Timber Flooring – Introduction, Benefits and FAQs

Timber is a synonym of wood. It is used for flooring purpose. You can make your home and office more attractive by installing wooden flooring. Timber flooring has some difference with the normal wood flooring as it is made by recycled woods. It is an art of creating a floor with colors and textures.

It is very critical to choose which type of timber flooring will be most suitable as it has different types in terms of appearance, looks, price, and durability. It is up to you which one to choose according to your need.

Before installing and taking services from any wood floor suppliers, you should keep some points in mind which are following:-

  1. Always ask for types of various product lines.
  2. Do comparison of some qualities like wear warranties.
  3. What is the thickness of timber?
  4. What is the type of construction?
  5. What is the type of coating or polishing?
  6. What is the number of finished coats?

The benefits of timber flooring as follows:-

  • Superior strength, durable and good appearance
  • It is easy to install.
  • Re-sanding is required but not as compared to other flooring
  • These are stylish and modern.
  • Maintenance of this flooring is easy with some precautions.
  • Timber floors would cool in summer and warm in winter so it will give your feet good feeling in any weather.
  • It has large number of designs according to color and textures.
  • It is beneficial for Asthma and Hay fever patients as it is non-allergic.
  • It is environment and Eco friendly product.

All and all, the beauty of timber is timeless. It is one of the popular and best ways to make your home stylish and modern in look, as it has many benefits along with it as well. It suits the need and budget of the people that makes this type of flooring more suitable and attractive too.

Lumber Rating Scales and Hardwood Mats

Last month we looked at some of the differences that can make one manufacturer’s hardwood mats great, and leave another manufacturer’s hardwood mats wanting. One of our main areas of focus was the quality of lumber used in the mat itself, as this difference can mean major problems or a day in the park on the jobsite. Because this factor can make such a major difference in the lifespan and durability of a hardwood mat, we wanted to spend a little more time looking at the way lumber is rated.

In the states, there is a lumber rating system in place that helps determine the grade and quality of hardwood and non-hardwood lumber. We’re going to give a quick run-through of what these different grades are and how that can impact what the wood can and should be used for.

To start, No. 1 Common lumber is basically the standard grade of lumber used in furniture production. This particular cut of lumber (also simply called Common or No. 1) offers a pretty solid assortment of long, medium and short cuttings at a pretty average price. No. 2A Common (aka No.2 Common) is pretty much the go-to grade for wood used in millwork, cabinets, and other applications in need of short cuttings. Because these cuts are typically shorter than No. 1, they are slightly more favorably priced, therefore, if possible, No. 2 Common is often used for furniture. No. 2B Common is basically the same cut as the one we just talked about, only stain defects and other defects not compromising structure are admitted. This makes for a good paint grade.

So what’s all this got to do with hardwood mats? Well, with the grades most typically used in other applications out of the way, next time we are going to look at the kind of lumber grade used in hardwood mats, crane mats, and construction mats.

In a post from a while ago, we took a more in depth look at pipeline construction and the how hardwood mats and swamp mats are used to help the process move more quickly and more successfully in the long run. We explored how the mats help protect the environment from the tread of large machinery. We looked at how hardwood mats, pipe dunnage, and skids are all used to keep the pipeline safe and intact before it is finally put in the ground. We also looked at the many way that swamp mats have increased the overall accessibility of once rather unreachable locations. Places like wetlands, and other locations with generally poor soil stability no longer are seen as such an obstacle. Because of the many ways swamp mats can help the pipeline industry, their adoption into the industry has been well received and much needed.

Following a similar train of though, the transmission line construction industry is also starting to more fully realize the benefits of swamp mats in improving productivity. There is definitely not much argument regarding whether or not the use of hardwood mats has made the industry more able to operate with efficiency. On many transmission line construction sites, the land and its soil consistency has always been a major obstacle. Constructing transmission lines across open spaces is one thing, but running line across swamps and wetlands is a different thing completely.

During any transmission line project, there are at least several heavy pieces of machinery and personal transport vehicles that require access the job site. This is fact is made even more complex by a lack of roads and the especially swampy land that always seems to be at the job site, the kind of land that makes the simple act of crossing it an entire feat in and of itself. This is where swamp mats are extremely valuable. The stability and traction they offer by distributing load over a large surface can make the difference between time lost and a successful job. In the transmission line construction industry, the use of swamp mats has proven to be a critical step in boosting the practicality of many projects. The crane mats, swamp mats, and hardwood mats that Dixie Mat makes have been a huge part of the picture and have helped the transmission line construction industry and many others find stability and accessibly in once difficult to reach places.

A View From The Dallas Fort Worth Airport

It's been several years since I've flown- generally, when we travel, we drive wherever we are going but driving from northern Nevada to Austin, Texas then south to Houston in mid-June did not sound all that appealing to either John or me so I decided to fly, alone.

After boarding three different planes and two layovers; one in Salt Lake and then a second longer one in Dallas, I have become re-acquainted with the art of flying. The actual feel of flying is unchanged: people hurrying, racing, in some cases running to their next flight only to find that the plane has not yet boarded, the very worst kind of stress. Men, women and children of a variety of races, languages, dress- a microcosm of the world- trying to get from one part of their world to another as quickly as possible; their faces revealing expressions increasing from anxiety, frustration, boredom to impatience as they wait and wait and wait.

The airlines have made some significant changes in attempts, I assum, to streamline their processes and reduce costs. Among those that were made immediately handsome to me are the now strict weight limits for careless passengers who thoughtlessly add one and then five more books along with other non-essential and fairly heavy items result in an 'overage fee'. A surcharge of $ 100.00 for the offending three pound extra works exactly like a speeding ticket: I know I'll remain under the fifty pound ceiling the next time I fly.

Gone are the people who struggled to make too large a suitcase fit into too small a overhead bin with the not so patient steward assisting in the futile attempts to make the impossible happen while the minutes ticked by. The rules are clear and they are enforced. Airline personnel spot and then stop the few folks with over-sized luggage before they get on the plane; efficiently, the large piece of luggage is whisked away so that the process of boarding moves a few hundred people into the airplanes within twenty minutes or less.

The ubiquity of mobile devices with free WiFi in the airports and on the planes permits instant communication for everyone from everyplace. People writing, texting and talking on smart phones about the latest corporate catastrophe like the man standing in back of me in the Dallas Fort Worth airport exhaustively sharing his distress about the unexpected resignation of a key top player to a listener claimed to feel the same way .

I am on board my third plane since 6:30 this morning as I complete this post. A quick and unscientific survey of the hundreds of people seen during this long day revealed only two others carrying a real book to read. Many passengers use their mobile devices to avoid the gaze of a stranger, ear buds carefully in place.

The young woman sitting next to me on the last leg of this trip is one of the three people I have seen with a book- a real book and expresses gratitude when l hand her the novel I had completed.

"Do you like fiction?"

Smiling, she replied, "Yes, I do, I travel all the time and am always on the lookout for books to pass the time.

Smiling back, I replied "It's OK, it will pass the time."

Captain Samantha Martinez is, a member of the Texas Joint CounterDrug Task Force Operations OIC, coalition of many agencies working together to stop the choke hold of cartels on the global economy. She loves her job because she knows she is making a difference.

She listened as I explained that a character in my next book is a member of a Texas coal drug task force that I thought I had invented, replying sure when I asked if I could use her name in the novel and handed me her business card as we walked together off the plane and on the way to baggage claim.

One of the unexpected gifts of spending forever on planes was meeting a young woman like Captain Martinez; working to make this world a better place: God Bless you, Samantha. And many thanks for the permission to use your name for one of my characters in my next book.

Small Porches – A Cozy Outdoor Getaway

If you are thinking about building a porch for your home, know that size is not the most important factor. Many people are quite happy owning small porches. Do not think that you have to build a huge porch the size of your bedroom to have an enjoyable outdoor space. You can make the most of a small porch that is designed well by decorating it well with high quality furniture and installing a porch awning.

You should always try and build your porch in proportion with your home. If you have a small home, a porch the size of your home would seem out of place, as would a tiny porch on a mansion. Use your best judgment to size your porch accordingly. You should install a porch roof or awning to protect yourself from the sun and rain, maximizing your comfort when you are relaxing on your porch. You can either install a small awning or build a permanent roof that matches your home's roof. You can also install quality porch columns or a ceiling to make your porch look even more professional. It can be done so well now that it would look as if it was always a part of your home!

A porch wall is another great design idea that will help add privacy to a small porch. You can build a low wall that extends as high as you would like. A good height for it to reach is around the height of your windowsills. These walls help give your porch a solid frame that will make it look amazing, while giving you privacy if you are lying down reading a book, or doing anything else.

To make the most of a small porch, it is beneficial to decorate it to match the season as well as equip it with some high-quality furniture. This will make your porch seem like a room with a sense of style, even though it is outdoors. In the fall, you can give your porch a Halloween or thanksgiving theme to make it appear warm and inviting. You can make seasonal banners or ornaments to hang around the porch. In the spring and summer, you can leave flower pots in the corners to bring color to the space.

There are so many ways to create a cozy and inviting small porch without having to splurge for a larger porch that lacks personality. You will end up spending lots of quality time out there because it will be a place that you want to spend your time.

Information About The Leaning Tower of Pisa's Lean

The Tower of Pisa was not leaving when it was constructed in 1173 and it was straight like a pole. It started to shift direction soon after construction because of poor foundation in addition to a loose layer of subsoil. Initially, it leaned towards the southeast before the shaky foundation had started towards shift towards the southwest. After the period of structural strengthening in the beginning of 21st century, now the Leaning Tower of Pisa leans at an angle of 3.97 degrees.

In 1178, the shift in direction of observed for the first time when the construction had progressed further to the third floor. The tower's weight was very heavy for the three meter foundation that was built on a weak area of ​​land. Alongside the clear flaw in architectural design, the controversial history of the tower increased its problems.

The tower's construction was halted for nearly a century because Pisa was involved in wars with Lucca, Florence and Genoa. It is a good thing that this happened because it gave more time for the subsoil to settle below otherwise would have completely collapsed.

For compensating the lean position, the builders started to construct the upper floors with one side higher than the other one. This caused the tower to lean in the other direction. This unusual structure led to the tower being actually curved. In spite of these efforts, the tower kept of leasing.

The government of Italy started to plan a prevention of the complete collapse of the tower in 1964. However, a request was specifically put forward by the authorizations to reserve the abandoning position because of the tourism industry of the region.

After nearly two decades of strategic planning that involved engineers, historians and mathematicians, the stabilization efforts for the Leaning Tower of Pisa started in 1990. The tower was closed for the general public and the nearby residents were evacuated. For reducing the total weight of the tower, its seven bells which represented the seven musical notes in a major scale were removed and supporting cables were attached.

The ultimate solution for preventing the collapse of the tower was to straighten the tower slightly to a safer angle. For doing this, the 38 cubic meters of soil was removed from below the raised end. The tower straightened by 18 inches as a result placing it at an exact position that occupied it in 1838. The tower was reopened for the general public on 15 December 2001 after a decade of corrective reconstruction.

In May 2008, after removing another 70 metric tonnes of earth, the engineers announced that the tower had been finally stabilized and it would remain stable for at least 200 years.

At present, repairs are being continuously done for restoring the appearance of the tower from damage due to possible corrosion.

How to Attach a Mirror to a Tile Wall

Hanging a mirror on a tile wall requires more planning that simply hanging one on sheetrock. For one thing, stud sensors that work on a sheetrock wall will rarely work well, if at all, on a wall covered with tile, so finding a stud on a wall tiled from top to bottom will be difficult. Studs are also rarely where they need to be to hang a mirror where you want. Using specially designed anchor systems enables you to install an anchor that will hold a standard screw and allow you to hang your mirror, no studies required.


1. Search for the center point where you want the mirror installed on the wall. This point should be where the center of the mirror will line up and also where the top of the mirror will be. Put blue painter's tape on the wall and mark the center point with an X. Try several places to get a feel for where best to place it. Mirrors usually are centered over sinks, couches, mantels and other furniture pieces. Mirrors not over furniture can be placed anywhere on the wall.

2. Count the number of fasteners needed to support the mirror by comparing the weight of the mirror to the maximum weight that each fastener will hold. If the mirror is more than twice the weight that a single fastener can hold, find a stronger fastener system since only the two outer fasteners will bear any weight.

3. Turn the mirror over and mark the center of the mirror with a pencil. For mirrors requiring only one fastener, place your finger below the hanger wire and slide it up along the center of the mirror until the wire is taut. Using your other hand and a pencil, mark that spot. For two fasteners, place one finger on either side of the center line and the same distance from the center line. Slide them up at the same pace until the hanger wire goes taut. Mark one spot and use the measurements of that spot from the top and near side to make a mark on the other side of the mirror.

4. Measure from the top of the mirror to the taut marks, using a tape measure. This is the vertical distance below the center mark on the wall that the fasteners will need to be placed. For mirrors with two fasteners, measure from the center line to the marks. This horizontal distance should be equal and it will determine where to put the fasteners in relation to the center mark.

5. Mark the anchor holes on the tile wall. Measure down from the center mark the vertical distance and make an X. Use a level to plumb, or make level vertically, the line down from the center mark. For one fastener mirrors, start to drill the anchor hole on this mark. For two-fasteners mirrors, use painter's tape and a level to create a line level with the X. Measure out the horizontal distance along both sides of this line from the X and place Xs to mark the drill holes.

6. Make a slight indention in the middle of each X that will be getting an anchor hole, using a scratch awl or the tip of a nail. Firmly tap the head of the awl or nail with a hammer to make the indentation. This will help keep the head of the masonry bit from wobbling around.

7. Drill the anchor holes. Use a masonry bit and a hammer drill for maximum effectiveness.

8. Press an anchor into each anchor hole. Use a hammer to tap it all the way in until the anchor is flush with the surface of the tile wall.

9. Insert a screw into each anchor, using a screwdriver. Most screws in these kits are Phillips-head, but some still take a flat head. Leave 1/8 inch of the shaft of the screw protruding from the wall. Using a hand screwdriver will help prevent stripping out the anchor, which is typically made of plastic. High-torque electric drills could easily strip out the anchor, rendering it useless.

10. Place the mirror against the wall with the top up and located several inches above the original center mark. Slowly slide it down until until the hanger wire catches on the screws. Adjust the levelness of the picture by pushing the bottom corners up or down.

Best Camping Stove – Are You Rambo?

Okay, some of you are former military, or you just like to 'rough it' – so your idea of ​​the best camping stove is anything that works – a tin can, an old altoid's box – maybe just a spit made out of a live branch that you've chewed the bark off of … Or somewhere you prefer cold C-Rats, just to bring back memories of the good times you holed up in a fighting hole (civilians know it as a 'fox hole') for days on end.

But my best guess is that most of you are not Rambo, or trying to emulate him – you just want to get away from civilization for a while, but you do not particularly care to 'rough it' too much, so you ' re going to make a decision about the best way to cook your food. The best camping stove is going to depend on just how you like to camp – are you a loner? Hiking in from a distance? Or are you with friends and family, and the car is just 50 feet 'thataway'? Is this going to be a single day or two of camping? Or are you out for a week or two? These factors are going to play a key role in what sort of outdoor cooking stove is the best one for you.

The Backpacker – hiking in to a camp site on foot – is going to want a stove that's light-weight and compact. Trust me, 5 miles out on that hike, you're going to be regretting every excess ounce you packed in your backpack – so weight is a big factor. So unless you're in the service, and can just order a private to carry it – you'll want to consider carefully what the best camping stove will be if you're hiking in to your campsite from a distance. Some camping areas forbid open fires due to scarce wood resources or forest fire dangers, so in cases like this, you do not really have a choice, you're going to need some form of outdoor camping stove that will get you fed. You'll also need to consider the two choices you have for fuel – most backpacking stoves use either canister fuel or liquid fuel. For larger groups of campers – your better choice is going to be a liquid fueled cooking stove, since liquid fuels are cheaper. Liquid fuels are also better for winter or high altitude camping. Canister fuels are easier to use, and it can be difficult to tell how much fuel you have left. But for the single hiker, or a couple, as long as you are not in winter temperatures (canister's perform poorly in the cold), the advantages of a canister stove will be decent. Weighing in at just 14 ounces is one popular choice, the 'Jetboil Flash' cooking system.

Wood Stoves are large and bulky – but if you're heading to an area where you have plenty of firewood laying around to gather, and you're with a larger group, driving in – this may be the best choice for you. One advantage, in my opinion, is the smell is so much better with a wood burning stove. You can not get too much cheaper than using free wood for your fuel, so if you do not like the idea of ​​expensive fuels, this might be the choice you pick. Make sure that the area you're going camping in does not have any restrictions on wood gathering – you'll be seriously out of hot food if you can not find any wood for your wood stove!

Nor is a wood stove going to be particular easy – just starting the fire is going to be more difficult than the 'push button' solutions that many backpack or propane stoves use. So you'll need to know how to start a fire, and for you camping newbies out there, it's not quite as easy as tossing a match into a pile of wood. (That only works in homes with no homeowner's insurance.)

But if you do not mind the low cooking, the smell of woodburning, and the soot – maybe this is your best camping stove.

Propane Camping Stoves: Now we come to the 'heavy hitters' of the best camping stove categories – the propane stove. If your family and friends are along – and you want ease and comfort, then propane is for you. If you want cheap fuel, this is not for you – but if you want a fuel you can get just about anywhere, and ease of use, this is your choice. You'll be cooking just the same as if you were still at home. These are not the sort of stoves you want to backpack in to a campsite – but if you're driving in to a campground – these are the ticket for you! Although the fuel is more expensive – it's readily available virtually anywhere in the US, Canada, and most of Europe. If your camping is more exotic than that, then be careful to have a good supply on hand!

Propane stoves generally come in one or two burner models, but you can even find three burner 'deluxe' propane stoves – so if you have a larger group, think about how many burners you want before you make your purchase. One or two people can get away with a one or two burner stove – but if you have a real crowd, you'll need something bigger. The last consideration for propane stoves is that these are generally considered to be the safest types of camping stoves – just make sure you tighten the connections – and there's nothing to spill or cause problems – so if you're considered a klutz by your family and friends, a good propane tank is the way to go.

Multi Fuel Camping Stoves: Able to work with Coleman liquid fuel, unleaded gasoline, or kerosene, the Coleman Multi-fuel camping stove is not really the choice if you need to backpack it in … but if you're heading to all sorts of strange places, and are not really sure about fuel availability, this is the one for you. This is a frequent choice of American military serving in Afghanistan or Iraq, as you often do not know what fuel you'll have access to. With the same advantages that your typical propane stove has, this is a good choice if you want ease of use. The Coleman Multi-fuel model can be filled up before the trip, and last all weekend long. Liquid fuels are generally going to be cheaper than propane tanks, but more expensive than free firewood – but this is not going to be quite as easy to work with as most propane camping stoves. Lying in the middle for ease of use between a propane stove and a wood stove, it's still an excellent choice – particularly if your camping takes place in out-of-the-way places.

The final choice? There's no way for anyone to choose without also defining how and where they camp. But I hope you'll have some ideas here to narrow down your search for the best camping stove for your next trip. I've avoided talking about some possibilities, such as alcohol fueled stoves, solid fuels or solar stoves, because those are in the more exotic realms of camping gear, and I wanted to speak about more commonly used camping stoves. The best camping stove for you is going to end up being a personal choice based on how you enjoy your camping.

3 Top Vegetable Recipes For Slow Cooker

When one thinks of cooking using a crock pot, he would automatically think of making meats juicy and tender. But slow cookers aren’t only good for meats, they’re ideal for all types of ingredients including fresh fruits and vegetables. So if you’ve recently started a healthy diet, you can count on your trusty crock pot to make delicious meals!

Here are 3 top vegetable recipes for slow cooker that are a must-try:

Best Ever Crock Pot Mashed Potatoes

What you need:

  • 2 1/4 kilograms red potatoes, sliced into chunks
  • 3 cubes chicken bouillon
  • 1 cup sour cream
  • 1 cup cream cheese, softened
  • 1/2 cup butter
  • 1 tablespoon minced garlic
  • Salt and pepper to taste

Fill a large pot with lightly salted water and boil potatoes with chicken bouillon and garlic until potatoes are tender but still firm. Drain potatoes in a bowl, reserving water. Mash potatoes with sour cream and cream cheese, spooning reserved water to achieve desired consistency. Transfer mashed potatoes to a slow cooker, cover and cook for 2 to 3 hours on low. Stir in butter, salt and pepper before serving.

Crock Pot All-Veggie Chili

What you need:

  • 2 zucchini, thinly sliced
  • 2 carrots, sliced
  • 2 stalks celery, sliced
  • 1 green bell pepper, chopped
  • 1 red bell pepper, chopped
  • 1 onion, chopped
  • 2 cloves garlic, minced
  • 1 can whole peeled tomatoes with juice
  • 1 can garbanzo beans, drained
  • 1 small can chopped green chile peppers
  • 1/3 cup chili powder
  • 1 tablespoon dried oregano
  • 2 teaspoons ground cumin
  • 1 teaspoon salt

Mix together zucchini, carrots, celery, green bell pepper, red bell pepper, onion, garlic, tomatoes, garbanzo beans and green chile peppers in a slow cooker. Stir to combine ingredients well. Season with chili powder, oregano, cumin and salt. Cover and cook for 6 to 8 hours on low or for 3 to 4 hours on high.

Slow Cooked Creamy Potato Soup

What you need:

  • 10 red potatoes, sliced into cubes
  • 1 red onion, chopped
  • 1 clove garlic, minced
  • 3 cups water
  • 1 cup half and half
  • 3/4 cup real bacon bits
  • 1/2 cup shredded Cheddar cheese
  • 1/4 cup chopped green onion
  • 3 tablespoons all-purpose flour
  • 2 tablespoons chicken bouillon granules
  • 1 tablespoon ranch dressing mix
  • 2 teaspoons dried parsley
  • 1 teaspoon seasoned salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground black pepper

In a large bowl, toss potatoes in all-purpose flour to coat. Place coated potatoes, onion, garlic, chicken bouillon granules, ranch dressing mix, parsley, seasoned salt and black pepper in a crock pot. Stir to combine ingredients well. Add the water to the mixture. Cover and cook for 7 to 9 hours on low. When ready, add half and half to the soup, stir and cook for 15 minutes more. Sprinkle with Cheddar cheese and garnish with green onion to serve.

Enjoy healthier meals – try these top vegetable recipes for slow cooker!

How Easy It Is To Replace Plastic Bags

Shopping is everyone’s nightmare when it comes to packing up the goods and getting them home. But there are simpler ways of doing it for the discerning. Supermarket trolleys are renowned for carrying germs and tests have shown even faecal material can be deposited on the handle as well as E.coli and other germs. The best thing is to be independent of these things and its easy to do.

The first thing is to have your own trolley or carrying bag on wheels. Goods can be deposited straight into it without the need of bags to hump them around. They are also able to be cleaned by you and if you are worried about germs in the supermarket then carry some gloves in the pocket of it so hands are always clean.

The next thing is to make your own smaller bags using a cotton material that is easily obtained. The design is simply squares sewn together on three sides and made to different lengths and widths. Things like celery, for instance, required a longer bag while a bunch of bananas or broccoli need wider ones.

Managing the shopping is also important. Put heavy things like tinned goods on the bottom and fruit, and so forth, on the top. Vegetables can be safely carried in the middle but bread and such should be put in last so as not to squash it.

If everyone followed these simply guidelines the number of plastic bags could be greatly reduced. The environment is suffering because of the billions of such containers used on a daily basis. Research shows they can be in the environment for the next 1000 or more years as they will never break down.

Nothing in nature can deal with plastic and until there is a public outcry the situation will remain the same. We are drowning in it now and animals, birds, and sea life are consuming it as food and feeding it to their young. With the decline in species now it is a matter of a few short years before plastic kills off everything.

Vinyl Wood Plank Floors – The Easy Alternative to Solid Wood

If you're a do-it-yourself type homeowner who is thinking about the benefits of wood flooring for your home then you may want to consider installing vinyl wood plank floors. These floors are a great alternative to solid wood flooring due to their ease of installation, the look of real wood they provide, and the reasonable cost savings that they offer over solid wood floors.

There are numerous advantages to installing vinyl wood plank floors for your home. The cost savings of vinyl wood flooring compared to solid wood flooring happens to be one important factor you can not ignore. Today, companies are capable of producing incredibly realistic looking wood floors out of vinyl material. They've developed the ability to mimic numerous species in countless colors and stain variations. Another important aspect of vinyl wood flooring that makes it attractive to homeowners is the ease in maintaining it. Just a damp mop with some all-purpose cleaner is all that's required to clean these floors.

However, the one major drawback of vinyl wood plank floors are their inability to be re-finished and reliably short life-span compare to solid wood floors. Depending on the thickness, manufacturer, and foot traffic volume, vinyl wood plank floors last about an average of 5 to 8 years. After the floor has reached the end of its life, it will have to be removed and a new floor installed. Solid wood floors afford the homeowner the ability to re-finish them several times, even allowing for the ability to change stain variations and colors. Most homeowners would prefer to avoid the inconvenience associated with replacing any type of flooring in high traffic areas such as hallways and Kitchens.

But what really makes vinyl wood flooring so attractive to handy homeowners is the ease in which these floors are installed. All that is required to install theses floors is a utility knife with a sharp blade and a tape measure. When considering installing one of these floors it's important to know that they can be installed over both a concrete or wood sub-floor. However, the subfloor must be smooth before installing the vinyl flooring. This may require some dash patching or self leveling compounds for concrete subfloors that have noticeable depressions or cracks. It's also recommended to seal the concrete subfloor to protect against moisture before installing a vinyl floor. Over time, excessive moisture can lead to bubbles forming in the vinyl flooring.

To begin the installation it's crucial to determine the center point of the room as your starting point. That way, you're ensured even cuts on both sides of the room and a symmetrical overall layout. Some manufactures offer "peel-n-stick" vinyl flooring means the adhesive has already been applied to the back of the vinyl flooring piece. All that's required to install the vinyl plank is to peel off the protective paper and firmly press the plank in place. For vinyl flooring that does not have pre-applied adhesive backing there are several floor glues available on the market that can be replaced instead. Application of the glue requires a 1/16 "trowel and usually takes about 45 minutes to 1 hour to set-up. without leaving any residue on your finger, then it's ready to go.

Unlike wood flooring, vinyl wood plank floors do not require a miter saw to complete the cuts around the room. The vinyl material allows planks to be cut to size with nothing more than a good utility knife and an accurate tape measure. For beginning handymen, installing one of these vinyl floors in an Entrance Hall, Kitchen, or even Bathroom could be great first project to tackle.

It's no wonder with installation aspects such as these, plus the overall low cost of vinyl flooring, why these floors are so attractive to the average homeowner. Now, consumers have countless options in styles and colors to choose from when it comes to vinyl wood plank floors. Because it's so easy to install and requires very little tools, even a novice do-it-yourself homeowner could install a vinyl wood plank floor with great results.

A Very Special Secret

Have you ever wondered why some people attract success? How often do you look around and say, but I am much more talented than him, or, he never seems to work and I work really hard, or even, how on earth did he get all that money?

I think we all have and the answer is very simple, but it is so simple, we cannot believe that it really is the reason.

There are only two ways that these things can happen, that is the people who are successful are using this “secret” and don’t realise it, or they know the secret and are just following the simple formula.

Oh sorry, there is a third way that you can amass wealth and that is by being really competitive, ignoring your family, not caring about others and using force to MAKE things happen. This is only a good idea if you are prepared to pay the price. Unfortunately, when you adopt this system you are always watching your back, you are always stressed and what you get is never satisfactory and often not permanent.

When you are not in harmony with universal laws you never feel like you are ‘in the flow’ If you are forcing things to happen and always feel in competition, STOP, you are doing it all wrong.

So what is this secret? Well it is something that has been programmed OUT of us over the years and it is simply what Wallace Wattles calls the ‘CERTAIN WAY’. I always think how clever those words are as they have two distinct meanings and both are relevant.

Firstly ‘certain’ means without doubt, and it also means specific. It is very relaxing therefore to know that provided you follow instructions to the letter, you will get specific guaranteed results.

We are told in The Science Of Getting Rich that obtaining wealth is in fact a science and like all science it is governed by laws or principles, therefore once we learn those principles we can obtain wealth with ‘ mathematical certainty’.

Most of these principles and laws let you know when you are not doing things correctly, exactly like the law of gravity, we adjust our behaviour to take this law into account, for example we know that if we step off a cliff we are only going to head one way, so we adjust our behaviour to avoid that situation.

The whole formula behind getting rich is based on the law of CAUSE and EFFECT, that is like causes ALWAYS cause Like effects.

If you do this, that will happen. Simple isn’t it? Yes, but you will find believing and following these simple teachings the hardest thing you will ever have to do because they sometimes go against everything you have learned to date.

Getting exactly the same result every time from an action is a basic premise to how the universe works. Just imagine the chaos, if every time you did something, you got a different result. That might even be quite funny for a few seconds but nothing would be dependable and very quickly things would just disintegrate and go into meltdown.

This is in fact very good news because all universal laws are never changing and wherever you live, whatever your circumstances, provided you understand this principle you will always get the same result every time guaranteed.

All results in science depend on results being duplicable and once you have your theory, you can get others to test them under the same conditions and circumstances and get the same results.

So if one person follows the instructions and achieves the results, that is proof that the system works. This can only fail because you change the cause and therefore get a different effect. In my experience teaching this, every time I hear someone say it does not work, they have always done things in line with their existing beliefs and as a result have made small changes to the cause and obviously will get a different result.

Systems work, people fail.

It is our limiting beliefs that are responsible for ALL our difficulties in life once we have faith and belief in ourselves and trust the universal laws EVERYTHING changes. You cannot expect change if you do not change and the fact that there are guaranteed results once you do, what are you waiting for?

If you can see someone else has done and achieved what you desire belief in your ability to also do it is ALL you need.

Up until 1956 medical science believed that the human body was physically incapable of running a mile in under 4 minutes. It was a good job that no one told Roger Bannister because he did it. That in itself is amazing enough, but during the next two years over 50 runners achieved what was thought to be an impossible feat. What then had happened? Simply other athletes had been shown it could be done, so their limiting beliefs were removed and they knew it was achievable.

That is no different for you, you can achieve anything you can see others doing, but like an athlete how much effort are you prepared to put in. Just because you cannot run a mile in four minutes, does that mean it cannot be done? Make sure you are prepared to put in the effort and accept that there will be set backs but as long as you stay focused on your desire or clear mental image, there is no way known that you cannot achieve it.

People often say that their ENVIRONMENT is holding them back, rubbish, just another bit of negative programming that you can call up each time you need an excuse as to why things have not gone to plan. There are so many stories of rags to riches that it is impossible to pick just one as an example, but you know hundreds, so just pick your favourite and keep reading it until you realise that you could also do it.

Another well worn excuse for having not achieved your desired position in life is the fact that you have not got TALENT and ABILITY. That is a real myth as many very able and talented people end up working for the class dunce.It seems that talent and ability are things that may attribute to not being rich, as there are more talented and rich people who are poor than talentless people who are rich. Think about that!!

Having knowledge, education and a great BRAIN are not even a prerequisite for getting rich and there is ample evidence to support that.

Too many people have been taught that being THRIFTY and SAVING will lead to riches. Sorry another myth. I am not saying be irresponsible, but how many people who have saved for a ‘rainy day’ do you know who are rich. In fact those people can be in the middle of a raging storm and still refuse to touch their savings. It just doesn’t make sense.

Access to CAPITAL will never guarantee success and lack of capital has never held anyone back who has the vision and desire to get started. Actually Wallace Wattles says that capital is part of the result not the cause.

Great isn’t it to realise that none of the above things can stop you being rich. Obviously there are things that you should consider when starting a business e.g. doing something you are good at or enjoy is a good start and being in the right area is also important, starting an ice cream shop in the Antarctic, may not be the brightest idea but with just a few considerations, where you are may be just perfect.

Here is a passage from the classic The Science Of Getting Rich.

“If you have no capital, you can get capital; if you are in the wrong business, you can get into the right business and if you are in the wrong location, you can move to the right location.”

So what excuses can you find now. Just get started and if you are already in business, look at your business through fresh eyes using all the above information to help you change things.

Poor Judgment Following a Brain Injury

Poor judgment is one of the results of insufficient cognitive functioning following an injury to the frontal lobe. This deficiency can involve many aspects of a person's life, including the situations stated below:

– When handling a motor vehicle of any kind, someone exhibiting poor judgment may place themselves, and others, in a dangerous situation because of their cognitive deficits. Those with frontal lobe injuries may not drive defensively or anticipate the actions of other drivers. They may tailgate, and possibly not realize the importance of signaling in an appropriate time to be able to safely make turns, particularly when turning left. Other potential problems could be not coming to a complete stop at stop signs, weaving in and out of traffic, or going faster than the posted speed limits. Some may drive aggressively and as a result become rude as well as dangerous drivers. They may also decide that it is not necessary to wear appropriate seat belts or helmets thereby placing them at additional risk.

– Poor judgment may also involve the excessive use of alcohol or non-prescription drugs. While using these substations they may become impulsive, place themselves and others at risk, act before thinking, perceive and interpret their surroundings in a different way than reality indications, and not understand the possible consequences of their actions.

– Other examples of this deficiency may be indicated by improper behavior which may include inappropriate touching or sexual innuendoes. Some survivors may have difficulty understanding cause and effect and may have problems with their reasoning skills. And many will have problems in learning from their past mistakes.

– Social situations may also be difficult for some brain injury survivors. Some may possibly be in anappropriate manner by being rude, disrespectful of another's personal space, makeappropriate comments, or dominate a conversation. They may also have other poor social skills and problems with communication.

There are other ways where poor judgment may become a problem following a brain injury but the ones listed above are quite often the main concerns.

Wooden Hutches For Giant Rabbits – The Essentials

There are some key things that you should consider when choosing a hutch for your large or giant rabbit such as the British and Continental Giant. These Giant breeds originated from the war years as a source of food but found their way into the hearts of pet lovers everywhere. Today, the giant rabbit is often bread as a show rabbit and there are many organizations across the country that pride themselves of maintaining the breed line and distinct characteristics of the giant.

Giant Rabbit Hutches Traditionally giant rabbits are kept in wood hutches but care must be taken to provide a size of wooden hutch that is appropriate to the much larger size of the rabbit. There should be two distinct and separate compartments to the hutch. At one end for sleeping and the other for living. The living end should have a wire mesh frontage to allow plenty of ventilation. If your hutch is outside there should be an overhang to the roof. A waterproof sheet or tarpaulin should be used to cover the front of the hutch in bad weather, for example in driving rain.

Giant Rabbit runs Your giant rabbit will require plenty of exercise to stretch its legs. Provide it with a sturdy run which is securely fastened to the ground with tent pegs. You should keep an eye on your rabbit as it will attempt to burrow out, and secure an area of ​​garden that is safe for your rabbit away from plants that are poisonous.

Make sure that the sides of the run enclosure are high enough for the rabbit to hop around. If there are no lids on the roof of the run make sure the rabbit is not able to jump over the sides. It is not impossible for a giant rabbit to clear three feet in a jump.

Rabbit bedding For bedding it is not a bad idea to use wood shavings and a mixture of hay and barley straw. However alternatives such as shredded paper and sawdust will do. Buying bedding from the pet shop can be expensive and it is well worth trying alternative suppliers such as farm stores. Wood mills are a good source of materials if you know of one locally. Remember. The hutch needs to be cleaned out regularly and the use of disinfectant will help to maintain hutch hygiene.

Large rabbit hutch sizes Choose a large enough hutch to provide adequate space for your rabbit to move about. The larger the better however a measure of this can be to allow the rabbit to be able to make three hops inside the hutch.

Sink Pluming – Add Or Replace a Shutoff Valve

I never forget the time I lived in this old house that had out dated sink plumbing and electrical wiring. I remember being faced with sink plumbing problems every week it seemed. Every time I had to work on the sink or any other plumbing fixture I had to shut off the water to the whole house. I then decided enough of this and installed shutoff valves under the sinks. Since then, I replace many plumbing fixtures in my 38 plus years in the renovation business that I own and operated.

For those who are faced with that same problem or if the shutoff valves need replacement and want to save some money. Follow the steps below.


  • Mini tubing cutter
  • Basin wrench
  • Adjustable wrench or wrenches
  • Screw driver
  • Reamer brush
  • Propane torch
  • Flux brush
  • A Fire extinguisher if available in case of a fire – or have some water readily available.


  • Flux
  • Plumber's emery cloth
  • Solder

Usually sinks and toilets have a fixture shutoff valve. Shut off these valves if you are working on any of these fixtures. If the job involves cutting water lines supplying a kitchen sink or a flush tank and there is no fixture shut off valve, I suggest that this is the perfect time to install one.

To install a shut off valve.

Turn the water main off and turn on the faucet of the fixture you are working on. Also, turn on a faucet from a lower level to drain the water lines that you are working on. Disconnect the supply line from the faucet and heat the fitting that is soldered to the inch inch water supply line and separate it from the water line by pulling and twisting it with pliers. Be careful not to bend the pipe out of round.

Use a cloth to wipe off as much solder as possible while the solder is still hot. Wear gloves to protect yourself from getting burned. Let the pipe cool off and clean it with plumbers emery cloth and dry fit the fixture shutoff valve to make sure it fits. If it does not fit, clean it again until the valve fits. Clean the inside of the valve (the end that goes on the copper pipe) with a reamer brush.

After taking the shutoff valve off, separate the stem from the valve by undoing the nut that keeps it in place. If you do not the seals will get ruined from the excess heat when soldering. Apply flux to both the end of the copper pipe and the inside of the shutoff valve. Fit the shutoff valve back on the copper pipe and heat it near the end that goes on the copper pipe. When the flux start to sizzle apply the solder around the joint where the valve meets the copper valve.

Note: Bend the solder into a hook 2 or 3 inches long and start soldering from left to right until it start dripping from the bottom.

Wipe off the solder with a cloth while it's still hot and then let it cool off before putting the stem back on. Follow the same procedures for both supply lines.

Shut the valves off, turn the water main back on and test for leaks

Next step is to connect the new supply lines to the sink faucets I like to use the braided stainless steel type. They are easy to work with and lasts a long time. Tighten all connections and check for leaks this time turn on the shutoff valves. If you encounter leaks, tighten the fitting where it is leaking until the leak stops.

Now you can tell your better half what you have just accomplished and reapp in the rewards. Haha!

Cast Iron Radiator Variety

Plenty of variety exists in terms of cast iron radiators, but in general two main distinctions can be made. The first is in terms of how the radiator is heater – steam or hot water. The second is in terms of style – Italianate, Victorian, vintage, or modern. By understanding the practical and aesthetic differences, you will be able to make a better choice regarding what kind of radiator you want for your home.

Steam Heated Radiators

This was the first kind of stand alone radiator used to heat homes, invented in the 1860s by Joseph Nason. The steam heated system is easily identified by it having only a single pipe that leads from the radiator to the boiler. The way it works is like this: the boiler heats up water until it becomes steam. This steam then flows quickly through the pipeline and into the radiator, where it comes into contact with the cast iron. The cast iron heat up, taking energy from the steam which through condensation becomes droplets of water. The droplets of water move back through the pipe to the boiler where they are reheated and the process repeats.

Hot Water Heater Radiators

These systems were only introduced in the twenty century and have been around ever since. These are characterized as having two pipes – one that takes the water from the boiler to the radiator and another than returns the water to the boiler after it has passed through the radiator tubing. These systems are highly versatile, as they can be converted to be used with steam boilers very easily. With a hot water heated radiator you want to make sure to do regular maintenance to ensure that trapped air does not impede the flow of water. This is called 'boring' the radiator.

Vintage Radiators

When confronted with the idea of ​​placing a hunk of metal inside the home, people of the eighth century felt revolted. It just was not pretty enough for them. So they beautified them. That was born the classic cast iron radiators that are seen in many older homes. Vintage radiators are typically classified into one of two categories: Italianate or Victorian. The former is typified by rounded fins and curved feet, while the latter generally has more ornate metal work and raised patterns.

Modern Radiators

More modern radiators have adopted the minimalist styling of the late twentieth century. These sleek models are all about efficiency. They're more likely to go unnoticed sitting along the side of a room. The modern radiator is a model of precise engineering and craftsmanship, but does not need to have the grace and elegance of the more vintage models.