Metal Railings are Low Maintenance

o Detailed designs are easy to create with metal railings. Metal is very easy to work and it is lightweight, which makes it ideal for detailed and intricate designs.

o Rotting and splintering does not occur with metal railings, which is not the case with railings made of wood.

o Due to the light weight, these railings made of metal can be installed and used in many different areas and ways.

o Depending upon your budget and personal preference, you can decide whether you want your metal railings flat or casted.

o Metal railings are extremely durable and weather-resistant. This is unlike materials like PVC or wood.

o Metal railings can be covered with a powder-coated paint. This helps to make the railings even more durable and they may last as long as 30 years.

o Metal railings are low maintenance. All you will need to do is wipe them off periodically with a wet cloth.

Metals Used In Railings

There is a variety of metals that you can find in railings. Some of the more common metals that are used include:

1. The most common material that is used in metal railings is stainless steel. It is lightweight, but it is very strong. It is very durable and is not affected by the weather. It is also virtually maintenance free, which is a wonderful benefit. It is easy to work with and is a wonderful way to enhance your home.

2. Wrought iron railings are also very popular. This is mainly seen in period homes and is very traditional. It is very heavy, but it will last for a long time. You will enjoy the fact that there is very little maintenance. One of the downsides is that if there is a break in the railings, you will find that it will be very difficult to fix. Replacement railings will be difficult to match with your existing railings so you need to consider this before you make your decision.

3. If your ideal railing design is angles and straight lines, then aluminum is a wonderful railing material for you. Aluminum railings are extremely durable and very lightweight. They are not a good choice for curves and curlicues, so you want to keep that in mind. Maintenance is very simple and these railings will last you for many years.

4. If your budget will allow it, then you may want to use brass. It was a favorite material during medieval times for kings and other rich people, but it is not used very much in our modern time. You may see it as a covering over other materials for railings, but railings made entirely of brass are not seen very often. Brass is not a maintenance free material, however, because it needs frequent polishing to keep it looking beautiful.

Vacancy Vs. Occupancy Sensors

The most convenient feature of occupancy sensors is their ability to automatically turn the lights on in a room or space when they detect movement within their range. Occupancy sensors are very valuable in exterior lighting for added security, and have many other beneficial uses in the home. Another beneficial attribute of occupancy sensors is their energy efficiency. These low voltage modules can be ceiling mounted or mounted in your existing wall switch junction box and can most notably save significant amounts of energy by turning lights off when occupancy is not sensed for a designated amount of time.

With so many advantages, it might not seem too unreasonable to replace all of your home or office’s light switches with occupancy sensors. However, this may not be the best idea to rush into because what you soon might realize is that in some cases this may be more of an inconvenience than a convenience. You may be wondering how, so a few examples will help to clear things up perfectly.

Rooms that are great for occupancy sensors are garages, basements, bathrooms, rec rooms, and sometimes kitchens. In these spaces, it is common for an occupant to walk into the space with their hands full making turning lights on a hassle and if leaving the room with their hands full the same conditions apply. Also these rooms are active spaces. The importance of this is that the lights will not turn off on you if you are remaining relatively still in the space.

One may notice that there are several common rooms left off of this list. These rooms are bedrooms, TV rooms, and if you have pets, other common areas. It may be more practical to install vacancy sensors in place of occupancy sensors in these spaces. The difference between a vacancy sensor and an occupancy sensor is the manner of which they are turned on. Each light switch will detect the lack of occupancy and turn the lights off, however only the occupancy sensor will automatically turn the lights on.

The benefit of a vacancy sensor is that if you don’t want the lights to turn on when you walk into an area, they will not unless you manually turn on the switch. This is practical in bedrooms so you might not wake anyone sleeping in a bedroom when you enter, or if you roll over in bed the lights will not illuminate. The vacancy sensor is especially beneficial from an energy efficiency point of view in children’s bedrooms if they tend to leave the lights on constantly. In TV rooms occupancy sensors may not be the best choice for similar reasons. If your light switch controls overhead lighting that might not be desired when watching TV in a room, the lights will not turn on when someone walks in or if you get up to get a snack. A special case in common areas where occupancy sensors may be a nuisance is if you have pets. Animals are large enough to turn on occupancy sensing switches. If they roam the common areas at night, this may cause unnecessary energy consumption.

As mentioned early, the use of occupancy sensors in kitchens can sometimes be a good idea. This all depends on the placement of the kitchen in the floor plan of the home, and how other rooms may run into the kitchen’s space. In an open floor plan home where the kitchen is considered a common area, a vacancy sensor may be a better idea especially if you have pets. If the kitchen is in its own separate room from the rest of the house, an occupancy sensor is an excellent idea, especially if natural light is not abundantly present. Occupancy sensing lights will help you see where you are going as soon as you walk in with your hands full of groceries. A combination of an occupancy sensor switch controlling LED under cabinet lights will be convenient in function and also provide modern luxury to your space.

With all things considered, consumers can make smart decisions when deciding which rooms to install occupancy sensors and which rooms vacancy sensors may be more appropriate. Some manufacturers offer occupancy sensing wall switches with an optional function to turn it into a vacancy sensor. One cannot go wrong with these products as he or she can decide after they install the switch, which function best suits their needs.

Secrets Of The Autistic Brain – Brain Scans Reveal There Is More To Autism Than Meets The Eye

It is clear that the autistic population is increasing exponentially in various forms ranging from Asperger’s Syndrome through to profound classical autism. What is not clear is why. Recent studies on the brain function of autistic people have given new clues and insight into this remarkable diagnosis and the people who bear it.


Science is beginning to uncover specific gene variations, which appear to be related to — if not responsible for — the incidence of autism, or the risk of it manifesting in any person (this is not new and there is plenty of research on this topic)

Brain scans reveal that children with the “gene variant” appear to have more nerve cell connections in the frontal lobe, but fewer between this area and the rest of the brain, according to Science Translational Medicine

Similarly, studies conducted at the University of California in LA used functional magnetic resonance imaging to establish that children carrying the “gene variant” had differences within the connections in the frontal lobe of the brain, as well as differences between this area and the rest of the brain.

Scientists at the University of California in LA are beginning to believe that the brain of the autistic is actually wired differently (Autism brain secrets revealed by scan; BBC News Health; 3 November 2010):

  • As per Dr Ashley Scott-Van Zeeland, who headed up the research project, “The front of the brain appears to talk mostly to itself — it doesn’t communicate as much with other parts of the brain and lacks long-range connections to the back of the brain,”
  • “In children with the version of the gene not linked to autism risk, the pathways were linked more strongly to the left side of the brain. In those with the “risk variant”, the pathways were different, linking the lobe strongly to both sides of the brain.”


It is beginning to seem clear that there is a significant difference in frontal lobe activity for the autistic person (or those carrying the “gene variant”, whether diagnosed as autistic or not). So, what is this area of the brain and what part does it play in our lives?

Many say that the frontal lobe area is what makes us human. It is that part of the brain which is more highly developed in humans than most of the rest of animal life on our planet.

Here is a brief list of responsibilities thought to be associated with this particular part of the brain

  • Attentiveness of focus on a single task
  • Concentration
  • Intention and purposeful behavior
  • Decision making
  • Problem solving
  • Abstract reasoning
  • Elaboration of thought
  • Control of behavior
  • Consciousness
  • Working memory
  • Judgment
  • Logic
  • Organization
  • Socialization
  • Sympathy and empathy
  • Higher cognitive functions
  • Thought to play a part in our spatial orientation

Emotions are generated deep inside the brain, but the frontal lobes “manage” the emotions and help us to rationalize and make conscious, intentional choices about our behavior. Research also indicates that there is increased activity in the frontal lobe during meditation (studies performed on Tibetan monks). Many believe this part of the brain appears to be the seat of our essence and nature


To illustrate further the connection between autism spectrum and the frontal lobe area, the following is a list of some of the symptoms of damage to this part of the brain:

  • Perseveration (obsessive or repetitive behavior)
  • Less empathetic
  • Less sympathetic
  • Unable to read social cues
  • Inappropriate social judgments and responses
  • Unable to detect when another is trying to deceive them
  • Little spontaneous facial expression
  • Less flexibility of thought
  • Less behavioral spontaneity
  • Difficulty in interpreting feedback from the environment
  • Impaired associated learning (using external cues to help guide behavior)
  • Lack of inhibition (inappropriate behavior)

This is not a comprehensive list of symptoms. In fact, profound damage to this area of the brain can lead to significant personality changes in the subject.

Nonetheless, the link between frontal lobe activity and the autistic brain should be becoming quite obvious to the informed reader.


It would be irresponsible of the author to declare any interpretation of the data as fact. One can only speculate at this point. The only obvious fact is that far more research is needed.

It seems logical to assume that more connections in the frontal lobe region would mean heightened activity and therefore heightened ability in those areas for which this part of the brain is responsible.

Indeed, it is worth pointing out that many of the strengths of the autism spectrum profile appear to be areas of frontal lobe function. Focus and concentration, logical thinking, problem solving, abstract reasoning, working memory — very many high functioning autism spectrum people possess these abilities in varying forms to a heightened degree. Notice that these functions tend to be internal functions that require only internal communication.

Conversely, the autistic aspects that most would call weaknesses or “dysfunctional” are those capabilities for which communication with and feedback from the outside environment are crucial. This is where the wiring between the frontal lobes and the rest of the brain may be impacting performance negatively as communication is breaking down within the brain.

Recognizing that the autistic brain may be wired differently from the neurotypical brain could be the beginning of a significant improvement in our understanding of this diagnosis. It could also be the beginning of an understanding that ASD people might have superior skills in some areas and can therefore offer new insights and contributions to life on our planet.

Maine Shoreland Zoning

Waterfront real estate is always one of the most requested property searches we receive. Whether its ocean, lake or river, the allure of living by the water (or at least having a view) is fundamental. Once you own that slice of heaven, however, you are not always lord and master of your domain. Federal and State legislators have made it clear through a series regulations who makes the rules when it comes to the shoreline. So, before you start cutting tress, dredging, or installing docks, make sure you know what you can and can not do.

Maine Shoreland Zoning:

The Maine Department of Environmental Protection has produced a 36 page booklet entitled "Maine Shoreland Zoning – A Handbook For Shoreland Owners". This booklet explains, in clear language and with the use of drawings and diagrams, the state's Mandatory Shoreland Zoning Act. While it is meant for informational purposes only and not to be used as a substitute for the law itself, this publication goes a long way in explaining and showing different aspects of the Act. For example there you will find explanations of what a non-conforming structure is, expansion rules for non-conforming structures, what a grandfathered lot is, building setbacks and lot coverage restrictions, guidelines for erosion control, septic disposal rules, clearing vegetation and timber harvesting guidelines, and an explanation of the roles of local boards and state agencies. For anyone who currently owns property in a shoreland zone or is thinking about purchasing property, this publication is a essential. Is is available for download from the state of Maine's website.

Common Shoreland Issues:

Maine Shoreland Zoning – Some of the most common issues have to do with trees – especially what you are allowed to cut. If you are planning on building at a distance more than 100 feet back from a "great pond or river", remember harvesting operations can not create single clear cut openings greater than 10,000 square feet in the forest canopy. Where such openings exceed 5,000 square feet they shall be at least 100 feet apart. Also, there are many fine points to the shoreland regulations, but one important one to note is that in non-tidal areas the minimum lot size for residential dwelling units is 40,000 square feet with a minimum shore frontage of 200 feet. In tidal areas the lot size and frontage requirements are 30,000 square feet and 150 feet respectively. The minimum set back for a new subsurface sewage disposal system must be no less than 100 feet from normal high water line. In the end, it is wise to make sure you understand the rules and regulations before starting any project around the water in Maine. The last thing you need to do is complete some major work and then find our you are in violation. For additional information on Maine waterfront real estate, visit us online.

Use Outdoor Wall Sconces to Enhance Your Landscape

Today's top notch illumination manufacturers are encouraging creativity without sacrifice to function or safety. You may discover out-of-doors wall sconces that embody this intention to an exceptional degree. As luminaries that provide vital outdoor lighting, out-of-doors wall sconces represent a necessity to any commercial or residential client who desires increased visibility all around a building.

Including outdoor wall light in any proposed lighting style can only add aesthetic value to functional value inside a synthesis that appears seamless and unified to the observer. You can uncover a large selection of outside wall sconces is impressive to say the least, offering a countless array of styles, fixture sizes, glass kinds, and finish selections which have been particular to add an extra touch of light that contributes both to purpose and to impact all around the facade of any property, office, church, or municipal developing.

Outside wall sconces can improve any exterior wall regardless of material build or height. Like their indoor equivalents, they bracket towards the creating exterior directly and do not require additional accessories to support their form or weight.

Designers can do a good deal about the creative level merely by slightly manipulating the vertical position of the fixture on an outside wall. For instance, to cast a larger field of illumination on a sidewalk inside a gated apartment community, positioning a row of art deco out-of-doors wall sconces on the wall a couple of feet above the heads of tenants will evenly distribute the light and minimize uncomfortable glare.

You can locate numerous glass finish possibilities that may even further reduce glare by refracting light like a prism. This effect in turn can mirror the landscape lighting around greenery and water features. For purely decorative lighting, mission style outside walls sconces can highlight a wooden fence all around a house or office complex at interval spacing on either the planks or posts from the fence itself.

Designers would serve both themselves and their customers effectively by taking the time to look in detail at ambient lighting sconces that work specifically nicely when placed above greenery which is highlighted with path, garden, or low voltage landscape lights.

Outside wall sconces add a special touch of refined and custom aesthetic to any type of commercial or residential structure. Layout corporations working simultaneously within residential, municipal, and residential marketplaces can greatly magnify their service offerings basically by adding out-of-doors wall sconce fixtures to their proposals for lighting equipment upgrades.

For example, many law offices and family practice medical centers consist of a complex of brick, interconnected buildings surrounded by a stone or brick wall. By adding a row of contemporary wall sconces to both the buildings and also the wall, or even a few ambient or standard accent out-of-doors sconces for the entrance towards gate, a designer can produce for his or her client a an entirely new sense of accent, ambience, and decorum.

Residential clients benefit in similar ways from sconces placed either in the row that runs across the front with the household, or that are mounted at keynote positions on main columns or corners. Outside fluorescent wall sconces will serve to enhance the edifice any church, civic building. They can also compliment a corporations branding.

Organizations that emphasize self-containment and forward motion in their public relations usually prefer to contract a lighting design firm that may keynote their buildings architecture with decorative elements that represent professionalism, great taste, conservatism, and future-mindedness. Architectural lighting layout firms frequently discover that functional ceramic outdoor wall sconces fulfill this desire very properly. These same fixtures are generally the preferred selection of numerous contemporary art galleries as an external, illuminated motif representative of their interior content.

In quiet, exclusive, and gated communities where the wealthy live reserved and peaceful lives, contractors and layout consultants often uncover that period-theme fixtures fit not only the tastes of these customers, but also the architecture of quite a few custom homes. Lantern model rustic out-of-doors wall sconces speak to quite a few archetypes in the past with a form that communicates a sense with the timeless. Top notch manufactures continue to add new traditional out-of-doors wall light fixture, glass, and lamp designs to its inventory to accommodate the evolution of model and lighting decor in today's marketplace.

True Strength in a Joint Comes From Stability

With a great amount of motion comes great need for control of that motion. The body has many different joints, each functioning based on the dynamic needs of the system. Some joints function in one plane, the elbow is an example of a hinge joint that allows flexion and extension of the forearm. This joint is specific and limited in its motion, limiting the chances for instability of said joint. The shoulder is an example of a ball and socket joint, which has the greatest amount of motion of any joint in the body. You can bring your arm behind your back, reach overhead or even pat yourself on your other shoulder if you wanted to.

Our muscular system is designed to move the skeleton and protect the associated joints. Of the muscles that are involved with a joint, some of them are necessary for moving that joint and producing power, while others have a more behind-the-scenes type of job. That job is to stabilize the joint and ensure that the safest position of the joint is maintained through motion. These muscles are responsible for protecting this joint while an increased amount of pressure (load) is placed on the joint. Stabilizing muscles must be engaged throughout the time that a load is placed on the joint, otherwise you are compromising the joint and allowing for increased stress on the internal structures; labrum, intervertebral disc, ligaments etc.

Muscles of stabilization are intended to work under a constant low level load. These muscles are continuously working to keep the joint in the safest place while a load is placed on the joint. But what happens when these muscles are not working properly? We see daily that athletes, weekend warriors and parents who are lifting their new born out of the crib or car seat, are placing load on their body without proper stabilization of the involved joints. The results will vary from decreased ability to maintain an Olympic lift, tear an ACL or experience a sharp pain in the shoulder. It is impossible to tell you when the insult of the joint will lead to an injury such as a tear of the ligament or herniation of the intervertebral disc, but it is a guarantee that if left untreated, an unstable joint will undergo degenerative changes.

One of the most common injured areas that we see in athletes is the shoulder. Remember we mentioned earlier that with increased motion comes increased need for stability. The Rotator Cuff muscles are the prime stabilizers and protectors of the shoulder. Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Teres Minor and Subscapularis and the four muscles which make up this stabilizing unit. They play a constant very controlled game of tug of war, to keep the head of the humerous (the top part of the arm) in that socket. Imagine now that you had an injury to your shoulder 8 years ago in high school and your subscapularis never regained proper health and function. That game of tug of war will no longer be an even match and this imbalance will lead to your shoulder not sitting in its proper position. Now add load; kipping pull-ups, throwing a football or lifting your child from the crib or car seat. This will place an unsafe load on the labrum and will cause an unhealthy distribution of pressure on the surrounding tissue. This is not an all or nothing injury, every load you place on the soft tissue structures will be an accumulation of damage. Sometimes it may be asymptomatic, other times it may be pain or swelling and of course there is always the chance of permanent damage.

How to increase the stability and longevity of the joint should be the number one concern with anyone reading this article. As the title states, true strength comes through stability; therefore, we must increase stability before increasing load. Some keys to helping with this:

• Proper amount of load – Ensure that you are performing exercises and routines that are within your abilities. I recommend that you become proficient in all exercises and techniques without weight. Have someone who has good technique work with you on proper form. Proper technique will limit the stress added to the joint and soft tissue structures.

• Ensuring healthy muscles – We mentioned that the stabilizing muscles must be functioning properly, but what if the muscle is not healthy. Having any breakdown of the muscle evaluated and treated by a trained professional who specializes in this type of muscular overuse and breakdown will always be an important step in these types of injuries. This is where the ability to improve performance and decrease further injury is removed from the athlete and placed in the physician’s hands (pun intended). Do not watch a YouTube video and think that someone’s 24 hour research can compare to a professionals 9 year college degree.

• Proper rest – Another common concern I see with new athletes and seasoned athletes alike is the lack of proper recovery. I see on a regular basis the dangerous “If some is good than more is better” approach. Rest is an essential part of your body’s recovery but it is also how your body grows. Pay attention to your body and take that day off after two in a row. Ample sleep in here as well guys! Make sure that you are shutting down and allowing your body the time to rest and recover!

• Nutrition. Another topic that I am passionate about is Nutrition. We are what we eat so it is vital that if we want to perform on an optimal level, we must eat optimal food. The healthier the food we eat, the cleaner your body will break it down and turn it into nutrients and energy. Consume chemicals and unhealthy processed foods, and your body will suffer trying to break down products it does not recognize. This will decrease your body’s ability to perform and recover. Every time you eat something you are either introducing health or disease into your body. Always go with health!

As a Chiropractic Physician and CrossFit Coach, I am constantly seeing both ends of the spectrum. I see the new athletes who are excited about their new journey to health and they expect it to be tough, expect it to be challenging and hurt, but they rarely expect that they may incur an injury. Often it is this injury that will derail their excitement and cause them to stop exercising, or lead them to simply ice or medicate to hide the pain. The smart ones are the ones who at the very least choose to be evaluated and treated for the increased stress that they have placed on their body. The point I am stressing here is that the best way to limit injury and increase the chances that you will enjoy your new journey towards health is to ensure that your body has the proper stability and internal strength required BEFORE you place an increased load on it.


Want to become stronger, healthier or just limit the progression of break down in your body? Increase the stability of your joints by ensuring that your muscles are functioning at their optimal abilities.

Opening a Hotel Business? Avoid These 4 Common Mistakes

Starting even the simplest hotel or inn is a venture that carries with it a high amount of risk. Here are four top mistakes to avoid when opening a hotel business.  

Mistake 1: Not Raising Enough Capital

A hotel owner generally purchases the property of the hotel, and the down payment alone may be substantial. Factor in all of the additional costs before you can invite a guest inside – renovation, HVAC, electrical, plumbing, computer systems, initial marketing, and supplies. Then, without good, conservative projections of your costs and revenues over the first year, hotel owners can still fail to have enough cash on hand to see them through the early growing pangs before room occupancy rises enough to cover costs. Don’t let this happen to you. Asking your investors for more help a few months after opening shows them that you didn’t understand the business to begin with. They will likely make you pay for the mistake by taking a greater percentage of the business, saddling you with much higher interest rates, or even replacing you with a new manager.  

Mistake 2: Failing To Check The Zoning  

Before any work begins you must know that the location you desire is properly zoned for a hotel. Don’t simply follow the word of the owner who wants to sell you the land or lease you the building. To be sure, you must check with the zoning authority yourself and see the zoning in writing. Your plans can be doomed from the start if you are not zoned correctly.  

Mistake 3: Failing to Seek Professional Help  

Hotel entrepreneurs should consider using the services of an expediter – an experienced professional who knows the local government’s ins and outs and will pursue attaining all of the proper licenses and permits on your behalf. Consider the references and experience of such a person carefully. Only if you plan to open multiple hotels do you have a good reason to learn permitting yourself and forgo an expediter. In those cases you may quickly move up the learning curve after your first hotel or two, saving money in the long run.  

Mistake 4: Getting the Insurance Wrong  

People sometimes get injured in hotels. As such, you need to make sure you get the appropriate insurance for your hotel. You need to make sure you insure the hotel itself and any additional property owned by the hotel.   In addition to property insurance, you will need liability insurance for customer and workers compensation insurance for employees. Since insurance expenses for hotels can be significant, be sure to shop around for the best rate.

What is in the Hole? Hospital Nightmares Keep Everyone Awake This Year!

The stories keep unfolding. The true stories keep on coming in. Over ten thousand people have read my articles online here and that is a good thing. The word is spreading and the true stories keep on coming in. Just recently, we heard the true story of a patient who had been transferred to an extremely large city hospital. The hospital building, itself, resembles a factory building rather than a hospital. The man was brought in there for depression. That is all. He had no skin lesions, no skin problems. And at the time of his admission to this large city hospital, there were no sores or skin problems on his feet at all. He stayed there for a few weeks and was due to be discharged back to his home. The hospital delayed his discharge, illegally, and continued to delay his discharge even though the doctors said he was medically and all ready for discharge. They kept him there at the hospital. Guess what?

They kept him weeks more and then a month had passed. They ACCCIDENTALLY discovered that this man had now been gangrene on his toes and they discovered it too late. He had to have his toes and bone removed because they got this man to sign a paper against his will.

Diagnosis? The diagnosis was depression. That is all, just depression. So, they put this person inside of the Woodhull Medical center and supposedly put the patient inside of the depression unit or psychiatric unit. Can you imagine going into a hospital for depression and then losing your toes because the hospital is negligent and worse than negligent? Finally this man lost all his toes, the hospital had lack of care and had his foot highly infected and as a result of that this man lost his entire leg. All for depression! But all for depression and for negligent hospitals and negligent staff.

You just would not believe that could happen unless you saw the man. Yes, I saw the man; I heard the story, and the story is totally true, one hundred percent true.

Once there, you will not believe what happened! This person stayed there long enough for gangrene and other infections to grow on his toes and all the while, no doctor check the patient out. No doctor examined this patient physically for any ailments even though he had a history of diabetes, peripheral neuropathy and other medical problems. No one bothered. So the patient, locked in the hospital with no access to other doctors or counselors, developed toe gangrene.

Guess what? None of his doctors or persons in charge of him even know that the gangrene was growing. No one noticed. They had to operate and cut off all four toes and part of the bone just because no one noticed the gangrene on the toes. Guess what? They let the toes and foot get so infected that he also needed to have his leg off too, with another operation.

This is what is probably happening in one of the largest teaching hospitals in New York City. Would you want that to happen to you or anyone that you know? No. But it happens. It happens probably on a regular basis -that is just a guess. I mean, after all, if it happened this one time, what stops the hospital from doing this again and again and again? Your guess is as good as mine.

If you look outside of Woodhull hospital, you will notice that there are quite a number of amputees out there on any given day. And a large number of the amputees hanging out appear to be homeless or resemble homeless. It makes one ask the question, –Is this hospital experimenting by amputating – on homeless people, on people in their psychiatric units and on people who have no relatives or friends visiting them? Is this hospital using people as scientific projects instead of treating and caring for humans that enter that hospital. No. I am not saying that this is what is happening, but I sometimes WONDER if this is what is happening. In other words, this is a question to you, the reader, what do you think?

Have you had amputations inside of Woodhull hospital? Have you ever thought of suing Woodhull? Have you ever had your rights denied by Woodhull? I am just curious about what kind of emails might come in response to this posting. These are not judgments, nor declarations or statements of fact, but these are my questions that I would like the answers to.

Halo Recessed Lighting For Subtle Illumination

Recessed lighting offers exceptional versatility and control over lighting conditions. This type of lighting faces downward and focuses on whatever it is that you want to attract attention to, taking the focus off of the fixture itself. One of the best things about this type of lighting is the generous light that it provides without the fixtures taking attention away from the object of focus. These lights are commonly used over bathroom sinks or bathroom vanities for a mirrored lighting image.

Halo recessed lighting are ceiling mounted bulbs contained within small niches or alcoves. They are very effective at subtly illuminating a room especially when they are used in combination with other lighting. This type of lighting is best used for spotlight specific objects such as plants or artwork, to accentuate wall mountings, or to down light an entire room.

These lights also work great for focusing light on such items as bathtubs or counter tops without overdoing it. When halo recessed lighting is used in a larger room it can enhance the illusion of space. These lights work great in conjunction with dimmer switches.

Five Styles

There are various types of halo recessed lighting, they are usually four to six inches in diameter and are available in about five different styles, which are listed as follows:

The open lighting style is where the bulb is exposed and shines downward. Reflector lights enhance and expand the light's glare. Lens lighting minimizes the glare with the use of a glare shield. Baffled lighting minimizes glare by means of ribbed protrusion. Eyeball lighting has adjustable trim which allows the bulb to be focused in multiple directions.

Simple To Install

Fixtures for this lighting system are installed within special housings known as cans. These may vary depending on the style. Installation directions are fairly simple and if you are putting these types of lights in a room of good size then you should space the lights about six to eight feet apart. This creates an even spread of illumination. Many people prefer to use a multifaceted reflector lamp. This is a special coated bulb that has spiral facets that cause shadows to be dispersed around the room similar to that of a natural fire.

Both halo recessed and halo track lighting will give you the lighting effect that you are looking for. There is a wide variety of halo lighting available including down lights. Halo lighting also offers a wide variety of trims to choose from so you can customize the unit to match your décor, finish and desired lighting effects.

Use Together With Other Lights For Layered Effect

These lights are not quite as popular as the newer contemporary track lighting but they are very versatile. They should not be used as the sole lighting source in any room but rather in conjunction with other types of lights. They can also be used in just about any room in your house to your complete satisfaction.

There are kits available for self installation that come with everything needed to complete the recessed illumination process. In conclusion, halo recessed lighting is excellent for task lighting and is also very versatile and offers great control over the lighting situation.

Lighting Design – How to Do Lighting Design Like a Pro Lighting Designer?

Have you ever noticed how the right type of lighting in a room can make a big difference? Are you interested in finding different lighting designs for your home that will make certain features of the room stand out? If you’ve considered a career in interior design, you may also want to think about becoming a lighting designer. These professionals can help to make a big difference in the attractiveness of a home or business, and you can break into the field by learning some basic skills and enhancing your marketing abilities.

One of the main things you’ll want to do as a lighting designer is to observe the way that light hits certain objects in a room. For instance, if your living room has a quality piece of art hanging on the wall and want to see how you can showcase it better, you may want to consider installing a small light underneath the piece to draw more subtle attention to it. If you want your family room to feel more inviting and friendly, it may be a good idea to change the bulbs in the ceiling fan so that the room appears brighter. These are the types of things that a lighting designer sees, but professional designers also work directly with architects in order to create custom lighting fixtures that will make each room in a home or business especially unique.

A lighting designer will do the work of making sure that the lighting in a living or work space is both functional and creative. So, if you are working with a client that is opening an antique shop, the lighting should have Art Deco or Victorian accents, and should be slightly dim or have a yellow tint in order to make the design scheme more complete. If you’re working with a client that wants innovative or modern designs in their home, light fixtures that include stainless steel and clean lines. This means that you’ll need to take some architectural classes to learn more about how to measure a room for a lighting fixture, and how to properly construct fixtures that will provide quality lighting in a building.

If you want to know more about the skills and courses that you will need in order to be certified as a lighting designer, you can visit the official site of the International Association of Lighting Designers, where you’ll find networking resources and education recommendations for your career.

If you find the concept of flowing water and lights appealing, consider lighted tabletop fountains and wall fountains. They add special charm to your indoors with their visually stimulating effects. The ambience of light on flowing water creates a subtle reflection that adds a unique lighting effect to your indoors.

How The Jersey Barriers Came To Be Known

Several variations of concrete road dividers were introduced from time to time under various names, ever since the first model was successfully deployed in the year 1946, on the Grapevine Grade, a risky mountainous stretch on the US route 99 in California. These first experimental models were precast, concrete parabolic median barriers, 26 inches high and 28 inches wide and weighed 3000 lbs.

However, the name Jersey barriers became known only after New Jersey highway engineers installed them on the accident-prone Jugtown Mountain section of U.S. Route 22 in rural Hunterdon County. The 19 inches wide and 30 inches wide barriers with parabolic concave faces on either side would clear the mudguards if the vehicle swiped against it; and the smooth parabolic concave surface would redirect the errant vehicle back into the traffic flow without bringing it to a sudden halt. However, though the number of accidents reduced, they still occurred when trucks scaled these barriers.

After experimenting with several specifications of height and width on the median barriers, New Jersey highway engineers noticed the reduction in accident rates, using taller barriers. They finally settled on the 32 inches high and 24 inches wide parabolic median concrete barriers in 1959, and other state highways followed suit to adopt these measures, which remained the standard specification for barriers for many decades.

Past decades saw the introduction and deployment of different types of barriers and the search for the perfect barrier continues. Here is a look at the innovative designs on median barriers, some of which continue to be in use.

GM barriers or GM shape: These barriers were the first ones to be crash tested before deployment. However, because smaller cars tended to roll over after impact with the barriers, this design was discontinued.

California K-Rails: K-Rails are temporary concrete barriers for work zones but if installed using pins- loops connections and 4 stakes, these may be semi-permanent structures for a period of 2-5 years. However, removing the barriers from paved surfaces is expensive and exposes workers to risks.

F-shaped barriers: These barriers are almost identical in function to the Jersey barrier and the only difference is the break point; which is lower in the F-shape barrier and sits at 10 inches from the road as compared to the 13 inches break point of the Jersey barrier. The low breakpoint in the F-shaped barriers reduces lifting of the vehicles and reduces chances of roll over, but the Jersey barrier continues to be the most favored design for crash tests and meets the criteria laid down by the Federal Highway Administration.

Constant slope barriers: Simple vertical barriers do not lift vehicles, so there are no chances of a roll over; but the flip side is the possibility of sheet metal damage to the vehicle, injuries to the occupants and the vehicle is not redirected on to the road. Texas and California have developed the constant slope barriers with increased heights, wider bases. The Texas constant slope barrier stands at 42 inches with a constant slope that makes an angle of 10.8 degrees to the vertical at ground level; the California type 60 constant slope barriers have a height of 56 inches and slope at an angle of 9.1 degrees to the vertical.

Crash tests reveal that these perform as well as the New Jersey barriers and F-shaped barriers respectively. The new safer designs incorporating the increased height specifications, inexpensive installation and unchanged performance of constant slope barriers even after road resurfacing makes them a favorable choice. These barriers are now being deployed as permanent structures.

Heavy vehicle median barrier: The New Jersey Turnpike Authority ( NJTA) effectively crash tested a 42 inches high median concrete barrier using NJ shape forms, with heavily reinforced tops having a thickness of 12 inches. The vertical reveal is covered with asphalt to anchor the barrier firmly so it does not overturn on impact. Heavy vehicles like tractor-trailers are contained and redirected upright on to the road with these barriers.

Concrete Step Barrier: High performance concrete step barriers are approved for roads in the UK and Ireland. This model of median barrier developed in Holland has several advantages such as zero crossover incidents, reduced fatalities; low maintenance cost, maintenance free for 50 years, and can contain all types of vehicles.

Ontario Tall Wall: Way back in 1968, highway authorities in Ontario, Canada crash tested this taller version of the New Jersey barrier at various test levels and it was way ahead of its time then. Gradually over the years as larger vehicles hit the roads, the barrier heights increased to 42 inches. Another feature of this tall barrier was that it cut off glare from oncoming vehicle headlights.

Plastic Jersey barriers: Rotationally molded plastic Jersey barriers replaced concrete median barriers, where it was necessary to deploy the barriers temporarily for short periods at work zones, building construction sites, water and sewer projects, during natural disasters to regulate pedestrian and vehicular traffic. The barriers made from pretreated, heavy-duty polyethylene are able to withstand inclement weather conditions and require almost zero maintenance. Other important features that make these barriers popular are portability and lightweight. These barriers are easily stackable making transportation and assembly an easy task. However, for added strength sand, water or any other ballast materials are filled into the barriers. The brightly colored plastic Jersey barriers are highly visible and adequately warn of any imminent danger.

The Federal Highway Administration allows usage of plastic Jersey barriers along with the necessary reinforcement kit as replacement for concrete barriers, only after these have been crash tested at the specified test levels. Otherwise, these plastic barricades are linked end-to-end, to form a wall and used as channelizers to direct pedestrian traffic or for guiding vehicular traffic near work zones. These are used as barricades for crowd control at event, races, as security installations at airports, parking areas, government buildings and to prevent access to any specific area.

In general, Jersey barriers, both plastic and concrete structures have helped in reducing the number of accidents on highways, roads, and work zones. Moreover, research continues to discover designs and materials that will ultimately give us the perfect barrier; until then the Jersey barriers will continue to dominate our highways.

The Benefits of Owning a Wall Safe

A home or business burglary can be devastating. Not only may you loose some of your most important belongs, but you can feel vulnerable. An easy way to find peace of mind and prevent theft is to keep a wall safe in your home or office.

The safest way to store your valuables and important documents is to keep them in your bank's safe deposit box. But this is not always convenient, especially if you want daily access to your important belongings. A wall safe would then be a good investment.

Wall safes are drilled into your wall, between studs. You can install a wall safe when you are building your home or office, or you can put it in later. Most wall safes come with a flange so that you do not need to re-plaster the walls.

Before you buy any wall safe, check its Underwriters Laboratories rating. A class-A rated safe can withstand a 2,000-degree fire for four hours, a class-B safe repels a 1,850-degrees fire for two hours, and a class-C safe can take on a 1,000-degree fire for one hour. These values ​​are for paper documents, so if you will be storing computer equipment like important disks, you will need a specialized wall safe.

Wall safes can be opened by combination, electronic lock, or key, depending on the model you choose. Wall safe prices vary by quality and dealer. Most start at around $ 400. You can browse for safes online or at a safe dealer. Some Web sites advertise discounted prices and free shipping, so shop around for the best deal. It is probably best to see the safe in person before you buy it, since you will be storing some of your most valuable belongings in it.

Wallpapering The Right Way – Part 6

Last time we talked about some of the tricks and techniques of hanging wallpaper onto your walls. However, rooms generally have four sides which means corners, gulp! Not to mention the dreaded light socket! Here is how to deal with the trickier parts of wallpapering your room.


Corners and other awkward places need special treatment. Never try to paper around the corner – corners are seldom truly vertical. Always paper in from one side and overlap, plumb a line on the far side and paper back into the corner, then trim.

On internal corners, take measurements at several points from the last complete length of hung paper to the corner. To the largest measurements, add on 20mm for an overlap. Transfer this figure to the next length and cut to width after you have pasted and folded it. Hang and crease the paper tight into the corner using the brush and scissors, then turn the overlap around it and smooth.

Now plumb a line on the other side of the corner, the width of a length minus 50mm away from it. Hang your next length against this, press the overlap into the corner over that of the previous length and trim off.

Use a similar procedure on external corners. Take several measurements to the corner, add 20mm to the largest and cut the first strip. Hang and trim in the normal fashion, turning the overlap around the corner. Then hang the second strip against a line plumbed around the corner and trim the free edge against the corner itself.

Light switches and sockets

Before papering around a light switch or socket, turn the electricity off at the mains – remember that paste contains water. Start applying the paper in the normal way from the top of the wall. Once you reach the fitting, press the wallpaper over the fitting to mark out its location. This will leave outline on the paper. You can then pierce a hole on the middle.

With square fittings, make four diagonal cuts to just beyond the corners. Use the scissors to crease the flaps where they meet the fitting. Trim off along the creases and smooth around the fitting. With round fittings, make a series of cuts to form a star shape, the crease and trim in the same way.

Recesses and reveals

Recesses are always difficult to paper well. To paper the sides of the recess, you can simply follow the same procedure and for external corners, take one side at a time. But never try to fold the paper over to cover the top of the recess as well.

To paper the top of the recess, measure its depth, add 40mm and cut a piece of paper to this length. Trim the back overlap but turn the front one around the lip of the recess and onto the vertical wall. The strip of paper directly above the recess should be trimmed flush to the lip.

You should now have a much better idea on how to wall paper the rooms in your house. Remember people, measure twice, cut once.

A Quote About Life to Inspire You

Can words really inspire you? Do they really have the ability to inspire you to take action? Can they really motivate you to achieve your goals? Yes, they can. They can motivate you to take action. They can significantly improve your overall performance level. Reading them regularly helps you in having positive and enthusiastic attitude towards life.

There are hundred of inspirational life quotes available on internet. But there only a few quotes that really can help you lift your spirit up in down times and makes you the person you always wanted to be. You don’t need to spend time collecting hundred of quotes that can do nothing in terms of inspiring you to take action.

Instead, collect only one quote that can really shake you to the core. You need to find out the one that can somehow be related to your situation and one that can give you courage and enthusiasm to live each day of your life to fullest.

One quote which did for me all the things that I said above is:

“Hard work is the key to success, so work diligently on any project you undertake. If you truly want to be successful, be prepared to give up your leisure time and work past 5 PM and on weekends. Also, have faith in yourself. If you come up with a new idea that you believe in, don’t allow other people to discourage you from pursuing it.” – Lazarus, Charles

This quote has been on my work desk for several years. The very first thing I do in the morning is read the same quote for about two or three times.  The quote reminds me to work hard and diligently and not waste my precious time on unimportant activities.  It also reminded me that I have to have faith in my abilities to get success. I shouldn’t be relying on other people judgment to get things done.  It tells me to believe in yourself and pursue your dreams.

Currently I am working on a very big project that requires lot of hard work and dedication. And whenever I get frustrated throughout the day, I just read this quote and this re-energizes my mind and motivates me to continue.

So find out a inspiring quote about life that can motivate you, re-energize you and most importantly that can be applied to professional as well as personal life.

Inspecting Your New Home – 17 Areas You Must Inspect Before Taking Possession

Congratulations! You've made your decision; you've chosen your new home and your builder. So what needs to happen next? Once you have a firm contract and you have selected the features that will go into your new home, it is time for the builder to turn your dream into reality.

You will undoubtedly want to visit the building site from time to time during construction to check the progress of your home. Professional builders welcome your participation and enthusiasm; however, for safety reasons you should not enter the actual construction site unless by special appointment-an unauthorized site visit may also contravene the local labour code with respect to construction safety and the builder's liability.

Questions or concerns arising from a site visit or a drive-by should be addressed directly to the builder. The tradespeople on the site each have their own area of ​​expertise and will not be able to discuss your home's progress with you. Nor are they able to make changes without the approval of the builder.

Before you take possession of your new home, the builder will invite you to "walk through" the house to conduct a pre-occupancy inspection. Three to five days before closing is best-when construction is substantially complete but there is still time for the builder to remedy any minor imperfections. Anything that is not to your satisfaction should be noted for a pre-delivery inspection report. Minor items such as scratches and incomplete paint work will be rectified before your move-in day. Other items will be corrected after you are settled.

The following checklist will help you to inspect your new home.


  • Grading-should be sloping gently away from the house.
  • Sod-was it rolled when laid?
  • Wood, vinyl or aluminum siding-should be even and nailed securely to the walls.
  • Brick-should be evenly laid and clean, with weep holes intact.
  • Caulking-check around windows, doors, garage door, electrical outlets and fixtures.
  • Paint and stains-inspect for even coverage and proper colour.
  • Trim, shutters, fascia and soffit-must be proper colour, of good quality and securely fastened.
  • Shingles-are they clean, of proper colour and with no lifting corners?
  • Garage-should feature non-combustible materials on the wall adjoining the house (for instance, gypsum board with sealed joints); the garage door should open and close properly.


  • Basement-should be clean; no cracks in the walls; a floor drain in the lowest part; "Healthy" looking wooden joists (a minimum of splitting); instructions and warranty cards for equipment (furnace, heater, HRV, etc.)
  • Doors-must be well-fitted and well-hung; secure locks for outside doors and door stops.
  • Windows-must open smoothly; lockable.
  • Walls-should be smooth and even; no cracks, visible seams or nail-pops; right color; even paint coverage; no gaps at electrical switches and plugs.
  • Floors-minimum of squeaks and "spring"; smooth seams on carpet and other floor covering; even grouting between ceramic tiles.
  • Plumbing fixtures-no chips or scratches; faucets operating properly; caulking around counter tops and fixtures.
  • Upgrades and options-correct materials and quality; proper installation; right colours.
  • General state of cleanliness-no construction debris; clean heating ducts; etc.

You might want to hire a private building inspector or engineer to conduct the inspection for you. Look in the phone book under Building Inspection Services.