The Ultimate Ego and the Philosophical Thoughts of the Human Mind – A Book Review

Ego is a very interesting thing, and it is even more fascinating that so many religions try to get their followers to ditch their ego, somehow expressing concern that God wouldn’t appreciate it, because he is the Supreme Being and you are merely a human and therefore, nothing. It would appear to a good many intellectuals, that this is nothing more than a ploy to maintain authority. Or to ask for sacrifice and giving up “self” in the name of the greater good and the cause of yet another, namely the appointed cleric or pastor, or priest of the church.

It is somewhat interesting that there doesn’t seem to be anything wrong with Ego, as it allows you to accomplish things, and believe in yourself. Maintaining a high self esteem and a high level of confidence gives the individual the trust in self they need to accomplish and achieve. So, is Ego the ultimate goal of the human mind? It’s hard to say but if you like to ponder thoughts like this I can recommend a very good book to you. The name of the book is;

“Philosophy; The Ultimate Ego,” by Harry Binswanger

In this book it thoroughly goes through all the potential side topics of ego, and rationalizes the need for ego and why it’s so important. Better yet, the author suggests that the engagement of philosophical thought, and belief that one can rationalize, understand, and solve problems in the philosophical realm could indeed be the ultimate ego. And that indeed in and of itself is a very interesting consideration.

One thing I liked about Harry’s comments, were that they seem to be in-line with the theory of objectivism, and the comments of Ayn Rand, my favorite capitalist philosopher. Indeed I hope you will please consider all this.

Types of Construction Contracts

The management of a company plays an important role in taking the decisions in an organization. The management of a company is responsible for the success or failure of the decisions. Even before the project initiation, there are lots of steps that are carried out by the management of a company. The steps may involve preparation of reports such as analysis and estimation reports. The management has to take the board approval from various boards and departments again. The management may have to prepare fully fledged reports. After preparation of various fully fledged reports, the employers are called. Here employers can also be described as contractors. Then the employers will submit the tender related documents. Then various kinds of discussions will be held between the management and the contractors such as price negotiation, work experience and after showing various work experience certificates. Single or multiple employers are chosen to work on a specific package, specification or a contract. The employer has to complete the carious formalities before starting to work on the contract. The construction contracts are of three types. The types of contracts may be different in various countries.

There are three types of contracts, these contract types may vary based on the country, based on the market type.

The three types of contracts are total turnkey, discrete turnkey and non turnkey contracts.

Total Turnkey Contract:

In this type of contract, the contractor is completely responsible for everything. The responsibilities may include submitting the design documents; process the engineering which may include erection, re-design, testing using various testing techniques. The responsibility also includes supply of various equipment or material at the construction site, installing the material and as described earlier, testing the installed or erected material, commissioning and demonstrating the performance of the erected material and handling over everything that is performance tested successfully to the management of the company. Then the management will approve the payments to the contractor.

Discrete Turnkey Contract:

This type of contract is different from the other two contracts. In the discrete turnkey contract, the design, engineering, supply of the material or the equipment, erection of equipment, commissioning the equipment is done by a single agency.

The management of the company or the employer will appoint other contractors to carry out the construction work. Here, the drawings may be given by the management themselves based on the supply of the equipment by the contractor. The management is also involved in approving the drawings if any submitted by the contractor.

Non-Turnkey Contract:

This type of contract is completely different from the other two contracts. Basically, the non turnkey contracts are also called as the item rate contracts in which the drawings may be prepared and given by the management of the company of the drawing consultant if any employed by the management of the company. The contractor will only work based on the drawings given to him. The non-turnkey contracts mostly involve the civil and structural contracts.

To improve your knowledge in management process, I recommend every one to subscribe to management magazines

How to Grow Pechay in Containers

Pechay (Brassica pekinensis L.) also known as bok choy, Pak choi or Chinese white cabbage is an annual vegetable crop grown for its foliage for used in soup, salad, solo vegetable dish and many other oriental cooking. It can be eaten as cooked or delicious raw as a single dish or mix with other vegetables.

It is rich with Vitamins and minerals which is ideal for body conditioning and supply of needed minerals in our body. Vitamins found in pechay are the following; Ascorbic acid, Vitamin C, Riboflavin, Vitamin B2, Niacin, Vitamin B3, Vitamin A, Vitamin A, and also beta-carotene, and Vitamin A.

Each plant produces a minimum of 10-14 erect stalks, measuring at least 8-10 inches long. For best result, Pechay should be grown during the cold climate. They can also be grown as a spring or fall crop if no other crops are planted for the season.

Ways to grow Pechay

Soil Requirements. The best soil medium for pechay is rich with organic materials mix with animal manures and rice hull charcoal or sand. The soil mixture ratio should be; 1 part rich garden soil, 1 part dried animal manure, and 1 part rice hull charcoal or sand.

Make your mixture enough to cover for your seed box, germinating tray and for the containers used for permanent planting.

Sowing seeds. Sow the seeds in a seed box filled with your soil mix evenly in straight line and press a little but don’t cover. Moisten the soil just enough to wet them. Don’t over water, for the seeds might be drained out. Place in a shaded area, in your nursery until the seedling comes out.

Transfer seedlings to a germinating tray. When the seedlings developed two true leaves, thin them and transfer to your prepared germinating tray filled with the soil mix previously used in your seed box. Gradually expose your seedlings to direct sunlight to acclimatize them with the sun rays, until they are already hardened to withstand the outside environment.

Transfer to prepared containers. Once your seedlings have already developed four true leaves, transplant them to your prepared containers filled with the soil mixture. Select the containers you can use form plastic glasses, small thin cans, spare tires, or anything you can get from waste garbage. Make sure there is a drainage hole below the containers to drain out excess water.

Water management. Water them just enough to wet the soil. Don’t over water the plants to avoid rotting of the roots caused by to much water accumulation in the containers.

Pest and disease management. Pechay is a hardy plant because they are a short season crop, sometimes some pests are confused when to attack. But, there are cases when pin worms and cutworms manage to see them. If you see their presence, control them by making your homemade insecticides. Here is my formulation; 2 tablespoons vegetable oil, 2 tablespoons baking soda, and 2 tablespoons powdered laundry soap to 1 gallon water. Mix thoroughly the solution, and spray directly to the affected plants. Continue spraying until the pests are controlled.

Harvesting. Pechay is ready for harvest 30 – 35 days from sowing. If you’re using them for home cooking alone, you can trim only some number of stalks from the standing crop leaving for future use. If you have some extra which you think worth sharing, you can give your neighbors and friends some extra plant.

Happy gardening!

Sleeping Right Next to an Air Conditioner

Some people find that they cannot get to sleep at night during the summer unless their room is ice cold. Which is somewhat funny since some of these same people insist on being nice and warm during the winter. Anyways, it is important to make sure that you are not over doing it when it comes to sleeping with an air conditioner on at night. Fresh air is always best but if you cannot sleep with your window open for safety concerns or fears than go ahead and stick with the air conditioner. Just make sure that the room does not get too cold though.

You would be surprised how many people will end up with a cold in the middle of a hot summer because they slept in a room that got below forty degrees. In order to make sure that the room does not get too cold, you might want to look into a temperature controlled air conditioner.

There are window units that allow you to punch in the exact temperature that you want and then the unit will shut off when it gets to that temperature instead of continuing to make the room colder. As the room heats up some, the air conditioner will kick back on in order to get the temperature back to your desired setting.

These window air conditioner units usually cost a little bit more but not by much. If you want to make sure that you have a comfortable night of sleep without freezing to death, these are the air units to go for.

Guitar Effects – Compression For Guitars Explained

Ever wanted to get a more even tone when playing finger-style acoustic guitar? How about enhancing your percussive rhythm strumming when playing styles such as funk, reggae or ska? Compression for Guitars might be the answer. In simple terms, this effect produces a smoother, more evenly consistent sound by elevating the level of soft notes, whilst the louder signals are reduced. This has the effect of averaging out the overall audio signal. Think of it as an automatic control for adjusting the volume that is far more effective than what a human could do manually by manipulating a knob or fader.

When using compression for guitars, it is normal to place it first in an effects chain, as it gives any effects following it a smoother signal. Compression is very useful for lead guitar playing as it enhances sustain by boosting the signal when it would normally fade. There are many options for the guitarist, ranging from foot pedals through to digital rack-mounted units and in-built compression in some mixing desks. Depending on what unit you have access to, there are different levels of control available, but the basic settings are as follows.


The threshold is basically the benchmark level above which the signal is not allowed to exceed – until it hits a pre-determined amount beyond. When the pre-determined level is reached, the compressor kicks in and reduces the signal by a second pre-determined amount. This is explained more in the paragraph about ratio. The Threshold is commonly calibrated in dBs.


The Ratio determines the amount of gain reduction that will be applied to the signal and is the crux of the whole idea behind compression. It’s usually expressed as:




infinity:1 and similar.

If you have a compression ratio of 3:1, this will mean that a signal must exceed the pre-set Threshold by 3dB to allow for a level 1dB above the Threshold. So, it is reduced by 2 dB from 3dB above, to 1dB above, hence the ratio 3:1. If you have a setting of infinity:1, this is more accurately described as a ‘Limiter’. This is because the output level is never permitted to rise beyond the pre-set threshold.


Usually measured between 1 and 20 milliseconds, the attack determines how long it takes for the compressor to kick in. How you use the attack parameter is dependent on the nature of the signal being effected. For example, a slow attack allows the percussive qualities of instruments to come through at the very start. The remainder of the signal is then gradually evened out. This is very handy for drums and rhythm guitars. A fast attack on the other hand will result in a consistently smooth sound and as a result, is ideally suited to vocals.


The release determines how long it takes for the compressors gain to come back up to normal once the input signal has dropped back below the level of the threshold. You need to be careful with this setting as if it is set too fast, the result can be a pumping effect to the signal.

Hard Knee and Soft Knee

This setting will determine how aggressive the compression will be. A Soft Knee compressor allows the gain reduction to be brought in progressively, usually when the audio signal comes within 10 dB of the Threshold. This produces in a gentler, more natural sounding effect.With a hard Knee compressor, the full gain reduction will kick in when the signal hits the Threshold. So it’s a more abrupt compression.

Useful Compression Settings:

Electric Guitar

Attack: 2 -5 ms

Release: 0.5seconds/Auto

Ratio: 8:1

Knee: Hard

Acoustic Guitar

Attack: 5 -10 ms

Release: 0.5seconds/Auto

Ratio: 5 – 10:1

Knee: Soft.

The Parthenon Principle and How it Can Help Build Your Business

The Persian War, fought between the Persian Empire and Greek citystates in the 5th century, resulted in the destruction of many buildings in Athens, the Greek Acropolis. When the war ended in 479 BC, the citizens of Athens began the process of rebuilding their city. One of their most important buildings was the Parthenon, a temple constructed to honor the goddess of wisdom, Pallas Athena, who is also the city’s patron. The Parthenon became the most magnificent representation of Greek engineering in the Classical era, surviving intact for the next 2,000 years until it suffered damage in the mid-17th century when a war broke between the Venetians and the Turks.

A remarkably stunning building and the largest of the temples on mainland Greece, the Parthenon is kept upright by more than 150 pillars. Its magnificence and the values that it stood for has made it a modern metaphor for business success. As important as your business is to you, so was building the Parthenon to the people of Greece. Its completion demanded meticulous planning, hard labor and time. The same demands are expected from you if you wish to build a business that is successful and enduring.

To build one of their greatest contributions to the world, the Athenians had to have a strong, constant commitment to complete the task. If you want to start your own business, you should have the same unwavering dedication.

Your business, like the glorious Parthenon, is also supported by columns or pillars — each one as vital and fundamental to ensure its reliability and endurance. When the Parthenon was built, it was meant to last for ages. Your business, too, should be built upon the same principles.

The Parthenon Principle

Imagine what would happen if each pillar of the Parthenon increased in strength. This will have a direct effect on the general integrity of the structure itself, adding stability and vigor. Even small changes in every pillar will result to a significant transformation in the whole structure. This same principle will apply to your business. This effect is what we know as the Parthenon Principle:

Incremental improvements in several different areas can result to progress.

Small steps

Let’s use as an example the human body. It is made up of several ‘pillars’ or systems, each one giving support to the body. Develop one and improvement in the person’s health becomes noticeable; improve all pillars by a tiny increment and the individual will experience considerable vigor and optimum health. This explains why fitness programs are designed to cover all of the body’s most important systems. With each system strengthened, improvement becomes significant, leading to improved physical health and wellbeing.

In the same manner, your business has multiple interrelated systems. The Mastermind Mentoring Program with Ronnie covers the seven core systems or pillars:

– Sales

– Services

– Pricing

– Promotion

– Referrals

– Productivity

– Profitability (Cost Controls)

In the same way that improvements in the human body leads to overall benefit, so does progress in any one of the above areas will result to significant improvement in your business. Since this type of improvement is cumulative, it can develop exponentially. With just 10% improvement in every area of activity in your business, you could already expect twice the profitability and productivity in your business.

Area of Activity Performance Improvement Cumulative Affect

1. Sales 10% 1.10 x

. Services 10% 1.21 x

3. Pricing 10% 1.33 x

4. Promotion 10% 1.46 x

5. Referrals 10% 1.61 x

6. Productivity 10% 1.76 x

7. Profitability 10% 1.94 x

Use these seven pillars in your venture and encourage your employees to utilize them as well. With team effort, small improvements can be performed. Ask yourself: how can we increase sales, improve service quality, marginally raise prices, ensure effectiveness of promotional campaigns, attract more referrals, improve productivity, reduce cost and increase profitability? Using the above column as a reference, you can see that an improvement of just 10% in every pillar can double your business’ productivity and profitability.

VLOOKUP – A Formula Review

VLOOKUP is one of the most useful Excel functions. It is also one of the most used formulas by professionals who want to extract data from flat tables. However, VLOOKUP is also abused and sometimes overvalued.

The formula was designed with some purpose in mind: searching a value in a left column and return the corresponding value in another column. In other words: if a table has the “Product Code” field to the left, that table is only searchable by the “Product Code”.

If you want to work with lists that have multiple and complicated criteria, you should not be wasting your time with it…

Here are the pros of why you should use the VLOOKUP function:

  • Searches a value in a backend index column and returns the value of the specified column
  • It is easier to write than its counterpart INDEX & MATCH
  • Returns the exact or lower approximate match

Here are the cons of why you should not use the VLOOKUP function:

  • Searches only the left index column
  • Does not retrieve the location of the found value
  • Retrieves only the first instance
  • Does not search multiple column criteria

I still use VLOOKUP and enjoy the benefits and ease of writing it. I use it when I want to compare tables based on one single column and criteria. Most of the time, I need to move the required column in the backend list to the left.

Ultimately, I use INDEX & MATCH; writing this formula is not as intuitive at the beginning, but once you engage with it, you become familiar. It is worth the effort, especially when you feel the freedom to search any column of the table array and the potential to evaluate multiple and complicated criteria. Highly recommended.

Importance of Door Mats in Home Decoration

People hire interior designers for the decoration of their houses. They spend a lot of money to give an elegant look to their house. Generally decoration pieces of crystal and brass, eye catching curtains and beautiful flower pots are the pieces of attraction and focus for them. But you must understand being a designer or the owner of the house that sometimes small is beautiful, means that sometimes smaller things give such a sophisticated and refined look what big items are even unable to impart. Door mat is one such thing. Although it is apparently very small but no one can deny its significance and use. It costs very less as compared to some crystal decoration piece yet it equally beautifies your home.

Door mats are important as they make your flooring impressive as well as guard it from many dust and dirt particles. More than half impression of your house comes from its flooring; if it is improved the whole impression is improved. Door mats are such an accessory that enables you to save your carpets from dust and dirt that often comes, if your house is fully or even partially carpeted.

If you are thinking about a persuasive gift for your friend, you should keep in mind that there are two kinds of gift categories; first type includes essential items while the other includes the luxuries. In this age of price hike when almost every one is running to improve his finance, you should go for necessities because they come first and certainly your gift of door mat will work in a long way for your friend. He/she will be able to maintain his/her house in a simple but dignified manner. You can find the door mat according to the choice and taste of your friend.

Build Your Own Cat Tree – How to Pick the Right Carpet For Your Cat Tree

If you have an inkling to build your own cat tree but have never done it before, then you may have a lot of questions. Many of those questions probably center around what type of materials you should use.

This article will give you tips for selecting and buying the right type of carpet to use for covering the base, posts, and shelves of your cat tree.

Where To Get Carpet

One of the best ways to obtain carpet is buying it straight off the roll. All carpet outlets and most building supply stores will allow you to purchase carpet this way. However, you may be limited to purchasing it only in certain foot increments (often 12′).

If purchasing off the roll will leave you with too much excess, you can try to purchase scraps. Most carpet outlets have carpet remnants they sell for a discount price.

These are often brand new and are simply scrap pieces left over from new installations at houses, apartments, office buildings, etc. Spending a little extra time shopping around can help you land some amazing carpet deals.

What Type Of Carpet Is Best?

When you build your own cat tree and are ready to cover it with carpet, you’ll have a couple considerations to address. First, what color do you want it? This is really a personal choice so I’ll leave that between you and your cat.

Second, you’ll need to decide what pile, texture, and weight you want to use. If you’re unfamiliar with carpet terms, pile simply refers to the length of the carpet fibers and the weight refers to carpet thickness. In terms of texture, it’s best to go with non-loop carpet. This will prevent your kitty from getting hurt by ensuring her claws don’t get snagged.

If you want to make a cat tree with the most eye appeal and the least frustration during the construction process, then stick to medium pile (3/8″ to 1/2″ long fibers) and medium weight carpet.

If the carpet fibers are too long or the carpet is too thick, it will be difficult to bend and staple around the edges and corners of shelves. If it’s too short or thin, then the backing shows through when it is folded over edges and around corners.

How Much Carpet Is Needed?

Obviously, when you build your own cat tree, the amount of carpet needed will depend on how extravagant your design will be. In most cases, you can create a nice, average-sized cat tree with around 50 square feet.

The Best Rug Pads For Hardwood Floors

When a rug is on a hardwood floor, it is important to have the right rug pad underneath. The floor can experience damage from rug scratches and furniture indentations and the dense pad will prevent this from happening. The best rug pads for hardwood floors are ones that are either a solid felt or a felt and natural rubber combination.

When a rug is walked on, there is pressure to push through the rug and hit the floor. A quality rug pad will act as a barrier between the carpet and the floor to prevent any scratching from the back of the rug to the floor. Therefore, the carpet pad should be solid as opposed to one with holes in it. The more solid and dense the pad, the better the protection to the hardwood floor.

For rugs that do not tend to slip, a 100% felt jute pad is excellent. This is dense enough to protect the floor from scratches and indentations. Make sure that the felt rug pad is a 40 ounce, referring to the amount of fiber there is per square yard of pad. The higher the ounce, the more dense the carpet pad. If the rug tends to slip, then a felt and natural rubber rug pad is ideal. Here, the key is to make sure it is natural rubber as opposed to the chemical sprays that look and feel like rubber but actually could severely harm the floor.

I hear many people tell me that their pad stuck to their floor and it cost them a lot of money to re-finish the floor. The type of pad that does this is an open weave waffle looking pad. It may look and feel like rubber but it actually is a plastic or nylon pad that has a chemical spray applied to it. This chemical is what transfers to the floor and leaves an imprint of the rug pad right on the floor. Real rubber does not harm the floor and a felt and natural rubber carpet pad will prevent slipping and protect the floor.

It is always best to buy a solid pad when it comes to any hardwood or wood floor. Take care in making sure that if it is a 100% felt pad, the felt is recycled without any chemicals or adhesives. If it is a non slip felt and rubber rug pad you need, make sure the rubber is actually a natural rubber and not a rubber like substance that can harm the floor.

Cleaning Spinach Dip Stains on Your Carpet

Cleaning the stains and spots on your carpet can be a very big challenge for many homeowners. It is really tough to do this yet it is very important if you want to preserve the way that you carpet looks.

Stains on the carpet happen for a number of reasons but the main issues that homeowners are dealing with come from food stains. Spilling food on the carpet can be a major pain so knowing how to clean it up properly is essential.

One kind of carpet cleaning problem that homeowners don’t want to face is getting spinach dip stains on their carpets. While spinach dip is delicious and healthy, it is never good on the carpet. To find out how to remedy this situation, follow the helpful tips below.

• Use a spoon to slowly scoop up the spilled spinach dip on the carpet. Doing this right away can help you prevent it from penetrating your carpet deeper. It will also make it easy for you to clean up the mess completely.

• Get a cotton ball and pour some isopropyl rubbing alcohol on it. Dab the spinach dip stain on your carpet using this a couple of times to help make the stain lighter and easier to get rid of.

• Mix one teaspoon of clear ammonia with one cup of warm water in order to produce a very potent cleaning solution for the stain on your carpet. Stir these ingredients together and then put it in an empty container and bring it to where the stain is located.

• Apply a small amount of the cleaning solution you prepared onto the stained are of the carpet. Let it set there for about three minutes and then use a clean paper towel to blot the stain repeatedly. This is going to help make the stain lighter and lighter until soon it will be totally gone. Just remember that it may take a while before you start to see any result so it is imperative that you don’t give up and just keep at it until you remove the stain.

• To complete the procedure of removing the stain, rinse the place where the stain used to be with a glass of water. This is to flush out any residue that could cause a build-up on your carpet over time. Once you have done this, dry the entire area with a clean rag and you’re finally done cleaning up the stain completely.

Top 3 Effective Shingles Remedies To Cure Shingles Fast

Searching for Shingles Remedies to help treat your case of Shingles?

You’ve found yourself in the correct place!

I’m going to share with you the top 3 Most Powerful Shingles Remedies.

Shingles is actually a result of the herpes varicella zoster, better known as zoster virus. It’s exactly the same virus that causes Chicken Pox for children. Many people obtain the Chicken Pox as a child, and once you go through it, you then become to some degree “immunized” towards getting it again. The virus remains in the body, but de-activated.

Shingles is when later on in your life which zoster virus gets re-activated again. Shingles is typically an infection from the nerve as well as the skin surrounding the area. It can be quite painful and also tough to deal with.

Below are some valuable Shingles Remedies that can assist you treat Shingles:

1) Vitamin C

Vitamin C is extremely useful to boost your immune system and help your body to recover faster from Shingles. It is also encouraged to take a multi-vitamin daily, in addition to additional Vitamin C. These kinds of Shingles Remedies will make a significant difference to your health and well-being.

2) Calamine Lotion

This is a product you can get in your nearby drugstore or perhaps health foods store. It is incredibly beneficial to use for the skin to assist ease itching along with cure blisters. As an added bonus, add to it 20% isopropyl alcohol and also 1% each of phenol and menthol.

These two Shingles Remedies, alongside with the one below will certainly help make a huge difference when you mix them together.

3) Chloroform/Aspirin Paste

Mash together two aspirin tablets (make certain it isn’t aspirin substitutes) into powder form. Add 2 tbsps of chloroform in to the blend. And then use a thoroughly clean cotton ball to carefully apply the mixture onto the skin. You are able to use this paste on the skin several times each day.

The chloroform generally helps to dissolve soap residue, oil, and the dead skin cells. As soon as that happens, the aspirin may soak in to the skin folds as well as desensitize your affected nerve endings. You can right away start to really feel better in 5 minutes. And the pain relief using this powerful home remedy lasts for a long time, often even days.

There you have it! Make certain to utilize these powerful Shingles Remedies straight away to help relieve itchiness, pain and cure Shingles once and for all.

There are also many more Shingles Remedies I recommend you check out.

When and How to Remove 3M Carbon Fiber

When you first install 3M carbon fiber, you may not think about ever removing it but eventually you may want to try a new pattern or the vinyl may become damaged making it necessary to repair. 3M Di-noc vinyl is guaranteed for ten years when it’s used on areas inside but for vehicles and other items used outside, the guarantee is for five years.

3M carbon fiber has a grooved adhesive design that, when applied properly, helps to remove air bubbles for a professional look but it also reduces the risk of the vinyl lifting and peeling after installation. This design allows the vinyl to cling tightly to the surface area but you can still remove it without a lot of hassles when the need arises.

Removing the carbon fiber is just as important as installing it because you don’t want to cause any damage to the surface area. When the time comes to remove the vinyl, there are certain techniques that can make the process go smoothly without damaging the surface underneath.

How to Remove the 3M Carbon Fiber Vinyl

When removing carbon fiber vinyl you must work carefully to prevent damaging the vehicle or object underneath the vinyl. When working with large areas, it’s easier to cut the vinyl before trying to remove it. This will make the material easier to work with and peel off. Use a sharp razor knife to cut into the vinyl but do not put a lot of pressure on the knife. You only need to crease the vinyl making a shallow cut. If you press too hard, it will go through the vinyl and damage the object underneath.

Using heat to warm the surface of the area will also make it easier to peel off the vinyl. You can do this by using a heat gun or a hair dryer but you don’t want to overheat the area. The idea is to warm up the 3M Di-noc carbon fiber so it will be more flexible and to loosen up the adhesive so it will peel without ripping and tearing. If you overheat it, this will make it harder to work with because it will be too soft and won’t peel off as easily.

Clean the Area

Once you have removed all of the 3M carbon fiber vinyl, you’ll need to clean any adhesive residue off the surface. 3M General Purpose Adhesive Cleaner is a product designed especially for cleaning this type of adhesive and it won’t damage the paint when cleaning. After you have removed all of the adhesive, wash the area with a mild soap and water or wipe down the area with a damp cloth if washing is not an option.

If you plan to reapply the vinyl, give the area time to dry completely before reapplying. 3M carbon fiber provides you with many ways to make your vehicle and other items stand out and show off your unique personality. Since you can easily remove and reapply the vinyl whenever you want to, it’s a practical and economic way to express your individuality.

How to Fix a PVC Pipe With Water Gushing Out

Down here in Florida, and I guess this would be true for other places in the south, where it never gets cold enough, long enough to freeze water pipes, a very unusual practice takes place. At least it’s unusual to me, because I grew up in Michigan, where all pipes that have any kind of water in them must be buried under the frost line, and that is 4’6″ where I’m from, deeper if you go further north.

The unusual practice that I speak of is, having the feed for lawn sprinkler systems exposed above the ground. Let me explain, the feed for this is usually a 1″ PVC pipe that rises about 2′ above the ground with a 90 degree elbow, then a short piece of PVC with a threaded coupling, this threaded coupling goes into a 1″ brass ball valve, next there are back to back 1″ cast iron backflow preventer’s with strainers, then back into a 1″ brass ball valve another short piece of PVC a 90 degree elbow and finally back in to the ground where it will usually go to the garage to a water management timer and from there it feeds the sprinkler system.

Now think about this for a moment. We have these two 1″ PVC pipes sticking up from the ground holding up about 30 pounds of cast iron and brass components. I don’t know who the genius is that thought of this, but it seems to be the standard for these systems here. The first house I lived in when I moved down here, this set up was right in the middle of the backyard. Pretty easy to spot when mowing the lawn, but it looked pretty ugly as well. The next house I moved to, it was tucked away in the back corner of the yard, out of the way behind the shed.

In the spring time down here we get a lot of rain and vegetation grows very fast, my weed wacker was broke and it had been a week or so since I had trimmed the yard. So I’m out there cutting the lawn on my riding lawn mower, which I had just bought a couple of months ago, because it is too damn hot and humid to be trying to push mow anything down here, and I was making my first pass around the backyard. as I passed behind the shed I knew that the sprinkler pipe was in this area but couldn’t see it because the vegetation had grown up and hid it from my sight. I thought that I had given plenty of room and went right by. I don’t think I moved ten feet when I could feel water landing on my back. I knew immediately what I had done. I pulled the tractor up another twenty feet, so it wouldn’t get soaked and shut it off.

When I turned around I almost couldn’t believe my eyes, water was shooting up into the air 15-20 feet. The first thing I thought of was to shut one of the ball valves, which was a great idea except for the fact that the pipe was broke before the valves and they were lying on the ground. At first the water felt kinda cold but after a couple minutes I was getting pretty used to it. I was really amazed at the water pressure coming out of that pipe. Being a pipe fitter I looked in my stuff to see if I had anything to cap this geyser off with, but I work on steel pipe and couldn’t find anything. so I ran up to the hardware store and purchased a 1′ PVC cap and some PVC primer and glue.

So the first thing that I wanted to do was to square off the end of the pipe that had been broken. I got out my 1/2″ x 1-1/2″ pipe cutter and cut it off about a foot above the ground. I then filed the end of the pipe so the cap would slip on to it nice and easy. Now keep in mind that the whole time that I’m doing this I am getting a steady stream of water dumped on my head, because it’s shooting straight up in the air and coming right down on me. Not only that, there is now about 4 inches of water built up on the ground.

Alright, my pipe is cut an cleaned, so I put the primer on the pipe and then in the cap an then the glue on both. I then force the cap down onto the pipe and hold it with my hand in my crotch and applying all my weight on it. The water stops squirting out and I hold this position for about a minute, till my hand just couldn’t take it anymore. I slowly start to take my weight off of the cap and then move away, thinking whew, glad thats over. I took maybe two steps backward and poof, the cap pops off and flies about 30 feet into the air and water is gushing everywhere again. Just about this time my wife comes out and says “maybe we should call a plumber”. HAHA very funny.

After I found the cap, I saw that it had only gone onto the pipe about a quarter inch. Maybe the water was messing with the glue. so I cleaned everything back up and had her hold the other pipe, the one that had broken with the 90 on it, so it would shoot the water away from me and the pipe so the glue wouldn’t get wet. At least I’m not the only one getting wet now. I reprimered and glued the pipe and cap. Once again I tried to force that cap back onto the pipe, but the pressure was just too strong and I just couldn’t get it to stay. I again heard that little voice “maybe you should call a plumber”. I am not paying someone $90 an hour to fix this when I know I can do it myself. Just then, it hits me, and I think to myself you idiot, you sure wouldn’t fix this, like this at work.

So I head back up to the hardware store make my purchase and hurry home. By this time there is probably 6 inches of water on the ground and my wife says do you need my help? Nope I got it. I clean the pipe off one last time and apply the primer and glue to the pipe and the PVC ball valve I had just purchased from the hardware store. with the valve in the open position I slip it onto the pipe and make a quarter turn and hold it in place for about a minute. When I’m sure the glue has set I simply closed the valve and my nightmare was over. I purchased a ten foot piece of PVC pipe, three 90s, one straight slip coupling and a couple threaded couplings. It only took about a half an hour to completely rebuild the whole thing, and needless to say I don’t let the weeds grow up that high back there anymore.

I hope that this story has helped you. I know that I could have just told you from the beginning what to do, but I think you’ll remember it better this way.

How to Strengthen Your Lower Esophageal Sphincter

The lower esophageal sphincter (LES) muscle is situated between the stomach and the esophagus (throat). It opens to allow food to pass from the esophagus into the stomach. It closes to keep food and acid from flowing up from the stomach into the esophagus. Acid is produced in your stomach to help break down food for digesting. When the lower esophageal sphincter muscle is weak, acid flows up into the esophagus and can irritate and burn inner parts of the body.

So, have you found out that you have gastroesphageal reflux disease (GERD)? Many people don’t even know that they have it. It effects infants as well as adults. Heartburn is the most common symptom of GERD. Other terms for heartburn are acid indigestion and acid reflux. More than 25 million adults suffer from heartburn daily.

Causes of Gastroesphageal Reflux Disease

Some doctors believe that a hiatal hernia may weaken the lower esophageal sphincter muscle and cause reflux. Reflux means the return flow of a liquid. A hiatal hernia is caused when the upper stomach moves up into the chest through a small opening in the diaphragm. Coughing may cause a hiatal hernia. A person of any age can have one. Many healthy people over the age of 50 have a small one. If it is severe you may feel a constant pain behind your breast plate. The pain can last for months.

The Problem with Soy

Isoflavones are chemical compounds. Glycitein, genistein and daidzein are isoflavones found in soy. They mimic estrogen. Estrogen weakens the lower esophageal sphincter muscle. Soy is found in most every food today because it is a cheap commodity. If you’ll exam the ingredients on the packages that you purchase, you’ll see that soy is in bread, peanut butter, coffee mate non-dairy creamer, salad dressing, infant formula. The list is endless. The vegetable oil on the shelves in grocery stores is usually soybean oil, unless the oil is specifically labeled such as olive, safflower, sunflower, almond etc.

Other Foods

Certain foods and beverages can weaken the lower esophageal sphincter muscle. It would be helpful to avoid tobacco, alcohol, coffee (caffeinated and decaffeinated), caffeine, carbonated beverages, chocolate, peppermint, refined sugar and pastries, citrus, fried foods, fat and fatty foods, soy products (unless fermented), and especially avoid tomatoes and tomato products. Tomatoes are very acidic. Think twice before you eat that delicious pizza.

You must be very conscientious about reading the ingredients on the packages of the food that you purchase. Sugar is always harmful to the body and is in most food. Tomato is also in a lot of packaged food.

Foods to Encounter

Aloe Vera Gel Gets Two Thumbs Up

Aloe Vera Gel (whole leaf) could be taken before A.M. and P.M. meals. It is a natural remedy for acid reflux. The suggested dose is 4 oz. per day. If you have ulcers it would be a good idea to take a tablespoon (less of a dose). Until you feel the ulcers are healed. Otherwise too much Aloe Vera Gel may exasperate the ulcer condition.

Aloe Vera Gel coats the throat and stomach. Aloe Vera is a healing plant. Over time the lower esophageal sphincter muscle should strengthen. I’d give it a good year. A year is a normal length of time for anything in the body to reverse from disease and heal.

Ginger Is Beneficial

Drinking ginger tea can help keep stomach acid under control. It may take a couple of weeks until you see a difference. The suggested dose is 3 cups per day, with distilled water. It is best to drink the tea without sugar, honey or lemon juice. Refined sugar doesn’t do the body any good. It and citrus should be avoided anyway. The tea should be steeped.

How to Steep Tea

  1. Boil distilled water
  2. Pour 6 oz. of boiled water over a tea bag in a cup
  3. Place a saucer on top of the cup for 5-10 minutes

After you’ve steeped your tea, it is a good habit to squeeze the tea bag with your spoon up against the inside wall of the cup. Doing that and steeping enhances the strength of the tea.


Other Tips for Controlling Acid Reflux

Modify eating habits:

  1. Eat many small meals during the day
  2. Eat nothing 3 hours before going to bed (especially spicy foods)
  3. Avoid lying down after eating
  4. Eat slowly
  5. Eat in an upright position

Sleep in an upright position or at a 45 degree angle by:

  1. Using a wedged pillow
  2. Using an adjustable chair or bed
  3. Sleeping on your left side at a 45 degree angle so that the sphincter valve closes
  4. Elevating the head of the bed by 6-8 inches with blocks

Try to avoid using abdominal pressure such as:

  1. Heavy lifting
  2. Bending at the waist
  3. Tight belts, clothes, etc.
  4. Slumping in chairs
  5. Straining with bowel movements

Note: With the above diet you may lose a few pounds.