All About Wireless Routers

It is an incomplete computer network without a router. So, what all it does within a network. A router actually transfers data packets along networks. It requires at least two networks for a router to connect, commonly it connects two LANs or WANs or a LAN and its ISP network. As a connecter device, routers are positioned at gateways, where two or more networks are connected.

Routing in the Internet Routing is the technique using which data get its transfer path from one host computer to another. To say technically, routers uses headers and tables to determine the best path for transferring data packets among networks, and for this use protocols such as ICMP to communicate with one other and thus configures the best route between any two hosts.

Difference between Routers, Switches and Hubs Many people understand routers, switches and hubs for one another besides their different type of functionality.

Today most routers are integrated into a single device having the features of a router, switch and hub. Still a router, switch and a hub are all quite different from one another, even after integrating all into a single device.

A switch and hub are two devices, which do similar task on a network. Both serves to be as a central part of your network and transfers data, which are known as frames. A transferred frame from a computer is received and improved to transmit it to the port of the destination computer. The difference here between these two devices is in the way by which frames are transferred.

On another side, routers are completely different from a switch or hub. Where a hub or switch job is to transmit frames, a router role is to route the data packets to other networks where its task is to submit the data packet to its destination perfectly. The major difference here of the data packet is that it contains destination address together with the data, which guides it to its destination.

All routers have a port to connect to a DSL or Cable modem and the integrated switch facilitate users to create a LAN. This makes possible for the computers on a LAN to connect to the Internet.

How a Wireless Router Work A router is connected to the broadband modem and in turn, it is connected to your computer to connect the Internet. There are wide ranges of wireless routers available in the market. In the wireless router category, for the transmission speed of data, they do not actually compete with each other.

The data transmitting speed is an important aspect and should be high. People who want to have a router should also find it easy to install as well. The array of its OS support should be versatile. A wireless router working well with Windows, Mac and Linux should be the best one among all.

While Setting up Your Wireless Router … Once you had decided to go wireless for your Internet, then your laptops / computers should have in-built wireless points to carry it around your workplace or at home without any LAN cables. It will be astonishing to work so.

But you also need to know a little background to set it up. Typically, a wireless router features many, a router, modem, firewall, port switch and a wireless access point. It makes your broadband easily sharable among others in you office or at home.

While installation, it needs to be careful about which socket on your router is the correct one for connecting it to the port on the wall. Improper connection may lead to temporary access loss consuming hours together to fix it. So please make sure that the cables you are provided to connect are of right match.

Setting up a wired router should be comparatively easy by simply following the instructions manual given with the router. However, for installing a wireless router, it needs to be a little trickier. Usually the instructions should be sufficient but checking out to have few tips on setting a wireless router will make you secure doing it.

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Me and My Shadow

You and your shadow – One day, years ago, when my son was not quite two years old, he and I were walking with my cousin along the dirt road in front of her lakefront home. It was on that walk that my little boy discovered his shadow.

It was a delight for my cousin and me to see him catch sight of this thing on the ground that seemed to be following him. He observed it for a long time and then, the next thing we knew, he was lifting his little, red-sneakered foot off the ground and shaking it vigorously while he balanced himself on the other foot, trying to get rid of that shadow!

He kept this up for most of the walk, with us smiling and giggling quietly as we walked behind this cute little guy who was in the process of discovering something really cool about the physical world.

It occurred to me recently that we are much like that when it comes to our own shadow. And no, I don’t mean the one that’s cast on the sidewalk as we walk down the street! Of course I’m talking about our psychological shadow, and exactly like our physical shadow, it’s always pointed AWAY from us, towards someone or something else. Someone or something else we can blame for how we feel.

We can catch sight of it out of the corner of our eye, or it comes at us in full frontal attack mode, AS IF it’s really coming from someone else – someone we are experiencing as annoying, maddening, threatening or worse.

And we try like mad to get it off of us, don’t we? Just like my little boy. Because the last thing we want is that THING following us around, making us feel bad.

So, if our psychological shadow is made up of the parts of us we don’t like and don’t want to acknowledge are ours, then how DO we deal with it?

Well, you may have noticed that we can best see our shadow on the ground when the source of light is behind us, or slightly off to the side. Then the shadow is sharp, clear and totally visible to us. And it really does seem to be pointing at someone or something outside of us as the culprit.

If the light source is in front of us, coming at us as in that full frontal attack experience, then we’re not even aware of our shadow, because it’s behind us.

The last thing we want leading us in our lives, is our shadow with its blaming agenda, although it’s at that precise moment that we get a very clear picture of what in ourselves needs to be loved and integrated and of course, that’s whatever the shadow is pointing at!

But even more challenging are those times when our shadow is following us, and we don’t even know it because we’re way too busy blaming someone else for the way we feel.

Are you getting the picture? Good.

So here is the solution to this whole shadow issue: if the light source is INSIDE OF YOU, then there is no shadow. Let me say that again: if you are shining the light of love from your own heart, then there is no shadow cast. Ever. No shadow in front, none on the side, none behind. No shadow, period.

A t that moment, ALL of you is invited to come along in full light and full awareness.

The idea here is to remember that when, through your growing awareness of the unskillfulness of blaming others, you DO perceive your shadow around you, all you need to do is:

Choose to open your heart,

Choose to shine the light from within your own heart,

and choose to embrace all of you, even….

…actually especially, the parts of you that you don’t like so much.

This is an essential step on the path to Joy because Joy is the product of an open heart.

Light shines from an open heart, and no shadows are cast when you are shining your own light. So, how, you ask, do I do that? How do I open my heart? How do I shine my own light? How do I embrace all of me?

It all starts with an intention. Set the very clear intention to do those things. And then ask yourself the following question “how would I be different if I did those very things?” When you know the answer, begin to act just exactly that way. Perhaps you realize that if you did those things that I’m suggesting, you would feel lighter. So reach around for a lighter feeling right now.

Maybe you would relax, or smile, or forgive someone for something in the past. So then, do that now, right now, just inside of you. The thought of blessing someone may spring to your mind. Let that happen.

The point is to imagine the changes that opening your heart and shining your light would create, and to act as if those things had ALREADY changed. Give yourself the gift of imagination. Your thoughts become your reality. So think about the vision of you with an open heart and be that, right here, right now. And remember this is a ‘from the inside out” job.

As you do this more and more with the clear intention to dispel shadows and move more and more into the light of self-acceptance, you will see magic happen in your life. Try it and see.

Shine on!!

© 2006 Janice Masters

A Hometown of the Russian National Symbol

Yaroslavl is the most memorable treasure within the popular Golden Ring of Old Russian cities. Historical Center of the City – UNESCO World Heritage Site – is a "must" for those who are interested in Russian history, architecture or culture.

In the 11th century, Yaroslav, Prince of Rostov and later the famous Prince of Kiev, founded a Christian fortress at the point where the River Kotorosl flowed into the Volga, thus guarding Rostov's trade waterway. According to legend, the prince went out hunting and killed a very big bear. To commemorate this event he founded a fortified town, Yaroslavl, and the slaughtered bear became a symbol of the town. In fact, the truth is much more prosaic. The Finn-Ugric settlement that had long existed on the spot was destroyed, along with the bear that the inhabitants worshiped, but the town named after Yaroslav the Wise still features a bear on its coat of arms. Over the following centuries Yaroslavl larger in size and strength. For a while it has been even a small independent principle, but after the hardships suffered under the Tartars and internecine wars, it reached protection under the wings of the powerful principality of Moscow.

For a brief period in 1612 Yaroslavl became the Russian capital after Moscow and many other Russian towns had fallen to Polish troops. An army to repel the invaders was gathered under two of Yaroslavl's citizens, Prince Dmitry Pozharsky and the merchant Kuzma Minin (a monument to them is in Moscow's Red Square). After its success Yaroslavl became fired by aspirations to dispute Moscow's supremacy. The town was rich, famed for its fine craftsmen and could equal the capital in the beauty and number of its churches and stone buildings. 20 stone buildings survived from this period of rivalry and it was the merchants mandated the fine churches.

The first wealthy merchant to build his church was Nadeya Sveteshnikov, who became the supplier to the royal court after his support of Mikhail, the first tsar of the Romanov dynasty. He traded all over Russia and had great warehouses in Archangelsk, Astrakhan, Pskov and in the distant east in Yakutsk. His austere, five-domed church, dedicated to St. Louis. Nikolas, the patron of merchants and sailors, was built in 1662 on the bank of Volga. The church used also as store-house and, more importantly, as a meeting place to discuss business and political affairs. For his private use Sveteshnikov built a chapel near the northern wall with a separate entrance and festive frescos contrasted with solemn decorations of the majestic St. Louis. Nikolas.

After the completion of St. Nikolas, the two merchant brothers, Druzhina and Gury Nazariev, began the construction of the Church of the Nativity, completed in 1644 by Gury's sons. The varied architecture of the church itself, the chapels, gallery, passes, clock tower and the bell tower, combines attractively and produces interesting effects of light and shade. Probably influenced by the family's Asian trade and passion for the East, the exterior of the church was decorated with strips of sparkling colored tiles, their first use in this way in Russia. Along the door of the cathedral, eleven colored chronicles document its construction. For the first time in Russian history, the ordinary merchants did not fear to put their names here as the nobles had long been accredited to do. Thus the newly-born third estate began to assert itself.

The most beautiful church in Yaroslavl was begun three years later, built by richest merchants of all, the brothers Anikey and Nifanty Skripin, who controlled the vastly lucrative Siberian fur trade. The majestic, five-domed Church of the Prophet Elijah, with two-storied galleries running along three of its sides, is complemented by a graceful, octagonal bell tower on its north-west and by similarly graceful chapels on the south-east and north -east corners. The church's wonderful frescos, by three teams of artists, were painted 30 years later. Based on the life of Elijah and his disability Elisha, they depict details of Russian life with a freshness and authenticity that makes them almost an illustrate encyclopaedia. Their charm also lies in their pristine condition – they have never been repainted, only carefully washed. At the same time the gallery was decorated with a wide band of tiles scattered with precious stones.

Colorful tiled decoration became a distinguishing feature of Yaroslavl's churches and the town's architecture became more stiff and austere after the capital moved to St. Louis. Petersburg in 1711 and Yaroslavl cave up its competition with Moscow. Ceramic decoration became even more lavish, with fantastic effects of multi-colored garlands and necklaces wound round walls, columns and domes. The most famous example of the art, fully exploiting all possibilities, is the big "dressed" window of the potters own Church of St.. John Chrysostom.

When Catherine the Great ordered in 1778 that the centers of all major provincial towns be rebuilt in neoclassical style, Yaroslavl underwent a major reconstruction and received its regular layout. The Church of Elijah the Prophet became the focus of the town's new central square, with new streets and squares laid out beyond it. Dignified late eighty century official buildings now line two sides of the central square. In each one of the adjoining streets there are certain homes which differ greatly from buildings. They gaze out on the world through their many windows with an air of self-respect and importance. Such buildings in the early nineteenth century neo-classical style demand special attention. For the most part they were constructed with wood, but then plastered to look as though they were made from large blocks of limestone. They are smaller than the palaces and mansions of Moscow and St.. Petersburg, but even in their details they tend to imitate them. It was here, in these cozy drawing-rooms, with old mahogany furniture, cushions embroidered with beads, and young ladies albums with touching poems that, at the beginning of the nineteenth century, Russian belles-lettres and poetry were born.

At this time the unnecessary defensive earthworks were leveled and replaced by boulevards, and in 1825 the steep grassy slope down to the Volga was given a more impressive frontage with a tree-lined promenade, giving fine views over the Volga. This great waterway, the longest river in Europe, is now connected by canals with the Baltic, the White Sea, and the Azov and Black Seas, and has helped define the modern development of Yaroslavl as an industrial center.

Old Yaroslavl is not forgotten in the modern life of the town and recent restoration of the former Tolgsky Monastery, founded at the beginning of the fourteenth century, became a part of the Yaroslavl Architectural Historical and Art Museum Preserve. The museum reserve also has an exhibits dedicated to poets NA Nekrasov and LE Trefolev, the first space woman V.Tereshkova.

Yaroslavl with its wealth of history, beautiful buildings and friendly people is the most memorable treasure within the popular Golden Ring of Old Russian cities. Historical Center of the City is a UNESCO World Heritage Site – a "must" for those who are interested in Russian history, architecture or culture.

Find a Fulfilling Relationship

We all want and need a fulfilling relationship to give our lives a sense of meaning, worth and happiness. The problem is, how do you find a fulfilling relationship? It is reliably easy to form a relationship with someone, but just because you have a relationship it does not mean that it is the right one for you, or that that will in any way be fulfilling.

Before you start looking at getting into a relationship you need to take a long hard look at yourself. Why do you want to be in a relationship, how confident are you in yourself, are you happy in life, who are you looking for, what do you want from a relationship and what can you bring to it. Given the consumer driven, stress riven world that we live in it is probably not surprising that there are many people who feel unhappy about their lives, and have the mistaken belief that being with someone will plug that void and all will be well. There is only one person responsible for your personal happiness and that is you, if you expect your partner to shoulder the responsibility then you will have a miserable relationship which will end. If you are unable to change then this attitude will haunt you and poison all your relationships.

If you want to find happiness and a fulfilling relationship then you need to be happy in yourself. You are a unique individual, there is no-one else like you and no matter grim your life there will be some positives in you, find those positives and use them as a foundation to grow. As you grow then so does your confidence and self-esteem. If you feel and act confident and positive your body language will reflect this. To find someone that you will hopefully spend the rest of your days with, you need the confidence to go up and talk to people who attract you, your knees may be quaking, you might be awash with adrenalin, but so long as you think confident And look confident then you will come across somebody worth spending some time with.

Always be yourself. Resist the temptation to create a facade in the hopes that it will bring you happiness .. If someone falls in love with your face then you are not falling in love with you but this alter ego that you created. Your relationship will have started on a lie. If the alter ego that you create is fairly close to who you are then you should not have any problems. On the other hand if you and your alter ego are worlds apart then how good are you at living a lie, because until you are caught out that is what you will be doing.

If you are looking for romance then you need to do more than just go to work and watch the TV Develop a range of different interests so that you can meet different people, and have people see you in a wide area as is realistically possible. You just never know where and when you will meet that special someone, as they might not live in your neighborhood then spread the search.

Before you commit too closely to someone make sure you know who they are. Learn about their hopes and dreams, their wants and needs, their emotions, what motivates them, how compatible are they and what expectations they have for the relationship. Make sure that they can offer you what you need from a relationship and that you can offer them what they need. It is better to find out that you are not really suited to each other early rather when it is more difficult to break up.

Make sure that you are going into the relationship for the right reasons. For both of you it should be that you both want to spend the rest of your days together, if there is any other reason then do not do it. The classic do not do it reason is fear of being alone where any relationship is better than being alone. When a persons insecurities makes their relationships for them it is not a healthy relationship, someone in that position can end up giving up so much of their own needs in favor of their partners, that they lose their identity and pretty much surrender their life to meet Their partners needs. In a healthy, fulfilling relationship, you are both equals with equal responsibility for making the relationship work. Any relationship where one partner is dominant is not a healthy one and should be avoided.

From a very early age we have all be indoctrinated to that classic story ending, and they all lived happily ever after … Books are full of these stories as is the TV and movies. You are probably aware of this, but I will say it any way, real life is not like movies. It is not impossible to create a happy ever after ending, but you will have to work at it. It may be hard to believe but even star crossed lovers have to work at making the relationship strong … now how about that for a Hollywood epic.

At some points of your relationship, what you want and need is going to clash with what your partner wants and needs. This is normal, you are both individuals and not clones of each other. The fact that there is conflict is not such a big thing, it is how you deal with that conflict that will either make or break you.

If you want to find a fulfilling relationship you have to be yourself and confident in who you are, if you keep focusing on what is positive and building your confidence, then your body language will do a great job of advertising you as a possible mate. Be happy and enjoy life. Let your potential partner know the real you. When you find someone make sure that you are getting together for the right reason, physical attraction or desperation are not good reason and will not make for a fulfilling relationship, there is more to a relationship than that. Get to know who they are before you start to build a bond with them so that you know that they are right for you and you are right for them. Regardless of the problems that you face keep working at the relationship, it might be hard going at times but the reward makes it more than worthwhile.

Ghost in the Radio

The first job is always troublesome; Especially if you are lucky enough to be given responsibilities which coworkers think is not as per your experience and age.

Those were the days of portable radio receivers and cassette recorders, Televisions was just coming in. Given the responsibility of developing an indigenous TV set with better sound quality available in the market, I spent most of the time breaking-in other sets. I was not given a dead line as there was much unknowns, I had to send a weekly "What I have Learnt" to the Managing Director, who was also the technical head of the R & D.

The R & D cubicle had transparent glass walls, not even curtains. Occasional people from other divisions would look through the glass, as the inside was darker than the outside, it was a little of a nuisance but one get used to it. Looks were one thing but the discussions, which was unheard for the first three months came through corporate grapevines to the MD and one day I found myself scheduled for an after-office-hour meeting with him.

The first thing he mentioned was that I should go through the radio, audio products, evaluate performance, give technical service to the service department and also give weekly one hour lessons on hardware debugging.

This was a little puzzling; Deciphering the innards of the Television sets took up all of my time. There were specialists on every products of the company; They had five to ten years of experience in their relevant fields. Anywhere, I had no choice.

After the official notice, every Saturday forenoon these veterans clustered in the meeting room with technical problems, since I understood schematics better I somehow managed not to make a total idiot of myself.

But the problems began to get harder day by day. Ultimately, I had a big stack of problems on my table, begging to be solved. These products are out there in the market in hundreds and thousands but the ones on my table have some bugs making them fail within warranty period.

Working overtime and comparing similar circuits, slowly the stack of problems began to come down and I found out why the MD in his wisdom gave me this job. To earn the technical respect of the people who used to stare at me thinking -what that boy was doing sitting, sitting ideally over a single piece of paper day in and day out?

He succeeded in his strategy. However, I failed on one person of the radio department. He was the head of the radio service department for fifteen years. He knew the deceases of all the models by heart. All the problems he took me took a lot of time to solve, but by his looks it seemed he still had a secret weapon, a one-shot knock-out for this young up-start.

One morning he waddled into my room, in his hand a radio receiver. By the looks in his eyes and the smile on quite a pleasant face, I knew my omega point has come.

"This set has a strange problem, the model is one of the most successful one in the market. Yet for the last two years most of the sets comes back with the same problem, in the medium wave AM band, at frequencies above 1.2MHz The reception becomes poor, and tuning becomes very difficult during the nighttime. If I re-tune the coils, reception is better, but then daytime reception is affected.The problem is solved if new coils are inserted. But the problem reoccurs again after a Few months. "

With this, he dumped the set and the schematic on my table. "There is no hurry; I know it will take some time, if at all you …. ah, it can be solved."

This was a puzzle with a hint; If the set becomes OK night and day by changing the IF coils then something must be wrong with the coils itself. The super-hetero dyne mechanism mixes a local oscillator frequency with the tuned-in RF frequency in such a way that the difference of the two frequencies is about 455Khz, This is called IF or intermediate frequency. This single frequency is amplified in three stages by tuned, band pass amplifiers.

The band pass frequency was dependent heavily on the coils and associated capacitors. The dumped set had the same problem. In the day time there was normal reception but during the night when I took it home the reception of frequencies above 1 MHz was very bad. I did not change the coils, at that time, we had no good high frequency LCR meters, definitely, the coil inductance or the small capacitance was changing, but what it has to do with night and day, heat had little effect, I ensured That.

I used to carry the thing in a plastic packet. When a series of natural holidays was forthcoming, I concatenated those with my leaves due, took the packaged receiver, my haversack and vanished from the world of technology.

After about twelve days when I returned home, I found that I had completely forgotten about the packaged troublemaker. As soon I unpacked it, a strange smell was in the air, there was no battery, where it is coming from.

The smell quickly disappeared but I decided to take out the metallic cover of the first Coil, the most sensitive one. After taking out the cover I turned the set upside down to de-solder the capacitor, but then decided I would rather do it in the office, I had the set upside down on a clean sheet of brown paper, when I was about to put Back the paper I saw some whish substance on it. On finer examination with homemade microscope, I was in no better position.

Across my office there was shop selling college lab equipment, I took the thing there and asked if I could see the substance through the compound microscope, that was on display. The old shop owner became very interested, as he knew I was working for the big company just opposite to his shop, he let me borrow a microscope on the condition he will come himself and take it back at 5 PM that evening.

Back in my room I found that the whitish dirt looked like spores, organic definitely, not paint or varnish, I carried on after 5 PM, but the shop owner did not come, the shop closes at 7, so I decided to take a last Look and return the microscope myself. This time when I looked I found that the white dirt looked wet, soggy. On the thin tissue paper on which I kept them there seemed to be an imprint of wetness.

Next day I cleaned each of the coils with Ether. Heated each coil and varnished them with standard varnish. The problem was gone forever.

Humidity dirt and heat, they are the greatest enemies of electronic devices. It was the respiration of the fungus, which was alcoholic in nature that was causing the problem.

The coils was hand made in dirty room of a supplier, somewhere in Assam, India, a place with high relative humidity on the average. The Fungus was dormant but after sundown, it used to secret the liquid, which changed the Q value of the coil and therefore the trouble

In human beasts fungus causes Athlete foot, Thrush. Of course there are different varieties of Fungus. One variety of fungus attacks the anti-reflection coating of the lenses of the camera. Nowadays Inductor coils are hermetically sealed. Generally Fungus prefer warm, damp and dark places.

My Biological tour to find the ghost in the radio set is a lesson emphasizing a point in troubleshooting.

Before you are exhausted by using all known methods to find the solution to a problem, do a background research of the part-manufacturer of the components under suspect.

3 Secrets to Conquer 'Tight Lies' In Golf

You have just whacked the longest drive in your foursome (a good 20 yards farther than all your buddies), they are all envious. You are right in front of the green maybe 50 yards away. Uh oh … that's right you are in that feared 'tight lie' zone. The place where you have chunked it only advancing the ball 3 ft so many times before, or horse, skelled it sending it skipping over the green and onto the next hole.

The problem is you are two close for a full swing pitch shot and too far away for an easy little chip. You have to make a solid and accurate sw swing shot, not to mention you have to get it over that bunker. Your biggest goals are to get the ball up in the air first, and second get it close to the pin. Your divot should always be in front of the ball on this shot (remember you always want to make contact with the ball first).

It is so painful to make bogie (or worse) when you know you should have been putting for birdie.

Follow these simple steps and those days will be long gone.

Oh yeah, and it will wipe that grin off your buddies face.

1. Stance: you should take a slightly open place for this shot, this will make sure you get the ball up in the air.

2. Line up with the ball positioned towards the back of your stance so that the shaft is leaving forward. This will keep your hands ahead of the ball (this will ensure you hit the ball first, not the ground).

3. You want to focus on the front of the ball not the back, while you take your club back and then pop the ball up for that perfect shot.

Oh and one more tip. If you are right in front the green with no sand traps in the way, and the grass is short you can always try a little bump and run with a 7 or 8 iron. You will want to position the ball back in your stance for this one too. This can be a great alternative because for many players they can hit the bump and run way more consistently.

And before I forget, practice these shots on the range! Imagine these scenarios while your practice and perfect these special shots on the range not on the course.

For Better Golf,

Mike O'Leary

Head Golf Nut, OHP

The Friends of Tony Veranis

If edgy and nourish crime is your thing, then the short and violent lives of Boston boxer Anthony “Tony” Veranis and his friends just might fill the bill. Veranis was a tough Dorchester, Massachusetts kid who was born in 1938 to first generation Italian immigrants from Sardinia. Tony was in and out of trouble for most of his short life, as he alternated between professional boxing and low-level crime. He had “Tony” tattooed on the fingers of one hand and “Luck” tattooed on the other, but he didn’t have much of the latter.

Labeled a “persistent delinquent,” Tony was incarcerated in 1950 at Lyman Correctional School for Boys in Westborough, 30 miles west of Boston. It was the first reform school in the United States and it was where he was anonymously involved in the Unraveling Juvenile Delinquency (UJD) study conducted by Harvard University professors in an effort to discover the causes of juvenile delinquency and assess the overall effectiveness of correctional treatment in controlling criminal careers. If the study led to any positive results, Tony clearly was not included in the academic largess.

While at Lyman, Tony joined the school’s boxing team, and after being spotted by the savvy and acclaimed Boston fight trainer Clem Crowley, he began fighting as an amateur. Tony’s amateur career culminated when he won the Massachusetts State Amateur Welterweight Title in 1956. That same year, at age 18, Veranis turned professional in Portland, Maine under the alias “Mickey White” and won his first pro bout with a fifth round TKO over one Al Pepin. Tony then launched an astounding run of victories, but I’m getting ahead of myself.

Tony often sparred with Joe “The Baron” Barboza, Eddie “Bulldog” Connors, Jimmy Connors (Eddie’s brother), Rocco “Rocky” DiSiglio, George Holden, and Americo “Rico” Sacramone. Southie’s Tommy Sullivan also found his way into this mix. The thing about these guys was that in addition to being well known Boston area boxers, each was brutally murdered between 1966 and 1976.

Joe Barboza (1932-1976)

“The Baron” was his boxing moniker and he ran up a modest record of 8-5 before taking on a far more lucrative and violent line of work. It was once rumored that a sparring mate had done a number on Joe, and The Baron responded by grabbing a gun out of his locker and chasing the pug out of the gym and down the street.

Joe would later assume other nicknames like “The Animal” and “The Wild Thing,” as he became one of the most feared and vicious hit men of his era. He dreamed of becoming the first Portuguese-American inducted into La Cosa Nostra, but never was because he was not of Italian extraction. Fact is, LCR members called him derogatory names-but always, of course, behind his back.

Employed by the Patriarca crime family of Providence, Rhode Island, Barboza, while operating out of East Boston, allegedly murdered between seven and 26 victims, depending on different sources, but given his methodologies and the amount of fear he generated it’s safe to err on the higher side.

Eventually, Barboza flipped and would become the “Joe Valachi” (aka snitch) of the New England Mafia. The circumstances leading up to that eventuality are grist for a lengthy and intriguing tale featuring, among other sordid elements, corruption, deception, triple-crosses, murder, false imprisonment, and the worse scandal in FBI history. Suffice it to say that his testimony helped change the criminal landscape in Boston. For his reward, there was nothing a grateful FBI would not do, so Joe became the first man in the Witness Protection Program and was sent to Santa Rosa, California, but he soon reverted to form and killed one Clay Wilson for which he served only five years. Upon his release and using the name Joe Donali, he was resettled to San Francisco, but the LCN rarely forgets or gives up, and Joe was soon murdered by four shotgun blasts in 1976. The hit was reputedly carried out by the bespectacled Mafia captain, Joseph “J.R.” Russo.

Joe Barboza was a complex individual whose violent life story begged for a book to be written-and it was by crime author Hank Messick. Titled Barboza, it is difficult, if not impossible to find, but is as compelling a true crime story as you could imagine-and if you are a boxing fan, all the better.

Tommy Sullivan (1922-1957)

Irish Tommy, as he was known in South Boston, may have been the best boxer of the bunch as he finished with a 21-2-0-1 mark. Tommy went undefeated in his first 17 pro outings until he lost to Al Priest (25-1) in 1946 and then again in 1947 when Priest was 33-2. Among Sullivan’s victims were Eddie Boden (18-0-1), Coley Welch (90-16-5) and “Mad Anthony” Jones (41-13-4) who Tommy stopped twice. Fighting before monster crowds of up to 13,000 customers, Sullivan engaged in a number of “”savage brawls” that are still talked about by Boston area aficionados. They include his brutal beatings of John Henry Eskew and George Kochan. Tommy had a knack of coming back after he had been dropped and snatching victory from apparent defeat with a “hurricane attack” in the style of later warriors Danny “Little Red” Lopez and Arturo Gatti. Boston fans loved him for the excitement he brought to the ring.

In January 1949, his relatively brief professional boxing career inexplicitly ended and he began working as a longshoreman at Boston Harbor. While at the docks, he struck up friendly relationships with fellow-longshoremen Thomas J. Ballou Jr. (barroom brawler extraordinaire) and the more infamous Barboza. According to author Howie Carr, Ballou had an unusual style of fighting. It seems he always carried a grappling hook and a $100 bill. If Ballou wanted to attack someone, he’d throw the $100 dollar bill on the ground. The unsuspecting and greedy adversary would bend over to grab it, and then Tommy would plunge the grappling hook into the guy’s back.

Tommy resented gang leader George McLaughlin of Charlestown who had attempted to extort money from one of Tommy’s close friends. For the record, the famous Boston Irish Gang War started in 1961 and lasted until 1967. It was fought between the McLaughlin Gang of Charlestown and the Winter Hill Gang of Somerville led by James “Buddy” McLean, but that’s another long and violent story for another day.

Sullivan made the strategic error of getting into a vicious barroom brawl with Edward “Punchy” McLaughlin and proceeded to give McLaughlin, also an ex-boxer, a vicious beating that could not possibly have been duplicated in Hollywood. Beginning in a bar and then moving outside into the street, the two went at each other on reasonably even terms until McLaughlin finally could take no more punishment and rolled under a parked car to escape. But Sullivan, the enraged Southie native, wanted more and he lifted up one end of the car and propped one of the wheels up on the curb allowing him to get at McLaughlin so that he could continue the beatdown. The throng of onlookers, including Barboza, was amazed at this feat of adrenalized strength that would have made a Hollywood stuntman blink.

Deadly payback was swift in coming. Two weeks later, Tommy was called to the side of a car that was idling in the street near his East Fifth Street home and he was promptly shot five times. Seven years later in1965, Sullivan’s brawling foe, McLaughlin, was shot nine times at a West Roxbury bus stop. Some suspected Barboza as the triggerman for this execution.

Although he was never put under serious scrutiny for criminal activity, many viewed Tommy within the context of where there is smoke, there likely must be fire

Rocco DiSiglio (1939-1966)

This former Newton welterweight with a modest record was found shot to death in 1966. Before he turned professional, he trained and/or spared with Veranis, Barboza, Eddie Connors, Sacramone, George Holden, Tom Sullivan, and the legendary Joe DeNucci. He was also a criminal associate of Barboza and Joe would later lead police to the site of Rocky’s corpse in Danvers. It was believed that Rocky was murdered by the mob for sticking up their dice and card games, most of which were overseen by Gennaro Angiulo, the feared gambling czar for the Patriarca crime family.

In retaliation for his brazen, maverick, and foolhardy action, DiSiglio was set up in a Machiavellian-like scheme and eventually shot to death in the driver’s seat of his Thunderbird by the same men with whom he had robbed the card games. He was hit three times at close range with one bullet reportedly tearing off part of his face and another going through his head and out an eye socket. His two killers were later murdered at different times as more loose ends were tied. The entire affair had about it the foul stench of the North End’s Angiulo, and further enraged Rocky’s friend, Joe Barboza, who soon would turn stool pigeon against the LCR.

Meanwhile, still another of Tony Veranis’s friends had died a violent death at a young age.

George Holden (1948-1973)

George, known as “Medford Irisher,” fought mostly out of Portland, Maine as a heavyweight and chalked up a less-than-glorious record of 14-26-3. He went 9-3-3 in his first 15, but then the losses came in bunches and he would lose nine of his last 10. In his last bout against Jimmy McDermott (51-15-3), Holden disgraced himself by showing up drunk for which he was indefinitely suspended. He never fought again.

Like DiSiglio, little is known about Holden’s personal life except that he was a low level operative in organized crime. Holden trained with the usual suspects and met a similar fate. On August 23, 1973, his body was found washed up along the mucky shoreline of the Mystic River in Charlestown, Mass. He had been executed gangland style with a gunshot to the head. George was 25 years old. His killers were never found. Holden’s murder was the 82nd homicide in the city of Boston in 1973.

Eddie Connors (1933-1975)

As a youth, Connors was a regular at the L Street Curley Gym and Bathhouse located in South Boston (i.e. Southie) where future gang leaders Stephen “The Rifleman” Flemmi, James “Whitey” Bulger, and Frank “Cadillac Frank” Salemme hung out.

Eddie, nicknamed “Bulldog,” was a respected heavy-handed middleweight who fought like a bulldog during the ’50s and ran up a slate of 22-7-1 with 18 KOs against tough opposition. His last three fights-all losses by decision-were against Willie Green (27-4), Joe DeNucci (20-2 coming in), and former world champion Tony DeMarco (55-11-1). He also held the very capable George Monroe (39-13-3) to a draw. His brother James Connors (not to be confused with Jimmy Connors who fought out of New Bedford from 1957 to 1963 and who was trained by Clem Crowley) fought between 1959 and 1961 and retired with a 13-0-1 record.

Eddie would later use his boxing experience to handle drunk and disorderly customers in his notorious Bulldog Tavern in the edgy Savin Hill area of Dorchester where he acted as both bartender and fearsome bouncer, and which he also used as his criminal headquarters for illegal gambling, drug dealing, loan sharking, and planned armed robberies with his associates.

Later, because Connors was bragging too much about a murder he had helped orchestrate (of one James “Spike” O’Toole), the Bulldog had become a dangerous loose end. As such, he was set up for an ambush in Dorchester. When Eddie arrived at a service station on Morrissey Blvd. on June 12, 1975, to make a pre-arranged phone call, a young Whitey Bulger, John “The Basin Street Butcher” Martorano, and Stephen Flemmi were waiting armed to the teeth. Connors was nearly cut in half in the phone booth by the hail of heavy artillery and the loose end was tied. Curiously, the deadly Martorano was the one who had machine gunned O’Toole in 1973.

Americo Sacramone (1937-1976)

When he finished his brief boxing career with a 5-1 record, Rico, from Everett, entered the rackets as member of Boston’s Winter Hill Gang. After being wounded in the hit on Buddy McLean in 1965, Rico went back to prison on a parole violation. In 1976, he was gunned down-this time for good by parties unknown.

During his boxing days, Sacramone would often spar with the great Joe DeNucci (54-15-4), who later became the longstanding State Auditor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

Tommy Tibbs (1934-1975)

While probably not a friend of Tony Veranis, Tommy (60-74-4) did fight George Monroe three times in 1953-and just about everyone else including Willie Pep whom he beat in 1958-and since Monroe fought to a draw against Eddie Connors in 1955, at least the possibility of a dotted line connection exists. Monroe was from Worcester and Tibbs made his residence in Boston. However, where Tommy warrants an honorable mention is the fact that he was shot and killed in a dispute in a Roxbury bar in 1975-one of the seminal years of living dangerously in Boston.

Back to Tony (1938-1966)

Meanwhile, after beating Al Pepin in his pro debut, Veranis continued his attention-grabbing run as a professional. He was described as “one tough SOB; a Wildman who was courageous in the ring.” Other said he was well-trained and “a great prospect and that his boxing style was one of a slugger.”

In 1957, Tony fought an astonishing 26 times (the majority at the Rollway Arena in Revere). Tony’s best win may have been on December 3, 1957, when he stopped-and retired-the talented Bobby Murphy (19-3-1). Bobby, a former USA New England welterweight titleholder, had impressive wins over Vic Cardell (65-25-7), Fitzie Pruden (50-21), Rocky Sullivan (66-43-12) and Jackie O’Brien (65-17-9), as well as a draw with top contender Chico Vejar (63-5-1). A win over Murphy meant something.

Tony’s last fight in 1957 was against rugged Barry Allison on December 17 against whom he fought to an admirable draw. Allison (40-19-2) was at the center of New England boxing during the 1950s but was never able to reach world championship level though many think he should have gotten the nod against Johnny Saxon in 1958. As for Tony, he slaughtered Silby Ford in a bloody encounter in February 1958, one that had blood-splattered ringsiders aghast as Silby’s teeth and mouthpiece were knocked out. This moved Tony’s record to 25-0-2 before dropping back-to-back fights to Allison in a rematch for Allison’s USA New England middleweight title and to undefeated Joe Devlin at the Boston Garden.

Tony’s loss to Allison was one in which he took a terrible beating and one that undoubtedly rendered him damaged goods going into the Devlin bout-not taking anything away from the Crafty Joe who himself retired undefeated. These two fights occurred within a 16-day span in March 1958. After his brutal knockout defeat to Devlin in which he was decked in every round, he was taken to Boston City Hospital in bad shape and remained in a coma before recovering some three month later. But his boxing days were over.

After boxing, Tony reportedly suffered from severe migraine headaches, nausea, temporary mood swings, and blackouts-maladies that apparently were not treated and pointed to brain damage. When combined with heavy drinking and depression, this lethal mix could only spell major trouble for an ex-boxer. Tony was arrested for an unidentified crime on December 23, 1963, and sent to prison in Norfolk, Massachusetts.

While incarcerated he supposedly became an altar boy to serve at prison mass, prompting the prison chaplain Father John Fitzgerald to say, “He wanted to get straightened out, and I think he did. He was a wonderful boy who’d run with a bad crowd. He frequently stopped in to see me… after he got out, and everything seemed to be all right. He took me to the fights, and he was with respectable fellows.” Some portrayed him as a friendly and quiet guy who was the victim of circumstances beyond his control, but other saw him as a small-time hoodlum and mean drinker with a bad personality change who was more brawn than brain. Street lore and my own in-depth research clearly support the later depiction.

Tony soon found himself in debt to South Boston loan sharks and being overdue to such types was hardly conducive to one’s well being since examples had to be made. Tommy DePrisco, a Barboza associate, attempted to collect from Tony in a South Boston bar but was embarrassed, maybe even punched, and forced to leave as this was Tony’s hangout. The following night, John “The Basin Street Butcher” Martorano was at Billy O’s tavern in Dorchester when Veranis braced him and reportedly slurred, “I’m Tony Veranis, you know who I am. I just had a beef with your friend [DePrisco]. I kicked him outta Southie with his tail between his legs, fuck him and fuck you, too.”

As Tony allegedly reached for his gun, the taller Butcher beat him to the punch and fired down into Tony’s skull twice-blowing what was left of his already damaged brains all over the place. His body was dumped in the Blue Hills wooded area off Route 28 near where Milton and Dedham meet. He had $2.83 in his pocket. This was the end result when two former altar boys met up at the wrong time in the wrong place. One was 27, the other 26. Tony may have been tougher with his fists, but the Butcher was faster with his gun.

John Martorano: Last Man Standing

Many claimed credit for the hit on Tony Veranis and a few even suggested that Barboza was involved, but the most reliable accounting is that Martorano (also known as “The Executioner” among other aliases) was responsible. Early on, Martorano, who also was an altar boy, a good athlete, and well-educated in private schools, showed a marked proclivity for conflict resolution. He eventually became the chief enforcer for the Whitey Bulger gang running up an astounding tally of 20 confirmed hits (all carried out in a cold, detached, so-called “professional” manner).

One of John’s familial Old World core values was that of loyalty, and when he later learned that Bulger and Flemmi were FBI informants who leaked useful information, some of it even accusatory against John, he became enraged. The fact is, he flipped out and then proceeded to flip on the flippers, becoming a key government witness and in the process exposing the links between the Bulger gang and the FBI’s Boston office. In return for his “cooperation” and confession to 20 murders, he served only 12 years and received $20,000 gate money upon his release. Said U.S. Attorney Donald Stern, “The only thing worse than this deal was not doing this deal.”

Of the murders, Martorano incredibly and calmly stated, “I always felt like I was doing the right thing. Even if it was wrong, I always tried to do the right thing.”

Today, while the mother of all rats, Whitey Bulger, spends the rest of his life in prison, John Martorano and Kevin Weeks (another deadly Bulger enforcer and righteous snitch who wrote the compelling “Brutal: The Untold Story of My Life Inside Whitey Bulger’s Irish Mob,” are free to walk the streets of Quincy, Dorchester, and South Boston having done their time and having made their deals. Unlike Joe Barboza, they don’t need any witness protection because there is no one left from whom to be protected.

Red Shea

There was another ex-boxer, but he chose another, more difficult path. His name was John “Red” Shea and he traded an exceptionally promising boxing career for a more lucrative life as an important operative and enforcer for the Bulger gang. But the thing about Red was that when he was finally caught, he didn’t flip, but held fast to the Irish code of silence. The 47-year-old Red served out his 12 years in prison without ratting out and is now considered a rare man of honor in the Boston area. He went on to write the hot selling Rat Bastards: The Life and Times of South Boston’s Most Honorable Irish Mobster. Red is now enjoying his freedom and the secrets of his life of crime most likely will be taken to the grave with him. His second book, A Kid from Southie has now been published amid solid reviews.

Joe DeNucci and Clem Crowley went on to live extremely honorable and even celebrated lives, as did Joe Devlin, New Bedford’s Jimmy Connors, and Barry Allison. However, Eddie Connors, Rocky DiSiglio, Rico Sacramone, Joe Barboza, George Holden, and Tommy Sullivan-all fighters in the Boston area who were connected to one another in one way or another-were each murdered at a young age.

Hot Business Trends for 2004… And Beyond: Maybe One Will Turn Into a Creative Business Idea for Yo

I always look forward to the December issue of Entrepreneur magazine. That’s the issue that features the publisher’s annual pick of hot businesses, markets, and trends for smart entrepreneurs – or those who aspire to be.

Some of the high tech businesses cited like mobile gaming or online learning tend to require six and seven figure start up costs. This can seem daunting (although not impossible) for the person just venturing into self-employment. So I’ve decided to focus on the markets, trends, and businesses that speak to someone operating on a somewhat more limited budget. Let’s start with hot markets:

HOT MARKET: Middle-Aged Women

Since I’ve recently entered my last year in my 40s, I thought it only appropriate to start with this group (although like most boomers, I still have a hard time thinking of myself as anything close to “middle aged”). Not surprisingly, products and services for women in their 40s and 50s that center around anti-aging and menopause are hot. The magazine cites such promising areas as counseling, exercise spas, yoga, smoking cessation programs… any product or service that helps women stay healthy and feel good about themselves – both inside and out.

The reference to smoking cessation got me thinking… Residential treatment facilities for other forms of substance abuse are common- place, but I’ve personally never seen a retreat, spa, or other residential-type place specifically aimed at people who need help quitting smoking, and who would benefit from doing so outside their home environment. I’m picturing morning walks, meditation, massage, support groups, good food, and of course, lots and lots of punching bags!

HOT MARKET: Toddlers/Tweens/Teens

According to market research firm Packaged Facts, last year 5 to 14 year olds spent $10 billion on food and beverages. Other favorite product areas for kids are sports, fashion, music, and technology.

And apparently home décor and remodeling isn’t just for adults anymore (who knew?). Stores like IKEA and Pottery Barn are starting to selling home furnishing products aimed at teens.

With baby boomers having more discretionary income with which to spoil their grandchildren, babies and toddlers have also become hot markets. Online start-up ELittle Luxuries offers designer baby furniture and more than 600 other upscale baby items. ([])

HOT MARKET: Overweight People

After reading how much kids spend on food and beverages, it’s no surprise that 15% of children and teens are overweight. But we adults have them beat. A whopping 64% of Americans are considered obese or overweight. Businesses that offer products and services to help people slim down and develop more healthy habits are the most obvious. But entrepreneurs willing to think outside the “solve the problem” box by looking for ways to make overweight people’s lives easier verses trying to fix them, will also do well.

HOT MARKET: Metrosexuals

With the enormous appeal of stylish soccer super star David Beckham and shows like Bravo’s Queer Eye for the Straight Guy where gay men help straight men with fashion, grooming, home décor, and social skills, a growing number of heterosexual men are allowing themselves to tap into their fashionable side.

One enterprising guy who jumped into the metrosexual market early has seen phenomenal growth. With $20,000 and a dream, Tom Granese launched Regiments, an online store that sells high-end grooming products for men. Less than two years later, Tom opened his first storefront in Dallas with a projected $210,000 in first year in-store sales.

HOT MARKET: Hispanics

The Hispanic market is certainly nothing new – in fact it’s made Entrepreneur’s list for many years now. The magazine cites opportunities in anything from food and entertainment, to financial services and Web services.

Now let’s look at two of Entrepreneur’s picks for hot trends in 2004…

HOT TREND: Outdoor Living Spaces

Into gardening or design? According to Joanne Kostecky of the American Nursery & Landscape Association, and president of her own garden design company, the concept of outdoor living rooms that is so popular in the south and some urban areas is beginning to reach the rest of the country. The fact that more consumers are investing in courtyards and elaborate gardens means the gardening and outdoor design businesses are bound to grow!

HOT TREND: Fast-Casual Food

Health and taste conscious consumers on the go are turning to fast- casual restaurants and chains. In my own small town of Northampton, two of the more popular joints are benefiting from the fast-casual boom. One serves upscale burritos (my favorite is the Thai burritos) and the other is a hip soup, salad, and sandwich joint that opened in a greatly remodeled former Taco Bell restaurant.

Idea: Back in my old softball days I always wished someone would cater to all those hungry players and fans by starting a high quality food wagon.

Other Hot Trends… Boating and water sports, the hunger for low- carb foods (a trend being taken seriously by restaurants, grocery stores, and food manufacturers), oils and sauces, and multiculturalism which includes the gay and lesbian markets.

Hot markets and hot trends lead to hot businesses. Here are some of Entrepreneur’s picks…

HOT BUSINESS: Children’s Enrichment Programs

With so many parents in the workforce, more kids than ever before are engaged in extracurricular and after school activities. If you like the idea of working with kids, you can opt to open a physical location like a gym, dance or art studio, or camp, take your program into the schools, or provide private lessons.

If you think opening your own place is financially out of reach, think again. While $12,000 is no small sum of money, it’s a lot less than a lot of people might expect they’d need to shell out to start their own dance studio. But that’s how much former dance student turned instructor Archer Alstaettter dug up in cash and credit cards to found Dance Emotion in Irvine, California. That was five years ago. Today Archer’s studio has 500 clients and expects 600-plus to be enrolled by spring. You go Archer!

HOT BUSINESS: Home Improvement

Remodeling, refurbishing, and redecorating are all the rage. There are some 30 cable shows on home improvement alone. And home improvement isn’t all about décor. Worth noting are businesses that help home owners maximize the space they have as well as those making homes more accessible to an aging population. (To read about a unique, highly successful, and legitimate home business opportunity that matches home owners with reputable home repair contractors go to

HOT BUSINESS: Yoga & Pilates

According to Entrepreneur, companies are bending over backwards to cater to the growing market of people practicing yoga. Clothes, mats, DVDs, music, and classes aimed at seniors, pregnant women and children as young as three are just a few products and services aimed at this growing market.

And with a reported 47 million Americans taking Pilates, a work out that builds abdominal muscles, opportunities abound for gym owners and instructors alike. If you like the idea of teaching Pilates, studio owner Maria Leone recommends starting out by keeping overhead low. She suggests renting space for one-on-one sessions from a small gym or chiropractic office. Fees for a typical Pilates session range from $50 to $70 an hour. Meditate on that!

HOT BUSINESS: Upscale Pet Services

According to the American Pet Product Manufacturers Association, Americans spent an estimated $31 billion on pets in 2003. A few of the luxury services cited include pet hotels complete with heated floors, limousine rides, day cruises, and personal shoppers. And apparently the spa trend has extended to the pet world with exfoliating treatments, aromatherapy, liposuction (I kid you not), and chiropractic services.

HOT BUSINESS: Outsourcing

Outsourcing is one of those good new-bad news things. If your job is being eliminated because it’s cheaper for your company to outsource functions like HR, accounting, and network security, then outsourcing is a bad thing. Outsourcing is particularly hot in IT – and when it comes to outsourcing jobs overseas, it’s also controversial. The good news for freelancers is the federal government plans to open 850,000 jobs to outsourcing, with $85 billion in federal IT contracts to be awarded over the next three years

Other Hot Businesses: Spas, organic foods, online matchmaking, senior care, wireless, tech security, and voiceover IP (VoIP).

If you believe as I do that it’s better to be the boss, than to have one, why not make 2004 the year you start putting your entrepreneurial plans into action? You don’t have to quit your job or mortgage your home to get the ball rolling. You might resolve to do some research, start putting together a business plan, take a course on marketing, glass blowing, woodworking, web design, or whatever sparks your fancy, get certified to teach yoga, buy a book on how to launch a successful on-line business, start a Barbara Sher style Success Team… or just order a subscription to Entrepreneur.

If you don’t already subscribe to Entrepreneur you can do so at The site also features a ton of free resources for anyone who already is – or dreams of – working for themselves. For other free resources for people who want to start their own businesses visit

Okay, but what if you don’t see a trend, market, or business here that speaks to you? Then find the one that does! I had a client who is crazy for horses and photography. It took me all of 30 seconds on to find a group called the Equine Photographers Network.

In addition to their conference this February in Florida, the group offers a free public online discussion group with over 700 members who range from top-of-their-field working pros to amateur photographers to magazine editors and writers to horse owners, all interested in improving their equine photography skill and knowledge. Learn all about the Equine Photographers Network at

The way to find the “hottest” business idea for you is to get in touch with the passion that burns the brightest in your heart. Then make 2004 the year resolve to you take those first bold steps on behalf of your dream!

21st Century Concept of Science

For so long science has been considered as a subject but in the 21st century science will be relative to individuals "mental illuminatory wave length". Science is more than a subject. It is knowledge made possible by a mind quality which researches, explores and unveils the nature, behavior and operational dynamics of matter.

Everything operates on a science. The science of matter is the hidden dimension of the nature of matter which defines its behavior and operational dynamics. "Deep calls for deep" is the scientific revelation of the 21st century.

The 'deep' of matter is the hidden dimension of the nature of matter which defines its behavior and operational dynamics. The 'deep' of man, is the hidden dimension of the human mind, which possesses illuminatory strength which can perceive and understand the hidden dimensions of matter without practical experiments or laboratory activities.

This implications, the scientific breakthroughs of the 21st century will be products of scientific minds which can ascend into knowledge without pre-experimental activities.

Thus, the laboratory of the 21st century science will not be buildings with instruments for experiments but human minds.

The human mind: This is the seat of true science. The human mind is the largest component of the human soul. Its abilities are beyond human physiological comprehension. In fact, it is the most unexploited realm of human existence.

The human mind possessabilities which when released in full efficiency, can affect the world positively in all areas. The human mind possesses illuminatory strength which can penetrate into the core of matter, bringing out the hidden dimensions of its operative dynamics.

The mind is the greatest research center with four powerful faculties. Creative, thinking, reasoning imaginative faculties. Each of these faculties possesses infinite and unlimited capabilities and can operate in relativity with others for maximum productivity.

When the human mind is developed through illumination and regeneration, the four faculties of the mind begin a journey of equal and relative operation for maximum exhibition of mental exactitude. At this level the hidden dimensions of matter can be assessed without any form of physical experimental activities. This is the breakthrough which awaits humanity in the 21st century.

With respect to this concept, the scientific focus of the 21st century will be based on mind illumination and regeneration through the impact of positive and quality knowledge. As human minds develop in their "illuminatory wave length", scientific evolutions and revolutions will be the natural outlet.

The limits of experimental science: This is the science which depends on experiments for its conclusive analysis. It has given birth to scientific breakthroughs which are characterized by constant errors and failures because most experimental analysis are not 100% accurate, but based on trial and error. Many people are dying from plane crash, medical side effects, etc. There are so many imbalances and errors with virtually every scientific breakthrough of the 20th century.

Humanity must leave the trial and error scientific tactics to science based on exactitude. This breakthrough will be relative to the degree of mental illumination and exactitude.

Scientific exactitude: This is a scientific dimension based on mental exactitude in scientific analysis. Exactitude is a level of accurate or exact analysis based on "hyper illumination". This degree of illumination is not possible without Divine knowledge. Divine knowledge is the infinite omniscient dimension of knowledge equal and relative to the infinite dimension of the mind. It contains the original principals which define all of life's operative dynamics.

When the human mind develops into higher mental altitudes based on illumination, its creativity and productivity becomes exact. This is the base of the 21st century scientific revolution.

Four Fundamental Firearm Safety Rules

Safety around firearms is essential. It's not hard to be safe around firearms; It just takes the knowledge of basic safety rules and a little common sense. There are many variations of safety rules taught by different organizations but they all encompass the same thoughts and goals. The following are what is commonly called the four fundamental safety rules.

Treat every weapon as if it were loaded . This rule is sometimes overzealously and incorrectly taught as load every firearm. This is not what it means. This rule means that no matter what condition you believe the firearm is always act as if it is loaded. It is generally not possible to tell just by looking if a weapon is loaded.

Never point a weapon at anything you do not intend to shoot . Firearms are tools. And like any tool it has a purpose. A firearm's purpose is to punch holes in things. You would never use a saw on something you did not want to cut, or hit something with a sledge hammer that you did not wish to break. It is the same with a firearm.

Keep your weapon on safe until you are ready to fire . If your firearm is equipped with an external safety device, never disengage it until you are ready to cause your firearm to discharge a bullet. There have been many instances where people have disengaged safety devices while their firearm was in the holster and then proceeded to shoot themselves. Do not turn off a safety device until the firearm is actually pointed at the target.

Keep your finger straight and off the trigger until you intend to fire . Actually placing your finger on the trigger should be the very last action before firing the weapon. As soon as you are done shooting the finger should be immediately taken off the trigger and lain along the frame of the firearm. This helps ensure a firearm is not discharged incidentally. Humans have a flinch response that causes them to clinch their hands when started. If your finger was on the trigger while you were walking with a firearm and you tripped, you would instinctively pull the trigger. With your finger outside the trigger guard and along the frame of the weapon this will not happen.

It is also important that there are other rules common to firearm usage, or even specific shooting disciplinals. You may even create other rules as you see fit. Anything that makes you safer with a firearm is acceptable. Nothing will reduce accidents 100% however, these four rules will greatly increase you safe and enjoyable use of firearms. You may visit the article section of for a video describing these four safety rules or view the same video on Google video keyword

Change That Really Works

Kelley, a young mother with three young children, was struggling to keep up with meeting all of her children's, husband's, pets' and household needs. By the time she took care of school and after-school activities, medical and dental appointments, shopped for food and purchased medications – putting a desperate meal on the table in the evening was almost an impossibility.

Additional she was always running low on energy and sleep so she often found herself catching every bug the children brought home from school. While she had all the self-confidence and self-assurance she could do everything that needed to be done, her energy levels continued to drop and her ability to care for the family in the way she would like was being compromised.

Her home décor was pleasant, comfortable and clean. However the flooring was a very dark low energy color, the walls in some rooms bordered on being dark and the lighting in the hallways, the family room and through the house was quite dim. The dark flooring and the dim lighting were adding to her already low energy. Further evaluation of the home revealed a well organized and orderly public area to the home but much clutter in the hallway leading to the bedrooms and even further chaos and clutter in the master bedroom.

The plan that follows really helped her energize her surroundings which created for her more positive support and uplifting energy. She felt better, could take better care of her family and even had a little time left over a couple of days per week to do creative things that nurtured her so she could rebuild her personal energy.

The Plan

This plan was created with budgetary and personal energy restrictions in mind. By taking one step at a time Kelley was able to work her way way each step without further reducing her energy, depleting her budget and taking too much time away from her young family. This slowly paced plan for change was something she could deal with and really worked for her without creating more of a struggle and energy drain.

The first step was to bring lots of fresh light into all of the rooms in the house. Where possible curtains were opened daily to allow sunshine in and in rooms without such windows, lighting was either installed or lamps were purchased. Of greatest importance were the rooms where she spent most of her time and the hallway to the bedrooms.

At least three upward reaching torchi lamps were placed in the family room to lift the energy from the dark almost depressed yin energy of the flooring and the walls to a much lighter higher level of yang energy.

Next the walls and flooring were evaluated for change. Even though replacing the dark colored low energy flooring was not in her immediate budget she learned that using a mid range green or blue would lift the energy in all of the rooms while still being a calming color for her three young children. In the meantime she did make an effort to also paint some of the walls a much lighter shade of their existing color. By just lightening the color she lifted the energy but was able to maintain all of the same furnishings.

Bright colorful throw pillows were added to further raise the yang energy in the family room. She used shades of yellow, peach and terra cotta which are also good relationship colors further energizing her relationships with her children and husband.

The third step was the most difficult for her. The clutter leading down the hallway to the bedrooms was a constant energy drainer. And the piles and piles of stuff in the master bedroom created much chaotic energy leaving her subconscious mind constantly on overload as it focused on all of the undone work while she tried to sleep. The piles of clutter plus too many pieces of extra furniture from other rooms lead to not only less restful sleep but a further energy drain.

This step would be a huge undertaking as the stacks of stuff was deposits from many other rooms as well as those that belonged in the bedroom – the same was true for the things in the hallway.

The plan encouraged her to take small steps to clear the clutter by selecting three days of the week to work on a specific area only for a specific period of time. Starting the process in the hallway would provide her and the family the quickest results because fresh new energy would be encouraged to enter all the bedrooms en route. Once the hallway was completed, she moved on to the bedroom.

By working on the bedroom in small sections she would not get overly tired and could still care for her family but would also make steady progress at clearing out the clutter. Because Kelley carefully sorted through everything and decided either to keep it and put it away, or give it away or toss it, it was a slow process. But, because she could see progress and was finally getting in control of her sleeping area, she found she was sleeping more soundly and feeling better when she got up the next morning.

She also found she had more energy to do things with her children. And it was no longer such a struggle to handle everything but was quickly becoming joyful.

Change, when it is the right change and is put together with a good plan really does work. In this case, creating more than one bedroom in the room, the ensuite bathroom has a shower and a refrigerator.

The result of this type of change is having more personal energy, improving overall well-being, saving time and lower stress, plus caring for yourself and others with ease. Change that really works results in living a life filled with more joy and less stress.

© Pat Heydlauff, all rights reserved 2008

Handling an RV Breakdown

Here's finally something you and your RV can both agree upon. You do not want a breakdown, and neither does it. A night sent stranded at the side of the road does little for family bonding and is no way to spend critical vacation time. Moreover, it's unsafe for you and your stuff, not to mention potentially hazardous to your wallet after the proverbial (and literal) smoke has cleared and something vital is kaput. Here's how to keep your RV between the white lines – and not marooned along them.

Routine Check-ups
It's been said that the best offense is a good defense, but I do not buy it here. One must be aggressive in terms of preventive care and routine maintenance to keep vehicles running smoothly – and from looking foolish watching your motorhome billow smoke 150 miles outside Albuquerque. Waiting to handle trouble after it comes, dooms us into logging time spent waiting for tow trucks and frantically getting your cell phone to work as traffic blasts by at 75 mph. The best way to keep things nice-nice is to follow the maintenance suggestions listed in your owner's manual to the letter, meaning scheduled visits to your friendly neighbor service center for regular service. Think of it like going to the dentist – the longer you put it off, the more painful it becomes.

The Walk-Around
Hopefully, embracing a Type A personality when it comes to a strict routine of oil changes, radiator flushes, and engine once-overs will keep you out of trouble. However, vigilance is a full time job, meaning one should always be on the lookout for potential trouble. Consider the much-storied "walk-around" before departing on any sizable trip as your last defense between clear sailing and a buzzing "check engine" light on the dash. Yes, this simply means, well, walking around your RV. Examine the ground for puddles of fluid, grab the tire pressure gage and measure your tires, look underneath the chassis for items that seem out of place – like that huge sucking hole under the living room. This is also a good time to make sure exterior compartments are properly latched, awnings and antennas are retracted, towing connections are secure, and the like.

In a perfect world, an ounce of prevention would always be worth a pound of cure. Of course, most of us are not whiz mechanics and do not like to spend our Sunday afternoon during football season out checking and changing our RV's fluids. With that in mind, Phase 2 of dealing a breakdown is planning for the inevitable – a breakdown. It could have been a wobbly wheel, an empty gas tank, or some disturbing noise followed by your tow vehicle's unwillingness to go another foot. If you can keep driving, do so until you find a decent place to beach your rig, like a rest stop, truck stop, or – lucky you – a convention of RV service technicians. Just take it slow, put on your hazard lights, and get there. If the trouble is of the dire looking or smelling variety, it's probably best to find somewhere to pull over and do so fast. Make sure you're as far off the road as possible without tumbling down that ravine. And when the spouse and children look at you with those worrisome expressions, be cool.

Do oncoming traffic a favor by setting up reflector triangles and / or flares (skip it if oil or gas leaks are present) to persuade them to other, safer lanes. Do your family a favor by not getting run over in the process. If you've got that blaze orange vest from your Cousin Al, put it on – or any other reflective clothing. My advice is to have all passengers vacate the RV or tow vehicle and get some distance away in case it's swiped by an oncoming vehicle. Set the hazard lights a blinkin 'and keep a couple of lights on in the vehicle to stay visible (but do not drain the battery in the process).

If you spend your childhood learning the basics of auto mechanics from your Mom, maybe you can fix the problem. After all, you've been lugging around that tool box for thousands of miles and have never been afraid to get your hands dirty. In that case, simply fix the thing and get going. However, for most of us, we're overmatched when it comes to all but the most obvious repairs, particularly in the case of changing a motorhome tire that's as big as a fourth grader. It's time to call for backup.

Call the Calvary
Assuming you can not cure what ails you, someone has to come and do the fixin '. Hopefully, you're already the proud owner of a cell phone and a member in good standing of one of numerous roadside assistance programs designed for RVers. One without the other is slightly problematic. For those who decided to skip either service to save a few bucks, your night should be sent either trying to get a phone, a tow truck, and / or a place to fix your vehicle. You need both a tow truck that can handle your RV and a quality RV service station that will not take demented delight in seeing your trailer towed in to their service bay. If it's late and you're unable to find help, I recommend a non-emergency call (9-1-1 if you're in danger) to the police for assistance, or at least a cab to get a ride into the nearest Town.

More easily remedied problems, such as running out of gas or a winding up with a dead battery, can usually be handled by the local service station. RV-specific setbacks – tires, towing, and mechanical maladies – require some advanced assistance, which is again where roadside assistance comes in. A word of caution here. When signing up for such an emergency plan, make sure the company offers nationwide protection and has access to the kinds of heavy-duty tow trucks that can bail out the type of motorhome or trailer you own.

Repair Time
Want to see an unscrupulous mechanical cry for joy? Show up on the lot with your RV folded behind a tow truck. That's the bad news. The good news is that a reputable roadside assistance company (stop me if you've heard this before) for RVers has screened their network of service stations to avoid such nasty encounters. Again, enrolling in such a program and their 800 #, which is home to some answers, offers consumers at least some protection. If you're unsure who to call to get your vehicle fixed, contact your RV's or tow vehicle's manufacturer for a list of quality service centers. You can also check the Yellow Pages, where the display ads may show which dealers sell and service which different brands. Campground directories may also have information about nearby service centers.

Alas, such emergency repairs and unfamiliar repair shops are chancy. You do not exactly have a lot of bargaining power when you're engine is blown. However, we're never powerless. If you feel you're being taken for a ride (and not a fun ride like those at Disney World), buck the trend by calling for a tow truck to take you to another service facility. Yeah, it's a pain, but it's better to be broken down than broken down and ripped off. Otherwise, throw the dice and take your chances – and then never let it happen again.

How to Make Fast Cash Starting Today!

I'm going to show how to make FAST CASH. Start this today and I'm sure it will carry you through this recession.

This is very easy to do and can generate at least $ 1,000- $ 1,500 within the next few days! See, really fast cash. Here's the steps.

First, you need to find some local business owners who need what you're about to offer them here. No, you will not be pounding the pavement or cold calling anyone …. they will be calling YOU.

You can use a couple of methods to find these clients.

1. You can simply go to the phone book and look up businesses in your local area. Write down any business that you want. You will use that list to check the internet in a minute or two, so keep it handy. Some listings will include the business URL.

2. OR you get an in depth "drill down" listing from GoLeads which will give you tons of information on all businesses in ANY geographic area. Cost is about $ 15 for unlimited access. (No, I'm not an affiliate but it works.)

Once you have your list, about 25-30 is all you need to start. Look them up on the internet to see if they have a website. For this particular deal you want them to have a website. (If they do not have a site yet, that's a different model.)

Once you have a few of the websites, visit them.

Here's what you're looking for: Any business site that does not have a capture mechanism installed on their FRONT page.

In other words, they need to have an auto-responder opt in form on their front page. If they do not …. you're in for some quick cash.

When you have about 25-30 "prospects" send them this letter:

Mr./Ms. ___________

My name is ______________ and I am a local e-commerce business consultant.

I know your time is valuable, as is mine so I'll get right to the point. If I could show you an unused asset that you ALREADY have that could make you thousands of dollars, would you be willing to speak with me for 15 minutes?

This free consultation can save you as much as 50% of your entire monthly advertising budget AND bring you brand new customers at the same time! The best part is that you already have it, so the cost to implement this marketing weapon is minimal.

Please call me at (your number) at your earliest convenience to schedule a free "no strings" consultation. I promise you, it will be worth your time.

Yours in business,
Your name
Contact info

That's it! Believe me when I say that your phone will ring off the hook. DO NOT mass mail that letter! You really only need to mail 25-30 per week and you'll be busy.

Now that you have the clients calling you, the next step is to set a consultation appointment and meet them. The unused asset they have is of course their website which has no list building capabilities.

The "money is in the list" applies to ALL businesses, not just online marketers. By building a proper list they can cut their advertising dollars at least in half. Just send a customer blast about an upcoming sale instead of paying $ 4,000 for a full page ad.

You follow me here?

All you have to do is set up an auto-responder opt in form on their existing site! That's it.

I have coaching students who are making $ 250- $ 500 a deal with just this method. It's very easy to generate 4, 5 or even 6 deals per week this way. Heck, it only takes about 20-30 minutes to put the form on their site and that's if you're slow! (Outsource it to fellow warriors if you have too.)

I usually visit their site, right click and select "view source" and save it in notepad. Then I open the notepad in an html editor and install the form.

* NOTE * I can use their AR service or mine. You'll just have to work the minor details out with them. Do not turn it into a can of worms-KISS

I use Trellian pagebuilder, which is free and allows me to preview the finished site. Once I'm done I save it as, "theirsitename.html" send it to their programmer and they can swap it. Otherwise, you have get all the login info, etc. From the owner. (I charge $ 50 if I have to load it.)

In either case case this is usually leads to a question from the owner, "who is going to write the emails" which is another monetization chapter for later ….

Just so you know, almost half of all the sites I look at fall into the category of no capture system. It may be more or less where you live, but it's a rampant problem …. everywhere. Why? Because they simply do not understand e-commerce.

By the way, GoLeads will also give you the name of the business owner, number of employees, etc. Do your first one the hard way if you have to, but it's worth the $ 15 to be able to put their name on the letter.

Response rates will triple if you use their name and this little trick:

Stamp "CONFIDENTIAL" in red block letters on the front of the envelope. This will make them put your letter in the "open later" pile instead of straight into the trash.

It's a simple but effective strategy especially if you use their name. You can get a confidential stamp at Staples for $ 5. I've used the same one for years.

Keep this in mind. People sort their mail while standing over the trash can. You do it, so you know it's true. You have to have something that stands out and says, "This might be important, I'll look at it later."

* NOTE * Change their cash register and credit card terminal receipt to read, "For Preferred Customer Discounts Sign Up At: (their website)

There is a toll free number on the side of every register and terminal for support. Just call them and they will walk you through changing it. It only takes about 10 minutes.

This strategy is awesome because it does two major jobs when it comes to marketing.

1. It captures all their current customers because everyone reads their receipt, and everyone wants to have a preferred customer to get discounts. It also captures all walk in traffic that actually BUY something. Which leads us to:

2. A list of nothing but BUYERS of their product. No tirekickers or browsers, Buyers only! You may need to clarify to them exactly why that's so powerful.

Now you've made a client for life and there are tons of other methods to help them, and generate a great living for you as well.

I've just shared a proven, proven method to generate some serious emergency money FAST! Just copy and paste the direct mail letter and get to work.

You can do this.

I told you it was stupidly simple, and it works because it really is helping them, and that's what it's all about.

I told you I'll show you how to make fast cash, now go get your new clients because they are waiting for you to help them.

Landing a Trophy-Sized Bull Redfish on the Fly

Preparing Yourself – Gear, Rigging, & Flies

Landing a 30-pound class redfish on your fly rod is easier than you think. The most important thing to remember is to keep things simple. In other words, there’s no need for a leader and tippet section consisting of ten different types of monofilament and fluorocarbon, and you definitely don’t need the “latest and greatest” fly reel or rod offering from Ross or Sage. A sturdy 9WT fly rod paired with your favorite arbor-style fly reel – anywhere in the 7-10 range – is well-suited for subduing large redfish, while still maintaining the “fun” factor. I back my reels that I use for targeting large reds with a couple hundred yards of 30-pound test braided backing, and then use an Albright Knot to tie on my fly line, which is generally a cheap, floating 9WT line. Tie a Surgeon’s End Loop to the end of your fly line, then, using a loop-to-loop connection, attach a section of 40-pound test monofilament that is about the length of your rod. To finish the process, grab your favorite big streamer – for this application, I tie my own brightly colored, weighted streamers in the 5 to 7 inch range – & use a Rapala Loop to tie it your leader section. Now you’re ready to rock.

Yak Attack

You don’t need to go out and purchase a boat, but you will need a kayak. Any “Craigslist Special” sit-on-top kayak in the 10 to 14 foot range will get the job done. Just be sure that it is seaworthy first. Check to be sure that water does not enter the hull of the kayak via any cracks, holes, stress points, or hatches. Be sure to take a landing net, measuring tape, pliers, extra rigging materials, flies, a camera and a life jacket with you on your trip as well.

Start Your Search

Naturally, you will want to find an area where large redfish congregate. Targeting them on the flats is possible, as they do cruise through the shallow water that many flats offer on a semi-regular basis, but its best to find somewhere at which they can be found in numbers, as it can be particularly frustrating spending an entire day searching the flats aimlessly for a single bull redfish, only to have it be a finicky fish that isn’t interested in your presentation.

Because I am located in Pensacola, Three Mile Bridge is the perfect spot. If you are not located in the Pensacola area, fear not. Any bridge located in a bay or estuary that is illuminated by street lights at night will generally be a good area to start, as large redfish often feed on the baitfish that congregate in these lights during the night hours.

Once you’ve found a spot, pick a night of the week that you don’t have to be up early the following morning – yes, you will be targeting these fish via the technique of “sight fishing” in the dead of night, so be sure that you’re comfortable kayaking at night first, and bring a buddy!

Finding the Fish

Launch your kayak & slowly approach the areas near the bridge that are lit by streetlights above. I prefer approaching from underneath the bridge, so that I remain inconspicuous to the redfish below as I scan the lit areas of water. This is a sight fishing game, so keep your eyes peeled. Redfish are fairly easy to see at night, as they emit an orange glow as they swim through the lights. If you don’t find one at the first light you approach, don’t worry. Keep hitting bright lights until you find one. Once you do, it’s game time. Casting a fly rod while sitting down in a kayak isn’t easy, but try to keep the false casts to a minimum so that you don’t spook the fish that you are targeting. Place the fly 7 to 10 feet in front of the fish, in the direction that it is moving. Strip the fly quickly to get the attention of the redfish. When the fish inhales the fly, set the hook – fish on!

The Fight

If you’ve never heard of the term “sleigh ride” in reference to kayak fishing before, I’ll describe it to you. Here is a rundown of the events that will immediately follow your hookup with a trophy-sized redfish.

• The slack in your fly line is going to disappear, very quickly

• Once tight with the redfish, you will be at the mercy of whichever direction the fish feels like swimming – if it wants to go, it is going to go!

• The redfish that’s creating that 90 degree bow in your fly rod is going to begin towing you, probably faster than you can paddle

Enjoy the redfish sleigh ride, but don’t forget to hold on to your fly rod! Be mindful of pilings and bridge structures as the redfish tows you around. I keep my paddle in my right hand tucked against my side so that I can maneuver my kayak during the fight if I need to. Once you wear the fish out (often times it’s the other way around), try to position it yak-side so that you (or your buddy) can carefully scoop it up with your landing net.

Your Trophy

You’ve just accomplished your goal of landing a trophy-sized redfish, and it was on a buggy whip, arguably the most challenging (and fun) way of targeting these fish! What do you do next? Pop the fly out of the mouth of the fish, get a quick measurement, have your buddy take some photos – be sure to smile, as you should be grinning ear-to-ear at this point – release the fish, and then go do it all over again!

Fly fishing for bull redfish is one of the most rewarding types of inshore fishing available in Florida, or anywhere for that matter, and it can be done very effectively by keeping things simple and following some basic guidelines.

Understanding Home Theater Projectors – How Many ANSI Lumens Do I Really Need?

Projectors have recently become the preferred choice for people who want to experience the thrill offered by the huge projector screens of cinema in their living rooms. Besides being used as home theater projector, projectors are also extremely useful in office presentations where you want to connect with a large group of audience.

However, with plenty of types and brands of projectors to choose from, you can easily get confused and might even end up spending precious money on a device that is not meant for the desired use. It is, therefore, highly recommended to research the various available options and understand their features like lumens, contrast ratio and resolution etc.

What is projector ANSI lumens and what does ANSI mean?

The brightness of a projector is measured in ANSI (American National Standards Institute) lumens or just lumens. The higher the projector lumens rating, the brighter the light wave intensity will be and the brighter the projection screen.

Although lumens is not directly related to the size of the projected image, a larger image will need to be brighter because the projector needs to be further away from the screen and will need more lumens. The projectors available nowadays generally range between 500 and 10,000 lumens.

If there is ambient light in a room, owning a projector with more lumens will make the image more defined. Light in a theater room will make an image with 1000 ANSI lumens seem washed out and harder to see. In the same room with the same amount of light, a projector with 1800 ANSI lumens will be much easier to see.

It is important to make sure that the projector lumens rating is measured in ANSI. Some manufacturers use different lumens rating standards just to make their numbers look higher when they are actually not.

How many lumens do I need?

The number of projector lumens depends on the machine’s intended use. The higher the lumens, the more the projector tends to cost. Therefore, it is essential to determine the number of projector lumens you require to avoid a situation where you end up wasting precious money because you bought an expensive projector with way too many lumens.

Here are some things to consider while determining how many ANSI lumens you need:

What is the intended use of the projector?: If the device is going to be used as a home theater projector in a blacked out cinema room with no light, find a projector with at least 800 ANSI lumens. Owning a projector with more than 1200 ANSI lumens would be a waste of money (assuming your paying more for the lumens). If the room is sufficiently darkened but has a little bit of ambient light, a projector with 1500 lumens is enough to cast a bright image.

If the projector is expected to be used for multiple purposes, then consider the lighting conditions. If you plan on using the projector outside, find a projector with at least 3500 lumens and use a darker projector screen like a black diamond screen or a silver screen.

The size of the group of audience and throw: If the projector will be used for large audiences which require a larger screen, the projector may need more throw (the distance between the projector and the screen) and will need more lumens. For throw distances over 22 feet in a dark theater, you will need a projector with at least 1500 lumens.

The amount of light entering the room: A completely blackened out room will require 800 lumens, a bright room with windows and lighting will need at least 3500 lumens and a recommended darker screen.

The type of screen: There are several types of screens that can produce a bright image. In a blacked out theater setting, a white screen with a grain is perfect and will always reflect a bright, clear image without losing contrast. In a room with ambient light, the blacks will seem grey unless your using a darker screen, for example a silver screen or a black diamond screen will make the blacks look darker and delivering a better contrast ratio. If you plan on owning a darker screen, the darker material may make the image seem dimmer unless using a projector with at least 1500 lumens.