A CNC router is an acronym for a computer numerically controlled router. This is a machine used in the manufacturing industry, mainly for cutting through materials like wood, metals and plastics. A router is special because it is controlled by software as opposed to mechanically by a human.
This is of interest to the manufacturing industry because it produces better results. You might wonder why that is, surely a human could do better work than a computer? The reason a router can work better than a mechanically controlled router is because the software that controls it allows it to move in a closer more detailed and steadier manner than a human ever could. This does not mean that there is never human intervention when it comes to the router, but what it means is that the movements are extremely made by a computer, so are extremely accurate and detailed and the machine can move the tiniest amount if that is what is needed. This is why CNC routers improve manufacturing. They can also work continuously whereas a human would have to take a break and results would get lower in quality the longer they continue, due to fatigue.
A CNC router looks something like a table top work station that operates on its own. Parts that a CNC router has includes a cutting tool, a control panel, a worktop and, naturally, a router. There are many other parts that also make up this fascinating CNC machine.
CNC routers take a lot of skill to make. That is because the person or team that produces one needs skills from varying fields. That is they need to be able to design the machine to start with. Then they need to be able to source the parts and be able to assemble it from scratch in a safe manner. IT and programming skills also need to be thrown into the mix in order to create the software that the machine runs on. So, as you can see there really is a broad range of talents required to create a CNC router; it is certainly not an easy task.
If you need to use a router there are a few different ways of taking advantage of one. The best option is to go with a CNC machining provider. These firms have CNC routers that are ready to be used and can be programmed to match your productions needs. They are especially useful if you only need to manufacture a small amount, or a certain part. They also provide a team of experts with the broad range of talents mentioned above who can assist and advise you with your production.
There is also the option of building a CNC router. This will require a lot of skill but it is surely possible to build a basic one and it can be a fun task if CNC machinery is a hobby of yours.