Good Quality Access Control Reduces Security Risks

It is a firm belief that the better the quality of risk control implemented on any system, the lesser are the security risks. But, we cannot limit ourselves to just thinking about reducing security risks on computer systems. There are a number of other places where entry control is essential. In this broad spectrum, we can include any place that is frequently visited by people, such as airports, museums, libraries, shopping malls and other public places.

Defense installations and government installations have excellent entry control systems in place. They have these installed to minimise security risks. You would not want an ordnance depot or a nuclear installation to be unsecured. That would be like placing your valuables on display and leaving the doors and windows open. Any possible security risk has to be reduced and appropriate measures should be taken to protect it.

We all know that there is risk of viruses, worms and other similar faulty programmes floating around on the internet trying to crash or break into anyone’s computer. These demented, misplaced people do it just for fun as they don’t really gain monetarily from such acts. That’s why anti virus software companies keep updating their software almost on a daily basis to protect those who are using their protection software.

Any business place, home, research facility and workplace are at risk and therefore require good quality access control. But, the good quality access control also needs to be constantly updated. Security risks keep changing and therefore, the access control systems also need to be updated.

Large organisations employ teams of people or hire companies who specialise in evaluating safety risks. They not only examine current safety risks but also forecast future safety risks. They then decide which access controls are best and would fulfill the requirements. Evaluating safety risks and designing quality access control systems have become a big business now.

Governments employ security forces; install security systems to protect their sensitive information and people. That is why installing security cameras have become so popular and a common practice. Jamming radio signals, using spy satellites are all techniques employed for reducing security risks. The more sensitive the location, the better access control systems would be deployed.

After 9/11, the world had changed phenomenally in its concepts of security risks. Americans in their wildest dreams could not imagine that their homeland is vulnerable and could be attacked. But all that has changed now in the aftermath of the attacks. Access control systems have become more advanced, newer technologies deployed to reduce security risks. But the threats to security still lurk in the shadows.

Governments, organisations and people are trying to use the best entry control methods to reduce security risks. But, no matter how good these systems are designed and used, they must be monitored and updated regularly. Like burglars keep thinking of new ways to conduct a break in, similarly access control systems have to be updated to reduce and thwart security risks.

Learning How to Build Muscles by Getting on Schedule

When it comes to wanting to build muscle mass, it is important to know that there is a lot more to it than just hitting the gym. Knowing how to build muscles the right way is important so that you are not wasting your time or hurting yourself in the process. Because there is so many people out there with scams that claim to know it all, it is important that you always take matters into your own hands. There is nothing better than you taking control of your exercise routine on your own.

The first thing that you will want to do is to develop a decent program for yourself. This program will include days that you will take off. There is nothing worse than working out day after day to be left with little improvement in your muscle mass. You have to remember that muscles grow and build during their periods of rest, not when you are in the middle of working out at the gym.

It is also important to make sure that you are practicing good form. Otherwise, you are never going to get the best results possible. Take the time to learn how to do the exercise correctly in order to get the best results. If you have to, take a personal trainer aside and have him or her walk you through the basics of your exercise routine and weight lifting moves. This would only take a little bit of time out of one day but that small amount of time will make a world of difference for you.

In order to gain muscles with ease, it is also very important to you make some changes to your eating habits. You have to provide your body with the proper building blocks in order to gain the muscle you seek. Eat right, take vitamins and supplements, and keep on a regular eating schedule. Make sure that you are also adding complex carbohydrates into your diet. Lean protein is another type of food that you must include and make sure that you are avoiding white processed foods.

Make sure that you are drinking plenty of water throughout the day. But during your workouts, you will want to make sure that you have plenty of sport drinks on hand. The drinks with a high amount of carbohydrates and protein are the drinks for you. It also would not hurt to have a whey protein drink within about twenty minutes of your workout. This drink will help you rebuild lean muscle tissue.

Just make sure that whatever you are doing, you are doing it because it is the best and most natural way to get the muscle you desire. Stick with it and before you know it you will be able to call yourself a professional and knowing how to build muscles.

Redefine Your Life, Radically Change Your Paradigm, Manifest Your Dreams and Harness Personal Power!

We have the ability to absolutely shape and govern our reality through the cultivation of inner being. We must first learn to master our mind and understand that we are in complete control of ourselves. There are no limits in life, it is simply our perceptions that hold us back, create boundaries.

We are layers upon layers of energy that possess abundant levels of power if exploited.

"With great power comes great responsibility."

Every person has huge responsibility as we possess abundant levels of power. With this power we have the ability to create and change material things. Our mind is the creator of everything in our life, which is brought to manifestation through sheer effort and focus. Is not it empowering to think that anything we can conceive can be carried out to its creation or destruction through the mind.

What is to say that anything can not be created in a heartbeat? The cure for aids, rapid remission from any disease, running 100m under 7s? No one would conceive this to be possible until someone does it.

What this means is that limitations are impermanent. Just like Einsteins theory of relativity, or Roger Bannister's sub 4 minute mile, our perception of "reality" changed through the actions of these individuals. With our thoughts, we can move the world, be the shaper of paradigm shifts, molder of change and angelship, open the door of limitation.

It is only when we truly realize the power of our own mind to change and create destiny, that we can use it to manifest anything in lightning speed! This is why we all have such a huge responsibility in our life.

Once this realization is achieved, we must harness the power of our imagination to create a vision of lofty ideals. To desire is to achieve, and to aspire to is to obtain. Dream huge goals, truly harness your mind at the deepest level and you have a tool of epic potential.

Be cautioned though. The infinite power of the mind to achieve is met by its equal power to destroy. This is a scary thought, but power must be used in a pure and divine way. Through positive thoughts, actions and feelings come the most godly and angelic creations. Through negative thoughts, actions and feelings come destructive and degenerative deletions.

We must be joyful, enthusiastic, playful, excited, compassionate, resilient, flexible and optimistic in mastering the mind and accept responsibility of our true power. If you combine these 2 things together, imagine the life ahead of you!

It was through the minds of the greatest visionaries: Buddha, Genghis Khan, Copernicus, Einstein that imagination was brought into existence. Through action and will they forever changed the world and what's to stop you from doing the same?

In their old age, if asked what they regret the most in their life, most people say "They regret the things they failed to do in their life. The opportunities and ideas they let pass them by and eventually fade away. These people, like so many failed to use their personal power and ultimately live a life of great significance. They regret the time they wasted chasing small things, instead of following huge dreams!

9 Switches for Better Nutrition

1. Dairy Milk for Nut Milk

There are so many alternatives to dairy milk today, that these alternatives are as available and accessible as the dairy options. If you switch from whole milk to, for example, unsweetened vanilla almond milk, you will get double the calcium and, depending on the brand, less than one quarter of the calories. Also, if you have an undiagnosed or undiscovered intolerance to dairy, this will offer you relief from that and make you feel fantastic.

2. Milk Chocolate for Dark

Swapping milk chocolate for dark, may be harder for some than others, but it will make a big difference if you are a regular chocolate eater like myself. Not only does dark chocolate have less sugar, more antioxidants and is less processed, but it is also richer in flavor and can satisfy your chocolate cravings faster.

3. Sugar for Xylitol

Xylitol is a naturally occurring sweetener. It is not artificial and can be processed by your body. Many low or no calorie sweeteners are chemically formulated and cannot be processed by your body. These sweeteners can actually be worse for you than sugar itself. However, Xylitol is a natural and delicious sweetener that can be used as a direct substitute for sugar, it has less calories and is sweeter so you use less.

4. Sugary Soda for Herbal Tea or Infused Water

This is probably one of the most obvious and most talked about switch. However, it is one of the most difficult for people because they are conditioned to the convenience of pre-prepared sugary drinks. Yes, making herbal tea or infused water does take extra time and effort, however, you can make it ahead in large batches and keep it in your fridge so it is readily available. There are also several, delicious combinations that you can make and experiment with to keep things interesting.

5. White Rice for Black Rice

White rice is a simple carb that lacks nutrients. However, black rice is full of antioxidants and goodness to nourish your body. The color of black rice is also amazing and it has an awesome, natural nutty flavor.

6. Pasta for Vegetable Pasta

Weather it spaghetti, spirals or couscous, there is a vegetable substitute for it. The best substitute for spaghetti is zucchini or shitake noodles. For couscous, try finely chopping cauliflower. Other alternatives to pasta products can include black bean spaghetti, chick peas, quinoa, carrot and beetroot. These alternatives have more nutrients, less carbs and are less processed than the pasta you get out of a packet.

7. Flavored Yoghurt for Plain

Flavored yoghurt contains a lot of sugar and is highly processed. There are several plain yoghurts that have no added sweeteners and that are minimally processed. An easy way to get flavored yoghurt without all the nasties is to get the plain stuff and add a natural sweetener and/or whatever fruit you like to it. Not only will this make the flavors more delicious, it will also add freshness and texture.

8. Energy Drinks for Tea or Coffee

Energy drinks are loaded with caffeine and sugar. Many also contain other artificial flavors, colors, preservatives and sweeteners. Energy drinks are one of the worst drinks available on the market and have several, proven, health consequences. If you need a pick-me-up, it is just as effective to have a cup of coffee or tea that has caffeine in it to keep you going. You could also opt for some fresh fruit or iced water to help you re-focus.

9. Packaged Condiments for Home-Made Versions

Packaged condiments often have many added, unnecessary ingredients and are highly refined. With thousands of recipes readily available online, it is now easier than ever to create your own condiments with less additives and more goodness. By making your own condiments, you should be able to get more flavor, more variety, less additives, less calories and know exactly what is in your food.

Does Minoxidil Work on Receding Hairlines? Learn the Truth!

Whether or not minoxidil works on a receding hairline is a point of debate. We know it was approved by the FDA to treat hair loss, but if that’s the case why isn’t it advertised to work on receding hair lines? Let’s find out.

The confusion first begins on the packaging. Every box has a disclaimer that states it is only “approved” to treat hair loss on the crown and vertex of the head. This is true, but the keyword here is “approved.” During minoxidil clinical trials, tests were only conducted and measured on the vertex and crown locations (I’m not sure why the front was left out, maybe for easier consistency, but more likely for cost). Since the data the FDA used is limited to the crown and the vertex, the marketing material for minoxidil must only recognize benefits to those areas.

If it’s just a restriction for marketing, does that mean it really does work for receding hairlines? Most dermatologists and hair transplant surgeons say yes. The reason is minoxidil lowers DHT levels in the scalp, DHT is the primary cause of genetic hair loss, and lower DHT levels is the most effective way to stop it and regrow hair. In addition, many users who have used minoxidil for their frontal hair loss have voiced their success, substantiating this logic.

After discovering this, I wondered why the pharmaceutical companies just don’t have another clinical trial. That way they would know for sure, and be able to use it in their advertising. After researching this, I believe the answer is simply money. In 2005, over $25 billion was spent on clinical trials. On average, pharmaceutical companies spend between $100 and $800 million for each new drug candidate. In 2006, sales of Rogaine (the largest name brand of minoxidil) was just $31 million. Let’s say Rogaine has a whopping 33% profit margin (they probably don’t), and their profit was about $10 million that year. At the lowest estimate for a clinical trial, it would take 10 years to get that money back. Economically, it just doesn’t work.

So what kind of results can you expect? The answer is the sooner your start the better. Minoxidil is very effective at stopping hair loss, but it usually only regrows recently lost hair. If your hair has been gone for years, it likely isn’t going to come back, unless you get a hair transplant. Start treating your hair loss early — it’s much easier to keep your hair than to regrow it!

Vigan – A Gem of Spanish Colonial Architecture in the Philippines

Hidden away in northern Luzon is Vigan, the oldest surviving city of Spanish architecture in the Philippines. Antique churches, official buildings, and residences, cobbled narrow streets, and horse-drawn calesas (carriages) all take us back to the old colonial era.

In earlier times, before the arrival of the Spanish, Chinese junks used to visit and Vigan was a major trading port.

In 1572 Captain Juan de Salcedo landed at Vigan with a party of Spanish soldiers. He conquered the area and then went on to conquer much of northern Luzon. In 1574 he returned and set about creating a township complete with charming plazas, municipal buildings and luxurious mansions for the ruling elite.

These buildings have survived the passing of the centuries and, unlike much of the Spanish period architecture in Manila, it has not been damaged during the battles of World War II. Vigan is now officially listed on the UNESCO World Heritage list.

Perhaps the best way to imbibe the ambience of the old quarter of Vigan is to wander the streets, especially Mena Crisologo Street, early in the morning when the diffused light transforms the old colonial buildings and the calesas into a scene reminiscent of the 1600s.

The white-walled St Paul’s Cathedral dates only from the nineteenth century but is an example of the famous “earthquake Baroque” style of church architecture, built to withstand the typhoons and earthquakes which are all too frequent in the Philippines. The cathedral’s facade features a pair of fu dogs, reflecting Vigan’s Chinese heritage.

The Palacio del Arzobispado (Archbishop’s Palace) dates from the eighteenth century. Inside is the Museo Nueva Segovia with old portraits, ecclesiastical artefacts and a throneroom, showing the opulent lifestyle enjoyed by the archbishops in the Spanish era.

The Ayala Museum occupies a beautiful old colonial house and was once the residence of Padre José Burgos, one of the nationalist martyrs executed by the Spanish in 1872. The Museum contains Burgos memorabilia, rooms furnished in the period style, and artefacts from the surrounding province.

In Vigan’s old quarter there are three other old mansions worthy of a visit: the Crisologo Old House, the Syquia Mansion, and the Quema House. These are furnished in the old style and are full of polished narra wood furniture, paintings and everyday objects. The Quema House also features sliding capiz shell windows.

The Governor’s Mansion is now a private residence but its beautiful old external facade in a quiet, shady street is definitely worth the effort to see.

Now that Vigan is on the UNESCO World Heritage list, there is a plan in place to protect the Spanish architectural heritage for future generations of visitors and residents to enjoy.

Make a Solder Free Stained Glass Box

Solder free stained glass boxes are fun to make. You can make these boxes to hold jewelry, mementos, or anything else you want. Their size can be customized to your need or space. In just an hour, you can make one of theses boxes.

To make a square or rectangular box, cut a piece of glass or mirror for the bottom of the box. The size of this piece will be the size of the box you want to make. To cut the sides of the box, first determine how deep you want the box. Then cut 2 pieces of glass that is the same length as the glass you cut for your bottom piece by the height you desire. Then cut 2 more pieces, the width of the bottom piece minus 1/4 inch (the thickness of the glass times 2) and by the same height you cut the other two pieces. The last 2 pieces you need to cut is for the top of the box. Using the bottom glass for you pattern, cut one piece of glass that is 1/2 inch bigger on all four sides and one piece that is 1/4 inch smaller on all four sides.

Once all your pieces are cut, lightly grind all the edges. Then clean and dry all the pieces and you are ready to assemble your box. To assemble box, you will need Weldbond glass glue. It is strong and it dries clear.

Using a thin line of glue on the edges of the side glass and attach them to the outer surface perimeter of your bottom piece. Do this one piece at a time. If excess glue squeezes out, use a damp q-tip to wipe off excess. Once all four sides of your box are glued, set it aside to dry. To make the top of your box, center the smaller top piece on the larger top piece. Use only a few small dots of glue to adhere these two pieces together. Let all pieces thoroughly dry (24-48 hours).

To embellish the top of your box, you can attach glass nuggets or whatever else you would like.

How To Make Stained Glass

The basic tools to begin stained glass include a cutter, grinder, groziers, running pliers,
copper foil and soldering iron with temperature controller.

There are basically 10 steps to making stained glass

Step 1: Pick a project

This can be a panel, box, cabinet insert, sun catcher, fireplace screen or anything else you
would like.

Step 2: Find a pattern

There are many stained glass pattern books to choose from, you can go online to find free
patterns, or you can draw your own pattern.

Step 3: Select glass

There are many manufacturers who produce glass. The choices are almost limitless.

Check out your local stained glass retail store to view their selection.

Step 4: Make paper pattern template.

This enables you to make a pattern for each piece in your design.

Step 5: Cut glass

Hold the cutter as you would a pen or pencil. Do not press too hard, this will cause a bad
break. You should hear soft scratching sound as you score the glass. Use breaking pliers
to open the score line. If cutting a straight line, you can snap the glass with your hands.

Using the right tools makes this very easy. Not sure what the proper tools are, or what
supplies you will need?

Step 6: Foil glass

Wrap copper foil around each individual piece. This allows the solder to adhere.

Step: 7 Solder

Solder pieces together. This step will take time and practice. Don.t give up. With time
and practice you will achieve the solder seams you want.

Step 8: Attach zinc frame

This provides stability to your stained glass piece. Measure the width and height, then cut
the zinc to fit your piece. Solder the corners, then solder adjacent solder seams to the
zinc frame.

Step 9: Apply patina

Patina is used to draw focus to the glass and design rather than the solder seams.

Step 10: Clean and polish

This last step will give your project the shine and brilliance you are looking for.

Now all you have to do is enjoy your work!

Kinesiology 101: Joint Movements

Kinesiology is the study of human movement. Most people attempting to pass a musculoskeletal anatomy or kinesiology class or a personal trainer exam must understand the basic joint movements of the human body.

Synovial joints, or those that are functionally classified as diarthroses, are the primary joints that have considerable movement compared to the sutures in the skull or the teeth fitting into the gums.

There are 6 subcategories of synovial joints including hinge joints, ball and socket joints, pivot joints, saddle, condyloid, and planar joints. Because most large or gross movements occur at the hinge and ball and socket joints, I’ll focus on these.

There are several common hinge joints worth considering. They are the elbow joint where the humerus (arm bone), radius and ulna (forearm bones) meet. The ankle or talocrural joint occurs where the distal ends of the fibula and tibia (leg bones) join with one of the bones of the foot, the talus. Another common hinge joint is the knee joint – the articulation (joint) where the tibia (shin bone) and the femur (thigh bone) come together.

All three of these hinge joints are capable of flexing and extending as their only actions. For example, the action of straightening the leg is considered to be knee extension. The opposite action, flexion, is signfied by someone bringing their heels toward their buttocks. In the elbow example, flexion is bringing the hand up toward the chest/shoulder area from a straight elbow position while extension is straightening the forearm at the elbow. The ankle joint is unique in its description of flexion and extension. When one stands in a position known commonly as “on the tippy toes”, s/he has plantar flexed (extension at other joints, but a special name for this action at the ankle). Moving the toes toward the shin, is dorsiflexion of the ankle joint.

Flexion is defined as decreasing the angle between the bones comprising the joint. Extension is described as increasing that joint angle. I consider, when trying to remember which is which, that flexion is always moving a body part “forward” while extension is just the opposite – moving it backwards. This “rule” holds true for every joint THAT IS CAPABLE of flexion and extension with THE EXCEPTION of the knee joint. At the knee joint, flexion is moving the heels BACK toward the buttocks while extension is the opposite.

The two ball and socket joints, the hip and the shoulder joints, are capable of moving in flexion and extension as well as medial (internal) and lateral (external) rotation and adduction and abduction. To flex the shoulder, one would move the arm as if reaching out to shake hands with someone. To extend the shoulder, a person would reach back as if they were accepting a baton in a track relay race. The act of punting a football would be flexing the hip, while moving the hip in the opposite direction, would be hip extension.

Due to the structure of the shoulder and hip joints, they are able to rotate. If a person stood erect with feet facing forward, arms to the side but palms facing forward (defined as the anatomical position), and then proceeded to rotate the arms so that the palms touched the sides of the thighs, this would be medial rotation of the shoulder joint. The opposite, rotating the arms back to the original position described above, would require lateral rotation of the shoulder joint.

Imagine a person standing erect BUT pigeon-toed or toes turned in. I liken this to having rotated the hips medially. The only way to have turned the toes in, since there is no rotary movement at the knee or ankle, would be to rotate the hips. I remember lateral rotation of the hip, as being opposite, where a person stands erect in the anatomical position BUT with the toes pointed OUT.

Finally, both shoulder and hip joints are capable of abduction or moving the arm (s) away from the body (assuming a starting position that is anatomical) and adduction or moving the arm (s) toward the body. Abduction at both hips and shoulders would be demonstrated by performing the first HALF of a jumping jack where thighs are spread and arms are over the head. Adduction would be evidenced when executing the second HALF of a jumping jack. The “spread” arms and thighs would return to the original starting position of the jumping jack – shoulder and hip adduction would have occurred.

By using the descriptions and definitions of joint actions for the hip and shoulder, the knee and ankle and elbow above, a person should be able to analyze basic human movements.

Opening the Bidding at Bridge

Each game of Acol bridge starts with bidding. During the bidding, the partner's send each other coded messages about their hand in the form of 'bids'.

Each time someone makes a bid they are telling their partner something about their hand. The information given will include one or more of the following: a) Number of Points b) Suits held c) Shape of the hand.

The bidding is sometimes called the auction. As a result of the bidding the players decide on their target (known as the 'Contract') number of tricks and whether or not to use trumps.

The bidding starts with the dealer. Each player adds up the number of points in their hand. Count 4 points for each ace, 3 points for each king, 2 points for each queen and one for each jack.

If a player holds less than 12 points they say 'PASS'. This continues clockwise round the table until the first person with 12 or more points makes a bid. This player becomes the OPENER. His bid is the OPENING BID and his partner is called the RESPONDER.

Bidding starts with one club, one diamond, one heart, one space and one No Trump (NT). A bid of one means that you believe you can win 7 tricks (the first six tricks are not scored).

An opening bid of one of a suit (clubs, diamonds, hearts or spades) means: "I have 12 or more points and at least 4 cards in the suit I bid" An opening bid of 1NT means: "I have 12-14 points and a balanced hand ".

A balanced hand contains cards in every suit (no voids), has no singleton (one card in a suit) and can have only one doubleton (two cards in a suit).

For example, four spades, 3 hearts, 3 diamonds and 3 clubs is a balanced hand. 3 spades, 4 hearts, 2 diamonds and 4 clubs is also a balanced hand (it only contains one doubleton). However, 4 spades, 5 hearts, 2 diamonds and 2 clubs is NOT a balanced hand – it has two doubletons (in diamonds and clubs).

Digging a Basement – How is it Done?

There are several steps to go through to dig a basement. Assuming you own the land, then the next step is to have a plan drawn up. The plan usually needs to include an engineering stamp, so it meets the standards of your city.

City approval is not necessary to dig on your property, however, if the city hasn’t approved your plans, you cannot start building until they do. My humble opinion is, why put your money into the dig until you have your ducks all lined up in a row? Why be paying for interest on money to pay the excavator until you are ready to continue your house-build – immediately?

You need to check with the city for the minimum set-backs that they require from each property line. This is how far you have to be from the property line on all sides. It’s a good idea to get this information before you have your houseplans drawn up.

We found that our original houseplans would not fit on our property and we had to choose another set of plans because of the shape of the property we planned to put the house on. Thankfully, we hadn’t had our plans drawn up by an architect yet or that mistake would have cost us greatly.

We had to be 25 feet from the edge of the road to the closest extending part of the house, and 25 feet from the back property line to the closest extending part of the house. We had an 18 inch kickout, which, even though the foundation didn’t extend out, the house did, and so we had to be 25 feet from the edge of the kick-out to the property line. In addition, the sides had to have a minimum of 12 feet on one side of the house, and another 8 feet on the other side.

Taking the houseplans around to several excavators, you get bids from the various excavators. From those bids you can choose which excavator will be the one you want to dig your basement.

Choosing an excavator is vital to the success of your digging a basement. We chose an excavator who was really good at the controls of the track-hoe. In all, it only took him about 3 hours to dig our 1800 sq. ft. basement. It was amazing to see how adept he was at judging the depth and width of the hole. When he was through, it was near perfection – very even and smooth and ready for sub-rough plumbing, gravel, and then cement flatwork.

Once you decide upon the excavator to use, it is vital to get his quote or “bid” in writing in the form of a contractor service contract. You can either draw up a contract yourself, get one online for a few bucks, or consult an attorney for a professional contract.

But, again I say, it is vital to your peace of mind and your pocketbook, to get his bid in writing. This will prevent you from being charged more in the end, when he delivers his final bill to you.

No contractor can bill you more than their original bid, if you get a contract, in writing, before they begin work. I suggest you get an “in-the-computer” fax line which you can use to have your excavator fax over his bid, with all you want him to do and his charges. Of course, have him sign and date the contract. I like to have him state how long it will take him, if he will commit on that issue.

The excavator has your plans, and you should meet with him on the property, before he starts to dig, so you can go over exactly where you want your home placed. If a contract has not been signed, this is a perfect opportunity to sign it.

You have to know how deep you want your basement. This may be determined on if you plan to have a bathroom in the basement. You will need to know the city’s requirement for the depth based upon the depth of the city sewer line. The sewer line has to have a specific minimum “drop:” from the house to the city sewer line, so the sewage will drain properly.

You also may have an opinion as to how high you want the cement to come above the center of the road, as a prevention from flooding due to excessive rain etc. All this information has to be given to the excavator. With these peramiters, he will dig your basement hole.

Before starting digging, Blue Stakes has to be contacted and a permit to dig given to the excavator. This permit will have a window of time (around 2 weeks) when the excavator is allowed to dig. If your excavation goes beyond this window, a new Blue Stakes window will have to be established.

The next step is to start digging your basement.

From Candles to Lamps – An Exploration of Illumination

Light is what makes the world visible. It casts thing bright or dim, sets shadows to one, side, and brightens up the dark. It is the tone against which we live our lives, the unseen backdrop that is always present. Originally, our only source of light was what came from the sky, the sun, moon, and stars. Eventually we tamed fire, and then electricity. Now when trying to light up our lives, we have a wide variety of options available, each of which can set a completely different tone for an environment.

As mentioned before, sky lights, and most noticeably the sun, are the most ancient ways of creating illumination. In a home these lights can be controlled by blocking, or opening up windows. This can be done with curtains, shades, and other features which will control the amount of illumination which can get in. Unfortunately, without knocking a hole in the wall, you cant really increase the amount of sunlight that will shine into a room, and even when the windows are strategically placed, this form of illumination will only last as long as its day time. Therefore, you will need to resort to other methods for illuminating the home.

Fire is the next oldest method for lighting. This is usually done in modern times, using candles. The candle is a very particular form of light, as its flame can flicker gently, casting a very soft, intimate glow across a room. This is great for creating calm, soothing spaces, that have a slight energy, but which tend to relax the mind and soul.

Lamps are of course the most familiar lighting source in modern times. Our control of electricity has led to a huge variety of bulbs and fixtures being developed, each with its own peculiar method for illuminating a space. You should experiment with the different lighting options available, and try to find one which suits your environments particular needs.

Lighting Style – Crystal Chandeliers

Adding crystal chandeliers to a home's existing décor can make your home look more unique, and equally elegant.

These ornate lighting fixtures are most often associated with grand ballrooms and stately dining rooms, hotels and casinos. Although they are surely appropriate for these settings, it is vital not to underestimate the immediate effect a chandelier will have on your visitors. As you know, first impressions are paramount. This is the main reason why chandeliers are more often used in entrances and foyer areas.

You can use a chandelier in almost any room, since there are countless styles from which to choose from. For example, there are others that date back to the 16th century, and have a timeless feel and appearance.

Since then, many other contemporary modern designs have come to fold, and are as equally impressive. Most modern lighting fixtures manage to both offer a nod to the past while fitting naturally into the present day décor and interior design.

Chandelier Designs Should Blend With A Room's Existing Decor

Chandeliers definitely shape the mood in any room and you should find one that directly represents the atmosphere you wish to create. For homeowners who are looking to create a more dignified and formal atmosphere, then installing these lighting fixtures are a great choice.

Many designs also afford an elegant and refined look. For those interested in creating a more relaxed and casual atmosphere in a room, utilizing traditional-styled chandeliers make for effective room lighting and design options.

You can also look for a lighting fixture that is inspired by the period reflected in the room you are putting it, but you do not have to. Many contemporary designs are a blend of traditional elements with modern materials – glass and alabaster with polished chrome or satin nickel, which makes them work with a variety of styles

Deciding On The Right Lighting Effect

Once buyers have made their choices with regards to the size and style of the chandelier, they should next decide on what kind of lighting effect they are looking for.

While most of these lighting fixtures direct light upwards and bounce it off the ceiling to produce a radiant, yet warm glow throughout the room, some are designed to produce downlight. These lighting pieces better illuminate the dining room table and provide an added glow of accent lighting for centerpiece displays. For some, it is possible to create a downlight effect by adding miniature lamp shades around each of the light bulbs.

Finally, these fixtures must be mounted at the proper height to provide a unique and appealing aesthetic appearance, as well as provide adequate illumination. In rooms with ceilings less than 9 feet tall, chandeliers should be placed an estimated 30 inches above the dining room table. If the ceiling is 9 feet tall or more, install the fixture an additional 3 inches higher from the table.

Adding A Dimmer Helps To Control The Amount Of Light

Most lighting and home décor experts recommend that home owners make use of dimmers. Dimmers increase your ability to control the light and adjust it according to our specific needs at different times or situations. It's worth knowing that that there are small programmable wall mounted pre-set dimming units that will replace up to 6 wall switches and allow you to make an effortless lighting scene control.

In finding the appropriate chandelier design for your home, simply start with a color or a material that is predominant in the decoration scheme of your room.

What catches your eye in the room, and what type of statement would you wish to make? If the room is more traditional, choose chandeliers with more ornamentation and decorative details. If your home is modern, opt for less ornamentation and simpler details.

If your options are not yet clear, it would be best to rely on the help of a lighting consultant in a lighting showroom to help guide the decision. Sometimes, it's simply a matter of choosing what feels good. Lighting consultants often have knowledge of the available designs, the proper interior decor training, and other options to help move you in the proper direction.

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Breaking Through The Comfort Zone Barrier

After completing a workshop on personal productivity or time management, we usually find participants react to the instruction on goal-setting in one of three ways:

1. Some workshop attendees really do not want their lives to change nor does a greater level of achievement appeal that much to them. Therefore, they do nothing as a result of the training and their number of sales remains the same as they were before attending the training session.

2. Other trainees get excited about the techniques for improving their lives and begin setting goals that get them fired up for short periods of time. They do not place enough importance on the procedures, however. Without the daily discipline of reinforcing the ideas and methods they have learned, they quickly fall back into a more comfortable routine and soon, like the first group, are doing nothing more to achieve their sales goals.

3. The third group of workshop participants open up their minds to the concepts taught and carefully set new sales goals. They then commit to follow through on them and systematically work through the comfort zone barrier to obtain their objectives. These are the participants who ultimately achieve much higher numbers of sales and improved closing ratios.

Whenever you try to change your attitudes or your habit patterns, you run smack into a personal comfort zone. These are the natural barriers or roadblocks of your mind. It's the part in each of us that silently says, "I like things just the way they are – comfortable thanks!" Once you've settled down for the night in a big easy chair with your shoes off to watch television or read a book, it's difficult to put your shoes back on, get dressed up to go out again.

Selling used to be a whole lot more comfortable. But the marketplace changed all the rules on us. Now you have to sell rather than take orders. You have to set goals and track your progress. You have to get out of that easy chair, put your shoes back on, turn off the television and get going all over again.

If you look closely at why change makes you uncomfortable, you can begin to overcome your natural resistance to it. When you have to change how you do things – learn new behaviors – it will take a lot of practice (spaced repetition) before you feel competent in the new activity. When you feel less confident about your actions, you have a high degree of discomfort – it's only natural. It's the fear of looking foolish.

Think about how employees felt when the company installed a new computer system, or when the government required another form to complicate reporting, or when you first learned about the internet or when PDA's were first introduced. PDAs, the internet and computers still make, some people extremely uncomfortable, even fearful.

Change is a fact of life. How you react to it is a matter of personal choice – a matter of attitude. Unfortunately, fear of looking foolish is not the only comfort zone barrier you face when trying to achieve specific goals. Another obstacle occurs with well-meaning friends, co-workers and relatives. They're the people who often, unintentionally, discourage you from trying to attain our goals. Motivational professionals call them "dream stealers." They're the ones who find the flaws in your character or in your plans. They point out to you all the reasons why something you want to try will not succeed. The barrier they create is one of criticism or fear and it's a tough one to break through. It's a lot easier and more comfortable to go along with the crowd. When dealing with nay-sayers, you must remember that they do not want you to become more successful than they are. The way to get through their barrier is to affirm to yourself that change is possible and that you will allow no one but yourself to control your personal success.

The fear of failing is yet another barrier. This barrier occurs when you think about what you do not want to happen in the future or dwell on what may have happened in the past. To allow this barrier to creep into our thoughts is to misuse your imagination. Your attitude about failure should be that it is merely a stepping-stone to success. If you never fail, it means you have never taken any action.

Your comfort zone barriers – the fear of looking foolish, the fear of criticism, the fear of being successful and the fear of failure – are quite simply attitudes. They are the negative mindsets you allow yourself to have. You can become as successful as you allow yourself to be. So start today to break through your individual barriers. Set your goals and program your mind for success through positive affirmations and positive attitudes.

"What lies behind us and what lies in front of us, pales in significance when compared to what lies within us."

– Ralph Waldo Emerson –

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How to Get Your Wife Back Immediately? Find Out The Steps Will Help You

Just like in the movie “Fireproof,” getting your wife back with all her love, trust and support for you takes a lot of courage, patience and hard work. It is going to require effort and time. Women are emotional towards their feelings and one reason why they leave their husbands is when they feel that their emotional needs are not met anymore. Here are the top five tips that a husband needs to know to get your wife back immediately.

The first step that you need to know to get your wife back is to be attentive at all times. Women sometimes cry to let their emotions all out. They also shout when they feel that there are already too many problems that need to be solved. Listen to what they want to say. They usually say their problems in an angry manner so you need to listen while she’s ranting. Don’t shout at her as things may worsen. Take note of what she’s saying and when she’s already calm, approach her and try to ask her about the problems.

If the first step is not applicable to her or is not working for both of you, follow the second step. You have to resolve the past issues. Whether those are jealousy, work, time or children issues, she can still remember them and she could confront it all up to you. As much as possible, you have to be the best husband that you can be. Take her to dinner and talk about the past issues that you had. Suggest the best solutions possible but be sure to do what you have promised. If you still can’t talk to her personally, you can call or send her an email or text message. However, talking in person is still the best way since you can’t see each other’s reactions unless personally.

To get your wife back, the third step to know is to compromise. It is not easy as it sounds. You have to sacrifice even things that are very important to you. Accept her as she really is. Don’t ask her to do things that she doesn’t want to do. Most of all, don’t try to change her for her to be a perfect wife.

The fourth step is being yourself. You can show her that you really love her but don’t change the man that she has known in you. Try to remember what you did when you were still courting her and do it again. Be irresistible for her but don’t be egotistical. You may just have to be more patient and compromising but change is good if it’s for the better.

The last and final step that you have to know is how to plan the future. If she continues living with you, what can you offer for her? Be realistic. Don’t promise her things that even you are not sure if you’ll be able to do it. Regain her trust by planning ahead of your future. Show her that her life will be worthy if it’s spent with you.

As long as you still love each other, it is always easy to change for the better. In the end, you will see a new and happier relationship between the two of you.