Martial Arts – Pressure Points on the Body

In my last article I covered pressure points of the arm. In this article I will discuss points on the rest of the body. I understand that there are about 108 pressure points or tsubos used in the martial arts. Great! I can easily memorize the location of just 108 points, right? Not so fast there, cowboy. Just knowing where the points are located does not mean you can use them in a fight. Points must be struck at the proper angle and direction and at the proper depth in order for them to be truly effective.

The use of these points, regardless of the mechanism that causes them to work, is an in depth study that is not just limited to remembering where the dots are located. Some points can only be used if you set them up by the activation of other points. Some points are hard to access due to their location on the body. Some points are effective only if you strike them, others only if you press, rub or knead them. Getting accurate and reliable information is difficult.

Examining an 8″ x 10″ page with the outline of a person on it, covered with dots and a generic description of the point, its location and resultant effects just does not cut it. It is too generalized. In acupuncture the tsubos are stimulated with a needle. Accuracy is a must. In striking the points there is a little leeway but you still need to be accurate and employ the right angle and direction of the strike. How hard you hit is also a factor in determining the effectiveness of the strike.

Another problem is too little knowledge is a dangerous thing. Learning the points then blasting a training partner just to see if it works is not a good idea. Severe and permanent damage can occur and death is a real possibility. DON’T HIT SOMEBODY JUST TO SEE IF IT WORKS. You also need to know the revival techniques of restoring energy flow. If you don’t know, don’t do it.


The head is a massive arena for pressure points. Even the ear is a cornucopia of pressure points, yea, a microcosm of the entire human body’s points. Let us examine just a few of the more effective points.


Starting at the crown of the skull the following points are available:

1. Governing Vessel 21, 22, 23, 24

Strike is downward toward the center of the head.

Weapon: Hammer fist, elbow,

Loss of consciousness/death can result due to over stimulation of the cranial nerves.

2. Governing Vessel 26

The point is located below the nose and above the upper lip. This is generally used as a rub point. Severe injury can result if struck in a down and inward motion. I’m not going to tell you the position it must be struck from for liability purposes but it will break the neck.

Weapon: Back fist, knife hand, elbow

3. Conception Vessel 24

The point is located below the lower lip, centered on the jawbone. It is struck toward the center of the head and downward.

Loss of consciousness: over stimulation of the cranial nerves.

Weapons: Hammer fist, regular fist, knife hand

4. Conception Vessel 23

The point is located above the hyoid bone. If struck with sufficient force death is instant. It is one of the eight magic points. If you break the hyoid bone and it severs the Vagus nerve the heart and lungs stop working.

Weapon: knife hand, regular fist, ridge hand, spear hand.

5. Gall Bladder 1

This point is located at the outside corner of the eye. It is the beginning of the Gall Bladder meridian. A strike here can be done from a 45° angle to the head in an upward and inward direction.

Unconsciousness is caused by over stimulation of the cranial nerves. The orbital bone in this area is one of the easiest, if not the easiest bones in the human body to break.

Weapons: regular fist, palm heel, elbow, knee, back fist.

6. Triple Warmer 23

This point is also located at the outside corner of the eye. It is struck at a 45° angle to the head in an upward and inward direction. If this point is used in conjunction with GB 1 and the strike is from rear to front of the skull it may dislodge the eyeball from its socket.

Unconsciousness is caused by over stimulation of the cranial nerves.

Weapons: Regular fist, palm heel, elbow, knee, back fist.

7. Gall Bladder 14

This point is located just above the center of the eyebrow. It is struck with an inward direction to the skull.

Loss of consciousness is a result of over stimulation of the cranial nerves.

Weapons: regular fist, palm heel, elbow, knee.

8. Gall Bladder 3

This point is located one inch in front and one inch up from where the top of the earlobe joins the skull. This is the thinnest part of the skull. There is no known resuscitation technique for a temple strike. You get to go to the hospital and have holes drilled in your head to relieve the pressure from a ruptured temporal artery.

Weapons: regular fist, single knuckle fist, palm heel, elbow, knee.



1. Gall Bladder 20

This point is located bilaterally on the outside base of the skull. Also known as the Plane of Willis. It is the flat spot at the base of the skull. It is struck at a 45° angle inward and upward to the center of the head.

Unconsciousness is due to overstimulation of the cranial nerves.

Weapons: Hammer fist, elbow, regular fist, Willow Leaf Palm (cupped palm), back fist.

2. Triple Warmer 17

This point is located behind and below the ear in that little grove behind the jawbone. Some authorities indicate that this is an extreme death point. It is utilized with both strikes and presses. If you strike this point from rear to front there is a good possibility of dislocating the jaw. It is best pressed with a single knuckle fist. Grind back and forth as you press inward to the center of the skull.

Loss of consciousness is a result of overstimulation of the cranial nerves.

Weapons: Regular fist, one knuckle fist, back fist (open hand strike).

3. Bladder 10

This point is located bilaterally on the spine below the skull. Strike inward to the center of the head.

Loss of consciousness is due to over stimulation of the cranial nerves.

Weapons: Palm heel, regular fist, elbow, Willow Leaf Palm.

4. Governing Vessel 17

This is the occipital notch. Strike this point in an upward and inward direction.

Loss of consciousness is due to the overstimulation of the cranial nerves. A strike here may also cause a severe concussion.

Weapons: Willow leaf palm, palm heel, regular fist, elbow, knee


1. Stomach 9/10

These two points are struck at the same time. They are located over the carotid sinus on the medial anterior portion of the neck.

Loss of consciousness can be explained by several mechanisms. Pick one.

a. Striking two points on the same meridian can cause unconsciousness.

b. Disrupting the blood flow to the brain. A strike can cause backpressure that the brain cannot handle and unconsciousness ensues.

c. Below the carotid sinus is a bareceptor that monitors blood pressure. When struck with sufficient force it sends a message to the brain that the blood pressure is too high. A message is then sent to the heart to slow down or stop and the result is unconsciousness.

Weapons: regular fist, one knuckle fist, knife hand, spear hand, elbow.

2. Large Intestine 18

This point is located on the leading edge of the Sternocleoidmastoid muscle about half way up the neck. This is a good grab point for Spirit Throw and Japanese Full Nelson.

Weapons: regular fist, one knuckle fist, elbow, fingertips.

This is not an all-inclusive list. There are a multitude of points in this region of the neck. These are just the ones I use on a regular basis.


1. Conception Vessel 22

This point is located at the top of the sternum in the notch. The strike to this point is done with the fingertips generally inward and downward. It is fairly safe to press this location but strikes can be serious.

Loss of consciousness is caused by trauma to the trachea.

Weapons: Fingertips, single knuckle punch.

2. Conception Vessel 15

This point is the solar plexus. It is called the solar plexus because of its central location. Organs affected would include heart, lungs, liver, kidneys, and stomach. Breaking the xiphoid process can lacerate the liver and cause internal bleeding, which if not treated, can be fatal.

Loss of consciousness is from trauma to the above named organs. There can also be a loss of motor function.

Weapons: regular fist, single knuckle fist, elbow, knee, ball of foot.

3. Conception Vessel 4

This point is located about two inches below the umbilicus (belly button). It is struck in a 45° downward direction. If struck with sufficient force you can cause an opponent to soil their shorts.

Loss of consciousness is caused by trauma to the small intestine and bladder.

Weapons: regular fist, palm heel.

4. Spleen 21

This point is located in the medial lateral portion of the rib cage. An easy way to find this point is to place two fingers under your nipple and trace a line straight around to the center of the rib cage. If you locate this point on a partner and press on it with a single knuckle fist you will get a substantial reaction.

Loss of consciousness results from trauma to the lungs and associated nerves. It will also shut down the lungs, stop breathing and circulation.

Weapons: regular fist, one knuckle fist, heel, palm heel, elbow, back of hand/wrist, knee and just about anything else you have!

5. Stomach 28

This point is located two finger widths below the nipple. Strike this point in a downward angle of 45°.

Loss of consciousness is cause by trauma to the lungs and associated nerves. You may also break some ribs in the process.

Weapons: regular fist, single knuckle fist, palm heel. Knife hand, front kick (kick them in the knees first!).

6. Liver 13

This point is located on the tip of the 11th rib. An attack to this point is from a 45° angle to the body and downward at a 45° angle. If struck in an upward motion with sufficient force to break the rib (and they break easily!) the blow can be lethal if it lacerates the liver.


1. Governing Vessel 15

This point is located on the spine between the shoulder blades. Attack this point in an inward direction.

Loss of consciousness is a result of trauma to the spinal cord, aorta, heart and lungs. A heel stomp as in Rear Reverse [ Ushiro gyaku a.k.a. Wellington Sheep Hold] can be fatal.

Weapons: regular fist, elbow, palm heel, heel, knee.

2. Gall Bladder 25

This point is located over the kidney just below the rib cage. This is a nasty point to get hit on all by itself. Used in conjunction with a GB 20 strike produces a knockout that I can personally attest to. Strike is done from a 45° degree angle to the body from the rear.

Loss of consciousness is a result of trauma to the kidney and associated nerves.

Weapons: regular fist, shin kick, roundhouse kick, elbows, back of hand.

3. Governing Vessel 3

This point is located on the tip of the coccyx. Attack this point in an upward motion.

Loss of consciousness is caused by trauma to the entire spinal cord.

Weapons: front kick, knee strike.


1. Gall Bladder 31

This point is located medially on the outer thigh. It is located over the Ilio-tibial tract of ligaments and the vastus muscle. This is a favorite target for kick boxers and when kicked properly can cause the leg to quit functioning.

Weapons: Shin kick, knee, regular fist.

The knee has a multitude of points on and around it. A solid side thrust kick will hit something!

2. Spleen 10

This point is located on the inner thigh about three inches above the knee. Strike inward toward the center of the leg and downward. This will cause the knee to collapse. I have heard of ki sickness being caused by kicking this point with the ball of your foot.

Weapons: knees, instep, shin, heel, regular fist.

3. Bladder 57

This point is located at the juncture of the gastrocnemius muscle and the Achilles tendon. The point is attacked from the rear of the leg to the front. According to the Bubishi if this muscle is split it causes dementia.

Loss of consciousness is trauma to the tibial artery and nerve.

Weapons: side thrust kick, front kick.

There are a multitude of points on the foot but accessing them in the dynamics of a fight is not likely. A good stomp to the instep can do wondrous things to the attitude of an opponent.

The last point I want to indicate out is Kidney 1. It is located in the center of the foot. Ashi Katsu is performed on the left foot. By slapping this point vigorously you may be able to quickly restore someone about to faint. I can personally attest to this as I used it on my team sergeant, who was about to faint, after getting shots prior to going to jungle training in Guam, 1985 (watch the trailer on my website).

This is by no means an inclusive list. These are just the points I use in my martial art. There is much to learn in applying the Kyusho techniques to the various arts. It requires study of not only TCM but also western medicine, physiology, physics, anatomy, and a great deal of practice. It requires the conscious effort during practice to apply the principles to your techniques and a concerted effort to make the art your own. The study of the martial arts is a harsh mistress, but worth it.

Train hard!

Uses For Mosaics – Stone Tables, etc

One of the oldest and most beautiful forms of artwork is mosaics. Mosaics are made from mosaic tiles, glued together to form a picture or particular design. Mosaic tables are one of the most popular uses of mosaic art; the top of the table is covered with a lovely mosaic design and then placed upon a table, which can have either a wooden or wrought iron base. A mosaic table adds a beautiful touch of color to any room.

Artisans have been designing mosaic table tops for eons, but anyone with some crafting ability can make a mosaic table of their own. A mold, sometimes just a stone stepping stone is used as the base. A piece of adhesive is cut to fit the mold, and then the design that is desired for the table is drawn on the other side of the adhesive paper. This will be used to form the template for the pieces of mosaic (cut glass or stone) to be placed to form the design. The mold is covered with petroleum jelly and the adhesive paper is placed on it, sticky side up. Next, the precut glass pieces are are arranged on the pre-drawn layout of the design. A tool is used to push the tiles down into place onto the adhesive. Now, a cement is made, consisting of water, special cement and whatever color is desired for the spaces between the tiles. The concrete is poured into the mold, so that it seeps into the pre-arranged design but does not completely cover it. The mold is then gently tapped down to remove air bubbles from the cement. It should be left to dry for at least an hour.

Once the concrete is try, the mold should be turned upside down and then the adhesive is peeled off. To keep the design clean and clear looking, any excess cement should be removed with a dampened sponge, and a small scraper. The mosaic for the table top is ready, and just has to be properly attached to the table you are using.

It is important to remember that you are working upside down to make the design. This is called the "indirect" method. The importance of this is that if your design includes words, numbers or a scene that should be viewed a certain way, it will be backwards when the mold is turned over. This has to be taken into account when the design is made in the first place.

Painters and Painting Business, Making Money

In my painting business, I always felt crappy after having a sales call and spilling my guts, telling a customer everything I knew about the job, spending hours talking about product knowledge, techniques and such. And then giving the customer the estimate, only to call back several days later to ask the outcome of their decision and to find that the client would not give me the time a day. Needless to say, I felt betrayed, and really angry.

After reading several sales books and going to several sales courses, I heard others speak of the same type of behavior.

They called it being an unpaid consultant. The idea is that all clients or customers and potential customers want information and are willing to do anything to get it except commit. They will go out of their way to tell you oh, you stand a pretty good chance. We like you a lot are probably only get the job. None of that is true for the most part; those lies are just a technique to get you to pour out your heart. It's kind of the same feeling you get when you give the client the estimate and they're standing or sitting there with their hands grabbing and grasping for the estimate. Even when they do not know what is on the estimate. I always felt like I was robbed.

The best way to counter this is to be in control of the conversation. If you're on the measure call then the only talking you should be doing is asking questions. If they ask you a question, calmly answer that you'll tell them everything when you come back to give them the estimate. It's also a good way to ensure that you get invited back, because after you spill your guts, and once you give the price. You're done; they do not want to hear anymore.

Controlling the conversation, you do not allow yourself to be pulled in. When they ask you a question turn it around and ask it back, or some variation of the question. Handling it this way, you gain more power. This way when you're sitting down with the decision-making people, along with your estimate, you control the situation and can calmly show them the benefits of going with you.

Electricians – What Does Their Job Entail?

The modern day amenities that we have come to know and love are often times taken for granted and overlooked. Electricity makes our lives convenient and comfortable. If it were not for electricity we would not have things such as our beloved light, television, computers, or even temperate homes. The people that make sure that these pleasantries are operating and installed properly are electricians.

Electricians are trained in the trade of wiring different structures, including homes and offices, and routinely maintaining electrical systems to ensure that no problems ensue. Along with these tasks, a job in this field also includes many other duties. Electricians have the job of connecting lighting and different types of power systems. When a structure is being built, they provide the wiring required to setup the electrical systems of the building. These skilled tradesmen must also be very proficient with the use of blueprints, industrial diagrams, and specifications required for the wiring and installation of electrical systems.

The profession of being an electrician has many responsibilities that it coincides with. It is important that building and safety codes are followed, to ensure the protection of the electrician and people that may be in the building that is being serviced. The risks are extremely great in this line of work if the proper procedures and precautions are not followed. Also, knowing the National Electric Code, which gives the principles and criterion for electrical safety, is a must.

A position in the electric field can take a long time to obtain. Electricians must go through an apprenticeship that lasts anywhere from three years to five years, depending on how rigorous the program and how adept the apprentice. To secure a state license in this industry, it is also a prerequisite that the aspirant take a licensing exam, which does take a considerable amount of time and knowledge. It is vital that someone becoming an electrician be efficient and of expert status in order to take on this precarious and demanding career.

The occupation of electrician has seen many job openings in recent years and is sure to see more in the years to come. This influx of jobs can be attributed the increase in the use of electricity by our abounding population.

Age To Get Puppies Spayed

Having your puppy spayed is by far the best way to ensure that we combat the problem of unwanted dogs. There are a huge number of healthy dogs put to sleep each year in America and an even greater number waiting in shelters to be adopted. Much of the trauma that these animals go through would be spared if only we took a more responsible view regarding the age to have puppies spayed.

Puppies are sexually mature at around six months old. From this time on a bitch can become pregnant and have her own litter of puppies, despite the fact that she will still seem like a puppy to you. Therefore, if we wish to keep the overpopulation of dogs to a minimum, the best age for puppies to be spayed would be before they are six months old. This should be before the puppy comes on heat for the first time.

Not only is this the best age to have puppies spayed from the viewpoint of controlling the dog population, it is also better for the dog on medical grounds. You will have reduced the risk of your dog suffering from mammary adenocarcinoma by about 98% when she is older.

Whether there is a limit regarding there being too young an age to have puppies spayed is a much discussed subject. The American Medical Veterinary Association now advocates the spaying of female puppies from as early as 7 weeks. There are many other reputable organisations who agree with the AMVA on this decision including The Humane Society of the United States and The Kennel Club of the United States.

There has been years of research into the subject and findings have been contra to previous beliefs. It was thought in the past that operating so early in life could cause the dog problems in later years. It has now been proved that there are no medical contraindications for the procedure at this age regarding either behaviour or physical well being. Many veterinarians however, will still not agree to the procedure at such an early age and are still of the opinion that the best age to have puppies spayed is at around six months, just prior to first season. Veterinarians who are involved with The Humane Society of the United States are particularly supportive of early age spaying if it means that the animal can be adopted from a shelter rather than euthanized. Another rule for some is the weight of the puppy. Some will only spay if the animal weighs at least two pounds.

The majority of specialists will say that the ideal age to have puppies spayed would be at six months. In some cases this can be reduced for an early age spay from as young as 7 weeks. Either way, the important issue is that you do have your puppy spayed. This will be one step closer to helping reduce unwanted pregnancies and save the trauma that unwanted dogs have to endure.

Do Heated Snow Melting Mats Make Shoveling Obsolete?

Depending on your point of view, the frigid months of December through March usually elicit one of two reactions: either one of anticipation or dread! The people who enjoy a skiing, ice skating, snowmobiling, and a white Christmas look forward to the snow coming down; while the rest of the population – the ones who recoil at the idea of ​​having to shovel the snow or drive on it- feel otherwise.

To keep yourself and others dry and safe, it's necessary to not only shovel walkways and stairs, but also to sprinkle rock salt or other chemicals to prevent slippery, dangerous ice from forming. For people who own or manage a business or public facility, the problem increases in direct proportion to the number of visitors that pass through their doors, every day. Business owners not only want to make it convenient, inviting, and safe for customers to stop by, but there's also the issue of legal liability.

Heated Mats May Offer a Viable Alternative

A solution that many people are unaware of is the use of snow-melting traction mats. They're available in a variety of sizes and price ranges, and can reduce or eliminate the need to shovel snow or sprinkle rock salt on walkways over and over again. The price of operating heated mats is minimal – as little as 60 cents a day – and they can usually melt snow as fast as it falls, assuming it's not a blizzard! The HeatTrak snow melting mat for sidewalks can handle up to two inches of falling snow per hour, which would be considered a moderately heavy snowfall.

Snow melting system may range in price from about $ 328 to $ 2025. The low end of the price range will buy a heated outdoor mat from one manufacturer that's two feet wide by five feet long. That's not going to make your life all that much easier, since it would only cover the outside entrance area of ​​a building. If your objective is to drastically reduce or eliminate the need to shovel walkways, it may be necessary to opt for the longer, more expensive versions of the product. With mat sizes as large as three feet by 20 feet, it's possible to cover the entire front walkway of some commercial and residential buildings. For some public buildings and facilities, multiple snow melting mats may need to be purchased.

Another snow melting product that's especially geared for public buildings and businesses is heated aluminum stair treads. In addition to melting the snow and ice, they also have traction features. There's also the economical rubber stair treads for industrial use that generate enough heat to melt snow at a rate of two inches per hour.

You can roughly estimate the savings heated mats would provide, in terms of lower snow removal costs, rock salt expenses, snow blower gasoline, and perhaps even insurance liability premiums; but what you can not put a price tag on is the feeling of looking out the window and seeing a clear sidewalk that does not need to be shoveled or salted, in spite of snow or sleet falling from the sky.

Facelifts For Men – What Makes Them Different?

While more women than men undergo facelift procedures, men still make up about 15% to 20% of the facelift population. Men are almost exclusively bothered by a 'neck waddle' and usually consider a facelift at an older age than women when this waddle is more significant. One of the keys to facelifting in men is not too overdo it. I have see many men who have had a facelift and they look a little unnatural at best and some even look more effeminate. I am certain this is not what they were seeking from the procedure. A subtle improvement for men is much better than an overdone dramatic one. Men, understandably, are particularly skiddish about being known as having had a facelift.

From a planning and technical standpoint, the male facelift patient differs from the female in one significant way …. hair. Both the amount and style of scalp hair and the presence of beard skin changes several aspects of the operation. The placement of the incisions and their eventual obscurity is of critical importance. Like all facelifts, the first and most important goal is to have scars that are difficult to find. No matter how great the neck and jowl result is, or how long the result may last, poor and visible scarring will make that all irrelevant. I have yet to find a patient who wants to advertise that they have had a facelift. (Although some results that you have seen scream that they have!)

Men have beards which provide both an advantage and a disadvantage. The upward-disappearing sideburn that can occur in women with a facelift (the tuft of hair in front of the ear gets higher) is not an issue for most men. When their existing sideburn gets higher after surgery, they simply start shaving lower regaining the lost sideburn. Most men should even start before facelift surgery in growing longer sideburns so they will be at a normal level after surgery. The disadvantages are that the incision in front of the ear must stay … in front of the ear. It can not be placed partially inside the ear as in women (known as retrotragal) because beard skin will drawn up into the ear which is both a nuisance and not natural looking. In addition, because of the direction of pull behind the ear in a facelift, some beard skin will end up behind the ear necessitating shaving this area. As long as men are advised of this possibility and after surgery requirement, I have not seen it to be a problem.

One final thought on male facelift results ….. men do not usually get a particularly dramatic result. Their skin often stretches more than a woman's making it difficult (and unnecessary) to create a super sharp neck angle. They are also prone to more settling or some 'relapse' after surgery due to their thicker heavier skin. As already mentioned, however, men are usually not interested in spectacular changes but prefer less obvious ones. This may be the most important key to the male facelift patient.

How to Create Your Company Elevator Story

Most of us are familiar with the term "elevator story". For those who might not be, it is what you would want one of your employees to tell someone who asked about what it is that your company does if they were greeted on the eighth floor elevator in a hotel headed for the lobby. It is what they would say in the time the elevator reached the lobby.

What would you employee say that would make the person who asked want more information? Would they all say the same thing?

Most companies do not have that "story". Their employees would be making statements like "We are the oldest", "We are the biggest in our field", or the always popular "Our people make the difference".

Blah, blah, blah. What does that mean to ME? Why would any of these answers make me want to know more?

If you want your company to stand out, you must have a story. You have got to have a compelling reason that makes me, your prospect, think "That is the company I want to do business with!"

I recently worked with a large insurance brokerage firm. They are a successful company who was telling the story about how their people make the difference. Who is not telling that story?

When we finally determined what was important to their clients, we figured out that knowing the status of claims and applications was important. Their story developed to "We are the company that let's you sleep when the wind blows". In other words, when problems (claims) occur, you will know that status every night … you will not wonder what is going on.

This has become their passion and their story. It works beautifully.

Here are some tips for developing your story:

1) Make it brief. It should be one or two sentences.

2) Make it emotional or expressive. It should be something that they will remember.

3) Make it specific. It should apply to your company and your customers.

4) Make it timely. It should apply today and now.

Remember these tips and develop a story that tells your customers and prospects who you are and why they should do business with you.

Try this and you'll own your customers.

Why Individuals Invest In Number Plates

As of now, there are numerous car owners who are looking for ways to help them make their vehicles appealing. And, the most common option is to invest in accessories and parts. However, there are some individuals who are opting for other options like investing in special number plates.

Special number plates are registrations that are unique. These plates are offered by authorities to allow individuals make cars better and appealing. Apart from that, some individuals also invest in these plates due to the following reasons below.

Accomplish registration tasks easily

One of the main reasons why individuals invest in number plates is to accomplish registration tasks easily. Of course, registering cars are important to ensure that your cars abide by road and traffic rules. Not to mention, car registration also helps individuals secure their investments. Sadly, when using typical number plates, there are cases when individuals may experience issues because of violations caused by vehicles with almost the same plate numbers. With the use of special number plates, you can easily avoid such issue.

Make cars unique

Another reason why individuals invest in number plates is to make cars unique. Of course, when it comes to uniqueness, individuals have different options. This is possible since there are numerous car items and accessories individuals can purchase. However, even if you have the best accessories and parts for your vehicle, using a typical car plate can easily make cars unsightly. By making use of special plates, individuals can easily make their cars unique and appealing.

Hide the age of cars

There are also some individuals who invest in number plates to help them hide the age of cars. One of the drawbacks of using typical plate numbers is individuals can easily check the age of your vehicles. So, when you are planning to sell your vehicle, buyers can easily use this into their advantage which can affect your profits. By using special plates for your vehicles, you can easily hide its age.

Better resale price

With regard to car value, making use of special plates can also help you increase their price. This can be achieved since special plates are more expensive than traditional plates. Not to mention, not everyone can purchase such plates for their cars. Because of this, individuals can immediately increase the value of their vehicles.

These are only some of the wonderful reasons why getting a special number plate is worth it.

Wood-Burning Stoves – Timeless Classics

Wood-burning stoves can be installed in any room of your house, but most often they are placed in living or dining rooms, as well as in patios. While traditional fireplaces generally work as a piece of décor, free-standing wood-burning stoves are generally used for more practical purposes, namely, for heating and even cooking. Thanks to new designs, your wood-burning stove will look attractive and still remain perfectly functional. Because it isn’t attached to the wall, a wood-burning stove will radiate more heat throughout a small or large room.

Most often, wood-burning stoves are usually built of stainless steel, soapstone or ceramics study stone and brick but can remain sleek and contemporary thanks to new materials such as fireproof glass and stainless steel details. The shape of these stoves is most commonly tall and cylindrical, with built-in wood storage under the burning chamber.

When choosing a new wood-burning stove, keep in mind that the size of your wood-burning stove is determined by the size of the space that needs to be heated. The fire of the stove should be substantial enough to please the eye as well as heat the room, but too much fire can literally turn your place into an oven.

When picking a place to put your new stove, avoid traffic areas such as doors. A stove surrounded by windows may be a good solution. The fire chamber door should face the room. Don’t forget to take stovepipe requirements into the account, making sure they are in compliance with your local building codes. Since wood-burning stoves are not strictly fireplaces, they don’t require any clearance between the fire chamber and surrounding combustible materials, such as wood or fabric.

Conventional wood-burning stoves vary in heat efficiency because their construction can be very different, too. The efficiency of a wood-burning stove depends on how much of its combustion energy turns to heat, which in its turn depends on how well it burns wood. Even the best wood-burning stoves don’t burn all wood completely. The smoke is actually composed of unburned wood particles. Another factor that impacts the wood-burning stove’s efficiency is how much heat escapes through the chimney.

To improve the efficiency of your wood-burning stove, consider a chimney sweep in the first place. This should be done by a professional fireplace expert. If you noticed that a lot of smoke is produced during the wood burning, you may need to alter the size of your stove opening, or reconfigure the existing fire chamber. If you notice that a lot of hot air escapes through the chimney, you may consider replacing the fire basket – the metal rack that supports the burning logs. New designs of fire baskets can greatly improve air circulation and heat efficiency.

Wood burning stoves today offer a great variety of looks and designs to suit any home style, from a retro Victorian house to a steel loft condo. Painted black, brushed steel or even red, with stovepipe to match, wood burning stoves with generous glass doors allow you admire the dancing flames during the cold winter season.

Free Standing Electric Cookers – More Information

Free standing electric cookers or ranges these days have a multitude of options and features that differentiate a family of models across a nearly one thousand dollar price point. How can there be so many variations in something as straightforward as a free standing electric cooker or range? Well the devil is in the details and over the years those details have improved tremendously. The older cookers are still being manufactured that have those old drop-in electric coil ranges. You will pay a premium for freestanding ranges though and with them a bevy of features fit for a commercial kitchen.

There is usually no difference between electric and gas cookers and also of great importance is the type of oven that is packaged with the electric cooker. Some manufactures manage to cram an oven and a smaller toaster into the space of one conventional sized oven. Ultimately it may be simply aesthetics that govern the utility of a free standing electric cooker. Some models come very small and streamlined, perfect for small rental units for example, while some are larger and better suited for a family kitchen.

There are as many varieties of electric cookers as there are styles but the most costly of all features is the slide-in range which is now very popular. Instead of the classic singular drop-in ranges there is now a series of cast-iron grates perfect for grilling and also flexibility when cooking with pans. Previously you were limited to just the four hot spots but the grate allows the heat to be distributed over a wider surface. This makes it more practical and easier to clean. Another note is that it has become very in vogue recently to have stainless steel offerings, just a warning that this will tack on a couple extra hundred to that free standing electric cooker.

Bathroom Decoration – Wall Panels

Creating a bathroom style that is contemporary yet practical can often prove difficult, especially where wall coverings are concerned. Many households opt for tiles because there is low awareness of alternative solutions. Tiles are available in ever more differing styles but they do require a certain amount of ongoing maintenance to keep the grout clean and over time the appearance of the grout will diminish. However waterproof wall panels are becoming increasingly popular as an alternative to bathroom tiles. In addition to being attractive and easy to maintain, they also offer many other advantages to the installer and end user alike.

Wall panels are manufactured in different formats and sizes to suit shower enclosures, domestic steam rooms and full bathrooms. They can often be supplied as complete kits that include all required profiles, sealants and accessories.

Wall panels are quicker and easier to install than wall tiles, which can be tricky. It can take several days for the adhesive and grout to dry with tiles, wall panel installation is much simpler and can be under taken by most competent Diy-ers. As panels are dry the potential for mess is minimised, no grouting means that once the installation is complete, a room can be used immediately, this also stops the development of bathroom wall mould that is often found in between tiles and is a real nuisance and soon ruin the look of a bathroom. Normal woodworking tools can be used to install the wall panels doing away with the need to buy specialist tools to be used for one job. To ensure that wall tiles are fitted straight a laser level is usually needed, with wall panels a standard spirit level is sufficient.

Wall panels are made by bonding a decorative high-performance laminate to plywood to give a surface that is 100 per cent waterproof, because of the material that they are constructed you should have no problems to fix mirrors or other bathroom fittings unlike tiles which require the use of a special drill bit and more often than not results in damage to the tile. Some panels also feature a water-resistant WBP plywood substrate and a balancer laminate to the reverse to stop moisture from penetrating through the back of the board.

Due to the size of the product large areas of wall can be covered in a fraction of the time it would take to tile. A single 2,400mm by 900mm panel covers the same area as 216 (100mm) tiles.

Panels can be fitted to most types of bathroom wall, including brick, concrete, plasterboard, studwork and even over the top of existing ceramic tiles [ = 2] Whatever the surface, it is important that the walls are even and provide a suitable fixing for screws, plugs and adhesive.

The internal and external profiles of panels usually require no sealant. Some panels feature an innovative two-part 'Click-Seal' profile system which ensures that the wall panels are correctly fitted together.

The design incorporates a PVC section on the back and a PVC colour co-ordinated or polished chrome aluminium face. The two parts simply click the two panels together and a self-adhesive barrier tape creates a watertight joint. When fitted together tongue and grooved edges reduce the need for joining strips and mean that fixings can be neatly concealed. The outer edge of the panels is fitted with an edging profile to create a neat and co-ordinated finish. Conventional tile installations often result in leaks as the seal between the bath or shower tray and wall breaks down over time, the bottom seal system on wall panels accommodates the expansion and contraction of the panel and ensures that this does not happen.

Panels are very easy to clean and just need wiping with a damp cloth to keep them looking as good as new. Unlike wallpaper or paint, that can peel or flake, and tiles that can crack and chip, panels are durable and are unlikely to suffer any damage – even after a number of years.

So before you rush down to your local tile superstore consider using wall panels as an economical, hard wearing, low maintenance and attractive alternative.

Vinyl Plank Flooring is a Cost Effective Solution to Hardwood Floors

Hardwood flooring gets very expensive when you are replacing the flooring in your home or using it for a new construction. If you want the look and texture of hardwood without the huge price tag, vinyl plank flooring is a great solution. If you are thinking that vinyl flooring is cheesy, you haven’t seen the newest kind of vinyl flooring that has come out in the last few years.

Wood look plank in vinyl is very realistic looking as well as durable. There are many advantages to using this kind of flooring, and the following will cover some of these advantages.

We already covered the benefit of the price difference between real wood flooring and vinyl plank flooring, so you know it is a cost effective solution to hardwood floors. Here is a list of some of the other advantages of attractive vinyl wood look plank flooring.

* Easier and faster to install than hardwood

* Easier to maintain and keep clean than hardwood

* Selection of wood grains and colors that look just like hardwood

* Softer and warmer than hardwood

You will want to shop around when you are looking for vinyl plank flooring as there are several manufacturers of this fabulous kind of flooring like nofco, armstrong, novalis and trafficmaster allure.

You will also want to consider what grade you will need. This is determined by the amount of traffic your wood plank flooring will be getting. For instance, if you are using this flooring for a high traffic retail store, you need to find the most durable commercial vinyl wood plank flooring to meet your needs.

The two commercial grade options are ac5 and ac4 vinyl wood flooring and if you are looking for residential grade, you can look at ac3 grade as it is durable enough for home use. Some people like to use the commercial grade vinyl plank flooring in their homes when they have pets.

When you are ready to purchase new flooring, consider top brands like armstrong natural living plank vinyl flooring or any of the above mentioned top rated vinyl plank manufacturers. You will enjoy the look and feel of this kind of flooring for years.

Plan? We Do not Need No Stinkin 'Plan

Unfortunately that famous line from Humphrey Bogart's movie The Treasure of the Sierra Madre "," Badges? We is not got not no badges. We do not need no badges! I do not have to show you no stinkin'badges! "Is often one of the most misquoted lines in movie history, in fact, when I first started writing this, I had to correct myself when using the quote! That being said, let's get to the point of this blog ……. Planning. Our last blog discussed planning on a global, big picture scale. let's focus on what it means to you, as an individual running your business! The first step is to realize "WE NEED A pLAN!" How do you go about developing a plan that will be meaningful and effective for your business? There are many templates and programs that will assist you with the fundamentals, a simple Google search will provide a wealth of information. It's what you put in the plan that counts! Following are some ideas and thoughts that you may want to consider as you develop your plan:

o What is changing in your industry?
o What is changing in technology and how does it impact your ability to connect with customers
o What is changing with your customers?
o What is changing in the economy?

We all know the traditional ways to reach out to customers ….. mailings, telemarketing, mass emails and others. But what is going to grab your customer's attention, how can you convince them to choose you over all the other alternatives in the market? Think about the following:

o Provide value, beyond the product – value in personal attention and customization
o Make yourself unique – find a way to differentiate yourself from the competition
o Build Relationships – showing the customer you really are invested in helping them make the best decisions and choices with your expertise. They will count on you to make sure their best interests are being looked after!
o Network in the community …. Join the Chamber of Commerce, sponsor a youth activity, help with a charity event, get involved in local professional groups

The key is your plan should focus on cultivating a two-way relationship with your customers. Yes, the new technology of Social Media is important, but so is an act so simple most of us have forgotten it …. Pick up the phone or stop by to say a personal "Hello".

Buildings With Handrails Are People Friendly

Any building regardless of size should be people friendly. But what makes such a type of structure? Simple – the presence of handrails in various important spots.

Installing staircases and slopes in an office space, hospital facility, schools and other institutions need a vital component which is the hand rail. This part serves an important function of making the place safer for people with disabilities, injuries or health conditions who may have difficulty moving around. With something to hold on to, falls and other accidents will be prevented.

But other than the stairs, stand alone handrails can be installed in other types of facilities such as hospitals and nursing homes. They should be present in strategic spots most especially where patients often pass by. They can even be used in the home particularly in the bathroom above the tub or in the shower area as a safety component while you’re taking a bath. Additionally, bars can utilize this fixture as well to provide comfort to people’s hands and to enhance the beauty of the area.

Handrails can be installed both indoor and outdoor. When they are properly put up in different areas of the building, it’s a solid proof that those behind the construction of the structure are concerned about the people coming in and out of the building.

Normally, it’s the contractor who has knowledge as to where to install these rails. But for staircases and slopes, they are a must component. Stairs should be built in a sturdy way so that those who use it to go up to a higher level of the building and down will be safe. Specifications such as height of railings and treads for building stairways depend on the area where you live. They should be based on the building codes of your specific state.

Handrails for adults are naturally higher than those for the kids. Ideally, the height for a regular handrail should be at least 34 inches from the floor. It should be lower for small children which should be observed in the case of pre-schools.

The pole used for the rail comes in different sizes (usually in diameter) and shapes – round, square and multi-sided. However, the round shape in the most appropriate size is still the most widely used today because they’re easy to grip and comfortable to the hands.

In terms of material, the wood and stainless steel are the most preferred these days. Wood remains to be a choice of homeowners who want a classic look and feel to their residences. In the past, wood was designed very simply but through the years, it has evolved into great styles. Apart from the straight lines, it can now be designed in various shapes and texture.

The stainless steel is the common preference of those who want a more modern appeal. This material is also the most ideal for outdoor use due to its durability and ability to withstand any type of weather and even harsh chemicals.

So if you want your own home to be people friendly, make sure to install handrails where needed.