In today’s competitive business world, the fast and efficient transportation of goods is a must. While sea vessels are ideal for transporting bulky goods, airplanes are better suited for speedy transportation over long distances. Initially, planes were not designed as cargo carriers. However, in 1911, planes started carrying cargo in the form of airmail. In mid 1920s, airplane manufacturers had started designing and building aircraft that were solely dedicated to carrying cargo.
An air plane chiefly designed and used for the carriage of goods, rather than passengers, is known as a cargo airplane. A cargo airplane is easily identifiable, as the role demands a number of special features. Cargo planes in general have a “fat” fuselage, a high wing to allow the cargo area to sit near the ground, and a high mounted tail to allow the cargo to be driven directly on and off the loading truck or crane. A cargo plane also has a large number of wheels to permit it to land in a greater number of locations.
Courier and transportation companies mainly use cargo planes. They help to transfer both light and heavy goods to places that are located far away. These planes are efficient and help to save time, as traveling by plane is the fastest mode of transportation.
At first, cargo planes were only used to deliver airmail to various different places. These were known as the “Early Airmail Craft.” There were four different planes made for that purpose. Among the first were the Boeing C-700, Curtis JN4H, De Havilland DH4, and the Douglas M-2. The second generation of cargo aircraft that was manufactured was the “civilian cargo aircraft,” which included the Boeing 727, the Boeing 747 freighter, the Boeing 777 freighter, and the Douglas DC-3. The third generation of cargo aircraft that was built consisted of military cargo aircraft. These included the Douglas C-54 Skymaster, Lockheed C-69 & C-121 Constellation, and the Boeing C-97 Stratofreighter.
The airplane industry has made the transportation of cargo as well as people a lot more feasible. Cargo planes are widely used today, and they have come a long way since they were first invented before World War II.