Types of Picture Frame Spacers and How to Space Framed Pictures

What are picture frame spacers?

When framing pictures under glass it is recommended that the picture you are framing doesn’t touch the glazing material. With works on paper, fabrics or other flat substrates it is common to space the artwork by using a colored mat board. The mat board is made from either wood-pulp based boards or cotton based boards. These boards are made and purified to different levels depending on the application. The simplest paper-based boards can contain lining or woody fibers that can cause quite rapid deterioration.

But what happens if you don’t want to use a mat board as your spacer material?

In some circumstances the artwork or picture may look better without a border surrounding it. The artwork when framed will still require spacing from the glazing but will have to be spaced with something other than mat board.

What else can you space artwork from the glass with?

The spacing between glazing and artwork can be achieved by using several readily available products.

Some of the most common spacers used include timber slip frames, fillets and synthetic extruded sections that often have double-sided adhesive coated to one surface.

To determine which spacer is most suitable to use for your picture framing project you should consider the following factors.

1. The material the spacer is made from.

2. The depth of spacer required.

3. The color of the spacer

4. The ease of use.

The material used to make the spacer is important if you require something archival and acid-free. Many of the commercially available spacers are either a solid plastic strip or an extruded rectangular hollow tube. These plastic spacers often have a double-sided adhesive applied to one surface. The adhesive is used to adhere the spacer in position to the surface of the glazing material. You can make a spacer from timber, metal, cardboard and foam boards. Timber spacers can either be visible from the front of the frame adding a decorative edge called a fillet or they can be a simple square edged profile that is just functional.

The plastic spacers are usually available in several thicknesses. For deeper applications where a colored liner is required you can glue mat board to foam board and then cut it into the widths required. The strips are then glued to the frame molding between the glass and the art work. This is a useful technique to employ when you want the spacer and backing material to match as in the case of an artwork floating on a mat backing.

Common pre-fabricated spacers are colored black, white and clear. You could color the spacer to match the frame when you are using a timber variety. You can easily see what spacer is least noticeable by cutting a small piece and holding it temporarily in position between the item and the frame. Generally the white and clear spacers are used on light-colored works and inside pale colored frames and the black spacer is used on darker works.

The easiest liners and spacers to use are the adhesive pre-coated types as it is a simple job to just cut them to length and stick them in place. One tip when positioning the spacer is to cut the top and bottom sections to a tight length first. Then when you fix the side members into place they help by holding up the top piece stopping it from dislodging in the future. The hollow plastic types can be easily cut with a sharp craft knife and the solid types can be scored and snapped or clipped to size with angle cutters. Pay attention to cutting the length accurately to ensure you have no untidy corners.

You can combine spacers with matting and stepped frames to create interesting depth in your pictures whilst adding the extra benefits of the increased air gap from the glass or acrylic front.

When you are next framing an object consider using a suitable spacer or fillet.

How to Build a Small Flat Wooden Bridge for Your Stream

Building a flat wooden bridge can really be great fun and involve the entire family as a project. We have a small stream running to our lake that in most areas is about ten feet wide. The embankments are about three feet high on each side so we chose one of those areas for our bridge. I decided to make three large beams as supports for the walkway. I chose six, two inch by twelve inch, by fourteen foot, pressure treated planks for the support beam materials. Each of these planks are quite heavy for one person to handle so I moved them one by one to the place where they would ultimately end up at the stream. Next, I dug two trenches, one on each side of the stream, to construct footings to support the three wooden beams. Using the largest, flattest, stones I could find, I created a flat rock ledge in each trench. The rocks being an average of three inches thick would support the beams with no problem. As each end of the bridge needed to be buried for a smooth transition to the ground on each side of the stream, the pressure treated lumber would allow me to just bury the rock footing and the end of the beams with earth holding it in place. Dragging the 2 x 12 planks across the water was no fun as the September weather had already cooled our mountain stream but I got it done.

Once all six planks were placed spanning across the stream, I was able to start to assemble them using both construction adhesive and galvanized three inch deck screws. If you are going to just use the bridge for foot traffic, two beams would be more than enough on a twelve foot span. I wanted to be able to take my lawn tractor and trailer across the bridge to the lake. With the additional center beam, the bridge easily handles the tractor, myself, the trailer loaded with camping or fishing supplies, chain saws and whatever else we needed that day. My bridge is six foot wide clear inside so there is plenty of room for all to cross.

Next, I added a 2 x 12 plank vertically at each end of the beams to connect them all together and also hold them apart in the six-foot, four inch width that I needed. Hand rail posts made of four by fours will reduce the width to an even six foot wide when installed. Before you start installing any decking, install two pieces of lumber, one by three inches wide or larger in an X pattern under the bottom of the beams. Crisscross them in the center by nailing the ends and the center point to the underside of the beams. These pieces will prevent the beams from “rolling over” as time passes and will hold them nice and straight vertically. These pieces must be pressure treated.

Next, apply your decking pieces. I recommend using two by six inch, PT lumber material as it’s added strength will make your bridge last a good many years.

Again, I used three inch galvanized deck screws to fasten the decking boards to the beams. Leave a very small gap between the boards of about 1/4 inch or the thickness of a twelve penny nail shank. These gaps will allow water to quickly pass through the bridge and gives melting snow a place to drip as well.

This bridge is flat so water runoff has to be considered to avoid premature decay.

You may want to install one set of cross blocking at center line of the bridge before installing that last piece of decking for added protection against any bouncing of the bridge deck. Mine did not need it at all.

Handrails come next in the assembly. Although the bridge is short it does add added support for the older folks crossing over on the way to the lake. On the fourteen foot span I installed three vertical posts on each side of the bridge by notching the post bottoms a full twelve and one half inches high to allow the posts to half sit on the full 2 x 12. You will need to install some small blocking around the posts to support the decking pieces. Next I added another four by four for the handrail on each side all in one piece. A little pricey but after twenty plus years of use it is still in perfect condition. After fastening the handrails in place, I added one piece of cross bridging created out of 1 x 3 PT material and I inverted them into a V shape from post to post.

Mostly decorative but but it does say “Whoa”, there is a three foot fall here.

Since I have a battery operated sander and five inch skill saw, I took the time to cut a slight bevel on the top of the handrail and then ran some sandpaper over it. This helps water shedding and makes the rail a little more comfortable to hold or lean on and stare at the steam below.

Before cleaning up, I applied a treatment to the ends of all my saw cuts to protect against the weather. Also try doing all your lumber cutting away from the water to avoid getting the PT sawdust chemicals in the water.

My bridge is now over twenty years old and other than some occasional up-keep at the bridge ends after the spring snow melt and heavy water runoff takes place to replace washed out stones or earth, this bridge will last forever.

Pete

Your Friendly Building Inspector

BICES-Building Inspection & Code Enforcement System software

Creating a Graduation Party Open House Photo Memory Board

Displaying a picture memory board is a good addition to your graduation open house and a great way to honor your graduate.

Choose a display board like the kind required for science fair projects. Office supply stores sell several kinds of tri-fold display boards. You can purchase a foam core board or one less expensive made of corrugated cardboard. These standard presentation boards are self-standing and work quite well to display pictures of your graduate from birth to graduation. I suggest using one tri-fold board for the pictures up until the graduate’s senior year. A second board could display pictures of senior year activities, sports, prom, and graduation (if your open house is scheduled after graduation). The first board can even be finalized in the fall or winter of the graduate’s senior year. The second board can be partially completed and then finalized the month before your celebration.

Select pictures from your photo albums or photo bins with your teen (if they’re willing). It’s nice to have a wide variety of pictures including pictures of your child by himself/herself, pictures with siblings, parents, special friends, other relatives, and pictures of each sport or activity in which your child participated. It’s great to include cute and funny pictures, but your teen will appreciate it if you leave out any embarrassing pictures.

Once your pictures are gathered, lay the board down flat and set the pictures on the board in various patterns until you decide on the best design. A collage, where all the pictures are overlapping, gives a nice effect, but guests can better view pictures that are spaced apart. Handwritten captions can be written on the board with fine point markers, or computer-generated captions can be designed, printed on white or colored paper, cut-out, and glued underneath pictures. Be brief in your picture captions as guests will want to spend most of their time visiting with others.

You can then either glue the original pictures in place, or make copies of the pictures at a department or photo store and use the copies for the display board so your originals are not altered. Glue sticks work well for attaching photos, but be generous, making sure to spread the glue to all outside edges and in the middle of the pictures. Double-sided tape is an alternative to glue. Photos with a matte finish, rather than glossy, will be easier for your guess to see from all directions without glare.

Accents can be added to the display board between pictures. You can use colored construction paper or other colored paper, preferably in school colors, to decorate with words or shapes. Or colored paper can be placed behind the pictures to frame them. Fun stickers picturing graduation hats, diplomas, or graduation gowns or stickers representing the sports or activities your child participated in can be placed around the board to fill empty spaces. Items like graduation tassels can be taped on the board to add a 3-D effect.

If you want to be even more creative, you can create professional-looking posters using the Snapfish website. Go to www.Snapfish.com You can upload photos and create up to a 20×30″ collage poster of your favorite pictures, adding titles and personal messages. You can improve photos (removing “red eyes”, etc.), crop, arrange the layout, and choose the background. This amazing masterpiece will preserve your child’s memories for years to come. If you mount the poster on a foam core board, they will stand on their own and won’t easily get damaged.

After your open house you may choose to save and store the pictures boards, or, an alternative is to take pictures of your boards with a camera, section-by-section and as a whole, so you and your graduate can enjoy them without keeping the large boards.

Autumn Storm (A Short Story)

(Concerning Grandpa Evens and Chick Evens, Autumn of 1962)

A cloud covered a part of the diminishing autumn sun-it was near evening (twilight an hour away), and Chick stepped into the backyard. The yard had been racked and the fall leaves blew all about. Chick stopped and picked up an old iron rake, as the autumn wind blew through the naked trees, blew the leaves everywhichway; he glanced at them, stared at them, they were shiny, and glowed with browns and reds and yellows with a tint of orange, from the rain, the day before, they had edges on them, that looked like a river barrier, with tributaries stretching out on each side of the center stem, the spine of the leaf. He put the rake in his right hand, picked a leaf up, looked about, down into the empty lot beyond his house, and over towards Indian’s Hill, and where Mr. Manning’s house was, and in Mr. Manning’s backyard was his apple tree, it was bare, leaves on his back porch, smoke coming out from the chimney, to the side of his house was his garage, and by the fence a tool shed, leaves all about-un-raked. The big trees by his grandpa’s garage swayed far and over the roof of the garage, in the wind, he could feel an autumn storm approaching.

As Chick Evens crossed the backyard to its far end, and turned around he saw his grandfather open the screened-in door, came out. He stood on the little open porch looking about, with his pipe in hand.

“Well,” he must have said, thought his grandson, of fifteen, “Hey, look at what this Old Russian Bear’s got.” (Meaning his house, and a large backyard, and garage, it was a dream; you see, he had left Russia at the time of it revolution, just prior to WWI, came from the Baltic, where there was famine, and this to him was a very big accomplishment.)

He now walked down the steps some. He stood looking into the empty lot, towards Mr. Manning’s house, beyond the road, towards the railroad yard. Everything was blowing, and ever time Chick raked a bundle of leaves over to another bundle to make one big bundle; half the leaves would blow everywhichway.

“Stop blowing…” he told the leaves, as if they were sensible. “She’ll blow like this all evening,” he mumbled, like his grandpa always did. He was going to burn them after he got them together.

“All right…” he said, “blow all you want!” And the wind picked up, and he said “Good!” And he picked up the small bundle he had, brought it down to the old oil-drum he burnt the trash in, and emptied the leaves from a potato sack into the drum, and lit it. It puffed out, and he stood in front of the fire, and heard the crackling of the leaves. The sounds they made were pert near as sweet as its autumn heat that penetrated his pores, the burning leaves flickered with light into as they ascended, it was warm, sweaty warm, and he got a smoky taste in his mouth, in his nostrils, he mumbled aloud, “Look at the fire… just smell the leaves!” and it didn’t make any difference to him how long he’d have to stay there and watch the fire until it nearly went out so it would not catch the garage on fire.

And it didn’t matter to him if the rats came running out from under the drum, they had before, and they were husky, and furry looking rats-and he’d just jump out of their way, and they’d stare at him, and he’d stare at them and move his rake as if it was a medieval sword and he was Sir Lancelot, and they went about their business, running into the thick of the empty lot and he went back to doing his business-likewise, and he took his light jacket off-he was overheated from the burning leaves. He liked smelling the leaves and grandpa watched as if the boy was nutty. And the boy knew, as his grandpa knew, a fall storm was brewing, and if he’d not put the fire out, the rain would. And he knew he couldn’t get all the leaves burnt this evening, and all the better for it, because he loved smelling autumn leaves, watching the flickering of the light, and feeling the warmth the leaves produced, and tomorrow would be another day, and that ought to clinch it for him.

Ultra Diet Cooker – Secret to Healthy Living

Using pressure cookers for your everyday cooking is the best way to cook food in a faster manner while also retaining nutrients and saving energy. But if you are a rice eater and want to remove starch from rice, what would you do? You would use a diet cooker or a stainless steel pressure cooker that comes with the option of removing all starch from rice!

Starch is made of glucose and is a carbohydrate. Thought it is an intrinsic part of a person’s diet, if you use it too much, it can lead to weight gain. If you are diabetic, you better stay away from starchy rice. The best way to do so is to use an Ultra diet cooker which comes with a starch remover. How convenient, isn’t? And healthy, of course.

If you use a traditional pot for cooking rice, which is not very convenient for modern times, owing to the lack of time, there was one advantage. Starch would be taken out as rice would boil. However, in a typical stainless steel pressure cooker, the starch is not removed.

How does a diet cooker work?

In such a scenario, what do you opt for? Presenting a diet cooker which brings you the best of both methods. These diet pressure cookers come with a starch remover with perforations at the bottom. All you need to do is use rice, pour water and wait for the whistle. Once the cooker cools down, you can remove the starch remover containing rice and notice that all the starch has trickled down to the bottom of the cooker. This is a traditional method that incorporates the modern concept of quick pressure cooking. What’s more, the starch remover or utensil comes with a neat handle lending it a basket-like appearance, so it is easy to hold it and take off from the cooker.

The stainless steel pressure cooker also comes with a high-impact bonded base so cooking is super fast and uniform. The base ensures that food doesn’t get stuck to it or get burnt.

Cut down those calories!

By using a diet cooker, you can effortlessly do away with at least 30 calories for every meal. Isn’t that a huge step towards a healthy diet and weight loss programme? Regular pressure-cooked rice is high on calories as all the starch gets re-absorbed into your cooked rice.

The other aspects you need to consider about pressure cookers include the material that the cooker’s body is made of, and the safety valve. Also find out about the finish of the diet cooker, both inside and outside (a mirror finish on the outside and a coating of satin inside), the material that handles are made of etc, so that you bring home a diet cooker that is perfect in every way.

Find out about the warranty and its validity as well. Ensure that you follow the method of cooking mentioned in the instructional manual and follow up with regular maintenance.

Solar Energy In The Home

I was going to call this article "solar heating in the home" but then I realized that I would be perpetuating the myth that heating is a primary use for solar energy and so I changed my mind. The reason solar energy is not hugely useful for heating the home is common sense really. In the winter, when you need your heating on, the sun is lower in the sky and there are fewer daylight hours. In the other seasons when solar energy would be more effective you do not need it. At best, solar heating can support your central heating a little in colder climates whilst in places such as Australia and California it can be worthwhile, but then it's not needed so often.

Solar Technologies

A number of technologies have been developed to make use of solar radiation. Some of these make direct use of solar energy for lighting and heating etc., while others produce electricity. They are:

1. Solar thermal energy collection systems which generate electricity through mirrors and a system of tubes filled with fluid.

2. Solar thermal collectors which are used to produce heat.

3. Photovoltaic panels which generate electricity direct from sunlight. However, they generate DC current, which if you want to use it in the home, has to be converted to AC This would require a very big surface area to meet the needs of just one home which is why solar panels are rarely used for domestic Heating. However, in a sunny climate, you can produce enough power to run a 100W light bulb from one square meter of solar panel.

4. Solar hot water panels which are often used in the home to heat water.

Solar Panel Efficiency

Although solar panels are used all year round they are only efficient when they receive direct sunshine. They produce very little power in cloudy conditions or in the shade. However, it is the light that produces electricity. Heat actually interferees with electricity production so solar panels used in very hot climates are less efficient than those used in sunny but cold climates. When the panel's temperature is above 50 degree centigrade its efficiency will decrease. Also, at different times of the day, as the sun angle to the panel varies, the amount of energy produced is different. Usually it is better if the panel is inclined but on cloudy days horizontal mounted panels are more efficient. Most energy is generated when the panel is pointed directly towards the sun.

The use of solar power has fallen in and out of favor since the 1970's depending on the potential savings when compared with other energy costs. The equipment needed nowdays is 90% cheaper than it was thirty years ago and homes with solar roof tiles can often generate more electricity than is needed at certain times of day. Depending where you are in the world this execess energy can sometimes be sold to local electricity companies.

In Japan and the USA, billions has been spent on developing Photovoltaic systems and Germany has now joined in the research. As is often the case with renewable energy systems, the initial costs of setting up solar energy for the home is quite expensive. However, savings on electricity bills in the long term should make up for this and as time passes, the costs are falling making it more widespread.

Yes, You Can Afford a Food Storage Plan

So you think you can’t afford to have food storage and still feed your family on a day-to-day basis. Well, you can – and I’m going to tell you how to do it.

Start with an inventory of your cupboards and pantry.

Take a notepad and write general headings such as “canned goods, meats, frozen foods, and dairy products. Jot down the names of items and how many of each you have on the shelves.

Plan your menus for the week using only the foods you have in your house.

Pretend that there is no way for you to get to the store until payday. I bet you would be surprised to discover that you can usually gather up supplies for several meals. Try to create enough simple meals to last until the following payday, even if you have to eat the same thing several times.

Now assess your basic needs.

You’ll find there are some meals you could make if you only had this or that item. Begin a “needs” list and add these things to it. Also list other must-have items; the things you cannot do without until next payday, like milk, formula, bread, etc. Be sure to include as needs only those items necessary to nutritiously feed your family and don’t forget nonfood items. When your list of needs is complete, estimate the cost of each item and add the prices together for an estimated total.

Okay, it’s payday. Here’s what you will do.

Write down the amount of your paycheck. Subtract all of your bills and other obligations, like rent/mortgage, utilities, insurance, bus fare, car payments, etc. Also, deduct the out-of-the-ordinary but necessary expenses for this pay period, like birthday presents, school pictures, haircuts, etc. When all these fixed expenses are subtracted, what remains is your grocery budget.. (Stop crying and keep reading.)

Take the estimated total from your assessment chart and subtract your grocery budget. The remaining amount is what you can spend on adding to your food storage. Don’t be discouraged if this amount is small. Even a few dollars will get you started. If your finances are so tight that having an amount left over each payday seems impossible, consider this option: Set aside an amount, however small, from each paycheck as if it were another bill. Use this amount as your food storage amount. If this amount is too small to even buy anything, save it up until the amount is larger.

So now you have added a few items to your food storage and it’s payday again.

For the next paycheck (and all paychecks from this point forward), follow the formula you used on the first payday. If you are careful in planning and preparing your menus, you may notice an increase in your food storage amount each payday. But don’t be discouraged if it’s nothing or really small; sometimes it takes several pay periods before you see progress.

Save money on groceries.

To save money on groceries every time you shop, you have to know what a “good” price is. Take a few hours and price-shop a couple of grocery stores. Take a copy of your “needs” list, add items to it that are perishables you buy often, and write down the store prices next to each item. Write only the “normal” prices. Knowing the “normal” prices will help you to know when an item is a good buy and/or on sale.

To consistently save money on your groceries, even the perishables, follow these two rules:

1. Buy only when the price is right;

2. Stock up as much as possible, using a specific list of items and dollar amounts.

Eventually your pantry should contain enough varieties of foods (including perishables, fresh or frozen) in sufficient amounts that you could survive several weeks with well-balanced meals without going to the store. This should include nonfood items as well.

As you work with your new meal planning and shopping skills each pay period, your pantry will grow fuller and fuller. Now don’t you just feel more in control and prepared?

Sweet Sixteen Party Traditions

A Closer Look at Sweet Sixteen Party Traditions

A sweet sixteen party is the perfect time for traditions. Maybe you have some that have been passed down through your family, or maybe you are looking for new traditions to start. For a bit of history, the term sweet sixteen has been in use at least since 1597. The sweet sixteen birthday parties have been held since 1765. That is a long time for many traditions to develop.

The following is a list of traditions that can be incorporated into any sweet sixteen party ideas that you may be planning:

The Father-Daughter Dance

This tradition is also frequently performed at most weddings. Have the birthday girl choose a song that is special to her and her dad ñ maybe there is a favorite childhood memory attached and mom could tell that story and introduce them onto the dance floor.

Shoe Ceremony

This is like a Cinderella moment for the birthday girl. Sit the honoree in a chair while her grandfather, uncle, godfather, or father approaches her with high heels on a decorative pillow. Traditionally, she should be wearing flat shoes, and her father ceremoniously helps her into her new high heels. This is a symbolic transitioning from childhood into womanhood.

Tiara Ceremony

This one is similar to the Shoe Ceremony, except the father/grandfather brings a tiara instead of shoes. The tiara is placed upon her head to symbolize her becoming a woman. This tradition could be combined with the Shoe Ceremony with mom bringing high heels on a pillow and dad bringing the tiara on another pillow.

Candle-Lighting Ceremony

Choose 16 tapers to set out on a table in pretty votive cups. The birthday girl could light her first candle from one large candle that symbolizes her parents or family. The first candle is for the girl’s parents. The second candle is for brothers and sisters. If she is an only child, then this candle can represent her grandparents. Candles 3, 4, 5 and 6 are for the remaining family friends. At any time the honoree can tell a story about the individual she is lighting a candle for, or say why they are special to her. Candles 7-14 are for special friends. Candle 15 is for her best friend. The 16th candle is reserved for a significant male, such as a boyfriend or very good friend. A 17th candle could be added to represent good luck.

These are just a few suggestions to get you started on great sweet sixteen party ideas. Enjoy!

Type 2 Diabetes – Heart Function in the Fetus When the Mother Has Gestational Diabetes

Gestational or pregnancy-induced diabetes is a health problem for both mothers and their children. In March of 2017, the medical journal Pediatric Cardiology reported on a study on fetal heart function in Gestational diabetic mothers. Earlier studies have shown heart abnormalities during the third trimester or last three months of the pregnancy. Researchers at Aga Khan University Hospital in Karachi, Pakistan, found abnormalities during the second trimester, or middle three months.

The human heart is composed of four chambers, the left and right atria at the top of the heart, and the left and right ventricle at the bottom of the heart. In adult circulation, blue non-oxygenated blood flows from the right atrium to the right ventricle, from where it travels to the lungs. Picking up oxygen in the lungs, red blood cells turn red and make their way from the lungs to the right atrium. From there blood travels through the mitral valve and into the left ventricle. The left ventricle then pumps the blood on to the rest of the body.

In the fetus things are different. Blood picks up oxygen from the mother’s placenta and carries it to the right atrium. From the right atrium, the red blood goes directly to the left atrium and on to the left ventricle, bypassing the lungs entirely.

The investigators compared fetal hearts in mothers with Gestational diabetes at 19 to 24 weeks with fetal hearts in non-diabetic mothers…

  • hearts in the diabetic group showed differences in the amount of time they stayed empty before filling and the amount of time they took to contract.
  • another abnormality related to the valve between the left atrium and left ventricle could indicate an abnormal function of the left ventricle.

It is important for enough oxygenated blood to go to the brain of the fetus and all the other organs for growth and development. Checking on fetal hearts during early Gestational diabetes could one day become a clinical test to learn whether future interventions might be helpful.

For now, heart conditions linked with Gestational diabetes are one more reason to prevent or control pregnant mothers developing this form of diabetes. Ways of preventing Gestational diabetes include…

  • achieving and maintaining normal weight before conception,
  • eating healthful foods such as fruits and vegetables,
  • gaining only the recommended amount of weight, and
  • getting regular exercise

Mothers should be concerned about the possibility of developing diabetes during their pregnancy. The following put women at high risk…

  • being overweight or obese,
  • having a history of high blood sugar before the pregnancy,
  • having a family history of Type 2 diabetes,
  • leading a sedentary lifestyle, and
  • being a member of the Black or Asian race.

Wedding Shoes to Kill Your Blues

Oxford street seemed to get longer and hotter every time Jesse exited another shop. This time, outside John Lewis she leant against the doorway and gazed into the distance. Surely she was not running out of shops? She sighed and prepared herself to start the hunt again. Dizziness stopped her in her tracks and she realized that she must rest for a while. Why had she left this late in the day? Why had she stubbornly refused her mother's offers of help to organize the wedding when she would have given her more time to put together her own outfit and would probably have healed the gulf in their relationship?

Jesse walked straight back into the store she had just left because at least there she knew where the coffee shop was. She also knew she had only a matter of hours before the shops closed and her hunt for wedding shoes would be over. Tomorrow she would walk into the office office in shoes that are too clumpy for that lovely lace blouse that grandma had given her years ago. She had only to replace a missing button to have the sweetest top and then she had actually made the silk skirt herself but the wedding shoes were driving her mad; None of them seemed right.

She was almost weeping with frustration when a gentle voice said 'may I sit here? I just can not shop for as long as I used to. Thank goodness this lovely restaurant is still here. ' She paused and then continued. 'But hark at me babbling on. My names Mrs Whooton, or Mary, 'she added with a smile. Jesse looked up without enthusiasm, she had no time to chat but as she was too tired to move anyway she told her her name. Mary reached for Jesse's hand and squeezed it gently. 'It sometimes helps to share a trouble.' Jesse looked amazed. 'Oh, it's written all over your face my dear. Tell an old lady and you might be surprised by what she knows. '

Jesse looked at the woman's softly round, powdered face, gray hair escaping in small whisps from a shapeless brown hat; Then she saw the large clock hands just touching the four and a moment's panic made her sob out loud. 'Come on my dear,' Mary said encouragingly. 'Tell me what's troubling you.' Jesse was surprised by how quickly the story spilled out of her mouth, even including her problems with speaking to her mother and of course finishing with the story of the wedding shoes.

'Your granny's blouse was Victorian then?' She asked curiously. Jesse nodded. 'Then I do not suppose you know of a small boutique in Jordan street do you? It's sort of overshadowed by the new shops but it specializes in Victorian costumes. There might be something there that would suit. ' Jesse's eyes widened with hope. 'Where's Jordan Street?' She gathered herself together and thanked Mary. 'Oh I just hope they can help you, she said, then added' Your mother, Jesse, you know she only wants to make sure you're alright. ' Jesse nodded suddenly finding a lump in her throat at the mention of her mother. 'Call her my dear. You will not regret it. '

Jesse almost ran to the shop in Jordan Street where she found a treasure trove of Victorian garments. Most importantly she found the perfect wedding shoes to match her silk skirt and lace blouse. As she straightened up to smile at the old man serving her, she glimpsed in a mirror the smiling round face of Mrs Whooton, just taking the hat pin out of her shapeless brown hat.

Great Reasons To Enhance Your Home With A Vinyl Window Shutter

Window covers are an essential part of every room in a home. Not only do they offer an element of privacy, but they can add an elegant aspect to every area. The choice to include a vinyl window shutter has many advantages that will be valued for years after the shutter is installed.

Firstly, a vinyl window shutter is extremely durable. It can accommodate windows of any shape, size and purpose. Vertical blinds, for example work best when applied to a horizontally shaped window such as sliding doors. These types of shutters can also be seen in a roll up style, which is most convenient for smaller windows, or ones that require the window covering to be rolled up and down to suit the needs of multiple users. In this varying economy, it is more important than ever to enhance a home's interior with accessories and features that will extremely add to its market value, and greatly benefit the owner if they ever decide to put the house up for sale. These types of window shutters are a great way to achieve this, especially since they are available in a wide variety of options. This allows users to find the perfect balance of function and style.

Homeowners who have children or pets will appreciate the extreme durability of a vinyl window shutter. Since they do not require painting, there is no need to worry about paint chips, and having to repaint the shutter as time goes on. In fact, many of these types of window coverings include a lifetime warranty. Furthermore, their surface area hides scratches and imperfections more easily than faux wood shutters, so even vinyl covers that get a tremendous amount of use can look for years to come.

Finally, a vinyl window shutter is more capable to withstand harsh environmental conditions than other types of shutters. This makes the material perfect for areas that must deal with high humidity. The shutters are easily cleaned and are immune to mold and mildew problems. For these reasons, they are popular in moist areas such as bathrooms. The amount of durability and convenience that this type of window covering can provide makes it the perfect choice for demanding households.

Fail Your Way to Success – Donald Trump, Thomas Edison & Ellen DeGeneres ALL Agree!

As I have interviewed and researched serial entrepreneurs like Andy Kurtzig * , the founder of JustAnswers (r) , I have learned that they really do all share a couple of key personality traits. They also, typically, have immediate family members who had these same skills. We will evade the nurture or nature debate at this time as it is not pertinent how they attain these skills so much as it is important to understand that they have these practices. Let's look at some of the quotes that are some of my favorite and then analyze them to produce the top three tracks owned by successful people. And the final question is, "Can you attain these hits, or more so, do you already possess them?"

Here's my favorite quotes about success and failure …

1) "The phoenix must burn to emerge." – Janet Fitch

2) "What separates the winners from the losers is how a person responds to each new twist of fate." – Donald J. Trump

3) "It's a blip, not a catastrophe." – Donald J. Trump

4) "Failure is not fatal, but failure to change might be" – John Wooden

5) "Only those who dare to fail very can ever achieve greatly." – Robert F. Kennedy

6) "As long as you are going to be thinking anyway, think big." – Donald J. Trump

7) "It's failure that gives you the proper perspective on success." – Ellen DeGeneres

8) "Success is not final, failure is not fatal: it is the courage to continue that counts." – Winston Churchill

Nobody in their right mind would take all those names from science, real estate, entertainment, wartime leader, and say they have anything in common. They would be incorrect. There are three common themes in all these statements which I agree fully with my concluding after after a decade of interviewing and researching people with the three attributes of success.

What are these three attributes …

1) Drive. Even ion the face of almost certain defeat the basketball player wants that last three points on the board. The wartime General will keep the city on early certain defeat. A TV entertainer like Ellen, etc. Has the drive to get up in the morning and conduct some local show, or their first stand up in a low-brow bar and have the drive to push forward!

2) Optimism. As to the point of number "1" above. These leader, or entertainer has to believe in their own minds that it will get better. There is a light at the end of the tunnel, and it is not a train! It is also what I call the evolve part of the success formula. You are optimistic that you can fix, or evolve, your strategy and still be successful later.

3) Big Thinker. Again, without number "1" and number "2" this attribute can not exist. If you are going to build a ten unit apartment building, why not 500? If you can keep 50 people in the bar laughing, why not a million? If you can take one bridge, or city, why not all of them.

In short, my quote that I derive from all my research is "Fail, Evolve and move on!"

I read an article about failing recently by one of my LinkedIn (r) contacts who describes itself as "Deborah / Hodges" written an article titled, "When is it OK to fail?" In this article she describes what I call the evolve part of my quote above when she wrote this: "But was it a failure? On paper yes. T do more in terms of on the street canvassing … "

So, to succeed at any venture, on TV, as a leader or as a regular old person, you either have these hits from your childhood, or you spend the better part of a decade training yourself to possess these hits. I suggest that every single person, no matter if they are mentally challenged, your local mechanic, pizza shop owner, or ANYBODY on this planet, can succeed if they, "Fail, Evolve and move on", can succeed.

PS: Good luck my fellow " succeeders "! * Andy Kurtzig did not approve, and is not aware, of this article. Ellen, Churchill and Trump did though! Just kidding!

What Is the Difference Between Hubcaps and Wheel Covers?

Can You Tell the Difference Between Hubcaps and Wheel Covers?

When you drive through the streets of your city, you’re bound to see vehicles with steel wheels, banged-up alloy rims, and busted plastic hubcaps. Your first impression? It’s always, “Wow, that’s ugly!” But if there’s a chance that someone’s saying that about your car, you should probably do something about it.

If you’re shopping for a solution for your boring wheels, you’ve seen the terms ‘hubcaps’ and ‘wheel covers’. What is the difference, and which one is right for you?

What Are Hubcaps?

Hubcaps aren’t actually what you think they are. Hubcaps are a component on older vehicles and some heavy-duty trucks that serves a small yet important purpose. It’s a small cup that fits tightly over a wheel hub – the area where the wheel bearing resides. It seals out dirt and moisture and holds in grease to keep all the delicate moving parts well lubricated.

Hubcaps are anything but pretty. In fact, most often they’re corroded, dented, and dull. Since hubcaps are smacked in place with a hammer, then pried off occasionally, they live a life of abuse. Because wheel hubs are most commonly a sealed assembly these days, hubcaps are no longer found on your everyday vehicle.

Alright, so it’s splitting hairs; a matter of semantics. But if the part you’re looking for isn’t called a hubcap, what is it? Maybe wheel covers?

What are Wheel Covers?

For a classy, dressed-up look for your wheels, there are a few choices.

You can opt for expensive painted, chrome, or alloy wheels. There are a ton of styles available so you can choose one that suits your style. The problem is that aftermarket wheels corrode easily and can be easily damaged. You could put out big bucks just keeping your wheels looking good.

You can choose wheel skins. These fit directly over your factory wheels and look just like the factory wheel. If you’re looking for the factory design, specific to your vehicle brand and model, this is the perfect choice. You just need to make sure that it’s the right design for the wheels you have, otherwise the wheel skins you buy aren’t going to fit.

Wheel covers, on the other hand, are another option. Wheel covers can be brand-specific or custom-fit. They can be chrome, silver, or painted your favorite color. Wheel covers are easily maintained, durable, and flexible.

Wheel covers are your best choice for customizing your car inexpensively. You aren’t locked into just one design or color, and there’s a hubcap – scratch that – wheel cover pattern you’re sure to love.

Have you accidentally rubbed the curb and cracked or scuffed your wheel cover? No problem! A new set of wheel covers costs a fraction of a single replacement alloy wheel. Have your tastes changed? Easy! You can pick a new wheel cover design and change your car’s look in just a few minutes.

Wheel covers are available in virtually every wheel size on the market. Many aftermarket wheel covers are a universal fit, dependent only on your personal taste. Or, if you’ve lost a factory-installed wheel cover, you can get an individual exact replacement.

Offshore Cooking Jobs – Cooking Up a Storm Offshore

Offshore cooking jobs provide some of the best opportunities to break into the offshore drilling industry. Regardless of whether your ambition is to become a Chef, or to look for an opportunity to get on the drilling crew, there are plenty of ways to make a career and move up the ladder once you have your foot in the door, and cooking offshore is a great way to go about it.

Cooks on an oil rig are typically part of the catering department, which includes the Camp Boss and Chef, Bakers, Stewards, Galley Hands, Utility Hands and Housekeepers. On smaller rigs, some of these roles may be combined; for example, the Steward could be the day cook as well as in charge of managing the kitchen and the housekeeping crew. On larger oil rigs, you’ll find multiple positions for many of these jobs.

Most offshore drilling and oil service companies contract out the entire catering department. This means that your best shot at getting hired to work on a oil platform is to hire on directly with the catering companies. Some of the better and well known food service companies that cater offshore include Sodexo, Trinity Catering, Delta Catering, Taylor’s International, and Sonoco, to name a few of the US Based catering companies.

Sodexo is international, and employs people on oil rigs in 80 countries around the world. Worldwide, they employ over 350,000 people. Working for Sodexo provides an incredible opportunity for the ambitious, namely, the opportunity to work all over the world. If you enjoy traveling, then Sodexo is a great company to consider working for.

In Canada, Reliance Offshore is the company to work for, and they have a lot of openings, and will have even more in the future as the offshore fields in the waters off of Newfoundland begin coming online and producing oil. They are unique among offshore catering companies in that they recruit for a variety of offshore positions, not just for the catering department; they also hire deckhands, riggers, welders, motormen, electricians, and crane operators, among others.

All of these companies have online application forms, and all of them have openings. As one example, Delta Catering, a 34 year old offshore catering company, is currently hiring experienced Chefs, Sous Chefs, & Line Cooks, and offers competitive pay, credit union, health and dental insurance, and a 401 k plan. They are also accepting applications for housekeeping staff.

If you don’t have cooking experience, you can still get on as a Galley Hand, and learn the trade on the job. If you are determined and persistent, and apply with all of the above, you are almost certain to find work. If you are able to, you should strongly consider making a trip to Louisiana and applying to the catering companies based in Lafayette in person – call first, but applying in person is really the way to go – you could start work the next day.

Air Pressure Homeschool Science Experiment – How Airplanes Fly

Homeschool science education is fun! It is more fun when you can use things found around the house to demonstrate some naturally occurring phenomena such as air pressure. Flying a toy plane is every child’s dream, and if it is combined with education, it can promote better understanding.

Before we go into the fun learning activities that you could co-ordinate with a homeschool science program, let me teach you some principles on which airplanes fly. There are some forces working on an airplane as it flies. They are the forces of thrust and drag and lift and gravity.

 

Thrust moves the airplane forward, and is provided by the jet engine and the propeller. Drag is a force of resistance that works in the opposite direction of thrust and slows down the airplane. Lift works in the upward direction and is produced by the wings. Gravity works in a direction opposite to the lift and pulls the plane down due to its weight. The right balance between these four forces keeps the plane flying.

 

Airplanes are shaped in such a way so as to minimize drag caused by air pressure, in order to allow them to glide smoothly. When air hits a moving object having a smaller area, it does not cause much resistance since there is less air pressure working on that object. On the other hand, when air hits a moving object with a larger area, it causes resistance as there is a higher pressure working on that object.

 

This is why airplanes are aerodynamically designed with cone-shaped noses so that the air pressure on the airplane body is reduced. This reduces drag and allows them to glide effortlessly through the air.

 

As an airplane moves with great speed on the runway, the wings are tilted upwards, increasing the air pressure on them. Therefore the airplane is lifted off the runway and rises higher. The angle of the wings determines how high the airplane will lift. In the same way, air pressure is used to maneuver the plane using the tail rudder.

 

You can blend the following fun activity with your homeschool science program. Buy a balsa wood toy airplane at your local store or drug store. As we assemble the airplane, we will experiment how it flies as we add each part.

 

To begin with, fly only the airplane body without the fins or wings. You will find that it is no better than a shoe flung in the air. The thrust is of no use, as it cannot make the right use of air pressure to fly.

 

Now attach only the large wing and fly the airplane. Your plane will seem to lift but then somersaults or plummets to the ground.

Next attach the horizontal stabilizer tail and fly it with a curve. You will notice that the somersaults have stopped but there is a zigzag movement.

 

Attach the vertical tail or rudder and now check out your toy airplane. This time you will notice a successful flying spell without any fishtail movements.

 

Here’s something for you to figure out on your own. Fly the airplane without the metal nose clip and see what happens. What is the purpose of this metal clip?

 

If you enjoyed your airplane lesson and experiment, let me tell you that I have loads of similar activities to enhance your homeschool science learning. To get great science experiments and activities visit the free “Homeschool Parent’s Guide to Teaching Science” at the link below.