Can Plagiocephaly Be Treated in Adults?

These days it’s common to see babies with flat heads, and you might have even seen one or two sporting funny looking helmets to correct the deformity. But what if you have reached adulthood with a flat spot on your head, having been born at a time when knowledge of this condition was limited? Can plagiocephaly be treated in adults and older children?

The rise of plagiocephaly

Plagiocephaly has gained much media attention in recent years. While the Back to Sleep campaign of the 1990s may have successfully reduced the incidence of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), long periods spent lying in the supine position also left many children with misshapen heads.

Fast forward 20 or so years, and awareness about plagiocephaly is beginning to pick up, with doctors and health visitors providing advice for parents and private clinics offering helmet therapy to correct severe cases of plagiocephaly in infants.

But how about those teenagers and adults who were born before the information and treatment options we now have came to light? Is there a limit to the age at which plagiocephaly can be treated?

Plagiocephaly treatment for adults

Unfortunately, the only known treatment for plagiocephaly in adults involves surgery, and few surgeons are willing to undertake the procedure. Given that the condition is thought to be largely cosmetic, the risks and costs associated with surgery outweigh the benefits.

Today, parents are usually advised to ‘reposition’ their babies from an early age. This involves varying the position in which the child plays, sits and sleeps to relieve pressure on the back of the skull. Repositioning is often successful in treating mild cases of plagiocephaly, but where it fails, a helmet can be used to correct the deformity.

As babies become toddlers and they begin to move about more independently, there’s a limit to what can be achieved though repositioning. And while a helmet can be used to treat moderate and severe plagiocephaly in babies, by the age of around 14 months, the bones in the skull begin to harden and this method becomes ineffective, too.

Outlook for adults with plagiocephaly

If you’re an adult who has recently become aware of plagiocephaly, this is probably not the answer you wanted to hear. However, you can take some comfort in the fact that the condition is relatively benign and is not known to be associated with any health risks later in life.

While awareness of plagiocephaly is on the rise, the advice provided to parents by healthcare professionals remains inconsistent and there are still babies being left with easily preventable head shape deformities to this day.

So while it’s regrettable that you are unable to correct your own flat spot, you can still make a big difference by making other parents aware of the urgency with which they must act if they are to treat their children.

If the child of a friend or family member has a misshapen head, gently suggesting that they get it checked out can save a lot of heartache further down the line. It may be useful to show them this short presentation on plagiocephaly, which explains how to spot the signs and briefly covers the treatment options that are available.

So spread the word, and try not to worry too much about the shape of your own head. Remember, you’re your own worst critic and other people are far too busy going about their daily lives to notice minor irregularities in the appearances of others.

4 Holiday Marketing Ideas for Automotive Dealerships

The weeks between Thanksgiving and Christmas are hugely important to annual sales in many industries, including automotive sales. Potential customers are out shopping in stronger numbers than the rest of the year, giving car dealerships a larger audience to market to. Holiday shopping crowds are also in “buying mode”, ready to purchase items not only for friends and family, but often for themselves as well. Shoppers with extra available holiday capital are more easily persuaded to treat themselves to a new car than they are during other times of the year. Whether customers’ new car purchases are a special indulgence just for them or a perfect gift for the whole family, the holiday shopping season is a ripe opportunity for automotive dealerships to boost sales.

In order to capitalize on the holiday shopping season, your auto dealership needs to have a solid marketing plan! Thanksgiving and Christmas offer plenty of fun, fresh ways to promote vehicles and special offers, so get creative. The more unique your marketing strategies are, the more successful they are likely to be.

These four holiday marketing ideas are great ways to kickstart your auto dealership’s season of holiday sales.

1) Get festive! Show your dealership’s holiday spirit by making your show floor and lot bright, inviting and festive. Nothing draws the eye like bright Christmas decorations. Buy a 20′ Douglas Fir, place it in the center of your outdoor lot and decorate it with bright white lights, tinsel and decorations. Hang fresh garlands, red bows and lights from building eaves and light poles. Serve hot chocolate on the show floor. Unless you have a talented person already on staff who is willing and able to completely deck out the rest of your dealership’s exterior and interior, hire a decorator to come and do so. Show potential customers your dealership is in the holiday spirit and make your show floor irresistible with holiday cheer.

2) Offer a “12 days of Christmas” holiday sale. Everyone loves a great deal – so why not package 12 fantastic vehicle deals into a Christmas-themed event? Rather than having an unrelated string of holiday sales events, run a 12 Days of Christmas sale, with easy day offering a different type of sale. Start on smaller incentives and older vehicle models and work your way up to the “twelfth day of Christmas” with larger deals, ending with a grand finale!

3) Be creative with holiday-themed direct mail. Christmas is no time to send out the same old stock postcard mailers. Send your direct mail list a little holiday cheer with authentic-looking Christmas cards or present-shaped cards, complete with bow. Throw in some “dealership cash” to send an extra merry message.

4) Run a social media contest. Offer a contest for a significant % off, or a door prize giveaway (if your applicant pool is large enough for it). Ask people to connect with you in a specific way: have them finish the phrase “all I want for Christmas” in a photo, tweet or video, then ask them to post their response either on your dealership’s Facebook wall or tweet it to you using a specific hashtag. Whatever your contest entails, be sure to create a specific landing page on your website (or Facebook event) that outlines the details of the contest – link to this from your social media accounts.

Napoleon GD36 Direct Vent Gas Fireplace Review

When you look back on the history of the hearth industry, there are a couple of fireplaces that have literally defined a product. The best selling fireplace of all time, the Napoleon GD36 Direct Vent Gas Fireplace, is a favorite gathering place for thousands of families because of its beauty and warmth. This fireplace is a standard by which others are measured. The best part is that you can achieve any look you want by varying the ornamental options including trim, louvers, inserts, panels, and decorative surrounds. There are literally thousands of possible combinations, from a clean modern look, to opulent 24 carat gold trip, this fireplace can be made to match almost any room…the customization is a major selling factor.

This all time favorite fireplace produces 26,000 BTU’s and will heat rooms up to 1200 square feet. The super efficient direct vent system takes cold air from outside the house, heats it, and then radiates heat to keep you warm. This makes a big different on your heating bill over the years because warm air is not removed from the room, this also improves indoor air quality. The hand painted ultra realistic Phazer logs look just like wood, and all controls are hidden for unobstructed views. This fireplace is covered by Napoleon’s limited lifetime warranty, one of the best in the business. You can’t go wrong with this direct vent gas fireplace.

Until recently the only place to purchase these Napoleon fireplaces was through high end, high priced showrooms, now the growth of the Internet and new business models are creating a factory direct shipping where the fireplace is shipped directly to the customer without sitting as inventory on the showroom floor. This saves money, and also makes these high-end fireplaces available in areas of the country that are not served by a dealer network.

Caro – A History of the Nation’s Oldest Surviving Sugarbeet Factory

Michigan’s lumber industry and the 19th century drew to a close together. Lumber barons had swept through the state like a hurricane, much as they had done in New England and New York, carting away the world’s last great stand of white pine forests. In their wake lay dying towns, hundreds of miles of combustible debris, erosion-made swampland and wonderment on the part of those left behind that they had traded their heritage for a handful of bright coins. Lumber towns across the state, one of them, Caro, named for some inexplicable reason after Cairo, Egypt, faced extinction.

If a town was to have an even chance of finding a place in the 20th century then it needed an industry. Town mayors and other leaders across the state cast about for one. In Caro, talk about sugarbeets had drifted from Bay County where an entrepreneur named Thomas Cranage constructed a sugar factory in Essexville, a suburb of Bay City, another lumber town searching for an economic foothold to replace lumber. The results of Cranage’s experiment sparked enthusiasm that quickly replaced the gloom that had settled into the hearts and minds of the leaders of faltering lumber communities.

Cranage traveled to Nebraska, Utah, New Mexico, and California where he witnessed the process and talked to the technicians and then hired them. He then created Michigan Sugar Company and, avoiding the mistake of many entrepreneurs, saw that it had adequate capital to survive the disappointments that so often accompany new ventures.

Michigan Sugar Company benefited not only from good planning but from good weather. The first sugarbeet harvest and processing season (called a “campaign” in the parlance of the beet sugar industry) in the state’s history was, by every account, a remarkable success. Farmers harvested an average of 10.3 tons from each of 3,103 acres for a total of 32,047 tons of sugarbeets. The sugar content of the beets averaged 12.93 percent with a purity of eighty-two percent from which the factory extracted 5,685,552 pounds of sugar. A sugar content of 12.93 percent meant each purchased ton of beets contained 258.6 pounds of sugar. From that, the new sugar factory packaged 169 pounds, which equated to total sugar recovery of sixty-nine percent, an excellent result for a first campaign.

Principal among leaders in Caro, the center of business activity for Tuscola County, was Charles Montague. The town waited to learn what Mr. Montague thought of the sugar talk.

Montague was fifty-two years old when Michigan began to open its eyes to the prospects of sugar. He had already achieved success in many fields including banking, farming, lumber milling, merchandising and manufacturing. In addition to owning and operating the town’s hotel, he operated the local telephone system and electric lighting company.

If a sugar factory was going to be built in a town, it needed a prominent citizen to get on board, someone’s whose participation would create a groundswell of enthusiasm – enough to shake dollars loose from hidden places – enough to cause farmers to favorably consider raising beets that could make townsmen rich. As it would turn out, Caro was one of the few Michigan communities that did not need to generate investment from within the community. In Detroit, ninety miles to south, eager investors searched for ripe opportunities and closer to home in the nearby town of Vassar, lived a man whose roving eye never ceased to search for opportunity.

Richard Hoodless lived in comfort in Vasser, a small city named after Mathew Vassar, the founder of Vassar University. He had for many years traveled Europe’s roads as a buyer of agricultural products for an English concern. He saw his first beet fields in Germany twenty years earlier, saw prosperous factories perched near towns, factories that hired laborers, purchased supplies and paid taxes to local governments and generally caused a rising tide of sustained prosperity in which no citizen directly or indirectly was denied a chance to dip into the treasure-trove formed out of beet fields.

Hoodless looked for ways to duplicate the success of Germany’s farmers. As luck would have it, an advertisement appeared in a Chicago newspaper, placed by August Maritzen, a youthful architect, recently married, who had taken time out from his honeymoon to promote business for a manufacturer in Germany whose name could be pronounced by most Americans only if they first filled their mouths with marbles. It was A. Wernicke Maschinenbau Aktiengesellschaft of Halle, Germany. Hoodless replied to the advertisement and in return, Maritzen offered the significant sum of $4,000 (more than $80,000 in modern dollars) if Hoodless could generate enough interest to establish a factory in Caro.

On one hand, Hoodless had in Charles Montague, a man of wealth who dearly loved both opportunity and technology as evidenced by his control of the local telephone and lighting companies, new shining hallmarks of late 19th century technology, and on the other, in Wernicke, an experienced factory builder eager to construct a factory in the United States. For help, he turned to two friends, Fred Wheat linked to the Montagues by marriage for many years, and John Wilsey. Wheat was a lawyer whose wife was Maria Montague, a sister of Charles Montague.

Hoodless then assembled a citizens committee that became the predecessor to the Caro Sugar Company. A member of the committee, Fred Slocum, also served as editor of the Tuscola County Advertiser and helped promote the idea in his news columns. Farmers in Caro’s neighborhood, aware of the great excitement occasioned by the Essexville experiment signed on as did Charles Montague and his associate, banker John Seeley who had earned his spurs in coal mining. He served as the vice-president of the Sebewaing Coal Company; an organization headed by Spencer O. Fisher who also was involved in Essexville’s Michigan Sugar Company and would later become president of the West Bay City Sugar Company.

Once Montague picked up the ball, he ran for the end zone without considering competitive quotes for factory construction. Indeed, it was Wernicke representative, Max Schroeder who joined Montague and Seeley on an excursion to Detroit on a January evening in 1899. The night was blistering cold; the deal in the making was hot. The great fear was that some other town would beat Caro to the punch, drawing investment dollars away from Tuscola County. Time was of the essence.

For one week, the town held its breath as the trio met with important financiers in Detroit. Daniel Gutleben, in his The Sugar Tramp-1954 reported the receipt of a telegram by the organizing committee at Caro announcing that investment capitalists had invested in the factory and had awarded Wernicke the contract for its construction. Pandemonium “reigned supreme” according to the Tuscola County Advertiser. Seeley arrived alone on Tuesday’s evening train with a story to tell, one that lives yet in Caro’s memory, passed down by each succeeding generation and recorded in Daniel Gutleben’s chronicles. It is a story that reveals how Charles Montague persuaded some big city wheelers and dealers into investing heavily in Michigan’s second beet sugar factory.

No one questioned Wernicke’s ability to build a factory four thousand miles from its base in a foreign country where the language, customs and economic conditions differed significantly from the home country. There was no one on the board of directors who possessed any experience whatsoever with beet sugar factories nor did the board foresee a need to engage corporate officers possessed of such experience. After all, Wernicke was the sugar expert, claiming more than 200 projects, including one just completed in Australia. It also did not matter because Wernicke, with enthusiasm running amuck, signed a contract guaranteeing the new factory would slice 500 tons of beets each day for a least thirty successive days at a cost of three cents per pound for sugar currently selling in Chicago for six cents per pound, retail.

That a new factory, even one built by someone lacking the disadvantages of building a factory in a foreign land, could operate at 500 tons per day during its maiden voyage was unheard of. Inevitable construction problems always created delays; fine-tuning would deter full slicing capability for weeks, sometimes months. Added to the mix were factory crews more accustomed to walking behind plows or knocking down trees with axes than operating boilers, engines, diffusers, vacuum pans, and evaporators all in perfect harmony. A year earlier, the Essexville factory builders had missed its guarantee to produce sugar for three and one-half cents per pound by fifteen cents and paid for it with a costly out of court settlement, a fact either unknown by Wernicke or dismissed in a moment of unwarranted confidence. Further, Wernicke agreed to finance $300,000 of the estimated $400,000 construction cost.

For Caro and its Detroit investors, it was too good a deal to pass up. It got better as time went on. The village council, as an added inducement, purchased 100 acres of land in two parcels, one of which belonged to Charles Montague, and gifted it to the factory owners, one of whom was Montague. The Caro Water Company sweetened the deal when it offered, free of charge, up to 500,000 gallons of spring water daily.

Thus did Caro, as a result of Montague’s energy and Hoodless’s ambition and the will of a town that would not be left behind, find itself the beneficiary of a factory largely paid for by outside investors. Foregoing the original name, The Caro Sugar Company, the organizers formed the Peninsular Sugar Refining Company on January 30, 1899 with 30,000 shares with a par value of $10. By August of the same year, the capitalization jumped to $500,000 and jumped again in February 1902 when it climbed to $750,000. Its final increment occurred in September 1902 when it advanced to an even one million dollars – 100,000 shares at $10.00 par value.

The moneymen included Detroit industrialists Charles Bewick who a few years later invested in the East Tawas sugar factory and Henry B. Joy, who in 1905 became president of the Packard Motor Car Company. Joy and members of his family invested in a number of Michigan’s sugar factories, including those at Alma, Croswell, and Bay City. His brother-in-law and a co-founder of the Packard Motor Car Company, Truman Newberry, invested in Caro, as well, and along with Joy, became one of the company directors. Newberry would in 1918 catch fleeting fame as the successful bidder for a U.S. Senate seat for Michigan, defeating Henry Ford, another magnate who sought the same post. (Newberry fame lasted longer in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula where they named a town Newberry to commemorate his father’s thoughtfulness in chopping down all the hardwoods he could find and turning them into charcoal.)

David Cady and Gilbert Lee, owners of a large wholesale food distributorship in Detroit, controlled between them, nearly five thousand shares. Gilbert Lee moved into the president’s chair while Henry Joy settled for a vice-presidency.

Within a few years the Sugar Trust came to town and everything changed. The American Sugar Refining Company referred to everywhere in newspapers as the Sugar Trust, moved into Michigan in 1901 and 1902 and began absorbing beet sugar factories at a rapid pace. Gone now was Charles Montague whose energy and drive assembled the parts that made the company. Gone, too, was John Seeley, his friend and partner. Richard Hoodless, who started it all, never made it to the stockholder list.

By 1903, the shareholder’s list reflected some of the top names in the Sugar Trust. Chief among them was Charles B. Warren, legal counsel to the American Sugar Refining Company, whose 22,001 shares topped the 1904 shareholder list. The second ranking shareholder was Thomas B. Washington of Boston, Massachusetts, a director of the American Sugar Refining Company who held 15,667 shares. He would rise to the presidency of the Sugar Trust four years later upon the death of Henry O. Havemeyer, its founder. Third was Lowell Palmer, an executive with the American Sugar Refining Company who held 10,126 shares. Together, the three controlled 48% of the Peninsular Sugar Refining Company. An interesting feature of the shareholder list was the absence of the names of Caro residents except for a few latter day residents, employees of the sugar factory.

The American Sugar Refining Company, vilified in the daily press for its monopolistic tendencies and harried in federal courtrooms for perceived violations of the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890, was held in high regard by its 13,000 shareholders who enjoyed a steady stream of dividends, 12% per annum since 1894. An under-appreciated aspect of the Sugar Trust was that it demanded that companies under its jurisdiction produce products of high quality at low cost and to that end provided expert advisors who traveled from factory to factory dispensing technical information, overseeing training and staffing, and inspecting the facilities.

But in 1899, the village of Caro’s interest lay, not in the realm of high finance or corporate philosophy but in the hundreds of workers in need of boarding, food, and clothing and other necessities and luxuries that caused cash registers to ring all about the town. Men, money, equipment, and building materials poured into the hamlet. Forty-eight carloads of equipment plus six million bricks and one thousand cords of stone arrived in rapid succession. Three hundred workers, including bricklayers who earned fifty-cents an hour compared to fifteen cents for common laborers and five cents for apprentice electricians, created a buzz of activity that began when the snow melted in April and ended October 23 when Superintendent Georg Bartsch, a noted expert in sugar manufacturing with special acclaim won for expertise in crystallization and vacuum pan operation, declared the factory ready for operations.

Performance guarantees for new beet sugar factories plagued those who dared to issue them-and would soon plague Wernicke. The factory as described by Gutleben, while eschewing some American preferences in terms of materials, nevertheless represented the foremost in factory design. It possessed four quadruple effect evaporators made of wrought iron, supplying a combined 8,911 square feet of heating surface, two pans each 9-1/2 feet in diameter x 13 feet high containing 753 square feet of heating surface, and centrifugals that used steam jets for the final washing of the sugar. Six 700 cubic-foot spray-cooled vacuum-filled crystallizers installed on the pan floor expedited cooling, a modern feature that improved throughput. Nine water-tube boilers fitted with mechanical stokers provided an adequate supply of steam. A concrete floor, a luxury according to Michigan factory standards of the day, separated the factory from the mud and clay that lay beneath.

Two significant differences between a factory of American design and one of German design caused some immediate rancor. The first was that American management style called for superintendents who inspired the invention of the phrase, “manage on your feet, not on your seat” while the German method called for a field marshal who commanded from afar, sending lieutenants forward to collect information and to dispense managerial wisdom and dictates.

In addition, the European method of management called for much secrecy between management and the managed and in addition, technicians reserved their knowledge to themselves, sharing what they knew only with sons or those who paid handsomely for instruction. The departmentalized factory fit the European management style perfectly. For that reason, the Caro factory consisted of a number of separate rooms, or departments, the effect of which encumbered communication and increased the number of laborers required to operate the factory. Messengers scurried between rooms delivering orders and information, not always as timely as circumstances required. The arrangement, in later years, would make it difficult to expand the factory; expansion of one area generally occurred at the expense of another. Kilby-built factories, those constructed by Joseph Kilby of Cleveland, Ohio, considered by many the premier constructor of sugar factories, conversely, provided sufficient space that during two and more generations of successive development allowed for five-fold enlargement of capacity with only minor additions to the structures or foundations.

Wernicke’s record from the standpoint of practicality and fairness, however, was outstanding. Between March 1, 1899 and October 23 of the same year, the German company had shipped a good portion of the factory from Germany. It then arranged for the design and construction of a complete operating facility in a relatively new industry in a foreign country in just under seven months, becoming the first of eight beet sugar factories constructed in Michigan in 1899 which then made it the second such factory built in Michigan after Essexville’s. By standards existing in 1899 and more than one hundred years later, Wernicke’s accomplishment stands as a monumental achievement. Other than ordinary upsets, the factory had operated as well, and in some cases, better than any start-up that took place that year.

Because of the loss of records, specifically, the sugar content of the processed beets, the results of the first campaign can only be estimated. Nearby Bay City reported sugar content of thirteen percent and eleven percent was reported elsewhere in the state. Applying an average of twelve percent, then, to the crop received at Caro, indicates the new factory recovered 66 percent of the sugar in the beets, comparing favorably to the 61 percent recovered at Benton Harbor but short of Alma where recovery reached 72 percent.

However encouraging the results may have been, the simple fact was Wernicke failed to achieve three conditions spelled out in the contract, failures that would result in a hurried walk to the woodshed. First, the factory did not slice 500 tons per day for 30 consecutive days, as guaranteed. Secondly, cost exceeded three cents per pound, and third, the factory was not ready to accept beets on September 1, 1899, as promised. Also, according to the company, the sugar produced lacked salability and much of it was lost in the process. It was then that Wernicke learned the litigious nature of Michigan’s pioneer sugar manufacturers.

It may have been possible that the company would have relented somewhat in consideration of Wernicke’s exceptional effort except that the directors contemplated operating losses because the State of Michigan decided to withhold payment of a promised bounty on any sugar produced after January 1, 1899. The bounty provided payment from the state treasury of one cent for each pound of sugar produced in Michigan from sugarbeets but had been declared unconstitutional by the Auditor General, a decision later upheld by the state supreme court. The decision represented a disaster to investors because one-cent equated roughly to one-third of the operating costs. The United States Supreme Court declined to consider the case, giving rise to the mistaken belief that the decision upheld the lower court’s decision. The unremitted bounty money amounted to $40,436; a much needed offset to an approximate $65,000 loss.

When it came time to take Wernicke to court, the company directors chose as their legal advocate, Charles Evans Hughes, a brilliant jurist destined to become the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. In preparing for his day in court with Wernicke, Hughes learned the German language and the beet sugar industry from the ground up to enable him to cross-examine German engineers appearing as expert witnesses. According to James Howell, a former Caro factory superintendent who authored a detailed account of Caro’s factory history, Hughes spent a month at the Caro factory exploring every nook and cranny until he became expert in its design and function.

The ensuing court case, according to Gutleben, resulted in a forfeiture of the $300,000 bond underwritten by Wernicke, seventy-five percent of the contract price, causing Wernicke to withdraw altogether from constructing sugar factories in the United States. Howell, writing six years before Gutleben, gave a slightly altered account. He related that Wernicke remitted $150,000 and forgave $125,000 still due on the construction contract.

Shortly, Oxnard Construction Company appeared in Caro to affect changes to the factory, none of which were material in terms of the original construction. American made centrifugals, these by the American Tool Machine Company, often called “Amtool” in the industry, replaced those of German design. One major change had nothing to do with defects in the original design. It was the addition of the Steffen process for removing sugar from molasses. A chief problem of the era was the high ratio of sugar that escaped the manufacturing process and ended its days mixed in with molasses, the gummy syrup left over from the manufacturing process.

The second year’s financial results were impressive. The new centrifugals and Steffens process (called the Steffen’s House in the industry) proved their worth. Seven million pounds of sugar passed through the storehouse, the product of thirty-two thousand tons of sugarbeets that contained 14 percent sugar. The factory extracted 243 pounds of sugar from each ton of sugarbeets, a 35 percent improvement over the first year. The new Steffen process had not only recovered sugar from the approximate twenty tons of molasses produced each day but also recovered sugar from molasses left over from the previous crop.

Henry Oxnard founds a management dynasty at Caro

Henry Oxnard did more than merely redesign a factory when he applied his efforts to the problems then existing at Caro; he founded a management dynasty that would permanently influence not only the Caro factory but also the fledgling U.S. beet sugar industry. Nearly ten years earlier, in 1891, Henry Oxnard had recruited from Germany and France some of the finest and best educated technicians of the day who after arriving in America formed the nucleus of a cadre that would set about to train Americans in the production of sugar from beets.

Having formed his first-tier of management, Oxnard then proceeded to provide for the mechanical engineering department. For overall construction management responsibilities, he turned to A. P. Cooper who had served at the pioneer Ames, Nebraska factory in the capacity of assistant engineer. Cooper promptly surveyed the Caro factory and set in motion a plan to affect change, putting to work a duet of draftsmen that had accompanied him to Caro. One was Daniel Gutleben who would one day rise in the ranks of premier factory operators and still later, as the chronicler of the beet industry’s history.

With the two top tiers firmly in place, Oxnard then saw to the placement of a group of promising laborers who lacked adequate training but who could perform with a high degree of satisfaction if given proper tutelage.

Charles Sieland, a thirty-six year old native of Germany employed by Oxnard to oversee the changes, disavowed his countrymen’s tendency to withhold information except for financial reward. He adopted Henry Oxnard’s philosophy of sharing information. Caro, in his mind, was not only a factory but also a university. A long roster of factory technicians and managers began their careers at Caro under his tutelage and then carried their shared knowledge to others when they moved from factory to factory. One of them was William Hoodless, son of the same Richard Hoodless who had started the ball rolling for gaining a factory in Caro. Within a few years he held responsibility for all factory operations and not long afterward accepted the presidency of the Pennsylvania Sugar Refinery in Philadelphia.

In 1906, the Sugar Trust consolidated most of its Michigan holdings into one company, the Michigan Sugar Company, reviving the name of the first company to construct a sugar factory in Michigan. The new Michigan Sugar Company included the Alma Sugar Company, Bay City-Michigan Sugar Company, Peninsular Sugar Refining Company, Carrollton Sugar Company, the Croswell Sugar Company, and the Sebewaing Sugar Company. At the time, the Trust through nominee shareholders held a majority interest in the Blissfield Sugar Company built a year earlier in 1905, and the East Tawas Sugar Company, a company, while failing as a business venture in 1904, was in possession of a fine Kilby-built factory the Sugar Trust had use for in Chaska, Minnesota where it operated for the next sixty-six years. The Carrollton Sugar Company also included the defunct Saginaw Sugar Company which owned yet another Kilby-built factory, this one destined for Sterling, Colorado where it served from 1905 to 1985. Charles Warren assumed the presidency of Michigan Sugar Company, a position he held until 1925.

By 1920, the sun had set on the Sugar Trust. After a generation of withstanding attacks by various federal agencies including the U.S. Justice Department and the Interstate Commerce Commission, the American Sugar Refining Company gradually sold of its many components to private investors and in that way Michigan Sugar Company loosened itself from the grip of the Sugar Trust. Its entire post-trust board of directors consisted of Michigan residents, none of whom had association with the Sugar Trust with the exception of its president, Charles B. Warren whose interest now lay further afield first as Ambassador to Japan, 1921-1922, and then Ambassador to Mexico in 1924. He lost a bid to become Attorney General of the U.S. in 1925 during a politically charged senate vote influenced by an aversion to Warren’s past association with the Sugar Trust. His aspirations for roles in the public sector kept him away from the President’s office, a role ably filled by William H. Wallace who carried the title, 3d vice-president and General Manager. The first and second vice-presidencies fell to a couple of heavy hitters on the shareholder list that had no involvement in day-to-day activities.

Caro survives time and change

Thanks to James Howell, Caro’s superintendent beginning in 1944, who prepared a recorded history in 1948, it is learned that Caro began stockpiling beets in the factory yard in 1937, an important step for growers who after delivering the beets to the factory, could look to the needs of other crops whereas formerly it was necessary to supply the beets as they were needed.

During the period 1928-1937, the Caro factory, like nearly all the Michigan beet sugar factories suffered the ill effects of the Great Depression. However, from 1937 until the present time, Caro reported steady improvement in terms of modernization and expansion. Centrifugals for white sugar and a new pulp warehouse were added in 1944. A centrifugal is an apparatus designed to separate sugar crystals from syrup by filtering the syrup through a screen that spins with sufficient (usually about 1,200 rpm) speed to create a centrifugal force that propels the syrup through perforations in a spinning basket. The sugar crystals remain in the basket while the syrup recirculates through the process to recover more of the sugar. These and other changes have caused the average daily slice rate to expand to more than 3,600 tons each twenty-four hours from the 500 tons per day in the original design which makes it a relatively small factory compared to others in the United States that range from twice as large to four times as large.

If Caro has a secret for surviving more than 100 years, it is that the factory Oxnard rebuilt remained precisely that for many years and remains so today, meeting challenges as they arise , gaining the support of its community and changing when occasion and opportunity join together to compel change. In that way, the oldest surviving beet sugar factory in the United States hangs on in a fast paced industry.


HOWELL, James, A History of the Caro Plant of the Michigan Sugar Company, an unpublished account of the Caro Factory history, May 1, 1948

GUTTLEBEN, Daniel, The Sugar Tramp – 1954 p.182 concerning purchase of sugar factories by the Sugar Trust, p. 177 concerning organization of Sebewaing Sugar and operating results, printed by Bay Cities Duplicating Company, San Francisco, California

MARQUIS, Albert Nelson, editor, The Book of Detroiters, pages 465-468, A.N. Marquis & Company, Chicago, 1908 – concerning the biography of Charles B. Warren

MICHIGAN ANNUAL REPORTS, Michigan Archives, Lansing, Michigan:

Peninsular Sugar Refining Company filed 1904 and Michigan Sugar Company filed 1924

MOODY, John, The Truth about the Trusts, in reference to the comment that the Sugar Trust began buying beet sugar companies in Michigan in 1902 and dividend payments between 1892 and 1900.

UNITED STATES. In the District Court of the United States for the southern district of New York

United States vs. American Sugar Refining Co., et al. page 1674, Petitioner’s Exhibit #1494

Copyright, 2009, Thomas Mahar, All Rights Reserved

What Is a PRI Line, What Are the Advantages and Limitations of PRI Circuits?

In an ISDN system, there are two types of services: Basic Rate Interface (BRI) and Primary Rate Interface (PRI). While the first one is installed at home or small business organizations, the later one is for large organizations which have their own telephone exchange systems. There are number of B-channels and D-channels in the system which carries data, video, voice with several control and signaling information. But, what is Primary Rate Interface and how does it work?

What is PRI Line?

The Primary Rate Interface comprises of a 64 Kbps D-channels and 23 Kbps B-channels. Here, it uses T-1 line. It also consists of one D-channel and 30 Kbps B-channel, which use an E1 line. If a user accesses the Primary Rate Interface on a T-1 line, he can get internet speed up to 1.544 Mbps. On the other hand, an E1 line user can get services up to Mbps. PRI utilizes Q.931 protocol over D-channel.

There are some countries where this system is carried on a T-carrier system line while E-carrier line is available worldwide. The users of the system are directly connected with the telephone company’s central office.

Advantages of PRI Circuits

1. The service provider gives almost 500 numbers for each line. Therefore, it becomes easier for the outsiders to call the extension straight without going through the PBX Auto-attendant.

2. Through a PRI line, it is possible to have voice and data access. There are also some service providers which offer free data transmission for certain period of time.

3. Call hunting is also easy with a Primary Rate system. But for the analog trunks, the service provider needs to extend the facility and also include additional cost.

4. What are the other benefits of this system? It can be utilized for voice connectivity, video conferencing, data connectivity, faxing, etc. And all these can be done simultaneously.

5. This circuit is anytime better than the analog trunks as it is an end-to-end digital system.

6. Due to the fiber optic materials, the wire is far more redundant than analog trunks. Also, you will face less troubleshooting here than other systems.

7. Tapping your digital phone lines and listening to your conversation is almost impossible now.

8. You don’t have to wait long to start a call here.

9. As there are several service providers who comes with flexible plans, this system also become economical for small companies.

Limitations of PRI Circuits

1. If the minimum rental is less than the average value of calls in an analog system, then installing PRI circuit is not that much economical.

2. If you have to make international calls, this system is not cost-effective. You can choose SIP or ITSP services at lesser rate to make such calls.

3. You have to pay for Inter branch communication if you install this line. If you install VOIP systems, you can make inter branch communication over internet at much lower cost.

4. You can buy Primary Rate lines only if you buy those from your EPABX vendor.

Starting Your Own Hat Wear Line – 7 Things To Know

In the 10 years I have been in the custom apparel and hat wear business, I can not remember how many people called asking for help in starting their hat wear line. All of them believed they had a great idea. Most of them had little or no money. And none of them had a clue what it takes to make it in one of the most competitive businesses in America. The first question these people asked was always “How much to make my own custom design hats?” And always, I told them, as gently as I could, there is a whole lot of other questions they should ask first, and cost is perhaps the last one of them. I have always given these people my honest opinions while trying my best to encourage them. This article sums up all the advice I have given over the years. Subsequent articles will address each of the following steps individually in greater detail.

#1: Know Your Customer

Perhaps THE most important thing to do before starting any business! You should answer the following questions regarding your customers:

1. Who might be your customers?

2. How old are they?

3. How many of them are there?

4. Where do they shop?

5. How often do they shop?

6. How much do they tend to spend when they shop for hats or caps?

7. What is popular among these people right now?

Answers to these questions determine the niche to sell your caps in, what designs are appropriate, how many of your hats can you possible sell, and at what price.

#2: Know Your Competition

The 2nd most important thing to do before starting any business! You should answer the following questions regarding your competition:

1. Who may be your competition?

2. What types of hats and designs are they offering right now?

3. How much are they charging for these products?

4. Where do they sell their hats?

5. How are they marketing their hats?

Answers to these questions determine what designs you should offer, how much you should be charging, what channel of distribution you should consider, and the possible marketing venues you should consider when launching your own hat wear line.

#3: Know Your Marketing Plan

So what you have the greatest hat design of the decade if you can not get your products out there! Launching a hat wear line is all about marketing. Let me give you a very simple example. I have a customer, a real customer whose name I can not mention. These guys have some pretty cool design ideas. So they teamed up with a poker player, and hired a public relations person who is connected in the entertainment industry. These 2 people generated a lot of interests in their products! Before you know it, couple celebrities were wearing their designs, and the rest is history. So brainstorm, be creative, put your name out there! Who knows? You might be the next ROXY, or Quicksilver, or even NIKE!

#4: Know Your Start-up Cost

So you have figured out who your target customers are, who your competitions are, what hat designs you want to launch, and you have come up with the most creative marketing campaign. Now it is time to answer some cost-related questions:

1. Staffing and office rental

2. Marketing campaign costs

3. Travel expanses

4. Trade show expanses

5. Production relation costs:

(i) How much does it cost for sampling of your designs?

(ii) Who should you go to get prototype designs made?

(iii) Production run costs (largely depends on how many hats you want to produce for your launch. To get any reasonable price point, you need to order at least in the hundreds per design. 25 hats is NOT a wholesale quantity.)

#5: Financing

You have a plan to market your hat wear line; you know how much it will cost you; now you need to know how to finance your venture. Possible sources for money:

1. Your savings

2. Your friends and family

3. Mortgaging your current assets such as your house

4. Finding outside investors (although this might be difficult for starting a hat wear line, but you never know)

5. Borrowing from the bank (SBA loans are available for entrepreneurs in many cases)

#6: Know Your Launch Date

In fashion, timing is everything. Are you launching your hat wear line for the Christmas season? For the back-to-school season? For the 4th of July? Most overseas production takes 72 to up to 90 days via ocean freight. Say you are producing your hats in China. Do you know that the Chinese shut down for up to 15 days during Chinese New Year, which occurs on different dates, although mostly in January and February, depending on the year?

#7: Write Down Your Plan

You have gotten all the pieces of the puzzle; writing them down increases your chances of success. Your plan will keep you focused, and provide you with the big picture as well as the details you need to consider. And if you are trying to secure financing, a business plan is not only crucial, but absolutely necessary!

This is a simplified run-down for the essentials steps you need to take before starting a hat wear line. So be creative with your designs; be thorough with your research; be meticulous with your planning. And good luck! Please make sure to check my other articles regarding specific details on each of the above points. You might also want to check out my web sites for additional information.

What Is Armored Cable?

Whenever the question of building wiring is raised, one comes across the term ‘Armoured Cables’. After all, what is armored cable and why is it so important for electrical wiring systems. Let’s know about it.

Armored Cable Definition

Armored cable is a power cable made up by assembling two or more electrical conductors, generally held together with an overall sheath. This electrical cable with high protective covering is used for transmission of electrical power, especially for underground wiring needs. However, these cables may be installed as permanent wiring within buildings, buried in the ground, run overhead, or may even be kept exposed. They are available as single conductor cable as well as multi-conductor cables.

To be more precise, armored cables can be explained as electrical cables with stainless steel or galvanized wire wound over the conductors and insulation. They often have an outer plastics sheath for main distribution supply and buried feeders.

Why is Armored Cable Significant?

As can be made out from its name itself, armored cable is significant due to the ultimate protection it provides keeping in view the most risky job of electricity transmission. It acts as a circuit protective conductor (CPC) and thus provides earthing to the equipment supplied by the cable. However, its earthing capability has been a much debated subject.

Armoured Cable Earthing

A single conductor armoured cable does not have a ground wire. Its sheath is only for protection purpose. Therefore it is always recommended that one core armor cable should not be earthed on both ends. When both the ends are grounded, a “circulating sheath current” can flow between the armour, to ground then back to the armour. Grounding only one end is meant to allow bleeding of any voltage that might be induced into the sheath without creating a circulating current.

Single core armoured cables do not have magnetic fields generated by the other two phases. In a three phase cable, the sum value of the three magnetic fields is zero. In a single core cable, there is no “cancelling” effect and therefore a voltage will be induced in the armour by the magnetic field surrounding the conductor.

To prevent any kind of problem, a single conductor metallic armoured cable having lead, aluminum, stainless steel, steel or copper armors should be bonded to ground, usually at the source end, then isolated from ground along its length.

To know more about this power cable, read Armoured Cables

Pros and Cons of Using a Forbearance Agreement to Prevent Foreclosure

A forbearance agreement is sometimes offered to borrowers struggling to meet their home loan obligation and those entering into preforeclosure. When lenders enter into a real estate forbearance contract they agree not to proceed with foreclosure action as long as mortgagors remain in compliance with the terms.

The forbearance agreement allows borrowers to obtain special financing terms for a specific period of time. The average duration of mortgage forbearance contracts is usually 2 or 3 months. However, banks can extend the terms for up to 12 months when extenuating circumstances exist.

While a mortgage forbearance contract can assist borrowers in getting their finances in order to meet future loan obligations, there are risks with this type of agreement. Using the forbearance agreement, banks temporarily reduce or suspend mortgage payments. Once the agreement expires, borrowers must be financially capable of repaying the amount of missed or reduced payments.

For example, if a borrower’s monthly home loan installment is $1200 and their lender reduces the payment to $600 for 4 months, they must be able to repay $2400 at the end of the forbearance contract. If unable to pay the full amount, the lender can proceed with foreclosure action.

Additionally, home loan payments are reported to the three major credit bureaus of Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion. Deferred payments are often reported as delinquent, which can have an adverse effect on borrowers’ credit scores.

Those who are already in a low credit bracket can quickly slide into the high-risk category, which can limit their ability to obtain credit in the future. Bad credit can prohibit borrowers from qualifying for other types of foreclosure prevention strategies such as loan modifications and mortgage refinance.

Another concern of real estate forbearance is the effect deferred payments have on escrow. Home mortgage loans incorporate required funds for homeowners insurance and property taxes. A portion of each installment is placed into escrow to cover annual expenses.

If insurance premiums or property taxes become due during the forbearance plan the escrow account may come up short. Mortgagors are responsible for paying these expenses out of pocket. If property insurance and taxes are not paid, banks can void the forbearance agreement and initiate foreclosure proceedings.

With that being said, mortgage forbearance can be a good option for those facing temporary financial setbacks. Borrowers must be extremely proactive in getting financial affairs in order during the contract period to ensure they can afford deferred payments once the plan expires.

Borrowers facing chronic financial problems due to long-term unemployment, health problems, divorce, or death of a spouse should contact their lender’s loss mitigation department to discuss foreclosure prevention strategies.

Mortgagors must obtain authorization to enter into mortgage forbearance from their lender. Most banks require borrowers to submit financial documents and a letter of hardship.

Hardship letters provide borrowers with the opportunity to provide details of events that caused their financial crisis. Lenders typically require mortgagors to provide a chronological timeline and summary of hardships, along with any action taken to improve finances.

Borrowers must contact their mortgage provider at the first sign of financial hardship. Banks are usually more willing to work with mortgagors who are proactive in finding solutions. If lenders are unwilling to provide assistance, borrowers may need to retain the services of a real estate attorney.

Find Useful Ways for Choosing the Right Interior Decorator

With more people implementing innovative interior design thoughts to design their homes, the request of interior designers is on a consistent ascent. Particularly, with regards to home interior design, these designers are of immense importance these days. As it should be, for you cannot stand to disregard your home as it unmistakably hints your own one of a kind style and signature and determines the method for your exceptionally presence in an indomitable manner. Henceforth, it is imperative that where you stay is legitimately designed in an in vogue way to such an extent that it sets an example for the others. Now you will also find the strong support of home interior designers in the task.

Scheming of an important Color

When we discuss decorating and designing your home, you cannot escape with using any color(s) you like. You should be greatly choosy and ensure you utilize a legitimate shading and plan that assumes a vital part in uplifting the vibe of the home you remain in. Since colors distinctly affect human discernment and mind, it’s profoundly imperative that the shading or the arrangement of colors you settle on is sufficiently fit to give the comfortable and appealing tone you are looking for. For example, in the event that you pick an arrangement of splendid colors for your bedroom, it won’t make the soothing state of mind required for sleeping. The island kitchen designs are perfect there.


This is another essential component without which the idea of home interior design remains incomplete. Floors assume an indispensable part with regards to uplifting your home stylistic theme. You can make a brilliant mood by making an appropriately adjusted utilization of cover and wood paneling. This will give an out and out changed look to your home. Again, shrewd utilization of ceramic tiles, and vinyl or laminate flooring, use of marble will light up the kitchen, lavatories and toilets of your home.

Divider Decors

Divider furnishing is another figure that aides creating a one of a kind and awe inspiring getup of your home. Astute use of colors in divider coverings, or innovative wallpapers and putting up some infectious paintings or pictures on dividers will clearly give an amazing touch to the rooms separated from creating a spectacular environment in the interiors of your home.

Remodel of Kitchen

The kitchen is a standout amongst the most essential and busiest spaces in your home. That is the reason you ought to take an additional piece of care while renovating your kitchen with some innovative home interior design. You can allude to a wide assortment of smooth and ultra-advanced designs of kitchen cabinet and countertops on the internet and can pick the one from among them which will coordinate the get up of your kitchen.

Furnishing your Bathroom

The restroom is another to a great degree critical place of your home. All the more thus, it requests an additional piece of care from you regarding cleanliness and cleanliness. You can decide on those current can cabinetry, sinks and baths which are designed to give a perfect and additionally smooth getup to your restroom.

Parasites, Candida, Fungus Infection – Monsters Inside of Me Causing Itching, Rash & Bed Bugs

World traveler and former fitness trainer reveals the truth about parasites, candida, fungus, and infections. Beware of itching skin and a rash as they may reveal something beneath the skin. Beyond bed bugs, scratching and bodily torment can be caused by something internal. Monsters inside of me and my family – a real look from an ordinary, itchy and educated guy that will surprise you. Pet owners have 240 times the parasites. 85% of the world has some parasites. What you don’t know could be killing you!

Wow! That’s a ferocious mouthful sure to turn your stomach at the thought of it! The truth is if you have a pet in your house, you have 240 times as many parasites in your home and likely your body than a person who does not. Moreover if you have long fingernails, you collect 24 times as many parasites – many of which can live for up to 2 months underneath your fingernails.

I’m not a vegetarian nor a vegan, but I will admit meat, poultry and fish can have worms. Consider your pets, how they like to sniff each others butts. Some animals will eat other animals feces (and that after flies have already done so and left their larva). Fisherman fish with worms, so we know fish like worms. So if you eat something with worms, that can’t always be good. Believe me I’ve got carnivore teeth and like meat, but I’m not so stupid as to think there are not repercussions and possible problems for doing so. Jews and Muslims won’t touch pork for religious reasons, but the truth is worms in pork can get in your brain and kill you. Not to worry, I had some awesome ribs with guava barbeque sauce last nigth at Bahama Breeze here in Orlando.

As a former personal fitness trainer and nutritional consultant, I know firsthand how often people fail to get results physically because of lack of ability to “exercise” discretion with the fork. Most Americans lift more forks than they do weights.

However I often found some hard working and diligent exercising individuals had difficulty achieving results physically beyond their calorie burning. “Hmm,” I said to myself, and began researching this matter further. As the author of 18 books, when I research something I do it thoroughly and turn over every rock and resource looking for vital information.

Ironically and frighteningly, I discovered (what few medical doctors admit or tell you – because they profit from repeat visits, medical testing, and pharmaceutical drugs) and that is parasites, candida, fugus infection and monsters inside eating at us.

As a worldwide minister and professional speaker I have been to over 50 countries, more than 50 islands, and 6 continents where I have seen a lot of suffering people, messed up individuals, and grotesque illnesses. For example throughout India and Africa I saw extreme cases of elephantitis, where people’s legs were swollen up like an elephant and had putrid bumps on them. Others had these bumps on their arms, back and neck. Some precious people in Africa had their eyes swollen shut due to infections.

This is what happens if gone untreated. Here in the United States where we have an ongoing battle with obesity and cancer, doctors often put patients through chemotherapy. When a retired military man on my street got cancer, I kindly drove him to the doctor to receive chemo a couple of times.

Yet my heart burned to provide a better cure from within, knowing that harmful radiation weakens the immune system killing off good bacteria (found in acidophilus within yogurt) we need to fight off disease.

Since getting married, my beautiful wife Karla graciously moved from Canada to be with me here in Florida. She had no idea how many bugs and insects were here, neither how hot it gets in the summer. I still remember the first time she freaked out upon seeing a cockroach. Well, when I sat down to watch Animal Planet one night and saw the commercial for Monsters Inside of Me, I immediately knew I wanted to watch the show.

Karla however freaked at the site of the commercials alone and ran out of the room. She had been suffering for nearly 3 years (since she moved from Canada) from itching and what she thought was bed bugs. Well after watching two shows on Animal Planet – “I was Bitten” and “Monsters Inside of Me” I stayed up until 5:00am I was so riveted and reminded of my prior knowledge.

I immediately began to discover what Karla and I (as I will tell later) had wasn’t something external, but rather internal. She had thought she was going crazy for a while, always itching at night when she went to bed and having difficulty sleeping. Insomnia however is a part of the reaction in the human nervous system to parasites, candida and fungus infections within the body.

As for myself, I taught high school for a year and increasingly struggled with dry and cracked lips, particularly around the edges of my mouth. Of course this is a bit odd if you think about it seeing how I live in Florida, where there is 100% humidity. I consulted my dermatologist (a nice but sometimes not so knowledgeable man) and he gave me nothing for it. I consulted my health food store and began taking flax seed oil twice a day thinking that would solve the problem – it helped a little but never alleviated the deep cracks in the sides of my mouth.

Keep in mind I’m a fun loving guy who enjoys smiling and laughing. I’d put vitamin E oil on my mouth every night before bed….which would help it heal, but the minute a smiled and laughed (or brushed my teeth) the next day, my lips would crack all over again.

Then after visiting my dentist (and he knew for years I had this problem), during my last and most recent visit about a week ago, he said his daughter had the same thing on her lips and found out it was a fungus infection. I thought that to be odd and immediately didn’t want to thing about fungus on or around my lips. Yet the dentist kindly wrote me a prescription for Nystatin Ointment, which I could try. Heck I tried everything else at great personal expense, why not! So upon using the Nystatin the lips healed right up and the caves from the cracks sealed up as well. Oh my God, I had a fungul infection around my lips!

One of my students at school noticed during the month of May (nearly toward the end of my first year of teaching) I had a peculiar herpes looking abrasion and scab like crusty thing beneath one of my lips. It was humiliating and I’m married …so it wasn’t sexually contracted. I battled that herpes looking thing (this being different than the cracked lips along the side) for a month putting vitamin E, retinol and a Johnson & Johnson hydro acid (my wife’s) on it. Finally it went away.

Around the same time I got an eye infection. I was a mess. It looked like pink eye. All the while I was going to the gym regularly, eating well, and thinking I was healthy. Yet within my body was manifesting illness and infections all over. The optometrist looked at my eye and put a yellow solution in it to see if I had herpes. It burned like hell and thankfully was not herpes. He gave me some eyedrops that set me back nearly $100 (a steroid and antibiotic mix type of drop) which healed my eye.

Going on at this rate seeing doctors is getting expensive. To add to my problems my scalp was continually itching. My wife an ecoenthusiast and environmental conscious green girl buys the best eco-friendly and toxic free cleaners, shampoos, etc. Tea tree oil and some great lotions and shampoos …yet the itching remained. I itched so bad it went from my scalp surprisingly to my back and occasionally my arms.

I just thought my skin was exfoliating. Then upon watching “Monsters Inside of Me” and “I Was Bitten” on Animal Planet I realized these were manifestations of parasites and candida within. One young guy in a Florida park (not far from where I live similar to a park with a spring my wife and I visited) got bit by mosquitoes and through the bite had bot fly larva injected into him by the mosquito.

I guess the bot fly larva was in the mosquito. The end result the guys body began to swell and a yellow puss began to ooze out. A similar thing happened to a young man on a trip into the Costa Rica rain forest. He actually put plastic seran wrap and vaseline over the wound (with puss oozing out) once he knew what it was, trying to suffocate the fully grown larva, now a worm within him. I saw all of this on video, which his family taped. When the suffocating worm came to the surface seeking oxygen to survive, with tweasers in hand the worm was pulled out of this kid’s leg.

Other incidents, a guy briefly visited Kenya, Africa with his wife and had a parasite in him for 20 years which eventually caused a brain tumor and nearly killed him. Another incident, a newborn baby playing at a park in Illinois got some feces from a raccoon on the ground somehow and thereby had a larva (which turned into a worm / parasite) in his body, which crawled through his blood and got into his brain causing blindness.

I thought upon watching the first commercial it was another Hollywood hyped up show, but this is real people. I saw it with my own eyes in my world travels and witnessed the itch and itching in my body and home with my wife (one of the healthiest people I know). My wife is so healthy and beautiful at 30 years of age that when she goes to eat with me and orders a drink, servers ask for ID. The same holds true when we go to the movies. My wife Karla looks better than most college girls.

Yet with all of the sugar we eat and meat (often carrying worms), including cheese, parasites are quite common. Over 85% of the world has some parasites in them (most unknown). The guy on the show who nearly died of a brain tumor, when they put the brain tumor under the microscope it had worms in it. This guy had gone to Vietnam in the war years ago and was a Veteran from the U.S. Military. He had malaria in Vietnam. So many doctors didn’t know what he had, but eventually they saw the yellow puss oozing out of him and one smart doc realized it was a parasite. Yet after 20 years of damage in his lymphatics, the damage was irreversible.

I tell you the next morning I was taking another round of parasite and candida killers to detox my body, something I do regularly throughout the year. Many illnesses across the world are related to neglect and intruders toxifying our bodies from the inside out.

Don’t die from within! Do something about it now and be safe. Be healthy and experience peak performance. Get rid of constipation and renew your energy levels. Detox and feel great!

Oh yeah, when I started my cleanse, my libido shot through the roof! Don’t let parasites hold you down gents.

Care for your body as much as you do your car.

What Tool Helps You Conquer the 7 Biggest File Migration Challenges?

Want to eliminate platform migration headaches? Reduce cost, effort, and lost time? You’re in the right place. I want to share some tips to help you simplify your migration activities.

I have been performing file-based migrations for well over 20 years, primarily with EMC Technology. The majority of migrations have been SMB-based including server-to-server, server-to-NAS, and NAS-to-NAS migrations.

Some of the tools that I have leveraged over the years include:

  • ROBOCOPY: This Microsoft utility, originally part of the Windows NT 4.0 Resource Kit, has been around since 1997.
  • EMCOPY: This EMC utility is used primarily to copy to a Celerra based file system; however, the other tools in the suite comprised of EMCopy, Sharedup, and LGDUP have been used on several occasions, even in conjunction with Robocopy.
  • RSYNC: This UNIX utility is used for NFS migrations.

As technology advanced, storage vendors provided a way to perform these migrations using internal tools. Some of the tools were developed for disaster recovery while others were developed explicitly for data migration. Two examples include:

  • VNX Replicator: This tool can replicate from Celerra/VNX to another Celerra/VNX array.
  • Isi_vol_copy: The isi_vol_copy utility from Isilon uses NDMP streams to copy data from a NetApp array to the Isilon array. Eventually EMC added isi_vol_copy_vnx that allowed NDMP- based copy from VNX to the Isilon.

Considerations: One of the major considerations that we face when performing file-based migrations is which tool is the best for the job. The answer to this question is not easy because it may take multiple tools to complete the job. Another consideration is the ability to streamline the data migration process.

Among the better known file migration tools that can address these considerations: Datadobi DobiMiner. For the last five years, I have recognized Datadobi for their CAS-to-NAS migration methodologies and their NAS-to-NAS migration tool, which is always evolving. DobiMiner helps streamline file-based data migrations, simplifies the entire end-to-end process, and tackles all of the following additional challenges:

Challenge 1: Bandwidth Throttling

Customers may need to throttle the bandwidth that is consumed by the migration. This may limit the amount of concurrent sessions or the actual time required to stop the migration if necessary.

DobiMiner can schedule bandwidth based on hours of operation per file server. This feature limits bandwidth during normal business hours so that migrations continue to run with reduced bandwidth and then automatically increases it during the next window. Imagine the flexibility to change schedules based on file server and managing multiple bandwidth schedules over the duration of the migration phase. It also includes file server scans to refresh the data.

Challenge 2: Detailed Reporting

Customers often ask to see a concise daily status report on all migration jobs. This includes successes, failures and the details surrounding both cases. Other tools do have log files associated with them, but it will take some tweaking to get an exact report. The ability to email a report, if supported, will typically require additional configuration effort.

DobiMiner generates reports on-demand. In addition to the source and target destination, the reports show the number of files, directories, symbolic links and errors. In the event of an error, the reports allow you to drill down to analyze the cause. Migration reports can be emailed daily, weekly, or monthly.

Challenge 3: Job Scheduling

Job scheduling needs to be done from the Windows scheduler at each server that is performing the migration job. The job schedules can overlap if multiple proxy servers are used for the migrations.

DobiMiner can schedule steady state incremental copies. Each individual migration can be scheduled to run based on the migration effort. For example, the migration can start with daily incremental copies and then be changed to hourly as the migration cutover window arrives.

Challenge 4: Estimating Switchover Time

This manual process includes reviewing the logs from each incremental run to estimate the time it takes to perform the incremental copy.

DobiMiner allows you to create migration windows based on the cutover time. DobiMiner determines if the final migration will fit within the specified time window. A dry run can also be performed to simulate the final copy.

Challenge 5: Creation of Migration Jobs

Job creation can be scripted, but needs to be imported on each server that will be performing the jobs, and then scheduled per server. For Windows, a batch file needs to be created, then scheduled with the Windows scheduler.

DobiMiner can perform a bulk import of not only the file servers, but also the migration pairs from a template. After the template is created, there is an import function that will create the migration jobs at the DobiMiner software level.

Challenge 6: Incremental Copies

All the tools mentioned have a way to perform incremental copies. Some need to perform a file compare and could take hours to find the one file that needs to be copied. Others will not synchronize the directories as per NDMP-based protocol.

DobiMiner performs a scan of the directory faster than the other tools mentioned. The scans are performed on a scheduled basis and information is stored in DobiMiner.

Because it scans and performs incremental copies faster than the other tools mentioned in this article, it helps speed up the migration saving you precious time.

Challenge 7: Mix of SMB and NFS Clients

If a customer wants to copy NFS files as well as SMB files, then two tools will be required, such as RoboCopy and Rsync.

DobiMiner migrates both NFS and SMB files in a single pane-of-glass. It supports the migration of SMB, NFS, and even mixed-mode protocols.


It’s no surprise that DobiMiner has been named as the tool of choice for file-based migrations on EMC Unity and other platforms. In my experience, DobiMiner has been a welcome addition to the file migration process and continues to impress me. DobiMiner addresses all of the current challenges presented in this article and offers technological advantages over other legacy tools.

BCIN? Difference Between Designer, Architect and Engineer According to the Ontario Building Code

As I meet with new clients and friends every day, I commonly hear the same questions “What is a BCIN?” “When is a BCIN required?” etc. Here is some clarification to the public on some important issues about choosing a company to provide you with plans. Please note that this information applies only in the Province of Ontario.

What is a BCIN?

A BCIN stands for ‘Building Code Identification Number’. This number is assigned by the Ministry of Municipal Affairs & Housing, to successful applicants who have completed the requirements outlined in Division C Section 3.2 of the Ontario Building Code. There are two distinct types of BCIN number, individuals & firms. Individuals are people who have completed the exams and have received a BCIN from the MAH; however, they do NOT carry any insurance. As a result this limits the types of projects that the person can do. Firm BCIN’s on the other hand MUST carry valid liability insurance, and depending on the amount of designs fees that a firm charges in a year will dictate the required amount of insurance coverage they must have. Insurance is expensive but it is there to protect you so avoid working with companies who do not have it. For most people, a home is your single largest asset; do you really want to get plans from someone without insurance?

How do I know if I am choosing a registered company?

The Ministry of Municipal Affairs & Housing maintains a database of all registered BCIN holders. The registry is available through a system called QUARTS. Once on the Public Registry, this system allows you to search by the individual’s name, the company’s name or the BCIN #. Once you have found a business or individual, it will bring you to a page with details on the company. It lists the mailing address of the business & contact details. At the bottom it should also show the Registration as ‘Registered Designer’ and the Status as ‘Current’. If it shows up as ‘lapsed or expired’ then this means that they either do not have valid insurance for that year, or that they are late in filing their paperwork.

Do I need an architect or engineer for my project?

Probably not! There have been massive changes to the system in the last few years, opening the doorway for a new title; designers. Architects & Engineers are NOT required for any project less than 600m² (6,458 sq.ft.) and less than 4 storeys. For most residential and small commercial projects, you do NOT need an architect or an engineer. However, and this is important, if the project involves severe structural modifications, an engineer may be requested by the municipality to review the plans. On this note, there is a BCIN exam which will supersede this requirement! If your design company is a registered company in the Category of ‘Building Structural’ then they can complete the plans.

When do I need a BCIN ‘stamp’ for my project?

Depending on the type of project you may or may not need a BCIN number on your drawings. You do not need a BCIN number if the project relates to the construction of a house that is owned by the person who produces the drawings or if it relates to a farm building less than 3 storeys. There are a few other instances, but these are probably the two most important. Often I hear homeowners ask for just the drawings to submit for permit (no stamp). This is allowed, but as the homeowner you must be knowledgeable of the drawings (after all, you are claiming that you have produced them). It is okay to admit to the municipality that you hired someone to draw them for you, but at the end of the day you will be responsible to ensure that the drawings meet code. If the city has approved your building permit based on the drawings and you proceed to build your project to the drawings only to later find out that there is a problem, you will be on the hook to make any necessary adjustments to pass inspection. Most companies will charge from $200 to $2000 for the use of their BCIN number on the drawings. This may seem expensive but it is the security blanket that will keep you safe and ensure that your drawings meet code! I also personally apply for the permits and handle all the paperwork on my client’s behalf when I charge this fee; which most people prefer as nobody likes to stand in line for half a day to submit paperwork to the City.

I hope that this will help to clarify any questions you may have had regarding the requirements of having someone produce building permits for your project. I look forward to working with you, and if you have any questions then please don’t hesitate to ask!

Attachment Disorder’s Early Pioneers: Bowlby and Robertson

For some adoptive and foster parents, attachment theory is a new concept though it was first described in the 1950’s. In a London hospital, psychiatrist, John Bowlby and social worker, James Robertson, studied the effects of children under the age of three, separated from their mother. In the 50’s, long hospitalizations and excluded parents were a common practice even though it was common knowledge in the community that children, especially under the age of three, were “changed for the worse” when they returned home. Robertson stated, “A hospital experience has dangers of emotional trauma for the young child.” Bowlby and Robertson identified three stages for separated children: Protest, Despair, and Denial/Detachment.

  1. Protest – The child expects mom to respond to his cries. When she doesn’t come, the child is heartbroken, visibly upset and searches for her.
  2. Despair – With mother’s continued absence, the child gives up hope, becomes withdrawn and quiet, and becomes what Robertson called, “settled-in.”
  3. Denial/Detachment – The child shows more interest in his surroundings and seems happy which Robertson saw as a danger sign. In actuality, the child is merely making the best of the situation. Robertson noticed, “When his mother comes to visit, he seems hardly to know her, and no longer cries when she leaves.” Once the child returns home, and if his stay was long, he seems to not need any mothering at all. His relationships are described as shallow and untrusting.

These three stages occur for any young child separated from his mother over a period weeks, and sometimes even in a matter of days. Bowlby and Robertson were able to witness firsthand the effects of a child being separated from his mother. Parents whose children suffered early abandonment did not witness their child’s separation but can imagine and understand their child’s trauma and fears.

Because of this early separation, foster and adopted child will have current events that trigger past experiences of loss or abandonment. Let’s look at the example of Jacob, 8 years old, adopted from Colombia at age 2. Jacob was taken to the orphanage several days following his birth. The orphanage was in a poor area; it had a few broken toys, shared clothes, and meager food for the children. Jacob’s adoptive parents, Julie and Ron, know his tantrums occur when he has things “taken away” and especially when he loses food as punishment. This year in school, his teacher’s behavior plan was to take away tokens from misbehaving children. Jacob’s parents know this will trigger his old trauma and without delay, they talk to the teacher. Luckily, the teacher understands the significance of Jacob’s early loss and she changes the classroom behavior plan. Now, the children earn tokens when they mind their teacher.

Bowlby and Robertson were pioneers in identifying the three phases leading to attachment difficulties. Their work has been invaluable in understanding how to prevent attachment difficulties. Although we may not be able to prevent all children from early separation and loss, Bowlby’s and Robertson’s work provides a backdrop of comprehending the three phases children experience when they suffer from neglect, abandonment or loss.

1 Robertson, J. (1958) Young Children in Hospitals. New York.: Basic Books.

Bare Copper – Is There a Reason For Copper Wire Without Insulation?

There are different reasons for all types of wire and cable including bare copper. Sometimes wire has insulation and sometimes it doesn’t for specific reasons. Engineers work hard to provide a type of wire for every application out there with approvals to go with it.

Bare copper is also known as a ground wire. It is not insulated at all so it has no protection. It is mostly used in homes as a ground wire and has the best conductivity without insulation. So as long as it isn’t going outdoors then electrical contractors don’t mind using it.

Bare copper is also the base for most types of wire and cable. It comes solid or in smaller awg sizes wrapped together to equal the same gauge. Using the smaller awg sizes gives the wire more flexibility to bend around corners. You might think that you would always need the most flexible because it could only be better but that’s not always the case. Sometimes electrical contractors need it to be more stiff so they can send it a long way through conduit.

A green THHN wire is also known as a ground wire when the wire needs to be outdoors. Green calls out the fact the THHN is a ground wire and the reason for the insulation is so it has protection against moisture. It can then go outdoors and in conduit while it still acts as a ground wire. The reason for using it indoors without insulation is simply because it’s cheaper. Sometimes you might see this wire with a yellow stripe as well.

There isn’t always a ground wire in every cable. If you need one then I recommend talking to your cable sales person and making sure they know that as well. Most companies that supply wire also supply the bare copper so you shouldn’t have a problem getting it if you need it. You can usually request a specification sheet to make sure you are getting the exact cable you are looking for.

Fighting Cellulite With Carrier Oils – A Tried and Tested Method

In aromatherapy, carrier oils play an important factor. Each oil comes with it’s own combination of therapeutic property and characteristic. Some of these oils are said to be very effective in fighting cellulite. If you are looking for a natural cellulite treatment, here are the oils that can help.

What Are Carrier Oils?

Carrier oils are referred to as base or vegetable oils that are derived from the fatty portion of the plant, usually from the kernel, nuts or seeds. Because essential oils are so concentrated, undiluted application can cause severe irritations and reactions. Thus, carrier oils are used to dilute essential oils and “carry” them on to the skin. They can be used on their own or blended with other carrier oils and essential oils for maximum effectiveness.

Sea Buckthorn (Hippophae Rhamnoides)

Sea buckthorn is a spiny tree or shrub with bright yellow or red berries. These berries contain a high source of vitamin E, vitamin C, unsaturated fatty acids, beta-carotene and essential amino acids, and these are what give them their bright color. This oil has been credited to regenerating skin cells, reducing wrinkles and for promoting the healing of skin injuries such as wounds, burns, sunburns and eczema. Because of it’s antioxidant properties, sea buckthorn carrier oil can additionally improve cell metabolism of subcutaneous tissue and fight free radical damage.

Rosehip (Rosa Rubiginosa)

Rosehips are round, red seed pods that remain on a rose bush after the petals have fallen away. The oil is both nutritious and useful in caring for skin. It is high in vitamin C, in the form of essential fatty acids, and linoleic and linolenic acids. Essential fatty acids play a crucial role in preventing damage to skin tissues. Rosehip carrier oil helps to hydrate the skin to improve the tone and texture, leaving it softer, with a healthier and more radiant look. Because it rebuilds damaged skin tissue, this oil can also reduce the appearance of stretch marks as well as prevent new one.

Carrot (Daucus Carota)

Carrot oil is rich in beta-carotene, vitamin E and A and pro-vitamin A. It is considered to be one of the best oils to rejuvenate and regenerate skin tissues and is very useful for curing dry, chapped and cracked skin. Carrot carrier oil helps maintain moisture on the skin and can also help to reduce inflammation and scars. It additionally eliminates water retention and toxic buildup, while toning the skin and increasing firmness and elasticity. For these reasons, it is very effective when it comes to fighting cellulite.

Grapeseed (Vitis Vinifera)

Grapeseed oil is a powerful anti cellulite and is used as a base oil for many creams and lotions. It helps fight signs of visible aginh while gently buffing away impurities. Because of it’s astringent qualities, application of grapeseed carrier oil helps to tighten and tone the skin. Grapeseed is also high in linoleic acid, which is a fatty acid essential for the cell membranes of the skin. This oil leaves a satin like finish and serves as a wonderful moisturizer that truly nourishes the skin.

Avocado (Persea Americana)

Avocado carrier oil contains vitamins A, D, E, B1 and B2 and is typically added to other oils to enrich vitamin and protein content. It is also high in sterolins, which are reputed to reduce age spots, help heal scars and sun damaged skin. It is the sterolins, also known as plant steroids that make it an extremely good moisturizing and nourishing compound. Avocado oil is easily absorbed and additionally helps in the regeneration and rejuvenation of the skin.

When fighting cellulite, natural is better than synthetic. Carrier oils are safe to use and do not contain any harsh chemicals found in many cellulite treatments. Aromatherapy is an ancient art that has stood the test of time. This is a tried and tested method for many ailments, including cellulite.