How to Read a Stock Quote

Frustrated by all the symbols in a stock quote? Here's a basic overview to reading a stock quote on Yahoo Finance.

If you're like many new stock market investors you are learning all sorts of new things, one of the many things you need to know is how to read a stock quote.

Finance has a Yahoo nice stock quote page, please . Follow along and go The to this web page Http:// and the find out what everything MEANS.

Near the top of the page it will tell you that you are looking up Microsoft Corp. (MSFT) this tells us what company we are looking at. You will then see the last price (which is delayed 20 minutes) and you will see how much the stock has gone up or down for the day.

If you scroll down the page you will find a table with a bunch of data.

Last Trade: This is the last trade that happened on this stock (delayed 20 minutes)

Trade Time: This is the date or the time of the trade

Change: Amount the stock traded up or down in dollars and percentage

Prev. Close: The amount the stock closed at the last day it traded. Generally the day before, unless holiday or weekend

Open: Price the stock opened at today or if weekend or holiday last day it traded

Bid: What various investors are looking to buy the stock for at the current moment

Ask: What various investors are willing to sell the stock for at the current moment

1 yr Est: Estimate for the stock's price in one year's time

Day's Range: The range in price the stock has traded that day

52wk Range: Stock price from low to high over the past year of trading

Volume: Number of shares of stock traded so far today

Avg. Vol (3m): Average number of shares traded each day for the past 3 months

Market Cap: This is the market price for the company take the number of shares outstanding and multiple by the price of the stock

P / E: Price to earnings ratio

EPS: Earnings per share

Div & Yield: The dividend (if any) that you could receive from the company for owning stock

Those are the basic items on that Yahoo finance page; you can also find charts, headlines and some more background information on the company.

Exploding the Myths of Insulating Concrete Form Construction Technology

The insulating concrete forms (ICF) industry is rampant with inaccurate information. Some have been passed along by industry members, while others represent simple misunderstandings about the technology. Most of these misstatements are made by persons that simply lack the appropriate knowledge behind the information. The toughest part of researching ICFs is not finding the information, but sorting through all of the inaccurate information.

Virtually every aspect of the ICF industry is affected by misstated information, but the most common issues involve discussions of R-Value, waterproofing, and termites and bugs. R-value statements range from R-18 to R-50+. To explode this myth and get a clearer understanding of this myth, you will need a firm understanding of R-value and the difference between PERFORMANCE and TRUE R-values.

Myth 1: R-Value

An R-value is the measure of resistance (R) of heat flow. Heat flow can be resisted by insulating materials such as plastic foams or mineral fibers, or can be slowed by massive dense materials such as thick masonry or concrete. The larger the R-value, the greater the resistance and the better the insulating value.

All building materials transfer heat to some degree. Heat transfer can be measured by any of the following: 1. Conductivity (k); 2. Conductance (c); 3. Transmittance (U); 4. Resistance (R).

The ability of dense materials to retard heat flow depends on their ability to store heat and is measured by specific heat and heat capacity. (BTU per lb. Per degree F; Density lb. Per cu.ft.; Heat Capacity BTU per cu.ft. per degree F)

When it comes to stating R-values in residential construction, the insulation values applied to a wall or ceiling typically refer to the R-value of the insulation material that is installed, not of the wall or ceiling assembly. For example, when a 2×4 stud wall is insulated with R-11 batt type insulation, the builder states that the wall is an R-11. This is not totally accurate and is NOT TRUE since approximately 20% of the wall is not insulated at all. The wood framing and sheathing do have an R-value, but for the sake of making insulation claims, they add very little. The real R-value or PERFORMANCE R-value ends up between R-3 and R-9. Add to this, the fact that the wall is full of penetrations, such as electrical outlets etc. and the fact that the wall itself is basically hollow in nature. This added thought leads to another discussion on air leakage through the wall.

With ICF technology, the TRUE insulation value of the wall is that of the Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) since the EPS provides a continuous insulation plane from the footing to the top plate. The insulation value of the EPS is determined by the density and thickness of the material. Some ICF systems have EPS that is of differing thickness (waffle and post and beam systems) that typically average the thickness of the foam. This is, in my opinion, not an accurate measurement since a bucket with a hole in the bottom doesn’t carry as much water as a solid bucket with a hole at the top. Most ICFs utilize EPS foam that has a density of approximately 1.5 lbs pcf to 2.0 lbs pcf. The insulation values differ only slightly in that range and depending on the testing laboratory, provide R-values between R-4 and R-4.5 per inch of EPS thickness.

The claim that ICF walls are an R-50 started a few years ago after the Insulating Concrete Form Association (ICFA) and several members commissioned CTL Laboratories in Chicago to perform some R-value testing and analysis. The summary of the report basically said that depending on the climate zone, the PERFORMANCE R-values for ICF technology is as high as an R-52 when COMPARED to typical wood frame and batt construction. In order to make the comparison correct, one must insure that the comparison is being done vs. the alternative to ICF on the particular project. On average, the performance R-value is much less than the claimed R-50. Research by the consumer must be done to clarify the comparison for the actual project. In short, ICF will PERFORM at an R-50, but that statement is not accurate as far as an insulation value goes.

For more information on insulation values, green building, and energy efficient building, try these websites for research:Energy Star Program, Concrete Homes. Do a Google search to find others many others. It is worth noting that there are many options for research on the internet and that I neither own nor control any of the suggested research links listed in this article.

Myth 2: Waterproofing

Yes, below grade concrete construction should always be waterproofed and this includes ICF technology. Three options include: dimpled membrane, peel and stick membrane, and roll-on/spray-on products. In some jurisdictions in the US, a combination of dimpled membrane and peel and stick membrane or roll-on/spray-on products must be used to meet local building codes. It is best to consult your local building code officials and your local ICF supplier to ensure that you meet the minimum code requirements and use only products that are compatible with EPS.

Myth 3: Termites and Bugs

According to the ICFA, the International Residential Code has provisions in the IRC to allow for foam to be used below-grade. The IRC stipulates in addition to chemical soil treatment, foam can be used below-grade on the exterior of the wall if one of the following requirements is met:

  1. All interior partition walls and roof trusses are built of a non-combustible material such as steel studs or pressure treated lumber.
  2. An approved method for protecting the foam plastic and structure is used.

Polyguard Underseal(TM) XT Waterproofing Membranes has an evaluation report that shows they are an approved method for protecting foam from termites below-grade. Checkout the Polyguard website for additional Polyguard information. Tip, you may want to install an aluminum termination bar along the top edge (AKA: termite stop-ant stop). One benefit, besides stopping insects, is that the termination bar helps out with screeding stucco, etc. over the foam which you will need to protect the exposed area of foam. Also, don’t run your siding down to the grade. This is just another shortcut for ants, termites, and other insects to get up the wall and start nesting behind your siding.

Remember, these insects don’t eat the foam, but they can burrow through it, especially in search of food. Eliminate the food source and eliminate the problem. Wood products can be totally replaced in your new home. There is no longer any reason to use wood products in areas of the US with high termite infestation. Consider steel framing, AZEK Trimboards and V-Buck for your next project and get the wood out! Although many additional myths exist and continue to thrive, it is important that you remain diligent in your information gathering. As you seek additional information, be sure to work with those that have the heart of a teacher. Seek those that have a passion for the industry and both understand and can explain the issues.

Over Boarding a Ceiling – A Short Explanation

I often overboard lath and plaster ceilings this is because the customer does not want to pay for the time it takes to pull down and old ceiling and clear it up. Due to lath and plaster ceilings normally being full of rubbish and the dust created is unbearable I normally recommend the overboard option.

So With an overboard if the ceiling is lath and plaster I would use 9.5mm plasterboard this would allow for the just not being level as the plasterboard will "go with" the joists. It is also easier to lift 9.5mm board above your head for tacking.

So the first ting I normally do I find the joist the best way is to smash a hole in the ceiling with a hammer and have a look, once you have found a joist they are normally 401mm or 601mm apart.

I go round and mark on the wall where all the centres of the joists are then I get a chalk line and run it form one side of the ceiling to the other this will accurately mark the ceiling with the joist centres. This does take a fair bot of time but saves an age of time in the long run.

With all the joist marked measuring and cutting the plasterboard is easy as ll you do is measure to the lines and cut. Most rooms are not square so you will find that you will need to do some awkward cuts but that's is just the way it goes.

The tools I use are two props or dead-men which can be bought very cheaply drywall screws a cordless drill for screwing the screws. A chalk line along with a tape measure and stanley knife.

Remember that all the screws need to be flush with the board otherwise when the ceiling gets plastered they will catch their trowel and it will leave the screw proud.

Choosing the Best Flooring for Your Kitchen

The kitchen floor is one of the areas most susceptible to abuse – scratches, dropped chinaware, splattered juice, grease and sunlight. Add these factors to the high amount of foot traffic in this area and you can imagine just how much wear and tear the kitchen floor suffers day after day! If your kitchen floors need replacing, you might want to consider these options:

Solid Wood Solid wood scores high if beauty and natural warmth are on the top of your list. Moreover, it can be sanded and refinished several times whenever your floors are in need a facelift! However, solid wood flooring is harder to install and tends to dent, discolor and wear more quickly as compared with other alternatives. Plus, solid wood flooring cannot be installed in the basement and other damp places.

Engineered Wood This flooring material is fast becoming a favorite substitute for solid wood flooring among many homeowners today. Engineered wood uses a wood veneer over plywood and can be floated, nailed, stapled or glued just like plastic laminate flooring. The downside of this flooring material is that it dents easily and wears quickly. Be wary of small spills if you insist on using engineered wood since it can damage the surface quite easily. Remember to take extra care of it since engineered wood can only be refinished once.

Ceramic Tiles – Ceramic tiles fit beautifully in any kitchen. It is also resistant to some of the most common factors that wreak havoc in any kitchen floors. What’s the downside of using this material? Installing ceramic tile flooring can be quite difficult. And one other thing – cups and dishes will surely break quite easily when dropped in this hard surface!

Plastic Laminate – If you are looking for a tough flooring material that can be easily installed, you should consider plastic laminates. Plastic laminates are also considered as the fastest growing alternatives to wood. The best plastic laminates in the market can match solid wood point for point. Some can even be better than wood in terms of resistance to scratches, dents and moisture. You will also be amazed with the great variety of colors and designs available! However, laminates can be damaged by large spills and it cannot be refinished when its surface begin to show signs of wear and tear.

Linoleum – Most consumers often confuse linoleum with vinyl. However, there is a great difference between the two. While vinyl is made up of plastic materials, linoleum is composed mainly of linseed oil and wood products. For homeowners who want a natural and resilient flooring material that holds up to dents, sunlight and moisture quite effectively, linoleum can clearly be the right choice. Moreover, linoleum comes in a wide variety of colors and styles so there will always be one that is perfect for your kitchen!

Vinyl – And finally, there is vinyl. Vinyl can be ideal for your kitchen floors if resistance and durability are on the top of your list. Vinyl has been proven to stand up to the abuse brought about by the sun’s UV rays, moisture and stains longer than any of the other flooring materials. You can also get to choose from the many designs and colors available. Some premium vinyl products can even look like stone and other natural materials. Plus, installing vinyl can be a breeze; you can get it done in no time at all!

These are just some of the most common flooring options that you can use in your kitchen. Each one of these options has unique features and qualities as well as downsides. Use this as a guideline in choosing the right flooring material for your kitchen and you can never go wrong!

Penis Enlargement Pump – Erect Your Penis Now With Comfort

As a man you have always wanted to have a bigger penis to enjoy your sex life to its fullest with your partner. You must have been tired of this small penis humiliation. Earlier you might not have any solution for this but today there are whole set of treatments available to cure your penis problems. These penis treatments range from pills, pumps to surgery etc.

Penis pumps are one of the most powerful ways to enlarge you penis. They are a brilliant gizmo for giving you harder and more fantastic erections. Penis pumps are shortcut for instant cock growth and a guaranteed way of helping you maintain a strong, firm erection.

The pump, placed over the penis, causes the erection. The band, placed on the lower part of the penis, is used to holds the erection. Pumping causes blood to flow into the exposed area, fill the erectile tissues with blood and enlarge them. The objective of penis pump is to experience the temporary results or appearance, but often it’s used along with a plan for permanent penis enlargement. One of the effective penis pumps which are making its mark in the penis enlargement industry is MaxMedix.

How to Use Penis Pump

It’s better if you stretch your penile muscles before using any penis pump, making sure they’re more receptive to the vacuum action to give you harder erections without any risk to your penis. You can also try a lubricant to get you really charged up and ready for action.

Most penis pumps have an airtight cylinder which is placed over the tube of your penis to create a vacuum to enlarge your erection. Basically, the main purpose of airtight cylinder is to increases blood flow into the muscles.

When blood flow towards the tip of your penis and tip of your penis is increased, the muscle tissue expands to hold the inflow of blood, which means a more stocky erection for you.

Pressing the handle attached to the cylinder of your penis pump will slowly increase the blood flow to your penis you can control the frequency of pumps and pressure applied to your penis. The erectile tissue in your penis will react to regular pumping.

There is debate over penis pumps that whether they should be used for long-term or not. But, like most of the things, if you want a more firm erection that lasts longer than just one pumping session, you have to work at it over time.

MaxMedix – An Effective Penis Enlargement Pump

This man enhancement system is distinctively designed to help men solve their penis erection problems and enhance the size of your manhood. The vibrating mechanism present in this device helps to rouse the penis and to increase blood flow to the area of erectile tissues.

Electronic arousal function of MaxMedix penis pump makes it superior from the rest. It works effectively to increase the average penis size in terms of both length and girth. This pump is lightweight and powerful in application. It is also safe and easy-to-use. All of this by only using the pump for about 10 minutes a day!

After using a pump, most men see and feel an increase in their average penis size.

Advantages of Penis Enlargement Pump

Penis pumps like MaxMedix provide a lot of benefits. Some of them are listed below:

  • Stronger, bigger cock for more satisfying sex or pleasing masturbation.
  • Helps to achieve and maintain erection.
  • Can be used as a form of foreplay.
  • Safe to use.
  • Light in weight.

All these benefits comes with the penis pumps but you must not forget that if you order a penis pump then just don’t jump in instantly to use it. Firstly you must read the instructions manual given along with the pump, so that you can prevent yourself from any kind of risk that can occur because of the malfunction of the pumps. Just use penis pumps safely and enjoy your sex life way better than before.

The Five S's of Lean

Lean is an approach to process improvement that is well-known in manufacturing, but which can be applied to any process. These "S's" originated in Japan, and help build an environment conducive to a smooth-running process.


Begin by eliminating unnecessary items from the work area. "Red Tagging" is an effective visual method used to identify unneeded items, which can then either be moved to a central holding area or discarded completely. This step frees up valuable floor space, removes broken or obsolete tools and fixtures, and makes it easier to focus on the job.


The second S focuses on careful storage so the job can be carried on effectively. These are the questions to be asked:
– What do I need to do my job?
– Where should I locate this item?
– How many of this item do I need?
Other strategies for Set in Order are painting schemes that support the work, outlining work areas, shelving and cabinets for necessary items, and standard places for tools and materials needed every day. "A place for everything and everything in it's place" is a good American version of this S.


Once the first two steps are completed, and the work space is clear with needed work items in their places, it's time to thoroughly clean the work area. Post why? Because a clean and orderly area makes work easier, raises morale, and really helps staff take pride and ownership in their work and work space. A clean area also makes it easier to spot leaks, deterioration of equipment, misalignments, and broken parts that ultimately lead to equipment failure and loss of production. The impact of the clean work space will show itself in several ways on the bottom line.


This step should always involve the staff from the job or area. There are always best practices within a work function, and the first step is to find these practices and bring them to the table. The staff discuss these and come to agreement as to the best, making these the standard for all work in that particular area. But do not stop with internal best practices, encourage staff to look outside the company, even in other industries. Southwest Airlines benchmarked the Woods Brothers pit team in NASCAR to see how their fast, effective turnaround of vehicles might have application in the airlines.


This last step aims at keeping the new changes in place, and it's the toughest to implement. Post why? Because people build habits, and even when those habits are tied to poor methods of work, they're used to them and find it hard to change. Find ways to reward maintenance of these new changes, especially during the first 3 months. You will find production up, and morale and company pride on the increase.

Do You Play Online Poker? Do not Let Yourself Go On Tilt – Learn How Now!

There are always and will always be players that get really, really upset when they lose a hand. Sometimes these players will then becomes really aggressive as if they were seeking revenge. This is known as playing on tilt.

Now playing on tilt is typically seen as a negative thing and usually entices a few savvy players to call because they believe the person is simply "on tilt" and want to steal the blinds. Here is where you can use it to your advantage without always being a pain in the ass.

Let's say you lose a hand, a fairly large hand. You do not say much just shake your head and take your next two cards. You look down at your cards and you have a monster. You have a choice; play it as you normally would or turn into a butthead for a couple minutes and start talking crap about the previous hand. This will normally throw the other players off focus because all the focus will be shifting to you. This is your opportunity to raise and play on tilt. If you're a good crap talker and raise enough you'll most likely even have someone make a comment about the fact that you're playing on tilt. Or you can say it yourself. "I'm on tilt."

Really keen players might become suspicious of you and fold but others will see it as a chance to take down an easy pot. The person who beat you might even feel bad and decide to take pity on you and offer "charity" or a "donation". Take advantage of these "on tilt" opportunities but also be aware of others doing the same thing. Do not let yourself be sucked in by another "on tilt" player.

Acura Legend – Insight Into Various Generations

The Legendary sports model, Acura Legend manufactured in 1991 was offered in base L and the LS trim versions. The sports luxury car was powered by a 3.2 liter V6 engine that delivers power up to 200 hp and torque of 210 lb ft. The engine in the car was mated to a standard 5-speed manual and it also offered 4-speed automatic transmission as optional. In 1993, the engine was upgraded to produce power of 230 hp and 6-speed manual transmission was mated to the engine.

The 1995 Acura Legend is the last sports luxury car produced by Acura in the Legend series. It was powered by a 3.2 liter V6 engine that produces power up to 149 kilo watts at an angular speed of 5500 rpm and torque of 210 lb ft at an angular speed of 4500 rpm. The engine in the car has bore size of 90.0 mm, stroke of 84 mm and compression ratio of 9.6 mm with four valves per cylinder and overhead cam.

The vehicle handling features for 1995 Legend model include four wheel disc brakes including two ventilated discs, antilock brake system, and wishbone independent front suspension with coil springs and stabilizer bar. The exteriors include chrome trim, Halogen bulb twin headlights, Front body color spoiler, Diversity antenna, Front glass electric tilting sliding sunroof with sunshade and more.

The sports luxury car was in Ten Best list during 1988 to 1990 and the Acura Legend coupe model was Motor Trend's car of the Year for 1987.

Natural Lighting, Sustainable Design, and Retractable Awnings

Natural lighting is one integral – but often overlooked – concept in both standard architectural design and sustainable design. Natural lighting is an appealing design statement because it is naturally lovely. It also is significantly more energy efficient because it reduces dependence on artificial light for most of the day.

The key to incorporating natural light is in providing brightness while managing glare – and that’s where retractable awnings can be a crucial design element.

The Importance of Lighting in Architecture

Lighting is an incredibly important method to highlight the mood and functionality of a space. In traditional architecture, natural lighting creates a specific mood to enhance comfort. Nowadays, sustainable design is introducing a complementary feature: to save energy.

One architectural book defines the patterns of light and dark as a “tapestry” that balances the room. Light highlights functional areas; it establishes and smoothes visual contrasts. Effective lighting strategies blend color, contrast, and shadows, which makes the variability of natural light attractive. The uniformity of artificial light can’t bring the same delicate touch.

Additionally, artificial light isn’t necessary. There is a giant (and electricity-free) light source right in the sky. Sustainable designs – called daylighting – use sunlight as an interior light source to cut down electricity usage. Because this is so energy-efficient, daylighting is a highly desirable component energy efficiency programs, even recognized by LEED certifications.

The key is to make the lighting scheme effective, so natural lighting has to:

– Mitigate heat gain. Too much heat, and air conditioning use becomes an energy issue.

– Control glare and UV rays. Direct sunlight can cause problems with normal tasks (reading or working at a computer).

– Optimize light. Sunlight can be a good thing, not just a thing. Good lighting creates a feeling of warmth, comfort, and well-being, as well as reduces headaches and eye strain.

Where Retractable Awnings Fit In

The key to natural light is controlling that light, and that’s where they are a vital design concept.

Retractable awnings have long been incorporated in traditional architecture to produce translucent shading – in other words, diffuse natural light. As part of a lighting scheme, they bring two important advantages:

– The fabrics of these awnings softly diffuse light, producing the warmth of the color reflecting from the fabric.

– The exterior shade from them reduces glare and prevents UV rays from entering a room.

A retractable awning enhances sustainable lighting design, as well, through better efficiency than windows, window tinting, blinds and shades, or fixed awnings:

– They reduce summer heat gain by blocking sunlight during hot, long-light months. This reduces heat gain by as much as 77% (up to 20 degrees) and cuts air conditioning use by 25%.

– They allow winter heat gain. This is incredibly important. Sunlight is crucial to providing natural heat during autumn and winter. Cutting off sunlight permanently through fixed awnings or heavy window treatments actually increases energy use in winter months – more than it saves in summer.

Designing with Retractable Awnings

Design isn’t a product. Design is a plan. Retractable awnings can enhance the lighting of a room or save money simply by being installed. But you can really maximize your investment and get truly spectacular results with a little bit of planning.

First and most important, look at the fabric. High-quality retractable awnings (even in budget lines) use solution-dyed acrylic. It’s a durable, stain-resistant, fade-resistant fabric with excellent color quality. Even better, it’s approved by the American Skin Cancer Association for its UV protection. Because solution-dyed acrylic is synthetic, it is available in an astonishing array of colors and patterns. For maximum impact on natural lighting designs, consider retractable awnings fabrics in warm, honey-colored tones like dark yellows, beige, orange, or cream. That palette provides very soft color that reduces glare while still being bright and cheerful.

Another major factor are accessories for the retractable awnings. Motors are a cinch; motorized retractable awnings are used four times more often than manual retractable awnings according to industry research. Other features like remote controls or switches allow awnings to be installed in otherwise inaccessible areas – over extremely high windows, sides of buildings, or over walkways – and be opened and closed easily. Other features like timers, wind sensors, and rain sensors can protect the retractable awning in threatening weather (and times with lowlight, when any natural light should be maximized).

And always remember to look at the frame. Almost all of the function of a retractable awning comes from what it offers indoors (light control, energy efficiency) but its beauty comes from how it looks outside. There are many frame styles, and high-end assemblers can custom-size retractable awnings to the inch. Plan where you need an awning based on your lighting and energy needs inside – but match the style to the outside for the best curb appeal.

Malaysia’s Green Building Index Requirement on Solar Reflectance Index For Paving Materials – Part 2

In recent decades, environmental issues have been discussed and debated all over the world. There are many factors that contribute towards these environmental problems. One of it is the buildings, which play a very important role in this issue; not only during construction but also throughout its service life cycle.

In Part 1 of my article, I’ve touched on the Solar Reflectance Index requirement in Malaysia’s context Breen Building Index. In this part of the article, we will go into details of what is SRI? Urban development is a very important activity for economy stimulation. However, the same development process has brought in some other effects to the surrounding. The surface and air temperature in urban area are higher compared to suburban area; and the trend is in upwards due to more suburban areas are being converted into urban areas. This condition is known as heat island effect; and though there are many factors contributing towards this, solar absorption has been identified one of the main cause for this.

The buildings and paved surface are always exposed to the solar energy, and thus absorbing more heat directly from the sun; which eventually released to the surrounding. Due to this increased surrounding temperature, the usage of air conditioning has increased tremendously which obviously leads to many other environmental problems.

What is SRI? It is a composite value calculated base on equations provided in ASTM E1980. The field value is measured using portable emissometer (ASTM C1371), which measures the surface solar reflectance and emittance value.

Solar Reflectance – is a value measured on the solid material which is indicated on a scale of 0 to 1. The value 1 means that all the solar directed to the material surface is reflected back, while the value 0 means none is reflected. Based on literature, light colors tend to have much higher reflectance value compared to dark colors.

Emittance – is measurement of how well the surface let go the absorbed heat, and also reported on a scale of 0 to 1. The value 1 indicates 100% emittance. Most of the concrete products has an emittance value of 0.85 to 0.95.

As mentioned in Part 1 of this article series, the Green Building Index of Malaysia’s requirement on SRI for concrete pavement is at least 29. Under this guideline, the concrete pavement material to be used not only must achieve the minimum SRI, but also to be used for more 50% of the paving area. Only then the project will qualify for the green points under this criterion.

Look out for my follow-up article on this topic, which will discuss more Green Building Index.

Improve Your Yard With A Bridge

A great feature to add to your home whether for decorative or functional purposes is a bridge. Bridges not only add beauty to your home but it can also serve a number of purposes, such allowing easy access to both sides of a stream or pond or using it as a walkway to explore the many different elevations in your garden.

There are many different types and styles of bridges that are available. You can even customize the type of bridge you would like, including what material you want it made out of, the length and width of it and what body style you would like. You can also add solar post caps and light up your bridge day and night. This is a beautiful accent that will definitely get your yard noticed.

The most common type of bridge is 4 feet to 8 feet long; however you can have a custom built bridge up to 40 feet long. These bridges are used as accents to ponds or streams and are fish safe. They can also be used to compliment your backyard or garden. You can normally customize these bridges with posts and ropes. Another type of bridge you can purchase is a swimming pool bridge. These bridges are designed so that swimmers will have a clearance to swim under.

If you want a bridge that is easier to maintain and will not be harmed by weather, they also offer plastic bridges. These bridges are made with Choice Premium composite materials that have rich wood grain look and feel. A plastic bridge needs no sealer or weather treatment and most importantly, you'll never have to worry about splinters.

If you prefer a bridge that is a little less eye-catching, they offer bridges with no posts that will give your yard an elegant look, without being too overbearing. There are also bridges with short posts available.

Once you have chosen your bridge, if you decide to go with a wooden one, you may want to apply a finish or a wood sealer to it; however, most people opt to letting their bridges age naturally overtime without any finish at all. You can purchase a bridge at your local home and garden store, or you can customize your very own bridge on online specialty stores. When ordering online, your bridge will arrive in pre-cut easy to assemble pieces.

Whether you're looking to add decoration to your yard, or use it for functional purposes, a bridge is a beautiful accent that you and your family will enjoy for years to come.

Is it Easy to Assemble a Bunkbed?

Have you ever wondered if a bunk bed would be easy to put together? Many people ask themselves this question when they are thinking about purchasing. Assembling a bunk bed could be different for each person. Some might find it easy while others will find it more difficult. When you purchase one you will need a few tools to help. Most of the tools that you will need are regular household tools like a wrench and a screwdriver. It may also come with some of its own tools to help assemble the bed properly. Most of us have a screwdriver around our home to fix easy jobs. And most people will have a wrench handy. If you do not have these tools they are easy to get at any store or you can borrow them from a friend. If you can have someone else around when you assemble your bed it could make the job go faster. The bunk bed will come with instructions on how to assemble it. So it is best to sit down and go over the instructions carefully before you get started.

When you purchase your bunk bed you should first lay out all the parts out on the floor so you can get familiar with all the pieces of the bed that you will need. Make sure all the parts are there and that nothing is missing before you start putting it together. There will be several screws, bolts and washers that come with the bed. These parts will all be accounted for when you assemble the bed. You will need to take your time and do one thing at a time. You want the bed to be assembled properly and be sturdy when you get it finished. So when you ask yourself is it easy to assemble it you will know the proper way to do it. It should be easy if you follow the instructions that come with it.

When assembling, the frame will most likely be the first thing you put together. Make sure it is sturdy and well constructed before you go on to the next step. Another person may be needed to help you lift one bed on top of the other. Some assemble into two separate beds and others assemble together as one entire bed. The important thing is to not get overwhelmed when putting your bunk bed together. It may look like a big project but you will do fine when you follow the instructions. There is always a phone number on the instructions you can call for help if you get stuck on putting the bunk bed together. Some stores will deliver and put you bunk bed together if you pay an additional fee. Just make sure your bunk bed is solid and sturdy. Your children will love the new bunk bed and get years of use out of it.

How to Install Security Cameras

Today more and more people have the need to learn how to install security cameras and security camera systems in their home or business. This is because crime is on the rise and DIY security cameras and security camera systems have become higher in quality, more affordable and easy to purchase. Since you no longer have to hire a professional to install security cameras, it is possible to have your home or business under surveillance in no time at – all by yourself, and at an affordable price. Here is some help and some tips on how to install your own security cameras.

Instruction Manual, Tech Support and Warranties

The first thing you’ll need to do, before you purchase any equipment, is to make sure that the system you choose comes with an instruction manual. Not all security camera systems for home and businesses come with a full printed users manual that will walk you through how to install your system. Also it’s a good idea to only purchase a camera system that comes with free unlimited technical support in case you have questions or run into problems. Not every company offers free tech support with the purchase of their cameras and camera systems. Also, check to see if it comes with a warranty on all hardware.

There are basically three pieces of equipment you’ll be working with: the cameras, receiver/DVR and the monitor.

Security Cameras

A security camera system will includes one or more cameras. The cameras come with several features so, before you purchase a system, you’ll want to know what your needs are. Following are some questions to ask yourself, that will help guide you.

• Will you be placing the cameras inside or outside? If you’ll be placing cameras anywhere outside you’ll need cameras that are built tougher than typical indoor security cameras. Outdoor cameras will be exposed to vandalism and the elements, such as wind and extreme heat or cold. There are many outdoor cameras available that are built to withstand all these outdoor conditions.

• Do you need color or black and white cameras? If there are certain situations where it is important to record details such as color of hair, vehicles or clothing, you’ll need color cameras. Black and white cameras are best if you need higher resolution and generally are less expensive than color. They also are best if you will be using infrared in no light or low light conditions.

• Do you prefer wired or wireless cameras? Hardwired Camera Systems are more reliable than wireless will require that you drill holes into walls to mount cameras and to feed wires through the walls. Wireless Security Camera Systems use radio frequency through the air from the camera’s transmitter to a receiver. The receiver picks up the signal and transfers it to a TV or Monitor or Digital Video Recorder. So no wiring is required. Wireless cameras are much easier to install and can be mounted almost anywhere and can be moved around with more ease.

• Is there a natural light source and will you be using them in darkness? Infrared cameras are a must if you will be monitoring any areas that are in total darkness or have low light situations at different times.

• How many cameras do you need? Decide how many locations you want monitored, such as doors, windows, driveway etc. This will give you an idea of how many cameras you will want included in your security system. Most security camera systems come with one or two cameras. If you might need to add more cameras, make sure the system you choose is capable of adding more cameras later.

Mounting Your Cameras

First, plan your exact security camera viewing area. This will help you decide where you will be placing the camera or cameras. If your cameras need to be mounted on a wall or other structure hold them in the position and mark the spot prior to mounting the bracket in place. If you are using a wired system, decide which areas are best to drill holes in the wall for cables. Try to expose as little of the wiring as possible in order to prevent vandalism. If you are using wireless cameras you don’t need to worry about this.


Next, connect the camera to the receiver or DVR according to the directions. Wireless cameras use no cables but keep in mind that they need to be placed within range of the receiver for it to receive transmission.


After you wire the cameras to a transmitter or recording device, you will then have to connect the recording device to a monitor for viewing. There are several monitoring options available. Some systems allow you to easily connect the camera to a typical monitor or to a TV. With others you can use your cell phone or computer as a monitor.


Home security camera systems are not the same as home security alarm systems because they do not alert you if there is an intruder. Therefore, security camera systems are often used in conjunction with home security systems.

Features Available

Lastly, here are some features you’ll want to make sure come with your security camera system:

• Instruction manual

• Cameras

• Receiver/DVR

• Quick Start Guide

• Mounting hardware

• Software CD if necessary

• Power adapters and power solutions

• Video Out Cable

• Warning stickers for windows

• Ethernet cables for Wireless

• Remote controls (optional)

Please visit our website for more tips on DIY security.

Hammer the Competition – The Single Best Volleyball Workout Drill to Help You Destroy the Opposition

Volleyball training workouts should focus on increasing your athleticism by improving your volleyball conditioning and improving your vertical jump. A smart strength and conditioning program can be made by including the following single exercise here that I know will significantly improve your game!

In order for you to destroy the opposition you must include the overhead kettlebell snatch into your volleyball training workouts. By now you may be familiar with the ancient kettlebell and understand that this strength and conditioning device is second to nothing when it comes down to developing superior athletic bodies for optimal performance. Kettlebells have molded some of the greatest strongmen and athletes for over three centuries! This is an ancient art form that is here to stay my friend. The single arm overhead snatch is a single lift that you can incorporate into your personal program to give you unbelievable core strength, hip power, explosive leg power, and shoulder stability for a long healthy volleyball career. This particular lift basically involves you having to forcefully and vertically pull the kettlebell from either between your legs or from the floor up to a held position above your head. This is done by you having to learn a technique known as the hip snap. The hip snap is done by you constantly and forcefully flexing and then extending at both your hips and knees to generate the force to lift the kettlebell to a high pull position where it elevates laterally to your head. Once the bell is at this position lateral to your head then you must vertically punch your palm to the sky. By doing this you will lock both your elbow and shoulder into place with the bell making a smooth transition over the back of your forearm.

This lift will add significant inches to your vertical leap and allow you to spike and hammer the ball on your competition all day long! If you have not gotten acquainted with kettlebells by now then I will further challenge you by asking you to access the rest of my articles on the matter for free. Remember that anyone can train hard, but only champions train smart my friend!

Mosaic Garden Stepping Stone Tiles – It is Easy & Affordable!

Why is it considered highly popular among home-makers? Simply because Mosaic Garden Stepping Stone Tiles remodeling is about ease of use, style, and the fact that it is highly affordable. One of the reasons that explain the growing popularity of these panels is the fact that they are 100% nature-made. Want to learn more about how to transform your home contemporary and luxurious? Read the following review.

Short background

Quite quickly you get to understand why it is different than any other tiling solution: Mosaic Garden Stepping Stone Tiles redecoration is made of grouping unified interlocking stones that are mounted onto a standard size mesh backing. The exotic S.E. Asian islands are mostly known for their beautiful resorts and seashores – did you know that most of these tiles are originated from these seashores? We can easily find various decorative applications: 1) Bathrooms: sinks walls, shower floors, shower backsplash 2) Kitchens: countertops and backsplashes 3) Other: patios, swimming pools, decks, fireplaces, and wine cellars.

Main benefits

This solution provides several important advantages:

* Considered inexpensive compared to other similar solutions.

* Quick & easy installation that doesn’t require any special skills or professional background.

* Easily adjusted to almost any surface size especially when it comes to tiling around taps and small narrow areas.

Useful tips!

* Upon completion, it is important to wait the adhesive’s recommended drying time before you begin on grouting.

* Don’t rush! – make a plan; make sure you know how to install these panels, even make a small trial first just to see that you can handle it with no problem.

* Laminate the stones with a sealer prior to installation – it’ll protect it from liquids, dirt and detergents transforming it even more durable.

We could easily find many other advantages provided by this stylish home redesigning option simply because any average and unprofessional home-maker can do it easily by him/herself.

Bottom line

What makes this unique Mosaic Garden Stepping Stone Tiles technique so special is the fact that it easily beautifies any interior or exterior areas in your home or office, providing it with a true natural look & feel. Although this is a quick review, it is highly recommended to keep these tips and advices as you are ready to begin with the installation process.