Principles To Know Before You Build Your Own Hovercraft At Home

The hovercraft is probably one of the brilliant inventions of all time. It's a product of ingenuity. This machine worked using the principles of applied physics and engineering. What's more interesting is you can build your own hovercraft all by yourself. That is correct. You can do it in your home.

A hovercraft is a vehicle lifted by air cushion. To make this happen, there is a certain amount of pressure to be made. Science will tell you that air is a form of fluid. Its molecules behive unpredictably. When you build your own hovercraft, it's good to understand the control of air flow underneath it. These are the basic principles:

Air Pressure – The mechanics of a hovercraft involves mainly of air of course. You need to pressurize that air and send it to the right channel to create the cushion below. To do that, you need to get an abundant supply of its molecules. The solution is a fan. Any device that produces air pressure such as a vacuum cleaner will do too.

The Plane – Next thing to have is a board or ply wood. This is for you to sit on. Another purpose for the board is the help distribute air benefit it surface. With the right velocity, air should be able to create a film or layer below. When that happens, pressure is building up. To build your own hovercraft, you have to increase that pressure.

The Velocity – In fluid mechanics, velocity of fluid increases when an orifice opening is decreed. This is evident in how a fire hose works. This concept is also applied in your homemade hovercraft. You have to simulate the pressure increase by limiting the passage of air flow and channel it through a hole in the ply wood.

The Skirt – When the flow of air is now controlled, it can build a strong layer of air benefit the ply wood. This thin layer of air bearing should also be regulated. A heavy plastic sheet is wrapped around the perimeter of the board. This is called the skirt. This helps in building the air cushion below. It traps the air and only allows a little amount released below it. If you build your own hovercraft, t is important that this concept is understood.

Initial Thrust – Now you got the board lifted, it's time to get your ply wood to move forward. To do this, you need thrust. However, it could also be fun to just have someone push you while you're sitting on the board. Or you may have a rope tied to the front and have somebody tag you around. Can you imagine that? Since this is a homemade hovercraft, might as well improvise with fun creatively as well.

Your improvised hovercraft should be as exciting as it is when it's done. Your friends will surely like it. You can use it for your science project in school. You'll be the envy of every kid in school. They'd think you have the mind of a scientist. Well, you do. And all it took is to know some principles of physics. So what are you waiting for? Build your own hovercraft now.

Landscaping Tips – Hiring The Right Landscaper

Although we live in a do-it-yourself culture, there are sometimes when it pays to hire a professional. Landscaping can be a perfect example of this. A quality landscaper will have equipment, know how, design skills, and talents to transform your property into a living show piece.

Landscaping can be complicated and labor intensive. It can require specialized tools and equipment. Landscaping is also an art, and the experts have a strong understanding of good design, composition and aesthetics that allows them to make the most of any piece of land. Professional landscapers also possess voluminous knowledge about various plants, grasses and trees that asserts them in making the best possible decisions for any given job.

Try as we might, we can not, as amateurs, produce the breathtaking results that a professional landscaper can. Thus, if we need serious landscaping help, it makes sense to call in the expert. That part of the decision calculus is reliably easy. Once we decide to hire a pro, however, another question emerges: how can we choose the right landscaper. Let's look at a few helpful hints that can point those in need of professional landscaping assistance in the right direction.

First, do not let cost make your decision. We have a natural inclination toward bargain hunting, but the old maxim "you get what you pay for" is often true. A cut-rate provider may keep your wallet thick, but the grass could turn out thin and brown. Cost is always a consideration, but one should not compromise the integrity of their landscaping project in order to save a few dollars.

Second, ask for reference and then take a look. Get references from prospective landscapes and then take the time to actually follow up on them. Take a personal look at their handiwork and see what you think about the quality of their efforts. Talk to former customers about the landscaper's ability to get work done on time and other important considerations. Your landscaper will be making potentially permanent changes to your property. Take the extra effort required to make sure those changes will be positive.

Third, call appropriate agencies. Check with the Better Business Bureau and other consumer watch dogs and find out whether the landscaper in question has been the subject of any complaints or valid violations. This is not a foolproof way to weed out sub par options, but if you find that a prospective contractor is a magnet for consumer complaints, it only makes sense to think twice before firing them.

Fourth, talk about the project. Before making a decision, spend time on the property discussing the project with the landscaper. Get a feel for his or her vision of the project and find out whether or not he or she is receptive to your ideas and capable of meeting your specific needs. The fact that a landscaper did a wonderful job on a modern commercial property does not necessitate demonstrate an ability to handle the yard of your restored Victorian home, after all. Make sure you have found the right person for the job.

Following these recommendations will not necessarily guarantee landscaping success, but doing so will improve your odds of hiring the right landscaper considerably. Remember not to cut corners, to check references, to consult with consumer agencies, and to have a meaningful discussion or two about the project in order to assess whether a specific landscaper is the right person for the job.

Landscaping may not always be a do-it-yourself project, but that does not mean you have to rely on the first professional you find in the Yellow Pages. Take the time to find the right landscaper for you!

Adventures In The Trasnmitter – Rise Of The Robo Warriors

Hello, I go by the name of Zeke and the first thing that you will need to know is what a transmitter and secondly how I got stuck inside of one.

It's the year 2046 but in the year 2035, the technology is perfected by the Yoodle Corporation to manipulate dreams to the point where they can begin them, end them, script them and extend them. To put it simpler, whatever one can imagine in real physical life, the Yoodle cooperation can manifest in a dream, and they do. All through a machine called a; Reality transmitter. All you have to do is write out your script for whatever you dream you want, program it into the machine, step into the machine, and then experience the best of life in a SUPER VIVID dream.

Please do not think it's a dream like the one you had last night where you are barely lucid which you wake up and forget. These dreams are as vivid as real life and feel like real life because to most, they are even newer than life.

For a good while now, Yoodle has had access to information, images, activity and brainwaves of every single person, place or thing that ever came into existence. This is how they are able to represent anything in this program, that allows a user to be everywhere, be anyone, do anything, at any time for as long as they want. Like I said, all one has to do is enter Yoodle's machine, press a few buttons, and you are off. The machine will then put you to sleep and there starts your journey into the world of your own choosing.

So here we are today in 2045 where most working people no longer take vacations to new physical land. Rather, they choose to spend a week renting a reality transmitter so they can vacation at the home of some celebrity, dead or alive. Or, they will relive time spent with old friends or family members who had left planet earth decades before the present time.

And you can forget about the retirement home, because more than half of retirement age people do not retire anymore they just work their whole lives, buy a machine, go into this world and live a life where they are young again, until their real Body expires, totally eluding the effects of the aging process.

In this world, nearly everyone is chasing to accumulate wealth in order to buy one of these machines but these are very expensive machines. Brand new, they retail at $ 500,000 dollars, and you may be able to buy one used for $ 150,000 to $ 300,000. However, most people rent time on them at a Reality Transmitter Center, for anything from 50 to 100 dollars per hour.

Anyhow, so that is what the transmitters are all about, and what we do here at Yoodle is to constantly seek to improve their functioning and usability. We create all the transmitters in the world and also have them running on our network.

You may not believe it but we also have a top secret transmitter that affects reality, it is called the main transmitter. If you step into this machine, with a script programmed in, whatever you experience in the machine happens in real life the moment that you experience it. This machine is very powerful and can initiate severe universal concences, however, only one person in the world has permission to use this machine, so it is never misused.

So, It was just a regular day at my job here at Yoodle except for the fact that I worked twice time today because Ronin is on vacation this week. Also, for the same reason I was left with the task of closing up shop, which I dreaded. I just wanted to get home on time and be with my family.

The day went by fast but just as I was about to turn off the main transmitter, all the lights went out. I could not see a thing, but soon I began to hear what sounded like thousands of footsteps, of what seemed to be a complete army of soldiers entering the room. I still still fearing for what would come next as I knew this was not a friendly visit. Within a few moments my arms were wrestled behind my back as I was handcuffed and blindfolded. I still could not say a word, but then I heard him speak in a loud booming voice, "Get it out now, there is no time to delay!" I then began to hear what sounded like multiples sawing running at the same time. It was now clear what the purpose of their visit was, they were taking the main transmitter.

I stand there and pondered the horror of what these men would do with such a powerful weapon in their possession. They knew that Ronin would have stopped them and this is why they were here now.

Within no time, I heard a loud "clang" sound, which signaled to me that they had freed the main transmitter from its restraints. At that moment I was then dragged out the room, down the stairs and into a waiting vehicle. The vehicle began moving, and driving for what seemed like a day. At some point I fell asleep and seemed to have been taken into a building by these soldiers. I was only woken up by my head and my bottom hitting a cold cement floor. Then I suddenly became hyper-alert when I heard that loud, booming voice again, "so you know how to work this? Let's get to work now!", The man then removed the blindfold from before my eyes and what I saw was the Manifestation of my worst nightmare.

Ronin was in Brazil with Mandy lying down on a sandy beach overlooking the crystal blue waters when his watch began to beep.Ronan's Yoodle watch had never beeped before so this was definitely an emergency of the most serious kind.

Ronan sent a message to Zeke, but there was no response. He sent messages to other executives at Yoodle, but the messages all bounced back.

Ronan then turned to Mandy and said, "they got the main transmitter, somebody knew when I was going to be gone and they got the main transmitter." Said Ronan who was looking as though he had just seen a ghost.

"Calm down I'm sure you'll figure it out," said Mandy calmy.

"No, I'm not calming down, you do not understand, we've got to get back now!" Yelled Ronin as he began rolling up his sandy beach towel.

Once unblindfolded, I saw that I was in a vast one room building, with no windows and in the middle of the building was the main transmitter flanked with 500 US soldiers on every side acting as guards.

"Get up," said the man as he slapped me across my back.

I stand up. The men then dragged me towards the transmitter and held me before it.

"Here's the deal Mr. Zeke, you help us accomplish our goals with this thing and you live to see your little family." If you refuse, then you know what will happen, "said the man sternly.

"OK, I will help, just as long as you let me see my family again," I replied.

"We will run a little test here. I want you to cause an explosion in the Yankeee Stadium right now, during the baseball game," said the man.

I began to get nervous, I can not cause all of those lives to be lost. I did not know what to do. "I can not do that, too many lives will be lost, please do not do this," I begged.

"You will do as you're told, 'he said as he walloped me again on the back.

I really had no choice, so I programmed a script into the machine that an airplane would crash right in the middle of Yankee Stadium and sat in the machine.

"Just strap me up and then press that red button", I said to the man. I sat down in the machine, the man then strapped me in and I was in Yankee Stadium watching the game. The pitcher pitched, it was a strike. The pitcher pitched, it was a ball. The pitcher pitched, then it was a base hit. Then out of now a plane could be seen in the distance flying very low coming in our direction. The game stopped, suddenly everyone was in a frenzy, crazily trying to make their way out of the stadium. When I finally made it out, I heard a loud "crash" and saw smoke rising up and even out of the stadium, and then I woke up.

I stepped out of the machine to see three soldiers looking at their phones and not even paying any attention to me. The man then took out his phone and waited for a little while but nothing happened. "It did not work, do it again!" Yelled the man towards me as he grabbed my arm.

"No sir, look, a plane crashed in the middle of Yankee stadium but there were no cruelties," said a soldier reading a news update from his phone.

'NO CASUALTIES? !! "asked the man angrily.

"I'm sorry" I said, bowing my head, awaiting my consequence.

"Take him away, punish him, and bring him back just at the edge of death so we can begin to work our plan," said the man.

"No problem Mr.C," said a soldier as he and another dragged me away.

In the meanwhile Ronin was trying to rush back home but was facing the toughest of obstacles. He had made it out of the hotel but when he and Mandy reached the airport, it was another story. They made their way directly to the airport service center and asked to come back home but were denied.

"No, you do not understand, I need to get back home, the world is in danger," pleaded Ronin at the airport front desk.

"Danger? What are you? Superman?" Laughed the agent.

He continued, "Your flight home is not for another four days and you can buy a ticket but no flights are leaving here for another 14 hours."

"And there's no other options?" Asked Ronin.

"No other options," said the agent.

"OK," said a disappointed but resolute Ronin.

Ronin then turned to Mandy and said "Wow, 14 hours, just enough time for whoever has the main transmitter to do God knows what to the world."

"So what are you going to do?" Asked Mandy

"I've got to find a way out of here now …" replied a determined Ronin.

As Ronin and Mandy stood before the flight info display screen, he came up with a plan.

"Mandy, if we can get to Canada, we will be OK," said Ronin.

"Huh?" Asked Mandy.

"Just follow my lead," said Ronin as he dropped all the luggage and grabbed Mandy's hand.

'But what about our luggage and souvenirs?' Asked Mandy.

"I'd like to think that saving the world is more important than those things," said Ronin as he began leading Mandy to gate 45 planning to ignore all calls from anyone who tried to stop him.

When they finally got to gate 45 a voice on the intercom said, "last call for flight 705a to Montreal". One last elder man got up to go through the gate but before he could, Mandy and Ronin Burst right through the gate, and into the tunnel and boarded the plane. They quickly found a pair of empty seats toward the back and ducked down low.

While Ronin was trying to make his way back home, I was being beaten. I was being held in a pitch black room, and two soldiers were hitting me up and down with what seemed to be some sort of bamboo stick. All I know is that I was dizzy, could not feel my legs and I could barely see.

"The next time the boss asks something of you, you better deliver it to the last detail," said one soldier.

"OK … OK," I said barely being able to speak.

The door opened.

"Enough!" Said Mr. C at the top of his lungs.

"Clean him up, and bring him back inside, and I do not want one speck of blood on my machine," continued Mr. C.

"Yessir," said the soldiers in unison.

I thought about how Mr. C had claimed this machine as his own even though he had nothing to do with its creation, and I thought about how it would be all be over with when Ronin found out about this situation. The latter wave me just a little shiver of hope that helped me to go on.

The soldiers wiped me off with some toilet paper and bought me back in the building and thread me on the floor in front of the main transmitter and Mr. C.

"You do not look too good, I hope this will be a lesson to you," he said. C sarcastically.

"Yessir," I said humbly.

"Anyways, enough about you, I've got some work to do. I want you to program in me as the king of the world," said Mr.C.

"I'm sorry, but that will not work," I said while looking down and avoiding eye contact.

"WHAT !!! WHY !!!" Yelled Mr.C with his eyes bulging and raising his fist toward me.

I quickly responded, "No it's not my fault, if the machine's central intelligence system deems your request as something that is immoral or irrational, or unjust then it denies the request. I believe one person making them the king of the world would fall under The category of unjust. "

"And blowing up an entire baseball stadium is just?" One of the soldiers sarcastically replied.

"Yes, but no, there may be a reason to blow up an entire baseball stadium," I said.

"Like what?" Asked the soldier.

"Aliens," I replied.

"And aliens are rational …" said the soldier in sarcastic tone again.

Mr. C winced.

'He's lying sir, just make him write the script and program it,' said the soldier.

"You know you're right. Get in there Zeke and do as you were told. So I get up off the ground and program in the script for Mr. C to be the king of the world. Me in and send me off. He straps me in and then presses the button to send me off but then the machine makes a "beep" sound and shuts off.

"Try it again!" Said Mr. C angrily.

The soldier then presses the button again but the machine makes a "beep" sound again and shuts off.

"Arrgh. If I can not win the war in one day, I guess I'll just have to win many small battles until the ultimate victory is mine," says Mr. C. angrily.

Mr.C continued, "and get somebody here who has half a brain, I need someone to get into this thing and override this intelligence system." Mr.C then walked off.

Somehow Ronin and Mandy made it all the way to Montreal, Canada.Now all Ronin had to do was get off the plane and rent a car and then drive back to New York. However, after barging through everyone on their way to being first off the plane, they were met by six policemen in the tunnel.

"Parlez-vous Francais ou Anglais?" Asked one of the policemen to Ronin.

"Huh?" Asked Ronin.

"You two are coming with us," said the policeman.

"Why?" Asked Ronin.

"C'mon sir, you know what you did was illegal, and you are now under arrest," said the policeman.

After a few hours of thinking, Mr.C finally returned. He had come up with a plan.

"Listen up real good Zeke, I want you to put 2 billion dollars in my bank account" said Mr.C.

"Not going to work," I said nonchalantly.

"You might want to steer away the self-fish motives and think more about the collective," said one soldier jokingly.

"Shut up everyone! I am the one giving orders and suggestions around here not you! I do not pay anyone here for advice!" Yelled Mr.C.

"The collective, very insightful thoughtful," said Mr. C quietly as he went and sat down in a corner of the room alone.

After another hour of thoughtful silence, Mr. C thought of another plan.

"OK, Zeke, here it is. Program in an army of robots built along the same lines of the fictional Robocop, who only listened to my command. Half man, half robot, but the highest artificial intelligence. Nor evil but they are here to protect mankind from all threats. "

"OK," I said, "as I began programming the script into the main transmitter. When I finished I then sat in the transmitter then motioned to the soldier to strap me in. The soldier then strapped me in, and sent me off, As everything in my visual perception went dark.

Then I was back in the chair, Mr. C was in one corner of the building instructing the robo warriors what their job for this evening was. One of the robo warriors then rushed over to my side and said, "look Zeke …"

Then I woke up, or so I thought I did for a moment. I looked to the side of the room and Mr.C was in one corner of the room instructing the robo warriors about what their job for the evening was. One of them then rushed over to my side and said "look Zeke".

I replied "look at what?"

He then opened his hand and pointed it in the direction of about 250 American soldiers, pressed a button on his chest and suddenly a great wave of fire engulfed them all, leaving nothing but dust in their remains.

The remainderng 250 soldiers stood terrified, and not a sound could be heard in the building.Mr. C then began to clap slowly, then a few robo warriors followed him, then a few more, and then within no time, all of the robo warriors were clapping in unision with Mr. C. Mr.C then began to laugh hysterically such a maddening laugh that can only manifest when one comes to the realization that he can no longer be hindered and what you want can absolutely no longer be withheld from your grassp. I sunk my head. What in heaven's name did I just do?

Now that Mr.C had his Robo Warriors almost prepared for battle, there was a spring in his step and a certain sparkle in his eye. He approached me while I was sitting in the transmitter, "I am so glad that I have you Zeke, you've really made all my dreams come true." He then kissed me on the cheek.

He then turned to his head engineer who was working on updating the robots systems.

"Install mics and cameras on every one of them," said Mr.C.

"But sir, that will put us behind another 28 hours." You said that you wanted them ready by today, "said the engineer.

"OK fine, just install them in the general and lieutenants," said Mr.C compromising.

Two hours later, and after reinstalling and powering up all the robots the head engineer made the great proclamation,

"OK Mr.C we are about ready to hit the streets."

Within 20 minutes Mr.C had all the robots lined up in single file, Mr.C then laid in front of all the robots and made a speech,

You are the works of my hands and my commands are simple. You are to petrify, terrorize and destroy everything you see until we have control of New York, then the USA and then the world. Tople every police station, every street gang and just any threat that stands in our way!

Within hours, the Robo Warriors began to light the city a fire, with more fireworks than the fourth of July. The Robo warriors began by taking everyone captive and staring them in abandoned warehouses. Also, every police station in their sight was blown to smithereens. They were now the long arm of the law, and Mr.C was watching on his robot lieutenant's camera and enjoying every moment of it.

Meanwhile in Montreal, Ronan and Mandy were stuck in a holding cell when they were finally summoned to make a call.

Ronan got his chance first, so he called Zeke but got no answer.

"That's it, you're going back in," said the warden.

"But nobody answered," Ronan said.

"I do not care, one call that's all you get," said the warden.

"OK, so can he use my call since were together?" Asked Mandy.

The warden paused then said "OK fine, one more call, then nothing more than you two for the rest of the night."

"OK," said Ronan as he dialed again gingerly.

This time Ronan called the Yoodle emergency Security manager Paul McGwire.He was one of a handful of people who knew about the main transmitter. If there was anyone who could help them now, it was Paul.

"Ronan where are you?" Asked Paul.

"Me and Mandy are locked up in some jail here in Montreal, Canada," said Ronan.

"Wait … what? How?" Asked Paul.

"Well we were on vacation and learned that the main transmitter was stolen …" said Ronan nonchalantly.

"Wait … what? How ???? !!!!!!!" Asked Paul now raising his voice.

"Yup, what have you been underneath a rock or something?" Asked Ronan.

Paul paused for a moment, possibly looking at a news update then says, "I guess that would explain the appearance of these robots destroying New York city.

"Yup," Ronan said.

"Hold on," said Paul as he walked away from the phone for a minute.

"I can not get a hold of Zeke, I'm figuring that whoever got him, has also got the transmitter," continued Paul.

"Just as I thought! The main transmitter would not create anything unless it was built to be good. The only way the mastermind behind this can win is by using the good to commit evil.Deep down, these robots know the good that they Need to be doing, it's just to draw it out of them.

"Well, there's nobody better to do it than you Ronan," said Paul.

"I'm gonna head over there the moment that I get out," said Ronan.

"OK, we'll get you two first class tickets home, just head to the Trudeau airport, let me talk to the warden," said Paul.

"OK, thanks," said Ronan motivating then handing the phone to the warden.

Paul spent about 30 seconds speaking to the warden before he hung up the phone. The warden then turned to Ronan and Mandy and said, "Why did not you say that you work for Yoodle.You two are free to go."

At 2 am the next morning (6 hours later), Ronan finally made his way to an area of ​​Brooklyn New York where the robots were preparing to firebomb the whole burrough.

Luckily the police had intercepted them and were trying to intervene, but it was to no avail. It was now a standoff between a gang of the robots and a whole army police station.

They were all standing across a busy highway with about 20 robots on one side, and 50 policemen lined up on the other side. All parties had their weapons drawn.

Ronan made his way to the police chief who was standing at one end of the line and offered up some friendly advice,

"I know something that can make our lives dealing with these robots easier," said Ronan.

"Which is?" Asked the intensely curious policeman.

"Well, you might not believe this but they are not evil at all." "Deep down they have a heart that works just like ours. You just have to know how to communicate to their core," said Ronan.

"Are you saying that you have to reason with these inhumane, merciless, terrorists?" Asked the frustrated lawyer.

"Yes," said Ronan.

"OK, I'm definitely not the man for the job, they just blew up 100 plus of my coworkers without even winking an eye," said the policeman.

"OK I'll handle this," said Ronan assuredly.

"As you wish," said the policeman as he moved to his men.

Ronan then crossed the barrier with his hands in the air. But the Robots did not lower any weapons.

"Who among you is the leader?" Yelled Ronan as he inched closer to the robots.

"Mr.C is our master and leader, Mr.C is our master and leader" replied the robots in unison.

Ronin paused for a moment at the utterance of Mr.C's name. The last he had heard of Mr.C, he was dead. Now he is the one commandeering these robotic soldiers? This must mean he has the main transmitter, or he is in league with somebody who has it. The mission was now simple, find Mr.C, find the main transmitter. The task of finding the head robot in charge, not so simple.

"OK, who among you is the general?" Asked Ronan.

"Number 10000 cc is our general, number 10000 cc is our general," said the robots in unison.

"Can you please call him for me!" Yelled Ronan.

One of the robots pressed a button and within 30 seconds an 8 foot 3 inches tall robot enters the picture on a silver mechanical horse. He descends the horse and then walks and stands before Ronin. He then grabs Ronin's neck roughly.

Ronan gasped then said, "it's not my intention to engage in combat with you … I only want to know the reason you are doing what you are doing"

"We are loyal soldiers who are only doing the work of our master, Mr.C. He has tasked us with the moral cleansing of the nation, and this is exactly what we are doing," said 10,000 cc in a booming robotic voice as He let go of Ronan's neck.

"But do not you see that what you are doing is wrong?" Asked Ronan.

"Wrong?" Asked 10,000 cc.

"You are traumatizing, impersonating and killing innocent people. You are a destroying public and private property," said Ronan.

"How?" Asked 10,000 cc really pondering Ronan's statement.

At the same time Mr.C began looking and listening into 10000 cc's video feed. "Who is that talking to my general? And why is not he killing him?" Asked Mr.C frantically to his head engineer who was standing at a desk nearby. The engineer did not reply.

Mr.C looked closer into the camera. "Is that … Is that Ronan meddling in my business again?" Continued Mr.C.

"All of the people you have victimized were innocent people, they did nothing wrong but you were so caught up Mr.C's mission that you forgot to think for yourself," said Ronan sincerityly.

Mr.C could then hear over 10000 cc ''s internal mic, "Ronan shut up. 10000 cc do not listen to him, blast him right now 10000 cc you useless piece of metal," said Mr.C sternly.

"Yes sir," said 10,000 cc as he raised his robotic right arm while allowing for the end of a 12 gage shotgun to replace his stiff metal fist.

10000 cc then paused.

Ronan asked again, "Do not you see that what you're doing wrong? Do not you?"

"Yes, we do," said 10,000 cc. 10000 cc then press a gray button to the side of his heart.

"We will all now self-destruct. It is the right thing to do and we have already done so much wrong. We were created to do good and failed to do good. Thank you sir Ro-nan," said 10,000 cc. 10000 cc then stuck his robotic hand out to shake as Ronan shook his hand. All of the robots then began to dismantle themselves simultaneously, gradually leaving thousands of pieces of formless metal in their stead.

"WHAT IN THE … HAPPENED?" Yelled Mr.C while watching his dream become a nightmare. "My precious robots … they are all gone," he claimed.

The head engineer then walked over to Mr.C and said, "Sir if I may interject you were the one who asked for them to have high ultra artificial intelligence. In the human mind, if one has high artificial intelligence, when confronted with a Moral situation where they are required to choose the right or the wrong, they will always choose right, and these befits the right. "

Mr. C did not respond. He just peered into the distance angrily then he uttered, "If dominion over the world demands persistence, then persistence is what it will get."

"Zekeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee," yelled Mr.C at the top of his lungs.

How To Pick An Air Compressor For Your Woodworking Shop

I started out my woodworking career with a quarter-sheet electric sander, quickly graduated to a random orbit electric disc sander and finally realized that I could substantially shorten sanding time with an air palm sander. I settled on a 5″ Dynabrade sander and Sears 3HP air compressor. It took me less than an hour to realize my mistake: The little compressor I bought could not begin to keep up air demands of the air sander. It would run out of air pressure almost immediately and the air sander would slow down to the point of being useless. I would then have to wait for several minutes for the pressure to build up again to get another minute of sanding.

To make matters worse, I had three people hired as sanders and so I would need to keep three machines running at top speed all day long. I did some math and discovered that I would need a ten horsepower air compressor with a large tank to do this. I was lucky to find a used one for not too much money but it required three phase power and lots of it. More money went out for an electrician to wire it up to the building’s 208 volt 3-phase power. The big air compressor was so loud it could be heard all over the building and down the block but it powered those three sanders from dawn to dusk. The good news is that it paid for itself in saved sanding time very quickly.

Air sanders are aggressive and efficient. They are light in weight when compared to their lesser electric cousins. My sanders took to them immediately and production took off. I was as happy as they were. Soon there was another machine besides the air compressor required having large amounts of air in the shop: an Onsrud inverted pin router. It was also great to be able to blow sawdust of benches and machine while cleaning upon the shop at the end of the day. The compressor was also used to spray finishes on the completed furniture.

Years later, I built a smaller woodworking shop in my home which only required one air sander running at a time. For that shop, I purchased an air compressor half the size and isolated in a soundproof room in one corner of the shop. I ran ¾” galvanized pipe under the shop floor to three regulators at three different convenient locations. The machine I purchased for that shop as a 5 HP Ingersoll Rand model with an 80 gallon tank. At the 80 PSI required by my Dynabrade sander, the compressor would produce enough air all day long. I must say that that compressor was very well built. All I had to do was keep an eye on the oil level in the sight glass. At night, I would turn off the master air valve on the side of the machine, leaving the electricity on, to silence the compressor for the night.

I must assume that, having read this far, you have some interest in using an air compressor to power air tools in your shop. Most likely, a 2-stage reciprocating air compressor will fill the needs of a small to medium shop. As a rule of thumb, a 5 HP air compressor will power one air sander, a 7.5 HP machine will power two and a 10 HP machine will be needed for three sanders.

The size of the compressor’s air tank is an important consideration: The smaller the tank, the more often the compressor will need to cycle on and off, This is hard on both the motor and compressor pump over time and it uses more electricity. I would not even consider an air compressor used to power an air sander with less than a 60 gallon tank and I would feel much more comfortable with an 80 gallon tank.

The type of electrical power required by an air compressor is another consideration. If you have three-phase power available at your location, fine. Three phase motors tend to use electricity a bit more efficiently than single-phase motors. Large air compressors will all require 3-phase power but the 5 HP models come either way. If you do not have 3-phase power available, you can manufacture it with a rotary or electronic phase converter as I did in my smaller shop. Whether you use single or three phase power, you will need 230V AC power for single-phase motors and 208 or 220V AC for the three-phase variety. Be sure to check the voltage and amperage requirements of any air compressor before you buy it. Electricians can be expensive.

A two-stage compressor pump is a must for a machine of this size. Two-stage machines have two cylinders, one larger than the other. Air is first introduced into the large cylinder where it is partially compressed and sent to the smaller cylinder for final compression into the tank. As air is compressed, heat is produced and so a good machine will always have a finned intercooler built in.

Compression not only produces heat but squeezes water out of the air which ends up in the tank. Tanks can rust internally over time and if this is not kept in check, the rusted air tank can eventually explode causing tremendous damage and even death. That is why it is critically important to drain the tank of water every day. Most machines come equipped with a drain valve at the lowest point of the tank. If you don’t want to spray water all over the floor under the compressor, you may want to consider piping it from the valve to another location such as under the floor or into a drain. Piped water will flow uphill into a sink because it is being pushed out of the tank by compressed air.

You will need at least one regulator and a water trap in line before it. These are not expensive. A regulator allows you to set the correct air pressure for the tool you will be using (say, 80 PSI) instead of tank pressure (say, 175 PSI).

Air output of a compressor pump is expressed in standard cubic feet per minute (SCFM) or just cubic feet per minute (CFM). Not all 5 HP compressors put out the same volume of air per minute. This is a function not only of motor horsepower but also the efficiency of the compressor pump the motor is powering. The higher the CFM, the less your compressor will have to cycle on and off to keep up with the demands you are putting on it. A small compressor pump on a huge tank will produce no more air than on a small tank. The only difference will be in the number of times the compressor cycles on an off each hour and the time it takes to recompress the tank on each cycle. In the end, you need to pay attention to SCFM (or CFM) more than you do motor horsepower or tank size. Air flow is the end product of any compressor and the CFM must be sufficient to the job at hand.

All reciprocating air compressors throw out oil with the air they compress. When the tank reaches it’s designed maximum pounds per square inch, a pressure switch will interrupt electrical power to the motor. Simultaneously, a certain amount of oily air will be released into the shop environment. You may see oil collecting on the wall behind the compressor and on the pump and compressor as well over time. This is not cause for alarm but periodic cleaning may be needed.

Reciprocating (piston type) air compressors make noise and this is something you need to plan on for the sake of yourself, your workers and others who surround your location. If quiet is an important criteria, you may want to consider spending the extra money for a screw-type air compressor. Screw-type compressors have no pistons or cylinders. Air is compressed in turbine fashion by a large metal screw, turning at a very high speed. These compressors just purr compared to the reciprocating type but they are very expensive. They sound more like a quiet jet engine than a loud truck motor.

I hope this article has been useful to you. Purchasing an air compressor for your woodworking shop can be a fairly expensive investment when you consider piping, regulators, hoses, water traps, wiring and electricians. You will want to buy a machine that is equal to the jobs you will be doing but no more than that. Buying the wrong air compressor can be a very costly mistake. My intention in writing this has been to give you the knowledge you will need to select the right one.

Discovering The Secret To A Fast Metabolism

Ripped, chiseled and cut. Those are the words that pop up when you think of a fast metabolism. It means you're burning calories at an efficient rate all the time. Whether you are working out or just relaxing, a fast metabolicism ensures that you're torching calories at a pace that maximizes your fat loss efforts. Paradoxical as it may seem, fat loss can be achieved by eating frequently. According to fitness experts, increasing meal frequency is one known strategy that can increase metabolic efficiency. Reaching your get lean goal not only depends on the quality of foods that you eat. It's also about getting the correct timing when your body can take perfect advantage of it.

A well designed weight loss program loses some of its efficiency when you have a slow metabolism. A sluggish metabolism can defeat the fat loss efforts of even the most dedicated fitness enthusiast. Discovering the secret to a fast metabolism addresses this problem. The most effective strategy to speed up your metabolism is to eat small, frequent meals. In combination with a good exercise regimen, eating nutritious small, frequent meals naturally turns your metabolism into a fat incinerating machine. Some people are pleasantly surprised by the amount of body fat they lose after adapting this meal plan.

Chances are, you'd want to have a fat loss plan that works at the soonest possible time. The safest would be at one to two pounds a week. A sluggish metabolism Although you can cut your progress even if you rigidly follow a well designed exercise regimen. Small, frequent meals will make you reach your goals soon because it will hit your metabolism problems right between the eyes. That is not to say that three square meals a day will not give you results. It will, but not at the rate you'd like to.

"Too busy" is probably the most common reason you'd encounter why people will resist a five or six meal day. If you're of them, ask yourself how many times you eat in a day. Is it two, three, or more? Not eating breakfast is a fitness sin. Eating just two big meals a day is an even bigger disaster. A nutritious three meal a day habit combined with a good exercise program can give you some results. A five meal day gives you good results. A six meal day, however, will give the largest boost to your metabolism. This is just about the maximum number of meals you can fit in one day without disabling sleeping hours.

Knowing how to unleash the power of your metabolism will make you lose a significant amount of fat. For some, small, frequent meals can be too much of a hassle. It all depends on what you are willing to do to achieve your goals. For most people, it takes twenty one days of repeating a pattern before it becomes a habit. Twenty one days is certainly short enough in exchange for a lifetime of fitness rewards.

How To Get Clients Being A Freelance Designer

This might be the most important post i have written until now. Assuming you meet the minimum requirements to be able to work as a freelance designer via internet: you must know English, have a Paypal account, a quality online portfolio… What can we do to get a job?

As i said many times the promotion of your services is the key in this business, don’t think that because you are very good people will come from nowhere to ask you to work for them. IT’S THE BIGGEST MISTAKE YOU CAN MAKE.

This is the idea:

  1. Get the maximum possible people to visit our website.
  2. Have a good relationship with search engines.
  3. Trafic oriented to possible clients.
  4. Reusing clients: newsletter.
  5. Local publicity.
  6. Getting a good representative.
  7. Contacting the companies directly.

1.- Get the maximum possible people to visit our website.

Why? Silly question, isn’t it? It’s obvious that while more people visit our website the bigger the chances to get clients. ERROR!!!!

Let me give a little suspense… an example: SOSFactory a couple of months ago had 4000 visits per month, not long ago i got a link with a lot of traffic and now it has more than 25000, you would say the number of clients has grown?… Well no, it’s still the same. But the consumed bandwidth did grow, maybe soon i’ll have to upgrade my hosting plan, which means investing more money. The idea is that until a certain point, the quality of the traffic is more important than quantity.

The question in your head might be, then why do we want them to visit our website? Simple, if it has more visits it will increase the number of persons talking about you, more people will link to your website (as long as you offer quality content) and this way you will get a better position in search engines (Google, Yahoo, Msn).

Example: we do mascots design, imagine i’m a visitor and when i see them i like them. If you have a website, in the links section you would put something like this: “mascot design” (it’s a link to “SOSFactory” with some keywords: mascots design). If a lot of people do the same, Google will understand my website is about “mascot design”, and that is an important website for those search terms, this way Google will put my website in the first results while searching “mascot design”. This traffic is very important… depending on the search term there will be more or less competitors to appear in the first results.

How to get links:

  1. Get people to put links of your site offering free, original and funny content (tutorials, articles, games…)
  2. Putting yourself the links to your website (forums, blogs, directories, social networks…). Always with respect, eh? no SPAM.
  3. Ask your clients for links. It’s voluntary, if it accepts, great.
  4. Exchanging them with other webmasters. It’s heavy and barely has an effect.
  5. Buying massive links. As far as i know, it doesn’t work well, it can even be bad for your business.

What you should never do:

  1. Using Flash, if you do, use it just a little… no complete Flash websites.
  2. Forget about welcome pages or pop-ups. 50% of your visitors will leave before 30 seconds… so you have to go directly to the point.
  3. Try that your website is not to heavy in graphics, the more text the better.
  4. Design your website below 1024x768px resolution.
  5. Never design just for one browser. It has to look good at least in Internet Explorer and Firefox.

2.- Have a good relationship with search engines

In english it’s called SEO (search engine optimization), mainly for Google. There are thousands of forums, manuals and blogs dedicated to this so we will explain only the basics.

Appart from making us important thanks to links from other websites, we can also make Google understand better what’s our site about, with this we increase chances of appearing in the first search results.

How can we accomplish this? Well, mainly with HTML code and our website strucure (and also the links we were talking about in the previous point):

Page title: It’s about putting your keywords in the title; if you take a look at the source code of this page (in IExplorer: View > Source Code), you will see at the beginning something like this:

<title>Work for freelance designers &#8211; SOSFACTORY</title>

Meta Tags: the same for Meta Tags:

<meta name="keywords" content="mascot design, logo design, illustration, web design, graphic design, freelance designer, comics, character design, logo, web">

This tells the search engine what is your site about, so we have to put the keywords you want Google to search for your site. The more important ones are the ones that describe and keywords.

Titles “”: the search engine recognizes with this tags relevant frases in the text of the website. We also have to put our keywords here.

Bold and Italics “” and “”: we have to repeat the keywords in the content of the site putting them in bold and italics.

Density of the keywords in the text: we have to repeat our keywords in the content of our website.

Images: Google prefers text, but we can also optimize images. Mainly putting the keywords in the tag “Alt” and in the name of the file (example: my-keyword.jpg).

Website structure:

  1. From your website, Google will follow links to the rest of the pages inside the site, so it’s good to have a sitemap to make it easier… if Google doesn’t find the page is like if it doesn’t exist.
  2. Name your titles as the keywords (example:
  3. Name the folders of your site as the keywords (example:
  4. Don’t put your pages in a thousand folders, maximum 3 levels.
  5. Use your keywords to link between the pages inyour site.
  6. External links: link from your texts to pages with similar content to yours (not competitors, of course)

3.- Trafic oriented to possible clients

At first, until you have traffic from search engines (which usually take a while) or you are not very well known, this will be your mail resources source. It’s simply about promotion in those sites where there are potencial clients.


In forums there are two things to keep in mind: firstly being seen in job offers subforums, usually those are low budget jobs but they can help you build a good portfolio; on the other hand, you also need to be seen in the rest of the boards, where you might meet the best clients, help people and you will get good contacts. it’s a forum dedicated to the hosting business (and other things), there are people with a lot of money and thousands of domains… which means they need lots of designs. It’s free and in english. If you are starting, this is a good place to make a good portfolio, with some time you can get to clients with a higher level in this same forum. basically the same as the previous one.

Paid websites for freelance designers: it’s the tipical website where people post projects and you as a designer bid to get the job, everything’s in there, decent jobs and garbage. The website is in english and it’s pretty ugly and it goes for a % of the income. It’s more focused to programmers, but there are also jobs for designers. It works like the previous one, % of the sales, but the website has a much better design, it’s in english.

Elance: design jobs doesn’t have a big budget, but there is a lot of work, if you are quick you can make a lot of money. They have a complicated system though, it’s in english and very expensive, so it’s more like an investment… if you are starting maybe you wont be able to afford this.

Art Communities:

It’s the most risky way to search for a job, it’s where ‘bad’ people come searching for young ones to use them. Remember to ask for a payment in advance… ALWAYS!!. The best thing is that you can find partners, and also inspiration and have a good time.

Deviantart: it’s the art community with Capital Letters. The jobs board isn’t very serious, but the rest of the site is amazing, it has a lot of great content and a good design… if you want to be seen in the rest of the world, you must register in this website.

GFX artist: there are two kinds of job offers, the low budget clients and “projects” in the bad sense of the word, and job offers for businesses that require recolocation in the country of the offer. This is a bit more elite community, you need to host images in your server or pay for a suscription. We could say it’s for more expert people.

Digital Webbing: if you are crazy enough to live from comics this is one of the best sites. I would never recommend to dedicate only to comics, as a fond is great, it helps to grow as an artist… it’s not good as a business, unless you are a painter, and a well known one.

4.- Reusing clients: newsletter

Newsletters or subscriptions are a good marketing instrument, although it’s also a double-edged weapon.

We are able to remind an old customer we are still available to do any job he wants… but you have to be careful, or it can be classified as SPAM. I guess there’s no need to say that to be hired again you have to do a good work, as a freelance designer, reputation is very important

5.- Local publicity

It’s always useful to invest some money in printed material like posters, flyers, business cards… and leave them in stores related with computers. I don’t think i need to say to put the URL of your portfolio in everything you print.

The inconvinient is that you might have to invest much more time in meetings with your clients.

The advantage is that you don’t have the brutal competition that exists on the internet, specially asian companies.

6.- Getting a good representative

Another option to be seen is hiring a representative, it will do all the promotion work for you in exchange of a % of the sales. Agents that are worth it are very requested, so if you don’t have a good portfolio they wont work with you… maybe even if you have it. they have artists with renown as Gez Fry or Jason Brooks, but others are mediocre. hey search for a bit more alternative artists. the are artists of all styles, some of them are good, and some others aren’t. representative mostly for comic artists. There lots of people, so they don’t pay you much attention but you can try.

7.- Contacting the companies directly

Job websites:

This websites have job offers to work in a company, sometimes they also ask for freelance designers, but it’s rare. Requirements are demanding, and you will have to go to live to the place the company is located. You will need a Curriculum and a presentation letter. lots of job offers, specially in United States. They have improved the site lately, now it looks like an artists social network. job offers exclusively for sport trademarks: Billabong, Rip Curl, Adio… Who doesn’t want to work for trademarks like this? They have a very interesting newsletter where they give a lot of advices at the time to prepare your Curriculum. job offers for the videogames sector.

Yellow pages: for spain, i guess that in the rest of the countries they might have similar services. If you want to see the hell in life, i advice you to work in Spain as a designer, thousands of job offers with ridiculous salaries asking for requirements not even 5 people could have together 🙂

Big companies job offers:

The most direct road between two points in the straight line. Many companies offer jobs in their own website… it’s just a matter of searching in the corporative sections, and being very good doing what you do. i’m sure this ones seem familiar. if you have the lever to get in here, what are you doing reading this? if you like toys, working here is the best. starcraft, world of warcraft, warcraft… who doesn’t know this people? for the comic artists.

This kind of posts are ‘heavy’ and not many people read them… i’m conscious it’s been made only for a few people, the ones who really want to live off design and are ready to work hard.

If what you want is a magical formula to sell logos for 10,000 US$, you are in the wrong site… if i knew that i wouldn’t be writing this article 🙂

Are You Ectomorph, Endomorph or Mesomorph?


In the 1940s, American Psychologist William Herbert Sheldon developed a theory that there are three body types, or somatotypes: Ectomorph, Endomorph and Mesomorph.

The names were named after the three germ layers of embryonic development: the endoderm (develops into the digestive tract), the mesoderm (becomes muscle, heart and blood vessels), and the ectoderm (forms the skin and nervous system).

Each somatotype has its own distinct physical characteristics and supposedly personality as well. Modern scientists have dismissed his claims on somatotypes-personality as outdated/inaccurate. However, the unique physical characteristics of each body type is still widely used as an important factor when designing workout routines for the individual.

This is because the three body types each require different workout methods and diet plans. I have listed the body types below along with their respective traits and training methods.



  • High metabolism
  • Low body fat
  • Difficulty in building muscles
  • Young appearance
  • Lightly muscled
  • Narrow face with high forehead
  • Thin limbs
  • Narrow shoulders and flat chest
  • Narrow hips


  • Huge amount of calories needed to gain weight due to high metabolism.
  • Create caloric surplus
  • Eat 5-7 small meals per day every 2.5 to 3 hrs
  • Daily protein intake of 1 gram of protein per pound of bodyweight
  • Use protein shakes to supplement diet

Workout Intensity:

  • 6-8 reps per set
  • Aim to lift heavier weights progressively every week
  • Rest 90 seconds between sets (ensure sufficient rest due to heavy load)

Workout Frequency/ Split

  • Train each muscle group twice per week
  • Best not to train each muscle group three times per week due to heavy load and thin body frame. Unless you are a beginner who’s starting out with light weights

Workout Volume

  • Bigger muscle groups: 30-60 reps per workout session
  • Smaller muscle groups: 20-30 reps per workout session
  • Number of Sets: 3-4 sets


  • Perform low intensity cardio (brisk walking, jogging, swimming) once or twice a week for general and cardiac health
  • Do NOT perform intense cardio as this will burn away precious muscle mass



  • Slow metabolism
  • High fat storage
  • Finds it hard to lose fat
  • Round shaped with large bone structure
  • Soft body
  • “Stocky” build
  • Underdeveloped Muscles
  • Wide waist


  • Eat less
  • Keep food intake low due to slow metabolism
  • Create caloric deficit
  • Eat slowly; eating fast stokes your metabolism and makes you feel hungry
  • Keep fat intake low and only eat lean meat
  • Avoid eating late at night (suppers, etc)
  • Avoid soft drinks and alcohol

Workout Frequency/ Split:

  • Train each muscle group twice or thrice per week

Workout Intensity:

  • Train at high intensity
  • 9-12 reps / 12-15 reps per set
  • Rest 30-60 seconds between sets


  • Bigger muscle groups: 30-60 reps per workout session
  • Smaller muscle groups: 20-30 reps per workout session
  • Number of Sets: 2-3 sets


  • Perform high intensity cardio (running, swimming, cycling, etc) at least 3 times a week.
  • Incorporate HIIT (High-intensity interval training) into your cardio routine.



  • Genetically gifted
  • Muscular build
  • Gains muscle easily
  • Low body fat
  • Mature appearance
  • Upright posture
  • Medium bone structure
  • Large head with broad shoulders and narrow waist (v-shaped)
  • Long torso
  • Muscular limbs


  • Create caloric surplus/deficit depending on workout goal
  • Daily protein intake of 0.8 gram of protein per pound of bodyweight
  • Keep fat intake low and cut down on fatty meat
  • Avoid eating late at night (suppers, etc)
  • Avoid soft drinks and alcohol

Workout Frequency/ Split:

  • Train each muscle group twice per week
  • For beginners, train three times per week

Workout Intensity:

  • 6-8 reps / 9-12 reps per set
  • Aim to lift heavier weights progressively every week
  • Rest 60 seconds between sets

Workout Volume

  • Bigger muscle groups: 30-60 reps per workout session
  • Smaller muscle groups: 20-30 reps per workout session
  • If performing 6-8 reps: 3-4 sets
  • If performing 9-12 reps: 2-3 sets


  • Perform medium-intensity cardio (running, swimming, etc) 2/3 times a week to keep fat-burning channels active (mesomorphs can gain fat too if you do not have a proper diet/workout!)


Now that you know which body type you are, you can optimize your diet and workout to fit your body type.

Ectomorphs and endomorphs are not naturally muscular and well-built like mesomorphs. However, you can train hard to look as close as possible to a mesomorph. Do not feel upset that you have to work so hard; just focus to reach your maximumgenetic potential and you will still look great!

On the other hand, mesomorphs are lucky because they can gain muscle/ lose fat easily. However, if you are a mesomorph, you should still watch your diet and exercise regularly to keep in shape. I know of many mesomorphs who are underweight or overweight due to a lack of discipline. I’m sure you know of several examples yourself!

No matter what your body type, you CAN build a ripped muscular body if you believe in yourself!

6 Reasons Why Publicity Is More Powerful Than Paid Advertising

While there are potentially dozens of reasons why publicity (even free publicity) is more powerful than paid advertising, I have outlined the top 6 here:

Reason Number 1: It’s the cheapest form of advertising you can do. In fact, you can do a local campaign for under a dollar and do a full scale national campaign for under 10 dollars. All you need to do is send out a correctly prepared press kit (press release, bio and reporter Q&A) to several select reporters and the rest does itself. Paul and his students have gotten multi-page articles written about them and their business for the cost of three pieces of paper.

One example he gave was a 2 page full color story that ran in Forbes magazine. In the story they gave out all his business information, the price of his products and even how to order them. A 2 page paid ad would have cost over $100,000 and Paul was able to do it for 15 cents. He has duplicated this thousands of times and it works every time.

Reason Number 2: When you use publicity you get instant credibility. If someone reads a story about you or hear you on the radio, they immediately view you as the expert on the topic. This instant credibility leads to more people calling you and to more sales and income.

Reason Number 3: The speed to market is much faster with publicity. Some larger magazines may take months to run your ad and even getting ads on radio and tv can take awhile. But writing a press release can be done in about 15 minutes and within minutes of the reporter receiving your release you could be getting exposure. You want to get a jump on your competition and this is the quickest way to do that. If other people start using publicity before you, they will win. If you do it first, you win. It’s that simple.

Reason Number 4: Turning yourself into an expert/celebrity can be a lot of fun. You get to do interviews for the radio and other news media and you get to talk about yourself and the benefits of your product or what problem it solves. This is a lot more fun than writing ads.

Reason Number 5: When you are part of the media, you get instant trust. People don’t trust you until they know you and they won’t buy from you until they trust you. By becoming a household name, people get to know you a lot quicker than they ever will by seeing your ad a number of times.

Reason Number 6: When you are in the media, you get instant celebrity status. We have switched from a credential obsessed world to a celebrity obsessed world. By becoming a celebrity in your field, people will hold you to a higher level.

In the past you should have included publicity in with your other advertising campaigns. In this day and age if you are not including publicity you are dead. For all the reasons mentioned above, the time is right for you to start using publicity for your business.

History and Clothing in Ancient Japan

Japanese history includes alternating periods of isolation and revolutionary influences from the rest of the world. As early as the Jomon period from about 14000BC to 300 BC, Japan had a hunter-gatherer lifestyle; wooden stilt houses, pit dwelling, and agriculture. Weaving was still unknown and the ancient Japanese clothing consisted of fur. However, some of the world’s oldest pottery is found in Japan, along with daggers, jade, combs made form shell and clay figures.

The period thereafter to 250 BC saw the influx of new practices like weaving, rice sowing, iron and bronze making influenced by china and Korea. Chinese travelers describe the men ‘with braided hair, tattooing and women with large, single-piece clothing.’ Initially ancient Japanese clothing consisted of single piece clothing. The ancient and classical Japan begins from the middle of the 3rd century to 710. An advanced agricultural and militaristic culture defines this period. By 645, Japan rapidly adopted Chinese practices and reorganized its penal code.

The peak period of ancient Japan and its imperial court is from 794 to 1185. Art, poetry, literature and trade expeditions continued with vigor. Warlords and powerful regional families ruled ancient Japan from 1185 to 1333 and the emperor was just a figure head. By the Japanese Middle Ages, Portugal had introduced firearms by a chance landing of their ship at Japanese coast; samurai charging ranks were cut down; trade with Netherlands, England and Spain had opened up new avenues. Several missionaries had entered Japan as well.

Distinct features of the lifestyle, ancient Japanese clothing and women is difficult to decipher for the simple reason that it is super-imposed by the Chinese culture. Ancient Japan readily adopted other cultures and practices and most of its own culture is lost among these adaptations.

Ancient Japanese clothing was mostly unisex, with differences being in colors, length and sleeves. A Kimono tied with an Obi or a sash around the waist was the general clothing and with the advent of western clothing are now mostly worn at home or special occasions. Women’s obi in ancient Japanese clothing would mostly be elaborate and decorative. Some would be as long as 4meters and tied as a flower or a butterfly. Though a Yukata means a ‘bath clothing’, these were often worn in the summers as morning and evening gowns. Ancient Japanese clothing consisted of mena and women wearing Haori or narrow paneled jacket for special occasions such as marriages and feasts. These are worn over a kimono and tied with strings at the breast level.

The most interesting piece of ancient Japanese clothing is the ju-ni-hitoe or the ‘twelve layers’ adorned by ladies at the imperial court. It is multi-layered and very heavy and worn on a daily basis for centuries! The only change would be the thickness of the fabric and the number of layers depending on the season. Princesses still wear these on weddings.

Since the Japanese people don’t wear footwear inside their homes, tabi is still worn. These are split -toe socks woven out of non-stretch materials with thick soles. Clogs have been worn for centuries in ancient Japan and were known as Geta. These were made of wood with two straps and were unisexual. Zori was footwear made of softer materials like straw and fabric with a flat sole.

Ancient Japanese clothes, culture and footwear are slowly regaining their popularity with the western world. There is an honest curiosity in knowing more, wearing kimonos or using silk fabrics with beautiful floral prints from the ‘land of the rising sun’.

Dental Implants: Before & After Caring Tips

There are many causes of tooth loss among adults today. They vary from tooth decay, injury, and periodontal disease among others. Whatever the cause of your tooth loss was, you will agree that the impact is immediately felt in your life.

Impact of Tooth Loss

Your beautiful smile will be no more and your self-esteem will take a beating. What’s more, you will not be able to enjoy some of your favorite meals and this can affect your nutritional intake. According to the American Academy of Implant Dentistry (AAID), missing teeth expose the jaw bone, leading to deterioration which can precipitate further oral problems.

The Ultimate Tooth Loss Remedy

To avert all these complications, dental implants are highly recommended. A titanium post is surgically fixed in the jaw bone to form a permanent support for a replacement tooth. This dentistry procedure is highly popular in the dentistry circles for various reasons including:

  • Natural looking teeth – The procedure offers the most natural solution
  • Regain your beautiful smile and natural face shape
  • Ability to regain full chewing power
  • Prevention of further bone loss
  • Fast and more effective alternative to dentures

Pre and Post-Treatment Care Tips

While the success rate of this treatment is over 98%, it is important to learn how to care for your implant. Below are some tips to follow to ensure the restoration lasts longer and to avoid any complications:

  • Pre-treatment care – Make sure you maintain perfect oral health for both the empty socket and adjacent teeth. This avoids infection which would affect the effectiveness of the treatment. Aspirin-containing drugs should be discontinued 7 days before the surgery. Avoid smoking and alcohol, which can lead to inflammation or infection of the area the procedure will affect.
  • Post-treatment care – After the cosmetic dental implants procedure, avoid hard and sticky foods as this can lead to tissue damage. It is also advisable to use an icepack on your cheeks to bring down any swelling. Your dentist will also provide pain killers to deal with discomfort. It is also recommendable to start using mouthwash in place of a toothbrush to avoid damaging the surgery area. You should also avoid smoking to reduce chances of infection.

There are many reasons to opt for dental implants. They are permanent and you get a natural appearance without much effort. This is a safe medical procedure offered by qualified and certified dentists and there are minimal risks involved. With proper before and after care, you are guaranteed of better results from this tooth loss solution.

Why is China So Important to the US Economy?

Twenty years ago, many people believed that the economic preeminence of the United States would be eclipsed by Japan, while China was an economic backwater. How things have changed.

Since 1978, China has increasingly liberalized its economy, opening the country up to foreign investors and aggressively pursuing economic growth. It has paid off; while China remains a fairly poor country overall, the coastal regions have become increasingly wealthy as a result of globalization.

Just as manufacturing moved from the Northeast to the lower-cost South in the United States, so is it moving from the United States (and the rest of the developed world) to lower-cost China. With its abundance of cheap labor, China has allowed manufacturers to reduce their costs of production, which translates into lower prices for consumers when they go to the store. This is one of the biggest reasons for the low inflation the United States has enjoyed over the past two decades.

When Chinese manufacturers ship their goods to the United States, they get paid in dollars. They give those dollars to the Chinese government in exchange for Chinese currency. China’s government then takes most of those dollars and buys U.S. Treasury debt with them.

By doing this over and over, China’s government has become the largest single owner of Treasury debt – the bonds issued by the Federal government to cover the budget deficit. By investing so much money in Treasury bonds, China has helped reduce the interest rates the government must pay.

So over the past two decades China’s growth has benefitted the U.S. economy with both lower inflation and lower interest rates. The question now is how much longer will these trends last?

How to Tell a Fake Carousel Horse, and Laws On Antiques

New Movement in the Antique Industry

Its about time…Antique Show Manager , Dordy Fontinel of the Fall Hunt County Antiques Fair, (in Virginia) is rebelling against the influx of reproductions into the Antique Shows. All her shows now will be Antiques only…..and has asked her dealers to stand behind whatever they sell by issuing a receipt (with their name and address, and phone), describe and date the items, and inform the buyer of any repairs. Many of us in the Carousel business, that is all of the reputable dealers will gladly do that for you. We hope all dealers will follow her lead.

Our long conversation was very informative. Dorty proceeded to tell me that of those people buying on E-Bay, about 75% of all antique purchases are fakes. Now that is not E-Bay’s fault, what has happened to our society that has made it the norm to try and deceive, trick , our buyers with the intent of outright fraud. We need to turn this trend around….and educate the public.

Did you know in many states, (it needs to be in all states), it IS Criminal Fraud to sell a fake or reproduction as an antique. The merchandise should be labeled as such. You can contact your State’s Attorney’s office, or your State Senator office to find out. This is for any Antique.

Do you know What classifies and Antique…items must be over 100 years old, wood items, as furniture 50 years or older. Anything less is considered a collectible.

The Hobby Protection Act was passed in 1973, requires all new merchandise to be marked with country of origin and date…but most are not following even that. It is obvious these thousands of items, which have infiltrated event to the highest caliber Antique shows is meant to deceive.

Dorty is trying to band all dealers together , get television and publication articles, and get the FTC to not only recognize this problem, but do something about it. How will you feel years from now only to find out that the Depression Glass, or Tiffany Glass you have saved for years to retire with is bogus.

Genuine Antiques, Dorty has stated are the ultimate recycled items for the Green movement. So Go Green, buy an Authentic Antique!

How to tell a Fake Carousel Horse from a real one…

This column is to help you not get taken by being naive and uninformed. Your best approach to purchasing and Antique Carousel Horse is to be prepared. We always suggest you try to deal with an experienced, reputable Carousel Dealer. Many others will give you all kinds of stories ( and we have heard some gems), just remember the 1st rule….if it sounds too good to be true….it probably isn’t!

Please also remember there is nothing wrong with a Reproduction or decorator piece, so long as you are made aware that is what you are purchasing. The difference between these is usually quite a bit, unless you are really lucky.

1. If you do find a wood horse and want it to be identified or make sure of what you are purchasing, most Carousel people would be glad to help you…you should expect to pay for this service, this is what these people do for a living…… it is usually under $50. and would be well worth it to you to be sure.( We charge $25. and require photos of both sides of the animal , top , bottom , and any details on it. and $50. for a full history and details).

2. You should learn as much as you can, there are many fine Carousel books out there, we have several in stock too, and check your local library.

3. The Boats are in…several boat loads of reproduction carousel horses, and lately I have been seeing a small Cow, and a Frog, are appearing again in the market place. We reiterate, there is nothing wrong with these IF they are sold to you as Current carvings or Replaquias or Reproductions. These are decorative sculptures, not of investment quality nor have any provanance (history,lineage). These were NEVER on Carousels, but produced for the American market. Oh another new antique out is the copy of the French Bicycle (Veloipede) Horse). He has a Bicycle chain under his neck.

4. Most Antique Carousel Horse are Hollow, with the head, neck, legs, tail all carved separately, and PERMANENTLY ATTACHED. The ears and tails were never left detachable…..

5. Carving on the two sides of a Carousel Horse are not the same, since you did not see the inside of the horse from the viewing areas, the companies did not spend the money to have the horses detailed on both sides (except some English and European Horses). Jewels were usually on the outside only, but there are always a few exceptions.

6. Carousel manes were on the outside of the horse , just like a live one, not on both sides , not the same on both sides, does not look like they were carved with a little rake.

7. Authentic carvings are smooth and well finished, no chissle marks or rough areas.

8. The hole and pole go all the way through the horse and match up (except Track machine horses, they have no top pole).

9. Latest scam , is to strip the horse and leave it out in the weather to crack and age.

10. Coca Cola did NOT make any carousel horses, these are all illegal Mexican reproductions on illegally copied Coca Cola bases. They were never on carousels, and never associated with Coca Cola.

How to Take Good Photos of Items Listed on E-Bay

First, you will need a digital camera. If you don’t have one, see if you can borrow one from a friend or relative. Next, set up an area just for photographing your items. It does not have to be elaborate or expensive, but you should find a small space where you can work without clutter. You want to use a solid background for your photos so that the emphasis is on the item you are selling. Use foam core board, which you can buy at office supply stores for about $3, – you want the item for sale to be the focal point of the picture.

Use good lighting. Natural daylight is best, however, you won’t always have that luxury. Just be sure that the item can be represented accurately in the photo.

If you are selling clothing, make sure the item is in clean, presentable condition. Iron or steam clothing to remove wrinkles. Remove lint and loose threads before photographing. You don’t want your potential buyer to have to imagine what the item would look like if it was clean and wrinkle-free. You may want to invest about $10 to buy a half mannequin – these can be found on eBay. You can then cover a door with butcher paper or posterboard, hook a wreath hanger over the door, and hang your mannequin on the wreath hanger. You may need to adjust the clothing to fit the mannequin. If so, use clothes pins or masking tape on the backside of the mannequin, out of view of the camera.

After you have taken your photos, you will need to edit them on them on the computer. You don’t have to be an expert graphic designer, just crop the picture so the item for sale, and the solid background are all that’s in the picture. You may need to adjust color, brightness, and contrast.

Finally, upload your photos when you list your item on eBay. You may want to look at using a listing template service, such as Seller Sourcebook, which gives options such as background templates, enlargement of your photos, and image hosting.

Learn more about eBay selling by visiting my free eBay discussion forum, and by visiting my website, eBay Selling Coach

Photographers Improve Website Traffic

It’s time to bring you more customers. How do we do that? Improve ranking in the major search engines such as Google, Yahoo etc. Your goal should be to land your site on the first page of Google. Those 10 results are the most likely to be clicked on when people search for photographers.

My goal is to help you improve the rankings of your website and consequently drive more customers to your business. So, read through the suggestions and use some or all of the information at your discretion.

Back-linking with article writing

In order for the search engines to see that your site is active and something that should be listed, it is advantageous to have websites linking back to your website. As many as possible.To do that, you need to write small informative articles with links embedded within that lead the reader to your website. You could write these articles for online magazines, or even some of the online article storehouses. If your content is good and it is well written, you could submit the same article to many of these databases of articles. It’s completely free, but it does take some time to write and submit.

To find them, just enter something like “article submission” in your search engine of choice. If they start asking you to pay… pass on them and keep looking. Just be sure to include a link to your website with every submission.


You website has galleries, a contact page and perhaps some other important content. Now let’s get your potential customers interested in what you have to say on a daily basis by building a blog.Search out blogs that have content that is of “value” to your audience. Get a feel for good writing and bad. Try to replicate the good stuff by posting valuable information daily, or at least on a regular basis.

This will help your rankings by telling the digital robots that cruise the internet that your site is worth their attention. This gets them excited, and consequently your site moves closer to that magic first page of search results.

Search engine submission

You’ve put up a new website. Awesome. Now tell the search engines that it exists by going to Google, Yahoo, Bing etc and submitting your site’s URL. You might also try a new browser such as DuckDuckGo.

Follow the instructions as it pertains to your site and rest assured that your site will be indexed. Of course, making sure your meta data is fully populated and search engine friendly will help.

YouTube videos

YouTube is a huge search engine that ranks #3 behind Google itself and Facebook. This means it is to your advantage to use it to drive viewers to your business. Combining entertaining, educational 2 or 3 minute videos with a clear call to action and links to your page within the description are excellent for building your customer base. Have you learned a new technique that makes your portraits pop? Are you the only photographer in your area photographing dogs and cats? There is a video opportunity there.

First and foremost, consider who your potential customer is and design a video that will appeal to them. Make sure to use their potential search terms in the title of your video. “Outside dog portraits”, for example if you photograph dogs… so they will see your 3 minute portrait session. (Talk to the viewer in a clear voice, and use good lighting.)

These videos are transcribed by YouTube. Consequently the search engines use the transcriptions to find content. Make sure you mention the name of the business a few times, and the address of the web site.

Do this often and you will lead visitors who are interested in your type of work to your website.

Facebook fan page

As Facebook continues to pull in such a huge customer base, it would be prudent to have a fan page where you can talk about your work, your blog, new galleries etc. Get people excited, lead them to your website. Use their comfort in Facebook to your advantage.

You might want to try these guys when you are thinking about building a fan page for your photography business: Lujure(dot)com

Guest blog posts

By writing posts of interest in blogs similar to your own, you gain credibility with a whole new audience. You might want to get your own blog going first, and brush up on your writing skills before approaching other bloggers. Look for blogs that are somehow associated with your type of photography. Read the posts and judge if your possible content would be a good fit. Your content must appeal to the audience. Tactfully introduce yourself to the blogger and suggest a guest post. Break the ice and see what happens.

Forum posts

Visit online forums that deal with subjects that might interest your audience. Are you a wedding shooter? Go find wedding forums, event forums, catering forums, travel forums etc. Any type of forum that might have a connection to the wedding photography business. Any forum that might be frequented by a potential bride, mother of the bride, wedding MC, DJ etc. Ask questions and post answers. Get involved. Don’t try to sell your services. Just get involved in the online community. Once the membership gets used to seeing your name and trusts your comments, then you will be free to discuss what you do for a living.

Then you can talk about your photography work and your website. This will result in curious members clicking the link you’ve provided in a couple of your posts and going to your website. Breaking down that initial barrier is a major hurdle to getting these forum members to accept you and potentially spend their money on your services.

Frequent text-based updates

Search engines need to know that your website is active. By posting frequent updates such as in your blog section, you are telling Google etc., that your site is active, and has something of value to offer Google users.I try to write a new review a least twice per week. Doing so keeps my site in the eyes of the search engines and I can tell by my stats that it is working. Since starting the blog my ranking has improved by over 1.4million places. In less than 2 months.

Effective meta data

Even though meta keywords and meta descriptions are NOT used by Google in their ranking algorithm, you should still populate these sections because other search engines may use them.You should also limit them to 10 or so keywords/keyword phrases so as not to appear trigger the spam filters. And only use words that appear on your page. Meta descriptions are important as they often appear as a snippet just beneath the title in the search engine results.

A well written meta description can increase click-through-rate. Google is more likely to show your meta description as the snippet if it contains all of the keywords from the user’s search phrase because they want to be able to bold ALL of the keywords in the snippet.

Here is a very cool tool to help with your meta data. Give it a shot and see what you think.


These tips may or may not work for you. You may find that a combination of tips will work better than using just one. It will take time. So be patient and keep at it.

You may like to know where your site stands in the ranks. I find it helpful to know that my position in the grand scheme of things is improving, or decreasing. Either way, data is important for the health of the blog.

I am using a ranking tool provided by You can too. It works with the Mozilla Firefox browser and is a permanent addition to your browser. When I go to any website, I see the ranking at the bottom right corner of the browser. Go to alexa(dot)com.

Click on “toolbar” at the top, and then “install toolbar” in the green box. When you restart your Firefox browser you will have access to stats of any website you visit. Even your own.

What? You don’t have Firefox?! Take a trip over to Firefox and download it for free. It is a great alternative to Internet Explorer, and it is my preferred browser… on my PC netbook and on my Apple iMac.

So that’s it. 9 suggestions that I think will help you improve the positioning of your website. If I learn of any more I will post. Do you know of any cool tips for improving your site’s ranking? Please feel free to share in the “community news” section. MT

Your Basic Guide to Choosing the Right Carpet Underlay For Your Home

If you are getting carpets for your new home or having your old ones replaced, it would be a good time to choose new carpet padding at the same time. Carpets give your home that distinctive appearance of luxury and comfort, as well as coziness and warmth, and it will be to your great advantage to keep your carpet looking and feeling this way. A good carpet pad will go a long way to preserving the life of your carpet, and keeping it feeling plush and luxurious underfoot for a long time to come.

While it may seem that the surface of the carpet is the only thing that matters in terms of appearance, cushioning your carpets and prolonging its extravagant look will depend on your padding. There are many types of carpet pads you can choose from, depending on your budget, and the level of cushioning you require.

These types of carpet padding include frothed foam, waffle rubber, prime pad, fiber rug padding, rebond, and foam padding. Rebond padding is the most common type of material used. It is made out of recycled material which may suit the taste of environmentalists and any other homeowner who supports the green movement. Prime pad, on the other hand, is created out of several layers of padding that are specially made to resist odor and stains.

For long-lasting pads and carpets, fiber rug padding provides prime cushioning. Waffle, on the other hand, rubber padding is made out of rubber bonded with clay. While relatively inexpensive compared to other types of carpet padding, they do not usually last very long. One of the best types of padding that most home stores recommend are the ones made of frothed foam material. Crafted from dimmed urethane, these foam pads range in thickness from 5/16th of an inch to 7/16th of an inch.

Once you have selected the type of material for your carpet padding, the next step is choosing your pad’s thickness. The commonly used carpet pad density averages at 3/8 of an inch. However, if you prefer really plush carpeting, you can opt to get a thicker pad.

The next step would be to determine how heavy your padding should be. Six pounds is the preferred weight for most homeowners. The rule of thumb is that the denser your carpet padding is, the longer its life. This may be the reason why some people choose 8-pound pads if their budget allows.