How to Hunt Coyotes at Night

In most States and Provinces through North America coyotes can be hunted year round. In many of the areas coyotes can be hunted both day and night as well. By learning how to hunt coyotes at night, a hunter can hunt coyotes 24/7, 365 days a year. Night hunting for coyote, where legal, can be a very exciting and an extremely effective way to keep their population at bay. Here we will discuss tips and tactics on how to hunt coyotes at night.

Coyotes, like most predators are mainly nocturnal. They do the majority of their day to day activities at night like hunting, eating, breeding and establishing hierarchy. For this reason, hunting coyotes at night can be very fast paced as you see a lot more than during daylight hours. They also feel more secure at night knowing that humans, their only predator, are less active at night, so they tend to be a little less weary.

Spot Lighting:

If you are hunting at night you will need a way to see the coyotes. The most practical tool for bringing light to the night is a high powered spotlight. These spotlights are extremely bright and will do a good job lighting up coyotes up to 400 yards, if you invest in a good one.

When using a spot light, animals that can see in the dark are very easy to see as their eyes make a very bright reflection, much like a light of their own. For this reason, you do not have to spend much time scanning an area to see if there are any coyotes nearby. All animal eyes have a certain glow to them when hit with an artificial light. It is important to be able to determine what type of animal is in your light before you start shooting as it can be hard to tell. Many times though it is easy enough to tell by just the eye reflection after you gain some experience. You will find that predator eyes are typically brighter than prey eyes. Be aware though, there are always variances in reflection strength and color, so be extremely sure of your target before aiming a weapon at it.

Most spotlighting is done from a vehicle where the spotlights are run off of 12 volt power out of the car cigarette lighter. It is also possible and popular to use a spotlight that runs off a rechargeable power supply. These spotlights are very nice to have, and in many states necessary, as to be legal the light needs to be powered by something else other than the vehicle. Check your local regulations to be sure of all laws relating to hunting with artificial lighting.

Calling Coyotes at Night

One of the most effective ways how to hunt coyotes at night is to use predator calls. Coyotes are out and about most at night and are more confident when coming in to calls than they are during the day. If you have experience calling to coyotes and other predators during the day, then you should have success with the same sounds during the night. Common sounds are prey in distress calls, mainly rabbit, bird sounds, and a number of coyote howls, yips, and distress calls.

Both mouth calls and electronic calls work well for hunting coyotes at night, with electronic calls giving you a significant advantage unless you are extremely skilled with a mouth call. Electronic predator calls are extremely loud, clear, and are typically actual voices of real life animals making them very believable to predators. Many coyotes come running in fully expecting to see what they are looking for without fear.

TIP: One thing about how to hunt coyotes at night is that you need to be ready at all times. It may take less than a minute before they are right on top of you. Therefore, make sure you are ready to shoot before you begin your call sequence. Likewise, not all coyotes come in at a full run; Some come in casually. If you are in an area that sound can travel long distances, then it may take a while for the coyotes to get to your location. For these reasons, it is important to be patient. Give them plenty of time to come in are you will experience what most experienced coyote callers have and do when as soon as you get up you see a coyote running away. Other predators such as bobcats tend to come in even slower and more alert.

Best Times to Hunt Coyotes at Night

Most states allow coyote hunting at night all year round, but most people partake in coyote hunting during fur bearing seasons, which in most areas is the end of September through march, depending on the year. This does not mean you can not or should not hunt them through the spring and summer, but this is when their hides will fetch the highest price.

The warmer weather can be some of the best times to call coyotes though, especially if you are just learning how to hunt coyotes at night. There is less competition during this time of year so coyotes are typically easier to bring in with predator calls.

During the winter, days getting shorter and night longer is one major reason why many people hunt coyotes at night as well. When it gets dark at 4:30 in the evening, that does not leave much time for hunting coyotes during the daylight hours. If you want to try a few areas after work during the fall and winter, a spotlight may be your only option; And a good option it is. Learning how to hunt coyotes at night will open up a lot more hunting opportunities for someone who would like to get out more often.

Gear You Will Need

There are a few gear items needed to hunt coyotes at night in addition to the typical necessities of day time coyote hunting.

Rifle : Just about any rifle will do the trick for coyotes. These dogs are smaller than one might think with, with a 30 pounder being a big one. They are also soft skinned, so a big bullet is not necessary and will destroy the hide much worse than a smaller one. My personal opinion is that a 243 caliber rifle is the perfect coyote rifle. It is flat and fast shooting, with enough weight to carry the bullet for longer distance shooting. Also, you can find ammo at any sporting goods store and a.243 makes a good caliber for white tailed deer, hogs, and antelope, without much recoil.

Spot Light : Artificial lights can be a number of brands. Spotlights that have the ability to control the light spread are nice as they let you use a flood light for scanning and then dial it in to a beam to determine what you see. It is best to have both a 12 volt light that operates from a vehicle power source / cigarette lighter and a rechargeable spotlight for when you get out of the vehicle. Also, you may want to purchase a red filter (cover) which turns your light beam red. Predators do not see red so they will be unaware that they are getting blasted by a spotlight. Even without the filter, many times they do not even care and keep on coming in.

Predator Calls: There are a number of predator calls that you may choose to use. Electronic calls work the best. Mouth calls such as reed and diaphragm calls work well but make sure you practice before you go out as these calls take time to perfect. Check the last paragraph for specifics on the best calls to use.

We will discuss specific equipment in more detail below.

Be Ready for Anything

One thing to remember when you hunt coyotes at night is that like coyotes, other predators are most active at night as well. For this reason, you should be ready for whatever you may see. Foxes, bobcats, lynx, and other predators are all good animals to take as an addition to coyote hunting at night. In some areas, it is even legal to take cougars at night and hopefully soon, wolves in some states. For this reason, you need to be ready and legally prepared to hunt these animals as well. Check your local regulations as some of these animals may require special licenses and permits. You do not want to have to pass up a predator because you failed to get a tag for it, or even worse because you were not sure whether or not it is legal.

Website Promotion – Your Website On Steroids

As a new web site promotion consultant I have been surprised to learn that more than half the struggle in getting started comes with having to convince business owners that they need to actively promote their web site. I was probably naive to think all I had to do what tell people I was 'out there' and they would come flocking to my business in droves. . . I was very wrong.

I once met a man who had a business web site he paid thousands of dollars for and had never promoted it. I tried to explain to him in the simplest terms that his web site should be bringing him more business instead of simply floating around in cyber-space. He looked at me as if I had three heads, mumbled something about his new customers coming from other forms of advertising and shuffled away. This was an intelligent man, a highly successful business man in his own right but he had never made the leap in his own mind, to understanding the sky-rocketing market place found online and the potential it held to create more leads for new business. Oh yes, someone convinced him he should have the business web site to showcase his services, but they failed to mention that he had to promote it and make it easy for people to find amongst the tens of thousands of other web sites on the internet that Were all competing for visitor traffic.

This barrier is something I encounter frequently. Typically I find that either the web designer people hire to do the work does not understand the necessity for their clients to optimize and promote their web sites or they simply do not care to pass along this vital piece of information. Now I'm not knocking web designers here, I know a few that are very good at what they do and they realize that web site promotion has to be incorporated into the design elements and architecture of the pages. Unfortunately, the day has long since passed when adding some meta tags and keywords to a web page was an adequate solution to promoting the site. You need to engage the services of someone who is abreast of the rapidly changing field of search engine optimization to really get the job done properly.

Search engine optimization and web promotion in general has evolved as the search engines have created more sophisticated ways of judging the value of a web page. Having a beautiful web site that is designed to capture the visitors attention and answer a call to action is a complete waste of time if no one searching the web can find it!

Paying to have a business web site built purely so you can give the url of the site to your customers so they can go and see how pretty it looks is a complete waste of time and money. Your web site should be a work horse, tirelessly working to attract visitors. And those visitors should be 'targeted' shoppers -people who are actively looking for your goods and services on the internet. Without your business name is already a household word with most of your target market, chances are no one will ever get to see your web site unless you are actively promoting it.

A smart business person knows that every marketing effort has to be measured in order to determine whether or not the money they have invested in it is paying them an adequate return. It is a fundamental of good business practice to ensure this is done. You have to know where your advertising is paying off for you and where it's not. In the case of your business web site, it is vital to your success!

If you're hiring a firm to design your web site, make sure that they understand that you need someone that provides current search engine optimization for the site pages, and understands current web site promotion techniques. Another option is to hire a search engine optimization expert to work with the designer to make sure you have the very best search engine placement you can possibly get based on current search engine ranking criteria. I say this because there are elements in web design itself which have a direct bearing on search engine optimization. Web design and seo go hand in hand. Do not let anyone tell you different! Some designers can do both but it's rare that you find someone that really understands both very well. Search engine optimization by itself is a full-time job.

Make sure you are provided with some way to track your visitor traffic so you know what's going on. There are a number of great tracking services out there that can provide you with all sorts of valuable information to help you track visitors which will in turn help you develop a better sales message to get the business. Tweaking your presentation and call to action is easier to do if you can analyze the statistics regarding your visitors behavior when they come to your web site.

I once talked to a client who told me, "… if it's not on the internet, I probably will not use them." Think this is a rare thing? Think again! Millions of people are online every day shopping for information about products and services. People are sharper, more savvy consumers than we have ever seen before and the internet is rapidly becoming the place to go when people want to shop.

So. . . How about putting your web site on steroids instead of nursing a 90 lb weakling?

USA Racquetball

Racquetball is a game for all ages and all skill levels. Whether you are just beginning or have been playing for a long time, there are places to play and tournaments to compete in. Most tournaments consist of a professional division and then various amateur divisions, ranging from skill level A to D. There are also age divisions for amateurs like under 24 or 40 to 50. Racquetball is a sport with little costs. Besides for a racquet, balls, and safety goggles, you do not need much- just a wall. There are outdoor courts and indoor courts. Outdoor courts only have a front wall, whereas indoor courts are surrounded by walls. Racquetball does not require strict technique. It is similar to tennis, but it’s much more of a reactive swing. There is not a specific stroke that is necessary in racquetball. The goal is to place the ball in spots that make it tough for the other player to return, like the corners of the court, or to hit the ball low enough on the front wall that it bounces twice before the other player can hit it. It does not matter how a player hits it there. Certain techniques have proven effective but not necessary. A perfect shot is called a rollout, where the ball is hit so low to the ground off the front wall that it literally rolls out away from the wall. The rules are simple. A player must hit the ball into the front wall first without letting the ball bounce twice before hitting it. The players switch off hitting it until the point is won. Winners of the previous point serve, and points can only be scored while serving. Typical games are played to 15, win by two. Racquetball is a simple game where players often improve rapidly.

To improve at racquetball, a player needs to learn many different shots and serves because every player is different and plays with a slightly different style. In order to win points in racquetball, players need to either hit it to where the other player is not or make the other player make a mistake. This can be done by hitting it to that player’s weakness. Many beginning players are worse at their backhand than forehand, and as a result, players should hit it to their opponent’s backhand as often as possible. As player’s get more advanced, their backhands are not as vulnerable and can even become a strength. Instead, shots that get stuck against the wall and shots that die in the corners become their weaknesses. Some player’s are bad at balls that bounce above their heads, and as a result, ceiling shots would be helpful in hitting it to their weakness. Similarly, certain serves work better against some players and not as well against others. Either way, its best to learn as many different shots and serves as possible to be able to constantly switch it up and keep the other player guessing. Any hesitation by the opponent can result in a mishit or a poorly placed shot. It’s also helpful to have other options if certain shots are not working against an opponent. Some good examples of varying serves are a low, hard hit serve that will bounce twice before reaching the back wall, a soft serve that hugs the side wall or dies in the corner, and a shot that hits the front wall then the side wall and bounces around unpredictably near the opposite corner.

The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Glass Doors And Partitions

Glass doors are a great choice for both homes and businesses, and offer a great many advantages. In this article I’m going to look at specifically what those advantages are, as well as covering possible disadvantages which you should be aware of.

One of the most obvious and appealing benefits of doors made from glass is the fact that they allow light to pass through. For doors which open to the outside there is the benefit of being able to enjoy natural sunlight entering the room. Not only does this sunlight look and feel much more pleasant than artificial light, but it also helps to reduce the need for that artificial lighting, lowering costs as well as representing a greener alternative.

But even in cases where the door is not an exterior one, a glass door still allows light to pass from one room to the other, not only creating a visually more attractive space, but also a more practical one, since there are fewer shadows and darker areas, maximising the efficient use of the room.

One of the possible disadvantages of course with glass is that it does not usually permit privacy. Clearly this is why very few bathrooms have doors made from glass! But there is a way in which you can enjoy the benefits of a glass door being able to allow light to pass through it whilst also enjoying a certain amount of privacy. Frosted glass, or even coloured opaque glass can be used for both partitions and doors to create an attractive feature which also provides the privacy required.

Another benefit of glass as a material for use in doors and partitions is that it is incredibly durable and extremely easy to keep clean. Glass does not rust, or corrode, it is not susceptible to woodworm, and it doesn’t collect dust. All that is necessary to keep the glass door or glass partition looking clean and attractive is to give it an occasional wipe with a cloth and some glass cleaner. This is ideal for both businesses and homes.

One of the disadvantages of glass doors is that they are more liable to crack or break if they receive a very sharp knock or heavy blow. However, such a blow would probably cause significant damage to any door, and as they’re made of toughened glass, glass doors and partitions are more than tough enough to cope with everyday use, and should not shatter or break revealing sharp edges should a seriously hard knock cause any damage.

Modern digital printing now also enables glass doors to be patterned or to have designs added. This is less useful for homes, but for businesses and commercial properties it provides the opportunity to have company logos or other relevant information included on the glass.

With a choice of colours and many different types of frameless glass doors, including fixed, hinged, sliding and folding systems, there are many benefits worth considering, both for the home and for business environments.

Forging: The Advantages and Disadvantages

Forging is the process of shaping metal, and is a common practice in a range of manufacturing industries. There are various types of forging, and these are often distinguished by the temperature at which it is conducted. The 3 independent classifications are cold, warm and hot, with the most popular types of metal including iron and steel almost universally forged hot. The process has many advantages and also some disadvantages to the companies that use it.

The Benefits of Forging

Forging is almost entirely beneficial process from the point of view of those who use the finished product. The process of forging often produces a piece of metal that is far stronger than a piece that has been fortified by a machine part or cast. In terms of metals such as steel and iron, which are the most commonly utilized materials within the construction industry, this strength and durability is key to their appeal and the tasks that they perform.

The grain of the metal is also fortified by the process of forging, allowing it to remain continuous through the part as it is worked upon. As it is shaped, the grain melds to the specific outline of the part, which only increases the strength of the material and the actual metal part. These facets of forging at heat ensure that it remains especially popular when it comes to shaping steel and iron, and guarantee a high quality product for the receiver.

Are There Any Disadvantages to Forging?

In terms of hot forging, there can be issues for parts which are required to go through a secondary mechanical process afterwards. For any secondary process that needs to be carried out after a metal item has been forged, it must have undergone the work hardening process that would ensure from cold forging. Hot forging can prevent this, although in many cases there are more economic and easy to control alternatives to work hardening anyway.

In any case some forgings, such as aluminum alloy pieces and titanium, can be work hardened after hot forging so the issue is not an overly significant one. The only considerable drawback to forging are the costs involved in paying for machinery and tooling, although this is chiefly a concern for the forging company rather than the individual trade operative or customer.

The Bottom Line

Forging is an established metal shaping process, and one that offers significant benefits to the individual metal piece or item involved. While it can be costly to set up and operate for individual companies, the quality, strength and durability of the finished product provides ultimate satisfaction for the customer.

Golf Putting Tips: 3 Keys to Improvement

As golfers we all want to lower our scores – it seems we are never quite satisfied. At the end of the round we see where those extra strokes came from and it's usually from the short putts we missed.

It's a fact in 18 holes of golf 40% or more of our score is from putting. It only stands to reason that the easiest and the quickest way to lower our scores is to improve our putting by eliminating the three putt greens. This can be done simply by adjusting your set up position.

1. The Grip: To become a good putter you have to start with a good grip. Do not grip your putter the same as you would your other clubs. We're taught to grip these clubs more with our fingers and this grip does not work too well with the putter. The correct way to grip a putter is in the palms of your hands right along your life lines with your fingers wrapped around the putter handle. This will cause your arms from the elbow to be directly in line with the putter shaft. Light grip pressure is also real important. On a scale from 1 to 10 it should be around a 5. I found that oversized putter grips work very well in developing the correct grip and pressure.

2. The Eyes: In the set up position your eyes have to be lined up inside your target line. If you get your eyes too far over the golf ball, this will cause you to make a bad stroke, you may pull the putt or push it but the ball will not go where you intend it to end up.

To check this, take a golf ball, position it under your right eye (if your right handed) drop the ball, the ball should land somewhere behind the hossel of the putter. If it does, this is where you should be every time you put the ball.

3. Putter Shaft Position: The shaft of your putter should lean forward just left of your belly button (if you're right handed). This will cause the ball to roll with over spin, this in turn will enable you to control the distance of your putts with more consistency. When you lean the putter shaft back in your putting stroke this adds loft to your putter, which creates back spin on the ball and it makes it hard to control the distance.

You are now ready to make smooth and accurate putt. Hold the putter in the palms of your hands, make sure your eyes are in position then lean the shaft forward a little and make the putt.

Practice these simple set up tips and you will become a much better putter in no time at all.

Common Mistakes Motorcycle Buyers Make When Looking For a Motorcycle Loan

Whether interest rates are high or low or it’s the end of a model year with lots of incentives, motorcycle buyers tend to make the same mistakes when shopping for a motorcycle loan. Here are four common mistakes motorcycle buyers make with motorcycle loans.

Shopping for a motorcycle before shopping for a motorcycle loan.

Many motorcycle buyers enter the showroom looking for a motorcycle before they determine how much money a motorcycle lender is willing to loan to them for the purchase of a motorcycle. There is no need to shop for a $20,000 Harley Davidson motorcycle, if a lender is only willing to provide a loan amount of $10,000.

Additionally, once motorcycle buyers enter the showroom slick salespeople often pressure them into motorcycle loans with much higher internet rates than they could have gotten had they shopped for a motorcycle loan at a bank, credit union or online. Salespeople do not like motorcycle buyers to leave the dealership to get a motorcycle loan. In the salespersons mind this only increases the chance of losing a sale and commission. Therefore, salespeople frequently try for a quick sale which normally results in pushing motorcycle buyers to get motorcycle financing at the dealership.

The bottom-line is that it is always best to shop for a motorcycle loan before entering the showroom.

Diving into the unknown motorcycle loan.

Motorcycle buyers often jump into motorcycle loans that they do not completely understand or may not be the best alternative for them. For instance, in today’s age manufacturers frequently run credit card motorcycle loan promotions on their private-label credit cards. But these promotions typically offer a low interest rate for a short term like 12 or 24 months and have a much higher interest rate after the short promotional term. On a credit card promotion if motorcycle buyers can not afford to pay off the loan during the short promotion period, then they are typically better finding a lender offering an installment motorcycle loan for a longer term.

Borrowing too much.

The most common mistake the first time motorcycle buyer makes in not having a clear sense of how much motorcycle they can afford. This is especially true for young motorcycle buyers who look to buy the top sport bikes that cost up to $10,000 – $15,000. What they fail to realize is that financing a $10,000 – $15,000 motorcycle can stretch them to thin, resulting in them having little cash to enjoy themselves and the motorcycling lifestyle. They may also have too little cash to pay for insurance, maintenance, registration or new accessories for their motorcycle.

Not asking the right questions.

The first warning sign that motorcycle buyers should see is that if they do not understand the type of motorcycle loan, then they should be sure to ask a lot of questions.

Here are some good questions to ask:

o Is the interest rate fixed or variable? If fixed how long will it be fixed for?

o Are there circumstances that can make the interest rate on the motorcycle loan change in the future?

o What happens if a payment is 30 days late? Does the interest rate increase?

o What happens if a payment is 60 days late? Does the interest rate increase?

o How long is the term on the motorcycle loan?

o If the loan is an installment loan, does it use rule of 78 or simple interest? (Simple interest is always better because it does not penalize the motorcycle buyer if the loan is paid off early.)

o What is the down payment requirement to get the motorcycle loan?

o Is full coverage insurance required?

o How much is registration and are these fees included in the motorcycle loan?

o Are there any administrative fees to get the motorcycle loan and if so how much are the fees?

Overall, motorcycle buyers can avoid these common mistakes by spending a little extra time focusing on shopping for a motorcycle loan and asking lots of questions.

New Companies Bring Big Supplies of Automotive Connectors

Newly appeared companies bring into the market new automotive connectors and components like: tires, brake systems, stability control systems, cables, wires etc..

New suppliers of automotive connectors and components have conquered the market by their extensive activities particularly in the production of tires, brake systems, control of the vehicle dynamics and electronic sensors. With a turnover of 20 billion Euros in 2009, these new companies have about 138,500 employees in 46 countries.

These connectors providers have been real work suppliers as well, making that over 100,000 people over the world were provided with jobs.

These automotive connectors are available for most car models, such as BMW, Fiat, Opel, GM, Ford, Chrysler, RV, Farm Chevrolet, Audi, Porsche, Seat etc.

Automotive connectors are one of the most common causes of overlooking reasons for engine problems and starting problems on a boat, truck, car or anything that starts with a battery. Repairing can be made by simply replacing the old corroded and broken connector in the electrical system.

These new connectors companies have a submersible and nature sealed interconnection systems that have designed auto connectors to withstand harsh conditions. These connectors include opaque and inter facial seals and this new design assembled firstly is very easy to use.

It also reduces applied costs because it does not require assembly of components and eliminates the need to purchase or handle wire seals.

The Automotive Connectors provide unique combination of superior electrical performances and low insertion forces.

These are designed to meet the new requirements and face the tests which are aligned to 150,000 miles or 15-years of service life. The connectors’ performance standards for sealed connectors. By being compliant with these standards, the Automotive Connectors are ideal for automotive, off-road construction, marine and agricultural equipment, as well as bus, truck and RV applications.

These connectors are available in a wide variety of shapes and circuit sizes and wire ranges. These new automotive connectors versions accommodates wide ranges of styles from SAE wires to UL type wires, in comparison to old connectors, that were usually designed for thin, weak wires.

“Prior to the old connectors, sealed connectors used in these types of applications require additional assembly by the customer and, in some cases, there were permanent connections that needed complete replacement if a connection failed, all of which cost time and money, With these new and improved connectors not only meet the market needs for sealed, they also offers pre-assembled designs that are also field repairable solutions that eliminate assemblies and down time, as well as hard repair costs.”

These being said, hopefully you’ve understood the importance of automotive connectors and plan to get the best there is available. Among the numerous companies that provide automotive connectors, a good car can only hope its owner will choose the best product that suits your car’s every personality and style. Give a few bucks more but at least you’ll not regret the good quality you have found.

The Last Templar

In all of history there is nothing more intriguing than the Knights Templar. For they are the ones that have made history so fascinating. Through the ages though there have been many unanswered questions surrounding their existence. Were they devout knights or secret heretics? Did they leave behind a vast treasure? A treasure that is beyond imagination. How did they come to be associated with the Holy Grail? Did they manage to cross the Atlantic in a time before Columbus? These are some of the most concerning questions that are still unanswerable today. But, what we do know is the fact that the Templar Knights could have conceivably given birth to today’s Illuminati, the most secretive and influential organization in the world. How we know this is to trace the Templar’s origin from their humble beginnings to become the most powerful military and financial organization of the late Middle Ages.

Toward the end of the 12th century galloping out of the Holy Lands rides Fernando De Vasquez one of the last remaining Templar Knights. A Spanish nobleman who took that sacred oath years ago. An oath of unbending loyalty, sacrifice and obedience to an order unlike any other the world has seen. Vasquez the most skilled swordsman a renowned tactician survived many a battle only to witness the most debilitating defeat in their history. A defeat where he himself killed hundreds of the enemy but somehow miraculously survived. Now, mortified by all the carnage that was done in the name of Christendom. The ungodly slaughter of thousands made Vasquez rethink that his mission as a Templar Knight was not in line with his Christian beliefs. He knew through his childhood teachings in the monastery that before the 1st crusade the Muslims were very tolerant of Christians especially in Jerusalem. But, the first crusade was only the beginning of the bloodbath that was soon to follow.

To retrace the life of De Vasquez is to first understand who were these Templar Knights and how they came to be. The year was 1129 AD the Knights Templar were now officially recognized by the Catholic Church. As the major fighting force in securing the Holly Lands the Templar Knights were without question a major player of the Crusades. The order of the Knights Templar, the poor soldiers of Christ and the Temple of Solomon, as they were called became the most effective fighting force for the Catholic Church. We must remember that the Templar Knights were not all fighting men. A large number controlled what was to become the largest and most extensive banking system the world has known. To this day International Bankers continue to use the concepts of monetary transactions that were employed by the Templar Knights.

The fact that the Templar Knights for over two hundred years managed to acquire enormous wealth was a credit to their organization and implementation of ingenuity in manners of finance. But, it wasn’t until the Catholic Church under the influence from the King of France began a more sinister betrayal in destroying the very organization that gave the Vatican so much wealth. The fact remains that to this day the Vatican may very well be holding untold treasures and purposely withholding some of history’s most intriguing mysteries concerning the demise of the Knights Templar. History is just now starting to realize that the betrayal of the Catholic Church against the Knights Templar just may as well been the one single event that has triggered many of the current crisis now engulfing the Mid-East.

To trace the history of the Catholic Church is to further understand how the Templar Knights came into existence and the escalation of friction between two of the worlds foremost Religions. In 1071 the Byzantine Emperor requested that the Catholic Church send armed envoys to protect the many Christians pilgrimaging to Jerusalem. This was the main focus of the origin of the Knights Templar. Originally these Templar Knights sole purpose was to protect those Christians when they were traveling back and forth between Jerusalem. With the mounting intolerance by the Muslins who also viewed Jerusalem as their sacred city put many more Christians in danger.

It was in 1079 when the Pope started what is now considered the most barbaric assault against another religion in the name of Christianity. The first of three crusades that lasted for over two hundred years of savage ungodly bloodshed to eradicate the Muslins from the holy land. When the first crusade ended marked the beginning of the Templar Knights. In the years that followed the Templar Knights had grown more influential and prosperous. From those humble beginnings the Knights had become the wealthiest organization of the late Middle Ages. In 1307 AD after two centuries of alliance and allegiance to the Catholic Church a dark betrayal brought on by the greed of King Philip IV and Pope Clement V ordered the leaders of the Templars to stand trial for Heresy. By this time De Vasquez was back in northern Spain summoned to appear before the court of King Phillip. Never did De Vasquez trust the French King eluded the Kings guards and managed to board one of the 18 ships that were poised to set sail on Friday the 13th. That same day as the Grand Master and other leaders of the Templars were being arrested in Paris De Vasquez sailed into history and legend. Most historians agree that this betrayal was the direct result of Philip’s IV greed and his influence on the Pope. After all the King was an actual relative of Pope Clement V. This betrayal was specifically designed in order to grab all the Templars wealth. After some years of intense interrogation and torture many leaders of the knights died in prison. In 1314 the grand master of the Templar Knights died while burned at the state. A most horrific end to one of histories most influential organizations.

As for Fernando De Vasquez the last soldier of the Knights Templar he sailed into history carrying with him a treasure of the ages. Where he and those 18 ships went, to this day remains histories most enduring mysteries yet to be solved. We may never know where the last Templar went and then again maybe mankind was never meant to. Four hundred years later in 1770 Dr Adam Weishaupt, and Mayer Rothschild used the Freemason society to incorporate the evolution of the Illuminati. Mayer was a direct descendent to Moses Rothschild who was born in 1550. It is the Rothschild’s family tree that can be traced all the way back to the Templar Knights. Could it be that Fernando De Vasquez started the blood line of the Rothschild’s? Today’s Illuminati many historians now believe are a direct result of the blood line passed from generation to generation through the ages back to the last Templar Knights. Like the original sin the betrayal by the Catholic Church back in 1307 is now forever linked to one of histories most enduring mysteries, the disappearance of the Last Templar.

If You're Looking For a Muscular Bicep, Try This Extreme Workout

Getting a muscular bicep takes more than just regular training. You need something extreme, something extra. The people with the best bodies are those who attack their training with explosives and always keep their body guessing.

Your body only reacts that way. Training averagely or taking your time or being to traditional for to long will not give you a good body. It will not give you a solid bicep. Your body needs shock it needs something extreme to force it to growth. If you're not taking your biceps to their limits every time you're training, you're missing out on your training and are not getting full benefit from your training and your time. Getting a muscular bicep is not accepted by performing traditional 4 sets of 8 reps. You can only get so far with that approach but then what.

To really have that muscular bicep you need something drastic. Something you have never tried before, something that can truly toast your biceps. And that's exactly what I have for you, so rejoice. Use this routine for about 2 weeks then switch back to your regular routine. Keep using this routine every time you get stuck. Each time you feel you're at a plateau or your just bored of the regular routine. Doing so will enforce the fact that you always grow and always head towards the goal of that amazing muscular bicep

Muscular bicep extreme routine

Standing Barbell Curls 3sets rest pause

A rest pause is when you use a certain weight that allows you to fail at the 6th rep. Stop at the 5th rep, rest for 15 second, pick up the same weights and continue performing reps. Keep doing this until you can no longer perform a proper rep. This is a perfect starter to give you the muscular bicep muscle that you desire. Rest 2 minutes in between each complete rest pause

Alternating dumbbell curl 3 sets 8, 10, 10

This is a solid move and should be in any every bicep routine mean to give you that muscular bicep look. Make sure to choose the proper weights. If you're doing more than assigned reps than you are going to light.try and go heavy and fail at the assigned reps

Barbell preacher curl 3 sets drop set

A drop set is performing the move with a certain weights to failure. Upon reaching failure and without resting pick up lighter weights and continue performing repetitions. Keep doing that till you can no longer perform any more reps. This will definitely give you a muscular bicep. Choose the weights carefully. When you first begin the drop set use a weight that allows you to fail at the 12 rep then keep dropping from there.

Hammer Ax curls 3 sets 10, 10, 10

Super set

Hammer dumbbell curl 3 sets 15, 15, 15

This torturers super set is the finisher to this muscular bicep inducing workout. Do not rest in between super sets. Meaning perform a set of hammer ax curls then directly get up and perform hammer dumbbell curls.

So there you have it. If muscular biceps are your goal this routine is sure to grant your wishes. Work hard and never give up and in time your biceps will be everything you want them to be

The Handyman Special – How to Sell a House in Disrepair or Buy a House With No Deposit

Imagine this:

• You need to sell your house but you can’t because you have let it run down over the years and it needs lots of Tender Loving Care.

• You can’t fix it up because you don’t have the cash.

• You are behind on the Mortgage Payments.

If this sounds like the house you have right now then read on. The solution to selling these difficult houses is surprisingly simple, and incredibly effective. The easiest way to explain a House Selling Strategy (or a House Buying Strategy for that matter) is through an example.

Here goes:

The Handyman Special

• The Situation – You are a seller with a house in a bad state of repair. It is currently worth $200 000. All the other houses in your area are worth $300 000.

• The neighbours are on your back to Renovate Your House because it is bringing down the value of their homes.

• You have had professional tradespeople in to give you quotes on the repairs. You cannot afford to pay the $30 000 for the repairs and you couldn’t possibly find the time to DIY. You’re too busy working to try and pay the mortgage payments for that!

Here is what you do – “Make Your House Easy to Buy, so it Will Be Easy To Sell”. With the Handyman Special strategy here are the steps to follow:

1. Let’s assume that if your house was in good condition it would be worth $300 000.

2. Also let’s assume (conservatively) that the bank would be happy to lend on an 80% Loan to Value ratio. This means they will lend a buyer $240 000 to buy a $300 000 home.

3. Next thing to do is put your home up for sale at say $270 000. In your marketing, ask for people who are Good With Their Hands. Yes you will get a lot of interest because it is well below the area value of $300 000. However when a buyer comes to inspect you should expect them (if they have eyes in their head) to baulk at the price when they see the poor condition of your house.

4. Now explain to the buyer that you were going to fix it up at a cost of $30 000 but if the buyer would be happy to do the work themselves instead you would be happy to knock off $30 000 and sell it to them for $240 000 instead. This means you will be accepting a $30 000 deposit in the form of “Sweat Equity”. The buyer needs NO CASH DEPOSIT. The buyer does $30 000 of work instead.

So – What’s in it for the seller? The seller no longer needs to pay $30 000 for repairs and renovations. The seller will get $40 000 more than expected ($240 000 instead of current value of $200 000). The property title will remain in the seller’s name until the renovations are completed to their satisfaction. The seller doesn’t have to spend precious time doing DIY Renovations.

So – What’s In It For The Buyer? The value of the house will be $300 000 when it is fixed up. The buyer only pays $240 000 to the seller. The buyer knows that DIY is much cheaper than the $30 000 quoted to the seller – say $4000 to $8000, using their own skills and network (relatives, friends, professional contacts).

The buyer will end up with a house worth $300 000 for which he paid only $240 000 (plus costs of fixing up). He/she has $60 000 of “Equity” in the house before they even move in (this is 20% of the house value).

Conclusion: How does this all end?

• The Bank sees a house worth $300 000 and a buyer who has a contract-for-sale for $240 000. They are delighted to lend 80% of the valuation to the buyer ($240 000). Happy Bank!

• The Seller gets $40 000 more than he/she ever believed possible and didn’t have to spend a penny or lift a hammer to get it. Happy Seller!

• The Buyer gets a beautiful home decorated and renovated to THEIR Tastes and the only money spent is about $8000. NO DEPOSIT needed. The bank gave them ALL the money they needed to buy the house at the seller’s price of $240 000. Wow – a beautiful $300 000 home for only $8000 cash. Happy Buyer!

So the “Handyman Special” Strategy for Selling a House has in this case resulted in Happy Seller, Happy Buyer, and Happy Banker. Now that is a WIN – WIN – WIN situation.

Can I Cruise With a Disability?

In the past, people who were disabled but loved to travel had very limited vacation choices. There were accessibility issues, inadequate facilities and lack of staff training to accommodate their special needs. However, for the past 20 years since the instituting of the ADA, major cruise lines in particular took notice and implemented sweeping changes in order to cater to those with special needs. The results have been wonderful for all those who thought that it would not be possible for them to enjoy a wonderful, relaxing cruise.

Special access cabins are often available with refrigerators to store medicine, bathroom grab bars, ramped thresholds, low sinks and roll-in showers. You will want to book your travel plans early enough to insure that you will have the best cabin to suite your needs. Tender systems are in place for boarding and disembarking with careful VIP treatment and assistance given to each guest with any restrictions. The good thing is that these services do not cost any extra.

The # 1 disability worldwide is hearing loss. Changes were made to make cruise travel possible for the hearing impaired such as under-pillow vibrating alarms and staterooms with a special indicating light system which will alert guests to a fire alarm, doorbell, smoke detector, and telephone. Cabins are sometimes equipped with Telecommunications Device for the Deaf (TDD) which will advise the guest of fire, smoke, door knock, telephone and a wake-up service. Most ships are equipped with audible arrival sounds and infrared lighting systems in common areas of the ship. In some cases, with notice, sign language interpreters can be provided.

About a quarter of those with a disability also have some form of vision loss. You will find Braille in most locations on a ship on stateroom doors and elevators, as well as large print braille menus in the dining areas. Service animals are also allowed on the ship, such as guide-assisting dogs and many other animals designed to help people with vision or mobility issues. It is important to check with the cruise line that you are interested in sailing with to see if they have any special requirements that will need to be met to accommodate service animals, for example a "puppy passport."

Great changes have been made for guests with mobility issues. Wheelchairs are available on board ship, however if you have your own wheelchair or motorized scooter, you will be encouraged to bring your own with you. Ships now have wider doorways and special bathroom facilities to make sure all ADA requirements are followed. The result is a safe, comfortable, stress-free vacation for passengers to enjoy themselves on and off board ship.

There are many travelers who suffer from very serious food allergies. Since a cruise is also an experience in gourmet dining, can a cruise ship meet any dietary restrictions you may have? The answer is yes, however you will have to let them know ahead of time so that they will be prepared with delicious food for you when you set sail. Meals such as vegetarian entrees, low sodium, low cholesterol, sugar-free and fat-free are also available upon request. For guests on a gluten, glucose, lactose, sodium or dairy-free diet, you will have to give the cruise line approximately 2 months notice so they may make the necessary provisions for you with the chefs on board the ship.

There is also state-of-the-art medical facilities onboard most major cruise lines in the event you may need medical attention. Most of the time, medical care can be successfully processed for a custom charge. In the event that a more serious condition arises, you may need to be airlifted to a land-based hospital. For either case, I always recommend that it is wise to purchase travel protection insurance "just in case."

As you can see, many wonderful policies have been implemented in order to make cruise travel possible for people with disabilities thanks to the ADA. Most major cruise lines have an 'access desk' that handle special reservations in advance. Careful, advance planning is necessary so that you will have the best vacation possible.

It is strongly recommended that you utilize the expertise and knowledge of a professional travel agent who can do the major of your planning for you. I am well trained in the planning of cruise vacations with special needs, and would be happy to help you!

Beware, The EPA Scale ERMI To Assess A Home For Mold Is Misleading!

Don’t ever think that all research is for the advancement of science. Some research actually impedes progress and makes us go backward. Have you heard about the latest breakthrough on testing a home for mold with a single dust sample? It is based on DNA analysis of the concentrations of 36 species of mold. Sounds very scientific indeed. But is this test practical to test a home for mold? We say it is not.

As a result of a research project, EPA researchers devised a scale to assess a home for mold, called ERMI©, for EPA Relative Moldiness Index. Then, the EPA patented their so-called “new technology,” and now the dust sample test along with the ERMI scale is touted as “the standard” for the field of mold testing.

Some background – The EPA Office of Research and Development (ORD), together with the Case Western Reserve University Medical School, conducted a five-year study in the Cleveland area on the effect of mold exposure on children. Their results show that the incidence of asthma in children in mold-remediated homes was extremely low compared to their previous “moldy” home environment. Wow! What a revelation, it took five years to find that out. They should simply have asked us (or you) and we could have told them and spared the taxpayers the cost of such a useless study. No real harm done here, except for 5 million dollars down the drain. Mind you, we are not disputing the obvious results. What is more alarming is that the test they developed for that particular study is now being touted as the latest breakthrough in testing homes for mold. Now, that is damaging! As seasoned mold inspectors we feel that this is going to hinder the progress in accurately assessing a home or building for mold.

Research biologist, Stephen Vesper from the U.S. EPA/Office of Research and Development (ORD)/National Exposure Research Laboratory (NERL), recaps two studies as follows:

Susceptibility to Asthma Controlled by Modifying the Environment

In a just-completed, five-year study in Cleveland-area, water-damaged homes of asthmatics, EPA Office of Research and Development (ORD) researchers, in collaboration with Case Western Reserve University Medical School, established that specific molds were statistically more common in water-damaged homes. When the molds were removed from these homes, the children had a significant decrease in asthma symptoms and symptom days. The result was a statistically significant tenfold reduction in the use of medical interventions (i.e., emergency room visits or hospital admissions) for children living in these homes.

In a just-completed study in Cincinnati, the relationship between mold concentrations and the development of wheeze and/or rhinitis in infants was tested. To measure exposure risk, EPA scientists developed the EPA relative moldiness index© or ERMI© based on the measurement of the concentration of 36 species of molds in floor dust samples by using EPA’s patented “Mold Technology.” The ERMI© values were used to accurately predict the risk for infants developing respiratory illness.

By applying these findings and techniques, we should be able to reduce the asthma burden in the US, reduce the use of medical care, and save lives.

We will spare you the details, but in a nutshell here is how this new patented ERMI© testing works:

A mold inspector collects a dust sample using a cone-shaped HEPA filter trap by vacuuming a specific area of a carpet (or tile or linoleum) in the living room and the main bedroom and the sample is sent to a lab for analysis. You can either combine the two locations or take separate samples, which doubles the cost of the analysis.

We recently had a telephone conversation with Dr. Vesper where he stated that all homes in the US have mold! We say he is mistaken. Unless there is a water or moisture problem causing mold to grow, mold does not grow inside a home, because it simply cannot grow without moisture! Dr. Vesper does not like to say that a home has a mold problem; he prefers to call it “mold burden” and that the range goes from low to high.

The sample is analyzed and the results compared to a national database of homes in the United States and an ERMI© score is derived. For example:

  • An ERMI© score of – 4 means that a given home (client) is in the 25% of homes in the US that have a “low mold burden”.
  • An ERMI© score of 0 means that a given home (client) has an “average mold burden”.
  • An ERMI© score of 5 or higher means that a given home (client) has a “high mold burden”.

So, let us say you plan to buy a two-story home where there is carpet upstairs in the bedrooms, and all rooms downstairs are tiled – living room, dining room and kitchen. A dust sample is collected upstairs in the master bedroom and the tiles in the living room are vacuumed. Results show an ERMI© score of “0”. So, we tell you that a score of “0” is average, and according to the EPA it’s an “average mold burden.” Will you be satisfied with that? Read on.

Although the results of the first project seemed obvious (if you remove mold the wheezing symptoms go away) we question the validity of the dust test and the ERMI© scale. Let us look at the second project: “Relative Moldiness Index as Predictor of Childhood Respiratory Illness”. We find several flaws in that study.

If you were satisfied earlier knowing that your ERMI© score was average, that study reveals that a score of -4.29, yes “-4.29” can predict the incidence of illness. Holy smoke!! Americans are doomed if more than 75% of our homes have enough of a “mold burden” to make us sick! And, if this is true, what is the point of doing any testing at all?

FLAW NUMBER 1

Improper sample selection of “moldy” and “non-moldy” homes

First, the homes were classified as either “moldy” or “non-moldy” based on the following criteria. The paper states:

“A “moldy home”(MH) had at least one of the following: water damage history, visible mold/water damage, or moldy odor. A “non-moldy” home (NMH) had none of these.”

Any experienced mold inspector knows that a visual home inspection is not enough to assess a home for mold, and we cannot rely on our nose to establish whether a mold problem is present. We must also collect air samples. By taking several air samples we can find out 1) how many spores are in the air in a particular room and 2) the species (genera) that are present and their respective amounts of spores. That tells us right away whether there is a mold problem and where.

We certainly cannot rely on a “nose test” because an air test may indicate a mold problem even though neither the occupants nor us could detect a “moldy odor”. Alternatively, on several occasions we have been called to homes because the occupants smelled an odor that they attributed to mold. Our tests revealed normal levels of mold spores, but volatile organic compounds (VOCs) found in new building materials, such as cabinetry or carpet were the culprits, and produced the odor.

We conclude that the samples in that study were improperly selected. Assessing the air quality with air tests would have established scientifically beforehand whether homes had a mold problem or not. Also, the study does not say whether the visual inspections were conducted by “home inspectors” or “mold inspectors.” It only says that the onsite visits were performed by a “trained two-person teams.”

FLAW NUMBER 2

If Plan A does not work, go to plan B

“The Wilcoxon test performed on the mold concentrations for homes grouped by the inspection process into NMH versus MH showed that no species was significantly different in concentration between these two groups of homes.”

” . . . homes were reclassified into “more moldy homes” (MMHs) and “less moldy homes” (LMHs).

It is not proper to choose different groups half way through the study and massage the data with statistics to come up with something meaningful simply because the two original groups, non-moldy homes and moldy homes, did not work out.

FLAW NUMBER 3

The ERMI© scale seemed to have been derived solely with less moldy and more moldy homes.

Referring to the y-coordinate of ERMI© scale “Percent of Homes in the US”, are we to believe that the data representing homes in the US came only from “less moldy homes” and “more moldy homes”? If so, this scale is not representative of homes in the U.S. and is flawed if the “no moldy homes” have been totally omitted.

FLAW NUMBER 4

Improper control of variables of homes with smokers and non-smokers. The researchers state:

“. . . major mold/water damage was observed through home inspection and survey in only 5% of the homes, yet 19.6% of the infants developed wheezing and 49% developed rhinitis at age one. Therefore, most cases of illness were not predictable on the basis of a home inspection. These predictions could have been complicated by other exposures, such as smokers living in the home.”

Indeed, it has long been recognized that children are affected by cigarette smoke. This variable should have been taken into account by selecting only homes with non-smokers.

The researchers added:

” . . . an immediate and obvious improvement to predicting risk of respiratory illness would be to include additional information to the RMI in the predictive model like smoking in the home, pets, dust mites, or other indicators that could be taken from the home survey. Adding these factors to the logistic model might improve the prediction of illness even more.”

Why didn’t they think of that prior to conducting this $5 million study?

FLAW NUMBER 5

The study was biased – The introduction of the research paper indicates that a parallel study of air tests was conducted but the body of the paper hardly mentioned the comparative results. It states:

“A parallel study did not find any associations between the total mold spores count and rhinitis or allergen sensitization. However several associations emerged when mold species were identified.” “However, the methods used in that study are very time consuming and not highly standardized.”

We certainly agree that individual species (or genus) (not the total spore count) should be taken into account as well as their individual amounts of spores and their ratios to be compared to levels found in an outside sample. In addition, the research paper fails to say that air tests are both qualifying (identification of genera) and quantifying (amount of spores).

Researchers made a biased judgment by saying that collecting air tests are “very time consuming and not highly standardized”. We disagree – air test results can be obtained immediately in a lab if you live near a laboratory or as little as one day if the samples are sent overnight to a laboratory. It takes a minimum of five to ten days to get the result from an ERMI© test dust sample. It certainly would have been nice if researchers could have also included the results of air samples as comparison. And, what do the researchers mean by ‘highly standardized?” They talk about standardization when their research is flawed!

FLAW NUMBER 6

Questionable molds found in both moldy and non-moldy homes

Table 1 found in “Relative Moldiness Index as Predictor of Childhood Respiratory Illness” shows Stachybotrys and Chaetomium mold to be present in both “Moldy homes” and “Non-moldy homes”.

We have recapped the information to show the average of mold concentrations for Stachybotrys and Chaetomium as follow:

Stachybotrys: Moldy homes: 3.3; Non-moldy homes 2.3

Chaetomium: Moldy homes: 2.9; Non-moldy homes 2.0

It is known that Stachybotrys mold grows in a wet environment and Chaetomium mold is grows on, among other things, drywall that is wet or has been wet! Both types of mold are often found together in a home with mold problem. How can the researchers explain this?

If we poked around further into the study we would, no doubt, find other flaws. The study does look impressive with all kinds of statistical analyses, but if you read it carefully there are many holes. With statistics all kinds of things can be derived, but massaging the data is not proper. By removing the group of “Non-moldy homes” (NMHs) and then using two groups “More moldy homes” (MMHs) and “Less moldy homes” (LMHs), researchers found something to report. At a score of -4.29 they found a correlation between the incidence of illness in a home with (enough) mold between the “less moldy” and the “more moldy homes.” Give us a break!!! There is no doubt that this study will impress many people because it is based on DNA analysis and many people will accept it at face value and not read it carefully. With all its bells and whistles, we say that ERMI© dust sample testing is flawed.

Until a better tool comes along we will continue to use the traditional method of collecting air samples in different parts of the home with an outside control, and collecting surface samples if mold-like substance is visible. Air samples are not perfect, and things can always be improved but, in our opinion, they give us a better picture than one or two dust samples that are supposed to be representative of the entire home. ERMI© testing does not tell us precisely if and where a mold problem exists. Air tests can. If you had a score of 5 or 10 that would tell you that there is a serious mold problem somewhere (pardon me “high mold burden”). But, we would have to go back to the house and guess what . . . we would have to collect air samples to find the location of the problem. So, why not collect air samples in the first place? Besides, spore trap analysis is very fast, and you could get same day results if you wanted to, while dust sample analysis takes five to 10 days. Clients do not have money to waste on some fancy DNA testing that does not tell them whether a mold problem exists in their house and if so, the location of mold contamination.

Researchers are in their ivory tower and do not have a clue of real situations or budgetary concerns of the average homeowner. Clients want to know three things from a mold inspector:

  1. Do I have a mold problem?
  2. If so where is it?
  3. How do I get rid of it??

This ERMI© scale was designed for a specific study. In our opinion the application of the ERMI© test should not be extrapolated and touted as the “latest technology” to evaluate a home or building for mold, especially because the study was questionable in the first place. Several U.S. laboratories now perform this analysis, and novice and unaware mold inspectors started performing the test for clients. ERMI© testing appears “scientific” because it involves DNA analysis, and thus it sounds impressive for the majority of people. It can identify the species of mold, such as “Aspergillus penicillioides” or “Cladosporium cladosporioides”, or “Cladosporium herbarum” while an air test identifies the genus “Penicillium/Aspergillus”, or “Cladosporium.” We say that knowing the genus of mold is usually enough to assess a home for mold, knowing the species does not really add anything to the testing.

The EPA would have you believe that all homes have a mold problem. A prominent laboratory (not the one we use) states the following in their ERMI© report:

“Mold accumulates in homes over time and can be found in carpet dust and other accumulation sites.”

This is misleading – mold does not accumulate in homes over time. This would mean that older homes have more mold than newer ones. This is not true. During the Florida hurricanes of 2004 we found that most of the mold problems came from homes less than 5 years old. We won’t go into detail here as why this was the case.

Mold is found everywhere on earth and the amount of mold spores fluctuates day by day according to the weather and geographical location. However, if a greater amount of mold spores is found inside a home and/or if the genera are different than the outside it means that a source of mold is growing inside.

It is worth repeating – mold is the result of a water or moisture problem. Mold grows when three things are present – a surface to grow on, organic food, and water. Water being the only thing we can control. Without a source of moisture mold cannot grow. Period!

Dr. Shoemaker, M.D. who treats patients who have been exposed to mold thinks highly of the ERMI© testing, but he warns: “No sampling can replace the skill of the experience mold inspector in investigating mold problems.” What Dr. Shoemaker does not know is that the best mold inspector could miss a mold problem by performing only a visual mold inspection. It is essential to collect air samples in different parts of a home. Then the laboratory results will tell us the amount of mold spores per cubic meter and the genera compared to spores found in an outside sample. With this information we get a picture of what is going on and where. Like air testing, the ERMI© test is a tool to detect a mold problem, but the dust test gives less practical information than the traditional air tests. The score representing the “mold burden” is too vague. If the ERMI© score is elevated, it does not tell the client the location of the problem. Consequently more testing would be required, specifically air tests in various rooms, which would increase the overall cost of testing for the client.

The subject of mold is not well understood and this is why we wrote a book on mold: MOLD MATTERS – Solutions and Prevention, to educate home and building owners about mold from A-to-Z and to teach mold prevention. Much research is needed especially on the effects of mold on health. Since mold affects people differently, there are many people who are not taken seriously when they complain of various symptoms after being exposed to a moldy environment. Research on the effect of mold on health is long overdue and more research should be done in this area.

If researchers come up with better testing that give us more information than air testing in terms of pin-pointing the location of a hidden mold problem (that wall, rather than the other three), and quick turn around analysis, we will jump on it. In the meantime, we feel that the so-called “new technology” of ERMI© testing makes us go backward. It gives us less practical information, it is too vague, and it ends up being more costly to homeowners than air tests. Finally, because the meaning of the ERMI© score is vague, it has the potential of implicating mold inspectors in lawsuits. When mold inspectors get sued because it is found later that a serious mold problem was developing at the time of ERMI© testing, researchers will be far away in their ivory towers and mold inspectors will be by themselves fighting lawsuits against them.

How to Use the PDCA Cycle to Leverage Your Personal Effectiveness

Every person has a mission in his life, whether explicit or implicit, structured or disorganized. Successful people state their missions explicitly. They strive to achieve them through systematic planning, doing, checking, and acting on results to keep alignment to the mission until it is accomplished. These are the people who deserve the personal effectiveness badge at the end of their lives. Achieving one’s personal mission is not an easy job. It starts with developing a Mission Statement, and proceeds as a continuous improvement process that constantly yields behaviors congruent with the mission values and principles.

The Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) Cycle, sometimes referred to as Deming or Shewhart Cycle, is a four-step model used to carry out a change or to realize an improved, envisioned situation. This methodology begins with planning for the change (Plan Phase), then carrying out the change (Do Phase), then analyzing the results and identifying what has been learned (Check Phase), and finally taking action based on what has been learned (Act Phase); if the change has not proved successful, effective people readjust their behaviors to the plan, or they go through the cycle with a different plan, if necessary.

It is not enough to climb the ladder rapidly, but a diligent effort to ensure the ladder is leaning against the right wall is what allows individuals to achieve their goals. Continuous checking on leaning against the right wall requires a systematic methodology such as Deming Cycle that has proved useful in achieving effectiveness on the organizational level, and can also prove successful in achieving effectiveness for individuals through its four phases.

PLAN your roles and goals, and break down your mission statement. As Stephen Covey states in his book ‘The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People’, all things are created twice; a mental or first creation, and a physical or second creation. You design the clothes before you thread the needle. Composing a mission statement is the mental creation to achieve your personal effectiveness. It allows you to explicitly state what you want to be, what you want to do, and the values and principles you will use as bases for that. Hence, this personal ‘constitution’ becomes the criteria based on which your behaviors are evaluated and directed, thus it is the grounds for making daily decisions affecting your life.

This statement is not something easily or rapidly developed, it may take weeks and months to be composed, and to be broken down into roles, goals, and activities. It is easier to decompose the statement into roles and goals to give it a sort of structure and traceability. Once identified, goals are further translated into daily activities that you prioritize and schedule on your personal agenda.

DO your planned activities and walk the talk. Once you have agreed to what is really important to you, you need to work hard to achieve it by sticking to the road map you have established in the first step. In this step, you execute every week in your life around your deepest priorities. You focus on your plan, and do important tasks while you avoid the temptation of doing urgent but unimportant stuff. In other words, you become proactive and effective.

Proactivityis the ability of a man to elevate his life consciously based on his own values, not based on the environment surrounding him. Stephen Covey says that proactivity is more than merely taking initiative. It means that as human beings, we are responsible for our own lives, and that our behavior is a function of our own decisions, not our conditions. Therefore, when you carry out your daily activities, you need to behave in a way that is congruent with the values you set in your mission statement. If you subordinate your values and principles to the conditions surrounding you, you will be led astray, and you will not accomplish what you have established in your personal constitution; the mission statement.

CHECK the results and consequences of your actions as you carry out your daily activities. Every day of your life contributes to the vision you have set initially, and every behavior can be tested against what really matters most to you. To test the effectiveness of your behaviors, you need to gather information and analyze results. It is in this step when you realize where you are standing, and whether your progress approaches your goals or departs away. Here is also where you figure out the root causes of derailment, and where you start thinking of corrective and preventive measures to get back on track.

Depending on the complexity of your mission and goals, you can select from a wide range of tools and techniques to complete this step. Checklists, interviews, brainstorming, mind-mapping, Fishbone diagram, and many other management tools prove helpful to gather information and to analyze results in an effort to take the right decision.

ACT on what you have learned from your behaviors, and realign. Although they look sequential in a cyclical model, practically, the ‘Do’, ‘Check’, and ‘Act’ steps are carried out almost simultaneously. While you are executing your daily activities, you constantly monitor the consequences, and you provide the forces necessary to organize resources in the right direction. If your actions result in outcomes that are not in line with your goals, you better realign to your vision. You may find that some goals are no more valid, and thus you need to rethink them, or even to re-formulate the mission, if necessary.

Your personal environment is changing at ever-increasing pace, and you need to adjust the sail of the ship to keep heading the right direction. Most often, you will be faced with urgent but unimportant tasks that may derail you from your important ones. You need to re-focus your attention and to leverage energies to complete your schedule. You need to be effective rather than being merely efficient.

In conclusion, achieving personal effectiveness requires someone to know what is really important to him and to keep that in mind throughout his life. Once a man becomes aware of his values and principles, he can chart his roles in life, and attach goals and activities to each role in a prioritized, balanced mode. This forms the road map to his success, and he should work diligently to continuously improve it as he walks down the road. The PDCA Cycle is an extremely helpful methodology that guides a person’s endeavor in planning his roles and goals, in doing what he has committed to do, in checking consequences of behaviors, and in acting on results to realign to the ‘true north’ throughout his journey.

Allen Iverson Dunk or Simple Vertical Leap Exercises to Dunk like AI

Do you remember Allen Iverson’s dunk over the 6’11” Marcus Camby? You know, the guy isn’t even 6 feet tall! He is actually only 5′ 10.75”. So its clear that he can jump. But without any exercises no one can jump that high. There are a lot of exercises that may increase your vertical leap but the most of them are simply not effective.

So which exercises are the most effective? Here are the top 5 exercises to increase your vertical leap:

1. Jump Rope

It’s a very common exercise and the reason why is because it works. Jumping rope not only gives you explosiveness and calf strength but is also a great way to build stamina, and work on your overall leg strength. Jump rope at least three times per week to build up your aerobic fitness level.

2. Calf Raises

Calf raises are a very effective exercise because they train the muscles that give you the explosive boost in the jumping process. Here is how you do it: Stand on a foot block or the first step of a staircase in your house and rise up on your toes as far as possible. Hold the contraction briefly, then slower return to the starting position. Strong calves help you do quick, on the spot jumping.

3. Lunges

This is a great exercise because it simultaneously trains different muscles that are involved in the jumping process – the thighs, the lower leg, the backside muscles, the abdominal muscles. Stand in an upright position, step as far forward as possible with no forward lean of the upper body until your front knee is at 90 degree angle. Then step back to the original position in one step. Do this 8 times with one leg, then 8 with the other. You also can use some dumbbells.

4. Step Ups

For this exercise you need a bench or something you can step on (about 15 inches high). Just stand in an upright position, then step up on the bench at the height that would put your knee at a 90-degree angle. Do 8 repetitions with one leg and repeat with the other. This exercise is a perfect extension to the lunge-exercise because you train the the antagonistic muscle group.

5. Touch the Rim

Either stand under the rim and try to touch it with one or both hands or take a running start and jump as high as possible to reach the rim. Important: Try to perform this exercise very clean and with maximum power and repeat it only limited times (for example max. 3 sets with 5 repetitions). After that don’t do any leg exercises for 24 – 48 hours. Your muscles need time to grow and regenerate.

Besides these exercises its important that you take care of your nutrition. The most important point here is limiting the amount of fat that you take to you. Fat makes food taste delicious but its the biggest enemy of an athlete cause its the extra weight you have to get up in the air and it inhibits the flexibility of the muscles you need to jump. So, if you are able to control your nutrition and will use the exercises above serious results are guaranteed.