Ovarian cysts can be frightening, but they rarely cause problems. In fact, most will dissolve on their own without a woman even being aware that they exist. The main risk from ovarian cysts is rupture. So what happens when cyst on ovaries burst, and what should you do about it?
Causes of a Ruptured Cyst
The most common cause of a ruptured cyst is size. When a cyst grows too large, the wall around it becomes thin and stretched out. It will eventually break, spilling the fluid inside. This then irritates the surrounding area, causing the burning pain felt by many women.
The second, and debatable, cause of a cyst on ovaries burst is excessive pressure applied to the ovary. This can happen during exercise or even intercourse. The stomach muscles put pressure on the cyst, which can cause it to explode, especially if it already has a weakened wall.
Symptoms of a Cyst Bursting
There are a number of symptoms that occur when a cyst on your ovaries burst. You need to be aware of these symptoms, as if they occur, you should seek immediate medical attention.
- Pain – this is the most common symptom of a burst cyst. You generally will feel a sharp intense pain, followed by a burning sensation as the fluid from inside the ovaries irritates the surrounding tissue. Usually, if you have a sudden increase in ovarian pain, it’s a good idea to call your doctor.
- Bleeding – this is the second most common symptom of a burst cyst. Some cysts are endometrial, which means they contain blood. After a cyst on ovaries bursts, the blood inside may make its way out of your body, like a light period.
- Symptoms of Shock – If you suddenly feel cold, clammy, lightheaded, or listless, call your doctor. These could be symptoms of shock developing after a cyst on ovaries burst.
There are a few other symptoms that may indicate a burst cyst, but also may just occur with a normal cyst.
- Excessive urination – as a cyst gets larger, it may put pressure on the bladder. This then feels like you need to go to the bathroom all the time.
- Irregular periods – a cyst may interfere with normal ovulation.
- Vomiting and Nausea – this is the most suspicious symptom. If you suddenly develop vomiting or nausea along with abdominal pain, you should see your doctor. In your stomach, there is a large cluster of nerves known as the Vagus nerve. When something happens anywhere in your abdomen, this nerve can get stimulated, which can cause nausea, vomiting, and lightheadedness. Call your doctor to make sure there’s not a problem.
How a Ruptured Cyst is Treated
Once a burst ovarian cyst is diagnosed, you will immediately be started on antibiotics to prevent an infection, as that’s the most common complication when a cyst on ovaries burst. You’ll also be monitored to make sure that you don’t have internal bleeding. You may need to stay in the hospital for a day or two, but most women are treated and released quickly.