Top-Fight Advice On Getting The Most Out Of Your Limited Exercise Time – For Starters

It’s like the old joke about quitting cigarettes: Start an exercise programme? Easiest thing in the world. Must have done it 20 times already.

So, why did you get off to a false start – and a crash landing?

Perhaps because you did not follow that old boy-scout motto: Be Prepared.

Now, for the twenty-first time, try again. You’ll get it right if you score full marks on these six questions:

1. Are you clear about your reason/s for wanting to exercise?

There are as many possible reasons for wanting to work out as there are workouts themselves. Do you want to exercise to lose a belly… build muscles… boost your energy levels… pass the company’s annual fitness exam… put on 5 kilos… meet the challenge of a particular sport… make new friends… oust Tom Cruise from his pedestal?

Depending on what your goal is, you’ll need or want to take up a specific exercise or sport or prescribed regimen. Thus, a 30-minute brisk walk thrice a week can’t train you for the superb speed and stamina of an athlete, but it is enough to burn off excess fat.

However, if you’re aiming for total fitness, you should know that there’s no single exercise that covers all the ground – that gives you stamina (cardiovascular fitness), strength and flexibility. For instance, yoga is great for improving flexibility, but will not get rid of love handles. Callisthenics brings gains in limberness and strength, but it usually falls short of having an aerobic effect – the normal start-and stop motion of calisthenics is not continuous enough to improve cardiovascular fitness.

So, if you really want all-out fitness, it may be a better idea to cross-train, that is, to combine exercises: for instance, brisk walking and weight training. The walking will burn calories and bring in aerobic benefits; lifting weights will build muscle mass, preserve bone density and improve balance tremendously. Together, they bring in optimal fitness benefits.

A spots consultant can best advise you on the workout combo that will meet your needs.

2. Have you got your doctor’s okay?

This is particularly important if you have been as active as a tree slug for the first 25 years of your life; if you’re over 40; if you suffer from any chronic or debilitating disease (diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, epilepsy, Parkinson’s), if you are on medication; if you are anaemic (your haemoglobin level is low.)

It is unwise to plunge headlong into any exercise programme without first knowing how fit or unfit you already are. Today, sport medicine centres offer specific tests to assess your fitness status. Among them are: The Body Composition Analysis which provides the ratio of body fat to lean body mass; Flexibility Tests for the back, shoulders, knees; Strength Tests; Lung Function Test; The Stress Test.

It is essential to know your blood pressure, heart rate and aerobic capacity (or the ability of your heart, lungs and blood vessels to take up and utilize oxygen in accordance with the demands made on them).

A lot of store is laid these days by the stress test which basically looks at how the heart performs. The concept underlying the stress test is that abnormalities of the heart that are not apparent at rest may become evident during physical work. Mainly, the test (which can be done using the treadmill. The two-stepper, or a stationary bicycle, among other methods), attempts to do two things: detect or confirm the presence or absence of heart disease, and establish a safe level of exercise for you.

But its reliability is by no means guaranteed. A stress test doesn’t necessarily detect heart disease, and “passing” a stress test is not firm evidence that you don’t have heart disease. A stress test’s value at best lies in confirming a diagnosis already arrived at by the more conventional method of a thorough medical history-taking. So, make sure the fitness physician you consult takes his time on that.

3. Have you considered your personality type?

If you’re a gregarious extrovert, you’ll enjoy the social opportunities at a gym class or golf sessions at the club grounds – and you’re more likely to stick with a workout that you’re enjoying.

If you possess a strong competitive streak, you’ll get a better kick out of racquet games such as tennis, badminton or squash.

If you are introverted, you’ll most likely enjoy and stay with activities you can do alone, such as exercycling or jumping rope.

If your chosen activity is in conflict with your temperament and personality, you are unlikely to keep at it for long.

4. Have you considered the logistics?

If you want to take up walking, you should be familiar with the lie of the land before you put on your sneakers: Look for a smooth, even surface – which may be outdoors or indoors. You should not be struggling to make your way through harsh terrain, dilapidated pavements or a traffic-congested road.

If you want to take up swimming, you should have access to a pool with trained instructors and lifeguards, within a convenient distance from your home or office (depending on how you plan to schedule it into your available time).

You also need to slot in time – and possess the inclination – to pack up, get there, change, shower and then return with a wet bathing suit.

5. Have you considered the clothes and accessories you’ll need?

We don’t mean from the point of view of impressing the gym class with your snazzy leotards – we mean the protection and comfort factors.

Exercise clothes should be loose and comfortable and suited to climate conditions. Shorts and t-shirts are better options to jog in during summer than designer track-suits.

When walking, running, jogging, skipping, you need a good pair of fitness shoes to cushion the impact on your joints.

When swimming, wear a cap to minimize the amount of chlorine that comes in contact with your hair. The chlorine in swimming pools is strong stuff and can leave your hair dry, stiff and coarse.

6. Have you educated yourself in prudence?

You should be aware, before you start, that most exercise injuries occur because exercisers overextend their limits, or because they hurl themselves into a workout without warming up. And most injuries are therefore avoidable. (The exceptions are contact sports that are inherently injurious, such as football and boxing, where inflicting damage on your opponent is necessary for winning).

There are specific precautions for every sport and form of exercise, and you should be aware of those that relate to the activity you are intending to take up. Many workouts that are done with exercise equipment need to be done under supervision, especially in the initial stages – and you should not attempt to begin them without such guidance.

Treat Your Partner This Valentine's Day

If you want to impress your lover this Valentine's Day, then it might pay to think outside of the box. Indeed, although roses are thought of as the traditional symbol of love, research has revealed that many view a romantic trip away as the ultimate declaration of love.

Of course, more than often it looks like an expensive gesture to make, but it is possible to find the perfect holiday package, without breaking the bank. What's more, with Britain offering up a wealth of attractive destinations to travel to, you can be certain to impress your loved one.

According to one survey, London is the top location for lovers to visit, with its assortment of glamorous hotels, excellent restaurants and packed nightlife providing plenty of entertainment. Not only that, but the city offers up an exciting range of things to do for the amorous couple.

For example, why not set your pulses racing by signing yourself and your partner up for the Lover's Leap bungee jump off London Bridge? Guaranteed to bring you closer together, you're even offered a bottle of champagne afterwards as a reward for your efforts! However, if diving off a bridge is not your thing then you could always take part in the Chocolate Making Valentine's Workshop. A known aphrodisiac, it is sure to ignite your passion.

If cozy country retreats sound more like your cup of tea, you could always whisk your partner away to the Lake District for a romantic Valentine's hotel break. Indeed, home to some of England's most breathtaking scenery, there are a host of different activities to partake in, which will see you spend some quality time with your partner. In fact, from pony trekking and water sports to long walks in the countryside, there is something to suit everyone's tastes.

The Scottish capital is another popular location to head to for those looking to celebrate their love. With the magnificent Edinburgh Castle emphasizing the city's stunning skyline and numerous cozy closes in which to utter sweet nothings in your partner's ear, it is an ideal place to spend Valentine's Day. On top of the many restaurants offering the chance to participate in some fine dining, Edinburgh also has an inviting selection of bars where you can go to toast your romantic side.

Alternately, you could venture into the wilds of Scotland. With the opportunity to indulge in a variety of al fresco activities, such as ambling across the dramatic moors of the Isle of Skye or exploring the striking landscape of the Highlands, you can romance your partner in true Scottish style.

So, if you want to earn yourself some Brownie points on Valentine's Day, be sure to do your research. Of course, in addition to the wide range of destinations, you may want to take into considering staying in one of the many Valentine's hotels [], which can put The finishing touches to the end of any romantic occasion.

Either way, you can be sure to find the perfect package for you and your partner. And should you choose to romance this special occasion within the UK, then the most difficult decision may be deciding what to do!

Terrorism In Kashmir – Origin And Growth

Broadly speaking, when justice and right are denied to a person over a longer period of time, the person is left with two options: bear the situation patently, or the reaction is anguish, and that reaction, in the process culminates into terrorism. Besides other things, spreading of communal hatred, religious frenzy, separatist tendency etc. Are the tools which terrorists generally use. Guns too are used to achieve the so-called specific mission. Fanaticism, extremism, radicalism, separatism, militancy, activism etc. Are its other names or manifestations. This is one side of the picture of terrorism. (Terrorists fighting for a genuine cause ie liberating themselves, their society / country from the oppressor / perpetrator). Another side of the picture is disgusting and questionable. Over the years terrorism has emerged as a systematic use or threatened use of violence to intimidate a population, community or government and theby effect political, religious or ideological change just to achieve personal gains.

Modern terrorism has returned to other option of intimidation, ie influence the mass media, in an effort to amplify and broadcast feelings of intense fear and anger among the people. Needless to mention here that acts of terror are carried out by people who are indoctrinated to the extent of following a strategy of dying to kill. They are the ones who have become pawns in the hands of their masters who direct their paths, sitting in the comforts of far off places with all the facilities available to them. Masters have their vested political interests while as pawns seemingly have nothing to gain except suffer for a cause about which they themselves do not know or know very little.

Terrorism in Kashmir is almost 18 years old now and has likeness to the second side of the picture. It has a history long enough to be traced from the date when partition was forced resulting in the emergence of two nations- India and Pakistan- after the sub-continent freed itself from the colonial rule of the British Empire. It may not be out of context here to probe into the consequences in detail that cave rise to terrorism in Kashmir. But again, before that, giving a brief introduction of this widely known beautiful valley would be too apt.

Kashmir-Paradise on Earth- (Switzerland of Asia) Nature's grand finale of beauty is a masterpiece of earth's creation of charm and loveliness. Famous for its beauty and natural scenery through the world and for its high snow-clad mountains, scenic spots, beautiful valleys, rivers with ice-cold water, attractive lakes and springs and ever-green fields, dense forests and beautiful health resorts, enhancement Its grandeur and are a source of great attraction for tourists. It is also widely known for its different kinds of agricultural products, fruit, vegetables, saffron, herbs, and minerals, precious stones handicrafts like woolen carpets, shawls and finest kind of embroidery on clothes. During summer, one can enjoy the beauty of nature, trout fishing, big and small game hunting etc .; During winter climbing mountain peaks and sports like skating and skiing on snow slopes are commonly enjoyed. In addition to the above, Pilgrimage to famous religious shrines of the Hindus and the Muslims make Kashmir a great tourist attraction. About Kashmir Sheikh Sadie a great Persian poet is believed to have said, "If there is any heaven on earth, it is here in Kashmir, in Kashmir in Kashmir only."

Apart from natural beauty, Jammu and Kashmir has a unique cultural blend which makes it different from the rest of the country (India) .It is not only distinct in cultural forms and heritage, but in geographical, demographic, ethnical, social entities, forming A distinct spectrum of diversity. The people of Kashmir, Jammu and Ladakh, all follow diverse religion, language and culture, but continuously intermingling which symbolizes Indian Unity amidst diversity. Its different cultural forms like art and architecture, fair and festivals, rites and rituals, seers and sagas, languages ​​and literatures, embedded in ageless period of history, speak of endless unity and diversity with unparallel cultural cohesion and amicability. Kashmir has been a great center of learning. A treasure of rich Sanskrit literature is to be found here. Early Indo-Aryanic civilization has originated and flourished in this land. It has also been embracing point of advent of Islam bringing its traditions of Persian civilization, tolerance, brotherhood and sacrifice.

After the British withdrew from the Indian subcontinent in 1947 and India and Pakistan emerged as two separate countries, princely states were given an option to choose the country they wanted to stay on. Obviously, the states falling geographically within had no other option but to merge with the country they were situated. Border states like Kashmir, Jodhpur etc. Took time to come out with their firm decisions probably because they wanted to enjoy the status of an independent Statehood. In the case of Kashmir, where Maharaja (King) Hari Singh was the ruler, situation worsened considerably. Territorial disputes over Kashmir had already started brewing-Pakistan claiming that Kashmir should go to his side since Muslims were in majority there. Appreending that Maharaja might opt ​​for an approach to India, Pakistan prepared for an aggression in a bid to capture the State forcibly hiring that masses, mainly Muslims, would support its mission but that did not happen. Secular forces headed by the popular mass leader Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah fondly known as Sher-i-Kashmir motivated the Kashmiri people (Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs) to rise to the occasion and stand united to counter and frustrate the evil designs of the enemy who Was marching to the capital city Srinagar indulging in blodshed and mayhem. A new slogan echoed the entire valley: "Hamlavar khabardaar, hum Kashmiri hai tayaar — Hindu Muslim Sikh Ithaad, Naya Kashmir Zindabaad —" Beware you attackers! We Kashmiris are ready to counter you – Long live the Unity of Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs – !! — At Hazuri Bagh, Srinagar before a large crowd on October 1, 1947, Sher-i-Kashmir proclaimed: "Till the Last drop of my blood, I will not believe in two-nation theory. " It was a rebuff to Mr. Jinnah-father of the nation of Pakistan- who was watching the developments so closely from his country side. Finding their designs on Kashmir not fructifying, Pakistan rulers launched an armed attack on Jammu and Kashmir to annex it. Tribes in thousands along with Pak regular troops entered the State on October 22, 1947 from several points and indulged in loot, arson, rape, bloodshed and mayhem. Bowing before the wishes of the people and seeing his own regular army being out-numbered and to push back the invaders, the Maharaja signed the Instrument of Access in favor of India on October 26, 1947 on the prescribed terms and conditions. This was accepted by the Governor General of India, Lord Mountbatten the next day. The Instrument of Access executed by Maharaja Hari Singh was the same which was signed by other rulers of the other princedy States. Similarly, the acceptance of the Instrument of Access by the Governor General was also identical in respect of all such instruments.

With J & K becoming legal and constitutional part of Union of India, Indian army rushed to the State to push back the invaders and vacate aggression from the territory of the State. The first batch of Indian Army troops arrived at Srinagar airport immediately after the arrival was signed. On October 30, 1947 an Emergency Government was formed in the State with Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah as its head. The Army fought sustained battle with the tribals / Kabayilies and after several sacrificial pushes them out of the Valley and other areas in the Jammu region. (Earlier Brigadier Rajendra Singh Chief of State Forces with a small number of soldiers at his disposal fought valiantly with the enemy and laid down his life in the process.)

Meanwhile, the people of Kashmir under the rising leadership of Sher-I-Kashmir were mobilized and they maintained the marching columns of the enemy. Till the arrival of India troops, it was mainly the Muslim volunteers under the command of Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah who braved death to push back invaders. While the army pushed back the invaders, there were several instances where people put up a gallant resistance and stopped the advancing invaders. The most glaring examples of people's resistance were the martyrdom of Mohammad Maqbool Sherwani and Master Abdul Aziz both staunch followers of Sher-i-Kashmir Sheikh Abdullah. Sherwani did not oblige the invaders when they admitted from him the route to Srinagar. Instead, he put them on a wrong track gaining time for troops to reach Srinagar from New Delhi. Somehow the tribesmen came to know about his tactics and nailed him at a Baramulla crossing and asked him to raise pro-Pakistan slogans. He did raise slogans but these were different. These were pro-Hindu-Muslim unity and in favor of Sher-i-Kashmir. Enraged by this, the ruthless tribesmen emptied their guns on him. The sacrifice of Master Abdul Aziz too was exemplary. The invaders who raped the nuns and wanted other non-Muslim women to be handed over to them, Master Abdul Aziz, a tailor by profession, held the holy Quran in his hand and said that they can touch the women only after they pass over his Dead body and the holy Quran. The brutal killers did not spare him either.

On January 1, 1948 India took up the issue of Pak aggression in Jammu and Kashmir to UNO under Article 35 of its Charter. The Government of India in its letter to the Security Council said, "… Such a situation now exists between India and Pakistan owed to the aid which invaders, consisting of nationals of Pakistan and tribesmen … are drawing from Pakistan for operations against Jammu and Kashmir, a State which has acceded legally to the Dominion of India and is part of India. The Government of India requests the Security Council to call upon Pakistan to put an end immediately to the giving of such assistance which is an act of aggression Against India. If Pakistan does not do so, the Government of India may be qualified, in self defense, to enter into Pakistan territory to take military action against the invaders. " After long debts, cease-fire came into operation on the midnight of January 1, 1949. Eventally, India filed a complaint with the UN Security Council, which established the United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan (UNCIP). Pakistan was accused of inviting the region, and was asked to withdraw its forces from Jammu & Kashmir. The UNCIP also passed a resolution stating: "The question of access of the state of Jammu & Kashmir to India or Pakistan will be determined through the democratic method of free and impartial plebiscite". However, this could not take place because Pakistan did not comply with the UN resolution and refused to withdraw from the State. The international community failed to play a decisive role in the matter saying that Jammu & Kashmir is a "disputed territory". In 1949, with the intervention of the United Nations, India and Pakistan defined a ceasefire line ("Line of Control") that divided the two countries. This has left Kashmir a divided and disturbed territory up till now.

In September 1951, free and fair elections, as per the Constitutional modalities, were held in Jammu & Kashmir, and National Conference party under the leadership of Sheikh Abdullah came into power. With the advent of the Constituent Assembly of the State of Jammu & Kashmir representing the aspirations of the people of Jammu and Kashmir, the State became an integral part of India constitutionally. After Sheikh Abdullah; Bakshi Gulam Mohamad, GMSadiq, Mir Qasim, Gul Shah, Mufti Sayed and Dr.Farooq Abdullah ruled the State as Chief Ministers. Mr.Gulam Nabi Azad is the current Chief Minister of the J & K State.

Although the governors ran smoothly over the years, continued instigations and arousing religious frenzy by Pakistan did not stop. The year 1965 saw a war between India and Pakistan claiming so many lives on either side. A cease-fire was established and the two countries signed an agreement at Tashkent (Uzbekistan) in 1966, pledging to end the dispute by peaceful means. Five years later, the two again went to war that rejected in the creation of Bangladesh. Another accord was signed in 1972 between the two Prime Ministers – Indira Gandhi and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto – in Simla. After Bhutto was executed in 1979, the Kashmir issue once again flared up.

During the 1980s, massive infiltrations from Pakistan were detected in the region, and India since then maintained a strong military presence in Jammu & Kashmir to check these movements along the cease-fire line. India says that Pakistan has been stirring up violence in its part of Kashmir by training and funding "Islamic guerrillas" that have waged a separatist war since 1989 killing tens of thousands of people. Pakistan has always denied the charge, calling it an indigenous "freedom struggle."

In 1999, intense fighting ensued between the infiltrators and the Indian army in the Kargil area of ​​the western part of the state, which lasted for more than two months. The battle ended with India managing to reclaim most of the area on its side that had been located by the infiltrators.
In 2001, Pakistan-backed terrorists waged violent attacks on the Kashmir Assembly and the Indian Parliament in New Delhi. This has resulted in a war-like situation between the two countries, with Pakistani President General Pervez Musharraf asking his army to be "fully prepared and capable of defeating all challenges," and the then Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee saying, "We don 'T want war but war is being thrust upon us, and we will have to face it. "
Plight of Pandits (Hindus)

The Pandits, who are the Hindu community of Kashmir and have an ancient and a proud culture, have been among the most afflicted victims of the Pakistani-supported campaign of terrorism in Jammu and Kashmir .. Their roots in the Kashmir Valley run very deep. They are the original residents of this beautiful valley. Their number being small and peaceful-loving by nature, they have been the soft targets of terrorists. Virtually the entire population of 300,000 Kashmiri Pandits have been forced to leave their ancestral homes and property. Threatened with violence and intimidation by Muslim fundamentalists, they have been turned into refugees in their own country leaving behind their shops, farms, cattle and age-old memories. As a matter of fact, Jammu and Kashmir has become a target of Pakistan, sponsored by religion-based terrorism. The persecution by Muslim extremists of the Hindu minority and the systematic religion-based extremism of terrorist elements has replied in the Exodus of these Hindu / Pandits and other minorities from the Kashmir Valley to other parts of India. Fundamentalists and terrorists have also targeted and assassinated Muslim intellectuals and liberal Muslim leaders too, who spoke of Hindu-Muslim unity and brotherhood. Terrorist acts by Kashmiri militant groups have also taken place outside Jammu and Kashmir.

India claims most of the separatist militant groups are based in Pakistan and Pakistan-administrated Kashmir (also known as Azad Kashmir). Some like the All Parties Hurriyat Conference and the Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), demand an independent Kashmir. Other groups such as Lashkar-e-Toiba and Jaish-e-Mohammed favor a Pakistani-Kashmir. Of the larger militant groups, the Hizbul Mujahideen, a militant organization is based in Pakistan administered Kashmir. Sources reveal that Al-Qaeda too has a base in Pakistani Kashmir and helping to forment terrorism in Jammu and Kashmir.

India is unwilling to lose even one additional inch of its land. New Delhi is also concerned that Kashmiri automotive would set a precedent for breakaway movements in other Indian states (eg, Punjab or Assam). To Pakistan, Kashmir is symbolic of its national ethos and commitment to protect Muslim interests against Indian encroachment. It believes that the creation of a separate, strongly sectarian nation is incomplete without contiguous Kashmir. In brief, Kashmir is a target of externally sponsored religion-based terrorism. The aim is to divide people on the basis of sectarian affiliation and undermine / weaken the secular fabric and territorial integrity of India.

However, as and now with the passage of time, the passion of the jihad / movement which once the mass public support has started declining since it has turned out to be a run run by those who are more interested in their own personal gains. Confusion within the separatist groups too has weakened the movement. The hard liners led by Jamat-e-Islami advocate total merger of Jammu and Kashmir, with Pakistan whereas the soft liners led by JKLF (Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front) stands for total independence of J & K. This has given rise to a total confusing and conflicting situation resulting in disillusionment, disarray and disinterest of the common man in Kashmir who has suffered a lot for the past 18 years and is not prepared to suffer any more.

Hold On GM, Just What Is The Real Story With Recall Replacement Parts?

Sometimes you have to wonder if there is anyone actually running General Motors or if there are just a bunch of harried clerks on various staffs trying to make it look as if there really is an automaker behind the front door of their headquarters.

Today’s Mail Brings Interesting Statement

For example, today’s mail brought another example of GM’s “screaming recall management” style – very reminiscent of Britain”s tabloid journalism – except the automaker affects many more people in many more ways.

Today’s edition of GM”s “Screaming Recall Express” would have you believe, if you own a 2007 Malibu LS that you have to park it and walk until the parts to fix a rather major safety issue are available and it is fixed. This time it’s not the ignition, which was brought to you last week by the same automaker and last week’s “Screaming Recall Express.”

Today’s edition talks about the transmission and indicates there’s a major problem that should be fixed as soon as the parts are ready. The only problem, GM indicates, is that the parts are not ready.

To be truthful, here is what GM’s tabloid headline writers seem to be screaming about today. After telling us they have an “Important Safety Recall” to discuss with us, they then tell us the are sending it to meet the requirements of the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act.

Acting In Response to Issue

The automaker then goes to say this applies to certain “2007 model year Chevrolet Malibus… Your vehicle is involved in GM safety recall 14152.”

The automaker had said in today’s jangling missive that they had “decided that a defect which relates to motor vehicle safety exists in certain 2007 model year Chevrolet Malibu vehicle equipped with a four- speed automatic transmission. As a result GM is conducting a safety recall.”

The issue: (author’s italics)

To quote the automaker: “Your vehicle has a condition in which the transmission shift cable may fracture at any time. When the fracture occurs, the driver may not be able to select a different gear, remove the key from the ignition or place the transmission in park.”

As you can see that does pose a bit of a problem, doesn’t it? If you can’t do anything with your transmission, then the next parking place could be a tree, a bush or a shrub (author’s phrase).

Indeed GM then goes on to stir the pot more by saying if this problem occurs, the “driver may not be able to select a different gear and the vehicle may move in an unintended direction, increasing the risk of a crash. “

GM’s safety scream then goes on to state that “If the driver cannot place the vehicle in park, and exits the vehicle without applying the park brake, the vehicle could roll away and a crash could occur without prior warning.

Drivers Duly Shaken

Then, after getting these drivers in the dithers of their lives as they worry they are driving death traps, GM says:

“Parts are not currently available. When parts become available your Chevrolet dealer will install a shift cable assembly and mounting bracket. This service will be performed for you at no charge.”

Can’t Have It Both Ways

Again, GM is making it seem as if they are doing you a favor in doing this free of charge, but they have to under the Safety Act.

Here’s what we can’t understand, though, and which has us wondering if the inmates are running the corporation or whatever is going on.

After telling its massively frightened driver body that there’s this really bad problem that could happen at any time – and that there are no parts available – GM all but admits it may not be telling the whole truth when it says:

“If you have already paid for repairs for this condition, a reimbursement request for will included with the letter.” (author’s italics and bold).

This follows GM’s notice that when they do have the parts ready, you will be asked by letter to bring the car in for service, however, if your vehicle has already been services you will be reimbursed. This really makes this issue rather interesting doesn’t it? Imagine what safety experts would say if they knew you had some parts to fix this issue and were charging to get it fixed? Do you think the Center for Highway Safety, under Clarence Ditlow, or the National Safety Council might not be a tad miffed at the seeming misinformation? How about the American Automobile Assn or even Consumer Reports? This is an issue that doesn’t look very good for you as a major automaker, does it, GM? How about the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS), they wouldn’t take kindly to it, either, would they?

So which is it GM? Are the parts ready for your customers and are you just dealing them out like ordinary retail parts where you will make extra money, or is this a real issue for your owners? You cannot have it both ways. You cannot tell people there’s a major safety issue but there are no parts and then turn around and in the very same letter tell the same people, they really do exist (if you’re willing to pay for them). Is that the cutoff point, GM? If someone will pay, you’ll install the parts that seem to have magically appeared. It doesn’t inspire confidence in the management of the automaker.

GM, you can’t have it both ways, can you? If you can fix the problem, just do it and get on with it? Or, are you trying to squeeze the last few dollars out of people who are willing to pay for this issue’s repair? It doesn’t make you look very good, now, does it.

Further, how do you think NHTSA would feel if it found out about this issue? The agency would probably be a little more than perturbed about it!

The Easy Way to Tell A Child They Have Autism

Parents of children diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder often fret about when to tell their child they have Autism and how.

What if we did not have to tell our children they have Autism?

Would not it be nice if we lived in a world without disclosure?

Ah, yes, it would but that might be a bit unrealistic.

But what if I told you there was an easy way to tell your child?

What if I told you that you can create a positive experience for telling your child he or she has Autism?

Do you think this is possible? I say yes and here is why.

Let's face it we're all different. We all relate to the world quite and teaching that to our children is the most important thing any parent can begin to do at an early age. When a parent can issue-of-factly point out the similarities and differences among themselves as a family and beyond then being different becomes less of an issue. Honoring and celebrating each of our differences in a valued fashion rather than waiting for it to be pointed out and discussed when it becomes obvious gives any label less emphasis and is more likely to be seen as a positive.

So how does one put a positive spin on telling their child that they are on the Autism spectrum? By developing mindsets and environments that not only expect differences but value and respect them as well.

Allow me to paint a picture of how this might occurs.

Be proactive . Begin early on to establish an environment that discusses similarities and differences in a positive light. Identify each person's learning style, temperament, personality, sensory issues and idiosyncrasies and focus on the positive aspects of them. As attention is paid to the benefits of each it is only natural for human beings to gravitate and create more of the same because minimizing the negative. Do not wait for Autism to become noticeable to your child or others. Doing so risks negatively altering your child's perception of self. Avoid this by developing a positive and authentic self-image of who she is early on, one that does not have to be changed or explained later on.

Acquire a vocabulary without labels . Be mindful to use language that emphasizes strengths in relation to challenges. When someone does something well, name it as an asset and celebrate it. Point to the fact that everyone is good at something that might be a bit more difficult for someone else in the family or elsewhere to accomplish. This will encourage non-judicial comparison and can even promote a mentoring atmosphere, where individuals use their strengths to help other family members who are challenged in that same area. The ability to objectively see the strengths each family member, relative, friend and others have normalizes the fact that we are ALL good at something. The trick is to do this uniformly and acknowledge the strengths of everyone in the family, including us adults.

Balance every challenge with a strength . Discuss ways to use your strengths to compensate for your challenges. Occasionally sit down with everyone and discuss how each of you utilize your strengths to make accommodations for the things that you may struggle with. For example, sitting in class listening to the teacher does not work well because you are not an auditory learner. You struggle to take notes because your penmanship is poor. So you augment your note-taking with your talent for art. Over the years you have developed a type of artistic shorthand that you use to take unique notes adding pictures and symbols. This shows to your visual learning style and helps you remember the lesson better.

Normalize everyone's challenges . If your child's differences came in the form of diabetes, epilepsy, poor eyesight or food allergies would you wait to address it? No, you would describe it as "This is the way your body works and this is what it needs to function at it's best." Why are we so much more sensitive and touchy when it comes to something that affects the mind? Why can not we be just as matter-of-fact about the way a child's brain or nervous system works? Explaining to a child, "This is how your nervous system works" or "This is how your brain is wired" helps to paint a realistic picture of how their body functions. This is powerful information for children to have in order to self advocate, keeping them safe and in control of what they need to maximize their potential.

Describing Autism without using the word Autism can definitely be accomplished but only to a point. Following the recommendations above can delay or may even prevent the asking of the awkward question most parents fear, "What is wrong with me?" Egypt "Why am I different?" Unfortunately the day may still come when your child wants to have a name for his differences whenever he sees them as positive or negative.

Should the time come when your child really wants to know what her brain style is called then you need to let her know the label society gives it. But if you began early in her life to lay the affirmative groundwork discussed above then the label is apt to be just another piece of factual information rather than a devastating blow to your child's sense of self. Always remember that the most important message will be in the descriptors you use rather than the label itself.

Could GMO Foods Possibly End Our Lives?

"Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food" ~ Hippocrates

We'll explore the Pro and Cons of GMO foods which are genetically modified by introducing organizations DNA from other species. There are a multitude of opinions from PhDs, Environmentalists, and farmers now up in arms and the producers like Monsanto and their close alliance with the government and the Food and Drug Administration who tell us that GMO foods are so safe, there is no reason to Even disclose GMO foods on the packaging of the foods we buy and consume on a daily basis.

Estimates are that 60% to 70% of processed foods on US grocery shelves have genetically modified ingredients. The most common GMO foods are soybeans, maize, cotton and rapeseed oil which includes most of the packaged foods containing corn and / or high-fructose corn syrup found in almost all the breakfast cereals, most snacks, and even the sodas we drink. It also includes foods from GMO soybeans which include some baby foods and many foods made from cottonseed and canola oils are likely to have genetically modified ingredients.

America is the Only Country does Not require GMO Foods Labeling

The real question is why is America is the only country in the world that does not require the labeling of GMO foods or better, why it is even necessary for the chemical company Monsanto to genetically modify foods that are the very life blood of our existence , And most importantly will they then be safe to consume?

The Engineering Procedure in the GMO Foods Genetic Engineering

Genetic Engineering starts with some thought to take a cold water flounder gene and insert it into a tomato crop so the crop could withstand colder temperatures. If this sounds like Frankenstein it is, but even worse because Frankenstein was all one species, but what the heck, if it works, what could the problem be?

The next step is even scarier because of the only way to get the DNA of the flounder gene into the tomato gene is what? What is good at invading cells? Bacteria and Viruses are masters at it. It took Monsanto 12 years, but they finally found a soil bacterium that was naturally resistant to Monsanto's pesticide Roundup, a chemical poison which is a slight variation of their WW ll lethal nerve gas and Vietnam's Agent Orange.

Once they recombine the bacterial DNAs, this recombined bacterial DNA is able to penetrate the cell walls. The other two options of inserting this recombined DNA into the plant's genes uses electric shock to crack open up cell walls with tiny holes to pass through and then there's the Gene Gun which blasts the recombined DNA into the cells on minute particles of gold.

The Frankenstein GMO Foods Crop

This creation of the Frankenstein crop with their cells implanted with recombined DNA leads us to the component that is so terrifying that its approval by the Government of Washington DC could be nothing more than irresponsibly self-serving.

Bit, it gets even more enabling because in order to activate the recombined DNA, a separate promoter gene is also implanted to use like an ignition switch for the target gene. This promoter gene which is typically a Cauliflower Mosaic Virus may not always limit itself to just affecting the intended recombined gene. Because of the Mosaic Virus' strong promoter impact, there could have been unintended genes switched on with unintended disastrous consequences, like cancer cells or other disfiguring life threatening growths or illnesses.

GMO Foods Safety Relies on a Wait and See Approach

There is a real possibility that the introduction of foreign virus' and bacteria DNA in plants and animals could turn against us because this GMO foods technology is at such a nanoscopic size that most of the technology relations on a wait and see approach. Absolutely no one yet knows the long range effects of using bacteria and virus DNA to genetically engineer plants so that they could tolerate the deadly poison Roundup. There is also a wait and see approach to the effects of this poison falling to the ground entering the groundwater and environment as runoff, especially now that farmers are realizing that the more they use roundup, the more they have to use it in ever increasing amounts .

Could GMO Foods become even More Terrifying?

Are you thinking how could anything you've just read get any more terrifying? It's because these Frankenstein staple GMO foods crop seeds are patented and owned by the Monsanto Corporation, therefore each planting season, the farmers must buy these "patented" seeds from Monsanto, and the mega gallons of Roundup they need to spray the Monsanto crops as they Grow. The Monsanto Corporation strictly forbids the saving of seeds as farmers have always done and tracks down and sues the farmers who attempt to. In fact, Monsanto sets an annual budget of $ 10 million and a staffs 75 farm detectives devoted entirely to investigating and prosecuting farmers. There are many cases each year of harassment against farmers over alleged unauthorized use of their GMO seed products even if they blew in on the wind from another farm.

This is Not the First Time the Government has Lied to Us

We've been told since the middle of the last century that adding Fluoride to our drinking water would prevent tooth decay and it was not harmful to humans. It has taken us seventy plus years to realize that we've been lied to. There is in fact, no improvement in preventing tooth decay and there is accumulating data of its harmful and devastating effects on humans. Fluoride is not technically a GMO Food because it does not genetically modify the water we drink, but it is an added process making many wealthy. It does nothing of what they promised and is destroying the lives of so many living in areas of fluoridated waters compared to those areas and countries that have refused to fluoridate their waters.

Are you familiar with Today's Experts Disclaimer on Fluoridation?

Paul Connett, PhD in biochemistry remarked that when historians come to write about this period, they will single out fluoridation as the single big mistake in public policy that we've ever had. Of course, that may soon be overshadowed by GMO Foods.

David Kennedy, DDS and President International Academy of Oral Medicine and Toxicology commented that in the history of the planet water fluoridation is the single largest case of scientific fraud, promoted by the government, supported by taxpayer dollars, aided and abetted by the ADA and the AMA, Interesting because now we have the FDA promoting the acceptance of GMO foods.

Charles Gordon Heyd, MD, and President of the AMA was appalled at the prospect of using water as a vehicle for drugs. He felt that fluoride is a corrosive poison that would produce serious effects on a long range basis and to use water this way was simply deplorable.

L. Alesen, MD and President of the California Medical Association advocates that no physician in his right mind would ever hand to his patient a bottle filled with some dangerous drug with instructions to take as much or as little of it as he wished. He is concerned as to why the Public Health Service is engaged upon their widespread propaganda program to insure that communities do exactly that? Dr. Alesen was sure that the purpose of administering fluoride was not to render the water supply pure and potable but to contaminate it with a dangerous and toxic drug for the purpose of administering mass medicine to the consumer without the slightest regard to their age or physical condition.

Albert Schatz, PhD Nobel Laureate for discovering streptomycin has expressed his concern that fluoridation is the greatest fraud that has ever been perpetrated on people and believes it has been perpetrated on more people than any other fraud has. Of course fluoridation might become a second rate fraud as people can substitute fluoridated water and toothpaste, but not so easily substituted is virtually every GMO food product on the shelves.

Dean Burk, PhD with the National Cancer Institute has shocked us with the statistical that more people have died in the last 30 years from cancer connected with fluoridation than all the military deaths in the entire history of the United States. As amazing as this statistic is, it's nothing compared to the fact that they still fluoridate water, or that that everyone in America is becoming ill and obese and that that may just be the GMO foods contribution.

An Environmental Protection Agency scientist, Dr. Robert Carton in 1999 discovered that fluoridation was the greatest case of scientific fraud of this century, if not of all time. Dr. Carton now needs to come forth with his opinion on GMO foods.

Monsanto's Defense of Genetically Engineering Our Food Crops

GMO companies like Monsanto have claims for GMO Foods which are introduced here, but do not they eerily come across like those "claims" that fluoridated water was not harmful and will prevent dental decay which we now know to be altogether deceitful? Monsanto claims that today's global population near seven billion people and growing an adequate food supply might become a problem therefore their GMO foods are needed to meet this demand in a number of ways:

In Pest resistance, growing GMO foods such as Bt corn can help eliminate the application of chemical pesticides like Roundup but Bt corn is still a GMO Food with the pesticide on the inside of it. They use a toxin produced by the Bacillus thuringiensis bacterium which works like a pesticide. Monsanto started inserting these genes which code for the toxin directly into the genetic code of the corn and must also include a section of promoter gene code which would encourage the corn to produce the toxin. They also insert a marker gene which could be used to track and identify modified corn.

For Herbicide tolerance, Monsanto has a strain of soybeans genetically modified to be unaffected by their herbicide product Roundup, By weakening plants and promoting disease, the chemical glyphosate known as Roundup opens the door to many problems in the environment according to Dr. Don Huber of Purdue University. The use of glyphosate Roundup is reported to develop 40 diseases in crop plants and even this number continues to grow as people come to more recognize the association between glyphosate and disease.

To become Disease resistant against the many viruses, fungi and bacteria that cause plant diseases, therefore it makes sense that Monsanto try and create plants that could genetically engineer to resistance to these diseases. If this were really possible, then they could just genetically engineer all of us so that we too became resistant to all of our diseases. How can they expect to genetically engineer plants to resist diseases when the genetic engineering itself is known to introduce diseases?

To develop Cold tolerance using an antifreeze gene from cold water fish that has been introduced into tobacco and potato plants, but this still has not addressed the issue that the fish genes are introduced into the transgenic plant genes using the recombined DNA from viruses and bacteria . Any unintended consequences from just this are in addition to possible unintended consequences from the additional necessary promoter "kick-starting" gene that no one is yet sure what else this promoter gene can kick start inside the human consumer of these GMO foods.

Creating Drought tolerance and Salinity tolerance plants that can withstand drought and a high salt content in the soil and groundwater is a great goal but, here too farmers have already been doing this for centers through selective breeding without geneticization engineering them. Most importantly, Monsanto is not claiming here that they've even been able to do this making part of that blue sky they're painting to have us think they're on some successful path.

To increase Nutrition because malnutrition is common everywhere people are not eating healthy and especially in poorer countries who primarily rely on a single crop such as rice for their main staple of diet. Monsanto wants to genetically engineer rice for example to contain additional vitamins and minerals to produce a kind of an all-in-one plant that sounds desirable. But again, recombining Virus and bacteria DNA and inserting them with the promoter and marker transgenic genes into plants we eat so that even if they could obtain these false results, would they be safe to digest into human bodies without unintended undesirable side effects?

And do you believe we need more Pharmaceuticals? Medicines and vaccines are costly to produce but even more cost to market as seen by the countless number of pharmaceutical ads on TV twenty-four-seven. Monsanto is working to develop tomatoes and potatoes as another one dose fits all, whether you need it or not delivery system in the same way we poison ourselves with that one dose of fluoride fits all in every drop of water and toothpaste. The same GMO food plant dosage would forced upon infections, toddlers, teenagers, adults and grandparents alike who all happen to eat a tomato or have pasta for dinner, and what pharmaceutical company does not want this?

We could start with the use of engineered plants and trees to remove or neutralize contaminants in polluted soil or groundwater known as Phytoremediation. Soil and groundwater pollution is certainly a problem everywhere in the world. Poplar trees have been genetically engineered to help clean up heavy metal pollution from contaminated soil and here is one place if it works, would be applauded because we do not normally ingest trees.

GMO Foods History

The first commercially grown genetically modified GMO foods crop came about in the early 1990s with a logo named the FlavrSavr by Calgene, which is a California company with Monsanto ownership since 1996. The genetic analysis altered the tomato so that it took longer to decompose except it Did not sell well there last last long on the supermarket shelves as it was unacceptably bland.

Many of our Government's own scientific advisers were concerned over possible negative health effects, but this did not prevent or even delay the government from approving the GMO logo and further decided that GMO foods in general would not require pre-market approval even though Dr Arpad Pusztai Of the Rowett Research Institute in 1996 published his research suggesting that GMO potatoes modified with a snowdrop plant insecticide gene were toxic to rats in feeding trials.

A Personal Perspective on GMO Foods

From a personal perspective are not we shocked, appalled and angry that this information has been purposely understood from us by those government agencies charged with protecting us?

On the positive note is the awaking awareness to the dangers of GMO foods as witnessed by the vast growing number of documentaries which are found on all of the free and paid video networks like Netflix for example. Our food supply and what we eat is today probably the number one subject for documentaries, each one different depending on just how dangerous the Genetic Engineering of our crops are. Much of them are on the complete lack of any real justification other than for the Monsanto Corporation to patent and own our food seeds theseby forcing farmers to buy from them each planting season which now also comes to require more and more of its toxic chemical Roundup to Make them grow.

GMO Foods do not have to be labeled in the USA because Monsanto has forged hard to prevent labeling laws. This is especially alarming since most of the processed foods on the grocery shelves and freezers either are or contain GMO ingredients. And we're the bad parents in this country because many nations like the European Union, Japan, China, Korea, Australia and New Zealand all have mandatory GMO Foods labeling so that they will not unknowingly serve GMO foods to their children.

Monsanto's GMO Foods Perspective

A revolving door exists between Monsanto and our government regulatory and judicial bodies making their own self-serving fraudulent decisions. In 1992, then Vice President Dan Quayle announced the FDA's anti consumer right-to-know policy which stated that GMO foods need NOT be labeled nor safety-tested. This was over the objections of many prominent scientists like Arpad Pusztai and Gilles-Eric Seralini who publicized their alarming research revealing the severe damage to monkeys and lab rats fed GMO foods including: sterilization, cancer, miscarriages, allergies, seizures, and death.

Monsanto also had strong ties to the George W. Bush administration including John Ashcroft, Donald Rumsfeld, Ann Veneman, Tommy Thompson and Justice Clarence Thomas who was a Monsanto Corporation attorney in the 1970s appointed to the Supreme Court by George Bush Sr. In 1990 where he wrote the majority opinion in the 2001 Supreme Court decision that paved the way for Monsanto to patent and own seeds

In another example, Monsanto lobbyist Michael R. Taylor left Monsanto to work for a law firm gaining FDA approval of Monsanto's artificial growth hormone in the 1980s. He then became the deputy commissioner of the FDA from 1991 to 1994 when rBGH was granted approval. He was appointed Senior Adviser to the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) Commissioner on food safety in 2009 by President Barack Obama.

Dr. Michael A. Friedman was a deputy commissioner of the FDA before he was hired as a senior vice president of Monsanto. Linda J. Fisher was an assistant administrator at the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) before becoming a vice president at Monsanto from 1995-2000. Fisher then became the Deputy Administrator of the EPA in 2001.

The most devious of these intertwining relationships might be the former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld under both President Ford and President George Bush. He was the chairman and chief executive officer of GD Searle & Co. A pharmaceutical company which Monsanto purchased in 1985 like some ghoulish plan to generate profits first by sickening us with GMO Foods and then reaping the pharmaceutical profits on the back side.

In July 2008, Monsanto announced its plans to raise the average price of their GMO corn varieties $ 95-100 per bag, a staggering 35%, to top $ 300 per bag even though a 1999 review of Roundup Ready soybean crops found that compared to the top Conventional varieties, they actually had a 6.7% lower yield.

Mr. Fred Stokes of the Organization for Competitive Markets (OCM) describes the implications for today's farmers not how this absurd $ 100 price increase on a farmer who farms 1,000 acres for example, for a gross increased cost of more than $ 40,000. And yet, there is the real possibly lower yield so, where is any scientific basis to justify this price hike holding true for other GM crops as well? In just 2 years from 2006 to 2008, the average price for soybean seed, the largest GMO Foods crop in the country has risen by more than 50%, from $ 32.30 to $ 49.23 per planted acre.

Just about any food we buy containing oils is either going to be Monsanto GMO soy, Monsanto GMO canola, or Monsanto GMO cottonseed oil. That bottle may read "pure vegetable oil" but is usually 100% GMO soy. Even the "olive oil" mayonnaise lists GMO soy as the second ingredient after water. We already know that organic hemp oil for example, would be a far safer GREENER plant to make these food products out of a reputation that is actually recognized to promote health as opposed to weakening it.

GMO Soy protein is an unlabeled ingredient in a large variety of the foods you may unknowingly believe safe such as salad dressings, soups, imitation meats, beverage powders, non-dairy creamers, frozen desserts, whipped topping, breads, taco shells, cheeses, Breakfast cereals, pastas, and even pet foods and infant formulas.


If supermarket foods were labeled "GE" or "GMO Foods" they would sit on the shelves forever as has been proven outside the USA where there are labeling laws

Is not this an easy problem to see?

  • The Monsanto attorney Justice Clarence Thomas becomes a Supreme Court Judge and then writes that Monsanto can patent and own our food crops?
  • The former Monsanto lobbyist Michael R. Taylor becomes the Senior Adviser to the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) Commissioner on food safety.
  • A deputy commissioner of the FDA, Dr. Michael A. Friedman was hired as a senior vice president of Monsanto. An assistant administrator of the EPA,
  • Linda J. Fisher became a vice president at Monsanto from 1995-2000 to then became the Deputy Administrator of the EPA in 2001.
  • Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld was the chairman and CEO of GD Searle & Co. A pharmaceutical company which Monsanto purchased in 1985.

With just this partial list of top Monsanto executives rotating back and forth between the FDA, the federal government and the Monsanto Corporation, how can we still be expected to believe that they have our best interest over their own in mind? How could there not be overt conflicts of interests?

It is OK to be very Afraid

Does not all of this new technology come with questions and fear? What are the real risks of these yet to be known experiences on nature? What next coming effects will this have on the environment? Are not there serious health concerns consumers of altered GMO food should be aware of? Is this Frankenstein technology of recombinant DNA really beneficial for humans in any way? Are not you at all concerned that the runaway obesity and disease growing in this country is in direct proportion to the Frankenstein GMO foods being secretly deceived upon us?

An obvious problem with pest-resistant and herbicide-resistant plants is the strong selective pressure in that habitat which could probably cause an evolution of similar resistant insects and therey nullify the effects of the bacteria, plant and animal transgenic food crop. As the spraying of herbicides becomes more frequent as farmers are now experiencing with Roundup, the surrounding weeds could also develop a resistance. This would naturally cause a further increase in the Roundup dosage and frequency or despite a change in herbicide to another more hideous toxin evidently in development. No one is yet sure whether the pest resistant characteristic of these GMO crops could be adopted into the surrounding weeds causing strains of them to become resistant and even more prolific.

It can even get way more Convoluted and Scary

Since the insect-resistant plants can cause increased death of its familiar pest, could not that eliminate competition for the minor pests to then have them become a major problem? Or, perhaps could not insect-resistant plants cause their familiar pest population to shift to another plant crop that was once unthreatened by them? These unintended effects could multiply out much further. A study of Bt crops showed that unfortunately beneficial insects who prey on familiar crop pests were also naturally exposed to harmful quantities of Bt. We could now understand realistic possibilities for the effects to continue to reach further up the food web to event effect plants and animals consumed by humans.

Further toxicological investigation and scrutiny will determine if residues from herbicides like Roundup or pest resistant plants could harm or mutate vital groups of organisms found in the surrounding soil such as bacteria, the fungi or nematodes, and any other microorganism which unintended biological change could diminish our Food crops.

The potential risks we blindly accept with disease resistant plants deal mainly with viral resistance and can there before lead to the creation of new viruses which there before means new untreated diseases. Naturally occurring viruses that are recombined with viral fragments that are then introduced to create transgenic plants could form new viruses which are then formed into many novel variations of which there is no predictable exit.

Face Painting – A Great Childrens Birthday Party Idea

Face Painting Perth

When it comes to ideas for your child’s birthday party you have a multitude of different options to chose from.

Do you decide on an:

– – Inside party

– – Themed party

– – Outside party

Do you hire special children’s entertainment?

– – What about the food?

– – The party bags?

– – The music?

Will you cook everything yourself or hire a caterer?

Will you have helpers or will you try to manage everything yourself?

HINT: Kids are excitable enough WITHOUT attending a birthday party but throw 25 of them in one place with heaps of yummy (sugar filled) treats and you can feel as if you have a mini riot on your hands!

Face Painting – Guaranteed to Capture Attention

As a loving parent, you want to give your child an experience a birthday party that will create happy memories to last a lifetime.

Stop and think for a moment…

One great way to do that is to include professional face painting as a feature in your childs party.

Benefits of Face Painting

– – Face painting uses natural, chemical-free paints.

– – Face Painting makes kids stop and line up eagerly awaiting their turn.

– – face painting give you a fantastic opportunity to take a digital picture of each child that you can easily print off for them to take home. It will be something that can capture a memory and allow them to go back and experience a warm, happy feeling for many years to come.

Guidelines For Choosing the Right Face Painter

1. Do they have experience?

2. Can they show you a current police clearance certificate?

3. Do they have testimonials from other satisfied clients?

Face painting is not the be all and end all in Perth children’s birthday ideas but it is definitely up there amongst the best ones.

Sneak in the Lean Look – Get Fit in Ways You Never Thought Possible

Ah, if only they were true … all those commercials and infomercials. Take one pill a day to melt away fat. Wear this electronic belt while you're watching TV and the fat will be zapped. Do this diet and you'll never get hungry yet the pounds will fly off. Get on this gizmo and do reps for 15 minutes and you'll look like this guy (ripped muscles, lean stomach, perfect teeth, great skin, thick hair, 22 years old).

If it was that easy, would you be seeking advice right now? No. It's time for a reality check:


That said, let's talk about some shortcuts. Maybe there is not one single way or one particular product that will get you lean. But you can lose fat, build muscle, gain better definition, find more energy, and overall feel better by taking several little steps on an ongoing basis. These tips will not feel like one certain workout, a specific diet, or a product you must buy this instant.

This multiple of "shortcuts" should not really be viewed as shortcuts, or temporary steps to take just for now. They're a way to integrate a new lifestyle into your daily routine. Used over time, they become second nature.

It's just plain ol 'good stuff you might not have thought of, might never have heard of, and bought to be doing. And we're assuming you already know things like, do not grocery-shop when you're hungry and take the stairs instead of the elevator.


Eat me. Breakfast begs to be ateen, whether it's your normal routine or not. This is the time to load up on calories, nutritionists say. Your body has all day to burn them. Worship the bodybuilder's Faberge egg, the incredibleible egg white. You can mix it with a little cheese and some veggies for a filling omelette – or you can order it that way at a breakfast place. Your wallet likes it, too, because eggs are a cheap form of protein.

Know it, do not show it. Learn how many calories you should have in a day. Ensure that at least one-third of them are consumed at breakfast, suggests leading nutritionist Katherine Tallmadge, a spokesperson for the American Dietetic Association.


Project-manage the gym. Do not just work out at machines in the order they're placed. Specifically plan a workout that allows for various body parts to be worked on different days, with a planned day of rest for certain muscle groups after they've worked out (track this in a notebook if you need to.) It actually helps your muscle -building. "(Many athletes) negate the effects of training by not getting enough adequate rest and recovery," says Mike Gough, CSCS, who has worked with professional baseball and hockey teams.

Use alternative thinking. Know and plan on substitutions at the gym if the machine you want is being used or has a line, Hough also suggests. This way you can charge through your workout without a loss of time. Always do cardio, even if it's 20 minutes tacked onto the beginning or ending of your weightlifting. It will burn more fat than any other exercise.

Do not overcrunch. Doing too many crunches will simply waste your time, according to Craig Ballantyne, M.Sc., CSCS, of . "Why spend twenty minutes per day doing endless crunches when five to ten minutes every other day will accomplish the same results?" He asks. To have visible abs, he adds, you must decrease your body fat to 10 percent or less. Your overage time on crunches is "better spent," he says, doing compound resistance exercises, such as the squat, bench press, pull-ups, and deadlifts.


Pack on protein. Protein helps satisfy cravings, and healthy adults can have about a third of their daily caloric intake in the form of protein, according to a report by the Institute of Medicine. Most of us automatically go for a carbohydrates-based snack, such as a bagel or crackers.

Get fruity. Fresh fruit helps you three ways: it has fiber, it's sweet, and it's juicy. All three elements help fill you up and reduce hunger. Match game. Have on hand (or know where to get it during the workday) fruit that will sort of match the munchie you're craving. If you feel like eating small things to pop into your mouth, like nuts or popcorn, pop berries instead. If you crave something crunchy, chomp apples. If you yearn for smooth and creamy, eat melon or a ripe banana. The "mouth feel" of fat has a lot to do with your craving, experts say, and you can fool your mouth.


Work it by walking it. Deliver memos. Go to talk to people instead of sending them emails. Take a walk outside for a few minutes if you can. Make it a habit not to sit longer than 50 minutes at a time, even when involved in an intense project, suggests exercise and occupational therapist Michael Bracko, a spokesperson for the American College of Sports

The desk is not a pec deck. Even if you know those little "exercises" you can do at your desk to burn calories, do not assume that's a workout. Nothing substitutes going to the gym. Fry your frustration. Rather than downing coffee or a fattening snack when you've had a bad day, do something different. If you need to, keep in your desk a long list of ways to burn off frustration other than eating.


Eat fat. Huh? Since everyone wants and craves some fat during the day, learn to have some in unhealthy ways. If you like avocados, use those. They help reduce fat cravings, are a great source of vitamin E (better than a supplement), and can raise your level of HDL ("good") cholesterol, according to a new study by the State University of New York at Buffalo. If you do not like avocados, try peanut butter, within limits. It helps in the same way as avocados. In fact, skip eating handfuls of peanuts when you want this flavor. You tend to overeat with peanuts. A tablespoon of peanut butter is more likely to satisfy your craving.

Skip the Big Gulp. Giant-sized drinks from convenience stores pour the calories directly into your body. Those supersized containers hold as much as five cans of soda – about 750 calories! If that's diet soda, you should be drinking water. The convenience store also has appealing-looking frozen drinks that have so many calories, they can, indeed, freeze more fat right onto your belly. Just walk on by.


Pick-me-up cup. If you're a caffeine drinker, you might like a cup of coffee just when the post-lunch drowsiness hits you. Change it. Take a brief walk or switch to herbal tea – hot or iced. A flavored one, such as raspberry, can also help satisfy sweet cravings. Caffeine stimulates your appetite.


Start wining. If you're a hard-liquor drinker, try a quality wine. It mostly likely has fewer calories (about 125 per glass) for more volume of liquid, which satisfies you. It also has polyphenols, which help your arteries.

Salsa dancing. The free chips and salsa are just habit, and hey, salsa's healthy, right? Yeah, but the average person can easily eat 30 chips. You do not realize this, because you are not counting. That's about 300 calories and 20-25 grams of fat.


ATM it. Think about what you're going to buy (that's healthy) and go to the ATM to get just about enough money for that. Then you can not buy the sale-priced kind-sized (which will, indeed, make you king-sized) package of Mallomars or the new brand of triple-thick stuffed-crust frozen pizza.

Learn produce-section paranoia. Grocery are learning to sneak high-temptation items near the produce and health-food sections. Some of these foods may seem healthy-ish or are designed to accompany healthy foods (such as dip next to the carrots). They've already learned that people like you avoid the candy bars next to the Weekly World News at the register, so they're reaching into your wallet in another way. For store strategies, check out Phil Lempert's advice on the website. He's the self-proclaimed Supermarket Guru, so you can find his info at


Do content conversion. As often as possible, make your dinner at least half fruits and vegetables, cooked or raw. You do not have to measure everything, just eyeball it. This fills you up more on fiber and healthy foods rather than calories. Keep this system going as best as possible when eating out. But beware. The tendency of most restaurants is to offer more fat and protein at dinner than anything else.

Punch out your boss. No, not literally. Be aware what you bring to the dinner table, even if the "dinner table" is a trip to the drive-through at McCrapold's. Sometimes our desires are based on anger and frustration through the office. Buy a punching bag and boxing gloves and put it in the basement or spare bedroom. Okay, you can tape a picture of your boss on it. Punch before you munch, and you'll likely eat less.

Downgrade dinner. Be loyal to breakfast and lunch, but looser about dinner. It can be a snack. Maybe you feel like walking instead. Get a massage and eat a mini-dinner later in the evening. Make yourself honor specific intake for breakfast and lunch and snacks earlier in the day, and treat a sit-down dinner as an option. If you tend to snack later at night because you're hungry and did not eat enough dinner, do not do this.


We should not even have this category because hopefully you've had a balanced, healthy diet all day and do not need to eat while watching TV. But just in case … No couch-potato cocktails. It certainly is easy to have a couple of drinks while lounging in front of your favorite show. But you already went to happy hour, remember? If not, now is happy hour. Drinking alcohol will affect your sleep (important, as you will see later) and slow down your body's ability to metabolize your dinner. Have ice water instead.

Pop it. Pop light or fat-free microwave popcorn, spray it lightly with butter-flavored spray topping, and toss it in a bowl with a tablespoon of reduced-fat Parmesan cheese. Nice cream. Say goodbye to ice cream altar, except when you run across an old-fashioned soda shoppe. Instead, have a cup of fat-free yogurt in the evening. Its acidophilus content aids in digestion and helps disperse alcohol.

Bedside manner. If you watch TV late, only watch it in bed. And have a rule that you can not eat in bed.


Snooze. Getting enough sleep – and for most people that means at least eight hours – does so many good things it could be its own article. You become more likely to store than burn calories if you do not get enough sleep, says Conrad Earnest, Ph.D., director of the Cooper Institute's Center for Human Performance and Nutrition Research in Dallas. This is because losing sleep seems to slow down your metabolism and even reduce your body's tolerance for glucose. Simply said, a good night's sleep helps you have more energy, elevate your mood, better process your food, and exercise better.

Leather Repair – Color Matching Your Leather Dyes

Color Matching is a huge skill and a must in the leather repair industry. I’ve been coming across a few vehicles lately that have been dyed with not so good color matching. Knowing that it’s usually someone either color blind or just down right…well I won’t go that far, but if the color isn’t right then your repair will look worse then if you had just left it alone.

Good lighting does help and pretty much a necessity. Natural lighting is better but in the garages we get stuck in the winter months it doesn’t help much, but what do you do, you improvise as my wife says. I use a dent light, which works pretty good, but I have also have used a under the hood light bar then hooking inside the car that stretches the width of the car and hooks on the door jams, they work great. Shorter light bar are great for light in a small places. Be careful with using florescence they sometimes throw your tinting off, if you can get some natural light to your project then great. The customer sees the the car in natural light mostly anyways so your color needs to be spot on.

Test a spot with a dab of leather dye on your finger, wipe a spot in the area to be repaired, dry it, and if it disappears, bingo. Otherwise tint it.

Most of the colors we encounter in today’s cars are tans, grays, blacks of course, some blues, burgundy, not many reds, but I have seen on Mustangs red bolsters, whites in some, and in the custom world, Wow look out. A lot of tricks I would love to learn in doing real custom work like custom airbrushing in the interiors of vehicles, anyways..

The colors I use the most in my leather repair dyes are Black, White, Yellow oxide, Red oxide, and Brown. I also use on occasion Green, Blue, and Purple, rarely Yellow and Red, Silver and Gold for metallics with Pearl white to offset the side tones, and growing everyday, with the growing automotive industry. Colors and more colors, fun, fun, fun…

Of course white and black make gray, and brown and white make tan, so, add a little black to go grayer with tan or darker with both, white to lighten, yellow oxide or red oxide to richen the color or to give the yellow or red tints you see in today’s autos, brown works good sometimes but the browns seem to be on the red side, if it’s too red add green to tone it down. BMWs have a blueish tint to their dyes add a little blue or purple to the grays, Dodge add a little red oxide to the dye to give a reddish tone, Infinity’s light tan has just a hint of green to it, Chevy’s have a little bit more of a yellow-brown look to them in the darker dashes adding a little yellow oxide gives you that tone. Ford has a pretty true grey with a little yellow oxide though in some cases even add a little brown, this is for both the dark and light. Ford trucks tan has kinda a pink look to it, in some older models, add red oxide but they do have a lot of yellow to them too. Cadillac is pretty easy white and brown with a hint of yellow oxide and a bit if black, just a little though. With black tone it down for a duller look with a little bit of white, add your duller and you have flat black sometimes a little brown too for and older Dodge steering wheel but eliminate the duller save that for like BMW dash pieces. Dodge light gray seats add a little purple. Whew..that wore me out. You get the picture I hope, colors are just one of those things either you get it or you don’t.

Just test each time you add a color and look at it and see what color it’s missing. I use my pigments sometimes to get there a little faster. If it looks like it needs a color…add it a little at a time and dab another spot, dry it, then check again. You want it to disappear. If it does then your ready to go. Add your flex, cross-linker, strain your paint with a paper paint strainer into the cup and spray away with your leather dyes on you leather repair. If I left something out and your having problems with a color let me know maybe I can help you figure it out.

I’ve never really sat down and counted the amount of cars that I have done in my 10 years in the automotive reconditioning business so theres been a lot of colors fly in front of my face, the only one that has ever kicked my butt was teal, wow I spent all day when I first started on a boat seat that was teal, holy crap, that was back when I used the lacquer based systems, bad move, I had to give up. With the water based it is so much better. I found with the water based mix that green, blue and a touch of white, I got it, I think I added a little yellow too, I try not to do to many teals, that color and me just don’t get along.

Thats kinda the way I look at it when I go to mixing colors, which I do all by eye, God help me if I go color blind. I just look at the work and see the colors. It’s pretty cool. Each and every car is different no matter if they are the same identical vehicles, each one as been exposed to completely different elements. Every color is different I promise you, premixed dyes are fine to get you there quicker, but check a spot first before you go hog wild and just start dyeing. So tint your dyes, tweak them until they disappear. The color wheel does help, I find myself every once in a while having a brain fart and can’t get a color right so I pull out the old stand by, if it’s the color your trying to get rid of use it’s opposite to get rid of it. Look on the wheel and the color on the opposite side of the wheel, thats it’s opposite. I know that’s not the correct word for that but it sounds good. But I never start my repair until my color matching is right. If you don’t think you can match it, don’t do it. The customer will respect you more for your honesty. If your color doesn’t match then the ending result won’t be perfect, and that’s what the customer wants is perfection in leather repair, or any repair…Right.

Make sure to apply your conditioner after your repair is done on your leather repairs. It will make your ending result look and feel better. Top coat all your repairs with a clear topcoat, it only adds more resistance to the wear and tear and abuse that the vehicles will encounter instead of just the dye.

If you have anything to add to this article I would love to hear from you, these tips can be used with all your color matching needs not just dyeing leather. So please jump on board and lets help all the techs out there and lend a helping hand so that we can ALL get one more step closer to perfection in our leather and vinyl repairs, plastic repairs, velour repairs, and carpet dyeing.

Clotheslines – An Eco-Friendly Way to Dry Wet Clothes

What is the best replacement for tumble dryers? This is one of the most important questions that come in mind when you are thinking about the power bills. These huge electric appliances consume lots of electricity while drying your clothes. Most of the people are searching for ways for eco-friendly drying; they can choose these drying tools. They save lots of space and money both at the same time. There are various factors that you have to keep in mind when you are buying the hanging lines. When you are purchasing these products, you have to check the quality, the length of the rods and the weight-bearing capacity.

Specifications of Washing Lines-

1. They are available in single or multiple rods, thus increasing the drying time. You can hang many garments together on these rods so that they take very less time. They are easy to fix on the walls. They are retractable and easy to fold when not in use. They are user-friendly and offer flexible drying to the customers.

2. The users can fix these drying products anywhere, whether inside the home or outside. The outdoor washing line is very effective during sunny days. But when you are using them outdoors, keep them away from strong winds and storm. They are long-lasting, non-corrosive and easy to clean.

3. Most of the hanging lines have three rods. On the bottom rod, you can dry the heavy clothes including bed linens. The middle rods are useful for drying the coat hangers and medium-weight clothes. The upper rod is useful for hanging light weight clothes.

4. Most of the hanging lines are organic in design, improving the drying time of the garments. They are good in protecting your garments from direct sunlight. They prevent shrinkage of the fabric.

What are the advantages of using hanging lines?

There are lots of benefits of using these drying lines. Firstly, they consume very less space. They are best suitable for the small apartments. The home owners can fix them at the bedroom, drawing-room or anywhere they feel like. Users can just unfold these rods, fix them on the walls, bring the iron table and also can start ironing. With the use of these home accessories, you can protect your garments from tint, damage and color fading.

Thus, from the above article, it is clear that clothesline is more beneficial than the nylon wires and the heating tumblers. Additionally, they are available in various colors to suit the interior decoration of the house.

5 Carpet Cleaning Truths Everyone Should Know

When it comes to floor coverings carpet is one of the top picks. It is soft, warm, helps to insulate the home, is economical, but carpet cleaning can be hard to do. Keeping these rugs looking nice is a battle that many homeowners face. There are a few tricks to carpet cleaning that will help you to have beautiful floors.

1. Blot spots

Whenever something is filled on your carpets you should immediately blot the excess liquid up, but never rub the spot. Carpet cleaning experts tell us that when you rub the spot where the liquid was spilled you cause more of the carpet fibers to be exposed to the spill. The experts say that you should place a clean, dry cloth on top of the area and press firmly on the cloth so that it can absorb the excess liquid. Repeat this process until you the cloth you are using no longer becomes damp when pressed against the spot.

2. Vacuum against the nap

Vacuuming is a large part of carpet cleaning. You vacuum to remove the loose dirt and debris from the fibers of the rug. You should push the vacuum in the direction of the carpet nap the first time you pass over it, and then push the machine in the opposite direction the second time so that you cause any dirt that has gotten used between fibers to be lifted away. This will also help to prevent carpet matting.

3. Test spots before applying cleaning on the entire rug

We have all read the package instructions on carpet cleaners that tell us to use a small amount of cleaner in an inconspicuous spot to make sure that the cleaner is not going to cause the colors of our rugs to run. Most people ignore this step. Most of the time the cleaners do not cause damages to the rugs, but occasionally they do, and when they do cause damages you want to make sure that you have not applied it to your entire rug surface.

4. Apply conditioner to keep rugs soft

Many people who have carpets do not know that when they steam clean their rugs they can add fabric softeners to the cleansers and leave their carpets feeling softer, and smelling nicer. The fabric softener can be mixed in with the shampoo or can be applied after the shampoo.

5. Never walk on wet carpeting

When you clean your carpets you must make sure that you let the area dry before you walk on it. If you do not you can cause matting of the fibers.

The Advantages Of Operating Solar Panels Identified

Panels can be used to furnish private homes with as much electricity as they require to be able to operate their homes daily. It is possible to install the panels on the roof of your house as well as on the lawn, this is determined by where these residences get maximum natural light. It is possible to set up the solar cells anywhere which they receive sunlight, you must purely just remember to place the solar cells at the correct angle. You will need to ensure that the panels are facing South at a 30 degree slope. Lots of people have a false impression that these panels will not work on an over-cast day, this is not so since the solar cells can collect dispensed light to make use of as energy. It does not need to be sunny and bright for them to work effectively.

If you are planning to install the PV panels on your own, be sure to comprehend the many guidelines. Even better, use a professional who can help you put up the panels properly to guarantee maximum proficiency. Prior to fitting the panels make sure you are conscious of all regulations with regards to the assembly of the solar power panels in the area in which you live. The benefits of installing solar PV panels to be used at home are countless. The leading benefit is that these kind of panels produce energy that's not harmful to the surroundings. You do not need to feel remorseful each time you turn on the lights and / or watch TV since you got your electricity from the sunshine, which does not get used up.

This kind of technological know-how leaves all of us in a position to be able to consume all the electrical energy as we desire without having to worry about using up all the electricity reserves. Apart from this, solar power panels additionally help you cut costs. You will observe a very huge difference involving your electric bills pre- and post-residential panels. These panels can ensure that you get up to 100% of your energy requirements at no cost. The cash you reserve on electricity can be used for a number of different items. Conserving money is critical especially if you have a wife and kids.

Another great characteristically associated with photovoltaic panels is their durability. You are able to leave them alone for decades in intense conditions and they are going to suddenless function just as well. Plenty of companies install solar power systems to create totally free electrical power to operate their companies off. After the panels are put in you can simply forget about them and let them get the job done. The only indication you will have will be your monthly electric power bill. In desolate regions, electrical businesses can not seem to supply electrical energy to these locations due to range plus the impracticality of the set up, and this is the time solar power panels turn out to be incredibly useful.

The New Medicare Prescription Drug Plan Pitfalls

Coverage for the New Medicare Prescription Drug Plan begins on January 1, 2006. Many seniors are feeling confused and concerned about this plan. Here are some of the pitfalls associated with this plan that Medicare eligible individuals will want to be aware of.

1. To join the Medicare Prescription Drug Plan (Medicare Part D) you must choose one Prescription Drug Plan from dozens of plans that are available (there are up to 50 plans in some states). Once you have chosen a plan you are “locked-in” until the enrollment period the following year.

2. Prescription Drug Plan (PDP) providers can change the particulars of their plans at any time with a short warning period for plan enrollees. These changes can include changes to which drugs are covered under the plan, which pharmacies are in the plans network, the charges associated with being a part of the plan and any other detail of the plan. These changes are at the discretion of the plan administrator and can be implemented at any time.

3. For 2006, once you have used $2250 worth of medications, you are 100% responsible for paying for the full amount of the drug until you reach the $5100 Catastrophic coverage limit. This range between $2250 and $5100 where you have to pay for 100% of your drug expenditures is known as the “donut hole”.

4. At its greatest level of savings Medicare provides a 49% savings. This is only 7% better than the average savings experienced with a licensed Canadian pharmacy. This greatest savings occurs when people spend exactly $2250 on medication in one year (if you spend more or less than that the savings go down). That means that the greatest savings anyone on Medicare can experience above a Canadian pharmacy’s average savings is $157.50 annually (7% of $2250) or $13.13 a month. Is $13 a month worth the risk of being “locked-in” to paying monthly premiums for a plan that can be switched on you at any time. (Note: Some people can save more than 49% if they spend well over $7100 per year. This is in the catastrophic coverage range).

5. If you do not sign up with at Medicare Prescription Drug Plan before May 15th, 2006 then you will be penalized with a cumulative 1% increase to your premiums for every month that you do not enroll in a plan after that date. This penalty is the governments way of forcing people, who do not really need a drug plan, into joining a plan and thus “subsidizing” the Medicare program. 1% of the average plan is 32 cents. So for every month after March 15th, 2006 that people are not in a plan, 32 cents will be added to your monthly premium or basically $1 for every 3 months you do not join. This penalty is however applied to your premium for all future monthly premiums. What many seniors groups are advocating is for people to wait until the May 15th, 2006 deadline and then join the cheapest possible plan (approx. $10 monthly premium) and still order medicines from a licensed Canadian pharmacy like Universal Drugstore.

6. Average monthly premiums, the annual deductible and the Out-Of-Pocket expenditure limits are expected to increase substantially every year. This means you will be required to spend more and more money every year that you are part of the Medicare prescription plan.

7. Unless you are spending more than $800 on medications in 2006 there is no real savings with the Medicare Prescription Drug Plan. This required minimum amount of expenditure to experience savings will increase every year as the annual deductible, the monthly premiums and the Out-Of-Pocket expenditure limits are also increased every year.

8. It will be extremely time consuming and difficult to decipher myriad plans available in each state (all providing different coverage) and to try and figure out which plan is best for you personally. This will be twice as hard for a couple as the prescription drugs used by each person in the couple will be different and therefore they may require different plans. Even once a plan is chosen, there is still the risk of having the plan changed once you have made your decision and you are “locked-in”.

9. Drug companies stand to make a ton of money off of the Medicare program. That is why they spent millions of dollars lobbying to get the legislation passed to make Medicare Part D a reality. It is also why Senator Bill Tauzin, a major advocate and motivating force behind getting the Medicare Prescription Drug Plan passed, is now a $2 million a year executive in Big Pharma’s trade organization. On Sept. 5, 2003, Sen. John R. McCain (R-Ariz.) told the New York Times, “There’s no doubt in my mind that the drug industry got everything it wanted and more,” he said. “It perhaps should be called the ‘Leave-No-Lobbyist-Behind Bill.’ “

10. Plan providers have the ability to negotiate better drug pricing with the drug companies but they do not have to pass the savings on to the consumer or the government.

11. If you join a Medicare Prescription Drug Plan (PDP) at any time after Dec 31, 2005 your coverage is not available to you until the first day of the following month.

12. Action is required to enroll in Medicare Part D (the Prescription Drug Plan part) unlike Medicare parts A and B which are automatic. You are not simply enrolled in the best plan for you. You have to wade through piles of information to decide what is best for you.

13. It is very difficult for persons who qualify for Medicare Part D to be sure if their drugs will be covered under their plans formulary (which can change at any time anyways.) A formulary is a list of drugs covered under particular drug plan.

14. You may not qualify for Medicare Prescription Drug Benefits if your annual income is too high or if you own too many assets.

15. Different plans will have different monthly premiums. The plan you need may have a really high monthly premium. $32.20 is simply the “predicted” average monthly premium.

16. Will your plan cover temporary-use medications (such as antibiotics or heartburn medications) or only chronic medications (such as drugs used for diabetes or heart conditions)?

17. Plans with lower monthly premiums may have higher deductibles and co-pays.

18. Payments for drugs which are not on your plans formulary are not counted towards your Out-Of-Pocket expenditure limit.

19. Payments made by insurance plans do not count towards your Out-Of-Pocket expenditure limit

20. Is your regular pharmacy included in your plans network of pharmacies? Like many people you have most likely come to rely on a pharmacist that knows you and your medical conditions well. However, you may be forced to go to another pharmacy if your pharmacy is not included in your plans network of pharmacies.

21. How many days of medicine can you get at one time? Do you need to keep going back to the pharmacy every month or can you get 90 days?

22. Will your drug be covered by your plan the next time you go into your pharmacy?

23. Does your plan require step-up therapy or prior authorization? Step-up therapy means using drugs in a series of stages or steps in order to treat your condition. For example if you have GERD your plan may not cover Nexium unless you have previously tried ranitidine (Zantac) and/or omeprazole (Prilosec) first. Prior Authorization means that for certain drugs, your plan will not cover the drug without first reviewing your medical and drug history to determine if your treatment steps have been appropriate.

24. The Prescription Drug Plan providers stand to make a ton of money from the Medicare program (drug companies stand to make the biggest windfall).

25. Net cost to the government for Medicare Prescription Drug Benefits is estimated to go from $37.4 Billion in 2006 to $109.2 Billion in 2015 (estimate by Health and Human Services department). However, much higher estimates of the costs of Medicare Part D can also be found from non-government resources. Two years ago Congress reluctantly approved for the plan at a cost of no more than $395 billion dollars over 10 years. A few months later the cost ballooned to $534 billion and earlier this year it shot to $795 billion. Big Pharma is the biggest recipients of the increased dollars added to the costs of this program.

26. Plan may force you to use generics when you are used brand name medications and may not be able to tolerate generic versions.

27. The appeals process for some plans is very confusing and convoluted. (You can appeal to your plan if your drug is not covered.)

28. Many of the big pharmaceutical companies are now making anyone eligible for Medicare Part D, ineligible for their assistance programs. These companies are effectively forcing seniors into a “voluntary” program that may not be right for them. The AstraZeneca Foundation was the first to take such steps.

29. Many people are finding it difficult to obtain accurate, updated lists of what medications each plan will cover.

30. Medicare’s own hotline can only answer general questions. For more specific questions you must contact each individual insurance provider.

31. Many people have waited 30 minutes or more when calling the Medicare hotline to get information that they need.

32. Rep. Dan Burton (R-Ind.) in a 60 Minutes segment televised March 14, 2004 said, “Seniors, when they find out what’s in that bill, are going to be very angry. The problem is, they’re not going to find out about it until after this next election.”

How To Repair HP Printing Error 49 On Your PC – Working Tutorial

It's likely for people using an HP printer to experience problems such as the error 49 code . The problem usually happens when the user tries to print a document. The problem usually arises from the failure in communication between the computer and the printer. In other cases, other file errors may also cause the problem. Often the resulting problems include: invalid operations, invalid print commands and corrupt data. Further, data may also get corrected when there's electrical noise. This happens during the transmission of data to the HP printer. Poor connections along with poor quality parallel cables may also damage the system. Lastly, errors in the system's registry can also bring about problems. There are several ways to fix the error. Primarily, these include: calibrating the HP printer and cleaning the registry.

Calibrating the HP Printer requires a set of procedures. It's important for users to follow the steps strictly. Improper calibration will only lead to another set of problems. Basically, to start calibrating, open the printer window and then select Cancel Job. This will erase the print task from the printer's memory. Afterwards, switch the printer's power off and then turn it on again. Open a different type of application and then try to select a file to print. If the computer accepts the printing job, go back to the initial application used and then try to print a sample file. Take note wherever the error message appears. If the error message only appears for a certain print job or software then it's best to contact the software producer or manufacturer. The user should ask for assistance on what to do with the error message.

Nonetheless, if the error message appears for all print jobs and software applications then it's necessary to follow a certain type of troubleshooting method. Basically, the first thing to do is to disconnect the all cables that connect the computer to the printer. Switch the printer off. Turn to the printer and get rid of third party DIMMS or all memory DIMMS from it. It's important to remember that the firmware DIMM slot found in the J1 should not be removed. Additionally, all EIO devices should also be removed from the computer. Afterwards, try switching the printer on. If error messages have ceased appearing, install the EIO devices along with the DIMMS components. Every time a device is installed, the user should see to it to turn the printer off and then on. If any of the EIO or DIMM devices seem as probable cause for the problem then it's best to replace them. More importantly, all cables connecting the computer and printer should be linked again. If the error still appears, the next solution is to replace the DIMM firmware. The calibrater and the formatter of the printer should also be replaced. Calibration follows after.

Finally, cleaning the computer's registry should help solve the error. Since the registry contains all the information, settings and files used in the computer, it also contains all faulty components. If the registry is cleaned then the damaged and damaged files can be removed. To clean the computer's registry, a register cleaner application should be used. There are many of these online. However, users should be careful in selecting a good registry cleaner application, it's advisable to use one that comes recommended from an expert.

Was the Battle for Iwo Jima Necessary?

Clint Eastwood’s recent films about Iwo Jima have served to recall an important page of American military history. Should Iwo Jima now be celebrated as an example of American courage and bravery? Or, was it another shameful chapter in the wanton loss of American lives in a Pacific War battle that had virtually nothing to do with defeating Japan?

It is important to understand why the area commanders decided to invade Iwo Jima. The B-29s needed a safe haven, an emergency landing site, midway between their home base in the Marianas Islands and Japan. After the battle, Iwo Jima did in fact serve as a safe haven for the crippled 2,400 B-29s that landed there during their 3,000 mile round trip.

But which was the objective in taking Iwo Jima? To win the war? Or, was it to save the lives of the B-29 air crews? This muddled military thinking was no doubt influenced by the record of a trouble-prone plane that had been plagued with problems, one after another ever since inception, especially with engines that overheated, destroying the plane’s wing assembly.

Long before Iwo Jima, the Japanese High Command had decided there was no hope for victory. Their objective, accordingly, was to make America pay dearly in blood for each battle hereafter. Iwo Jima would exact the bloodiest toll of American lives up to that time.

The battle plan for General Kuribayashi, the Iwo Jima Commander, called for “a gradual depletion of the enemy’s attack forces.” He told his troops, “Even if the situation gets out of hand, defend a corner of the island to the death!” Another order exhorted his soldiers to “kill ten of the enemy before dying!”

In one of his last letters to his wife, the General told her, “Do not look for my return.”

The Japanese had learned well from each battle how to build up their defenses, how to thwart each of the oncoming assaults of the American juggernaut. What had America learned? Had we altered our battle plans, especially in view of what we knew about Japan’s increasingly more formidable redoubts? Had we decided how best to deal with their dogged defenses?

In all of our amphibious assaults before this one, US forces had always landed in direct. massive assaults on the beaches. Iwo Jima would be no different; the Marines would debark from their landing craft on Iwo Jima’s 3,000 yards of beaches under the same withering Japanese gunfire they had encountered in all battles before this one.

What about “softening up” bombardment? Renowned Marine General Holland Smith had urged sustained bombardment by the Navy’s heavy guns prior to the landings. When considering the high esteem with which Smith was held by his fellow senior officers it seems incredible that his sound advice was completely ignored. No, the landings would proceed just as they had in battles before this one.

There are many who contributed to the sad legacy of Iwo Jima: the Boeing Company, which continued to manufacture faulty planes all during the war; the US Air Force, whose procurement agents seemingly chose to look the other way as these lousy planes were handed off to the air crews; and those in command whose decision to take the island resulted in 26,000 US casualties, a fateful decision with no direct connection to the defeat of Japan. In no small measure, these casualties came about by the order to launch a direct, frontal assault on an island US commanders knew to be heavily prepared against such assaults.