Electric Cookers

Electric cookers can be defined as cookers that use electricity to work. There are several types of electric cookers such as electric range cookers, rice cookers, electric pressure cooker etc.

Let us take a look at each of the types of electric cookers:

Electric range cookers: Range cookers can be either gas, electric or dual fuel. These cookers have distinct advantages over gas cookers. These are:

·       Safety: Gas cookers have caused many accidents in the past and most of them were fatal in nature. As against this, electric cookers are relatively safe. Suppose you forget to switch off the electric cooker, the coil would remain hot but it won’t result in any fatal accidents.

·       Cheap: These cookers are comparatively cheaper than gas cookers.

·       Auto start: These cookers start at a push of the knob. You don’t have to look for a lighter to ignite the cooker.

·       There are several other features such as broil which may not be available in gas cookers.

Rice Cookers: The base of the rice cooker contains the electrical device. The circular top portion is used for cooking rice. Some rice cookers have two compartments, so that you can cook rice and steam vegetables at the same time. Rice cookers offer a convenient and easy way to cook rice and are a boon for rice lovers. These come with a timer and auto off so, cooking rice becomes fairly simple. Moreover, it is easy to clean this cooker.

Electric Pressure cookers: These are similar to the normal pressure cooker with an additional advantage of a timer and auto off.

Points to be remembered while buying an electric cooker:

·       Electric cookers are free standing cookers and are available in various sizes. Depending on the space available in your kitchen and your cooking requirements, you can decide upon the size of the cooker.

·       Dual fuel cookers offer the advantage of using both gas as well as electricity and have more hobs, but these occupy greater amount of space.

·       If you have a large family, you can opt for double oven electric cookers.

·       The number of hobs in electric cookers varies from 4 to 6, where as in dual fuel you get as many as 8 hobs.

·       The hobs could be hot plates or ceramic hobs. With in hot plates, you have an option of rings, halogen or the hot plate. Hot plate hob is costlier than rings, but cleaning the rings is a time consuming task.

The "How" And "Why" Of Electric Panels

Electric panel very simply refers to the electric board which provides electricity to the sub circuits. These panels are extensively used in Process industries, Automotive industries, Food and Beverage sector, Oil and Gas Equipment, Aerospace, Metal Forming Machinery, Machine Tools, Power Generation, R&D Testing labs and Process Industries and other industrial sectors.

Are You Banking On The Right Product?

Once you go through this post, you will actually understand why electric panels play such an important role in the aforementioned sectors. Think about the times when you experience power outage owing to a natural disaster— then you must have run to the electric panel to restore power. When it comes to electric panels, getting the right circuit breaker can make all the difference between safety and risk. These panels are generally based in backrooms, basements and less visited areas of a particular place.

The products of reputed manufacturers are known for the following aspects:

– Quality performance

– Easy installation

– Flawless design

– Power efficiency

– Low maintenance

Make sure you are checking the credentials of the manufacturer thoroughly before you are roping the same in. If you’re looking forward to install these units, you should find out about the manufacturers who are known for offering products with the aforementioned qualities.

The internet will offer you information about a lot of manufacturers providing these panels. However, one should realize that that not all of them are equally credentialed to offer you quality panels. It takes years of experience and domain expertise to manufacture panels that go on to serve you satisfactorily in the long term.

So, it is important to ensure that you’re actually taking the trouble to conduct proper market survey and then going on to settle for their product. Now, the question is – how exactly would you know that you are actually posing your faith in the right name? You can consider the following steps.

How To Settle For The Right Electric Panel

The first thing to do would be to seek recommendations from peers. Now, let us clarify from the very beginning that in order to meet the diverse quality requirements, leading manufacturers employ quality analysts who ensure that the products pass multiple quality stages before reaching you. Those who have accessed products of these manufacturers are bound to endorse their products- while those who have actually gone on to choose manufacturers arbitrarily might not as well be in a position to do so. When you are not conducting research on the background of the manufacturer, you are not even aware of whether or not the particular name is actually taking the aforementioned steps to ensure that only quality products are reaching you. Without research there is every chance of unwittingly ending up with poor quality products.

Read reviews in order to find out how the companies have been rated. Kindly ensure that you’re not leaving any stone unturned to get the best value for your money. Taking the aforementioned steps will ensure that you are not repenting your choice later on.

Vinyl Plank

Everyone loves the attending of balk floors. Copse attic warms up alike the coldest basement, and creates a comfortable activity in any room's design. Unfortunately, balk floors can be actual expensive. It can amount bags of dollars to accept balk floors installed alike in a abate home. The accession action itself requires a able for affection results, abacus to the all-embracing amount of the flooring.

If you appetite the attending and feel of balk floors, but none of the hassles that go with them, vinyl Plank attic is abundant option. Vinyl attic comes in abounding altered patterns and styles including: faux stone, faux bowl tile, but the faux copse atom of vinyl Plank attic is one of the best accepted choices. Vinyl Plank attic has all of the architecture allowances of absolute balk floors, but it is added durable, easier to clean, easier to install and a atom of the price.

Most vinyl Plank attic either comes on a cycle or in strips. Accession could not be easier. All you accept to do is thoroughly apple-pie your attic with a acceptable sweeping, vacuuming and mopping. Acquiesce the attic to dry absolutely before beginning. Vinyl Plank attic is made to glued, so all you charge to do is bark the abetment off the adhering and lay the vinyl bottom ward on the dry floor. You can bland it out either by duke or application a dust mop. Match anniversary allotment up to the next, and the final aftereffect is an bargain yet admirable faux balk floor.

You could calmly absorb over a thousand dollars to put balk floors in a 15 'aboveboard allowance if you accept aerial end materials. On the added hand, you could absorb beneath than fifty dollars accoutrement the aforementioned ad measurement attic in vinyl Plank flooring. Not anybody has the account of a ample budget, but you should not accept to cede the attending you appetite aloof because it is out of your amount range.

Unexpected Death – How To Plan A Funeral? (Part 2)

When you know about your loved one’s personality and hobbies in life, it will get to be easier for you to pick details while making funeral plans and other arrangements.

Let’s take a look at things you need to do in case of an unexpected death.

1. Choosing A Funeral Home

You should call a funeral home or a crematorium to come and take your loved one’s body from the place of death, your house or the hospital. The burial service home will for the most part make the fundamental requirements for transportation. In the event that the passing was unforeseen, then you might not have distinguished a memorial service home that you like to utilise, so you should choose one church, synagogues, mosque or different spots of worship and ask a priest or in charge to help with burial service arrangements, so a place of worship is a magnificent place to begin.

Numerous burial service homes likewise have websites or any type of online presence now and most are recorded in the contact catalogues. By investigating the different burial service home websites, you can figure out the funeral home you want. If possible, think about selecting as a burial service home near your loved one’s neighbourhood or community so that it becomes easier for grievers to go to the service place easily and quickly.

2. Letting People Know About The Funeral

As quickly as time permits, you or other friends, family members or relatives should begin to reach individuals to make them aware of the demise and when the funeral will take place. In the event that you are a close relative like the companion, parent, kin, sibling or child of the deceased, you might need to contact a close companion or other relative to make the majority of the phone calls. Make sure that you start making the calls after you have made arrangements for the memorial service so you can tell individuals the date, time and location of the service.

As you start planning and making arrangements for the burial service, you will need to consider what your loved one would have wished for. Where there has been a sudden demise because of an accident, the deceased might not have made his or her desires known. It might likewise imply that you have never discussed a funeral service. If so, it will be depend upon you to carry out the funeral plans as indicated by what you think your loved one would have wanted.

To arrange an excellent service, consider things that portrayed your loved one’s character the most, such as:

  • His/her most loved hobbies or activities
  • Most loved flowers
  • Favourite tunes, psalms, or literature, and so on.

The Aesthetics and Function of Deck Balusters

Homeowners with kids must ensure that their home is child-friendly. In other words, the safety of the children is given utmost importance. No dangerous places or objects should be around so as not to harm the kids present. One of the ways to ensure that your child is safe in your home is to install balusters to homes with deck railings in order to prevent unnecessary accidents and mishaps.

Deck balusters are actually the vertical pieces you found between the posts of your deck railing. This is primarily installed in order to guarantee the safety of the people inside the house especially the children. This will prevent them from falling from the deck because the deck balusters are the ones that hold the railing to the posts. But with the dawn of the new technology, new improvements were made and designed in order to cater to the growing needs of its customers and the deck balusters are never left behind. Today, you can now find different baluster materials and colors so you will not be limited in your choices. All the more, the vast choices will allow you to build the baluster that best fits your preference and needs.

As you may notice, the balusters offered in the early years are just wood pickets that are fitted in straight line. But many baluster manufacturers noticed that using wood as a material would entail constant maintenance as damages are often seen and detected. Wood is also very hard to repaint. But despite all these, wood balusters are still available in the market. It is still the prerogative of the homeowner on what baluster material he chooses. On the other hand, there are also balusters that are made from new age materials that offer classic old style look. Balusters can be made from powder-coated aluminum and this offers a simple and traditional look. Having this kind of baluster will only require you to screw the baluster on the wood or composite railing with the use of matching screws during installation. This kind is now available in round or square shapes. The good thing about this baluster is that maintenance is no longer necessary. With this, you now break free from all your baluster maintenance chores.

You can also find balusters that are made from aluminum. This actually looks like forged wrought iron are less expensive unlike the real wrought iron balusters. Aluminum balusters are mostly offered in 2 colors; black and bronze. However, you can also spot other colors in the market if you can not settle between the two colors mentioned. You can also find different designs of aluminum balusters and they can be employed as an excellent centerpiece along with the traditional round or square balusters. Among the usual designs of this baluster type include arc, colonial, baroque and the list goes on.

The glass baluster can also be a good option. This type is usually made from thick safety glass or transparent Perspex material. This however is not advisable to be used if you have children at home. Balusters can be prone to swinging bats or rolling balls. And since this type of baluster is made of glass, breakage could be a usual scenario.

How to Care, Clean and Maintain Your Stainless Steel Balustrade

A balustrade can simply be defined as a decorative railing that is supported by individual baluster posts, evenly spaced and connected to each other. There are several materials that make balusters, ranging from wood, metal, glass, and stainless steel. While each has its advantages and disadvantages, many home owners and designers today prefer this to other materials. For one, this type of steel comes fully protected from corrosion thanks to a thin chromium oxide layer. Atmospheric oxygen combines the stainless steel with chromium to form an unreceptive chromium oxide layer than protects the material from further corrosion.

The other reason why most people today prefer stainless steel balustrade is because it is very easy to clean and maintain. Actually, stainless steel flourishes on frequent care and cleaning, and compared to other materials commonly used today, it is not possible to ‘wear out’ any product made from this material by ‘over-cleaning’. Needless to mention therefore, cleanliness is vital for utmost resistance of stainless steel railings to corrosion. Its ability to be a clean surface that resists rust and corrosion is a great advantage; but, grime, dust, and dirt are the main things that would put your beautiful railings into risk for rust, contamination, and corrosion.

Here is some cleaning and maintenance tips to ensure your balustrade remain as sparkling as new.

  1. Regular routine cleaning can be achieved by using warm clean water and a piece of cloth. In fact, this is the least dangerous way of cleaning balusters. After cleaning, you should dry with a clean piece of cloth or towel to prevent water spots, while wiping along the polish lines.
  2. If your stainless steel balusters show marks of contamination or corrosion, you can use a mild dish washing detergent mixed in warm water and a piece of cloth. This can do a wonderful cleaning job without affecting the surface. You should however ensure you rinse the surface well and dry off with a clean towel or piece of cloth to prevent spotting and staining.
  3. A major complaint of all stainless steel parts, railings, and especially handrails is fingerprints – these can be cleaned perfectly using a glass cleaner. As usual, you should rinse carefully and then towel dry.
  4. In case your stainless steel balustrade have scratches and stains, or require some bit of polishing, your best bet could lie on a stainless steel cleaner. Some of these cleaners available in the market can help remove stubborn stains and mask scratches. Further, they are known to polish balustrade very well. You should read the directions of use and test the cleaner on a tiny spot before cleaning the entire surface. Ensure you rinse meticulously and towel dry.

Stainless steel balustrade is uprights, made of iron and whose main work is to support railings e.g. rails found on banisters. As mentioned, balusters can be made of different materials such as concrete or wood, but steel is often a guaranteed way of adding that decorative touch while being able to retain the strength and give the support necessary to hold the railing.

How Much Weight is Too Much For A Safe Chair Stair Lift Experience

The chair stair lift has become a pretty popular mechanism to have in houses because the elderly or disabled population is growing steadily. Aged individuals, and people who have weak ankles or bad knees increasingly find it very difficult to go up and down stairs. Thankfully many have found the stair chair lift a refreshing alternative. Especially if you compare that to hiring someone to help assist them with ascending or descending stairs, or any other access that enables them to move from one level of the house to another.

If you’re like most people, one of the major concerns for traveling via chair lift; is, what is the amount of weight that is safe for daily commuting from floor to floor. The chair lift is great as long as it’s safe and as important, as long as you feel safe using it. So in this article we will cover a few pointers, that will help to put your heart at ease. So you will at lease feel completely safe and comfortable as you travel from floor to floor using your chair stair lift.

First lets talk about the installation of the chair lifts. The lifts are installed onto the banister of the stairs. (either straight or curved) As you can imagine the straight banisters are the easiest to install your chair lift to. Without doubt the curved banisters can be a little bit of a challenge but none the less easily installed safely. This may seem really simplistic but the only modifications needed to ensure that the lift can hold the maximum allowed weight of a chair lift’s capacity is a reinforcements procedure. As a further safety measure there is a foot rest where one can put their feet on while sitting, so that the weight is evenly distributed which keeps you balanced while riding the chair stair lift.

As an added safety issue, depending on your size, the chair installed on the stair lift can have a smaller or larger seat. As a whole, the stair lift can carry weights up to 300 pounds. The heavy duty versions or a customized lift can carry more weight; up to 375 pounds. The surveyor or the installer of your stair lift will be able to tell you if you need a heavy duty chair lift or not

Thoughts Restrict Our Actions, "How Can I Cure This?"

I have been concentrating lately on the power of our thoughts, I was reminded of the fact that nothing comes into being without first being a thought. The transition from us thinking we can do something to knowing we can do something is really powerful.

I recall the story of Roger Bannister, the first man to run a sub four minute mile. Up until this point no one believed that this was possible and mentally every runner was programmed to believe this. In effect there was a subconscious belief that a sub four minute mile was impossible. As soon as people heard that a sub four minute mile had been run, the subconscious beliefs and programming in all the other athletes, were changed, and within in the next few years numerous people ran sub for minute miles, slowly improving on the previous time. Do you think Roger Bannister thought he could NOT run a sub four minute mile?

This is proof positive that we limit our abilities to beliefs that are instilled into us by incorrect facts. We actually create what we believe to be the truth. Our entire belief and faith system is moulded by others and we then absorb further information and filter it using the knowledge and beliefs we have to date, most of that knowledge we use to filter the new information being at best incomplete.

We see people in all walks of life doing things that we think are impossible, or think they are lucky, or that they happened to be in the right place at the right time or they had special talents or ability and we relate all these things to what we think. Every one will look at these situations and think totally differently about them, based entirely on what they had allowed in to their programming in the past.

Why is it then, that we programme ourselves to resist information that will give us a better life? There is so much information and study regarding how we can control our lives by controlling our thoughts and yet a majority of people will not even consider trying to change their lives by changing their thoughts.

I have mentioned in recent articles that I have been experiencing a very challenging situation regarding someone who I had really assisted and befriended over a long period, they have really done the most awful things, that you would not expect from a total stranger. During this time it has been my faith in the universe and my ability to control my thoughts that has got me through. I have constantly commented to my wife as to how we would have coped prior to having this new found control.

In my opinion, we try and live our lives in a very disjointed manner, We are physical, mental and spiritual and we are programmed initially to pander to our physical being. There is absolutely nothing wrong with this, but without a balance of mental and spiritual awareness, we create a roller coaster ride of extreme highs and extreme lows.

We have already discussed the power that the mind has over our physical body yet we rarely challenge our beliefs as to its capabilities. We prefer, instead, to look at others and give reasons as to why certain things have, or have not happened.

Almost all biographies of successful people in all fields and all walks of life, give credit to the fact that they had vision and that they believed that they could achieve this vision. They also credit the existence of a power that wants us to have everything we desire. If then, these in some cases, very average people can align things to give them great success, why can’t you?

You know why! You refuse to allow yourself to explore the possibilities and prefer to stick with the life you have, albeit not the life you want. Most of us look on at situations and say ‘ I wish…….’ Not realising that if you bothered to just learn how to control your thoughts you could achieve anything that you want.

OK! I know this is a well worn path, and you have heard this statement and advice wrapped up in a multitude of guises, but I can assure you that you are only limited by you. We are our own best friend, and our own worst enemy. Nothing happens by chance and how we decide to create our life is entirely up to us. A lot of people believe that working hard physically and not treating yourself to the pleasures of life, will in some way earn you a medal to show that you have only taken what you believe you are worthy of.

All living things have an inbuilt desire to be the very best they can be, a plant will grow to its very best using all the nutrients available to it, insects will grow to the best they can and also have a built in will to be a team player all animals will grow and live their life to the full using all available means and facilities, why is it then that human beings have found some perverse logic in restricting their growth physically, mentally and spiritually. It just does not make any sense.

We are told that by thinking in a certain way, we can alter our destiny, and most of us just say ‘rubbish,’ another section say , ‘I will give it a go’, and give up at the first hurdle, and very few follow the guidelines, experience a better life and success to the level that they desire.

Many of you will be familiar with Josh the young lad that I agreed to mentor to earn one million dollars in one year. I agreed to do it and it became a very public affair, as Josh was going to write a regular blog. Armed only with my firm belief that it would happen, I had no idea how, we started and let the universe guide us. Now Josh was working for a company at the time and was in debt, six months into the challenge, Josh has just moved into his second lot of offices, has employed a team of staff, and is now set in his new business to exceed his original desire by the end of the year.

The point here is that Josh had a belief in himself and has just followed the very basic elements of the teachings in The Science of Getting Rich. Although Josh has had guidance, it is purely his vision that has got him to where he is. Follow his journey on [http://www.thehappysecret.com]

The story of Josh is no different to the story of Roger Bannister, they both simply would not let incorrect programming stop them from achieving their goal.

When we suddenly realise the possibilities that can be created just by us changing our thoughts, what actually drives us to manifest our visions. This is the most important part, the actions we take to realise our vision. Time and again, I get confronted with people telling me how much they have been thinking about getting a new house, but they have not put in any effort to get closer to their goal.

This really is where you have to radically change your programming, because it is no earthly good expecting things to change, if you are not prepared to have faith in the universe to deliver. It is always our doubt that stops the delivery. We say that we are doing everything correctly, but the old subconscious is there in the background, telling you what can and cannot happen, using all the incorrect knowledge that has got you to where you are.

I used an analogy recently about transitional disruption, this is the period when everything appears to be going wrong. The analogy was referenced to renovating a house. When you renovate a house you have a plan as to what you want to achieve, the first thing you do is to rip all the old fittings and fixtures out, and possibly pull down some walls etc.. If someone came and looked at the house in this state they would think that the house was ruined, it is only the fact that you can picture the house finished, that keeps you focused. That is the same as creating your goal, picture it in your mind exactly as you want it to be, as in the renovation keep feeling what it will be like when you get it. If you get to the point where you think everything is going wrong, that is almost certainly all the changes occurring, so keep your faith and move forward.

A lot of people do not find these teachings until they have their back against the wall, and then they try and force things, by expecting immediate results. I am in no way saying that it is not possible to get very quick results, but the mere fact of putting a time frame on your goal, is actually very stressful, and you will be attracting stress back into your life.

It amuses me that we are always prepared and ready to allow bad or negative things into our life, and yet when we are told that using the same transmitting system we can attract good things, we rebel and default to our old thinking.

The ability to think of your vision and hold onto the fact that it is going to manifest, when things are really bleak, is the hardest thing you will have to do. Some people find this easier than others. It took me a very long time to have total faith, but I just used the tiny results I was achieving to boost my faith, and then one day I just said I have to prove this thing one way or another and I went through a very dark period hanging on to a vision of what I wanted and through all the appearances of things going wrong I kept believing that things were going to result in being what I wanted.

Eventually things turned out even better than I had imagined.

My simple message here is that as soon as you stop fighting your thoughts and you get all three parts into harmony, that is physical, mental and spiritual, your life will transform. What some people regard as a miracle is only someone allowing all parts to flow in harmony and allow the universe to do its job.

You can be in total control, the question is, will you allow yourself to be.

What is the next impossible thing that we will suddenly realise is attainable

Understanding 3-Way and 4-Way Switches

Do you have a room that has two or more entrances and you would like to have a switch at each entrance to control a light? Or more commonly, did your electrician set one up for you and now you have replaced a broken switch but can not get it to work right? Fear not, some simple diagrams should help sort it out.

First of all, there are 2-way, 3-way, and 4-way switches; each with a different purpose. Two-way switches are most common and only have two terminals in addition to the ground screw. These are very simple in nature and simply either break or complete the circuit to turn a light on or off.

If you have two switches that control a light, you must use 3-way switches (more on 4-ways later if you have more than 2 switches). Usually we see people get in trouble when they want to replace one switch with a dimmer. The dimmer in this situation must be a three way and the three wires must go to the correct terminals. (At the end of this article we explain how to look at a switch and most of the time get the hook-up correct. When all else fails, use a continuity tester.) Three-way switches will have 3 terminals in addition to the ground screw. One hot (usually black) wire either comes from the power panel into the switch or one hot wire exits the switch and goes to the light. In between the switches are two wires called travelers. These are considered switched hot wires and can be typically black, red, or sometimes a white wire has black tape wrapped around it at each end to designate it as a hot and not a neutral wire.

Four way switches are used when you have 3 or more switches to control a light. As can be seen in the diagrams below, there is always a 3-way switch at the start and end of the circuit, with 1 or more 4-ways in between. The 4-way switches simply have the two travelers coming in and then going out to the next switch down the line.

Let's take a look a some diagrams to understand how the circuit and switches work.

First here is an example of a 3-way switch setup. Light is off as there is no path for the hot.

Switch 1 Switch 2

—- —- OFF

Hot | / 2 | ——- + 2 | ——-

—- | 1 | | 1 | —- | Light |

| 3 | ——- + 3 / | ——-

—- —- Neutral |


Switch 2 is moved, Light is ON as there is now a path for the hot.

Switch 1 Switch 2

—- —- ON

Hot | / 2 | ——- + 2 | ——-

—- | 1 | | 1 | —– | Light |

| 3 | ——- + 3 | ——-

—- —- Neutral |


Either moving Switch 1 or Switch 2 will break the hot. And from the Off state, either Switch will make the connection.

Now for an example of a 4-way switch setup. The 4-way switch must be in-between the 3-ways.

3-way 4-way 3-way

Switch 1 Switch 2 Switch 3

—- —- —- ON

Hot | / 2 | —– | 1–3 | —– | 2 | ——-

—- | 1 | | | | 1 | —– | Light |

| 3 | —– | 2–4 | —– | 3 | ——-

—- —- —- Neutral |


Moving either switch 1 or 3 like before will turn the light off.

3-way 4-way 3-way

Switch 1 Switch 2 Switch 3

—- —– —- OFF

Hot | / 2 | —– | 1 3 | —– | 2 | ——-

—- | 1 | | X | | 1 | —– | Light |

| 3 | —– | 2 4 | —– | 3 | ——-

—- —– —- Neutral |


Switch 2 either connects 1to3 and 2to4 like shown or when it is flipped it cross connects 1to4 and 2to3. So in the case shown, if switch 2 was flipped, the path would go from switch 1 1-2, then switch 2 1to4, but would stop a switch 3 since there is no path and thus the light goes off.

You may add additional 4-way switches into the middle of the wiring. The 3-way switches must always be at the beginning and at the end of the circuit.

The wires in-between the the 3-way switches are called travelers. If you are pulling wire through conduit, best to use different colored wire like blue and orange. If you are using Romex, I prefer to use the 4 wire version which has a ground, a white neutral, and a black and a red. Little more expensive but from a safety perspective I prefer not to wrap a black piece of tape around the white wire to mark it as a hot.

So use the red and the black for your travelers between switches. On the 3-way switches, you can not just connect the hot to one of the terminals and the travelers to the remaining two. Look at a diagram on the switch or most times there is a single terminal on the top or bottom for the in / out hot and then two terminals (one on each side) at the other end are for the travelers. Connecting the hot to the side that has one terminal and the travelers to the side that has two terminals is usually NOT the way to do it.

Same goes for the travelers in and out of a 4-way switch. The in is typically both sides of the top of the switch and the out goes on both side of the bottom of the switch. You can verify what is right or wrong using a simple continuity buzzer and comparing the results against the diagram above.

If you did not get the wires on the correct terminals, then you will find that it sometimes takes flipping two of the switches to get the light to turn on or off. With the proper wiring, any single switch that is flipped should cause the light to go on or off.

And please remember to turn the power off first. BZZZT sounds or arc welding your switch is not a good thing.

Naked Massage – To Cover With a Towel Or Not? (Revised 2008)

Nakedness and what it evokes is a real issue for bodywork therapists, especially female therapists because of how some clients, men or women, will use the massage session to display sexual behavior.

For this article we are not dealing with how bodywork therapists and massage persons can attempt sexuality with their clients, but only about clients displaying sexuality during the session.

I speak as a former Licensed Marriage, Family and Child Relationships counselor in the State of California, USA. I have done bodywork myself as part of the therapy I do. I have had many years of bodywork done with me, as well as a number of training courses in bodywork therapy.

I speak from counseling massage therapists in my own practice. I also am familiar with psychotherapy for sexual uses, including therapeutic sexual massage that is effective.

Sexual massage is more practiced outside the United States than in the States because of severe sexuality issues and attitudes in the United States differing from Canada and Europe.

Here is a sexual issue example:

A man asks the woman massage therapist over the phone: do you include the genitals in your massage work? This is rather direct. The presenting problem may be more, do you work with sexual problems as part of your massage work?

How is a male or female massage therapist to respond? Is this a sexual come-on? Or is this a cry for help?

A massage therapist comfortable with their own sexuality may be willing to take on a client who does have sexual problems. Many females are upset that they cannot orgasm. Males may easily get erections, but while in a woman be unable to orgasm.

It would be unusual indeed if at least half the people who come in for massage treatment do not have sexual problems. What is the massage body-worker to do?

Some forms of massage do include massaging the naked body of the client, with a towel over the pelvic region or not. Other forms work with light clothing on and consist more of stretching movements.

Rolfing works with the naked body so as to see the alignment. There is hardly a chance in this form to feel pleasure responses because Rolfing itself is to break up muscles and facia that have been emotionally tense for years, and so the work can be extremely painful.

It is rare that a male client will directly attack a female massage therapist, but it is still considered good practice not to give massage to persons you do not know fairly well in places where you have no protection should you need to call for help.

WARNING – It is the generally accepted practice to never work alone with a massage client in a building alone. Always work were there is someone who knows you within calling distance. Work where your live-in partner is at home next room over, or in a building with other therapists or businesses.

Once I did a screaming session with a member of a therapy group in a new place and the motor car salesmen and manager from downstairs came running up and loudly banged on the door. They thought someone was being murdered. We had not told them yet that we did therapy with people!

Of course a male client may not tell you he has sexual problems on the phone, but just come in and then tell you.

ISSUE EXAMPLE – The Man Who Spontaneously Orgasmed

– Was this on purpose? And how should the therapist handle it?

One female massage therapist reported to me about a male client who would get an erection every time and have spontaneous orgasm. She never touched his genitals. She had to have a box of tissues nearby so that he could clean himself up. This was Essalen massage combined with Shiatsu pressure-point massage, which deals especially with freeing blocks in the body.

The male client did not try to have sex with her or get her to touch his genitals. Was this a genuine case of being too orgasmic? What would be the best treatment?

I advised her to instruct her male client to practice full-body awareness as he was being massaged.

Indeed, a chief value for anyone being massaged in many different styles of massage is to relax totally into sensual, bodily awareness. Some fall asleep during this relaxation, which is not necessarily healing for the client but acceptable.

For this male client orgasming he was either impressed with his ability to orgasm spontaneously without touching himself, and needed a female to witness this, or he was indeed a seducer. However, what if he simply was by nature a spontaneous orgasm type male?

Let’s deal with seducers first!

Men who fixate on being seducers are only interested in getting a female so open to them through their ways of seduction that they do succeed with having intercourse with her.

Thus some men have developed a seduction technique and try to make it work to perfection on female massage therapists. They are not interested in an ongoing life relationship. They want only seduction and conquest and are willing to pay the massage fees to set up these kinds of situations.

To my knowledge with the female massage therapists I have known, they were never trained through role-playing in how to handle seductive clients.

The massage therapist should keep a massage session always on a professional level with a client, not just for reality reasons of keeping one’s license to practice, but to keep the massage situation objective and therapeutic.

With the man who spontaneously orgasmed while his body was being massaged he was emotionally and physically too focused on his erect penis and its ability to display and spray sperm.

So what, we might say. The therapist has to accept many peculiarities with clients, whether it is a massage session or not.

I also counseled the massage therapist to take the first five or ten minutes to talk objectively about the client and his behavior. How does it feel to orgasm here? Are you making it happen? Is it spontaneous? What happens with your own lovers?

These simple questions make the client an object of treatment. They de-potentiate the session of its potential sexuality. The female therapist asserts her professional role as a helper and not a partner. Things are kept within structure. The client is made to feel responsible for his own behavior.

In this real-life example, when my friend, the massage person, made the massage sessions objective as suggested, the man stopped coming. The object to seduce the therapist was no longer possible.

Of course, unconsciously, some do get fixated on seducing mother or father substitutes as a way of ‘getting back, getting even,’ an unconscious power-play that makes the seducer feel dominant in self-esteem, whether truly so or not.

ISSUE – EXAMPLE – The Man Who Spontaneously Orgasmed During Massage Who Was Not A Professional Seducer

The first edition of this article has in its first year been tremendously popular, and as author I have wondered why. Could it be that there are enough men and some women out there who do spontaneously orgasm while receiving a massage? One concerned man about the first edition of this article thought it implied that someone who spontaneously orgasmed was a seducer.

I thank him for giving his concern and I revise this article here to make it clear that for those who spontaneously orgasm, male or female, IT MAY BE A SOCIAL PROBLEM, BUT IT IS NOT WRONG, NOR EVEN A SEXUAL PROBLEM. NOR SHOULD YOU BE CONSIDERED A SEXUAL SEDUCER OR PERVERT.

Sorry for the implications I made in my original article. And many thanks to the reader who voiced his concern with me.

I would suggest that all massage body-workers have paper tissues, or even clean hand towels available, if a male or female spontaneously orgasms. Approach such a situation with positive feeling, acceptance and awareness.

“Oh, it looks like you have had a spontaneous orgasm. Don’t worry about it here. Massage is meant as relaxing, and sometimes this happens, and can happen with most anyone. Would you prefer paper tissue or a hand towel to clean yourself up.”

“I feel ashamed to do it in front of you. It just happens . . .”

“We can talk about it if you like. Massage is for knowing your body better and accepting it. Relaxing and letting go is a process of self-awareness and accepting your own body.”

“Thanks, I’ll take the towel. Maybe if you don’t look for a moment.”


“Why does it happen?”

“Try not to stay in your head as you receive my massage. To let go means letting go control, and that may mean pleasure feelings start happening, including with your genitals. If you feel an orgasm rising, just say so to me as I massage you, and see what happens. You are learning self-acceptance of your body.”

“Does that mean you will massage my genitals?”

“I don’t do genital work in directly touching your genitals. But I am certainly not against your having orgasms as part of your process. Are we clear? Or do you have any questions still?”

“Let’s get on with it.”


Of course, it is your process that is important, however it happens. But why not pre-select the massage body-workers you work with?

Simply tell them on the phone, or in person is better, that you sometimes spontaneously orgasm and it embarrasses you. Ask that person you are meeting for the first time, how they might handle such a situation with you. Then make your decision on the spot, saying you will try out a session or not. You are buying the service. It is your right and necessity to feel safe with the person you work with.

Tell that person that you feel either safe or unsafe with them. Be honest and straightforward. Reality is best. Reality is healing.

ISSUE – The Massage Therapist’s Responsibility

The bodywork therapist is also responsible for the effects of her treatment with any of her clients. A bodywork therapist should not think of themselves as just giving a good massage. The effect on the client is also their responsibility.

Thus I have counseled therapists on the issue: can you as a therapist handle this behavior on the part of a client and work with it to some resolution?

If you are a real therapist of course you want to take on challenges and handle every situation. But can you?

Working on the body is often a temptation to be or feel sexual. Relationships have started up between client and therapist, and always will, such is the human condition.

It is important to keep the therapeutic situation non-sexual, unless you are trained in sexual massage therapy and can practice this form, certainly a developing form in Europe and even America, despite repressive attitudes everywhere.

Thus our advice is to keep defining your boundaries as a massage therapist. It will not be just acting out sexuality that you will sometimes be dealing with. Other clients may be more into anger and you will have to structure your relation to this other great instinct as well.

We have raised some issues here. Instead of giving rigid rules we have explored the issues in terms of their human meaning and trying to be the best massage therapist you can be. You know full well it is more natural than unnatural to face the issues of human sexual feelings and expression inherent to living in a body, your body, and the bodies of your clients.

When faced with unusual or intense situations in your practice, do your best to bring the dynamics into reality.

The Man Who Never Came Back – Some Questions

Remember the man who used spontaneous orgasms to seduce?

Was he then just a seducer, using as his field of available women female massage therapists, some of whom might well be seduced by his genital expression?

He exhibited seductive innuendoes in his conversation.

Or did he simply get the point that maybe he could get over his fascination with his own behavior and seek intimacy with a sexual partner he also ate dinner with, showered with, and slept in bed with.

For in the end much of sexual expression is the expression of the need for bonding and intimacy with another human being. The goal of most massage therapy is not simply bodily expression but body-awareness that is relaxing, pleasurable most of the time, and balanced in its expression, sex, sports, sensual expression, caring, anger expression, whatever.

Sexual Expression

Why do we all mostly seek sexual expression?

Ah, you want to know everything, don’t you?

So do I!

Right now I am working with the concept that at essence we are all seeking sexually to have tremendously intensified sexual experiences to know and to maximize our experience of existing.

We exist but we want to know that directly as experience of existing.

But more on that elsewhere!

Feel free to visit our web sites and explore.

First Time Waterfront Property Owners

Many people dream of buying waterfront property. Options are becoming more abundant in waterfront property and first-time waterfront buyers have many more factors to consider verses a traditional home. This brief guide is intended to help answer some of the questions you may have before your purchase.

In addition to the traditional first-time buyer knowledge necessary, waterfront property is more than just choosing the right home. It's about the total package of home, land, and water. By this we mean the amount of water frontage, options for docks or boathouses, boat slips, type of soil, changes in water levels, wildlife, etc.

Soil, Terrains, and Shorelines:
It is advised that you check the type of soil present and determine if the soil drainage is good, sewer systems and performance, landscaping, etc. It would be advised to have the soil tested by professional lab or environmental group. Also check if the shoreline is rocky, sandy, or clay. A rocky and some types of sandy soil shoreline generally will yield clearer water than clay soil types. But if you have children or grandchildren, a rocky shoreline could be dangerous due to the fact that the rocks tend to be slippery. Also check county records and determine what types of industries are in the area. If you find that there are industries using the water, it would not hurt to have the water tested for safety.

Docks, Boathouses, and Boat Slips:
If there waterfront property you are looking at does not currently have a dock or boathouse and if this is something you may want to install, be sure to check with county offices that govern the lake, river, or channel to determine if a permit has been applied for allowing you to build a dock or boathouse. Some lakes and municipalities do not allow but a certain number of docks and boathouses to preserve the integrity of the water. Many properties that are in waterfront communities that are not on the water have deeded boat slips.

Check with the community homeowners association or local wildlife officials concerning what type of wildlife call the area home. Depending on where you are looking for property, animals like alligators, snakes, deer, bears, and others love water because it serves as both a food and water source allowing them to survive. Just be knowledgeable of what is in your area.

Water Frontage:
Water frontage is the amount of land that fronts the water. How many sides of the property is fronted by water. The more water frontage, the more you can expect to pay based on land value.

In closing, it is also recommended that you seek out the services of a professional home inspector before closing on your waterfront home to verify the home is structurally sound and that there are no unknown electrical, plumbing, mechanical, or structural problems present.

Perk Up the Facade

Everyone would want something aesthetic for the exterior of their home that creates the first impression. And the good news is that there are many affordable ways of doing that. One home had its façade painted over in ethnic motifs by a final year art student who was specializing in paintings. In fact, any kind of well-done motifs – ethnic, floral or relating to modern art – make for an eye-catching look.

Portrait Works

Painting the façade is one of the least expensive ways to brighten it up. Textured paints have countless shades to choose from. Since you can change them after a few years easily, by simply repainting (unlike when you have installed a mural) you can have a variety of looks over the years.

Share on Stone

A more permanent look is provided by natural stone. Slate, marble, granite are available in many affordable varieties today though you have to be careful to use non-polish varieties for exteriors since that protects against weathering. Limestone with slate makes for an unusual exterior façade.

Got Terracotta?

Terracotta tiles are another option and there are countless varieties in design to choose from today. A fancy door can add a lot to the front of the house. And while there are countless expensive antique or stylish modern ones in the market, there is an equal variety of choice in the affordable varieties. Even if you do not install a special door, the simple addition of some aesthetic doorknockers (a brass one with designs embossed on it), can enhance the entrance.You can have the façade take on a new look by adding interesting embellishments to the doors and windows on its side. Training creepers or vines over these windows and front-facing doors also adds an inexpensive but interesting and natural embellishment to the façade. They require special care and regular maintenance but they not only add beauty like all greenery, but also act as anti polluting agents, by adding oxygen to the atmosphere around the home. So any effort in upkeep is worth it. In fact, you can add a simple pergola in the front of the house and train some visually appealing plants like flowering creepers over it.

Soldering Copper Pipe

For those home owners who insist on doing there own plumbing projects here is a little guide to assist you with the soldering of the copper piping used in home plumbing systems. First I should point out that if you do your own pluming installations you should have a general idea of ​​the codes governing such installations. You can find the codes for your state at the link below.

Soldering copper pipe is not as difficult as a lot of people think it is. The number one requirement to a successful soldering experience is cleanliness. Thoroughly clean the inside of your connections with a wire reamer brush that you can buy at any hardware or plumbing supply store. Now thoroughly clean the out side of your pipe at least 1 inch beyond the end of the fitting with emery cloth or steal wool. It's also not a bad idea to de bur the inside of the pipe with your pliers. Some pipe cutters come with a triangular blade sticking out of its back, this is a de burring tool. Use it to remove any debris left from cutting the pipe that may hinder the soldering and cause a leak.

The next step is to apply the flux. The flux acts as a cleaning and bonding agent so that the solder will adhere to the copper and form a good tight and strong joint. Be sure to apply the flux liberally and beyond the fitting to be sure no dirt or dry spots cause the solder to not stick properly.

After assembling your joint take your torch and with the tip of your flame heat the middle section of the fitting alternating sides for evenness. With your solder extended touch the joint. Keep heating until the solder melts. Now remove the heat and melt about 3/4 of an inch of solder into the joint. The heat will draw the solder into the fitting all around. You should see the solder as a ring around the entire joint. Now wipe off the excess with a rag and your done. Move on to the next joint simply repeating the same procedure.


Your Solder Will Not Stick to the Soldering Iron? Try This Solution

The soldering iron probably the common tool which you can find in the most homes in the U.S. The main function of this tool is to melt the hot metal solder onto the joints. The part of the iron which is used to melt the metal is the tip of the iron.

You may find the people also use the tool for the electronic repair and the joints which have the low power rating. It is better for you to do the proper melting process. You also need to maintain the solder carefully. If you do the improper technique in doing both of them, you may face the difficulty to stick the solder to your iron or to the joint where you will attach it.

However, if you find the problem, you may solve it by yourself since the difficulty level is quite easily. To do this, you have to prepare the tools like the soldering iron, the solder, the sponge, and water.

The first thing you should do is to heat the tool. Turn on the iron’s power by plugging the tool. Wait for the some minutes. It is better if it reaches 400 Celsius degrees. If your iron has the preheated function, you should wait the tool to indicate it.

You should wet the small sponge with the cold water and put it close to the preheating tool. You can check whether the iron is preheated or not by touching the tip to the solder. If the solder is already preheated, the solder will melt.

After that, you need to clean the tool’s tip with the sponge. You will need to roll the iron’s tip to the solder’s piece. This step has the purpose to cover the iron with the solder. This process is called tinning. If you do it properly, your solder will be able to flow to the joint.

Bathtub Faucet Repair Tips and Techniques

Did you know that you can fix a leaking shower faucet and save hundreds of gallons of water a year? Most people just think of a dripping faucet as an annoyance and don’t realize how much precious water is being wasted one drop at a time. The good news is that almost anyone with a few basic hand tools can learn how to fix most dripping faucets.

Let’s start with the basics. Faucets have one primary purpose, to allow the water in your pipes to be used in a controlled manner. This means that they have to open to allow water out of the pipes and close to keep water in the pipes. Not rocket science, right? The closing part is what we want to concentrate on here.

There Are Two Basic Faucet Designs

Faucets drip when they fail to completely trap the water in the pipes. Most faucets use one of two basic methods to stop the water flow. Some, primarily older designs, use rubber or neoprene washers which tighten against a “seat” and block the flow of water. Drips from these faucets are addressed by replacing the washers and/or seats. We’ll talk about how to do that in a minute. Most other faucet designs involve some sort of cartridge. Some people call these “washerless” faucets. Repairing newer style water faucets like these usually involves replacing the cartridge(s).

Washers And Seats

Older faucet designs often use washers to block the water and keep it in the pipes. Tightening the handle compresses the washer against a “seat” and seals the opening, thus stopping the water flow. If you need to do a bathtub faucet repair on a three handle wall faucet you probably have this type. You will also run into this style if you need to fix a leaking shower faucet hat has two handles. Many sink and lavatory faucets also use washers. One way to tell whether or not your faucets use washers is to see if the handle gets harder to turn as you turn it off. If turning it really tight stops the drip, this probably, but not always, means that you have washers. If you do have a dripping faucet that has washers, the basic repair process is very similar whether you need to know how to repair a shower faucet,repair a leaking tub faucet or fix a dripping sink faucet. There is, however, one important difference.

Bathtub Faucet Repair

The one critical thing to remember when fixing a leaky bathtub faucet is that you will have to turn the water off to the entire house before removing any parts other than the outer trim pieces. If you’re not sure which pieces are trim, just turn the water off first just in case. Once you have turned off the main water to the house you can begin taking things apart. There are lots of different brands and designs of faucets out there and they all come apart a little differently, so you will have to sort of feel your way through.

Removing The Trim

The first step is to remove the handles. This is usually done by removing a cap to expose the handle screw and then removing the screw. Next, remove the handle. This may require a little finesse, as the handles sometimes get stuck in place. One trick is to place the handles of a pair of channel lock pliers behind the valve handle, one on each side, and tap evenly on the handle to nudge it loose. If this doesn’t work you can buy a special tool to remove handles but these tools are sometimes hard to find and usually a little patience is all you need to do the trick.

After he handles are off, there is usually some sort of sleeve over the stem itself. This typically has to come off too. Once again, there are many different configurations. One popular design uses threaded plastic tubes to connect the trim sleeve with the valve. Other types have the sleeve threaded directly onto the valve. You will have to figure this step out before you can proceed. If you can determine what brand valve you have there is a good chance of finding instructions on-line.

Now For The Root Of The Problem

OK, so you have removed both the handles and any remaining trim sleeve from the valve. Now you are ready to get to the root of the problem, your valve stem. The washer is almost always at the other end of the valve stem from the handle. Usually the stem is threaded into the valve body and you will just need to unscrew it to remove it. Here’s a tip. Stick the handle back on for a second and open the valve half way. This relieves pressure on the stem and makes it easier to unscrew. Now you just need to make sure you are loosening the correct nut.

Lots of valves have a packing nut around the stem. It is usually a little smaller and just in front of the actual connection with the valve body. The packing nut’s purpose is to squeeze some special packing material around the stem to prevent water from leaking around the stem when the valve is in use. Loosening the packing nut won’t help you, you need to get your wrench on the actual connection to the valve body. By the way, a deep socket is often the only tool that will work to remove the valve stem.

Removing The Valve Stem

The easiest way to make sure you have the correct nut is to see if there is a gap opening up between the nut and the valve body as you loosen the nut. The valve stem itself will also usually turn when you have the right one. If you have loosened the packing nut by mistake, don’t worry, you will adjust it before you are finished anyway. Go ahead and remove both stems and keep up with which one is which, it matters on many valves.

After you have the stems out you should be able to find the washer on the “inside” end. If it is nicked, torn or brittle it is likely the cause of your drip. Even if it looks brand new, go ahead and replace it. You’ve already come this far. You can get replacement washers at almost any hardware store. Sometimes you may want to replace the whole stem, especially if the handle end is stripped out. It’s best to just take the stem with you to the store and see if you can match it up. Most Do It Yourself stores have replacement stems for many popular brands. If your valve has a center diverter valve to switch the waterfrom the tub spout to the shower head the same process applies. Many times it is easier to replace the diverter stem than to repair it. This really depends on the design of the stem.

How Are Your Seats?

One more thing to check is the seats. These are the part of the valve body that the washer tightens up against to stop the water flow. If you can get your finger inside the valve, feel of the seats and see if they feel rough. If so, it would be best to replace them if you can get them out. The inside of the seats, which is where the water flows through when the valve is open, usually have either a hex or square recess. Special seat wrenches are used to remove the seats. You can usually get these wrenches at the same place you get the other parts and they’re not expensive. You just stick the wrench through the seat and unscrew it. The replacement seats screw back in the same way, just put a little pipe dope on the threads before you install it.

Put It All Back Together

Once you’ve figured out what needs to be replaced and have done that, you just need to put everything back together. If your valve has packing nuts don’t put the trim back on until you have turned the water back on. Once the water is on, go ahead and stick the handle on for a second and open the valve. Make sure no water is leaking around the stem. If it is leaking, with the handle opened half way, snug down the packing nut until the leak stops. Easy does it. If you get it too tight the handle will be hard to turn. Now finish installing the trim pieces and you are done.

Repairing Newer Style Water Faucets

If you have a newer, “washerless” type valve the repair process is similar, but usually easier. Many of these type valves use a self contained cartridge. If the valve starts to drip, just replace the cartridge and you’re done. You still need to turn the water off and remove the handles and trim. The cartridge is usually held in place by a retaining nut on the valve body or, in the case of most Moen valves, by a retaining clip. Simply remove the cartridge and put another one in it’s place. If your hot and cold are backwards when you finish, turn the water back off, pull the cartridge back out, turn it over 180 degrees and re-install it.

Delta Style Valves

One other common design that is considered “washerless” was made famous by Delta and copied by several other makers. It uses little “cup” seals that fit over springs recessed in the back of the valve body. The springs press these “seals” against the cartridge and regulate the flow through little tapered openings in the cartridge. If you have one of these and it’s dripping, changing these springs and seals will usually correct it. Here’s a tip. Once you have the cartridge out of the way, insert a phillips screwdriver into the seal and pop both the seal and spring out. Stick the new ones on the end of the screwdriver to help guide them into place. This is especially helpful if you don’t have long slender fingers.

Delta, and a few imitators, also have a faucet design that uses a ball instead of a cartridge. This is not as common in tub or shower valves but there are plenty of them out there. The springs and seals are the same but there are lots more o-rings an parts to deal with. The good news is that these parts are readily available. While it’s a little more complicated than learning how to repair a Moen kitchen faucet, which is a piece of cake, it is still easier than working with most washer type faucets.

These Techniques Work In The Kitchen Too

Armed with the knowledge you’ve gained in this article you now not only know how to repair a shower faucet and to repair a leaking tub faucet, but you can apply these skills to many other faucets as well. After fixing a leaky bathtub faucet, stopping a dripping outside hose faucet will be a breeze. The techniques that you will use to complete a “washerless” bathtub faucet repair can be used when repairing newer style water faucets of all kinds. Whether you have an old dripping tub faucet or a newer kitchen faucet that just won’t quite shut off you can now fix it. So put these new skills to use, roll up your sleeves and stop that drip!

Copyright 2008 Bryan Stevens