The United States Was Conscrated To The Immaculate Conception In 1847?

Did you know …? The First Council of Baltimore in 1846 proclaimed Our Mother Mary: "Mary in her Immaculate Conception Principal Patron of the United States." The Bishops of the United States on February 7, 1847 affirmed it by: "… unanimously placing the Catholic Church under the special patronage of the Blessed Virgin."

Our Lady has been trying to get the message of Her Immaculate Conception across many of her apparitions to the people of God?

In Paris in 1830, she gave us the Miraculous Medal. But it was not supposed to be the Miraculous Medal. It was originally called the Medal of the Immaculate Conception. If you read the prayer that circles the edges of the medal, it reads "Oh Mary conceived without sin, pray for us who have recourse to Thee." The first time Our Lady appeared to Catherine Labouré, she said to her: "The times are evil. Misfortunes will fall upon France. The king will be overthrown. The world will be overcome by evils of all kinds ….. But come to the foot of this altar. Here, great graces will be beloved upon all those who ask for them with confidence and fervor. "

Our Lady appeared to Catherine again on Saturday, November 27, 1830. There was none of the inconvenience, none of the special closeness that they shared in July. Mary did not even look at Catherine during this apparition, nor did she speak to her directly. Catherine received the message through inner location. Our Lady had a definite purpose for this visit. She went directly to the heart of the matter. Catherine was in the chapel for evening meditation. All the sisters of the community were there also. It was quiet time. A reading had been given, and the sisters were now meditating about how this insight affected their lives. Catherine's reflections were interrupted by a familiar sound. It was the rustling of the silk dress of her Heavenly friend. Catherine thought her heart would burst. She immediately opened her eyes and looked in the direction of the sound.

To the right of the altar stand Our Lady, more resplendent than Catherine could remember. When she wrote of the apparition years later, she recalled in detail how Our Lady was dressed. The vision was indelibly etched on her soul. Mary stood on a globe, and held a golden ball at arm's length, as if she were offering it up to God, her eyes directed toward heaven. In an instant, brilliant lights radiated from her hands downward. Catherine could see that the lights came from rings Mary worm, three on each finger. They were of different sizes. Catherine noticed that rays did not shine forth from each ring.

Mary explained the reason as she spoke to Catherine's heart. The Lady said, "The ball which you see represents the whole world, especially France, and each person in particular. These rays symbolize the graces I shed upon those who ask for them." The gems from which rays do not fall are the graces for Which souls forget to ask. " Catherine was in a state of ecstasy, completely rolled up in the joy of the vision. The golden ball vanished from Our Lady's hands. Her arms went down, hands pointing out, in an attitude of welcoming. The rays focused themselves down to the globe on which the Lady stand. An oval frame formed around Mary, with the following words written on it. OH MARY CONCEIVED WITHOUT SIN, PRAY FOR US WHO HAVE RECOURSE TO YOU.

The voice of Mary spoke to the heart of the young postulant again. "Have a Medal stuck after this model. All who wear it will receive great graces; they should wear it around the neck. Graces will abound for persons who wear it with confidence." The image turned. Our Lady disappeared, to be replaced by a large M. A bar went through the M, from which extended a cross in the middle. Underneath the M were two hearts, one surrounded by thorns, symbolizing the Sacred Heart of Jesus, and one pierced by a knife, with droplets of blood dripping from it, symbolizing the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

Twelve stars surrounded this image in the shape of an oval. Slowly the image faded, and disappeared. The medal which was stuck in 1832 was not originally called, nor was it meant to be a "Miraculous Medal". It was called the Medal of the Immaculate Conception. Our Lady had promised "abundant graces", and she kept her promise, more than anyone could have imagined in their wildest dreams. Reports by wearers of the new medal flooded the little convent of the Sisters of Charity on the Rue du Bac. Physical cures, conversions, miracles of every sort were reported.

In 1854, Pope Pius IX proclaimed the Dogma of the Immaculate Conception. This summary caused more problems than it meant to solve. Rumbling went on inside the Church, and outside in Protestant circles. It was outrageous, they said, to give this singular honor to a woman. In 1858, The Immaculate Conception of Mary was affirmed by Our Lady Herself to Bernadette Soubirous in the Grotto at Lourdes, France.

THURSDAY, MARCH 25, The Feast of the Annunciation. Bernadette wakes up like a shot, in the middle of the night. Her body is raised out of the bed to a sitting position. Her heart pounds so loud she is sure it will explode. She knows; She can feel the call of the Lady, her "Aquero". The girl's entire body tings with anticipation. She has to go to the Grotto. Before 5 in the morning, she can wait no longer. She tells her parents, bundles up as best she can, and leaves. As she walks out of the "Cell", the Cachot, a blast of winter wind hits her full force.

The powers of darkness are screeching, calling in all the evil spirits available, to make it difficult, even impossible, for this moment to happen, for the young girl to keep her rendezvous with the Lady. This has to be an important meeting; Satan has pulled out all the stops. He lashes out at her with torrents of cold wind. As she walks the distance to the Grotto, a small crowd builds behind her. It's as if there's a radar screen, a network, something uncanny, that the people of Lourdes know her movements so early in the morning. They follow behind her. She is oblivious to everything but the direction in which she walks. At the Grotto, there is already a small crowd of believers assembled. Word has gone quickly from door to door in the small village.

Soon lights go on in the homes, and people file out, half dressed, rushing to the Grotto. Bernadette sees, as she arrives, that Our Lady is waiting for her. She runs to her special spot, where she kneels. Her aunt passes her a candle, which she takes unconsciously. The winds stop suddenly. She is blanketed by the warmth of the vision. Bernadette goes into a trance. This is the deepest ecstasy she will ever experience. As in previous apparitions, she gets up at times and walks deep within the grotto, talks very seriously with the Lady, and returns to her spot. This happens a few times.

Bernadette tells us that in this apparition, she asks the Lady to identify herself three times. The Lady smiles. The child pictures Cure Peyramale, her parish priest, shouting out his demand that the Lady tell Bernadette who she is. Bernadette tries a fourth time. In her own words,

"Aquero (the Lady) drew apart her clasped hands, and let both her arms hang down. Then she put her hands together again at the level of her breast, lifted her eyes towards Heaven, and said," I AM THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION ' "

The sky opened up. The clouds disappeared, and the Heavenly Hosts of Angels shone as they had on that Blessed Day in Bethlehem. Choirs of Angels sang in praise of the Glory of God. A beam of light shot down from Heaven to the alcove, surrounding the magnificent creation God had made. Cherubim and Seraphim floated down and positioned themselves around Mary. A soft breeze enveloped the child and the Lady. Bernadette could feel the tingly flush of warmth that emanated from Our Lady.

The Cycle was complete. A Miracle that had occurred before the beginning of time, the Immaculate Conception of Mary, passed down through the years as tradition, proclaimed on earth by Pope Pius IX in 1854, was confirmed by Heaven in 1858 in this little grotto nestled deep in the Pyrenees , In a hamlet of no consequence, to this chosen saint, who had no idea what the words of the Lady meant.

Is it True That Lap Band Surgery Can Make You Grow Fatter?

The rising rate of obesity has increased drastically in this modern society. Statistics show that people are seriously lacking health consciousness and most of their meals ended up at the fast food counters. Many has claimed that they have too little or no time to exercise. Along with the invention of modern gadgets and devices, (elevator and remote control) people nowdays become less mobile than before.

In order to prevent potential risk of long term diseases, many turned to lap band surgery as solution. Studies have shown that lap band surgery has helped patients to sustain weight loss longer than non-surgical therapies. However many doubt over the effectiveness of this surgery and frequently seek confirmation if this surgery will make one grow fatter than he previously was.

The truth is, if you follow the lap band diet properly, you would be able to slowly decrease your weight. The weight loss procedure is taxing which requires patience and discipline. The only way you can keep the extra pounds off is to focus on the diet plan, learn to avoid high fat and fat calories foods and take in adequate minerals and vitamins for your body need.

This surgery involves placing an adjustable elastic band at the top portion of your stomach to create a smaller stomach area which would make you feel full faster. The band helps you control your food intake. If you start to gain weight, you need to visit your physician for an immediate post check up to access the root cause. It is high possibility that your band needs to be readjusted to constrict your body more so that you would not over eat.

In conclusion, lap band surgery is an effective weight loss procedure. To lose weight effectively, one need to stay active and keep an eye on his diet, also make sure your band is adjusted to a right volume that is comfortable for your body.

Printing Methods

After creating your project you will want to get the best output. There are many ways through which you can ideally get your project printed. Discover the different range of printing methods and when to use which type of printing process. The different printing methods are

O Digital printing
O Flexography
O Letterpress printing
O Offset printing
O Rotogravure
O Screen printing.
However some of the most common types of printing methods have been explained.

The process of transferring a document by means of device that accepts text and graphic output is called as digital printing. Digital printing has replaced Flexography. The introduction of digital printing has brought remarkable changes in the print quality and then standards have increased with the results of printing available in much less time than before.

Other benefits which are facilitated by digital printing are:
Unlike the traditional methods where in to print several impressions of the same thing were made onto the paper, in digital printing every impression appearing in the paper is different.
There is no absorption of the ink or toner in the paper. There is less waste of time in the set up of the paper and even in terms of chemicals.

Some of the common printing technologies have been listed below:

Line printing – Line printing is a process wherein preformatted characters are inserted to the papers by lines.

Daisy wheel – Here in this process each character is applied individually

Dot-matrix – An economic method that produces images by patterns of dots that are closely together.

Heat transfer – This is a method of printing fibers with disperse dyes. The designs in turn are transferred to the fabric from a pre printed paper through the contact of heat. The heat transfer method produces images that are very clear and the quality is best when this method is used.

O Laser – In this mode of printing the toner consists of polymer with pigment of different colors which are melted and applied to the paper. Thus the desired image would be produced.


Flexography is the most commonly also known as Flexo, Flexo graphic printing, Surface printing. It is most commonly used for packaging. A Flexo print is achieved by creating an image in the form of a 3D model made out of rubber or polymer material. A calculated amount of ink is then published on the printing plate. Thus the print surface rotates and comes in contact with the printing material, thus transferring the ink.

This printing mode has a greater edge over lithography as it offers the usage of a wide range of inks and can print on variety of materials. Flexo inks have low viscosity and this enables faster drying as well as faster production. Faster production ensures low cost of printing.

Flexography printing can be used in fabrics like paper, polythene bags, milk cartons, cups, wrappers of consumer products, envelopes, labels and newspapers. Flexography printing has gained much popularity due to its wide applicability.

5 Signs Your Freezer Is About To Stop Working (And What To Do About Them)

Your freezer is a cold place where you stash various bits of edible fare for future use or to be maintained at a cold temperature. The freezer isn’t glamorous, and if it is doing its job, you’ll never know about it. That is, of course, until you are faced with a freezer that is on its way out.

Considering the majority of us aren’t mechanically inclined or licensed repair persons, it can be somewhat alarming to know that our in-home cold storage is going kaput. The key is being able to identify when this is going to happen. Here are five signs to look for when judging time left for your freezer, but bear in mind that there may be something you can do about it:

1. Freezer Temperature Can Vary – Your freezer should be cold, but it can be too cold at times. Moreover, you can also tell when the temperature is far too warm. This swing in temperature is dangerous for one main reason — spoilage. Before panicking, be sure to check on the temperature of the thermostat as it may be set incorrectly, and then monitor the changes.

2. Faulty or Damaged Door Seal – We often use our freezer without really paying attention to how well the door sits when closed or the condition of the seal. If there is extensive damage to the freezer door seal or you conclude that it’s faulty, you can usually replace the seal yourself without too much worry. However, you’ll want to pay attention to this early in your ownership as if it goes on too long, your freezer will find it difficult to run properly, work too hard, and cause severe mechanical damage.

3. Freezer Is Not Defrosting – It isn’t normal for your freezer to frost over. The good thing is that you can do a manual defrost. Plug everything back in afterward and see what happens. If the frosting over happens again, it may mean that something is seriously wrong that can’t be readily repaired by a DIYer.

4. & 5. Freezer Not Freezing – So, in the end, this is perhaps the biggest thing you’ll notice when your freezer is on its way out. If your freezer isn’t doing its job, something is wrong, and it’s imperative that you find out what’s wrong. You can check for the following:

A) If evaporator coils are frozen over, air can’t pass over them, causing your freezer to not be able to freeze. A manual defrost and cleaning the coils may be the way to get things back to normal.

B) Check the compressor motor. Whether it’s running or not can lead you to other avenues. If the motor isn’t running, you can run through a litany of mechanical checks but only if you know what you’re doing.

Sometimes, though, it becomes more cost-effective to replace your freezer as repairs can cost as much as a new appliance. Know when it’s time to throw in the towel.

What Are the Pros and Cons of Whole Foods?

Some say eating whole foods is an entire lifestyle. It’s not just about eating raw foods or eating unprocessed meals. It is about so much more. It’s about bringing environmentally-conscious reusable tote bags to pack your groceries in; it’s about riding your bike instead of driving to work; it’s about dyeing your hair with henna rather than chemicals; it’s about wearing clothes made of hemp; it’s about solar panels, reducing our carbon footprint and backyard composting. Others say the offerings at Whole Foods Market stores are overpriced and overrated.

There are many benefits to eating whole and natural foods. As Whole Foods Market chairman John Mackey says, “There’s no inherent reason why business cannot be ethical, socially responsible, and profitable.” Shoppers can pat themselves on the back for helping the small organic farmer in America, versus foreign workers across the country.

Those who shop specifically at the Whole Foods stores can also feel good knowing that the lowest wage for employees is $13.15/hour, with benefits that include healthcare. Furthermore, no executive makes more than 14 times the employee average. They’ve also purchased a year’s worth of wind power energy for their stores. Fresh fruits, vegetables, dairy and meats without hormones, preservatives, pesticides and other unnatural additives seem like the most basic components of a healthy diet.

Price is one of the main criticisms of Whole Foods Market, and is sometimes casually referred to as “Whole Paycheck” for that very reason. Consumers opt into an agreement where they’re willing to pay a few dollars more for whole foods that they feel are healthier, better for them and more ethical.

Some critics wonder if the movement can be justified. Are the foods locally grown? How do we know there aren’t hormones or additives in this food? Questions aside, the notion that only well-off members of society can afford to shop at these stores suggests that the whole and organic food craze may be little more than a quest for distinction, a sort of status symbol of the rich.

Even though prices are high, the foods market is doing some things to promote thrift. This holiday season, Whole Foods has rolled out a promotional list of environmentally-friendly gifts that cost less than $20. They’ve also offered “Value Tours” of their stores to show consumers how to save a few bucks and include more money-saving tips on the company blog. “We’ve been nimble, and we’re really able to help our shoppers when they may have to shop with a budget for the first time,” said Whole Foods spokeswoman Kate Lowery.

Your Home's Appearance Depends On Your Garage Door

Your garage door might not be thought about very often. However it typically represents a huge section of the front of your house. When your garage door looks good, your house looks great. But if you are having issues with your garage door's appearance then your entire entity residence can easily suffer consequently.

One failing that lots of residents have is that they simply do not keep their garage door clean. When your door is up, it is horizontal and just as a table top, it can easily attract dust and dirt. An easy cleaning of your garage door can make a huge difference in the curve appealing of your residence.

Beyond an easy washing there are additional aspects that can easily impact your garage door and your residence's appearance. If your door does not close all the way then it might not only create problems with animals getting into your garage, but it can make your house look unkempt.

An assessment of suppliers web sites discloses a whole brand-new world of options further than the basic light weight aluminum panel doors that were once the most frequently utilized. Those options were for the cookie cutter homes of the past and helped to make the garage door either utterly forgettable or an eyesore.

Today property owners have the option of a variety of products, styles and designs all of which can easily help develop the special stamp of originality on your residence. Whether it is your new dream house or you are considering a comprehensive redesigning job, every choice is weighted with research and contributions to your viewpoints. The outside of your home should be no exception when it comes to making a statement. There are a range of materials being made use of today from which you can easily choose. The choice of products and options are limitless.

Steel is just one of the most popular materials to make use of since it is low maintenance and originates from the factory already painted. It does not call for much special care and there is no issue over decay or rot. It additionally has actually the added advantage of strength so a periodic bounced ball or dink with an automobile bumper will not leave the door with ugly dents.

Wood on the other hand is a higher upkeep product and will need repainting or re-staining to conserve its look and keep it from becoming dehydrated or warped. Nonetheless when used with the right design, wood excludes the fundamental lift up plank design doors that were once on older residences. Wood can produce a classic look that is almost too good to be a garage door.

Vinyl has the track record for expanding and contracting in severe weather so it might not be a great selection. This depends on the climate in which the residence is located. In addition vinyl is not really environmentally friendly to dispose of, which may be a consideration for the individual who shops green.

Light weight aluminum garage doors which can include a wood embossed look and are considered heavy duty and light weight. They usually have a low price tag but they dent easily with every bounce ball and bump with the car. This makes the life span shorter than with other materials.

With just a little research the property owner can locate a lot of choices from which to select in today's market. Your family's residence can be a display of excellent design and good taste on any spending plan.

Your garage door should be a beautiful and lasting part of your home. Hopefully this article has given you some insight into the latest materials used to build your new garage door.

Cool Magazine Book Report Idea

This is a cool idea because you will be writing your book report as if you are interviewing the person or persons from the book. It may be easiest if you are doing a book report on a non fiction based book.

  1. Prepare about 10 questions that you will ask this person. Now you are not actually going to interview the person from the book but you are imagining you are doing this and are going to answer the questions from information in the book. Make sure your questions lead to a detailed answer which depicts information from your novel. If you imagine this person as a famous person think about the type of magazine that may have an interview for this person and act like you are a reporter for that magazine. Be creative in your questions. Here are some examples of types of people and the Magazine ideas they may be featured in for you to come up with an idea. You can even make up a name for your magazine. Like Sports and More or News Daily.


    Sports athlete – like Sports Illustrated

    If they are in government or politics – like Newsweek

    Movie star or musician – like Vogue or Rolling Stone

  2. Draw a cover for the magazine. You will want to make a picture of your person that you are interviewing because that is what the story is about. Please make it interesting by using lots of color and add backgrounds. For this cover you can use some shiny paper instead of regular copy paper to make it look shiny. Or a trick you can do is use crayon and then place an old piece of fabric on top and lightly iron with a very lightly warm iron to slightly melt the crayon giving it a shiny appearance.
  3. Finally make your opinion of the person and what you think about what they said in their answers which was from the book information. You are just basically giving your thoughts on the book and how you interpreted the information within it or in this case the answers to questions.

This may seem strange but it is just another way to be creative and prepare a book report. You are still documenting information about the book and showing the main points within it and and setting, timeline, and characters, however, to your teacher it will show thought and effort and may earn you a better grade.

Avoiding Holiday Sales Slack

There is no better way to celebrate the birth of our country than by spending a five-day weekend with friends and family. So as the holiday week finally arrives, you find yourself cramming all the work that would normally take an entire week to finish into one workday. You scramble to tie up loose ends, finish any work that must be done, and then head out. In a flash, you’re out on the lake, driving a boat and pulling your waterskiing friend behind you. As your buddy motions you to give it more gas, you give him the okay sign and push the throttle forward. You look back to make sure you aren’t going too fast for the old-timer. As you turn, you accidentally tip your beer and the frothy suds quickly find their way into the console controlling the speed of the boat. The taught rope pulling your friend begins to relax as the boat slows. Noticing the slack, your waterskiing friend motions frantically for you to give it more gas. You smack the console hard with the palm of your hand. After all, nothing cures a malfunctioning boat like some vented frustration. With the force of the whack, the boat picks up speed – too much speed. Your friend’s arms are nearly pulled right out of their sockets. He struggles to find his balance and quickly adjust to the changing speed of the boat. As he looks at you uneasily, you throw your hands in the air and shrug your shoulders, giving him the universal boating sign for “I don’t know what’s going on.” Suddenly, the boat slows. As the rope goes almost completely limp, your friend begins to sink. This time, you kick the console, and the boat picks up speed rapidly.

With the sudden change in speed, your friend jerks and loses control of the rope. You look back to see the rope bouncing and skipping off the water while your friend is left floating in the wake. What was it that kept your friend from enjoying a nice, smooth ride? The important element that was missing was that of consistency. If the boat had been able to maintain a consistent speed, the taught rope would have pulled your friend at a continuous and smooth rate. For salespeople, consistency can be hard to maintain, especially during a holiday week. Our own inability to stay focused and disciplined through constant, predictable daily activity leads us through our own tumultuous ups and downs in sales. When sales are good, we slow down, causing slack in the rope. Noticing the slack and our mistake, we speed up frantically. As sales increase, we again take a break from all our hard effort, apparently never learning the affect of our cycle. To keep sales at a consistent speed, you need do nothing more than have the discipline to maintain regular activity doing what you do best – talking to people who have the ability to say “yes” to you. This shouldn’t change the week before or after major holidays; it only changes because you allow it to.

Instead of waiting for your sales manager to come in with his fancy pie charts and activity reports, take control of your own vessel and regulate your own speed. Set your own goals higher than those set by those who sign your paychecks. Truly professional salespeople treat every day of the week as if it were the last day before a long weekend, cramming an average person’s week of work into a single day. Instead of letting your thoughts drift off to what you will be doing this weekend, or remembering what you did last weekend, think of what you can do now to make a friend and a sale. With a consistent speed, you’ll enjoy a nice ride of sales while your competitors are left floating in your wake.

Semi Integrated Versus Fully Integrated Dishwasher: Which Is Best?

I don’t know about you, but a dishwasher is something I couldn’t live without. The main reason is that I just don’t like handling dirty, greasy dishes. I also like the convenience of being able to pop the dirty dishes straight into my dishwasher, out of sight, so the kitchen looks tidy immediately upon finishing a meal.

I’ve renovated a few times over the years, but had never given any real thought to the various styles of dishwasher. I just bought what looked good and fitted in with my budget. It was only recently when I moved into an old house that needed renovating that I became aware that there are two main kinds of dishwasher, semi integrated and fully integrated. Both basically function the same way, with the main difference between them being in the design detail. Aesthetics aside, there are a few other things to take into account when deciding between the two.

Fully Integrated Dishwashers

Just as the name suggests, a fully integrated dishwasher blends in seamlessly with the kitchen cabinets surrounding it. The front of the dishwasher can be left exposed or it can be concealed behind a door to match the rest of the kitchen cabinetry. The control panel, along with the opening, is usually on the top of the door, out of sight. For ease of use and to facilitate opening and closing of the door, a handle can be placed on the front of the dishwasher or cabinet it is housed in. Regardless of whether you opt to leave the front of the dishwasher on display or cover it, with its clean, sleek lines a fully integrated model will enhance the appearance of any kitchen. To my eye it looks especially at home in a modern kitchen when a stainless steel or coloured fascia is used.

Semi Integrated Dishwashers

The control panel on a semi integrated dishwasher is positioned at the upper front of the dishwasher. Because of this, this type of dishwasher can be partially, but not fully concealed behind a cabinet door. To fully conceal it would mean access to the control panel and open/close mechanism would not be possible. Some semi integrated washers come with decorative panels that can be changed around to give the kitchen a different look or customized to match the existing cabinets. Pricing and ease of access to the control panel are things that need to be taken into account when deciding upon which type of dishwasher will be right for you.

Which Dishwasher Is Right for You?

Families with young children might prefer a fully integrated dishwasher as the controls will be out of the kids’ reach.

Those who like to know which part of the wash cycle the machine has reached may prefer a semi integrated dishwasher as this information can easily be seen without needing to open the dishwasher’s door.

As for cost, I found that generally fully integrated models cost more than their semi integrated counterparts. This does, however, vary depending upon the make and model meaning a more standard fully integrated washer can come in cheaper than a semi integrated washer that has all the bells and whistles.

Why is the Clothes Dryer Destroying My Clothes?

It happened again, your clothes were ruined by the dryer! Burn holes in your underwear and your other articles of clothing, torn and shredded. What is going on? You dryer might need some fixin’ and here’s what you will need to replace.

If your clothes are getting ripped, cut or torn, your dryer probably has a felt-like seal at the front and/or rear of the dryer drum that has worn out, is torn or is missing. Your clothes might be getting caught in the gap between the clothes drum and the front or rear of the dryer interior. When a clothes dryer seal wears out, you need to replace it.

Also, check the lint filter or lint trap; it might be worn or showing sharp edges. Your clothes could possible be getting caught on this during the cycle. Be sure to replace this part immediately.

If your clothing comes out marked up, the support parts for the dryer drum might be worn out, thus, throwing the drum off-balances and getting your clothes pinched in between parts of the dryer. Check the glides, rollers, wheels, and seals for wear. Replace the whole set of glides, rollers, or wheels if one or more are bad. You will also want to check the rear support for any play in it. Sometimes the rear drum bearing gets worn out.

If your laundry is coming out smelling smoky, your dryer may have had a small lint fire inside the cabinet, leaving a smoky odor in the clothes drum and on your clothes. Even though there is a lint filter in your dryer, it doesn’t catch all the lint. You need to check inside the cabinet at least yearly to look for and clean out any lint build-up. Check the inside cabinet and inner ductwork of your dryer. A dryer vent lint brush will help you reach inside the machine and vent to brush off and remove any built up lint. Also, be sure to clean out the lint trap after every use.

A lint fire is nothing to take lightly; many house fires are caused by lint build up in dryers and their vents. According to this 2005 article from CBS News, 15,000 house fires are caused by dryers every year. Keep your family safe by checking for lint buildup in the cabinet at least yearly. Be sure to check your outside exhaust vent for blockages. Install a smoke alarm near your dryer for added protection. Have a professional appliance repair person check the dryer for damage caused by any lint fires and to cleanout any lint from any pipes connected to the dryer.

Also, don’t put items in the dryer such as garage rags stained with motor oil or gasoline, and aprons, dish towels, or napkins stained with cooking oil. Even if the items was washed previously, some residue might still remain and possible cause a combustion.

Other items that aren’t meant for the dryer: anything made of rubber or plastic, such as baby diaper pants, bath mats, even foam-padded bras (bras and other delicates should be air-dried anyways to prevent them from bending and losing their shape!)

A signal that your dryer might be becoming clogged with lint, your clothes just aren’t coming out dry. Clean your dryer with a link brush or call a professional to have it cleaned for you. You might not need a new dryer, just have it cleaned.

If your clothes are coming out all wrinkled, do not let your clothes sit in the dryer after the cycle has ended – remove the clothes promptly from the dryer and either hang or fold them. Also, dry only one load at a time; don’t pack the dryer too full. Do not dry heavy items with light items. Use the permanent press cycle to give clothes a cool down cycle at the end to reduce wrinkling.

Make sure you are also washing the clothes in the correct temperature (water that is too hot can also cause clothes to wrinkle). Be sure to read and follow the care instructions on the clothing item’s label for best results.

Finally, if it’s a little wrinkled, you can always rewash and dry the clothes again.

Organize Your Anniversary Party With A Checklist

Whether it is your 1st, or 10th wedding anniversary, it is worth celebrating, and what better way to plan a celebration than with an anniversary party checklist?

The most successful anniversary parties start with an idea – how the event will begin, continue and end. Having a finite and concrete party checklist to plan in helps you to keep your wedding anniversary party right on track.

1. The best thing to do when creating any party is to develop a theme. By creating a theme you can set the mood, location, food ideas and attire as well as invitations. A theme doesn’t need to be fancy; it just needs to be something both you and your spouse / friends are interested in. Some ideas of themes that can be very fun are:

Decade parties – Fabulous 50’s, Swingin’ 60’s, Disco 70’s.

Famous Movie Themes – pick a movie you love and create your theme around it.

High school / Sock Hop

Pool Party

Pig Roast

Western Theme.

2. At this stage you have probably found your theme. Now it is time to create a guest list for your event. ‘Theming’ your invitations allows you to start the party them off right. Start your invites about three weeks before the event. Ask your guests to be creative and come with the appropriate attire if possible, and encourage them to be creative and have fun. Focus on people you correspond with often, and known people who are fun ‘party people’ (we all know who they are!) I find homemade (DIY) invitations are always more fun than store bought ones; however both do the trick

3. Create your menu. Search for serving dishes which correspond to your anniversary party theme. Finger foods are always a hit as they are light, easy to prepare and are a quick clean-up. If you wish for a larger event, organize your food preparation help, or even contact a caterer. Create your grocery list about three weeks before the event.

4. Party decorations are important. They help establish the mood and ambience. Again, we go back to the party theme for ideas here. Lighting is also very important. Search for lighting ideas that correspond to the theme i.e. 70’s themed parties should have at least one disco ball to be sure!

5. Games, games and fun stuff! Always plan for creative anniversary party games. Spin the bottle, famous dances and Twister are always a blast. If games are not your thing, consider live entertainment -A D.J., live band, comedian all have worked very well in the past.

6. Beverages are an important part of the party. Decide (based on your personal preferences and location) whether there will be an open bar, BYOB, or virgin refreshments. Inform guests in their invites as to whether to plan to drive or take a cab. Cab services that drive your vehicle home for you (with you in it of course!) are a great alternative and allow you to make ‘on the spot’ decisions regarding transportation.

6. Most of all, sit back and have fun. Not everything will always go your way, but if you have followed your anniversary party checklist, your event should be very rewarding.

Three to four weeks before event:

Choose your theme

Prepare Grocery List

coordinate cleaning / after-party helpers

Select Caterer (if applicable)

Collect food preparation items, serving plates and utensils

Develop your guest list

Create or purchase your party invitations

Plan and purchase or create your decorations.

A couple of days before the event:

Contact any follow-ups for guests.

Begin preparing any food that needs to be done.

Run over your checklist again to ensure everything is in place

Set out your costume or attire

The morning of the party


Begin preparing food

Run over your checklist one last time

Sit back, have fun and enjoy your creation~!

The Advantageous Properties of Leather

Leather is a wonderful material with many uses. It’s unique properties and characteristics make it the ideal choice for many different applications. Here we will discuss some of the most useful properties of leather.

It has a high tensile strength and is resistant to tearing, flexing and puncturing. This helps leather items last for a long time while retaining their look and feel.

It is a good heat barrier and provides excellent heat insulation. Leather contains a large amount of air and air is a poor conductor of heat. This makes leather a very comfortable item for the human skin.

It is able to hold large quantities of water vapor such as human perspiration and then dissipate it later. This makes leather a comfortable item to wear or sit on.

Leather’s thermostatic properties make it warm in the winter and cool in the summer. This makes leather comfortable to wear.

It can be made to stiffen or can be made to be flexible. It can be molded into a certain shape and then remolded into another shape later.

Leather is resistant to abrasion in both wet and dry environments. This makes leather an excellent protector of human skin.

It is resistant to heat and fire. It is also resistant to fungal growth such as mildew.

It consists of many fibers that are breathable. This breathability makes it very comfortable to wear in any climate.

Leather can be dyed many different colors that makes it attractive in the production of leather clothing, as a cover for furniture and for many other color sensitive applications.

It is can be soft and supple. Leather clothing becomes a literal second skin. It warms to your body temperature. It is not itchy and does not scratch. It is non-irritating to the skin.

Leather is a fantastic material with excellent physical properties that enables it to be used in many diverse applications from furniture to clothing.

Child Modeling: Will It Suit Your Kid?

Children are cute, they always are. Every parent is always inclined to think that their own child looks cuter or more aesthetically appealing than other kids. Although they may be right, quite often through their natural parental instincts, parents can be guilty of overestimating their child’s looks. Parents thus have an important task of figuring out if child modeling will suit your kid before enrolling them – it’s not just about being cute. We outline some pointers for you can use in identifying the potential of your kid.

Importance of Personality

What matters are not looks alone but the personality that the child has. Modeling is a professional and a job demanding of certain requirements. Physically a child should be able to wear clothes that may sometimes be uncomfortable, thick studio or model makeup, and stand up posing for a couple of hours in a row. This will also ask for the child’s undivided attention throughout the modeling project.

If this all sounds pretty tough on a kid, it probably is. That is why the kid’s mentality and personality holds particular importance. Being active and cheerful helps, but if your kid has the attention span of a lightning bolt, then it will be hard for him or her to cooperate with the crew on the set to achieve the perfect visual output. Level of patience, confidence is talking and interacting with strangers, these are all important attributes that you must examine whether your child has.

Parent Support is Crucial

Although the passion comes from the kid, the decision to support and motivate the child in this direction relies on the parents. Parents have to set aside time on the weekends or adjust their weekday schedule to follow their child to modeling event or work. This means a commitment on your part to support your child.

Choosing a Suitable Agency

Singapore has a wide variety of agencies to offer, but you should do your research to narrow down the few that you believe is best for your child’s look. Distance matters too, too far will mean a tougher time attending casting calls and other projects. The quality of the agency can be determined by their website, their model testimonials which show the work of previous models, and how they have developed previous child models.

Your first contact is best through email. Email out a few simply taken photographs to the agencies and find out those who express interest in your child. A professional agency shouldn’t take too long to respond to you.

Once you’ve chosen your agency, you should also be asking around friends and family for advice, asking people who have had experience with that agency to ascertain their credibility.

Questions to ask yourself before taking off:

– Have I done my research and compared other child models with my kid – Does my kid have suitable features for modeling?

– Is my child camera friendly?

– Is my child physically active and outgoing?

– Am I, as a parent, prepared to invest time and energy in developing my child in modeling?

The child starts developing the necessary aptitudes, skills and confidence required from a young age and parents can help carve that path out for them. However passion and interest take chief priority, and if you are able to answer yes to all the questions above, then get your modeling shoes on!

10 Things To Remember When Installing Tile Flooring

As anyone knows who has ever traveled out a remodeling project in their homes, this undertaking can be very expensive. But if you can do a lot of work yourself then you can actually save yourself money. One particular project you may want to try for yourself is to install tile flooring as this could end up saving you a lot of dollars in the long run.

If you were to contact one of the many floor installation contractors that you see advertised in your local newspaper or phone directory, you may find that they will charge you an extortionate amount of money to do the work for you. However, by following the 10 points that we provide below you should be able to install tile flooring that not only looks great but which will get your friends and family talking about every time they see it.

1. First off buy yourself a good set of knee pads which you can purchase from any good quality DIY or hardware store. Not only will your knees be thanking you but the rest of your body will as well.

2. Before you start laying the first tile spend a lot of time working on the layout of the tile flooring. You do not want to find yourself in a position where you have just laid the last tile only to find that you have made a mistake at the beginning and so you need to tear it all back up again. Taking a little extra time on working on the layout will save you a lot of heartache as well as headaches in the future.

3. At all times follow the recommendations made by the manufacturer with regard to the installation of their tile flooring product. These people have been in the business for a long time and they know what works and what does not.

4. Now you are going to start to install the tile flooring but take your time over it. A rushed job will end up becoming a botched job and could result in you having to take up and re-lay the floor again.

5. Only lay the tile flooring when you are well rested and are able to fully concentrate on the project.

6. Buy the tools that are best for the job. Although you may think this is a waste of good money you never know you may want to use them again in the future.

7. When getting your tools and materials, ask questions of the staff in the hardware or DIY store. Remember they are actually paid to help and will probably have some knowledge on the project that you are going to be carrying out.

8. Make sure that your workspace remains clean. Not only will this ensure that your tile flooring will last longer but it will also keep you safe while you are working.

9. As the saying goes, practice makes perfect. The more tiles that you lay, the better you will get at it. So when you first start to install tile flooring choose an area where it is less noticeable or where less people are likely to walk past it.

10. The final point is pay attention to the detail. By doing this you will not just have a nice looking tile landing but a great one.

Keep these points in mind when you start to install tile flooring and you will be amazed at just how easy it is and just how great it looks once completed – and think of all that money you have saved as well.

113 Facts About Animal Cruelty

  1. Animals caught in traps can suffer for days before succumbing to exposure, shock, or attacks by predators.
  2. Traps often kill “non-target” animals, including dogs and endangered species.
  3. To cut costs, fur farmers pack animals into small cages, preventing them from taking more than a few steps back and forth.
  4. Crowding and confinement is especially distressing to minks- solitary animals who occupy up to 2,500 acres of wetland in the wild.
  5. The frustration of life in a cage leads minks to self-mutilate- biting their skin, tails, feet- or frantically pace and circle endlessly.
  6. “PETA investigators witnessed rampant cruelty to animals. Workers beat pigs with metal rods and jabbed pins into pigs’ eyes and faces.”
  7. Snakes and lizards are skinned alive because of the belief that live flaying makes leather more supple.
  8. Piglets are separated from their mothers when they are as young as 10 days old.
  9. Once her piglets are gone, the sow is impregnated again, and the cycle continues for three or four years before she is slaughtered.
  10. Approximately 3 to 4 million cats and dogs- many of them healthy, young, and adoptable- must be euthanized in animal shelters every year.
  11. Cows produce milk for the same reason that humans do- to nourish their young – but on dairy farms calves are taken away at 1 day old.
  12. 1 day old calves are fed milk replacements (including cattle blood) so that their mothers’ milk can be sold to humans.
  13. Animals can suffer brain damage or death from heatstroke in just 15 minutes. Beating the heat is extra tough for dogs.
  14. Each year, approximately 10,000 bulls die in bullfights.
  15. Most cows are intensively confined, unable to fulfill their most basic desires, such as nursing their calves, even for a single day.
  16. Cows are fed unnatural, high-protein diets-which include dead chickens, pigs, and other animals.
  17. Overall, factory-farmed animals, including those on dairy farms, produce 1.65 billion tons of manure each year.
  18. Kid goats are boiled alive to make gloves.
  19. The skins of unborn calves and lambs – some aborted, others from slaughtered pregnant cows – are considered “luxurious.”
  20. About 285 million hens are raised for eggs in the US. In tiny spaces so small they cannot move a wing.
  21. The wire mesh of the cages rubs off hens feathers, chafes their skin, and causes their feet to become crippled.
  22. Before 1986, only four states had felony animal cruelty laws.
  23. Glue traps cause terror and agony to any animals who touch them, leaving them to suffer for days.
  24. In one study, 70% of animal abusers also had records for other crimes.
  25. Sealers often hook baby seals in the eye, cheek, or mouth to avoid damaging their fur, then drag them across the ice to skin them.
  26. Arsenic-laced additives are mixed into the feed of about 70 percent of the chickens raised for food.
  27. Every year, nearly a million seals worldwide are subjected to painful and often lingering deaths, largely for the sake of fashion.
  28. Scientists estimate that 100 species go extinct every day! That’s about one species every 15 minutes.
  29. Every year in the US, 50 million male piglets are castrated (usually without being given any painkillers).
  30. More than 15 million warm-blooded animals are used in research every year.
  31. The methods used in fur factory farms are designed to maximize profits, almost always at the expense of the animals.
  32. To test cosmetics, cleaners, and other products, hundreds of thousands of animals are poisoned, blinded, and killed every year.
  33. In extremely crowded conditions, piglets are prone to stress-related behavior such as cannibalism and tail-biting.
  34. Farmers often chop off piglets’ tails and use pliers to break off the ends of their teeth- without giving them any painkillers.
  35. For identification purposes, farmers cut out chunks of young pigs ears.
  36. Animals on fur farms spend their entire lives confined to cramped, filthy wire cages.
  37. For fur, small animals may be crammed into boxes and poisoned with hot, unfiltered engine exhaust from a truck.
  38. Engine exhaust is not always lethal, and some animals wake up while they are being skinned.
  39. Larger animals have clamps attached to or rods forced into their mouth or anus so they can be painfully electrocuted.
  40. Bird poisons attack birds’ nervous systems, causing them to suffer seizures, erratic flight, and tremors for hours before dying.
  41. If you drink milk, you’re subsidizing the veal industry.
  42. Male calves are often taken away from their mothers at 1 day old, chained in tiny stalls for 3-18 weeks, and raised for veal.
  43. After they are taken from their mothers, piglets are confined to pens until they are separated to be raised for breeding or meat.
  44. Although chickens can live for more than a decade, hens raised for their eggs are exhausted and killed by age 2.
  45. More than 100 million “spent” hens are killed in slaughterhouses every year.
  46. Forty-five states currently have felony provisions for animal cruelty. (Those without are AK, ID, MS, ND and SD.)
  47. Dogs used for fighting are chained, taunted, and starved to trigger extreme survival instincts and encourage aggressiveness.
  48. Dogs that lose fights (or refuse) are often abandoned, tortured, set on fire, electrocuted, shot, drowned, or beaten to death.
  49. Cows on average product 16 lbs of milk per day. With hormones, antibiotics, and genetic manipulation? 54 lbs a day.
  50. Humane treatment is not a priority for those who poach and hunt animals to obtain their skin.
  51. Alligators on farms may be beaten with hammers and axes, sometimes remaining conscious and in pain for 2 hours after skinning.
  52. Investigation of animal abuse is often the first point of social services intervention for a family in trouble.
  53. A Canadian Police study found that 70 percent of people arrested for animal cruelty had past records of other violent crimes.
  54. Dog fighting and cock-fighting are illegal in all 50 states.
  55. Hoarding of animals exists in virtually every community. Well-intentioned people overwhelmed by animal overpopulation crisis.
  56. The consequences for hoarders, their human dependents, animals, and the community are extremely serious- and often fatal for animals.
  57. Declawing is a painful mutilation that involves 10 amputations – not just the nails – but the ends of toes (bone and all).
  58. The long-term effects of declawing include skin and bladder problems and the gradual weakening of cats’ legs, shoulders, and back.
  59. Declawing is both painful and traumatic, and it has been outlawed in Germany and other parts of Europe as a form of cruelty.
  60. Kangaroos are slaughtered by the millions every year; their skins are considered prime material for soccer shoes.
  61. Across the US, 6 to 8 million stray and abandoned animals enter animal shelters every year, and about half must be euthanized.
  62. In California, America’s top milk-producing state, manure from dairy farms has poisoned hundreds of square miles of groundwater.
  63. Each of the more than 1 million cows on the state’s dairy farms excrete 18 gallons of manure daily.
  64. Every year, the global leather industry slaughters more than a billion animals and tans their skins and hides.
  65. Elephants who perform in circuses are often kept in chains for as long as 23 hours a day from the time they are babies.
  66. Every year, millions of animals are killed for the clothing industry.
  67. An immeasurable amount of suffering goes into every fur-trimmed jacket, leather belt, and wool sweater.
  68. Neglect and abandonment are the most common forms of companion animal abuse in the United States.
  69. On any given day in the U.S., there are more than 65 million pigs on factory farms, and 112 million are killed for food each year.
  70. Every year, dogs suffer and die when left in a parked car- even for “just a minute” – parked cars are deathtraps for dogs.
  71. Dog owners: On a 78 degree F day, the temperature in a shaded car is 90°F, in the sun it can climb to 160°F in minutes.
  72. 98% of Americans consider pets to be companions or members of the family.
  73. For medical experimentation animals can be burned, shocked, poisoned, isolated, starved, addicted to drugs, and brain-damaged.
  74. Regardless of how trivial or painful animal experiments may be, none are prohibited by law.
  75. When valid non-animal research methods are available, no law requires experimenters to use such methods instead of animals.
  76. On average it takes 1,000 dogs to maintain a mid-sized racetrack operation. There are over 30 tracks in the United States.
  77. Female cows are artificially inseminated shortly after their first birthdays. Happy birthday!
  78. Birds don’t belong in cages. Bored, lonely, denied the opportunity to fly, deprived of companionship…
  79. Many birds become neurotic in cages – pulling out feathers, bobbing their heads incessantly, and repeatedly pecking.
  80. According to industry reports, more than 1 million pigs die en route to slaughter each year.
  81. More than 100 million animals every year suffer and die in cruel chemical, drug, food and cosmetic tests, biology lessons, etc.
  82. Approximately 9 billion chickens are raised and killed for meat each year in the U.S.
  83. The industry refers to chickens as “broilers” and raises them in huge, ammonia-filled, windowless sheds with artificial lighting.
  84. Some chickens spend their entire lives standing on concrete floors.
  85. Some chickens are confined to massive, crowded lots, where they are forced to live amid their own waste.
  86. Neglect/Abandonment is the most prevalent form of animal abuse (approximately 36% of all animal abuse cases.)
  87. Cows are treated like milk-producing machines and are genetically manipulated and pumped full of antibiotics and hormones.
  88. Foie gras is made from the grotesquely enlarged livers of ducks and geese who have been cruelly force-fed.
  89. The best way to save cows from the misery of factory farms is to stop buying milk and other dairy products. Discover soy!
  90. A typical slaughterhouse kills about 1,000 hogs per hour.
  91. The sheer number of animals killed makes it impossible for pigs’ deaths to be humane and painless.
  92. Because of improper stunning, many hogs are alive when they reach the scalding hot water baths.
  93. 13% of intentional animal abuse cases involve domestic violence.
  94. Animal cruelty problems are people problems. When animals are abused, people are at risk.
  95. Instead of improving conditions for animals, the dairy industry is exploring the use of genetically manipulated cattle.
  96. More than half the fur in the US comes from China, where millions of dogs and cats are bludgeoned, hanged, and bled to death.
  97. Millions of pounds of antibiotics are fed to chickens, who metabolize only about 20 percent of the drugs fed to them.
  98. The 3 trillion pounds of waste produced by factory-farmed animals every year is usually used to fertilize crops.
  99. Chaining dogs, while unfortunately legal in most areas, is one of the cruelest punishments imaginable for social animals.
  100. Tens of thousands of horses from the United States are slaughtered every year to be used for horsemeat in Europe and Asia.
  101. Since the last horse slaughter plants in the US were closed in 2007, thousands of horses have been shipped to Canada/Mexico.
  102. Abusers kill, harm, or threaten children’s pets to coerce them into sexual abuse or to force them to remain silent about abuse.
  103. There are no federal laws to regulate the voltage or use of electric prods on pigs.
  104. Forty-one of the 45 state felony animal cruelty laws were enacted in the last two decades.
  105. In the United States, 1.13 million animals were used in experiments in 2009, plus an estimated 100 million mice and rats.
  106. As a result of disease, pesticides, and climate changes, the honeybee population has been nearly decimated.
  107. Many studies have found a link between cruelty to animals and other forms of interpersonal violence.
  108. Cows have a natural lifespan of about 20 years and can produce milk for eight or nine years.
  109. A fur coat is pretty cool- for an animal to wear.
  110. Eighteen red foxes are killed to make one fox-fur coat, 55 minks to make a mink coat.
  111. Fur farmers use the cheapest and cruelest killing methods available: suffocation, electrocution, gassing, and poisoning.
  112. In addition to diarrhea, pneumonia, and lameness, calves raised for veal are terrified and desperate for their mothers.
  113. During Canada’s annual commercial seal slaughter, as many as 300,000 seals are shot or bludgeoned.