The Multi Barrier Water Treatment Approach

Water treatment is a much studied and sought after practice. Sanitary engineers are always finding new technologies, new, more efficient and better ways to treat and convey water from source to your tap. One thing that has not changed since it's inception into accepted practices is the multi barrier treatment approach.

The multi barrier approach is a simple one. It means that instead of relying on one treatment technology or method to treat water, you rely on several steps.

The more steps you have in treating your water, the less likely there is for a source of contamination to get through to the customer. It's like locking your storm door and your front door: If a burglar manages to break the lock on the storm door he now has to deal with the dead bolt on your main door.

The multi barrier approach is the smartest approach to water treatment to mitigate the maximum amount of risk. The more treatment barriers, the less potential of a contaminant making it through.

This type of approach can be used with a personal water system too. If you have a well or your own water supply, the best approach is the multi barrier approach.

The first barrier of any multi barrier approach is your water source. The cleaner it is, the less treatment you'll need, and the less likely you are to have a problem. No contaminant is easiest to treat.

Look at your water supply. Is it secure? Can garbage, debris, or other foreign objects or contaminants enter the water supply?

If you have a well, is it bored or drilled? If your well is old, it may be time to invest in a new one. New drilled wells are very secure. Your well driller will know where the best and most plentiful water is in the aquifer. Your new well will have a screen at the bottom to ensure none of the surrounding soil gets sucked up by your pump. A new well will have a device called a pitless adapter, eliminating the need to have a pit dug for your well and lessening the chances for foreign object contamination or contaminated surface water infiltration. It will also have something called an annular seal, which is an additional safety barrier to contaminated surface water intrusion.

Filtration is an important step in treatment. Filters remove any sediment that might make it in. Not only is sediment aesthetically displeasing, it can both harbor bacteria and shield it from disinfection. Using sediment filters will remove this from your water. Consider using several different filters of different pore sizes from largest to smallest. This will reduce the frequency of filter changes as well as catch more sediment. Your water conditioner salesperson can help you with this, and custom design a filter system to best suit your needs and your raw water quality.

Also, if you are using surface water such as a pond or lake, consider using a 1 micron absolute filter after your sediment filters. Protozoa such as giardia and cryptosporidium inhabit surface waters. These protozoa are between 2 and 10 micron in size, so a 1 micron absolute filter will effectively filter them out if there are any.

Finally, you need disinfection. A point of entry disinfection device like a UV system is ideal for the home owner as it requires little maintenance and contains no chemicals. It is important to find a good device that has appropriate third party validations proving it's effectiveness. If there are no third party tests for the unit, it likely will not contain a proper dose.

The last step is testing. To ensure that your water is free from contaminants, test it on a regular basis. Your local health unit can do testing, and / or refer you to the proper laboratories.

Using a multi barrier treatment approach can assure that you and your family have safe, clean drinking water, just as is supplied by large municipal systems.

Guide For Buying a Safe

We all have important things that we want to keep safe. Personal documents like birth certificates, bonds, letters, valuables like jewelry and other precious items – anything and everything that means something to us.

Having a safe in the home or business is the best way to accomplish the feeling of security many of use need to have about our best items. Here is a guide to aid you in understanding the variety of safes available to you so you can choose the right one for you or your family.

Gun Safes

One of the most popular reasons that people make the investment in a safe is to keep their guns secured. Gun Safes serve a very important purpose: keeping your guns out of the wrong hands. This can mean keeping guns away from children or theft.

Gun Safes come in a staggering variety of sizes and options. Handgun safes, rifle safes, or large gun safes that can accommodate several guns as well as ammunition are available.

Fireproof safes

Although many different types of safes are available in heat resistant options. Fireproof safes are ideal if your main goal is to keep important items safe from fire.

Fireproof safes are typically used to store important items. These include financial documents, personal information and other vital information that would be very difficult to replace in the event of a fire.

Another great way to use fireproof safes is for storing information that you would need access to in case of a fire. This includes insurance information, prescription information, and other information that could help you recover more quickly from a fire.

Media Safes

Media Safes are especially designed to protect your vital computer media. Often, these safes are specifically made to secure CD’s, DVD’s, memory sticks and USB drives.

This is an excellent choice for anyone who wants to back up important information that could be destroyed in a fire, stolen or lost if your hard drive crashes.

Media safes are often available as fire-proof and/or with options that maintain certain temperature and humidity to further protect your valuable information.

Biometric Fingerprint Safes

Biometric Fingerprint Safes refer to the type of safe that is accessed only by registered fingerprint identification. The fingerprint identification system eliminates any worry that a child might find a key as the gun owner or other registered person are the only person(s) that can have access

This technology is very appealing to some people over key-lock or combination safes. Fingerprint ID safes are an excellent choice for storing guns in a home with children.

Drop Safes

Drop Safes, also known as depository safes, are an ideal choice for any business. With drop safes, you can put cash into the safe throughout the day until its ready for deposit. This is great if you need to keep cash overnight, but don’t want to leave it in the cash register, where it can be vulnerable to theft.

This is also a great solution for businesses that deal with high volume cash flow, so that cash can be deposited throughout the day. This can help minimize the risk of employee theft or mismanagement of excess cash.

Wallpaper – Inexpensive, Easy, Beautiful

In this global economic crisis we are presently going through, it is nice to know that you can still beautify your surroundings on a limited budget. But do not get me wrong. This does not mean that just because you did not spend a lot of money, your home has to look like it came from the bargain basement. There is one word that can change the overall look of your home for the better. That one word is wallpaper.

To make wallpaper extremely easy to understand, I'm going to go over Color Groups, Design Groups, Types, Materials and Features. By the time I'm finished you will be an expert on Wallpaper.

Okay, so here we go. When it comes to color groups, you have every shade imaginable. The following Color Groups represent the full spectrum of color shades for each color. The colors are blues, browns, greens, neutrals, oranges, purples, reds and yellows. You should be able to find the perfect shade of color you are looking for from the basic colors stated above.

So now we will take a look at the different Design Groups. In alphabetical order they are Accents and Accessories, American / Armed Forces, Animals and Insects, Art and Architecture, Cities / States / Countries, Clothing and Accessories, Fruits / Vegetables / Foods / Beverages, Furnishings and Household Items, Games and Recreation, Kids , Kitchens, Men, Music, Other (See for yourself), People, Plaids / Stripes / Faux and Natural Finishes, Plants and Flowers, Religious, Shapes, Space, Sports, Themes and Eras, and Vehicles.

If there are any Design Groups that you feel we left out, see "Other" and I'm sure your category will be included there.

So now we've come to Type. Under the category of "Type" you have Accessory, Border, Border Mural, Fabric, Mural, and Wallpaper. Each of these types has a plethora of examples to choose from. They say that variety is the spice of life.

At this point we will go over the different materials these wallpapers are made from. You have a choice of Expand Vinyl, Fabric Backed Vinyl, Foil, Grass Cloth, Hand Print, Solid Vinyl, String, Vinyl, and Vinyl Coated. Each of these materials are pretty much self explanatory.

Features are important. You might make your final decision on what wallpaper you want with a heavy consideration on feature. Your choices on features are Peelable, Prepasted, Scrubbable, Strippable, and Washable. You can see how important this may be according to your situation.

By now you're probably saying to yourself, "Wow! I did learn a lot about wallpaper in this article." You certainly did learn that you a great deal of choices. You also know that you can put an entirely new look to your home for a very reasonable cost.

So go ahead. Research and explore your possibilities. See what will work. Make an educated decision. Your end result will be something that will make you feel proud and all who see your new wallpaper will compliment you on a job well done.

Funny Quotes and Quotes Pictures – Your Stress Busters

Are you stressed out due to work pressure or due to your family? Do you need a daily laughter? Have you ever tried searching for funny stupid, humorous, silly quotes?

Reading quotes is one of the best ways to be happy. It acts as a stress buster and helps you release your daily tensions. These quotes or sayings are becoming increasingly popular day by day because of this only. Everyday millions of people search for funny stuff on the internet. This trend is increasing day by day because the world is now gripped with stresses. Not only old, but now teens are also so much stressed out that the rate of crime is increasing at an alarming pace.

So what is the solution to curb this increasing stress menace? If we see internet statistics, jokes, quote and sayings, funny pictures rank among top 50 searched items. So the best way to be happy is to spend 5-10 minutes per day reading jokes, quotes or seeing funny pictures. But now the other problem also arises, i.e. internet is filled with so much stuff which parents don’t want the children to see. So if you are worried about safe sites for your children then stop worrying about it. I am going to tell you how you can enjoy with clean jokes and pictures on internet.

The very first way is to use strict control on search engines. Google offers a strict moderate or no filter option. Keep it strict and save your preferences. Moreover you should narrow your search to specific keywords. Writing just jokes will fetch you millions of results but those would be not safe for all children. Instead search for clean jokes or jokes for children and enjoy those jokes, pictures with family.

I will conclude it with few quotes

Behind every successful man is a surprised woman.

– Maryon Pearson

When I was born I was so surprised I didn’t talk for a year and a half.

– Gracie Allen

The safest way to double your money is to fold it over and put it in your pocket.

– Kin Hubbard

Happiness is the china shop; love is the bull.

– H. L. Mencken

Storage Rooms For Flammable Chemicals

An inside storage room permits the storage of larger quantities of flammable and combustible liquids. However, there are specific requirements for its design and construction that must be followed to protect not only the workers but the general public and the environment.

A storage room for flammable chemicals must be constructed to meet the required fire-resistance rating for its use. It must comply with the following test specifications outlined in the National Fire Prevention Association Standard Methods of Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials, NFPA 251-1969:

  • It is recommended that a storage room for flammable liquids be located along an exterior wall because of the danger of explosion.
  • A fire protection system for an inside storage room is a sprinkler system, water spray, carbon dioxide or other system that has been approved by local fire authorities.
  • If an automatic sprinkler system is present, it must be designed and installed according to code.
  • The maximum allowable size for a storage room inside a building is 500 square feet.
  • Openings to other rooms or buildings must be provided with non-combustible, liquid-tight, raised sills or ramps, at least 4 inches below the surrounding floor.
  • Approved self-closing fire doors must be used.
  • The room must be liquid-tight where walls join the floor.
  • An open-grated trench inside the room which drains to a safe place might be an acceptable alternative to the sill or ramp. If a lot of flammable liquids are transferred in and out of the room using hand trucks, this might be preferable.
  • Windows in other exposed properties or exposed portions of the building must be protected as outlined in NFPA Standard for Fire Doors and Windows.
  • Electrical Wiring and equipment located in an inside storage room used for Class I liquids must be approved under Subpart S, Electrical, for Class I, Division 2 Hazardous Locations. If storing only Class II and Class III, electrical wiring shall be approved for general use.
  • An approved ventilation system must be installed.

Since flammable vapors are heavier than air, they hang low to the floor and can accumulate and move toward sources of ignition or other non-compatible chemicals. The ventilation system is vital in preventing flammable vapors from accumulating enough to cause an explosion or liquid fire. Every inside storage room must have either a gravity or mechanical exhausting system which provides a complete change of air within the room at least 6 times an hour. The switch for a mechanical venting system also controls all room lighting and must be located outside the storage room. If gravity venting is provided, the fresh air intake and the exhaust outlet from the room must be on the exterior of the building in which the storage room is located.

Additional Requirements:

  • Inside every storage room, an aisle at least 3 feet wide must be maintained, allowing for easy movement in the room. This is necessary to reduce the potential for spilling or damaging containers and to provide access for firefighting and a ready escape path from the room if a fire occurs.
  • If wood is used for shelves, it must be at least 1 inch thick and it may also be used for racks, dunnage, scuffboards, floor overlay, etc..
  • Chemicals are not to be stored on unfinished wooden shelves. Finished metal or high density plastic (polypropylene) is recommended shelving for most chemicals. If wood is used, it must be sealed with a good grade oil based paint, natural or synthetic varnish.
  • Proper segregation of chemicals must be maintained inside the storage room. Incompatible chemicals must be stored at a distance from each other or possible in partitioned areas.
  • Chemicals should be stored at eye level to decrease chance of spilling or breakage and for ease of identification.
  • Labels must be complete, legible and up to date.
  • MSDS information must be available for all chemicals stored.
  • At least 1 portable fire extinguisher with a rating of not less than 12-B units must be located outside the storage room, no more than 10 feet from the door opening into the room.
  • Materials which react with water shall not be stored in the same room with flammable or combustible liquids.
  • Containers over 30 gallons capacity must not be stacked on top of others.

Dispensing of chemicals is by an approved pump or self-closing faucet, or closed piping system. If flammable liquids are dispensed inside the storage room, a pilot light must be installed adjacent to the switch.

Storage Capacity

  • This depends upon the availability of a sprinkling system and the fire rating of the storage room. One with a fire rating of 2 hours and equipped with sprinklers is allowed to store a greater quantity of chemicals.
  • If fire protection is present in a room that has a 2 hours fire resistance rating, storage allowed is 10 gallons per square foot.
  • If there is no fire protection in this room, 4 gallons of chemicals per square foot is allowed.
  • In a room that has a Fire Resistance Rating of 1 hour, with fire protection, the storage space is decreased to 150 square feet.
  • The amount of flammable chemicals that can be kept in this room is 5 gallons per square foot.
  • A room that has no fire protection and a fire resistance rating of 1 hour can store 2 gallons of flammable chemicals per square foot.

Pendant Lighting

Pendant lighting fixtures are suspended from the ceiling and get their name from the jewelry accessory of the same name. Pendant lighting has a distinctive appeal and is considered perfect for places like kitchen islands, desks, breakfast nooks and the like. Pendant lighting can be either a single pendant lighting fixture or two or three different ones teamed up to provide a dramatic effect. Generally when two or three pendant lighting fixtures are teamed up, mini pendant lighting fixtures are used. The area of pendant lighting provides a lot of scope for the use of creative designs and ideas.

It is advisable to mount pendant lighting fixtures at least 24″ to 30″ above the area to be lit. When mini pendants are used, the ideal height would be 18″ to 24″ above the surface area to be lighted. When two or three pendants are used, an adjustable pendant bar can be used to fix them at different heights. This makes it possible to adjust heights from time to time, varying the overall lighting effect in the process.

Pendant lighting fixtures are available in various styles. Some of the commonly seen styles are sleek clean designs, reflective stained glass and crinkle glass designs. Pendant lighting fixtures are task oriented and provide necessary lighting for specific areas. The intensity of light needed can be dictated by the choice of bulb used inside the pendant lighting fixture.

Most pendant lighting fixtures are available with chains and rods that enable adaptation for different heights. Multiple pendant lights in a single fixture at staggered heights create a dramatic effect and are ideal for use little corners of large rooms. This kind of lighting creates an interesting area in an otherwise ordinary room.

Pendant lighting fixtures made of hand blown glass are available starting around $30, with some costing $500 and above.

Differing budgets and lighting needs can be catered to efficiently by the imaginative use of pendant lighting.

Hardwood Flooring – Learn the Basics

One of the most crucial home décor decisions relates to the choice of flooring. With the market flooded with mind boggling flooring options, today's homeowners get easily worked up as it comes to selecting the flooring. The stones, the different variety of tiles, and the greener versions of wood flooring – you name them and you can have them all.

For centuries hardwoods remained the most prized flooring option among the homeowners. But when you are doing up your home in a classic style, you may not probably close your eyes to the beauty and elegance of real wood flooring. In fact, men have never been able to ignore the air of understated sophistication that comes with hardwood flooring. Hardwood flooring reflects nature's diversity with its dramatic range of textures, colors, patterns and styles. And not only beauty – hardwood flooring is a rare combination of practicality, durability and aesthetics. And that explains why wooden flooring remains the most popular flooring option.

While shopping for hardwood flooring, always remember that quality comes for a price.

When there is no doubt that hardwood flooring makes the best choice, you should proceed with caution while choosing the materials. Here are the rules of thumb to help you find out the best product for your dream home.

  • If hardwood is your choice, you have to be flexible with your budget-for quality hardwoods; you have to pay the right price. Initially they may seem to be too expensive; but it will turn out to be a life long investment.
  • On the other hand, what happens when you opt for the cheaper versions? They turn out to be much costlier in future in terms of repair or changing the whole lot.
  • Consider the grain pattern of the woods to judge the strength of the wood.
  • Remember, the rarer and more exotic woods command higher prices.

Research your options well before picking up just any variety

  • Before hitting the market, do your homework well on the types of the hardwoods used for flooring purposes.
  • While choosing the woods keep in mind the overall theme of the décor and then choose the product that best complements the style and mood of your interior.
  • Oak and maples are the types of hardwoods that are used in vogue in the interiors of residences as well as commercial complexes. Not only they look lavish and fashionable, these two hardwoods make the strongest wood flooring.
  • Rose wood is also a popular hardwood flooring variety and the interior decorators just love the red Brazilian rose wood variety when it comes to bringing about a rustic flavor. Ash, beech, birch, cherry, hickory and walnut are other favorites for achieving decorative accents.
  • However, if you want to impart a touch of Victorian aristocracy to your overall home decor, then consider nothing other than Burma Mahogany-the ultimate word in luxurious fine living.

Hardwood flooring makes a practical choice only when you go for its proper care and maintenance. Care for your hardwood flooring does not demand much-a regular cleaning of the floor using a wood cleaner and daily sweeping backed by one in a week moping. Use floor mats and fix felt padding under the furniture to protect your precious hardwood flooring scratches and daunts.

How to Pump Up Your Penis Naturally – Excellent Natural Penis Enlargement Tips

Your penis is an amazing organ when you stop and consider how it works.  It the only part of the human anatomy that works the way it does unless you consider a woman’s clitoris, considered in some cultures as the ‘female penis’.  It is an organ, not a muscle, as it requires blood flow to make it work.  When blood flows into the spongy erectile tissue of the penis, it causes the organ to get hard.  When that blood is released, the organ goes soft.  There are muscles associated with the penis as well, namely the Pubo Coccygeal – or PC muscle – that helps you maintain your erection and ejaculation, the same muscle that helps you stop and start your urine stream. 

However, the PC muscle is not the only muscle that works to help you maintain your erection or contributes to the overall size of your penis.  There are two other muscles in your penile shaft that helps determine the thickness and length of your shaft and how well the erectile tissue holds blood.  The Ischio Cavernous (IC) and the Bulbo Cavernous (BC) muscles are two sheets or voluntary muscle that wraps around the shaft of your penis.  When they pump and contract, you get a thicker, more rigid shaft.  By exercising these two muscles in your penis, you could help improve the girth and strength of your penis.   

Girth is not the only thing you can improve.  You can also improve the length of your penis.  The PC ligament runs along the PC muscle from the back of the pubic bone to where it attaches to your penis at the top of the shaft.  From here, it runs a quarter of the length of the penile shaft and it is the connective tissue that anchors your organ to your body.   

When men have penis enlargement surgery, it is this ligament that is severed at the shaft and reattached further up to give you more length.  However, the risk of infection and penile instability makes this method a very last resort for men.  Additionally, men who have this surgery done are looking at using weight attached to their penis to keep it drawn down until the healing process is complete and to prevent the build up of scar tissue.  There is a better way of enlarging your penis. 

By performing penis enlargement exercises – safe and natural exercises like ones you do at the gym lifting weights – you can add up to 3 inches to your length and an inch to your girth.  They are easy to do, require no creams, weights or surgery, and most men see results within a month.  Considering the alternative, penis enlargement exercises are the way every man should go to pumping up their organ the natural way.

Lean – Six Steps With Review Points

Value provision is the starting point which leads towards providing the product according to the customer's requirements. The value definition is based on the customer needs and not the non-value added activities.

The customer pays for a product that matches their requirements – they will not and pay for waste.


Value includes the qualities as seen by the customer, who wants to buy the right product and at the right price. Each step, from designing and manufacturing to delivery has to be error free.

Lean efforts strive to make the processes leaner by eliminating waste. Review points are the problems that affect the customer, the importance of the project, acceptance by the stakeholders and whether or not the customer's needs are correctly identified.

Value Stream Mapping

Value stream Mapping is aimed at identifying the right process that adds value to the product without waste. Activities that are to be considered include the process that brings about the transformation, any changes that need to be present in a system though they may not be of value, and those activities that do not fit under the two categories.

In the last category, processes should be eliminated and a detailed flow diagram developed for the others. The review points in this stage include the team's level of understanding of the process, identified waste in the process and whether or not kaikeku was followed for radical improvement.


This step emphasizes rapid product flow. The aim is to eliminate the waste identified at each stage. The team understands the process thoroughly and identifies the non-value added process. The five steps or 5's' are sort, straighten, shine, standardize and sustain – and all are applied in this step.

The review points include the impact of customer demand, the team's identification of non-value added distances, whether or not the team has taken the right step to successfully apply 5S steps, and so on.


The benefits of the previous stages allow the organization to achieve higher production, as well as value addition. This step is aimed at eliminating 'excess' inventory; or in other words, increasing the rate of pull. In the pull system, the products are manufactured at the same rate at which they are sold, and this results in waste elimination.

The review point here would be to define the sequence of operation – whether or not the team managed to balance operations.


This is one of the most relevant steps, emphasizing the need for continuous improvement to achieve a state of perfection.

The review point would be acceptance of stakeholders, the process to be put in place for improvement and the risks involved.


This is the last, important step, which aims at determining if the system has been put in place and if it can be replicated anywhere else. Such a review would take a very short time.

The review points in this step are highly relevant, including how the team members ensure that they learn from experiences, if the process improvement can be replicated and whether or not the control is set for other similar operations.

The organization that employs lean can do so in the six-step process and keep the initiative moving towards improvement, considering the review points at different stages.

The Best Nextel Phones in Town

If you have always wanted to know more about this topic, then get ready because we have all the information you can handle.

Perhaps it is Nextel’s acquisition by dash, but there are a bunch of new headsets out there for the Nextel check. Whether you are looking for a create renew or something more utilitarian, portable manage Analyst Sashay Sean has veteran a headset that will work for you.

Though it is stanch that Nextel lacks flair when it comes to wily creatable headsets, they still have a few ample handsets that come wealthy with skin. The most inexpensive of these would be the i265, where the i830 and i836 are better apposite for the trade set. Of course, Nextel still produces a number of tough workhorse headsets; our choice among these (and an Editors’ catalog) is the i355.

Keep in object that last week Nextel officially merged with dash and took dash’s name, so Nextel food may be hard to find; just keep an eye out for Nextel fair with “dash” written on the billboard, sunshade or storefront. We’re told that the shared crowd has reserved the dash name and Nextel’s chief reddens, and that many if not all the food just underwent at affronts an affront makeover to return this. And don’t agonize; though the Nextel name is untaken away, Nextel’s back-to-discuss order and tough headsets will gulp on (a good thing while we just reviewed a bunch of neat harvest) some time into the prospect, according to dash executives. Suchlike your requests, you should be able to find a Nextel headset below that meets them.

Before we go a further, let’s take a moment to review what we have learned so far about this amazing subject.

Nextel i265 this inexpensive, chocolate-bar-method unit headset has fully a few skin and loads of sport free for a Nextel headset. We found it’s redden partition a bit dim, but all-in-all the headset is stably built, has good call attribute, and includes built-in GPS.

Nextel i325 Nextel’s i325 is the fairly flashier big brother of the i315. While a bit costly, this outside-oriented unit headset provides better receipt than the akin i315. As with all the harvest here it can use the Elena GPS application to serve attendant-based energetic-directions. It also wires Nextel’s point consult off-order walkie-discussie include.

Nextel i315 The Nextel i315 is a good estimate for people who finish a lot of time outsides. It is the low-end tough headset for the outside set.

Nextel i355 (Editors’ catalog) untaken at a very reasonable value when shared with a check idea, this unit headset is an equitant communication tool for those who work (or play) outsides. In its water-defiant remains you’ve got not only a headset, but a built-in GPS order that can be worn with the Elena in-car navigation order and Trimble outside.

Nextel i605 this tough, awkward, and fairly costly unit headset will still find some fans. It is a distinct handset with equitant series life. Positive, the large redden partition makes it more essence for with the headset’s built-in GPS skin.

Nextel i830 this good-looking, lightweight Nextel headset is a good selection for trade users who are looking for a PTT headset that has a contact of group.

Nextel i836 it’s arguably Nextel’s best-looking headset, with fully a few skin, but it suffers from tailboard flaws and very suddenly series life.

If you type in the main word from the subject of this article into any reliable search engine, you will pull up a variety of resources.

Motorhome Awnings

Motorhome awnings can be made of fabric or aluminum and can be purchased from a variety of places which we will cover in this article.

There are different types of fabric awning that can be bought. The important thing to remember when purchasing the fabric variety is that they should be removed when a thunder storm is on the horizon. The last thing you want is to come out of the motorhome after severe winds and find your brightly colored awning 200 yards down the road, in tatters.

Aluminum awnings do not have this problem as they are permanently attached to your home. They should withstand ordinary storms although it is advisable that you check the attachments from time to time.

When purchasing your motorhome awning it is very important that you take correct measurements before visiting the store to buy your product. If possible have the store salespeople, who are experienced in these tasks, take the measurements for you. After all, they are getting a new customer and will not mind helping out along the way.

The doorways and windows should be measured to fit.

Motorhome awnings can also be bought at yard or carboot sales and online auctions like Ebay. It is a good idea to shop around offline first before coming online. Call different stores and get a few quotes – that way you can compare the cheapest with the online auctions. If you are contemplating going to a yardsale then you need to decide whether you are prepared to take second-hand goods. This does not suit everyones' taste.

The disadvantage of buying your motorhome awning online is that you do not know who you are buying from, unless it is a company or individual you have bought from before of course. So always take precautions if buying from Ebay. A good rule of thumb is to check the sellers feedback from other buyers, before purchasing.

Depending on the weather in your area, you will probably need to replace your awning every few years. If you live in a state or county with particularly high winds and rain then you may need to buy a new one every year. Tornadoes are the greatest enemy of the motorhome awning. Where possible the awning should be removed to avoid damage to the front of your home, besides the awning.

Awnings are a beautiful additon to any home and can be an attractive feature whether to a motorhome or regular suburbian abode.

A Simple Way To Renew Old Paving

Paving can look so attractive when it is first laid but like any outdoor surface it suffers from weathering. The most common things that dull the look of pavers are mould and weeds.

Pavers come in a wide variety of materials, including clay, concrete and natural stone and a variety of shapes and forms. Typically the most inexpensive materials are old house bricks and dry-formed concrete pavers, both of which are porous. For this reason they easily absorb moisture, particularly if they are laid in shady areas, which in turn encourages mould and weed growth. Mould can be very slippery when wet.

Natural stone such as limestone, sandstone, basalt and granite are usually very dense and absorb little moisture although I have come across some poor quality porous sandstone. Clay pavers fired at high temperatures are the most impervious to absorption although they will eventually go mouldy in very heavily shaded areas such as pathway or driveway edges where vegetation is overgrown. Concrete products vary considerably in their uptake of water but they are always the most vulnerable pavers to staining and are the hardest to fully restore.

Most paving is laid with a fine sand grout between bricks to allow the surface to flex and drain naturally. If the pavers are laid on mortar then they are grouted with mortar. This virtually eliminates weeds. Even when unconsolidated pavers are grouted with cement or cement-based grouts the grout crumbles over time.

The shape of a paver and where it is placed will have the greatest influence on eventual weed growth in the gaps between bricks. Rumbled, or cobbled, bricks with their rounded edges have a beautiful old-fashioned cottage look but trap weed seeds in the large gaps and depressions. Precise, sharp-edged pavers are the least vulnerable to weeds. If the paving is on a rural property naturally there is more availability of grass and weed seeds to sprout in the paving. Also, if water regularly flushes across or sits on one section it is bound to encourage growth.

So what can be done?

Well if you haven’t yet chosen a product and maintenance is a huge concern then make use of the above advice. Also considering using a sealant.

On the other hand, if you’re looking at your tired and grotty paving right now then I’ve got a very simple solution.

I’ve already established that weeds will grow. They don’t come from below; their seeds germinate in the tiny gaps. Moss grows on the surface and is easily removed manually (although some people like the look of a mossy path). Weeds are much harder to eliminate. You can pull them out, pour boiling water on them or use herbicides but those things are either laborious, pretty ineffective or quite toxic. Lastly, mould appears on the surface of bricks but is actually deeply embedded in the surface and scrubbing it off is a very temporary solution.

Try this:

Buy some granulated pool chlorine from a supermarket or hardware. You can get it in plastic containers in a variety of sizes from 1 litre to 10 litre buckets. If you have an area of 50m2 or less 2 litres will do.

1. Dampen down the area to be treated. Don’t saturate it so that water remains on the surface.

2. Wearing a pair of thick rubber gloves open the container and tip out small handfuls and broadcast the granules lightly and evenly over the paving. Don’t walk on it or get it on your skin and avoid breathing it.

3. With a garden hose spray the granules with a fine mist until they just begin to dissolve. Again, don’t saturate them or wash them off.

4. In about an hour, depending on how well the granules have dissolved, hose the paving off. While it is working it smells like a public swimming pool and it’s best to stay clear of it and don’t let children or animals walk across it.

5. That’s it! The chlorine will soak into the pavers and kill all the mould and burn off the weeds and moss. Sometimes if the weeds were heavily infested a high-pressured spray is necessary and any sand grout washed out can be easily swept back in when the paving is dry. If the chlorine is allowed to dissolve without being washed off first plants and grass next to the paving are unaffected because the chlorine becomes just ordinary salt after reaction.

Depending on where you live and what you’re using it on 1 or 2 treatments a year are plenty. I use it on old house bricks and they end up looking as new as when they were laid. You can also try it on stone steps and stepping pads.

Bridge and Building Collapse

We put a lot of faith in bridges. Every day, millions of Americans drive across bridges-sometimes several times a day-without worrying about their construction quality. Building codes these days are strict, and engineers understand the stresses bridges take. Unfortunately, as a few recent bridge collapses have demonstrated, unforeseen circumstances and shortcuts in construction can turn otherwise study, safe bridges into death traps.

On August 1st, 2007, a bridge across the Mississippi river in Minneapolis, Minnesota collapsed during rush hour. The catastrophic collapse was so sudden, and in such a high-traffic area, that it took the nation by shock and received weeks of continued media attention. The cause was ultimately attributed to a design flaw, exacerbated by the amount of traffic the bridge receives daily.

We often overlook the stresses placed on bridges and other infrastructure. The failed Minneapolis bridge was a portion of I-35W, one of the city’s biggest and busiest highways. The bridge had eight lanes and carried 140,000 vehicles daily. When the bridge was designed in 1964, it was up to standards. However, because of the city’s population growth and some inherent design flaws, its design proved inadequate.

Fortunately, when the bridge collapsed, there were only 13 fatalities and 145 injuries. Other bridge collapses in recent history have resulted in deaths, but most of those occurred during construction or maintenance work. The I-35W bridge, in contrast, had dozens of vehicles traveling across its eight lanes during rush hour.

Bridge collapses are one of the most dramatic demonstrations of the risks of faulty construction. Fortunately they are rather rare, but other types of structural failure occur as well. Not all shoddy construction work will result in collapses: the effects can be slower and less dramatic. But even cases like these, if less dramatic, point to problems that could prove dangerous.

You may live in a building with a shifting foundation or insufficient internal support. Maybe there’s a crack crawling down the wall. Rather than just a nuisance, these problems point to larger structural issues in the building that could potentially lead to damaged walls, ceilings, and floors, and possibly failure. With the exception of structural faults due to natural disasters or explosions, these problems are caused by mistakes or people looking to cut corners and build faster for less money.

If you have been injured because of a building’s structural fault, the owners or builders of the building could be held accountable. A skilled personal injury attorney can help you. In Illinois, the Chicago personal injury lawyers of Friedman & Bonebrake, PC have the skill and experience to help you. Contact them today for more information and a free consultation.

6 Reasons To Pay For Treadmill Assembly

Why should you pay for treadmill assembly?

Good question. Paying $1,000 or more for a treadmill is a pretty hefty bill. Then you need to decide whether paying an additional $150 to $300 for assembly is worth it. So often the free shipping offered by many online treadmill retailers seems like such a good deal – why ruin it paying for some premium assembly service?

6 reasons to pay for treadmill assembly are as follows:

  1. With treadmill assembly there’s better odds your treadmill will be put together properly when assembled by a professional. I know I’d be clueless whether I assembled a treadmill correctly. I would probably end up with extra bolts and other pieces – not a good situation when I’ll be running 6 miles per hour on a belt that if malfunctioned could launch me backwards.
  2. Assembly includes having your treadmill placed in a room of your choice. Don’t ruin your back moving your treadmill throughout your home – especially up or down stairs. Most quality, heavy duty treadmills weigh more than 200 pounds and are bulky.
  3. Save yourself assembly frustration. For handy people who like putting complicated equipment and furniture together AND have the needed tools, treadmill assembly will be fun. For the rest of us who dread spending hours and lose months off our life from the stress of treadmill assembly – the cost is well worth it.
  4. Look at the assembly cost (usually $150 to $300) in relation to the value of the treadmill. If your treadmill costs $300, chances are it’s relatively simple to put together and may not warrant a $150 assembly cost. However, if your treadmill costs $1,600, it’s probably a complex machine and is worth spending an extra $150 to $300 for professional assembly.
  5. Do you have the tools needed? If not, you’ll end up spending money and time on tools you may never use again.
  6. Get your treadmill up and running right away. There is no doubt stories of people who bought a treadmill only to have it sit in a box for months.

When should you not pay for treadmill shipping?

  1. If your treadmill purchase is a light-weight manual treadmills costing less than $500, then curbside delivery probably is fine. They’re lighter and simpler to assemble.
  2. If you’re very handy and have all the tools needed to assemble a treadmill, then go for it. If you have trouble putting together a bookshelf, I suggest pay the extra assembly cost – if you bought a higher-end treadmill.
  3. You have absolutely no more money.

How much does treadmill assembly cost?

Assembly costs range from $150 to $300 – but these figures include shipping and deliver in the room of your choice.

Important treadmill assembly fact:

Not all online treadmill stores offer treadmill assembly. If you want assembly, be sure to ask whether it’s offered.

Understanding the Proper Installation of TV Wall Mounting Brackets

If you are fairly handy around the house, installing a TV wall mounting brackets should not be especially challenging for you. However, if you are not, you may want to have a friend come over and help you. The last thing you want to do is create numerous holes in the wall that need to be repaired and look unsightly.

Purchasing the correct TV wall mounting bracket to accommodate your TV is very important. Measure your TV and determine the weight before you begin looking for brackets. Decide if you will need to move your TV vertically or horizontally while it is on the wall. If you do need to have a certain range of movement, you will want to purchase a full motion TV wall mounting bracket. If you purchase a low profile TV mount, it does not allow for any movement at all.

The first thing you will need to do is determine the location where you would like to mount your large screen TV. It is natural for many people to assume that a TV should be mounted at picture height, but this is not a very comfortable viewing angle when you are in the seated position.

Using a stud sensor, locate the studs in the wall. Most homes have studs at 16 inch intervals. Once you locate the studs, mark them with a pencil mark on the wall. Next, take a laser level to find a level line where you will install your bracket. Draw a line with your pencil. Using a drill, take the bracket and pre-drill the holes in the wall, directly into the studs. Now you are ready to screw the bracket into the wall.

This is a good time to run your cables through the wall – before you hang your TV on the wall. It is also a good idea to think of future needs when you run cables. You can run as many cables as you may need in the future and have them ready for use down the road. Once they are installed, it will save you time later.

You are now ready to hang your TV on your TV wall mounting bracket. Have someone assist you in lifting the TV. There should be some rubber mounts on the back of your TV that will slide right into the TV wall mounting bracket. Check the stability of your TV to ensure that it is properly affixed to the wall.