Fire Pit Care and Maintenance

As with anything you own, you need to take care of your fire pit if you want it to stay in good condition. Luckily, fire pit care and maintenance is relatively easy and not something that requires a lot of time or hard work. By doing it regularly it will be even easier than if you put it off however and do it infrequently. If you neglect care and maintenance altogether, your fire pit will not last as long as one that is cared for properly. Therefore, to ensure you get the maximum number of years of enjoyment from your fire pit, make sure you do regular care and maintenance of it.

When you are finished using your fire pit, be sure the fire is completely out before leaving it unattended. When the ashes have cooled enough to handle, usually the following day, remove them and seal them in a closed non-combustible container. Do not start a new fire amongst the old ashes. Depending on the type of pit you own, you may need to do additional types of maintenance. If it is made of cast iron, you will need to coat it with vegetable oil after every 10 to 12 fires you make in it, in order to keep it from rusting. If you get a cast aluminum pit or ones made of other types of metal, you have no need of seasoning it like with iron.

Be careful to not drop your fire pit as this will damage or break it. Do not pour water into a hot fire pit in order to put out a fire. The sudden change in temperature is not good for the pit and may result in breakage or at the very least deterioration of the pit. Cover your fire pit when it is not in use but only after it has cooled. This will protect it from the elements. If you live in climates with harsh winter conditions, you may want to store your fire pit in a dry, sheltered area in order to keep it in good shape longer.

That’s basically all that needs to be done. Common sense use of your fire pit will keep it in tiptop shape. Remember to keep safety in mind and do not put anything in the fire pit that may explode. Do not put plastics or other items that melt in the pit, as they do not clean up well and give off terrible odors.

By taking proper care of your fire pit, you will be able to enjoy the use of it for many years to come. The last thing you want is to be sitting around a fire and have the bottom drop out of your fire pit, putting those around it in danger, as well as whatever is below it and the furniture around it. Care for your fire pit as you would any addition to your home and enjoy it often.

Ceiling Light Fittings For Your Home

Nowadays, you can have various ways in making your home more beautiful. There had been lots of ways for you to do it with the use of those simple yet elegant home décor. One of the best stuffs that you can have in your home is the so called ceiling light fittings. Ceiling light fittings are those simple light decorations that you can place in your ceilings. Often times, this serves as the main source of light for some homes. This can be usually place in the ceiling of your living room, which can be both place in the center or even in the corner. With ceiling light fittings, you can have lots of choices for you to be able to place it in your home.

These ceiling light fittings commonly include those chandeliers, pendant lights, and even with those lighted lanterns which are being installed in your ceiling. With these kinds of stuffs, you can now have the chance of making your home more elegant and good to look at, especially in your living room. These also comes with various designs and styles, thus all you have to do is to pick for the best one which you think is best for your home.

When you want to buy such stuff, you have to make sure that it is having the exact measurement that is suitable to your place. It I also important that you will be able to choose for the right color of bulb that you wanted in your living room. In this matter, having an awesome look for your place is possible.

Flooring in My Home

Experts always say the best way to design a home is from the ground up. That means you have to start with your flooring. Your floor can make or break your home, both structurally and aesthetically. If you’re designing your first home, start with a stable floor-it’ll set the tone for the rest of your décor. Here are some of the most popular choices.

Hardwood: Classic and elegant, hardwood is the floor of choice for most first-time homeowners. It adds instant warmth to a room and makes it more inviting. Most hardwoods will last a good 10 to 20 years, maybe even longer if it’s well-made and well-maintained. They may be prone to scratches and stains, so keep them clean at all times and seal with a urethane coat every year or so.

Laminate: This is known as the poor man’s hardwood because it gives you the same look for a fraction of the price. Laminate consists of several layers of kraft board pressed together, attached to a fiberboard backing and sealed with a urethane coat. The top layer is a photographic print, usually of a wooden surface. It won’t last as long as hardwood, but it’s fairly durable for everyday use.

Concrete: Concrete floors are hard and dense, making them a great choice for high-traffic areas. The only drawback is that they’re very porous, making them prone to stains. This is usually solved by sealing with urethane, a clear coating that keeps liquids from getting absorbed. Concrete looks good on its own, but many people choose to set it off with area rugs and carpeting.

Cork: The recent green movement has led to the popularity of this soft, eco-friendly material. Cork floors are “floating,” which means they’re not permanently attached to your floor. Rather, it’s made of individual planks or tiles that you can remove and replace anytime. Cork has the look and feel of wood but with a softer texture, making it warmer and more comfortable.

Marble: If you have the budget and want a floor that lasts, marble should be on top of your list. Known for its elegant Victorian look, marble flooring can withstand heavy abuse and requires little to no maintenance. In most cases, all it needs is a little polishing and sweeping once in a while.

Septic Systems: The Inside Story

Two Components

Class 4 septic systems are divided into two components, the septic tank and the septic field or leaching bed. Waste is piped out of the house into the septic tank, which is essentially a water clarification tank, in which anaerobic bacteria break the waste down into solids (sludge), liquid effluent, and scum.

Septic System

The solids settle to the bottom, the scum floats to the top and the liquid effluent flows through an outlet pipe into a distribution chamber, where it is directed to the septic field. The septic field is an effluent water disposal system, where the liquid is channeled through perforated pipes to different parts of a field of loose gravel.

Septic tank materials that initially float in the scum layer are kept out of the drainage system by an outflow tee or baffle. If the tank is not pumped regularly, the level of solids can rise, and if it approaches the level of the outflow tee, scum and solids can proceed out into the drainage system, clogging the pipes and gravel – and eventually preventing the absorption of the water by the surrounding earth.

A Class 5 septic system is a holding tank for the storage of sewage at the site where it is produced. A typical holding tank system is comprised of a single compartment tank with a pump-out stack and an audible or visual warning device to alert the homeowner when the tank requires emptying. A holding tank is costly to operate, places restrictions of the owner, and is dependent on Class 7 (hauled) sewage system for waste collection and disposal.

A property served by a holding tank system requires an agreement registered on title to notify current and future owners of the servicing restrictions on the property.

Care and Maintenance

  • With proper care and maintenance, your septic tank and field should provide many years of trouble-free service. There are, however, some important steps to follow to help you maintain the proper operation of your sewage disposal system.
  • The septic tank in a residential system should be inspected regularly for sludge buildup. The tank should be pumped by a licensed septic tank pumping contractor when necessary. Under normal use a septic tank should have its contents removed every three to five years.
  • The use of starters, bacterial feeds or cleaners in a septic system is normally not necessary.
  • The final grade (top soil) over the field should not be altered after it has been installed and inspected, and should be kept grassed after installation. Shrubs, trees or gardens should not be established over the septic field.
  • Discharge from evestough drains and sump pumps should not be directed into or over a septic field, and lawn sprinkler systems must not be located within this area.

Helpful Hints

  • Limiting excessive amounts of water in a short time can help reduce disruption of the septic process. You may want to consider the following water use reduction practices:
  • Install water saving shower heads, sink aerators, and low-flush toilets.
  • Use dishwashers and washing machines only for full loads, and stagger the loads through the week.
  • Don’t run water continuously when shaving, brushing teeth, rinsing dishes or veggies.
  • A container of water in the fridge prevents the need to run water continuously for a cold drink.
  • The installation of garbage grinders, large volume hot tubs or spas are not recommended unless the septic system has been sized to accommodate their use.
  • The use of biodegradable products is highly recommended. Disposal of non-bio-degradeable products such as condoms, feminine hygiene products, plastics, dental floss, etc. is strongly discouraged.
  • If you have questions regarding the care and maintenance of your septic system, consult your contractor or the Environmental Protection Division of your local Health Department.
  • The standards for private sewage systems are prescribed in Ontario Regulation 358/90, under the Enviromental Protection Act, and the Guidelines established by Ministry of Environment, and requirements of your local munipality or township.

General Guidelines for Purchasers

  • If the system is 5-7 years old and has never been pumped it is unlikely that there are serious problems.
  • If there is no record of the system having been pumped but the owner has a vague recollection of pumping the system at some time in the distant past, figure that it has never been pumped.
  • If the system is over 10 years old and has never been pumped, it is possible that there has been some damage to the septic field, and if it’s not been pumped for over 15 years it is quite likely.
  • Flushing dye through the system looks good but will only indicate systems that are already seriously clogged, in which case there should already be more obvious signs.
  • Flushing dye may not indicate serious defects or indicate systems that are close to failure but still functional.
  • If you are on a septic system, adding a bedroom, even without adding a bathroom, may mean having to increase the size of the tank and drainage field.

The only way to make an accurate determination of the system is to have a licensed septic contractor perform a tank, distribution chamber and field inspection.

Fat Chest? – How to Get it Lean!

Here are 3 ways which should be done to turn a fat chest into a lean chest. Try these before considering the other more costly and risky routes, such as surgery.

1. Diet down some. Try to get lean by eating less sugar based carbohydrates and doing some exercise, like walking 30 minutes every other day. This alone will shave off a decent amount of chest fat.

By dieting down you can not only get leaner all over, but you’ll get leaner in that problem chest fat area. Then you’re able to take the next necessary steps towards full elimination.

2. Build some chest muscle. Get some muscle going especially in your upper chest area. A lot of the time chest fat leads to a drooping look in the lower chest, and you by adding some muscle to the chest you can firm up the upper area which can transform the look of the chest from flabby to muscular.

You can develop a well rounded chest that is going to resemble more toned bodybuilder muscle as opposed to the droopy chest man boob look. I’ve seen guys actually mask their chest fat condition all together by just developing some upper chest muscle.

3. Do specific chest fat exercises techniques to eliminate the chest fat area. Here’s the core of it all, where you can target train the specific fat area of your chest.

This usually won’t require weightlifting, but rather specific exercises which individuals have discovered can eliminate the chest fat/man boob look. Utilizing exercises that can zero in on the core area can transform the chest from fatty to lean.

Asphalt Paint

When people talk about asphalt paint they can mean two completely different products. There is paint that is applied to asphalt and then there is paint which contains asphalt to be used as a waterproofing for such things as metal objects which are exposed to water and the environment. We will look at both of these options in this article.

Painting Asphalt
If you are contemplating painting your asphalt driveway or parking area then you will want a product that is designed to coat and seal the existing blacktop. Many people are under the mistaken assumption that liquid asphalt is the best product for this considering the original material was an asphalt and aggregate concrete mixture which was applied to the roadway. The problem with this thinking is people do not understand why the asphalt works well in the concrete mixture. In order to make the aggregate (small rocks, gravel, or stones) stick together, the bonding material needs to be heated to between 400 and 600 degrees before laying it out. Then a heavy construction roller is utilized to press the mixture together. This creates a mechanical bond that is very tough and long lasting.

If you try to paint an asphalt without the heat it will not set up correctly and will just make a big mess. The best product to paint your driveway with is actually a coal tar product. Coal tar is a by-product of steel production and is very sticky. It also contains a high percentage of VOCs (volatile organic compounds), as these VOCs gas off they will leave a coating on the surface that wears very well and offers a great moisture sealer.

There is a concern with coal tar though, the compounds that gas off are flammable and unhealthy. Therefore, this should not be used in a garage or basement. Only apply this sort of sealer in an outside environment.
Asphalt Impregnated Paint

The second type of material that is considered asphalt paint actually is composed of liquid asphalt. This paint is a very good moisture barrier for metal items that will be submerged or subject to water. It used to be very common as a wood preservative but that is no longer the case any more as more effective and safe products have come on the market. Generally, you do not see asphalt paint used much for coating metal or other items any more either because new, high tech coatings are being discovered and produced every day which do a much better job. Also, there is a safety issue. Asphalt does not lend itself to non slip additives like an epoxy or latex product will.

Bridge Architecture – Revolutionizing Dual Mode 4G Cellular Modem Dongle Design

In the continuous drive to keep consumers connected wherever they are, the cellular network has been an invaluable enabler. 3G and 4G connectivity, initially restricted to cellular phones, is now also widely available for portable computers. Initially a niche market for the business person on the move, cellular connectivity for laptops is currently experiencing an explosive growth due to college students and the new generation of latte sipping employees.

The device that enables cellular connectivity of laptop computers are known by a variety of names, including mobile broadband devices and laptop connect cards among others, depending on which carrier you talk to. As data revenues become increasingly larger in each carrier’s revenue pie, so has the growth in popularity of Cellular Modem Dongles. Currently, every major cellular carrier offers a complete line up of such devices for sale. These modem dongles range from the simplest 3G connectivity to modems with additional features, like SD expandability to even dual mode modems.The simplest 3G modem dongle available in the market today is the single mode GSM or CDMA modem dongle. These modem dongles offer only the capability to connect to the cellular network for data needs. These devices are dedicated data transmitting and receiving devices which mainly consist of an RF chip, a baseband modem, and a power management IC.

When it comes to dual mode modem dongles, a few possibilities come to mind. They are:

1. GSM + CDMA modem

2. 3G + 4G Cellular modem

3. Cellular modem + WiFi

GSM + CDMA

In most cellular markets today, there are a mix of standards. The two main cellular standards of GSM and CDMA might work for carriers by tying subscribers to limited networks. However, this usually limits consumers, especially in developing countries where different carriers have better coverage in their own locality. Thus, just like the rise of dual mode cell phones in such countries, dual mode modem dongles will experience the same growth.

3G + 4G Cellular

Another popular CMD design today is a combination of 3G and 4G modems. These designs leverage the high-profile 4G cellular data service and the more widely available 3G data service. With most carriers today either choosing WiMax or LTE as their preferred 4G implementation, modem dongles are starting to incorporate these into their design while supporting more prevalent 3G connectivity.

Cellular Modem + WiFi

A third design option is the cellular modem and WiFi dongle. Although WiFi might come standard on many laptop PCs today,the new 802.11n standard is not yet integrated into PCs. Furthermore, due to carrier specification, many carrier-linked netbooks will not have WiFi capability. This will create a need for an additional device capable of providing WiFi connectivity when available and yet still keep the carrier’s data revenue stream intact.

USB performance

USB performance is another key factor in dual mode modem design. As USB is the predominant interconnect between the modem and PC, it is essential that the USB capability of the system operates at full capacity. After all, why have a modem that is capable of delivering more than 100Mbps of data if the USB capability of your system is limited to around 80Mbps?

This is another vital factor that put bridge chips in the forefront of these systems. Unlike a hub that just passes through the USB data coming from the modems, bridge chips can connect to other higher performance interfaces of the modems (for instance, the memory interface). This enables the modem to output the maximum data capable and not be gated by the integrated USB performance of the modem.Apart from satisfying the main requirements of a dual mode cellular modem dongle, bridge architectures also bring additional benefits to modem designs.

They are:

1. Independent datapaths

2. Flexible interfaces

3. Size

Independent datapaths

This feature is useful for dual mode cellular modem dongles due to the tight power consumption restrictions. Given the 500mA power limitation, it is vital that the modems are able to constantly toggle different power modes to keep the system in balance.The possibility of independent datapaths allow for communication and data transfer to happen simultaneously without needing to store data in a queue. This enables the possibility of constant toggling without upsetting the system’s fragile balance and interrupting data flow.

Flexible interfaces

Bridge chips also provide more flexible interfaces within a design, allowing developers to add an additional SD card or switch memory interfaces. This flexibility gives designers the freedom to readily swap features on their system while maintaining a fast time to market for their design.

Size

Many bridge chips are specifically designed for mobile devices. Their size is much smaller compared to hubs which are typically designed for computer peripherals. This is an added benefit to a mobile device like a USB modem dongle as size does matter. The smaller a CMD is, the easier it is to carry around.The availability of cost-effective and power-efficient dual modem dongles promises to meet the requirements of both consumers and carriers. Through the use of bridge architectures, developers can enable dongle to satisfy all the needed specifications of a dual mode cellular modem dongle while enabling additional enhancements and functionality.

Know More…

Get Paid to Assemble Products in the Comfort of Your Home

It is normal for people to earn money by working for a company or for other people. Did you know that you can get paid for doing something that you like? This article is for all the women out there who like collecting and creating personal accessories. Most of the accessories you buy in the market today are handmade. You can turn your hobby of making accessory into business, you’ll be getting paid to assemble products at home.

This is your first step to getting richer. Assembling products at home is very simple. All you have to do is to gather the right materials and tools and use a little creativity. Someone will surely pay you for every product that you have made. You can sell your products on eBay, by mail order, at your local flea market, and even swap meets. It best to start a website as this will help you get the word out and aid in marketing your products. If you have enough ideas, you can create different websites intended for creating crafts. The possibilities are endless just use your imagination.

You can ask some of your friends and relatives to give several ideas that you can use for your new found craft business. Getting paid to assemble products is very simple and does not consists of rigid step by step procedures. You will surely earn extra income for yourself. Even if you are still finishing your studies, you can start being an entrepreneur by engaging in assembling products.

The Flat-Panel Mounting Shuffle

So, you finally made your decision on a new flat-panel Television for your apartment! Awesome!

Whether you went with the plasma or an LCD is now a conundrum of the past, only to be replaced with another troubling question:

Should I hang the television on the wall or put it on a stand?

While many would naturally gravitate to the wonderful benefit and space saving positive outcome of hanging your new precious mecca of entertainment on the wall, there are several things to consider before doing so.

First off, mounting a television to a wall will inevitably leave a few holes when you take it down. This becomes an additional challenge for you when you one day take the TV down because it will be up to you to patch up and paint over these holes. If you were to not patch them up, your apartment may end up charging you for the damage.

It’s also important to keep in mind that although you are saving some space because the flat-panel is attached to your wall, you will still need a place to put your DVD player, Nintendo Wii, or old school VCR. Not only that, but you will also have all the appropriate cables running from these peripherals and into the TV. How are you going to hide the cables? You can try with a tall plant or a dresser, but then you won”t be saving much floorspace after all, will ya?

With all of these things in mind, I personally made the decision to go with a nice looking TV stand to hold the TV and all all of the peripherals beneath. It still looks great, was very close in price to a wall mount, and isn’t near the size of an entertainment center and the best part is that I can move it around anytime I want without drills, screws, and holes in the wall!

For an Apartmentite, it seems to me that the choice is obvious…go with a stand.

Noisy Water Pipes – How to Install a Shock Absorber

Noise

Have you ever turned the water on in your home and listened to that annoying noise of pipe rattling? That noise is caused by what is called Water hammer. Water hammer is not only annoying but it can also cause damage to the water lines, causing water leakage.

Water hammer is caused by a pressure surge when the water in motion is forced to stop suddenly (momentum change). In most cases, water hammer occurs when a valve is suddenly closed at the end of the pipeline run.

In order to avoid future problems, immediate action should be addressed.

How can the home owner fix this problem? There is a solution to this problem and that is to install a shock absorber also called air chamber. A shock absorber provides a cushion to absorb the force of the moving water inside those water pipes.

Use a shock absorber that has tread ends and compression fittings. This type of absorber does not need soldering which makes the job that much easier for the do it yourself home owner.

This method is easy to apply and needs only a minimum number of tools. Pipe cutter and adjust wrenches is all you need to perform this project. To solve a Water hammer problem, follow the instructions below to install a shock absorber.

Where is the noise coming from?

Find out where the noise is coming from. You can turn the stop valves on and off (water faucets), one at a time until you discover which stop valve is creating the noise. Once you find out which stop valve is causing the Water hammer, install the absorber somewhere before that stop valve on the same line.

To install the shock absorber.

Shut the water off. (You might have to shut off the water main).

Measure the shock absorber and use a pipe cutter or a hack saw to cut the pipe to this measure. (Allow some extra pipe to be able to insert it into the absorber). Clean any burrs from the ends of the pipe.

Drain the water line and slip a compression nut, (with the thread facing towards the absorber) on each end of the pipe that has been cut off.

Next slip the ferrules onto the pipe ends. connect the nuts to the absorber and fasten the nuts to the absorber. Use a wrench to finish tightening the nuts. Turn the water slowly to check for leaks. There you have it!

Mosaic Supplies

When creating mosaic art, there are particular supplies that you will need. These supplies all depend on the type of mosaic tile that you are using for the art; that is if it is a glass, stone or ceramic mosaic tile.

There are mosaic starter kits available for those who need them. These kits usually have all the things that are needed for mosaic art, like tile grout, cutting tools and glue. The cutting tools usually include a glass cutter or a tile nipper. Mosaic glass cutter is an important tool that is required when working with glass mobile tiles. This cutter allows the artist to make a clean and precise cut on the tile. With proper care and maintenance, the wheel-shaped blades of the glass cutter can stay sharp and effective for thousands of hours of use. Of course, replacement blades are available, if needed.

The mosaic tile nipper was actually made for ceramic materials, which is why they cut tile, china and dinnerware efficiently. However, when cutting dinnerware, don’t get frustrated if the nipper doesn’t always cut, as some dinnerware was designed in such a way. While using the mosaic tile nipper, safety glasses with side shields are a necessity. However, do not use these nippers to cut glass, as they will only crush and splinter the glass mosaic tiles.

Most of the mosaic artists prefer to use Welbond for bonding purposes. This is because there is no close second to this glue when it comes to bonding tiles. It bonds to hundreds of materials, is water resistant and can be easily cleaned with soap and water. However, don’t use this glue in pools or fountains, as it is water based.

Another important mosaic supply is the mosaic tile grout, which is usually found pre-mixed with sand. Sand is used as it provides the strength when the gaps between tiles are 1/8″ or greater. The mosaic tile mesh is 38.5 inches wide and is sold by the foot in a continuous piece. This mesh is made from woven fiberglass. Other mosaic supplies that are needed are tweezers and mounting grids. The specific supplies you need actually depend upon the function of the type of mosaic tile that you use and on how you plan to install it.

Wax Painting – A Unique Art Form

Wax painting is a unique form of painting where molten wax is used as paints. Also known as encaustic painting this wonderful artwork provides the scope to explore the creative skills and bring in new innovations into the world of art. There is also the freedom to make alterations uninterruptedly. The wax painters indulge in unbridled creativity and make breathtaking creations of arts. They can add, remove and make changes according to their own will. Delightful yet mystical the wax paintings have interesting stories to tell.

Wax painting has a rich historical past. The tradition of painting with wax began in Egypt, Greece and Rome about several thousand years ago. The antique wax portraits bear a testimony of the existence wax paintings in the ancient times. Liquefied bees wax and colored pigments were blended to form colors. With course of time several other forms of waxes like caranauba wax, dry oils like linseed oil, colophony, dammar crystals and mastic were used to create the paints. The molten wax is then applied with brush on the surface. Wax paintings were generally carved out on canvas, paper, stones and wood panels. Some sources of heat were then passed over the surface in order to fuse the paintings. Finally they were let to freeze in. Later on the paintings were polished with soft fabrics for the extra shine and glow. The wax painters preferred encaustic method for several reasons –

– The paintings remained unaffected to moisture and unfair weather conditions.

– They produced rich textures and were subject to changes.

– The wax enabled other substances to be collaged to the surface with its adhesiveness

Wax paintings involved the usage of various forms of tools. A kind of metal palette knife called 'Cautarium' was used to blend deposited wax colors on the surface. A delicate metal needle with a sharp end called 'Cestrum' was used to sketch the painting. 'Pencillium' was a kind of paintbrush that was used to apply the wax color on the required places. Modern wax painting has come up with advanced tools and scientific techniques that speeds up the method of painting and add more perfection and uniformity. Electric irons, heat lamps and hotplates are used on surfaces like papers, cards and thin fragments of wood. Variety of art forms from landscape arts to figurative and abstract arts is reflected in the wax paintings.

Cold Waxing is another kind of wax painting technique. Dioscorides and Pliny, the noted Roman historians first propounded the idea of ​​cold wax painting. Here beeswax is heated in salt seawater and filtered through cheesecloth and left open under the natural exposure for the whitening. Then they are blended with sodium bicarbonate and given soap like shapes. The impurities are drained out with the help of cheesecloth. They are then washed off in lukewarm water and dried in the air. Finally they are heated with other natural elements and used to form painting.

Comprehensive information on For Wax Painting and related Friends topics, please visit Wax Painting

A Guide to Crystal Chandeliers

Purchasing a crystal chandelier is similar to buying a diamond. Not all crystal is created equal. Crystal may be machine-cut, hand cut or molded. The cost of your chandelier can fluctuate drastically depending on the quality of crystal you choose. Most fixtures are available in four qualities of crystal.

Lights of Distinction – the Crystorama Lighting Group and James R. Moder are two of the largest manufacturers of Crystal Chandeliers.

Strass Crystal:
Strass Crystal is considered the finest in the world. Strass is manufactured by Swarovski AG in the Austrian Alps. Strass is an optically pure crystal, clear as spring water, totally free of flaws, unique in purity and brilliance. Strass crystal is characterized by razor-sharp cutting of facets (surfaces) with the lead content in excess of 30 percent. Cutting and polishing are done by machine to achieve perfect optical clarity. Strass crystals are treated with an invisible coating, which eliminates dust attraction and makes it easier to clean and maintain. Each crystal (over 12mm) has the distinct STRASS® laser engraved signature, identifying it as a genuine STRASS® Crystal.

Swarovski Spectra Crystal:
A passion for perfection has made Swarovski the world leader in the production of cut crystal. Swarovski & Co., manufacturer of Strass Crystal, has created a new alternative quality crystal. Swarovski has used advanced technology with olde world knowledge to produce a brilliant crystal with precision cutting and superior light reflection. This crystal type is designed for a crystal connoisseur demanding quality at an affordable price.

Imperial Crystal (Available only through James R Moder):
Imperial crystal dressed chandeliers contain brilliant crystals created by precision cutting sourced from Austria, Egypt, Turkey and the Czech Republic. The Imperial crystal is a combination of quality crystals to achieve a great look at an excellent price point.

Regal Crystal (James R Moder) / Majestic Wood Polish Crystal (Crystorama):
This crystal is cut by hand in two stages on an iron and then a sandstone wheel. Each crystal is then polished on a wood wheel with marble dust. These methods go back centuries. If you look closely you will notice faint traces of the wood-wheel attesting, the concentrated labor of the artisan. This is a mark of authenticity. Each piece is a unique and original masterpiece.

Italian Crystal:
Italian crystal also known as Venetian Crystal (from the glass-making regions in and around Venice) is molded not cut. You will notice a rounding of edges that comes from fire polishing. Molded crystal, though never as brilliant as cut crystal has a subtle charm and is an exceptional value. It is an ideal budget crystal for heavily dressed chandeliers.

Recognizing Spinach From the Origin, Contents, and Types

Do you remember a cartoon character of Popeye? Yes, he is commonly known as a sailor man who develops strength by eating spinach. Let us now recognizing this leafy plant from the origin, contents, and types, so that we can know about this plant deeply.

Spinacia oleracea or commonly known as Spinach is a nontoxic leafy plant which belongs to the family of Amaranthaceae. This is a native plant of Southwestern Asia. This is a yearly plant which grows to a tallness of up to 30 centimeters. This leafy plant is firstly cultivated by the Persians and now it is cultivated right through the world, with the tropics exception.

Amazingly high in vitamin C and rich in riboflavin, one cup of cooked spinach also includes a very high level of vitamin A, magnesium, folate, potassium, as well as vitamins E, B6, and thiamin. If it is compared with all of the vegetables juices, spinach juice is believed to be the most influential to prevent cancer cell formation. Based on the research, it is shown that people who daily eat this leafy plant are less potential to build up lung cancer.

There actually four basic types of spinach, which are:

1. Savoy has crinkly, dark green and curly leaves. It is usually found in the supermarket and sold in fresh bunches.

2. Flat/smooth leaf is unwrinkled and has spade-shaped leaves that are easier to clean than the curly types. Its stalks are usually very narrow and tasty.

3. Semi-savoy is a mix of the Savoy and Flat/smooth leaf. It is a hybrid variety with slightly crinkled leaves.

4. Baby has flat-leaf which is commonly no longer than three inches. It is usually sold in the more expensive price.

Therefore, it is surely recommended for you to consume this beneficial plant since it contains many useful substances on it. So, instead of enjoying the taste, this leafy plan can also make your body healthier.

How to Revive That Rusty Shovel Sitting in Your Garage

Do you have an old shovel sitting in your garage that has a beat up wood handle and looks like it has been sitting there for a hundred years? Is it a sturdy, heavy duty shovel? Was it an expensive shovel back in its day? Has it just suffered the effects of neglect? All of us probably have a tool like this in our garage. There is a way to get it back into shape and provide you with several more years of service. Why spend $ 50 buying a new shovel.

Below are some steps to bring back your favorite shovel to prime condition.

1. Wash the shovel down with water to remove all the caked on dirt.

2. You need to then remove all the rust. Take a wire brush or heavy grit sand paper and remove as mush rust as you can. It does not need to be perfect. Clamp you shovel into a vise to help keep it locked down.

3. Having a sharp tip will make the shovel easier to use. Put you shovel in a vise and take a file and remove the blunt edge on the end. You're not trying to make it razor sharp. Use a file to the shovel end or sharpen using a grinding wheel.

4. Use common household oil like 3-In-One oil and rub down all the metal on the shovel and let it sit and absorb into it. After some time, rub the excess off with a cloth.

5. Take some 120 or 150 grit sandpaper and sand down the handle. Buy some boiled linseed oil and apply several coats on the handle. Wipe off extra oil with a rag.

Of course, you can use this strategy on any tool in your garage. Do not throw away those old tools and buy new ones ever again.