Paver Stone Installation – Pros and Cons of Sealing

Paver stones are part of a landscaping material that is used to line patios, walkways, and driveways. They are made of various materials with the most common being stone, brick, and concrete. You can get them in many different sizes. Paver stones are tough and durable but they can be susceptible to damage by weather changes, staining, mildew, fading, etc. To keep them from becoming damaged along with keeping then looking shiny and new you should seal them. If you do decide to seal them you should do this every one to two years. Make sure that you are using the sealant that is specifically designed for the type of pavers you have. When you do paver stone installation you should wait at least two to three weeks before you seal the paver stone.


• Weather protection – when using sealants after paver stone installation it can save your paver stones from being damaged by snow and ice. The reason is that sealants can withstand a harsh climate and harsh weather. If it is not sealed water will seep through and it could lead to the formation of puddles below the surface where the installation has been done. This can cause frost heaves and cracks. A sealant will repel the water and fill the pores by preserving the sand dust found in the joints.

• Longevity and durability – sealant helps to ensure a longer life of the paving stones and when you use a quality sealant it will protect them from various forms of damage. The sealant will also prevent weeds from growing in the paving stone joints.

• Appearance – using sealant will help to block the harmful UV rays and help prevent fading.


• Cost – when choosing sealant do not choose the cheaper one as the cheaper it gets the thinner it will be. Chose one that is of high quality and reliable for maximum protection. The sealants that are used for concrete driveways, walkways, and pathways are more expensive than ones used on asphalt driveways but the expensive sealant will last longer.

• Safety measures – after installation, before you seal them you will need to wear safety equipment like shoe covers, gloves, and mask because the sealant can be hard to remove if you come in contact with the sealant. The chemicals in the sealant can make a surface slippery, especially in snow and rain. The urethane and acrylic based ones can be hazardous in case of a fire. Make sure you are applying the sealant in a well ventilated area.

• Reapplication – using sealant after paver stone installation increases the number of reapplications.

Ice Damming

Ice dams are the accumulation of ice at the eaves and valleys of roofs, and in some winters create major problems. Insufficient attic insulation or attic ventilation can cause roof snow to melt and slide down to the eaves, where the roof surface is cooler and the melting snow freezes to the roof. Subsequent melting causes water to pool behind this dam and sometimes the water seeps between the shingle layers, wetting the roof deck and possibly the walls and ceilings below.

Interior damage caused by ice dam. What To Do?

1. Carefully seal all ceiling penetrations such as light fixtures to keep warm, moist air out of the attic.

2. Ensure adequate attic ventilation of approximately 1 sq.ft. per 300 sq.ft. of ceiling area (no less than 50% at the gables or soffits, and no more than 50% through the roof)

3. Ensure that soffit vents are not blocked by insulation. If blown-in insulation tends to drift into the eaves, use 1 / 4inch plywood or paneling to create barriers between the rafters. Pre-fabricated barriers are also available. A minimum insulating value of R20 (approx. 8 inches) is recommended.

4. In new homes, roofing felt is applied from the edge of the roof to a point not less than 12 "inside the inner face of the exterior wall. In some locales this eaves protection must go 10 or 12 feet up the roof (especially) on low-sloped roofs) and the full length of valleys.

5. Try roof heater cables as an interim measure, until it's time for new roofing materials. Do not forget to point out the problem areas to your roofer, so he can provide adequate protection materials.

A word to the wise: Roofing is an apparently "easy enough" job for anyone, but there are many fine points that may escape the do-it-yourselfer. A professional roofer can be your best friend!

How to Maintain Your Violin Bow

In this article I will teach you how look after your bow. The first thing you must remember is that violin bows are very fragile; you must treat them with care and respect.

Always keep your violin bow in your violin case never leave it anywhere where it can be stepped or sat on. Take care when you are using your bow not to hit it on anything like a table, door frame or ceiling. Do not forget to always loosen your bow when you are not using it, you can use this rhyme "Tighten to play, Loosen to put away" to help yourself remember.

Do not over-tighten the hair. Never tap your music stand with your violin bow as temptation as it may be a lot of bows have been broken this way. Wipe your bow stick clean after every use. Do this with a soft clean cloth with no oils or cleaning products on it. It is very important that you always keep all chemicals and cleansers away from the hair.

Extreme temperature and weather variations can affect your bow negatively. You must make an effort to minimize these variations, do your best to minimize the temperature changes your bow is exposed to. Control humidity as much as possible. Too much will cause warping and too little will cause cracking.

You may want to consider buying an instrument humidifier; these fit in your instrument case and will keep your bow at optimum humidity.

Rosin should be applied as often as you feel you need it, you want enough to be able to grip the strings but not so much that it creates a coating on the strings. Over time you will gain experience and develop a feel for the amount of rosin you need to use. There are many kinds of rosins, when heat or humidity is high you will want to use a lighter rosin and when it is cold or dry you can use a darker rosin. Also remember that lighter rosins will grab less than darker rosins.

You will need to rehair the bow depending on the frequency of your practice, if you practice every day you will need to rehair your violin bow about once a month, if you practice very little than you will only need to rehair about once a year.

You must never attempt to rehair the bow yourself; This is a very difficult job even for trained professionals.

You must monitor the condition off your bow constantly and seek professional help when needed, only trust your bow to a trained professional. If there are any cracks, splits or damages you should take the bow to a professional immediately.

Amish Fireplaces

You have probably seen those commercials on tv for the Amish Fireplace. So what is the story? It's really pretty simple. The Amish Fireplace is basically an electric space heater that looks like a woodburning hearth. So, if you'd like the look and warmth of a fireplace, but can not have one in your home for cost or to other reasons, then you might want to consider this option. If you are looking for one of these, you should know that the official name is The Heat Surge Roll-n-Glow Electric Fireplace, which is a mouthful.

So, here's the low down on Amish Fireplaces. You can get them in four finishes, either Cherry, Oak, white or black. While the cabinets are indeed build by the Amish in Ohio, the electric heating element is manufactured in China. If you have seen the commercials you will have noticed that the cabinets are made to look like a fireplace, include a simulated fire. Some additional options include a bookshelf and mirror.

Do Amish Fireplaces really work? The short answer is yes, like any other electric radiant space heater. Depending on the size of your room, the heater might be enough to heat the entire room, with two power settings (750 or 1500 watts). Of course, electric heat is usually more expensive compared to gas, oil or wood heat. To get an unbiased review of the Amish Fireplace, check out Consumer Reports. This will help you cut through the hype of the infomercials and measure the pros and cons.

Another thing to always keep in mind when using space heaters of any type is safety. While modern heaters often have safety features, like a tipover shutoff switch to shut the unit off if it somehow falls over. You must be careful to keep flammable materials, such as curtains, well away from the heating elements.

The bottom line is that if cost is most important, then you can easily find cheaper or more efficient electric space heaters. A lot of these heaters are pretty ugly, however. But if you are more concerned with the look of the unit and the atmosphere created by an "electric fireplace", then the Amish Fireplace might be worth a look.

How to Project Manage Or Build Your Own House Extension

In these days of escalating material and labour costs many people are starting to think about if they could carry out there own building work or at least manage others while they carry out the work for them.

This article has been written with the intention of helping the layman build or project manage there own house or an extension to there house which would enable them to make considerable savings on labour costs.

I am a time served bricklayer and have been in the building trade for thirty-one years. And I would like to share some hints and tips that will help you carry out a lot of your own building tasks and save you some substantial money.

I have written it out in the order and sequence that any new build carried out by yourself or a builder would be carried out, and if you stick to this sequence it would make things go a lot easier, this way you will be finishing one thing before starting something else.

Sorting out the official side of things.

You will need a good architect who will draw up a set of plans for you, and as you are the one paying for his fee you should insist that he makes all the measurements clear and precise so they can be easily followed, you should also ask him for a full specification so that later when you have to go to your builders merchant you will know exactly what materials you have to ask for and order.

You must take the plans to your local planning office and submit them so they can agree and hopefully give you permission to build, this process can take several weeks so stick with it and don’t get to despondent.

When you have received your planning permission you are nearly ready to get started.

You will then need to go to your local building control office and make the necessary arrangements for the building inspector to come out and inspect the various stages of your build, but they will explain that to you and it will be written on the appointment cards that they will give you which must be filled in and given to them so that they can firstly come and see what has been done and they will have the cards for there records, that is the official part of things taken care of so now its up to you to sort out how much of the work you want to tackle for yourself.

The correct sequence to follow.

The first things you will need to do are strip the building area of any vegetation and level the ground within that area.

It is always a good idea to look around the surrounding area to see if there is any services IE electric, gas water, telephone and be aware of where they are going so as to avoid hitting them when you are digging the foundations.

It would be best to get a professional to set out the level pegs and the dig and build profiles as these really need to be accurate and if you start right at the beginning then things should stay that way throughout the build.

Now to start the dig.

Most drawings and local authorities will state that the depth of the foundations should be one meter according to the ground conditions so if the ground is soft or made up ground then the inspector could well make you go deeper which would reflect in the price as you would need a lot more materials.

The drawings should tell you the width of the trench so if you decide to save money and dig it for yourself you will have all the details to hand, whichever way you decide to dig either using a machine or by hand remember that the building inspector will check to see that you are at the right depth and he will like to see that the sides of the trench are nice and square and the bottom is levelled up neatly, it is always advisable to be polite to the inspector as he will have the last say and if you have him on your side you will find he will be helpful and answer any questions that you may have.

If you are not afraid of hard work then you could mix the concrete for yourself and save more money, the mix should be 6 shovels of ballast and 1 cement unless stated differently on your drawing.

The minimum depth that the concrete should be is 300mm but personally I prefer to fill the footing up to just below ground level as that way if you get bad weather or the sides of the trench fall in then it is much easier to clean out and of course there is much less brickwork to do to get to the DPC level, so really the extra cost of the concrete to fill the footing is lost by the savings on the block work so the choice is yours really.

The next step is to build the brick or block work up to the DPC level and whether you attempt this yourself or use a bricklayer is up to you and how confident you are, once you get to the DPC level you will be ready to prepare and concrete your over site.

The over site will need to be filled with hardcore or similar and the depths and details will be on your drawing or specification even the quantities of the mix should be shown so once again this is a job that you can do for yourself, once this is completed you will be ready for the superstructure and you will have already saved a considerable amount of money.

The superstructure, or main build.

Being a bricklayer myself I am not to sure whether to advice you to have a go at this part of the build or not or to hire a tradesman to do it for you as you need to remember that the brickwork will always be seen and will need to be bonded correctly and built straight and upright and of course neat and clean.

If you do decide to have a go for yourself you will need to invest in some tools IE trowel, some line and pins, hammer and bolster, a spirit level, and of course a good book that explains the types of bonds and mortar mixes. Once you or whoever does the brickwork reaches the required height again this will be stated on the drawings then you are ready for the roof.

The wall plates and roof structure.

Again depending on the complexity of the roof you may need to use the services of a tradesman, but first you will need to bed the wall plates in position ready for the main roof.

If it is a flat roof then you should be able to tackle the work for yourself as the details should be given on the drawings or specification, now you can see why you need to get a good architect at the beginning so that your drawings are detailed so that you can follow them for yourself, so you will now be ready for the roof covering.

The roof covering. Flat or tiled.

If it is a flat roof then you will need a tradesman who has all the necessary hot pots and tools to carry out the work.

If tiles then maybe you could do this for yourself and there are good books out there that explain the procedure.

Internal works and finishing.

Now that your building is weather tight you can start to carry out the internal works. You will need a good plumber and a good electrician to come in and do there first fixing, once this is done then you can get on with the gyprocking of the ceilings and the plastering.

You can probably fix the ceilings for yourself but again as the plastering is seen and needs to be flat and smooth then you will need a tradesman to carry out this job. At this stage you can then get the plumber and electrician to do the second fixing and then that is there part of the work completed.

Second fix carpentry and decorating.

Obviously you will have to decide if you want to attempt to hang the doors and fix the skirting boards but once again you can find good books to explain how to do it. Once that is done you are ready for the finishing touches like decorating, fixing the outside guttering up and any paths or paving that might need doing.

Famous Interior Designers and Their Styles in Interior Design – Part 1


This series of 4 articles takes a brief but informative look at 21 of the most famous and Interior Designers, from the earliest pioneers right through to the most celebrated modern day designers.

The Pioneers of Interior Design

Jean-Henri Jansen (1854-1928)

Dutch designer, Jean-Henri Jansen, launched one of the first ever international interior design companies ‘Maison Jansen’ (House of Jansen) in 1880, which became renowned for designing and creating exceptionally beautiful and high quality furniture which would be utilized in a multitude of interior decoration projects. House of Jansen opened branches in 8 of the major cities of the world. Jansen worked closely with the talented interior designer Stephane Boudin whom he made director of the company. The clients of House of Jansen included Royalty and the rich and famous.

Elsie de Wolfe (1865-1950)

The first lady of interior decoration, Elsie de Wolfe considered herself an ‘ugly child’. This Victorian stage actress was a rebel of her times and was credited by many to be the inventor of the modern profession of interior design, even though there were already established interior designers in her time. Elsie disliked Victorian tastes altogether, her designs were therefore generally made up of light and bright colors, contrary to the drab and gloomy Victorian décor coupled with unnecessary excesses such as heavy velvet draperies. This was a pioneering departure from the contemporary designs of the time. Elsie’s influence continues to be felt in the modern world of interior design.

Ogden Codman (1863-1951)

American interior decorator and architect, Ogden Codman spent his childhood in his birthplace of Boston before heading to France in his youth for a period of time. Codman had two uncles who influenced him tremendously – architect John Hubbard and decorator Richard Ogden. Some of Ogden Codman’s works include Edith Wharton’s Newport home, Land’s End, the Rockefeller family estate of New York client John D. Rockefeller, Jr. and the Newport summer home of Cornelius Vanderbilt II. Along with novelist Edith Wharton, Codman co-authored a guidepost of American interior design, ‘The Decoration of Houses’ in 1897.

Frances Elkins (1888-1953)

Born in Milwaukee, Frances Adler Elkins was one of the most prominent interior decorator and designer of the previous century. Sister of the famed Chicago architect David Adler, Elkins was known for her futuristic designs that brought together different styles and elements from various periods. They included country French styles, chinoiserie and art deco. The furnishings featured in her designs included designers such as Jean-Michel Frank and Alberto Giacometti. The career of Elkins that spanned over three decades is glittered with many high profile commissions in Hawaii, the Midwest and northern and southern California, none more interesting than the restoration of the 1830s structure, Casa Amesti in Monterrey, California.

Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959)

Frank Lloyd Wright was an interior designer and architect whose career included more than 1000 projects, 500 of them that have been complete. Wright was known for his promotion of organic architecture, an example of which is Fallingwater. The Robie House is an example of Wright’s leadership of the Prairie School architectural movement, while the Rosenbaum House depicts Wright’s Usonian home concept. Wright also had refreshing ideas for every kind of building, be it church, office, school, hotel or museum. Along with excellent architectural renderings, Wright also designed much of the interiors of his buildings including the Décor, layout and furniture.

Retinal Detachment – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

The retina of eyes is attached to the tissues which lie under the eye and the separation of the two is known as retinal detachment. The common causes of this situation is the breakage of the retina or the teething of it. The breakage of the retina may be caused by the detachment of the vitreous gel from the retina. The two part of the eye is filled with the vitreous gel and it is this gel that covers the entire retina and if the strength of the retina is fragile, it leads to its breakage. If the blood vessels in the retina are present in the breakage, it causes bleeding of the eye. However, most of the retinal detachments that happen are not a cause of injury.

If the retina tears, it gives way to the vitreous gel to get into the back of the retina. It is this layer of accumulated gel that causes the detachment of the retina from the eye. As more and more of the gel gets accumulated and layered behind the retina, the detachment increases and in some cases the entire retina is detached. This happens when the tear is very big. The retinal detachment is mostly prominently in a single eye. It does not affect both the eyes. When such an incident happens, even the other eye is thoroughly checked for any signs of tears or breaks in the retina. This is done to safeguard the second eye so that preventive measures can be taken.

The patient who is experiencing the symptoms of retinal detachment sees flashing lights in the initial stages. A person who has this symptom has to immediately see the eye doctor without further delay. The retina could be saved in many cases if shown on time. The effect of flashing light is caused by the loosing of the vitreous which allows the gel to get in contact with the retina. There is also the symptom where the person can visualize floaters. This is caused when the vitreous gel gets solid to even an insignificant amount. If treated earlier itself, the treatment is much more effective.

The treatment for retinal detachment is done with the help of laser therapy where the holing and teething of the retina is treated. Another way of treatment is by freezing the retina. While the retina is frozen, even the gel freezes and it is then prevented from layering at the back of the retina. This eventually precedes the retinal detachment in the initial stages. In other worse cases, where the retina is almost detached, a surgery is immediately performed. These eye surgeries are of three types:

Scleral buckling

Pneumatic retinopexy


The holes and teething that is caused in the retina has to be treated as the vision of the person is blurred or in some cases partly blinded. The injury in the vision can aggravate and cause permanent blindness if not treated immediately. So it is advised to always take good care of the eyes.

Icynene Insulation

What is Spray Foam Insulation ?:

It's a form of insulation, which is sprayed over an area you wish to insulate, instead of the conventional way of placing some sort of insulation in the wall cavity. When it is sprayed it quickly expends and fills in every single void it can, creating an almost perfectly sealed space.

What are the advantages of using Spray Foam Insulation ?:

By expanding and filling ever crack and void it provides complete sealing, preventing air from leaking, which is still in effect with other insulations. It can be placed in any area without having to remove existing tubing, electrical wires or pipes of any kind. It is water repellent and allows moisture to leave from the walls. Mold can not grow on it. It also prevails the development of mold, which is due to humid air. It is an effective way of reducing outside noises. Also, Spray Foam Insulation has a low flammability. It can be used as an effective way of insulating your boat. It can be used in small areas.

How well does it work ?:

Something of the sort like icynene has an R-value of 3.6, Polyisocyanurate has an R-value of 5.6 although it can range up to 7, while Polyethylene ranges from 5.8-6.8. The R-value is defined as "a measure of a substance's insulating value or resistance to heat flow. (The EMC Jacksonemc). Although the R-value may be lower then other materials, you must remember that it is a sealant that prevails the escape of air, which is a huge contributor to heat loss.

What is the cost and savings ?:

The initial cost of using spray foam insulation is around 3 times more then conventional insulation, however the savings offset the costs by far. It can cost 1.25- 2.25 $ per Sqft. The savings repay the initial costs by around 3-5 years, depending on the amount of insulation used. It pays off, and you will notice a difference when the insulation is put it. You will feel warmer, you will save money, you will help save the environment and you will admire yourself for making the right decision.

Is it environmentally friendly ?:

Many organizations have rated spray foam insulation as one of the greenest methods of insulation with the most attention going to icynene. Most spray foam insulations do not contain HCFC's, CFC's or formaldehyde. They are reliably safe for individuals with respiratory problems such as asthma. So the answer to the question is yes it is environmentally friendly.

Diabetes Is Not Just About Sugar, It Can Increase Your Risk For High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

People get Diabetes by being overweight and eating too much sugar, right? Wrong. There are a lot of misconceptions concerning this disease. What is not a misconception is that 25.8 million Americans struggle with the condition daily. That's over 8% of the population, with 215,000 of them being under 20 years old.

Everyone knows that those who are diabetic need to limit their sugar intake. But it's more complicated than that. Being diabetic also increases the risk for high blood pressure or hypertension. Those at risk need to follow a low sodium diet along with limiting sugars. It is recommended that people with this condition have no more than 2,400 mg of sodium per day, and if you have high blood pressure too, no more than 1,500 mg.

Think that you might have diabetes, but not sure? Many signs for type 1 and type 2 are similar. In both types, your cells are not getting enough glucose which leads to specific symptoms. If you notice any of these, you should schedule an appointment to discuss them with your doctor.

-Urinating more often

-Unusual thirst

-Unexplained weight loss

-Weakness or chronic fatigue

-Your hands, legs, or feet feeling numb or tingling

If you are diagnosed with diabetes, or are at risk for it, your doctor will usually advise you to also follow a low sodium diet. Determining which foods are high in sodium can be confusing at first, so here are some general guidelines to help show you what to avoid.

1. Salt of any kind, including sea salt and Kosher salt, and seasonings with salt including most seasoning packs, gravy mixes, salad dressing mixes, etc.

2. Just about anything that says instant or quick

3. Highly processed or cured foods such as bacon, sausage, ham (vegetarian versions can also be high in sodium)

4. Condiments such as ketchup, (which is also high in sugar), mustard, mayonnaise, and hot sauce to name a few

5. Pickled items

6. Frozen dinners, frozen vegetables (except for no salt added)

7. Salty snacks such as salted or flavored potato chips, salted or flavored corn chips, salted pretzels, salted nuts, microwave popcorn, crackers, and rice cakes (Note: Most lowfat foods are high in sodium)

8. Most store-bought sauces such as, soy sauce (even low sodium soy sauce can be too high in sodium for some diets and folks tend to shake on twice or three times as much trying to get enough flavor), steak sauces, barbecue sauces, teriyaki sauces and marinades

9. Breads (read the sodium per slice), bread crumbs, croutons, biscuits, rolls

10. Just about anything that is canned such as vegetables, meats, soups, broths

You might be wondering what that leaves you to work with.

1, Use fresh ingredients in your meals.

2. You can still enjoy flavorful foods by using salt substitutes and salt-free seasonings.

3. Use dried beans, peas, and legumes instead of canned ones.

4. Try whole grains like brown rice, oats, quinoa (a seed not a grain like most folks think), and barley instead of pasta and white rice which have a high glycemic index and are usually cooked in salted water.

5. Fruit is often misleading because it is thought of as healthy but is high in fructose. Fruit is a good way to add some sweetness to your diet, just use it in moderation.

Being diagnosed with Diabetes does not signal the end of your life. But it does signal having to pay more attention to your diabetic diet and lifestyle. Remember, it's not just about sugar, it's also about your daily sodium intake. A few adjustments will help you keep your condition contained, instead of the condition containing you.

Popular Treatment Methods For Trochanteric Bursitis

As we age, the natural lubricants in our bodies that surround the joints tend to break down, and the sensitive areas can become inflamed and painful. One of the most common examples of this aging related medical condition is known as Trochanteric bursitis and it directly affects the hip joint. Limited movement is only one of the symptoms of this incapacitating condition, one that is also thankfully treatable.


Trochanteric bursitis will usually begin with feelings of tenderness and pain on the outside of the hip joint, and the skin may feel a bit warm to the touch. Over time, the pain increases to the point of occurring every time that joint is moved, through walking, standing or even sitting for lengths of time. The pain will range from mild discomfort to jarring jolts of chronic pain that seem to have no relief, not even when lying down. Any pressure on the affected hip will cause pain, especially when lying on your side.


The cause of this condition can be from a wide variety of reasons. Blows to that particular hip bone could begin the problem, but more often than not the true cause lies in simple aging. As we age, our bodies begin to lose its natural lubricants that are stored in tiny sacs surrounding each joint, called bursa. As the bursa begins to weakened, they can become irritated by the movement of the joint they surround, and become swollen. Once they swell, the movement of the joint puts additional pressure on them, causing sometimes excruciating pain.

The most common complaint of patients of a certain age is pain in the hip, most often caused by this form of bursitis. Left untreated, it can quickly become debilitating, every step causing chronic pain, and limiting the range of movement, day by day. The only effective course of treatment will include methods to alleviate the pain, and reduce the inflammation of the bursa surrounding the outside of the hip. Seeing your doctor is the first step to take.

Diagnosis and treatment

Once the doctor has run the necessary tests and taken x-rays to determine whether the cause of the pain is actually this form of bursitis and not something similar like tendonitis, the next step is usually prescribing anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce the inflammation of the bursa. After that, patients with this condition are then sent to physical therapy sessions, where they will be taught various exercises to strengthen the muscles around the joint, reducing the pressure on the bursa, as well as regaining some flexibility and movement. Surgery is usually only considered after all else has failed.

Typical Exercises

The typical exercises done through physical therapy to combat this condition will concentrate on the four muscle groups that surround the hip bone. These are the gluteal muscles, the illiotibial band that connects the hip joint, the hip flexor muscles, and the hamstring. Stretches designed to rebuild strength, and add flexibility to these areas will be the main focus of any exercises undergone during this phase of treatment.

The first such exercise is for the gluteal area, and is called the gluteal stretch. Lying on the back, the knee that aligns with the injured hip is slowly rolled back towards the opposite shoulder, slowly stretching that muscle. Next, a stretching exercise designed for the illiotibial band is performed standing up. This muscle runs from the side of the knee to the hip, so by extending the leg and crossing it gently to the opposite side, this band will become more flexible over time, and place less pressure on the inflated hip joint.

Simple forward and backward movements of the legs and knees, like those in gentle lunges will help to stretch both the hamstring, and the hip flexor muscles. All exercises to combat the effects of Trochanteric bursitis should be done safely, under the supervision of a physical therapist and if any pain is felt, stop them immediately, or risk worsening your condition.

What to Eat to Lose Weight

So what is the answer to the question what to eat to lose weight? You should eat something from all the food groups every day but in proper proportions. The food groups are as follows:

1) Fruit and Vegetables
2) Carbohydrates or starches
3) Protein
4) Dairy products
5) Foods containing fats and sugars.

Most of your food should come from the first group. Fruit and vegetables are great for people trying to lose weight as they help to fill you up without adding on loads of calories. They are also great for your skin, your hair and your general wellbeing. You need to try and vary the quantity; color and type that you eat as eating carrots every day will soon become rather boring.

If you do not like raw vegetables try making homemade soup. If you make the soup from scratch and use spices and herbs instead of salt, you can make a very filling meal with very few calories. You should try and start your lunch and dinner with either a soup or salad as you will end up slimmer.

You need carbohydrates in order to get vital B vitamins and nutrients. Switch from white products such as bread, pasta and rice to the wholegrain or wholemeal varieties. Aim to eat your carb allocation as close to morning as possible so that you get a chance to consume the glucose released by these foods. Glucose converts to fat if it is not used up.

Proteins provide essential amino acids so are vital to your diet. You do not need a lot of protein and the best sources are lean meat, fish and sprouting beans. Eating a dinner made of protein and vegetables will help you to lose weight. In fact never eating protein and starches in the same meal will have a huge impact on the number of pounds you lose.

How To Make Toaster Tongs-Craft Project For All

How many times have you had toast or waffle stuck in your electric toaster and you, without thinking, started to use a metal knife to dig the toast out of the toaster? Of course, this could be extremely detrimental to your health!

Toaster tongs are the perfect answer to this problem. This is a really inexpensive craft project that you can sell or have groups of children in craft classes make. You can leave plain or decorate with decals or paint or even Sharpies (which are waterproof).

For one toaster tong, you will need the following:

2-Tong depressors (you can purchase at any drug store)

1 3/4 inch diameter dowel, cut in one inch long piece

Elmer's Glue

2. tiny tack nails

1. Sand the dowel piece on each side after cutting to make sure it is smooth.

2. Using the Elmer's Glue, place a drop of glue on one end of the dowel and apply one

tong depressor to the glued side.

3. Hold down for a minute and nail the tiny tack nail in while glue is still wet.

4. Repeat with the second dowel on the other side.

5. Let dry about an hour before decorating.

This is a great gift to give to anyone. You can personalize or decorate any way you like with dot flowers or lady bugs or just about any design you can think of. And the recipient of this little gift will thank you for thinking of their safety!

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Postmodern Film Approach: The Lady Eve


I’ve been spending quite a bit of time lately viewing the films Stanley Cavell calls “comedies of remarriage” and his essays on them in his book Pursuits of Happiness. We can leave aside the question of whether or not this type of film truly constitutes a genre in itself – there seems to be some debate about it – but repeated viewing of these films, coupled with careful study of Cavell’s essays on them, is certainly a most profitable exercise.

One of the things that strikes me is how little Cavell is interested in a film qua film; throughout most of his essay on Sturges’ glorious comedy starring Stanwyck and Fonda he could well be writing about a play, whether written, staged, or filmed. True, early on he discusses a camera movement (which is misidentified as ‘wandering’ – the scene in question is achieved by a straight cut), the humorous opening credit sequence, and, later, he does address REFLEXITIVITY in terms of the photograph of the three card hustlers, as well as stating, in a discussion about the mirror Jean holds up to observe the other passengers on the ship, that “… we are informed that this film knows itself to have been written and directed and photographed and edited.” Maybe it does, maybe it doesn’t – but if it does, it does so in a way obvious only to a philosopher or a serious film scholar. It doesn’t display this knowledge of itself in the way, say, the microphone hanging over an actor’s head is plainly visible in a Godard film.

But other than this, there is little in Cavell’s essay that tackles the movie as a member of a unique artistic medium. For example it would be, I think, completely out of character for Cavell to comment on the transition cut from the “smokestack” of the little boat Fonda and Demarest use up the Amazon to the smokestack of the cruise ship (think of Kubrick cutting from the thrown bone to the spaceship) or on the use of stock footage of a cruise ship sailing on the ocean that Sturges uses here. There are also outrageous Hollywood conventions that we have to put up with here – for instance, when Fonda and Demarest first come aboard the cruise ship, how does Stanwyck just happen to have an apple handy to bop him on the head with? Or this – the little boat that they have been up the Amazon with just happens to be able to connect with the ocean liner in the middle of the sea? Of course, I understand that Cavell’s concerns lie in different areas – he says he is not pretending to be writing film criticism – yet sometimes as I read his essays I wonder if he isn’t giving the cinematic aspects of cinema just a little short shrift.

Joan of Arc – French Patriot and Martyr

St Joan of Arc (c. 1412-1431), also known as the Maid of Orleans, was a French patriot and martyr who challenged the English military ascendancy in France during the Hundred Years’ War.

Born into a peasant family in Domremy, France, Joan at the age of 13 or 14 began to hear the voices of St Michael, St Catherine and St Margaret, telling her to rescue France from English domination in the Hundred Years’ War that was then raging and to free the French city of Orleans from the English who then besieging it.

She was taken to see the Dauphin (the eldest son of the King of France and the direct heir to the throne) Charles, who was to be the future King Charles VII of France, in the castle of Chinon in the Loire Valley. Charles was initially sceptical and had Joan examined by a group of theologians and clergy in Poitiers, who became convinced of Joan’s sincerity and orthodoxy.

Charles then sent Joan with a small force to Orleans, where she joined the French army that was opposing the English forces. Wearing a suit of white armor and flying her own standard, Joan led a number of successful assaults against the English. By May 8, 1429, she forced the English to raise their siege and depart.

Joan now called for Charles the Dauphin to be crowned in Reims Cathedral, a move that she believed would give Charles more authority and would return a sense of national unity to the downtrodden, war weary French people.

Joan accompanied Charles and an army of 12,000 through English-held territory, with the French army clearing the territory of the English to make way for Charles and his party. Charles was then crowned in Reims Cathedral on July 17, 1429 as King Charles VII of France.

In April 1430 Joan and a small group of soldiers went to Compiegne, which was then under siege by the Burgundians, but on May 25 was captured and sold to the English by John of Luxemburg for 10,000 crowns. The English were very pleased to have Joan in their hands as she was becoming an impediment to their military advances in France.

Unfortunately for Joan, after her capture Charles VII made no attempt to negotiate with her captors or to offer a ransom payment.

In January 1431 she was put on trial in an English-constituted court in Rouen. She was originally charged with witchcraft and heresy; however, the trial itself was just for heresy and, moreover, was conducted with various irregularities.

Joan was found guilty and was burnt at the stake in Rouen’s Old Market on May 30, 1431.

Twenty five years after her trial and execution, Pope Callistus III set a formal retrial (known as a Trial of Rehabilitation). The result was that Joan’s 1431 trial was declared irregular – that is, Joan was exonerated by the Church. (Some commentators have suggested that this development was simply to strength the validity of Charles VII’s coronation in the face of any challenges.)

Joan was canonized in 1920. She is now known as Saint Joan of Arc.

St Joan of Arc remains a French national heroine. Certainly, her actions did block the English advance south of the Loire in her time and her military victories and the coronation she promoted gave the French new strength in the Hundred Years’ War while demoralizing their English foes.

But the meaning of Joan’s life and death goes beyond this and are have been explored by many historians and writers of literature over the years, including by the dramatists Schiller, Shaw, Peguy and Brecht.

Why Does Sinus Drainage Make You Cough? – Nurse's Guide

People often think if they have a cough they must have a lung problem. In many cases it may be simply sinus drainage. If you have a non-productive cough and congestion, chances are you have a sinus infection, sinus infection, acute sinusitis or other sinus problem or condition and not a lung problem.

The sinuses are small cavities in the bones of the skull that are filled with air. Their main purpose is to help with secret of mucus and with voice resonance. There are four pairs of sinus cavities behind the forehead, cheek bones and nasal area.

The job of the sinuses is to secret mucus to provide proper lubrication and help the nose prevent dust, particles and harmful organisms from entering and infecting the respiratory tract.

With an acute sinus infection you will have excess amounts of mucus that will trickle down the back of your throat and cause you to cough.

So when the sinuses secret mucus it is transported down to the throat area where it gets swallowed. You usually do not notice this small amount of mucus. But if you have a lot of mucus from a sinus infection you will have thicker more irritating mucus, often yellowish, and it may cause you to cough.

This cough is the body's voluntary reaction to protect its airways.

At the same time the mucus backs up in your sinus cavities and gets inflamed and hardens and starts a sinus infection because it can not move through the sinuses properly. One quart of mucus needs to move through the sinuses every day.

When the sinuses secrete this irritating mucus from an infection it may also cause a slight sore throat. This is called post-nasal drip. Often people think this sore throat is from other causes.

Usually the cough is not severe in the early stages and is a signal to you that something is wrong or is starting up.

To cure the cough and stop the excess sinus drain you want to cure the sinus infection, sinusitis or other sinus problem right away before it gets worse. You do not have to suffer with acute or chronic sinusitis anymore. And antibiotics are not the way to go. Most sinus infections are caused by a fungus and not bacteria. Plus the antibiotics have a difficult time reaching the sinus cavities. The best way to cure your sinus problem or sinus infection is to do it naturally. There are many ways to do that.