How To Make A Solar Panel From Scratch – DIY Solar Panel

Making a solar panel on your own is not necessarily rocket science but it is not the simplest of tasks either. However, with the right tools and components and closely following the given instructions, you should be successful in learning how to make a solar panel for your house.

Things needed:

– Photovoltaic cells
– All the tools in your house
– Spare picture frames
– Soldering iron
– Black and red insulated wire
– Silicone glue
– Glass or plastic cover
– Multimeter

Getting started

Buying the right kind of photovoltaic or solar cell is important. Several types of photovoltaic cells such as crystalline silicon cells and copper indium selenide cells are in the market. They are easy to find at the store and are even available online. The number of cells you need to buy is dependent on how many panels you are going to make and how much electricity you intend to produce from that.

Step 1

The cells you purchased will have lines on one side of them. Place the cells on the plastic or the glass sheet in such a way that the lined side faces the sun. There is another thing you need to know about how you can increase the voltage and the current; placing all the cells on the same wire as a series increases the voltage whereas, placing all the cells in different wires that are connected parallel to each other increases the current.

Step 2

This step is simple science. Any cell or battery has two ends – a positive and a negative. Similarly, the solar cell has positive and negative ends and these ends need to be connected logically to let the current flow through the panel. Hence, the negative side of each cell is connected to the positive side and the same is carried out for all cells. When this is done, solder the cells together by a portion of their tabs using the soldering iron. By the end of doing this, all your cells would be attached in a definite pattern.

Step 3

It is time to frame your solar cells. Stick them with their backs to the frame and slowly remove the plastic or glass sheet. Make sure that no glue falls on the lined sides of the solar cells. Next, all the negative and positive tabs of the cells have to be soldered separately. The negative tabs would now be on the cells' side with lines and the positive tabs would be on the other side. Solder a wire to all the negatives with black insulated wire and all the positives with red insulated wire. Replace the plastic cover. Now you will have two wires hanging out of the system.

Step 4

Now using the multimeter, check the amount of voltage and current passing through your panel and choose any gadgets that share the same energy specifications. If they do, then connect the positive and negative terminals respectively and finally, your brand new solar panel is in use.

Things You Should Know In Intel Pentium Series Processors

The CPU is the part of a computer that controls the operation of the computer. All arithmetic and logical operations, decoding of instructions and the execution of instructions are performed by the CPU. Early computers used several chips to handle the task. Some functions are still handled by support chips, which are often referred to collectively as a chip set.

Get information about clock speed and FSB Speed ​​of Intel Pentium series processors.

Intel Pentium

Clock Speed: 60-166 MHz

FSB Speed: 33-66 MHz

L1 Cache: 16 KB

Introduction: 1993

Transistors: 3.3 Million

Package: PGA

Socket: Socket 7

Intel Pentium Pro

Clock Speed: 150-200 MHz

FSB Speed: 50-66 MHz

L1 Cache: 256 KB

L2 Cache: 256 KB – 1 MB

Introduction: 1995

Transistors: 5.5 Million

Package: PGA

Socket: Socket 8

Intel Pentium-MMX

Clock Speed: 133-166 MHz

FSB Speed: 66 MHz

L1 Cache: 32 KB

Introduction: 1996

Transistors: 4.5 Million

Package: PGA

Socket: Socket 7

Intel Pentium II

Clock Speed: 233-450 MHz

FSB Speed: 66-100 MHz

L1 Cache: 32 KB

L2 Cache: 512 KB

Introduction: 1997

Transistors: 7.5 Million

Package: SEC

Socket: Slot 1

Intel Pentium Xeon

Clock Speed: 400 MHz-3.06 GHz

FSB Speed: 100-533MHz

L1 Cache: 8-32 KB

L2 Cache: 256 KB-2 MB

L3 Cache: 0-1 MB

Introduction: 1998

Transistors: 7.5 – 140 Million

Package: SEC and PGA

Socket: Slot 2, Socket 603 and Socket 604

Pentium Celeron

Clock Speed: 850 MHz-2.4 GHz

FSB Speed: 66-400 MHz

L1 Cache: 8-32 KB

L2 Cache: 256-512 KB

Introduction: 1998

Transistors: 7.5 – 44 Million

Package: SEC and PGA

Socket: Slot 1, Socket 370 and Socket 478

Pentium III

Clock Speed: 450MHz – 1.33GHz

FSB Speed: 100-133MHz

L1 Cache: 32KB

L2 Cache: 256-512 KB

Introduction: 1999

Transistors: 9.5 – 28 Million

Package: SEC and PGA

Socket: Slot 1 and Socket 370

Pentium 4

Clock Speed: 1.3-3.06GHz

FSB Speed: 400-800MHz

L1 Cache: 8 KB

L2 Cache: 256 – 512 MB

Introduction: 2000

Transistors:

Package: PGA

Socket: Socket 423 and Socket 478

Opening a Small Business – Get the First Step Right

Opening a small business can be a very intimidating prospect. Although you are filled with passion and excitement, you have to be careful of making the wrong decisions. Here is one crucial step you can take to get ahead of the game before you even begin the race.

Sales and marketing are the most important functions of any business. Before opening a small business you must pay the most attention possible to exactly how you will market and sell your products.

First, a quick definition: when I say marketing, I do not refer to some glamorous field in which million dollar accounts are handed over to New York advertising firms. And a “sale” does not refer to the moment when a customer exchanges money for product or service. It is a entire process that results from effective marketing.

When I refer to marketing, it is the means by which you communicate quality and value through a wide array of media and reach potential buyers, thereby generating sales. They are directly linked. Develop a strong marketing plan (the kind that brings customers in the door) and it will directly impact your sales.

Too many people open a small business because they have expertise in a particular industry. For example, a hairdresser opens up a salon, a mechanic opens up an auto repair shop etc. The most expert technician, expert or operator in business will virtually starve, unless he or she learns to market and sell!

Your product or service expertise is not enough to generate sales.

Before you begin launching your business, choosing a location or producing your new invention, find a sales and marketing expert or proceed to become one yourself. Buy sales training books, attend marketing seminars, read advertising magazines, the list goes on.

Whenever you find a professional who shares his or her knowledge in the field of sales or marketing, take advantage of it. Acquire every resource you can and use the information to create a plan.

If you follow this advice, you will be ahead of an alarming number of people who start a business, create a product and begin to wonder who will buy-only when nobody shows up.

Tree Cavity Care Or "What’s That Hole in My Tree Trunk?"

A tree cavity is a hole in a trunk or branch of a tree. A cavity is caused by damage to the bark or woody tissue of the tree. The wound can result from a pruning cut, mechanical injury caused by machinery, storm damage, dead limbs that decay into the trunk, or any injury that damages the tree. When a tree loses the bark it opens up the tree to infection or decay similar to a wound to our skin or damage to the enamel on our teeth.

Trees cannot heal the way people do but rely on compartmentalization to keep the decay from spreading, (Alex Shigo, 1986). Trees use chemical barriers to stop decay by forming a compartment to prevent its movement. This is why cutting boards made of wood have been found to be more effective against eliminating bacteria. A study in California found that families using wooden cutting boards were half as likely to develop salmonella exposure as families using plastic cutting boards. (P.K. Kass, 1992).

Previously, it was believed that cavities should be filled with cement or other fill material. For the past few decades this practice has been discouraged. Filling cavities has been found to offer no benefits to reducing decay or providing structural support for trees with cavities. The only benefit to filling a tree cavity is cosmetic.

One instance where filling a cavity may be advisable is to prevent honey bees from making a nest in a trunk or limb of a tree. The preferred method to filling a cavity is to use expandable foam formed just below the wound or callus roll. The callus roll is the tissue that trees develop to close over the wound. Once the cavity is filled with foam a layer of bondo or automobile body filler should be applied to preserve the foam. Finally a coating of spray paint should be applied to protect the body filler from exposure to the elements. Remember filling cavities is a cosmetic measure at best.

The Benefits of Using LED Aquarium Lighting

Aquariums have remained highly popular in a lot of homes since keeping fish and other aquatic animals are fairly easy to maintain, as compared with having house pets such as dogs or cats. Avid aquarium hobbyists make sure that their fish are kept in excellent condition by keeping their fish tanks equipped with various features such as filters and oxygen tanks. Another important feature that is usually overlooked by some fish keepers is aquarium lighting which helps in providing energy to the organisms living inside the tank. Keeping your aquarium adequately illuminated is truly important since it aids in the photosynthetic mechanisms of aquatic plants, and is beneficial for the overall health and well-being of the aquarium fish. There are a number of different types of LED lighting for aquarium, but one of the more popular ones is LED aquarium lighting.

For those who are not yet familiar with this type of lighting, LED stands for Light Emitting Diode, which is the main component of this fixture. It was initially introduced as supplementary night lighting for fish tanks since light produced by LED bulbs were not that intense to properly illuminate tanks throughout the day. But with the improvement of LED technology, the intensity of the illumination of LED lights sufficiently increased, and LED lighting for aquarium eventually became a popular choice for aquarium light. More and more hobbyists choose LED lighting since most aquarium freshwater plants, corals, and fish thrive with LED illumination.

Moreover, there are a number of advantages of using LED aquarium lights. LED bulbs run at very low wattage so this type of lighting is very cost efficient and can lower your monthly electricity bill. And despite using low wattage and being energy efficient, LED bulbs still produce intense illumination like other forms of aquarium lighting. Also, these LED bulbs produce powerful illumination with a low amount of heat released compared to other types of lighting since they are equipped with fans and heat sinks to lessen the dispersal of heat within the aquarium.

LED bulbs are also very flexible since they can be adjusted to a dimmed illumination depending on the most suitable level for the fish and plants within the tank. Other forms of aquarium lighting are not as adjustable and versatile since they can only produce illumination as to what is specified in their fixtures. Another benefit of using LED lighting is that they do not produce UV radiation unlike other forms of lighting. In addition, LED bulbs produce a wider light spectrum which means that they can illuminate aquariums with a wider depth. Furthermore, LED for aquarium are extremely flexible since they can be installed in a number of different ways and can be placed in different locations within the fish tank.

LED aquarium lighting has truly become the leading choice for illuminating aquariums. Although some units can initially be expensive, LED lights eventually prove to be a wise choice since they use lower energy and offer a greater flexibility as compared to other forms of aquarium lighting.

Gas Lighting: An Insidious Form of Psychological and Emotional Abuse in a Relationship

The term ‘gas lighting’ was coined from the 1940’s film, ‘The Gas Light’ starring Ingrid Bergman. “It was about a story of a husband who attempts to undermine his wife by framing her to appear insane by manipulating subtle details of her environment and insisting that she is mistaken or remembering incorrect details when she points out these changes. The title comes from the dimming effects of the home’s gas lights which happens when the husband is using the gas lights in the attic while hunting for hidden treasure. The wife accurately notices the dimming lights, but her husband insists she is imagining things and insinuating her insanity.”1

From the 1970’s onwards, the term gas lighting is colloquially used by many mental health specialists to refer to psychological and emotional abuse through manipulation. It makes victims second guess themselves and distorts their sense of reality. The purpose is also to undermine a victim’s confidence and not trust their own senses. Follow the train of thought Kimberly went through in the next example to clarify how gas lighting looks like in a dysfunctional relationship.

Kimberly was in a relationship with David for over two years. Things started off so wonderfully, and she felt she had met her soul mate. Things changed for her though over time, especially the last six months. Kimberly felt overwhelmed and tired of feeling stressed out from the intensity of the relationship. Were all relationships like this? David would constantly berate her whenever she wanted to talk about the way she felt in the relationship with him. She no longer felt valued. She would hear comments such as, “You’re over reacting. What’s the big deal? You’re too sensitive! I was just kidding, why can’t you take a joke? Our friends’ wives or girlfriends are not as sensitive as you.” Kimberly began to second guess herself whenever she would hear these types of comments. Maybe she was being overly sensitive; would David really react so strongly if she wasn’t? His comments seemed so insensitive and hurtful though. Hmm, she wondered, something didn’t feel right, but then why would he react like that? She immediately apologized to David for her insensitivity towards him and dropped the matter.

The second thing that gas lighting does in a relationship is that it takes the attention off the perpetrator. Instead of owning up to or hearing the other person’s side of the story, they are defensive and will retaliate. Sometimes the very issue you are trying to raise, they will turn around and accuse you of. Unfortunately, this type of psychological abuse happens too often in dysfunctional relationships. There might be additional abuse occurring as well. It also renders a person helpless who may struggle with codependency, even more. Gas lighting makes the victim more dependent upon the perpetrator through ignorance of what is really occurring in their situation. It makes it difficult to set boundaries or leave an abusive relationship.

People with personality disorders, such as Narcissistic Personality Disorder or Sociopaths may often use gas lighting in their relationships. Be aware of addictions as well in relationships where gas lighting is occurring. Until victims of gas lighting understand what it looks like and what it does to the victim, they often continue to remain in a toxic relationship. Often, these victims struggle with codependency in how they relate to partners who use gas lighting. Knowledge is power in this type of situation.

1. Definition found on Wikipedia.

Common Communication Barriers

Communication in relationships is one of the biggest challenges that people need to deal with today. Whenever you put two people together in a relationship, they each bring different values, beliefs, expectations, history, education, agendas, goals, personality style, communication style, feelings, life outlook and old baggage to each and every interaction.

It is difficult, at best, to communicate effectively with another person with each of these unique life outlooks, agendas and differences. The keys to better communication in a relationship are recognizing these differences, and the willingness to be flexible, accepting, understanding and non-judgmental of the other person's views, opinions or communication style.

Almost always, the root of communication difficulty can be found in any one of the previous areas.
The first step in improving communication with another person is to look inward rather than outward for the cause of the problem. This is not always easy, as we tend to "fall in love" with our own views, opinions and attitudes. As far as most of us are concerned it is not me but you that has the problem! You must be willing to take at least 50 percent of the responsibility of the quality of your overall communication.
Here are a few things to consider as you try and create an open, honest and nurturing climate in your relationship.

1. Do not invalidate the other person by your words or actions.

2. Listen to them without an agenda or expectations.

3. Observe your own non-verbal signals while your partner is talking.

4. Look for their real intent and bypass his or her delivery.

5. Avoid negative words that can sting the other person.

6. All anger is rooted in fear so look beneath the anger and ask yourself –

what is my partner afraid of?

7. Lean to be an encourager.

8. Give frequent verbal appreciation.

9. Do not interrupt them.

10. Ask probing open ended questions.

11. Keep eye contact.

12. Avoid dealing in blame or finger pointing.

Remember that most people are doing the best they can with what they have at their disposal at the present time. And do not forget that when you judge another person, these judgments say more about who you are than who he or she is.

Fingerprint Safes Offer the Latest in Biometric Security

Fingerprint safes are similar to traditional security safes; however, these units allow and deny access to the safe after a fingerprint has been successfully authenticated. Many safes solely use these types of readers to provide access to authorized users; while other units use a combination locking method which might be a key, access card, PIN code or other authentication method to provide for additional security. Fingerprint safes have many positive attributes that make them an excellent solution for those looking for quick easy access to their valuables, documents, or other sensitive materials.

Biometric technology uses human characteristics as identification markers to authenticate users. One of the most popular types of products on the market that use this type of technology is Fingerprint safes. Beyond safes, Fingerprint scanners also read other identification markers including hand geometry, retinal patterns, voice and speech patterns. These types of units that use fingerprints are the most common method in safes as they are easy to use and provide advanced security. As mentioned before, a Fingerprint safe may also require additional authentication methods such as a PIN or key to provide access to the contents inside.

Fingerprint safes are generally very easy to program which makes them a popular choice when seeking a model that is best for your needs. Most safes have a sophisticated scanner, which identifies a master administrator who can program additional users with ease. Most models have the ability for the administrator to easily add or delete users who can access the safe, yet not provide them with access to reprogram the safe.

For a simple Fingerprint safe, users are allowed access to the contents with the single swipe of a fingerprint. For multi combination safes, once the user has been authenticated they may also require a PIN security code, combination, or a key for added protection.

When used in commercial applications, more sophisticated safes may also come with panic features for a user to access in the event they are forced to open the safe against their own will.

Many units available for purchase also offer various level of water and fire resistance; however, be sure to check the specifications on any model you are considering. The housing materials will help protect content in the event of a fire, flood, or earthquake. If you're looking for a unit with fire and climate change protection, be sure to look for a safe with a UL rating that specifies how long the safe will protect its contents in the event of a flood, fire, or strong impact.

Wallpaper Removal – A Quick and Easy How-To

A word of warning upfront, if you have a wallpaper removal task ahead of you’re your in for a bit of work. Make sure you set aside a considerable amount of time for this project as you may run into tough spots and problem areas that will eat up a lot of time. Removing wallpaper however, while not a fun task, can be done quickly and easily if you are prepared.

First get the room ready. Remove everything from the room that can be removed. This includes furniture and rugs where possible. When the room is emptied cover the floor with a drop cloth in the area you will be working. This will aid in cleanup later.

Now get all of your tools together:

o Goggles

o Mask

o Perforator

o Bucket

o Sponge

o Glue Dissolving Agent

o Blunt Scraper

o Sharp Scraper

Goggles and a mask are on the list first for a good reason. You will have little pieces of who knows how old paper with who know what kind of glue on it flying and dripping all over the place. Wear the goggles and the mask whenever you are doing the least bit of work.

I can’t underestimate the importance of the perforator. They come in a couple styles and sizes. Get the one that is most appropriate to the amount of paper you have to remove. The perforator is pretty simple to use. With a slight amount of pressure you roll it around the wall and it makes little divots into the paper. Be careful not to press to hard as you do not want to dig into the wall itself.

Next is preparing your solution. The commercial products work well, but I’ve had good results with warm water and vinegar. If you are going to use the commercial products, be sure to follow their instructions as to mixture ratios. For the vinegar solution, 1 part vinegar to 4 parts water is sufficient for most glues. Add more vinegar if you are having difficulties.

Ok, so we’re ready to start soaking the walls. Pick a spot, not to large, and get it thoroughly wet with your sponge and solution. Some people like to use a sprayer as well, but I find the sponge and a little pressure works better. Don’t be shy about wetting the wall. Your solution needs to soak through the paper and loosen the glue. You may have to repeat this step depending on your situation.

Now comes the scrapping. Use a blunt scrapper or even a putty knife to start with. You want to avoid nicking or gauging the wall underneath to save the trouble of spackling later on. Use slow even strokes to remove the paper. If it is loose enough it will simply melt off the wall. If not, wet it again. If you continue to have trouble, you may have to switch to the sharp scrapper. Be very careful though, of both your fingers and the wall!

Once all the paper if off, you may have to repeat this process to remove extra paper layers or even a glue layer that may be left behind. You want to get all the way down to the plaster or drywall. Then, spackle any nicks or holes smooth, clean up the mess and paint to suit. Oh, and congratulate yourself on a job well done.

What to Look for in a Full Coverage Car Insurance Quote in California

Although many people feel comfortable driving with the minimum amounts of car insurance required by law in California, that’s not the case with all drivers. For someone looking for a full coverage car insurance quote in California they need to first be aware of what type of policy will best suit their current needs. The answer will be dependent on both their past driving history as well as the vehicle they are driving now.

If you’ve had a challenging driving past that’s included several collisions that were your fault as well as speeding tickets you should expect to pay more for full coverage car insurance. You must be forthright when detailing your driving history as every insurance company in the state of California will access your driving record through a Motor Vehicle Report. If it shows you were less than candid on your application it may mean you won’t be offered coverage.

Individuals who drive a newer vehicle should have physical damage coverage. This comes in the form of collision and comprehensive coverage and offers complete protection should your vehicle be damaged. The coverage typically extends beyond just damage that is the result of a collision, but also vandalism, theft and even flooding.

Uninsured motorists are unfortunately a fact of life everywhere, including California. Although coverage against uninsured motorists is optional, it should be included when you are looking for a full coverage car insurance quote. Specify that you want this coverage so the agent you are dealing with will include it for you.

Many people add extras onto their vehicles including stereo systems or DVD players. If you have done this, ask about a rider that will cover the cost of having those replaced should they be stolen or damaged. This will likely raise the cost of your car insurance quote, but it’s best to be fully protected.

Steel Buildings

Steel buildings have a vast amount of uses, in fact, these buildings can be used as an office or living space and as a storage building. These buildings have changed according to the specific needs and how they will be used. Interestingly, steel buildings started to gain popularity in the 20th century, when these buildings were used throughout the World War II. These buildings become even more popular after the war when steel was more available.

There are many of advantages to steel buildings like high quality and low maintenance costs. They are also non combustible and are environmentally friendly. They are also more budget friendly than any other construction methods.
However, just as there are advantages, there must be disadvantages and one of the disadvantages to these types of buildings are their heat conductivity.

Modern buildings made from steel are composed of many segments that evolve over time. Buildings created from steel have become much safer as the integrity of the bases and over all structures have been improved.
So many things can be used with Steel Buildings like restaurants, storage, work force building, or even a retail shopping center. There are also homes that are made out of steel.

When looking for a steel building you should first think about what you would want to use for your steel building. Do you want to use it for a home? A store, Or maybe for extra storage.
You can build this Steel Building in the back yard of your very own home. You can go online to get info on getting your very own building or go where ever you can to find out more information and then start from there.

Steel Buildings can also be used for barns, to store animals. If you own a farm this will be perfect for you to use to place your horses, pigs, or whatever animal you might own. If that is not your thing and you do not have animals maybe using the building for maybe a small candy store or for more storage. It'll help you to make extra money or to help keep all the clutter down and you will not have to look at the cluttered mess anymore.

Buildings can also be used as garages, where you can place your vehicle there or lawn mower and maybe even your kids bikes or riding toys. It'll save you a lot of space.
Greenhouses can also be used for Steel Buildings, if you have plants then see if you can make one into a green house.
Carports are also Steel and you can use them for sheltering your vehicles or for just shelter from the rain and or heat. Sheds can also be used for Steel Buildings, Sheds are almost like Barns and you can use them for the same thing or maybe just to place your tools.

Buildings made from steel are also used as a storage garage, just like you see in public. You can building your own storage and save money on storing the things that you have that you no longer need.

Hanging Lamps

Hanging lamps have been very popular since the old days, in decorating the room. Hanging lamps are suspended from the ceiling with the help of a hook attached to the base of the lamp. This helps the lamp to remain suspended from the ceiling facing downwards and thus being able to light up the room and unfold the décor. Hanging lamps can be illuminated with oil wicks, gas, candles or electrical devices. These lamps do not take up room space and yet deliver the desired elegance to the room.

Hanging lamps come in different shapes and sizes, made of different materials. Different patterns are used to beautify the lamp and make provisions for placing lighting devices, to conceal them. The different categories of hanging lamps include chandeliers and dinner and ceiling hanging lamps. On the basis of the designs and patterns, they can be used in different rooms. A gorgeous chandelier is apt to adorn the living room or the drawing room, whereas comparatively simpler dinner lamps are best suited for the dining rooms.

The lighting devices fitted can also vary, depending on the lamp structure. There are several bright fixtures used in chandeliers and soft mellow single lights in dinner lamps. Another popular category of hanging lamps is the flame lamp. Single flames are placed in the center of the hanging lamp, imparting an extremely ethnic and elegant look. Antique hanging lamps are also very popular among the lamp collectors. A traditional hanging lamp can refresh memories of the past and lend a unique elegance to the ambience of the room. Hanging lamps are made of different varieties of glass and wood.

Several lamp dealers sell hanging lamps online. Buyers can go through the online catalogs providing all the details of the products, including the prices and other charges.

Flooring: The First Thing a Guest Notices

When you walk into a room what is the first thing that you do? You likely look down at the floor to see what material is down there. The materials of today are absolutely beautiful and the variety is huge. You can not only select form the typical wood or tile but there are materials that look like just about any type of surface you want from concrete to grass and even water. The bottom line is that when it comes to floor covering you are only limited by your imagination.

When considering what material to put down you have to think about a few things. Not everyone chooses to take this step but those are usually the people that are unhappy with the decision they made and end up spending lots of extra time and money, not to mention the effort to replace it. When you decide to do the floors in a section of your home or business the first thing that you need to consider is the budget. The amount of money you are willing to spend will directly impact the choices you have. You also need to decide how much traffic comes through or will come through the area. Higher traffic areas demand different, more durable materials to prevent premature aging and deterioration.

The more thought you put into the type of flooring you want, before you decide to take the plunge the more likely you will be to be pleased with the decision you make long after it is made. Think hard over and over again and only put a floor down once.

Male Enhancement Pump – Warning! 2 Reasons Why Enlargement Pumps Can Be Dangerous

In this article we are going to look at male enhancement pumps. If you are thinking about beginning a regimen to enlarge your anatomy, one of the very first decisions many men make is to buy a pump, right? Why is this do you think? In my view … it has NOTHING to do with how effective they may or may not be, but simply because we all know they're out there! Let's be honest … when we THINK about male enhancement, we usually picture a pump! I'm going to tell you the truth that many folks will not – and that is that penis enlargement pumps can be dangerous, and I recommend you STAY away!

Male Enhancement Pumps Can be Dangerous!

Let's look at two reasons why. First of all, most male enhancement pumps are NOT made by professional firms and manufacturers, but rather smaller outfits that either deal directly with small independent web site owners, OR folks who double as both dealer and online "storefront" as well. Many men have had bizarre, strange and embarrassing injuries as a consequence of using poorly constructed pumps, and for that reason alone they are worth avoiding for sure.

Yet another reason to avoid enlargement pumps is ….

There have been numerous accounts of impotence, either temporary or potentially longer term as well. Some men have reported having trouble with scarring and disfigurement, especially after using professional grade traction devices which ARE made by more reputable firms. The simple truth is that there is NOTHING that a pump can accomplish that you can not do SAFELY with your own two hands, and for FAR less money …. making the idea of ​​buying a pump a silly one I simply CAN NOT recommend to my readers!

Is There a Difference Between 6 Sigma, Lean, Kaizen, BPM, Continuous Improvement, and Reengineering?

Anyone new to process work can easily become confused by so many different terms that seem to mean the same thing. I wonder sometimes why we keep adding new terms to what basically comes down to “quality.” All these techniques have the same goal — to achieve improvements in delivering a product or service to the customer. “Improvement” may follow the form of more efficiency for the business or more effectiveness for the customer. All methods have a connection to the Total Quality Management (TQM) movement promoted by gurus such as W. Edwards Deming and Joseph M. Juran, among others. Some offer a more philosophical approach than a specific set of tools.

With so many techniques to choose from, do you select the newest, the trendiest, or perhaps the tried and true method? Do you have to choose one technique? Why not take the best from all and call it something else that works in your culture. You can simply call your technique Business Process Improvement, Continuous Improvement, or something similar that works in your organization. The name you decide to use makes a difference in the acceptance rate at your company because as we all know “culture trumps process all the time.”

You may find my simplified explanation of the various terms (in alphabetical order) helpful:

  • Business Process Management (BPM): A recent term that denotes process management software. It comes from the IT world and companies that have software to sell, promote this technique. It attempts to continuously improve processes by promoting business efficiency, effectiveness, flexibility, and integration with technology. I view it simply as a new spin on using technology for process improvement…not a bad thing, but did we need another term?
  • Continuous Improvement: A more philosophical concept than a technique, CI strives to constantly improve processes. It promotes a culture of innovation and constant improvement.
  • Hoshin Kanri: A strategic planning method that uses the collective thinking power of all employees to help a company rise to the top in their field. The concept of including “all” is key to Hoshin Kanri, so that the company focuses on a shared goal. “Hoshin” means compass and “Kanri” means management (or control).
  • Kaizen: The Japanese word for continuous improvement. “Kai” means continuous and “zen” means improvement. It is not another technique, but a philosophy that denotes incremental, constant, repeatable improvement.
  • Lean: Focuses on the flow of value to the customer – anything else is considered wasteful. Companies who follow Lean have the goal of reducing the time between a customer order and shipment by eliminating waste. When you think of Toyota, you think of Lean.
  • Lean Six Sigma: Sometimes viewed as the best approach, since it combines Lean and Six Sigma, this technique merges the “process variation” aspect of Six Sigma with the “process flow” aspect of Lean, both important concepts. However, the term seems more like a sales term to me.
  • Re-engineering: Focuses on the radial redesign of end-to-end processes. It ignores the current business process and starts by designing a new process from scratch based on customer needs. While popular in the mid-1990s, it did not see much long-term success because of the lack of focus on the change management or governance process.
  • Six Sigma: A statistical method (coined by Motorola) that looks to reduce variation in process performance and strives for near perfection. The “six” refers to six standard deviations. Walter Shewhart’s work in the 1920s showed that processes required correction when they reached three sigma from the mean. With the introduction of “belts” (credited to GE), it sometimes seems like Six Sigma is the best method, and while it does focus on preventing defects and helping you to understand process complexity, I do not believe that it alone is enough. If you use this technique, remember the cultural effect of any process changes.

In summary, all techniques focus on improvement; all have the customer at the core; and all want to improve the efficiency, effectiveness, and adaptability of the business. As you read more about these techniques, you may notice what seems like territorial wars between some of the methods – e.g., lean vs. six sigma, or continuous improvement vs. reengineering. While you will find some differences (evolutionary or revolutionary, ongoing or one time, specific tools), you will see more similarity than differences.

In the end, simply think process improvement and spend time defining what “quality” means to your organization.

Copyright 2011 Susan Page