What’s the Average Speed of Male Ejaculation?

When a man is ready to ejaculate his body will undergo a series of events.

He will see an increase in the size of the head of the penis and the head may also change to a purplish color. His Cowper’s gland will secrete ‘pre-cum’ fluid which dribbles out of his urethra. His testes will move in towards his body, and increase in size. As well, he may experience a body flush, muscle tension, increase in heart rate and rising blood pressure.

Just before ejaculation he will feel contractions in his vas deferens, seminal vesicles, and the prostate, causing seminal fluid (ejaculate) to collect in a pool at the base of his penis. He will feel a ‘tickling’ type sensation. When ready to ejaculate, he will feel a “throbbing” around his urethra.

Ejaculate will leave his penis at roughly the same rate of travel as a city bus, about 28 miles per hour. But can reach speeds of 43 miles per hour depending how long since the last time he came. (It’s all fun and games until somebody loses an eye!!)

Once he has ejaculated, his scrotum and testes will return to normal their size. He will have a general feeling of relaxation and experience a refractory period (where a he is physically incapable of getting another erection). This period may be from a few minutes to much longer depending on his age.

Sex Tip: Unless he is at the point of no return, you can stop him from ejaculating by firmly (yet very gently) squeezing on the tip of the penis.

Painting Business – 13 Point Checklist of Essential Tools Most Needed to Start a Painting Business

If you are considering starting a commercial or residential painting business you will only need some basic low-cost tools to start with. You can buy other tools as more jobs come along and with your down payments. Here is a list of the most essential painting business tools needed to get you started.

1.) Quality Cage Frame – Also known as a paint roller. Wooster and Purdy both have strong, commercial-use cage frames sold at most professional paint stores.

2.) Extension Pole – Get yourself a good medium-size fiberglass extension pole for rolling out walls and ceilings.

3.) Wall-Sander – I always sand walls and ceilings before I roll them out. It cleans up cobwebs and anything else that needs to be knocked down to make the walls and ceilings smooth.

4.) Roller Bucket – I use Wooster’s roller bucket. It is tall, square and has a lid. It is made out of durable plastic and balances a lot better than a paint tray and washes out easy. It’s a must have.

5.) Cut-in Bucket – I like to put some paint in a small plastic bucket for cutting in. There are small 1-gallon buckets of drywall compound that when empty make a great cut-bucket plus they have a lid. They will last for years.

6.) Step Ladder – A regular wooden 5-foot step ladder works perfect for most homes. If I need a 6-foot ladder I have an aluminum one for that. Most of the time all I need is my 5-footer and I am only 5’6″ so there you go.

7.) 16′ Extension Ladder – Great for stairwells or ranch-style exterior jobs. I use my 16-foot extension ladder more than any other size. I also have 20′ and a 24′ extension ladders, but i couldn’t get by without my little 16-footer.8.) Drop Cloths – I like using the runner type the most. They are inexpensive, light to carry and can be moved around the room easily. I also have 9 x 12’s on hand.

9.) Fluorescent Light – Interior painting without a fluorescent light is nearly impossible, especially on a cloudy day. Fluorescent light is a nice white light that is great for painting and shows up the colors in their true form.

10.) Tool Bucket – An empty 5-gallon bucket makes a great tool bucket. I keep my pliers, a hammer, razor-blade knives, a caulk gun, etc., in my tool bucket.

11.) Small Fan – I bought a $30 blower type fan made by Stanley Tools from Walmart. It dries out walls and ceilings quickly so you can get back to work cutting in and moving around the room without it being wet.

12.) Drywall compound – I hate Spackle. It flashes under paint jobs. I use the Sheetrock brand of 90-minute quick-dry drywall compound found at Lowes or other hardware stores for around $11 a bag. It will last me all year long. It is the powder formula and is easy to mix up right on the job with water and a small cut bucket. This way you don’t have to carry a heavy 5-gallon pale around with you that can also freeze during the wintertime and can get lots of chunks in it over time.

13.) Caulk Gun – I use painters caulk all the time to fill small gaps between woodwork, trim and walls. Most paint stores have it on hand. I use the 35-year interior/exterior type.

So there you have it. If you are considering starting your own painting business and want to know how much it will cost to get started this list will help you. I would guess off hand that everything on the list totals around $300. If you already have a step ladder and even a small extension ladder, this will cut the start up cost down considerably.

Simple Origami – 8 Fun Facts About Paper Folding

Simple origami is ideal for all ages. While many may think it’s just for kids, it’s not! Here are eight fun facts about paper folding that you may not know… yet!

  1. There are dozens of entries for origami in the Guinness Book of World Records including most folds, smallest, biggest, fastest time for folding 100 cranes, and many more.
  2. If you thought origami was just for kids, think again. There is an origami airplane championship held every two years in Japan. According to an article in the Bangkok Post, the record for the longest flight indoors of an origami plane is 22.48 seconds – held by Takuo Toda, who is credited with inventing the paper airplane.
  3. The smallest origami crane in the world was made by Naito Akira folding plastic film measuring 0.1 by 0.1 mm. The 82-year old uses special tools and a microscope.
  4. The three largest origami cranes on record include one with a wingspan of 206.7 feet made by Akita Japan residents in August 1998. It took approximately 200 people 7.5 hours to fold the square paper which measured 212 feet per side. Wings for Peace folded an origami crane in Seattle in November 1999 with a resulting wing span of 215 feet. The latter reportedly weighed 1750 pounds. In January 2001 an origami crane with a wingspan of 256 ft 6 was folded in Odate Japan.
  5. A charity in Mexico (Grupedsac) supports small farmers and indigenous people to make and sell shoulder bags, hand bags, coin purses and belts out of folded candy wrappers and other trash.
  6. Origami is the theme of a play in New York called “Animals Out of Paper” in which the three main characters all are involved in the art of paper folding.
  7. There are at least a dozen national origami associations throughout the world including: US, Japan, France, Netherlands, UK, Spain, Germany, Australia, Italy, Poland, Russia, and China. The British Origami Society was the first association and was founded in London in 1967.
  8. Origami USA sponsors a yearly convention in New York that is said to be the largest in the world.

It’s easy and affordable to get started with simple origami. You just need paper and folding directions.

How to Match Men’s Leather Gloves With Your Clothes

Hands are one of the most important parts of the human body. They are used to perform each and every task daily. Unlike your chest and legs, there aren’t many options for protecting them from unpleasant temperatures and bruises. You can either tuck them in your pockets or cover them with gloves. Gloves are special clothing for hands to protect them from dust, injuries and cold. They are made from a wide range of materials like cotton and silk. However, nothing stands out as prominently as leather.

Men’s leather gloves are more durable and stylish than the rest. Even though they aren’t very expensive, nobody can buy a few pairs of gloves to match them with each and every outfit in their closet. So, it is wiser to select the men’s leather gloves and match them with the right gear. Here are some suggestions you can try:

– Black gloves with dark colored jackets: Black gloves go perfectly with dark colored leather jackets. They can be worn with black, dark brown and dark blue jackets. They will look even better if you are wearing dark colored jackets with black trousers or jeans. This style was popularized in the Hollywood movie “The Matrix” with the main characters wearing full black attire with jet black leather coats, gloves, shirts boots and even sunglasses!

– Finger-less gloves with vests: If you analyze black gloves and black jackets a step further, you will see that finger-less gloves go nicely with vests, while full-fingered gloves look better with full-sleeve jackets. Even though finger-less gloves can be worn with full-sleeve jackets, vests rule this look.

– Winter gloves with coats: As their name suggests, these gloves are made for the cold season. They will look their best with winter coats or trench coats. As coats are heavy clothing, you can’t wear them in summer or even warm spring days. They are mostly worn in fall or winters and combining them with winter gloves keeps you warm and gives a nice look at the same time. Gauntlets can also be worn with coats. These gloves cover a part of the forearm as they have an extended cuff.

– Biker gloves with biker jackets: Even though biker gloves with biker jackets may seem to be an obvious match, many riders don’t consider wearing them together. They look even better if both the jacket and gloves are from the same brand. Popular brands for biker jackets and gloves are Harley-Davidson, Yamaha, Honda and Suzuki.

Wearing matching clothes tells a lot about your personality. The first thing noticed when meeting someone is his/her dressing sense. Some men get their entire outfit from the same brand, while others combine different brands. You have to be smart in selecting leather gloves to match your outfit. Even though gloves are small, they rarely go unnoticed. If you pick the wrong gloves to wear with your attire, they will give a ridiculous look to your entire outfit. So, take some time while choosing men’s leather gloves so that you can get the right pair of gloves to go with most of your clothes.

A Cornish Walk – Pentire Point and Rumps Point

There’s nothing that quite compares to a bracing winter walk. During summer, the sea might be more enticing, you can stop off for numerous ice creams en route and meander in shorts and t-shirt as the sun warms your skin; but at the same time, it’s hot, clammy, you’re often jostling for position on the busy coast path, and parking at the start of the route can be somewhat problematic. No such problem today. We snare one of many available free seaside spaces in New Polzeath, and our spot provides a great vantage point for reading a newspaper and watching the surfers in the water, before heading a couple of steps away to the Doom Bar of the Atlantic Hotel for a pre-walk coffee.

Cornwall has a fantastic selection of walks which make the perfect setting for a winter getaway. Why not stay for the weekend and relax in one of Cornwall’s holiday cottages (http://www.cornwalltoday.co.uk/Accommodation/CottageInCornwall.aspx )prior to your walk, and wrap up warm before you head out into the cold.

This is one walk that you will be more than glad to have a woolly hat with you, to keep your ears nice and toasty and to stop your hair blowing in your eyes and obscuring the views. Also, as any conversation is stolen by the wind, it doesn’t matter if you can’t hear anything anyway; it’s actually quite nice to be engrossed in your own world for a while. After sitting inside and looking beach ward, it’s great to be heading away from Polzeath, and taking the coast path to Pentireglaze Haven, where the soft sand underfoot is the perfect place for a spot of beach rambling, though we find little aside from small mussels, plenty of kelp, and a cottage nestled at the back of the beach, which we enviably spy through the windows of. Heading away from the beach to climb the hillside, waving goodbye to our sleepy start point, we then return to beach level to discover a small pebbly cove. Tempted as we might be to take the grassy turning to Pentire Farm, we refrain in the knowledge that we will be passing through the farm on our return route.

Heading onwards and upwards, the increased puffing is worth it, the path levels out to provide expansive seaward views which include the day mark of Stepper Point and the lighthouse of Trevose Head in the distance. The deserted stretch of sand to the south of Stepper Point is Harbour Cove, usually peopled with bodies during the summer months. Looking inland, rolls of hay sit on the hillside, the lush green of the fields contrasting the grey and somewhat uninviting ocean. Eyes down, we discover a large hairy caterpillar in the undergrowth, and once we’ve seen one, a game of spot the caterpillar ensues; they’re out in abundance today. We pass a National

Trust sign that points us up hill to the Tumuli – a prehistoric burial ground, where an abundance of heather disguises what lies beneath.

Continuing on the blustery route to the rocky outcrop of Pentire Point, here barren volcanic rock makes up the headland; look carefully and you’ll see gas bubbles in the rocks that formed when the lava cooled rapidly in the ancient seas some 350 million years ago. Newland Rock can be seen offshore, whilst Rumps Point is visible in the distance, like a stegosaurus, sporadic triangular rocks rearing out of the grass headland. As you head to explore Rumps, you will find area of shelter from the wind, although you won’t want to stay too long in these quiet pockets as the views are far more spectacular the further up that you climb.

On the unusually shaped double headland of the Rumps are the remains of an Iron-Age cliff castle, where a massive triple rampart and ditch system protected an area of around six acres at the tip of the headland. We explored the stone circles that sat within the enclosure, trying to envisage those who had stood in the very spot from which we now admired the views. If the hills could talk they’d have a lot to say; excavations in the same area have unearthed pottery from the first century BC, indicating trade with the Mediterranean area. The large offshore rock behind the eastern headland is The Mouls, which is a breeding site for puffins, gannets and kittiwakes.

Once you’re looking to head on, I challenge you not to want to roll down the hills that you have so recently puffed your way up. Carry on your circular route; following the stone wall until you reach a junction and bear right to start your inward loop.

Heading towards Pentire Farm, a helpful information board reveals that the whole peninsula is part of a working farm which produces beef, corn and sheep, the latter of which we’ve seen plenty of during our walk. Though there’s not a person around when we pass through the farmyard, there are cream teas available here in season. Descending to your start point, you’ll be able to appreciate the shelter, peace and quiet, before a last uphill stretch towards the car. As we hungry walkers head towards Trebetherick we pass Mowhay Café and Gallery where the atmosphere is warm and welcoming – it’s like stepping into someone’s front room. We feast on what can only be described as a delicious lunch before, quite frankly, wanting nothing more than to go home and curl up in front of the fire – with that lovely feeling that only fresh air exertion can bring on.

If you would like to visit this region and are looking for somewhere to stay nearby, why not log onto http://www.cornwalltoday.co.uk where you will find a wide variety of either self-catering cottages and farmhouses or bed and breakfasts to suit your needs.

Negotiating a Contract With Your Sugar Daddy – Be Smart and Specific Up Front

Whenever you decide to enter a sugar daddy/ sugar baby relationship, it is better to negotiate all the details beforehand; so that there are not hurt feelings or misunderstandings in the long run. As a sugar baby whenever you discuss money this can be a delicate situation because you do not want to come across as a gold digger. But, there is a way to approach any topic and a true sugar daddy will understand and even respect your openness to negotiate all the details up front.

Depending on how you met your sugar daddy will depend on how easy it is to negotiate your contract. If you met him on a “sugar daddy” website, this can be the easiest way to negotiate your contract because often times the stipulations are mentioned on your profile. So if on your profile you mentioned what you expect as gifts and/or allowances then there should be no surprises when you bring it up.

With this being said, you also want to be tasteful on how you approach the topic. For those sugar babies who met your sugar daddy online, when you decide to meet him in person, first allow the date to flow naturally. If during the first date, you both feel a mutual connection you can go ahead and ask whether he read your profile and if he felt your terms were agreeable to him. From there you can begin the process of negotiation. However, nothing should come as a shock to him because if he read your profile then he should already know what you expect. Therefore, since he still contacted you, then obviously your terms are agreeable to him. It’s just a matter of confirming it verbally.

For those sugar babies who have not met your sugar daddy online, then bringing up a contract can be shaky territory. This is because your potential sugar daddy may have never been in this type of relationship before and may not understand where you are coming from. If this is the case, it is probably best to go on at least two or three dates to get him comfortable with you, before trying to negotiate a contract. Before throwing out an allowance and what you want, you may first try to explain the dynamic of the sugar daddy/ baby relationship and how you feel it is best to come up with terms for the interest of both of you, so that there is no confusion.

As in the case with the sugar daddy you meet online, if it is a sugar daddy that has been in this type of arrangement before, then once again the negotiation should not be a problem. This can be done on the first date, once you are sure you are comfortable with one another. The only difference is that you should open up the conversation by asking him what his proposed allowance is and start your negotiation from there.

Last but not least it is the unsuspecting rich man that you are trying to make into your sugar daddy that can be the most complicated. This negotiation is going to be the hardest because he does not know what you are trying to do or what to expect. With this being said you do not want to come flat out and try to negotiate a contract. Instead date him for quite a few dates. Try to feel him out to see if he would be open to this type of arrangement. This may even mean that there is no formal contract between the two of you for a while. You may still be able to receive gifts at his expense but not a set in stone allowance.

Your Hot! Hot! Hot! Deck Can Be a Lush Garden – Container Gardening in a Summer Heat Wave

Do you have a deck that is so hot in the summer everything you plant out there dies of heat stroke? Nothing is more disappointing than watching your plants shrivel up and die during a summer heat wave. You can avoid the pain and disappointment of dead plants by buying the right containers, using the correct soil mix, and choosing the best plants for wind and heat.

Containers for Hot Conditions

Look for large, deep, thick walled pots. The least expensive containers are plastic. Polyethylene pots usually have thicker walls and are more crack resistant than plastic. They are also probably twice the expense. Glazed clay pots (often made in Vietnam) are sometimes the most attractive sort of pot, but like Terracotta tend to wick out moisture from the soil. Terracotta is not a great choice for a really hot dry deck although they may be the only choice for plants whose roots need a lot of oxygen to thrive, such as orchids, and many herbs. Both terracotta and glazed clay pots need to be protected during cold winters. You can empty them out completely and take inside, or you can leave them in place, wrap them in plastic to keep out snow and rain. It is the contraction and expansion (freezing and thawing) of water inside the pot during the winter that can cause it to crack.

A general rule is to choose deep pots rather than shallow pots. The deep pots will keep the plant roots cooler thus aiding immensely in their survival. Exceptions to this rule are Succulents and Cactus that usually prefer a wide shallow container instead of a deep cool pot because they like the soil warm, dry, and well drained. Just to make it complicated, there are many plants such as Lavender, Rosemary, and Orchids that like their roots cool and moist but need the surface of the soil to be dry. Using a mulch that dries quickly, such as buckwheat hulls or sand will help achieve these special conditions.

Containers with reservoirs in the bottom are helpful for keeping soil and plant roots moist. These pots are sometimes called “self-watering”. Don’t be fooled, you still have to water, only not as often! Seriously, a reservoir in the bottom of a container can be helpful, but watch out you don’t over water your plants by never letting them dry out at all. That can drown the plant and make the soil anaerobic (without oxygen). Plant roots need water and oxygen to keep the plant healthy.

Moisture Retaining Potting Soil

When you are preparing soil for your containers, make sure to add water absorbing polymer crystals. Follow the directions carefully because if you add too many crystals your soil will end up heaving out of the containers and making a real mess. Blend one 1 part vermiculite based potting soil to 2 parts sweet compost, such as Coast of Maine. Avoid using composted manure in your container garden unless it is well composted and smelling good. Mulch the top of your containers with shredded bark mulch, buckwheat hulls, or sand.

Heat Tolerant Plants

Shrubs and Trees can be great assets to your deck container garden, but they need very big pots to survive. Make sure that your deck or porch can hold the weight of very large pots before you begin. They will get quite heavy when wet with water.

A way to guide your plant selections is to determine if your heat is moist or dry, and then look to the natural places that are either hot and humid, or hot and dry for ideas. Desert plants live in the desert because they are adapted to the climate and like it hot and dry. Seashore plants live where it is hot, and maybe cold, and humid. Tropical climates are also hot and humid.

Best choices for searing hot weather include plants with small leaves, especially needled evergreens. The needles are just tiny leaves. Small leaf size reduces the amount of moisture that can evaporate from the plant. Plants with large leaves can transpire much more water thus removing moisture from the entire plant. Large leaves will wilt and dry up quickly when they get too dry.

Watering

Obviously, these plants like us need water to live, so you need to set up a watering system. You can buy special irrigation systems, that are not that expensive, for containers that attach to either a timer on an outdoor water faucet, if you have one of those on or near your deck, or to a large bucket of water from which the containers wick water. Someone has to fill this bucket regularly though. I use a regular size garden hose that I attach to the water faucet at my kitchen sink to water the containers on my hot, dry, windy porch.

If you take the time to make the right choices for your deck garden, you will enjoy it immensely and not have to worry about plants shriveling up and dying in the middle of a heat wave. Be prepared!

Running A Machine Shop With Portable Air Conditioning Units

The inside of even a small machine shop can quickly heat up because of the operation of industrial tools and the friction that is generated when working with metal. The proper cooling of a machine shop is vital to the operation of a business, since an unventilated space can be hazardous to the workers, the tools and the building itself. Portable air conditioning units that handle this type of industrial space are one part of the solution for a machine shop. It can sometimes take four or more cooling units to maintain a good temperature inside of the building. There are several elements in a shop that can contribute to the amount of heat that must be managed.

Machinery

Large shops must often deal with dozens or even hundreds of machines that are each contributing to an increase in the temperature. This can be caused by multiple turning centers or other tools that use hydraulics and powerful engines. A number of these engines operating at the same time can quickly cause hundreds or thousands of gallons of oil to rise in temperature. This heat is dissipated into the air and can start to affect the performance of other machinery. Shops that do not manage the temperatures around machinery can potentially see interruptions in work because of overheating that locks the tools until the area can be cooled. Portable air conditioners can be used as a cooling solution in targeted areas that might contain high concentrations of machinery that become very hot while in use.

Steam And Moisture

Computer numerical control (CNC) tools come in many different designs. Some of these use water-based coolants to help keep cutting heads and other components cool while a program is running. The result is that the hot components cause the water in the coolant to turn into steam. This steam is then released into the air and can cause the temperature to rise in the machine shop. There are certain systems that can be installed that can help to mitigate some of this release of steam. Portable air conditioning units can be used as a permanent or temporary solution to this problem by providing the ability to reduce the amount of humidity that is created while simultaneously cooling the entire area.

Improper Insulation

Nearly all machine shops require some type of insulation to keep the space warm in the winter and cooler in the summer. Improperly installed insulation or buildings that have no insulation can begin to act like ovens in the summer when the sun hits the exterior walls. Portable air conditioners can be used to negate this increase in temperatures in order to keep the shop at a comfortable level where employees and equipment can operate without problems.

How Laboratory Refrigerators and Freezers Are Used in the Lab

A laboratory refrigerator or lab freezers have an obvious and essential function; these units are used to cool or freeze samples for preservation. Typically, refrigerators are used to store samples at a temperature between – 5 and 15 degrees Celsius, while freezers will normally store samples at a temperature between – 25 and – 15 degrees Celsius.

Some laboratory freezers are used to store biological samples such as vaccines at a significantly lower temperature. Cryogenic freezing is also used in some laboratories, but requires specialized equipment that is capable of generating and tolerating exceptionally low temperatures. Ultra low temperature freezers (usually -50 degrees C and below) commonly use a dual compressor cascade type of system to reach these low temperatures. The first compressor is used to obtain a temperature of around -40 degrees C, after which the second compressor kicks in to achieve the lower temperature that is needed. These lab freezers will be usually be noisier than a -20 degrees C freezer, create more heat output into the room and will use more energy. They are also more expensive to repair than a standard laboratory refrigerator or freezer if the compressor needs to be replaced, since this will require a repair technician who specializes in these somewhat exotic compressors.

Lab refrigerators and freezers include equipment for storing samples and special instrumentation used for conducting experiments requiring precise temperature control. For example, a lab refrigerator can be used to set up chromatography apparatus within the refrigerator chamber.

Refrigeration and freezing equipment is also used for the storage of medical or pharmaceutical supplies. A blood bank uses a lab refrigerator to preserve the quality of its blood supply. Laboratory refrigerators and lab freezers that store blood and blood products must meet a variety of regulatory and quality standards for obvious reasons. They normally come with an alarm system to warn laboratory personnel of an equipment failure. Plasma can be stored frozen in a plasma freezer for an extended time period. Since the typical expiration date is one year from the collection date, the problem of maintaining an adequate blood supply is greatly reduced. Pharmacies may also use a laboratory refrigerator to store vaccines, medications and other temperature sensitive compounds.

Laboratory refrigerators and laboratory freezers include equipment for freezing blood plasma or other blood products for future use. Some lab freezers are used to store enzymes or other biological reagents used to conduct tests. Laboratory refrigerators and laboratory freezers may be stand-alone, upright units or may fit under the lab counter. A lab freezer may also be fitted with locks to restrict entry, and may even be designed to safely insulate flammable materials from electrical sparks. Some laboratory refrigerators and laboratory freezers are also used as incubators that cycle between a heating period and a refrigeration period. These types of refrigerators are often used for culturing and monitoring the growth of bacteria.

Flammable chemicals that require refrigeration must only be stored in a laboratory refrigerator that is designed for the safe storage of flammables. A flammable liquid is defined as having a flash point of less than 100 degrees F (38 degrees C). Flammable storage laboratory refrigerators are UL approved for storage of flammable chemicals; lab freezers are often used for this purpose as well. Flammable storage refrigerators have no electrical sparking devices, relays, switches or thermostats that could ignite flammable vapors inside the cabinet. They may also incorporate design features such as thresholds, self-closing doors, magnetic door gaskets and special inner shell materials that control or limit the damage should a reaction occur within the storage compartment.

A label stating ‘Flammable Materials Refrigerator: Keep fire away’ should identify such refrigerators. Flammable storage units cannot be placed in a room containing explosive vapors, but chemicals that exude explosive vapors can be safely stored inside them. They are called lab-safe, fire-safe or explosion safe refrigerators. These refrigerators are more costly than the standard household or even laboratory refrigerator for that matter, but they must be used if flammables will be stored in the refrigerator.

Explosion proof laboratory refrigerators and lab freezers are rated UL explosion-proof and are similar in design to the flammable storage units, but they also have all operating components sealed against entrance of explosive vapors. Electrical junction boxes are also sealed after connections are made. These units are approved for storage of volatile materials in areas with explosive atmospheres and are the most costly of all types. This type of refrigerator is only required when storing flammable materials in an area with an explosive atmosphere such as a solvent dispensing room. An explosion proof laboratory refrigerator has very limited use on campus and require special hazardous location wiring rather than simple cord and plug connections.

Many Boyfriends, One Daughter But No Husband

Rachel was born on 3rd September 1971, between midnight to 0059. Her birth chart is as follows:

Year Pillar: Metal Pig (Water)

Month Pillar: Fire Monkey (Metal)

Day Pillar: Metal Rabbit (Wood)

Hour Pillar: Earth Rat (Water)

Rachel was born on a Metal day in a Metal month, her personal element is considered strong therefore her favorable elements are those which weaken Metal. In this case, Fire, Wood and Water are her favorable elements while Metal and Earth are unfavorable to her.

2009 was a double Earth year which was unfavorable to Rachel, she lost her job that year. Before we proceed to the area of romance, let’s see if Rachel’s luck cycle will improve these two years. 2011 is Metal Rabbit year, the Metal is Yin Metal, which combines with the Yang Fire in her Month Pillar to form Water. Rabbit represents Wood. Both Water and Wood are favorable to her, therefore 2011 is a good year for Rachel.

How about 2012? 2012 is the Water Dragon year. Although Dragon is Earth, which is supposed to be unfavorable to her, however, Dragon combines with Monkey (Month Pillar) and Rat (Hour Pillar) to form Water. 2012 is a year full of the Water element for Rachel. Since Water is her favorable element, she can look forward to a smooth sailing year.

Now, let’s come to the area of romance. Rachel did mention that she had been through many relationships, but none lasted. From her birth chart, since she was born on a Metal day, Fire represents her Husband element. There is only one Fire element in her birth chart, how did she manage to go through so many relationships?

First of all, we can see that the Fire element in her chart is very weak, as it combines with both Metal elements on its left and right to form Water. The single weak Fire element is as good as non-existent. This signifies her husband being snatched away by a competitor in love. But if it is the case, where did the many relationships come from?

Looking closely at her chart, we can see several combinations. Firstly, Pig and Rabbit combine to form Wood. Rat and Monkey combine to form Water. The other two combinations are among the two Metal elements and the lone Fire element. The last is a hidden combination between Monkey (Month Pillar) and Rabbit (Day Pillar), which adds up to five combinations in total.

The reason for so many relationships is because of the many combinations. As long as we see many combinations in a person’s birth chart, we can conclude that he or she is very sociable, and that it signifies plenty of romantic relationships or encounters.

Although Rachel had many boyfriends, none of her relationships lasted because her Husband element, Fire is very weak. Besides being weak, the lone Fire is being surrounded by very strong Water. This is why Rachel is unable to settle down with the right man.

From 1993 to 2002, Rachel went through the Earth Pig pillar. Earth weakens the effect of the strong Water in her chart, while Pig combines with Rabbit in her chart to form Wood, which in turn strengthens Fire. During those ten years, men pursued Rachel like bees went after honey. She had all sorts of boyfriends, tall ones, short ones, rich ones, poor ones, handsome ones and ugly one, but no ended up with none.

Till this day, Rachel is still unmarried and has no boyfriend, only a daughter. I wish her all the best in her life.

Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Advantages and Disadvantages

Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) combine two powerful techniques in order to provide the identification of compounds that have low detection limits and potential required for quantitative analysis. Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry analyses works on liquids, solid and gaseous samples but are primarily restricted to semi volatile and volatile compounds.

Under Gas Chromatography, a sample is carried and volatilized and carried by the inter gases through a coated glass Capillary Column. The stationary phase is joined to the interior of the column and the amount of time it takes a specific compound of an element to pass through this column on to a detector is called its “Retention Time”. These measurements are used for identification purpose when compared to references.

Under usual Mass Spectrometry or MS step under the Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry, the compounds leaving the GC columns are fragmented by the electron impact. These charged fragments are detected gradually and the subsequent spectrum obtained is used to identify the molecules. Fragmentation patterns are reproducible and thus, can be used to create quantitative measurements.

Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry analysis is performed on gases, solids and liquids. For gases and liquids, the samples are usually injected directly into the Gas Chromatogram. For the solid elements, the analysis is carried our through outgrassing or desorption, solvent extraction or pyrolysis. Desorption experiment is performed under the flow of helium gas at controlled temperature ranging between 40 to 300 degree Celsius. The analytes are then collected on a Cryogenic trap during desorption process. The sample chamber is a 1.25″x4″ cylinder.

Pyrolysis is yet another sampling technique used for the analysis of materials that are impossible to be directly injected into Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry. Under this process, heat is directly applied to the sample that results in breaking down of the molecules in a reproducible way. These smaller molecules are then introduced in the Gas Chromatogram and analyzed by the GC-MS. By this method, probe temperatures of up to 1400ºC can be used.

Several other sampling methods and sample preparation are available such as static headspace analysis, derivatization, purge and trap, Solid Phase Microextraction etc. having applications based on species of interests and sample types.

Strengths

  • Identification of organic components through separating complex mixtures
  • Quantitative analysis
  • Trace determination of organic contamination (low to mid-ppb level for liquid matrices and low nanogram level for solid matrices?

Ideal Uses

  • Identifying and quantifying volatile organic compounds in mixtures
  • Outgassing studies
  • Testing for residual solvents
  • Evaluating contaminants on semiconductor wafers or other technology products (thermal desorption)
  • Identifying trace impurities in liquids or gases

Limitations of Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry

  • Non-volatile matrices (wafers, metal parts oil, etc.) require additional prep (extraction, outgassing, etc.)
  • Evaluating extracts from plastics
  • Target compounds must either be volatile or capable of derivatization
  • Atmospheric gases are challenging (CO2, N2, O2, Ar, CO, H2O)

Advantages

GC MS has long been considered to be the Gold Standard for all sorts of analytical laboratories. It is a strong analytical tool that uses time for the chemical elements to travel through the GC column, the retention time as compared to known standards to identify the chemical. It is a good technique for simple mixtures and for situations where the chemicals of concern are known and calibrated before running samples. Though there are advantages and disadvantages of all the process but together these factors are helpful in evolution and advancement of laboratory processes and identification of elements.

Wooden Door Mats Offer Many Benefits to Homeowners

In the current recession, people are frequently looking for ways to save money. Frivolous spending has become a thing of the past. Buying items of higher quality is one way that people can save money over the long term.

A welcome mat can be helpful in keeping unnecessary dirt and mud off the floors in your house. One of the downsides of a door mat, however, can be the frequency in which they wear out. While an inexpensive plastic or rubber door mat can be purchased for a few dollars, they usually become worn or ragged somewhat quickly.

Instead of mats that don’t last, you may want to consider a wooden door mat. A wooden door mat is usually made out of high quality Cedar, which is weather-proof and resistant to cracking and warping. A cedar wooden mat is usually made of Western Red Cedar, a hardy wood that is abundant in the western United States and parts of Canada. Cedar, with its pleasant aroma, is resistant to many forms of pests and termites.

With unemployment climbing and many families working more hours for less pay, cleaning becomes a low priority. Even with frequent cleaning, dust, mold, and dirt can be difficult to keep out of a home. With so many families and couples living busy lives, house cleaning can be the last task to get accomplished.

A wooden door mat can be an ideal solution in helping to keep your home clean.

White cedar is also frequently used on outdoor furnishings and is sometimes used in the manufacture of a wooden door mat. Cedar is a more long-lasting selection than rubber. A wooden door mat can be bought in a variety of sizes and styles.

A wooden door mat will last longer if cleaned once in a while and well taken care of. A clean mat will help to keep mold, dirt and bacteria from spreading from the doormat. A wooden door mat is also a friendly way to remind visitors to remove or wipe their shoes before entering.

Households with children often find that a wooden door mat can be an ideal solution to keep muddy shoes from entering the home.

In fact, in some countries, guests are given shoes or sandals to wear while in the house. In America, the custom of asking guests to wipe or remove their shoes is becoming accepted. In Asia, in fact, it is considered a common courtesy to remove shoes before entering a home. Hosts in Asia would consider it an insult for a guest to keep their shoes on when entering a home.

If you would like guests to remove their shoes before entering, there are friendly ways to let them know this. Politely stating that removal of shoes is appreciated or simply asking them to leave their shoes in the entry when they come to your home can solve the problem. People can keep their homes clean by asking visitors to remove their shoes before entering the premises.

With quality becoming more important than ever, investing in a wooden mat can help people save money for years to come.

Why Do Spots Reappear on Clean Carpets and How Do You Keep That From Happening?

Why spots keep reappearing on your carpets and what you can do about it.

I know it’s very frustrating when you have cleaned up a spill or a stain and then like an annoying relative it comes back. This is particularly maddening when you have paid a professional carpet cleaner a good bit of money and then the stain comes back.

My name is Michael Carlson and I have been a professional carpet cleaner for over 30 years. Maybe I can help you to understand what is happening when that stain comes back and what you can do about it.

There are two reasons why stains come back.

Residue- residue is what is left over after an incomplete cleaning attempt. This is usually a sticky alkaline cleaning agent that has been left in the carpet and soil is sticking to it. It would be like washing your hair and only rinsing half of the shampoo. Your hair will get dirty twice as fast. Usually what happens on carpets is the homeowner sprays too much alkaline cleaner on a spot and rubs it out. The spot disappears. The homeowner is happy, mission complete, except that a few days later that dirty spot reappears. Sometimes it could be that an alkaline cleaner has spilled on the carpets. Four year old Susie is helping with the laundry and opens the cap and spills two cups of laundry soap on the carpets. There is going to be so much soap in the carpet that you are going to need some expert advice. Or, it has been known to happen that an inexperienced carpet cleaner has left residue in the carpets.

Whatever caused the problems, here are the solutions.

The small residue spot

When you are cleaning up a stain, rule number one is to use the proper cleaning solution. Using the wrong solution can at best be ineffective and at worst damage your carpet. On our website is a page with the best cleaning solutions for different kinds of stains.

When you use an alkaline stain remover, you need to either rinse extremely well or rinse and neutralize the area with an acidic solution to remove any residue. White vinegar in ½ cup to a quart of warm water mixture is a good acidic cleaning solution that will remove the residue. Pour some of the vinegar solution on the spot and blot dry.Use the vinegar after you have rinsed out the spot thoroughly.

The large volume soap spill

If you have spilled a large volume of an alkaline cleaning solution then you are going to need to get a little more aggressive.

Rent a portable steam cleaner. Make sure it has a hose attachment for cleaning upholstery. Using two cups of white vinegar to a gallon of warm water fill up the tank of the carpet cleaning machine. Spray down the “soapy” area and then extract with the machine. Do this over and over and over until there is no more “soap” coming out of the carpet. Be aware that because the soap foams up your machine will fill with foam quickly. If you suck up a little bit of straight vinegar every few times you extract, this will help to keep the foam down.

The carpet cleaner left residue

If a carpet cleaner leaves residue in your carpets then call them up and ask them to come and fix the problem. If not hen you will either need to call a better professional or if you clean yourself then you can follow the same procedure shown above except you will be cleaning a bigger area. Use the vinegar or better yet purchase an acidic neutralizing solution from your local carpet cleaning supply store. Clean the carpets just as you would as if you had put an alkaline solution in the machine. You may have to go slow and be very thorough.

Wicking

The other and much more common cause of spots reappearing is called wicking. If a spill or stain goes down deep into the fibers and particularly if it goes through the backing to the padding under the carpet it is going to be really hard to clean that spot out. What you see as the stain on the top of the carpet is kind of like the tip of the iceberg. You can clean up that part visible on the surface but a part of the remaining hidden stain wicks up to take its place. This does not happen immediately, it takes hours or even days. The stain needs to be moist to do this, which why certain types of stains like oil stains will come back easily. One of the biggest headaches for professional carpet cleaners is when after deep cleaning a carpet, a stain that was in the backing and we did not even know was present wicks up to the surface after we leave. Any stain that is bigger than about the size of a hand is one that could sink down to the backing and wick back up later.

The answers to wicking

If you are cleaning a larger spill after you have gone through the cleaning process and while the spot is still damp, take a white cotton rag folded several times and place over the stain. Place a piece of plastic of the cloth and then stack several heavy hardcover books on this. The stain will wick up through the carpet fibers and into the white cloth. Then re-clean the remaining spot on the carpet surface. With large spots you may have to do this several times.

Large volume spills

Certain types of large volume spills or stains might require that you pull up the carpet and remove the padding. The padding is just a big sponge and without special professional carpet cleaning tools you will not be able to remove stains from the padding through the carpet. The easiest thing to do is to simply cut out the stained padding and replace it with new. If there is a stain also on the sub flooring you will need to clean that and then paint the floor with sealer paint like kilz.

The Water Claw

A professional carpet cleaner may have a tool called a Water Claw which is a tool that allows cleaners using van mount steam cleaning systems to extract many types of stains from the padding right through the carpets.

Encapsulation

A process that is helpful with wicking is called encapsulation. Encapsulation products create minute crystals that absorb the stain when it begins to wick up top the surface. These crystals dry to a fine invisible powder that you vacuum up during your next regular vacuuming.

You can ask your local carpet cleaning supply store about these products and how to use them.

I hope this article helps you if you find yourself having spots that reappear.

5 Steps to Area Rug Bliss – No More Wrinkles, Buckles and Bunching Ever Again

To ensure that your Area Rug experience is one of absolute joy and bliss, consider these 5 tips.

1. Buy a Decent Area Rug

Area Rugs are often bought as an impulse item. When you need a rug to accent your décor or to cover an ugly spot, don’t give in to the temptation of buying a chain store special, based on color and price only. An area rug should be a well thought décor item, not a cheap after-thought. You don’t have to break the bank. Most good quality wool fiber rugs are available in style and qualities that will fit most any budget. Fine quality wool fiber area rugs can be purchased Online and shipped right to your front door for about the same price as those chain store pretenders.

2. Buy a New Zealand Wool Fiber Area Rug

Wool Fiber that has been shorn from New Zealand sheep is the best fiber for an area rug. Why a New Zealand sheep? Because they have been bred to produce “carpet quality” wool fiber. An area rug of New Zealand wool fiber will be soft on the feet and extremely durable. Most stains are not a problem; simply blot gently with clear warm water for best results.

3. Make sure it is at least 12mm to 14mm pile density

An area rugs density will play an important role in its life and performance. A flimsy cotton or olefin (polypropylene) rug or a runner without a secondary backing is nothing but trouble. A rug without sufficient density will wrinkle, warp, buckle and bunch. Not to mention the battle for possession that takes place when you try to vacuum it. The vacuum almost always wins this battle as you try using your feet to keep it under submission and out of the suction tube. I don’t know anyone who enjoys constantly adjusting and straightening their rugs. If you buy a rug with sufficient pile density (or weight) it will remain where you place it and behave when you vacuum. I prefer rugs of at least 12mm. Especially if they are to be placed over wall-to-wall carpet. Buy a dense rug and let gravity keep it in position and under control.

4. Cotton or Jute Backing is preferred

Although cotton or jute backing is preferred, many rugs are manufactured with a secondary backing. I prefer rugs that are woven without the secondary backing. Because you can tell if it’s a good quality rug when you can detect the pattern of the rug while looking at it from the back. Whether a rug is machine-made or hand-knotted it has to be woven into something. Cotton or jute is preferred, but polypropylene mesh is fine when used in the backing of a rug (but never the face fiber). However; some rugs need that secondary backing to add density and weight. Also consider how the are rug is bonded. Single backed area rugs only need a small amount of latex to keep them bonded while secondary backing rugs need more latex to secure the backing material. If the rug maker uses synthetic latex for bonding, your nose will be happy. It will only have a new rug smell for a short period of time. If your rug maker uses a lot of real latex to secure a secondary backing, it will most likely stink of burnt rubber for years to come. Especially when the weather gets hot. Most noses and eyes are sensitive to real latex in larger doses. If you have chemical sensitivities, stick to single backed area rugs that don’t use heavy applications of synthetic latex.

5. Don’t place Heavy Furniture on your Area Rugs

Area rugs are often intended to define and delineate space. If your rug is too big for the area you are decorating you will be tempted to tuck the edges of the rug under your heavier pieces of furniture. When heavy furnishings are placed on an area rug they can often cause bunching and wrinkling where the furniture legs are indenting their selves into your rug. This can cause the most beautiful and expensive rugs to look cheesy and warped. Indents, wrinkles and warping of rugs from heavy furnishings can also become more permanent. To avoid costly rug repairs down the road, keep four to six inches of distance from heavy furniture. (Coffee tables are fine; sofas, hutches and entertainment systems are a definite no-no). Although not often. Some rug applications may result in the need for a dense and firm rug pad (or cushion). I always suggest the use of all-felt or synthetic all-felt rug pads.

Avoiding the hassles of wrinkles, buckles and bunching in your area rug is as easy as pie when you consider applying these 5 tips. Your new area rug can be a joy or a nightmare. Always buy good quality (not museum quality) New Zealand wool fiber area rugs with a single woven and bonded cotton or jute backing, and never place it under any heavy furniture. Follow these rules and your new area rug will be a joy for many years to come. Visit our web site for more about area rugs, home decor items and information.

Why Do Spots Reappear on Clean Carpets and How Do You Keep That From Happening?

Why spots keep reappearing on your carpets and what you can do about it.

I know it’s very frustrating when you have cleaned up a spill or a stain and then like an annoying relative it comes back. This is particularly maddening when you have paid a professional carpet cleaner a good bit of money and then the stain comes back.

My name is Michael Carlson and I have been a professional carpet cleaner for over 30 years. Maybe I can help you to understand what is happening when that stain comes back and what you can do about it.

There are two reasons why stains come back.

Residue- residue is what is left over after an incomplete cleaning attempt. This is usually a sticky alkaline cleaning agent that has been left in the carpet and soil is sticking to it. It would be like washing your hair and only rinsing half of the shampoo. Your hair will get dirty twice as fast. Usually what happens on carpets is the homeowner sprays too much alkaline cleaner on a spot and rubs it out. The spot disappears. The homeowner is happy, mission complete, except that a few days later that dirty spot reappears. Sometimes it could be that an alkaline cleaner has spilled on the carpets. Four year old Susie is helping with the laundry and opens the cap and spills two cups of laundry soap on the carpets. There is going to be so much soap in the carpet that you are going to need some expert advice. Or, it has been known to happen that an inexperienced carpet cleaner has left residue in the carpets.

Whatever caused the problems, here are the solutions.

The small residue spot

When you are cleaning up a stain, rule number one is to use the proper cleaning solution. Using the wrong solution can at best be ineffective and at worst damage your carpet. On our website is a page with the best cleaning solutions for different kinds of stains.

When you use an alkaline stain remover, you need to either rinse extremely well or rinse and neutralize the area with an acidic solution to remove any residue. White vinegar in ½ cup to a quart of warm water mixture is a good acidic cleaning solution that will remove the residue. Pour some of the vinegar solution on the spot and blot dry.Use the vinegar after you have rinsed out the spot thoroughly.

The large volume soap spill

If you have spilled a large volume of an alkaline cleaning solution then you are going to need to get a little more aggressive.

Rent a portable steam cleaner. Make sure it has a hose attachment for cleaning upholstery. Using two cups of white vinegar to a gallon of warm water fill up the tank of the carpet cleaning machine. Spray down the “soapy” area and then extract with the machine. Do this over and over and over until there is no more “soap” coming out of the carpet. Be aware that because the soap foams up your machine will fill with foam quickly. If you suck up a little bit of straight vinegar every few times you extract, this will help to keep the foam down.

The carpet cleaner left residue

If a carpet cleaner leaves residue in your carpets then call them up and ask them to come and fix the problem. If not hen you will either need to call a better professional or if you clean yourself then you can follow the same procedure shown above except you will be cleaning a bigger area. Use the vinegar or better yet purchase an acidic neutralizing solution from your local carpet cleaning supply store. Clean the carpets just as you would as if you had put an alkaline solution in the machine. You may have to go slow and be very thorough.

Wicking

The other and much more common cause of spots reappearing is called wicking. If a spill or stain goes down deep into the fibers and particularly if it goes through the backing to the padding under the carpet it is going to be really hard to clean that spot out. What you see as the stain on the top of the carpet is kind of like the tip of the iceberg. You can clean up that part visible on the surface but a part of the remaining hidden stain wicks up to take its place. This does not happen immediately, it takes hours or even days. The stain needs to be moist to do this, which why certain types of stains like oil stains will come back easily. One of the biggest headaches for professional carpet cleaners is when after deep cleaning a carpet, a stain that was in the backing and we did not even know was present wicks up to the surface after we leave. Any stain that is bigger than about the size of a hand is one that could sink down to the backing and wick back up later.

The answers to wicking

If you are cleaning a larger spill after you have gone through the cleaning process and while the spot is still damp, take a white cotton rag folded several times and place over the stain. Place a piece of plastic of the cloth and then stack several heavy hardcover books on this. The stain will wick up through the carpet fibers and into the white cloth. Then re-clean the remaining spot on the carpet surface. With large spots you may have to do this several times.

Large volume spills

Certain types of large volume spills or stains might require that you pull up the carpet and remove the padding. The padding is just a big sponge and without special professional carpet cleaning tools you will not be able to remove stains from the padding through the carpet. The easiest thing to do is to simply cut out the stained padding and replace it with new. If there is a stain also on the sub flooring you will need to clean that and then paint the floor with sealer paint like kilz.

The Water Claw

A professional carpet cleaner may have a tool called a Water Claw which is a tool that allows cleaners using van mount steam cleaning systems to extract many types of stains from the padding right through the carpets.

Encapsulation

A process that is helpful with wicking is called encapsulation. Encapsulation products create minute crystals that absorb the stain when it begins to wick up top the surface. These crystals dry to a fine invisible powder that you vacuum up during your next regular vacuuming.

You can ask your local carpet cleaning supply store about these products and how to use them.

I hope this article helps you if you find yourself having spots that reappear.