London Builders – Bathroom Installation – Part Two

Preparation for bathroom remodeling.

Tiling is made right after the pipes installation, mounting the bath and the door. If the bath panel is finished with tiles, this bath panel is sometimes equipped with a door for having access to the bath water drain. But it is more preferable to make a removable hatch, using magnetic nabs as fasteners (rather strong ones and not less than four pieces of them).

If there is bathroom equipment in the room already, it should be covered with covering sheets, carton etc. The bath is usually covered with plywood (10-15 mm thick) or a woodchip board, to preserve it from accidental fall of rubbish and for having support for a bucket with adhesive solution, tools, or tiles. If the floor is already tiled, it is necessary to cover it, too. It is better to have a wet duster with you for cleaning dirty tiles or hands.

Seam size (between the tiles) depends on the tile quality (edge ​​roughness) and aesthetic needs. Seams are usually 1,5-3 mm wide, for ceramic large-size tiles – 5 mm. Using tile spacing pegs is helps you to maintain even spacing between the tiles. Do not tile the whole wall in one day, as it should have time to fasten strongly to the wall.

If you are planning to use various additional decorative details, such as borders or insertion of the tile with patterns, it is important to define its place on the wall. For finishing of outer and inner corners special plastic angle bars can be applied. They make corners look more attractive. Flexible bar insures perfect conformity with wall or floor tiles. When buying plastic angle bars, one should select them so that the groove size would exceed tile thickness.

Mounting of new walls: brick, moisture-resistant gypsum-plaster, or foam concrete. Arrangement of ventilation. Wire bonding, water and sewer pipes layout, replacement of the towel drier (it is recommended to make a parallel by-pass path to have the possibility of emergency shutoff from the hot water main and setting a ball lock valve in case of breakdown). Set separate valves on the hot water pipes, going to the flush tank and a washer. Mounting of the false ceiling with the built-in lighting fitting. Waterproof coating. Plastering. Walls tiling. Installation of the bath. Installation of the bathroom equipment. Floor tiling. That is all. At this point the bathroom remodeling is finished.

For a small bathroom it is possible to choose the specially developed programs, mini bathroom equipment, occupying less space. There is a special doll's house effect, when everything seems larger relative to the diminished objects.

Work quality criteria.

Tiles must be paved strictly vertically, all tile blocks should be situated at the same level. Overhanging or sinking down of one block edge comparatively with another is intolerable. There should be no hollow spaces under the tile blocks. Space between the tiles should be equal everywhere. The tile seams should fit one another and form a straight line (strictly on the level). Tile patterns should be matched. Space between the tiles should be properly grouted.

Nutrition for Athletes – A Look at Recoverite From Hammer Nutrition

Define Your Needs

Post workout weight training supplements are plentiful. When it comes to finding the right one, it can sometimes be a bit daunting to find the ones that provide good nutrition for athletes, given their specific goals. For many weightlifters or pro to semi-pro body builders, going with something that has a lot of calories and protein makes sense. But if you are not looking for enormous gains, something a little more moderate might be a better fit.

Recoverite is a post workout supplement created by Hammer Nutrition that fits into that well-balanced category. It comes in three flavors: Citrus, Chocolate, and Strawberry. Even though the directions say to mix with water, I almost always mix my protein shakes and recovery drinks with low-fat milk or almond milk. That being said, I dodged the citrus flavor thinking that might not go so well with a milk type product.


One of the first things many people ask when looking for the best muscle-building supplement is, "How does it taste?" I know I always ask that. Recoverite definitely delivers on good taste. Both the strawberry and the chocolate flavors have a creamy, not too sweet flavor that is sure to make you look forward to the end of your workout (maybe you already were). As mentioned before, I definitely recommend trying it with a low fat milk or an almond milk if you do not like the results with plain water. For taste alone, it is worth a test.

What makes Recoverite unique?

Many products out there boast huge amounts of protein and other ingredients. One of the nice things about Recoverite is it's balance. It provides a 3: 1 carbohydrate to protein ratio that more and more research suggests is optimal for post workout muscle rebuilding and glycogen synthesis. The protein comes from pure whey protein isolate which has proven again and again to absorb better in the body than other types of protein. The calories are fairly low considering some of the competition weighing in at a sparse 170 when mixed with water. There are no grams of fat, 32 grams of carbs, and 10 grams of protein. I love that there are only 3 little grams of sugar.

Results and Thoughts

That last statistic may be off-putting to some but that 3: 1 ratio is the key for Recoverite's success. I performed a workout routine for ten weeks, five weeks without using Recoverite and five weeks with it. I could definitely tell that my muscles were considerably less sore the day after an intense workout while using the product. However, it needs to be said that if you are looking for big gains in your muscles and weight, Recoverite can be a great part of what will need to be a broader supplement regimen. There's just not enough protein and there are not enough calories in it to be a stand alone supplement for the heavier weight lifting goals. But if your objective is increasing functional strength for sports, I highly recommend Recoverite. It's a terrific product with great taste.

Lobster Q & A

Are you interested in cooking lobster for yourself? Why only order lobster from a restaurant when you cook one for yourself at home? Here are some questions and answers that will help guide you in your plans of cooking a lobster.

Q: Why must the lobster be alive when you cook it?

A: Technically, you do not have to throw a live lobster into the pot to boil to death. But it is important that the lobster is recently deceased because lobsters decay very quickly after death and can therefore present health risks.

Q: Which is the most humane way to kill a lobster?

A: Many people say that plunging a heavy chef's knife into the back of a lobster's head is the most humane way to kill it. Of course, whether you kill it this way or by sticking it head first into boiling water, the lobster may very well continue to flop around for a bit after death, and this can be disturbing. Just realize that with all meats that we humans eat, the animal has to have died beforehand. And although you may find it more difficult to do the killing yourself, you must know that the lobster was going to come to its end somehow.

Q: How do I cook a lobster?

A: You can either boil or steam your lobster. To boil a lobster, fill a large lobster pot ¾ full of salted water (1 tablespoon of salt per quart of water). Bring this to a rolling boil and then place the lobster or lobsters into the pot, making sure that you completely submerge them. Cook 1 to 2 pound lobsters for around 18 minutes and 2+ pound lobsters for 22-25 minutes. If you choose to steam your lobsters, place only 2 inches of salted water into a large pot. Place your lobsters into the pot and cover it tightly. They should be cooked for the same time as listed above. The pigment of the lobster will trun from brown and greenish-blue to a bright red and red-brown after cooking.

Q: How do I eat a lobster?

A: Be sure to let the lobster first cool after cooking. Then twist the large claws off at the joints and crack the claws with a nutcracker or a small hammer. Then bend the body back away from the tail until it cracks and you can remove the tail. Break off the flippers of the tail and push the tail meat out of the tail in one piece. Then be sure to take out the black vein of the tail and to get rid of it. Discard the green lobster liver (or save it to use in sauces). Realize that there will be meat in the four cavities where the small legs join the body and also in the small walking legs of larger lobsters. Most people enjoy eating their lobster meat dipped in melted butter.

Q: Wait a minute … what exactly is a lobster?

A: Lobster are members of the decapod (ten feet) family. There are two types of lobster found in the United States. The northern "American" lobster is the basic kind of lobster that is found on the East Coast and the spiny lobster found off the coast of Florida. The spiny lobster does not have any claws and it is only a distant relative to the northern lobster. The shovel nose lobster has a flattened face and is found in tropical waters. Freshwater lobster (also called crayfish) are very colorful. There are actually more than 30 varieties of lobster that can be found throughout the whole world.

The Facelift Alternative – Naturally Lift Your Sagging Jowls in a Week

Sagging jowls are a sure indicator that the aging process is taking place. This sagging is due to the jaw line becoming less firm, which in turn causes the skin to droop. When jowls begin to sag it causes the shape of the face to change and over time makes you look older. This is why people get a facelift. Although sagging jowls is a natural part of aging, it doesn’t mean that there isn’t something that can’t be done about it. One remedy for that unsightly sagging jaw line is a good old fashioned natural facelift massage. Massage has been used for centuries as an anti aging technique and works as a natural facelift to combat sagging jowls. Here is a fast and easy, 2 minute massage routine that will naturally reduce and even eliminate your sagging jowls. Do this twice a day.

Choose A Massage Oil

The first thing you need to do before your start your facelift massage is choose a good massage oil. Make sure you choose an oil that won’t irritate your skin or cause any breakouts. The oil will ensure that you are actually massaging your sagging jowls and not just pulling the skin.

Massage In Circles

Make sure your face has been thoroughly cleaned before beginning the massage process. After choosing your massage oil, generously apply it to your sagging jowls. Use the back of your wrists to firmly massage your jowls along the jaw line and in the cheek area in a circular motion for one minute. Using the back or your wrists allows you to apply the right amount of pressure in order for the massage to be most effective.

Massage Up

Once you’ve massaged in circles then you need to massage using an upward motion. Place the back of both wrists at the bottom of the chin. Firmly move up through the cheeks, under the eye, out to the temples and then down the side of your face just in front of the ears down to the collarbone. The path along the side of the face that is just in front of the ears and leads down to the collarbone is the lymph path. By following this path you are ridding your face of waste and toxins that have built up in your sagging jowls. Repeat this process 3 times.

If you use this facelift massage routine twice a day you will start to see your sagging jowls disappear and begin to look noticeably younger. This massage is a great natural alternative to the traditional face lift.

5 Fun Things To Do On An Elevator

Technology is an amazing thing, is not it? Just look at the advances technology has made over the years. We have picture within a picture television, which is good if you can focus on more than one thing at a time – like a fly. There are airbags in our cars to prevent us from injury, unless, of course, a sharp piece of metal punctures the airbag, during the crash, causing it to deflate and sending the steering wheel column out the back of your head. And there's the elevator. Many jokes have been written about the elevator, like, "The stock market has been up and down more than an elevator." Or, uh, okay, maybe that's the only joke.

Some elevators feature security cameras, many have digital floor readings and some are even voice activated. "Thirty-ninth floor. Please watch your step." I can only imagine that it will be just a matter of time before elevators, in tall buildings, will be featuring stewards handing out meals and showing in-flight movies. "Today's presentation will be 'The Towering Inferno.'"

One thing that has not changed about the elevator is Elevator Etiquette. People will get on an elevator, like voiceless mannequins, staring up at the numbers of the floors as they pass by and hoping that someone in the elevator does not speak to them.

Has Society become that rigid that we're afraid that someone is going to speak to us in an elevator? I say, "Yes." I also say, "Lighten up." We're all on this crazy planet together, so why not be a little less rigid and a little more pleasant? That's why I've developed the "Handbook of Elevator Etiquette in the New Millennium." Here are some fun things you can do on your next elevator ride.

1. Even if you are spoken to on an elevator, most elevator trips are only about thirty seconds long. It's not likely you are going to develop some lifelong relationship with that person. And, what topic would you most likely be discussing? The effects of American involvement in the Middle East? I do not think so. Most likely, you'll be discussing the age old favorite – the weather. Here's a simple conversation even you could initiate:

You: Nice day out there.

Them: Beautiful.

You: May rain tomorrow.

Them: I hope not.

You: Well, this is my floor.

Them: Have a nice day.

You: Take care.

Almost nauseating, is not it? But, a real no-brainer. You've been courteous, informative and, yet, no threat of any future involvement with that person.

2. If you would like to make the conversation a little less impersonal and perhaps even get you a laugh, you can say something like, "Is not it amazing that this elevator was made by the same guy who used to get drunk on Saturday nights and would lock himself up in the jail on 'The Andy Griffith Show?' "

3. If you're feeling daring the next time you are on a crowded elevator, get a sing-a-long going with the music being piped in from WDUL. Of course, it will be necessary for you to know the words to "Tie A Yellow Ribbon", "Somewhere My Love" and "Muskrat Love."

4. If you're really feeling daring, call the radio station from the handy, emergency telephone that the elevator supplies and have them dedicate a song to the group on the elevator. "Alright, this is Bobby Boring on WDUL dedicating the next number to those wacky folks on Elevator Number Three, in the Hitchcock Building. Here you go guys, it's the Fifth Dimension and 'Up, Up And Away.'"

5. Speaking of using the telephone, if everyone on the elevator has the time, hit the Emergency Button and let everyone have a chance to call someone and ask them if their refrigerator is running. It will loosen things up and make for a memorable ride for everyone.

If you follow these suggestions, this should make for a less rigid Society and a lot more fun for all. (Incidentally, if the building custodian should complain about the misuse of the elevator, the next time, use the emergency telephone to have a dozen pizzas sent to his house.)

Bare Copper – Is There a Reason For Copper Wire Without Insulation?

There are different reasons for all types of wire and cable including bare copper. Sometimes wire has insulation and sometimes it doesn’t for specific reasons. Engineers work hard to provide a type of wire for every application out there with approvals to go with it.

Bare copper is also known as a ground wire. It is not insulated at all so it has no protection. It is mostly used in homes as a ground wire and has the best conductivity without insulation. So as long as it isn’t going outdoors then electrical contractors don’t mind using it.

Bare copper is also the base for most types of wire and cable. It comes solid or in smaller awg sizes wrapped together to equal the same gauge. Using the smaller awg sizes gives the wire more flexibility to bend around corners. You might think that you would always need the most flexible because it could only be better but that’s not always the case. Sometimes electrical contractors need it to be more stiff so they can send it a long way through conduit.

A green THHN wire is also known as a ground wire when the wire needs to be outdoors. Green calls out the fact the THHN is a ground wire and the reason for the insulation is so it has protection against moisture. It can then go outdoors and in conduit while it still acts as a ground wire. The reason for using it indoors without insulation is simply because it’s cheaper. Sometimes you might see this wire with a yellow stripe as well.

There isn’t always a ground wire in every cable. If you need one then I recommend talking to your cable sales person and making sure they know that as well. Most companies that supply wire also supply the bare copper so you shouldn’t have a problem getting it if you need it. You can usually request a specification sheet to make sure you are getting the exact cable you are looking for.

The New Dishwashers

When dishwashers were introduced in the markets for the first time, there was general apathy or aversion among the consumers who considered the device as an avoidable thing in the household. Many of them were apprehensive that yet another machine will make their kitchen more crowded. Further the earlier crude versions of dishwashers were bulky and noisy and such factors contributed towards the negative attitude of the consumers. Consequently market penetration of dishwashers was a slow and tardy process.

But things changed soon. Having understood the reasons for consumer reluctance to accept dishwasher as an efficient tool, the manufacturers effected radical changes in the design and construction of the machines. The size of the machine and the intolerable noise level were the major irritants in the early models and these two problems were promptly addressed. Modern machines are compact and space saving devices. Noise level was brought down to permissible limits. Progressively many other innovative features are being incorporated to make it more consumer friendly. Latest models of dishwashers are completely automatic with touch control facility.

They are programmable and users can pre-set a program depending on the nature of the job. Dishes with normal level of residues or stains can be subjected to mild wash saving time and energy. But those with stubborn crusts may need intensive wash. Rinse & hold, Mild wash and Intensive wash are the different modes of cleaning that can be chosen according to the requirements. Quick wash can be opted at times of urgency. Pre-set machine with the help of auto sensors will wash all types of dishes without manual monitoring. The quality and temperature of water will be monitored automatically and will be changed whenever necessary. Automatic temperature adjustment is also done. Users can program the machine to start washing during periods when energy tariff is low. Once the machine is loaded with dishes and program is chosen, the process of washing will commence at specific time when energy tariff is lowest, availing the non-peak hour concession.

By switching on automatically during non-peak hours, the device helps to save energy charges. The residual heat after every wash cycle will be utilized to heat water in the reserve chamber. This water when heated to the required temperature will be used for another wash cycle. Residual heat is also used for drying washed dishes. Modern machines are equipped with necessary mechanism to detect water flooding within the machine. Due to the high temperature and humidity in the machine there are possibilities of pipe bursts when used continuously. But sensors will detect water flooding and make the dishwasher stop automatically. Water can be drained off and pipe burst or other problems can be attended. Energy and water efficient dishwashers are now available in the markets. With controlled noise levels they are now eco friendly products.

The consumers are advised to follow instructions contained in the user’s manual supplied along with the machines. Proper maintenance is essential for the durability of the dishwasher. Periodical cleaning to remove residues and deposits formed within the machine is very necessary. There are websites exclusively dealing with dishwashers. Consumers can have valuable information and guidance regarding the sale and service available in the markets.

The Ongoing Bottled Water Controversy – Use Plastic Bottles Or Tap Water For Consumption?

Bottled water is constantly creating a lot of controversy and there are two clear sides to the story: those that swear on the bottled water and those that are all for tap water. Among the second group are the environmentalists that say that plastic bottle is not environmentally friendly.

The truth is, it is very convenient to consume bottled water every day. It is easy to have it around, even if you're on a stroll outside, just buy a one portion bottle at any local store and you can easily quench your thirst. I do not think that anyone likes filling a plastic bottle at home with tap water and dragging it along throughout the day in case they are thirsty. It is much easier to pop in a local store or supermarket and simply buy a small bottle that is fresh, cold and ready to be consumed. We are all living in a very convenience oriented society and let's face it, being able to pick up a bottle anytime anywhere is very convenient to all of us.

Also it is true that the bottled water tastes much better than the tap water. It tastes more refreshing somehow, everybody can attest to it. Also it tastes in a consistent way. If you buy a brand of water in Europe or in the US, you know the exact taste of what you're getting, there are no surprises there. Try to taste water from the tap in various countries and you'll be surprised by the differences in taste.

Also if you have to drink something for calming your thirst, it is much better to buy fresh and cool water than one of those sodas or drinks that are full of sugar and calories and are not very healthy in the first place, particularly when it comes to children.

On the other hand, there is no reason for a controversy in the first place. There is no reason for bottled and tap water to not coexist happily together. You can get the bottled water for outdoors, while using tap water at home where you can also save money in the process.

5 Ab Exercises Better Than Crunches

Crunches are an overused and under productive exercise. They present a considerable risk to the health of your lower back and spine and only work a limited range of your core muscles. They never have and never will burn fat off of our 'stomach' or midsection and if you do enough of them will simply cause you to grow bigger and stronger abs muscles without working your lower back and oblique muscles. Doing excessive amounts of crunches could very well lead to imbalanced abs and core development as well as potential lower back and spine pain and problems. Here are 5 exercises that work your abs and core in better, safer and more balanced positions than any crunch can.

Stability Ball Roll Outs:

o Kneeling on the ground in an upright position with your elbows on a stability ball

o Roll the ball out in front of you extending your body and arms as far as you can go

o Keep your back, spine, and body from your shoulders to your knees straight like a board or plank

o Hold the extended position for a second or two

o Pull yourself back to the starting position

This exercise works your abs, lower back and core all at once. You can keep your spine straight and stable throughout the whole exercise which makes this very safe for your spine and lower back.


o Lie face down on the ground

o Get up into a push up position resting on your feet and hands (you can also rest on your elbows instead of your hands)

o Hold this position for a timed interval keeping your spine and body straight like a board or plank

o Start with a manageable time like 30 seconds working up to 60-70 seconds as you get better at them

This exercise works all the muscles of our core and keeps your spine stable and straight.

Side Planks:

o Lying on the ground on your side

o Stabilize your body on one hand (or elbow) and your feet

o Keep your body rigid and straight like a board or plank

o Hold this position for a timed interval

o Switch and do the other side in the exact same fashion

This exercise will work your oblique (side abs muscles) harder as well as working your abdominal muscles and lower back muscles. This exercise also allows for you to keep your spine straight and keeps your back safe from injury.

Mountain Climbers:

o In a push up position

o Bend one leg bringing the knee up to your chest (you can also touch your opposite elbow to that knee for added work)

o Alternate each leg and arm in a climbing type of motion

o Keep your back straight throughout the movement

This is an advanced exercise that works the core muscles similar to a plank with the added work of moving your legs and arms.

Stability Ball Pikes:

In a push up position with your feet on a stability ball
Keeping your back and legs straight no bending at the knees pull the ball toward your body
You should end up in a pike position with your hands on the floor your butt elevated in the air, bending at the waist only, knees straight
Slowly roll the ball back to the starting position

This exercises also works all the muscles of your core without putting your lower back in a compromised position.

These are just a few examples of ways to work your 'core' and abs without ever doing a crunch. Each one of these exercises works all the muscles of your core in a more balanced way than a crunch and also allows you to keep your spine and lower back in a safer position.

Airplane Travel – How to Plan For Comfort

A good plan is always necessary to ensure everything works properly. The same holds true when leaving for a much needed vacation! Before your flight, plan out what you intend to include in your carry on luggage, as poor preparation may cause an uncomfortable and boring ride.

The length of a flight should be taken into account when packing your belongings. If your flight duration is only a few hours, packing your carry-on bag should be an easy snap. Unnecessary items, such as a portable movie player, should be packed in your baggage. There most likely will be little time for this kind of activity during a short flight. If you want or need to use a laptop, consider the risk and hassle it may cause – especially when you are asked to take it out at the security check. While in the waiting room, be prepared to watch it closely as laptops are a prime target for thieves. Due to restricted space found the airplanes provided for short flights, using too many gadgets could make you feel unsafe and uncomfortable.

If possible bring only one carry-on bag to the airport waiting room and your passenger seat. Having only one small bag will keep you better organized and more comfortable. Never over stuff the bag and keep in mind the small overhead bins and cramped passenger seating.

For a longer flight, you may want to consider bringing small electronic diversions, unless you plan to sleep. Portable gaming consoles are a great choice for younger people, while others may settle for a thick, thrilling novel. Aside from a portable gaming console, you could also bring a small MP3 player with headphones. Be considerate of other passengers, and remember to keep the volume turned down.

A PDA with flight mode could also be considered. Advanced users can install necessary software on their PDA’s to use them as movie players, e-book readers, portable gaming consoles and MP3 players. However, you may want to bring two or three extra batteries if you are on a long flight. Last but not least, before you leave home, your airline ticket should be the first thing you check and recheck. It is useless to have the perfect flight properly prepared, only to find out you forget to bring the ticket.

How to Prep Your Staircase

If you are planning to refurbish your staircase you’ll find that good preparation pays dividends. Whether you are going to lay a new carpet, paint or stain the stairs or replace the balustrade, you will achieve a more professional-looking finish if you take the time to thoroughly prep all the wooden surfaces beforehand. This may include, among other things, stripping off old varnish, wood stain or paint, extracting nails and staples, sanding down the staircase and getting rid of the old stair carpet.

Removing stair carpet

Starting from the top step, lever up the carpet using a pry bar and divide into manageable sections with a sharp utility knife, cutting from the back. If you are going to lay new stair carpet, you can leave the tack strips in place – just prise up any damaged or rusty ones. Remove protruding nails and staples with a claw hammer, pliers or nail extractor. If you can’t pull them all out, just hammer them right into the wood and cover up any marks afterwards with wood filler.

Sanding down stairs

Removing old paint or varnish and getting all the surfaces smooth is particularly important if you are planning to stain or paint your stairs rather than lay new carpet. Sand everything down, starting with coarse 40 or 60 grit sandpaper and working your way up to fine 120 or 240 grit paper for a smooth finish.

If your budget allows it, a power tool could save considerable time and effort. Use a random orbital or belt sanding machine for the larger surfaces such as treads and risers, and a detail (also known as mouse) sanding machine for corners and small stair parts.

The spindles, or balusters, will need to be tackled manually. Just wrap a strip of sandpaper around a spindle and pull it to and fro as if you were shining shoes. Work your way up and down the spindle until the surface is smooth. Ornate stair designs may also require the use of a chemical stripper to get into all the nooks and crannies.

Cleaning up

When you have finished sanding, vacuum the stairs from end to end to remove all dust and debris. Use a large sponge to wipe everything down with water and a mild detergent – liquid floor cleaner is ideal, as long as it doesn’t contain bleach. Rinse thoroughly and leave to dry for at least a day.

Filling in cracks

You may well find various nail holes, cracks and dents in your staircase. To conceal them, apply wood filler (also known as wood putty) in as close a shade as possible to the colour of your stairs. The compound will probably lighten as it dries out, so test it on an unobtrusive area first. Because filler tends to shrink as it hardens, you will need to compensate by slightly over-filling the holes. Sand lightly when dry to level the surface, and wipe with a damp cloth. Your stairs are now ready for new paint, wood stain or carpet.

Save Money by Using Geoexchange to Heat Or Cool Your Home

You may have heard the term before and wondered what it is exactly – in short, a geoexchange heating system has 3 basic components:

  1. Water – (or water and refrigerant-) filled plastic pipes which run through underground trenches in the earth just outside the house. In winter, the Earth's temperature is significantly warmer that the air and the opposite holds true for summer. The system makes use of this renewable energy.
  2. A heat pump or heat exchange unit into which the water from the pipes (as above) run and which extracts heat, discharging it for use in heating the home (this same unit can be operated the opposite way, where cooling for the house is required ). The heat exchange unit works just the same way as a refrigerator or an air conditioner.
  3. Some method of distributing the heat throughout the house: forced-air is a common distribution method, but the most comfortable and efficient means of heating a home is using radiant-floor heating, where a system of tubes filled with heated liquid keep the home at the desired temperature. This method integrates very well with a geoexchange system.
  • A truly excellent Flash presentation has been developed by

OK then, what is a geothermal system ?

  • Geoexchange systems are frequently and erroneously referred to as geothermal systems.
  • As described above, the geoexchange system employs a heat pump (otherwise known as a heat exchange unit) to either heat or cool the home. The key word here is 'exchange' – the home is exchanging its coolness for heat, or vice versa, by means of a device similar to an air conditioner or a refrigerator.
  • A true geothermal system uses natural hot springs such as those commonly found in Iceland, for example, to heat homes. This system is relatively rare, as it depends on this gift from nature. In Iceland most homes are heated in this way, which is very lucky for them; however most home owners in North America are limited to using the less dramatic geoexchange system. It does not matter where on Earth your home is: you can depend on this significant heat source.
  • So many people refer to geoexchange systems as geothermal systems, that the misnomer is quite commonly accepted; in fact, many geoexchange companies and contractors refer to themselves as geothermal companies, just for the sake of being understood.

How does a geoexchange ( 'geothermal' ) system save money in heating my home?

  • Once the system is installed, the only energy it requires is enough electricity to run the heat exchange unit. This is usually very inexpensive, but the bottom line will depend on what your local utility company is charging you per kWh. Often, if you live in a cold climate, a backup system may be desired where, in case the geoexchange system is not supplying enough heat, then electrical or oil-heating may be employed to 'top-up' the geoexchange system. This is most convenient in a retro-fit where the existing / former heating system is there anyway. Generally a 100% geoexchange system works fine for most people.
  • With oil, gas, and electricity prices skyrocketing with no end in sight, geoexchange systems are expected to grow in popularity. The payback period on such a system varies based on several factors, mainly oil, gas, and electricity prices in your area and how cold or hot your climate is. If you are considering installing a geoexchange system, you can ask your contractor to show you a cost / payback analysis.

Do many people have geoexchange ( 'geothermal ') systems?

  • Although only a tiny percentage of existing homes in North America currently employ geoexchange systems, that percentage is on the increase – by an estimated 20% a year. According to one study, over 95% of geoexchange system owners would recommend such a system, a satisfaction level higher than with conventional heating systems.

Can I have a geoexchange ( 'geothermal ') system installed on my old house?

  • Absolutely. Of course, as with anything, a new installation on a new home is the easiest, but depending on certain factors, your existing home may be easy and inexpensive to retrofit with a geoexchange system.

How much does a geoexchange ( 'geothermal ') system cost and how do I get it?

  • Your cost will depend on many factors:
  • The size of the system you want (how big is your house?)
  • what will be involved in drilling or digging for the loops – if you have a pond in your back yard it may save a lot of money on the system, as the loops may be laid in a pond or other body of water without any digging
  • Is your house already built or in the planning stage?
  • Your contractor – do some shopping around, bearing in mind that the cheapest is not always the right choice
  • Realistically, you will need to find a reputable geoexchange contractor or company in your area to design and install your system. There is a lot of do-it-yourself (DIY) information out there, but the fact is that the success of your project is going to depend very largely on the experience and expertise of the designer / installer. If you are adamant about doing it yourself, at least have some consultation with a professional – it's money well-spent
  • Make sure your contractor is IGSHPA-certified. This is extremely important.
  • Beware of companies who list geoexchange systems as one of their services. With the recent explosion of interest in geoexchange systems, there are many companies who have dabbled with geoexchange projects who are perfectly comfortable proclaiming themselves experts.
  • Check references, past projects. In the final analysis, a reputable contractor has a number of successful installs and a list of satisfied customers. Never hire a contractor until you have established that you are dealing with someone who has plenty of experience and a proven track-record.
  • When searching for contractors to work on your geoexchange system, you will usually find plenty of entries in the yellow pages. You will do best to search for both geoexchange and geothermal, as the words are used quite interchangeably.
  • Hopefully this online directory is some help in locating the right contractor – again, DO NOT FORGET: check that they are IGSHPA-certified and definitely check their references! Good luck with your geo-projects!

Our Words Create Our Future

I was recently coaching a person who told me that he would "try" to improve his relationship with a coworker but that it would be "very difficult" and that it would "take a lot of time to trust him."

Consider the words that are in bold above. Could it be that while this person thinks he's merely describing the future, he's actually creating it? Could it be that our words actually produce results in the real world?

Consider these examples:

I was recently reading about Lanny Bassham, a former Olympic rifle shooter and "mental coach" whose clients include US Olympic archers. Bassham notes that the archery community has a peculiar obsession with "target panic," which refers to a malady sometimes suffered by champion archers who become so worried about hitting the target that they stop themselves from even attempting a shot.

Bassham says that, "the words ' target panic' have induced an unnecessary amount of severity and concern about this condition among archers." He concludes by noting that, "I think if they had a better word for it, they'd have a lot less problem trying to cure it." (I've bolded those words for emphasis).

In his book, The Perfect Mile, Neal Bascomb writes that, "On May 6, 1954, Roger Bannister became the first man to run the mile in less than 4 minutes, a barrier many experts had long considered unbreakable. What is remarkable is that australia's John Landy and New Zealand's Peter Snell bettered his record that same year. Roger's feat changed the thinking of people in countries all over the world. " (I've bolded those words for emphasis).

What do these examples have in common? They all suggest that the key to unlocking our chains lies in the words we use to describe our world.

Consider the possibility that if you want to know what stops someone from achieving a goal, listen to how the goal is described. Could it be that describing a goal as "difficult," "strenuous," or "tough" creates those outcomes and that talking about a goal as "achievable," "exciting," or "inspiring" creates outcomes that conform to those descriptions?

Is not it amazing how we can predict the future? Or, perhaps, not so amazing. Perhaps the process is quite straight forward: We predict how the future will occur when we describe that future and then, naturally, live out that prediction.

Or, as ancient wisdom has noted, "Be careful what you wish for. You may get it."

Getting Cash for Clothing You No Longer Use

Sort through your Items

Go through each room of your home and sort through items. Gather up items that are still in very good condition but no one wears anymore. This is the first step in the process to sell clothes. There is no reason to keep them around if they aren’t being worn. They are just taking up space. It makes sense to clear them out and have more overall space.

Sell them at Once

You may have gone some typical routes when it comes to how you sell clothes. They can include having a garage sell, posting them online, or taking them to a consignment centre. These methods can be time consuming though and there is no guarantee you will get rid of them. They may not sell or you may sell one or two items at a time when they are on consignment.

A better solution is to sell clothes to an entity that will buy them from you all at once. Then you don’t have to invest your time with setting up a garage sell, taking photos to share online, or hauling them to a consignment centre. This method is the easiest way for you to get them sold and to make some extra money.


It is understood you may have a busy schedule and plenty of commitments. It may take you time to get through all the items in your home when you want to sell clothes. You will have the flexibility to schedule a pickup of the items when you are ready. It is very convenient too for them to come pick them up at your home.

You don’t have to load them up and take them to a drop off.I f you are motivated to make money though you will create a plan to get the work done in the least amount of time. Perhaps you can commit to going through one room in your home per day. Within a week you can have all the items read to go. You will be rewarded when you sell clothes by getting a nice payment for them.


The amount of money you are going to earn depends on the volume of clothing you offer. They are generally going to pay you based on weight. There can be some sorting and inspecting done first. Make sure you don’t include items that are damaged or severely worn as they can’t be resold. You should only include clothing that is still in great condition with your pick up.

Enhance your Wardrobe

You can use the money you made from the clothing to further enhance your wardrobe. You can use the funds to shop for new items you would love to add to your closet. You aren’t going to dip into your regular household budget to pay for the new clothing either. This means you can shop for them guilt free!

If you worry about getting rid of clothing now that you may wear later, try an experiment. Turn all the clothing in your closets backwards on the hangers. As you wear something and hang it back up, switch the hanger back to the direction it would normally face. Anything you don’t wear after six months can be cleared out.

How to Tell If a Parent Has Alzheimer’s Disease Or Dementia

It is scary to think your parent might have Alzheimer’s disease or dementia. Both will reduce their quality of life. These conditions burden caregivers. Alzheimer’s disease is not treatable. Dementia may be treated. How can you tell if your parent is suffering from Alzheimer’s disease or dementia? What can you do?

You would get a diagnosis of dementia in your senior years. It is spotted in your 60’s or 70’s. You would need to have these traits for at least six months:

– Fading motor skills

– Impaired memory

– Inability to plan or think theoretically

– Cannot recognize or identify objects

– Heightened language difficulties

If these symptoms last for less than six months, they label it delirium. How often you see these traits can indicate how bad the dementia is. Another sign is the magnitude of the symptoms when they do occur.

Alzheimer’s disease is one type of dementia. For older people, it is the most common cause of dementia. Memory loss is the trademark of Alzheimer’s disease. The memory loss is extreme. An Alzheimer’s sufferer might not remember their way home from the market. This would be a trip they have made many times in the past.

Alzheimer’s usually is diagnosed much earlier. As early as 45. There is a steady loss of vital mental abilities. A person may live for years with this condition progressively getting worse. Getting to the point where the patient cannot take care of themselves.

There is another way Alzheimer’s disease and dementia differ. Dementia takes decades to develop. They are both slow and drawn out. However, Alzheimer’s takes over faster.

Dementia starts as cognitive decline at around age 35. Little by little your mind decays. You will most likely experience some form of dementia. If you live long enough, that is.

In large part, you are in control. Research shows you may be able to delay Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. You can reverse them if you catch them early enough. Lifestyle is a huge factor. Exercise and a good diet play a large part in brain health.

Brain training is another factor. The right brain training can create new pathways and strengthen old ones. It can mean the difference between dementia and a good quality of life for your parent’s golden years.

You may be able to put your parent’s brain back on track. How would you like for them to spend the limited time they have left on this earth?