Guitar Techniques – Hammer-Ons, Pull-Offs and Slides

Hammer-ons, pull-offs and slides are techniques which allow nuances

of tone and the expression of dynamics on the guitar. These basic

skills will be an essential addition to your “tool bag” of guitar


A hammer-on is accomplished by playing a note on the fretboard and

then “hammering on” (fretting) another note on the same string.

This results in two notes, the second note being higher in pitch

than the first note. A hammer-on gives the picking hand a “break”

since only one note is actually picked, while two notes are played.

Here’s how it works: Pick the D string (the fourth string) open

(without fingering), and then quickly and firmly bring your second

finger down behind the second fret. By doing this you can get two

eighth notes while your picking hand has only been required to pick

a quarter note. Here is another hammer-on: Pick the high E string

(the first string) with your first finger behind the third fret.

Then, quickly and firmly bring your third finger down behind the

fifth fret. The notes are G to A. The hammer-on is such an

excellent way to get two notes while your picking hand only does

the work of one!

A pull-off is the reverse of a hammer-on. The pull-off is

accomplished by picking a fretted note and then releasing the

string to a lower note. Hold your second finger on the D string

behind the second fret and pick–and then very quickly pull your

finger off of the string. Did you hear the two notes? (E followed

by D).

A slide is achieved by playing a note on the fretboard and (while

the note is still ringing) sliding the fretting finger up or down

the string to another note. Put your second finger down on the D

string behind the fourth fret. Pick that not and just slide your

finger up one fret. Now do the reverse: Pick the note while your

finger is behind the fifth fret and then quickly slide down to the

fourth fret.

Incorporating all three of these techniques into your guitar

playing can help you play faster, since your picking hand executes

fewer notes. Combining these techniques can help you to create some

very fast and interesting licks for your lead guitar solos.

Photomosaic Artistry

DTG defines photo mosaics as photographic images or pictures made up of many, usually hundreds, of smaller photographic images. Viewed very closely, the small tile images can be recognized as individual photos, but at a distance, the composite of these images make up an entirely different image.

This exciting branch of art has been going on for quite some time now and has gained a wide interest from all over the world. The meaning of these artworks has a profound effect on anyone who sees it. It can be a powerful medium of expression that conveys strong emotions. I myself was very moved upon seeing a photo mosaic of US president George Bush made up of all the servicemen that have died in Iraq. Just imagine the many soldiers making up that picture and you'll see why it brought out a lot of emotions for all who've seen it.

This type of art is a very effective tool to convey different types of meaning whatever the artist likes. It allows you to make the viewer make connections and this connections will serve as the medium where you communicate to them whatever it is that you want them to know.

Creating photo mosaics has been made easy by new software that has been developed for this particular art. You just need to look for one that suits you and then learn what the best steps to make excellent pieces are.

William Hunt, considered as a photo mosaic guru presents these simple principles that are essential to creating good photo mosaics:

(1) The large image MUST look good without too much jaggedness or color distortion. To achieve this use more and smaller tiles, use duplicates, modify the tile images or add another photo collection.

(2) The small tile images should be sufficiently large to view comfortably in the renderings final form. If this is a display on a computer monitor or a 8×10 print, you will need to use as few tiles as possible and still satisfy rule (1). If it is a poster size printout you can get by with over a thousand tiles.

(3) If duplicate use of the small tiles is needed, they must not be placed near to each other.

(4) If the small tile images need to be modified to achieve 1-3, it should be as little as possible.

(5) The target image and the small tile pictures should as much as possible have some coherent theme or connection.

Oil Painting Artists – The Five Greatest Artists of All Time?

Who are the greatest oil painting artists of all time? The question will undoubtedly bring out varied differences of opinion from the readers of this article. Over the last 500 years, really since the dawn of the renaissance, the world has been blessed with numerous talented and prolific artists. I have chosen five exceptional personalities that I think have had the greatest impact on the art world.

Here are my top 5, numbered in order of importance:

Oil Painting Artist # 1 Leonardo Da Vinci :

Leonardo was born the illegitimate son of Piero da Vinci, and a peasant woman named Caterina, in Vinci, near Florence. He was educated primarily by Verrocchio, and much of his earlier working life was spent in the service of Ludovico il Moro in Milan. He later worked in Rome, Bologna and Venice and spent his last years in France, at the home awarded him by Francis I.

Leonardo's first opportunity for greatness came via Verroccio, who had him paint an angel in his "Baptism of Christ" piece. As you might expect, Leonardo did a fantastic job at this 1st opportunity. In fact, it was so good that Verrochio himself decided he would never paint again. Leonardo continued working with Verrochio for a few years, and then the two parted ways.

As time went on Leonardo found himself in Rome, where most artists of the time would eventually wind up. He was given living quarters in the Vatican by Pope Leo X in consideration for completing his commissioned pieces for the Church. Leonardo did not create many new paintings during this period, concentrating on his drawings instead. Although he would later become famous for his future studies of scientific subjects and anatomy, he would eventually find the time to do so. As you know, he is probably as famous today for these scientific discoveries as he is for his works of art.

His most famous works are probably the Mona Lisa and the Last Supper. They certainly are the most reproduced. It's a shame that we do not have more of his work nowadays to enjoy.

Perhaps fifteen of his paintings survive, the small number due to his constant, and frequently disastrous, experimentation with new techniques, and his chronic procrastination. Nevertheless, these few works, together with his notebooks, which contain drawings, scientific diagrams, and his thoughts on the nature of painting, comprise a contribution to later generations of artists only rivaled by that of his contemporary, Michelangelo.

Oil Painting Artist # 2: Michelangelo:

Michelangelo was an Italian Renaissance painter, sculptor, architect, poet, and engineer. Despite making few forays beyond the arts, and his extreme reluctance to do so when it was forced upon him, his his body of work is truly outstanding! In fact, it is usually he or DaVinci who is credited as the most important personality of the Renaissance period.

Michelangelo Buonarroti was born into nobility, but was not raised by his parents. His father shipped him off to a stone carver and his wife at an early age, because his mother was constantly sickly and frail. While living with his surrogate parents, young Michelangelo learned the skills that would serve him throughout his life Of course, being a nobleman, his father was displeased when his son told him of his artistic intentions. It took some major convincing for Michelangelo to continue his apprenticeship.

Michelangelo's output in every field during his long life was certainly prodigious. And when the sheer volume of surviving correspondence, sketches, and reminiscences is taken into account, he is the best-documented artist of the 16th century. His two most famous sculpting works are probably the Pietà and David, which were sculpted prior to his 30th birthday.

In one of biggest ironies of life, Michelangelo created the most famous pieces of art in the world using mediums that he really did not like. Not only did he not like painting frescoes, he did not think he was all that good at it. Of course he went on to create the scenes from Genesis on the ceiling and The Last Judgment on the altar wall of the Sistine Chapel. And although he also had a low opinion of architecture, he achieved fame by pioneering the Mannerist style at the Laurentian Library. Ultimately, at the ripe old age of 74 he succeeded Antonio da Sangallo the Younger as the architect of Saint Peter's Basilica.

Oil Painting Artist # 3: Vincent van Gogh:

Van Gogh was a Dutch post-Impressionist painter whose work had a far-reaching influence on 20th century art for its vivid colors and emotional impact. He was born in Zundert, a village in Brabant, in the Netherlands in March of 1853.

Vincent's first exposure to the art world was when he worked at a prominent Hague gallery, which had been established by his uncle Vincent. His brother Theo later worked for the same company. After working for the art dealers, Vincent took the job of assistant teacher, and preacher in a boarding school in England, but this was short lived and his obsession with evangelical Christianity made him want to become a clergyman like his father, so he tried to enroll in a theology school, but was refused admittance.

After many trials and tribulations, Vincent stated working as an independent artist in Brussels, while his brother Theo providing him with support. His latent, prodigious talents soon emerged, and soon he had developed his own unique style.

Van Gogh's bold use of color and composition that would eventually became his trademark, were first seen in his Hague paintings. Van Gogh clearly had a soft spot in his heart for the downtrodden, as evidenced by many of these early works.

He later moved to Montmartre, France, where he discovered the works of Monet and other French Impressionists. It was here that he had a chance to meet with Gauguin, and Henri deToulouse Lautrec. This would be the turning point in van Gogh's career, as he enrolled in the highly praised Fernand Cormon workshop where he further learned to use light and color in novel ways.

Throughout his adult life van Gogh demonstrated symptoms of mental illness. Despite a widespread tendency to romanticize his ill health, modern critics see an artist deeply frustrated by the inactivity and incoherence brought about by his bouts of sickness. According to art critic Robert Hughes, Van Gogh's late works show an artist at the height of his ability, completely in control and "longing for concision and grace. Alas, his frequent bouts of mental illness finally took their toll. He died largely unknown, at the age of 37, from a self-inflicted gunshot wound.

Artist Painting Oil # 4: the Picasso Pablo:

Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Clito Ruiz y Picasso Ruiz Picasso, better known as Pablo Ruiz Picasso was a Spanish painter, draughtsman, and sculptor. He was born in Malaga, Spain, to artist and teacher Jose Ruiz Blasco, and his wife Maria Picasso. A decade later, young Pablo Picasso learned how to paint from his father, who had been appointed teacher at the Da Guarda art school in La Coruna.

Young Pablo would go on to be the co-founder of the Cubist movement. In addition he is recognized for the wide variety of styles embodied in his work. He is perhaps best known for the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d'Avignon and Guernica. It is commonly believed that the German bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War had inspired some of his greatest pieces.

In his early years Picasso was already demonstrating an incredible amount of artistic talent. He would go on to paint in a realistic manner throughout his childhood and adolescence. However, during the first decade of the twentieth century his style would change as he experimented with different techniques, theories, and ideas. His world renown accomplishments would make him a household name, and bring him a huge fortune throughout his life. He is truly one of the best-known personalities in twentieth century art.

Oil Painting Artist # 5: Rembrandt:

Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn was a Dutch painter and etcher. He is generally considered the most important artist in Dutch history, and one of the greatest painters and print makers that ever plied their trade in Europe. His lifespan falls into a period that historians call the Dutch Golden Age.

He was born in July of 1606 in Leiden, the Netherlands. As he grew up he had the chance to study the life of the masters such as DaVinci and Michelangelo. However, he seemed to be most influenced by the work of Michelangelo Merisi Caravaggio, a revolutionary artist known for his unusual use of lighting, and the strangely out-of-place eroticism of his subjects, even biblical figures! As in the works of Caravaggio, Rembrandt's background composition remains dark, while his subject is illuminated in a manner which makes the image appear nearly three dimensional.

After having achieved an usually high amount of success as a portrait painter, his later years were marked by personal tragedy and financial hardships. Nevertheless, his etchings and paintings were remained popular throughout his lifetime, and his artistic reputation never falter during his lifetime. He was so highly thought of that nearly every important Dutch painter would end up studying under him. Rembrandt's greatest creative triumphs are exemplified n his portraits of his contemporaries, illustrations of Biblical scenes, and his self-portraits. In reality, it is his self-portraits that open a window to his inner soul. They create a unique and intimate biography, in which the artist completely portrayed himself without vanity and with the utmost sincerity.

In both painting and printmaking he exhibited a complete knowledge of classical iconography, which he molded to fit the requirements of his own experience; thus, the depiction of biblical scenes came from his intimate knowledge of the specific text, his assimilation of classical composition, and his observations of Amsterdam's Jewish population. Because of his empathy for the human condition, he has been called "one of the great prophets of civilization.

Modern Chandeliers And Their Versatile Characteristics

Chandeliers have been viewed as must-have lighting fixtures, because of the elegant radiance and appeal they bring to a home’s rooms.

This ornate lighting piece made its big surge in the 19th 20th th centuries, and was a staple in most palaces and mansions in Europe and the United States. These lighting fixtures eventually found their way into some of the more expensive estates and even many private homes in this country and overseas as well today.

In the age of the industrial revolution, mass production of this once exclusive lighting fixture came in full force, and because of that, chandeliers these days can be seen in a lot of homes and rooms. According to home lighting experts, one of the major characteristics of this elegant lighting fixture is that it creates a wonderful glow and appeal that makes a room extra special, and automatically lends a truly regal character and atmosphere to an otherwise drab or plain room.

Versatility Is A Major Characteristic of Chandeliers These Days

One of the defining characteristics of today’s chandeliers is their versatility. A home’s kitchen can be reinvigorated into classy dining area with the installation of this lighting fixture, and a spacious bathroom can be given an radiant glow with the installation of a chandelier. Some homeowners would also even put these in the main bedroom to also give it that wonderful feeling.

Modern chandeliers today are available in different styles, shapes and patterns, and are made from a wide array of materials. Though the most common design pattern of a chandelier is made of crystal, different types like faux candles and other designs are also available. Home lighting experts say that one of the best ways of finding the appropriate style and size to complement your home, would be on the Internet, and shop around for what’s available.

Your Modern Chandelier Should be Able To Draw Your Visitor’s Attention

Homeowners need to take note that chandeliers usually would draw the immediate attention of a visitor, therefore it needs to complement the basic design pattern of your home. Proper sizing is a vital factor, as because a fixture that is too large for the room it occupies would surely make it overpower the room and may even lend an air of claustrophobia to your visitor.

However, a lighting fixture that’s too small for your room would totally look out of place regardless of its style. Although most modern chandelier designs today easily light an entire room, the end result could either be often create a harsher or more raw look. Home decor experts say that matching chandeliers with wall sconces, as well as having dimmers on these will allow you to attain the right balance of light released.

For those who wish to install modern chandeliers themselves, it’s vital that you need to keep some important factors in mind. You should know that most chandeliers offered today are much heavier than the usual lighting piece that they will be replacing. A typical lighting fixture is installed in an electrical box that is anchored on one side to a ceiling joist, which generally provides sufficient support for the fixture’s support base. – Modern Chandeliers

Spaying Pregnant Dogs

Spaying of pregnant dogs is a topic that has been under discussion for years, but many of the question marks are still there. Some people are against spaying of pets, especially of spaying pregnant dogs or cats. When you see stray dogs walking around and dogs in the dog pound that are homeless, one concludes that may be it would be a better idea to spay a dog.

Many people still do not find it good enough to spay a dog when she is pregnant, but the benefits of this act are unlimited. The population of dogs that are steadily increasing and human beings need take all possible means to keep a check on that.

Spaying pregnant dogs is not that difficult. Every surgery has its own complications and so does spaying a dog during pregnancy. Only a vet can tell if the surgery is going to harm the puppies or not. It is dependent on the health of the animal as well as the amount of time the dog has before giving birth. In case of very last few days, it may be dangerous for the puppies and the dog.

Ideally, spaying should be done before the dog becomes pregnant. Some say that dogs should have at least one litter before they can be spayed. But that is not true, the younger the dog is, the better chance that no complications will occur during surgery or after.

Like many dog surgeries, spaying can be expensive. When you think about the puppies you would have had to feed and immunize, you can bet that you will have saved yourself tons of money. The surgery is not as costly as other surgeries though, so the costs should not be a problem. Spaying is not painful for your dogs. They are anesthetized during surgery, and after surgery they have medication to manage the pain. But within days, they will be as good as new. Because they no longer have the urge to stray and mate, they tend to become calmer and relax.

Your dog’s metabolism may decrease after spaying, so make sure to provide enough exercise and feed them the right amount of food every time. This can prevent your dogs from becoming overweight and unhealthy. It is a misconception that dogs become overweight due to spaying alone. And spay your dogs at an early age to ensure that their surgery is free of any complications, even puppies as young as three months old can be spayed. As long as you spay your pregnant dog safely and within doctor’s orders, no harm will be done to your pet.

Know Your Knucklehead From Your Shovelhead? A Glossary of Harley Davidson Terms

The Harley Davidson Motorcycle Company has been around for over 100 years and originally the machines were built in a small wooden shed. Today however these motorcycles have now become an luxury item. However, there are many terms and words used to describe such motorcycles and below which may sometimes confuse novice and experienced riders . Below we take a look at some of these terms.

The terms that one associates with Harley Davidson Motorcycles have been around for many years now and below we look at some of the ones more commonly heard.

1. Ape Hangers – These are handlebars which have been elevated so that they raise the hands of the rider above their shoulders.

2. Big Twin – This term relates to the larger sized engines used in Harley Davidson motorcycles. Models such as the Sportster come with engines ranging from 883 to 1200 cc (cubic centimeters), whilst most others have engines whose sizes range from 1340, 1450 and 1584cc.

3. Bobber – This motorcycle is often referred to as the Bobtail, and was one of the first custom motorcycles to appear and dates back to the early 1950’s and were used by men returning back from the Second World War. These were ridden as a way of rekindling the thrill some of the got from flying fighter planes and all non essential items or extras were removed from the bike. This made them much faster because there was far less weight on the machine.

4. Blockhead – This term is to do with the innovative Evolution V Twin engine which the Harley Davidson Company designed and produces. It was this engine which replaced the shovelhead and features overhead valves. It is most commonly to be found on motorcycles that were produced after 1980 such as the Sportsters and Big Twins.

5. Fat Head – This is a term used to describe the twin cam engine that the company brought into production in 1999 and is still to be found on many of their machines today.

6. Fat Boy – This is the bike that was ridden by Arnold Schwarzenegger in Terminator and has certain characteristics such clearly show what it is. The front disc wheel on this machine is solid and all gauges for the machine are mounted on the engine. This particular motorcycle has now become the company’s top selling model.

7. Hardtail – This refers to any motorcycle within the Harley Davidson range where the frame has no suspension. Many of those who ride Harleys may also refer to this type of motorcycle as a rigid.

8. Low Rider – This motorcycle first appeared on the scene in the 1970’s and it is because of the low riding position due to the lowered seat is what gives this machine its name. One of the motorcycles which are classed as this type is the Harley Davidson Super Glide.

9. Shovelhead – This engine which has now been replaced by the blockhead was originally introduced and fitted to Harley Davidson motorcycles from 1966. It was the same engine that replaced the Panhead engine which in turn had replaced the Knucklehead engine that had been used in this company’s motorcycles from 1936 to 1947.

10. Softail – These particular models of motorcycle resemble the Hardtail which we have discussed above. However this one does have suspension but is hidden from view because it is placed underneath the engine.

The Lift Recliner – Why This Type of Chair Can Be a Senior's Best Friend

The lift recliner is an essential piece of furniture every senior can use to make life easier. Here is how the lift recliner chair works and why it can be so helpful for the elderly.

As we grow older our mobility to walk and sit becomes more difficult. There are many assist tools that help with walking-but we can not walk all the time. At some point we need to sit and rest our weary feet.

The problem is sitting down into an easy chair and then getting up out of one can be very difficult for the elderly. That is where the lift recliner comes into play. It is one of the best tools around when it comes to helping anyone with mobility challenges sit easier.

The lift recliner has the ability to tilt up and forward to a person can sit into it from a standing position. All you have to do is back into it.

These chairs come electrically powered and feature a hand held controlled device. By the simple touch of a button the chair can be lowered down into a comfortable sitting position.

These lift chairs are also very comfortable and quite attractive and add to the decor of any home. The come in different sizes as well to accommodate people that have different body shapes and weight.

Also referred to as a riser chair, they can be found in a variety of colors and upholstery materials, including even leather if that is desired.

The electric recliner chair comes in three versions. They all offer varying degrees of how far back they recline.

The two position lift chair reclines anywhere up to 45 degrees. This works well for someone that will be sitting in the chair just a few hours per day.

The three position chair reclines all the way back to just about 180 degrees. This type of a lift recliner is intended for the person that may take the occasional nap in the chair.

Finally there is the version called the infinite position lift chair. This chair tilts back a little past 180 degrees. It also has a separate control function for the foot rest. This allows the foot rest to be positioned at an angle different that the chair. This can be very helpful for the person that may sleep in the chair or has health concerns that require different body positioning.

These power lift chairs are so helpful for seniors that in many cases their health insurance may pay for the cost of purchase. It is advised to check with a physician to see if this is possible.

The Luxury and Necessity of Home Elevators

When you were a kid, did you always dream of living in a big mansion where you would need an elevator to get from one story of the house to another? Well, now that you are older, that dream has probably gone by the wayside, leaving those kids of luxuries for the rich and famous. Well, all kidding aside, the addition to home elevators in your home is not as drastically expensive as one would think, and there are occasions (such as when a person is suddenly and permanently wheel chair bound) that the addition of a home elevator is not only desired, but also a necessity.

These elevators can built into your house while you are having a home built, or it can be built on as an addition if you desire so later on. The sky is really the limit for how you want the elevators in your home to look. It can simply be a standard look with metal doors, or it can be far more luxurious (and expensive) complete with wood paneling and tinted lighting. All home elevators companies will have a large selection of choices to fit your required needs. If your reason for having an elevator installed in your home is for health purposes, your elevator company will be able to make your elevator fit your exact specifications, including wheel tracks which will lock your wheels in place to keep your wheel chair from sliding as well as

Elevators for your home are generally built narrow, to accommodate only one to two people. Most have a maximum weight limit of 750 pounds. All states require that a land line be installed in every elevator for emergency purposes. Home elevators can not be made in place of a stair case for fire code purposes. Whether it is for a luxury reason or for medical purposes, the addition of an elevator in your home can make a huge difference. If you ever have the need to sell you home, your in-home elevator addition will be a big perk and can greatly increase your home market value. Who would not want an elevator in their house, right?

China & Dinnerware Pieces – How to Identify What You Have

The world of china dinnerware is vast and varied. There are thousands of manufacturers, hundreds of thousands of patterns, and many pieces to each pattern. To acquire a comprehensive knowledge of this industry requires a lifetime of study. However, there are some china basics that are easy to learn and remember, but are still unknown to many people who could benefit from this information. Learning some common china terms can clear up much confusion and improve your ability to buy, sell or enjoy china dinnerware.

There is much uncertainty with regard to the names of different china pieces. As there are no official, uniform guidelines, confusion is the inevitable result. What one person calls a salad plate is referred to by others as a side plate, a creamer is called a milk jug etc. It is also difficult to determine proper nomenclature when there are different sizes involved. For example, if a 7 1/2 inch plate is a salad plate, is a 8 1/2 inch plate a luncheon plate or is it still called a salad plate? When is it a Cream Soup set and when is a Bouillon set? This is particularly important to many who are interested in purchasing china and would like to know exactly what it is they are getting.

To attempt to name and explain every piece ever made is near impossible. Over the years there have been thousands of different piece types made by hundreds of different manufacturers. Even a comprehensive digest is beyond the scope of this article. Instead, let us focus on some of the more common pieces available. There is no right or wrong when it comes to piece names, we are just going to list the more commonly used ones.

The standard unit is the Five Piece Place setting, which usually consists of the following pieces: Dinner Plate, Salad Plate, Bread & Butter Plate, Cup and Saucer.

Dinner Plate – Flat, usually round, ranges from 9 3/4″ to 11″ in diameter

Salad Plate (side plate)- Flat, usually round, ranges from 7 3/4″ to 8 3/4″ in diameter

Bread & Butter Plate (dessert plate, cake plate) – Flat, usually round, ranges from 6″ to 7 3/4″ in diameter

Tea Cup (coffee) – Comes in many different styles and shapes (Leigh, Peony, Footed or Flat etc.) ranges from 2″ to 2 3/4″ in height

Saucer – Flat, round, with indentation for the cup

These additional pieces, while usually not included in the place setting, are often part of the formal table.

Luncheon Plate (often confused with the dinner or salad plates) – Flat, usually round, ranges from 9″ to 9 3/4″ in diameter

Soup Bowl – comes rimmed or coupe (no rim), ranges from 7 1/4″ to 9″

Fruit/Dessert Bowl – comes rimmed or coupe (no rim), ranges from 4″ to 5 3/4″

Cream Soup & Saucer – two handled cup, usually short and wide, indented saucer (bouillon soup cups are narrow and tall, also with two handles)

Cereal Bowl – comes rimmed or coupe (no rim), ranges from 5″ to 7″

Demitasse Cup & Saucer (after dinner, chocolate) – Much smaller than regular tea cups, come footed and flat, saucer usually indented

Mug – Tall, large cup, no saucer, flat or footed, occasionally differs slightly in design from the rest of the pattern.

Charger – (often confused with the dinner or chop (12″ serving) plates) – Flat, usually round, ranges from 11″ to 12″ in diameter

Serving pieces also come in a wide range of piece types, sizes and shapes. The following are some of the more common pieces:

Creamer (milk jug) – handles with spout for pouring, many different sizes, often even for the same pattern

Sugar Bowl – usually with a lid, occasionally open, almost always with handles.

Oval Vegetable Bowl (salad bowl, serving bowl) – rimmed and coup (no rim), used for salads, pasta etc., ranges from 9″ to 10 3/4″

Round Vegetable Bowl (salad bowl, serving bowl) – rimmed and coup (no rim), used for salads, pasta etc., ranges from 8″ to 10 3/4″

Oval Serving Platter (meat platter) – comes in many different sizes, starting from 10 all the way to 19″ in length, occasionally bigger (length is the determining factor, not width). When referring to platters, actual size is important. “Big” or “small” mean different things to different people. Use the actual length to clarify what you are referring to.

Gravy Boat & Under plate (platter) – Under plate comes separate or attached. Sometimes with handle, occasionally with double spout.

Tea Pot with Lid – short and stout

Coffee Pot with Lid – Tall and thin

Covered Vegetable Bowl – Round or oval, double handled, often confused with soup tureen, which is much bigger

Tureen or Soup Tureen – Large round bowl with lid, usually footed, occasionally with under plate or nook for ladle

Knowing what you are looking for will go along to ensure that you actually get it and not some similar-but-not-what-you-wanted piece which will not suit your purposes. A little knowledge goes a long way.

Antique Gas Stoves

The antique gas stoves did not gain popularity until around the 1880's. This holdup was due to the gas pipeline grid being delivered to each house in the larger cities. These natural gas stoves had assorted benefits over the wood stoves. With the wood stoves the whole surface top of the stove must be heated. The utilization of the piped natural gas cut down on the effort, time and price of locating and bringing in and then storage of the coal and wood into the house. Around the 1930's, the gas stoves the coal and wood stoves two to one. This was due of the action development of the propane gas being delivered to the homes and business sectors out side the cities. The propane gas stove was used for these households and buildings.

The antique gas stoves can be refinished or restored to operational condition. There are a sizable choice of businesses located over that provide this inspection and repair. Many businesses can provide the custom coloring of porcelain and the factory special colors. The porcelain is a higher temperature ceramic glaze. The glaze is fused upon the metal surface in a real high heat furnace. There is no other finishing that will hold up to the higher temperatures of a gas stove as easily as the porcelain will. This is often called the stove enamel. When repairing, the old coating of porcelain is removed. A new porcelain coat is applied and then baked on in the higher heat furnace. This operation is not to be confused with a pigment or even a powder coating. Not one of those works can be to hold up the heat of the gas stove and is not to be considered as a proper finish for a stove.

There is likewise stove insulation and a significant number of mechanical and electrical parts and pieces to be for the stove to work right. A business that will provide the re-chroming of the gas stove parts can actually create a large-scale difference on the outcome of the repairing of the antique gas stove. Parts you may imagine needs to be thrown aside will be brought back to a wonderful, new, shinny look of new. Gas stove parts such as the the knob rings, griddle trays, and handles may be capable to be re-chromed and worked back to life-time.

A genuine re builder and preserver of the antique gas stoves can be able to exchange the gas stove parts like the burner values, gas stove burner, thermostats, and the safety values. Some of the other parts would be the timers and the clocks on the stove. With burner grates and all sorts of different gaskets for the antique gas stove, it is important for only a certified business attempt to replace a antique stove.

Backsplash Panels – A Popular Choice

Whoever said that fashion dies, but style remains, must have been talking about backsplash panels. Before you dismiss this as utterly comical, if not queer, take some time off to experience the iconic status that these panels enjoy.

They have managed an inexorable rise to the very top thanks to their remarkable ability to add spunk to the stolid interiors of just about any space. And the ease of installation, infinite designs and finishes and jaw-dropping prices are the other astonishing feathers in their cap.

Classy and contemporary- these panels surprise homeowners with the dual benefits of thermoplastic construction and the stunning looks of metal.

They are the numero uno choice, regardless of whether it is a minuscule area or a massive remodeling project.

Benefits To Bowl You Over

These panels have generated mass hysteria with a string of benefits. Here's what we are eulogizing about:

  • Crafted to perfection from composite plastic, these panels are corrosion-resistant, so rust will never blight their sheer magnificence.
  • Their installation does not call for a great deal of effort. A utility knife, scissors or a snip can be used to complete this simple DIY project, without using complicated tools.
  • These panels put up a brave face against impacts and stains. They are perfectly suited for wet environments too. Cleaning is a breeze with warm soapy water and a soft cloth.
  • These highly durable panels are available in myriad designs and finishes.
  • Corners and edges can be made to look simply stunning with a wide variety of finished trim options.
  • There are several finish outlet cover laminates too that add a touch of class to the entire project.
  • Above all, these panels provide the much-feted, enigmatic appeal of metal tiles without burning a massive hole in your pocket.

So without any further ado, just get these panels this weekend, and cause a furor. Forget your friends, even your interior designer will be left completely transfixed.

Guide to Minimalist Style With Bruce Hardwoods’ Caruth Plank Floors

Clean-cut and contemporary, Bruce Hardwoods’ engineered Caruth Plank flooring is perfect for those who prefer open-grain hardwood floors for their homes. Made from North American maple, the crisp appearance of these woods provide the perfect accompaniment for minimalist-style decorating.

Minimalist style decorating suggests serenity and calmness, and is free of clutter. Furnishings are kept simple with understated accents. That means no bulky furniture or busy pillows, and you must use only what is needed in the room. Forget the fringe and multicolored walls. This style is all about simplicity.

The same goes for Bruce Caruth Plank. There are no dramatic markings or antiquing on the maple wood. The woods haven’t been subjected to distressing techniques or hand-scraping. Instead, this collection thrives on neutrality.

Plank Toast provides the right amount of warmth for those that still want golden undertones in a floor. Crème is also a popular choice, as both of these lighter woods look phenomenal next to open bare windows – something very popular with minimalist styles today.

Caramel ventures towards the warm side of the color spectrum, with a brandywine color. If pastels aren’t your thing, or you want still want some color to your walls, go with this. It offers a lot of versatility without feeling limited to white.

Sedona is another lovely color in this collection, although doing minimalist with a chocolate brown can be very tricky. The brown color is going to show more natural texture than the other woods, meaning the wood won’t appear as spacious. Those who opt for a darker color when trying to do minimalist will need to be mindful of this so they don’t overwhelm the room. Cream-colored walls with tan furniture or light mint-green walls with white furniture would work well for this.

All woods in this collection come in three-inch wide planks with varying lengths. Three-inch planks are all the rage right now with modern decorating. The traditional five-inch planks found in Bruce’s other collection won’t give your room that modern minimalist look.

If you want to revamp your home or are building a new one, consider Bruce Caruth Plank for your hardwood flooring needs. All floors in this collection are backed by Bruce’s 25-year structural warranty. That means you can feel good about your purchase, keeping life simple and uncluttered. Hey, that’s what you asked for, right?

The Benefits of Having Action Plans In Your Business Plan

Entrepreneurs, knowing that careful business planning can improve their chances for success, try to employ many of the corporate planning concepts and techniques used by large companies. The terminology itself can be confusing. Terms like strategies and action plans can be difficult to grasp for a businessperson involved in planning for the first time.

Action Plans Defined

Think of strategies as broad concepts of how you want to market your products or services, and action plans as the steps – often a sequence of steps in a defined order – required to implement the strategies. Every business owner makes action plans, even if he calls it something else such as a task list. A strategy of a restaurant might be to start marketing to an older demographic. The strategy was prompted by the owner noticing that many residents in the area fit this demographic and other restaurants are not catering to this group's needs. An action plan would be to identify local or online publications that serve this older demographic group and develop advertisements to reach them, announcing special pricing if they dine before a certain time or on a certain day of the week. Another action plan would be to research their food preferences to see if any adjustments to the restaurant's current menu need to be made in order to build customer loyalty within this group.

Assigns Responsibility

An aspect of generating action plans is determining who within the organization is responsible for the completion of each one. This is called assigning responsibility, and doing so better ensures all the tasks will be completed because someone is being held accountable. Defining a task as an assigned action plan implies it is important to complete. Managers know that if they complete the action plans assigned to them on time and to their supervisor's satisfaction they are eligible for bonuses, increased salary and promotions.

Break Big Goals Down into Smaller Tasks

Imagine the lengthy sequence necessary to develop a new health care technology from the idea stage and bring it to the hospital marketplace. This means means thinking a complex project all the way through, determining every task big and small that must be completed. The plans contain a list of resources needed to complete them. These could be personnel time, capital, outside resources such as consultants, or assets such as equipment and facilities. Action plans for a large project can be mapped out in the form of a timeline showing when these resources will be needed along the path to completing the overall goal.

More Accurate Financial Forecasting

The complete list of plans in the company's business plan shows everything that needs to be done to implement the company's strategies, shows when each task needs to be allocated necessary resources, and calculates the cost of these resources. Thorough planning enables the company to prepare forecasts that present a more accurate estimate of the total costs for the company to conduct business and reach its goals. When actual results become available and the management team compares them to the budgeted amounts, it is less likely there will be negative expense variances due to tasks that were omitted.

3 Tips When Buying Handrails For Stairs For Your Home

If you are remodeling your house, or you have purchased a fixer-upper that needs a little bit of improvement, one of the first places to start is the staircase. This is an important feature because not only does it allow you to access the upper part of your home, but it must be up to safety standards. Aesthetically, it is also a beautiful portion of your interior that should be created and molded to fit your internal design of the home. Here are three tips on how to improve this when purchasing handrails for your stairs.

Tip # 1 – Where Are the Stairs Located?

Whether you are looking for handrails that can be used for either balconies or an outdoor set of steps, there certain aspects that you need to consider based upon its location. If you are attaching listed outside of your home, you'll need to affix handrails to the side of a home.

Likewise, if you are repairing or adding a stairway to your home, make sure that you purchase the right fittings necessary that will allow you to attach the railing to the studs that are behind the sheet rock of the wall. Doing so will secure them in a way that will provide safety and longevity.

Tip # 2 – What Type of Material to Use?

Depending upon the type of construction that you have used inside your home, it will ultimately affect what you purchase at the store in regard to the material for the railing.

Let's say that you have a lot of stainless steel appliances and perhaps running boards in your home, you'll want to go with shiny steel or to contrast it you may go with wrought iron. It all depends on the internal motif adjacent to where the stairs will be.

Tip # 3 – How to Accentuate Your Home's Appearance

If you are more concerned with the appearance that your friends and family will see when they arrive at your home, you may want to go to class. Although they can be damaged quite easily and get dirty on an almost daily basis, it can give the inside of your house a more spacious appearance.

Unlike wood, glass railings tend to allow people to see the entire picture whereas within or iron balusters will block a portion of the view. It may save you money as well depending upon where you purchase this material.

In conclusion, by considering the location of your stairs, the type of material you wish to use, and your goal in regard to internal appearance, choosing the right hand rails for stairs for your home can not only be affordable by can improve your households overall visual appearance.

Adding A Cable Railing To Your Deck

Replacing your old wood railing with a cable railing can really open up your view. Wood balusters are visually obstructive and can make enjoying the view from your deck more like trying to see a movie when the guy seated in front of you is 6 foot 7. Cable railings are becoming popular since the cables provide a safety barrier but with the least visual mass, in many cases almost disappearing from your view.

The main things to consider are:

1. Building code requirements.

2. Understanding the importance of structural rigidity in the post system.

3. What type of posts / frames to use and where to purchase them?

4. Which cable / fittings to use and where to purchase them?

5. Installation, do you hire a contractor to install the railing or DIY?

Building Codes:

Cable railings are allowed by building codes in most areas of the US. In many areas, if the rail is over
30 "off the ground, it must be at least 36 inch tall. In a few townships, it must be 42 inch tall. Cables
must be spaced and tensioned to prevent a 4 inch ball from passing through any opening. You should contact your local building code enforcement office (before buying the materials). to make sure any local code revisions are understood.

Structural rigidity:

A cable railing differs from a standard wood spindle railing in that the cables need to be tensioned quite a bit to meet the 4 inch ball code requirement. This places a lot of force on the end posts. For wood spindles it may be OK to have a 3-7 / 8 inch space between spindles but for cable, cable deflection must be
considered. It is not practical to tension the cables so that they would be impossible to deflect so most
cable railing manufacturers recommend a 3 to 3 1/4 inch space between the cables.

In a cable railing system, the end and corner posts have to be able to handle an enormous amount of force. The combined tension of all the cables can equal the weight of a small car. It is very common that an amateur cable railing designer / builder fails to understand the forces involved and how to safely counter
act them. Seek help from someone with proven experience here or your railing can end up failing your
building inspection and be very costly to rectify.


There are basically three types of material suitable for cable railing posts: metal, wood and concrete.
Note: Composite lumber is not strong enough to be used for cable railings.
Here are the main types of posts and some things to consider:


Wood posts can be a good option for rustic style homes. Wood is more visually bulky than metal however so it may not be the best choice where a preserving your view is the primary concern. Wood is a good option for the budget minded as it is fairly inexpensive and can be cut and drilled with inexpensive tools. A
drill press is advisable for drilling holes straight through the post. This is pretty important since you
will be drilling hundreds of holes and if you get one crooked, it will change the "visual line of the cables" and make the whole job look sloppy. Some cable fitting manufacturers offer a drill guide to aid in
this. Wood siding is not suitable for an end post unless there is significant wood blocking behind it and
long lag screw fittings are used.

Many people elect to use one of the exotic (outdoor hardy) hardwoods like IPE (ie Brazilian Walnut,
Pronounced e-pay). These species hold up great outdoors but are really hard to cut, drill, rout etc. You
may need to upgrade to professional grade tools to get through this job.

– Metal:

Metal posts come in a wide array of styles to match your homes architectural style. Metal posts, due to
there high strength, have the least visual mass of the post types are usually the choice where the view is
of primary importance. Metal posts can be purchased directly from manufacturers over the web or you can hire a custom fabricator to build the railing on site (most expensive option). One concern with site built metal railings is that it is difficult to properly finish a railing outside of a controlled factory
environment. Prefab posts are often powder coated and sometimes galvanized and powder coated (for ocean front locations). Metal post systems are usually designed to easily be installed by a contractor or handy DIY type.

– Concrete:

Concrete can be used as an end post where there is a column or wall that is made of it. Usually the
intermediate posts are made of another material, metal or wood. Do not attempt to mount to stucco over wood as the cables will pull it right off. Understanding the construction of the post is essential.

Cables and Fittings:

Cables and fittings come in a enormous array or types and styles. Seek some advise from one of the
cable / fitting suppliers you can easily find on the web. For ease of installation, look for quick lock
fittings (swage less fittings) otherwise you will be crimping on site which adds a lot of work and
requires special tools. Some companies supply both the posts and the cable / fittings in kit form which
takes the guess work out of process.


Installation is fairly simple if your handy. A typical deck rail can be installed by a couple of people in
a weekend. When your done, you can sit back enjoy your beautiful view.