Renting Commercial Office Space – Top 10 Mistakes

Moving your business into new office space sounds exciting but there are a number of pitfalls that many businesses have found which has proved expensive and resource-intensive to rectify. Here are a few key areas that you need to think long and hard about before you may the big move.

Office Size
If you're unsure about the size of the office space you require then do not rent somewhere based on looks and facilities alone. If find an office that is too small you will have to move again in the near future if your business begins to grow. If you office space is tool large you will end up paying for space that you are not using which is inefficient and could prove a costly mistake.
A basic rule of thumb is to use 7 square meters for each employee. If you have a call center then you may be able to get away with less. Do not take more space than you need to without you are planning to expand or the space is offered at a fantastic rate.
If you are a small business you could try renting serviced offices until you find the right location and set up for your requirements. Serviced offices are slightly more expensive but tend to have shorter leasing agreements which means you have the flexibility to move should you need to. There are plenty of serviced office locations around so finding a lease to suit you should be fairly easy.

Cost of Premises
Make sure you never rent offices that you do not think you can afford. Business can fluctuate rapidly throughout the year so do not use your current trading as an indication of the future. Changes out of your control, such as the increase in VAT, can have a significant impact on your business so be wary and only rent what you can afford. It is better to know you can afford to relocate to larger offices further down the line than having to see out an expensive leasing contract that you can not afford. Do not get carried away by the glamor of some offices. There are plenty of opportunities to negotiate down on price.

Location of Premises
When moving into your new office space you need to think carefully about the location. Ask yourself if this is a good location for your business, its future growth, customers and your employees. If you rent office space in a cheap location with limited transport links, below par facilities and with a poor crime record you will struggle to find staff who will want to work there. Finding the right location is very much a balancing act. Try to weigh up costs against what you need and what your employees expect.
If your new office space is outside a main city you may struggle to find a high caliber of staff and you may also lose your existing staff. Cities do act as a magnet for talent and the more central you are, the easier it is to find them. Obviously, this comes at a cost.

On the flip side, there are also benefits to being situated just out of town. Many young people can not afford to live in the center of a city so basing your business on the skirts can also be advantageous. Any further than 10 miles from the center of town, however, can limit your appeal.

Poor Transport Links
Nobody likes spending 2-3 hours getting home from work each day. Therefore, make sure that you new offices suit you and your employees. If you already have people working for you, try to be as accommodating as possible to their needs and their family's needs. You will never please everyone but if you can base your decision around your most valued employees then you give yourself the best chance of keeping them.

Regardless of common belief, cities have very good transport links but due to the sheer number of people, some days feel like a complete 'rat race' and journeys can take far longer than expected. Think about transport back in the event of bad weather or disruption. Can your employees get into work via train, bus, tram, bike, car share, etc?

Also think about your customers. How often do they visit your business promotions? Does a location with poor transport links hinder the perception of your business?

Poor IT Infrastructure
So you have now found the office that you think is perfect for your business but have you investigated the IT and telephony infrastructure? Before you move into your new office space you need to make sure you have the systems to support your business. If you have no or limited broadband access, limited phone connections or connection points, you business may suffer as a result. Installing new systems and terminals is not a 5 minute job so make sure your new offices have, at the very least, the same set up as your current location. If you overlook this factor you could frustrate your employees and lose your customers. Do not underestimate the potential damage caused by a poor IT infrastructure. Try to negotiate this before moving in if the current systems are of a poor standard.

Limited Parking
If you are based in a city it is highly probable that some of your employees will travel to work by car, unless you are in the congestion zone that is. Parking is a serious considering for those who live away from easy accessible transport links or for those who live further out of town. Make sure you ask your existing employees how they plan to travel to work and see if you can negotiate parking spaces into the price. If you have forecasted to grow your work then remember to do the same with your parking allocation. Expecting employees to pay to park on a daily basis is not viable. How your work travel into work is not necessarily down to you but making sure they are happy when they reach work is. Try to research other local parking facilities available and may try to share parking spaces with a neighboring business.

Poor Natural Light
This sounds like an obvious one but nobody can function effectively in a poorly lit office with no windows or limited light. Basement offices can seem like a good idea but lack of natural light, especially in the winter months, can depress your work. Light is important if you are to maintain a good mood in the office and a positive environment. Make sure your new office space has plenty of natural light and also invest in artificial lighting to brighten up the place. Plants will also help to maintain a positive atmosphere.

Lack of Security
Your staff should be like your family and your beloved values ​​like your essentials at home. Therefore, high level security should not be underestimated. Make sure you back up everything all your systems information in another location and invest in an alarm system that will trigger an alert to the police within seconds should there be a break-in or fire.

Make sure your doors are reinforced; Your fire doors are locked at night and your windows are securely fastened and can withstand a potential break-in. You should also check for rotten frames or corrosion that could lead to windows or doors being easily removed by burglars. Security cameras are also recommended so you can record evidence in the event of a break in.

A break-in can seriously damage or even ruin your business. Make sure you take the correct steps to protect it, especially on the day you move in. Some burglars will watch you move in and then strike before you are settled. Do not be a victim!

Poor Disabled Access
Every business promises should have easy disabled access and out of the building. Without these access points you may limit yourself with regards to attracting new talent so make sure you have ramps, toilets and lift access if applicable. The Disability Discrimination Act states that you must make sure you have facilities of the same standard for people with disabilities as you have for those without. If these facilities do not already exist then try to negotiate the installation with your prospect landlord.

Unsafe Location
If you want to attract strong talent staff then you need to make sure your office location is a safe environment for them to travel to and from. Therefore, research your preferred choice to ensure your staff will be safe when they leave at night. Remember, winter months can be dark, especially if people leave the office late so easy access to local transport with strong street lighting should be sufficient.

Get Noticed With Good Manners

You never know where your next network reference will come from. Having good manners could get you noticed and make the difference in you landing the job you are seeking. Manners will leave a positive impression and help you to be remembered during your next interview. The first impression you provide for others is up to you, will it be a winning impression?

Whether in person or on the phone, being polite goes a long way. You’ve heard of or watched the scene play out on television where a person is running late and knocks down people, steals a taxi ride or cuts someone off in traffic to get to their interview or big meeting. Of course, when they reach their destination they find the person they were so rude to just a few minutes earlier is really the person they are in of impressing.

Don’t let that scenario happen to you. Practice improving your manners by starting small such as saying “thank you” or holding opens a door for someone. This will improve your manners and increase your joy during the day. Intentionally helping others always makes you feel better.

Another manner to work on is being friendly. By smiling at someone or asking how a situation is turning out, you show interest and using your manners will help develop friendly and productive rapports with others. It is often the simplest gestures that leave the most impact. Change how you choose to react to a situation by staying calm instead of yelling or making unkind remarks. Take a deep breath, smile or laugh to defuse yourself, this will help you remain calm and others from feeling uncomfortable.

One tip for improving your manners is to address people by using there name. Everyone loves to hear their name said. It will make others feel good and improve your relationship because they feel important. Remembering names however, can be very difficult so try a few of these tricks. First repeat the name a few times while you are in conversation with the person. While in the conversation find ways to associate their name with something to help you remember it. Secondly as someone comes toward you think of their particular name association so you will be ready to receive them using their name. It is definitely a habit that will take some practice before it gets easier. Start with people in the office or staff you see less frequently or those from other departments and work from there.

So, how is being nice, polite and friendly going to help you find a job? The professional benefits are endless! New networking contacts will be easier made when you are friendly to others including strangers. You never know how a little small talk can lead to finding your dream job. Helping someone catch the elevator or holding open a door can lead to conversations that just might put you in front of the CEO or hiring manager of a company you would love to work for. It might not be a direct meeting but you could be helping out the spouse, child or friend of a vital contact. You never know the impact you have on others. Try setting a goal of 3 or 4 daily acts of kindness. It will improve your job search and get you noticed.

It is important to use your manners on all the employees you meet while going through your interview process. Be friendly, smile, speak clearly and use proper English because a hiring manager will want a friendly, confident and well spoken employee to represent the company. After you have completed the interview don’t forget to send a thank you note to all participants of your interview process including the reference or contact that informed you of the job opening.

In today’s busy and competitive world manners still leave a positive impact. A friendly and inviting approach during your job search can make a real difference with networking activities and give you a competitive advantage over others with similar job skills and experience. Many times the race is close and it is the seemingly small things like manners that will make the difference and get you hired.

Royal Memorabilia – Smart Trading and Fake Dodging

This is my second article about trading royal memorabilia on eBay and other online auctions. We're going to explore just what items are really tradable, how and where to find your stock and mention some definite pitfalls to avoid.

As you already know, a wide range of products has been produced to commemorate fraud. You could decide to specialize in silver, plates, dolls, stamps, books, coins, jewelery, postcards, mugs, tea towels, glass, tins / boxes for makeup, photographs, T-shirts, paintings, newspapers, videos, royal trading cards And I'm sure you can also think of other categories. The list is intensive.

The more popular items have been produced in great numbers, so they're often easy to find and moderately priced. This means that you can quickly create a varied assortment of collectibles without having to spend too much. But in the long run, the most desirable and highest appreciating items have tended to be pottery / china, tins / boxes and glassware.

You need to be selective about what you trade. Items decorated with a royal portrait are more likely to attract good buyer interest than those without. If there is also an inscription, giving the name, date, special occasion etc, then this will also improve its saleability.

Remember too that the more fundamental and permanent the item, the better chance it has selling. Generally, items of pottery, china, glass are more bought after then say cloth or paper items such as photographs and autographs.

If you can, try to deal with memorabilia that already has a 'second chance' profit factor. For example, a Wedgwood or Royal Worcester commemorative plate or mug is already financially valuable from a manufacturers' perspective. The royal connection can simply add that extra icing on the profit cake!

So, where do we source our royal memorabilia?

For a start, have a good look around your own home. You might get a pleasant surprise at just what you can find. Charles and Diana items from 1981 are now beginning to rise in value and most of us bought something to commemorate this royal event. So check your cupboards, attic and garden shed.

Also, ask your friends and relatives if they have any items they want to sell. You could buy them for resale or consider selling them on their behalf through your online auction account. If nothing else, you can gain some valuable selling experience and a 'feel' for this market.

It's also a good idea to have a search around eBay itself and other auction sites for items. You can buy on one site, hopefully at a bargain price, and then relist on another and make a quick profit.

I've found that British royal items tend to sell better on but for slightly less on Using the other national sites tend to produce a poor response with very few bids.

If you have decided to trade in the more expensive, quality items (fine china, food boxes, glass etc) then offline auctions and antique shops can be a good source for stock. Offline auctions would be my preference as you have more chance of a bargain. A good antique dealer tends to know the value of his stock so the opportunity for buying at the 'right' price is more limited.

The saying 'Knowledge is Power' is definitely true in your stock hunting. It's always better to specialize, so that when an item shows in an offline auction, you have a realistic idea of ​​what it's worth. You can then use your in depth knowledge to buy at the best price and then make a good profit from your online sale.

Of course, do not forget your local junk shops, jumble sales, car boot sales, garage sales and charity shops in your search for stock. Bargains can still be found especially items referring to the present British Queen and the late Princess Diana. I recently bought a biscuit tin with a lid portrait of Prince Philip for just a £ 1 in a charity shop. It dated 1955 and I sold it for a very nice profit. Bargains are still to be found out there.

And a good tip when trading royal collectibles is to choose an area that is interesting and appeals to you. You can very quickly become an 'expert' in your own field and easily spot potential when trawling the junk and second hand shops. If you buy interesting items in good condition then a profitable sale is almost guaranteed.

Are there items you should definitely watch out for?

Memorabilia associated with King George III and the early reign of Queen Victoria are valuable if you can find them. Only a few items were produced to commemorate Victoria's coronation and the royal births. Not many have survived so prices can be high. A Queen Victoria coronation mug can easily demand £ 800 plus depending upon condition. So keep your eyes open!

Is there a down side in dealing in royal memorabilia?

Well, if you decide to get involved, you must be aware that there are many fakes and reproductions. This is especially true of the more impermanent items such as letters, cards, photographs and autographs. Items related to Princess Diana are a particular favorite of the unscrupulous forger and she is reported to be the 'most faked' royal ever with large quantities of bogus letters, autographs and signed photographs in existence.

So how can you safeguard against being duped?

Knowledge, research and common sense are your best defense. In the case of autographs, you can easily compare signatures and similar items with each other. Printed signatures are easily spotted, as they are sharp and distinct. Real signatures will often 'bleed' – the ink runs slightly from the stroke of the pen. This certainly helps you to check whether that royal signature is genuine or just a facsimile.

As a general rule, take care when you buy and do your homework if you intend to spend a lot of money. And the legal maxim-'Buyer Beware '- just about sums up the attitude you should adopt when searching for your royal items.

In my final article about royal memorabilia, I will be discussing the importance of selecting the right category for your listing so that you get the best prices for your items. And I'll also mention several useful websites to help you become more effective as a royal memorandum trader.

Until then, wishing you every success.

Off the Grid: TV Tries On Extreme Energy Efficiency

The Twilight Zone episode "The Midnight Sun" chronicles the last days of Earth through the eyes of two women.

Stuck in an apartment building, they try to hang on as the planet heats to an inferno.

A man with a gun steals their water, which is invaluable as most of it boils off into the atmosphere. He apologizes. Then the thermometer bursts, oil paintings melt and the women pass out.

A surprise ending reveals that the earth is actually spinning away from the sun, becoming inhospitably cold. The overheated scenario is revealed to be a fever-fueled nightmare of one of the women. Everybody's going to die but by freezing, not frying.

A darker view of the future

That TV show originally aired Nov. 17, 1961, near the height of the Cold War when many could see the end of the world, or at least imagine it. The Twilight Zone was severely alone reflecting the fears rife within popular culture. Horror films with political overtones experienced a renaissance. The anti-hero emerged. And negative realism supplanted much of the just-so attitude of the previous decade.

The economic collapse, the unknowns surrounding climate change and the threat of a finite supply of fossil fuels appears to be giving rise to similar doomsday sentiment. TV has taken up the challenge of answering the question: "What if life as we know it collapsed?" With a couple of slickly produced shows.

But 21st century popular culture doomsday is not obliteration, it's discussing life without the grid – a grim return to civilization without the niceties of electronics or central government.

Falling Skies

Watch "Falling Skies" on TNT for a glimpse into life without modern conveniences and an alien invasion threatening every remaining human. Every scene has a dark cast, while the stars worry about their next meals and never seem to have time for a shower.

The stand-out character is Colin Cunningham, who plays longhair and all around bad boy John Pope. Pope knows nothing is like it used to be and acts accordingly. His humanity, not all that sophisticated to begin with, gets tested occasionally with the sometimes soap opera story lines. But he comes through in a pinch when survivors need a weapon to kill the inviting "skitters."

Soon NBC will debut "Revolution," a JJ Abrams drama centered around doomsday. This time all electronics fail and the United States is plunged into a world better suited to 19th century lifestyles. Of course, the transition was not so fun with cities full of desperate and starving people, so the show begins at year 15 when "life is back to what it once was long before the industrial revolution: families living in quiet cul-de -sacs, and when the sun goes down, the lanterns and candles are lit. "

Of course, that will not last. Conflict is certain as, well, the next episode.

A beginner's guide

Chris Neiger jumps right into the issue writing a beginner's guide to living off the grid.

Neiger offers a straightforward approach. His target audience is the weekend enthusiast, the type who would like to experience a step back from technology and civilization but still keep it close.

"Some have already made the switch," he writes, adding that many more are considering severing ties.

Makes sense, especially in the eastern half of the United States where a major storm knocked out power at the end of June 2012. Residents lived days with stifling hot homes, backed up traffic because the lights did not work and an economy reduced to old -style ledgers and hauling water because the pumps do not work. Refrigerator dumping was a must. A massive storm knocked down utility poles like toothpicks and cut power to an estimated 1.8 million.

Those folks got a taste of what could be. Most would prefer that the permissions keep the peace, that utility workers put up new poles and string new wire.

Fun with electromagnetics

But what if some terrorist organization set off an electromagnetic pulse bomb (a scenario chronicly beautified by author Theresa Shaver in her book, "Land") or if the sun sent a massive solar flare our way?

Dan Vergano of USA Today describes an EMP this way: "Whether powered by geomagnetic storms or by nuclear blasts, their resultant intense magnetic fields can induce ground currents strong enough to burn out power lines and electrical equipment across state lines."

Nice. Like that, we go from civilized to candle power.

Of course, this kind of situation has nothing to do with the living green. But if the above scenario took place, the practice would indeed have merit. Sure, some now may be considering an alternative energy lifestyle. But they appreciate the finer things we've developed as a nation. My use of doomsday is for illustrative purposes only.

What would it take?

Being forced into alternative energy is hardly optimal.

Neiger's piece did make me think, however.

He spells out what it takes. First you'll need power. The average American home uses 11,496 kilowatt hours of electricity, according to the US Energy Information Administration. Neiger suggests combining wind and solar systems. Not that this setup would be immune from a natural or wartime electromagnetic blast. But it could likely be repaired. I advise adding some backup lead-acid bus batteries.

The off-grid home also would need access to water. This can be done through a well and a submersible pump, which requires power. Waste water needs a septic system. Gray and black water can be separated, reducing the load on the septic tank.

Then there's heat. Neiger suggests propane, which can be delivered cheaply and would also be used for the cook stove, a water heater and fridge. A very reliable alternative for heat is wood. Modern wood stoves reach an extremely high interior heat, reducing smoke. Tip: well insulated homes need less fuel to heat or cool.

"Many people who go off the grid make gradual steps to energy self-savings," Neiger writes. "It starts with conservation and then snowballs into alternative energy sources."

Neiger says to expect to spend money. And that's true. However, the more basic package is relatively cheap.

On Jones Road

I grow up off grid. Really not that big a deal. Were civilization to collapse when I was a kid living in the sticks in Fairbanks, Alaska, I suspect we'd be fine. I'd get a little more sick of salmon, moose and rabbit, but not much else would change.

We had multiple buildings, super-insulated and not real big. We had a septic tank for gray water. That's sink water by the way. The outhouse required a 50-foot sprint on cold days. Mom bought the 10 acres for $ 7,500 in 1970 and built an 18-by-32 foot two-story house, a separate eight-sided sauna and barn for about $ 18,000. Expect to pay more today, but keeping it simple reduces costs.

We melted snow in winter, collected rain water in summer. We did get electricity, but many of our neighbors lived too far to afford installing poles. They used candles and kerosene.

We heated our house with wood. I cut it up in summer, split and stacked it in massive piles and burned it when the snow started to fly. Some neighbors used coal from the Usibelli Mine delivered once a year.

A post by Spy Vondega on says, "Some of those who opt for the simple life are driven by environmental concerns or religious beliefs; others fear economic collapse; and some just enjoy hunting and fending for themselves."

And some may choose to do it as an investment.

How to Clean a Commercial Meat Slicer at Home – 5 Steps to Cleaning an Industrial Meat Slicer

How do you clean a commercial meat slicer or industrial meat slicer at home? Alright, you now have your cool, reliable, and tough commercial meat slicer. You finally had the chance to slice some of your favorite meats, like ham, beef, or turkey. Now you have to wash your meat slicer but where do you begin? We’ll show you how.

Step 1

The first step for cleaning a commercial meat slicer is to first turn off the power and set the blade adjustment to 0. This is for your safety to prevent cuts and unintentional power ups.

Step 2

We are going to wipe away the big debris and crumbs first. Take a paper towel and gently wipe from the top of the slicer down to the loading tray. Be sure to knock down the chunks stuck in crevices and corners. Scoop up the crumbs and throw away.

Step 3

You will need to fill up a small bucket of very warm to hot water and add a little bit of dishwashing soap. Take the damp towel and start wiping the whole slicer down, from top to bottom. Make sure you wipe in a ‘towards the body’ motion to prevent any accidental cuts to your hands. If the water is too dirty, go and add a fresh load of soapy water.

Step 4

You will need to sanitize the slicer to prevent any microbes from forming. A spray gun bottle is best for this. You will need to fill the bottle with water and bleach solution. Generally, a safe amount of bleach would be two cap fulls.

Step 5

You will now need to dry and cover up the slicer. Take a paper towel and dry down the wet spots on the slicer. Then you will need to cover the slicer with slicer cover. If a slicer cover is not available, you can use a clean, unused trash bag to cover the slicer. This will help prevent dust and microbes from landing on the slicer overnight or any extended period of time.

Now you know how to clean a commercial meat slicer at home. This will help to keep you and everyone else safe. Now go and enjoy you new slicer again!

Walleye Jigs

Jigs are extremely effective for walleye fishing in moving water as well as still water situations, as most anglers well know. However, anglers often get interested in hard bodied minnow baits like crank and jerkbaits and tend to neglect jigs, because often times the plastic body on the end of the jig is a grub or creature that doesn’t look much like the forage walleye have access to.

The plastic bodies that can be put on jigheads offer a cheap, yet productive, alternative to expensive minnow baits that are reaching sky high prices. Anglers with boats may have no problem freeing six dollar crankbaits from gnarly snags, but the shore fisherman usually must part with his prized lure because it is just too impossible to get.

The beauty of fishing with jigs is that you can get a heavy lure for a relatively cheap price. If you want to fish deep , fast moving river current use 3/4oz to 1oz jigs. These jigs can be had for low prices, but don’t go into a big national discount store and expect to find them for rock bottom prices. Go online to look for great deals on jigheads and plastic baits to add to them, like grubs , hellgramites, leech imitations and paddle minnows.

The best place I have ever found for fishing tackle on the internet is Ebay. You will find amazing deals that exist nowhere else, and you can support fellow fisherman who pour lead jigheads and plastic baits in their spare time to make some extra money.

Just use the search tool to look for the jig heads and plastic bodies that you want. Don’t immediately buy the first bunch of jigheads that you see. The prices vary widely and some sellers will rip you off on the shipping if they can, so watch that shipping carefully. A good seller will be able to give you a very good price on jig heads because they can get flat rate envelopes from the post office and jam as many many jig heads as they want in there as long as it doesn’t exceed the size of the envelope or box. And when you ship lead this is a huge savings.

Go for bigger jigs too , as well as smaller ones. You can find 1oz jig heads for very reasonable prices on Ebay. These will help you get to the bottom fast in big rivers and the depths of the Great Lakes. A big jig provides a good profile to get winter walleye on the feed interested in your offering. Additionally, when fishing in windy conditions, big jigs allow you to feel your jig and the contact it makes with the bottom much better.

So, don’t forget the jigs when you go blow your paycheck next time, you’ll end up with much more lures as opposed to when you buy ridiculously priced hardbaits. And go on eBay to hunt down deals. Cheap lures makes fishing much more enjoyable and successful. If you’re not afraid to lose lures you can really get into the snag infested places that walleye love to hide.

How to Incorporate Tasty, Inexpensive Salmon Into Your Bagged Lunch

In these times of economic hardship, Americans are looking to cut back on unnecessary expenses to try to keep their budgets in check. For many, what used to be common lunch trips to restaurants now seem like expensive luxuries, and are being cast aside along with shopping for new wardrobes and fancy cell phone upgrades. But for those who are used to eating out a few times a week, especially during the workday, the austerity and repetitiveness of the bagged lunch can be a bummer. The endless alternation of ham and cheddar and tuna and mayo can drive one insane.

But instead of giving up and blowing your budget, you can find ways to spice up your bagged lunch routine by incorporating pink and red Alaska canned salmon in place of your standard deli meats and canned tuna.

While most Americans eat canned tuna, and have at least heard of canned sardines, fewer have used pink and red Alaska canned salmon, and this lack of familiarity can cause hesitation when you see the unknown tins on the supermarket shelf. But fear not, this convenient product is made from the freshest, most delicious wild Alaska salmon and can be used in a number of standard sandwiches and recipes. Here are some ideas for how to salmon into your bagged lunch today:

1. The salmon melt

Just like tuna, pink and red Alaska canned salmon tastes great in a sandwich. You can mix it with mayo, yogurt, oil, or vinegar, depending on taste and diet requirements. But remember that salmon has a very strong, distinct taste, so you might want to consider a milder cheese to pair with this fish, such as provolone or mild cheddar.

2. On top of a spinach salad with cherry tomatoes and goat’s cheese.

One of the major pluses of including pink and red Alaska canned salmon into your diet is the health benefits. As an oily fish, salmon provides a power-punch of omega-3 fatty acids, which are thought to promote heart health and protect against strokes and degenerative mental diseases such as Alzheimer’s. But you can easily counteract some of the health benefits if you drown the fish in mayo and cheese. So consider putting it on a fresh salad instead.

More Moped Driving Tips

In a scooter online forum, a lady inquired about how to drive a moped for the first time. She bought an electric moped because she had seen a lot of people in her town driving one, and the idea of saving money on gas was very appealing. But she was very frustrated, because when the time to ride her moped came, she did not know what to do with it. She asked, “Is there a guide available online that will teach me how to operate a moped?”

In my opinion, this is not an isolated cry for help. A lot of people are buying mopeds and electric bicycles out of necessity, because they are cheaper to buy and operate. Some of them might not have a previous experience with motorized scooters and eventually will be facing the same problem. This article is an attempt to help first time moped drivers to get it rolling. So, what do I do when I don’t know what to do with my moped scooter?

Firstly, you need to know the physics of riding any two-wheeled vehicle. We know that a bike stays upright when it is steered to keep its center of mass over its wheels. This steering is usually supplied by a rider, or in the case of a motorized scooter, by the bike itself. Basically, the challenge is to keep your body in balance. A good training for moped riding would be, to learn how to keep your balance while riding in a regular bike. If you know how to drive a bicycle, you won’t have problems driving a moped. There is one difference though, that you have to keep in mind: in driving motorized bikes, mopeds and motorcycles, speed is your friend. By this, I mean that when you drive your moped, you have to keep the inertia, so that it won’t fall over. While it is an everyday occurrence to see a bike rider keeping balance in a very slowly pace, or even in a motionless state, with motorized bikes, mopeds and motorcycles, the slower you go, the less stable and balanced you will be.

Secondly, you need to get familiar with the process of starting the engine. There are a few key components located on the front part of your moped that are vital to its safe operation. Here is what you need to do: take the time to locate and get acquainted with all those components. Keep in mind that there can not be a universal set of instructions to operate all mopeds, because they vary according to the brand, model, size and source of power.

  • You must locate the ignition switch. Once you find it, turn it on with a key, much the same way you would in a car.
  • Then, find the start switch. Most mopeds come with a start switch, which must be in the “on” position. If it has a kill switch, it must also be in the “run” position.
  • Depending on the brand, you might need to quickly kick one of the pedals in order to start the moped’s motor.
  • Situate the throttle grip, which is the bar where the hands usually go to maneuver. If the motor is on, you control speed by twisting this grip. If you twist it forward, the machine gets decelerated; if you twist it backwards the speed increases. It behooves you then, to learn how to use this speed control. In order for the moped to roll forward, slowly twist the grip backwards. As you gain confidence, you will increase the speed.
  • Before you start rolling, make sure you know where the brake levers are. You can’t miss them. They are located at the two extremes of the moped handlebar. They serve to slow down or stop the vehicle. It is very important to learn how to balance the two. The right lever serves to apply the front brake, and the left lever is for the rear. To avoid unnecessary accidents, make sure you apply steadily increasing pressure to both brake levers simultaneously.
  • Before you take off, make sure the mirrors are positioned correctly, that you know where the switch to activate the headlight beams is.
  • Once the moped is moving, put you feet off the ground and into the footrest platform, or in other cases, on the pedals.

Thirdly, make sure you implement these steps for the first time in an isolated area, where traffic would not be a factor that add to the stress of the new experience, or put in danger your physical integrity, or that of others.

Lastly, when you finish your ride, take these steps in reverse. Decelerate, stop the vehicle, put your feet on the ground, turn off all switches, get your keys, lower the kickstand to settle the moped and make sure you leave it in a secure place, with the safety devise locked.

If you follow these tips, you will surely enjoy your first ride on your new moped scooter. I can assure you it will be a thrilling experience. But first you need to know the physics involved in riding a moped. It’s all about balance. The faster it goes, the easier to keep balance; the slower we go, it becomes a lot more difficult to keep balance. Also, you need get familiar with the different components your moped has on the front part. Don’t be afraid to test them. It will not be difficult to learn how to use them properly. It would be ideal for an experienced driver to teach you how to operate your moped, but the next best thing you could do is to heed the tips given in this article. Have a safe ride!

Reading the Clouds: Weather Watching

In California, late autumn usually means the door to Pacific storms starts swinging wide open, bringing snow to the high country. Regardless of where you live, weather affects your daily life, but is especially important for people who spend time outdoors. Naturally, skiers and other winter-sports enthusiasts will be listening to the latest weather reports before they head to the high country. But once they are out gliding across the crystal blanket or hiking in potentially foul weather, they may not have a radio or television or reliable cell phone service available to check on that storm the forecasters said was coming.

However, approaching storms give hints of their impending arrival at least several hours ahead. The following aids can help decipher those clues:

“A Field Guide to the Atmosphere” by Vincent J. Shaefer and John A. Day (Houghton Mifflin).

As the title suggests, this book is about more than weather forecasting. As all the books in the Peterson Field Guide Series, its primary purpose is identification – in this case, clouds, rainbows, glories, haloes, and other atmospheric phenomena. For this, it has numerous drawings, plus 336 black-and-white and 32 color photographs.

Because the atmosphere isn’t just something to identify, but also is an ever-changing system to observe, the book devotes much space to discussing the processes at work in the ocean of air. It is as much for the skier who wonders how a high, icy cirrus cloud can give the sun a halo as it is for the backcountry snow camper who wants to know if he’ll have to dig his way out of his tent the next morning.

“Weathering the Wilderness” by William E. Reifsnyder (Sierra Club Books).

The subtitle to this book is “The Sierra Club Guide to Practical Meteorology.” It is written with the outdoor recreationist in mind. The first part of the book is a basic course in the whys and wherefores of winds and storms. Of particular interest to the would-be forecaster is a table that shows how different weather conditions – pressure (for which you’ll need an altimeter/barometer to measure) wind, clouds, precipitation, temperature, humidity, and visibility – change as frontal systems approach and pass. Incidentally the chapter on “Weather Hazards”, especially its discussion of wind chill, hypothermia, and avalanches should be of particular interest to the skier.

The second part concerns the general weather patterns of various regions across the United States and Canada, including the Sierra Nevada and it’s usually mild, wet winters that produce good skiing conditions.

Pocket Weather Trends (Weather Trends Inc.)

This device is the handiest of the three forecasting aids. It resembles a simple slide rule. A slide holder has 6 boxed areas on its face with photos and descriptions of different cloud types. Each box has eight compass directions. Each slide – one for each of several regions – has a black mark in the middle that is lined up next to the wind direction within the box that corresponds to the cloud type observed overhead. Then at two horizontal windows – one for November through April the other for May through October – the slide will show you the forecast for the next 12 – 36 hours.

These books are all available on Amazon.

In addition to books or charts, there are handheld weather instruments a recreationist can carry with them. Accurate measurements of weather conditions can take the guesswork out forecasting. Companies such as Kestrel, Ambient Weather, Speedtech, Weather Mate, and Davis Instruments make handheld devices that can measure temperature (current, maximum and minimum), pressure, elevation, wind speed, relative humidity, dew point, and other measures. Plus, they are all either water resistant or waterproof. These are available directly from the manufacturer, recreation stores, or online.

When Behavior Problems Traumatize Siblings

Q: What do the other children in the family experience when they have a brother or sister who's hostile or acts out chronically?

It's traumatizing when something hurtsful happens to you, and you can not control it, you can not stop it, you can not predict how hurtful it's going to be, and you can not predict when or whether it's going to happen. Children who grow up with a chronically defiant, oppositional sibling grow up in an environment of trauma. They do not know when they're going to be verbally abused. They do not know when their things are going to be broken. They do not know when there's going to be a major break in the kitchen, and someone's going to be restrained as they're yelling and screaming. Often, acting out kids target their siblings as sources of power. It makes them feel powerful to say mean or abusive things or to hurt their siblings. They like that feeling of power, so they do it over and over again.

Several things happen in the mind of a child who lives with this kind of trauma. First, the siblings of acting out kids became used to witnessing outbursts, and it has a negative effect on them in the long run. These are people who grow up willing to accept higher levels of abuse in their marriages and their friendships. They become desensitized to disrespect and abuse. They become numb to how it really feels to be called a name. They tolerate higher levels of disrespect and abuse in other areas of their life once they become adults. Their ability to be assertive also diminishes.

They learn not to assert themselves. They learn how to avoid people and situations, and it can hamper their social skills. In our world, a certain degree of assertiveness is necessary to communicate in a way that gets your needs met, and these kids do not learn how to do that.

I've worked with the siblings of kids who act out in my practice, and they are, by and large, nice kids, but they have a lot of problems asserting what the problem is with their sibling and confronting it. They make a lot of excuses for their sibling's behavior and abuse. They tend to defend him to outsiders, and it develops a very unhealthy social persona in them.

Q: The child with the behavior problem tends to get most, if not all of the attention in the family. What effect does this have on the other children?

My experience is that this manifests itself in two ways. One is that the sibling becomes what is called a "lost child." This is a child who avoids family situations. When a family discussion starts to get a little heated, this kid disappears into his room. As things get more complex and as he gets older, he stays in his room more. He avoids conflict and confrontation. In emotionally charged situations such as dinnertime, the lost child will tend to avoid dinner because the acting out child uses it as a forum for his aggression. The lost child will tend to say he's not hungry or his stomach hurts. Anything to get away from the tension and abuse.

On the other end of the spectrum, kids will develop higher levels of attention-seeking behavior that we call "adaptive responses." For example, a child who's adapted to a calamitous situation at home shows his adaptive response in school by hiding out. He does not raise his hand. He does not get involved in group activities. He uses an avoidance adaptation in school that makes him stand out as if there's something socially wrong with him, and it's how he's adapted at home. Some kids will act out even more than the hostile sibling, although this is rare.

An adaptive response to trauma means avoidance of anxiety and hyper arousal-in other words, watching out for trouble, listening very carefully to catch wind of tension, always remaining on high alert for hostility so that they can catch the pain before it comes.

Q: What should parents do to minimize the negative effects of the acting out child on the other children in the family?

The first thing parents have to do is make every effort to make the sibling safe. And that leads to them not holding the acting out, abusive kid accountable. No matter what he does.

If parents are afraid of backtalk because it makes them feel powerless, it's very likely that they'll tell the defiant child to stop doing it, and the child will say, "I do not have to listen to you." The parent feels as though there's nothing they can do about it, and that leads to them not hold the child accountable because they do not want to be embarrassed and feel powerless. Inevitably, parents stop setting the limits. The result is the other children in the family wonder who's really in control, and they identify the acting out kid as the person in charge. As the defiant child acquires more power, the siblings challenge him less and give in to him more.

However, if a parent does tell a kid, "Stop that. It's not acceptable" and turns around and walks away, and the kid says, "Screw you," the siblings do not see him as powerful; They see him as primitive. That's the important thing. If the parent holds the child with the behavior problem accounting and takes away his "power," the siblings see the parent as in control and see the kid as out of control. Most important, the parent brings the environment of trauma for the siblings. Instead of wondering when the pain and chaos will erupt next, they will know the parent is in control and nothing will erupt.

It's also important to have a "safety plan." Just as families are encouraged to have a plan of action if there's a fire (where to meet, how to get out, what to do), I have always encouraged families to sit down and talk about how they can help the acting out child. Do this without the child being present.

I have taught parents to say this: "If Johnny starts acting out, I'm going to deal with him. I'd like you to go to your room for five minutes. Is to leave him alone. Do not feed into him. Do not fight with him Just let me know. " When parents set up this structure, the siblings have a plan for what to do when this kid starts to melt down. When they know what to do, it reduces their feeling of panic and helps them to ease the trauma.

The plan should be framed as how can we help Johnny. Parents should say openly, "We're going to help Johnny by holding him responsible for his behavior and setting limits. But Johnny does not always respond to that, and sometimes it takes us a while. To stay out of it and go inside. "

Remember that trauma comes from not feeling that you have any control over the situation. If the children have a plan for what to do, then it's not traumatizing because they have some control. The situation may be annoying and frustrating for them, but it's not traumatizing.

How to Begin Public Speaking for Business

Various surveys have revealed that the fear of Death is no match for the stark Terror of speaking before a group in public. Apparently most people would choose an early entrance into their eternal destiny rather than look stupid for a brief nanosecond of time. Like most decisions related to eternity, this view is extremely short-sighted, as the benefits of preparing for both far outweigh any perceived disadvantages.

Speaking in Public has Important Benefits

* You become very good at organizing your message

* People look to you as an authority in your field

* Opens many doors for you and/or your business

* Gives you exposure to the leaders in your community and industry

* You will establish valuable contacts and friendships

Few Are Born Public Speakers

I used to be the geeky unpopular kid no one wanted on their team. As would be expected, such a situation can be tough on one’s sense of self-worth. When I was entering 7th grade I signed up for a semester of Electronics, already being well-acquainted and skilled with the soldering iron. But all the guys wanted this into this course, so when I looked at my new schedule, instead of Electronics it said, Speech and Drama.

Say what?

Frozen in panic, fear and disbelief, I was suddenly thrust into a social situation dominated by kids who, unlike me, were usually both popular and attractive. But what was even worse, I was almost instantly given a prepared speech which I was to deliver first to the class, and then 3 times in a regional Speech Contest. To be held on a Saturday, no less.

The speech was a bit of a stand-up comedy routine, and as I stood before a room full of other contestants that Saturday morning, my terror very quickly turned to something very different. After the first joke or two, I was getting laughs. By the time my 5 minutes were up, I was feeding on the positive response and glowing to the sound of applause. This was a life-changing event for me, kind of like a childhood trauma in reverse.

But I learned something very important: It really is true-The only thing you have to fear is fear itself.

People Respect You When You Can Speak in Public

I have already mentioned the fear most people have at the very idea of speaking in public. It’s this primal terror they feel that gives them awe and respect for someone who can confidently stand before a crowd and deliver a powerful, interesting, informative, and entertaining presentation. The very fact that you can do this causes people to consider you an expert authority for your topic. Creating this kind of presentation is not difficult if you follow some well-established guidelines. Here are some things that have worked very successfully for me, so they should work very well for you.

Do What You Fear Most

Assuming you are like most people and have a fear of Public Speaking, it’s vitally important that you deaden that fear by repetition. Speaking before a small group of people who will encourage and critique will help you gain confidence in your ability, train you to break bad habits and establish good ones, and allow you to develop a personal style. Toastmasters International was created to help you with these very things, and attending the weekly meetings should be the first thing on your list in preparation for what lies ahead. When you join you will receive a membership kit with assignments for different types of speeches and topics which you will complete before the club members. This will give you experience and develop your hidden talents.

Prepare and Practice

The best advice I can give you is to Over-Prepare for your presentations. The more you prepare and practice, the more confident you will be. This confidence is very important for your audience to see. We have all seen speakers that we didn’t truly believe. Regardless of what you think about the politics of Ronald Reagan, friend and foe alike regarded him as “The Great Communicator.” Reagan was always at ease before a crowd. He was able to inspire and motivate, and easily transitioned between humorous and serious. And people believed him.

When I prepare to give a presentation, whether before a small group or large, I practice my talk all the way through, twice each day. For over a month. Prior to that I spend whatever time it takes researching, organizing and writing my talk until I am satisfied it is the very best I can do. And then I work on it some more.

Use Props and Projectors

The use of Visual Aids serves two purposes. The most important for you is that they give you something to do and hide behind. Nothing is tougher than standing almost naked (in your best suit, of course) in front of a crowd with nothing at all between you and them. It can be done, but it takes a great deal more work and practice. Assuming you are speaking for the purpose of enhancing your business presence and don’t have the time to hone your skills to that of a professional actor, using an assortment of props removes much of the attention away from you and involves your audience in something else. This is good for you, but it’s good for your audience as well because props make your presentation much more interesting and engages more of their senses.

I’ve seen speakers use balloons, white boards, Tinker Toys, beach balls, milk bottles, playing cards-the supply is endless when you start getting creative. But you must make absolutely sure each prop somehow ties in completely with your talk. It’s always fun when your prop at first appears to be totally out place, only to end up the perfect illustration by the end of the sequence. Your audience will appreciate your cleverness.

PowerPoint presentations can work wonderfully, as you get to stand in the dark and direct all attention to the screen and away from you. But the caveat here is to avoid the “Dilbert” presentation with an endless stream of white pages and black text. Your audience will fall asleep in no time. My best presentations are full of graphics. I try to place some kind of picture on every slide, even it’s only a small one. Then other slides will have large illustrations with little text. This works great for transitions from subject to subject. I once gave a talk where the first part was Bullet Points. I could see the people’s eyes collectively glazing over. But as soon as the Stock Market charts came up I could see people literally pop up in their seats and a sleepy room suddenly came alive.

If your presentation is longer than 30 minutes, break it up with some Q&A. I place a slide with a big question mark at the end of each section. Taking questions at predetermined times during your talk keeps the audience involved, but it controls the flow. Saving all questions until the end of a long presentation frustrates people. But if they know they can ask their question within the next 10 minutes they will wait patiently.

A very important thing to establish in advance is what equipment will be available to you. If you prepare your PowerPoint on a desktop computer but you don’t have a laptop, make sure the group to whom you are speaking has some type of PC available. Save your presentation on a disk, and on a thumb drive to ensure you have a backup method of delivery. Include the PowerPoint Viewer so you are not dependent on whatever software you discover at the last minute is not present on the borrowed computer. If you have your own laptop, even better. Be sure it is capable of attaching to most projectors. Projectors are expensive, so assuming you don’t have your own, confirm in advance that they provide the projector. Find out what model, if possible. And always carry your own laser pointer.

You Are the Humble Authority

Always assume 95% of your audience knows almost nothing about your subject. All of your study, research, and preparation have made you the expert and authority. This will help you to be confident. But also assume the other 5% of your audience can run circles around you with the great depth of knowledge and experience they have with your topic. This will help you stay humble.

It’s this combination of confidence and humility that will attract people to you. You will attract follows that pay you and mentors who guide you. Continue learning your subject and honing your skills. Always have a presentation ready and seek business and community groups for speaking opportunities. Such groups need speakers on a continual basis. And they are looking for knowledgeable, entertaining speakers who will speak for free. That would be you.

Don’t Forget to Close the Sale

Obviously, the reason you are going through all this effort is to help build your business, so never lose sight of your goal. Your presentation is a selling opportunity. The last slide of your PowerPoint should include your most important contact information: your logo, website URL, phone number at the very least should be visible. Leave this slide on the screen as you answer questions at the end of your talk.

You may want to have hard copy handouts for the entire group, or at least for the important players from the group to hand out later. Never distribute your handouts before your presentation or your audience may be tempted to skip ahead and you will lose their attention.

Always have plenty of business cards handy. I bring many more than I need. If you have a dynamite brochure or FAQ sheet, have those available, as well.

If you have a published book, by all means bring as many copies as you can and arrange for someone to be at the table handling the sales. In a corporate setting your books should be part of your fee and will be handed out free to the attendees. Hand-signed, of course!

Have your presentation available as a PDF file. Talk to as many people from the group as possible and determine who has a website that would benefit from your knowledge. Offer to give them your PDF presentation to post on their website. Or offer to give them the HTML webpage of your talk. Both of these methods are excellent ways of getting Backlinks-and sometimes some pretty good ones.

During your initial talks with the group setting up your speaking engagement, be sure to mention these options up front, as it makes you appear prepared and professional. One group I spoke to recorded my presentation, dubbing the audio onto my PowerPoint. It remains on their website to this day. Software tools like Camtasia Studio can do this too, so you may wish to have an MP4 of your presentation on hand for them.

Public Speaking is both challenging and rewarding. Hopefully I have inspired you to take your business to the next level. You won’t regret it!

Facts That Will STOP Your Addiction To Food

Dieting can be a slow process and it can take a long time to see results. So it's understandable because people sign up to weight loss fast diets which claim you can shed pounds in just a few weeks.

It's tempting to sign up to one of these diets when you hear claims that you can "lose 30 pounds in 6 weeks" or "i lost 5 pounds in my first week", but it is important to know the truth about them. This article will look at some of the things you need to know.

Weight Loss Fast Diets

These diets are also known as "crash diets". There are many available on the market and each has its own claims that it holds the secret to losing weight fast. Some weight loss fast diets tell you to eat just 1000 calories a day, to cut out all carbohydrates or to drink milkshakes instead of meals. Sound like hard work? That's because it is!

Depriving Yourself

Fundamental to all these weight loss fast diets is DEPRIVATION. Basically you are starving your body of something it needs. When you starve your body you are more likely to give up and binge eat, which will lead to weight gain.

Health Risks

You could be depriving your body of vital vitamins and minerals it needs to stay healthy. What are the results of a non-balanced diet?

  • Bad skin
  • Weak immune system: more likely to get ill
  • Tiredness and feeling lethargic
  • Loss of concentration
  • Dry tired looking hair

Yo-Yo effect

The most ironic thing about weight loss fast diets is for most people you end up GAINING weight long term. These diets are not maintained so ever you will return to your old eating habits. You will find when you return to eating normally your body will put on weight easily. This will mean you will need to go on another diet to lose weight again. This is the vicious circle, hence the yo-yo effect.

So How To Lose Weight?

Basically these diets do not work long term because they are impossible to maintain. You may think they are OK short term to lose weight and then you'll stop. However they often lead to actually gaining weight.

The best solution is making PERMANENT decisions and changing your eating habits, realistically to something that can be maintained. By trying a permanent diet plan you are much more likely to maintain the realistic dieting. Long term this will lead to weight loss which is kept off for life.

The key is consistency, patience and permanent, healthy eating plans .

How Much Money Do You Need to Retire?

It's amazing to me how many of us go through our working years without too much thought of how we'll live when we retire. Thing is- we want to be able to stop working at some point and enjoy our retirement years, but the only way to do that is to be financially prepared.

How do you know how much money you will need to retire? Try the following steps:

1. Calculate the cost of your current living expenses. Statistics say that when we retire, we will need around 70% of the income we live on while working. This is probably not an accurate figure for most of us anymore, since we tend to live longer than we used to, retire earlier than we used to which means we tend to travel and have more entertainment expenses when retired, and then do not forget That as people age more medication and visits to the doctor are typically required.

It's not wise to depend on Social Security for those of us in are 20's now, since there is no real guarantee the money will be there when we're ready to retire, but right now people retiring can expect Social security to replace 45% of Income for middle-income American's.

If your home will be paid off before you retire, you will not have to worry about paying a mortgage, but older homes tend to need more money for maintenance costs.

If you are able to pay off your debt before you retire, you will not have to make monthly payments for credit cards or loans, which can reduce your living expenses consideringly what they may be now.

2. Determine your desired retirement income. Some people are able to cut costs dramatically when they retire (as discussed above, paid off mortgages and becoming debt free can make a huge difference to the amount of income you need), while others plan additional expenses for their retired years that actually requires having More money during retirement than when working.

If you plan to travel to visit family or for vacations, your income will need to be able to support the traveling lifestyle. Many retired people look forward to traveling, and if this is your intention you'll want to be sure your income is enough to make it happen.

Are you going to relocate? Some retired individuals or family move to another state or location with a lower cost of living and this can help you reduce your necessary living expenses. Plus, if you sell a house you might have a profit to add to your retirement fund, or to use towards the purchase or rental of a less expensive home.

When you are retired- will you have any sources of income? Some people work part time because they want to do something, others have passive sources of income through businesses they own or investments made. This will reduce the amount of money you need to save for retirement.

3. Remember to account for inflation. Life is more expensive with every passing year, so you have to consider that when figuring the amount needed for your retirement years. For example, the amount you can live on comfortably in your first year of retirement may be tight during the fifth year and not enough during your tenth year! Experts say to absorb an an inflation rate of 3%.

4. Try to predict the number of years you will be retired. How old do you want to be when you retire? Ok, now how old will you realistically be when you retire? (These two numbers are usually very different!) Then think about how many years you will live beyond your retirement day. You can use life expectancy calculators or you could just guess, but you need to have an estimate of years in order to estimate the amount of money you need for retirement.

5. Plan, budget, figure it out. What you can do is add up the money you'll need each year of retirement, accounting for inflation and your lifestyle, and then add up the money for each of the years you'll be retired. Then, save. Most people find their retirement number to be out of reach for regular savings, so you'll probably want to use investment strategies to help you reach your number. A financial advisor can be extremely helpful with this. It's recommended that you set aside 15% of your gross annual income for retirement.

CNN Money offers an interactive retirement calculator you can use to help figure out costs.

Light Bulb Types For Your Home

Halogen Light bulb

Halogen bulbs are really a kind of incandescent light that give off a powerful light having greater color temperature ranges compared to non-halogen incandescent lamps. Halogens are normally utilized in track illumination systems, ultramodern lighting fixtures, as well as, contrary to popular belief, car headlights. The power of the light tends to make halogen lamps great for task lighting. Halogen bulbs often at first are more expensive compared to non-halogen incandescent light bulbs however compensate for the difference by having a much longer life-span (approximately 2,000 to 2,500 hours) and greater energy-efficiency.

The problem using halogen bulbs is due to the simple fact that they generate a large amount of heat. As a result halogen lights are a poor option for workspaces in the vicinity of a halogen light and for baby’s bedrooms on account of issues of safety. Be aware that you shouldn’t touch a halogen lightbulb using uncovered hands or even leave combustible substances close by. It’s a good idea never to leave with the lamps on for an extensive time without having somebody nearby.

Fluorescent Bulb

You probably affiliate fluorescent lights together with the long fittings seen in kitchen areas, washing rooms, and garage areas. The truth is fluorescent lamps are available in a variety of sizes and shapes and is useful for varied purposes as well as in numerous lighting fixtures. Fluorescent lamps generate a great deal of white light which exposes detail while not generating excessive heat. This along with a low running expense tends to make fluorescent light bulbs an excellent option for work places. The lights themselves often are more expensive compared to both incandescent and halogen light bulbs due to the fact that a ballast is needed for the functionality of a lamp. Even so, fluorescent lights last 10 to 20 times more (as much as 25,000 hours) compared to incandescent lights and is also one of the most energy-efficient of the types, although the lifetime of fluorescent lights may well diminish if switched on and off often. Be aware that the life span associated with a fluorescent light bulb ought to be mentioned on the packaging.

One particular problem with the fluorescent light is it generates a very white light that doesn’t appear as natural or comfy as an incandescent light bulb. This particular light has additionally been associated with the color fading of works of art because it possesses a large amount of Ultra violet rays. You may even discover that the light bulbs turned out to be dimmer near the end of their lifespan and might not switch on in very cold conditions. Fluorescent light bulbs have been charged with being damaging to the planet because of the mercury and phosphor substances enclosed within. Due to this used fluorescent lights usually can’t be discarded as standard rubbish. The disposal process is generally controlled through county agencies.

Incandescent Bulb

The fat light bulbs that many amongst us have used for basic lighting in rooms since childhood are classified as incandescent bulbs. These types of lights happen to be the standard for many years because of the natural, comfy light they will emit along with their indisputable low cost. These kinds of lightbulbs can also be super easy to use on a dimmer control when compared with various other light types.

The issue using incandescent lightbulbs is they use up several times more power compared to the other options. This along with a significantly smaller life (approximately 1,500 hours) compared to its competition tends to make incandescent light bulbs a costly choice. It has resulted in a global action to prohibit their usage prior to 2014 in the interest of energy. A few nations around the world, which includes those in Europe, already have started this ban.

In Summary…

You will find a lot more kinds of bulbs compared to the three explained in this article. Nevertheless these tend to be the most widely used for internal lighting. More uncommon kinds include LED (light emitting diode) as well as HID (high intensity discharge). Deciding on the best bulb is overall a question of personal preference and savings. Clearly, that goes for most except the ill-fated incandescent light bulb.

The Sinister Trick All Women Should Know

In 1938 the play “Gas Light” debuted in London. The curtains open to a cluttered domestic scene in the salon of an 1880’s Victorian townhouse. A nervous woman, through the course of the evening, is variously berated, ignored, mocked and belittled be her self-assured husband who also flirts with the pretty maid who attends his wife. When the wife complains of his too-familiar attitude toward the staff he accuses her over being oversensitive, irrational and controlling.

As the scenes unfold, the other source of her anxiety is revealed; inexplicably the glowing gas lights which illuminate the house periodically flicker and dim and when she observes this, her husband assigns this to her imagination as well, not noticing any change in the lamps on the walls. She also claims to hear noises from the upper floors of the house – more evidence of her failing mental capacity, according to her husband. Slowly, the situation erodes her confidence in her own perception and the whole cast call into question her sanity.

Whilst her husband is out of the house on one of his undisclosed errands, a visitor is introduced – a police inspector has come to visit. He explains that the house so recently occupied by the couple was previously the residence of a woman murdered for her jewels by a man who was never caught but who also never found his prize as he ransacked the house after the murder. During the inspector’s visit, one of the gas light moments occurs but for the first time the wife is validated in her perception – the inspector sees it too! This is the pivotal moment for our heroine.

The inspector reveals his belief that the woman’s husband is the aforementioned murderer who leaves the house to secretly return through the neighbouring house to search the upper floors for the unclaimed jewels, covering his noisy exploits with a smoke-screen of behaviours and tricks which confuse his wife and make her too unsure to challenge him properly.

The play Gas Light appears to have been well received by both critics and audiences. In fact, it struck a chord so resonantly that the script has been performed consistently since 1938, as far a-field from London as the Philippines and as recently as this year.

The play was also adapted into various movie versions of the same plot (the black-and-white Ingrid Bergman version is particularly good). And most significantly, the name of the play has been used to brilliantly capture the special type of relationship dynamic that many women (and some men) experience at the hands of a certain type of partner – ‘gas-lighting’. Gas-lighting is the term used to describe the way some people manage to convince their partners that any concerns they have are imaginary, exaggerated or irrational, even being able to make some clueless or trusting types question their own perception and sanity.

Gas-lighting is most often done to smokescreen inappropriate romantic behaviour but can be applied to draw attention away from any behaviour the perpetrator couldn’t justify if scrutinised, like selfish financial choices. In essence, gas-lighting is a weird combination of a refusal to disclose information or negotiate decisions which should be jointly made, affront at being questioned, implicit or explicit questioning of the mental capacities of the other person, and unpredictable emotional withdrawal. In the susceptible partner, these tactics create confusion and anxiety which serve to dissempower and heighten dependency (more on that in another article).

What typically ends this psychological torture is either the ‘gas-ligher’ ending the relationship having satisfied their need for proof of their power by way of a complete break-down of their partner, or, some third party intervenes and provides the partner with enough validation of their ‘irrational’ perceptions that the smokescreen begins to clear and the naked truth is revealed. Such is the case in the original play – the inspector arrives to put the pieces of the puzzle together in such a way as the wife can see the sense in what previously made no sense.

Rather gratifyingly, the wife has her revenge for nearly being sent to the asylum. The inspector makes his suspicions known to the husband who tries to enlist his devoted and ‘irrational’ wife to help him escape justice. She obediently complies with her loathsome husband’s demands but manages to orchestrate his escape right into the clutches of the knightly inspector. As her husband threatens her one last time, she places the cherry on the rancid cake of his deception by claiming that he cannot hold her accountable as she is, of course, not responsible for her actions.

It will be the rare women who has not experienced some version of this treatment, from a man who exploits the stereotype of the irrational, emotional women in order to undermine her confidence in her own perceptions, as a way of disguising unacceptable behaviour. Some women have endured such well executed gas-lighting for such extended periods that their mental health is permanently damaged by the scars of anxiety and self-doubt. Now you have an alternative to doubting yourself – believing in your own perceptions and realising that such a trick could be played on us.

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