Car Bulbs: The Motor Guru's Car Bulbs Buyer's Guide

Car bulbs are a huge category of different products, but if you're in the market which should you be looking at and what are their features? Luckily the motoring guru showed up to share his expertise with us:

Halogen bulbs – These are the granddaddy of modern car bulbs, taking the form of a tungsten filament surrounded by halogen gas to increase the performance of the lamp. They still use far more energy than more modern bulbs for less light produced as they are more similar to old-style light bulbs that you'd find at home.

They are still in production however and if you're on a serious budget then they are a good choice as they are cheaper than newer, more advanced types of bulb. They also offer a decent life-span as they are made with very tough, thick glass (which they need as they burn at a very high temperature) and offer respectable brightness of up to no more than around 2000 lumens.

They are commonly around just 10 to 20 pounds each.

HIR bulbs – After halogen came HIR, which stands for 'halogen infra red.' This bulb is similar to halogen, but it has an infra red coating which reflects heat back to the filament. Heat is one of the main by-products of creating light with a tungsten filament, and by reflecting waste heat back on to the filament and further heating it we can create even brighter light for the same or less energy!

Of course these are a little more expensive, but they are brighter at somewhere around 2500 lumens. 75% of the light of HID bulbs is not bad, and they are available at around 30 pounds each. Due to their small size and common shape (pretty much the same as halogen bulbs) it is easy to fit them to most cars, making them a hassle free solution if you want to upgrade.

HID bulbs – The modern benchmark. HID lights stand for 'high-intensity discharge' which is referring to an electrical discharge (think mini lightning bolt) that is created and used here to produce light. To avoid confusion these bulbs are often called Xenon headlights, as the gas used inside the bulb is xenon.

They produce far more lumens than halogen and HIR bulbs, up to around 3200, and also use less power, so they're better all round. They also glow with a funky blue tint, which is sure to turn heads!

They are however more expensive, weighing in at around 120 up to even 200 pounds. But for that you get the best performance available on the market today. You have to remember that they are a lot bigger, coming in a contained unit, and so changing these yourself may be difficult if you have no experience.

LED bulbs – Light Emitting Diodes, or LEDs as they're commonly known are a new way of lighting your way at night. These guys do not produce as much light as HID lights because they rely on the electrical current through a metal semiconductor creating light, rather than burning a filament or electrical discharge.

They're very small and instantly go to full brightness and so have been most common in brake lights and indicators up to now. The new headlight versions are not too shabby though, and produce less light than HIDs, but more than halogen bulbs.

Because these are the newest headlight technology they are not always compatible with older cars and can be hard to find, but if you can track them down you could pay somewhere around 20 to 30 pounds each.

If you're wondering what lumens are they are a measurement of light equivalent to candles. 1 lumen equals 1 candle's light. If there is a light source of 1 lumen, for instance an ordinary candle, standing on a certain point, then we estimate that all the area with 1 metre squared will receive 1 lumen of illumination. Therefore more lumens equals larger area that can be lit up and more brightly.

The guru's final tip? Shop online! Yes, you can find these headlight bulbs in your local garage, motoring store or hardware store, but these places have already added their profit. If you shop with a reputable dealer online then you're cutting out the middle-man and getting the best deal.

Lighting 101 – Different Types of Lighting

Lighting can greatly affect the look and feel of your home instantaneously. It creates an ambiance which makes guests feel quickly at home. Appropriate lighting can make a small room look open and fresh while a large room can appear welcoming and attractive. Lighting can also be used as a stimulating atmosphere for a night of entertainment or a quiet feeling of relaxation after a long tiring day at work. It is therefore evident that lighting can really make a huge difference and drastically change the mood of an individual in an instant. Lighting comes in many forms, here are some of them:

o Table lamps are typically used as reading lights, to accent dark corners or used at buffet tables. Model of table lamps come in different types. Good examples are tiffany style table lamps that are very popular and have an elegant quality in it. Always consider the size of the table lamp you are deciding in and remember that it should never overwhelm the area which you are planning to put it on. Choose a lamp that fits well inside the room and complements the other furniture as well.

o There are many types of portable lighting. These are plug-in lights designed to be placed around your home and can be moved. Flexibility is one of its most appealing features.

o On the other hand, torchieres are floor lamps which direct light upwards. This type of lighting is used for general, ambient and accent lighting. These lighting is commonly placed in areas such as corners and areas with high ceilings.

o Floor lamps provide generous task lighting for activities such as sewing and reading. They are also used to accent dark corners of a room. This lighting type should be free of distracting shadows and glare. They are able to cast a focused light and ideal for complimenting a favorite chair.

o Desk lamps are generally designed to light a smaller area more extremely such as workspaces. The light source is typically placed approximately 12-15 inches above the surface of the desk

o The types of lighting that have movable arms to direct light when needed are armed lamps. They are directly mounted to the wall and can be plugged in some cord covers to match its finish. These lamps are great alternatives to bedside lamps without taking much space.

Once you have learned more of the different types of lighting, you should also keep in mind some valuable pointers involving lamps to ensure you will be using them the best way possible.

For shade selection:

Task lighting is essential for doing detailed work such as reading. With solid colored shades, the direction of light can be controlled because there is little amount of light that can go upward. The lights are also filtered and focused down below. When reading, be sure to place the source of light above the person's head not behind it to avoid shadows on the book you are reading.

To create a balanced effect of light and dark, it is essential to learn the different types of lighting. These lamps come in numerous design pieces such as the popular tiffany style table lamps and it will depend on your preference. This will definitely create an atmosphere of comfort and relaxation that you can truly take pleasure in from hard day's work.

How to Set-Up Radiant Barrier Insulation

Radiant barrier insulation is a beneficial technique to keep warmth inside the property where it commonly is wasted. This is generally by means of the roof as heat rises and can very easily leave the home if necessary insulation has not been implemented. Radiant heat barrier can furthermore be implemented to the interior of a roof to prohibit too much heat from entering the home as well. In either scenario the property owner can expect to pay a good deal more money on air cooling or heating charges if insulation has not been fitted.

Radiant barrier is similar to a variety of wind breaker in that it avoids the cold air in the attic room from merging with the hot air in your home. Radiant heat systems can be implemented additionally to your current insulation to give extra defense, although you should ensure that it is perforated in order to enable moisture to get away. This will help avoid damp and mould from appearing.

Most new buildings will have radiant heating already installed within the attic room, but existing property owners can also order radiant barrier foil insulation and profit from the reduction in energy costs you can expect after properly insulating your property. In actual fact, research shows that between 25 to 35 per cent can be salvaged on energy charges by applying radiant barrier insulation.

Aluminium is commonly utilized in radiant barrier products as it is far more helpful at reflecting heat than alternative products such as fiberglass, Styrofoam or cellulose. To help keep a cozy living temperature within the house, aluminium helps reflect heat produced back into the property, while reflecting heat generated by the sun back away from the roof.

Installing radiant barrier can be a little bit tricky depending on various factors, so it undoubtedly helps to use a set of installation instructions if you plan on installing the insulation yourself. There are several factors that you should know prior to going ahead and installing, for instance the proper fixing method and how to place the insulation foil next to current insulation.

A Log Home is More Fire Resistant and More Energy Efficient

Not only is a log home a dream house because of its beauty but such a home has serious advantages. Log structures and log homes do a lot to reduce the pollution that we face everyday. When it comes to noise pollution one should go for the log home as a log home reduces noise and sound pollution to a great degree whereas the other wooden structures like a house of timber can not do anything similar to this. A log home wall keeps sound off and at the same time creates a very comfortable situation within the home and this helps the family to be at ease with each other and thus bond.

Log walls are more fire resistant than any other wood is and this has been proved by the various studies. Therefore a lot of people these days prefer log homes over timber homes. It is much less likely that a log wall will burn or catch fire very easily whereas timber can not be so fire resistant and can certainly catch fire pretty easily.

Any wooden structure has got a lot of cavities through which fire moves once it has caught one part of the wooden frame but in log structures there are no such holes or cavities within and therefore fire is unable to travel through. This is the main reason why people prefer log homes over timber homes nowadays. Whenever it comes to a home with lots of electrical cords and wires and also a kitchen where cooking goes on and wherever there is gas and gasoline there is always chance of the place catching fire. The more fire resistant the home is, the safer it is and is the first choice of a lot of people when they decide to build there dream homes.

The energy efficiency of a log home is much higher than that of a timber house. The energy that the log walls preserve is much more than a timber wall can ever preserve. Therefore when it comes to the chilling winters you can depend on the log walls to keep you warm whereas you would need a really powerful heating system to keep you warm in a timber house. In spite of that heating system it is likely that you will feel cold within the house as the walls would not be able to store the heat that is produced by the system as well. This is not very good news for you when you live in a very cold region of the country and when you are looking for a cozy and comfortable log home for yourself and your family. So you should better go for those log walls that will help preserve the heat and keep you warm.

Use These Inspirational Sources For Home Decorating

When looking to a source for interior decorating inspiration, be critical in a way that will help you to refine and define your own taste. When turning to the work of another designer for decorating ideas, carefully look at the room and consider the basics: floor, walls, ceiling, and overall ambiance. Do not focus on details. When you are done, ask yourself these questions:

o How does this room make me feel?

o Is it too formal?

o Are the colors too light or too dark?

o Is the flooring too dark or would I rather have something darker and more anchored?

o Is the wallpaper/wall color intriguing or annoying?

o Is the furniture warm, dark, white, or colored?

o What do I like and or dislike?

Sources of Inspiration

Here are some sources of inspiration for home decorating ideas you may not have thought of:

Visit Design Models – Visit model homes, take home tours, or go to decorator show houses and checkout the work of talented interior designers.

Design Shows on TV – Watch a few shows to see what you like, then visit their websites for project information on interior decorating ideas.

Museums, Auctions, Antiques – If you are interested in period or antique furniture, visit the decorative arts departments in area museums and online interior design museums as well as auction houses, antique stores, and antique shows. This will help you become familiar with what is available in home decorating and educate you in the value of such pieces.

Interior Decorating Books and Magazines – Browse your local or online bookstore or library, or subscribe to magazines on home decorating. They will expand your knowledge of the design process and the materials and choices available to you as well as offering many interior decorating ideas.

Choose a Home Decorating Theme – Selecting an interior decorating theme is one of the easiest ways to decorate. Themes range from teddy bears in the baby’s room to pears for the kitchen. The list is limited only by your imagination. When choosing a theme for decorating ideas, consider hobbies, dreams, locations, and design elements in your home.

Choose a Decorating Style – Decorating styles provide a guideline defining which colors, textures, and elements to consider while excluding the things that won’t work. Common interior decorating styles include contemporary, Japanese, Tuscan, Mediterranean, and Country Ranch styles.

Research Online – The Internet offers thousands of links to online decorating tools, sites, and examples of home decorating ideas, as well as links to furniture manufacturers, color pallets, and wallpaper and fabric samples.

Fabric – The starting point for many successful decorating projects is a wonderful piece of fabric. Visit a fabric store for decorating ideas and get cuttings of everything that appeals to you. Be sure to stand at least 10 feet back from a sample fabric to get an overall sense of the design and color.

Decorating File – Keep a file of home decorating ideas with printouts, pictures, magazine clippings, and samples of fabric, paint, flooring, and paint.

Work with a Designer – Seek out a designer for a consultation, to complete a project, or for interior decorating ideas.

Great Quotes About Success

Over the years I have kept a book specifically for writing down quotes within it. Every time I hear a great quote or something that really makes me think I note it down. Here are my favourite quotes on the topic of success – one of the most intriguing and baffling topics of all. Why can some people become incredibly successful, while others (who have had exactly the same upbringing) appear doomed to a life of mediocrity? It seems like the more a person is willing to put in, and the more they want something, the more likely they are to achieve it, as is illustrated by this quote:

"If you can 'commit' to the fact that you are willing to 'die trying', than success is nearby" – I have seen many people down the years that tell me that they want success in their field and financial independence, yet they are very vague about what this actually means to them, and when it comes to the crunch time they seem to be content with not taking action.

"The difference between someone who is successful and someone who is not ultimately comes down to how far they are prepared to go" – This quote refers to when times get tough, and when most people give up and accept defeat. At the start of a new project or goal everyone is fresh with optimism and excitement, and taking action is easy. It is in the tougher times when those that continue to work toward their goal are eventually rewarded.

Choosing Soy Wax Candles As a Healthy and Frugal Alternative to Paraffin Based Candles

Today’s consumers have access to so much more information and are much more educated on their purchases. However, clever marketing still trumps consumer knowledge in some cases.

Let me explain how soy wax is made, what the benefits are and what to look for when buying soy candles.

What is soy wax?

You might be surprised to learn that soy wax, isn’t wax at all. It’s actually a form of partially-hydrogenated soy bean oil. Hydrogen is added to the soy bean oil and a chemical reaction takes place to turn it into a solid. Hydrogen is the most common chemical element on earth and is part of H2O (water).

Because soy wax comes from soy bean oil, it’s considered all natural and is biodegradable. Soybeans are grown around the world and are considered a sustainable and renewable resource.


OK, so soy wax is all natural to start – but there are some common additives. Some of them natural and some of them not. The most common additives in soy wax are dye, fragrance and chemicals to make a better performing wax.

Most commercial dyes are not natural. Although there are some natural dyes most are not being used in candle making. Soaps and natural beauty products are more likely to contain natural dyes.

Fragrance is not natural. Although there are many skin safe fragrance oils on the market, they are made synthetically and absolutely not natural.

All natural additives include botanical oils and essential oils.

Botanical oils are often used instead of chemical additives to make a better quality wax from a visual standpoint. 100% soy wax candles will crack and flake on the tops, this is corrected by adding botanicals or in some cases manufacturers heat gun the top of each candle after it has been poured and cooled.

Essential oils are added in place of fragrance. These oils come from very leafy plants, trees, grasses and seeds. They are most often blended together and are often diluted with a carrier oil. Most producers will use a natural carrier oil to ensure the products made with their oils are still considered all natural. Some of the most common carrier oils are olive, hemp, and soybean oil. Essential oil candles can be more expensive than fragrance candles due to the high cost of the essential oils.

Other types of waxes

There are many types of waxes used in candle making the most common being paraffin, soy and beeswax.

Beeswax candles are all natural, unless they have been dyed or had scent added. They are most commonly sold as pure beeswax. The color of beeswax varies depending on how much it’s been refined and can range from yellow to white. Some batches may even have a blue color if the wax has come from bees that have fed on a lavender field.

Paraffin is by far the most commonly used wax in candle making, it’s the cheapest and easiest to work with. Paraffin wax is petroleum based and is a byproduct of the petroleum refining process.

It’s important to note that all candle waxes contain hydro-carbons and produce a yellow flame when they burn.

Some facts about soy wax:

  • Derived from the soybean plant, soy wax in its pure form is all natural, sustainable and biodegradable.
  • All natural soy wax candles are cleaner burning than paraffin based candles. Paraffin wax is petroleum based, a byproduct of petroleum refining.
  • Soy wax has a lower melting point than paraffin wax which helps to release the scent sooner, burn more evenly across the candle, and isn’t as likely to burn when it comes in contact with your skin.
  • Soy wax can be easily cleaned up with hot water and soap.
  • Soy wax candles burn between 30%-50% longer than paraffin candles.

Candle Safety

No matter the type of candle there are some basic steps to take in order to ensure your safety. Never leave a candle un-attended. Always place the candle on a non-combustible surface, away from curtains, children or animals. Make sure you trim your wick to about a ¼” to ensure the flame isn’t too large. In addition to unnecessary heat an untrimmed wick will smoke. Releasing soot and toxins into the air.

Drop Ceiling Light Panels – A Welcoming Addition to Any Home, Office Or Business

To a large number of people drop ceilings are reportedly one of the most taxing endeavors to take on for creating an affectionate and welcoming atmosphere; however, not very much effort is involved for creating drop ceiling light panels. Ceilings are fashioned on a grid system with space in mind in order to create enough room for installation of new lighting fixtures with little to no hassle. With the addition of drop ceiling light panels a world of opportunity is created for innovative and customizable ideas for rooms which includes providing a variety of lighting effects designed to give that affectionate and welcoming atmosphere to your home, business or office.

When it comes to the above mentioned panels the most common question that's presented to most manufacturers or retailers is: What sort of panel is this? These are actually ceiling tiles designed to easily slide into place on the existing panels of drop ceilings or various other ceiling types, for the purpose of installing lighting fixtures. Nevertheless, most homeowners move into their residences with standard lighting fixtures and become content with what they already have and customizing or seeking to update their panels is not on their priority list at the time.

Currently there are enough panels and fixture styles or types available on the market to meet the needs of virtually any consumer and each one of them is customizable for create the idea appearance or effect for any particular room inside a home, office or place of business. What's even better about drop ceiling light panels is that they are easy to install and comes with a variety of different fixtures for specific rooms. They are design to conceal lighting fixtures instead of exposing them while at the same time creating an avenue for filtration of light throughout an area.

After witnessing the flexibility and dynamics of these panels many people want to know what are these panels made of. First of all, they are hanging from a grid system; therefore, it's customary for them to be designed lightweight. On account this, most of these panels are made from plastic or acrylic in order to place as less amount of tension on the grid as possible. They also come in a variety of shapes and sizes that are easily customizable; however, the standard tile size is always available for the tiles or panels used for general purposes. The width and length of these panels vary in order to accommodate the needs of the consumer.

When it comes to the type of lighting used for these panels, the lights that are commonly used are fluorescent; nevertheless, there are other lighting that are compatible as well, including the halogen bulbs for delivering that soft and natural translucent appearance to an area.

These are drop ceilings panels with the addition of lighting fixtures that are easy to install inside homes, places of business or offices that delivers a radiate appearance to any room. Going with drop ceiling light panels is a choice that will not only make you look light a genius but will have a particular room looking dynamic.

Why Limestone Flooring is a Good Rustic Choice

There are so many different materials to choose from when it comes to flooring, so why choose limestone? Plenty of reasons! To begin with, limestone is a very old flooring material, having been in use for many centuries. Because of this, limestone looks wonderful on floors in rustic settings where there are old style rooms with old wooden furniture from a bygone era. Limestone flooring is also tougher and more hardwearing than many people imagine. Although it is a softer stone than marble and is therefore prone to more wear and tear, as long as it has been treated and sealed properly from the outset, it will give many years of good service and can last a lifetime if properly cared for. Here we will go into the pleasures and pains of owning a good looking, timeless, durable and long lasting material for your interior flooring.

Firstly, the main reason for having a limestone floor in a room is its rugged, timeless good looks. It compliments a rustic environment perfectly and suits an old-fashioned style of living space such as a lounge or study adorned with country style, old wood furniture. Old distressed solid wood cabinets and bookshelves of oak or pine, with chairs and tables of similar materials are aesthetically offset perfectly and harmoniously by a beautiful old limestone floor. Underfoot, a limestone floor also feels good, a sound, safe and secure footing cool to the touch with a sensation of softness which belies its solid durability.

Limestone is a softer stone than marble, meaning that it is less suitable than other types of stone flooring in high activity rooms such as kitchens, where caustic or acidic spills will stain and in some cases badly damage its surface. It therefore

requires more regular maintaining than marble to keep it looking its best. It is also prone to scratching from grit and sand brought in from the outside on the soles of shoes. Because of its susceptibility to this kind of damage, limestone is best avoided as a flooring material in kitchens, bathrooms or other high use rooms.

Maintenance of a limestone floor placed in a more tranquil setting is little more than regular sweeping and mopping with either plain warm water or water to which has been added a small amount of a pH neutral propriety floor cleaning liquid specially formulated for use on limestone and marble floors. Strong acidic cleaning agents or those containing bleach should be avoided at all costs, as these will eventually stain or discolour the limestone. A limestone sealant should be professionally applied every few years to keep the stone looking good and to prevent its porous nature becoming a problem with the ingress of dampness that will spoil its appearance.

So we can see that although a limestone floor can be susceptible to damage and staining when regular maintenance and general cleaning are neglected, it can conversely last a lifetime looking absolutely marvellous underfoot in an older style home or rustic setting if properly cleaned and cared for. As far as a good choice as a flooring material goes, it is entirely subjective depending on the décor of the house and its overall style and appearance.

Lean Six Sigma Training For You

Lean six sigma training focuses on a number of things including the primary focus of speeding up the process, and tools for analyzing process flow and delay times during each individual activity in the process. It also centers on the separation of value-added process versus non value-added process, all the while working to eliminate the non value-added items.

Lean six sigma teaches individuals that there are essentially eight types of waste generated within the core process of all business. These are;

• negative human factor waste

• defects-things that need fixed

• inventory-things waiting to be worked into the process

• overproduction-things product produced too early or too much

• waiting time-workers waiting for “work” to arrive

• motion-non essential human movement

• transportation-moving people and product

• process waste-items, things, or movement that adds no value to the production process.

Lean six sigma also provides a way to count and eliminate the cost of complexity that makes the process more difficult than it needs to be. Statistics show that 30% to 50% of slowdown in process is caused by rework to satisfy customer needs. Lean six sigma trains people to spot these situations to cut down on the amount of “do-over” in the system, thereby speeding up the system process. Basically, lean six sigma training teaches people to recognize the balance needed in the process to help the organization.

It is not about just quality or just speed. It is about an overall balance in process in order to improve service. As with other segments of Six Sigma Training, lean six sigma training requires both classroom, and hands on demonstration in order to receive certification in the field.

6 Unique Baby Products For the Exclusive Feel

The basics of finding unique baby products are pouring a lot of love and thought into choosing the gifts. The first point to remember is that it need not necessarily be costly but it will be something unique for the number one baby in the world. The Internet is choc-a-bloc with mind-boggling products that might confuse and vex. Avoiding all sales talk one should sift through the items to find out what is unique and special and whether the baby really needs it.

Baby will soon go out with the parents and siblings. For this a sunshade attachment will be of great use. It should be such as can be easily fixed to the stroller or buggy to protect infant from the direct rays of the sun and yet allow for air circulation and clear visibility of the child.

Baby always needs diapers but the swim diapers are unique. They come in various colours with prints of sea animals. The names are fascinating – Purple Mermaid and Seal Life. These swim diapers are reusable and made from nylon fabric allowing for quick drying apart from being light in weight. When used in the pool these neither hang down nor get bigger. The inside is made from terry cotton material. There are drawstrings as well as Velcro strips for the perfect fit.

Another unique baby product is the convenient swing. It can be fixed easily to any fixture. The device is made for light, weatherproof nylon. There are four bright colours to choose from – yellow, green, red or blue.

In the pool or the beach and even in the shower the water infant carrier is great for carrying infants without causing trouble to the parents. It is safe as well as convenient. The bonus point is that water thrills can be enjoyed together. It is a hands-free great watery experience. It is safe for carrying infants weighing up to 25 pounds. The fabric is buoyant and water friendly. The closures are simple but safe and secure. The front facing being flexible it is easy to position the infant on the hip. The weight is distributed evenly so that granny or granddad should not have difficulty, enjoying water with the grandchild.

The nursery can be given a unique look with customized canvas wall art. The size is 12 "x 12" having a 1 "painted edge. Framing is not required. There is a surfeit of animal pictures to choose from – frog, ladybug, lion etc. Then there are lattice designs with flowers, picture of a moon wearing a sleeping cap looking at a grinning star, two sail boats with striped unfurled sails bobbing on waves with birds and clouds on the horizon, simple pastel stripes interspersed with flowers and leaves, a sports canvas with balls and bats and even a vintage plane canvas with whirring propellers. On each canvas the personal name of the baby will be hand painted as per specific orders.

Nothing however can be more unique than the polishing up of a family heirloom like great granddad's pipe or great grandaunt's round spectacles and gifting it to baby as family mementos.

Steel Garage Doors – Seal Out Wind, Rain, and Snow

Steel garage doors are standard on many homes that were built in the 50s and 60’s and then through the 80s but as steel prices began to climb; housing designers, builders and manufactures began to experiment with other materials for garages such as wood, a fiberglass composite and aluminum. However, steel proved to be the best choice for a sturdy garage door that could withstand wind, rain and snow.

Typically, steel doors are manufactured with a high grade steel of 24 or 25 gauge which helps to insure security and durability. Many of the steel garage doors have an aluminum bottom weather-seal retainer system to help keep elements such as rain and snow out of the garage. When looking at steel garage doors, make sure the garage door has a weather-seal and it’s made of a rust-resistant aluminum.

A steel garage door could also come with galvanized steel hinges which are usually durable, reliable – you don’t want your car to be stuck in the garage – and secure. The rollers are also an important part of the garage door operation, they should be quiet and durably, some are made of nylon which provides a smooth action when lifting the door.

Many of the steel doors come in a variety of shapes and styles and are not simply regulated to the traditional ‘blocks’ or squares of older doors. Some have small window shapes; some have large half octagon and half standard square patterns or diamonds resting on their side while other steel garage doors have what could only be described as a barn-door look about them only they lift up from the bottom.

Furthermore, steel doors are now custom painted to match any color home siding and not always banished to the standard white. There are also colors that contrast and compliment a houses colors such as a light blue for a dark blue house or black for a white house with black trim and shutters. Each of these colored steel doors could also have the raised trim painted a darker color or a contrasting color to highlight the doors and bring more ‘life’ to them. It also helps to make the house look more complete, what real estate agents call ‘curb appeal.’

Some, but not all, homeowners like to put windows in their steel doors and those come in a variety of shapes and sizes as well. There are arched windows, squared windows, round or porthole windows and then each of these in smaller sizes. The windows could be tinted or insulated to help keep the elements and prying eyes from looking in.

Steel doors will traditionally be an option on track homes – the homes that are all one style or design in a neighborhood, although they could show up in any neighborhood and in an older or newer home. These doors are both functional and fashionable in many styles and colors.

Dangers of Potholes

When streets, roads or parking lots weather and fatigue, potholes may form on the surface. These can be slight to extreme dips of several inches. In addition, cold weather can also exacerbate potholes when ice forms beneath the roads and expands, causing the surrounding pavement to crack. When a car, bicycle, or motorcycle rides over one of these bumps, serious harm can be caused to your vehicle, or even your body if it is severe enough. Potholes can be maintained easily if management recognizes cracks, bump, or dips early enough.

If a municipality or owner of a street or lot (including the government) does not fix potholes and allows them to remain and be a hazard to cars on the road, they may be considered negligent. This puts invitees (or motorists) that drive on the road at risk for an accident. If the entity in charge of the road is not providing a reasonable standard of care to those motorists by providing safe roads, the owner(s) may have to provide financial compensation to anyone who incurs damages as a result.

The following negative effects can occur because of potholes:

  • Damage to your car’s tires
  • Damage to your car’s suspension
  • Whiplash
  • Increased risk of accident with other cars
  • Increased risk of accident at night or in inclement weather
  • Other forms of head, neck, or shoulder trauma

If you have been hurt due to a pothole accident, you should not have to face the court system alone. By hiring an experienced attorney, you can make sure to get the representation you deserve in a court of law, which may lead to a more favorable outcome.

London's River & Bridges Part 7 – Tower Bridge to Queen Elizabeth II Bridge

Having passed under London Bridge the River then flows towards Tower Bridge passing on the south bank the battle cruiser HMS Belfast on the north bank the Tower of London. HMS Belfast is now permanently moored near to Tower Bridge as a museum and was opened to the public on 21 October 1971, which was Trafalgar Day (commemorating the victory og Admiral Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805). The ship saw active service in the second world war and was decommissioned from the navy in 1963.

The Tower of London is amongst the most significant buildings not just in London or Britain, but in the world. It is a World Heritage Site. From its earliest structural beginnings by its founder William I of England better known as William the Conqueror 1066-87, the Great Tower or White Tower as it later came to be called was fast becoming the most talked-about building in England. The White Tower was also the most awe inspiring, and frightening structure to the Anglo-Saxon people who were trying to get used to the rule of their new Norman king, the destroyer of their own ruler, Harold II, at the in 1066. Within three months of his victory William the Conqueror had begun to build a castle on the north bank of the river Thames in London. However, the tower as a whole is a complex of several buildings set within two concentric rings of defensive walls and a moat. The tower's primary function was a fortress, a royal palace, and a prison. It has also served as a place of execution and torture, an armoury, a treasury, a zoo, the Royal Mint, a public records office, an observatory, and since 1303, the home of the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom.

Tower Bridge is the last bridge in London, although the only other bridge before the sea is the Queen Elizabeth II Bridge at Dartford, which is just outside London. In the mid 19th century because of increased traffic into the docks in London (now gone), the need arose for a further bridge downstream of London Bridge. However A traditional fixed bridge could not be built because it would cut off access to the port facilities between London Bridge and the Tower of London. A competition was held and of 50 designs submitted, the competition was won by Horace Jones. The bridge is a bascule and suspension bridge, which means that the roadway is split in the middle to allow the two halves (bascules) to rise and allow tall ships to pass by. The two bascules were raised by two steam engines at the base of the bridge, one for each bascule. These have now been replaced by electric motors although the original steam system is still retained and on show as part of the visitor exhibition. There is a high level walkway between the two towers which give wonderful views of London and the River.

Just downstream from the bridge on the north bank of the River is St Catherine Dock. For over a thousand years the site of St Katharine Docks has been a focus of commerce and human endeavour. From King Edgar's bequest in the 10th century throughout the turbulent middle ages and Elizabethan times, to the founding of the dock we can see today, St Katharine's has played an important part in the life of London. From being a busy port with extensive warehousing facilities the dock in now a pleasant mix of marina, restaurants, residential and commercial in a water setting.

Further downstream the River takes a long sweep to create an isthmus called the Isle of Dogs. This was once the centre of the enormous London docks complex, but has now been redeveloped into what is known as Canary Wharf, with some of London's tallest commercial developments.

Opposite the Isle of dogs on the south bank of the River is Greenwich. Greenwich is best known for it maritime history and as giving its name to the Greenwich Meridian (0 ° longitude) and Greenwich Mean Time. It is now a World Heritage Site. The maritime connections of Greenwich were celebrated in the 20th century, with the sitting of the Cutty Sark (an tea clipper form the 19th century) and Gipsy Moth IV (the yacht that was used by Sir Francis Chichester – the first man to sail solo around the world in 1967) next to the river front, and the National Maritime Museum in the former buildings of the Royal Hospital School. The National Maritime Museum includes the Royal Observatory and the Queens House and the Old Royal Naval College the full splendour of which can be seen from the River.

Just beyond the Isle of Dogs, the River flows past a large promontory on which sits one of the most controversial buildings in Britain – the Millennium Dome. A large fibre glass structure that was erected to commemorate the arrival of the second millennium. The structure caused lots of problems both on construction and the facilities provided. After the millennium celebrations the structure fell into disrepair and was subsequently sold at a knock down price and re-emerged as one of Country's leading events venues and is now known as the O2.

As the River flows further towards the sea, just north of Woolwich there is the Thames Barrier. This is a flood control structure on the River which was constructed between 1974 and 1982 at Woolwich Reach. It is the world's second largest movable flood barrier. Its purpose is to prevent London from being flooded by an exceptionally high tide moving up from the sea, often exacerbated by a storm surge. It only needs to be raised for the duration of the high tide, at ebb tide it can be lowered to release upstream water that backs up behind it.

Beyond the Thames Barrier the River continues its progress passing a number of the outskirts of East London boroughs until it arrives a Dartmouth which is just outside the boundary limits of London, where under the river is a dual tunnel – the Dartmouth Tunnel and over the river is the Queen Elizabeth II Bridge. This is a 137 metre high cable-stayed bridge.

Our journey along the river is contained in the following parts:

Part 1 Introduction
Part 2 Hampton Court Bridge to Richmond Bridge
Part 3 Richmond Bridge to Battersea Bridge
Part 4 Albert Bridge to Lambeth Bridge
Part 5 Westminster Bridge to Hungerford Bridge
Part 6 Waterloo Bridge to London Bridge
Part 7 London Bridge to Queen Elizabeth II Bridge

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