Top 5 Alkaline Fruits & Their Benefits

Over eighty percent of ones food should comprise of fruits and vegetables if the normal slightly alkaline body ph is to be maintained. A normal body ph of 7.4 has many benefits. Not only does it help to prevent illnesses but also assists in curing them. With an alkaline ph the life span can be increased too. There are many kinds of alkaline fruits and vegetable one can have. Below is a list of the five top fruits that are alkaline.

Figs are the top form of alkaline fruits. Figs have in them several qualities and help tremendously in alkalizing the body. They can be eaten raw or can be added to any recipe. Dried figs are also alkaline and one can even add then to half a glass of warm water to hydrate them. But since figs are laxative fruits also it is advisable to not have more than a handful in a day.

Another fruit that is alkaline is the apple. An apple a day actually does keep the doctor away, and if the doctor is good looking, well in that case too do not do away with the apple, simply get his number. Apples are not only loved for their taste but can be consumed in various forms. Cut an apple into small square shapes add a little bit of iodine sea salt and lemon and mix well. A tangy flavored apple dish is ready. Apples pies smell lovely and this alkaline fruit is used even as a Halloween sweet when dipped in chocolate. Apples are most commonly consumed raw and that is the best way to have this fruit while keeping all their nutrients intact.

Third on the list of fruits that are alkaline are all kinds of sweet grapes. Grapes are easy to carry and consume. They do not involve much chopping and cleaning. What is more is that this fruit is a favorite with kids and one does not have to run behind them to make them eat some grapes. Just leave a bowl full of grapes lying around while the kids are playing and soon they will all be gone. Even though raisins are derived from grapes it is best to consume alkaline fruits that are fresh and thoroughly cleaned as opposed to processed alkaline fruits. All the same not only raisins but all dried fruits are alkaline fruits and can be consumed without fear.

If you have ever gotten stitches or broken a bone then for sure bananas must have been recommended for faster healing. This is because apart from being high in calcium bananas are also alkaline fruits. Since fruits that are alkaline help keep the alkaline ph balance of the body they help in the healing process.

For that peachy looking skin and glowing hair have a lot of peaches. Peaches are alkaline fruits and help to give the skin and hair a healthy glow. People who suffer from brittle nails will also find that having fruits that are alkaline helps make their nails stronger. So leave the cream bit out of those peaches and creams and enjoy the fruit for what it is.

Alkaline fruits are very healthy and nutritious. A sweet flavor is a good indicator of an alkaline fruit. These fruits should make up large parts of a persons daily food intake.

Making Your Concrete Surface Look Like New Again

Like many other homeowners, you may have chosen a concrete base for your garage and your driveway. Concrete is hard, sturdy and lasts for a very long time, so you had good reason to use it. Nevertheless, it can be stained by leaves or oil, and rust can form along the edges. With time, the concrete can become very unattractive. Nevertheless, there are many methods one can use in order to make their concrete look new again, or even make it look better than it did when it was first laid.

Perhaps the most popular way to restore concrete is to chemically treat the surface. Concrete is a very porous substance, so stains can settle into it very easily. That’s why many concrete layers recommend applying a sealant to the concrete once it has hardened. Many people choose not to do this, or they do not seal the concrete enough. As a result, pigments from, for example, leaves can bleed into the concrete and leave a permanent stain. To remove the stain, chemicals can penetrate the porous surface and remove the stain.

Because stains are not all alike, removing different stains may require different solvents. For example, mold and mildew stains can be cleaned up by using a diluted bleach mixture, while rust stains are best removed by applying oxalic acid. Because a lot of the solvents can be caustic, it’s best to use them carefully and protect yourself from any spills.

Smaller concrete stains are best treated with a chemical bandage. A bandage is essentially a cloth that is soaked in the solution that will counteract the stain. Once the cloth is completely saturated, lie the cloth onto the stain and let it sit and soak into the concrete until the stain is removed.

If the stain takes up a great deal of room, then a bandage will not be sufficient. You’ll need to mop the stained area with the solution and let it treat the concrete. It may take multiple applications of the solvent to completely rid the stain from the concrete.

Sometimes, regular solvents will not remove the stain. In these cases, there are two options for the homeowner to consider. The first is the application of a chemical poultice, which is a type of coating. To make the poultice, combine the solvent you initially used to get rid of the stain with a powder that’s generally alkaline in property, like calcium hydroxide, calcium carbonate or talc. Add the powder to the solvent carefully until the mixture becomes pasty. The mixture can be applied to the stained area to slowly remove it. If the stain is very serious, it may be necessary to keep the paste on the stain for long periods of time and to pour extra solvent on the surface.

When that doesn’t work, it’s time to consider wearing the concrete down. This can be done using sanders, brushes, scourers or other tools that will remove layers of concrete. Once the stain has been removed, you can use a concrete patching mixture to even the surface out.

In conclusion, in regards to concrete restoration, when there’s a will, there’s a way.

A Look on the Philippine Lime Called Dayap

The Philippines is famous for its tropical climate which is suited for citrus growth. The dry weather complemented by well-distributed rainfall throughout the year favors a number of citrus fruits to thrive well. Citrus fruits such as lime are rich in Vitamin C which is primarily essential in the prevention of scurvy.

Here are some facts about the Philippine lime called dayap for your guidance.

Origin of Dayap

Dayap has a scientific name of Citrus Aurantifolia and belongs to the Rue family (Rutaceae). It is believed to have originated from India, from where it spread to the Mediterranean and then to the West Indies and Mexico. Later on it was brought to the Philippines and named as dayap by the locals.

What does it look like?

Dayap is a small-fruited lime with thin, smooth, and shiny rind. It is circular in shape with 3-6 centimeters in diameter. It has a high acidic content having 7-8% citric acid by weight. The fruit is greenish-yellow when ripe but is usually used in the slightly unripe, which is completely green.

The dayap tree is a small tree about 2-5 meters tall. It has dense, irregular branches and the twigs are armed with short stiff sharp spines which we can call thorns. The leaves are glossy and elliptical to oblong shaped about 2 to 3 inches long. White colored flowers which are highly fragrant bloom from this tree in clusters.

How does it grow?

There are different methods for the propagation of dayap. You can do it by seed planting, stem cutting or air layering. The tree is sensitive to cold. It bears good quality fruits on dry soils provided that it has sufficient water irrigation. Irrigation can be through furrow, hose, or sprinkle.

Uses of Dayap

The fruit, leaves, and rinds of dayap have many uses in the following areas:

a) Cuisines

The fruit lends a nice sour flavor to our local cuisine such as paksiw. It is a good substitute for tamarind as a souring agent. The sweet tanginess of dayap and the refreshing taste of mint complement each other in creamy and rich dishes.

The juice and zest are often used to cut the sweetness of different pastries such as pies, cakes and the most known dessert in the Philippines which is leche flan.

b) Beverages

The dayap juice is refreshingly delicious. The dayap tea, either hot or iced, is commonly served in Filipino vegetarian restaurants. It would even be the complimentary drink in a nature themed spa after a relaxing massage.

The juice and zest can be mixed with rum or vodka to create aromatic cocktail drinks. As a type of garnish, the rind is cut in a long spiral called twist.

c) Alternative medicine

The dayap leaves are heated and compressed into a poultice for headaches and stress relief. Because of its fragrance, it can also be used as a substitute of toothpaste to cleanse the breath.

The extracted oil can be boiled to relieve the symptoms of sore throat, asthma, or bronchitis. Wounds can be cleansed using the juice as it is believed to be antiseptic.

d) Cosmetics

The dayap oil is being used nowadays as active ingredients in perfumes and shampoos. It is also used in the manufacture of soap because of the flavonoids and vitamin C that it contains. These two antioxidants help in the exfoliation and detoxification process to promote new skin growth.

How to Make Silicone Moulds Without Air Bubbles

One of the biggest problems facing many small scale mould makers is air bubbles in their silicone moulds. The bubbles inside the silicone rubber mould itself are generally not a big problem. The problem is when the air bubbles form at the casting surface making the mould unusable.

There are several methods to use to ensure bubble free silicone moulds:

1) Special pouring techniques

2) Applying compressed air

3) Using Vacuum to remove bubbles

4) Using pressure to force air into solution

Special pouring techniques.

The surface where casting materials meet silicone moulds is the most important part. It is therefore essential that special care is given to ensure no bubbles form when pouring the silicone rubber into the mould box and onto the model. It is important not to simply pour the rubber over the top of the model in one go. Start by pouring a small amount of rubber into the mould box and start tilting it in different angles to make the rubber slide over all surfaces. This wets the surface of the model with a fine film of rubber and any air bubbles can be easily seen and popped with a pin or paint brush.

You can also use a paint brush to apply this first fine film of rubber to the surface of the model. Choose the method which works best for your silicone moulds.

Once you are satisfied that all the bubbles have been popped you can pour the rest of the mould making rubber into the mould box. Pour from as high a point as possible in a fine stream so that any bubbles in the mixture will pop on the way down. Aim this stream into the corner of the mould box and not on top of the model.

Applying compressed air to your silicone moulds.

If you have access to an air compressor you have an effective way of popping air bubbles. Ensure that you have about 30psi pressure and a small nozzle tip and after pouring the first small amount of rubber into the mould box blow the material over the model to wet the surface in a similar way to the first method. The first film of rubber should be bubble free.

Continue with the remainder of the rubber as described in method one.

Using Vacuum to remove air from your silicone moulds

Bubbles are usually a result of air beaten into the rubber during the mixing process. Ensure that you stir the mixture in a steady and slow action. There will still be air in the mixture however and this can be removed with the aid of a vacuum chamber.

These vacuum chambers use a vacuum to suck out any air bubbles in the mixture and bring them to the surface where they can be easily removed. Each vacuum chamber has their own instructions on how to use it but the following is a guide:

1) Use an oversized container for mixing. Allow for the mixture to double in size when placed in the chamber.

2) Mix both part A and part B in the container and place into the chamber. Close the chamber and start the vacuum pump.

3) The mixture will start rising to the top of the container. All the air bubbles in the mixture will rise to the surface. As the mixture approaches the top of the container release the valve which breaks the vacuum and the mixture will drop to the bottom and the air bubbles will pop. Do this two to three times to ensure all bubbles are removed.

4) Release the vacuum one final time and take the mixture out of the chamber. It is now ready for pouring.

The use of a vacuum chamber is usually only possible for mould rubbers which take a fair amount of time to set. Some of the quicker setting silicone rubbers will set too quickly and you won’t have the time to vacuum the bubbles out. Make sure you check the label on the product you are using.

Using pressure to force air into the solution.

This technique is useful for quicker setting mould making rubbers. It works on the principal of forcing air into a pressure vessel with the mixed moulding rubber. The pressure of the air will press down on the material and squeeze the air bubbles out.

The pressure vessels are freely available and are usually used by painters for spray painting. Here is the procedure:

1) Choose a mould box which fits inside your pressure vessel. Also check the setting times for your mould making rubber to know how long you have to work.

2) Mix and pour the mould making material into the mould box over the model.

3) Seal the pressure vessel and pressurise it to 60-100psi.

4) Let the mould making material set while under pressure in the vessel. Most mould making rubbers work really well with this technique.

If you are still getting air bubbles after trying some of these techniques get in contact with your supplier for further advice about the product you are using.

By Stan Alderson

Hold Your Breath, Here Comes a Bridge – History of the Fastener Industry

Ever hold your breath while you were crossing a bridge. If you have, you’re not alone. Either when you were a kid or now watching your own children – seeing if you could hold your breath all the way across the span of a bridge is a common challenge. However, if it weren’t for the fastener industry, we might all be holding our breath for a different reason – fear – and not fun. The same holds true for taking a plane to Grandma’s house, or tossing the car keys to your daughter. The excellence of fasteners (nuts, bolts, screws, rivets, etc.), used in manufacturing today, allow us to take much for granted.

From the Industrial Revolution to 2 World Wars: It was a long and bumpy road to the levels of standardization and quality that we enjoy today. The Industrial Revolution saw the end of the crude fasteners that had been around since early civilizations when they were employed in carts and agricultural equipment. After hundreds of years of fairly static technological improvement preceding the Industrial Revolution, this new era saw large numbers of screws and bolts produced in a relatively short amount of time, with more consistency, and more precision. By the mid 1700’s, the Wyatt brothers in England were manufacturing 150,000 wooden screws a week. By the late 1700’s, across the pond in America, companies were also making fasteners.

However, expansion of the industry was difficult due to a lack of standards. Size, thread density, and other factors varied greatly among businesses. Two Connecticut firms established in the 1840’s – The Rugg & Barnes Company and the A.P. Plant Company – were the first large American manufacturers to focus solely on making fasteners. Then, as often happens, a large historical event motivated growth and innovation – such an event was the American Civil War. It brought with it a huge demand for machinery – machinery held together by screws, nuts, and bolts. With it came the need for developing an American thread standard. William Sellers entered the picture in 1864. He proposed a uniform system of screw threads which differed from the British (Whitworth) standard in that the tops and bottoms of the threads were rounded rather than flattened. Ultimately, this standard proved to be a superior one, as rounded threads better withstood stress and resisted cracking and breaking compared to the flattened threads of the Whitworth standard. Standards are not always adopted quickly, though, and it would be another twenty years before his system was accepted as the American standard.

Differing American and British standards did cause some problems during the world wars of the 20th century. Field repairs were made difficult by the inconsistencies, but cooperation and temporary measures saw them through. In 1964 the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), announced two universal thread systems: ISO Inch and ISO Metric. The United States is the only country still tied to the inch system.

The center of the industry – American moves west: As the country expanded toward the west, so did the center for fastener manufacturing. Cleveland, Ohio, which was close to the expanding railroads and steel and iron production, became the capital of the fastener industry in America. The industry saw steady growth throughout the 20th century. By 1969 there were 450 companies, 600 plants, and more than 50,000 people employed in fastener production. Nuts, bolts, screws and rivets put meat and potatoes on the dinner tables of many a family. However, the next twenty years would bring steady decline. The increasing availability of less expensive product from overseas cut into demand for American product.

“Bogus Bolts”: In 1985, a controversy surfaced with reports of equipment failure and even the loss of life due to faulty, substandard bolts. A U.S. House subcommittee spent 18 months on an investigation and ultimately determined that the faulty and counterfeit bolts were largely foreign-made. This led to the passage in 1990 of the FQA – Fastener Quality Act. This reignited demand for American made fasteners. By 2007, the fastener industry in the U.S. was a $14 billion part of the economy. Competition from foreign manufacturers continues, however, the U.S. maintains its leadership by responding to the need for technologically sophisticated products. The aerospace industry, the medical and food industries, energy producers, and the semiconductor industry all have a requirement for special materials such as A286, Inconel 718, PVDF, or MP35N, as well as for uncompromising quality and strength. The U.S. fastener industry continues to respond to these needs with unsurpassed excellence.

Rules and Regulation of Fencing

One of the most elegant sports in the history is the art of fencing which was originated in Greece and Egypt during 1200 BC. As time passes by, this sport has undergone some changes which made it easier to understand. Thus these chances have enhance the fun involves in this sport on various part of the globe. In the United States, the modern rules of fencing have contributed a vital role on increasing the popularity of fencing. The rules may slight differ depending on the weapons to use, but the basics remains the same.

Game Play

In the start of the game, the fencers involved will have to stand on their respective guar lines while facing each other. The word fence is used as a signal for the referee to commence the game. The game continues until the given time is over or if the referee signals halt and stops the game. The referee will stop the give if one of the players is seriously injured. Moreover, the game will also stop, if one of the players hits the other one rather than touching and if one of the players is disarmed.


The duration of this sport depends on the method of the battle or game. In preliminary rounds, the duration is 5 touches or 4 minutes. Direct elimination has 9 minutes of fencing duration. For example 3 minute each for 3 rounds. This distinction has 1 minute break every game. The game stops if either of the players gains 15 touches. In team events, each game continues for 4 minutes in disregard with the number of touches gained.


A player scores points when he manages to touch his weapon into his opponent’s body. The case of scoring depends on the kind of weapon used. When using epee, you can score points if you are able to touch any parts of your opponent’s body using the sword. In saber, you are only allowed to touch the tip of your sword in the upper torso. While in the foil, a score can only be valid if you are able to touch your opponent’s trunk which is located above the groin and below the collar.


The fencer commits foul if he uses the unarmed hand to defend or attack. He also commits foul when he leaves the battle area or the piste while avoiding the touch. In fencing you should obey the orders of referee to avoid a foul. First fouls means a warning while the second foul scores as a point for your opponent.

Soundproofing Your Fence with Dr. Bob

So you have just purchased your home but when you first looked at it, you didn’t realize just how bad the traffic noise in the backyard really was. Now you are committed to a 30-year mortgage and asks “What can I do Dr. Bob? Well, I’m glad you asked.

You can construct a soundproof or a sound-control fence. Now will this fence block 100% of the traffic noise? I’m afraid not, but will it make your backyard life tolerable? You bet it will.

There are some things that you need to know about building an effect sound control fence that will make it more effective. First and foremost, you new sound control fence needs to be 8 ft above the noise source. Now you need to check with your city or township to see if they have height ordinances regarding fences. If they will only allow a 6′ high fence, you can always build an earthen berm to increase the height of the backyard where the fence will be erected.

Now lets talk about the fence itself. I recommend building a cedar or redwood slatted fence as high as possible, (8ft being the minimum height above the noise source). The term “Above the noise source” means simply this, if the noise is coming from an automobile muffler, then the fence technically needs to be 8′ above the cars tailpipe. This should be simple enough. If you fence isn’t exactly 8′ above the noise source will it not be effective? Of course it will, but at the 8′ level you will get the best sound blocking.

Let’s talk about constructing your fence. The new redwood or cedar fence will have at least 4″ X 4″ posts mounted in concrete footings and sunk at least 2 ft into the ground. You will want as stable a foundation as possible for your new sound control fence as you will be adding heavy sound blocking agents to it. Once the posts are set and the concrete has cured, you will then add the fence cross members. These are generally 2″ X 4″ beams that connect the posts together and offer extra support for the fence slats. Now once the fence framing is complete, you will then be ready for the soundproofing membrane to be installed. You will have already called the professionals at Soundproofing America and ordered a product called “mass loaded vinyl”. Mass loaded vinyl is a loaded vinyl soundproofing barrier that comes in rolls that are 35’x 4′ or 30′ x 4 ½’. Once you have your rolls of mass loaded vinyl and the acoustical caulk and tape that go with the MLV, you are ready to install the soundproof membrane for your new fence.

Your first step is to stretch the MLV along the frame of the fence, you want to make sure the that the MLV extends all the way down to the ground so that the sound does not leak though the bottom of your fence. Once the MLV is stretched across the fence frame, you will staple or nail the MLV to the frame. I recommend that you overlap the MLV by at least ½” and that you will liberally caulk between the overlap with acoustical caulk. You will also want to caulk the outer perimeter of the MLV membrane with the acoustical caulk. The next step is to tape the caulked Seams only with a PVC seam sealer tape along with the acoustical caulk.

As soon as the MLV membrane is secured to the fence framing and all the seams and perimeter have been caulked and taped, it is time to slat the fence. You will use 8′ dog eared slats and but the slats as close together as possible, it is also a good idea to caulk the seams of the slats themselves, but this is absolutely not essential.

I would also recommend slats to the other side of the fence in an effort to protect the MLV membrane from the elements. This is a common practice, but once again is not essentials for good sound blockage.

One final note, some of my customers use a combination of both mass loaded vinyl and America mat closed cell foam as the septum for their sound control fences. By adding the closed cell foam you are adding sound absorption to your fence as well as the best in sound blockage. If you use both of these weather proof products, you will want to leave at least a 1/8″ gap between the slats on the side of the fence that faces the noise source. In other words if you are using both America mat and MLV you will need to slat both sides of the fence and leave the gaps on the side facing the traffic for example. These septum fences work great for loud and obnoxious neighbors as well. I hope this give your new hope for having a nice quiet backyard.

This is Dr. Bob…..Out!!!!

Finding Furnished Apartment Rentals

Moving is a process that is difficult for most people. The anxiety involved with living in a new area coupled with the expenses is enough to deter a person from advancing. Finding furnished apartment rentals can make moving easier for a person who wants to experiment in a new town. The individual can find furnished apartments with one-year leases, nine-month leases, or seven-month leases as not to solidify long-term commitment. Additionally, the renter can save a great deal of money by renting an apartment that already has furniture. Furniture expenses for a new apartment can quickly add up to thousands of dollars. The following are tips on how to search for a furnished rental property:

Set the Budget

The first step in the process of looking for a furnished apartment is analyzing one’s budget. The person must ask himself or herself how much of a rental payment is too much. An individual can get a rough estimate of his or her available cash by subtracting household bills from income amounts. He or she will measure the affordable rent by the amount of cash left over after this figure is deducted. The most important part of finding a comfortable place to rent is being able to afford it. A renter should generally have enough to pay a month’s rent in two week’s pay.

Choose an Area

The next step in the process of looking for a furnished apartment is choosing an area. The best location to rent an apartment is one that is close to an employer. Walking distance is ideal for people who have car trouble. If the renter can also find something close to public transportation and grocery stores, it will be even more convenient. The key to performing a successful move is finding a location that is close to all necessary accommodations.

Select Apartment Type and Features

After the person has selected an area to search for furnished apartments, the next step is choosing an apartment type. The individual should select the number of bedrooms based on the amount of people who will be living in the apartment. A two-bedroom apartment can usually house four people. A one-bedroom apartment is usually only good for a couple. During this stage, the apartment seeker should also think about which utilities he or she would like to include with the rent.

Search for Furnished Apartment Rentals

Once the person has narrowed preferences down by area, accommodations, proximity, and budget, the final step is conducting a search. An apartment seeker should be able to search by location and amount in either the furnished or the unfurnished categories. Since that person is specifically looking for a furnished apartment, there is no reason to review anything in the unfurnished section.

The ads will have pictures of the apartments for the seeker to review. If that person sees something attractive in one of the apartments, he or she can schedule an appointment for further discussion. Soon the seeker can move into an attractive furnished apartment in an amazing new area.

Japan’s Rakuten Travel Hotel Reservation Review

Japan ranks as one of the most expensive countries in the world to visit. For travelers planning a trip to Japan they will certainly notice how expensive hotel costs are over there. But you can easily find more affordable and even budget hotels and charming Ryokans (guesthouses) in Japan if you know which company to choose to book online for Japanese hotels.

Rakuten Travel Inc. is one such company where you can find discounted hotel rates in most of Japan. These days almost everyone makes their own travel reservations through Internet travel agencies. And they will usually head for the most well known companies out there with names like or But you won’t find the best room rates through their services. Though they are reputable companies they do not specialize in any region and their reservation services are too general and not focused on the Asian hotel market.

While Rakuten only deals with hotels and hotels only. So whether you need an affordable business hotel in Kyoto or a rustic Ryokan in Osaka, you will find that their services are much more specialized.

Since Rakuten Travel specifically connects travelers with Japan’s hotel market they are able to offer up to date low hotel rates through the 24,000 accommodation listings in the country. With so many choices of lodging Rakuten makes it easy for travelers to find the right lodging that fits their budgetary needs.

They are also able to provide hotel reservation services in China, Korea and Southeast Asia, in all a total of 47,000 hotels. Though their rates for those regions are not as competitive but certainly worth checking through for price comparisons.

Is Rakuten Travel’s a reliable hotel agency?

Rakuten (established in 2002) operates the country’s largest online hotel reservation website with 200 employees. They are also a publicly traded company on the Japanese stock market. With offices in Tokyo and Osaka, Rakuten is closely linked with the country’s hotel industry. They handle almost 2 million hotel bookings per month. Today they are partnered with All Nippon Airways to simplify travel planning to Japan.

How does Rakuten offer better rates than book hotel directly?

Hotel reservation agencies like Rakuten are hotel room wholesalers. Since they have a much wider presence on the Internet than any specific hotel they are more easily found by travelers planning a trip to Japan. Since hotels, whether small or big, knows that Rakuten can provide their property a greater presence on the Internet they partner themselves with Rakuten, by offering significantly discounted room rates to them. So whenever you book a room through their website you will receive those discounts as well.

Keeping Goats and Housing Your Goats

Thinking of keeping goats? Goat raising presents its own set of intricacies from the care of other livestock like sheep. However, the difficulties you will encounter can be mitigated by the proper facilities.

The goat’s ruminant nature is actually the most challenging facet of keeping goats. The animal will not be tied down to one spot. Blocked off from the outdoors, it will continually challenge its pen by finding means of escape either through jumping or craftily unlocking enclosures. Hence, the fence is of the utmost importance. Smooth wire, grounded with 1 joule of electricity per 9,656 meters or roughly 6 miles, will provide a good barrier to condition the goats from their proclivities of escaping and also to keep predators out.

After establishing the perimeter of the land where you plan on keeping goats, housing is next. Unlike sheep which needs to be guided into the barn during unfavorable weather conditions like rain or extreme heat; goats will look for shelter on their own. Because of their hardiness, goats do not demand costly facilities. Trees and the occasional shed can provide shade during the summer and the occasional drizzle. Sturdier habitations will be required during winter and during birthing and kidding.

Feed distribution systems and feed storage are also necessary when keeping goats. Merely spreading grains on the ground is highly inefficient and will accrue higher costs in the long run. Receptacles that can be hung on the fences are preferred. Hay can actually be directly fed to the goats but it will require allocating some space when doing so. Water can be dispensed in troughs small enough that they can easily be cleaned. Automated water systems are also good investments in making sure that your animals are always hydrated. Having bulk storage for feeds will save you in the long run as it is generally cheaper to buy them wholesale. Just make sure that the feed can easily be accessed during feeding time but make sure that it in a place where goats and pests will not be able to get to them. Hay should be stored in an external location because dry bales of it can cause fire. However, keeping it in a humid spot is also not ideal as it can ruin your cache.

Areas where you can perform miscellaneous tasks in ministering to your goats’ other needs are also essential. Holding equipment can either be made or store bought. These can be used in order to keeping the goats in one place while you weigh them, maintain their hooves, or to separate them from the flock for easy transport.

Investing in these facilities and tools will return your capital through benefits in the long term when keeping goats and will make your day to day goat tending activities more stress-free.

Danish Oil Vs Sprayed Lacquer

Danish oil is a hard drying oil used in wood finishing. It is made of either Tung oil or Polymerized Linseed oil. It gives a hard, water-resistant finish to wood products by soaking into the wood and hardening. It is used as a finishing product, but can also be used to seal wood or prime it before painting or varnishing.

Spray lacquer is another type of protective finish for wood. It is made with a combination of hardening oil mixed with resin and also a solvent. The solvent evaporates hardening and curing the lacquer to the wood. The ratio of oil to resin will determine drying times and the hardness of the finish.

Spray lacquer can be used as a sealant for wood, much like Danish oil. If you’re only using spray lacquer, the first layer will act as the sealant and primer. There are not a lot of solid components to spray lacquer, so several coats are often needed. Spray lacquer often gives a glossy finish that is desired for some projects. However, it is not as scratch resistant as a Danish oil finish.

Danish oil penetrates into wood, so there is no need to sand your project with a high-grit sandpaper. A little roughness makes it easier for the oil to penetrate. Oil finishes take a little more work to apply than a spray finish. Apply the oil so that it looks very wet and let it soak in for about half an hour. Rubbing it in will also help to keep it even and penetrate more deeply. You’ll have to keep applying to dry looking areas as you go for about half an hour. When the oil starts to feel sticky, you’ll wipe off any excess.

Danish oil finishes are very smooth and give a nice, nearly matte finish. However, you can’t apply Danish oils over stains or lacquers because they need to soak in to work. Tinted versions are available if you don’t want the natural color of the wood to be your finished product.

Wood will push oil out of itself for a few hours after application, so you’ll need to check it and wipe away excess oils every fifteen to twenty minutes over several hours until it stops. Drying your woodworking project in a cool area will help control leaking. Heat makes it worse, so rubbing vigorously will make it bleed more, too.

Spray lacquer finishes are done when they are dry, making them a little less labor intensive than Danish oil finishes. Danish oil finishes are sealed with lemon oil or a type of solvent wax as the last finish. This helps to protect the oil from drying out and also gives it a nice sheen. Oils and wax finishes can be reapplied every couple of years to restore the shine to your project.

Stick Welding – Tips and Tricks to Make You an Slick Stick Welder

Ok maybe not slick, but at least a little better.

Stick welding is still called Arc welding by a whole lot of folks. So rather than buck the trend, I will just go with the flow and use both terms.

1.The first thing you need to know to be a good stick welder is that you need a decent arc welding machine. Not a great machine, just a decent arc welding machine. Like a Lincoln 225 A/C tombstone arc welder, or a Miller Thunderbolt Stick welding machine. Both can be bought on eBay or Craigslist for around 200 bucks.

2. The second thing you need is a decent auto darkening welding helmet. 50 bucks will get you a decent auto darkening welding helmet if you know where to look. A decent auto darkening helmet darkens in 1/20000 sec, is adjustable from 9-12 shade, and has sensitivity and delay settings.

Why do you need one? Because when you are scratching around in the dark, you can be off track by an inch or more and you will get arc strikes all over the place. With an auto darkening helmet, you can see exactly where you are striking your arc and that alone will make you a better stick welder.

3. The third thing you need to know is that polarity matters. If you buy  an A/C only welding machine, then you need to get stick welding rods that are designed to weld on A/C.

Not all stick welding rods work on A/C . That why grandpa only had 6013 welding rods lying around.

6011, 6013, and 7018 will weld on A/C, but 6010 wont. If you like welding with 6010, buy an A/C and DC stick welding machine. You can usually get one for only about a 100 dollars more than what you would pay for a A/C buzz box. Another bonus in buying a stick welding machine that also welds with DC current is that you can hook up a scratch start TIG torch later if you want to venture into TIG welding.

4. Lastly, learn to hold a close arc. This is the most important advise I can give.  If your rod sticks when you hold a close arc length, then you need more amperage or you need to use a smaller diameter rod. Holding a close arc will not only help you set your amperage right, but for welding in overhead and vertical positions , it really helps the metal and sparks stay where they are supposed to…on the weld and not all on you.   

Evolution Of The Bow – The Compound Bow

A huge turning point in the evolution of archery is the compound bow. It was created in the 1960’s by Howless Allen, an engineer. He was inspired by the creation of another bow, the Hoyt Medalist Bow. It was of the first models to incorporate the vertical stabilizer. The wheel was something that Allen had decided to put on to it. With the basic idea of the block and tackle pulley, it would increase ten fold the boys effectiveness. He thought that because of the system he was using, that is would naturally make room for more weight to be drawn on it. After some experimentation, Allen noted that the best results regarding weight-resistance were achieved with round pulleys and cam-shaped wheels. The middle of the draw is where the weight reaches its breaking point. Any point after that, the shooters draw is reduced an incredible amount. This idea makes it so that even a small shooter can lift a good amount of weight.

The compound bow didn’t get manufactured until several years after its creation. This was due to the fact that in America, the law made it so that no one could manufacture any devices that were attached to bows. At the time it was against the law to use them for any sort of competition or in hunting. Steadfast in his belief that the laws would soon be reversed in favor of his revolutionary invention, he kept making them. But somewhere along the line, Allen came to the realization that he had made a mistake. To his surprise, he was continuously stripping his arrows. The problem was that the cables that crossed in the center of the bow came were messing with the flight of the arrow. He figured out what he had to do in 1967 in order to fix his problem. All he did was apply a set of extra wheels which were mounted on each limb. On the tip of the limb, each were pointed to ninety degrees, which made it so that the cables didn’t mess with the flight of the arrow at all. Allen also put on adjuster that were basically just risers that were mounted so that it would allow different cable lengths to be used by archers.

Finally, Allen had achieved success in his compound bow and it was the dominantly used bow. Because of all of Allen’s adjustments, including the flatness and quickness of the arrow trajectory, heavier arrows used in hunting could be much more deadly and accurate, more so than ever. However the light weight ones could indeed travel longer distances, similar to the recurve bow.

Because of a publication from a famous fan, Tom Jennings, the compound bow has made its way into archery competitions and hunting seasons across the world and has become widely accepted in the archery community.

Why Should We Maintain Good Lymph Circulations Against Toxins?

Lymphatic System in your body

The lymphatic system is a complex network of conduits and nodes that carry a fluid called lymph. Lymph is a clear to yellowish watery fluid which formed in between cells of the body. This watery fluid travels in the lymph channels, through various lymph glands and eventually drains into the bloodstream. It is formed when interstitial fluid (the fluid that bathes cells and tissues) enters the conduits of the lymphatic system. The interstitial fluid is in turn formed because of filtration of blood. This clear fluid contains white blood cells, known as lymphocytes, along with a small concentration of red blood cells and proteins. Because white blood cells are smaller than red blood cells, they can pass easily through membranes which red blood cells cannot penetrate. It circulates through body tissues picking up fats, bacteria, and other unwanted materials, removal of excess tissue fluid, filtering these substances out through the lymphatic system to produce immune cells such as lymphocytes (antibody producing plasma cells) and monocytes.

Lymph glands that are near each other often form into groups or chains such as the sides of the neck, the armpits, and the groins and many places in body. Lymph and lymph glands are major parts of the immune system. They contain white blood cells (lymphocytes) and antibodies that defend the body against infection. Damage or interruption to the lymphatic system can result in a range of medical conditions. Small lymph glands (sometimes called lymph nodes) occur throughout the body.

Check time bomb in your body

Lymph glands are normally pea-sized. You can sometimes feel some under the skin. Lymph glands under the skin become more noticeable and easier to feel if they swell. Swollen Lymphatic gland can swell to the size of marbles or even bigger. But, you cannot see or feel lymph glands deeper in the chest or abdomen even if they swell.

Causes of swollen lymph glands:

1. Infection – the most common

The lymph glands near to an infection swell quickly and become tender as the immune system ‘fights off’ infecting germs such as bacteria, virus, etc. The lymph glands usually go back to their normal ‘pea size’ when the infection is over. It can take a week or so for them to gradually go back to normal after the infection.

Common infected areas are:

– Throat infections and tonsillitis may cause lymph glands in the neck to swell.

– Skin infections of the arm may cause lymph glands in the armpit to swell.

– Infections of the leg or genitals may cause lymph glands in the groin to swell.

– Virus infections such as glandular fever affect the whole body. You may then develop swollen lymph glands in various parts of the body such as the neck, armpit and groins.

2. Cancers, lymphomas and leukemia – less common

A cancer can ‘seed’ (spread) to nearby lymph glands. The cancer then grows in the lymph gland and causes it to swell. For example:

– Breast cancer may seed to the lymph glands in the armpit.

– Throat cancer may seed to lymph glands in the neck.

– Lung cancer and gut cancer may seed to lymph glands that you usually cannot see or feel in the abdomen and chest.

– Cancer of the lymphatic and blood systems (lymphomas and leukemia) can cause many lymph glands to swell.

As a rule, swollen lymph glands develop slowly to become cancers, lymphomas and leukemia than those cause from infections. And they are painless at the beginning.

3. Other causes -rare

Reactions to certain drugs, glycogen storage diseases, Kawasaki disease, sarcoidosis and certain forms of arthritis.

Check your lymph glands

Swollen lymph glands due to virus infections are common. For example, lymph glands in the neck may go ‘up and down’ if you have frequent throat infections. This is of little concern. Swollen lymph glands are more of a concern if there is no apparent reason for them to swell. Consult your doctor if:

– You find swollen lymph glands and you do not know why they have swollen if you do not have an infection.

– Swollen lymph glands due to an infection do not go down again within two weeks.

Bring Your Beauty Salon Home

There are some types of bodywork such as Lymphatic massage and Galvanic Spa System are designed to promote healthy circulation of lymph to encourage drainage and healthy tissues. Go for a lymphatic massage, you need to book for an appointment and spend few hours in the beauty salon which is costly in terms of time and money. But now, you can just buy a Nu Skin Galvanic Spa and start your home spa treatment today.

Bring Spa Results Home

With the stress of modern life, spa treatments have become more than just occasional pampering, they are a requisite for looking and feeling great. The Nu Skin Galvanic Spa System brings the day spa home to you. Using the cutting -edge and patent-pending technological Galvanic Spa 2, no beauty salon appointment is necessary. For over 50 years, spa professionals have used galvanic current in customized treatments to refresh and energize the skin. Through a gentle massaging action, this current helps focus cellular energy and improve lymphatic circulation. Now you can get these same beneficial treatments in the convenience of your own home with the Galvanic Spa System.

Feel The Galvanic Differences

This patent pending, wireless handheld device uses self-adjusting technology, low level galvanic (electric) current to facilitate the transport of key ingredients into the skin for improved cleansing, hydration, circulation and radiance. The gentle massaging action of each of the four attachments (face, treatment, body, scalp) combined with galvanic current machine, can improve blood circulation and draws vital nutrients to the outer layers of the skin. Studies have shown that a Nu Skin Galvanic Spa II Treatment may enhance active ingredient delivery 70% or more for up to 24 hours post-galvanic treatment. It is safe, effective and convenience. Research shows when Galvanic Spa II Body Shaping Gel is used twice in the same day, the benefits are cumulative.

Lymphatic massage with Galvanic Spa System

For Lymphatic massage, use the body conductor, apply more Body Shaping Gel on areas which you want to reduce the accumulation of fluid with bacterial agents and toxins in body. Featuring Theobromine and Golden Chamomile, this advanced treatment helps decrease fat storage and activate fat breakdown, and to promote healthy circulation of lymph glands.

Tips on Lymphatic massage with Galvanic Spa System II

Stay on lymph glands for 20 seconds (you will hear 1 beep sound). After massage for first 1-2 minutes, if the gel turns to thick white fluid, it shown that there is some drainage in lymph glands. Wipe away the while fluid and apply new gel again. Somebody might take few times to have clear fluid depending on individual health condition. If the gel turns to yellowish fluid, it shown that the toxin and inflammation of the infected lymph glands are being drained with the galvanic current. Sometimes, people will feel painful or found bruise if blockage is serious. Wipe away the dirty gels and continue massage with the Galvanic Spa System II with new gel. Tolerate the pain and it will gradually less painful when your internal situation is improved. Some reddish on skin is deemed to be normal and it will disappear later.

Your Own Health iPod at Home

Galvanic Spa System is one of the anti aging solutions. Healthy medication such as lymphatic circulation; release painful (like painful feet, painful lymph nodes, painful joints, painful lump in armpit, tennis elbow), body relaxation, improvement of veins problem, fine lines and wrinkles, reduce laugh lines and eyes lines, rejuvenate your face complexion, slim your face, revitalize your scalp and regrow hair, renovate your body, reduce belly fat, cellulite removal, reduce underarm fat, shape up your body, build up your bodyline, etc. It is a 4 in 1 Health iPod, Medical iPod, Beauty iPod and Anti Ageing iPod. Everybody should own a private iPod for personal hygiene concerns.

Using Sink and Toilet Plungers – Learn to Successfully Use Plungers On Each Type of Household Drain

The red rubber suction cup plunger is still as popular as ever, because when used correctly, even this old design can work wonders. But for even better chances of success, match your plunger purchase to the drain it will be clearing. The old standby with its wide flat face can be difficult to work with on curved drains such as those in toilets and lavatory basins.

Fortunately, the enormous variety of plunger shapes available means there is one for every type of drain in the home.

Plungers will be split into two broad categories. There are plungers designed for use with toilets, and plungers intended for use with sink and floor drains.

Toilet plungers will not have the traditional wide open-faced plungers shape, but instead are shaped to fit the tubular curving shape of a toilet drain. Toilet plungers will have a flange of extra material extending from the bellows which can be inserted snugly into toilet drains.

Plungers intended for use on floor drains and basins with flat bottoms will not have this extra flange of plastic or rubber as part of the plunger shape. These plungers will have wider, open suction cup shapes, in order to enclose the drain opening.

The second major design consideration when purchasing a plunger is the material it is made of. Rubber and softer plastic belled plungers can be easier to use, because the more pliable material will flex in both directions as required when plunging.

Other plungers are made of stiffer plastics. These plungers are frequently one-piece designs. Because they are all one piece of plastic, these designs can be easier to clean than handled plungers. The drawback to stiff plastic plungers is they are much more difficult to use, both in plunging and keeping up an airtight seal.

The final significant difference among the plungers available today is the shape of the plunger compression container. The champagne glass shaped sink plunger is the most familiar, but also very common are what are called ball-plungers. Less common, but seen in more and more of the modern plunger designs, is the spring-plunger, with a bellows shaped chamber.

Ball-plungers will have a ball or spherical shaped compression chamber. Spheres are used because they enclose the greatest volume with the least amount of material, meaning efficient transfer of the plunging action into water movement and clog busting. Ball plungers are typically easy to work, and very effective.

Bellows plungers are the more modern design. Both sink and toilet plungers are available with large bellows chambers, in an assortment of shapes. Spring plungers can be very effective, bring more pressure to bear on the drain per square inch than a standard design. The large bellows chamber can be cumbersome, however, and not always easy to effectively use.

Plungers are tools for unclogging drains blocked with soft, decomposable or degradable material. Do not attempt to plunge a solid object or dense obstruction through your plumbing-you may end up making things worse and footing an expensive repair bill.

Plungers are recommended for clogs such as those that build up over time in slower or infrequently used drains, and for clogs that are created by over-zealous, but proper use of things like the toilet or shower. Clogs from hair, grease, oil, sewage, toilet tissue, and similar stuff can be handled with a plunger.

Do not use a plunger to force things like children’s toys, dentures, cosmetics containers, toiletries, and so on through the plumbing. When an object or obstruction that won’t break down-for example cloth or paper towels-is the cause of the stopped drain, then other tools and procedures will be used. Consider calling a plumber or professional drain service in this situation.

With so many plungers to choose from, how can you pick just one?

You shouldn’t! The fact is that most homes will benefit from owning two plungers; one for use in the toilet and one for use in sinks. Because the design and function of these drains are so different, the types of plungers required for clearing them will be different as well.