Should I Change My Water Heater to a Tankless?

When discussing my inspection findings to my clients, I am amazed at how many make the same statement when we get to the water heater. "I'm going to change it to a tankless".

On demand tankless water heaters have gained much popularity in recent years and over time, more and more will be installed in new construction. But the question is, is it a good idea to replace a tank water heater with a tankless? There are many things you need to consider before deciding to do this.

Does your home have gas service?

If your home is total electric with no gas service, this may stop you in your tracks when it comes to deciding to change to a tankless water heater. There are electric models on the market, but the problem is the huge amount of electrical current they use when they turn on to heat the water. On an average size home, the electrical consumption could be as high as 150 to 200 amps. This is the same amount of electrical capacity of the entire home so it is likely that you would have to upgrade the electrical service to accommodate an electric tankless heater. Instead of replacing an electric tank water heater with a tankless, you may want to first consider improving its efficiency. One way is to install a water heater blanket if it is installed in a garage or other area that gets cold. This will keep the tank warmer and will result in fewer heating cycles that the it goes through and in return will use less electricity. You can also install a timer to the electrical wiring. This way, you can set the timer to disconnect power to the heater during the night when you are asleep and come back on before you wake so you are not paying to heat the water during the night. Do not expect this to save a huge amount of electricity since the heater will have to heat an entire tank of cold water before you get up in the morning versus having the heater maintaining the water temperature. If you are going out of town for a length of time, consider turning the circuit breaker off to the heater so you are not paying to heat the water when you are not at home. Another way to save money on an electric tank heater is to simply turn the water temperature down. Just open the lower compartment lid on the tank and adjust the thermostat down to 110 – 100 degrees.

Size matters.

Tank heaters are sized by how many gallons of water the tank holds while tankless heaters are sized by gallons flow per minute (GPM). If you install a tankless heater that is too small, your hot water flow will severely decrease when multiple plumbing fixtures are turned on simultaneously. A professional plumber experienced with tankless water heaters should be able to tell you which size of a heater to purchase.

What are the costs involved versus the savings ?

Gas tankless water heaters do save on gas consumption but how much? Many tests have been performed to determine this and tankless heaters were found to be about 22 percent more energy efficient on the average. This comes to $ 70 about – $ 80 per year on savings. Now let's calculate what it would cost to remove the tank water heater and install a tankless. First consider the price of a high quality tankless water heater being around the $ 800 – $ 1000 range. Then there are the costs of the installation. Most all tank water heaters have ½ inch gas piping to supply gas to the unit but due to the high gas consumption a tankless heater consumes, the piping will need to be upgraded to ¾ inch piping. Another installation consideration is the exhaust vent flue piping. Because of the very high temperatures produced by the tankless heaters, special flue piping will need to be installed, usually stainless steel. So the costs of the installation could run $ 800 on the low side and up to $ 1100 or more depending on the home's construction.

Now for the math.

As an example, the cost of installing a tankless heater was $ 1900 and the yearly savings on the gas was $ 75. This means it would take 25 years to break even and considering that the life expectancy of a tankless heater is 20 years at the most, it does not make sense.

Something else to consider when deciding to buy a tankless water heater is if you live in an area prone to power outages. Even though gas tankless water heaters heat water using gas as its fuel, it does use a 120 volt circuit to operate the electronic controller. If the electrical power goes off, you will not have hot water as you would with a gas tank water heater.

To sum it up, if you are building a new home from scratch or performing major home remodeling, installing a tankless water heater may be a good choice but when it comes to replacing a tank water heater with a tankless, the return on the investment costs is just not there.

Homemade Remedies to Grow the Frontal Hair Line

Frontal hair loss can occur in both men and women. Frontal hair loss known as receding hairlines at the sides of the forehead. It can be caused by excessive application of chemicals, over styling, or heating products. It can also occur when hair pulled back very tightly from the hairline and pulled into tight ponytails or braids.

However, there some step that you can take to the regrowth your hair around the frontal hairline.

1. Shampooing your hair that contains herbal medicine such as aloe vera, vitamin E, biotin, silica, chamomile,rosemary, horsetail and ginseng. This is a natural shampoo that has the herbs and vitamins to help in growing new hair.

2. After shampooing, gently massage Conditioner into hair and scalp. Leave it for 15-30 minutes then wash off with warm water. Select a conditioner that can help strengthen and stimulate hair growth such as biotin, amino acids, aloe vera, green tea, ginseng.

3. Remove the excess water from the hair and scrunch and squeeze gently to prevent added hair loss, Do not wring your hair while it is wet due to this will cause pulling at your hairline and can stop regrowth.

4. Apply a mix of coconut oil with lavender oil and rosemary oil to your hair. Combine 2 oz. coconut oil with 10 drops of lavender and 10 drops of rosemary oil in a a container or small bottle then shake to combine. Gently massage the mixture onto your hairline and scalp for about 10 minutes. This will increase blood circulation of the scalp and promote hair growth around your hairline.

5. Let the oil stay on your hair for about 30 minutes or longer then rinse with warm water. Allow the hair to dry naturally. No hair dryer because this can cause hair damage.

6. Take a little dose of coconut oil and put around the hairline and scalp. Style your hair how you want.

AAA Car Care Plus in Sacramento California

The American Automobile Association or AAA and their latest "Car Care Plus" concept is an automotive destination for car owners. This is a proto-type store and training facility, which was set up for today's consumer. The location is right next door to the place you have to go to pay traffic fines in Sacramento (California's State Capitol). The operation also has a car wash with no cars in line to be washed meaning you can zoom through and get a quick carwash. There are four employees waiting for you to bring your car in, when we were there the four employees were all inside the wash sitting down to stay out of the heat. The location, street frontage, and signage should have been thought out a bit more carefully but the building is quite nice.

As the signage depicts this is an all in one facility center (car wash, diagnostic, repair, and oil change). With AAA having 4 million members in California, if they can perfect their concept for the all in one service center, they will be a strong player in the market. We were were quite impressed and would make few additional changes necessary for this to become a world class facility. This 10,000 plus square foot facility is the size of a large corporate fractional jet company hanger, with polished concrete floors. It is a combination tilt-up and steel structure. With a total of 18 bays, technicians are able to carefully work on cars belonging to AAA members, while being trained. They also offered paint chip repair by "Pro Colors" showing that co-branding opportunities are even available with the largest companies.

Also inside was a Hertz Rent-a-Car, again co-branding is good for the customer and affords opportunities to companies of all sizes. This Hertz location of course is really going to have to make certain they give the AAA member his / her discount. At this location if you choose not to rent a car AAA has a shuttle service to take you to your home or office while your car is being serviced. AAA did not stop there though. They also have a coffee shop "Java Makers". This is a definite draw for clients. In the right market this concept could make AAA the ultimate competitor. AAA did much research and even followed suit with a kids play area concept. It seems many companies and car washes are utilizing this idea. This is great for kids and we salute AAA for their vision to lift the image of our industry.

Triple A is looking to test this business model and if it continues to make money put similar operations throughout the nation. Very interesting indeed.

Building Cleaning Refurbishment – A Guide to External Building Cleaning and Refurbishment

Any building that includes materials such as glass, plastic, stone, brick, rubber waterproof membranes, wood, cladding etc requires regular cleaning to prevent the decay of any such substrates. Carbon emissions within cities are a major cause of this decay and if not cleaned will significantly reduce the life of any buildings external facade and will do little for the aesthetic nature of the structure.

The heavy staining visible on many modern buildings is a direct result of carbon deposits that have then suffered at the hands of natural weathering. Carbon deposits have a strong molecular bond with many subtrates and although not always directly visible to the naked eye, over time will eventually build up to produce heavy dark staining that if ignored requires more abrasive techniques to clean effectively.

Natural elements such as wind, rain, snow etc continuously drive at buildings all year long and play a large part in a buildings decay. Wind staining is evident on many buildings especially around corners and parapets or roof structures, rain water produces staining wherever there is a constant flow especially underneath window ledges and areas of roof edging. The carbon deposited over time combines with the natural weathering effect to produce this damaging grime which in turn creates heavy staining that if ignored can completely damage an entire building resulting in costly refurbishment.

The answer to avoiding substantial building decay is through regular external cleaning. Owners of buildings often require cleaning as part of commercial rental agreements and the building insurers likewise insist on comprehensive building cleaning as part of any insurance cover. Not only is the external facade cleaned but also all guttering, windows, roofs, delicate weather proofing, gaskets and membranes, paving, structural steel and timber.

All of these areas if cleaned regularly will seriously help to enhance and protect any building. For example regular window cleaning not only enhances the buildings outlook but just as importantly prevents the damaging carbon molecules from running with the aid of wind and rain on to the facade and gaskets potentially damaging the sills and assisting with the decay of the building.

There are many techniques available within the industry to facilitate the cleaning of exterior building surfaces, generally the more time a building is left uncleaned the more abrasive the approach needs to be to provide an effective clean. With plenty of time and money any building can be beautifully restored to its former glory without any damage suffered to its surfaces. However most building owners require a cost effective method and do not have the resources available to provide costly refurbishment as in the case of some listed stone buildings. This normally means that the cleaning company is under pressure to provide results with limited time and budget and this usually is at the expense of the buildings surface. To the untrained eye a stone building for example could look substantially cleaner after a wash down with a pressure machine, but if investigated the building without prior soaking techniques will likely have had many microns of stone removed to achieve this clean.

High pressure, blasting techniques have their place on many buildings but care must be taken in choosing the correct company to provide a professional service that will not only clean and enhance your building but also protect it whilst cleaning and for years to come until the next clean is due.

Regular cleaning is recommended to ensure the cleaning techniques can be administered with little environmental impact and over abrasive techniques avoided. Leaving a building for 10 years will not only prove very costly to clean but will also leave the building vulnerable to questionable cleaning techniques.

A World War II Soldier's Story

My grandfather came to America from Veitri Di Potenza in the region of Basilicata in southern Italy. He came to Buffalo NY and earned the nickname "The Side Wheel" as he oiled the New York Central steam engines. My dad was later called "The Wheel" as all of his friends grew up with nicknames. It was funny because as a child I never knew their real names. Just "The Bird", "The Weasel", and his brother "Jumbo". He was a second generation American Italian. Like many men and women of all races and ethnicity in the 1940's, he started at Fort Dix in New Jersey and found himself in England in June of 1944.

For the purpose of telling his story, I will call him by his first name, James. Like many of his counterparts, he spoke little of the war and I soaked in every detail when he did open up about it a little. He loved "The Longest Day" and I wish he could have seen "Saving Private Ryan" as he would have enjoyed that immensely.

In 2006, The National Purple Heart Hall of Fame was established in Vails Gate, NY. When I heard about it, I wrote them a letter with some pictures and other attachments.

Dear Friends of Purple Heart Recipients:

Thank you so much for creating this Hall of honor and recognition.

My father, Private First Class James was a member of the Fourth Division, Medical Unit, 8th Infantry Regiment. A World War II Veteran of four years and one month, his story is very interesting if not amazing. I have included many documents in the folder to help document his experience.

I will tell you some of the details in this letter that he related to me (like many veterans he seldom talked about the war) to clarify and expand on the documents enclosed.

Born and raised in Buffalo, NY he worked and even did some serious "sparring" as a boxer before the war and fought for the Championship at Fort Dix. He was about 5 '9 "and 185 lbs. Wounded in Belgium, he returned to the States at Fort Dix. My mother's New Jersey family came to visit him and walked right by his cot – he only weighed 88 pounds!

He told me the Fourth Division drifted past the targeted landing on D-Day. This resulted somehow in fewer casualties than some of the other landings. I have included the Eighth Infantry Command Posts which details their locations through four battles on the way to Germany. On that sheet I have marked January 31, 1945 Lommersweiler, Belgium. On that day, Private James was going to the aid of another GI when a Nazi Tiger Tank opened fire on the hill they were on. A huge piece of shrapnel penetrated his thigh (I do not want to make you sick here but I could fit four fingers down to the knuckle into his leg). He was separated from his outfit and laid in the snow for fourteen hours. Somehow, with the help of Major (Doctor) Kenneth M. Alford (also of Buffalo, NY) his leg was saved. Buffalo newspapers included him on their "List of Honored War Dead" as he was separated from his unit and his whereabouts were unknown (I have included these articles in the folder). He told of the surprise on peoples faces who thought he was dead when he came back to Buffalo. From January 31, 1945 until his discharge on January 16, 1946 he spent his time in hospitals in Europe and New Jersey.

With one leg about an inch and a half shorter than the other, he worked for years at the VA Hospital in Buffalo, NY and was a great employee and the best father a guy could ever have.

Before being wounded, during the Battle of the Bulge on December 4, 1944 his unit was ordered to retreat and with another Medic, managed to get three wounded men from behind enemy lines back to town by making three separate trips as they only had one litter bearer. My dad said they could hear hundreds of Nazi's passing within twenty yards as they performed their trips to return the men to safety.

After all this, he did not really think he had any awards coming his way. In 1955, he wrote to get his Good Conduct Medal and Medical Combat Badge. On March 5th, 1956 he received the Bronze Star. On May 18th, 1959 he received his Purple Heart. His family and friends are very proud to have known such a man. He passed away in 1983 from 100% Service Connected disabilities. The "Wheel" was a proud soldier and a great man.

I was never in the service but certainly have an appreciation for those who served. The World War II generation was indeed very special as are all those who risk their lives for America. This World War II Soldier's Story is dedicated to all the Medics who served for us in all wars.

The Perfect 90 Day Weight Loss Plan

If you had 90 days to lose as much weight as you possible could what would you do? Something tells me that you would probably try to run every day for 90 days. This is the mentality that most people have when it comes to losing weight. In high school I had a coach that would run with the baseball team everyday. That coach was a chubby guy and could out run even the healthiest kid. Throughout the course of training season that coach did not lose any weight. When it comes to losing weight there are a lot of things to consider other than just running.

For your 90 day plan you want to focus on three things. You need to have a cardio workout, strength training workout, and a healthy diet. In order for this to work you need to have a strict attitude.

Your cardio sessions have to be intervals. Intervals target your belly and they keep your metabolism up all day long. The best way to do interval sessions is on a treadmill because you have the ability to monitor your speed and time. For a complete interval workout you must do at least six intervals and do not forget to add a warm-up and cool down. For your strength training you want to do super-set workouts because they are fast and easy to do. You can complete a whole super-set workout in 20 minutes. The best way to set up your sets is by pairing up lower body exercises with upper body exercises. By doing this your body will burn calories and build muscle fast.

The most important part of any workout program is the eating plan. What you eat can either give you amazing results or hinder your hard work. When choosing your food you should always get lean proteins and green vegetables such as asparagus. The healthier you eat the faster you will lose weight and the leaner you will be by the end of the 90 days.

Finer Details in Daily Routines for Optimum Results in Turnout

In class, doing ronde de jambe a terre, there is a tiny section of movement where you can feel the rotator muscles, the back of the thigh, in a struggle to hold your turnout in both legs.

It is the pointe where you leave a la seconde and move toward a la arriere.

A lot of muscle strength is needed right here. As the foot draws away from a la seconde, pulling the leg seemingly away from the hip socket in a lengthening pull, the core muscles pull up and away from the legs, and the supporting leg pushes down into the floor to also keep its length.

You try to keep the turnout as the leg is circled toward a la arriere. You keep the spine long as the working hip opens, but only as much as it needs to, to reach the arriere position. I prefer an arriere position where the working leg is behind the working hip, not crossed over to be behind the spine.

Crossing over to the center point of the body brings too much compensation as very few people have the turnout to even attempt this. There is enough strength required simply to maintain turnout and body position without this extra challenge.

Hopefully, even in advanced classes, the teacher does some ronde de jambe a terre very slowly during the exercise, to allow activation of the rotator muscles and maintenance of the full body position.

If this does not occur in class, you definitely need to practise this at home or after class.

The mental image is full of finer details – doing this in your imagination will actually help when you stand up or do the floor exercise.

First, review the muscle dynamics:

*** The working foot draws away from a la seconde aiming for the widest circular movement possible;

*** The supporting side core muscles pull up and away from the pull of the working leg, with a push down feeling through the supporting leg, all of which maintains the elongation of the whole body posture;

*** This work in the supporting side also keeps the body weight from being pulled back onto the heel;

*** This elongation is therefore maintained when the working hip opens, allowing the optimum result in the turnout as the a la arriere position is reached;

*** Once the position is reached, the torso above the waist is still square and the working hip is not bunched up toward the body, but the whole working side is elongated;

*** You can let go of the barre, lift the foot up an inch and maintain your position.

As a floor exercise, lie down on your back, use a rolled towel under the neck to help keep it supported and relaxed. You can relax the arms across your stomach. Do a tendu to your a la seconde position. Then circle back one inch, without losing your body position or supporting leg turnout. Move the leg back to your a la seconde position. Repeat ten times each side. Draw out and down with the foot, elongating the leg.

Turnout is harder to hold in pointe shoes, so your pre-pointe work is crucial.

Always relax and stretch after practising, and often during class. Turn IN between exercises. Building up tension is not the same as strength, and will diminish your muscle tone.

Have a day of rest. If you feel driven to work your daily routines every day, do it for the finer details mentally on one day. This not only develops concentration, but since optimum results depend so much on concentration, you are still working, not cheating.

The studies in neurobiology indicate that your brain thinks you are "really" doing it. But that's another loaded topic.

Tips For Opening a Restaurant – What You Need to Know to Get Started

Opening a restaurant is not for the faint of heart or for those that are not dedicated.

If you are going to put in the effort to open a high risk business such as a restaurant you need to be aware of what you are getting into and you need to be willing to see it through. A great deal of planning goes into covering the steps for opening a restaurant and making it successful. Before you can even go for financing you need to sit down and create the concept of your restaurant.

The Restaurant Concept

The first thing about restaurant planning needs to be the concept. This is what is used to base everything off of. For example, you may start with a particular time period or a particular type of cuisine. This gives you the menu. The first draft of a menu is called the concept menu. This is basically the types of foods that you are going to prepare and the level of difficulty that is required to create the dishes. This needs to be done prior to the creation of the floor plan.

Food preparation flow is an absolute in kitchen design. Different types of foods may require different things so a kitchen to be effective must be customized to suit the needs of the particulars of the concept menu.

Restaurant Consultants

Hire a consultant. Do this in the beginning stages especially when opening a restaurant. The reason for this is because many people forget the small things especially if they are not in the industry themselves. For example, drainage for cutting boards, and even using a garbage disposal attached to these drains in order to deal with the cuttings, trimmings and other waste.

Restaurant Advertising

Advertising is another essential when opening a restaurant. Do not limit yourself to traditional forms of advertising make use of the internet and the variety of options that it gives you when it comes to marketing. Many of these options are free. Put yourself in the address book online and make sure to include your information with mapping programs. This will help people to know that you are in the area and how to get to your restaurant.

Restaurant Computers and Ordering Systems

Digitalize as much as possible. This saves on man power and mistakes. It is also easier to keep records and to track and report on various aspects of the restaurant operation. These numbers can come in handy for a variety of future uses. It is also important to make sure that your opening staff is fully trained and versed before the restaurant opens. This presents a completely professional appearance and eases the way with grand opening crowds.

Restaurant Vendors and Supplies

Get to know the vendors and the suppliers in your area. Running a restaurant is not a single operation. You rely on the people who deliver the food to your restaurant. Having a good relationship with them is essential. Check out local producers as well as larger chains.

A restaurant is part of a community and supporting the community can increase its viability and presence., So when opening a restaurant think of this community.

copyright @ 2008

Repairing a Hole in Drywall

I received a call this week from my church’s office manager saying we needed to have some repairs made before a visit from the building inspectors next week. One of the repairs was a hole in the drywall where a door handle had punched through the wall. The doorstop had broken and next thing you know there’s a repair job for the Go-To Guy.

Knowing how to do a patch like this is handy even when you’re not repairing damage. The first time I did one was when I installed phone and cable television service into an older home that my parents had purchased. My brother and I cut holes at the top and bottom of the wall to fish through the new wire, and then I patched up the holes and repainted and you’d never know the wall had been repaired. The same goes for running a new electrical wire or anything else that requires getting inside the wall.

If you don’t already know, a typical wall is mostly air. It is either 2×4 wood studs or metal studs that are placed every 16 inches on-center (when building walls you measure from the center of each stud and not the edges.) The surface is covered with drywall (a gypsum board covered with a heavy layer of paper) which is screwed or nailed to the studs. It’s quick to build and looks great, but can be easily damaged – especially when the builder uses 1/4 inch thick drywall instead of 1/2 inch or 3/4 inch (these are the standard thicknesses.)

When you have a damaged wall you need to replace the broken area with new drywall and then patch the seams and paint.

The supplies you’ll need for this project are:

  • Drywall Saw
  • Utility Knife
  • Drywall piece large enough to fill the hole
  • 1×3 inch Lumber or pieces of Scrap Plywood for supports
  • Drywall Screws
  • Joint Compound
  • Mesh Fiberglass Drywall Tape
  • 6 inch or larger Spreader
  • Fine Grit Sand Paper or Drywall Sanding Screen
  • Drill with Drywall Bit

All of these supplies can be found at your local home center in the construction materials area near the drywall. If you have a small patch, they may give you a scrap of drywall so you won’t have to buy a full sheet. There are usually plenty of scraps laying around in various thicknesses.

Here’s the step-by-step process:

  • Cut a hole larger than the damaged area. Make the corners of the cut as square as possible to make it easier to cut the replacement patch. Use a drywall saw cut the hole
  • Cut several pieces of 1×3 inch wood or plywood scraps that are several inches taller than the hole. Place them in the wall near the edges of the hole and use drywall screws to secure the wood to the exisiting wall. (Tighten the screws until the heads are slightly below the surface but don’t completely tear through the paper. A drywall bit for your drill is designed to prevent overtightening. It’s not essetial, but recommended.) The point here is to create a good solid surface to attach the patch too. If you have a large opening you can put an additional support in the center.
  • Using a utility knife, cut a new patch piece that is slightly smaller than the hole. (To cut drywall, cut the paper on the finished side and then bend the board backward until the gypsum ‘snaps.’ You’ll want to support the back along the cut so it breaks evenly. Once it has snapped, use the utility knife to cut the paper on the back.)
  • Insert the patch into the opening and securely attach it to the supports you installed using drywall screws. One screw at the top and bottom of each support should be sufficient. (Don’t put the screws too close to the edges or the gypsum will crumble.)
  • Now that the hole is filled you need to cover the seams. Apply fiberglass mesh tape over the seams. (The joint compound used to fill the seams is not strong and will crack if not reinforced.)
  • The last step is applying joint compound to the seams with a wide spreading knife Spread the joint compound over the screw holes and tape creating the smoothest surface you can. Don’t get too fussy at this stage. Just get it close. Let this dry overnight and then put on one more light coat. After this coat dries, smooth out any surface bumps with a light sanding.

Your wall is repaired, good as new. Put a coat of wall primer over the patch to seal the surface and then paint it to match the rest of the wall. It’s important to put on the primer, because raw drywall and joint compound, when painted, will dull the finish of the paint and give away your patch job.

Happy home repair,

The Go-To Guy

Window Coverings 101 – To Inside Mount or to Outside Mount, That Is The Question

After much thought this morning I have gathered thoughts on the best way to answer a question from a client that came to me yesterday. Specifically, their question was more about Window Coverings in general rather than a specific type of covering. This gives me a unique place to start which really should be the way I start all my articles. The question was: "What is the difference between" Inside Mount "and" Outside Mount "when it comes to Blinds, Shades & Shutters?" I have laid out the basics below so please read on …

The first thing to understand is when selected "mount type" in Window Coverings; you may not have a choice at all. If your home builder mounted the glass or window frames so that you do not have a Window Well (a recessed area which holds the Window frame and glass) you do not have a choice.

There simply is no "inside" to order a Blind or Shade made as an Inside Mount. That being said, I would like to address the large portion of readers who do have the choice of how their Blind are mounted.

Determine your goals –

Do you want the most privacy? The most light control? The lowest price? The least obtrusive style?

If so, you are describing Inside Mount Window Treatments. They fit neatly inside the home builder's window well and are by far the most popular way to mount Window Blinds. I have an illustration the I of Reviews Inside Mount Blinds applications Which can be seen here .

Do you want to enlarge the look of your Window? Do you want to frame your view? Are you mounting to a door or to a window where there is no window well to allow an inside mount?

If so, you are in need of an Outside Mount Window Treatment. They mount onto the face of the wall surface and normally mount above the window header a few inches to allow for brackets. It is also important to order these Window Covers a few inches wider than the window to make certain you get privacy on both sides of your Blind or Shade. Again, the I have assembled an illustration here to show the differences of the two styles and how to measure for each.

Next week, I will go over Window Covering Installation in detail.

Conservatory Lighting

Conservatory lighting.

While every room in your house can be described as having a colour, what colour is your conservatory? You may answer that it is white, or a stain colour but really, for most people the colour of your conservatory is green or, the colour of your garden because that is what you can see through all of the glass. This relationship with the garden is clear and the main reason that people love being in their conservatories during the day.

Inside lighting;
Inside your conservatory during the day natural light will be coming in from outside creating a wonderful view of your garden and giving a light and airy room. At night the situation reverses, with any inside light being reflected back into the structure if it is dark outside. You will also notice that if you have double glazing then you will actually have two reflections of the light (with triple glazing you will have three) This can be a feature that you can take as an advantage; during the festive season a string of lights hung in the rafters will cast double or even triple reflections back into the room looking like a fabulous starry scene.

Unfortunately most of the time these reflections are not as dramatic. One way past this problem is to properly light your garden as I will discuss later, sensible lighting within the conservatory will also minimise this light pollution. When lit as other rooms in the house, with a hung light at a high level you will be lighting everything in the room maximising the amount of reflections. What is needed is low level lighting, illuminating what is needed, minimising reflections. A lighting ring can easily be used for lamps, with a number of points at a low level switched as normal by the entrance. This gives all the advantages of low level lighting with the convenience of switched lights.

Outside lighting;
One problem that does have to be remedied is that once it becomes lighter inside the conservatory (at night) the 'colour' of the conservatory changes as you will be looking at a reflection of yourself in the glass. The conservatory has become introverted where it was extrovert during the day.

The answer is to light your garden at night so that it is once again lighter and becomes the view from the conservatory again. Having the switch for the outside lights in the conservatory is an ideal place as you have control in the place where you want it. Also, look at the colour of outside lighting, you are best to think of what to light in January as in July you can cast a light on anything and it will look nice as everything is in full bloom and growth. January is the time when most plants are dormant but you will still need to light it to get maximum use out of your glasshouse. In general this means architectural features that stay year-round such as tree trunks, walls, fountains, ponds and hedges. It is common sense to light using similar a colour so that they look natural at night so green light for plants and blue lights for water features. A red light on a green bush at night will reflect little light and produce a dark red bush that will look unlike the naturally lit form.

When the lighting is thought about, a conservatory can be an equally stunning place to be at night as during the day and a place that you will spend more and more quality time as the seasons pass.

How the Age of the Cell Phone Has Put Barriers Between People

We live in a much busier world than we ever lived in before. It used to be that the working parent could go to work from 9 am to 5 pm and then could leave work at the office when they came home. Now, however, work seems to be a 24 hour thing and is never ending. No matter how much free time you try to carve out for yourself, something always seems to pop up, and that has led many to the conclusion that many cell phones actually build barriers between people.

With the advent of smart phones, your phone may become your new best friend. Wondering what a smart phone is? If your cell phone can connect to the internet and you can use it to browse or even work on documents, your phone is a smart phone. How does this build barriers between people?

Say, for instance, that you are working on a proposal for your business. You may be working on it constantly, and even when you're away from your computer, you can whip out your smart phone, open up a blank document and leave a memo for yourself. Or you can text the message to your email so that you can have it available the next morning when you get to work. Instead of hanging out with your friends, playing with your kids, or spending time with your significant other, you can literally work on the proposal everywhere you go.

These smart phones can create barriers in your leisure time as well. More and more phones like the iPhone are making it easy to play games, listen to music, or even to watch movies! If you find that you've got a long wait at an airport, you can simply call up the movie you would like to watch, download it, and enjoy it! That may keep you from meeting others or spending time with the ones you love

Color : as long your color : as cell phone is Able to a connect you to the internet, you can do almost anything you'd like, Including Completing a Http:// . That function, though, can be very helpful if you're receiving strange calls on your cell phone. Just type in the number of the person who is calling you and you'll be able to instantly discover who is trying to reach you. Cell phones today are so advanced but it's important to live a healthy, productive life outside of your cell phone too.

Remington Gun Safe Reviews – Effective Or Not?

Are Remington Gun Safes the best on the market? The company actually makes many different things. From action figures, to air guns, clothing, all terrain vehicles, you name it, they make it.

As you are obviously aware, gun safes is one of their product lines. Ideally, it's best to go with a company that focuses only on gun safes, because you know they are not spreading their efforts thin. However, do not write them off just yet.

The company makes five different kinds of safes. Which is the best? Here is quick review of each to help you figure this out.

(1) Sportsman Series

The sportsman can withstand a twelve hundred degree blaze for a half hour. This obviously does not compare with their more solidly built models, but still is adequate to protect your guns in most fires.

It comes in three different sizes, either seventeen, twenty or twenty three cubic feet. Obviously the Remington Gun Safe you purchase depends on how many guns you will be carrying.

(2) Silver Series

Next, we have the silver series. This one is their second cheapest model, the first being the sportsman model.

You can get this one in either green, black, burgundy or hunter green. It can withstand a fire of twelve hundred degrees for forty five minutes, which should do the trick in most instances.

(3) Gold Series

The gold series is actually the top selling one among other comparable safes in its' category. Does it live up to its' popularity?

This Remington Gun Safe is capable of withstanding a twelve hundred degree blaze for a full hour, and it comes in dimensions of either twenty five, thirty five or fifty cubic feet.

(4) Platinum

The platinum can last for seventy five minutes in the same blaze.

(5) Parker Series

Finally, the top of the line model, the parker gun can last for a full hour and a half. To sum up the Remington is one of the top fire safes out there.

Sure, you can find ones that are more sturdy and that keep your guns more securely, but also cost more money. However, for the average Joe, who does not have a ton of guns and does not plan on keeping a lot of other things in there, this one should do the trick.

On the whole, Remington Gun Safes are recommended, especially for fire protection, but not so much for burglary.

Vinyl Wall Coverings

Thirty years ago, if you wanted to wallpaper your bathroom or kitchen, your choices were thick, ultra-plastic looking, shiny rolls of vinyl, with few patterns from which to choose. Not only that, but when applied, the resulting appearance was so obviously not "wallpaper", but more like a heavy plastic shower curtain glued to your wall! Delicacy and refinement went right out the window. That's all changed today. Technology in wall coverings has advanced such that you may be hard pressed to tell the difference between wallpaper and vinyl wall coverings.

The advantage and purpose of vinyl wall coverings is to have a decorative design on walls prone to moisture in the bathroom and grease in the kitchen. Regular wallpaper does not wear well in these conditions, becoming dingy or discolored in the kitchen, or moldy in the bathroom. Regular wallpaper can not be wiped clean, whereas these look good as new with a swipe of your sponge. In the old days, the "good news, bad news" was that, yes, the they were clean, but you were still stuck with that less than aesthetically pleasing vinyl wall covering.

Today's vinyl wall coverings are so attractive, you are not faced with choosing between practicality and good looks. These are now available in grades of thickness, labeled as # 1, # 2 and # 3, with # 1 most commonly used in home settings, while # 3 is suited to heavy traffic areas such as businesses, schools, hotels and hospitals. The vinyl wall coverings of today will stand up to years of heavy use. Some are manufactured with different coatings to serve specific criteria in your application. For example, there are even sterile coatings available for use in medical offices and hospitals.

There are two basic types of vinyl wall coverings available: solid vinyl, most suited to bathrooms or other areas with consistently humid conditions. Solid vinyl is waterproof. The other type is vinyl-coated paper, which most closely approximates regular wallpaper and is sufficient for most home uses. Vinyl-coated paper wall coverings have the same advantage of being scrubbable. The vinyl-coated type is also strippable, so if you eventually want a change, it's easily done.

Beside the fact that these wall coverings are easily cleaned, they are also easily repaired should damage occur. Vinyl wall coverings are also fire-retardant, a definite advantage in your kitchen, schools and hospitals as well as business and office applications.

There are "liners" available which are worth your consideration when installing vinyl wall coverings. These liners hide any imperfections in your wall surface, while also making it easier to strip your wall covering later on down the road.

When measuring the amount you'll need, ask your dealer for help. Repeating patterns require matching motifs with each new strip, so you'll have to allow for waste. So today, there's simply no excuse to not take a look at some of these durable and beautiful products when you're thinking of papering a room!

Motivational Quotes About Aspiration and Life

When you read a quotation from some enlightened author, you're getting right down into their best material. There's no need to sift through hours of pages in order to find the best stuff; the best stuff is in the quote!

This is why I've spent years reading books of quotations. Can you imagine the wisdom buzz a person can get from that? Sure, you often have to read boring quotes, but every little while you'll run into a real good one! And when this happens, your mind is stretched, your eyes are opened, and it can become an amazing intellectual or spiritual experience. And then you start over, because it becomes addictive.

Here are ten motivational quotes based on the topics of aspiration and life that I have always loved. Take the time to dig through them and glean the great lessons that they hold.

1. When a young man sets out to learn something of his own free will, he marks himself out as an exceptional man. And he begins to rise in the world. -Herbert N. Casson

2. Life is a petty thing unless it is moved by the indomitable urge to extend its boundaries. Only in proportion as we are desirous of living do we really live. – Jose Ortega y Gasset

3. It is asked, how can the laboring man find time for self-culture? I answer that an earnest purpose finds time or makes it. It seizes on spare moments and turns fragments to golden account. A man who follows his calling with industry and spirit, and uses his earnings economically, will always have some portion of the day at command. And it is astonishing how fruitful of improvement a short season becomes when eagerly seized and faithfully used. It has often been observed, that those who have the most time at their disposal profit by it the least. A single hour a day, steadily given to the study of some interesting subject, brings unexpected accumulations of knowledge. -Channing

4. Restlessness is discontent and discontent is the first necessity of progress. Show me a thoroughly satisfied man and I will show you a failure. -Thomas Edison

5. I am suffocated and lost when I have not the bright feeling of progression. -Margaret Fuller

6. I know of no more encouraging fact than the ability of a man to elevate his life by conscious endeavor. It is something to paint a particular picture, or to carve a statue, and so make a few objects beautiful. It is far more glorious to carve and paint the very atmosphere and medium through which we look. This morally we can do. -Thoreau

7. What would be the use of immortality to a person who can not use well a half hour? -Emerson

8. Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the things you did not do than by the ones you did do. So throw off the bowlines. Sail away from the safe harbor. Catch the trade winds in your sails. Explore. Dream. Discover. -Mark Twain

9. If one advances confidently in the direction of his dreams, and endeavors to live the life which he imagined, he will meet with a success unexpected in common hours. In proportion as he simplifies his life, the laws of the universe will appear less complex, and solitude will not be solitude, nor poverty poverty, nor weakness weakness. -Thoreau

10. 1) Sit quietly for a moment, and you realize how you have been foolishly running about.
2) Learn to keep your mouth shut, and you realize you have been talking too much.
3) Avoid getting involved in too many things, and you realize that you have been wasting your time in unnecessary things.
4) Close the door, and you realize that you have been mixed up with too many kinds of people.
5) Have few desires, and you realize why you have had so many ills.
6) Be human, and you realize that you have been too critical of others. -Chen Chiju (1588-1639)