Truck Ladder Racks

People in some vocations cannot do without ladder racks. These ladder racks can hold boards, long pipes, tools and other items. Trucks with ladder racks offer great advantages. The following are among the best truck ladder racks currently available in the market.

Cross Tread 1500 Ladder Racks offer contractors great strength and flexibility. Both the 750 and 1500 series ladder racks are constructed with 14-gauge steel tubing; these racks also possess the diamond profile side rail system. By revolving the side rails to 45 degrees, an integrated truss system is produced, giving greater firmness and a framework that prevents swaying and side shifting.

Cross Tread Renegade Ladder Racks are durable and flexible. This ladder rack can be adjusted and used without a pick-up truck cap. This truck ladder rack works brilliantly with the Cross Tread cab guard.

TracRac is a certified powder-coated aluminum rack system that is intended to fit any pickup. It is the only rack system capable of “sliding”. The TracRac mounts trouble-free into the stake pockets, without having to drill or bolt. In fact, it reinforces the truck frame. It is extremely light (77 pounds), but powerful. The TracRac can hold up to 1,000 pounds. Overhead accessories and racks can slide into better position to suit the cargo. TracRac is fully tested and endorsed by GM, Ford, and Chrysler.

Xtreme Rack is a pioneering, multi-functional sports rack and cargo management system that attracts hunters, campers, off-road enthusiasts, boaters, horsemen, skiers, motorcyclists, etc. Xtreme Rack’s groundbreaking design allows the truck owner to modify the rack to his own taste and approach, while its durability and strength allows the maker to design it for utmost functionality.

Learning How to Control Your Fast Rate of Speech

Talking too quickly is one of the most common behaviors that can discount professional speaking skills. Studies show that people who speak too quickly appear cluttered and unorganized and are not judged as competent or polished. An out-of-control rate of speech hinders the quality of your message as listeners are forced to work harder to understand. In addition, an error in pronunciation is more likely to occur because your speech articulators are tripping over one another as they attempt to produce sounds. Speech rate along with melody (i.e., intonation) are the two key factors that influence an individual’s spoken language. If your rate of speech is too fast, it must be addressed if you have the goal of smooth and clear speech.

Typical Communication Problems that Occur with a Fast Rate of Speech

You are perceived as nervous and less confident.

You appear unorganized and poorly prepared.

It is difficult to arrange your thoughts and ideas while speaking.

You are more likely to use “filler” words such as “umm, like, ya know” which discount the quality of the message.

Control over your speech melody is lost and replaced with a staccato, choppy or monotone rhythm. It is not possible to speak with melody and have pitch changes while speaking with a fast speech rate. The result will be monotone speech with articulation errors.

You are more likely to mispronounce words or delete specific sounds and syllables that compromise crisp articulation and diction.

You create unfortunate communication breakdowns because when speech is too fast and loud the listener’s brain tunes it out. It is exhausting being forced to listen to uncomfortable speech patterns. This creates the potential for miscommunication, lost opportunity or decreased credibility.

When your rate of speech is too fast, listeners have to struggle with processing the information and often have to fill in their own gaps when information is missed, increasing the likelihood of a communication breakdown. This is a detrimental speech habit when presenting valuable information, negotiating or trying to persuade in the business world. To be perceived as trustworthy, competent and well spoken, managing your rate of speech is critical.

You can learn how to control your fast speech rate with strategies. Once you have identified a strategy you like, practice it with your drill work, speech notebook and Speech Triggers to transform this important skill into habit. You must be effective with your selected strategies and set yourself up to internalize these skills to be successful at the conversational level. It simply is not enough to say, “Well, I’ll just slow down.” Haven’t you already tried that? To be successful with rate of speed and intonation you must remind yourself to use a strategy that will work best for you and practice it for at least three weeks for it to begin to feel natural.

Strategy Training for Controlled Speech Habits

1. Speak Using Intonation, Particularly the Staircase Approach

Mastering the skill of intonation and speech rhythm will also complement your speed because you will be speaking with controlled pitch patterns and phrases. Your speech articulators will also be in a better position to follow through and say all of your ending sounds. When you use the Staircase Approach for intonation while practicing with one of the strategies presented below for speed, your overall speaking rate and articulation will sound clear, professional and you will be perceived as well spoken.

2.Feel Your Articulators Touch

Control your rate of speech by feeling your articulators make contact with one another. Your articulators are your lips, teeth, tongue, jaw and facial muscles. When speaking, feel your lips and jaw move as they touch, as well as your tongue contacting your teeth and jaw. The purpose of this strategy is for you to feel and notice the tactile sensation from your mouth while speaking. If you cannot feel the tactile sensation in your mouth from your articulators while talking, then you are speaking too fast. Take a moment to feel the contact in your mouth from your different articulators. Using this strategy will significantly help you reduce your speed. To demonstrate the amount of sensation that can be noticed, count from one to four and feel what your articulators are doing.

One Your lips puckered and touched each other.

Two Your tongue touched the backside of your upper teeth.

Three Your tongue tip moved between your teeth.

Four Your top teeth touched your lower lip.

The objective is to notice the tactile feedback or sensation you feel from your articulators moving. If you can be aware of this sensation while speaking, your rate will automatically slow down . Feeling your articulators touch is a good internal strategy to slow your rate of speed. Give this strategy a chance.

3. Say Every Sound in Every Word as You Travel Down the Staricase

When speaking, concentrate on producing every sound in every word. Think of saying all of your sounds, particularly the ones at the ends of words. Be certain to say every sound in multi-syllable words. Give yourself the “mantra” of ” say every sound in every word ” as a way to prompt yourself to use this strategy. When this technique is used you are more aware of your articulators (i.e., lips, tongue and jaw) moving at a controlled rate so they do not trip over one another during connected speech. This strategy will assist you with slowing down your rate of speed while improving your overall articulation.

4.Hold your Vowel Sounds Longer

Many speakers who have a fast rate will often cut the duration of “long” vowel sounds too short. You want to get your message out fast so you chop the longer sounds. American and professional speech has both long and short vowel sounds that need to be said correctly to avoid sounding choppy to your listener. Be sure you hold your vowel sounds, especially the long ones, for the appropriate amount of time.

5. Match your Rate with Another Speaker

Be aware of other people’s speech habits and identify other fast talkers. Then, find people who speak at a controlled and pleasant rate. When you can identify fast talkers and people who have a pleasant rate your awareness of your own speech behavior will be significantly improved. Think of family members, co-workers and friends and identify those who are fast talkers and who are not. Write down the three fast talkers and controlled speech talkers in your speech notebook for improving your own awareness.

When you have an opportunity to speak with someone you feel is a good speech model, match your speaking rate with his or her speed during conversation. You may feel like you are speaking too slowly. You are not! Remember, you are the fast talker and need to slow down. If this new strategy feels funny or convoluted then you are probably doing it correctly!

A very important speech note : While practicing these speech strategies you may feel you are speaking too slowly and sound weird. Don’t worry, you’re not. Remember your style of talking is too fast. If this new speed and style feels odd, you are doing it correctly. It may feel strange at first because it is a new behavior. Your old behavior of speaking too fast interfered with the quality of your speech and professional image. Keep practicing and it will begin to feel natural. When you are practicing with your speech notebook and Speech Triggers, speech rate is another skill to rehearse for improving your communication skills.

Things to Know Before You Go to Barbados

Before you go to Barbados here are some helpful facts and things you should know so when you arrive on the island you know what to expect.

Barbados has one airport – the Grantley Adams International Airport (BGI). The airport is in the south of the island and is 16kms from Bridgetown, the capital. There is only one terminal at the airport. The airport does not have skyways, so passengers are required to exit the plane via a stairway and walk to the arrivals hall.

Barbados has a strict rule banning any form of army camouflage clothing, including hats, scarves, shorts, t-shirts, back-packs, etc. Anyone wearing such articles into the country (even children) will be asked to remove them by the Authorities.


On board the flight you will be given an Immigration/Customs Form to complete. The forms must be completed prior to entering the Arrivals Hall. Visitors are required to list the address where they will stay while in Barbados. On the reverse side of the Landing Card is a blue Customs Form to be completed and handed to the Customs Officer once you have collected your luggage.


Take the hassle out of your arrival experience by arranging a personal Meet and Greet service. This service includes being personally escorted through Immigration, immediate assistance with baggage retrieval, and continuing on through Customs into an awaiting air-conditioned taxi.


After you have cleared Immigration you will see numerous “Red Caps.” These men and women are available to help you with your bags and will accompany you through Customs to the outside. It is customary to tip the Red Caps Bds$2 (US$1) per bag, however, for extra luggage or exceptional service, an extra gratuity will not be refused.


There is a Duty Free wine and spirits shop next to the Baggage Claim where prices can be as much as 70% below on-island retail purchases. Especially good bargains are found in vodka, gin and whiskies. There is no savings on our local rum. Each person is allowed 1 litre but insiders know they can purchase more than the 1 litre limit.


Unless you have made prior arrangements for a private taxi, upon exiting the Arrivals Hall there is a desk immediately on the left where a taxi dispatcher will direct you to the next available taxi. There are signs with the posted fares of all major island destinations but please be advised that most if not all drivers will charge extra depending on the number of passengers and the amount of luggage. We suggest you agree on a price prior to leaving the airport.


There are numerous car rental companies on the island but only a select few meet international standards. Courtesy Rent-a-Car, one of Barbados’ oldest and well known car rental companies, and Drive-a-Matic both have kiosks to the immediate left after you exit the Arrivals Hall. With a prior reservation other companies will greet you usually with a hand held sign outside the Arrivals Hall.


Barbados’ water is naturally filtered via the limestone and coral and is therefore safe to drink. Some say Barbados’ water is fit for a Queen, as Queen Elizabeth herself declared Barbados’ water delicious.


If you are shopping in any of the island’s many stores be sure to take your passport and Immigration Card with you as you will be required to present these documents in order to purchase certain items duty free. Alcohol and tobacco purchases cannot be taken with you but rather will be waiting for you at the Chamber of Commerce desk after you clear security in the Departure Lounge.


We drive on the left side of the road which means the steering wheel is located on the right hand side of the vehicle. For those of you who drive on the “other side of the road” please be aware and use caution and look both ways before crossing the road. Easy tip: the steering wheel should always be in the middle of the road, never on the side!

Bajans are fond of their car horns. Rarely are horns beeped in anger in Barbados but rather as a friendly hello, as a “please go ahead of me” and as a thank you. A flashing of the lights is an indication “please proceed before me”.

Our extensive road system can be quite a challenge to navigate. You can download a free SatNav map on to your Garmin and some car rental companies offer a SatNav with the vehicle rental. The bus stop signs are helpful in knowing which direction you are going in. They are either marked “To City” or “Out of City.” This is helpful if you want to go in either of those directions, but going across the country can be a bit more complicated.


Our public transportation system is fairly good, however, there is no particular schedule. The blue buses are Government owned; the yellow mini-buses and the small white ZR vans are privately owned. Unfortunately there is sporadic law enforcement of the sometimes unsafe driving practices exhibited by public transportation vehicles. Please utilise these vehicles at your own risk. Bus fares are Bds$2 /US$1 to anywhere on the island. Simply raise your hand to flag down a bus.


If you are hiring a vehicle the car hire company will issue you with a driver’s permit that is valid for 3 months. The cost is Bds$10 / US$5. Alternatively should you be borrowing a vehicle from a family member or friend, you can obtain your local driver’s permit from any police station. They accept only Barbados dollars. Remember to bring your own driver’s permit.


Car seats, strollers, cots, cribs, even toys, can easily be rented if you want to leave those bulky items at home to facilitate a hassle free trip to Barbados.


United States Dollars are readily accepted throughout the island at a conversion rate of $2.00 Bds equal to $1.00 US. Any other currency can be converted to Barbados Dollars in any of the island’s banks or at the bank by the airport’s Baggage Claim. Upon departure, the Barbados National Bank kiosk located in the Departure Lounge can change any remaining Barbados dollars back to your home currency. All major credit cards are accepted in Barbados, although American Express is not widely accepted.


It is not customary to tip taxi drivers, although a tip will not be refused. The average restaurant tip is 10% but check to make sure a service charge or tip has not been included on your restaurant bill. In the supermarket it is customary to give those packing your grocery bags and then take them to your car a couple of dollars. In the private villas the staff appreciate a tip at the end of your holiday and this amount is discretionery, based upon the level of service you have received. Please check with either your villa manager or booking agent for guidelines. The hotels normally automatically add a 10% service charge on to your room and food and beverage bill.

Advantages of Hiring Construction Equipments or Earthmovers

Earthmovers are basically devices that are used to push, dig, and transport earth from one place to another. They are mainly used in mines and construction sites. They come in different sizes – from larger to smaller. The bigger devices need experienced and specialized driver or operator. Big-sized constructions equipments aren’t supposed to be operated by simple operator or driver. Needless to say that suitable construction devices or equipments are a prerequisite of doing any construction work effectively. Such types of tools can either be purchased or hired. If you buy such tools, you need to spend big amount while on the other hand in case of hiring them, you can save lots of money. Here, we’ll try to find out some advantages of hiring construction equipments or earthmovers.

The best rule to buy construction equipments is that if you notice that such tools can accomplish 60 percent of work then go with them. If you notice that you only need such tools for a short work, you must avoid purchasing such expensive machines. So, first you should evaluate your desired work, and then decide whether you should purchase them or not.

The second point that you need to keep in mind while deciding to rent or purchase is that you must find out how often you use such tools. If you are working on a short-term project, it is suggested that you should avoid buying expensive machinery, instead you must hire them.

It is often seen that hiring construction equipment, especially earthmovers, is the best decision. They not only help you accomplishing a desired work but also help you saving time and money. Companies that offer such construction machines or tools on rent also provide trained operators. It is a known fact that operating such heavy machines needs lots of skilled and experience. Hence, you need to hire machinery from a well-reputed company. Apart from that you also need to know that if you buy a certain construction machine, you have to maintain it accordingly. In case of negligence, the heavy machine, after sometime, could be of no use.

The most important benefit of hiring heavy construction machines like earthmovers is that you can save huge money on transportation. For instance, if you have to work on a project that is situated at an isolated area; you need to expense money on transporting your purchased construction tools. Hence, it is recommended that in such situation, you need to hire heavy tools and machinery from a nearby company. This way, you can save lots of money as well as time that you are likely to spend on transportation.

If you buy such heavy machinery, you need to have a certain space to keep them safe and secure. Hence, fleet management is considered as the most crucial problem when it comes to purchasing heavy construction tools and machinery. This is the main reason that most of the people prefer hiring such heavy tools rather than purchasing. Moreover, if you hire such heavy construction tools, you don’t need to have a license as you haven’t purchased them. Therefore, if you keep aforesaid benefits of hiring heavy construction machines like earthmovers, you will get maximum possible results out of them.

3 Reasons To Buy A Treadmill Mat For Under Your Treadmill

Why do you need a treadmill mat for your exercise equipment?

There are 3 reasons to buy a fitness equipment mat:

  1. Protect your equipment;
  2. Protect your floor; and
  3. Reduce the treadmill noise.

Mats are very inexpensive considering how much they protect both your fitness equipment and your floor.

1. Protect your exercise equipment?

Mats are made with PVC which is like a rubber mat. They are essentially a very sturdy exercise-type mat. This means they are spunge-like creating a softer surface than your concrete garage or basement, vinyl, laminate, or hardwood floors. Obviously using a treadmill requires you pounding away on the treadmill (or whatever fitness equipment item you have), which, if on a hard surface, the treadmill machine has no give (carpet is an exception, but what about protecting your carpet?).

The give a mat offers results in less jarring on the frame and components of your equipment which is beneficial in the long run.

2. Protect your floor

Unless you use your exercise equipment on concrete, long-term use could damage your floor. Treadmills (and all fitness equipment) are heavy. They can scratch, dent, and chip – depending on the surface. A mat is an inexpensive way to protect your floor and no inconvenience to placing it down.

Also, fitness equipment are machines with lubricants. In time, an exercise machine may leak lubricant onto your floor which may harm your floor.

3. Reduce noise

The spunge-like mat also helps muffle and cushions the noise an exercise machine makes. Any household appreciates reducing treadmill noise. Hard metal on a hard surface will likely be noisier than the hard metal of a treadmill on a sponge-like material.

Fortunately, quality treadmill mats are inexpensive and well worth the expense. It’s also very likely your online treadmill store sells treadmill mats. Don’t forget to check out the accessories of your fitness equipment store – it could save your floor and prolong your equipment.

Silver Picture Frame: What You Need To Know In Keeping It In Good Condition

A silver picture frame preserves your photos and art just like any type of picture frames. You may choose this as a gift to a loved one. It makes the difference if you want it personalized with engraving or if you want a touch of elegance in your household. Silver frames are expensive in nature but there are those that are less expensive as they use silver coating to imitate the original silver works.

Silver loses its luster through time but there are ways to maintain clean silver and bring back its shine. A picture frame made from silver, just like silver wares needs proper maintenance as stubborn dust and dirt may change its shiny coat. However, those that use silver coating come with lacquer coating to protect it from damage.

Silver frames need to be polished once in a while in order to keep that shine and beauty. For stubborn stains, you may soak the silver frame into a solution of baking soda and water. Soak it for about 10 minutes to loosen the stain. Rinse in running water, have it air dried and buff with clean cloth. Your silver picture frame, with the help of a little cleaning will look as good as new.

As mentioned, you can find a silver frame that is less expensive. These frames are silver-plated and are affordable while having the same capabilities to preserve your photos and art. There are silver-plated frames that come with resistant coating to protect it from damage. Cleaning is easy as the accumulated dirt needs only to be wiped off or buffed. Soaking silver plated picture frames in soda may remove the silver coating.

You can engrave your name or a design on a silver frame to make it more personalized and special. However, for a silver plated frame, make sure that what you have is especially made for engraving, as there are thin electroplated silver picture frame and engraving may cause damage to the surface. There are also silver-plated frames that have extra layers of silver coating to add thickness to the surface for engraving purposes.

Most stores selling picture frames offer services for engraving as well. You can choose or suggest a design. You may also want it to be simple or just your loved ones’ names or initials. However you want it to be personalized, you always have the option to add a touch of creativity to your choice of frames made from silver.

NHS Cystitis – Why Doctors Fail to Offer a Drug-Free Remedy

If you’re searching for “NHS cystitis” it’s likely you are following conventional wisdom that suggests our doctors always hold the best solution for all medical problems.

As a sufferer of bladder infections (cystitis) for several years, I would like to briefly share my experiences and detail how I discovered a completely harmless natural remedy for cystitis that the NHS will inevitably fail to inform you about.

NHS Cystitis Advice Is Biased Towards Antibiotics

As a student with a heavy workload and a hectic social life that included a new boyfriend, I initially had little idea that cystitis was about to play an important but unwelcome part in my life.

When it attacked the first time I naturally contacted my doctor (as you are doing) looking for an instant cure.

My doctor soon identified bacterial cystitis and immediately prescribed a course of antibiotics. As I found out later, this is standard medical practice all over the world for bladder infections. I also discovered that antibiotics are not always the best solution for bacterial cystitis.

Cystitis Symptoms and NHS Cystitis Advice

The NHS advises that Cystitis (which simply means inflammation of the bladder) is caused by bacteria from outside the body finding its way into the urinary tract and causing swelling and often acute pain.

The main symptoms of cystitis include a burning sensation when passing water, needing to pee very frequently, pain from the bladder and generally feeling unwell. Quite often, you go urgently to pee only to find you have little or no liquid to pass.

If left untreated, these infections can worsen and you may experience passing blood and a more severe pain as the infection spreads to the kidneys.

NHS cystitis advice is to immediately visit your doctor.

Why Antibiotics May Not Be Your Best Solution

Your NHS doctor will usually give you a three-day course of antibiotics. In some cases the bacteria in your bladder may be resistant to the antibiotics prescribed, and a longer-term course of a more powerful antibiotic might be administered.

As a purely personal view — based on my discovery of an effective, completely natural cystitis treatment — I suggest that antibiotics are the medical equivalent of smashing a nut with a sledge-hammer.

As both your body and the underlying bacteria can easily become resistant to antibiotics, maybe it is wiser to save these heavy-weight ‘systemic’ drugs for the possibility you might need them later in a potentially more life-threatening situation.

That’s just my opinion, but I think it is a valid one.

How I Learned to Stop Relying on Antibiotics

As I became a frequent sufferer of cystitis I was receiving regular prescriptions of antibiotics. I started to believe this was unhealthy and that there must be a better way to deal with these infections.

I spent some time scouring the Internet and tried some natural remedies that were recommended, such as barley water and cranberry juice.

Far from improving the situation I found that this seemed to increase the pain. It is my opinion that these ‘cures’ owe more to myths and folklore than any solid truth. The acid in these drinks can actually encourage the bacteria rather than discourage them.

It was around this time that I discovered Waterfall D Mannose manufactured by Sweet Cures of York.

Why It’s Possible to Say “No Thanks” to Antibiotics

Not only is Waterfall D Mannose a strange name, it is also an odd product. It is manufactured entirely from parts of a specific type of tree.

However, the customer feedback on the Sweet Cures website was so enthusiastic in relation to people’s experiences in halting their persistent cystitis, I decided to give this strange alternative treatment a try.

To cut a long story short, Waterfall D Mannose has consistently given me reliable results. Within a matter of a few hours of taking the recommended dose, I have consistently noticed a marked improvement in my cystitis symptoms. By the next day, things are back to normal.

Waterfall D Mannose Versus Antibiotics

I believe that most of the NHS cystitis advice is professional, sound and reasonable. The antibiotics routinely administered to cystitis patients are clearly effective is stopping cystitis in the first instance.

However, Waterfall D Mannose is equally effective in stopping cystitis in my experience and in my opinion it works faster.

This is largely a matter of choice. If your main aim is to avoid taking unnecessary amounts of drugs that may weaken your body’s natural defences, then Waterfall D Mannose is an effective and reliable drug-free alternative to standard NHS cystitis advice.

Roofing Contractor Tips – Tear-Off Or Overlay?

Homeowners seldom think about the roof over their heads until they encounter a roof leak problem. Then the question always comes up: should they get a tear-off (roof replacement) or just get a shingle overlay that just covers over the old roofing?

If you have ever wondered the pro and cons of these two roofing methods, then you should read this article on roofing for the Charlotte Metro area.

What is a Tear-Off?

This is a common roofing project. Basically a roofing contractor and their crew will come to your home and completely “tear-off” or remove all the old shingles from the roof. They will then inspect your roofing deck (the wooden base over your rafters) and replace and seal it as needed. Then they will then completely re-cover your roof with new shingles from top to bottom.

What is a Roof Overlay?

While overlays save on time, labor and disposal costs (it is required by code that waste shingles from a tear-off be taken to a local landfill or similar disposal center), they can only be done if certain conditions are meet. If the existing roof is in good condition, has only one layer, lays flat (no bumps or rolls) and has no leaks or any problems with the underlying roof deck (soft spots); a complete tear-off or removal may not be needed.

However if your roof has any of these problems or conditions then you must a tear-off:

~ More than 1 layer – if a root has 2 layers then is should be torn off. In many cases this is building code requirement. If you are uncertain, contact your local building inspection department or a North Carolina licensed roofing contractor.

~ Your Roof Decking Needs Repair – You can call any local roofing contractor to do an inspection of your roof’s decking. If he finds any soft or spongy spots while walking on the roof or he points out sagging sections between the rafters, there is good chance the underlying structure is damaged or is deteriorating.

Deterioration can be caused by the plywood decking becoming wet and delaminating over time, or from dry rot due to mold or mildew.

~ Another common problem well known to a roofing contractor are ice dams. In some parts of the South like North Carolina, roofing companies get plenty of calls concerning ice dams. When temperatures start to hang below 30° F and a roof has no ice or water membrane to protect it, a building can unexpectedly develop thousands of dollars in damage during cold snaps.

~ Your Current Roof is in Poor Shape – The condition of the existing is a big deciding factor on whether a recover or overlay is feasible. Curled tabs, bumps or torn shingles are signs you should consider replacement roofing, a roof contractor can give you an estimate.

Now that you understand a bit more about roof repair and what to expect, you are ready to click the link below to contact a respected roofing professional to get an through roof inspection.

Furniture Painting DIY – How to Paint Wooden Furniture at Home

With usage, paint of wooden furniture becomes fad and furniture looks old and worn. In fact the wood structure of furniture remains intact for many years, it only needs a re-painting process to look like new. Painting home furniture is not a difficult process and you can do it yourself by adhering the following suggestions.

Tools and Materials Needed For Job

  • Brush
  • Foam Roller
  • Sand Paper
  • Wood filler (Putty)
  • Wood Filler Knife
  • Paint-Primer
  • Paint
  • Lacquer or Sealant (optional)
  • Face mask
  • Gloves

Preparing the Home Furniture for Painting Process

Select a well ventilated place and use cloth or plastic sheets to place furniture over it. Clean the furniture and fill the pitted, uneven and scratched areas with wood filler. Apply wood filler and wipe off excessive with a filler knife. Also use wood filler in joints for firm attachment. When wood filler is dried, use sand paper to get smoother surfaces. Now clean the furniture well with a liquid and then with a lint free cloth.

Using Paint-Primer Before Painting

Primer is useful to make the coat of paint to adhere evenly to the wood as well as to get the paint long-lasting. Without primer, paint peel off after few months or a year. Use paint brush on corners and edges and roller on flat surfaces to apply the primer. Don’t worry for the even application of primer, it will be fixed in next steps. When primer has dried, sand it with a fine grit sand paper and then clean the sawdust.

Painting the Home Furniture

Now furniture is ready for applying the paint. Use foam roller on flat surfaces and then paint brush on uneven surfaces and where the roller could not reach. Use paint conditioner to slow down the drying edge of the paint. It helps to make the paint coat more even. Apply a second coat of paint if necessary and let it dry.

Sealant or Lacquer

Although you are done, but for a shiny look, you may like to use paint-sealant at this final stage. It protect the furniture from scratches and add a gloss over it. Again, let the lacquer to dry well before moving the furniture.

Safety Precautions

For personal safety, use good quality face mask to prevent the harmful effects of fumes of paint-chemicals. Carry out all this painting in a well ventilated and illuminated place. Use gloves and full cloths to protect the skin from toxic chemical effects.

3 Major Benefits of Using a Truck Mounted Crane

If you are stuck decided whether to choose a traditional carrier crane or a truck mounted crane, you will have a number of considerations to think about. What is the crane going to be used for, how much time do you have, and how much of a budget do you have for the particular job you are doing will all have to be thought about before making a decision on what kind of crane to use.

Each type will have their own benefits over each other, but this article is going to look at the benefits that a truck mounted crane will have when and if you decide to use one.

Saves on Cost and Time

Easily one of the most well known advantages to using a crane is that of the savings that can be made with both time and costs. A traditional crane will have to be built from the ground up which will cost money for labor and will take a lot of time. A truck mounted crane is ready to go and requires little to no setting up before it can be used.

Save on Weight

We all know that being light, strong, and fast is what most industries aim for their products to be and this is no different to that of the truck mounted crane industry. Companies are always spending money and resources in order to find ways to be able to offer the very best products available.

This is an advantage over standard cranes as there is simply no other way that they can feasibly reduce the weight of their cranes whereas truck mounted cranes are constantly finding ways to be lighter, faster, and stronger.

Can be Upgraded Easily

Another great benefit to using a crane is that if there is ever a problem with the truck, the crane can be transferred to another truck extremely easily. As long as the new truck has been confirmed to have the right weight distribution and stability by a qualified engineer, the crane and all of its components can be moved onto it.


Of course, in many instances a more traditional crane will be required but in the main, truck mounted cranes have a lot of benefits over its larger cousin. They are more mobile, cheaper, easier to set up, and will require less labor as well as being easily upgraded if required. The best news is that manufacturers are bringing out better and more efficient truck mounted cranes all of the time.

Pedophile–Characteristics and Behavior Patterns

o In spite of increased reporting most people imagine a child molester as some ugly, old or deranged man in a trench coat coaxing children to come to him in exchange for some candy. They don’t think of Uncle Gus or Aunt Milly, the neighbor next door, the friendly clergy person, or trusted family friend. They don’t think of mom, dad, cousins, siblings, grandparents or in the case of single parents, their significant other. These misconceptions are the only reason sex offenders can continue to sexually abuse children.

o The widespread misconception that child molestation consists primarily of children being seized from the street and forcibly molested is the lowest incidence of child sexual assault Although these incidents do occur, 99% of child sexual abuse survivors know their assailant, who uses their status and knowledge of the child to intimidate and persuade the child into submission and compliance.

o The most common response when I speak about the prevalence of sexual child abuse is in the form of denial: “I don’t have to be concerned about that in my community. That would never happen in my family.”

o Through numerous case studies, the Department of Justice has developed characteristics and behavior patterns of a pedophile. These characteristics and behavior patterns include, but are not limited to the following:

Is most often an adult male–80% of children are sexually abused by family members–the father is the most prevalent followed by uncle or grandparent and step-father or significant other.

Is usually married.

Works in a wide range of occupations, from unskilled laborer, corporate executive, doctor, lawyer, judge or clergy.

Relates better to children than adults.

Socializes with few adults unless they are pedophiles.

Usually prefers children in a specific age group.

Usually prefers either males or females, but may be bi-sexual.

May seek employment or volunteer with programs involving children of the age of his/her preference.

Pursues children for sexual purposes.

Frequently photographs or collects photographs of his victims, either dressed, nude, or in sexually explicit acts.

Collects child erotica and child-adult pornography:

To lower the inhibitions of victims.

To fantasize when no potential victim is available.

To relive his sexual activities.

To justify his activities. (The depiction of others engaged in these acts legitimizes them in the pedophile’s mind.)

To blackmail victims to keep them from telling.

May possess and furnish narcotics to his/her victims to lower their inhibitions.

Sometimes recognizes that he/she is acting inappropriately and understands the severity of it, but is unable to stop him/herself because it is a compulsion.

Goes to great lengths to conceal his illegal activity.

Goes to great lengths to present him/herself as an exemplary person; developing a persona of goodness above reproach, thus thwarting any suspicion of wrongdoing –especially against a child, whom they have judicially professed great care and concern. Michael Jackson is society’s emperor with no clothes.

Rationalizes his/her illicit activities, emphasizing his/her positive impact upon the victim and repressing feelings about the harm he/she has done.

Often portrays the child as the aggressor. This usually occurs after the child realizes that by withholding “sexual favors” the child will obtain what he/she desires, such as new toys, clothing, or trips. Joey Buttafuoco, the Long Island body shop owner who gained notoriety in the 1990’s when his teenage victim shot his wife; used the ‘blame the victim’ defense that she wouldn’t leave him alone, as if she were the adult and he a minor.

Talks about children as one would talk about an adult lover or spouse.

More often than not, sex offenders are child molestation survivors; frequently seeks out children at the age or stage of physical development at which he/she was molested.

Often seeks out publications and organizations that support his/her sexual beliefs and practices.

Usually corresponds with other pedophiles and exchanges child pornography and erotica as proof of involvement.

Is usually non-violent and has few problems with the law (pedophiles are more often than not respected community members).

To protect children from sexual abuse parents/adults need to know: What sexual abuse or incest is; What to do; and How to teach self-protection. Self-protection offers a direct and effective way to empower children to help themselves. Since the perpetrator cunningly and with forethought sets the stage to perpetrate this crime in secrecy, who is better able than the child to protect him/herself. Sex offenders say they can sense a child to victimize; they sense this by the child’s demeanor, body language and facial expressions. Sex offenders choose victims who they assume will keep the secret. No child needs to fall prey to these cunning predators. If I’d Only Known…Sexual Abuse in or out of the Family: A Guide to Prevention is the one book every parent/caretaker needs to keep children safe. This book describes Seven compelling parent approved and child tested techniques to thwart would-be sex offenders.

"Work-Workout" – Digging Holes

The workout hat can be obtained by digging holes with good old fashioned pick and shovel, I would place at the level of splitting wood. This is an incredible whole body workout that is about as intense as it gets. It utilizes the arms, legs, entire core region in a major way. If done with the right intensity, It can be both aerobic and anaerobic at the same time.

Now I’m not encouraging anyone to be like an army recruit and go and dig a hole just to fill it in again. As a matter of fact even digging a hole may not be required. Sometimes just handling a shovel to move a pile of loam can give you the same effect. Figure that a human machine, in good condition can move about one cubic yard per hour. If you utilize a wheel barrow, that is shovel from the pile into the barrow, and then move the load to another part of the yard…say for a vegetable garden, now you are getting a good shoulder and upper back workout too.

Remember the theory behind the work-workout is that some sort of productive, valuable spin-off must come about the general activity along with the fitness benefit. So, that being said, here are some other ideas that can put that shovel, pick and wheel barrow to good use…along with that muscle power!

Dig a hole to bury a tank or drum for a gray water collection system. Grey water is waste water that does not contain any sewerage. Examples of sources of gray water are washing machines, showers -even if you are one of many people who tend to pee in the shower, kitchen and bathroom sinks. What is great about this water is that the soap in it is generally very good for watering plants and grass. But, experiment or do research to find out what products to avoid. That is the value behind this system. It save resources, and makes double use of the water. First as potable, then as irrigation water.

You will also have to dig a trench to run the piping to the tank from the sources. If you really want to go all out, trench for a sprinkler system from the gray water storage tank.If it works out well maybe you can bury some more, and tie in a rainwater collection system from the gutter off the house in addition to the gray water.

If there are restraints on these types of systems in your area, then here is an alternate plan. Dig for a drywell. This is a system that will let your gray water be absorbed into the ground. This can take the load off your septic system somewhat, or even the waste treatment facility if you are connected to municipal sewerage systems. All a drywell is composed of, is a good sized hole, filled with stone. This facilitates the water being absorbed into the ground. Do some research, it’s not “rocket surgery”, but it is labor intensive…just what the physical trainer ordered.

Remember to use both sides of your body when shoveling. It may feel awkward, but with enough practice you will get ambidextrous. It’s always important to practice muscle balance, and to stretch before and after this kind of strenuous exercise. If our hands are not toughened up from this sort of work, be sure to wear gloves to prevent blisters.

Sample Contract Agreements Make Creating an Iron Clad Contract Simple

Anytime you set out to hire a contractor or a subcontractor you will need to make sure that you have a written contract in place. This document represents an agreement between both parties as to what is expected and the compensation that will be paid once the job has been completed. It is a legally binding contract according to the law once it has been signed and should be very specific in nature so as to avoid any confusion or chance of misinterpretation on either party’s behalf. To make sure that the contract you fill out is formatted properly you can look through various contract agreement samples to find one that best represents your need.

This form should be broken down into several sections to make sure that all aspects of the contract are covered and there is no room for error. It should start with a section that describes who is doing the hiring and who is being hired. This section can also be used to describe in detail the job that the person or company is being hired to perform. It may also cover any parts or materials that are to be used and any specialized equipment that will be needed. For example John Smith is hiring Fred Blogs to use his backhoe to dig a trench for utilities that is 3 feet wide by 6 feet deep and 200 yards long.

The next section of the contract agreement should cover compensation, meaning how much the person or company will be paid for the work they have been hired to do. This is followed by an assurance of services which is the contractor agreeing to provide the listed services for the agreed upon amount and that all information gained during the job will be kept in the strictest confidence where deemed necessary by the employer. Finally the contract agreement should include information that covers when the contract is to begin and when it to end.

For those who have never had to complete this type of contract you can look online where you will find many different sample contract agreements that cover every imaginable type of job. You will most likely find several that relate directly to the job you have in mind and should make sure that the one you choose is legal in the state where you are headquartered. Since this is a legally binding contract it is your job to make sure you cover all the bases and leave no room for the independent contractor you hire to create a problem at any point during the duration of the contract.

How Many Pounds of Material Can I Put in My Roll Off Dumpster?

Normally, roll off dumpsters are rented out based on the amount of trash they can hold in terms of internal cubic yards, but heavier materials will make the dumpster reach its limits long before it becomes completely filled. The actual amount of weight that can be put into any given container will depend on the size of the bin in question, so below is an outline of the standard roll off container rental sizes, along with their maximum weight allowances.

10 Yard Containers – 1.5 Tons – 3000 lbs

These small dumpster are most commonly used for getting rid of general household items, like books, boxes, furniture, papers and small amounts of piping. They are good for thoroughly clearing out one small room

20 Yard Dumpsters – 3 Tons – 6000 lbs

These roll off dumpsters are probably the most popular size used amongst home owners. They are great for getting rid of excess trash after dealing with some general maintenance on a house, especially when redecorating or cleaning out room in the attic.

30 Yard Containers – 4 tons -8000 lbs

30 yard roll off containers are normally used on the lower end of the industrial scale. They can handle a lot of weight, which makes them great for dealing with waste from landscaping and heavy duty renovation projects.

40 Yard Dumpsters – 5 tons – 10000 lbs

40 yard roll off dumpsters tend to only really get used on full scale construction sites. They can move an incredible amount of junk, but as they take up a considerable amount of room it isn’t feasible to use these kind of bins on most commercial or residential sites.

One thing to remember when loading up any dumpster rentals, is that regardless of how much space may remain in the bin, if you are loading it up with heavy material you have to be extremely careful to not go over the specified weight limits. As if you do, it will not only cause trouble when it comes to the rental company trying to take the container away, but it can also lead to you being forced to pay an additional charge as a result.

Most people aren’t going to be able to tell if they’ve gone over their roll off dumpsters weight limit just by looking, but a good rule of thumb is that if you are filling the dumpster with heavy material (like dirt or concrete), don’t fill it any further than half way. If you stick to that, you shouldn’t have any problems.

The Benefits Of Air Conditioning Service

Home is where the heart is, and when that home is comfortable the heart is satisfied. However, sometimes environmental conditions take a toll on the system and peace of mind is compromised. Extreme temperatures are a major problem in many areas, and when it is too cold or too hot, the heart is just not satisfied.

Humidity is another issue that many homeowners have to deal with, but when air conditioning service is applied at regular times, there should be no problem creating a serene climate for all involved.

With so many allergies striking at different times of the year having the right air conditioning installation service company set your system up will help keep allergens under control. Things like dust and other allergy producing particles get trapped before they can enter the home when a unit is installed properly.

The object of good service is to regulate all of these conditions to create a more comfortable place to live. Following are some of the benefits that come with good air conditioning installation.

When a system is installed correctly the house will be warm and toasty during winter months. Along that line, the hot temperatures of summer are nothing to worry about when the house is kept at a comfortable temperature inside.

A good air conditioning system has everything required to help filter out particles of dust before fresh air is passed throughout the home. Dust carries pollen and other allergens, so this filtration system is a necessary part of maintaining good health for the entire family.

When it is time to select the right comfort system for the home, a high quality heating and air conditioning unit should be the first choice. Brands that have a seal of approval from energy star are some of the best picks around. They have been tested and past stringent standards for energy efficiency.

If all that is required is service to an existing system it is recommended that homeowners use only those services that have the best reputation. They will be the ones that offer well trained technicians who have all the skills needed to do this job right. When it comes to your family’s comfort, why would you want to do anything else?

There are some things that can be done by the homeowner to help an air conditioning and heating system run better between servicing. Make sure there is no accumulation of debris around the outside unit that can prevent proper air flow. Clean or replace filters one every month or when recommended by the manufacturer. These simple steps will go a long way in preserving this all important appliance, and maintaining a happy home.