The Architecture of the Mughals in India

The Mughal Empire was established in India at the beginning of the 16th century and flourished for almost 3 centuries before its declination in 1858. The Most remarkable period of the Mughal Empire was during the reign of Sultan Jalal El Din Akbar, or Akbar the Great, who ruled from around the middle till the end of the 16th century. The Mughals have left a number of interesting monuments that are included in several travel packages to India.

Almost all Mughal kings cave special attention to building and architecture as they symbolized how great their ruling period was and how strong they were. According to their beliefs, the power and the glory of a man, or a king, were assessed according to his architectural achievements. Tourists who travel to India still admire several buildings that were constructed during the Mughals era.

The Mughals even linked the legitimacy of the kings of their empire with architecture. They believed that the king is the vicegerent of god on earth and he represented how perfect and great a man should be. This is why their architectural achievements were magnificent and survived to grab the attention of many tourists who spend their vacations in India.

When Baburs, the first Mughal Sultan, took control of Delhi in 1526, he had several architectural aspirations. However, the only remaining monuments established by the founder of the Mughals Empire, which are sometimes explored by some of the travelers who tour India, include a few water wells, a garden pool, and three small masks.

After the death of Baburs, his oldest son, Humayun became the Sultan of the Mughal Empire. He had some impressive building constructed. However, only a few ruins remain until today. This includes a mosque featured with its Timurid features including a long high portal and a prayer area that included a dome. In 1533, Humayun began constructing his citadel in Delhi which became one of the main landmarks of the Mughals Empire architecture which is quite distinct. Many travelers who spend their vacations in India are particularly interested in their buildings and establishments.

A whole new era began when Akbar, the most famous and glorious Mughals' Sultan became the ruler of the Empire in 1556. His first architectural project was the construction of a tomb for his father, Humayun which was quite impressive. He also built a citadel in his new capital in Agra. These monuments welcome hundreds of vacationers who travel to India.

The most notable building established during the ruling period of Akbar is the Jahangir Mahal, a palace specified to house the ladies of the royal family of the Mughals. Located inside the Agra Fort, the characteristics of the Mughals architecture were quite evident in this palace including the features of its courtyard, interiors, and even the façade. This palace is often included in many India travel packages that include a visit to Agra.

Another notable historical site dating back to the ruling period of Akbar is Fatehpur Sikri, a city founded by Akbar in 1572. Many sections of this city survived until today as evidences of how great and prosperous this city once was. A number of specially tailor travel packages to India include many of the buildings constructed during the ruling period of the Mughals.

How to Solder Jewelry – Learn the Basics

Learning how to solder will give you the freedom to incorporate sophisticated components and connections into your jewelry designs. As a jewelry artist it will give you the freedom to create more sophisticated and intricate works of art. Here are some basic concepts that can help you get started. Before you begin your journey, you will need to gather some basic soldering tools and equipment:

Torch: This is one of the most important staples to have in a well equipped jewelry studio. However, soldering brings many different elements that are too important not to discuss on this article. I strongly recommend that you begin by taking a basic jewelry fabrication class, which allows you to learn the intricacies of the technique.

First and foremost is SAFETY . When you first start making jewelry, you have a natural fear of the fire, yet as you continue your work the fear will disappear and carelessness may take its place. To prevent accidents, become knowledgeable on the maintenance and care of the soldering equipment you own.

• Spend time learning the soldering techniques that come with the equipment you purchase – Talk to the people that set your tank and ask for specifics on how to transport and care for the tank and components.
• Learn everything you can about your equipment – most manufacturers today include detailed safety instructions. Read them carefully and do not wait until things fail.
• Check with your insurance agent about proper coverage. You home insurance may not cover you home business.

Another important element is the ENVIRONMENT in which you work with fire. Proper ventilation is essential. Because the expense involved in setting exhaust systems people neglect including the right ventilation needed when using a torch. When money is an object consider the following alternatives:

• Install an exhaust hood that is powerful enough to create a positive flow of air away from you and direct it to the outside vent.
• Another alternative is an open window with a fan on the opposite side of the room. This will give you some ventilation while you solder. The drawback is that the air flow may blow your flame.
• Another appropriate alternative and safeguard is the use of a respirator – yet it may be uncomfortable to wear.

Now let's talk about flame proofing the station where you are planning work. The entire area needs to be covered with non-flammable materials. High fired ceramic tiles are a good choice to protect the work area. Do not sold on top of them, use a charcoal block or non-asbestos pad on top of the tile. Jewelry supply companies sell a soldering pad in several sizes.

It is important to understand the materials used with this type of equipment. The gases we use for soldering are, by their very nature flammable and so considered dangerous. These include:

o Acetylene
o Propane
o Natural gas
o Hydrogen
o Oxygen

Now for the equipment:
• Become very familiar with all your soldering equipment, and maintain it on a regular basis.

All torching equipment sold today is factory and safety coded:
• Red hose for fuel
• Green hose for oxygen

The connections are also coded:
• Fuel fittings have a left hand thread and are marked with a groove on the screw nut.
• Oxygen fittings are right hand threads and do not have a groove.

Maintaining the torch equipment:
• The number one rule is USE NO OIL – when mixed with gases it becomes explosive.
• Have the equipment checked by an expert at the place where you buy the gas. Make sure there are not leaks.

Torch Safety Basics
• Install safety ventilation.
• Practice regular maintenance on all the equipment: Tanks, hoses, heads, regulators, tips, and valves.
• Know your equipment and materials.
• Protect yourself and the environment.
• Keep your soldering area neat and clean.
• Secure large tanks on a cart to a wall.
• Open valves slowly

Following these basic soldering instructions will ensure that you purchase a torch that will last a long time.

Now, let's look at the other elements needed when soldering metals.
Fluxes: serves as an agent that allows the medium to move freely on the metal.

Different types of flux can be used with different types of materials and temperatures.
Borax: the most commonly used. It comes in a cone and sits in a ceramic dish ..
Auflux :: Is a general – purpose flux that comes in a liquid form.
Tenacity 5 :: This flux comes in powder form and is mixed with water to form a paste. It can withstand higher temperatures.

The other component needed to solder metal is the actual solder.
Solder: This is the elements that actually joins the metal parts together, it is available in easy, medium, and hard and each one has a different melting point. You can also purchase it in sheets, snippets, and wire. You can also purchase solder in both silver and gold.

These are just some of the basics to explore before you decide to explore soldering metals in depth. The most important thing to take into consideration when learning how to solder is a clean and safe environment.

5 Tips for Novice Welders

If you are new to welding, know that you need to learn to use the welding machine the right way or it can cause an injury to you. The welding process involves some risk but if you invest a bit of effort and employ the right techniques, you can take care of any project without suffering from an injury. Given below are 6 things you need to know if you are just getting started.

1. Safety

Before you get started, make sure you have bought the required safety gear, such as welding helmet, gloves, glasses, and a good fire resistant jacket. Lately, you can buy a variety of quality helmets.

Ideally, you may want to opt for an auto-darkening one. Also, you should have enough ventilation. Alternatively, you can use a strong fume extraction system.

It’s not a good idea to work beside the objects that can catch fire quickly. You may want to choose a location that is safe.

2. MIG, TIG And stick flux-cored

Although these terms look scary, you don’t have to worry. We will explain them in this article.

In the case of wire welding, spools of wire are fed via a gun. This can help you minimize the starts and stops. This way you can easily create proper joints. Also, it’s faster and inexpensive, especially if you want to work on thin sheets of metal.

Wire welding is of two types: flux-cored and MIG. The second type depends upon the shielding gas for protection against contamination. The only drawback of this type of welding is that you can’t do it outdoors due to the wind.

On the other hand, flux-cored welding makes use of a special wire that you can work on with or without gas.

For repair work, Stick welding is the best choice. As a matter of fact, this is the first process that is recommended for beginners. As the name suggests, stick welding involves a stick electrode. There is no need to use a wire feeder.

TIG welding is a good choice for automotive or architectural work. Also, it’s a better option if you want to work on thin sheets of metal for a seamless look.

3. Input Voltage

Generally, lower input voltages are enough if you want to work on thinner materials. On the other hand, high voltages are needed to work on thicker materials. If you are a beginner, you may want to use a machine that allows you to switch between 110v and 220v.

4. User Interface

It won’t be easier for you to configure the welding settings as a beginner. Therefore, we suggest that you opt for a welding machine that has an easy to understand interface. Based on the project type, you can set the right voltage.

5. Consumables

Based on the welding process, make sure you opt for the right consumables. As you get better at your job, you can easily recognize different types of consumables. This can help you opt for the right brand.

There you have it. These tips can help you do a better job as a welder.

What Harry Potter Can Teach You About Creating A Speech Introduction

When you go to see a movie, what's the first thing that you always see? The answer is, of course, trailers! I must confess that there have been movies that I've gone to in the past in which the trailers were the best part of the whole movie viewing experience! What's interesting about these trailers is that they have been designed with one thing in mind: to get you to come back and see the movie that they are advertising. Maybe we can learn something from trailers that we can use in our next speech.

Why The Opening Of Your Speech Is So Very Important

Let's spend a moment thinking about what runs through your mind when you go to see a movie. You sit down in your seat, you've got your tub of popcorn, your gigantic cup of soda and you're in the mood to be entertained.

All of the ads and trailers get over and then the main feature starts. How long does it take you to figure out if you are going to enjoy watching this movie? How long is it before you might start thinking that the US $ 30 that you've spent to being sitting in this seat at this time was a big mistake? I'm willing to bet that this evaluation happens in less than a minute. Maybe even in less than 30 seconds.

Clearly, how a movie starts is a critical part of determining whether or not we're going to end up enjoying it. Sure, sure – sometimes a movie can start out badly and pull out a save in the end. However, these are rare occurrences – the opening pretty much determines what we're going to think about the whole movie.

Although you and I are not in the movie making business, we do spend our time making and delivering speeches . If you're willing to come a long with me for just a moment or two, then I'd like to suggest that a speech is very much like a movie. We know about the importance of public speaking and it's up to us to show our audience how important what we have to say is. We've got an audience and we'd like to capture their attention (no matter how good their listening skills are) and hold it through our entire speech. Hmm, I wonder just how we can go about doing this …

How To Build A Speech Opening That's Like A Movie Trailer

Maybe we should take an easier route here. Instead of trying to worry about building our entire speech like a movie, let's just focus for now on building our speech's opening like a movie trailer .

What is the purpose of a movie trailer? It's a quick 1-2 minute video presentation that is designed to get us interested enough in an upcoming movie that we'll come back to the movie theater and pay to see it. Hmm, this attention grabbing thing sounds exactly like what we try to do when we are starting our speech.

How does a movie trailer work its magic on us? It's actually pretty simple. A movie trailer has to immediately grab our attention . No matter if it's an explosion, a gunshot, or a face slap, it has very little time so it has to move quickly.

The next thing that has to happen in a movie trailer is that we need to be introduced to the characters . This needs to happen fast and we need to understand who they are and what they are trying to do. They may be an archeologist, a superhero, a wizard, it does not matter – the background is being set up. This also needs to be done quickly.

A movie trailer only has time to accomplish one more thing. The people that we've just introduced to now have to be put into some sort of challenging situation that there appears to be no way for them to get out of. This is the "hook" that will make us come back to the movie theater in order to find out how things turn out.

When you are creating the opening for your next speech, you are going to want to do the same set of steps. You have very little time in which to capture your audience's attention and so you're going to have move quickly. The first words out of your mouth are going to have to grab their attention. You're going to have to follow this up with a description of the situation that you'll be talking about and the people who will be involved. Finally, you'll need to create challenging situation to end your introduction. This challenge is what's going to cause your audience to remain sitting in their seats and listening to your entire speech.

What All Of This Means For You

The first few words that tumble out of your mouth during your next speech set the stage for the rest of the speech that is to follow. One of the benefits of public speaking is that you control what you say and so you can create a powerful introduction for your next speech. Your speech's introduction is a critical part of making the entire speech effective.

In order to design a speech opening that will both grab and hold your audience's attention, take a look at how movie trailers do it . They always open with a bang – they grab your attention. Next, they introduce the characters and provide some background information, and finally they place them in some sort of situation that appears to be difficult / impossible to get out of. This is exactly what you need to do in your speech's opening in order to hook your audience. Forget all of those presentation tips – the opening of your speech is where it's at.

The opening of your speech is only one part of the total speech. However, if you get this part correct, then the rest of the speech will be much easier to do correctly . Take the time to craft a great "trailer" for your next speech and your audience will end up giving you a great review!

Light Tables For Quality Control Inspection

Anyone who performs quality control in a laboratory or industrial environment knows the importance of adequate lighting. Without the proper level of illumination, it is nearly impossible to perform quality control to expected standards. This could result in serious legal penalties, fines, and even a shutdown of the facility. Equipping heavy, medium, and light duty tables with illuminated table tops ensures that this will not happen.

A standard industrial table outfitted with lighting is offered with optional casters that make the workbench a mobile unit. Hydraulic lift units adjust the height of the table to accommodate seated or standing users while a hydraulic tilt unit moves the work surface to an ergonomically convertible angle. A deluxe version of this table features additional light panels that provide adequate illumination for inspection of the smallest items.

When the ultimate in mobility is needed, light duty tables are often not the solution. An inspection cart featuring a light panel, casters, and hydraulic lift makes the perfect workbench. It can be pulled around the facility floor as needed or used in training applications. Other optional features expand the number of potential applications for this work cart. This unit is the perfect partner for a heavy duty industrial table.

Fluorescent lighting used in lighted tables is covered by frosted glass. Consumers can specify the size of the glass area, with 12-inch multiples available for the width. A dimmable switch is included with the lighting and each fluorescent bulb is a maximum of 40 watts. Though standard sizes of light duty tables with lifting functions are available, custom dimensions can also be specified. When customizing this industrial table, a consumer can choose other features designed to meet the special needs of the user or work environment.

Light duty tables are not the only versions available with illuminated table top lighting. Most of the workbench styles offered can usually be ordered with illuminated surfaces. Whether a lab or cleanroom table is needed, consumers will not need to go without the light feature. Ordering directly from the manufacturer, allows for more flexibility in terms of final product design. Many manufacturers can build light table furniture to meet your exact specifications.

In labs where space is at a premium or where room dimensions are irregular, it is often difficult to find light duty tables and storage options that are compatible. A manufacturer has no problem designing furniture, shelving, and cabinets that will fit into tight corners or small square footage. Most of these items are delivered pre-assembled, eliminating time and frustration for the consumer. Everything arrives ready to use once it is removed from its packaging.

Ordering heavy, medium, or light duty tables with tabletop lighting, casters, hydraulic lifts, and other features is not difficult. When shopping online, consumers simply enter the height, depth, and width of the table, the width of the lighted area, and finish or colors for the frame and top. They can even view samples of optional features and access live help if they have any questions.

Protection From Termites and Ways to Kill Them

Many homes have been destroyed by the infestation of termites which live in colonies and attack your house in colonies too. Termites are of different types such as the flying termite, dry-wood termite, subterranean termites and Formosan termites. All these can infest at places which is not easy for you to inspect. It is always advisable to take the help of professionals while dealing with termites.

Steps to Protect Your Home from Termites

  1. If the soil has moisture it will attract the termites, so it is required to keep moisture away from your house. The gutters should be clean and must drain at a distance from your house. Leakage of water must be avoided because termites not only use wood to burrow, but also the soil in search of moisture.
  2. All the wooden debris surrounding your place should be removed because it is like food to the termites, and after they are done with the debris they are going to eat away your house. Things like newspapers, cardboard boxes, firewood, etc should be kept away from your house and its surroundings.
  3. Your house should be crack free. Cracks are an easy opening for the termites and should be repaired and sealed.
  4. Structures made up of wood should not touch the ground. There should be a minimal space of half a foot between the wooden object and the ground.
  5. Redwood, cedar and juniper are termite-resistant woods which should be used as they are less attractive as a food source for the termites, though not termite-proof.
  6. Using sand as a barrier is pretty effective and useful, especially for those who do not prefer using chemicals. Termites can move particles of certain sizes using their mouths to burrow. That sand particles which can go through a 16-mesh screen can stop termites to tunnel through the sand into your home. This sand barrier should be done by a professional who will build thick trenches of sand all around your foundation or will pump the sand below your house using a sand-pump.
  7. Regular inspection for termites is a healthy thing to do, which is to remove the colony of termites while it is building up and have not caused much damage to your valuables.
  8. Never try to fight away or kill the termites all by yourself. People sometimes try using insect sprays to kill them when they find the colony in one of their property or nearby. The spray is not good enough to kill and the termites move away, often moving right into your place.

General Ways to Kill Termites

  • Borate Termite Treatment- This is carried out by applying it directly on the wood, like a coat, usually carried out during the construction time.
  • Liquid Termite Treatment- Liquid termiticides are sprayed in the surroundings of your house to keep the termites away.
  • Termite Baits- Baits are put around your house to kill the termites as they spread pesticides through the workers.
  • Fumigation- This method is only used for drywood termites found in the southern parts of United States.

Durability And Fireproofing Advantages Of Copper Tiles

Copper metal is ductile and malleable so it is perfect for making decorative and outdoor tiles that can withstand the harsh forces of nature. On top of design advantages, copper is dependable in conducting heat and electricity. Copper roofs and domes survive for centuries, are waterproof and subsume the full force of lightning. For flatware and cookery, copper endures heat. For sinks and tubs, it survives water and fights bacteria off. Copper tiles are among the most utilitarian and defensive available in the market. On top of all those, it is no exaggeration to say that copper products are built to last.

For floors, backsplashes, countertops and walls, the kitchen stands to benefit the most from copper tiles. Already, copper is utilized to make range hoods, water heaters, pans, ladles and knives because it is fireproof and heatproof. Copper curbs the occurrence of fires and cools down cooking spaces. It is invulnerable to heat produced by ovens and stoves rather than vinyl floors and wallpapers that can be found in regular kitchens. Families are further secure amidst electrical plugs and outlets. Copper wire has been an electrical conductor since the 1800s while copper oxides began acting as superconductors in the 1990s.

Copper metal tiles are equally beneficial when you lay them on kitchens and bathrooms as they are anti-germ and waterproof. Just as copper is used to manufacture bath tubs, bath and kitchen sinks, and kitchen counters, it is helpful in the swimming pool, laundry room, garage and veranda. Copper is soluble in water plus it is effective against fungi and bacteria such as E. Coli and MRSA. Public buildings and clinical facilities have long used copper alloys like bronze and brass on surfaces  to avert infection. In a period of 8 hours, brass door knobs can decontaminate.

Public statues and subway murals that have suffered through wear and tear are telling of the longevity of copper. The more this metal corrodes, the stronger it becomes against corrosion. Rusting gives it a copper sulfate patina, known as verdigris, that is superbly rustproof. Copper continues corroding for around 25 years, changing color from its metallic reddish orange to bronze then green. If you find the green aged patina unsuitable to your contemporary home, opt for acrylic glazed copper tiles. Other creative ideas, such as copper inlaid limestone or porcelain tiles, can be had online from established tiling companies including 3M, Stanley-Bostitch and H&R Johnson.

Quick and Dirty Guide to Wood Flooring

If you've always longed for hardwood floors, you're in good company. While soft wooden floors date back to the Colonial era, hardwood floors first burst on the scene in the late 17th century. If you only know that you want hardwood floors gracing your home, read this quick and dirty guide so that your head will not spin when you talk with your contractor. This ten-minute read will guide you through the basics of wood species, grades, types and styles.

Wood Species

With over 50 wood species available for wood flooring, red oak accounts for more than 50% of hard wood flooring sales. Its popularity stems from its elegance, durability and cost-effectiveness. Maple ranks second in popularity for new wood flooring. Newer trends indicate a growing appetite for bamboo, cherry, and white oak. Some of the more esoteric imported woods used in hardwood floors include Brazilian cherry, Australian cypress, African padauk, and Burmese teak.

Color options are plentiful. If color is a priority, and you want the natural beauty of the wood to shine through, select a wood species that most closely matches your color preference.

Wood Grades

Grade reflect only to the beauty of the wood, not to its durability or serviceability. Not every grade applies to every wood species. A wood species is graded as Clear, Select or Common, or it is graduated as First, Second or Third. Clear / First, Select / Second, Common / Third grades are not identical, but they are close enough to present a shared consumer definition. The six basic wood grades include:

-Clear or First – free from most visible defects and discoloration, contains only minor visible imperfections

-Select or Second – may contain slight imperfections, such as color variations

-Common or Third – contains knots and color variations, often labeled as "rustic" wood

Solid vs. Engineered Wood

Many people believe that hardwood and solid wood are synonymous. They're not. If you're hearing the term engineered wood for the first time, you most likely think that it is somehow inferior to solid wood. That's not necessarily true.

Solid wood flooring is expanded and contract more than engineered woods and are particularly sensitive to moisture. counteracting these gaps include beveled edges and leaving expansion gaps – gaps between the wood and the wall – hidden by the base molding.

You'll find most of the popular wood species, such as oak, maple, cherry and others available in engineered wood. Sometimes called pressed wood, engineered wood comes in 3-ply or 5-ply versions – three or five bonded layers of wood. Engineered wood floors succumb to little, if any expansion and contracting and are perfectly suited for rooms susceptible to moisture. If you want wood floors in the bathroom, the kitchen or in any room where moisture accumulates, consider engineered wood for its greater stability. If you plan to lay a wood floor directly over concrete, you must install engineered wood to maintain structural integrity.

Wood Styles

Once you've determined the species, wood grade and decided between solid and engineered wood, you can move on to the fun stuff – the style. Common wood styles include:




Strips and planks are long, linear cuts of woods. The main difference is the width of the wood. Strips range from widths of 1 "" to 2 "", while planks range from widths of 3 "to 8". Consider strips if your goal is to create the illusion of a larger room. Series of small wood pieces create parquet's geometric design. Parquet floors complement large, airy rooms.

Select your hardwood floors with care; they can add beauty and warmth to your surroundings for a very long time, even a lifetime.

How to Lower High Blood Pressure – Naturally

While hypertension can be a lifelong problem, learning how to lower high blood pressure does not have to involve fistfuls of medicine and long waits in the doctor's office. It can be done naturally by making just a few small lifestyle and dietary changes that can provide years of benefits without costing a lot, requiring tons of pills, or eating a bland, cycling diet.

Get Some Exercise. Taking a twenty-minute walk every day helps lower high blood pressure and only requires 20 minutes and a good pair of shoes. Not only will it bring it down, but it will prevent it from getting higher, and the physical benefits extend far beyond that. Indulging in more vital physical exercise can also help hypertension, but be sure to consult with a doctor before beginning any exercise program.

Meditate, Mindfully. Medical studies show that Mindfulness Meditation helps ease stress, one of the major contributors to high blood pressure, and may trigger natural healing processes the body can use to repair physical damage. Practice it daily by sitting comfortably, closing your eyes, and quietly following your breath. Breathe in and out slowly, in a controlled manner, through your nose.

Take a Breath. While not all hypertension is stress-related, anything that gets the heart pumping gets pressure up. Activities like deep breathing exercises, yoga and tai chi that focus on slow, steady breathing provide relaxation benefits that reduce blood pressure and help to decrease the stress hormones that keep it high. Even five minutes of slow, deep breathing at the beginning and end of the day can help ease stress and get high blood pressure under control. Everyone interested in learning how to lower blood pressure naturally, should master this very simple technique.

Cut the Salt. One of the most common contributors to hypertension is a high sodium intake. To cut back on sodium, cut back on processed or pre-prepared foods and focus on fresh or specifically marked low-sodium varieties of food. Replace salt as a seasoning with other spices, herbs, or specifically made salt-free seasonings.

Get some Potassium. Potassium is one of the most important nutrients for heart health and may even help flush excess salt out of the body. Eating potassium-rich foods like avocados, bananas, spinach and brussel sprouts can help reduce hypertensive while providing plenty of flavor.

Assess your nutritional status. Too much or too little of vital vitamins and minerals can result in high blood pressure. Have nutritional testing to asses your levels and supplement accordingly.

Cut the caffeine. Caffeine activates your stress response system, so increasing your heart rate and blood pressure.

Consider the Paleolithic diet. Hypertension occurs because you are eating foods that are not compatible with your biochemistry. The Paleolithic diet is the diet that human beings are genetically designed to eat, and then promotes good heart and circulatory health. The Paleolithic diet consists of organic, grass-fed and free-range meats, eggs, fish, nuts, seeds, low-starch vegetables and fruits.

Regular exercise, a better diet, balancing nutrients and relaxation techniques prove that learning how to lower high blood pressure does not have to come from a bottle or require a trip to the doctor's office.

Healthy Nutrition Is The Main Key To Losing Fat

You see a lot of articles in magazines and online about exercising to burn off excess bodyfat and yes, it does help. But it's not the only, nor even the best way to lose fat. To reduce bodyfat you need to be in a calorie deficiency, and following a healthy diet is your most powerful weapon in that battle for a number of reasons …

First, let's quickly look at the physics involved. Calories are a measure of stored energy contained to varying degrees within each type of food, and when ingested it takes 3,500 calories to add one pound of bodyweight. Your body uses some calories every day for internal functions, plus to power you through your daily activities. If you consume fewer calories than needed, your body converts some of its stored calories to make up the difference. If you feed it more calories than it burns, it will store the extra as fat to keep those calories available when food becomes scarce.

The best way to burn fat is a combination of calorie restriction and exercise, to hit the problem from both fronts. So why is lowering your caloric intake more effective than exercise for burning fat? Because the main purpose of exercising is to build strength, muscle and endurance, not burn fat. At best, an hour on a treadmill each day will burn about 500 calories an hour or less, depending on your bodyweight, the speed and the angle of incline. Over the course of a week, if you run for an hour every day you've burned 3,500 calories – one pound's worth of fat. Unfortunately most people will find the energy expenditure leads them to eat more, negating the effects. This explains why you see the same people using the treadmills in the gym year after year with little or no impact on their bodyfat levels.

But what about lifting weights? Weightlifting builds muscle, and muscle burns calories 24 hours a day, right? Yes – each pound of lean muscle you have burns about half a calorie per hour, 24/7. But that's just 12 calories per day – 10 extra pounds of muscle will only burn off a pound or so of fat per month. And once again, this often means an increase in appetite to go with the efforts required to build that extra 10 pounds of muscle.

So while exercise IS a part of the overall picture, both for optimal health and for burning bodyfat, the largest gains can be made by EFFECTIVELY managing your calories through a healthy nutrition plan. Note the emphasis on 'effectively' managing your calories – simply cutting way back in your daily calories is dangerous and counter-productive. Your body will go into 'starvation mode' if you suddenly stop eating for an extended period and will react by slowing your metabolism down drastically, thwarting your efforts to burn bodyfat.

While every body is different and each person's metabolism is different, start with this general rate: daily caloric intake for men should start at about 12 calories per pound of bodyweight, while for women it should be 10 calories per pound. Pick a reasonable bodyweight goal for your height and gender and use that as your starting point. So if a man wants to burn fat and get down to 175 pounds, he wants to start at 2,100 calories per day. A woman wanting to get back to 120 pounds would start consuming 1,200 calories per day.

Give that level a few weeks to see what effect it has on your bodyfat levels, then tweak it a bit up or down as necessary to reach, and maintain your goals. No, you will not lose fat as quickly as on some of the better fad diets, but you'll lose it safely while learning to maintain the new weight and avoid the yo-yo diet cycle so many are trapped in.

Pay attention to WHAT you eat as well, not just how much you eat. Carbohydrates are converted to glucose in the liver and then transported through your body by insulin from your pancreas – too many carbs makes your body produce that much more insulin to try and control your blood sugar levels, and if the extra glucose is not absorbed by your muscles it will be by your fat cells. Do not avoid carbs either, though – you need a balance of all 3 macro-nutrients – carbs, protein and healthy fats. Instead opt for healthier carb sources like rolled oats instead of sugary cereal, sweet potatoes instead of white potatoes and have extra vegetables like broccoli and Brussels sprouts when you're hungrier. For snacks, have an apple or an orange instead of chips or chocolate bars.

By following a healthy diet and making exercise a regular part of your weekly routine you can hit your goal weight, get rid of the excess bodyfat and maintain the healthy weight that's just right for YOU. And you'll be helping to stave off or reduce the severity of type-2 diabetes, heart attacks and strokes. Do not put it off – get started on your own healthy nutrition lifestyle right away!

Writing That Sales Proposal – How To Help Tilt The Decision In Your Favor

Spare a thought or two for the person who has to read your sales proposal.

Imagine-this person, or persons, may have to spend many hours reading several proposals, evaluating them according to specific criteria, and then come up with a decision. Given the pace of today's business, that reading, that decision, could happen late at night or over the weekend. That's the nature of the beast. So even when finding the right organization is really important for the client, it can also be a chore.

What can you do-not just, in your view, as the best organization to do the job-but in your presentation to the client, to make the client's task easier?

I'm a strong believer in the KISS principle-keeping it simple. I'm also a strong believer in using techniques or tools like mind mapping and freewriting to get at the key issues and options in moving a client's desired objective forward.

That may seem a bit of an oxymoron: keep it simple on one hand and using mind mapping to open up all sorts of possibilities on the other. It's no oxymoron. Mind mapping and freewriting allow you to synthesize what's really important. What gets disclosed from techniques, such as mind maps, are usually the essential elements of your proposal.

When you know what these essential elements are, it's now a question of presentation. You have all the parts-the present situation; what the client wants to achieve; how your organization will resolve the issue for maximum client benefit (your USP or Unique Selling Proposal). As much as possible:

o Use bullets to make your points

o Keep the writing friendly but tight

o Use graphics / charts if these give fast, clear images of your intentions

Now, do not keep the client waiting on what this is going to cost, unless the client has specified the budget in advance. I like to know what I'm paying if I'm going to a concert or a musical. Then I can decide if I think it's a worthwhile investment. The client is no different. By specifying cost near the front, the client knows whether your quoted price is within the ballpark. Or whether, by investing in you, even though you may be a high bidder, the increased benefits of working with you are worth it.

In the end, it brings down to what the client needs to know in order to make a decision in your favor. My advice is to make it as easy as possible for them to choose you, by keeping your sales proposal simple and the presentation effective.

The 2010 Buick LaCrosse is Ultra Modern

Usually Buick is known for older and classic cars but the new 2010 Buick is anything but old fashioned; it's sleek, ultra-modern looking and super luxurious looking. This sedan comes with your choice of two V6 engines, all wheel drive plus a beautiful grille. The 2010 version has been redesigned and it looks fitter and sleeker than ever before. It comes available in 3 different models; CX, CXL and CXS. All of the models come with a 6-speed automatic transmission. The La Crosse features Buick's Quiet Tuning, an advanced system that reduces interior noise that enables you to enjoy a quiet ride.

The CXS trim comes with 3.6 V6 engine with a more powerful 280 HP with 261 lb ft of torque and includes striking perforated leather seating. The CX and CL V6 trims come with a engine with 255 horsepower at 6900 RMP with 217 lb ft of torque. Gas mileage for the Lacrosse stands at 17mpg in the city and 27 mpg on the highway which is not too shabby when you keep in mind how big and heavy this car is.

Interior wise, the LaCrosse is spacious, comfortable and very luxurious. There are chrome details which are accented by majestic dark wood. Seating is comfortable and plus and there is tons of leg room for the passengers in the back. There is also standard ambient blue lighting available which gives the cabin a soothing touch. A new innovative feature that the LaCrosse boasts is an optional display which pops up and displays data and information on the windshield and allows the driver stay focused on the road ahead. Another very nice feature is the temperature controlled steering wheel which means that you can heat it up during those cold mornings. There is also a sunshade available which helps keep the vehicle cool when it's hot. There are loads of extras available such as an advanced navigation system, Bluetooth capability and compatibility with USB devices.

The brake pads, parking assist, anti-lock brakes, traction control, front and side airbags with passenger detection plus a tire monitoring system which lets you know when your tire pressure need to be adjusted. There is also a light package available which can direct beams up to 15 degrees for increased visibility during night time.

This car is an excellent deal and offers a great value at its price. Priced to sell at around $ 26,245 the LaCrosse is reasonably priced considering all the options it offers. The Lacrosse is in the same class as the Lexus ES350 and actually beats the Lexus in terms of cabin room. The new 2010 LaCrosse is much better improvement than previous older models and it's a great deal for such a sleek and modern car with a lot of luxury.

Camper Awnings – Protect Yourself From The Rain When Camping

Camper awnings allow you to add extra space to your camper. You can get an awning for a popup camper just as easily as you can get one for a fifth wheel or a motor home. You can even add a Florida room to the awning of your camper. When you have an awning for your camper, it is very easy to operate once you set up the popup camper. Camper awnings are wonderful additions to any camper that will make your experience that much more memorable.

Camper awnings larger than 8.5 feet come with support legs. These are permanently attached to the awning and when you close it, they fold up inside. A smaller size camper awning is self-supporting and does not need the support from the legs. You can secure the support legs of the awning to the ground or attach them to the wall of the camper. There are also popup camper awnings that will fold down along with the canvas material when you decide to move on.

Along with popup camper awnings you can get such additions as "Add a Room." These help to double the amount of sleeping space you have and provide you with a sunroom where you can sit outdoors when it is raining. The sidewall supports of these camper awnings store easily into a bag on the front of the camper and the room itself does not attach to the awning of the camper.

Camper awnings that are 10 feet or longer also include a center support. When you want to extend the camper awning, you can roll it out to the full length or stop at any distance that you prefer. This is true of the popup campers awnings as well as for the awnings used with an RV. However, when you have the popup camper awning fully extended, the material will sag in the middle. To correct this all you have to do is roll back the popup camper awning one full turn.

When you first install popup camper awnings, you might think you have done something wrong when you notice that the arms seem to be bent a little. This is perfectly normal because the camper awnings are designed to have a slight bend in the lateral arms when the awning is fully extended. You should never try to push the arms of a popup camper awning into a straight position, especially when the awning is extended to its full length. This is the first mistake that many new owners of camper awnings make and as a result, they damage the awning.

Bathtub Faucet Replacement – Helpful Tips on Replacing Bathtub Faucets You Would not Want to Miss

If your faucet is leaking or dripping then it is time to replace it. Simple as it may sound there are a couple of factors you need to look in to while replacing it. Follow the tips given here and bathtub faucet replacement will be an easy task.

Faucets allow water in pipes to be used in controlled manner. Generally the bathtubs have either 2 valve or 3 valve faucets. They start leaking or dripping when washers become stiff and corroded. Water pressure also hastens this process. In older designs faucets there were rubber or neoprene washers. In the newer systems cartridge is used in place of washers.

It is always necessary to purchase a correct faucet. Faucets come in many sizes and styles. When you need to replace a faucet it is necessary to take exact measurement of holes center to center. Style is optional but size is important.

Also you need to have a correct set of tools to replace a faucet. There are various types of wrenches for plumbing jobs. For square or hex nuts open end wrenches are ideal as they have smooth jaws. If your pipe is chrome covered and you do not want to mar the surface then you can go for strap wrenches. If the pipe is of small diameter then you need to have vise grip wrench. Generally 2 pipe wrenches are required for plumbing one to hold and other to turn.

When installing bathtub faucets look for the faucet assembly behind walls. Generally builders would have provided a rear access panel in the back of tub. Read the installation instructions while assembling the 2 valve or 3 valve faucets.

Here are some general steps to replace a faulty faucet.

o First of all turn the water supply off. You can turn off the main supply for the entire house.
o Next remove the faucet handle. Tap or pull gently. Overtime the handle may have got welded to stem. So do not force it. If it does not come out very gently then use special handle puller.
o Next remove the trim and the stem assembly. The stem assembly is used for controlling the amount and temperature of water dispensed to the tub. Use a bath socket wrench to remove this assembly.
o Now check the washer. If it is brittle or torn then this is the cause for the drip. Take both the washer and the stem for replacement.
o Check the seats. If they are rough then they too need to be replaced. Use a seat wrench to remove it.
o When replacing you just need to assemble it all back. Grease the stem threads, washer and nut threads. Then slide them all back and tighten the nuts.
o If it is a cartridge style faucet then remove the handle and trim. Then replace the cartridge.

So with a little bit of know-how you can fix it yourself for $ 80- $ 90.

Tips For Hiring a Painting Contractor

When you have a lot of painting to do – whether it is interior or exterior painting – it can be too large of a project to take on yourself. Whether you just do not have enough time to get it done on your own or you are not confident enough in your painting skills to do it yourself, hiring a professional painter can be the perfect solution.

Before you hire a painter, though, there are a few things you should consider. Here are some tips for hiring a painting contractor that will help you find a high quality, professional painter that will make your house look great.

Get an Upfront Price Quote

Before you think about hiring a contractor you need to get an upfront price quote. Always get the quote in writing so that they can not change their figures after they start the job without talking any changes over with you first. Having the quote in writing will help to protect you in case they decide to charge your more for the job after they have started it.

How Long Will it Take Them?

Get an estimate of how long it will take them to complete the project before they begin, and again try to get it in writing. Having your house painted – either outside or inside – can be a big hassle. It can mean that you have to stay out of your house or move a bunch of furniture. If the exterior is being painted it can make your house look shabby if it sits around for awhile with only half of it finished.

Be sure you find out how long they intend to take to finish the job and then make sure that it works with your schedule.

Check Out Their Reputation

Even if a painting contractor looks great on paper and sees professional when you talk to them, nothing will give you a better idea of ​​what to expect then doing a little digging into their past work and their reputation.