Brain Training for Functional Disconnect Syndrome and Other Disabilities on the Autism Spectrum

We have discussed the way nerves communicate and how they decide when they are going to send impulses to other nerve cells. We know that groups of nerves collect information and fire together in pathways that stimulate distant parts of the brain. We also know that it is essential for different areas of the brain to communicate well with each other for us to be able to do the amazing complicated things we do with our brains.

The brain is divided into the left and right hemispheres. In these hemispheres the vast array of jobs that must be done are divided up and organized. Each hemisphere is also separated into special sections or lobes. These are the frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital lobes. The parietal lobe is mostly concerned with sensation of the body and locating where things happen. There is a map of the opposite side of the body inside each parietal lobe. So the left parietal lobe of the brain feels everything on the right side of the body and vice versa. The same type of thing happens for the occipital lobes sensing vision, the temporal lobes sensing hearing and the frontal lobes controlling muscle movements on the opposite side of the body. The frontal lobe is also what we call the executive center because it is responsible for making decisions and carrying out actions.

Now, imagine you are in a toy store. A train on its track is making its way around the store chugging and whistling. You turn your head to see where it is. As it comes into view you see an egg on one of the cars and you want to pick it up. It sounds like a simple thing but when you really think about it, it involves the whole brain and is quite complex. First, the ears are stimulated, changing the sound vibrations in the air to electrical impulses traveling along nerves. The impulses are sent to the temporal lobe so we can know what we are hearing and to the parietal lobe so we can know from where we are hearing it. The temporal lobes compare all the different frequencies in the sounds and their relative volumes and figure out what that whistling sound is. At the same time both parietal lobes take information from the ears and compare between the two sides which one hears the sound louder and if the volumes are changing to figure out where the sound is coming from.

The temporal and parietal lobes then send their perceptions forward to the frontal lobe so it can decide what they are, what they are doing, whether the sounds are dangerous or not and what to do about it. The frontal lobe then fires the muscles in the neck and moves the muscles in the eyes in perfect sequence to pinpoint the position of the toy train and then track its trajectory. In order to do this, it needs the occipital lobe which is now receiving visual stimulation from the eyes and forwarding it to the frontal lobe. The sound from each ear, the sight from both eyes, and the position sense in all the muscles involved must be synchronized by an internal timer so that differences in lengths of nerves and processing times do not confuse the frontal lobe like watching a movie where the sound is delayed so you see the lips moving but the words do not make sense. I have not even started to talk about what it's going to take to judge the speed of this train, time the movement of the arm, sequence the firing of the muscles in the arm and hand, and judge and re-judge the pressure on the egg so we do not break it.

Without communication, timing and sequencing within the brain we simply can not operate smoothly in the world. As we know many of our children are experiencing functional disconnections of these different parts of their brains that we may have previously described as "sensory integration problems", clumsiness, poor eye contact, unusually high pain threshold, difficulty following directions or so many other things . The Listening Program, the Integrative Metronome, the other therapies we do in our office and the exercises we have patients do at home are intended to connect or reconnect the different areas of the brain in the proper sequence so our kids can perform the majestic complexity that we all take for granted.

Buying OTC Tax Deeds

In 2003 NRLL East, a little known subsidiary of, swept through Florida purchasing thousands of tax deeds OTC and hired purchasing agents who attended tax deed auctions in nearly every county. This Irvine California based corporation, with limitless funds, formulated and executed a business model that worked brilliantly and created multimillion dollar profits for their corporation. In short, the purchasing agents would walk into a Clerk of Circuit Courts Office, research files, visit property and query the public records. Upon payment to the Clerk, NRLL would be issued the tax deed. Once purchased would auction the property and their property auctions were huge. Many times having 600 properties auctioned in a month, and selling the properties without warranty of title. The buyers would sign a release stating that they were aware the property may have previously been purchased through tax sale. The fact is NRLL purchased many Florida properties for less than $ 1,500 and Land auctioned the property and in some cases they sold for $ 15,000- $ 25,000. This process was both quick and effective.

Another Florida Deed OTC example. Marion County 2004, there were nearly 1000 unbuildable parcels zoned recreational available to purchase OTC. At first glance it would seem a hard sell and with many other opportunities at the time it seemed unworthy of investment. These small parcels were however accessible and could be used as campsites and short term RV parking. The cost to purchase these were approximately $ $ 150- 300 per parcel. Not seeing the potential was a huge mistake, after five or six weeks we returned to purchase these tax deeds OTC only to be informed they were no longer available. Each and every one had been purchased by another investor. A few weeks went by and then some of these parcels were listed for sale on ebay. It was amazing that a small unbuildabe recreational lot adjoining the Ocala National Forest would sell at auction for $ 1600. It is believed that these parcels were sold without warranty of title by quit claim deed or special warranty deed.

How to locate Florida Tax Deeds OTC

What is sought is the List of Lands Available For Taxes. The Clerk of Courts or Tax Deeds Office will have possession of this List. In many counties, at the current time, there are few Florida deeds available OTC but with the increased number of people not paying property taxes these numbers are increasing in many counties. Some Clerk of Courts offer a link to the List of Lands from their home page. To locate these links and clerk's offices you can use the click map found at below link under County Gov Auctions.

History of a Florida Tax Deed OTC

In the beginning of the cycle the property taxes were unpaid. The tax lien was auctioned and there were no bidders for the tax certificate at the annual auction. When this happened the tax certificate was issued to the county and carried an 18% annual interest rate. The certificate was made available for transfer from the county to investors and was also available for redemption by the property owner. Neither of these actions occurred, so there it sat for 2 lonely years not yielding tax revenue for the county. The county then applied for the tax deed and the deed was unsold at the auction. For 90 days following the deed auction the property is made available to government entities, after that it is entered onto the List of Lands Available for Taxes. The property deed will be made available for purchase for three years after which the tax deed is transferred to the BOCC (Board Of County Commissioners) and escheates to the county. After this, the county will either deem the property as surplus and sell it, auction it or issue it to the city. There are many opportunities to purchase the property as it moves through the cycle, but for the purpose here we will stay on target.

Florida Tax Deed OTC Files

The Tax Deeds Office or Clerks of Courts, depending upon who maintains the List of Lands, will also have the file for the property. In this file you will find all known mortgages, liens, judgments, etc .. which were encumbering the property just prior to the time that the deed was auctioned (see Owners & Encumbrance Report in file). The issue is that these files may have been prepared up to three years prior so there could be new liens, judgments and title issues since the date of report generation. It will be necessary to perform a title search to ascertain the updated information that you will need.

Florida Tax Deed OTC Question

Why did not an investor come forward and purchase the deed at auction? There are multiple reasons for this. The most obvious is that there is something terribly wrong with the property IE zoned DRA (drainage retention area) or is unbuildable due to size or location or sinkhole or lack of road frontage.

The truth is that most of the parcels available will not have these problems. The most likely of reasons are three, the property value at the time of auction did not greatly exceed that of opening bid OR there were liens which exceeded property value OR the property was homestead exempt.

The first two of these items may have changed over the course of time that the property sits on the List of Lands. The property value may have greatly appreciated and liens may have become void. The third item may have also changed but that need a little more clarity.

When the property deed was auctioned and the property being homestead exempt, the winning bidder would have had to pay 1/2 of assessed value. With the property residing on the list of lands, it is unlikely that the property retains that exemption. So, as of the last tax roll, if the exemption is dropped you can then obtain the tax deed OTC for far less than what the opening bid was at the tax deed auction. This is rare as most previously homestead exempt properties whose tax deeds are available OTC will also have other issues and most will be blighted.

I have purchased Florida Tax Deeds OTC and some have yielded spectacular returns, one in particular had a ROI of more than 700% in 120 days. Want Proof from the Property Appraisers Office and County Official Records? The See proof box .

Residential Aluminum Siding

Aluminum siding often evokes different emotions in different people. Win some people your aluminum siding they think of dated architecture, and row house clichés. Others associate of aluminum siding with a modern aesthetic. Although neither thought is really wrong nor right, the fact is aluminum siding has been popular since the late 1950s and has never gone out of style.

Contractors and homeowners agree that aluminum siding is an excellent alternative to vinyl siding. Much like vinyl siding aluminum is easily installed, and virtually maintenance free. Aluminum siding is also highly durable, able to withstand extreme weather conditions, fire, and impact. Also, unlike other fire resistant materials of aluminum siding contains no asbestos, thus posing no health risks whatsoever.

Although aluminum siding is highly durable it does have a tendency to fade and dent over time. This is the natural wear and tear of the siding, and nothing to be concerned about. However to avoid this and maintain a pleasant aesthetic proper maintenance is important when taking care of your aluminum siding.

One of the most easy and popular maintenance suggestions for faded aluminum siding is a fresh coat of paint. A new coat of paint can completely change the look of your home. If cost is no issue hiring a contractor will ensure that the job is done professionally, quickly, and that no hassle to you. If you are looking to save a few dollars aluminum siding can easily be repainted by the tenacious homeowner. Just remember always follow your manufacturer suggestions when applying a fresh coat of paint.

Way to by tell Reviews Another That your aluminum siding needs a fresh coat of paint is the if there is a fine Powdery residue on the surface of the siding, most apparent to the touch. When deciding to repaint many experts suggest that you first coat your aluminum siding with a thin layer of primer. This primer is specifically formulated to help paint stick to your siding and ensure a long lasting coat. When taking steps to repaint your siding, it is best to purchase extra siding panels and repaint them as well. That way should an installed panel become damaged it will be possible to swap out the damaged panel for a new one while maintaining an exact color match.

Once you have freshly painted or newly installed aluminum siding the best way to care for your siding is by regularly power washing it. When power washing your aluminum siding it is important not to set the power washer at too high a level or you risk damaging the aluminum siding. One way to test whether or not you have the washer said at the right level is to briefly spray a small portion of your house that is not visible to the street. That way should you accidentally damage your siding it will not ruin the entire façade. After determining the proper pressure level you may then proceed to spray down your entire home.

When properly maintained aluminum siding can last anywhere from 40 years to the lifetime of your home.

Copper Fittings – The Basics

The next time you visit a DIY store or builders merchant, stop in at the plumbing section and take a look at the huge range and variety of small plumbing fittings that are available. Brass, copper, plastic, chrome – all are available in a confusing array of different sizes. But what do they do, and how do they work?

The generic name for these products is copper fittings. This term refers to the fact that they are used in conjunction with copper pipe (or a substitute product such as plastic) in the supply of hot and cold water or central heating. Copper fittings do indeed come in a number of different shapes and sizes, but they are generally classified into four groups. These groups are derived from the actual method that is adopted when the fitting is put into use.

The first group is known as solder ring fittings. Solder ring fittings (sometimes referred to as Yorkshire fittings) are made of either copper or brass. The fitting itself contains a small ring of cooled solder around the circumference of the inside of the fitting. When the copper pipe is pushed into the fitting and flux (a cleaning and activating paste) is applied along with intense heat, the solder melts and runs around the joint, cooling and solidifying once more as soon as the heat source is removed, forming a solid joint.

The second type group of fittings are known as end feed fittings. These fittings are almost identical to solder ring fittings except that they do not contain an integral ring of solder – when using end feed fittings the solder is supplied by the plumber from a reel or solder stick. When the pipe / fitting joint is at the correct temperature, the plumber offers the tip of the solder reel or stick up to the joint. The intense heat melts the solder, which is then "drawn" or "fed" into and around the fitting by capillary action. Once more the joint is made when the heat is removed and the solder sets. These fittings are favoured by plumbers as they are considerably less expensive than solder ring fittings, and equally efficient when used correctly.

The third group of fittings goes by the name of compression. These are generally brass fittings that use a mechanical pressure joint method sometimes referred to as "nut and olive". The olive is a thin band of either copper or brass that is shaped like a wedding ring and which, along with a threaded nut, fits over the copper pipe, the pipe is then inserted into the fitting, and the female thread on the nut is tightened down onto the male thread on the body of the fitting. As the nut is tightened, the olive is crushed down onto the pipe and into concave seat inside the fitting, making a secure and watertight joint. Some plumbers favour the use of a proprietary pipe jointing compound around the olive when using compression fittings.

The final and newest group of fittings is called push fit fittings. Cleverly designed using internal grab rings, they are used in conjunction with technically advanced flexible plastic pipes supplied in either coils or lengths. Small metal or rigid plastic pipe stiffeners are inserted into the end bore of the pipe, ensuring that the wall of the pipe does not distort under pressure. The pipe is then inserted into the fitting until it reaches the integral stops inside the fitting, ensuring that the grab rings are located in the correct position. The joint then reaches its full strength when pressurised by the water flowing through it.

Regardless of which of the four groups the fittings belong to, they are always sized in reference to the diameter of the copper pipe that they are used to join. The most common sizes in domestic plumbing applications are 15mm, 22mm and 28mm.

How to Refill Your Laser Printer Toner Cartridge

Did you know that you could refill your laser printer toner cartridge? I recently discovered that it is both a quick and simple procedure. Most toner cartridges are manufactured to a very high standard enabling them to be used time and time again. Unfortunately the manufacturers have discovered that people refilling their toner cartridges directly reduces their profits so they now actively discourage the practice.

Until recent years you would find a visible refill cap on your laser printer toner cartridge – open this, pour in some replacement ink and the cartridge was as good as new. Some toner cartridges still have this refill cap but many printer companies have removed it to discourage refilling. Fortunately you can buy an inexpensive kit to create your own hole in the cartridge to pour the replacement toner in – extremely easy to use and takes about two minutes.

Most kits accomplish this by supplying a small soldering iron with an attachment on the end to create the hole on your laser printer toner cartridge. Simply let the soldering iron heat up and press the attachment onto the cartridge – it creates a hole which can be sealed using a supplied plastic cap. After doing this you can refill the toner cartridge as often as you like. The advantage of this system is that no working parts of the cartridge are touched – so there is no chance of damaging anything.

My first attempt at this was on Lexmark C500 Printer cartridge – I bought a kit (about £10/20$) which contained all I needed to refill my cartridge and bottles of replacement toner ink. I laid everything out (you should put a sheet down or do this in the open air) – the main danger is spilling the ink I guess but if you put down paper or sheets and take your time you should be fine. You let the soldering iron heat up – in my kit there was an egg timer to make sure it had! When the time was up I placed the end against the laser printer toner cartridge and it made a hole in the side of the cartridge.

Next you have to shake the replacement toner ink – although powder it is so fine that it appears as a liquid. Carefully pour the toner ink into the cartridge through the hole you created (the bottle has a pouring lip to make this easier) then seal up the hole with one of the supplied plastic plugs. That’s basically it – the only danger I can see is spilling the ink but if you’re careful you should be ok.

I did the first one in about 15 minutes and 5 minutes for the other laser printer toner cartridges – the cost was approximately 37% of a new set of cartridges but I still have loads of toner left in the bottles so that will fall further.

Obviously the other parts of the cartridge will eventually fail – but you should be OK to refill each cartridge a few times. Every time you do refill your laser printer toner cartridge you are saving a significant amount of money and reducing the amount of landfill. Also imagine the environmental costs that are being saved – nearly 2 liters of oil are required to produce a new cartridge – this is also saved each time you refill. It’s so simple and everyone wins – I used a company called Tonertopup for my kits who supply UK, Europe and North America. Save yourself some money and help the environment – check out the link below.

Step by Step Easy Guide For Opening a Boutique

Opening a boutique can be a daunting task because there are just so many things to consider. And if you need a guide to make the setting up much easier, you can always get help from many sources.

At any rate, if you are nervous about launching your new boutique, here are some points to ponder. This guide will surely help you get your business up and running in no time:

First of all, you must come up with a good name for your boutique. Try to choose a name that will easily be recalled by people. Take note that choosing a suitable name also plays a major role in making your business successful.

Secondly, to make sure that your business operates legally, register it at the designated bureau to get your business operation license and reseller's permit (if you are reselling items). These are the legal requirements that you must not overlook.

In addition, these licenses for opening a boutique are not just documents for legal business operation but they are also your ticket for buying high-grade products from suppliers at reduced prices. This means, you can enjoy more returns since the low prices from the suppliers will allow you to add higher mark-up price.

Next, give serious consideration as to what kind of merchandise that you want to sell in your boutique. You have to choose which merchandise to focus on so that you can develop a particular theme for your store. Once you have decided, stick to it. This will also give your store a distinguishing image and people will easily remember it.

And so that your customers will keep on coming back, ensure that your stocks are all good quality items. With that said, as the boutique owner, you must do your very best to find reliable suppliers. In that way, your boutique will be consistent with offering superior merchandise.

Another tip is to decorate your boutique according to the style and kind of merchandise that you are selling. But whatever your theme may be, decorate in a fashion that will entice people to come in. Make the atmosphere lively and friendly. However, do not over-decorate because it is not a good sight. Over decorating only tend to overcrowd a space so stick to clean lines and "less is more" decorating technique. In case you do not have a good eye for design and decorating, simply hire a professional designer to do the works for you.

Finally, for opening a boutique, you will want to ascertain that your grand opening will be blast. It is with this launching that your store will draw the attention of many people so go all out.

Lighting Up Your Massage Practice

Have you ever walked into a room and immediately felt uncomfortable for no reason? Many people argue that the way objects are placed throughout a room has an effect on how we feel, physically and emotionally, when in that particular space. This spatial arrangement called Feng Shui suggests that certain types of light can make a room feel warm and welcoming, or cold and harsh. For massage therapists, Feng Shui is very important in creating a soft, relaxing space for your clients to enjoy.

Think back to the last visit you made to your doctor. The harsh lighting, stark walls and cold, bare floors of most exam rooms are the polar opposite of Feng Shui. These kinds of conditions make exam rooms feel less than inviting and contribute to feelings of anxiety and uneasiness. Balancing the principles of yin and yang equally will create harmony in your healing space and make for a much more enjoyable and relaxing experience.

Lighting is crucial in creating this comfortable Feng Shui atmosphere. Most massage rooms are softly lit, in an effort to slow brain activity and allow the body to relax. Someone seeking massage therapy for relaxation and stress-relieving purposes would not be comfortable in a harsh, brightly lit room; this type of light keeps the brain moving at such a fast pace that relaxation does not happen easily.

You may be the best massage therapist, with fantastic skills that can really help your clients with their ailments, but if your healing space is not exhibiting Feng Shui, not much relaxation will be taking place. Your massage room should complement your therapeutic abilities and your clients should begin to feel relaxed even before you enter the room.

Learn how to transform your healing area into a more peaceful, relaxing space by incorporating Feng Shui into your design plans.

Relationship Advice: 5 Barriers to Forgiveness

Most barriers to forgiveness come in the form of a "but."

For example –

"But I do not feel like forgiving ."

And you may not for a while. Ultimately, forgiveness is a decision, not a feeling.

"But if I forgive someone, does not that mean I approve of what they did?"

No, not at all. Forgiveness does not condone what was done.

"But if I forgive, does not that open me up to be hurt again?"

Well, yes and no.

The yes part is that if we are going to risk closeness in relationships, we are going to risk being hurt. It's just part of the territory.

The no part is that while forgiving, you can still protect yourself from further hurt. One way to do this is in relationships is to set clear boundaries with equally clear consequences if the boundaries are violated.

"But if I forgive, does not that let the other person off the hook?"

Not necessarily.

There are consequences for actions, even after forgiveness. What forgiveness can do is let you off the hook of bitterness and resentment.

"But I forgave, and I still feel bad."

Unfortunately, that can happen. While it's true that forgiveness is a decision, it's also a process. So is the healing. It can take time.

A Look at HON File Cabinets

If you are presently looking for a good filing cabinets, a good idea would be to choose from HON file cabinets. Their brand is one of the most widely known in office furnishing. These cabinets are recognized for their reasonable price and high quality.

More Options

With HON file cabinets, you have several options. You can easily find a cabinet that best caters to your specific office requirements and preferences. These filing cabinets come in both types of filing cabinet, vertical and lateral designs. You also have more options when it comes to the number of drawers you want – you can even have more than 4 drawers. Aside from the conventional vertical and lateral designs, HON also sells high-density filing cabinets. These cabinets provide additional room for storage purposes. For highly regarded or confidential files, there are fireproof HON cabinets available. These utilize steel lattice support on the inside for the purpose of withstanding extreme, outside temperatures of up to 1,700 degrees F for the endurance of up to an hour.


HON cabinets are well known for their strength and durability. While there are other materials available, these cabinets are usually constructed out of metal, which is definitely ideal for the office.

Cost Effective

The cost of HON filing cabinets varies depending on the size. However, the prices are quite reasonable. For instance, a 4-door vertical HON cabinet is typically priced at about $300. With HON cabinets you can save as well as enjoy their long-lasting construction, convenient design and reliable security features.

Why Wallpaper? Top 10 Reasons to Use Wallpaper in Your Home

With so many design options for your walls, the decision to wallpaper might be hard to make. Here are the top ten reasons to use wallpaper in your home:

1. Patterns give character to your room and make it much more interesting. By their very nature, patterns catch people’s attention and invite them to look closer.

2. Wallpaper gives a high-end, sophisticated attitude to your room — even if you only wallpaper one wall, or part of a wall.

3. A wallpapered wall suggests a sense of permanence and establishment. It tells anyone who sees your space that you are confident making decisions and know what you like.

4. Wallpaper truly brings a room together. If you coordinate with the furniture, floors, and other design themes, your pattern will unify the space.

5. It will add punch to a room (or wall) and separate it from the other rooms in your house. Especially in apartments, it is very important to make each room its own distinct space — it will feel much bigger, more functional, and relaxing.

6. It will make your living space feel (and be) more your own. As wallpaper is not as common as paint colors, you will most likely not see your pattern anywhere else throughout the course of your day. When you return home, it will feel like your private sanctuary– which it is.

7. Wallpaper can solve design problems. If a space is too small, get some tromp l’oeil wallpaper that make your eye extend beyond the enclosed space. If your ceiling is too high, wallpaper it and it will feel lower.

8. In general, wallpaper increases the “cozy” factor of a room. Regardless of style, wallpapering walls is like putting on a light sweater: comforting.

9. Wallpaper sets mood. No other design choice can so greatly influence the tone of a room; your walls are your largest canvas.

10. Wallpaper will not only make your room more interesting– it will make you more interesting as well! Just watch: all of your guests will inevitably ask about where you found the paper and how you hung it. As they rave about your decision, you will not only enjoy the easy conversation starter but also feel the deeper satisfaction that comes with quality home improvement and personal design expression.

Using Quotations: When You Need Permission

First of all, here’s my disclaimer. I’m not a lawyer. The following is based on my own research and, as you’ll see, every situation is different. That’s why the use of quotes can be confusing. I do hope, however, that this can help you to make better decisions when preparing your own manuscripts or other creative projects.

Quotes are wonderful little things. They can convey a world of meaning in just a few words. And they’re everywhere: books, greeting cards, on the home pages of websites, in daily emails. But just because they’re everywhere doesn’t mean you can plop a few into your text without asking anyone’s permission. Sometimes you have to, sometimes you don’t. Here are a few guidelines to keep in mind when you’re trying to figure out which side you’re on.

1. Has the quote been set down in writing?

If the quote you’re using only exists as the words someone has said, then it’s okay to use it. For instance, if you hear Paris Hilton say something on television such as “That’s hot!”, you can use the quote. You should, of course, credit her for saying it. But if Paris were to write the words down in a book, then those words are covered by copyright. You would need permission from her or her publisher to put the quote in your book or on a card.

2. Is it under copyright or in the public domain?

Copyright isn’t always an issue. If the quote is from a work that is older than seventy-five years old, most likely it is in the public domain and you won’t need permission for it. Copyright lasts throughout the author’s lifetime, plus seventy years after the author’s death.

3. Getting permission.

If you do have to get permission for a quote, start working on this right away, even if the book isn’t done and you’re not sure you’re going to use the quote. It can take months to find out who to ask for permission, and even longer to hear back once you’ve sent the request. So give yourself plenty of time. You’ll want to send a letter describing your project and requesting the right to use the quote. Note: this will only be a one time right. Getting permission for one project doesn’t mean you have permission to put the quote in other books or other projects.

Unfortunately, there is no one place where you can check to see who owns the copyright on a work. Not everyone registers their copyright since copyright is an automatic right, so the Copyright Office won’t always be able to provide the information. You can start with the obvious: the author’s publisher or literary agent. If you can’t find the author that way, then using search engines on the internet would be your next resource. Remember to look for possible family members of the author as well. It’s important to find a family member since the copyright may have passed on to heirs after an author’s death.

Remember to keep good records of everything you do in your search: sending letters, making phone calls, placing ads. If you can’t contact anyone and you decide to use the quote anyway, you’ll want to be able to show that you made a reasonable effort to find the owner of the copyright.

4. Exceptions, of course.

Here’s where things get murky. Because a quote is so short, it can also be seen as not being a substantial part of a work and therefore available for “fair use”. However, the term is vague and there’s no clear guideline on what it really covers. So when in doubt, get permission. The rules seem to be a little different if the quote you want to use is from a poem or a song. In those cases I’ve found that it’s recommended you always seek permission for those works. I’m guessing it’s because poems and songs are much shorter than books, so any quote from them is using a significant portion of the work.

One last note: don’t let seeking permissions distract you from your writing. Do your research, send out letters if you have to, and move on. If you don’t it’s highly likely that the quotes will only delay your work instead of enhancing it.

Hydrogen Peroxide and Bad Breath – Can It Be Used To Treat Bad Breath (Halitosis)

Bad breath or Halitosis has a number of causes but the most common causes are anaerobic bacteria in the mouth that produce odorous sulphur compounds which result in foul breath. Other things that contribute to the problem include sinus and throat infections, stomach as well as tobacco and alcohol use. The digestive problems caused by consumption of alcohol can lead to bad breath. Also, stress, dieting and some medical conditions such as diabetes, ulcers, kidney or liver malfunction and respiratory disorders may also be contributing factors.

Getting rid of it may involve taking several steps to eliminate the problem. This usually involves finding the cause and correcting it thereby treating the halitosis problem. There are various treatments and remedies that are often suggested for sufferers. This article looks at some treatments involving the use of Hydrogen Peroxide. Of course, there are other treatments available and some are more effective than others. Here are some the information we found:

1. According to one website, you can improve oral hygiene by using water pik with an ounce of hydrogen peroxide (3% Food Grade Hydrogen Peroxide) in the water. This is done after breakfast.

2. Earth Clinic website readers have reported using Hydrogen Peroxide mouthwash to effectively get rid of bad breath and gum sores. According to these readers it kills the bacteria in your mouth which is the cause of it.

3. One article by a dentist says that you can get rid of it by using a 50/50 solution of water and hydrogen peroxide (3% solution). Swish a teaspoon of each in the mouth for a full minute. Hydrogen peroxide releases free oxygen which is poisonous to most of the bacteria that can cause bad breath in the mouth.

Hydrogen peroxide is a colorless, non-combustible and clear liquid. It’s always used as an aqueous solution, which is available in dilute form (3% to 10%) for household use and in concentrated form (greater than 30%) for industrial use. Solutions of hydrogen peroxide up to concentrations of 9% are generally non-toxic although a 3% solution can be mildly irritating to mucosal tissue and may cause diarrhea and vomiting. Drinking industrial-strength solutions (10% or more) causes systemic toxicity and has been associated with fatalities. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has posted a warning on their website telling people not to purchase or to use high-strength hydrogen peroxide products, including products marketed as 35 Percent Food Grade Hydrogen Peroxide, because they can cause serious harm or death when ingested.

Captivating Ceilings

You want your wedding to be beautiful from top to bottom. If you are to achieve perfection, every nook and cranny of your venue must be considered. Decorating your ceremony and reception sites is not only about centerpieces and table linens. To complete your design effect, do not forget to decorate the ceiling as well.

Some ceilings are just plain unattractive. This is often the case under a tent. Who wants to look at all of those poles that support the tent? There is nothing pretty or festive about metal support beams. Instead of leaving the ceiling as it is, dress up the inside of your tent. A beautiful effect can be created with draped fabric. You could do something light and soft like pale pink (which will also cast a very flattering glow onto your face), or choose a more dramatic look, such as a rich burgundy. A deep color would be a good way to make a large space feel more cozy and intimate.

Another way to improve a ceiling, either in a tent or indoors, is with tiny white lights. String them by the hundreds – you can never have too many. Little white lights would be ideal for an evening reception. In a tent, they will twinkle like a starry night sky.

A hot trend right now is to rent fantastic chandeliers to decorate your reception location. Pick the most elaborate, opulent ones that you can find for a haute couture effect. Fabulous chandeliers are like crystal bridal jewelry for your venue. Dazzling crystal chandeliers cast an incredible glow that will catch the light in your crystal bridal jewelry and make everyone look more radiant. They create an unforgettable atmosphere.

You can use your ceiling décor to enhance the theme of your wedding. An Asian inspired affair would be even better with glowing paper lanterns. A rustic barn could be spruced up with grapevine and dried berries wrapped around the ceiling beams. Having a Christmas wedding? Swag garlands of evergreen boughs around the venue. A winter wedding could feature hundreds of crystal snowflakes suspended from the ceiling. It would look absolutely breathtaking, and you can use the snowflakes to decorate your tree for your first Christmas as husband and wife.

A ceiling does not have to be a solid object. For an outdoor wedding, hang decorations from the trees above for a festive feeling. You can use almost anything that appeals to you, from colorful glass candle holders to kissing balls or floral pomanders to hurricane lanterns. Just be sure that what ever you choose is weather proof.

As couples work to make their weddings truly unique, no detail should be overlooked. Most brides today want for their weddings to feel like a fantasy world brought to life. To achieve this atmosphere, you will want to make sure that every part of your reception looks absolutely gorgeous. Start at the bottom, and work your way up to the top until every part of your venue looks as beautiful as in your dreams.

What is Lean?

Lean is a methodology that is used to accelerate the velocity and reduce the cost of any process (be it service or manufacturing) by removing waste. Lean is founded on a mathematical result known as Little’s Law:

Lead Time of Any Process equals the Quantity of Things In Process divided by the Average Completion Rate over the Unit of Time

Lead-time is the amount of time taken between the entries of work into a process (which may consist of many activities) to the time the work exits the process. In procurement the Things in Process are the number of requisitions, in product development the number of Projects-In-Process, and in manufacturing the amount of Work In Process. Lean contains a well-defined set of tools that are used to control and then reduce the number of Things in Process, thus eliminating the non-value add cost driven by those Things in Process.

The Pull or Kanban system puts a cap on the number of things in process, thus putting a cap on the lead-time. Lean also contains tools to reduce the quantity of things in process including setup reduction, total productive maintenance, 5S, etc. For example, setup reduction allows the reduction of the time spent on producing a quantity of any given offering or product, reducing lead-time without reducing the completion rate. The Lean methodology has a bias for action, leveraging Kaizen to rapidly improve processes and drive results.

Why should Lean be important to Six Sigma professionals?

Whereas Six Sigma is most closely associated with defects and quality, Lean is linked to speed, efficiency, and waste. Lean provides tools to reduce lead-time of any process and eliminate non-value add cost. Six Sigma does not contain any tools to control lead time (e.g., Pull systems), or tools specific to the reduction of lead time (e.g., setup reduction). Since companies must become more responsive to changing customer needs, faster lead times are essential in all endeavors. Lean is an important complement to Six Sigma and fits well within the Six Sigma DMAIC process. Additionally, the Lean Kaizen approach is a great method that can be used to accelerate the rate of improvements.

You need to improve quality so you can achieve maximum speed, and you need to do the things that allow maximum speed in order to reach the highest sigma levels of quality.

In other words, you need both Lean (speed) and Six Sigma (quality) principles and tools to drive improvements in Return on Invested Capital or ROIC and achieve the best competitive position.

Can you provide an example of how Lean coupled with Six Sigma would help address a transactional process issue?

  • The processes of all companies and organizations must:
  • Become faster and more responsive to customers
  • Achieve Six Sigma capability
  • Operate at world class cost

Only the combination of Six Sigma and Lean can fulfill all three goals. In any process, Lean Six Sigma creates a value stream map of the process identifying value add and non-value add costs, and captures the Voice of the customer to define the customer Critical To Quality issues. Projects within the process are then prioritized based on the delay time they inject. This prioritization process inevitably pinpoints activities with high defect rates (Six Sigma tools) or long setups, downtime (Lean tools).

A manufacturing process issue?

In manufacturing, a further benefit results from a reduction in working capital and capital expenditure. We have found over the last 15 years that these methods apply in virtually every kind of process from healthcare to financial services to energy to manufacturing.

What role can Lean play in a company that has already started implementing Six Sigma?

Lean will add another dimension of improvement in process speed and reduction of non-value add cost. Further, by accelerating process speed, Lean provides faster feedback and more cycles of learning enhancing the power of Six Sigma tools. For example, an L18 Design of Experiment might require about 100 separate runs to optimize parameters and minimize variation. Reducing the lead time by 80% will allow the fractional factorial design to be completed five times faster. In addition, the Lean Kaizen approach allows Black Belts to implement rapid improvements whenever possible.

Taking Care of Your Horses In The Heat

We go to great lengths to make ourselves comfortable in the hot weather, air conditioning, fans, cold drinks. What should we do to ensure our horses are also comfortable through our hot, dry and dusty summer?

1. On the priority list –

WATER is definitely right at the top! As a general rule of thumb, horses drink 3-4% of their body weight each day, with this percentage increasing following work or during hot conditions. A 550kg horse will therefore drink (in normal conditions) around 22 litres of water per day, with 50 litres not out of the question in hot weather or after work. If your horse is getting his water supply via buckets do not forget to take into account the evaporation factor, and also ensure that water remains cool. If it becomes tepid, your horse may not drink and could suffer from dehydration. Be aware that you may have to replace or top up during the day. Obviously the best scenario is for your horse to have access to clean, fresh water where he can just meet his own requirements. Horses should be cooled down after work however before being allowed free access to water.

2. On the priority list –

Your horse, like yourself, will appreciate being able to get out of the direct sun in the heat of the day. Therefore shade is important. If there are no trees to provide shade in the paddock, a roofed shelter is desirable. if your stables are cool and well ventiliated, you may decide to keep your horse in during the day and out at night.

3. On the priority list –

Light rugs, sometimes referred to as 'fly sheets', are useful in keeping your horse comfortable in the heat and less annoyed by insects (hint: light colours deflect the heat). Fly veils can also provide your horse with a higher degree of comfort in the daylight hours, but for safety, check regularly. A good fly control program is important as flies and other biting insects can carry diseases, cause sores, annoy any existing wounds and provoke allergic reactions. You may wish to regularly apply a fly repellent, there are a number on the market that are purposely designed for horses. Covering your horse up from the sun will also ensure that his coat does not suffer any "bleaching".

4. On the priority list –

If your horse has a pink muzzle or other sun sensitive parts on his body, apply zinc cream or sun block. For the muzzle you can attach a UV flap from the headstall to protect his nose from the sun. 5 On the priority list – When temperatures really soar, your horse will enjoy a cool hosing or sponging down, to bring down his body temperature. Make sure you scrape the water off afterwards though or it will form a blanket of its own and trap heat to the horse.

6. On the priority list –

If possible do not stable a hot horse. Standing still in a confined area whilst hot can cause the horse's temperature to rise even higher. Walk the horse in the open air to cool off and allow him to stand where there is plenty of air to flow over his body. If possible, plan your ride to avoid the hottest part of the day, kinder on you and him !.

7. On the priority list –

Assess the availability of summer feed and the body weight / condition of your horse regularly as paddock pasture is soon dried out and burnt off by the sun. You should supplement his diet with hay when the pasture is minimised as the digestive system of the horse is designed to continually process fibre.

8. On the priority list –

You should also develop in advance a plan of action to be carried out in the eventuality of a bush fire. The development of a survival plan that meets your individual needs is important. Whether you decide that you would transport your horse to a safe district, or place him in the safest part of the property (which may be a closely grazed paddock, green swampy area, well fenced large sand menage), the main thing is to have a plan in place.

9. On the priority list –

You should also make every effort to remove any fire hazards such as long, excessive grass and leaf litter from around buildings and stables. Clean gutters regularly and store hay, shavings etc. away from the stable block throughout summer.