Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Gas Air Compressors

Just like electric compressors, gas air compressors provide users the ability to use pneumatic tools at their work or at their home. The work is done very efficiently and instantly with both these highly able compressors. But, there are some apparent differences in both of them if one is thinking over which compressor to be bought.

Following are some pros and cons of a gas air compressor:

• A gas air compressor is similar to other compressors. It contains a place to attach air pipe/hose, has a gauge and valve to check and control the amount of pressure building in the tank and a tank for keeping the compressed air inside it. This shows the firs advantage of using a gas air compressor that there isn’t anything new or particularly difficulty in using it. So, if anyone has been using an electric one before then adjusting to gas air is easy.

• The second advantage is that using a gas air compressor provides portability. It is a very important factor for people who don’t have the luxury of electricity or generators to produce some at their sites. Gas compressor becomes vital for getting the work done in these sorts of places.

The disadvantages of using a gas air compressor include the requirement of gasoline to power the compressor.

Gas is highly combustible, is smelly and expensive. The people involved on the site have to take extreme caution with high quantity of gasoline present. But these cons can be covered by keeping a proper container for gasoline storage. Also, transfer of gas to compressor should be done through funnel and rag or cloth should be kept to clean any unnecessary spills. So, a gas compressor has more ups than downs and it’s a must when one requires work done without use of electricity.

Gas air compressors mechanically decrease the volume of a gas which in turn puts it under more pressure. They have many applications such as industrial, in the automobile industry and commercial uses. Two stage compressors are generally more reliable but portable ones can obviously be much more practical, especially where electricity is not available. There are many manufacturers catering to the air compressor market such as Ingersoll Rand who also make electric compressor. Whichever one suits you best, you are sure to find the best deals by searching online for the make and model you are interested in. Once you become familiar with your purchase you will find maintenance headache free.

How to Burn Pillar Candles And Fat Round Candles

  1. Remove all packaging material before burning pillar or grubby candles.
  2. Only burn in a holder designed for the candles.
  3. Never place any candle directly on furniture.
  4. Burn your freestanding candles 1 hour for each inch in diameter and keep the wick centered. This allows the flame time to melt the wax to the outer edge.
  5. Not allowing your candle to burn until the wax melts to its outer edge will cause the candle to core down the middle & shorten burn time.
  6. Do not trim the wick too short or it will not generate enough heat to melt the wax sufficiently.
  7. Keep your candle wax free of matches, wick trimmings & flammable materials
  8. To extinguish a candle with little or no smoking: use a candle snuffer.
  9. Dip the wick into the melt pool and then retrieve it. Wick will be primed and ready for next lighting. The wax on the wick will light quicker than a dry wick.
  10. Do not burn in drafty areas.
  11. Your candles will have a more even burn if you give them a little (about ¼ turn) about every hour or so.
  12. Crooked burning does happen if the wick becomes off center. To rectify the crooked burning, you can use a butter knife to gently push it back to center. If there is a draft from a fan or an open window, rotating the candle can help the candle to burn more evenly.
  13. Remove candle wax from the candle holders by running very hot water over them.
  14. The second way to remove wax from a candle holder is place the candle holder inside the freezer for about 10-15 minutes, take it out and hit the bottom of the holder with the flat of your hand. Usually the old wick and what left over candle wax pops out. I have had to use a butter knife to push down on the edge of the left over wax to help it come out.
  15. To remove wax from washable fabrics, scrape off excess wax and run boiling water through the material.
  16. To remove wax from carpeting, use a paper bag from the grocery store, get your iron very hot, iron the top of the grocery bag and most of the wax will come out.
  17. If your candle is lit and in another room, it might be a good idea to check on it every hour.
  18. A small amount of wax left at the bottom of containers/votives, and sometimes an outer shell of wax left on pillars is normal. The remaining wax at the bottom of a candle is a result of wick tabs with long necks that are specifically manufactured to keep a fire from starting if a candle is burned too low.

Learn How to Change the Width of a Joomla Template

Many times as a Joomla developer you will encounter what seems like a very simple problem but actually it is not as easy as you may have originally thought. As an example, changing the default width of a template for your Joomla site seems simple enough, but where do you begin?

Most quality templates come with the ability to alter the width of the template as well as the width of any side columns. When you see the total width of the template, you should be aware that this includes the width of any side columns included in the template. Thus, if a template says its width is 962 pixels and the left and right columns are 210 pixels each, the middle column will be 542 pixels wide.

In this article, I will explain how to change the total width of a Joomla template as well as how to change the width of any side columns that may be in the template. In creating this article, I have assumed that you have a current version of Joomla installed and you are familiar with the administrator area.

The first step is to access the back end administration area of your Joomla site and go to the “Extensions” menu then choose “Template Manager”. Next, choose your default template and either click on its name or click on the box next to its name and then click on “Edit”.

You will want to make a note of the original width of the template and any side columns as they are before you make any changes in case you wish to revert back to the original settings. To change one of the columns, look for the column in the “parameters” area, make your change and click “Apply” and then view the change in the front end to see if you achieved the desired affect. If you wish to change another column, just repeat the previous procedure on the next column.

If you want to keep the side columns the same width, but want to change the overall width of the template, just change the template width parameter only. This will only change the center column width leaving any others as they were originally. When you are satisfied with the new width, click on “Save” and then go to the front end of your site, hit refresh, and view the results. Note: not all template developers offer these parameters, however any quality template should have them included in the administrator area.

When is it Time to Replace Your Old Trampoline Mat?

If you find that your mat is losing its stitching or the rings are coming off, then you must replace your trampoline mat. General wear will affect the quality of jumps and safety for you and the user. Sometimes you will find that the mat is referred to as a trampoline jumping bed or trampoline bed. Make sure that the mat is made of PermatronTM. PermatronTM is the safest material for trampoline mats in the consumer recreational trampoline market. Competitive and Olympic trampolines use a special mat that are made of extra strong fabrics. While you might be tempted to go get yourself a real Olympic trampoline, watch a video of it in action on the internet and ask yourself if you really want to be flung into the air that high. That is strictly for professionals.

When selecting your next trampoline mat, make sure to measure your old one. It is best to measure the mat with a measuring tape and to use the ring and directly opposite ring as guides. Measure starting from the edge of the trampoline mat to the opposite edge. Measure from more than one location to get accurate results. It is easiest to measure the mat when it is still attached to the trampoline. Then count the number of rings that attach to the spring. If you order with these two pieces of information, you can be more sure that you will get the correct and compatible part. If your trampoline mat gets wet, do not use the trampoline until it has been properly dried off. It is best to dry off the trampoline before the sun hits avoiding enhanced UV damage. You can keep all your trampoline parts in top shape by maintaining it well to ensure safety and fun for all users.

Stay with the basics. Pick a trampoline that follows the most common time tested functionality. Keep in mind that trampolines with enclosure poles that go through the frame cannot use universal pads and must use special pads. This can increase the cost of your ownership during the trampoline’s lifetime.

Keep in mind that you will have to replace parts on the trampoline every now and then. You must keep it well maintained to help guarantee maximum safety for the jumper. Keep your trampoline well maintained and jumpers will jump more often and safely.

Indian Carpet Industry and Its SWOT Analysis

Carpet Industry is one among the industries prevailing in India since centuries. Indian Carpet Industry has always been a crucial part of Indian export industry. Moguls brought and introduced carpet weaving in India which survived and flourished greatly. Over the period, ancient weavers has transformed into modern artist who imbibe the magical colours to the Indian carpets. These artists bring aesthetic touch to the carpets by doing magic with colours and provide carpets an unusual beauty and elegance. The study revealed that the total carpet exported last year was worth Rs 2600 crores whereas the size of the domestic market was condensed to about Rs 200 crores. Carpet holds a grace and recognition from over centuries. Earlier, only a few centers in India were involved in carpet weaving but slowly, various clusters have risen in northern part of India for the same purpose. Each center has its own competitive advantage. These centers employ nearly millions of people all across the country. Mojor belts of carpets include Bhadohi, Mirzapur and Agra belt in Uttar Pradesh, Jaipur, Bikaner in Rajasthan, Panipat belt in Haryana and Kashmir belt.

Carpets are broadly classified into two categories, traditional and modern. Otherwise, Indian manufacturers make carpets in various types, these are;

o Chainstich Rugs

o Tufted Woolen Carpets

o Hand-knotted Woolen Carpets

o GABBE Woolen Carpets

o Pure Silk Carpets

o Handmade Woolen Dhurries

o Staple or Synthetic Carpets

Each type has its own individuality in terms of design, look and the wool used in its manufacturing. The variety in carpets caters to various needs of customers.

The distinct variety added to the carpets is inclusion of silk and cotton which are innovatively mixing with the wool to give an attractive look to the carpets. Silk carpets are considered high quality pieces and are comparatively high in price. Indian carpets are fundamentally following the old popular patterns such as floral, rhomboids, animal patterns and arabesques in its designs. These traditional Oriental styles are preferred even today. However, Indian carpet industry seems to be highly influenced by western patterns and designs which are giving a competitive edge to Indian traditional carpets, such as Chinese patterns and Persian designs.

Swot Analysis of Carpet Industry

Indian Carpet Industry is a unique industry which is highly unorganized but lacks proper channels. Somehow, it has managed to perform impressively in the past years. The industry has made significant contribution in Indian exports till 1990s. What was there behind the industry that drives the export? SWOT analysis brings forth the value drivers and tentative blocks this industry has experienced and experiencing even today;

Strengths- Over the years, carpet industry has flourished in India due to availability of artistic skills, cheap labour and low cost raw material, innovations in selling carpets and flexibility in manufacturing all kinds of carpets.

Weaknesses- The industry’s greatest weakness is its highly being unorganized. The carpet exporters and manufacturers lack marketing channels. Indian suppliers suffer due to poor infrastructure and internal competition, and lack professional approach and Intellectual Property Rights.

Opportunities- Home furnishing market is moving towards Carpet industry, which results in evolution of new carpet designs. It is used as a marketing tool, and gives opportunity to provide stocking and warehousing services to various players in the market.

Threats- Industry is suffering a lot due to unhealthy competition exiting within it. If not handled properly, current rebound in the industry may not be sustainable. Social evil such as Child labor has strong bonding with the industry. Hence, the industry invites risk of possible backlash on itself.

Carpet Industry in India has experienced a major change in recent years. The industry is moving towards the emergence of new market and old existing market is saturated and lost its identity. Low-end carpets manufactured in modern designs like hand-tufted carpets are highly preferred by new customer base. Chinese industry is emerging as the biggest threat to Indian carpet industry, in terms of pricing and volumes. However, innovative products range with lower volume could be a success mantra for Indian Carpet Industry. Inefficient coordination and ill management are what exist predominantly in the industry. Apart from it, industry needs to consolidate on the activities such as quality standards, cost reduction, better development of products and their on-time delivery to drive its growth.

5 Tips to Keep Your Flokati Rug White, Fluffy and Clean

If you have a Flokati rug or are considering buying one, here are some tips on how to keep your Flokati rug white, fluffy and clean.

1. Take your Flokati rug outside and shake it

Giving your rug a good shake can help lift any woollen fibres which have become flattened when furniture has been placed on it or because of a lot of foot traffic. Shaking your rug will also remove a lot of dirt and dust which has become caught in the woollen fibers.

If you can get someone to help you shake the rug, that is best. Each person holds one side and shakes it vigorously. You will notice dust and dirt coming out of the rug. Keep on shaking it until all the dust and dirt appears to have gone.

If you have no-one to help you, place it on the clothes line. Peg one side of the rug to the clothes line, while you hold and shake the other side.

Try and make the effort to give it a good shake at least every month.

2. Leave your rug outside for a while, but not in the sun

After you’ve given your rug a good shake, leave it outside to air it, preferably for a few hours. This can help get out any odours and help freshen it.

Don’t leave it in the sun. Your Flokati rug is made of wool and too much sunlight can make the wool on your rug look yellow. Sun can discolour woollen items.

3. Brush your rug

Get a soft bristle brush and brush the rug. This can untangle any matted woollen fibers. Brush it from the center towards the outsides of the rug. Some of the fibers may get caught in the brush, and that is normal.

You may want to avoid vacuuming the Flokati rug, especially if you have a vacuum cleaner with a rotary brush in the head of the vacuum cleaner. The long woollen fibers can get stuck in the head of the vacuum cleaner, which isn’t good for the rug or the vacuum cleaner.

4. Lift the woollen fibers

After you’ve given your rug a good shake, and a good brush, you can lift the woollen fibres with an ordinary plastic garden rake. Make sure the rake is clean. Place the rake at the base of the woollen fibres and gently lift the wool from the bottom up.

This should be fairly easy to do after you have brushed the rug. Some of the fibers may get caught in the rake and this is fine. This won’t cause damage to your Flokati rug as it is very sturdy.

5. Washing your Flokati rug

A Flokati rug needs a good wash about once a year, depending on how dirty it gets.

If it is small, you can wash it in your machine on a gentle cycle. Use a mild detergent, the same you use for woollen clothes. Do not use bleach. Place it out in the shade to dry, and then give it a good brush once it has dried.

If your rug is large, place it outside and spray it with water. Get your brush, dip it in a mix of cold water and mild detergent and brush it. Then dry it in the shade. Brush it when it is dry, followed by raking it.

Shaking, airing, raking and washing your Flokati rug should keep it white, fluffy and clean.

9 Wet Carpet Cleaning Myths

Water has damaged your carpets. Maybe you had a toilet leak, maybe your water heater burst, maybe your kid left the faucet running in the sink for hours.

What should you do to dry your wet carpet to minimize damage to your carpet and pad?

First of all, there is some general information about carpets you should know that applies to all the myths .

General Information about Water and Carpets

Residential carpet usually has a pad underneath it. The pad can be anywhere from 1/4 inch to almost an inch thick. The pad provides cushioning and gives your carpet that comfortable, soft feel when you walk on it.

Commercial carpet in offices and stores generally doesn’t have pad underneath it.

Carpet pad absorbs water like a sponge: The problem with pad under a carpet is that it is a sponge and can hold many times it’s own weight in water.

Pad is designed to cushion your feet, so it is spongy by nature and will soak up water like the cleaning sponge in your kitchen sink.

Carpet doesn’t stop or hold much water:

Although your carpet may feel very solid under your feet, it offers very little resistance to water passing through it.

Carpet is actually like a sieve to water. A typical carpet will not hold more than a few ounces of water per square foot of carpet before it is saturated. After these initial few ounces of water have entered the carpet, any further water filters straight through the carpet and into the pad.

Water likes to travel:Water doesn’t stay put, it is always on the move. The rule to remember is “Wet goes to Dry”. Water will automatically move towards a dry building material.

Water at the center of a room will flow through the carpet and across the pad to the walls. It will migrate to the edges of the room in a matter of minutes or hours depending on how much water was spilled.

When you touch the carpet at the edge of the room, it may not even feel damp, but the pad could be saturated. This can be seen using an infrared camera. An infrared (or Thermal Imaging) camera is useful in finding the real area that the water has damaged, even if you can’t see or feel it.

In general I would say that the actual wet area in any flood (found with professional water damage meters) is about twice the size of what the home owner reports.

An infrared camera will show how water travels under the carpet through the pad. Even in a ‘small’ flood, water can migrate through walls and end up 2 rooms away within 12 hours.

Bearing the information above in mind, here are some common myths about wet carpets and how to dry wet carpets

Myth #1. The carpet will dry by itself

This is actually true, just like it is true that you could win the lottery with one ticket.

Yes, the carpet will eventually dry by itself. However, will it smell bad or have mold on it by the time it is dry? What other damage will occur while the carpet dries by itself?

Unless you live in someplace like Arizona or the desert where you have high temperature and low humidity, there is VERY little chance that the carpet and pad will dry before mold starts growing or bacteria start creating that wet carpet, damp smell. Typically you have about 72 hours to dry wet building materials before they start growing mold.

Even if the carpet itself dries, does that mean the pad is dry? There is very little chance that the pad is dry. The pad holds more moisture than carpet and is prevented from easily releasing the moisture due to the carpet above it and the sub-floor below it. So even if your carpet is dry, the pad is probably not dry.

Which brings us to another point. What about the wet sub-floor? Remember that carpet is like a sieve, and the carpet will pass water down to the pad very quickly. A saturated pad can then release water into the sub-floor.

Drying Sub-floors

Sub-floors are usually either wood or concrete.

Concrete sub floors are sponges too, except they are very slow sponges. They absorb water surprisingly quickly, but release it very slowly. So even if the carpet and pad are dried quickly, the concrete sub-floor could still release moisture for weeks.

Wood sub-floors hold water too. If they’re made of chip-board/particle board/press-board (small chips of wood held together with glue) and they are wet for more than a few hours they absorb water, expand, and lose their structural integrity.

When wet particle board dries it has almost no strength and you will find yourself stepping through your floor if you’re not careful.

Plywood or OSB (Oriented Strand Board) are much more hardy choices for a sub-floor than particle board. If they get wet, you can dry them, as long as they haven’t been sitting wet for long enough to warp. This falls loosely under the 72 hour rule. Another concern is dry rot which is a bacterial deterioration that takes 21 days to manifest at lower moisture levels.

Determining whether the sub-floor is wet or not can only reliably be done with a penetrating moisture meter. Different building materials have different acceptable levels of moisture, so you use the meter to tell you if the material is acceptably dry or not.

Depending on the region you live in, plywood is dry at around 20% Equivalent Moisture Content (EMC). In as little as 4 days, mold can start growing on wet plywood if not dried correctly.

So, we know that the carpet and pad are unlikely to dry quickly enough by themselves. But even if they did, is that all you have to concern yourself with when your carpets are wet? No, it’s not.

Like I said, WET goes to DRY. What this means is the water keeps spreading outwards from the source.

On one flooded carpet job we did, the carpet first got wet about 12 hours before we arrived. During that time the home owner used her wet vac to suck up as much water as possible from the wet carpet – about 100 gallons.

She just wanted us to dry her carpets. However, using the infrared camera and moisture meters, we found that her walls were wet, in some places to almost 12″ above the carpet.

Wet drywall, is that a problem?

The problem with wet drywall is the usual 72 hour problem.

In as little as 72 hours mold can start growing on that wet dry wall. Mold especially likes dark, warm places with no airflow. That describes the wall cavity – the perfect place for mold to grow.

So that’s the problem – wet carpet creates wet drywall which can create mold. Below is a picture of a wall after water had been standing for a long time.

To summarize. Yes, the carpet will eventually dry by itself. But you’ll more than likely have mold and smells by the time it is dry, and then you’ll be ripping walls and carpet out to fix the problem

Myth #2. You have to remove the wet pad underneath your carpet

There is a myth that you can’t remove water from a wet pad, even with commercial extraction equipment. People who say this are talking about the standard carpet cleaning ‘wand’ shown on the right. It is what is commonly used to clean carpets. It sprays hot water onto the carpet and then sucks it back up again.

The wand is designed to pull water out of the carpet fibers, not the pad and it does a good job at that. So if you have water damage on commercial carpet without a pad, the wand is a good tool to use.

However, on residential carpet with a pad, it extracts almost none of the water from the pad.

So how do you get water out of the pad so you don’t have to remove and discard the pad?

There are a number of new commercial extraction tools that will remove water from the pad. Our favorite is the FlashXtractor. It is a wonderful piece of equipment, probably my favorite tool. (We have no affiliation with the makers of this tool, and receive no compensation for mentioning it)

The FlashXtractor will pull buckets of water out a carpet that has been wand extracted to death!

Before tools like the FlashXtractor came out, there was a technique called “floating the carpet” which was used to dry carpet and pad due to the poor job the wand did of extracting water from the pad.

To float a carpet, you pull up a corner of the carpet and stick an air mover or carpet fan under the carpet to blow air under the carpet and onto the pad. While this method still works it is slower, less effective, and often stretches the carpet so that it doesn’t fit properly when restretched.

Floating the carpet is an old school technique that is unnecessary if you have the right tools, ie a deep extraction tool such as the FlashXtractor.

To complicate matters, bear this in mind. While you can dry wet pad, it doesn’t always mean you should.

If you have contaminated water in the pad you can dry it, but you will be leaving at least some contamination in the pad and over time, it will start to stink and rot. In contaminated water situations you will have to remove the pad because you can’t effectively decontaminate it while it is underneath the carpet. In the water restoration industry, contaminated water is called Category 2 (gray water) or Category 3 (black water).

Myth #3. You can’t dry a wet pad under a carpet

The truth to this myth is the same as for the question above. Basically, you can dry a wet pad, even without floating that carpet, but that doesn’t mean you always should. See the answer above for details.

Myth #4. You have to lift the carpet and ‘float’ it using blowers

The answer to this question is in the answer to question 2 above. To summarize, you don’t have to float carpet if you have a deep extraction tool and know how to use it.

Myth #5. You have to remove and discard wet carpet.


If you have a black water situation (Category 3 water – contaminated water such as sewage, toilet leak or rising ground water), according to the industry standard IICRC S500, you have to discard the carpet. I believe this is because there is no EPA registered disinfectant for carpet.

However, if you have Category 2 water (gray water such as washing machine waste water, shower runoff,etc) you have to discard the pad, but you can clean the carpet and keep it.

Category 1 water (clean water – toilet supply line, fridge ice maker, etc), and it hasn’t been sitting for more than 48 hours, then you can extract the water and keep the carpet and pad.

The other reason water damage restoration technicians sometimes believe they should discard wet carpet is because the backing of the carpet will de-laminate when it is dried. The backing is the lattice webbing on the back of the carpet that holds the carpet fibers together. It is glued on. If it gets wet and stays wet for a long time it can separate from the carpet fibers and start to disintegrate.

How long is a long time? It’s hard to predict – depends on the carpet, the temperature, how wet it was, etc. Normally by the time the carpet de-laminates you’ve got a black water situation anyway, so the carpet has to go.

Myth #6. Professional Carpet Cleaning will dry your carpet and pad

No. Not unless they use a deep extraction tool that is designed specifically to remove water from the pad. A regular carpet cleaning wand will not remove significant water from the carpet pad.

Myth #7. To remove the wet carpet smell, you should have it professionally cleaned.

Yes, with a ‘mostly’ attached to it. The carpet cleaning machines and methods available to most home owners aren’t very effective. Compared to commercial carpet cleaning equipment, the carpet cleaning machines you rent from the local supermarket are like a moped is to a Harley. They’re the same thing, but not really.

Getting anything other than a light smell out of a carpet requires the high pressure and suction of a commercial machine. It also requires the expertise of a trained and experienced carpet cleaner. There are many causes and solutions to different smells in a carpet and knowing what to do and when to it requires training and experience.

If baking soda and vacuuming don’t work, your best bet is to call an trained and experienced carpet cleaner, preferably one that is also an IICRC certified Odor Control Technician.

Myth #8. If you dry a flooded carpet, you will not get a moldy wet carpet smell

Depends. If a carpet is dried quickly and properly there will be no smell. In fact, if anything, there will be less smell because the carpet has effectively been cleaned.

If the carpet and pad are not dried quickly and properly you will probably have a problem with lingering musky smells and mold.

See myth #2 for more details.

Myth #9. You have to use a truck mount carpet extractor to dry or clean a carpet properly

False. This is an ongoing debate that I don’t think will ever be resolved completely. Portable carpet cleaning machines have the advantage of short hose runs while truck mounts have the advantage of high power.

What it comes down to is really the technician holding the wand. A good technician on a bad machine will get a better result than a bad technician on a good machine.


If you’ve had more than a few gallons of water spilled on your carpet, you’re better off calling a professional water damage company to properly dry your home if you can afford it, or if you have insurance. As you leaned above, the problem is that if the carpets and walls aren’t dried quickly you could face a mold situation which is much more expensive to fix than drying the carpets.

Relieve Itchy Bites and Rashes With Vinegar and Baking Soda

People with sensitive skin know the agony of unbearable itching and redness from insect bites or allergies. If you prefer not to use antihistamines or other medications and would rather use a non-toxic remedy, you may have all you need right in your kitchen cabinet. Vinegar and baking soda, when combined, create a powerful anti-itch solution.

If you have sensitive skin and suffer from allergic reactions to insect bites I feel your pain. My skin is so sensitive that I develop itchy reactions to even the most minor of irritations, such as a belt that’s too tight on my waist, or new shoes pinching the skin on my heels.

Once in a while, my cat will pick up fleas outside and if I get a bite, which I sometimes do around my ankles, the skin will inflame and spread into a rash that’s about ten times the size of the fleabite.

The itch is UNBEARABLE. But, I have finally found something that helps…

Here’s what you’ll need:

A cotton ball

A spray bottle with straight vinegar in it-(white or apple cider vinegar will do.)

Baking soda


1. Swab the area with a cotton ball soaked in the vinegar.

2. Then make a paste with about a tablespoon of baking soda and a few drops of water. Mix the water into the baking soda until the baking soda is moist, but not watery.

3. Spread the paste over the itchy area while it’s still damp from the vinegar. Let it sit for about a minute.

4. Then spray more vinegar (with your spray bottle) on top of the baking soda paste. It will fizz and bubble and after about 10 minutes it will harden and dry. Leave it on until it rubs off naturally.

Not only will it calm the itch, it will also reduce the redness and inflammation. You can repeat this process as often as necessary with no harmful effects. It may dry your skin, however, once the irritation has healed the dryness is easily relieved with an application of lotion. I recommed virgin coconut oil or shea butter if you prefer to use non-toxic products on your skin.

Since I’ve discovered this method, recovery time from bites, rashes, and other skin irritations has diminished significantly. A reaction to a fleabite used to take up to two weeks to heal completely. Now it takes a few days.

You may try this solution on acne blemishes also. I’ve found it reduces the redness and recovery time for them as well.

As always, I wish you good health and great beauty.

Adhesives for Lace Wigs – A Word Of Caution

The daily use of lace wig adhesives on the skin has not been officially studied for long-term health hazards but it should be known that a small percentage of people are sensitive to the chemicals found in various lace wig adhesive products. It is also possible that using these products yearly on a daily basis could have some negative short and long-term effect on any users health. Until proper scientific studies have been conducted, every consumer uses these products at their own risk.


A mentionable ingredient found in some popular lace wig glue adhesives is Toluene. Toluene is found in gasoline, acrylic paints, varnishes, lacquers, paint thinners, adhesives, glues, rubber cement, airplane glue, and shoe polish. At room temperature, toluene is a colorless, sweet smelling, volatile liquid. According to Scorecard – The Pollution Information Site, by comparison toluene is more hazardous than most chemicals in 2 out of 10 ranking systems.

Inhalation of toluene fumes can be intoxicating, but in larger doses nausea-inducing. Toluene may enter the human system not only through vapor inhalation from the liquid evaporation but also from absorption through the skin. The dangers of this chemical are very serious. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) the short-term effects include: minor nervous system disorders such as fatigue, nausea, weakness, confusion. EPA has also concluded that the long-term effects of toluene has the potential to cause more pronounced nervous disorders such as spasms, tremors, impairment of speech, hearing, vision, memory, coordination; liver and kidney damage. A few notable products that contain this ingredient, so take caution when applying and read the ingredient list.


Latex is also known to be hazardous to some people that wear lace wig adhesives. This form of plastic is found in some lace wig tapes. This may cause concern for individuals that suffer from latex allergies. Mild reactions to latex involve skin redness, rash, hives, or itching. More severe reactions may involve respiratory symptoms such as runny nose, sneezing, itchy eyes, scratchy throat, and asthma (difficult breathing, coughing spells, and wheezing). Rarely, shock may occur; however, a life-threatening reaction is seldom the first sign of latex allergy.

Medically Safe Adhesives

Increasingly becoming more popular with full lace/front lace wig wearers and medically safe is Vapon, contact liquid adhesive and Supertape, which is formulated with a water-based adhesive that is skin and environmentally friendly.

By being educated about the ingredients used in lace wig adhesives and our bodies’ reaction to them, we are preserving our health while maintaining a great look.

The Non-Sewer’s Guide to Hemming

What a hoot! I was talking to a group of plus sized petite women about the various measures we have taken over the years to shorten the clothes we buy that are too long. I never knew hemming could be so funny!

Of course, if you are even reading this, chances are you have done some of these yourself. It’s OK, don’t be embarrassed. You are among friends.

So, here we go:

The Velcro Method–They sell these little Velcro dots in notions departments. The dots have sticky backs so no sewing is required.. All you have to do is place one side of the little dots around the bottom of the garment‘s sleeves or hemline and the other at the right length.. Next you just fold up the two pieces, squish them together and VOILA! Instant hem. Now, don’t skimp on the dots because huge puckers will occur. Oh, and never wash your garment with the dots still on because you might have to replace the dots after they go through the washer and dryer! And one more thing, Never, never iron your garment with the dots on because they aren’t exactly flat and after you iron them you have these big dots impressions along your hemline. So much for quick and easy.

The Safety Pin Method–Just buy a bunch of very small safety pins and keep them on hand if your Velcro Dots fail. This method is very similar to the Velcro Dots Method, and many people prefer this method to the Velcro Dots Method any way. Again, if you skimp on the safety pins, you will wind up with puckers. This is a very convenient method, just remember to place the safety pins on the underside of the garment! Oh, and make sure you use the tiniest stitch possible with each pin because you really don’t want anyone to notice that your hem is pinned up. It is recommended that the pins be removed for laundering because your garment may tend to get rust spots around the safety pins after going through the wash a few times. Do they make rust proof safety pins? Hey, there’s an idea for some budding entrepreneur!

The Scotch Tape Method #1–Just lay your garment down inside out and fold the fabric up to the desired length. Next place 2 inch pieces of Scotch Tape vertically at close increments along the desired length. This method works better on fabrics that are not fuzzy because the tape doesn’t stick that good on fuzzy material. The beauty of this method is that if you get a pucker or need a dart, all you have to do is put another piece of tape there. Don’t worry too much about laundering, just keep plenty of Scotch Tape on hand and redo the hem after each wash.

Scotch Tape Method #2–Only the experts should try this method and unless you can find really wide Scotch Tape, this method should only be used on the most delicate fabrics. Prepare your garment by turning it inside out and folding the fabric up to the right length. Hold the Scotch Tape in one hand and in one continuous motion, use your other hand to press the tape along the hemline, completing one entire side at a time. You really must turn the garment to get to the other side so you’ll have to put the tape down, unless you have a helper. Repeat after laundering.

The Duct Tape Method–Since duct tape doesn’t come in all colors, (Hey, another idea for budding entrepreneurs!) if you are using the usual dark gray duct tape, use it only on dark colored fabrics. This method works well on fuzzy material and is also good for heavier fabric like denim. The advantage of this method is that the duct tape is durable and usually will make it through at least one washing. We aren’t sure about clothes that have to be dry-cleaned–consult with your dry-cleaner when you are dropping them off.

The Super Glue Method–Be very careful when using this method. Some fabrics, especially synthetics, may actually be damaged by the glue. Do a spot test on the fabric somewhere that won’t show. You must work fast and be careful not to get the glue on your fingers, you might wind up permanently glued to your garment. Also, be careful not to glue your garment to the surface you are working on as you really don’t want a table hanging off your hemline.

The Double Sided Scotch Tape Method–Did you know that Scotch Tape comes in “Double Sided Durable” ? You can buy it in any large stationary store. This method is great because if your hem should happen to flip up, the tape is between the layers of the fabric and no-one will know your hem is taped! There are several possibilities for how to apply the tape. You may use small pieces, as in Scotch Tape Method #1 or you may attempt long continuous strips as in Scotch Tape Method #2. Please refer to Scotch Tape Methods #1 and #2 for laundering instructions.

The Press On Hem Method–They actually do make a special tape that you can press on to your fabric using your iron. Be very careful that your hem is exactly the right height because unlike the Scotch Tape Methods, this is a permanent bonding of the fabric. Do not use this method on a child’s clothes because if they grow you will not be able to let the hem down. Also be careful not to use this method on certain synthetic materials because they might melt when you apply the hot iron.

The Staple It Method–This method is only for thick skinned people who do not mind pointing and snickering when they walk by. There are two possible methods of stapling, depending on how thick your skin really is. You can staple from the inside out so only small parts of the staples are showing or you can throw caution to the wind and staple from the outside in. If you do decide to staple from the outside in, try to place the staples so close to each other that the line looks like part of the design of the fabric. Do not wear panty hose if you have used the outside in method as your panty hose will get snags from the staples. Please refer back to the Safety Pin method for warnings about possible rusting when your garment is laundered.

Well, that’s it for now. If you have any other hemming without sewing methods that you would like to share with the world, or if you want to find clothes that don’t have to be hemmed before you can wear them, join our community at []. We intend to change the shopping experience for Plus Sized Petite Women of the USA!

Mitral Valve Prolapse – Healing is Possible – A Case Study

Helen, (not her real name) a tall, attractive seventy-year-old woman, who was a V.P. in her company, had a history of being in relationships with passive aggressive men, which left her disappointed and unsure of herself. This is my fifth long-term relationship, she lamented and I am recognizing after a year of dating, he is passive aggressive the same as my previous relationships. I reassured Helen, she isn’t the only woman who attracted passive aggressive men. Thus, her work began.

It is my custom to take a medical history as well as a psychological history–Helen reported she took medication for a Mitral Valve Prolapse and Depression.

The Mitral Valve is located between the upper left chamber and lower left chamber of the heart. The mitral valve is made of two flaps of tissue that opens and closes in a rhythmic way to allow blood to flow in one direction–from the atrium (upper chamber) to the ventricle (lower chamber). The left ventricle is responsible for much of the heart’s pumping and propels oxygen-rich blood into the arteries. The arteries then carry the blood throughout the body. When the mitral valve doesn’t open and close properly, the flaps may “billow” backward slightly into the upper chamber during the heart’s contraction. This is called mitral valve prolapse (MVP). As a result of MVP, a clicking sound can often be heard when listening to the heart sounds with a stethoscope. In MVP, sometimes small amounts of blood may leak backward into the upper chamber of the heart because the valve does not close properly. This causes a “heart murmur,” although the heart itself is working correctly. The heart has an adequate blood supply, even with the MVP. Prolapsing mitral valves do not usually get worse over time.

I wasn’t surprised at either condition–given her relationship with her family and subsequent relationships with men. Each time Helen left a relationship she lost a piece of herself and became more disillusioned and self-deprecating about her ability to create a healthy relationship.

Traditional Western Medicine (TWM) recommends treatment for Mitral Valve Prolapse to include:

Diet: Nutritionally complete, well balanced. Avoid caffeine and chocolate. Caffeine tends to stimulate the autonomic nervous system and worsen symptoms. Avoid sugar. A surge in blood sugar stimulates the autonomic nervous system and makes symptoms worse. A mid-afternoon high-protein snack is highly recommended. It is recommended to maintain ones weight within the range for height and body structure–fad and crash diets need to be avoided.

Fluids: Adequate fluid intake is important. Many symptoms such as dizziness, weakness, light-headedness, etc. are due to low blood pressure and low blood volume that can be helped through drinking adequate amounts of water. A minimum of 64 ounces of water or non-caffeinated beverages per day are recommended.

Exercise: Regular exercise is necessary to improve fitness and reduce MVP symptoms. Exercise should be aerobic, such as walking, running, bicycling, swimming, etc., and should be discussed in advance with a physician.

Medication: Medication may be required to improve symptoms of MVP.

Except for medication the treatment for Mitral Valve Prolapse is indicated for anyone to maintain a healthy body. However, it is curious that TWM states that medicine may be required to ‘improve’ symptoms of MVP. One wonders why one would settle for ‘improvement’ when healing is possible? Unfortunately, the majority of people do not know healing is possible, because the medical and pharmaceutical treatment does not heal anything. However, since TWM and pharmaceutical treatment is the accepted health model everyone trusts this paradigm without checking other options.

Using Holistic Healing (HH) we know all physical dysfunctions is the unconscious mind’s way to convey a message to the conscious mind. What does the unconscious mind want you to know about a particular body part?

The Heart and Heart Chakra is the center from which feelings of love emanate. It is also associated with other virtuous emotions, such as joy, happiness, honesty, respect, compassion, understanding, and generosity, and with loving oneself in a sincere, non-egotistic way. Conversely, the heart often holds sadness, anger and despair from the many disappointments, betrayal, neglect, etc. we encounter in life. Thus, blocking the love, joy, happiness, honesty, respect, compassion, understanding, generosity, and self-love that inherently intended to flow from ones heart.

Helen accepted the concept of holistic healing and was eager to go to work. However, she was happily surprised when I told her, the Mitral Valve Prolapse could be healed so that she could stop taking the medicine for the MVP and depression.

While there were other issues Helen focused on, for the purpose of this article, I will focus only on her process of healing her heart.

Helen readily reached a deep level of relaxation and I instructed her unconscious mind to focus on her heart. As she focused on her heart, I asked her to describe what the Mitral Valve Prolapse looked like.

H: “I see a dark space.”

N: “How big is the dark space–is it the size of a pea, walnut or something else?”

H: “It is the size of a walnut.” “I am feeling a lot of heaviness and pain.” She rubbed her upper left chest area.

N: “Describe the pain–is it sharp, dull, stabbing, or something else?”

H: “It is like a deep heavy dull pain.”

Tears started to trickle from under Helen’s closed eyes.

N: “Take a deep breath–and blow it out.” “I am going to count from one to three and when I say three you will be in a time and place when your heart absorbed your hurt, sadness, despair, anger or disappointment to help you cope.”

Helen recounted several incidents when she felt neglected and disappointed, because her mother was frequently away from home due to her inability to manage adult life. Her father, although present seemed preoccupied and did not discuss her mother’s absence. Helen was on her own to process the unanswered questions. With no prior experience or tools to sort out the experience she pushed her feelings out of the conscious mind. Given that feelings have energy that energy needs to be either dissipated or put somewhere. Helen put her feelings in her heart as they were heart related. Thus, her heart was overburdened. when any body part is overburdened, it will eventually breakdown.

As the sessions continued, Helen processed all the incidents of neglect, disappointment, fear, anger, sadness, shame and guilt. Her understanding, compassion and love for herself came to her conscious mind as the processing evolved.

After several sessions Helen reported the dark space with the deep heavy dull pain was gone–it showed itself pink with a warm glow. She reported her entire body felt lighter, and freer than she could ever remember.

I advised her to engage the advise of a Naturopath to gradually reduce the amount of medications she took for MVP and depression until she was medication free.

In three months, Helen was medication free, she had tools to manage life’s journey and with understanding, love, joy, happiness, respect, compassion, self-love, generosity and love in her heart, she went on her way to create the relationship she knows she deserves.

The Veal Escalope Recipe With Lemon and Olives

Preparation time: 20 minutes
Total cooking time: 15 minutes
Serves: 4

Ingredients for the veal escalope recipe with lemon and olives:

600 g (1 1/4lb) veal escalopes
1-2 tablespoons plain flour
50 g {13/4 oz) butter
1/3 cup (80ml/23/4 fl oz) lemon juice
1/3 cup (20 g/3/4 oz) finely chopped fresh parsley
1/2 cup (100g/3 1/2 oz.) tiny black olives

Directions for the veal escalope recipe with lemon and olives:

1. When you are thinking to try the veal escalope recipe with lemon and olives, first place the veal escalopes between two pieces of plastic wrap and beat with a meat mallet or rolling pin until thin. Lightly coat the pieces of veal in the flour. Cut the veal into 2cm (3/4 inch) wide strips.

2. Heat the wok until very hot and add half the butter. When the butter begins to sizzle, add half the veal and cook over high heat until browned and just cooked. Remove from the wok and then cook the rest of the veal in the remaining butter.

3. Return all the veal to the wok and add the lemon juice, parsley and black olives. Stir well, scraping all the bits off the bottom of the wok, and allow the mixture to heat through for 1-2 minutes. Season with salt and pepper and serve immediately.

Nutritional Value for the veal escalope recipe with lemon and olives:

Protein 35 g;
Fat 15 g;
Carbohydrate 6 g;
Dietary Fibre 1.5 g;
Cholesterol 155mg;
Energy 1205kJ (290cal)

Painting Brick – Hidden Cost You Should Know About

Homeowners often update the appearance of their homes with a coat of fresh paint. However if you are considering painting the ‘bricks’ on your home then there are a few things you should consider before you break out the spray guns and throw a party!

Permanence – The most important word to remember about painting brick is: permanence. That’s right. It’s a one way road. It is permanent and you can’t remove it once it has been applied. Now I know that some of you will say that you can get strippers and restoration cleaners to remove the paint if you really need to and that is true.

Remember though, you are entering a very expensive restoration process that is usually limited to very high end or very valuable masonry buildings with large amounts of funding. Practically speaking, restoration cleaning cost would simply be out of the range for all but the most affluent homeowner. (tens of thousands of dollars)

On-Going Maintenance – The day you apply the last coat of paint to the bricks on your home, is the first day paint degradation begins. Sooner or later the bricks will have to be painted again.

It has now become a never ending process. You will spend far more in the long run painting your brick over and over again then you would ever have spent in up-grading to brick work on your home in the first place. So a quick fix, like painting bricks you don’t particularly like, can often be an expensive mistake. Bricks will need to be re-painted more frequently than the rest of your home as well because of the risk of water entry which can cause severe damage.

Water Damage – The next point to remember is this: bricks need to breathe. What do I mean by that? Well bricks breathe naturally expelling moisture from the wall. When you coat them with paint you have effectively closed the pores of the bricks preventing them from breathing. In a perfect world this doesn’t sound like a bad idea because it effectively keeps the water out as well.

In real world situations though, paint will begin to crack fairly quickly. Minute hairline fissures will open allowing water to enter the masonry system with no way to escape. Unfortunately at this point it is hard for you to recognize or see the effects of the water entry, as it is hidden behind the paint.

As each freeze thaw cycle comes and goes real deterioration of the brick takes place and by the time the problem manifest the damage has already been done. Large portions of the wall area will have ‘brick face de-lamination’ and many more areas you can’t see will have de-lamination but will be held together by the paint. So a close inspection for damage will be necessary.

Now you not only have your ongoing paint maintenance to deal with but deteriorated brick repairs must be done as well.

So you can see how the seemingly simple remedy of painting your bricks to change its color can have far reaching implications and consequences. If you must go this route then I would suggest that you contact a local masonry repair expert for his advice on how to protect your masonry before painting and how to proceed with the painting process.

How To Find Bad Credit, No Credit, or Broken Lease Apartments In Louisville KY

Are you hunting for an apartment in Louisville but have been repeatedly denied because of your credit or rental history? This is more common that you realize and numerous and individuals are reporting that acute frustration especially when it comes to locating an apartment in this city known for its warmth, hospitality and world-class performing arts. The frustration results from a routine procedure by area apartments to conduct credit and rental history checks on most applicants. If you have prior issues with your credit or have had a broken lease in your history, there is a high chance that you will be denied a decent apartment in Louisville. The key to overcoming this therefore lies in your being able to successfully locate apartments that either, do not conduct credit checks, or those that are lenient towards applicants who have previous issues.

Canvassing the city of Louisville has unearthed several locations where one should concentrate when attempting to find apartments that will rent to you despite of your credit rental history. These include St Marys, Prpsect, Douglas Hills, St Dennis, Greenwood, Lyndon, Rolling Hills, Green Spring, Clarksville, Floyd Knobs and Blackiston Mill. While this may not necessarily be an exhaustive list, it nevertheless gives you a bird’s eye view of the localities you need to concentrate on when doing your search.

One technique of locating these apartments within the city 0f Louisville is to utilize the services of an area apartment locator. These maintain excellent records of all area apartments and may even be willing to share a tip or two as to where second chance apartments are located. This can save you lots of time and money.

Others like to use the Internet which we highly recommend because it can also save you lots of time. By using the Net, you get to canvass the city digitally and you can also call the apartment managers and talk to them on the phone before you actually come in This gives you a rough feel of what your chances are before embarking on making that trip to present your paperwork. The Internet can also let you read current and previous tenants’ reviews where you get to see the pros and cons of a particular apartment complex in Louisville before you pursue the application process.

Finally, you can talk to friends and family and see whether you can get a helpful referral. These can be very helpful especially where the person providing the referral still lives in the same apartment that you want to rent.

Ladies Flat Sandals – Favorite Styles for Slim Legs

Have Slim Legs? Then this article is absolutely for you. Learn how your choice of shoes can effect the shape and outlook of your body. Flat shoes flatter long and thin legs and flat sandals are quite comfortable as well.

Benefits of wearing sandals

Ladies Flat Sandals are a type of footwear that can help you create really stunning looks and outfits should not be confused with flip flops, because although we refer to seem the same, it really is not.

Flip flops are the ones we use to bathe or to be relaxing indoors and do not serve (aesthetically speaking) to go out.

Not all women have the same shape and the same legs, so we cannot wear the same shoes. Of course, we can follow fashion wearing a shoe that is worn, but without forgetting the effect it will have on us and our body. If you want to know what kind of shoes you do better and also discover what’s hot for your feet Attentive to these tips!

Some general tips you can follow to make your choice for comfortable design ladies flat sandals is that you bring the same color as the middle (so it will seem that your leg is prefaced far carries the shoe) or avoid platforms too vast to make you look your leg a maza cote. On the other hand, small details like the toe of the shoe also influence. The pointe shoes, round and squares are, in that order, the most stylized and less.

A successful executive woman in the world, in addition to their intellectual and managerial capacities, conveys both authority and elegance through the care of his image and clothing. Shoes can express personality, but can also ruin an outfit.


• If you work and spend many hours standing or walking from one side to another all the time, certainly they are the best alternative.

• If you live in a place where it snows or rains frequently bring flat shoes it will be much safer and practical.

• Wear flat shoes is nothing boring, there are hundreds of accessories, colors and designs to choose from, but look at those who come now. They can be used at any age and can be adapted to different foot problems without resenting or aggravate the situation as would a shoe heel

• Alternately wear heels is not a bad idea but walk on flat shoes not suffer your shoveling and your whole body can naturally rely on footwear.

• Sandals help us to feel the freshness on our feet.

• Sandals serve to go to fashion.

• They can be worn with skirts, dresses or any kind of pants.

• Some designs are sexy.

• Ideal for going to the movies with friends, shopping, vacation… etc.

• They are not expensive (depending on model), but generally are inexpensive.


If you like to wear high heels, it’s perfect that you do! Just keep in mind that there are rules to be applied in many cases and one of them is “Everything in excess is harmful, ” so as we said at the beginning, alternating between high heels and flat shoes and so your whole body will remain at a healthy balance.