Egypt’s First Ever Salt Cave – Taba Heights

Egypts first ever Salt Cave is due to open later this month in the Red Sea resort of Taba Heights.

The Salt Cave will be located in the uptown area of Taba Heights.

The cave will be made entirely of salt from the Dead Sea which has a high concentration of minerals and the Siwa Oasis which aids health and beauty. The air inside the cave will be beneficial to health as it is charged with calcium, iron, magnesium, bromine, iodine, potassium and selium. The lighting in the cave will promote positive feelings, along with the colour therapy that will create calm and soften the mood. The floor of the cave will be covered in a thick layer of salt crystals while the ceiling will have salt stalactites, so creating a unique microclimate.

A 45 minute stay in the cave will have a beneficial influence on mood and wellbeing, and will also revitalise strength and good health. A session in the cave can also aid the treatment of nervous system disorders, digestive tract problems, heart disease, repiratory problems, dermatological diseases, metabolic problems and underproduction of hyperthyroidism.

Why not treat yourself to a visit to the new Salt Cave when on your next holidays to Taba Heights, you know you deserve it!

From its unique position in the mountain ranges of the Sinai Peninsula, Taba Heights overlooks four countries, Egypt, Israel, Jordan and Saudi Arabia. With 5kms of beautiful, natural beaches, some of the worlds best dive sites, first class hotels and an 18 hole championship golf course, Taba Heights won’t disappoint you.

Bronze Table Lamp – Making Interiors Beautiful

For a lovely home and office interior, a bronze table lamp could be the thing that you need. These lamps are elegant, classy and bring a truly sophisticated look that you could certainly be proud of. In fact, you will see that they have become a standard feature in homes and offices that have an excellent interior appeal.

Bronze is among the materials that has gained world popularity. Ever since, if you look at ancient times, bronze has already been fashioned as decors and even jewelries that were meant to improve and make one feel and look beautiful. In homes, bronze statues, sconces, and many other decors made of bronze are found. Women would also have bronze jewelries that adorn their bodies. This only signifies the beauty that is found in the metal. This is also why, until now, bronze is still receiving much attention.

A bronze table lamp that you can find in a lot of homes today exudes real classic and contemporary beauty. It is like having something that holds the convergence of the past and the present. The finish sparkles in elegance and creates a very dazzling effect in the interiors. Some have leaf swirls that provide a touch of softness against the hard material, thereby creating a stunning look. Some of the lamps even have earth-toned jewels to bring out its beauty more.

One of the types of bronze lamps that have earned a lot of following is the Tiffany style ones. These are really attractive and always catch the attention of people around it. When lighted, it casts a really noticeable light that could illuminate the area in a very lovely manner. As the light touches the other furniture and décor around the lamp, the interiors are transformed into a truly lovely sight. And, this goes both for the office and home setting.

Most bronze table lamps also have a lighting control that allows you to adjust the level of illumination that you desire. You could then make the light softer for that warm, quiet and romantic ambiance, or you could turn up illumination for parties whenever light is necessary. The control gives the lamp maximum versatility, making the area a really good place to spend your time relaxing, reading or simply eating.

So a bronze table lamp would be very ideal for those who desire to improve their home's appearance. It is a sturdy type of lamp that could last you for years.

Renting Commercial Office Space – Top 10 Mistakes

Moving your business into new office space sounds exciting but there are a number of pitfalls that many businesses have found which has proved expensive and resource-intensive to rectify. Here are a few key areas that you need to think long and hard about before you may the big move.

Office Size
If you're unsure about the size of the office space you require then do not rent somewhere based on looks and facilities alone. If find an office that is too small you will have to move again in the near future if your business begins to grow. If you office space is tool large you will end up paying for space that you are not using which is inefficient and could prove a costly mistake.
A basic rule of thumb is to use 7 square meters for each employee. If you have a call center then you may be able to get away with less. Do not take more space than you need to without you are planning to expand or the space is offered at a fantastic rate.
If you are a small business you could try renting serviced offices until you find the right location and set up for your requirements. Serviced offices are slightly more expensive but tend to have shorter leasing agreements which means you have the flexibility to move should you need to. There are plenty of serviced office locations around so finding a lease to suit you should be fairly easy.

Cost of Premises
Make sure you never rent offices that you do not think you can afford. Business can fluctuate rapidly throughout the year so do not use your current trading as an indication of the future. Changes out of your control, such as the increase in VAT, can have a significant impact on your business so be wary and only rent what you can afford. It is better to know you can afford to relocate to larger offices further down the line than having to see out an expensive leasing contract that you can not afford. Do not get carried away by the glamor of some offices. There are plenty of opportunities to negotiate down on price.

Location of Premises
When moving into your new office space you need to think carefully about the location. Ask yourself if this is a good location for your business, its future growth, customers and your employees. If you rent office space in a cheap location with limited transport links, below par facilities and with a poor crime record you will struggle to find staff who will want to work there. Finding the right location is very much a balancing act. Try to weigh up costs against what you need and what your employees expect.
If your new office space is outside a main city you may struggle to find a high caliber of staff and you may also lose your existing staff. Cities do act as a magnet for talent and the more central you are, the easier it is to find them. Obviously, this comes at a cost.

On the flip side, there are also benefits to being situated just out of town. Many young people can not afford to live in the center of a city so basing your business on the skirts can also be advantageous. Any further than 10 miles from the center of town, however, can limit your appeal.

Poor Transport Links
Nobody likes spending 2-3 hours getting home from work each day. Therefore, make sure that you new offices suit you and your employees. If you already have people working for you, try to be as accommodating as possible to their needs and their family's needs. You will never please everyone but if you can base your decision around your most valued employees then you give yourself the best chance of keeping them.

Regardless of common belief, cities have very good transport links but due to the sheer number of people, some days feel like a complete 'rat race' and journeys can take far longer than expected. Think about transport back in the event of bad weather or disruption. Can your employees get into work via train, bus, tram, bike, car share, etc?

Also think about your customers. How often do they visit your business promotions? Does a location with poor transport links hinder the perception of your business?

Poor IT Infrastructure
So you have now found the office that you think is perfect for your business but have you investigated the IT and telephony infrastructure? Before you move into your new office space you need to make sure you have the systems to support your business. If you have no or limited broadband access, limited phone connections or connection points, you business may suffer as a result. Installing new systems and terminals is not a 5 minute job so make sure your new offices have, at the very least, the same set up as your current location. If you overlook this factor you could frustrate your employees and lose your customers. Do not underestimate the potential damage caused by a poor IT infrastructure. Try to negotiate this before moving in if the current systems are of a poor standard.

Limited Parking
If you are based in a city it is highly probable that some of your employees will travel to work by car, unless you are in the congestion zone that is. Parking is a serious considering for those who live away from easy accessible transport links or for those who live further out of town. Make sure you ask your existing employees how they plan to travel to work and see if you can negotiate parking spaces into the price. If you have forecasted to grow your work then remember to do the same with your parking allocation. Expecting employees to pay to park on a daily basis is not viable. How your work travel into work is not necessarily down to you but making sure they are happy when they reach work is. Try to research other local parking facilities available and may try to share parking spaces with a neighboring business.

Poor Natural Light
This sounds like an obvious one but nobody can function effectively in a poorly lit office with no windows or limited light. Basement offices can seem like a good idea but lack of natural light, especially in the winter months, can depress your work. Light is important if you are to maintain a good mood in the office and a positive environment. Make sure your new office space has plenty of natural light and also invest in artificial lighting to brighten up the place. Plants will also help to maintain a positive atmosphere.

Lack of Security
Your staff should be like your family and your beloved values ​​like your essentials at home. Therefore, high level security should not be underestimated. Make sure you back up everything all your systems information in another location and invest in an alarm system that will trigger an alert to the police within seconds should there be a break-in or fire.

Make sure your doors are reinforced; Your fire doors are locked at night and your windows are securely fastened and can withstand a potential break-in. You should also check for rotten frames or corrosion that could lead to windows or doors being easily removed by burglars. Security cameras are also recommended so you can record evidence in the event of a break in.

A break-in can seriously hurt or even ruin your business. Make sure you take the correct steps to protect it, especially on the day you move in. Some burglars will watch you move in and then strike before you are settled. Do not be a victim!

Poor Disabled Access
Every business promises should have easy disabled access and out of the building. Without these access points you may limit yourself with regards to attracting new talent so make sure you have ramps, toilets and lift access if applicable. The Disability Discrimination Act states that you must make sure you have facilities of the same standard for people with disabilities as you have for those without. If these facilities do not already exist then try to negotiate the installation with your prospect landlord.

Unsafe Location
If you want to attract strong talent staff then you need to make sure your office location is a safe environment for them to travel to and from. Therefore, research your preferred choice to ensure your staff will be safe when they leave at night. Remember, winter months can be dark, especially if people leave the office late so easy access to local transport with strong street lighting should be sufficient.

Why Do We Need Software Engineering?

To understand the necessity for software engineering, we must pause briefly to look back at the recent history of computing. This history will help us to understand the problems that started to become obvious in the late sixties and early seventies, and the solutions that have led to the creation of the field of software engineering. These problems were referred to by some as “The software Crisis,” so named for the symptoms of the problem. The situation might also been called “The Complexity Barrier,” so named for the primary cause of the problems. Some refer to the software crisis in the past tense. The crisis is far from over, but thanks to the development of many new techniques that are now included under the title of software engineering, we have made and are continuing to make progress.

In the early days of computing the primary concern was with building or acquiring the hardware. Software was almost expected to take care of itself. The consensus held that “hardware” is “hard” to change, while “software” is “soft,” or easy to change. According, most people in the industry carefully planned hardware development but gave considerably less forethought to the software. If the software didn’t work, they believed, it would be easy enough to change it until it did work. In that case, why make the effort to plan?

The cost of software amounted to such a small fraction of the cost of the hardware that no one considered it very important to manage its development. Everyone, however, saw the importance of producing programs that were efficient and ran fast because this saved time on the expensive hardware. People time was assumed to save machine time. Making the people process efficient received little priority.

This approach proved satisfactory in the early days of computing, when the software was simple. However, as computing matured, programs became more complex and projects grew larger whereas programs had since been routinely specified, written, operated, and maintained all by the same person, programs began to be developed by teams of programmers to meet someone else’s expectations.

Individual effort gave way to team effort. Communication and coordination which once went on within the head of one person had to occur between the heads of many persons, making the whole process very much more complicated. As a result, communication, management, planning and documentation became critical.

Consider this analogy: a carpenter might work alone to build a simple house for himself or herself without more than a general concept of a plan. He or she could work things out or make adjustments as the work progressed. That’s how early programs were written. But if the home is more elaborate, or if it is built for someone else, the carpenter has to plan more carefully how the house is to be built. Plans need to be reviewed with the future owner before construction starts. And if the house is to be built by many carpenters, the whole project certainly has to be planned before work starts so that as one carpenter builds one part of the house, another is not building the other side of a different house. Scheduling becomes a key element so that cement contractors pour the basement walls before the carpenters start the framing. As the house becomes more complex and more people’s work has to be coordinated, blueprints and management plans are required.

As programs became more complex, the early methods used to make blueprints (flowcharts) were no longer satisfactory to represent this greater complexity. And thus it became difficult for one person who needed a program written to convey to another person, the programmer, just what was wanted, or for programmers to convey to each other what they were doing. In fact, without better methods of representation it became difficult for even one programmer to keep track of what he or she is doing.

The times required to write programs and their costs began to exceed to all estimates. It was not unusual for systems to cost more than twice what had been estimated and to take weeks, months or years longer than expected to complete. The systems turned over to the client frequently did not work correctly because the money or time had run out before the programs could be made to work as originally intended. Or the program was so complex that every attempt to fix a problem produced more problems than it fixed. As clients finally saw what they were getting, they often changed their minds about what they wanted. At least one very large military software systems project costing several hundred million dollars was abandoned because it could never be made to work properly.

The quality of programs also became a big concern. As computers and their programs were used for more vital tasks, like monitoring life support equipment, program quality took on new meaning. Since we had increased our dependency on computers and in many cases could no longer get along without them, we discovered how important it is that they work correctly.

Making a change within a complex program turned out to be very expensive. Often even to get the program to do something slightly different was so hard that it was easier to throw out the old program and start over. This, of course, was costly. Part of the evolution in the software engineering approach was learning to develop systems that are built well enough the first time so that simple changes can be made easily.

At the same time, hardware was growing ever less expensive. Tubes were replaced by transistors and transistors were replaced by integrated circuits until micro computers costing less than three thousand dollars have become several million dollars. As an indication of how fast change was occurring, the cost of a given amount of computing decreases by one half every two years. Given this realignment, the times and costs to develop the software were no longer so small, compared to the hardware, that they could be ignored.

As the cost of hardware plummeted, software continued to be written by humans, whose wages were rising. The savings from productivity improvements in software development from the use of assemblers, compilers, and data base management systems did not proceed as rapidly as the savings in hardware costs. Indeed, today software costs not only can no longer be ignored, they have become larger than the hardware costs. Some current developments, such as nonprocedural (fourth generation) languages and the use of artificial intelligence (fifth generation), show promise of increasing software development productivity, but we are only beginning to see their potential.

Another problem was that in the past programs were often before it was fully understood what the program needed to do. Once the program had been written, the client began to express dissatisfaction. And if the client is dissatisfied, ultimately the producer, too, was unhappy. As time went by software developers learned to lay out with paper and pencil exactly what they intended to do before starting. Then they could review the plans with the client to see if they met the client’s expectations. It is simpler and less expensive to make changes to this paper-and-pencil version than to make them after the system has been built. Using good planning makes it less likely that changes will have to be made once the program is finished.

Unfortunately, until several years ago no good method of representation existed to describe satisfactorily systems as complex as those that are being developed today. The only good representation of what the product will look like was the finished product itself. Developers could not show clients what they were planning. And clients could not see whether what the software was what they wanted until it was finally built. Then it was too expensive to change.

Again, consider the analogy of building construction. An architect can draw a floor plan. The client can usually gain some understanding of what the architect has planned and give feed back as to whether it is appropriate. Floor plans are reasonably easy for the layperson to understand because most people are familiar with the drawings representing geometrical objects. The architect and the client share common concepts about space and geometry. But the software engineer must represent for the client a system involving logic and information processing. Since they do not already have a language of common concepts, the software engineer must teach a new language to the client before they can communicate.

Moreover, it is important that this language be simple so it can be learned quickly.

A Wave From The Tour

It takes hours of map reading and meticulous attention to detail to ensure a successful Tour de France, and that’s just the spectators. I had prepared and planned out a route that would land me close to the end of stage 11 of the Tour, a 164km trip for the cyclists from Saint Flour to Figeac.

But thousands of other people had the same idea so it was a slow crawl through the streets of Figeac, in the Lot, before I found myself about 7km from the end of the race. The village of Saint Jean Mirabel had come out in force with good luck messages and flags set up beside the route, and even a giant poster suspended between three tractors.

Then as the leader approached, with helicopters buzzing in the air, the cheers from the spectators began to grow. A small figure, hunched over his bicycle suddenly came into view at the top of the road, dwarfed by the police motorcycles, television cameras and official cars beside him.

And before my camera could focus he was gliding by in a bubble of complete concentration, his machine silently cutting through the wind. Then the crowd caught its breath, preparing for the arrival of the pursuing pack, or peloton. But before they arrived there was a battle for second and third place taking place as the two men shot past in a blur of orange, blue and white.

Five minutes later the peloton appeared at the top of the road with police sirens blaring and another helicopter hovering close by in the clear, blue sky. This was a much nosier affair with the fans screaming for their favourites and the rush of air like a passing truck, full of the sounds of gear changes and rubber on road. If the leading cyclists are like small fish, darting off through the rocks, the peloton is an all-consuming wave that crashes down on the leaders who falter.

And like a wave it is not always clear on whom it is going to fall as over 100 cyclists pour down the road you need to keep away from the edge as some briefly go astray. But as the pack heads off up the road, the crowds further on are hit by the wave with cheers and car horns echoing in the distance.

Then as the last few cyclists ride by, still working hard to stay in the race, the Tour comes to a close, but what of the beginning? The build-up to the passing of the Tour starts earlier in the day and takes place on the grass verges and in the fields that border the route.

Villages prepare fetes, amateur cyclists ride up and down the route to see what the pros will face and children get ready for the caravane. An hour before the race actually arrives the sponsors’ cavalcade drives past with their crazy cars, disco music and freebies. Here you see coffee pots, inflatable ducks and even a giant, furry lion parading past throwing sweets, magazines and toys at the feet of the children stood beside the road.

The fans scream and shout hoping to pick up some goodies as parents duck and dive out of the way of stray packets of coffee, which fly past their heads. Since the Tour started in 1903 it has become one of the world’s major sporting events and can lay claim to possessing the largest number of spectators.

And it is the fans that make the Tour such a spectacle, as they stretch out along more than 3,500km of tarmac, shouting and screaming encouragement as the wave passes by. But today the fishes out ran the wave and a breakaway by local rider, David Moncoutie proved strong enough to give the Frenchman his first-ever stage win.

The Truth About the Lump in the Throat

Everyone gets that familiar lump in the throat on the verge of every emotional outburst. When we are about to cry, scream or shout, this noticeable lump forms in our throat and sees to prevent us from breathing or even saying a word. What is this lump really?

Well the lump in our throat is not really a lump after all. It is purely a physical sensation we get when our throttles to carry out two opposite functions at the same time. This is the same sensation we feel when we become emotional or are about to cry. Prior to an emotional outburst, natural human instinct brings us into a fight-or-flight state. Trigger factors such as the stressrought about by fear or anger causes our heart to pump a lot harder. As a result, our lungs work double time to keep up with the pumping and our vocal chords stretch wide open to accommodate the larger gulps of air we have to take in to feed our lungs.

In the middle of our larynx is an opening that works like a valve which allows air to pass through into the lungs upon intake. This opening called the glottis is what temporarily closes up when we swallow. Our vocal chords are responsible for direct control over the glottis. It is at its largest when we scream and is at its smallest when we swallow.

The sensation of that lump in the throat occurs when, prior to that emotional outburst, we take in deep breaths. The action forces the glottis to be at its largest. At the same time, just before crying, we attempted to swallow the tears that are coming, which forces the vocal chords to compress on the glottis. Our vocal chords perform two contrast functions, compressing and expanding at the same time, and we feel that tension as the lump in our throat.

How to Boost Your Metabolism at Any Age

You are probably reading this article with a few questions in mind. Most people are really only concerned with their metabolism because there is a question behind the "How can I boost my metabolism?" Question. You may be asking how can I boost my metabolism so that I can lose weight? Or you may be saying when I was younger my metabolism was so much higher- is there anything I can do to boost it? Or some of you are asking how can I boost my metabolism so that I can eat dessert without gaining weight?

It is true that there are factors that you may not be able to control such as age, genetics, gender, stressful circumstances … But there are definitely ways to boost your metabolism. I am going to give you eight of them. But, first, I want to give you some words of encouragement about weight loss.
Yes, weight loss is important if you are overweight. Being overweight can lead to diabetes, heart disease, joint problems, difficulty breathing … But weight loss is not the only indicator of health. There are many other equally important indicators such as heart rate, blood pressure, flexibility, cholesterol, hip / waist ratio …

As the owner of a personal training studio I see daily how our culture's idea of ​​beauty as "thin and sexy" has damaged us. Many women struggle with body and self-esteem issues because of it and that saddens me tremendously. So, I say all of that to encourage you to strive for health and wellness and not only the ideal body image. The ideal body image is an illusive target. Very few find it. It is usually "just" five more pounds and I'll be happy. Then five more. Then five more. And the person is never happy. I want life and health for you and I hope this report will offer that to you.
Now to the eight metabolism boosting tips I promised.

Tip # 1 Build lean muscle.
This is one of the best things you could do for yourself. Most people walk, jog, or do some form of cardiovascular exercise to burn calories and it works. But the problem is that the calories are being burned only while you exercise. The fact is that your metabolism is working 24 hours a day and one pound of lean muscle burns 35 calories per day while one pound of fat burns only 2. So, if over the course of the next 6-12 months you lose 25 pounds of Fat but add ten pounds of muscle, then you boost your metabolism to burn 350 more calories per day. In order to do this you will need to strength train at least three times per week. If weight training is new to you then I would suggest hiring a certified personal trainer to design a program for you and show you the correct form and technique.

Tip # 2 Move your body.
All sedentary people can boost their metabolism just by going for daily walks. A suggestion is to walk over your lunch break or after dinner. But the most effective boost is going to come from high intensity cardiovascular exercise and especially interval training. Again, if this is new to you I suggest seeking the help of a certified personal trainer who can design a program that is the right intensity for your age and current level of fitness. You do not want your program to be too easy nor too hard.

Tip # 3 Eat 5-6 smaller meals rather than 2-3 per day.
Your metabolism will slow down to conserve energy if you wait too long between meals. And you are more likely to overest because you are so hungry if you stick to the traditional breakfast, lunch, and dinner schedule.

Tip # 4 Break the fast.
Eating breakfast gets your metabolism fired back up after a 7-8 hour fast state while you slept.

Tip # 5 Snack smart. (This tip comes to us via Samantha Heller MS, RD, Senior Clinical Nutritionist at the New York University Medical Center.)

Center your snacks on a lean protein paired with a complex carbohydrates or fat. Protein requires more energy for digestion without spiking your insulin levels. Snack ideas include yogurt and fruit, a little peanut butter with an apple or whole grain crackers / bread, or hummus with raw vegetables.

Tip # 6 Do not starve yourself.
Too few calories will send your body into a starvation state causing it to store more calories than it burns. Also, you will not have the necessary energy to do the lean muscle weight training or high intensity cardiovascular exercise that was suggested earlier.

Tip # 7 B-Vitamins and Magnesium. (Also, from Samantha Heller MS, RD)
B-vitamins are an integral part of metabolism of protein, carbohydrates, and fats and in energy production. Foods high in B-vitamins include spinach, beans (navy, black, soy), asparagus, fish, and eggs. Magnesium is a mineral needed in over 300 chemical reactions in the body including metabolism and energy production. Sources of Mg include spinach, halibut, almonds, cashews, peanuts, soy beans, whole grain cereals, and oatmeal.

Tip # 8 Drink water.
The energy burning process of metabolism needs water to work effectively. One way to drink more water is to opt for at least one glass of water with all meals.

So, there you have eight tips to help you boost your metabolism. They will work. Our bodies operate within certain rules of nature just like gravity. If I throw a brick in the air it will eventually come down. If you consistently move your body and eat well, your metabolism will optimize itself. I wish you all the best in your quest for health and happiness.

3 Signs You Might Need A Garage Door Repair

Garages are more than just a place for the family cars. They offer convenient access and security for tools, bicycles, seasonal items, and so much more. And this is one part of the home that many homeowners take for granted until something goes wrong. Expensive emergency calls can be avoided by simply keeping an eye out for these three signs that indicate you might need a garage door repair in the near future.

These repairs can be simple maintenance, that allow for easy opening and closing. It can also mean correcting damage caused by a student driver, over zealous basketball game, or storm-tossed tree limbs. These jobs are best done by professionals who have the training, experience, and equipment needed to get the job done properly, the first time.

Garage Door Repair Or Back Repair?

Very little exertion should be required when your manual garage door is operating smoothly and at peak performance. Over time, however, dirt and debris can cause problems. The first sign that a garage door repair is needed is when lifting the door becomes back-breaking work, or when the automatic system stops functioning properly. The path used by the rollers can sometimes require adjustments to operate smoothly and the automatic sensors sometimes need replacing. While these are simple procedures, they are not suitable for the inexperienced do it yourself persons.

What Was That Noise?

There is no mistaking the sound of an industrial strength spring when it breaks. A door that was only minutes before a breeze to open, suddenly weighs a ton, if it will open at all. Broken springs do not occur very often but when they do, you need expert help as fast as you can get it. If the door won’t open at all, you may not be able to get the family car out. If it won’t close securely, suddenly possessions and family are at risk. Reputable companies should be able to provide a fast online estimate and should be available for emergency service calls any day of the week.

Home Improvement

Sometimes improvements are necessary, for instance when a new driver hits the gas pedal instead of the brake. But sometimes homeowners just want to spruce up their home’s appearance. Home improvements are an excellent way to improve the value, appearance, and usefulness of a house and the garage door is no exception.

Homeowners can protect their financial investment by being on the alert for increasingly difficult operation, strange sounds, or other cosmetic care needed, as these are all signs that a garage door repair may be necessary.

Get Money Fast by Starting an Online Business

Through the year, people are looking for ways to get money for various expenses. Vehicle repairs pop up, holiday gifts need to be bought, or they might just want to stash a little cash away for a rainy day. By starting an online business, many people have found the cash flow that they need and want, without having to borrow or take on an extra job outside of the home. Online businesses allow you to sit back and collect a paycheck on your laptop, while lounging in your favorite recliner.

Many online businesses allow you to start up with little or no cost. Affiliate or referral programs, drop-shipping retail businesses, and freelancing projects need very little initial investment. Simply set up your business website and start learning what it takes to bring in customers. There is a little bit of research and learning necessary, but the time invested will pay back in future profits.

Overhead for an online business is extremely low, as well. Unlike brick-and-mortar establishments, a large amount of your business is handled correctly. Granted there are expenses such as internet connection, office equipment, and web hosting services and tools, but most of the major expenses of a business are not necessary, leaving you more money to put into your own pocket.

Depending on how you choose to be paid, some online businesses allow you to receive your funds in minutes, through online payment services. Just send your buyer or client an invoice and they can instantly transfer your money to you from their bank account or credit card. Everything from payments to banking can be handled online, cutting your turnaround time down dramatically.

When you need to get money fast for any type of expense, take a look at the various business opportunities that are available online. You will not have to spend time flipping through the classifieds or pounding the pavement on your days off to find a job to get the cash you need. Everything will be right on your computer, waiting for you to log on and begin your next shift at your own convenience.

The Geography of Newcastle

Geographically the single most significant factor about Newcastle is that it is on the River Tyne making it easy to cross from the north bank. It has become known as Newcastle-Upon-Tyne. As the undisputed capital of the north between York in England and Edinburgh in Scotland, Newcastle is located at the map reference 54.97o North and 01.62 o West of the Greenwich meridian. It is separated from Cumbria and Lancashire to the west by the Pennine Hills, from which the River Tyne raises. Economically, apart form being a thriving industrial and commercial center, it is an important ferry port for travelers to and from Scandinavia. In total Newcastle has a population of some 260,000 and covers an area of ​​about 113 square kilometers.

Geologically the bedrock on which Newcastle is founded on is sedimentary and consistants of Carboniferous Limestone – 300-360 million years ago, Also present are Millstone Grits from the latter part of the Carboniferous era and out toward the east of Newcastle there is some Oolitic limestone Originating in the Jurassic period – around 200 million years ago. It was, of course, during the Carboniferous period that the vast deposits of coal were laid down for which Newcastle became so famous. The coal would have been formed when the site of Newcastle would have been in an estuary swamp with shallow and warm water, when the whole of what is now the British Isles would have been sitting on the equator.

Being in the UK, Newcastle has a temperate climate. Despite being on the east side of the country it still benefits from the warm effects to the UK of the Gulf Stream and is, therefore, warmer than many cities located on or around the same latitude. However, Newcastle does have a lower average temperature than many UK cities which in winter averages 3oC and in summer rarely achieves higher than 18oC. On average it has 290 days of precipitation (rainfall) giving it around 100mm per month, compared to a national average of 150mm per month. Its weather pattern is attributable to three main factors: its northerly position; Being in the rain shadow of the Pennines making it drier than might be expected and the winds which blow through it. Whilst the continuing wind is south westerly, from the North Atlantic Currents, Newcastle is also susceptible to blasts of icy air arriving from the North Pole. At its highest point Newcastle is some 80 meters above sea level, but it also has areas less than 10 meters above sea level.

The City of Newcastle-Upon-Tyne is part of the Tyneside Metropolitan District. It has 26 electoral wards, the following are worthy of some note. Byker, located in the east of the city, is one of the less prosperous wards. It is blamed for the 'Byker Wall'. This is a single continuous block of 620 maisonettes. In the 1960s the whole of Byker, a run down area of ​​mainly Victorian buildings, was in desperate need of rebuilding. In 1969 the City of Newcastle council asked the architect Ralph Erskine to plan a 'new' Byker. In collaboration with the then tenants, one of Erskine's features was the Byker wall. Having ended years of ridicule for social problems arising out of it, the Byker Wall is now seen as a unique venture in community involvement in town planning and in 2003 was rated as a Grade II listed building. Gosforth, is accepted to be one of the more affluent suburbs of Newcastle, Fenham is a popular area for the Asian community with increasing numbers of young professionals also moving into it. Heaton and Jesmond both have quite large student communities; Newburn contains the church where George Stephenson, of railway fame, was married.

Newcastle is noted for the bridges joining north and south Tyneside; Of these bridges the city of Newcastle is responsible for four of them, three of which are famous in their own right. The High Level Road Bridge, opened in 1849, is actually a two tier bridge. The upper tier carries railway traffic and is maintained by Network Rail, the lower tier carrying road traffic and pedestrians is managed by the city council. The swing bridge was built in 1879 to allow ships to carry on up the Tyne and of course the landmark Tyne Bridge opened in 1928. There is also a cycle and pedestrian tunnel under the Tyne between Howdon and Jarrow. The newest bridge on the Tyne is the Gateshead Millennium Bridge which is a direct link between Newcastle and the Baltic Flour Mill gallery, in Gateshead. The Millennium Bridge is now seen as the new 'signature' bridge for the river Tyne.

With the coal mining industry actually shut down and the heavy engineering companies in decline, in the 1980s the economic prospects for Newcastle were bleak. However, the city rallied itself through the 1990s and has emerged into the 21st Century as a renovated and vibrant city. Whilst more dependent on service and retail industries than before, it has an unemployment rate below 5% and is generally considered to be economically sound. This is reflected in its privately owned house prices, which average £ 145,000 and range from £ 330,000 for a four bedroom detached house to £ 120,000 for a three bedroom flat.

Are You Willing To Bet?

If you won an all-expenses paid trip to Las Vegas, would you do any gambling while you were there? Yes, no, well maybe? When my daughter was maybe 16 or 17 years old (you probably remember that time in your life that you were almost an expert at anything) we took a family vacation to Las Vegas. We walked into Caesar’s Palace and she saw a sports car on top of a group of slot machines. The car was the grand prize to be awarded to the lucky winner on that series of slot machines. She promptly informed Mom and Dad that SHE was going to be that lucky someone.

One roll of quarters and three minutes later she told us, “Gambling sucks.”

Do you consider yourself to be like our daughter and want nothing to do whatsoever with gambling? Are you one of those people who think that you never, ever gamble? Well I hate to tell you this, but the insurance industry and insurance policies are built on a gambling premise.

You will be well served to remember this basic principle: The business of insurance is a bet. Insurance is nothing more than a large company (as is a casino), with a large balance sheet, playing the odds against you… on your health, risk of an accident, storm damage, theft, death or other potentially catastrophic loss. Insurance companies educate themselves in extreme detail on the odds of actually having to pay out money on a claim. From this data, they calculate how much they can charge you based on the possibility that you will file a claim, and they still will be able to make a profit!

When you own any kind of property, whether that property is possessions like furniture, clothing, an automobile or a house, when you purchase an insurance policy you are gambling. You are gambling your money every time you make a monthly premium payment. You are betting the premium amount that you spend that something unfortunate will happen to you.

The insurance company is betting also, they’re just not betting with their own money. Not yet, that is. They are betting with a promise! Their promise is that if you experience a loss, they will spend a little bit of their money to make things right for you. The thing is, the insurance company is like the casino. All the odds are stacked in their favor. They pay large amounts of money to actuaries, specialized number crunchers, to determine the odds of you winning the game (having a covered loss). You see, as far as the insurance industry is concerned, the only way you win as a policyholder is for you to lose and have to file a claim. If you don’t win, you lose (you lose your premium payments). If you do win, you lose (something bad has happened to you). What a great game!

If you don’t lose, you lose your premium money. If you win, the best that you can hope for is to break even by receiving the money that you need for your repairs from your insurance provider. Even then you can’t break even because of a little something known as a deductible. You really can only get to within a deductible of breaking even!

Whether someone wrecks your car, you have a major medical issue, or your house gets damaged, you, the policyholder, have to lose to receive any money from your insurance company. And here’s the real kicker! By using those number-crunchers and their sophisticated software programs, insurance companies know in advance just how likely it is that you will file a claim. If they determine that you are more likely to file, they increase the odds in their favor by forcing you to gamble with more of your money, as in charging you a higher premium.

Isn’t It Fun Playing the Insurance Game?

Insurance is a definite necessity in this day and age. We can’t just run out to the back forty and cut down some trees to rebuild our home. We can’t run down to the nearest auto assembly plant and grab a handful of new car parts to fix our own cars. Just please realize that insurance is a gambling game which is stacked against the policyholder. If you have purchased an insurance policy, and something unforeseen happens to you, don’t feel too bad for the insurance company. They set up the game in their favor and made you a promise. They calculated the odds and set the game up in their favor. They collected their premiums. Now they need to make good on their promise. They promised to take care of you like you deserve (minus your deductible that is).

Here is another thing the insurance company is betting on. They are betting that if something bad does happen to you, you will lack the knowledge required to get everything you are truly entitled to.

Dash Kit Installation

One nice way to improve the insight of your car is to supply it with wood dash kit. There is no need to buy an expensive vehicle to get benefits from the addition of dashboard trim to your original factory dash kit. Today car owners are always seeking for variants to restyle their cars and SUVs. Mounting the dash kit to your ride is very easy. Spending low efforts and time, you will greatly raise the value of your car. Following the installation step-by-step instruction below will help you to commit an easy and quick mounting of the newly bought dash trim kit on your automobile.

Right now I'm going to take you step by step through the installation of your trim kit. I would suggest that you first read this article through to the end before you begin the installation. Then you can restart reading, pausing when you work on each step. At the first step of the process make sure that you have correct part numbers for your particular application. Kits may be different for automatic and manual transmission, 4-wheel driving and so on. So you need to check that before beginning. The schematic will be supplied with you kit which will help you identify all the individual parts. And it is a good idea to keep this schematic with your warranty card for future reference if you ever need a replace a damaged part. The items included for the installation are:

– 3M Prep-Sol 70 wax and grease remover;
– Adhesion promoter;
– alcohol napkin;
– paper towels;
– a pair of latex gloves.

In addition you will need a heat gun or a hair drier, standard screwdriver and a scratch resistant fabric. Before starting any work use a plastic cover to protect the surfaces of the vehicle from damage. Then separate trim parts from the packing material. The actual installation begins with by testing fitting each trim piece to its proper location. This allows you to check the fit of each piece as well as familiarize yourself with its mounting location. At this time you will want to know the easiest way to properly align each part.

Check for the most obvious straight lines such as switches, vent or radio cuts out for a correct positioning. Because the wood trim is flat you will need to note areas which will require special attention if the need a bending to match sharp curves. Remember you're installing real wood and you want to make sure it's flexible enough before test fitting to an area. Therefore we recommend that if the temperature is below 80 degrees Fahrenheit you should use a heat gun or hair drier or the vehicle's heating system to raise temperature to between 80 and 100 degrees on the trim components. Use a low heat setting of the heat gun or hair drier and continuously moving with a back and forth movements to prevent an overheating and damaging the surfaces. The heat gun or hair drier should be 6-7 inches from the surface of the wood. However, if you are using a home type hair drier, you will need to head wood trim longer to reach the desired flexibility. It is very important to properly clean all the factory surfaces, to which the trim parts would be applied. DO NOT use the sharp fabrics for cleaning this factory surfaces or panels. Instead use soft towels and the special wipes provided. Do NOT reuse towels on the cleaning steps as they become contaminated. Apply 3M Prep-Sol 70 to a fresh towel to clean the factory surfaces. Then wipe the surfaces dry with a clean towel.

DO NOT spray or pour the cleaner directly on the factory surfaces. If the vehicle's surfaces were protected by special covers, you will need to repeat the cleaning process for 5 times. An easy test to check your cleaning process is to stick a piece of masking tape to a clean surface. If the tape does not properly stick, repeat the cleaning steps. When the interior surfaces are properly cleaned with 3M Prep-Sol 70, use the alcohol napkins to thoroughly wipe down the surfaces then allow them to air dry. Now you will again fit each trim trim piece close close attention to the operational switches, vents, ash trays, cup holders and so on. When each individual part is properly positioned, trace around the outside edge with the pencil. This will mark the area to be treated with adhesion promoter. Carefully apply the adhesion promoter to the areas in the trace line. If any promoter was accidentally applied to the areas not to be covered with new trim parts, you must immediately wipe it off before it dries. Use a clean towel wet with alcohol and carefully wipe the area. DO NOT apply extra pressure as it could remove color from the factory panel. When the promoter has served for 3-4 minutes you are ready to begin the application of the trim parts. Carefully remove the protective backing tape from the trim pieces. Then heat both sides of the wood trim and the factory surface to which the trim will be applied. On larger parts you will need to pull off the section of the backing, position the piece, and then remove the rest of the backing as you laid the piece to its place.

Be careful not to touch the adhesive backing of the panels. When you are heating the trim components and the factory surfaces between 80 and 100 degrees, remember to use a low heat setting and keep the heat gun or hair drier moving at all time. It is VERY important to align each part before before application once installed, removing the particular part may damage it or the surface it was adhered to. Carefully hold the trim piece at a slight angle to the surface it will be mounted on. Starting with one edge properly align the piece to its position as you lay it down. Check the proper operation of the switches, vents and other moving parts. Press the trim firmly at the place, using your finger tips. Pay the particular attention for the parameter of each piece. Then press the whole part firmly with a clean towel to ensure proper adhesion. With all the new trim parts in place you now need to recheck the operation of all moving parts of the interior. Check them up and down and side to side movements of all vents. Check the proper operation of the window and door lock switches and all other moving parts. Then remove finger tips and smudges from the panels with a dry and scratch resistant fabric. The installation is now complete. Place the warranty card in a glow box and impress everyone with your newly upgraded vehicle.

Abraham Maslow

Abraham Maslow created a system called hierarchy of needs. This system allows you to think about "where you are in life" in a structured way. If you learn to use the theory well, it can help to get your life in balance. By understanding why you are acting in certain ways you're able to prioritize your time more effectively.

Maslow says that there are five levels of need. They are commonly thought of as a pyramid. At the bottom are the foundation needs rising up to esteem and self worth type needs at the top. The idea of ​​the system is that you need to satisfy the needs at the bottom of the pyramid before trying to work at those at the top.

At the very bottom of the pyramid are your physiological needs. This is really just a complicated way of saying those things you need to survive. These needs include food, water, sleep, oxygen and so on. In short, it's the things that you could not live without. It's great to start with the pyramid because it is obvious that if you do not have food and water then you're going to focus on that before everything else. It shows the theory behind the hierarchy of needs in a strong way.

Once you've satisfied the basic needs, then you move up a level to safety needs. Often this is thought of as security from danger but it is more complex than that. Instead it covers you feeling safe. So it also includes things like having a home and job security.

If you feel under threat of redundancy at work, you start to focus on getting a new job. You feel that your safety, and often those around you, is under threat. Your sole focus becomes a kind of protection based focus. When your safety is under threat you can not really focus on friends and having fun. For example people going on holiday who are about to lose their jobs often postpone the holiday because they feel so upset. They feel the need to protect their safety.

If the first two levels have been met then it's likely that you'll be working on your social needs. This is the third level in the hierarchy of needs. Social needs are what keeps you connected with others. If you can meet these needs then you're on your way to happiness. These needs include friendship, family and all the social groups you belong to.

Social needs would include church groups, football teams, and hockey teams for example. All of these provide plenty of opportunity to spend time with others. It is this interaction with others that helps you to move forward with your life.

By now if you're moving up the hierarchy of needs you're on your way to feeling pretty happy and contented. The next level in the pyramid is esteem needs. This need is harder to fulfill than the other needs. I'm guess that you feel that you can control the other needs. You can get food, get a new job and find ways to make friends. This need however requires you to gain self esteem.

Self esteem is harder since it relies on what you think that other people think. You need to build it through achievement and other ways that will boost your self esteem. Having a solid social foundation would help a lot with this need.

Once you've achieved self esteem you're ready to move onto the next level of the pyramid; Self actualization. To achieve this you need to live up to your full potential. You need to be living a satisfied and happy fulfilled life. This is a hard level to achieve and the general consensus is that very few people are able to achieve it.

Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a great model to understand. If you think about it in your daily life you'll find that it helps you to understand why you might be acting in a certain manner.

You can find out more about Maslow and how this can help with your life balance in my website, time management huddle.com

Cynthia's Journey

When Cynthia first laid eyes on the seawater at Hobie beach she fell in love with it. She had been following the city and the beachfront through the pane of a window on a bus.

All the restaurants, the people selling crafts, animals carved intricately out of wood on the side of the road, the aquarium that Port Elizabeth was famous for and snake park, teenage couples walking hand-in-hand. A girl with her arms around her boyfriend's neck as he took his girlfriend for a piggy-back ride on the beach.

She did not even know what a swimming pool looked like with its ceramic tiled floor a white mosaic. She had only seen one on the television in Ma Agnes's house when a group of children had huddled and struggled to fit into her snug living room to watch Rocky Balboa and his inspiring moves. When she first got up that morning she wished it was a school day. When she climbed on the bus she sat by herself. She was surrounded by ringing laughter. She consoled herself that at least she had got a window seat.

Cynthia. Cynthia. ' Cynthia tried to ignore the mocking calls from the back of the bus where the more boisterous and confident children sat. 'Cynthia.' The voice came again. It sounded like Hilton Jacobus otherwise known as 'Minaar'. He was forever going on with her, making fun out of her posh, educated voice in that devil may care attitude of his. She tried to ignore him. 'Oh, Cynthia.' That was it. The last straw. She turned around. She felt her knees burning and clenched and slowly unclenched her fists but all she could see was stern, serious faces glaring back at her with glassy eyes. There was not a fault glimmer of who had called her name. When she turned around to face the rows of heads ahead of her she heard muffled tittering behind her and she blinked back tears and swallow hard. She willed Hilton's face inside her mind as she clocked him one, thumping him with all the strength she could assemble and muster. She imagined shaking him until his teeth and bones rattled inside his head. It gave her a small, knowing comfort.

Everyone around her was talking loudly and the church leaders that were going to supervise them on the trip did not even shush them. Everyone was excited. They all saw it as an adventure except Cynthia. She could hear her mother's voice inside her head, 'Ai, you're always complaining Cynthia. There's more to life than meets the eye. ' Her mother had left school in standard four. Her family was destitute. She had to go to work as a domestic to keep the home fires burning and so she could put food on the table.

If it had been a school day, at this time Cynthia would have been in Math's class not riding a bus that had seen better days. The foam was coming out of the seat she was sitting on and every time the bus went over a bump she would jolt up and down out of her seat. She would have been working out elegant solutions and making sums in her head, drawing her initials at the top of her page when she got distracted in class but she almost always aced her tests. It made her mother proud. 'This one could go far if she works hard enough.' She overheard her mother say to her father one night when she finishing her homework by the paraffin lamp.

Everyone undressed around her shameless, revealing the new suits they had gotten especially for the beach but more importantly for this trip.
While everyone around her was swimming in proper bathing costumes she swam in a t-shirt and pink shorts but for the first time in her life she did not mind. She came with some of her school friends on a bus with the words 'Putco' emblazoned on the side with the church Sunday school.

The seawater, the intense smell of it, the colors of the day, the salty tang on her tongue as a breeze washed gently over her small frame made her forget about the rains that came washing away the dirt and rubbish in the streets of the location Where she lived with her parents and her siblings. It made her forget that she was poor and that she did not have much prospects in her future. The white froth of the seawater bubbled like fizz between her toes.

She tried to watch the boats on the horizon to stop from keeping hungry and acknowledging the ache in her belly that was like a knot. There were women in bikinis. She could not believe that they dared to show so much skin.

At first she splashed herself in the waves notaring to go in deeper because she did not know how to swim properly. She only knew the doggy paddle. One of the youth leaders had taught a group of them the basic moves.
She watched older girls and boys bravely maneuvering their way over huge breakers that slapped against the rocks. She wished she had their brazen confidence.

They were going to eat hot dogs with relish, mustard and tomato sauce and real hamburgers that came with lettuce, onion rings and tomato just like it came from KFC and McDonald's. Words that just rolled effortlessly off Cynthia's tongue as if she had spent her whole life going through drive-through with her parents and tucking into hot chips, fried chicken with hot sauce from Chicken Licken and burgers. The church had got pledges from kind, well-meaning folk – meaning Irish missionaries.

'Haw! Look at Cynthia swimming in her clothes. Is not your mother going to shout you? ' The other girls standing around Cynthia, eyeing her and then moving away from her when she refused to take the bait. Children could be cruel sometimes.
'No. She's not like that. ' Cynthia said defiantly wishing her eyes could burn holes into the heads of the group of girls who were standing around her and watching her like hawks.
'Pink shortie!' A boy shouted and wolf whistled.

Cynthia saw red but there was not anything she could do about it and pretended she did not hear anything. She just shifted the sand between her feet and cradled it in the flushed spaces between her toes. The sand was warm. At first the sensation was strange. It felt as if it was small explosions under her feet as she walked. She picked up shells as she walked along admiring their shapes.

Girls ran to the gentle breaking of the waves in groups of two's and three's holding hands shrieking and crying out with pleasure as the seawater grazed their knee, wet their stomachs leaving damp patches that were dry minutes before. For the grown ups milling on the beach they were a joy to watch. Others sat on the sand building what they imagined sand-castles to be, using their hands to secure a moat, tall, secure walls, patting and padding the wet sand with care. Other smaller children on the beach had colorful buckets and spades.

Their parents sat with wicker picnic baskets on towels and blankets. A breeze came up. Cynthia stood alone. She had always been a loner, always waiting to be called upon before she joined up with any group. She did not have a favorite clique that she belonged to. The popular girls, the girls who were in the choir, the girls who wore spectacles and were a bit of a smart alec, clever and 'much too big for their boots' the teachers liked to say, the girls who were in-betweeners, Those were the girls who were not bullied and who did not really stand out academically or do sports or stand out in anything else really.

Then there were the class clowns, the children who were a bit slow, one or two who were hyper and had been kept back a here in school who stood a head taller than the other children.
'Cynthia, do not just stand there looking like that. Come join us. '
Cynthia smiled back, hesitating for just a second and then she ran down to the water.

She pretended to be scared like the other children and ran away from the waves and then she got the nerve up.

Cynthia was not used to the heat. Were she came from there had been no sprinkler in a secured garden to jump through to resist the summer rays.

She wished she was clever enough like Princess to say something back quickly; A tart retort.

She looked around her at the people on the beach who were tanning themselves –
They looked like slices of toast, burnt at the edges and rubbed with something greasy like butter. After intermittent intervals they would turn over rubbing creamy sunscreen on their skin unafraid of being sunburnt. She caught others sunbathing; Mothers watching over their children in the shallow rock pools with their fishing poles.

She saw a teenager boy carrying a girl on his back piggyback style, other teenage couples calling each other 'Babe' or 'Babes' who stood in a large circle and were throwing a Frisbee around to each other. There was also a couple who could have been a husband and wife or girlfriend and boyfriend sleeping on their backs on the steps that led down to the beach. The man was not wearing a shirt. He had put it under his head and was holding onto his wife / girlfriend. Her face was hidden by hair cut into a fashionable bob. Cynthia felt curious envious of them. They were dead to the world around them.

There were people who faces looked like raisins walking their dogs. Their faces were filled with wrinkles. Cynthia was scared of dogs so she kept close to the young pastor and his pretty, young wife. When his wife laughed there was a flash of gold in her mouth.

There was a man with a bald head and a hairy chest of white and gray hair who was nibbling on the ear of a woman who was sunburnt and who bikini top was untied. She lay with her face towards this man who looked a few years older than her. Cynthia could not resist looking. She was wearing a piece of cloth that she had draped like a skirt around her waist. The material looked so feminine. It was a splash of red in a portal, a rainbow sea on the sand of limp bodies covered by flailing tents, beach umbrellas, deck chairs and shrieking children calling out to their parents to watch them swim.

It made Cynthia feel lonely. She wished she had someone to share the secrets of her heart with. On the way to the beach that morning she had had misgivings. She tried to think up of reasons not to go but her mother was not hearing any of it. Her mother had spoken to her firmly that morning. 'You must try to fit in, Cynthia, otherwise how else will you ever fit in when you go to high school one day? How will you make friends? ' So she had given in. She was not built like the other children yet. She was only eleven. The other girls spoke about words like 'monthlies', 'period', 'sanitary pads', 'sex' and 'sexuality'.

When she asked her mother about it all she said was, 'Not now. I'm busy. Besides you're too young to know about things like that. When the time is right I'll sit down with you and talk about the birds and the bees. ' But Cynthia had not the worstest idea of ​​what birds and bees had to do with the periodic table her older brother was studying at the high school. She was also smart, she reasoned. She could also put two and two together. Period. Periodic.

It felt like it belonged completely to another world; A world in which Cynthia was invisible. It, the makeshift skirt that Princess – the head of a gang of girls who were not scared of anything especially authority figures – called a 'sarong' looked like a tent. The woman who ear the fat man with a pot belly was nibbling on had fat, brown arms. They did not seem to have a care in the world. He put his hand on her back and made circles with his fingers, running them up and down. Cynthia stared at them for awhile and then she looked away embarrassed.

She rinsed the seawater out of her hair and the sand off her feet under the open air shower that stood near the steps. The water sent a chill down her spine. It came out with a spurt, then in a rain shower. She washed her face and combed her hair through her fingers with her hoping she would not stand up. She wished she had gone to the salon or had it braided before she had come on this trip.

The sorrow, sadness that sometimes seemed to paralyse her and see into every pore of her skin from the tin roof of the shack She called her head whether it was raining or a to the tip of her toes that skimmed the ground through the Hole in her school shoes and the surfaces she walked on as she walked to and fro from school, running errands for her mother or playing with her friends. They made up games from their imagination.

There was no money for reading books that smelt new with smooth, clean pages, beautiful illustrations and drawings not marked with greasy fingers, creases or dog ears. There was no money for dolls, pizza, toys, puzzles and cards to play snap or rummy with. Christmas was the one time when her family got a hot, home-cooked meal in their bellies. When they feasted on cake her mother's employee's daughters had made especially for them. It was a bit lopsided but the icing could not be beat. It made their eyes water just looking at it.

She had asked her mother so many times in the past few weeks for new shoes but there was no money.

'The hotdogs are ready. Come and get it! '

Everyone stood in a line and once they had got their hands on their food they stood around with their friends, laughing, smiling, talking and trying not to get sand on their wet bathing suits. Some were rubbing themselves dry with their towels. They bit into the bun smeared generously with margarine by the ladies of the church, some who were mothers to the children who had come on this trip. There was enough for seconds if you were lucky to have scoffed your first hotdog quickly. They drank warm Oros, spilling the orange liquid onto the sand when they found breadcrumbs swimming, swirling at the bottom of the white plastic cup.

A group of girls and boys that were in a standard below Cynthia's sat mesmerized by the swarming life in the rock pools. Some had even taken off their shoes and their socks and dangling their feet in the shallow water. Others were investigating the weed and the shells stuck to the rocks with the white, purple and green outsides. Cynthia was drawn to their solemn features as they agreed what they picked up in the seawater, stubbed their toes against the sharp edges and sliced ​​pulsing red slits in their skin.

One girl whose name was Beauty held up a piece of seaweed between her thumb and her forefinger. She held it to her nose and said, 'Ooh, it smells.' They passed it to one another. 'It comes from the sea so how can it smell bad. It smells of the sea. Can not you tell? ' Innocent said. He sang in the Sunday school 'choir in church and he often had solo on on special days like Mother's day or Father's day. He rubbed his fingers against it and then lifted his palm to his face and sniffed. This group of boys and girls had not noticed Cynthia yet or were pretending not to notice her or they were waiting for her to go away and saw her as someone who would put a stop to what they were doing and tell them to go swimming with the Older kids or put their shoes and socks on again or they were simply ignoring her.

The day was almost through. The wind had picked up. The sun was setting. It was a radiant blur in the mid of the afternoon. The youth pastor's wife had yawned once or twice; Her filling glinting gold. Soon the children and their youth leaders would be packing up all their beloveds and making their way to the Putco bus with sand in their shoes, their hair wet, the warm sun on their clothes, their backs and as they went to sleep that night that Day's connection to the sea would still be there; It would have formed a tight yet minority part of Cynthia's life's journey.

It had been a great day. Cynthia had been transformed by it and nourished inwardly by it. She had made new friends; Owen, Winston, Paul, Anthony, Mzimkulu, Eunice, Hazel, Monica, Bulelwa, Judith, Beauty and Kethiwe. Girls and boys who also had English names like she had. The youth pastor was handing out sweets. She unwrapped her lolly and popped it into her mouth as she walked up the stairs into the bus. Her shorts were sticking to her legs.

She did not have any dry clothes to change into but she was smiling and she was happy; The blackness of her skin forgotten. The world around her rushed inside the rooms of her head that were once empty. Now they were filled with memories of her feeling comfortable and accepted as one of the gang; Even Princess had spoken to her.

She closed her eyes briefly, leaned back into the seat fitting the nape of her neck into the shiny, metallic groove of the headrest of the chair. She waved as the bus groaned and shook.

'All aboard.' Pastor Matthew said grinning, counting heads as the bus door swoosed closed.

Elegance in Hypnosis

Elegance.

Precision.

Grace.

Elegance is the removal of the unneeded, the act of stripping down until what’s left is that of total purity. It is coveted in the arts; the dancer whose flick of the wrist is a gesture of beauty, the painter who captures perfectly the essence of his subject in just a few strokes, the pianist whose song is of such dynamism that it doesn’t require the support of an orchestra but instead stands alone in glory. It is coveted in the sciences; the researcher meticulously plotting the human genes to unearthr the precise function of each one, the engineer making the minute calculations needed to ensure that the airplane will fly, the urban planner using spacial efficiency to find the equilibrium between individual comfort and city function. Elegance is a virtue of the optimum and is achieved only by those who are the masters of their craft.

In the field of hypnosis, elegance is crucial. Mostly due to the nature of the subject. Namely, that the subject is the most important thing that could ever be worked on: a human being. Because of this, the hypnotherapist cannot afford to be crude or messy. There is no room for collateral damage. Each move on the hypnotherapist’s part must be well thought out in order to achieve superlative results.

To illustrate this fact, we can compare helping a client successfully stopped smoking to opening the door of a locked room. One hypnotherapist may use a method of ceaseless repetition to rid his client of the smoking habit: “You are a non-smoker! You are a non-smoker! You are a non-smoker!” This is the equivalent of taking a battering ram to the door and trying to knock it down. It is coarse and harsh, and while it may get the job done eventually, it takes a long time and can be a messy situtation. Another hypnotherapist may use different methods, such as regression or parts therapy.

He listens to his client’s personal history with smoking and reasons for wanting to quit. While smoking is a common behaviour, every smoker has an individual relationship with cigarettes. By personalising his sessions to meet his client’s individual needs, this hypnotherapist will achieve maximum results with no wasted energy. This is the equivalent of finding the key and unlocking the door. It is the elegant approach to hypnotherapy. And of course, this is applicable to much more than just smoking cessation.

Another example of elegance verses boorishness can be seen with induction techniques. Not everyone responds in the same manner to each induction. While a certain technique may receive a positive response from one individual, it may be ineffective with someone else, regardless of how similar the people or their problems may be. And so it is vital for the hypnotherapist to be flexible with his inductions. He must pay close attention to the reaction of his client and to consistently be testing to see how deep into hypnosis his client is.

In fact, flexibility as a whole is crucial to retaining elegance during a hypnosis session. This means not working off of a script. Scripts take a one-size-fits-all approach; given that every person and situation is highly unique, it is obvious why scripts are less than ideal. Preconcived scripts leave no room for the client to respond or for the hypnotherapist to customise the session. If the hypnotherapist doesn’t feel comfortable “hypnotising by the seat of his pants” and needs to rely on some sort of system, then a branching flow chart approach is more practical than a linear process. This is because flow charts allow for a variety of potential responses and results to each scenario as well as for greater modification to be made on the hypnotherapist’s behalf so that he may be able to meet his client’s needs.

In order to be adaptive, the hypnotherapist must have a “toolbox” of methods available. This means being knowledgeable about and comfortable using a variety of hypnotherapy methods from different schools of thought. While it is understandable for the hypnotherapist to have a preference or to even deem one certain technique more “universally effective” than another, it is still necessary to have as extensive a set of options to work from as possible in order to best suit the client’s situation. Some hypnotherapists find it an asset to have studied various neuro-linguistic programming tactics and to fuse them into general practice. Regardless, it is essential to maintain an open mind when learning hypnotherapy and to continuously broaden the pallet of skills from which to choose from.

As previously mentioned, elegance is based upon purity, sacrificing extravagance for quality. When it comes to hypnotherapy, the more tailored a session is, the more elegant it becomes. And, also as previously mentioned, to personalise the session the hypnotherapist must be flexible and know which hypnotic tools best suit the situation. The primary way of determining how to personalise the session is through direct feedback from the client. The hypnotherapist must to know if he is moving too quickly or slowly, or if his methods are effective or need to be tweaked. Furthermore, it is not reasonable to rely on the client to make mention if the hypnotherapist’s techniques are failing to get the desired result. Instead, it is the hypnotherapist’s responsibility to invoke feedback and dialogue to ensure that what he is doing is productive.

On the whole, the hypnotherapist must remember that while it is important to keep his client’s desired destination in mind, he needs to be flexible about the way he uses to get there. He needs to be attuned to subtle cues during the session and react accordingly. Hypnotherapy is not a rigid activity, like army boot-camp, meant to mould a person into a predetermined shape. Instead, it is an opportunity for a person to grow and come into their own as an individual. And it is up to the hypnotherapist to be keenly aware of how to best allow this event to take place.

Elegance is the surgeon who knows exactly where to make the incision so as to repair the unhealthy organ without damaging the surrounding tissue. It is the haiku poet whose short verse strikes like a sword, unleashing a powerful wave of emotion upon the reader. It is the judo master whose simple movement is so directed that it knocks his bewildered assailant to the ground. And it is the hypnotherapist who is so acutely aware of the details occurring within the session that he is able to harmonise his practice with his client’s needs.