Golf Mats – What You Don’t Know Could Lead To Injuries

Nobody ever tells you about the dangers of hitting golf balls from a hard surface turf mat… Learning golf is hard enough – How much harder it is to play well if you’re trying to hit shots off a hard surface mat! You might as well practice hitting shots from a cart path.

Why do people even consider practicing golf from a hard surface or Astroturf mat? Astroturf is nothing like grass… as far as hitting a golf ball goes. Think about it – Would you play golf on an Astroturf golf course? What most golfers don’t know about hitting from a golf mat could lead to serious, life-long injuries. When you hit from a hard surface or Astroturf, you may be subjecting your body to a shock that over time can lead to pain, inflammation, joint troubles and even long term injuries.

I’ve been doing a lot of research into soft fiber golf mats, which are specifically designed to overcome the epidemic problems of golf pain and injury. Keep reading and you’ll discover how the jarring effect of hitting off a hard surface is the biggest culprit!

How hitting from a Fiberbuilt SOFT FIBER mat is actually better than grass… A soft fiber mat will naturally ingrain in your swing the proper downward swing path. You’ll learn to create more backspin just because you’ll be consistently practicing the proper downward motion.

Golfers who practice with the Fiberbuilt mats consistently report they are hitting higher, straighter shots with their irons.

It’s extremely difficult to hit a metal / wood or hybrid club from a hard surface or Astroturf mat. The reason is because the flat sole of these clubs makes them even more likely to bounce off a hard surface, resulting in a thin or topped shot.

The Fiberbuilt soft fiber hitting surface is the most realistic artificial golf surface ever built. The ball sits nicely on top of the fibers, as it would for a fairway or 1st cut of rough. No other golf mat can come even close to the lifelike experience of hitting golf shots from our soft fiber mats.

“But what if I like hitting from a ‘tight lie’ so I can get a realistic feel for hitting the ball from a short cut fairway? Otherwise, how will I know that I hit it clean and make sure that I’m not hitting fat shots?”

That’s a question I asked because before I gought my soft fiber golf mat. I had gotten used to practicing a certain way from a hard surface mat or firm grass. What I discovered is that even a good ball striker will not get the ball to spin as much in a practice session from our soft fiber mat. It’s just physically impossible to create the same effect of backspin as you would from a tight lie.

However, here’s what surprises most strong players after practicing on a Fiberbuilt soft fiber mats: When they start to play, they get better backspin. The reason is simple – their practice swings had a stronger downward striking motion. Better backspin is the natural result.

This happened for me – I started hitting the ball much higher are a result of better backspin. My golfing buddies actually noticed the difference. I really like how I can make the ball stick on the greens.

More importantly for me is I’m not hitting shots thin anymore. I used to hit a line drive wedge every once in a while. Embarrasing, to say the least.

The more important consideration most serious players ask is How can I hit a lot of balls in practice without injuring myself.” Think about how injuries have held back even great champions like Phil Mickelson, Mike Weir and even Jack Nicklaus.

Barb Mucha is a seasoned LPGA veteran who has won 5 times on tour. She makes an interesting observation about why even golf professionals like to hit from the soft fiber grass mat:

“Many golf pros are used to hitting from tight lies in well groomed ranges and fairways. They get used to the ‘tingling’ feeling in their hands if they hit a shot slightly fat. However, you don’t need to feel this shock from the ground or a hard surface mat to tell if you’ve hit a shot clean – you can tell by sound of impact and the ball flight. I appreciate practicing from a Fiberbuilt soft fiber golf mat because I can practice for hours without tiring my joints.”

Medical Research Reveals a Leading Cause of Golf Injuries: Hitting From A Hard Surface Golf Mat David Lindsay is one of the world’s leading Golf Physiotherapists and a foremost authority on golf related injuries.

He is the Head Physiotherapist at the University of Calgary Sport Medicine Centre. David has written over 30 peer reviewed articles for various medical journals. His research includes work on back, shoulder, wrist and elbow injuries sustained by golfers. His research reveals some interesting clues about the rise of golf injuries…

David Lindsay is also a personal Physiotherapist for:

  • Stephen Ames – PGA Tour Pro
  • Jason Zuback – 5X World Long Drive Champion
  • Dale Goehring – Canadian Amateur Champion
  • Wes Heffernen – Winner of 2 Canadian Tour Events

Here’s what David Lindsay has to say about golf injuries and hitting off a hard surface mat:

“The majority of injuries affecting golfers occur within the upper limb (e.g. wrist, elbow & shoulder). A major cause of these injuries is the jarring effect that occurs when the golf club strikes a hard surface. The harder the surface the higher the impact stress on the arms. This repetitive jarring leads to wrist sprains, tennis and golfers elbow as well as rotator cuff injuries to the shoulder.”

How to Fix a Smelly Carpet

Does your house smell like a locker room or dirty sweat socks? Whether your whole house has smelly carpet or just a room or two, the odor can be overwhelming. Common carpet odors range from cat urine and smoke odors to mildew and that oh-so-pungent sweaty sock smell. Steam cleaning the carpets oftentimes makes the smell worse, especially if the water isn’t properly extracted during the process. In fact, your carpet may not have been overly smelly until after a water mishap.

Wet carpets are generally smelly carpets. If you think about it, all the dirt, debris, spills, and pet accidents soak deep into your carpet, often seeping down into the pad. Even if you mopped up the spill and regularly vacuum your carpet, the carpet pad gets nasty. Then, when you have a plumbing accident or rent a steam cleaner, your carpet becomes soggy. All that debris mixes with water and nature does its work, hastening the decomposition process which is a smelly process! Add in the potential for mold and mildew grow and it’s no wonder your carpet stinks.

Steps for fixing a smelly carpet range from home remedies such as sprinkling baking soda on the carpet to professional treatments. How you approach the job depends on the extent of the odor as well as its cause.

Detecting Carpet Odors

If you’ve lived in the house for some time, you may be accustomed to its smells and less likely to notice them whereas a visitor will immediately notice a foul smell. You would likely suspect that a smoke odor is likely present if you allow smoking in the home. Likewise, if your home has indoor pets, your carpet may have pet odors. If you’re unsure, ask a trusted friend to help you identify the odor. A fresh nose knows!

General Odors

For general carpet odors and refreshening, ordinary baking soda does wonders. Arm & Hammer recommends “a sprinkle a day.” First test for color fastness and then sprinkle baking soda on your carpets, allowing it to sit for about 15 minutes before vacuuming as normal. Anecdotal reports from users indicate that while baking soda has helped with odors, some users suspect that baking soda adversely affected their vacuum cleaners.

If you’re not comfortable using ordinary baking soda, you can try commercial products developed specifically for deodorizing carpets and upholstery such as Arm & Hammer’s carpet and room deodorizers or a Febreeze product. Many of these products are designed to “neutralize” odors rather than cover them up. Neutralizing the odor is preferable to simply spraying an air freshener as once the air freshener dissipates, the odor returns.

Many commercial carpet deodorizers are formulated to conquer specific odors such as pet odors or smoke. Likewise, many home remedies circulate the Internet targeting specific carpet odors such as using solutions containing ingredients as varied as vinegar, Listerine, or hydrogen peroxide. The problem with home remedies is color fastness. For example, you wouldn’t pour bleach on your carpets, would you? Then why would you spray peroxide on them?

Soggy Carpets

As previously mentioned, soggy carpets are smelly carpets. Whenever a water accident occurs, extracting the water immediately is crucial! The longer the water sits, the more smelly it will become. Use a water extraction type vacuum cleaner and extract as much water as possible or hire a water extraction company to do the job for you and then use fans to circulate air and further facilitate drying. For minor plumbing overflows, once the carpet is dry, the odor will likely become less noticeable. However, it may return the next time the carpet gets wet.

Depending on the extent of the water damage, you may need to pull the carpet to expose the pad. You may even have to replace the pad! Obviously the more difficult deodorization tasks such as a waterlogged carpet pad require professional help. Professional water extraction companies typically have access to more powerful deodorizers than those sold directly to consumers.

While hiring a pro to fix your smelly carpets may be more expensive than a box of baking soda or a can of carpet deodorizer, the results are worth it! If you can salvage your carpets and save yourself the cost of re-carpeting your home, hiring a pro for a professional deodorizing is money well spent.

Choose a Wool Rug for Your Nursery

Decorating your nursery is probably the most fun DIY project you will ever undertake. Choosing the colour scheme, the furniture, the bedding, the lights, adding the finishing touches… Now you need to choose a rug.

The choice of nursery rugs out there is huge – pink hearts, flowers, butterflies for girls; racing cars, trucks, football pitches for boys, whatever your taste or budget there are so many designs on offer.

However, it is not that simple – the chances are your child will be spending time on that rug – crawling on it, playing on it, falling onto it, laying on it, maybe even falling asleep on it or trying to eat it lol. So don’t rush into buying the design that you like, check the quality.

Many manufactures these days use acrylic or other types of man-made fibre in order to reduce the cost of production. Whilst there is nothing wrong with that for some types of rugs, like your hallway runner or your kitchen rug, you should really try to avoid using anything but natural materials in your child’s nursery. Here are just a few facts about wool nursery rugs:

· Babies have sensitive skin – this is the reason we use special detergents and fabric softeners. We also know not to use synthetic clothing for babies as this can lead to severe skin reactions. The same applies to rugs – go for natural fibre rugs that will not irritate the child’s skin. Wool has natural anti-bacterial properties and is therefore hypoallergenic.

· A nursery rug should be safe – most acrylic rugs and all wool rugs are fireproof. This, however, is achieved in completely different ways. Wool is a naturally safe retardant material. When it catches light it will not support it and it will not melt. Acrylic rugs are sprayed with a chemical solution to achieve the same results and any chemical can lead to allergies.

· Wool nursery rugs will provide that extra cushioning for your floors. This is extremely useful for when your child is learning to walk. They will also provide noise reduction – think of all those toys thrown or dropped on the floor.

· Nursery rugs need to be easy to maintain – wool fibre has a natural protective layer that prevents wet spills from penetrating the fibre. It also holds dirt and grime high on the pile, making it easy to vacuum.

· And the last, but not the least – wool is sustainable, eco-friendly and biodegradable. It is the healthiest choice for the environment and you and your family.

Advantages of Professional Carpet Cleaning Services

So your carpet has become dirty and now requires extensive cleaning. What are you planning to do? Try it yourself with the tools available in your home, rent carpet-cleaning equipment from a home store or send your carpet off to professional cleaning services? Among all three options, the first option is the cheapest and the least effective. The last option may incur slightly higher costs but the results are beyond impressive.

Professional carpet cleaning services are really good at what they do, offering quality services that make your carpet look brand new once again. Here are some of the advantages you get when you hire pros to do the job.

Advanced equipment and quality cleaning solutions

The vacuum cleaner in your home may be the best there is, but compared to an industrial vacuum cleaner, it will be nothing. Same goes for all your cleaning solutions. Professional cleaning services use extremely powerful equipment that is more efficient in cleaning carpets. Their machines extract dirt particles that reside deep into the fibers and remove stubborn stains with great ease. The result is an absolutely spotless carpet.

No more hassles

If you chose to clean the carpet by yourself, you will have to remove all the furniture and then conduct the session. This may drain you off energy and leave you exhausted. When you hire cleaning services, they will remove all the furniture themselves. Depending on your chosen service, they will either clean the carpet at your home or take it to their facility. In the latter case, a professional company also takes the responsibility of uninstalling and re-installing the carpet. Whatever option you choose, there is nothing left for you to do.

Improved air quality

A residential vacuum cleaner only removes dust at the surface and the deeper particles remain in the carpet. If these are not eliminated, the indoor air quality in your house is lowered. Professional cleaning services use industrial grade equipment which properly removes all contaminants. As such, healthier levels of indoor air quality can be maintained.

Time Savings

DIY carpet cleaning involves so many things that take up so much of your precious time. You have to remove the carpet, treat the spots, vacuum, brush and so much more; indeed, the process is lengthy. You can skip all of this by availing cleaning services.

Better Results

As good as you may be with DIY tasks, professional carpet cleaners will always do a better job than you because of so many reasons: quality cleaning solutions, advanced equipment and a trained team. Their resources knowledge help them in achieving better results than you every can.

No chances of carpet damage

Every carpet requires a different cleaning method depending on the material used. Some carpets require steam cleaning, whereas others are treated with dry cleaning methods. Choosing an incorrect process will damage the carpet. Professional cleaners prevent this because they have the knowledge required.

Ubtan – World’s First Known Cosmetic

To look beautiful has been an obsession with men and women alike throughout the ages but it differs from one land to another and also according to the time and mode of living. The desire of looking enchantingly beautiful laid the foundation of world’s first known natural cosmetic – ‘Ubtan’, initially started as a ritual in India. The ritual of ‘Ubtan’, also known as ‘Battne di Rasam’ in Punjabi, and ‘Kappumanjal’ in Tamil is one of the vital components of the concept of ‘Solah-Shringaar’ (Sixteen ways of beautification of body). ‘Ubtan’ is a body application used for the beautification of the body, dating back to the remotest antiquity and is the legacy of the rich Indian Heritage.

It is believed that during Vedic era, it was being prescribed by the Vedic Physicians for the protection, nourishment & beautification of the skin. The apparent results obtained with the application of ‘Ubtan’ gave it a wide-spread publicity by which perhaps it became a fashionable routine for men & women, those days, to apply it for the beautification of skin and later on established its credence as a ritual for brides & bridegrooms before marriage.

‘Ubtan’ which is used to bring a enchanting look to the skin, is the paste-mixture of turmeric, saffron, san¬dalwood, bengal-gram, and seeds of yellow mustard, mustard oil and water, is applied by the brides & bridegrooms while reciting ‘Ved Mantras’ or traditional folk songs, as an important ritual of marriages in India. This paste is prepared in various ways to make the skin fair and to nourish it from within. On the occasion of social and religious festivals, preparation of ‘Ubtan’ itself is a fairly enjoyable task for ladies in India. The paste is applied to the whole body for 25 to 30 minutes thereafter scrubbed before taking the customary bath. It helps to improve and tighten sagging skin and keeps the skin glowing for a long time. Earlier it was also customary to make special cosmetics for ladies of high rank and social classes, by adding several other aromatic herbs, yoghurt, milk cream, honey and essence of flowers. Various other ingredients are also added like petals of rose and jasmine, Khus-Khus, drop of lemon juice and other herbs to get a unique beautifying lotion.

‘Ubtan’ is a a powerful exfoliating treatment that stimulates the underlying tissues of the skin. Upon scientific researches of its ingredients, it has been found that the ‘Ubtan’ not only enhances beauty, but also possesses definite medicinal values by virtue of its antifungal, antibacterial, antiperspirant, deodorant & skin-toning properties, thereby ruling out the possibilities of skin infections. It serves the multi¬purpose role of cleanser, astringent, stimulant, and skin-tonic all at the same time. By its revitalising, refreshing & refining actions, ‘Ubtan’ helps in the glowing of complexion and making it appear luscious. It also gives protection from various skin problems including acne, pimples, blemishes, white patches, freckles, blackheads, etc. Its regular usage prevents the occurrence of premature wrinkles, removes scars, & helps to lighten the open pores. The natural ingredients of ‘Ubtan’ build up flabby and drooping tissues, improve blood circulation & skin texture, provide anti-aging, anti-wrinkle, anti-rash, anti-blemishing, anti-bacterial, anti-tanning effects to the skin and nourish it.

As a beauty aid, Curcumin – the alkaloidal content of the main ingredient of Ubtan, Turmeric prevents and cures pigmentation, maintains the PH balance and makes the skin glow. Santalol in Sandal¬wood helps in inhibiting the growth of micro-organisms and preventing skin infections. The woody fibre & Vitamin C in Bengal gram open the blocked pores, maintain the secretions from glands and bleach the sun freckles. Due to its Sandalwood contents, ‘Ubtan’ acts as an astringent and helps to tighten the pores. The crocetin contents of Saffron add to the lustre of the skin and make it glow. The rough nature of Bengal gram powder cleanses it by removing the dead infected parts of the skin. It is also used to promote healing of the cracked & inflamed skin.

The glowing glory and the amazing pharmaco-kinetics of ‘Ubtan’? Were our ancestors really aware of them? It seems they really were. Hats off to them!

Decorating Glass Entry Doors Or French Doors With Adhesive-Free Window Film

Tired of people peeking through your glass doors to see if you’re home? Want to make your glass doors more secure from just anyone seeing inside? With adhesive-free decorative window film you can add privacy, security, and beauty with ease and little expense. Whether you want to just obscure a bad view while still letting in light, fully cover your glass, or just add a little flair to your door, static cling vinyl film has a design that is right for you.

With partial privacy window film designs in etched glass, stained glass, or frosted colors you can obscure the view while still being able to see outside. Window film that has either a see-through background or see-through elements is great to accomplish this task. Etched glass designs such as Doral, Ritz, and Monte Carlo are white frosted films with see through elements which adds privacy while being able to peek outside. Stained glass designs such as Biscayne and Grapevine have see-through backgrounds, adding a dash of floral elegance to your glass. These designs still allow you to see outside while letting in softened light.

Frosted Deco Tint designs have a partial privacy line of films which will add some security while adding a splash of chic with colors like Ocean Blue, Mint Green, Ruby Red, Golden Yellow and Sandstone to name a few. Partial Privacy Deco Tint films are transparent so you can still see outside but the view is less distinct.

If you’re looking for the most privacy and security a full coverage design would be right for you. Austin, Eden, and Everleaf are a few of our etched glass films that are offered in a large variety of sizes and with their white frosted design will go with any décor adding subtle elegance. Mandalay and Napa full privacy stained glass films and privacy Deco Tint designs add beautiful color with the maximum security.

Want to simply dress up a boring glass front door or French door? Try beautiful window film accents such as centerpieces, corners, and borders! You can make your doors unique and gorgeous by adding a simple centerpiece such as Naples, Biscayne, or Grace. Dress your door up a little more by including elegant corners or borders.

The best thing about adhesive-free window film is that it is easy to apply and easy to remove. You don’t have to buy new doors, glass, or worry about ruining your glass as with adhesive window film. Adhesive-free window film is also reusable! Easy to trim and clean, you can’t go wrong with these static cling do-it-yourself window films.

Adhesives for Lace Wigs – A Word Of Caution

The daily use of lace wig adhesives on the skin has not been officially studied for long-term health hazards but it should be known that a small percentage of people are sensitive to the chemicals found in various lace wig adhesive products. It is also possible that using these products yearly on a daily basis could have some negative short and long-term effect on any users health. Until proper scientific studies have been conducted, every consumer uses these products at their own risk.


A mentionable ingredient found in some popular lace wig glue adhesives is Toluene. Toluene is found in gasoline, acrylic paints, varnishes, lacquers, paint thinners, adhesives, glues, rubber cement, airplane glue, and shoe polish. At room temperature, toluene is a colorless, sweet smelling, volatile liquid. According to Scorecard – The Pollution Information Site, by comparison toluene is more hazardous than most chemicals in 2 out of 10 ranking systems.

Inhalation of toluene fumes can be intoxicating, but in larger doses nausea-inducing. Toluene may enter the human system not only through vapor inhalation from the liquid evaporation but also from absorption through the skin. The dangers of this chemical are very serious. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) the short-term effects include: minor nervous system disorders such as fatigue, nausea, weakness, confusion. EPA has also concluded that the long-term effects of toluene has the potential to cause more pronounced nervous disorders such as spasms, tremors, impairment of speech, hearing, vision, memory, coordination; liver and kidney damage. A few notable products that contain this ingredient, so take caution when applying and read the ingredient list.


Latex is also known to be hazardous to some people that wear lace wig adhesives. This form of plastic is found in some lace wig tapes. This may cause concern for individuals that suffer from latex allergies. Mild reactions to latex involve skin redness, rash, hives, or itching. More severe reactions may involve respiratory symptoms such as runny nose, sneezing, itchy eyes, scratchy throat, and asthma (difficult breathing, coughing spells, and wheezing). Rarely, shock may occur; however, a life-threatening reaction is seldom the first sign of latex allergy.

Medically Safe Adhesives

Increasingly becoming more popular with full lace/front lace wig wearers and medically safe is Vapon, contact liquid adhesive and Supertape, which is formulated with a water-based adhesive that is skin and environmentally friendly.

By being educated about the ingredients used in lace wig adhesives and our bodies’ reaction to them, we are preserving our health while maintaining a great look.

Understanding Shower Valves

Understanding What a Shower Valve Does

A shower valve is that part of the shower which controls the flow and mix of hot and cold water into the rest of your shower. It does this using a combination of diverters, flow controls and temperature controls.

How does it do it – Diverters, Flow Controls and Temperature Controls

Temperature Control

All valves usually have a single temperature control. The temperature control varies the proportion on hot and cold water that is mixed allowing the temperature of the resultant mix to be controlled. Once the water has been mixed by this part of the valve various flow controls and/or diverters then direct the mixed water to the various functions of the shower. (By function we mean any of the shower outlets, e.g. overhead shower, slider rail, body jets etc).

Flow Control

A flow control is simply a valve controlled by a handle or lever on the valve. It takes water that has already been mixed by the valve and restricts its flow from full off to full on allowing fine control of the rate of flow between these two extremes. Each flow control generally controls the rate of flow from a single valve outlet and from there to a single shower function. To control a shower with two functions such as an overhead shower and a hand-held shower one option is to use a shower with two flow controls, each flow control independently controls the rate of flow to a single outlet, this means that you can have both controls on at the same time, this is in contrast to diverters (see below).


A diverter is a switch used to direct water that has already been mixed in the valve to one of two or more valve outlets. A two-way diverter switches water between one of two outlets and a three-way diverter switches between one of three outlets. In addition a diverter has an off position which cuts the supply of water to all the showers outlets. Diverters do not supply water independently to the shower outlets, only one can be on at a time. In addition diverters do not allow fine control over the rate of flow, although there may be some control each outlet is basically full on or full off. Note that in many shower configurations especially those with an exposed valve (see below) there may be another separate diverter on another part of the shower, (usually on the riser which takes the water up the wall) which switches water from the valve between two shower outlets, for example an overhead shower and a hand-held one on a slide rail or wall mount.

Sequential Shower Valve Controls

Most showers have at least two controls, a temperature control and one or more flow control and/or diverters however a sequential shower valve has a single lever control combining temperature and flow control regulation, As soon as a sequential control is turned the flow to the shower is turned full on cold as the handle is turned to its full extent the flow remains on full flow but the temperature is increased to its maximum. With a sequential valve the temperature con be controlled finely but not the flow.

Thermostatic and Manual Shower Valves

Thermostatic shower valves include an inbuilt anti-scald safety mechanism which cuts off the flow of water if the temperature of the mixed water exceeds a (usually) pre-set value. Manual valves do not provide this safety feature. Some thermostatic valves also allow the water temperature to be set and maintained.

In general a shower will be supplied water from the same mains system and boiler as all the rest of the plumbing in the house, this means that changes in water usage in other parts of the house can effect the flow of water to the shower and more particularly can cause a reduction in the supply of cold water to the shower. This results in the mixed water being delivered by the shower containing a higher proportion of hot water meaning that the water temperature rises. It’s in just such situations that thermostatic valves protect the use of the shower from injury.

Exposed and Concealed Shower Valves

Generally showers can be classed as exposed or concealed. A concealed shower is one where most of the pipe work associated with the shower is fitted inside the wall and in particular the shower valves shower outlets are inside the wall. An exposed shower by contrast has a shower valve with outlets on the outside of the wall and the pipe work supplying the various shower functions are visible.

Combinations of Controls on Shower Valves

There are four most common combinations of controls and outlets on shower valves and you need to pick the right one for the combination of shower features you are having in your shower. Here are the four most common types of valves and how you would use them:

1. Two Controls and One Outlet: One control is for temperature, the other for rate of flow it supplies one shower head only. But especially on traditional style exposed showers you often find a diverter on the rigid riser part of the shower so that one of these valves can be used with two shower heads for example an overhead shower and a hand-held shower on a slide rail.

2. Two Controls and Two Outlets: One control is for temperature, the other is a diverter which switches between the two different shower outlets. However the diverter does not give you as fine control of the rate of flow as a flow control. You would use this for two shower outlets for example an overhead and slider rail. But you might prefer to use the next options instead.

3. Three Controls and Two Outlets One control is for temperature, the other two are both flow controls independently controlling the rate of flow to the two different shower outlets. You would use this for two shower outlets for example an overhead and slider rail. It gives you finer control of the rate of flow than the 2-control valve with the diverter and you can have both showers on at the same time which you can’t with the diverter version because that one switches between them.

4. Three Controls and Three Outlets One control is for temperature, one is a rate of flow control and one is a diverter. Typically you might use this for a set up where you have an overhead shower with another hand-held shower that goes on a slider rail and a number of body jets (body jets are usually all supplied by a single outlet from the valve).

You might then have the flow control feeding the overhead shower and the diverter switching between the body jets and the hand-held. That means you could have each of them on separately or you could have the overhead shower on with hand-held shower or the overhead shower on with the body jets but not the body jets on with the hand-held. But how you have this plumbed-in is your choice, you just need to make it clear to your plumber.

There are other combinations too including sequential valves and valves with integrated outlets such as those which include a bath spout or a hand-held shower and hose. If you want anything unusual its always best to check that the components you get are the right combination to achieve what you want and for this you need someone who’s got the time to talk to you and who knows the subject area.

Hydraulic Excavators And Its Advantages

The first hydraulic excavator was produced way back in 1951 by a great French man called Poclain and therefore they were called by his name. The latest models include Hitachi, Caterpillar, the Komatsu and the most advanced model Leibherr.

They constitute of an Arm, Engine, Swing, Cab, and the Feet. The different models of excavators which are most commonly found in the market are midi or the mini excavator, which is the most compact one, the bucket wheel model, and the loader backhoe.

The construction companies use the heavy hydraulic excavators for their projects as to dig heavy rocks, to smash concrete, to cut steel, to drill holes in very hard rocky areas, etc. This machine is also used in laying roads as they are a great help to set gravel on the roads before the actual work of paving starts. The landscaping industry also makes use of this wonderful machine to mow huge areas of landscape which would take a lot of time and expense when done manually.

However, for small areas people make use of the mini excavators as they are a great benefit for landscaping small areas for example, a patio or a garden at a home. When people want to build small ponds or swimming pools in the premises of their own home they make use of the mini versions.

The size of the mini excavators also has made its popularity increase as they do not take much space in the traffic. They are comparatively cost effective and very flexible because of their various attachments and features. The bucket attached to it helps in both digging purpose as well as for loading things. When a grappler is attached to it, it helps to collect wood. The attachment of a mallet helps to break down objects in to very fine pieces. In conclusion, there are many benefits in using hydraulic excavators and their popularity is increasing day by day.

Build a Storage Building: A Five Step Guide for Building a Brick Shed

To build a storage shed in your backyard takes planning and creativity. Most sheds are constructed from wood when built from scratch, others are assembled from shed kits and are generally constructed with plywood or metal. Some sheds, however, are built using brick because the owner wants to match the construction of the house or because the owner believes he is adding strength to the structure.

Perhaps one remembers the story of the Three Little Pigs and fears the big bad wolf blowing down his outdoor shed. Nevertheless, a brick shed will outlast a more traditional wooden shed if neither structure is maintained.

Look, if you maintain your shed then either construction material is just fine. For this reason and this reason alone, I only recommend building a shed in from brick if, and only if, your decision is aesthetic and not structural. Any well-built shed will last several lifetimes if properly maintained.

That being said here is a brief five-step guide for building a brick storage building or shed in your backyard.

Step 1

The first step in any construction project is to determine the location of the shed. Make sure you choose a location that is relatively flat, has good drainage, is not directly on any property line, is not too close to trees which may cause problems for your shed roof or foundation (remember trees have a large root system below the surface). Also make certain that your shed foundation is not interfering with any electrical, cable or water lines. Overlook any one of these and you’ll have a potentially costly problem on your hands.

One other thing to think about at this stage is to make absolutely certain that your shed design complies with local building codes and zoning ordinances. The best way to do this is to apply for a permit. In some cases, if you live in a planned community, you may need permission to build the shed from your Home Owner’s Association. Don’t make the mistake of not asking because the HOA has broad powers to make you comply with their decisions.

Step 2

Once all approvals and permits are obtained it is time to clean the area where your shed will be built. Remove any debris, roots, weeds, rocks, and other hindrances. Level the ground if necessary. Using a chalk line or stakes, draw an outline of the shed’s footprint on the ground.

Step 3

Now it is time to start digging. Your task is to create a foundation for your shed. Building a strong foundation determines the strength and stability of your shed and is a step that must not be taken lightly. Depending on where you live, you’ll need to dig to a depth that is just below the frost line. This will assure that your shed will not heave due to ground swells caused by expanding soil due to freezing. Your minimum depth for a solid foundation is eight inches and most areas require no more than thirty-six inches. It is best to check with your local building department to know the exact depth to dig. You can rent a small back hoe or trenching machine, or you can hire an experienced excavator to do this step for you. You want the bottom of your trench level all the way around.

The outside of the trench must be about one inch beyond the outline of your building and should be four to six inches wide. Now using 2×6 lumber and stakes, create a form extending above the level of the ground.

Step 4

It’s time to pour concrete for your foundation. Pour the concrete to a level of about two to three inches above ground level. Unless you are a martyr call your local concrete supplier and order a truck with the right amount of yardage to fill the hole. Tell the company the dimensions and they’ll tell you just what you need. Ask for advice about the mix needed for strength and permanence for your area. Make sure the top of the foundation is relatively level though it doesn’t have to be perfectly smooth. Leave the concrete to set. In about 24 hours remove the forms but don’t toss the material away. You can reuse it for door frames and other things like ceiling joists. Normally this is the time to call for your first inspection. Do so before you proceed.

Now you may want to pour a concrete slab for the shed floor. Again call your concrete supplier and tell him your dimensions. A 3 to 4 inch slab is sufficient for your purposes. You’ll also want to buy some rebar or wire mesh to add strength and stability to the slab.

Step 5

Now mark the foundation walls for rough door openings making sure you account for the finished size of the opening and go wide enough to accommodate that size. Also, if you are adding windows make sure you know where to leave openings for the rough opening as well.

Spread your bricks on the ground and set a level string around each wall of the shed. Mix a batch of mortar (rent a mortar mixer from your local home center) and apply a layer of mortar to the foundation to accommodate around 5 to 7 bricks. Lay bricks one at a time making sure they are level. Use the string as a guideline. Repeat all around the foundation wall. As you build layers repeat the same idea but place your bricks so they are centered over the space between the two bricks below. Repeat until you have reached the height of your building.

At the door and window openings you’ll need to place a header across the top of the opening so the bricks above will remain in place. You can use a thin steel header or a piece of 4×4 timber to act as a header. Don’t overlook this step.

The final step is to build your roof. This is a common shed building activity so I won’t go into that here. When you build a storage building from bricks you have to pay attention to the details of the construction process. Follow these steps and you’ll build a strong brick shed.

Los Angeles Apartments Which Approve With a Broken Lease, Bad Credit, Felonies and Misdemeanors

Los Angeles California is associated with sun, fun and celebrities. Indeed, it is the entertainment capital of the world being popularized the famous Hollywood sign, and numerous memorable movies and TV programs. Los Angeles, also called LA, is the second largest city in the United States with a metro population of about 9 million. The city attracts millions, especially to its world-famous disney-world resorts and other famous attractions. There are also thousands who make the decision to settle in LA and are these definitely look for the many different LA-area apartments that cater to different needs. Because of the sprawling size of the city, there are definitely a great deal of apartments in the city and its environs.

If you are looking to rent an apartment in LA, there are a few crucial factors you need to bear in mind. These include the fact that the apartments will check credit, rental and background. This means that people with prior rental issues, a spotty background or a even bad credit can find themselves being denied. But are there are apartments in Los Angeles that will accept tenants with a previous broken lease, a felony or a bankruptcy?

Los Angeles apartments that accept a broken lease, bad credit or bankruptcy

Here are some places in Los Angeles where you can possibly rent an apartment even with a spotty credit history.

  • Downtown
  • East
  • Northeast
  • Echo Park
  • Hollywood
  • Harbor Area
  • Long Beach
  • South LA
  • San Fernando
  • San Bernadino

Important points to consider

Most apartments in the LA area will check tenants history. This is because they want to protect existing tenants and also ensure that they are adhering to anti-discrimination laws in as far as housing is concerned. There are stringent federal, local and municipal housing laws that govern the relationship between the tenant and the landlord. Then there is the Patriot Act which was enacted immediately after September 11, 2001 to ensure that every tenant is properly identified.

Los Angeles area housing units will also demand that even if they are approving tenants with problematic histories, they also ensure that these tenants have a way to pay their rent. This essentially means that the tenant must prove that they have a steady job and that they earn more than three times the amount of the rent.

Renting in Los Angeles with bad credit, a broken lease, criminal felony or a bankruptcy is definitely possible but is not the easiest experience. This is because these particular apartments which do, also called second chance apartments, are not easy to locate.

HAI Flat Iron Vs Sedu Hair Straightener

It may be hard for you to decide on the type of flat iron hair straightener you need to use for your type of hair. That is particularly true because of the many brands that are available in the market today. If you want to look great and glamorous, you can use the HAI hair straightener or the Sedu. These hair straightening flat irons will make you great, prevent frizz factor, and turn your curly and wavy hair into smooth looking hair. Professional hairstylists recommend both but which is better? Read on to find out:

HAI Flat Iron Basic Features

There is no doubt about HAI straightener being high performing. It is the best in the market. They are both loved by ordinary users and hair experts as well. The company’s CEO was once a former hairstylist and he made a resolve to come up with a type of flat iron that will suit all hair types with fast and efficient technology.

• High Ceramic plates with variable temperature settings

HAI straightener has different types of ceramic plates like sapphire which is found in most HAI convertible. This ceramic plate of HAI remains unbeatable in hairstyling as it provides equal heat distribution which makes your hair straight and smooth.

Also, HAI straightener has variable temperature from 140-410 degrees Fahrenheit which is good for different types of hair. For those women who have dry and fine hair, it is advisable to have lower temperature settings. For normal hair, a middle range is recommended. For thick hair, maximum heat is much needed to come up with a great body and shape for your hair.

If you’re looking forward to buy the best hair straightener in the market, you should seriously consider buying a HAI flat iron. They are used by professional stylists and are top rated in many consumer reviews.

SEDU Flat Iron Basic Features

If you are wondering about how most celebrities get Sedu hairstyles that give way to smooth and silky hair, then it’s high time you knew the Sedu ceramic flat iron. Who would have thought that Sedu hairstyles can be achieved right away not only from a salon and any high-maintenance styling tools but from a Sedu ceramic flat iron? It is a must-have styling device, if you want to have that Jennifer Aniston hair quick and easy.

• Patented Ceramic Tourmaline plates

What separates this product from the rest is its patented ceramic tourmaline plates which are distributed evenly in the iron. It heats your hair in just a minute without the need for any heat-up. The tourmaline does not dry up your hair follicles or cause further damage; instead it nurtures your hair from the roots, making it revitalized. Whatever type of hair you have, the SEDU will create amazing hairstyles for you.

Nebraska Football Helmet – A History

Since the 1960’s, Nebraska has kept a very consistent football helmet design. They have always had a very conservative design; they have never had a flashy or unusual design, even for a special occasion like a Bowl Game. In 1960, Nebraska had a red helmet with a white stripe and the player’s number on the side (e.g. 22). In 1961, apparently the powers that be felt that even that design was too colorful and action-packed and instead opted for a white helmet with black numbers on the side. This Nebraska football helmet design is about as plain as you can get for a football helmet. In 1966, the numbers changed to red and a red vertical stripe appeared on the helmet for the first time. The white background and red stripe have never left the helmet since then.

The red numbers lasted just one regular season before they were dropped altogether. Rather than have the player’s number on the side of the helmet, the letters “NU”, made their way to the helmet for the Sugar Bowl game in 1967 and remained for 2 full seasons. During the third season with this helmet design (1969), a “100” decal appeared on the front of the football helmet. It was football-shaped in blue with white numbers outlined in red. The “100” marked the 100 year anniversary of the chartering of University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

From 1970 to 1981, the Cornhuskers kept the exact same design. The helmet had a white background, a red vertical stripe, and the letter “N” replaced “NU”. This football helmet looks very much like today’s design with one exception. In 1982, the team switched from the basic gray facemask to the red facemask. For almost 30 years, that same exact design has remained. The “N” is about as plain as you can get. It has no serifs and looks like your basic Arial font uppercase “N” that you could type on any word processing program. It probably fits well into the image of the program as a hard-working, Midwestern school, where they like to run the ball up the middle. In many ways it is the antithesis of some of the flashier designs out there at schools like Oregon, Maryland, and Boise State. There is not even a catchy logo like the Texas Longhorn or the Florida State spear. Looking at this football helmet, you can start to see why the cold weather, Rust Belt schools of the Big Ten were quick to admit the Cornhuskers for full conference membership in 2010.

10 Spy Tricks: An Office Espionage Series

I spend a great deal of my time dealing with highly sensitive, highly confidential information. Over the years I have noticed that many of the institutions I have worked with have gone to great pains and considerable expense to make certain their computer systems have state of the art firewalls and “hacker-proof” encoding systems. Nonetheless, they continue to leak data like a sieve!

How can this be? Simple, they are guarding the air conditioner duct instead of the front door.

So, what do I know about it? My knowledge of the field is pretty backdoor in nature.

First of all, I work a lot with people who love nothing more than to stir up hate and discontent wherever they go. They will intentionally uncover and publish sensitive information. It is fun for them. In order to find out why they do these things I do a lot of debriefing with them when an incident occurs.

Second, I have two brothers who made carriers out of law enforcement. One of my brothers served many years as a state trooper and another as a sheriff’s deputy. They were both extremely successful in the investigation facet of the job and I am about to tell you why. Then you can see if you are vulnerable to the same kind of attack.

The sources of data loss, in no particular order, are as follows.

1. Waste Archeology.

Simply speaking, someone who really wants to know your secrets will go through your trash. And guess what? It is completely legal. Buy a $20.00 shredder, and use it.

2. Taps.

Seriously, if you have a wireless system it is pretty simple to eaves drop via laptop from the coffee shop next door.

3. Pop-ins.

Be extremely wary of maintenance crews and repair staff you haven’t called in. Check ID’s. Also, be aware of someone who comes in asking a lot of questions. You may be surprised what the reception staff will tell someone who smiles and asks nicely.

4. Hacking in.

Do you know the easiest way to hack in to a secure system? Steal the password taped to the computer screen at Ed’s work station. Trust me, I see it every day. You know what else? Most people use the same password for every system they need to access.

5. Cordless phones.

Remember most cordless phones and cells are basically fancy radios. If it puts out a signal, the signal can be picked up with a scanner.

6. Ticking bombs.

Answering machines, voice mail, fax machines anything that requires an access code can be beaten (remember the password taped to the computer?).

7. Starbucks.

Never discuss sensitive information in a public restaurant! If I wanted to know about a corporations business, I go to the snack bar at lunch and read the paper over coffee. You won’t believe the things you hear (if you’re in education, teacher lounges are hair raising!).

8. Brain cramps.

Unlocked cabinets, offices, desks, paper work left out, answering stupid questions over the phone. Hello?

9. Traitors.

Face it, some folks will sell you out for the right price. The right price might be as simple as someone asking, “So, what confidential things are you working on these days?” You really wouldn’t believe what people have told me in answer to that question. Keep sensitive information on a need to know basis.

10. Describing a spy.

The typical spy is a short, fat, tall, thin man, with curly, bald hair. She often wears provocatively conservative clothing and is liberally conservative. In other words, ANYBODY is the typical spy.

Now I will expound upon each section individually.

Part 1

One of the first areas I mentioned in breaches in security was “rifled” trash. I believe this to be foremost method of stealing confidential information. In reality it isn’t even stealing. In California Versus Greenwood the Supreme Court held the Constitution does not prohibit warrant less search and seizure of garbage left for collection outside the curtilage (the enclosed area immediately surrounding a home or dwelling) of a home. This could include places of business.

Here are some pro-active steps you can take.

1. Don’t transfer confidential documents to recycling vendors.

2. If you have a copier, install a shredder next to it.

3. Purchase a cross-cut shredder for extremely sensitive documents.

4. Destroy all waste paper.

5. Get shredders for each individual. People won’t wait in line to use a bulk shredder.


Part II.

Remember, James Bond is not interested in your secrets.

That being said, competitors, disgruntled employees, ex-spouses and other wreakers of havoc are interested in your secrets.

There are many methods of “bugging” out there.

The five main categories are, in alphabetical order: Acoustic, Optical, RF, Tie-In, and Ultrasonic.

1. Acoustic – low tech glass to the wall, ventilation, electrical out-let, out side the window, stand by the door, close proximity listening.

2. Optical – high end and expensive.

3. RF – radio frequency and receiver devices.

4. Tie-in – hooking directly in to a phone line. The box is usually easily accessible on an exterior wall.

5. Ultrasonic – think transmitter, receiver but with audio pressure rather than radio waves.

The most prevalent and dangerous of this is alphabetically and most destructively listed first. Always be aware of your immediate surrounding when discussing confidential information.

Part III

Always check the identification of persons who pop in to do technical work around your office. This is especially true if you PERSONALLY have not called them for service. These folks are known as “spooks”.

You see, “Spooking” is a hide in plain site method of gaining access to confidential information

It seems carrying a clipboard will gain a spook access to most places, even those with confidential data to protect.

But, there are other common tools the spook may carry to increase their appearance of authenticity: 2-way Radio, Maglight, Construction worker hard hat, and my personal favorite the attention tone cell phone. Now, this particular ruse means the spook has a partner but is anything more impressive than that tone from the “base office” checking the technicians’ status?

However, the most powerful, by far, access granting technique (I mean this will get you in anywhere) is a set of Dickies. Yes, Dickies. The same things you wore for summer jobs in high school and college. They are a virtual cloak of invisibility in our culture.

Most common guises:

1. Telephone/communications technicians – (typically wearing blue/grey Dickies)

2. Computer service technicians – (polo shirt and tan Dickies pants)

3. Copy machine technicians – (polo shirt and blue Dickies pants)

4. Custodians – (typically anyone with a set of blue/grey Dickies is granted cart blanche access)

5. Messenger services – (typically wearing brown Dickies)

6. A/C heating technicians – (typically wearing blue-green Dickies)

The beauty of this type of “spooking” is nobody ever challenges these folks. And if some particularly diligent person does question them, the spook goes into his, “fine with me, but it will be at least four weeks until I can get back here. We’re really backed up.” That is usually enough to intimidate even the most on top of things staff member.

I don’t usually recommend testing out these surveillance techniques, the power of the Tricky Dickie is not to be believed unless you actually see it in action. So, get your lazy brother-in-law a set of Dickies and send him through your office. You won’t believe the results. Afterwards, get the lazy bum to do your yard work so you get your moneys worth from the Dickie investment.

Part IV

There are many ways of stealing computer files. As a matter of fact there is a whole niche market dedicated to nothing more than developing and distributing new types of spy ware. Then there is another niche market dedicated to selling protection against these pieces of malware. Folks, I talking millions of dollars each year, connected to these two enterprises. Would it surprise you to know that many of the same people writing the protection software also write the malware?

Any who, how to these insidious pieces of data stealing malware get into your systems? Simple, you or one of your associates, put them there.

I know what you’re thinking, “Not me! I would never do such a self destructive thing. Neither would anyone I work with.” And, at least intentionally, you’re right. But, take look at the most common avenues of entry and think through your response again.

Most Common Sources of Spyware:

1. Screen savers

2. Emoticons

3. Clip Art

4. Spam

5. Email attachments

6. Unprotected web browsing (cookies)

7. Peer to Peer applications (mp3 files)

8. Shareware

9. Freeware

10. Involuntary Download (may present as a fictitious error you must click to correct)

So, have you EVER added any of this to your system, even to an email? I know me too.

Oh well, as MaElla (my grandmother) used to say, “Once bitten, twice shy.”

What have we learned?

Basically, don’t put anything unverified on your system, even if it is really, really cool.

Bye the way, does anyone know where MaElla got “Once bitten, twice shy”?

Part V

First and foremost, never use a cordless phone for anything other than the convenience of answering a call. Switch to a corded line for any specific communications.

Monitoring cordless and cellular phone calls has become a million dollar hobby in America. Some even sell their monitored conversations on line. Think ex-girlfriend sites.

Mobile phones are an even greater liability. Not only are means available to monitor the conversations, but it is not particularly difficult to track the location of the parties based on their signal. Now, that is scary.

This tracking will become even easier when newer 3G phones come online because their base stations are even closer together.

What can you do?

1. Use a regular line for increased security.

2. Dedicate a secure line in your office for sensitive communication. They are not cheap. Or-Com offers one that has fair reviews for about $300.00.

3. Use first names on non-secure lines.

4. Speak in general terms on non-secure lines.

If you think these precautions a completely paranoid, you may be right. On the other hand, browse Spy Emporium for an overview of just a few of the surveillance devices available.

Part VI.

If you work with confidential data, and you use any of the following pieces of technology, it is just a matter of time until your confidentiality is compromised.

1. Disposable roll fax machines.

Used rolls contain copies of every item the machine has received.

2. Unattended fax machines.

Fax machines left on are excellent sources for stealing confidential data. When I expect a fax, I alert the office staff to put it in a folder in my in-box.

3. Dictation machines.

If you use dictation machines and leave tapes on the secretaries’ desk to be transcribed don’t be shocked when a tape goes missing (Tell the truth, this has already happened hasn’t it?).

5. Answering machines.

Most are accessible with a 3 or 4 digit code. Most people don’t change the factory set “3, 4, and 5.” These are easy to hack.

6. Cordless microphones.

Crystal clear signals for about 1,300 feet or a quarter mile.

Part VII.

One of the most popular and reliable methods for gathering information from an organization is to “scout the perimeter.” Although, this is not as sexy as the “mission impossible” methods, it is very popular and very effective.

Here are your most frequent weak spots.

1. The company lunch room. Many people actually carry confidential files with them to review over lunch.

2. The neighborhood coffee klatch. This is true for the same reason as above.

3. The guy who is always at the newsstand when you pick up your paper. You know the one you discuss current office events with because he doesn’t know the people anyway.

4. The chatty new friend your spouse just made. Think about this when discussing business with your spouse.

5. Any off-site meeting places. Luncheon rooms, county offices, etc.


Next to going through the trash, the most vulnerable area for exploitation is the human brain.

The major offenders:

1. Unsecured offices, cabinets, drawers and doors.

2. Files left on the desk over night.

3. Group passwords.

4. Company phone directories.

5. Desktop rolodexes.

Part IX

Another source of compromised confidential information is the office traitor. Most people have a price. The price may have been paid the last time they were insulted, degraded or unappreciated at the office. One the other hand, there may be an actual monetary price for which a trusted associate can be turned.

Here are some of the characteristics you may need to be on the look out for.

1. Those passed over for raises, passed over for promotion.

2. Those experiencing significant financial difficulty.

3. Those who gamble.

4. Those that employ recreational pharmaceuticals (including alcohol).

5. Those involved in labor and management disputes.

6. Those that seem to always be on the lookout for the next big deal.

Part X.

Basically, if you take a look at the qualifications for a field agent for the CIA you can build a fair profile of what an office spy may “look like.”

1. A Bachelors Degree, rarely more.

2. Solid academic record, not outstanding.

3. Interest in inter-business and international affairs.

4. Solid interpersonal skills.

5. Solid communication skills.

6. Frequent traveler.

7. Interest in foreign languages.

8. Prior residence outside the area.

9. Possible prior military experience.

10. Experience in business and/or economics (but with deficit skills in their own finance management).

11. The person is usually between the ages of 21-35.

12. Previous work in law enforcement or corrections.

13. May be considered a loner, not a joiner.

14. No police record.

15. Hobbies include martial arts, scuba, hunting, proficiency with firearms, chess, math, avid reader, may write prolifically or play a musical instrument, etc.

16. The person may be interested in training manuals and field guides.

In other words, just about anybody who would make a good employee. The key is to look for unusual groupings of these skills. Most people will meet 3 or 4 of the criteria. Those who meet 6 or more should be considered possible candidates.

This section completes a ten part series concerning confidentiality and security.

Deionization of Water – An Overview

Deionization process is the removal of salt that are dissolved in water. For the process, water is passed through ion exchange material that remove the salt completely. Ion exchange is the reversible exchange of ions between solid and liquid without any change in the solid structure. Calcium bicarbonate, magnesium sulfate, and sodium chloride are the main salts present in the water that are removed by this process.

Deionization is also known as demineralization thus if you talk about demineralised or deionized water it is one and the same thing. Removal of salt especially from bones is also called demineralization. But of we talk about water then this process is also called desalinization. Sea water is converted to fresh water with this process which then can be used for irrigation, drinking and other such purposes.

Ion exchange resins are kept in pressure tank. The water that is to be deionized is then forced through the resins in deionizers. Resins get exhausted after a said amount of time and amount of water, so they no longer exchange the additional ions. For the regeneration of resins these will have to be regenerated with strong acid and base. Hydrochloric or sulphuric acid is generally used to restore the cation resin and sodium hydroxide is used for the regeneration of anion resin.

Deionization Advantages

  • The water produced by the process of deionization process if far superior quality than produced through distillation.
  • Deionizers or demineralizers come in variety of sizes like from the laboratory equipments to the one which are accommodating about thousands of liters per minute.
  • It is used for high-pressure boiler feed water.
  • No chemical or dangerous waste is produced in the process.
  • Through this technology heavy metals are removed from the water.

Deionization Disadvantages

  • Efficiency of the deionization process increases by using mineral water. So you have to use mineral water in this case which is the biggest disadvantage.
  • If possible remove iron and chlorine before deionization process. These are degrading agents and resin foulants.
  • Demineralization of water cannot remove certain forms of silica such as colloidal or non-reactive.
  • Water Demineralizers, Demineralization Process of Water, Water Demineralization Process, Industrial Water Demineralizers, Water Demineralizer Plant