Adding "Bridge Quality" Audio Conferencing to MS Office 365 With Lync

As more and more customers are migrating to Microsoft Office 365 with Lync, they need to upgrade their communications experience by adding “bridge quality” audio conferencing to their system on a “pay as you use” basis with no additional monthly fees. This service will enable Lync users to hold excellent voice quality, Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) conference calls with other Lync users and non-Lync conferees combined.

There are a couple of main reasons to add this feature. First of all, it will allow you to add virtually the entire world to your universe of potential conferees on a live conference call. With Lync Voice Over Internet Protocol (VOIP) conferencing, you are limited to only Lync users in your universe. True, the conference calls are free and included in your monthly fees, but you can’t add non-Lync outsiders to your calls. When you enable PSTN audio conferencing, then you open up your universe of conferees to the world and you only pay a low per minute rate when you use this bridge conferencing service.

The second main reason is that adding audio conference calling enhances the communications experience in that the voice quality is crystal clear for all of the participants on the conference bridge. So whether you are hosting a small or large conference call, you don’t have to worry about the voice quality because there are no bandwidth issues, such as tiling, echo or distortion.

It is also very simple to set up an audio conference enabled through Lync. You simply schedule the call through Outlook and the conferees will receive the bridge number and pin code along with the Lync link to join the call. So for the conferees that have Lync, when it was time for the call, they would just click on the link to join via Lync and they would be connected to the call. For the conferees without Lync, they would be given the dial in number and the pin code, which when dialed would connect them into the conference call.

Only three companies have established a partnership, which allows them to integrate this type of audio conferencing to the Lync product. Some of these companies have a bundled pricing plan, while other companies charge by the minute. Conferees in international countries have specific International Toll Free Service (ITFS) numbers that access the bridge and they are charged at rates by each country. There are no installation or monthly fees and these companies will do all of the implementation.

The process for adding audio conferencing to your Lync service is very simple. The list of conferees that are approved for conferencing will be added into your Lync system and the telephone dial in number and pin codes will be added, as well. Once this is accomplished, your company will be ready to start collaborating with all of the best tools available in the marketplace.

If you already have Office 365 with Lync or you are planning on migrating to this service, adding audio conferencing will greatly improve your capability for worldwide collaboration with a simple implementation process.

Ducati Motorcycle Parts

If you have a Ducati Hypermotard then you have several upgrade options to choose from when shopping for Ducati motorcycle parts. Your first option is to upgrade your exhaust pipes. One exhaust upgrade that you can buy is the Carbon Homologated Silencer Kit. This is a 2 in 2 carbon silencer that has been designed with titanium sleeves. This exhaust kit will not only help you to reduce the noise level of your Hypermotard, but it will also help to control its emissions. Your second option for upgrading your Hypermotard exhaust system is to buy the Complete Racing Exhaust Assembly Kit. This kit is a racing 2 in 1 exhaust assembly. It offers a stainless steel manifold, carbon silencer and titanium sleeves. There are two advantages of this exhaust upgrade. First of all it reduces the weight of your bike by 7 kilograms and secondly it improves your bike’s performance.

The next Ducati motorcycle parts that you can buy for your Hypermotard are racing camshafts. These parts are designed to improve the engine’s performance. To make sure that these parts create the most benefits for your bike you will want to install the Complete Racing Exhaust System on your bike in conjunction with the racing camshafts.

Now that you know what Ducati Motorcycle parts will make your bike go faster, you next need to know what parts will help you to slow down. The Racing Brake Caliper Kit is a part that your bike needs if you plan on racing. This product is made from a one piece aluminum casting and it includes a dedicated front brake line.

To get your Ducati pointed in the right direction you may also want to shop for Ducati motorcycle parts that will improve your bike’s steering and control. One part that you may be interested in is the Cross-Mounted Aluminum Steering Damper. This part is designed to improver your bike’s front end stability, which will help you to remain in control of your bike no matter what riding style you have.

Antique Wall Clocks – Building a Collection

Antique wall clocks are both a great collectors' item and a solid investment. Of course, you have to know what you're doing if you're going to treat this item as an investment, but there are ways to become knowledgeable in this field if you are not already. Several good books have been written and you can always watch Antique Road Show on PBS to get an idea for the prices of things. The great part is that since this is a relatively unknown field, it is easier to scoop up deals at garage sales, estate sales, and even thrift stores on occasion.

But first let's talk about collecting these antiques for the pure admiration of it. If you do not really love them you may never be able to propel yourself through the purely monetary aspect of it. The fact is that collecting antique wall clocks is a fascinating adventure. The history of them is much richer than most people realize. And once there was a time when true artists spent lifetimes creating one unique piece after another. Many of these are lost to the junkyards of old, but still many remain, scattered all throughout this land. They are hiding in old people's attics and in the basements of churches who do not even know what they have. They are there for the taking.

While it is a small world, the collectors' world can be vicious when a fine piece comes available. If you are going to enter into this in a serious way you are going to have to turn into a bit of a shark. You do not have to rip off the sellers, t it's all part of the game to try to throw your fellow antique collectors off the scent. Remember: if you do not do it to them they will do it to you. How do you think they became successful in the first place? So the first rule is to never fall for any nice guy tricks from your competitors.

Now onto the world of investment in antique wall clocks: as I said, this can be very profitable. If you want to get into this it is absolutely vital that you first study up on the history of wall clocks in general. Antique collectors have a very specialized knowledge which they have gained through years of self-study and firsthand research. There are many resources on the Internet which may be able to help you out, too.

In concluding this piece I would just like to say that I wish you well whatever is your aim in collecting antique wall clocks. There is a real lack of respect for this, the 20th century's most subtly stunning combination of art and technology. I am glad that others share my enthusiasm and I suppose it's kind of a good thing that not all are on board. After all, how would we make our money then? There would be no real deals to find and that is one of the most fun parts of the whole business.

Home Landscaping – Avoid My 3 Mistakes

Before shovel meets dirt, take a deep breath and close your eyes and picture … nature run amok? Trust me, it can happen. When it comes to creating beautiful and functional outdoor spaces, a little thought and foresight (and graph paper) goes a long way. Here are some firsthand tips to help you avoid beginners' mistakes – my own!

Have A Plan

I figured, nature does not have a plan. Why do I need one? Well, it turns out nature does have a plan – survival of the fittest. The strong overtake the weak. And the concept of aesthetically pleasing is a concept unknown to nature. We homeowners, on the other hand, want all of our plants to survive and thrive-strong and weak, hand in hand singing Kum By Ya as the focal-point birch clump sways us gently on hammocks, our lips stained with Kool-Aid. And when we open our eyes from that August nap, we want to see rolling, flowing waves of plant life and envious neighbors. It's not going to happen without a plan.

In planning landscaping, start with a paper and pencil sketch (plot plan). Outline your lot, home and driveway, and begin doodling some ideas. Sketch out flowerbeds – do you want curved, flowing boundaries or crisp, formal lines and angles to the beds? Freestanding clusters of shrubs, grasses and flowers – where? And trees – evergreen or deciduous, standing alone or clustered or incorporated into a bed?

Need some more ideas? Check out those dang neighbors. Take a drive and pick out yards that you find especially well landscaped. Take notes or even pictures. Hint: leave the telephoto lens at home to avoid neighbors calling 911. Better yet, ask permission of the homeowner first. You'll likely get permission, a gleaming smile, and a detailed dissertation of each plant.

Find more ideas in books and magazines, great sources not only for relevant photographs and in-depth planning guides, but critical help in identifying individual plant for your climate zone and preferred level of maintenance.

Do not Crowd Those New Plants

Every container plant from your favorite nursery or garden center will have attached a little plastic tag identifying the plant and offering planting suggestions. Treat those suggestions as gold. Especially the spacing suggestions. To wit, the three Blue Pfitzer junipers purchased by yours truly and spaced two feet apart in a front flower bed when the tags said to space them 5-6 feet apart. My thinking was: but they're so tiny. And they looked ridiculously tiny in that big old empty flower bed. So I pushed them together and two years later I was digging up the middle one and planting it further out and two years after that I was digging up all three because they had collectively outgrown the flower bed. I threw'em in the ground along the back fence and now they're trying to push the fence down.

So here are some words to the wise: Plants grow. Some plants grow mightily. So space plants accordingly from the start.

Remember, You've Still Got To Mow

Unless your plan calls for a bush or flower on every square foot of your lot, remember that the remaining lawn needs maintaining. One of the early mistakes I made was not allowing for ease of mowing. I positioned low-hanging trees in the middle of the yard, created a few too many freestanding clumps of this and that, and fashioned flower beds that made following along with a mower especially difficult. Soft green grass is a lovely thing and I'm a big fan. But remember when planning the home landscaping, you'll be mowing that grass every week.

And the older you get the less amused you'll be while doing the limbo under low tree branches.

Cyborgs – Science Fiction to Scientific Reality

The year is 2021. It is two decades after the 9/11 attacks. A group of terrorists are seated at an outdoor café discussing their plans. A cat observes from about 5 meters away. Images are transmitted from its brain providing real-time information. At the same time, a tiny beetle goes unnoticed as it takes position underneath the table. It is outfitted with a nano-listening device that transmits the content of the terrorists’ discussion also in real-time. A few minutes later, a couple of pigeons land nearby and begin pecking for crumbs. As they do so, they inch closer to the table. A few minutes later, each pigeon lifts a wing dispensing a poisoned dart. Before the terrorists can react, each is dead. Elsewhere in the world, a soldier who lost his arms and legs in combat, through sheer perseverance and utilization of bionic limbs wins a triathlon. In the process, he outperforms mere mortals with natural limbs. Sound far-fetched? Not anymore! Cyborgs – part machine, part biological organism that can be used for scientific, medical, military/intelligence/law enforcement purposes, have become a reality thanks to scientific and technological advances presenting both promise (e.g. the possibility of significant medical breakthroughs to restore and enhance quality of life and to extend life itself) and trepidation (e.g. as machine and organism merge, the delineating boundary of life becomes blurred impacting associated rights while the possibility of controlling human thought and action becomes frighteningly real).

The term “cyborg” was coined by NASA scientists Manfred Clynes and Nathan Kline in 1960 when discussing the hypothetical advantages of human-machines in space. Although such cybernetic organisms became the realm of science fiction, efforts to create real-life cyborgs began even before the term was conceived and continue to this day.

· In 1950 José Delgado of Yale University inserted electrodes onto a bull’s brain to gain crude control over its movements. He successfully demonstrated this control in Córdoba, Spain in 1963 when he stood in the path of a charging cyborg bull and steered it away at the last moment.

· The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) attempted to create its own cyborg in 1961 in Operation Acoustic Kitty, in which a cat was cut open and fitted with an array of wires (one to override feelings such as hunger) and a listening device that utilized its tail as an antenna. The project was disbanded as a failure in 1967 when the cat on its first mission (to eavesdrop on the Soviet compound in Washington, D.C.) was killed by a moving taxi sending more than five years of intensive training and $15 million down the drain.

Afterwards, cyborg research remained dormant until the late 1980s, picking up steam a decade later. By this time, science and technology had advanced significantly, especially with the miniaturization of devices and components.

As cybernetic technology is further developed and refined, the seamless synthesis of organic and artificial parts is likely to become widespread requiring modification of basic definitions of life and its associated rights, creation of applicable international protocols and an adjustment in thought perceptions. Cybernetic technology is likely to have three major applications:

Military/Intelligence/Law Enforcement:

Early efforts involving animal experiments were primarily aimed towards military/intelligence/law enforcement applications. A few of the notable experiments are listed below:

· Per an article by Bill Christensen of (Jack Into A Cat’s Brain) scientists successfully produced a video of a recognizable moving scene as observed through a cat’s eyes in 1999. This was accomplished through the use of electrodes that simultaneously recorded and catalogued responses in the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) and 177 selected brain cells of a sharp-eyed cat. Though the images were not as sharp as those seen by human eyes and recorded by camcorders, technology continues to improve. In the near future adjustments will likely enhance clarity and quality of feline vision and cats selected for surveillance operations may even have their natural eyes replaced with cybernetic devices equipped with miniature cameras (a moral concern).

· In 2002, a team led by John Chapin at the State University of New York (SUNY) created cyborg rats by implanting electrodes on their brains. They were then trained to move in accordance to impulses delivered via the electrodes and to seek specific scents (e.g. human, explosives, exploding dye, etc.). When tested, each cyborg rat was fitted with a tiny camera to provide indication of mission success. The rats were then successfully guided to a specific location via radio-controlled impulses. Afterwards, the implants were powered down and as soon as the rats realized they were free of their control, they went into a sniffing mode and successfully identified the source of a target odor. The process took only a few minutes and was successfully duplicated in additional tests.

· In 2005, a team of scientists led by Su Xuecheng at the Shandong University of Science and Technology in Qingdao, China, successfully controlled pigeon flight (direction and ascent/descent) via wireless signal transmitted to electrodes implanted onto their brains from a laptop computer. Similarly, in 2006, Jelle Atema of Boston University controlled directional movement of a spring dogfish (a small type of shark) via a neural implant that stimulated the left or right olfactory area of its brain.

In light of such success, the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and U.S. Defense Advanced Projects Agency (DARPA), the latter which has been disbanded, have also made significant progress. The latest phase of the DoD’s efforts – the development of Hybrid Insect Micro-Electro Mechanical Systems (HI-MEMS) – is focused on “small” (to create inconspicuous cyborgs) and reliance on insect flight, which is unmatched with regard to agility. Experiments have been conducted on beetles, flies and moths.

Since 2008 several milestones have been accomplished:

· Tobacco hornworms fitted with miniature electronic implants survived and grew into adult Manduca moths with no complications. X-rays unveiled at the 2008 Micro-Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) conference held in Tucson, Arizona showed good tissue growth around probes that had been implanted where abdominal segments would have grown during the larval stage after a portion of their thorax was removed to make room for the implants. Hookworms fitted with cybernetic devices showed no signs of complications, adverse impairments or rejection during metamorphosis.

· A video, created at the Boyce Thompson Institute in Ithaca, New York documenting successful control of moth flight was also shown during the 2008 MEMS conference. Moth movement was controlled by a series of 5-volt shocks that stimulated their wing muscles delivered via tethered wires. Uniform stimuli determined wing-speed resulting in ascent/descent while stimuli applied to wing muscles on one side or the other determined direction.

· A similar process used by a team of researchers led by Michel Maharbiz of the University of California (UNC) Berkeley succeeded with Green June Beetles. Negative impulses from neural implants (transmitted via tethered wires) activated the beetles’ wings resulting in ascent; positive impulses halted their wing movement resulting in descent. Lift and descent were controlled by rapid switching between the two types of impulses. At the same time, directional control of beetle flight was achieved in two ways – via a mounted LED in front of their eyes and by impulses to either its left or right basilar muscle.

· The same UNC Berkeley team unveiled a wireless system that successfully controlled Rhinoceros Beetle flight during the 2009 MEMS conference held in Sorrento, Italy.

The present objective of the DoD funded research is to create insect cyborgs that can be remotely controlled from at least 100 meters away, directed to land within a maximum of 5 meters from a target subject, and remain there until directed to leave. When this is successfully mastered (overcoming barriers such as high winds), miniature cameras can be implanted for surveillance, sensors to detect biological, chemical, or radiological agents, and tiny weapons (utilizing potent poisons and hallucinogenic drugs) to attack potential targets.


The second major application of cybernetic research is to develop technology to medically restore or enhance human capabilities (e.g. vision – limited with regard to distance, viewing and small objects, etc.; communication – limited to speech and writing).

In 2002, Kevin Warwick, a leading expert on cybernetic technology became the world’s first human cyborg (documented in I, Cyborg, University of Illinois Press, Chicago, IL, 2004) in an effort to facilitate research aimed at these objectives. A 3-millimeter-wide silicon square with 100 electrodes was implanted into his wrist to enable scientists to interpret nerve signals arising from movement and sensation with the hope of providing breakthroughs for the paralyzed.

Cybernetic technology is, at a minimum, from a medical standpoint, being directed at several areas. A summary of progress and future aspirations for these areas is listed below:


· In February 2007 Gingersnap, a 4-year-old Abyssinian cat suffering from a condition similar to retinitis pigmentosa (an incurable genetic disease that attacks the eye’s photoreceptor cells leading to blindness) was implanted with 2-millimeter-wide artificial silicon retina (ASR) chips (each covered by 5,000 microphotodiodes that react to light. When these microphotodiodes react, electric signals are sent through the eye’s optic nerve to the brain allowing it to detect light impulses) manufactured by Optobionics to preserve her vision. As technology improves, additional data will likely be able to be transmitted enabling the brain to decipher complete images.

· Retinal implants are currently in use to combat macular degeneration (a disorder that results in loss of vision in the macula located at the center of the eye, which makes it difficult to see fine details).

· Contact lenses called “I, Contact” that interface with a computer mouse, in which eyeball movement controls cursor movement, have been developed to assist the disabled.

· Researchers at the University of Washington, having developed contact lenses with electronic circuits and red-LEDs, are working on lenses (ultimately to be powered by human neural electrical activity) that could one day provide tele/microscopic vision, enable people to view the infrared portion of the light spectrum, take pictures, make videos, and even superimpose images accessed from the Internet via WiFi.


· More than 100,000 profoundly deaf people currently use a bionic ear (cochlear implants that rely on a direct neural connection) that stimulates hearing nerves in the inner ear to understand speech and other sounds. Research is currently focused on enabling cochlear implant users to differentiate between speech and other background sounds.

Mind-Controlled Mobility:

· Although research to provide mobility to and the ability for quadriplegics (that make up about 1.25 million of the world’s population) to operate major appliances such as a television and computer is still in its infancy, significant progress is being made.

o In 2008 a monkey successfully moved a robotic arm via neural implants. In another instance, a rhesus monkey (Idoya) located in North Carolina operated a robot in Japan through thought alone as part of the Computational Brain Project led by neuroscientist Miguel A.L. Nicolelis with researchers at Duke University Medical Center and Japan Science and Technology Agency.

o Researchers at Osaka University in Japan are currently working with four human test subjects, each of whom has had an electrode sheet placed directly on their brain so that they can determine the brain wave activity associated with arm, elbow, and finger movement to discern intended activity to allow mind-controlled movement of future prosthetics. Currently the researchers can determine intended activity with greater than 80% activity.

o At the same time, European scientists have created a non-intrusive brain-computer interface (BCI) (though still in the research and development stage), that utilizes human brain activity and imbedded artificial intelligence to operate devices (e.g. computers, wheelchairs, artificial limbs). BCIs will eventually afford quadriplegics mobility and skills once unimaginable.

Cybernetic Limbs:

· Synthetic parts are routinely used for hip and knee replacements. With regard to the latter, a newly developed knee (presently under limited release in the United States and the Netherlands) that synchronizes motion with a user’s natural leg is so effective that its recipients can easily get up, climb stairs and even engage in extreme sports.

· An arm, dubbed the “Luke Arm” after Luke Skywalker’s character in Star Wars, was developed in which movement can be controlled by nerves, muscles, and Bluetooth®-activated shoe pads enabling armless users to eat, pick up tiny objects and utilize their prosthetic arms and hands in the same way people use natural arms and hands.

· An Australian woman was fitted in 2009 with the world’s first fully functioning artificial finger that can curl and grip like a natural finger through utilization of nerve endings.

· Research is ongoing to find a way to graft metal to bone so that skin can be grown around it creating combination synthetic/biological parts.

· Efforts are also being made to give prosthetic devices artificial intelligence in which micro-implants into muscles and nerves will enable users to move their new limbs solely by thought (consistent with human control of natural limbs).

Cardiac Treatment:

· Ventricular Assist Devices (VAD) are currently in use by patients who although they have some heart function, require artificial assistance to sustain their lives.

· Artificial hearts have been developed with the CardioWest temporary Total Artificial Heart (TAH-t) and AbioCor Replacement Heart having been approved for human use by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). However, research and development is ongoing for a permanent device. Presently artificial hearts have been generally used on a temporary basis (until a donor heart could be found) with a few exceptions. In one such exception, a patient survived 512 days with an AbioCor device.

Alzheimer’s/Parkinson’s Disease and Epilepsy:

· Per the BBC (13 August 2008) researchers (in 2008) at the University of Reading, in Reading, UK created a multi-electrode array consisting of about 300,000 neurons extracted from a rat fetus to control robotic movement. The cells, kept separate from the robot in a temperature-controlled container (filled with a pink broth solution) fitted with electrodes communicated via Bluetooth® short-wave radio. The objective is to gain a better understanding of neurons with the hope of discovering effective treatments for Alzheimers’s, Parkinson’s Disease (both debilitating neurological disorders; Alzheimer’s adversely impacts memory while Parkinson’s disease is characterized by muscle rigidity, tremors, slowed physical movement, and impaired speech and involuntary functions), and epilepsy (a common neurological disorder characterized by repeated, spontaneous seizures).

Robotics/Computer Technology:

Future robots and computers are likely to utilize living and non-living components alike. Potentially, this could be extremely problematic if such technology is applied in a malevolent or unethical way since it could lead to a new generation of slaves. Accordingly, international protocols (including those pertaining to the ethical treatment of animals) and other safeguards will be required to address these issues as cybernetic technology evolves.

In the meantime, a team of scientists led by Charles Higgins of the University of Arizona Tucson is seeking to transform insects into “high-level sensory robotic controllers [since] artificial vision (which is costly) [currently] can’t beat living systems, which are honed to recognize objects or detect motion”[1]

At the same time, scientists at IBM’s Almaden Research Center and the California Institute of Technology are in the process of developing a new generation of microprocessors that utilize living DNA with the objective of creating smaller, faster, and cheaper devices.


Cyborgs, once relegated to science fiction have become scientific reality providing vast military/intelligence/law enforcement, medical, and technological prospects. If cybernetic technology is used benevolently and ethically where human thought remains the primary driver in lieu of imposed mind-control, it will open new windows of opportunity – providing greater freedom and improved standards of life, to quadriplegics trapped in their own bodies, to the blind imprisoned in a world of darkness, to the deaf confined in a prison of silence, and to people who with age or injury, will need seamless synthetic replacement parts for those worn down or destroyed. It will also expand human capabilities with regard to speed, sight, communication, and endurance. Finally, when such technology gains widespread acceptance and use, it is likely that the majority of the human race will be cyborg, though not in the way envisioned by science fiction.


[1] The cyborg animal spies hatching in the lab. New Scientist. 6 March 2008.

Additional Sources:

Amanda O’Brien. One giant leap for robokind: cyber limbs. The Australian. 15 August 2009.

Cyborg Spies. 13 February 2009. 29 August 2009.

Elevator and Escalator Safety

Elevators and escalators were created to help move people in between the floors of a tall building in a safe and easy manner, without the use of stairs. This can be extremely helpful for disabled individuals, or simply people who are in a hurry and looking for a more convenient form of transportation. Though these machines are helpful, they can also be extremely dangerous if there are inherent malfunctions or defects within the equipment itself. If an accident occurs because of one of these defects, the manufacturer or owner could be held responsible for any injuries that result.

Injuries that can result from an elevator or escalator incident can be extremely devastating. Not only could you face severe injuries to your limbs, internal organs, brain or spine, you could also be killed if the device is really in trouble. In addition, you could face the high cost of medical bills, suffer from lost wages due to missed work and endure physical and emotional pain and suffering.

One way to make sure that elevators and escalators are working properly is by making sure they routinely checked and screened by licensed professionals. In addition, they should be licensed by the state as a safe machine and that license should be renewed whenever it is near expiration.

There are certain instances where human error is involved in an accident, but oftentimes they are not. The following events could lead to injury from malfunction:

· Accidental ascents or descents

· Elevator doors opening to empty shafts

· Trapping an individual between the shaft walls

· Falls

· Accident acceleration or deceleration of escalators

· Trapped body parts

According to the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries, there are several hundred reports of death in work-related elevator/escalator accidents every year. Do not be another statistic. By seeking legal representation following your accident, you can help others to not be a victim of the same fate. In addition, you could receive financial compensation to help you deal with your individual hardships and recover from damages. The best way to make sure negligent parties pay for their reckless behavior is in a court of law. Laws exist to protect you and your loved ones from this kind of incident, now and in the future.

What is an Electrostatic Air Purifier?

An electrostatic air purifier is one of the more efficient varieties of air purifiers available on the market which is aimed at purifying the air you breathe in your home. It works to effectively and efficiently remove harmful substances and hazardous particles from the air so that you and your family is at a lesser risk of developing an allergic reaction and so forth.

The success of this purifier in filtering and ridding the air of harmful substances lies in its scientific design. As its name indicates is has metal plates with static charges on them which attract dust and other hazardous particles in the air to trap them inside the filter. This design has shown to remove about ninety five percent of harmful particles in the air.

While electrostatic purifiers are very efficient in their function of removing allergy causing particles and irritants from the air you breathe, they do have a downside. The charged particles they generate do not always stick to the metal plates in them. At times, the charged particles can stick on to other surfaces close to the purifier such as a wall, frame or other platform and after accumulation of these particles, a black residue may form in that area.

Furthermore, some electrostatic air purification systems produce ozone which is harmful for both your health and for the objects in your home. It can cause respiratory problems in some people and can cause damage to material objects in the home especially metals by oxidizing them.

Even so, electrostatic purifiers are very effective when it comes to removing dust particles, volatile organic compounds and other types of irritants or substances commonly found in the air. When this air purifier is coupled with a HVAC unit, the best results can be obtained.

Read This Before You Buy Any Top Loading Washing Machines

There is much dilemma about what type of washing machine is best to use, a top loading washing machine or a front loading washing machine. Many people do not even realize that there is a difference between front loaders and top loaders although there actually is. In the United Kingdom, front loaders are more commonly used than top loaders. In the United States, the latter are certainly more popular than the former, except perhaps in laundromats.

It's About Economics

If you have ever done laundry at one of the public laundromats in your community, you may have never even noticed that they used front loaders rather than top loaders. This is for a reason. The latter are said to use a lot more water than the former and a lot more energy in electricity as well.

The main difference between the two as far as agitation goes is that the front loaders have the advantage of gravity when it comes to agitation, and that is something that other type does not have. They must be agitated against the center spinner of the washing machine, whereas front loaders can use gravity and the clothes are agitated against one another. Also, these machines generate their own heat as well, so there is less energy needed to heat the water and sterilize the clothes as well.

If Price is Your Concern

If your washing machine has broken down and left you in a bind, then it is highly possible that you may be looking for the most economical solution possible as far as its price is concerned. It is a known fact that top loaders are more common in the United States than the other type. For this reason they are substantially more inexpensive and that can be rather attractive for somebody in a tough spot who needs a machine on a budget and in a hurry.

Washing your clothes can account for up to a fifth of the energy that you entire household uses in a given month. That means if you completely eliminated your washer and dryer, you could save up to twenty percent on the costs of providing electricity to your home. While this is not a realistic option, you may want to do everything you can to be able to save the money on your energy where you can.

Top loaders are cheaper to purchase. They may even operate a little bit faster, but it is a known fact that the front loaders are more efficient in the long run. Not only that, but they may fit more clothes at once as well allowing you to save money on your detergent costs as well, as this can get expensive for a large family as well.

Whether you choose to go with a front loading washing machine or a top loading washing machine is up to you. If you want to save money in the short term aspect, top loading washing machines are cheaper to purchase. If you want to save money in the long run, front loading washing machines are definitely the way to go.

5 Tips for a Quick Breakfast on the Griddle

We tend to make things harder than they are. With a little planning, you can always be ready to have a quick, easy meal on the table. Today we are going to use the counter top electric griddle. It’s just plug and play. Or should I say plug and cook. Of course, we could use the griddle for lunch or dinner items, but today we are doing breakfast. Having your ingredients on hand makes it such a joy to cook. So, make the list, go shopping and be prepared.

1. Pancakes: The major saver with preparing pancakes is having all the ingredients and pancake mix ready the night before. Once you have the griddle heated up, you can have the pancakes done in seconds. And be fixing whatever you planned on serving with the pancakes. For instance eggs, bacon, sausage, home fries, hash browns or fruit.

2. Breakfast Sandwich: Breakfast sandwiches are so easy and quick. Once you know what kind of breakfast sandwich you are going to be serving your work if halfway done. For example you could grill an egg (hard over easy) or scrambled, cheese (slice or shredded – hot or mild) and your favorite meat (ham, bacon, sausage). Put all that between a bagel, croissant or English muffin and you have it made. There are many variations to making a breakfast sandwich, have fun making up your version.

3. French Toast: I love freshly grilled French Toast; it’s my favorite breakfast meal. You can make your batter ahead of time, even the night before. Also, do not be shy about making a variation of the basic batter or bread that you typically use. Actually, stale Italian bread is a good choice. However, you use pumpernickel, wheat or rye bread also. You never know, you might start a new family tradition.

4. Home Fries / Hash Browns: We often have leftover boiled or baked potatoes and they make the best home fries. To get more flavor you could cook your bacon or sausage first, then use the bacon or sausage fat for the Home Fries. The frozen hash browns are a quick shortcut to some tasting tatters, doesn’t get any easier than that. A little salt and pepper to taste and you’re done. And of course there are many variations to both the home fries and hash browns, so have fun with it.

5. Omelets: Out of all five of these breakfasts, quick and easy items, omelets have more possibility for variations. Omelets can also be the healthiest choice of this group. Just think of all the different veggies and cheeses you can incorporate into an omelet.

I encourage you to use a healthy slant to all your breakfast meals. The list is endless.

Disadvantages to Steel Male Chastity Belt Devices

Male chastity is growing in popularity and many couples continue to search out advice on male steel chastity devices. They do so because they are serious about their marriages and want to make sure they keep the romance and intimacy in their relationship alive.

Male chastity couples know that men don’t really want or need sexual freedom. In fact, almost all men are much happier once they are kept under lock and key by their wives. They no longer waste time masturbating or looking at porn, they are more helpful around the house and they know that the sex is much better!

With that in mind, the most common question becomes – which type of male chastity belt device to choose. They come in two basic types, plastic and steel. There are advantages and disadvantages to both types of devices.

While in general I think steel devices are the best choice when it comes to long-term male chastity, one should be aware the disadvantages of steel male chastity belts as well.

• Steel belts can feel more emasculating to a man than plastic ones. That’s why I always suggest that people start out with plastic belts and build up to steel ones. The goal is to make him feel more manly, not less.
• Steel belts will set off alarms at airport security checkpoints. If your man travels a good deal, you should get him a plastic belt to use when he’s away.
• Some men experience more chafing with a steel device than with a plastic one. If your man is particularly sensitive, it might be good to get him a plastic one. An alternative is to line the inside of the device with moisturizer.
• The plastic devices come in a wide variety of colors and designs. Many women find these devices more visually attractive than the steel ones, which often look too masculine and shiny.
• If he is in a steel tube he won’t be able to wash his penis himself, which means you will be in charge of his intimate hygiene. Some women don’t have a problem with this, but others find the task somewhat distasteful.
• Steel is more bulky, which means that he’ll have to be somewhat careful with what he wears. While it will be invisible under his pants, it may be more obvious if he wears a Speedo style swimsuit.
• There is no possible way he can remove a steel male chastity device on his own. This means in the case of an emergency, he won’t be able to get out. For example, if you got into an accident and were stuck in the hospital, he’d have a problem. For this reason I suggest getting two sets of keys and leaving the spare set with a trusted friend or relative.

Those are the most common disadvantages to steel male chastity belt devices. Personally I think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages; but every woman should be well informed when it comes to this crucial part of their married lives.

Grilling Secrets for the Top Five BBQ Meats

What do you think of when you think about barbecue? Some minds go straight to burgers and hot dogs, other people think about kebabs, fish baskets and smoked meats. Here are the top five meats used for barbecuing each year and a few helpful tips on how to prepare them.

Beef: Steaks and burgers are the most common forms of beef to barbecue. Experts recommend buying beef that is fresh, not frozen. They also recommend a fattier cut of meat for the grill to keep the meat tender and flavorful. The best beef cuts for the grill are the rib eye, porterhouse steak, t-bone and strip steak. For an extra bit of gourmet extravagance the fillet mignon is always a favorite.

Pork is a favorite among avid barbecue enthusiasts. The most popular cuts of meat for the grill are ribs followed by pork butt and pork shoulder.

Chicken is good on the grill in any form, however the leaner breast meat will fare better if it is marinated, otherwise meat can become dry. Thighs and drumsticks do well on the grill due to their higher fat content.

Shrimp works well on the barbecue and is a popular choice for seafood lovers. It takes special care because shrimp cooks quickly and can easily escape and fall through the grill grate. Fish baskets and skewers are good cooking tool options for grilling aficionados.

Salmon is by far and away the most popular fish to grill. It has a hearty almost steak like texture and a flavor that goes well with a variety of barbecue type sauces. Salmon smokes well and cooks fairly quickly which makes it the perfect solution for those nights where dinner needs to be on the table fast.

No matter what meat you prefer, grilling experts and novices alike benefit from a pantry full of "secret" spices, rubs and sauces. Gourmet grilling planks and seasoned skewers will have friends and family asking, "What's your secret?"

Make Extra Income – Backup Plan

When I started making money online, I was on probation at my new job and I knew I needed to have a backup plan. I did not know much about Internet marketing to start with but it was always something I was willing to do. They alleged that you could make easy money working only a few hours a day which was very appealing although I knew there is no such thing as easy money.

I bought e-Books from some of the internet geniuses to learn how I could make money online. I chose that had a good laid out step by step plan for making money online. All I had to do was follow the plan and I would be making money online.

Once I got everything working all I had to do was repeat the process over again the next campaign and I would be in the money and making money online could not get any easier.

Having experimented online with websites before gave me a little extra insight about what the e-books were talking about, but even if I had not had any experience, the plan was so full proof that I could have figured it out.

When my first campaign was complete, I started another one, and the beauty of everything was that there was no pressure finish, so I could work at my own pace. Of course I was eager to make my first dollar though.

Unfortunately, days turned into a month and by the time I was starting on my second month I was really starting to get worried about making money online. My sponsors and colleagues continued to convince me not to give up. I somehow new there was some light at the end of the tunnel if I just hung in there.

No matter what you have to stay focused on the plan that you are using and never give up. Keep working and fine tuning everything that you are working on. Do not procrastinate just get out there and make it happen. The more campaigns that you get going the better chance of getting making some money online.

If you want to get into making money online and get that first sale:

– Look into several online money making plans. Choose the one you feel would work for you and make good decision to stay with it until the plan starts working or, you decide to change to another one because it is not working.

– Do not try combine different plans or methods. You will get confused and more than likely will not be successful in making any money. You have to realize that these plans have made millions and you only need to make the first dollar then just repeat the process.

– Stay focused on your chosen plan. Do not get off course. Followup with the plan until it starts to make money.

In summary it is all about focusing on your plan for making money online which will ensure you get that first sale.

"But" vs "And"

Two three–letter words: “but” and “and.” In grammatical terms, they are called conjunctions. They bridge two clauses of a single sentence together. In communication (and negotiation), these words are subtle manipulators of exclusion or inclusion. Generally speaking, “but” excludes, denies, discounts or in some way rejects the previous clause. For example, the statement “she is a very productive employee but she can be a bit demanding” is subtly different than “she is a very productive employee and she can be a bit demanding.” In the first example, the “but” tends to convey a negation of the first clause of the sentence in favor of the second clause of the sentence. In the next example, the “and” tends to convey an inclusion of the first clause along with the second clause.

Take another example: “Yes I understand you need to meet with me before tomorrow’s meeting but my schedule is packed full” vs. “I Yes I understand you need to meet with me before tomorrow’s meeting and my schedule is packed full.” In this example, by using “and” instead of “but” the speaker not only avoids negating the initial clause but also conveys to the listener that his/her concerns about needing to meet are acknowledged.

Using “and” is also a much softer way to say no. For example, the typical “yes, but” can easily be replaced with “yes, and.” For example, the request “We need to purchase new computers” can be responded to with “yes I know, but we can’t until next year” or “yes I know, and we can’t until next year.” The “and” does not negate the “yes” whereas the “but” does tend to convey a sense of canceling out that which preceded the “but.”

The use of “but” is extraordinarily common. In fact, few people actually recognize the subtle influence of using but. If you were to consciously attempt to change “but” to “and” in your speaking, you will notice how odd it feels. But, it is a worthwhile exercise if for no other reason than to become more comfortable with the ability to switch from one to the other. However, there can be a more important reason: using “and” instead of “but” can positively influence dialogue. When using “and” instead of “but” there is a sense of inclusion and acceptance even if the conclusion is a denial or refusal.

Try it out over the next several days. Listen to others’ sentences and when you hear “but” change it in your own mind to “and.” Then, start listening to your own sentences. When you hear yourself about to say “but” change it to “and” but remember one thing…oops…and remember one thing…

Learning The Rules Of The Road

For the uninitiated, the complex systems of roads and motorways can be a confusing monster. And while it may appear that everyone is acting on instinct, below that facade is a deep understanding of traffic laws that if not obeyed can result in disastrous consequences. The Rules of the Road are something every driver has learned already. The problem is that there are no refresher courses and there are so many bad influences that falling into bad habits can happen rather easy. Of course, if you have yet to take the necessary tests to earn a driver's license, learning the rules may be extra taxing. So, let us start with the basics, some of which may or may not be covered in any manuals.

Awareness is the greatest asset to any driver. Using this simple skill that everyone is endowed with will allow drivers to remain safe and keep those around them safe as well. It is no surprise that many accidents could have been easily avoided if the drivers had been mindful of their surroundings. Most of the traffic laws revolve around requiring drivers to be aware of their surroundings.

Consider passing and turning. Both of them may seem simple, but without checking the side and rearview mirrors for approaching cars, the simple act can become a loud and expensive one. It is far too simple to fall into a mindless lull while on the road. Keep aware and stay mindful as you take the car for a spin.

Here is a short run down of some of the common rules that are often ignored. List will allow directive this you to review some of the basics or by just get acquainted with what will be expected once you get – behind the wheel

Turn Signals: Sounds elementary and even insulting that this subject is being brought up but the fact is many drivers just do not use turn signals. This presents a great hazard to anyone behind this car. Turn signals should be used when the turn is at least 100 feet away. Doing such is not just the law but considerate to anyone behind or in front of you.

The Three Second Rule: It will come to a great surprise to some that many seasoned drivers will have no idea what the Three Second Rule is a reference to; you may want to tell them itÕs different from the Five Second Rule. The Three Second Rule applies when you are behind someone in traffic. Three seconds is the amount of time needed to react and brake safely under normal conditions. When the weather or visibility is bad you will want to allow additional seconds.

As for learning the actual rules there are many guides and references that can assist. The manuals approved by the governing office that oversees the roadways in your area or district are often the best resource. Studying the rules as they were written is important in order to avoid any misunderstandings or oversights. Sure, Uncle Marty may be a great driver but even he could have easily forgotten some of the essential rules or just gloss over what is the right way and head straight to the easy and dangerous way. The rules of Learn the road and act responsibly The while driving; this is the best way to avoid any accidents.