, the only known treatment for plagiocephaly in adults involves surgery, and few surgeons are willing to undertake the procedure. Given that the condition is thought to be largely cosmetic, the risks and costs associated with surgery outweigh the benefits.

Today, parents are usually advised to ‘reposition’ their babies from an early age. This involves varying the position in which the child plays, sits and sleeps to relieve pressure on the back of the skull. Repositioning is often successful in treating mild cases of plagiocephaly, but where it fails, a helmet can be used to correct the deformity.

As babies become toddlers and they begin to move about more independently, there’s a limit to what can be achieved though repositioning. And while a helmet can be used to treat moderate and severe plagiocephaly in babies, by the age of around 14 months, the bones in the skull begin to harden and this method becomes ineffective, too.

Outlook for adults with plagiocephaly

If you’re an adult who has recently become aware of plagiocephaly, this is probably not the answer you wanted to hear. However, you can take some comfort in the fact that the condition is relatively benign and is not known to be associated with any health risks later in life.

While awareness of plagiocephaly is on the rise, the advice provided to parents by healthcare professionals remains inconsistent and there are still babies being left with easily preventable head shape deformities to this day.

So while it’s regrettable that you are unable to correct your own flat spot, you can still make a big difference by making other parents aware of the urgency with which they must act if they are to treat their children.

If the child of a friend or family member has a misshapen head, gently suggesting that they get it checked out can save a lot of heartache further down the line. It may be useful to show them this short presentation on plagiocephaly, which explains how to spot the signs and briefly covers the treatment options that are available.

So spread the word, and try not to worry too much about the shape of your own head. Remember, you’re your own worst critic and other people are far too busy going about their daily lives to notice minor irregularities in the appearances of others.

Receding Gum Line – Can Gum Recession Be Reversed?

If you have a receding gum line, you probably are at some stage of periodontal gum disease. Gum recession can be reversed, however, you must identify its root cause in order to choose the proper periodontal disease treatment. So finding the root cause will enable you to know how to cure receding gum lines.

8 Danger Signs that You Have Periodontal Gum Disease:

  1. Bleeding gums
  2. Sore and swollen gums
  3. Chronic halitosis (bad breath)
  4. Loose teeth
  5. Dentures do not fit correctly
  6. Teeth fit differently when you bite
  7. Toothaches
  8. Receding gum line (receding gums)

Why You Should Not Ignore Gum Disease

If you have a receding gum line and any of the above symptoms, you need to pay attention. Did you know that gum disease is linked with stroke, heart disease, cardiovascular problems, diabetes complications, underweight or prematurely born babies, digestive disorders, and many more life-threatening conditions. The fight against gum disease is the front line to many other problems. Don’t put it off!

What Are Some of the Aggravating Factors of Periodontal Gum Disease?

  • Pregnancy (“Pregnancy Gingivitis”)
  • Smoking and Tobacco
  • Bad Nutrition
  • Depressed Immune System
  • Medications and Hormones
  • Pregnancy
  • Poor dental hygiene
  • Drug use

What is the Most Common Cause of Periodontal Gum Disease

The root cause of periodontal gum disease is the overgrowth of naturally occurring bacteria in the crevices of your gums and teeth. The bacteria grow forms into plaque and tartar on the teeth. The bacteria emit a toxin that basically eats away at bone structure and gum tissue. If you do not kill and control the bacteria you may eventually lose more of your gum line and even your teeth. Don’t wait to take action.

Can Gum Recession Be Reversed?

Yes it can! If you are able to control the bacteria it gives your body the opportunity to naturally replenish gum cells and thus your gum line. It is important however to have current tartar and plaque build up removed professionally. Over time, with proper oral hygiene, overall health, and the right remedy you can see an improvement in your receding gums.

How to Cure Receding Gum Lines the Natural Way

You should be careful that you do not make your existing problem worse. Many people use mouthwash for gum disease without realizing that it often contains very harsh chemicals that irritate the gums. Furthermore, the mouthwash does not remain and have a lasting impact on the bacteria. Many toothpastes also contain potentially harmful chemicals. Have you ever asked yourself why there are government warning labels on toothpaste tubes?

For centuries cultures have been using natural oils as a periodontal disease treatment. Natural oils such as spearmint, peppermint, and almond, all in the right combination, can be a potent formula against your main culprit – bacteria. It works so well because it seeps into the gum line where the tartar and plaque are lodged. Since the oil is able to stay in contact contact with the problem area, it gives the body a chance to replenish the gum tissue of affected areas. When the bacteria is controlled, often such things as chronic bad breath (halitosis) and inflammation go away. Over time you learn to smile again without the embarrassment of a receding gum line.

How to Improve the Sound From Your Flat Screen TV

Recent advances in electronics has provided us with flat panel TV’s with fantastic pictures. Great improvements over the old CRT (Cathode ray tube) versions. When we watch TV, we like to have good picture and good sound to match. Picture and sound “hand in hand.”

Now we got great picture… but how about the sound?… have we heard (seen) same improvement here? Sorry to say, we have not! Actually, the sound was better in the old TV’s. Why?

The simple reason is that there is no space for the good old speakers any more in the new flat TV’s. It is that simple!

Is there anything we can do about it? The answer is Yes! There are some options available to us:

Most of the new TVs are furnished with an optical digital output plug (Toslink plug) on the back. Furnished as the TV manufacturer are well aware of the sound setback of their new TV sets.

First option – accept it as is

This is the option which most of us go for. We simply accept the new situation – consciously or not. Excellent picture with “so… so” sound. The reason is that most of us simply are so impressed with our new TV that we do not pay that much attention to the sound. Or, we do not want to spend extra money on improving the sound. The TV is new, and it must be good.

Second optioninstall a soundbar

Now, if we plug in an optical (toslink) cable and rout the cable to a soundbar in front of the TV – we can get just as good sound – or even better – as compared with the old TVs.

3rd optionconnect with a sound system

If you have a music system located close to your TV – a system with speakers with an amplifier with an optical input plug, then you may run the optical cable from your TV to this amplifier. With this setup you may achieve fantastic sound! Now, if you do not have this type of music system already – this music system may cost you as much as the new TV – or even much more!

4th optionconnect with a wired headset

You may connect a good wired headset to the “line output” (3,5 mm plug) of your TV. This way you may get fantastic sound in stereo. The drawback is the cable across the floor.

5th optionconnect with a wireless headset

For this option you use a headset as well. The difference is that the headset is wireless – such as a Bluetooth headset. To take advantage of this option you need to install a transmitter on the TV which connects to the optical output – or the “line output” – of your TV.

With this option you may obtain excellent sound – in stereo. Also, this option is wireless – so there will be no cable across the floor to stumble into.

How to Explain Derogatory Credit

As part of the loan process, your borrower may be required to provide an explanation for derogatory credit such as late payments, bankruptcy, or judgments. This is a very important step and may make the difference in the loan program and interest rate that your borrower is approved for. While some borrowers are sophisticated enough to handle the task independently, others may require some help. Rather than writing an explanation yourself, give the borrower some guidance on the proper format. A good credit explanation should contain the following:

1. An acknowledgement of what happened. This demonstrates honesty and understanding of the necessity to repay the debt.

2. A reason why it happened. Don’t leave this to the underwriter’s assumption. Circumstances that are within the borrower’s control will be viewed differently from those that are not (i.e., loaning your bill money to a friend vs. being laid-off from a job).

3. A statement of what is different now. This part of the letter is essential. The lender needs to know what has changed in the borrower’s life that will reduce the likelihood that the proposed loan will not go into early default.

4. Finally, if supporting documentation is available, include it.

A few excuses that are NOT recommended:

· I don’t know what this is/It’s not mine. While this may be true, there should still be some comment stating when the borrower became aware of the erroneous entry and what has been done since that time to remove or correct it. The borrower should acknowledge whether or not it belongs to a relative.

· The product/service was no good so I didn’t pay for it. The borrower typically has other remedies available and should seek them out. The lender might assume that the borrower won’t like his/her mortgage payment down the road either. If the matter is being disputed, the borrower should state that as well.

· I didn’t know I had to pay the money back. Well, some things are just better left unsaid.

Make sure that your borrower’s credit explanation letter corresponds with the credit report. If there are five derogatory items, make certain that all five are addressed rather than just two or three. If a single incident caused several derogatory items, be sure that your borrower’s letter states that (i.e., job loss, divorce, etc.). Most importantly the incident and the reason for it should make sense.

Do You Know What Interior Design Work Is?

Interior design begins with a style and a color palette. From there, furniture, flooring, window furnishings, rugs, architectural detailing and other features are added to improve functionality and build upon theme. Often a commercial professional in this field will be employed pre-construction to ensure that windows, stairwells, escalators, walkways and rooms are located in optimal places. To become an interior designer, one must obtain a Bachelor's Degree and participate in several years of apprenticeship work.

When a professional interior designer gets started, he or she begins by assessing the client's wishes and needs. They study budgets, look at lifestyle, scrutinize the home for wasted space, seek color or style preferences and identify pros and cons of the current interior space.

Next, the designer will estimate the costs and create a design image with computer-aided interior design software. After introducing the proposal, the client will either approve or deny the sketches. Then it is either time to implement the project or "go back to the old drawing board," as they say.

There are several different realms for professionals in this field to focus their sights. For instance, some designers work at furniture, home or garden stores selling merchandise and recommending color and theme options. Other times, interior designers may run their own businesses as consultants, with administrative assistants onboard to order samples, liaise with contractors and draw up documents.

Some designers focus on office interior design or commercial interior design, while others specialize in custom designs for individuals or realtors trying to stage homes for sale. Special certification may be purchased for kitchen or bathroom design. Other designers may be masters of acoustics and soundproofing, security, home theaters, home spas or gardens.

According to the latest Bureau of Labor Statistics data, the average annual income for interior design professionals is around $ 42,260. The middle 50% earned between $ 31,830 and $ 57,230, with the lowest 10% earning $ 24,270 and the highest percentile over $ 78,760. Architectural and engineering designers earned the highest salaries, with specialized interior design services right behind. Furniture stores and building supply dealers garnered most of the lower salies. The income a professional interior designer makes large depends upon the years of experience, specialization, reputation and employer.

How Long Can Parasites Live in Humans?

Those of you wondering just how long can parasites live in humans may be astounded by this. Parasites can actually live in us for up to 25 years. The tapeworm is the single most notorious parasite for such a long life inside its human host. During its lifetime, it can grow to 10 meters long. Flukes are other parasites that can comfortably inhabit the human body for periods of 10 to 20 years.

During this time, flukes not only increase in numbers, but also move from the abdominal cavity to other organs. Such include lungs, the liver, kidneys and lungs. Flukes are known to grown up to 3.5 inches long. Unlike tapeworms which one can easily get rid off through proper medication once detected, flukes are extremely difficult to treat and can be life threatening if present in the body in large quantities.

Ascaris are a type of parasitic roundworm that enters the human body in the egg stage. They hatch in the human body and mature adults make a home in the small intestines. While here, they produce eggs, which leave the human body through fecal matter. If basic hygiene is not observed, the eggs may soon find their way back to the human mouth and back to the small intestines and the vicious cycle of worms continues.

How long can parasites live in humans? Although this might look like a livid question, its astounding to know that even hookworms, which enter through the skin can generally live within their human hosts for up to 15 years. On average however, necator hookworms, live for a maximum five years in humans, with most dying within the first two years of infection. Ancylostma hookworms on the other hand live for a maximum of six months, which usually marks the end of their life cycle.

Unfortunately, even hookworms that die within a short time of being in the human body leave a trail of eggs or larvae, which continue dominating the human body. It takes a maximum of seven weeks for eggs to hatch, mature, mate inside the human body and lay eggs. Females are estimated to lay an average of 30,000 eggs daily. Simply put, one may never know the end of parasitic infections if they do receive the necessary medical treatment.

Many people wonder how long can parasites live in humans without being detected. Well, doctors state that the human immunity is often impervious to the presence of parasites such as tapeworms. This renders them extremely difficult to detect hence explaining their long stay in the human body. Others like hook worms can only be detected in the egg stage through a stool culture.

The Advantages and Disadvantages to Bug Tracking Software

Bug tracking has been around as early as the 1940’s, just not in a software form. In these early days, simply using a pen and a paper created tracking systems. It evolved from then to using spreadsheets. Now there is bug tracking software like the defect tracking tool and even more specific programs like Mantis and Bugzilla, just to name a couple. As with anything that evolves however, there will always be those that are 100% for the programs and those that are against it. This article will cover all claims – both positive and negative – of bug tracking software like the defect tracking tool.

The Positive Claims

It certainly depends on the type of bug tracking software that is used, but it seems as if there are many more advantages to these tools than disadvantages. The most obvious advantage is that these types of tools allow companies to keep a record of the issues that are recorded, who fixed them, and even how long it took to fix the issue for some types of programs. Customers are encouraged to be as detailed as they can be when requesting that an issue be fixed so that companies can complete their requests as quickly as possible. The fact that the issues are recorded and saved is a huge benefit for the companies because sending the recorded bug list with the purchased software is a common practice. This is a benefit to customers because if it is a common error, they can simply look up this issue in the previously recorded bug list. However, if the list is incredibly long (a common disadvantage) it can become more of a hassle.

The Negative Claims

As with anything that has a list of positive aspects there is also a list of negative aspects, though there are few. One of the biggest complaints is not so much from the bug tracking software or defect tracking tool itself but more from the process of submitting issue requests. Customers need to be extremely detailed with their issue requests if they want a detailed response. Miscommunication isn’t a fault of the product, the customer, or the company – it’s simply something that happens. Customers and companies alike both need to remember to be patient with each other and to treat each other with a mutual respect. A second complaint that was previously mentioned is the length of issues in some of these software programs.

Some customers don’t have the patience to look through a long list of software issues that have been previously recorded and this causes frustration among the companies that took the time to purchase software that saves them. The length of issues that are submitted can also become a problem because if there are too many issues submitted and not enough engineers to address them, some can get overlooked. Nobody likes to be forgotten, but usually these types of bug tracking software include detailed instructions and are easy to use.

Usually when a company purchases a bug tracking software or defect tracking tool it already has an experienced IT department in place. Whatever the software is that is being used with these programs should have some sort of backup for when the work is completed so it does not get lost if the issues that occur are deadly.

Basic Technology History

Online Technology Source


First Computer Invented:

Most people when they think of first computer invented they think Bill Gates. This, however, is not true, for the computer was invented long before Bill Gates was around. Bill Gates only revolutionized the computer, buying creating a more compact and useful form of the computer and making it available to everyone with a job.

There are many people out there who would say that the first "computer" was the abacus, invented in Asia about 5000 years ago. I however, would not.

The first of the "modern" computers was invented during World War II, in 1941 by a German engineer named Konrad Zuse. Its name was the Z3 and it was used to help design German airplanes and missile's. Then in 1943, the Allied forces developed a computer called Colossus. It helped decode German messages.

The Mark I, designed by Howard H. Aiken, an engineer working with Harvard and IBM. The Mark I was positively huge, taking up half of a football field. It was useful though and it helped to create ballistic charts for the US Navy during the war.

Shortly after this, came the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC), developed by John Presper Eckert and John W. Mauchly, working with the government and the University of Pennsylvania. ENIAC was about 1000 times faster than the Mark I but no smarter.

The Use of transistors, ment computers that could store memory and even run programs. Soon after computer languages ​​were invented so that people could change the programs run by the computer. Finally computer research brought us smaller, more useful computers, and eventually the kinds of computers that we have today.

First Laptops Invented:

Although it is a little hard to determine what the first portable or laptop computer was, and when it was invented, we can however say that there is more than one claim to laptop fame. There was even signs of laptops dating back as early as 1979. Designed by a Briton, William Moggridge, for use by NASA in early 1980's. IT was one fifth the weight of any model equivalent in performance and was a 340K byte bubble memory lap-top computer with die-cast magnesium case and folding electroluminescent graphics display screen.

Since then notebook PC's released in 1981 lay clam to being the first. It was the Epson HX-20, a battery powered portable computer, with a 20-character by 4 line LCD display and a built-in printer that started the new widescreen desire for these laptop computers.

In January of 1982, Microsoft's Kazuhiko Nishi and Bill Gates started discussions on designing a portable computer, based on using a new liquid crystal display or LCD screen. LCD technology in 1982? Yeah that's right! Believe it or not we had the technology to make the LCD TVs and monitors that you've seen only recently over 22 years ago. But that's another story in itself.

First PDAs Invented:

First of all PDA stands for personal digital assistants in case you did not already know. In 1993, Apple Computer Inc. released the very first PDA (personal digital assistants) "The Newton®". For the next three years, PDA sales dwindled, and were almost off the charts. Then, in March 1996, Palm (TM), Inc. delivered the industry's first truly compelling handheld computer, the PalmPilot. Today there are to many PDA companies and products to even bother mentioning.

Some Things You Can Do On A PDA:

Get a Wireless Connection

Surf the Web

Play Music and Video Files

Watch movies Using PocketTV

Play a Game

Use Your Pocket PC as a backup device

Update Office Documents

Download and read E-books

Listen to Audio Books

Connect to Windows servers using Terminal Services

Use Messenger Tools

Change the theme of your Pocket PC

Project the Pocket PC screen onto your desktop


Do Your Taxes

Some PDA Software:

Medical / Drug Resources PDA Software

Medical Calculators PDA Software

Learning Tools PDA Software

Patient Tracking PDA Software

Document Readers PDA Software

Medical Equipment PDA Software

Databases PDA Software

Printing PDA Software

News and Information PDA Services

Street Finders and Maps PDA Software

Bible Study PDA Software

Voice Command PDA Software

Language Translator PDA Software

Tax PDA Software

Home Entertainment Technology:

Home Entertainment really is just a collaboration of all our entertainment technologies into a package that certainly will not disappoint us. Home entertainment systems have many different parts that together give us the feeling of being at the movies.

Plasma TV

LCD Panel TV

DLP Rear Projection TV

Video Projectors

Surround Sound Audio Systems


DVD / CD / VCR Players

Accessories and Furniture

Satellite Television

Media Center HTPCs

First Television Invented:

The first signs of a tele date back to the 1862 when Abbe Giovanna Caselli invents his "pantelegraph" and becomes the first person to transmit a still image over wires. In 1900, at the World's Fair in Paris, the 1st International Congress of Electricity was held, where Russian, Constantin Perskyi made the first known use of the word "television." In 1930 Charles Jenkins broadcasts the first TV commercial. The BBC begins regular TV transmissions.

Then through the years theventions came one after another. In 1950 the FCC approved the first color television standard which is replaced by a second in 1953. Vladimir Zworykin developed a better camera tube – the Vidicon. In 1956 Robert Adler invents the first practical remote control. In 1973 giant screen projection TVs are first marketed. Followed by Sonys release of the first home video cassette recorder in 1976.By time 1996 came around there was a billion TV sets world-wide.

First DVD / Player Invented:

We can only absorb the transition over from cd's and cd players over to dvds and dvd players was not that hard. The technology was already there for them. So the dvd player was certainly invented before or right after the dvd was invented. DVDs are the work of many companies and many people. The DVD evolved from CD and related technologies. Companies such as Sony, Philips, Toshiba, Matsushita, Time Warner, and others announced the new "high density" dvd in September of 1995.

Online Technology Source

An Analysis of Fire and Ice Symbolism in Jane Eyre

Charlotte Bronte makes frequent use of symbolism in Jane Eyre. A number of repeated images are utilized, partially as a means to bring together a narrative of immense generic variety. The following analysis focuses on Bronte’s use of fire and ice imagery, exploring the symbolic attributes of these images, and how they are employed in several scenes throughout the text. The excerpts are from the Oxford World’s Classics 2000 edition of the novel.

There is a dichotomy in the narrative between the representations of fire and ice. Fire is frequently associated with passion and rebellion, evident in the following extract, where the young protagonist reflects on the state of her mind after she has railed against her aunt’s mistreatment: “A ridge of lighted heath, alive, glancing, devouring, would have been a meet emblem of my mind when I accused and menaced Mrs. Reed” (1, 4, p.37). Yet when the fire has died down, the same ridge is described as being “black and blasted after the flames are dead” (1, 4, pp.37-8). Coldness is often associated with isolation and desolation in the text.

Jane feels angry towards her aunt due to the woman’s unjust treatment of her. From the first chapter she is shown to be isolated from the Reed household. Images of fire and ice are invoked in this scene where the protagonist sits alone at her casement window. She is excluded from the rest of her adoptive family and the warmth of the fireside. Bronte describes only panes of glass “protecting, but not separating” (1,1, p.8) her heroine from the cold and windy November afternoon.

The ‘death-white realms’ depicted in the illustrations of Bewick’s History of British Birds, of which Jane is reading, further serve to exemplify the icy imagery and elaborate on the coldness theme. These pictures are also significant in that they foreshadow certain events much later in the story, including Jane’s lonely wanderings around the Yorkshire moors after her flight from Thornfield. The “forlorn regions of dreary space” (1, 1, p.8) amplify the protagonist’s own sense of desolation and her desire for a home which accepts her.

Whereas ice imagery is used to symbolize Jane’s own inner sense of loneliness and desolation, fire is figuratively employed to illustrate the heroine’s rage at her maltreatment. When she is locked in the red-room, Jane observes how the room is chilly due to its fireplace being seldom used. She describes herself growing “by degrees cold as a stone” (1, 2, p.16). When she awakens in the nursery at the beginning of the next chapter, she relates “a terrible red glare, crossed with thick black bars” (1, 3, p.18) to the reader. Although it transpires that this is only the nursery fire, when this section is viewed alongside the previous scene, where the protagonist brooded on her situation within the Reed household, it becomes apparent that this is an early instance of Bronte using images of fire to portray her heroine’s anger.

At Gateshead, Jane’s rage culminates with her outburst against Mrs. Reed, prior to being sent to Lowood School, and although she subsequently learns to restrain her ardent nature, the theme of anger against injustice and its expression through fire, continues throughout the narrative, albeit at a more subdued level. When Jane is working as a governess, an important section relates her pacing backwards and forwards along Thornfield’s third storey, reflecting on her restless disposition. In this scene fiery imagery is associated with ambition, as Jane feels restricted by her current vocation.

The nature of Bronte’s descriptions of her heroine’s environment is frequently determined by Jane’s emotional states. A scene which aptly illustrates this quality occurs after Jane learns that Rochester is already married. Whilst contemplating the midsummer prospect from her bedroom window at Thornfield she relates how “ice glazed the ripe apples, drifts crushed the blowing roses; on hay-field and corn-field lay a frozen shroud” (2, 11, p.295). The heroine’s dejected state of mind is outwardly represented through Bronte’s wintry symbolism. Her descriptions recall the snowy Arctic wastes of Bewick’s book.

Several readings of Bronte’s novel, especially those which have adopted a feminist standpoint, have identified a thematic connection between the heroine and Rochester’s mad wife. They consider Bertha to be the physical manifestation of Jane’s psychological rage. Bertha’s deranged violence is literally expressed with fire, both when she attempts to set fire to Rochester’s bed, and when she burns down Thornfield. This contrasts sharply with Jane, whose rage is expressed through figurative depictions of fire.

As the narrative unfolds, it becomes apparent that there is a juxtaposition of passion and reason. Fire and ice imagery play a symbolic role in the representation of these qualities. Jane’s two potential suitors, Rochester and St. John, are juxtaposed in the qualities that they embody. Rochester is closely aligned with fire, with his impassioned and reckless nature, whereas St. John is likened to ice, with his disposition of cool reasoning and emotional detachment.

Jane undergoes an intense mental turmoil regarding her feelings for Rochester after she has discovered he is already married. When she agonizes over either accepting his offer as mistress, or departing Thornfield, she describes how it felt like “a hand of fiery iron grasped my vitals. Terrible moment: full of struggle, blackness, burning!” (3, 1, p.315). At this stage in the story Bronte implies that it would be inappropriate for Jane to accept Rochester’s current proposal. The narrative suggests that Rochester must redeem his dissolute position if he and Jane are to marry. The physical damage he suffers through his attempts to save Bertha could be viewed as him undergoing a baptism of fire. Jane and Rochester’s final union therefore could be regarded as a resolving of passion and reason.

Bioavailable Calcium Sources – The Significance of Bioavailable Calcium Sources

Bioavailability is the rate at which a drug or supplement gets absorbed by the bloodstream and is made available to be used by the body. Bioavailable calcium sources are calcium carbonate, calcium citrate, calcium acetate, calcium lactate and calcium phosphate.

Out of these calcium carbonate provides the highest concentration of elementary calcium when consumed. Bioavailability of this compound is over 95%. Other compounds like calcium citrate and calcium acetate are more easily absorbed and their bioavailability is over 96%.

Bioavailable calcium sources are used to make good-quality calcium supplements. Doctors suggest eating calcium carbonate tablets after meals. This compound is capable of reducing acidity and gets absorbed in the presence of vitamin D and phosphorus. A variant on calcium carbonate known as coral calcium is another natural source of calcium and has a higher rate of absorption than normal calcium.

All the above-mentioned bioavailable calcium sources have shown high absorptability in different patients. Rate of absorption also depends on a person's internal structure, overall health and amount of vitamin D present in the blood. In normal conditions, any of the above-mentioned calcium sources can be consumed to exceed calcium deficiency in the blood.

Elderly people and those who have a sensitive stomach are recommended to try coral calcium supplements. This natural source of calcium not only provides up to 40% of elementary calcium but also reduces acidity in the stomach and makes digestion easy. Coral calcium is obtained from fossil coral reefs and is entirely pure and safe to be used by people of all ages.

Eggshell and oyster shell are also counted as bioavailable calcium sources. A normal, healthy person should consume up to 1200 mg of calcium everyday. To fulfill this requirement add good-quality calcium tablets to your diet. Women above the age of 40 are strongly advised to watch their daily intake of calcium and other nutrients. They require at least 1500 mg of calcium on a daily basis.

Deficiency of calcium can be easily controlled with the help of calcium supplements. A wide range of these supplements are available on the market now. You do not require a doctor's prescription to buy these supplements because the ingredients used in making the tablets are totally natural and clinically approved.

Try to find coral calcium supplements made with Okinawan coral calcium. This special kind of coral calcium is obtained from waters around Okinawa island of Japan and is gaining widespread popularity due to its many benefits.

The 8 Most Common Migraine Triggers Foods

From coffee to oranges – helpful tips for avoiding those foods that may just trigger a migraine.

Those who suffer from migraine attacks know all too well. The throbbing headaches that occur after eaten something you know you shouldn’t have. What often follows is a pain to the side of the head, sickness, sensitivity to light, visual disturbances or aura. Attacks that can last from 4 hours (if your lucky) up to 72 hours (if your not) or even longer. The good news is that migraine attacks can be largely reduced or prevented if you avoid the most common migraine triggers..

From coffee and alcohol to processed foods and citrus fruits, studies show that certain foods are known to be migraine triggers.

Here’s what you need to know about the top 8 most common migraine trigger foods.

Migraine and Citrus Fruits

(Oranges, tangerine, grapefruit, pineapple, lemon, lime).

Fruits are always associated with healthy living, but to the migraine sufferer they can be possible migraine trigger, this is due to their high levels of tyramine.

Migraine and Caffeine

(Coffee, tea, cola)

Caffeine as a migraine trigger can be somewhat confusing, because for some people it can help to alleviate a migraine, but for others it will have the opposite effect, thus triggering a migraine.

Migraine and Alcohol

Red wine, beer, whiskey, champagne are the most common identified alcoholic migraine triggers, this is largely due to the large concentrations of tyramine during the fermentation process.

Migraine and Cheese

Aged cheeses can trigger migraines, this is due to the high amounts of the natural substance known as tyramine. Aged cheeses such as blue, stilton, cheddar, mozzarella, camembert and parmesan are usually the culprits.

Migraine and Processed Meats

Packaged meats including ham, bacon, sausages, pepperoni, salami and other processed meats contain high levels of tyramine. These processed meats may also include additives/preservatives such as nitrates and nitrites

Migraine and MSG (monosodium glutamate)

MSG is a common additive which is found in many of today’s foods, although not a cause of migraines, it can be a migraine trigger. Found in many pre-packed foods and perhaps more commonly Chinese food.

Migraine and Chocolate

Chocolate has for many years been the alleged trigger of migraines, although for many sufferers this is probably true, but for others it’s perfectly ok. One thing to note, chocolate does contain caffeine and this is probably why it doesn’t affect everybody the same way.

Migraine and Aspartame

Aspartame is an artificial sweetener which is found in a number of food products including soft drinks. It is also believed to have an effect on serotonin levels in the body, although this is not thought to be a direct cause of a migraine, but certainly doesn’t help.


What is tyramine?

Tyramine is a natural substance found in a numerous foods such as aged and fermented foods, including cheese, meats, bread, citrus fruit and some alcoholic drinks. It can even be found in leftover food that have been in the fridge for more than 24 hours.