Network – Pluscom 5 Port Gigabit Switch

Since most computers these days come with gigabit (1000Mbps) network interfaces, it makes sense to run a network capable of these speeds, especially if the network is used for media streaming (video and music) or has intensive usage by several machines for different uses (VoIP, file sharing etc.).

At the lower end of the price range for network switches, the Pluscom 5 port Gigabit Switch meets the requirements for media streaming and other data intensive networking protocols. The switch supports auto-negotiation meaning that it can differentiate between uplink and common ports (ie the cable with the connection to the internet and the cable connected to the computer), auto-MDI / MDIX for each port meaning that it can differentiate between standard and cross-over cables (ie it does not matter which you use). It also adopts store-and-forwarding technology together with dynamic memory allocation, to guarantee data can be transmitted to every port efficiently and fast.

The Pluscom 5 port Gigabit Switch is small and therefore can be hidden out of sight easily so as to not impact on the available space. Alternatively it can be wall mounted.

We attached the Pluscom switch downstream of our Belkin N1 wireless router as a means of attaching a NAS drive away from the main network. The switch installed flawlessly and allowed immediate connection of both a PC and the NAS drive without any difficulties. We were really impressed with the switch and file transfers were as fast as they had been previously through the switch built into the Belkin N1 wireless router.

We would definitely recommend the Pluscom 5 port Gigabit Switch for users wishing to extend the range and capabilities of their wired network.

2010 BMW M5 Unveiled

The exterior style of the BMW M5 captures everyone’s attention towards the model. The dynamic lines run through the impressive frontage, through the rear end of the car. Uniquely shaped taillights and the four chrome plated steel exhaust pipes prettify the rear side of the sports car, while the double kidney shaped front grille and sparkling xenon headlamps highlights the fascia. The occupants of the car are guaranteed with a comfortable and luxurious ride. Passenger safety and comfort is enhanced by featuring extremely resilient and stiff body shell. The model scores good results in the crash tests.

Apart from the exteriors, the sports model, is featured with high quality interiors. Some of the amenities provided in the interior region include white illuminated scale rings, center console, and leather wrapped multi function steering wheel. Not only the features, the sports car has roomy interior. The leg space and the head space are sufficient for any tall drivers. The controls and the buttons in the car are placed with the control of driver.

The new variant is also featured with all the needed safety amenities like central locking system, seatbelts, antilock braking system, engine immobilizer, collapsible steering column, anti theft alarm, child safety locks, seat belt pretensioners, safety electronics system activated to the air bags, deformation zones and side impact air bags.

The base price of the sports variant starts at $203,500. The sports car is offered in various colors, including sapphire, interlagos blue, alpine white, Monaco blue, silver stone, sepang bronze, space grey and Indianapolis.

Building Exterior, Expansion And Contraction Issues

Property owners, building management, engineers and architects are plagued with the issue of expansion and contraction within a building. Regardless, whether the building is a commercial, industrial or residential structure, the edifice is constantly expanding and contracting related to the ambient temperature. As the temperature rises the building expands, temperature decreases the building contracts. When using different type materials, the building components will expand and contract at different rates. Concrete, brick, masonry block, steel, wood, vinyl and plastic, each have a different rate of movement. Dissimilar materials can have extensive affects on joints over long periods of time.

To best describe how a typical building expands and contracts, imagine a dry sponge representing the exterior of the structure. The dry sponge is at its absolute contraction point. Saturating the sponge; it allows the sponge to swell to its absolute expansion point, in all directions. As the moisture is released from the sponge it maintains a median state when the ambient temperature hovers around 70 degrees. The ambient temperature rises the building expands, the ambient temperature decreases the building contracts. So ask yourself, how does the expansion and contraction of a building affect the building components?

Typically, engineers and architects take in consideration of this movement process when designing structures. Expansion joints are utilized to compensate for the expansion and contraction of the edifice. Expansion materials are placed within the joint to seal against moisture intrusion. Unfortunately, this is a component that requires maintenance every 5 to 7 years. However, the design team fails to consider the exterior coating components, such as the painting system. The exterior wall expands in all directions, which requires the paint material to expand at the same rate as the substrate. If different materials are utilized to construct the exterior wall, each material will expand at a different rate requiring a joint to separate the various materials. Therefore, whenever two materials meet on the exterior façade a joint should be provided to separate each material.

The joint systems utilized on building exteriors consist of various materials; rubber, silicone, urethane and metal. Typical construction practice is to install the joint sealant or expansion joint material as the exterior façade in erected. The exterior color, in the form of paint, is installed over the exterior façade during construction. When installing paint products over a silicone material during construction, than failure will occur. Typical paint products do not bond to silicone materials. Once a failure occurs within the painted surface moisture will infiltrate the exterior façade causing further failure of the painted surface. In addition, typical paint products are unable to expand and contract at the rate of the substrate that it’s applied over; thus causing failure within the painted surface. Reducing the longevity of the paint protection to the building envelope.

Technology has developed various systems that can alleviate the problems that occur during design and construction; provide the moisture protection and the longevity expected by property owners. These exterior components are capable of handling the expansion and contraction requirements of the various materials. Expert exterior contractors are familiar with the various products and systems. When properly installed the building envelope will continue to provide the protection required for over 30 years. Ultimately, this reduces the maintenance budget for the building owner, reduces moisture infiltration and reduces the possibility of mold growth.

Understanding the "Donut Hole" of Medicare Part D

For those who have enrolled in Medicare Part D, this is the time when many will enter the so-called “donut hole” where the plan requires you to pay all of your prescription drug costs.

On January 1, 2006 the United States government launched its Medicare Part D program. The plan is designed to assist those who are Medicare eligible afford the ever increasing costs of prescription drugs. For many, this plan has been a blessing. For others, Medicare Part D is a confusing program too complicated to understand.

The basic plan involves a premium averaging $35 a month. You will have a deductible of $250. This means you will pay the first $250 of all your drug costs before the plan will begin paying. Medicare Part D will then pay 75% of your prescription costs until you pay another $500 out of your own pocket. You then enter the dreaded “donut hole.”

You are now required to pay all of your prescription drug costs until you pay another $2,850. If you make it through this “donut hole,” you will have paid $3,600 out of pocket expenses so far this year for prescription drugs.

Many Medicare Part D recipients have budgeted for their prescription drug costs during the previous months when they were paying just 25% of their total drug expenditures. Now, suddenly, they are required to pay the full cost and are having difficulty.

Some calculations are now required to determine how long you will be in the “donut hole.” The first step is to find out how much you are going to be spending every month on prescription drugs while you are in the “donut hole” (the full cost of the medication). Multiply how much you are spending every month by the number of months remaining in the year. If this number is over $2,850, you will make it out of the “donut hole” by the end of the year. After you have spent another $2,850, the Medicare Part D plan will pay 95% of your drug costs, leaving you with just 5% of the costs for any remaining months of the current year.

If your figure is less than $2,850, you will not make it through the “donut hole” and will be required to pay all of you drug costs until January 1. Creative techniques for lowering your drug costs should now take place to help ease this expense.

If you have been taking the same medication for at least six months, you may want to consider buying in bulk. Pharmacies charge a dispensing fee every time you get your prescription filled. This fee is added on to the cost of the actual pills. The more pills you buy at a time, the lower the cost-per-pill. Your Medicare Part D plan may not pay for more than a thirty day supply. You are not required to use your plan and not using your plan may be beneficial if you will be remaining in the “donut hole” through the end of the year. Simply tell your pharmacist that you want the price for a 90-day supply of your medication. You will see that this will be less than three times the 30-day supply price.

You can make your pharmacy experience less aggravating by having all your prescriptions due at the same time. This requires some figuring to determine how much of each medication you will have to buy. You will want to have the same number of pills for each of your prescriptions. This allows for fewer trips to the drug store and less hassle.

One of the most popular money saving techniques is cutting your medication in half. Prescription drug prices do not double with a doubling of the dose. In fact, often times the price does not increase much at all. Check with your pharmacist if your medication can be cut. If so, ask your doctor to call the pharmacy for twice the dose and take one-half tablet. You can save almost 50% by just cutting your tablets in half.

You should always get the generic medication when available. Generics are just as effective as the more expensive brand name drugs. The Food and Drug Administration regulates all prescription medication and generics must be equivalent to their brand counterparts. Generics are much less expensive because the patent has expired and several drug manufacturers can compete, bringing the price down.

If you are currently enrolled in Medicare Part D and have not reached your “donut hole,” get ready. Do not be shocked when you go into your local pharmacy and the cost is much more than you are used to paying.

Try to use the money saving techniques laid out here. It may be a little difficult in the beginning but the savings are real. It is not the pharmacy’s fault; you have entered into…the donut hole.

Lighted Wall Fountains Give an Illuminating Effect

Lighted Wall Fountains for a Hollywood Style Home

Lighted wall fountains are becoming all the rage and it's no wonder why. While all water fountains and water features, be they wall fountains, cast stone or slate fountains or indoor waterfalls, can liven up the drabbest interiors. Illumination can truly bring out their magical effects. When the sun goes down and all is dark, a wall fountain, helped by some imaginative illumination, helps bring out hidden accents in the design that may have not been visible in the daylight. The color of the polished river stones, urns, basins, and other objects and adornment that complement the fountain can be highlighted by the use of clever lighting.

Lighted Wall Fountains Bring Out Hidden Accents

Almost always, wall fountains will look better when they're illuminated. Think of the Bellagio Fountain in Las Vegas. It's one of the most enduring and endearing symbols of the city, beside the clubs on the Strip of course! The Bellagio Fountains are beautiful by day, expansive and large scale as they are. But it's at night, accented with spectacular illumination and complemented by music, that the sheer overwhelming beauty of the iconic fountain is made clear.

For those who wish to add such illuminated fountain magic to your home, without having to purchase the next 4 houses on the block to make room for the new fountain, lighted wall fountains provide the answer.

A Wall Fountain Offers Imaginative Illumination

The beauty of a lighted water feature can be traced to more than the positioning of bulbs. These lights have to be strategically placed for the true beauty of the fountain to shine though. For instance, imagine a fountain that shows a girl pouring a pitcher of water. The effect is beautifully enhanced when fully lit.

Consider, however, if the illumination was to include only the statue of the girl and the falling water, but exclude the point at which the water hits the base. Then you have the illusion of water falling into unseen depths. This creates a spectacular and intriguing effect. This is the power of illumination, the power to tantalize and provoke. Lighted wall fountains present countless color : such Possibilities. The use of With some imagination, and the right amount and color of illumination, lighted wall fountains can Enthrall and the awe the viewer.

LED Home Lighting – A Buyer’s Guide

Whether you are just intrigued by the new LED home lighting products appearing in many stores, or are keen to contribute in the fight against climate change (global warming) or simply want to save money on your fuel bills, the fact is that LED home lighting is the future.

So sooner rather than later, you’re going to have to learn what this future means to you personally and how you can in fact benefit considerably from new low power consumption domestic LED lighting.

This article aims to dispel some of the confusion that surrounds the many lighting solutions currently available to consumers and provide a useful guide to evaluating and buying LED home lighting.

Where should you use LED lighting in your home? The nature of LED lamps is that they emit is directional light – focused on a single area. So they are a superb choice for lighting applications that have similar characteristics, such as:

  • spot lights
  • accent lighting
  • tracks and clusters
  • recessed down lights
  • security lighting
  • courtesy lights
  • desk lamps
  • decorative & feature lighting

Many homes have this kind of lighting in kitchens, bathrooms, hallways and basements – anywhere that needs to be brightly lit.

LED units also function well in strips, so under kitchen units and inside cupboards are ideal – also they give off almost no heat, plus the extremely bright light is needed in a fairly confined area rather than spread widely.

What LED lights are presently less adept at is all round illumination – from say a table lamp with a lamp shade.

Key point one: keep to what LED home lighting currently does best – bright directional lighting.

Something that confuses many people about LED lights is “color”. This is not color as in green and orange – it is “white color”. LED lamps come in a variety of “white colors” – from soft, warm illumination to a sharper, colder effect.

As a rough guide, “warm white” LED lights work best indoors while “cool white” is a good choice for outdoor LED lighting where you typically want sharper definition and illumination that approximates daylight.

Key point two: understand the LED light “color” scale.

Next, we get to input power ratings or wattage. We are used to knowing that 100w is bright while 40w is suitable a lounge maybe and 10w is essentially a courtesy light. But home LED lighting doesn’t conform to this scale for the simple reason that LED light bulbs require very low power consumption since nearly all their input power is converted to light and almost no energy is wasted as heat.

To replace a 50w halogen lamp (both MR16 and GU10 fittings are widely available for LED equivalent replacements) you would be looking at an LED spot light rated at 7w. Step up to a 12w LED and you’re taking on a regular floodlight.

There is a further complication to consider. The LED “color” affects how bright it actually appears to human eyes – cool colors seem sharper and apparently brighter than warm colors. Mentally adjust the wattage equivalent up or down a fraction according to the LED color.

Key point three: LED lights are very low energy units, so get used to a much lower wattage scale.

In addition to color and wattage, the angle of the light beam from an LED lamp has a major effect on how it looks and how bright it appears.

A narrow angle of less than 40 degrees will focus all of its light onto a small area which will therefore appear very bright. A wider angle of 70 to 120 degrees will cast light over a wider area and thus more will be illuminated but less brightly.

Key point four: take into account the beam angle of any LED lamp.

Finally, where to buy LED home lighting? If you are new to domestic LED lighting then the answer is: wherever you can actually see the LED light unit or at least a good photograph so you can assess how a particular LED application will appear in your own home before you buy it.

Specialist lighting shops often have displays you can look at (and also catalogues with photographs), and many big DIY and general stores now include LED units in their display lighting.

Unlike conventional light bulbs, LED home lighting is a long term investment which will save you a lot of money in the decades to come but the costs are all upfront, since most LED lights actually cost less to run than to purchase. They last for a very, very long time so you do not want to make a hasty purchase you could be stuck with for many years.

As ever, quality and reputation are factors to consider closely. An LED product from a recognised manufacturer that has a reasonable amount of information on the packaging is likely to prove a reliable product that performs as you would expect – whereas a cheap no-name LED unit on eBay is probably not.

That said, buying LED home lighting online is cost effective and perfectly safe once you have decided which particular types of LED lamps suit you and you are careful to buy from reputable web sites that offer warranties.

Key point five: quality and reputation count most; buy from established, reputable suppliers.

Ten Commandments of Intercultural Communication

More and more companies around the world are hopping national borders to conduct business. Regardless of the organization you join, you are likely to be dealing with people who come from various national, religious, and ethnic backgrounds. Communicating across language and cultural barriers at home will also challenge your skills. Without leaving your own country, you’re likely to come into contact with people from a variety of backgrounds who work in your company, industry, and community.

Communicating with people from other cultures can be challenging. At the same time, your ability to foster successful communication between people of differing cultures will bolster your success in business and career. To overcome cultural barriers to effective communication, you must first learn what culture actually means. Culture is a shared system of symbols, beliefs, attitudes, values, expectations, and norms for behavior.
Subcultures, in turn, are distinct groups that exist within a major culture.

Cultures differ in several ways that affect communication:

• Stability: conditions in the culture may be stable or may be changing either slowly or rapidly;

• Complexity: cultures vary in the accessibility of information.

• Composition: some cultures are made up of many diverse subcultures and generally, the fewer the subcultures in a person’s background, the easier it is to communicate, because you have fewer potential differences to consider;

• Acceptance: cultures carry in their attitudes toward outsiders, some are openly hostile, some maintain a detached aloofness, and others are friendly, and cooperative toward strangers.

By bridging these differences, you can successfully achieve intercultural communication. However, the four elements of culture are very general in nature. They don’t say much about how to communicate with persons from other cultures. Here are the so called ten commandments of intercultural communication.

I. Be aware of differing social values;

II. Be aware of differing status symbols and how to demonstrate them;

III. Be aware of decision making customs: not all people like to make decisions quickly and efficiently;

IV. Be aware of concepts of time: not all people like to see time as money;

V. Be aware of personal space: people from different cultures have different ‘comfort zones’;

VI. Be aware of cultural context: people from certain cultures (called ‘high-context cultures) rely less on verbal communication and more on the context of nonverbal actions and environmental settings to convey meaning. People from low-context cultures like the USA rely more on verbal communication and less on circumstances and implied meaning to convey meaning;

VII. Be aware of body language: learn the basic differences in the way people supplement their words with body movement;

VIII. Be aware of different etiquette rules or manners: what is polite in one culture may be considered rude in another;

IX. Be aware of legal and ethical behavior;

X. Be aware of language barriers: English is the most prevalent language in international business, but it’s a mistake to assume that everyone understands it.

Learning as much as possible about another culture will enhance your ability to communicate with its members. Read books and articles about the culture and talk to people who have done business with that culture’s members. Concentrate on learning something about the culture’s history, religion, politics, values, and customs. Find out about a country’s subcultures, especially its business subculture, and any special rules of protocol.

Here are some tips when communication interculturally

• Take responsibility for communication

• Withhold judgments

• Show respect

• Empathize

• Tolerate ambiguity

• Look beyond the superficial

• Be patient and persistent

• Recognize your own cultural biases

• Be flexible

• Emphasize common ground

• Send clear messages

• Increase your cultural sensitivity

• Deal with the individual

• Learn when to be direct

Different File Cabinet Locks To Use

There are a lot of different file cabinet locks that you might not be aware exist if you are not familiar with office equipment. There are some that will work better for protecting your files than others, so it will be helpful for anyone who has files that need to be protected to know about the different ones that are available. There are also some other mechanisms that you should consider using around your office if you want to make sure that everything is secured properly. Here are a few tips that will help you to know about the ways to keep your files safe.

One thing that you should consider besides locks for the file cabinet is a keypad door lock that you can place on the door that the files are kept in. This will help to add some extra security so that not just anyone will be able to enter into the room where the files are located and take a peek if they want. It will also add protection the room in case there is a break in and the burglar is after the files you have. You want to have as many locks in place as you possibly can to keep the thief busy until the cops arrive.

When it comes to the locks that you are going to use on your filing cabinets there are a few different types to choose from. Most of the ones that a person can buy are replacements for the ones that come built into the cabinets that are purchased. These are cylinder locks that can be locked and unlocked with the turn of a key. There are also locks that can be used if you have a hanging file folder box that needs to be secured.

These are the different types of file cabinet locks that you can use to secure your filing cabinets. There are other types that you will want to look into depending on the type of cabinet you have that needs to be secured. Also make sure to consider the other devices to use in conjunction with locks for the file cabinet so that you will be able to keep your entire file room as safe as you possibly can. There is a lot of information that you will want to make sure to protect so that it does not end up in the wrong hands, so make sure that you have the best locks to use.

The Best Christmas Desktop Wallpapers Collection

Every year, as Christmas comes up, the World Wide Web offers up a lot of freebies related to the festival. Check out the best Christmas wallpapers collection on the net. Brighten up your celebrations with these beauties.

Desktop wallpapers:

The birth of the internet has changed the world. It has added more fun into the lives of people. Today, you can get anything from books and information to images and articles for free! The internet has also led to the birth of many other things. One of these is the wallpaper. Simply put, it is a full screen image that you can set on your PC screen. Time and again, it feels boring to work with computers. The wallpapers give you a break from the monotony of staring at the same desktop screen. Beautiful wallpapers refresh the mind. They let you work again with renewed energy.

The desktop wallpapers typically feature-

  1. Beautiful natural scenery
  2. Moments from human lives
  3. Pictures of tourist sight
  4. Nature and natural objects
  5. Any festive event

Christmas wallpapers for desktop:

Festivals and holidays are one of the popular wallpaper themes. Popular holiday events and festivals found on wallpapers include occasions like:

  1. Thanksgiving Day
  2. St. Patrick’s Day
  3. Christmas
  4. Easter
  5. Lord Krishna Birthday
  6. Guru Nanak festival

Christmas is one of the major Western holidays. Visit the web world and you will find a range of beautiful wallpapers on Christmas. A plethora of websites offer Christmas wallpapers for free. You can download these for no cost at all and install on your desktop as background image. The sites offer wallpapers in all desktop screen sizes.

How to set the wallpapers on PC screen?

The wallpapers are displayed as thumbnail images in an online catalog form. You can choose any thumbnail and open it in a new window in the right screen size. You have to right click on the image and select the “Set as Desktop Background” option. You can also download these into your hard drives.

The Best Christmas Desktop Wallpapers Collection

Looking for attractive Christmas wallpapers? Settle for nothing but the best! The best Christmas wallpapers feature

  1. Nativity scenes
  2. Christmas foods
  3. Christmas greetings
  4. Christmas flowers
  5. Christmas Decorations
  6. Christmas gifts

How do you search for top Christmas desktop wallpapers? It is simple. Just type ‘best free Christmas desktop wallpapers’ in the Google search-box and visit the sites that come up. Go through the wallpaper thumbnails and choose any of them for your PC screen background. The wallpaper collection normally consist of JPG images or GIF images. You can come across a lot of high definition Christmas wallpapers as well. The high quality Christmas images will bring the celebrations alive onto your desktop. They will also give you a refreshing break from your work. It will also help you get into the Christmas mood more easily.

So check out the best Christmas desktop wallpapers collection on the net and dress up your PC screen now!

For more information log on to Christmas Carnivals and contact us to

Top 10 Spirituality Quotes To Motivate Your Inner Growth

Here are some of the most powerful spirituality quotes to fire you up and help you find zeal in your spiritual work. These are in no particular order. I hope you take benefit from them.

1. "One hour's meditation on the work of the Creator is better than seventy years of prayer."

– Prophet Muhammad (s)

This gives us an idea of ​​the power of meditation, and is great motivation to take those few minutes every day to devote to your soul and your creator.

2. "There are no idle thoughts. "

-A Course in Miracles

Thoughts are the framework on which reality is built. Our thoughts shape our reality, so we must be always on guard to make sure our thoughts are constructive and positive.

3. "I am already given to the power that rules my fate. And I cling to nothing, so I will have nothing to defend. I have no thoughts, so I will see. I fear nothing, so I will remember myself."

-Don Juan

This is the philosophy of the warrior. We must have courage for our spiritual path, and this attitude will get us through when nothing else will. Of all the spirituality quotes here this one sums up this philosophy best.

4. "The stomach is to the body as the heart is to the spirit. As the body is built on what enters the stomach, so the heart is nourished from what the body senses. If the heart does not get what it needs, or is filled with unhealthy things, it becomes a house of sickness. "

-Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani

We usually do not think about impressions that enter our consciousness as food / nourishment, but we should be even more careful with the impressions we allow to enter our heart that the food we allow to enter our bellies.

5. "Without self knowledge, without understanding the working and functions of his machine, man can not be free, he can not govern himself and he will always remain a slave."

-GI Gurdjieff

This is a call to self-knowledge, from which all spiritual growth stems. All of these spirituality quotes are a call to self-knowledge in their own way.

6. "You were born with wings. Why prefer to crawl through life?"


We must realize that we live far below our legitimate level of existence. Our lives are a precious and amazing thing, and we owe it to ourselves to seek the restoral of our natural state as representatives of God on Earth.

7. "All wrong-doing arises because of mind. If mind is transformed can wrong-doing remain?"


This quote goes to the heart of spiritual growth, one big aspect of it being work on our own psychology.

8. "He who controls others may be powerful, but he who has mastered himself is mightier still"

-Lao Tzu

Mastery of the self is our primary way of moving towards closeness to Truth and Reality. These spirituality quotes also all have an element of this in them.

9. "A man can be given only what he can use; and he can use only that for which he has sacrificed something."

PD Ouspensky

This speaks of the universal law that nothing in the universe is free. Everything, even love, has a price that must be paid. Without sacrifice, we do not value something and can not take benefit from it.

10. "On this path effort never goes to waste, and there is no failure. Even a little effort toward spiritual awareness will protect you from the greatest fear."

-Bhagavad Gita

Spiritual development is magic because you can always go back to the place where you left it. Even if you make mistakes and think you have lost all progress, it is there waiting for you when you are ready to return.

I hope you have found these spirituality quotes enlightening and motivating as I have.

Saving Energy With Loose Fill Attic Insulation

Despite the enormous advances in energy efficient materials, insulation continues to provide the most substantial return on dollars invested. Since the 1970’s, the cost of adding additional attic insulation has proven to be the single most cost effective structural upgrade when compared to competing technologies.

The Materials

Fiberglass may be the most recognized blown-in system. In the manufacturing process, molten glass is drawn through tubes from a spinning cylinder to create extremely thin strands. The fibers are interwoven to produce a pliable material that is comprised of millions of energy-trapping air pockets.

Cellulose is a loose fill material that is manufactured from paper products, including recycled newspaper. It is fibrous in nature and therefore exhibits excellent properties as a thermal barrier. The material is treated with fire retardant chemicals such as borax and boric acid which ensures its safe application when sprayed into an attic.


Heat is transferred through three methods, including conduction, convection and radiation. Cellulose and fiberglass are most effective against conductive heat transfer and therefore are evaluated by a derivative measurement called “R-value.”

Cellulose has an R-value per inch of 3.6-3.8, while fiberglass rates at 2.2-2.6. It is important to recognize that the R-value of an installation is far more relevant than the number of inches applied. Since cellulose has a higher density than fiberglass it may require less inches, but the overall job could actually cost more.


Over time, properly installed fiberglass will settle about 1%, which only marginally affects its thermal efficiency. Cellulose tends to settle as much as 20%, which substantially diminishes its R-value. It is important to calculate this reduction in performance and consider purchasing additional material to compensate.

Fire Resistance

By its nature, fiberglass is an inorganic material that is essentially non-combustible. As a paper product, cellulose is naturally flammable and therefore is treated with fire-retardant chemicals. Certain studies have provided evidence that these chemicals begin to dissipate within six months of application.

Ecological Value

Cellulose is comprised of 80% recycled paper and 20% chemical content. However, recycled paper is a high demand product and therefore the effect on the number of trees actually saved is questionable. Fiberglass uses up to 40% recycled glass in the manufacturing process, but uses more fossil fuels in its production.

Choosing a Material

Both cellulose and fiberglass have unique features and benefits that make them attractive for blown-in applications. Attic insulation upgrades are an effective method of reducing monthly energy costs and achieving an excellent return on investment.

Drywall Vs Drop Ceiling for Basements

Ah, a finished basement. What a worthwhile remodeling project. Immediately provides additional, usable living space in the home. And, of course with insulating the exterior walls reduces heat escape and thus conserves energy. It can be thought of as a great home renovation project in the winter when folks tend to cocoon more (i.e. stay at home more) because of the inclement weather.

But, what about the ceiling? Should one install drywall on the ceiling with drywall screws attached the ceiling’s support beams, to which drywall mesh & ‘mud’ (technical jargon of home builders / renovators for what is a white paste) is applied to where the drywall boards meet, followed by sanding (drywall dust, yuk!) followed by priming and painting with ceiling paint?

Or, should one install a ‘drop’ ceiling with metal rods hung with wires attached to the ceiling’s support beams criss-crossing the basement upon which fire-retardant ceiling tiles are placed? In our basement we have both, but the majority of the basement area uses a hung ceiling.

There is more labour required with a drywall ceiling from start to finish, in my opinion. Hard labour. How do they get the 8 feet by 4 feet drywall sheets attached to the ceiling anyway? Yes with screws, but think about the physical effort. Those drywall sheets are heavy.

And then, think about the physical process of applying the mud, and then sanding the mud up on the ceiling. Wow! Painting a ceiling is hard enough.

One could say it depends on the look. Do you want your basement to look like a basement? Or, do you want to look like any floor in the house? If the latter you will likely want a drywall ceiling. So part of this is personal preference, ascetics.

However, after going through our renovations, I will never install a drywall ceiling in any basement that we may have in our futures that does not have a ceiling already.

Why? When you are doing renovations involving wiring and / or plumbing, you will spend countless hours not just running wires and pipe underneath the main floor (which is your basement ceiling), but you will also need to follow along the path of the wires and pipes to figure out what wire goes where and what pipe is used for what. You can’t do that efficiently (and time is the enemy of home renovation projects!) if the ceiling is drywalled unless you break the drywall and then patch it all up again.

Also, with new plumbing you need to have access to the pipes up on the basement ceiling. At least in our house we did. Take for example the plumbing for the existing en suite in our home which we renovated for use by a physically challenged family member. It was completely redone and the bathtub placed in a totally different part of the room.

Our contractors approach is to put shut off valves for each hot / cold line; a very nice approach. If you have a drywall ceiling, you know what that means; yes, you have to break the drywall. If, however, you have a drop ceiling, all you need to do is to remove the ceiling tile, do your plumbing thing and then re-install the ceiling tile (which takes all of 20 seconds).

So, from a renovation / remodeling perspective, my money is on drop ceilings.

Red Oak Flooring Vs White Oak Flooring – What’s the Difference?

Oak flooring has been a standard flooring option in the United States for years, and for good reason. Oak is attractive, durable, and versatile enough to use in almost any room. Both red oak and white oak are popular hardwood flooring choices, but what are the differences between the two, exactly? Is one variety better suited for a dining room? What about a bedroom? Is one variety more durable than the other?

The following article examines both red oak flooring and white oak flooring in four important categories – Strength and Durability, Appearance, Movement in Service, and Maintenance – and compares the results side by side. If you have a project that involves oak flooring and you can’t decide between red or white, consider the following information before deciding. You’ll be glad you did.

Strength and Durability

Strength and durability are determined by two main factors: Janka hardness and density. The Janka hardness rating is a measure of how resistant a piece of hardwood is to indentation. Janka hardness is measured in pounds, and the higher the rating the stronger the wood. Density is a measure of how much of the wood is actually packed into a cubic meter. The combination of hardness and density can tell you how well a particular hardwood species will hold up to everyday wear and tear.

The Janka hardness rating for red oak is 1,2900 lbs and the density is 780 KG/m3. For white oak, the hardness is 1,360 lbs and the density is 900 KG/m3. While both varieties definitely live up to the name of “hardwood”, white is definitely the stronger of the two oaks. White oak flooring will hold up better to heavy furniture and heavy foot traffic, but only slightly. If strength and durability isn’t a major concern for you, either hardwood varieties would work very well.


For most homeowners, the appearance of hardwood floors is very important. Both red and white have tight, complex grain patterns and light, warm tones. Red oak tends to feature a more reddish-brown heartwood and warm, glowing tones, while white features pale tones and a contrasting dark grain. Red oak is a bit more colorful, so if you’re looking for a more exotic-looking flooring choice, red oak is the best bet. However, if your design scheme calls for a more neutral, versatile floor, it would be wise to pick white.

Movement in Service

Movement in Service refers to how likely a hardwood species is to shrink or expand during shipping or after installation. This is measured in tangential and radial shrinkage and expressed as a percentage. The lower the percentage, the less likely the wood will shrink. Also, the smaller the differential between the tangential and radial shrinkage, the less likely the floors will buckle over time.

The tangential and radial shrinkage for red oak flooring is 8.6% and 4.0%, respectively. For white oak flooring, the numbers are 7.2% and 4.2%. Notice that not only is white oak’s tangential shrinkage much smaller than red oak’s, but white oak’s differential is also smaller. This means that in similar environments, white oak would resist buckling, bending and warping better than red oak.


The maintenance requirements for both red oak flooring and white oak flooring are virtually the same. If treated with a high-quality sealant or stain, both varieties will hold up quite well to wear and tear and require very little maintenance. Sweeping and mopping on a regular basis will help keep the floors looking good, and the occasional refinishing should bring them back to their original glory. Unless you have marching band practice in your house every day, both red oak and white oak will retain their beauty for years and years.

Red oak flooring and white oak flooring are both great options for homeowners – they will increase the value of the home while adding an air of elegance and sophistication. When it comes to which is a better wood, white oak tends to score a little bit higher in terms of strength and movement in service. However, the two species are quite similar and the final decision is usually based on an aesthetic factor. Whichever species you choose, feel confident that you are investing in strong, attractive hardwood floors that you will be enjoying for years to come.

Full Tilt Poker Tips To Make It At The World Series Of Poker

Okay, maybe you will not make at the world series of poker, but you may learn a few things about poker players and online poker. The first key to becoming a better poker player than those around you or those on the internet playing against you, is that you have to become more knowledgeable than your opponents. You need to have a great understanding of the different tricks and sly ways of figuring the cards of your opponents and those that the dealer has.

Try to watch the poker players around you or what the players are doing online if you are playing full tilt poker on the internet. Always be gaging what your opponents are doing. After awhile you can almost guess what they will do if you play against them enough. In some cases, it's even acceptable to lose a few hands in order to get a better feel of the betting habits of the poker players around you.

When playing any type of poker, it is best to become a chameleon. Try to blend in as much as possible and observe those around you. If you are playing online poker, than you will want to watch and see how your poker opponents bet in different situations.

One of the best ways to practice your poker game is playing online poker. Full tilt poker online is a great way to learn how to play a better game of poker and learn how to be a power poker player. By playing poker online you will meet and play against more and better poker players. Inevitably you will learn more the more you play. However, by reading the information and listening to the expert poker players from this site, you will rank faster and make more money, fast!

One thing to look for is a poker player who checks and then checks again. This is the type of player who wants a slow developing game. If you can get the momentum of the game to quicken, you can take this player out of their element and quite possibly get them to make some mistakes.

Is one 's by just this small example of the great skills and tricks That the I learned to become a better poker player to go The to learn more.

Winter Problems With Outdoor Electronic Marketing

Make ready outdoor digital signage for the winter with an out-of-doors LCD monitor enclosure, or you might regret it by the spring.

If you have ever been to a ski resort in January did you take your swimming trunks to ski down the slopes? I speculate not, but why would any person put commercial LCD displays outside and leave them there throughout the winter?

Several companies during the summer season where in such a hurry to set up open air signage they deployed the displays with no protection, just because they were under a sunshade the small business management team thought it would be more cost-effective not to procure outdoor TV cases, nevertheless it is approaching winter and they intend on leaving them out-of-doors in areas that will be shut to the public due to the temperature being so cold!

When the signs are switched on in the Spring, if the displays do finally switch on they will have been enormously lucky, but most often than not they will not run especially if the ambient air temperature has been around 2 degrees Celsius, as this will surely harm the displays beyond repair and the only solution at that point is to swap the TVs, not this is the time when the phrase "cost-effective" will not be mentioned.

However on the other hand installers who have foresight have built their marketing device into an outdoor TV cabinet that offers both satisfactory cooling as well as heating in the colder months. These installers will be working on other projects rather than fixing challenges from earlier projects.

Out-of-doors LCD enclosure are obtainable with cooling and heating systems, these range to sophisticated solutions utilizing air conditioning units that contact the Av Administrator should the temperature rise sharply inside the enclosure, clear of the preset boundaries, this is rare but is one of the best remote checking solutions available.

Due to the LCD housing being manufactured from steel they do retain some heat, particularly when they are installed with internal thermal shielding, this then absorbs the heat and slowly over time releases it back into the protective Flat screen housing, preventing an abrupt heat loss and then heat rise.