Vented and Ventless Gas Fireplaces

A vented gas log fireplace offers instant warmth and freedom from the cold. In addition, they treat people of the duties that come with using a fireplace. This includes no longer having to clean ashes and haul wood. In addition they offer a safer and cleaner option in comparison to burning wood. Increasingly more manufacturers have increased the number of options available and now offer a large range of choices in regards to size and styles.

Product Description

Using a vented gas log fireplace requires the use of a flue or chimney. This allows the release of any dangerous gases produced to the outside. The vented logs tend to have the closest resemblance to a real fire. Gas log fireplace sets come in lengths as small as 12 inches and larger than 60 inches.

Pros and Cons of the Different Burning Options

There are many different options available for using a fireplace for heat and ambience. Some of the different choices are vent free, b-vent, and wood burning. Each option variates and has different positive and negative points depending on the fireplace use and placement.

Ventless gas fireplaces do not require a chimney or flue in the wall for venting. The BTU limit that makes ventless gas fireplaces safe indoors also makes vent free gas logs energy efficient using less gas for maximum flame pattern. Log placement with ventless gas logs are designed to minimize carbon output so unwanted gas fireplaces burn "clean" with little discoloration or harmful outputs from burning gas. Ventless gas log fireplaces all contain an oxygen depletion sensor as a back-up safety alarm against gas fumes and breathable oxygen. Optimally ventless gas log fireplaces are very simple to install with one single gas connection because they come with the valve and safety features installed from the factory.

Vent free gas fireplace logs must be arranged to minimizeize between the gas flame and the ceramic log and logs can not be adjusted to get different flame patterns. For many years vent free gas fireplace logs had limited option but as more consumers realized the simplicity and savings of building a fireplace without building a chimney through every floor of the home to reach the roof fireplace log shape choices have multiplied. Most types of "wood" are now available with detailed hand-painted designs and alternative gas fireplaces with crushed glass, geo-metric shapes and river rocks are becoming more popular.

Wood burning fireplaces contain all the smells and sounds associated with burning wood and depending on the area of ​​the country wood can be burnt for free and be made to lower heating bills. Wood-burning fireplaces are not fun to clean as soot is extremely light and often able to spread right through the rear filter and into the house when vacuumed. A water-spray will effectively weigh down soot for slow shoveling with minimal mess. The fire in a wood burning fireplace must also be properly stacked to light a fire every time. Improperly stacked firewood without enough kindling will burn out so the fireplace must be watched and wood added to the fire as it is used. Burning wood does create dangerous fumes and smoke and a proper flue with a strong pull requiring a minimal height is necessary for safe home heating.

Vented Gas Logs: Ventilation Options

Vented gas fireplaces do require venting as burning gas produces carbon monoxide however the size of the flue can be small enough to run through the existing wall of a house. Gas logs do not have to be on a wall sharing outdoors and can be placed anywhere a vent and a gas line are installed. There are a remarkable number of divergent "wood" designs and gas logs that can be mixed, rearranged and decorated any number of ways to accentuate either logs, flames or embers as the mood strikes the audience. With the higher popularity generally comes thermostatic controls, temperature controlled blowers and multitudinous accessories to decorate the gas log fireplace. Vented gas log fireplaces do require professional installation to check gas pressure, thermocouple safety and check ventilation. Vented gas logs provide a better flame pattern than any other type of fireplace coupled with the convenience of on-off controls to vary flame height.

A Vented Gas Fireplace in Comparison to the Rest

Wood burning tend to give one of the nicest aesthetics including not only random changing log and flame patterns as wood burns and changes, crackling noise and the smell of burning wood but wood-burning fires carry the most risk of smoke and fumes. In general, they are not simple to turn on and off or to clean; wood burning fireplaces require constant supervision to stay burning and need chimney sweeping to keep the flue clean of hazardous, flammable creosote build-up.

A b-vent is one way to upgrade a current fireplace into one for use with vented gas logs. This is achieved through running a pipe in and up and out design. However, the b-vent may not work for everyone and have the potential for a backdraft of combustion gases when the indoor pressure is too high. On the other hand, the direct venting option offers a more efficient option with the vented gas logs.

With a b-vent, a two-layer pipe runs through a hole either behind or slightly above the unit. The pipe leading to the outside brings in air in order to create the combustion needed for burning the gas. As for the inner pipe, this is where the emissions produced go to the outside. Generally, these types are considered safer since they reduce the risk of carbon monoxide. Additionally, people have the option to install them anywhere a gas lines present or may be installed. The benefit of a b-vent fireplace is that the flue vent does not have to move upward to generate a pull of fumes to outdoors. The flue can move horizontally through walls for easier and less-costly installation. However, because heat rises the fumes created by burning gas and propane is more likely to flow from the opening of the fireplace than make its way to the small flue behind the fireplace. A requisite plate of glass must cover the fireplace opening for the b-vent to function safely.

The vented gas log fireplace offers the most realistic looking fire, realistic log design flame patterns and offer the easiest installation comparatively. Other fireplace designs have limitations regarding safety, installation and ease of use. Vented gas logs can be used in a fireplace built to burn wood if a gas line is added and vented gas fireplaces are available in stand-alone fireboxes and mantles. Vented gas fires are also available in all the alternative designs that do not use realistically painted ceramic logs.

Gas logs reduce the amount of emissions into the air, are easy to control and do not carry the same safety concerns as wood- burning fireplaces. Gas logs are not always less expensive than a wood burning fireplace but they are convenient, easy to use controls, easy to change designs and do not require the use of electricity.

Brickwork Building

The most obvious component of a building is its brickwork. The size, color and texture of the bricks together with the mortar color and joint finish will combine to give a particular look. Decisions on brickwork will have to complement the building's style, roofing material and color, window and door frame color as well as the driveway and landscaping style. Most significant brick merchants have computer-generated color matching services that help individuals achieve the look they want.

The bricklayer's job is to study the plans and lay bricks to construct perpendicular walls from perfectly horizontal layers of bricks. Of course, all corners should be exactly square to each other (90 degrees) unless specified otherwise. Some builders prefer to set out a slab themselves with chalk lines to delineate the exact location of brick walls. This makes the bricklayer's task less complicated. Set out is usually best done prior to the delivery of bricks when the slab is clear of obstructions. When the bricklayers arrive on site they should have brides, brickies' sand, cement, wall ties, waterproofing additive, lintels, brickbond wire and reinforcing rods, flashing material, all door and window frames and their accessories (clips) accessible to them. Their job is to assemble all these inputs. Bricklayers commonly work in teams of between two and four. This part of the construction takes longest since it is pretty labor intensive. Having a large brickies team on site is not good practice since variation between finishes around the building is likely to happen. Furthermore, if the rate of construction is too rapid, particularly in cool, damp weather, it is possible for the weight of fresh brickwork to cause slumping of lower bedding joints. On the other hand, a larger team will mean reduced scaffold hire time.

The first job for the bricklayers would be to set out the building. They should not use the concreter's lines without checking they're correct. All setbacks must be double checked. They'll then proceed to brush down any sand that has accumulated on the footing and slab. A mortar mix with waterproof additive will probably be smeared about 5mm thick over the whole upright edge of the slab. The purpose of this would be to prevent moisture penetrating the slab. This is followed by the laying of the very first course of brickwork of the external walls. No mortar is placed on the perpendicular joint (perp) of each fourth brick. This creates openings called weep holes by way of which any water that may enter the cavity can escape again. Weep holes also allow air to circulate via the cavity and enable it to dry out. In wet climates it is useful to use vent bricks to aid air circulation inside the cavity and also to add a waterproofing additive to the mortar of the very first few courses of brickwork. A clear waterproofing mixought to of course be used if face bricks are involved.

When the building plans are drawn up, all wall lengths and openings will need to be in brick-course lengths. The bricklayer should not need to snip bricks and end up with a broken bond. This is especially vital at entry areas, which might be really prominent. Unfortunately, the length of bricks is not always what the manufacturer specifies. They may vary plus or minus 5mm in length which, over a long length of wall, will mean that the brickie has no choice but to snip bricks. Usually the bricklayer will know after the first course if he needs to open the perps or keep them tight to accommodate the for difference in brick size. If you're unlucky enough to have a delivery of bricks which included bricks from the end of one run along with the beginning of another when the casting dye has been renovated, then the variation between the batches of bricks will cause issues for the bricklayer.

Of course, the bricklayer needs to be given clear instructions as to the type of finish that's required. There's a large range of mortar joint types and each one will give a different appearance.

Interior Design Ideas – Entrance Hall Design Tips

The old adage 'You never get a second chance to make a first impression' is a reminder of the importance of the entrance to our home – the introduction to ourselves and to how we live. It is from here that we welcome the world, and leave the first (and last) impression with family, friends and sundry visitors.

Outside it may be dark, cold and hostile, but inside we offer warmth, light and comfort and, whether the hall be grand or humble, this is the message we would like to convey upon opening our front door. Probably because so many are dark, small and badly designed, hallways are often considered a waste of time. But with a little help from some interesting decorations and clever lighting, this unloved space can become our welcome sign to the world.

The range of floorings suitable for an entrance hall are numerous and offer wonderful opportunities for decorative treatments In a traditional home, hard floors such as stone flags, marble, terracotta tiles or wood are all fitting choices. Should you be lucky enough to live in a Victorian house you may well find some amazing encaustic tiles beneath a more modem covering and their colors may provide you with the key to your scheme.

Carpeting is also acceptable, but do ensure that a door mat (preferably set within a well so that its surface is flush with the rest of the floor covering) is installed at the entrance to prevent dirt being trampled all over the house.

Lighting plays an important role in setting the mood in an entrance hall. An exterior light (perhaps a lantern for a traditional home and a downlighter for a more modem approach) will signal your presence and guide the visitor to your door. In the hall itself a good level of light is needed and this should be directed towards whatever you have chosen to highlight – a beautifully stencil floor, a piece of sculpture on a plinth or a massive vase of fresh flowers: the choice is yours.

Table lamps offer a very homely, soft light, while a floor-standing uplighter behind an impressive plant will produce shadows that dance across the room.

The furnishings you include in this room will very much depend upon the space available – what you want to avoid, at all costs, is anything that will hinder the circulation of traffic through this 'terminal'. Important items to include are: somewhere to set down mail / newspapers / house keys and so on; a receptacle for umbrellas; a place to hang coats; and, space permitting, at least one chair.

If coats are to be stored in a cupboard, remember to ensure that this is ventilated (louvered doors are perfect) to help air damp clothing. A wall mirror is also very useful for last-minute adjustments and this will have the added benefit of introducing a feeling of space and light into what other might might be a rare dim area. Chair backs will be highly visible against the walls, so choose furniture for its decorative quality.

Emotional Detachment

Clinging to a lead or chasing a prospect gives an impression of lack and being needy. Needy is one of the fastest turn offs for a prospect. It tells them you are coming from a weak position. People prefer to work with a leader. Leaders present themselves from the standpoint of abundance.

Yes, that is more difficult when you only have a handful of leads and you feel you have paid dearly for each one. You unfortunately want each of those leads to convert into a sale. I get that. Problem is, so does the prospect. They feel your vibration. They feel your urgency to make a sale. Do whatever you have to do to feel abundant. If you have to look at the New York white pages and see all of the names in order to feel abundant, do it. I'm not suggesting you start cold calling from the phone book, but I am emphasizing that you must develop a feeling of lead abundance within yourself. Project that feeling in your relaxed confidence as you speak with leads.

There is the story of the new Cosmetic surgeon who did not have a single booking on his surgery schedule. A lady called wanting a face lift. He forced himself to say, "Just a moment, let me check the schedule to see when I can schedule your appointment." He put the phone on hold and counted to 50. Counting to 50 was all the time he could stand to wait. He then returned to the called and said he could fit her in a week from Tuesday at 3 pm. He booked the appointment. If he had asked her, "What time would you like to come in, my schedule is open?" I will bet that he would not have booked the appointment.

Even if you have to bite you lip to keep from sounding overly eager, do it.

Mother eagle told baby eagle, "Come soar with me. You will be so good at flying. You were made to soar through the sky." Baby eagle says, "I'm scared. I do not know if I can do it. What if I fall?" Mother eagle replies, "What is more important to you, the thrill of soaring or the fear of falling?"

It is so easy to become so paralyzed by the fear of failure that we lose sight of the utter thrill of victory. Let go of the attachment to the status quo. Let go of the attachment to the known. Let go of that precious lead and know that many more are flowing in every day. The more you relax and free yourself of the emotional attachment to the current, the more you open yourself to the potential of the future.

You can not steal second base with your foot firmly planted on first. You must first exercise detachment from the known in order to reach for the potential of the future. Relax and visualize the abundance of leads in your inbox. Feel the calm confidence of plenty. Put yourself in that frame frame of mind before, during and after your conversation with leads and your bank account will thank you.

Visualize how a 100,000 per month producer would act and feel. They would demonstrate total emotional detachment from each individual lead.

Develop the mindset of:
Some Will
Some Will not
Someone's Waiting

Emotional detachment frees you from stress and frees the lead to take positive action with you.

Insulation – The Most Efficient Way to Insulate a House

Prior to the 1980s home insulation was not a big priority; if it got cold you would just turn up the heating. These days with the higher costs of home heating people are finding it more and more difficult to be able to afford their utility bills. In the last year alone prices have risen twenty percent and they are set to increase annually as our dependence on gas supplies from abroad increases.

Modern homes are insulated and some of the latest new houses are super insulated. Some of these super insulated are so well insulated that they only require a quarter of the amount of heating compared to conventional housing requirements. With low cost traditional forms of home insulation you can expect to be able to reduce your heating bills by about 20 percent.

What to insulate

It is always best to insulate the areas of your home that will make the largest savings at the lowest cost. For most homes this means loft insulation closely followed by cavity wall insulation. By insulating your loft and walls you are reducing over half of the heat loss from your home. For those into DIY loft insulation is something that you can do yourself but cavity wall insulation has to be done by a specialist company with the correct equipment.

Is your home suitable?

Most homes in the UK are suitable for these types of insulation. If your loft has less than 270mm of insulation roll installed then you can get it done with a government grant. Most homes have cavity walls, you can get a grant to cover most or all of the cost of getting blown insulation fitted in the cavity.

Whilst you can do the loft yourself the walls need to be done by a professional installer. Both can be done at the same time so it usually makes sense to get the installer to do both the walls and loft so as to be able to claim the home insurance grants available.

How much will it cost?

There are government grants available that will cover 100 percent of the cost for many people as long as you meet the criteria. Generally this means that if you are 70 plus or are in receipt of any sort of financial support then you will likely get a 100 percent grant. If you are working and not claiming any income support then you can still get up to 70 percent of the cost towards both loft and cavity wall insulation.

For most people who do not get the full grant the final cost for loft insulation is in the region of 99 – 149 pounds and for cavity wall insulation up to 199 pounds. The costs will vary depending on the size of your property, a mid terraced home will cost a lot less than a large detached property.

What are the benefits?

You will save around 20 percent on your heating bills which for many will be in the hundreds of pounds a year. You initial costs if you have any will be paid back through your savings in under 2 years. Your home will feel warmer and you will be able to turn your thermostat down and enjoy the same level of warmth. In short it will make you home warmer and cosier, help reduce damp and condensation and increase the saleability of your home.

Simple Reasons for Penis Skin Discoloration

Most men are quite familiar with their penis, and as such, can spot problems as soon as they appear. One of the problems that might sneak up on a man, however, is penis discoloration. Even with regular inspection and proper penis care, sometimes penis discoloration can be so gradual that a man does not realize it is happening until one day he suddenly realizes, "Hey … something looks wrong here!"

The good news is that most cases of penis discoloration are caused by very simple reasons. Remember, the penis skin is sensitive to many things. That includes things a man might take for granted otherwise, as the skin on the rest of the body is so much thicker than the skin on the manhood. Here are some of the most common reasons for penis skin discoloration:

1. Friction burns. Although it sounds awful, most men have actually suffered friction 'burns' at some point during their sexual life. A man who gets into any kind of sexual action without proper lubrication is at risk of penis irritation and redness that occurs as a result of the friction that comes from that sexual activity. The friction can lead to a darkening of areas of skin on the penis. This can linger for a few days.

2. Bruises or hematomas. When the penis sustains an injury, it can lead to bruising or in some cases, larger hematomas. Often the first sign of bruising is a change in penis color from the usual to something more green, yellow or even brown or black. In most cases a man is very aware he suffered an injury and is prepared for the bruising. Hematomas are larger and may present as large bumps under the skin. If a man is worried about bruises or hematomas on the penis, it's a good idea to check with the doctor to make sure all is well.

3. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Known as PIH for short, this condition may occur as the penal heals from an injury, such as a serious friction burn. The penis skin may seem to return to normal, but then it changes color again, usually to a darker shade. This is due to the immune response of the body has ramped up production of melanin in that area, which can lead to darker skin tones on the penis. Although it is not a cause for concern and will fade with time, a man who is truly worried can bring it up as his next doctor's visit.

4. Fungal infections. Some men may experience discoloration of the penis in response to fungal infections. The most common culprit is a yeast infection, which can come with many symptoms, including pain upon urination, a thick discharge from the penis and itching or burning. One of the first signs might be penis discoloration; specifically, a darkening or redding of the head of the penis. This condition requires the help of a professional to treat.

Although there are other reasons for penis discoloration, most of them are quite rare and would need a doctor's evaluation to determine the cause and treatment. The good news is that most cases of penis discoloration are very straightforward and remedied with time and good penis care.

One way to help maintain the best penis care possible is through the use of a high-quality penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). Look for a crème that gains blood flow, which brings more oxygen-rich blood to the penis. A crème containing L-arginine for blood vessel health and alpha-lipoic acid to fight against age spots is a great start. The best crèmes will contain nutrients and vitamins in a Shea butter and vitamin E base, which provides the hydration a penis needs to stay smooth, supple and ready for action.

Discover the Secrets to the Best Natural Skin Care Methods

Treating skin properly is something that everyone should be concerned with. You should be aware that proper skin care can also reap benefits that go beyond beautiful-looking skin. There are a number of ways to perform regular skin maintenance. Yet natural skin care has emerged as a way to avoid perfumes and other chemicals that typically treat the skin, but potentially can harm it. In the UK, the best natural skin care methods can involve some unorthodox measures – but primarily is easy to accomplish if you're dedicated to better skin and better overall health.

One recommended method to enhance the skin involves the sustenance that goes into the body every day. Plenty of people find that they need to observe a better diet anyway, yet many may be unaware that a proper diet might just lead to improved skin health, as well. The first and foremost staple in a healthy diet is plentiful amounts of water. We all need a large (although not excessive) daily water intake to boost our body's waste disposal systems. Not only can lack of hydration lead to constipation of the body … it can "constipate" the skin, as well, through clogged pores and the like. In addition, one should be certain they are eating right. In many cases, when people are experiencing skin problems, the lack of certain nutrients may play a huge role in contributing to those problems. Fiber – whole grains, in particular – is vital to boosting your skin health. Be sure that you do your best to limit sugar intake, as this can hinder skin progress.

One other need those who have skin issues must address is getting more exercise. In fact, getting up and doing a modest amount of daily exercise can increase circulation to the point that skin health shows improvement. The more exercise you do, the more dramatic skin improvement can be!

The type of skin products that can inadvertently harm your skin can be avoided by looking into organic products. Using organic products can be a way to better your skin – and you do not have to spend a lot to do so. Although there are companies that sell these products, you can also use items like honey and olive oil to revitalize skin.

By obtaining the methods necessary to achieve the best natural skin care possible in the UK, you can see results that refresh and invigorate your skin.

Fruits Are Good for Eye Health – You Need to Know

In addition to vegetables, fruits also contain vitamin A which is essential for eye health. Keeping your eye health means also allows us to move. No need to use glasses or contact lenses in our daily activities. Here is a list of good fruits consumed in addition to health also to maintain eye health.

• Strawberry
In this tiny fruit are vitamin C, B, folate, fiber and other phytochemicals that may prevent womb cancer. Vitamin C found in strawberries is one of the nutrients that used the Age-Related Eye Disease Study, which is sponsored by the Eye Institute, to strengthen connective tissue and maintain healthy blood vessels in the eye.

• Oranges
The fruit is also known as a source of vitamin C, fiber, folate, calcium and potassium, which can help maintain eye health. Moreover, it also can maintain heart health and function as the immune system.

• Raspberries, blueberries and grapes
The content of vitamin C in it helps reduce the risk of cataract formation.

• Tomatoes
The content of Vitamin A that is contained in tomatoes is very good for eye health.

• Corn
Corn is a high source of lutein which helps maintain the health of the retina.

• Papaya
Papaya fruit has many nutrients. The content of the most commonly found beta-carotene in papaya is having the ability as an antioxidant and plays an important role in stabilizing the free radicals that can reduce the risk of cancer, Vitamin A for eye health, Vitamin C is high enough and useful to reduce the risk of cataracts, reducing the risk of heart disease and can inhibiting aging by renewing the white blood cells, Vitamin E helps to protect damage to the body's cells from free radicals and Lycopene which is useful to keep the face look young.

In addition to its high carbohydrate content, bananas are also rich in vitamins (A, B1, B2, B6, and C). Vitamin A is beneficial for eye health.

• Mango
Mango fruit contains a high vitamin, normally vitamin A, B1, C, and vitamin E. Vitamin A is pretty good in this fruit is very useful for maintaining eye health.

• Apples
Nutrients found in apples include protein, fat, carbohydrates, calcium, phosphorus, fiber, iron, vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, water, niacin, and potassium. Vitamin A in apples useful for maintaining eye health and cure influenza.

• Oranges
Citrus fruits contain many vitamins, such as vitamin A, B, and the most popular is vitamin C. Oranges also contain carbohydrates, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, iron, antioxidants and also contain lots of fiber. Vitamin A in orange juice to help maintain eye health, so it always looks clear and not susceptible to eye problems such as nearsightedness.

• Pear
Pear fruit contains anti-oxidants that are good for health. It also contains vitamin C and vitamin A. Vitamin A in the pear good for maintaining eye health.

• Watermelon
Watermelon contains vitamin C and vitamin A.

• Starfruits
This fruits contains vitamin C and vitamin A.

Turning Balls on a Lathe

Lathe work is so fun and exciting! If you're looking for a new woodworking project, consider turning some balls. It's fun to do and you can thoroughly entertain your children with this project. There are lots of things that you can do with turned balls. You can create decorative accents for vases, mobiles, a marble set for the kids, use them to create stems on handmade wineglasses, cabinet and drawer knobs, a working universe model, or create a handmade wine bottle stopper; the possibilities are really endless! Just use your imagination and think of all the crafty things you can do with wooden balls.

First you need to choose the type of wood that you will use. Basically, the harder the wood, the less indention you will see from the wood turning lathe attachment. The wood is held in place by a circular mechanism, so sometimes you will get a circular indention on one or both ends of the ball. Some lathe attachments do not mark up the balls as much as others, but really it depends on the type of wood that you use.

Start off with a center mounted block of wood. Use a gouge tool to get started and skew chisel to turn your block into a smooth cylinder. Be especially careful with the skew chisel, as it is considered to be very dangerous. If this is your first time using one, go very slowly and wear protective clothing and face protection. Skew chisels can easily dig into the wood and spring from your hand. Review the proper techniques for using a skew chisel before you begin. Practice before you turn on the lathe. The skew chisel should be very sharp and produce a long thin ribbon of wood when you're doing it correctly. You may have to attempt to create your cylinder several times until you really get the hang of the skew chisel.

Use a caliper to measure the diameter of the cylinder, making sure that it is the same all the way around. Then turn the caliper ninety degrees and mark the cylinder for the width of the ball making sure that it is exactly the same as the diameter. Measure for the center of the wood section that is to become your ball. Mark it with a pencil all the way around.

Measure half-way between the outside boundary marks and your center line. Use the pencil to mark this point so that the center of the cylinder is now divided into three sections. Use a gouge tool to cut from these new lines down to the boundaries, sloping out at forty-five degrees. Continue to work your way down so that the cylinder becomes more and more like a ball trapped between two blocks. You may need to remark your center line at this point.

Cut the ball loose and use a ball drive to hold the ball steady. Mount it with the center line vertical. Work your way around smoothing as you go. You can look for shadows to spot areas that are not perfectly round yet. Take the ball off, rotate it so that the center line is horizontal, and repeat the smoothing process. Use fine grit sandpaper, rotating the ball ninety degrees again and again until the ball is smooth.

This technique is used for making balls. You can use the cylinder technique to create cylinders, dowel rods, or dowels of custom diameter. Remember to be safe!

Why Are Flueless Gas Fires Better Than Traditional Chimneys?

Flueless gas fires are devices used for increasing the room temperature by burning natural gas. Nowadays, flueless devices are widely available in the market. Countries like Japan and America have been using these devices for quite a long time. LaTely, Britain has also started using flueless fireplaces in the place of traditional ones. These types of fire places are much safer as well as beneficial than the conventional types.

One major advantage that flueless-gas-fires offer is that they can be fitted easily in any corner of the house. These are comparatively less fussy than traditional chimneys. These days, houses or apartments are not planned with an integral chimney or smokestack. Therefore, these houses or apartments do not have a passageway or outlet for smoke to pass. So, people living in these houses usually feel bad because it will always be a tough job to fix their dream fireplace in the house. For these houses, the flueless gas fires are the best alternatives which are also found in different designs. It is always advisable to take suggestions from an expert before installing such gas-fires in the house as they need a perfect place for installation.

You have to install this device in any corner of your room or house where the gas supply is abundant. This device is easy to build as these gas-fires require very little building work in your house than the open fire places which takes long to take proper shape. Flueless-gas-fires are specifically modified to blaze without allowing the residues to get dispersed on the floor. Therefore, it helps keeping the surrounding clean.

The flueless fire places are environment friendly. They have a catalytic converter to transform the poisonous carbon monoxide gas to carbon dioxide and water. They are also quite energy efficient as they do not require any filters.

The installation charge of these flueless gas fires is comparatively higher than the traditional fireplaces. But in the long run you will discover that its maintenance cost is much lower. This will burn through the night without stopping and you do not even need to check it quite often.

Flueless gas fires are very stylish way of producing a warm environment in your house. Increasing number of people around the world is opting for it because these flueless gas fires are eco-friendly and energy efficient.

Types & Features of Arc Welders, Tig Welders, Mig Welders, & Plasma Cutters

Ask anyone in the industry what the hottest equipment is in the world of automated service equipment and they 'name name items such as plasma cutters, mig welders, and other welding equipment. And, when you try them out and discover the quality of the cuts and welds they make, it's no surprise. This equipment is a cost-effective and easy-to-use option when compared to the work done by earlier technology.

Mig Welders And Other Automotive Service Equipment

This type of equipment comes in a number of convenient types to repair or make almost anything quickly and easily. With these machines, you'll look like a seasoned professional. All you need to do is match the machine to the work you're doing.

Arc Style Machines

The earliest advancement on the traditional torch, arc welders are an entry level of automated service equipment that are also some of the easiest to use. More commonly known as stick welding, this unit joins thick metals together quickly using an electrode and electric arcs.

Mig Welders

The next step up from an arc welder, mig welders, use a wire feed and produce a lower heat. This prevents metal distortion and allows you to do a higher quality job on thinner metals such as those involved in auto body work.

Mig welders feed a constant stream of wire with a pull of the trigger, but you'll still need to choose your supplies carefully. Wire, for example, comes in easy-to-use flux core wire for a quick job on thicker materials, or a gas / solid wire combination for all other work.

The type of gas you use also makes a significant difference on the weld quality. Argon and CO2 are best for stainless steel and aluminum. To prevent the wire feed from sticking on the weld line, be sure to use a Teflon liner. Finally, you'll need to choose the appropriate wire diameter and tip size.

Once you've chosen the appropriate automated service equipment, you'll still want to practice on scraps before working on the final piece for the best results. This is particularly true for aluminum and other delicate materials. Also, do not be afraid to watch the gauges and flow meters on the supply lines as well as on the machine itself. In the end, you'll find mig welders quick and affordable while still doing a quality job.

Tig Or Tungsten Inert Gas

Unlike the first two machines mentioned, this style requires a combination of heat and tungsten electrodes to work. One of the largest advantages to this style of welder is the fact that it heats and joins the two metal pieces together without the need for filler materials. The only exception is argon or other gasses needed to create the shielding.

You'll note that mig welders join metals together much faster than tig welders. However, tig welders work with higher precision and accuracy, which is great for customized work. Tig machines require more skills and practice to use properly. The possibility of preventing cracked seas or damaging the weld is also significantly reduced.

Plasma Cutters

There's no denying the precision of plasma cutters. To get clean, accurate cuts, these units use an electric arc and gas / air at a high pressure, along with a high-speed wire and low heat setting. You'll also notice that newer lines of plasma cutters have an inverter in place of the transformer. This keeps the temperature of the machine lower and makes it possible to have smaller, lighter machines without jeopardizing safety or quality.

With all of the different styles of plasma cutters available, you'll want to choose carefully. Duty cycle should be one of the main determining factors in your decision. This determines how long you can use this automated service equipment before having to allow it to cool. Usually, you'll discover that larger machines can handle thicker metals and run longer to give it a bigger duty cycle.

The other important feature you'll want to make note of is the rating that is assigned to plasma cutters by the manufacturer. This will tell you how long each unit can cut through mild steel before needing to be cooled down. The rating varies, however. If you're working on tempered steel, the length of time you have to make the cut will be far lower. Aluminum, on the other hand, is far easier to cut, and therefore gives you more operating time to work with.

Features Found On Mig, Tig, Arc & Plasma Cutters

Arc Welders

Arc welders are packed full of helpful features to improve the precision of this automated service equipment and make them easier to use. Unlimited amperage control means you have the ability to create professional welds. Their lightweight and super-sturdy design makes this type of welder highly portable and durable enough to withstand regular wear. You'll also find that some models of arc welders have thermostatic heat protection and a roll bar design to give the unit increased protection against damage.

Mig Welding Equipment

Ranging in size from a small, portable 115v, 20 amp machine to full sized shop automotive service equipment, mig welders are one of the few that combine a relatively low price tag with high quality performance. You can also gain full control over the quality of the weld with a full range of settings. Finally, these machines come with added benefits such as cold running temperatures and some of the best warranty options.

Tig Welders

Even the most basic tig welding machines come loaded full of features. Push button control panels make them easier to use while higher end models let you easily adjust the machines repeatable weld cycles, start, and weld crater. To customize the shape and size of the bead, look for models with true square wave AC output and pulse mode. Lastly, look for models with added safety features such as warning code circuitry and voltage protection.

Plasma Cutters

Like the welders mentioned previously, plasma cutters come with a full range of features. Single-dial controls for quick adjustments, pressure gauges, and built in air pressure regulators put you in full control of this automated service equipment and result it cleaner cuts.

Additional features such as parts-in-place indicators, line voltage compensation, and thermostatic protection add to the safety of plasma cutters. Finally, if you'll be doing repetitive work with complicated cuts, CNC robotic interfaces on your automated service equipment will ensure you get consistent, accurate results every time.

Automotive service equipment like mig welders and plasma cutters come in a variety of different types with many different features to get you the best cut or weld possible. In order to achieve the cleanest, most accurate repairs, you simply need to match the right automated service equipment to the job.

Blocked Drains – Causes, Complications and Cures

Drainage systems are what ensures we have dry, clean and healthy buildings to live and work in. Because drains and pipes are out of sight and generally work efficiently, most people take them for granted. Property owners only pay attention to blocked drains when the damage is done, giving them drains little regard when all is well.

Ideally, every property owner should know what causes blocked drains and pipes, how to prevent them, and what to do when the worst happens.

Drain Blockage Prevention

Often, the best way to deal with drain problems is to prevent them from occurring in the first place. The causes of most drain blockages are build-ups of domestic or commercial waste. Try to minimize this by not using toilets as a waste bin, place strainers into plugs to catch hair, pieces of broken soap and food waste, and on a weekly basis flush your drains with hot water.

Causes of Blocked Drains

However, all drains, whether domestic or commercial, inevitably suffer from similar blockage problems during their lifespans. These are mainly build-ups on the inside of the pipes of substances such as grease, leaves, silt and litter. As well as reducing the efficiency of the drain, these deposits, if left to build up over time, may possibly cause a blockage.

When a drain blocks, the water that is trying to escape can not flow through the drain and fills the pipe, backing up to its source and can lead to flooding. The source can be anything from a kitchen sink to a toilet bowl, from a washing machine to a bath. Not only does this cause water damage to the property's structure and wiring, electrical appliances can be damaged irreparably.

Health and Safety

Drain blockages are more than just an inconvenience; they can be a health and safety issue. Most water that we throw away is dirty water. Water that has been backed up in a blocked drain is much dirtier than water that has just been thrown away from a kitchen, bathroom or utility room. It has been lying as a breeding ground for harmful bacteria, and is especially worse if the back up water is from the toilet.

In the event that a drainage system becomes blocked and is back-flowing into the property, the blockage must be attended to immediately to reduce the spread of dirty water and risk of infection. After the blockage has been deal with, the affected areas of the property must be sanitized to Health and Safety Inspectors' standards.

If you are concerned about whether or not your blocked drain is a health risk, a professional drain cleaning company will give good advice, or contact your local Environmental Health Department.

Modern Drain Cleaning Methods

In the event of a blocked drain, there are two main cleaning options: High Pressure Water Jetting and Electro-Mechanical Cleaning.

High Pressure Water Jetting

High Pressure Water Jetting is the quickest, simplest and most effective way of cleaning drains depending on the type of blockage. A continuous jet of water is "fired" into the pipe and blasts away at deposits and blockages, which are then expelled out of the pipe.

Electro-Mechanical Cleaning

This method is mainly used to unblock smaller bore pipes such as toilets and sinks rather than drains. In contrast to water jetting, a flexible rod is pushed into the pipeline and removes blockages by careful, manual force. Where necessary, a variety of attachments are fitted onto the end of the rod to either cut or scrape away debris. It is ideal for removing hard debris such as uric and limescale, roots, twigs, computeded leaves and other foreign objects.

Advantages of Professional Drain Cleaning

The most recent advance in drain cleaning is the use of CCTV surveying. A long, flexible cable with a camera at the end is fed into the drain. As it is pushed further in, the camera sends back images to a monitor enabling the engineer to see the condition of the drain's interior and detect the blockage. A recording of the survey is put onto a CD or DVD disc. The client is also given a CCTV survey report and drainage sketch layout.

Always consult an expert when dealing with drain cleaning. It may seem like a simple, cheaper option for you to grab a domestic high pressure power jet or length of piping and start attacking your drain, but knowing where the blockage is, how to prevent more flooding, and clean the drain without damaging it is by far the safer, cheaper-in-the-long-run option, so always call an experienced professional.

Select Cutting Pennsylvania Woodlots

Timber harvesting is important to Central Pennsylvania woodland owners. Did you know Pennsylvania forest products exceeded $ 5 billion annually? The timber industry provides more than 90,000 jobs in over 2500 companies with a payroll exceeding $ 2 billion a year.

Private landowners in Pennsylvania received over $ 350 million per year in payments for timber harvests. In the more developed counties in Pennsylvania such as Lancaster, Lebanon, and Berks counties it is most common to see select cut logging on small private landowner woodlands.

Both select cutting and clear cutting are acceptable methods for Pennsylvania timber harvests. Clear cutting in which entire span of timber is cut is one of the management systems used by foresters to regenerate or renew woodlands.

Select cut logging is a technique in which individual trees or small groups of trees are harvested. Obviously you take the larger higher-quality trees, but you can also cull the woods of the many smaller, lower quality ones. This provides two distinct benefits. One, the growing space for the remaining trees will be increased and allow them to flourish. Two, it creates new areas where seedlings can become established. This helps to retain the full range of trees from large old trees to seedlings.

You can use select cutting to control species composition, tree quality, and age structure. Select cutting is easy on your forests and allows for substantial biodiversity.

Visual impacts of timber harvesting are temporary. To the casual observer, the visual evidence of logging is near invisible, after three to five years. New tree seedlings and other vegetation renewed on the land make disturbed areas unnoticeable.

Pennsylvania timber harvesting effects only a small portion of Pennsylvania's Wood lands. Each year. According to the report Timber Harvesting in Pennsylvania, put out by Penn State University in 2004, the Pennsylvania annual timber harvest is less than 1% of current standing timber volume.

Logging Jobs in New York – Is This the New Home of the Lumberjack?

Logging has made an amazing comeback in New York State that some find disturbing. Clear-cutting forests to create farmland was standard operating procedure in New York until about 80 years ago. Until recently, there was virtually no logging industry in New York, but just as the forests have rebounded, so has logging. World-wide demand for trendy hardwoods like oak, poplar, cherry and maple has spurred the resurgence logging operations in the state. In addition, recent Federal regulations that limit cutting on Federal lands in the western United States, especially in the Pacific Northwest, have forced lumber companies to expand the areas in which they operate.

These lumber companies have approached large numbers of landowners in New York, offering premium prices for stands of trees all over the state, even including trees in the first-ring suburbs of New York City. Logging in New York State centers on wooded lots rather than old-growth forests. This is a different type of logging from the familiar process of logging the deep woods. In New York State, landowners of plots as small as 10 acres have been approached by lumber companies.

In response to this trend, a trend that makes many people uncomfortable, states like New York have enacted programs and policies aimed at preserving forests while still utilizing some of the valuable trees the contain. But because the land is not state-owned, government can do little to stop landowners from making lucrative private deals with loggers. Some of these deals involve "liquidation cutting" that is a version of clear-cutting on a smaller scale. Local communities, however, have had some luck in enacting local laws that restrict or even prohibit logging. The upshot of all this is that the logging industry in New York State finds itself mired in one controversy after another.

Although the public perception is one of predatory loggers in collusion with a corrupt state government, many communities have taken steps to preserve woodlands with stiff local laws and ordinances. Another misperception has to do with the concept of "old-growth" woodlands. It is a sound forestry practice to cut mature trees because this creates gaps in the forest canopy, allowing sunlight to reach smaller trees. These trees will produce another crop of lumber in 10 or 15 years.

In this often hostile and politically-charged environment, the logging industry in New York is probably not a good career choice. The median hourly rate for a logger in New York State at $ 12.00 is substantially lower than Oregon at $ 19.00, Texas at $ 17.30 and California at $ 19.00. The cost of living in New York State, when compared to these same states, is substantially higher, so the loggers in New York State will feel the negative impact of low wages more than they would in other states with lower costs of living.

14 Easy Ways to Build Your Subscriber List

Maybe you already do a regular online newsletter (ezine) or are considering doing one. Either way there are some inexpensive ways to make sure you get the largest bang for your buck and grow your subscriber list. Subscribers come and go, so it's essential that you are always growing your list.

In addition, you want subscribers who want to be on your list. I would not suggest purchasing a list. After all, what good is a list of people who have no interest in you? Your newsletter is only as good as your contacts are, so let's get started on some helpful hints to build your subscriber list.

1. Make sure you have a subscription form on your website. If people find your site and there's no form there, how will they be able to subscribe to your newsletter? Make sure it's prominent and easily identifiable. Do not hide it somewhere at the bottom of the website or on the contact us page. Make sure it's on the top portion of your website. We'd like to think that readers who land on our site will read through everything because we've got great content and they're interested in us, right? Wrong. The truth is that most readers never scroll all the way to the end of the page.

2. Put your subscription form on every page of your site. We think of our Home page as the only gateway into our site, but in actuality, visitors may first enter through the services page or blog post or testimonial page, depending on what keywords they've used in the search engines. So the home page does not mean every single visitor will get into your site through that page. Do not make them hunt to find where they can get more information from you.

3. Create a giveaway for people to receive when they sign up. Visitors are related to just hand over their email addresses, so you need to have some type of giveaway to entice them to give you their email addresses. Make sure it's downloadable, and it can be a 10 tips or the top 5 secrets … Create something that makes them WANT to give you their information.

4. Only require the first name and email address for someone to receive your ezine (unless, of course, you're physically mailing something, then you'll need all their information). Studies have shown that requiring their last name reduces the number of sign ups.

5. Be sure to add your privacy policy to your opt-in box. People want to know you're not going to sell or share their personal information with anyone else.

6. If you're selling a product, be sure to capture the email addresses of your buyers. Just because they bought from you once does not mean they'll come back a second time. If you're using a system like Infusionsoft, you can automatically add purchasers into the sequence to receive your ezine. If you're using another shopping cart like 1Shopping Cart, you may have to manually add the names and email addresses of your buyers to your newsletter program like AWEBER, Constant Contact and Mail Chimp. Either way, you should be adding those individuals to your subscriber list.

7. Ask current subscribers to forward your newsletter to friends and collections. Word of mouth is one of the best ways to grow your subscriber list. Remind your readers to spread the word by including a note in every issue.

8. Promote your newsletter when you give talks or seminars. Again, use a free giveaway to entice participants to give you their email addresses. If your audience consist of non-businesspeople, you'll want to have a sign-up sheet. However, if you're speaking to businesspeople, you can collect business cards.

9. If you're attending a networking event, be sure to include information about your ezine in your 30-second about you commercial. Most of just go through who we are and what we do (and should be including benefits to the listeners), but we do not think to mention our weekly, biweekly or monthly ezine and the great wealth of information they'll receive by subscribing .

10. Write articles and distribute them to article marketing sites and trade organizations. Be sure to include in the author resource box a link to your website where your newsletter sign up will be prominently displayed!

11. Promote your newsletter to your social media contacts, but be careful not to spam the groups or message boards. And be sure to have a sign up on your Fan Page. No Fan Page? You should have one !!

12. Be sure to include enticing copy on your email signature to drive people to your website and sign up for your newsletter.

13. Do a targeted postcard mailing to businesses with enticing copy, driving them to your website and signing up.

14. Include testimonials on your sign up page. It's great for new subscribers to be able to see what others are saying about your newsletter and build their confidence that they are subscribing to a legitimate tool that they can learn from.

Always work on growing your list and remember that quality is much better than quantity. You do not want to just pull business cards off the bulletin board and start adding them. These people are not interested in you andides, it's against the anti-spam law! You can only add people to your list who have given you permission either by signing up themselves or telling you it's okay.