The Republic of Botswana is a multi-party constitutional democracy. Unlike other African countries, the elections held in the country since it gained its independence in 1966, have been on schedule and have been deemed fair by both the people of Botswana and by international observers. Another feature of the politics in Botswana is that the small white minority and other minority groups in the country can freely participate in the political processes in the country.
The National Assembly and the President
In Botswana, the people vote directly for their representatives in the National
The president, who has executive power and is chosen by the National
Advisory Council and the Judiciary
There is also a House of Chiefs in the government of Botswana, which comprises the eight subgroups of the country and four other members elected by subchiefs of four of the districts. The House of Chiefs can be compared with the House of Lords in Britain, as bills are passed to them by the National
The High Court of Botswana has general civil and criminal jurisdiction, and the president appoints judges to this court. Judges to the High Court can only be removed after just cause is established after a series of hearings.
Nine district councils and five town councils administer the local government units in Botswana. District commissioners that are appointed by the central government head the districts, and they have executive authority. Elected and nominated district councilors and district development committees assist these district commissioners in their duties.
The government of Botswana is characterized by democratic vibrancy not seen in most of its neighbors. Given the stable political situation and economy of the country as a result of such vibrancy, Botswana is well poised to be a frontrunner in economic development in the region.