Petroleum Jelly – Facts Not Fiction

Myth: Petroleum jelly (Vaseline) used in hair and skin products is a dangerous chemical byproduct of petroleum or gasoline.

Fact: Refined USP Petroleum jelly is not the same as the “Petrolatum” defined by the Chemical Abstract System (CAS) definition found in the EPA Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory. This CAS number (8009-03-8) applies to an unrefined, heavy, waxy petrolatum material. In fact, United States Pharmacopeia (USP) white petroleum jelly is not a byproduct but is a refined and purified product of heavy waxes and paraffinic oils. USP White Petroleum Jelly surpasses the safety standards set by the FDA for use in food and cosmetics products as well as for both the European Union (EU) and Japanese Pharmacopeia Chemical Codes.

Myth: Vaseline or mineral oil when applied to the skin creates an impassible barrier plugging hair and skin pores (comedogenic).

Fact: There are no credible scientific studies that prove that Vaseline or mineral oil is in fact comedogenic (block skin pores). In reality, the term comedogenic was developed by the FDA to only classify substances that caused acne by blocking facial skin pores. Later, health and nutritional advocates attempted to extend this definition to include products used for the hair and body. However, the term “comedogenic” was never intended to be used beyond the original scope as defined by the FDA. Recently, new scientific studies have resolved the debate. Technical papers published in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology (May 24, 2005) and the Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Chemists (1996, vol. 47, pp. 41-48) demonstrated that white USP mineral oil (FG) and white USP Vaseline do not block skin pores.

PJ and mineral are classified as “occlusive” moisturizers. In theory, occlusives reduce water loss from the skin by creating a hydrophobic barrier when applied over the skin. Occlusive moisturizers diffuse into the intercellular lipid domains and herein lay their effectiveness. Published studies show that although Vaseline exhibits what appears to be occlusive properties when applied to the skin it neither forms nor acts as an impermeable barrier but rather permeates slowly throughout the SC interstices, allowing for normal skin recovery.

In layman’s term Vaseline PJ does not clog skin pores but slowly diffuses throughout the skin lipid layer and even assists the body in skin repair.

Myth: PJ is inexpensive poor moisturizer.

Fact: True, White USP PJ is an inexpensive product but on the contrary it is still the most cost-effective moisturizer used today in the cosmetic industry. Petroleum jelly at minimum concentrations reduces transepidermal water loss (TEWL) by more than 98% and is followed by lanolin, mineral oil, and the silicones, which are effective in the range from 20%-30%. Other substances such as beeswax, stearic acid, shea butter, jojoba oil, coconut oil, and sunflower seed oil TEWL values are below twenty percent.

Computer Viruses and How to Deal With Them

1- What is a computer virus:

A computer virus is a software program which is able to replicate itself and spread from one infected computer to another. The infected objects can be system, program or document files. After infecting your computer, it might slow it down, damage the contents of the infected files, mislay the data or defect your computer systems normal operation.

The virus can also use your computer to propagate illegal adverts and send spam emails that exploit security (adWare), steal your personal information such as bank account number, credit card number etc. (SpyWare). Some types of viruses might use your computer to create a bot net (virtual computer network) to attack other server systems and websites etc.

2- Type of viruses on Windows based computers:

There are a number of computer viruses that can impede the functioning of your computer. Here are some of the different types of viruses:

Trojan Horse: It is an email virus that is created by a file attached to the email. If opened, it may scour your hard drive for any personal and financial information such as your social security, account and PIN numbers. Once it has collected your info, it is sent via the internet to a hacker or thief.

Macro Virus: It is a computer virus that infects the Visual Basic language documents for applications such as Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel etc. This type of virus can cause damage (such as removing data on the hard disk for example).

Worms: It is a program that has the ability to self-replicate itself. It can move from one computer to another and replicate itself in your computer system then spread hundreds of its copies to other computers that might cause wide spread damage.

Rootkit Virus: It is a program that is possible to cover the processes, files and data in the computer Registry (a database which is used to save Windows’s system and program settings). Rootkit is usually used to hide the activities of viruses and processes which harm your computer. It is to help a hacker to control the system.

Bootsector Virus: A virus which attaches itself to the first part of the hard disk that is read by the computer upon bootup. These are normally spread by floppy disks.

Logic Bombs: It is a program that is used to send many data to the same email address and overwhelm the system or block the server connection. It is also used to threaten others (for example mail bomb etc.).

Memory Resident Virus: This type of virus dwells in the RAM. From there it can overcome and interrupt the operations executed by the system. It can corrupt files and programs that are opened, closed, copied, renamed etc.

Multipartite Virus: These viruses spread in multiple ways. It might vary in its action depending upon where it’s installed and the presence of certain files.

3- How do you get a virus and Prevention:

These are 3 common ways that your computer may get infected by viruses:

Email: You get an email from a person that contains one or more viruses. If the attachment is opened, the viruses may infect files in the computer. The viruses might also send emails to people from your email address book or email folders automatically. So, you should not open unknown attachments in emails or do a virus scanning after opening them.

Internet: If you download an exe file or a data file from the Internet or other shared networks, viruses might be transferred to your computer. Sometimes the free software programs on the Internet have viruses especially if downloading from sources such as Torrent or Usenet news groups. Therefore, if necessary, you should download files from trusted resources.

Peripheral devices: The devices such as MP3 player, USB thumb drive, Memory card or CD Rom are also means for spreading viruses. So, remember to do a virus scan for them after they are connected to your computer.

4- Symptoms of virus infection:

These are some of symptoms which may indicate virus activity:

• Your computer has unusual activity (e.g. programs crashing a lot or running slowly).

• Messages or images (unrelated to your current task) come up unexpectedly.

• A program may start up unexpectedly.

• Your firewall informs that a certain application is trying to connect to the Internet (unrelated to what you are working on).

• Your friends say that they get emails from you but you did not send any to them.

• You receive many system error announcements. (Note: This may also come from another activity such as a hardware problem or genuine system error)

• Windows does not run when you start up your computer. (Note: This may also come from a hard disk problem)

• You realise that folders and files are removed or changed.

• You find that there’s an access to your hard disk (one of the small light is blinking) even though there are no programs running.

• Your web browser has abnormal indications, for example it opens an unknown web page or you cannot close the browser tabs.

• Advertising pages pop up, desktop wallpaper changes.

• Exe files occur and have the same names as the folders.

• On the right corner of your computer, there is a small symbol written “Your computer is infected” or “Virus Alert” etc.

• When you open an USB thumb drive, unknown files such as Autorun.inf, New Folder.exe etc. appear.

• Cannot press Control + Alt + Delete (Task Manager) and you are warned that Administrator banned it.

• Folder Options disappears.

• Your computer keeps restarting when you try to shut it down.

• You cannot log in your Windows account with the right logon details.

5- What to do when infected:

• Make sure that your Antivirus software is the latest update. If necessary, download the update from another computer and update it manually.

• Disconnect from the Internet or Local Area Network (LAN).

• If Windows is not running, start it in Safe Mode (when turning on your computer, keep pressing F8 as soon as the computer starts running, then choose ‘Safe Mode’ from the Menu).

• Run a full Anti-Virus scan.

• If your computer is quite infected but you have important files or documents on it, do a full scan with your updated Antivirus software. If it finds viruses, delete all of them then open each ancillary disk (USB, Thumb drive etc.) and look for Autorun.inf files and remove them. Afterward, restart your computer.

• If you have any difficulties with finding a way to remove bad programs, refer to your Internet Security Software Supplier to look for an essential dedicated tool to remove them.

• If you find a bad program, follow the instructions of your Internet Security Software Supplier. Good Security software will provide with options such as disabling infected files, isolating possibly infected files, Worms and Trojans removal.

• If you do not have any important files on your computer disks, format the disk and then re-install your Windows and applications. This is quite an extreme and lengthy process and it’s recommended to back up your computer settings prior to commencing. When finished, do not open on any ancillary disks (USB, Thumb drives etc.) yet, install the Antivirus software, do a full scan, find Autorun.inf files and remove them. Restart your computer after that.

• If the Anti-Virus software does not find anything, your computer is possibly not infected. Check your hardware and software that is installed on your computer meets the hardware specifications of the Operating System. Delete unnecessary or unwanted programs to save resources and ensure you have updated your Windows OS via Windows Update.

The Beni Ourain Rug – The Prized Possession

Each authentic Beni Ourain rug is one of a kind because it was woven by hand by a member of the Beni Ourain tribe of Morocco’s Atlas Mountains. Beni Ourain people are Berbers, whose ancestors were in northern Africa during prehistoric times. Berbers also are known as Imazighen; an individual Berber is called an Amazigh.

Made of wool from the Atlas Mountains’ sheep, Beni Ourain rugs feature traditional and contemporary patterns in colors that contrast with the naturally white or ivory wool on the other parts of the rugs. The wool used in the various patterns was dyed with natural materials. A series of geometric shapes, such as diamonds, highlight some of the rugs. Others display a design that conveys a cultural story or event. Some of the textiles include fringe.

Often serving as focal points and artwork in interior design, the handmade rugs hang on walls and cover floors. They also are used as clothing decoration, saddle blankets, shrouds for the deceased, prayer mats and to sleep on or under. Certain Beni Ourain rugs bear symbols that identify their purpose. For example, some of the rug users believe particular symbols promote fertility or guard against evil. Likewise, some rug makers burn the sides of their rugs a bit to provide protection from evil spirits.

Available in small, medium and large, Beni Ourain rugs range from about 200 by 150 centimeters to about 335 by 210 centimeters. Their dimensions and width-to-length ratios are as varied as their designs, though. The ones that are much longer than they are wide are useful as runners.

Because a handcrafted Beni Ourain rug is made well and made of wool, it is durable. That quality allows it to hold up well in locations that receive a lot of foot traffic. It also makes the rug long-lasting. Wherever and however it is used, the rug resists stains. Its natural coloring and patterns make it suitable for many kinds of decor and many decor hues.

Berber rugs have been created since the Paleolithic Period, also known as the Old Stone Age. It lasted from about 2 million years ago to about 8000 B.C., according to The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Such rugs were used by nomadic people in northern Africa. Taking their rugs with them when they left one home, the migrants put them in their next home. The rugs also were featured in religious settings and palaces.

The knowledge of how to weave the rugs and make their patterns is still passed from generation to generation. Their symbols’ meanings also are handed down.

Is Your Chromagen Solar Hot Water Service Working Correctly?

Do you live in Australia and own a Chromagen split system solar hot water service? Do you know if that system is working properly? Do you know how to check if the system is working properly?

Firstly, what is a solar split system?

A solar hot water service split system is where you will have a tank at ground level and a set of collectors on your roof. A circulating pump takes cold water to the collectors and hot water from the collectors to the tank or cylinder.

Please, don’t void your warranty!!

Doing the steps below will allow you to see what’s wrong with your solar hot water service split system. Please don’t go any further. Altering and removing any of the attached wires or pipework can void your warranty. Most items on your solar hot water service need to be replaced or serviced by a qualified service technician, or at least your local plumber or electrician. If in doubt call the Chromagen service phone number – 1300 367 565 – toll free.

How to find out if your Chromagen hot water service is working properly

Firstly, right in the middle of the cylinder side there will be a large domed cream cover. Remove the four screws and remove the cover. You will find a small white box with four screws holding the front cover on, remove the screws. Remember that there is dangerous live power in this box, so please don’t touch any wires. In the top right hand corner there will be two led indicators, these indicators will show you if all is working properly or if there is a problem. On the rear of the white cover that you removed will be descriptions of what the indicators do to tell you what’s going on.

What the indicators will tell you:

  • If the system is dormant (not doing anything but working properly)
  • If the circulation pump is working (system is circulating hot water)
  • If there is a fault in either of the wires from the panels or the tank
  • If the system is in its frost protection phase
  • If the system is in its boil protect phase

What the indicators won’t tell you:

  • If the controller box is faulty – the only way to confirm this is to connect a working controller box and see if the system works then.
  • If the system has an air block – if there is an air block everything else will work fine but the circulating pump won’t circulate the hot water from the panels. There is only one way to decide this is the fault; on a sunny day when you know the circulating pump is trying to circulate, place you hand on the return line from the panels – DANGER: if the system is working properly there is a real danger of you getting serious burns from the piping as the hot water from the panels can reach up to 160 degrees Celsius. My suggestion is to just tap the return line to see if it’s hot. If it is then all is well, if it’s not then there may be a problem and you will need to call the above mentioned toll-free number.

Keeping the controller box turned on – why it’s vital

With a Chromagen solar split system the only element that keeps the system running well is the controller box and the circulating pump. Without these two elements working to their designed capacity your Chromagen hot water service won’t work properly and you possibly will void your warranty on your solar panels.

The circulating system is your primary frost protection. Please also make sure you have an anti frost valve (a small brass valve mostly at the bottom right of your hot water solar panels) as this is your secondary anti frost protection. Please, always remember that the power point that the controller box is plugged into remains on and the power cord is securely pushed in.

Your anti frost valve

Every solar split system should have an anti frost valve installed on the solar panels if it’s an ‘open loop’ system. If you are unsure of you type of solar split system please call Chromagen on the above mentioned toll free number.

Anti frost valves are designed to open up when the temperature reaches about 4 degrees Celsius. The valve will release a small amount of water until it detects that the temperature has risen or the valve has been warmed above approximately 6 degrees. It will then cut off and no water should be leaking out. When the valve drops below 4 degrees it will repeat the cycle. Anti frost valves should always cut off the water flow at a maximum of 8 degrees Celsius, so if your anti frost valve is still leaking and the temperature at the valve is more than 8 degrees then your anti frost valve is likely faulty. You should contact the above mentioned toll free number for a visit by an approved service agent.

Lean Back for More Golf Swing Power

Well, it’s not lean way back, it’s more like stay back except for your hips if you want to boost your golf swing power. Here’s why, if you live in the body mechanics world of golf like I do, you’ll learn that when Tiger and John Daly hit the ball, they keep their center of gravity behind it while they drive their hips through the shot so that every bit of power they generate is released into the golf ball. This wonderfully simple golf swing power booster can be achieved by following a few simple steps ending with why you should actually lean back even though it will feel odd to begin with.

Step #1: Become aware of the fact that you’re not trying to get your bodyweight onto your front leg. Your front leg in your stance acts as a block leg and your back leg acts as a drive leg. Your drive leg powers into your block leg but it doesn’t power through your block leg because this would cause you to collapse. Though we all know this, most golfers aren’t aware of the fact that they’re not using this concept when they actually swing the club.

The pros always slam into their front leg but they never end up with their weight on it. Think of it this way, if they uncurled from their finish position, where would they end up? They’d go right back to their starting point because they’ve stayed within their body so to speak and have maintained their position, versus changing it. They power their hips through the shot but they keep their body’s center of gravity behind the ball by leaning back slightly to counter things and stay in balance. In reality, they’re not actually leaning back but thinking about doing so gets the desired effect. Though this may all sound tricky, all you’ve got to remember is to try and lean back just a touch during your golf swing. That’ll get things started. Here’s what to do next…

Step#2: Follow through. Being conscious of making a full follow through will definitely get you more golf swing power. It’ll do so because it will stop you from wanting to move after you hit the ball. It also balances out your golf swing. Believe it or not, using a full follow through and focusing on extension during it will actually cause you to lean back a bit which is a definite bonus when it comes to boosting your golf swing power and achieving what we’re talking about in this article.

Step#3: Think of being in a tug of war. As you swing, all of that force is going forward into that ball and out along the swing path and if you’re not ready to support it, your body will stop you from fully unleashing on the ball. If you approach impact without the idea of being ready to allow your club to continue its path through the ball, your body will hold you back. It’s literally neurologically programmed to do so. So, when you go to hit the ball, be ready to hang on to that club with a slight counter balance lean when it tugs on you through impact and the follow through half of your swing so that your body will really let you power through shots for optimum distance.

Start leaning back a bit even though it feels a touch awkward at first because it takes a little while to get used to. It will take about 3-4 weeks of working with a little lean (about 1-2 inches in your mind) to really instill this trick into your golf swing. Believe it or not, your lean back will be counterbalanced by your hips moving forward and up into the ball anyway so visually, everything will be perfect as long as you stick with trying to achieve the sensation of having a tiny back lean during your swing-not your backswing.

The slight lean is one of the most important aspects of a good golf swing but, it’s just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to really boosting your golf swing power. Visit my site: Better Golf Secrets for more golf swing power tips just like the golf swing lean today and keep on swinging!

How to Extend the Range of a Video Baby Monitor?

A baby monitor is already helpful as it is but a video baby monitor takes it up a notch with its remarkable features and functions. You can see your baby even without monitoring them 24/7 physically.

A video monitor comes with a transmitter and receiver. That transmitter is placed in your baby’s room. Some have a pan and tilt camera that lets you operate the position of the camera at a remote distance so you can see your baby even when they go out of the camera’s line of vision.

The receiver is equipped with an LED display screen that will let you see all the activities of your baby. They either come in black and white form or colored screens.

There are, however, constraints with using baby monitors. It has a limited signal. The distance is good but if you need better baby monitoring, you may need a wider range than that.

Usually, a video monitor is equipped with 900MHz of frequency signals. If you need to cover more distance, you might need a power booster. Use the power booster and connect it to the transmitter antenna. Users who have tried this suggest that you need to go around the firewall first before it can work perfectly well.

This takes a bit of knowledge in wireless technology though as you will have a problem with signal interference. That means other signals will be picked as a result of boosting the range of your video monitor. Because of this, it might lead to static lines in your monitoring. You might want to seek the help of a professional expert in wireless technology as it is a challenge to set it up on your own with limited knowledge.

It is also interesting to note that baby monitors brands today have made the signals of their products stronger and clearer. It can pick signals from the transmitter at a wider range which is perfect for people living in a big house.

Also, you have to search for one that can pick up signals despite the buildings blocking in your neighbourhood. This actually prevents a clear signal. Don’t expect much from a baby monitor. There are really good brands out there with wider and clearer signal but they can, in no way, replace your physical monitoring.

You can stretch their benefit by using the method mentioned earlier though and this should improve its benefits up a bit.

Advantages (And Disadvantages) Of Installing Bi-Fold Doors

Bi-fold doors are the doors that fold in on themselves; whether they come in two or four sections (or more, if they’re custom-made), the opening is in the middle. They are usually suspended from overhead tracks by rollers or casters, with lower tracks to guide them. The panels, connected by centralized hinges, can be pulled back and forth by a knob or pull on the innermost panel.

Most often used as an alternative to sliding doors, French doors, and regular closet doors, larger ones can be used as room dividers, while their smaller versions can be found in kitchen pass-throughs or laundry rooms.

The benefits of saving a lot of space are obvious: they take up much less space when opened than regular doors; it can be argued that installing bi-fold doors actually creates extra space. For example, when used as patio doors, bi-fold doors allow you to open up your house outdoors, and let the fresh air and natural light in. That makes them ideal wherever the unobstructed views are desirable.

Bi-fold doors look equally good whether they’re closed, open, or half open. You can choose from a range of materials: wood, aluminum and vinyl are the most common. Bi-fold doors made from premium hardwood, like timber, can add a touch of class with a modern flare to any space.

Are there some drawbacks to installing bi-fold doors? Although more common than before, they are still considered somewhat of a luxury: they cost more than regular doors. The cost may be well worth it, though: not only because of their high functionality, but because they tend to give any space a contemporary, elegant appearance.

What about the security? Don’t get fooled by their looks: they are made to be robust, and can be additionally fitted with anti-drill key cylinders and high-security hinges. If you’re worried about children trapping their fingers between the panels, you’ll be relieved to find out that the newest bi-fold doors come with a safety feature to prevent such accidents.

People who habitually pull the knob on a bi-fold door outwards, like on a regular door – and not sideways, like they are designed to be pulled – can put a lot of pressure on the tracks and casters. That can lead to tracks becoming bent, or casters slipping out. If you decide to install bi-fold doors, to enjoy all the benefits that they have to offer for a long time, make a point to always push the doors to the side in a linear fashion.

Recipe for Classic Thai / Laos Hot Sauce

Ingredients:

1 garlic clove;

1 Red Chili;

1 Green Chili;

1 tablespoon squeezed Lime;

1 tablespoon Fish Sauce

In a mortar and pestle, crush the garlic and chilies until they are in small pieces. Add squeezed lime and fish sauce and mix. Pour the Classic Thai / Lao Hot Sauce into a small dipping bowl for serving. The above ingredients can be multiplied to suit the number of servings.

Most Thai and Lao chili sauce starts with these basic ingredients. You can substitute soy sauce for fish sauce but it would not be authentic nor classic classic.

Pour this sauce over rice or dip the sauce with sticky rice and grilled meat.

The basic ingredients that are used in Thailand and Laos include: garlic, chilies, fish or soy sauce, lime or rice vinegar, and sugar. However, the proportion of each ingredient varies depending on the dish. With the exception of dessert dishes, these ingredients are in most Thai and Lao dishes. Every dish has a unique balance of these basic ingredients.

For more recipes on hot sauces and Thai / Lao dishes, visit my blog. As well, there is also an instructional video on how the sauce is made by using the traditional method of a mortar and pestle.

Yes, You Deserve It – Five Tips to Strengthen Your Deservability Muscle

Why is it that even though your potential client may seem eager to do business with you when they first meet you, their interest seems to fade off as they start talking to you?

I’ve always believed that “business is personal”. A successful business relationship is all about building a bridge of confidence and trust between you and your prospect.

Your prospect wants to trust you, but how can they trust you if you do not trust yourself?

I believe this is a major problem with many solopreneurs: deep down, they don’t think they “deserve” the prospect’s business. Undeservability is a corrosive energy that becomes apparent to people who get to know you.

This was a major problem with me when I first started my technology consulting business in the mid-90s. I had all of the technical knowledge, but I felt all alone, with no backup, no support, and unsure of why I was even in business in the first place. It took sinking this first business to the tune of over a hundred thousand dollars before I woke up to the need to strengthen my own feelings of deservability, and from that develop the self-confidence to take bold action.

Here are five strategies I constantly use to flex my deservability muscle:

1. Go back to the three “W”s.

Business is personal, people want to connect with the real you. Go back to basics, get clear on your three “W”s:

– “Who am I?” (your personal mission),

– “What do I want?” (your personal vision),

– “Why is this important to me now?” (your personal motivation).

Even though I had read lots of books on personal development, it was only when I focused on creating a one sentence response (ten words or less) for each question, that I developed more confidence in my venture. The clarity I gained from these answers gave me the energy to meet new people, attract more clients, improve my business and increase my income. The lesson I learned is that clarity about who you are and what you want is vital to build your feelings of deservability.

2. Create an environment that supports your three “W”s.

Deservability thrives in healthy surroundings. Clean up, lighten up and air out your living space – even if it means renovating or moving. Eat right and exercise strenuously – even if it means changing your lifestyle. Get rid of whatever you’re tolerating – even if it means breaking “commitments” that no longer work for you. Surround yourself with people who believe in you and emphasize your strengths – even if it means letting go of certain “friends”. Let go of everything that reminds you of what you don’t want, and adopt everything that reinforces your Three “W”s – even if it means completely changing how you live your life. Your environment strengthens your feelings of deservability.

3. Send the “monkey mind” packing.

The monkey mind is that constant self-loathing chatter that saps your confidence and your energy. You can recognize the monkey mind whenever you have a thought that causes you to doubt or hesitate. Find a way to interrupt these thoughts as they occur. A favorite strategy of mine is to wear an elastic band around the wrist. Every time you hear that monkey mind chattering, snap the elastic and say to yourself STOP! Then say to yourself, clearly and consciously, your one-sentence answers to the Three “W”s: “Who am I?” “What do I want?” “Why is this important now?”. You will find that, with time, these three sentences will become an empowering mantra that displaces the monkey mind and reinforces your feelings of deservability.

4. Break habits and nurture rituals.

Habits are unconscious actions that serve to soothe a fear. Rituals are conscious actions, made automatic, that build towards a desired, positive state. Habits are easy to identify – they will pop up whenever the monkey mind is at work. Pick a negative habit that you want to let go of this month, and replace it with a conscious ritual. Write down the symptoms of the negative habit and when you recognize them, snap that elastic band around your wrist and switch right away to the conscious action you want to make automatic. Connect with a coach who can help you design positive, conscious actions that will create the results you want, and your deservability muscle will get stronger fast.

5. Fake it ’till you make it.

Huh? What this oft-misused adage really means is to move forward with a deep faith in your deservability. Faith is about believing without necessarily fully understanding how you are going to get there. Take actions “as if” you were confident in yourself. Ask yourself: “If I were ten times bolder, what action would I take in this moment?”. Pretend that you are ten times bolder, and take the step. Use your positive thinking and conscious, positive rituals to help you focus on your positive results. You will find in time that you will develop a boldness that will turbocharge your deservability.

Before others can trust you, you have to trust yourself. By reinforcing your self-confidence, you strengthen your deservability muscle and provide the essential foundation to build a bridge of trust between you and your prospect.

Flex your deservability muscle, and you will power your way to creating the future you really want!

Plastic Cups

Plastic has offered the world a material that can be experimented with without much effort and time. Plastic is a material that has high viscosity and when hardened shows metallic properties. Plastic can be molded in to any form in order to achieve a durable and lightweight product. Plastic cups are a common sight for mostly all individuals. This invention brought about a mammoth change in the designing and implementation procedures involved in manufacturing fast moving consumer goods. Goods can be conveniently stored in plastic cups for days at a stretch without the spoilage. They are a convenient alternative to the fragile and sometimes expensive glass crockery that we use in homes and offices.

Plastic glasses are made in factories and are usually mass-produced in order to lower the selling price. The raw plastic is brought to the factory where it is initially treated of dirt and other unwanted particles. This plastic is raw and needs to be chemically altered for it to become the viscous material required for producing the final product. Once the plastic is treated, the entire lot is put into a burner, where the heating process takes place. This process involves high temperatures and precision timing. If the plastic is heated excessively then it may burn and would not be fit for use, on the other hand it would be hard if not heated adequately. Once the plastic is heated and brought to its molten state the process of molding begins. Thousands of pre fabricated moulds run along an assembly line where the molten plastic is poured in each mould. It is left to dry and the final product is ready.

The use of various shapes, colors, and designs is common to the production of plastic cups. Dye is added in the molten plastic in order to give the cups a different color. Plastic cups are readily available in local stores, however it is advisable to purchase recycled plastic cups in the best interest of the environment.

Projectors – Advantages and Drawbacks

Owing to their varied uses, projectors have become the most sought after electronic equipment. Although, a specific projector may not fulfill all your needs, there are some that can be used for both home as well as office use. While at home, a projector can be connected to a DVD player or set-top box to watch your favorite programs in a theatre like setting, the office use of a projector includes displaying lectures or presentations for a large number of people.

However, like most other electronic gadgets, digital projectors too have their own set of advantages and disadvantages. It is worthwhile to study these before you select a projector that will best match your needs and requirements.

Advantages of Projectors

Large-Sized Picture: Digital projectors can be used to create extremely large sized images akin to those seen in a cinema hall. Although a movie projector with very large light output can generate images of up to 300″, even commonly available digital projectors are capable of producing sharp pictures as big as 120″.

Advantage While Creating Small Images: Even if the projector is used to produce smaller sized images of up to 60″, it can still save you a lot of money when compared to a LCD TV of the same size. Moreover, the picture at this size is very bright and can even be used with a few lights on.

Saves on Space: A ceiling mount projector does not occupy any space on the floor and remains mostly unseen when not in use. Even a retractable screen can be put out of sight when not in use, which is better than a bulky television set that is difficult to move frequently.

Ease of Installation: Other than ceiling mount projectors that need an expert for installation, a normal projector is easy to setup and can be done without much effort.

Disadvantages of Projectors

Light Can Play Spoilsport: A projector works best when operated in low light conditions as the pictures produced are clearer and brighter. This can often prove to be a disadvantage when you are addressing a conference where your audience needs to take down notes.

Costly Maintenance: The maintenance cost of home theatre projectors is often on the higher side than that of a LCD television. The lamp of a projector needs to be replaced occasionally, depending on your usage and the projector model.

Separate Speakers Required: A movie projectors either has no audio of its own or has very little sound that is inadequate if you want to watch movies or television programs. Therefore, setting up home theatre projectors requires purchasing a separate audio system.

Ceiling Mount Projectors: If you are looking to ceiling mount your movie projector to save up on floor space, it should be noted that the process can be a little tricky and may require the services of an expert. Also, a projection screen will require separate installation.

Comparing Three Brands of Chef Knives: Function Form and Style

Though I am not a trained chef, I cook and prepare gourmet meals, spending many hours with a knife in hand. The use of a good knife is highly important in the kitchen. The comfort in hand, sharpness of blade, how long the blade stays sharp, and the balance in the hand are my criteria. These are my opinions only, and may not apply to how they are used by another.

Wusthof Classic 8 inch chef knife

I have had the Wusthof chef knife for 14 years. The first important thing about Wusthof Classic is that the handles are resin, and not wood. I am constantly cutting and chopping and washing the knives, though never in the dishwasher. Wood handles get dry and need oil, just a fact of life. I look for ease. This was a point in favor of Wusthof. Wusthof uses high carbon steel, which holds a sharp edge far longer than blades with a lower carbon content. With a little work, the knife keeps a good sharp edge and works perfectly. The Wusthof chef knife has better weight than any knife I had held before, also a solid point in its favor. It is relatively well balanced and has a full tang, meaning the steel extends the entire length of the knife, into the handle, where it is riveted in place.

Cutco 9.25 inch chef knife

About 3 years ago I bought the Cutco chef knife. First, it is far longer than most other chef knives. This is good when I am chopping a larger quantity of food, but generally it is just long. I am less accustomed to the length, so that is a minus. The weight or heft of the knife is light in comparison to the Wusthof Classic chef knife. It looks nice, but is less balanced in my hand. It does have full tang and the handles are riveted in place. It is a sharp knife, but the company wants it shipped to them for sharpening. This is nice, in the sense that one knows it will be sharpened properly. It is an aggravation to have to take the knife somewhere else. All in all not a bad knife, but not my first choice or recommendation.

Wusthof Grand Prix 7 inch Santoku

In 1998 the Wusthof Classic line did not have a Santoku knife, so I got the Grand Prix Santoku. It does not suit me well, though I use it occasionally. The Santoku blade has little wells cut into the blade, for the purpose of easy release of foods when chopping foods or carving meats. The Grand Prix line does not have the good weight of the Classic line, does not have full tang, and the blade has a straighter edge. For straight down chopping, this works fine. I do a lot of rocker chopping, using the tip of the knife as a pivot and coming down again and again. The Wusthof Grand Prix Santoku does not function well for this application.

Hammer Stahl 7.5 inch Santoku

This year I bought a Hammer Stahl 7.5 inch Santoku knife. I have been using it almost exclusively ever since. This knife is also made of high carbon steel. The weight of the knife is impressive, though extremely well balanced in the hand. The weight makes chopping seem effortless. The shape of the handle fits well in the hand. It is a Santoku blade, though the little wells are much farther back from the blade edge. The line of the blade has more curve, unlike the Wusthof Grand Prix Santoku, allowing great ease with pivot chopping. The blade has full tang, and the knife is a thing of beauty with the resin impregnated Pakka wood handles. For great grip, weight and balance, this is the best knife I own. It is still very sharp after half a year of constant use.

Any really good knife is going to be relatively expensive. These knives range from 60 dollars for the Wusthof Grand Prix Santoku to 160 dollars for the Hammer Stahl Santoku. The Wusthof chef knife costs about 130 dollars, where the Cutco chef knife is about 150 dollars. If possible, go to a store that sells high quality knives and try them out first. Decide what kind of knife you will use most and invest in at least one good knife.

Thank you for taking the time to read my article. I hope it was informative and helped you along your own culinary journey.

Career Opportunities in Picture Making

Picture making is one of the prestigious branches of visual arts. There are countless career or job avenues that are readily available in the field of picture making. All these career opportunities provide numerous financial gains that can help learners cater for themselves and their families. Some of these wonderful job prospects have been discussed below.

Advertising consultant: He is an expert in the field of advertisement of products and services. He is usually consulted to give technical advice on the right form of advertisement to choose for a particular product or service.

Interior Decorator: He is an artist who decorates the interiors or inner parts of buildings such as homes, offices, churches and other public buildings in an artistic fashion especially during occasions like weddings etc.

Landscape Painter: He is a picture maker who make painting on canvas and other materials depicting activities on land such as market scenes, festivals etc.

Print maker: An artist who is skilled in printing and engages in the printing of projects. He implements the various printing technologies in producing prints on T-shirts, banners, cups etc.

Gallery Owner: An owner and/or caretaker of an art gallery (a room or series of rooms where works of art are exhibited). He oversees the selling and trading of the works of art in the gallery.

Curator: An art historian who serves as a custodian in charge of an art museum or centre where there is a great collection of artefacts such as paintings etc.

Computer Animator: An artist who is an expert in the use of the computer in the creation of moving pictures for making films and movies.

Cartoonist: He designs satirical or humorous pictures and scenes (cartoons) for use in magazines, journals, newspapers etc.

Book Illustrator: He makes illustrations in books to explain the printed text or content of the book.

Picture making tutor: He instructs students in the field of picture making in educational institutions.

Exhibition Designer: An artist who plans and organizes an exhibition. He is responsible for the designing of the layout and arrangement of works art at the chosen site for the exhibition.

Event Promoter: An artist who promotes events through the designing and making of visual communication tools such as banners, posters, flyers, T-shirts etc. to promote a special upcoming or ongoing event such as a sporting activity, entertainment etc.

Muralist: He paints scenes and pictures on the walls of public buildings, homes and offices as a form of decoration.

Mosaic Artist: A picture maker who composes pictures by the use of small cubes of shiny stone, glass or coloured papers assembled or arranged to form the picture.

Museum Educator: An artist who instructs people on objects and artefacts having scientific or historical or artistic value in a museum.

Portrait Artist: He draws and paints the exact likenesses of people and other sceneries. Usually such works are laminated or encased in wood or plastic frames with a glass plate to be hanged in rooms and offices as a form of decoration.

Stage Designer: He is responsible for the designing, arrangement and decoration of stage for theatrical performances in a theatre.

Product Designer: He designs products for firms and industries before they are produced.

Tourism Developer: An artist who produces artworks or joins other artists in developing a tourism base for art.

Industrial Designer: An artist who designs products for an industry. He may be employed to be in charge of all the designing of artistic products for the industry.

Colour Psychologist: An expert in colour theory who knows the psychological or mental effects of colours on people. He is consulted before some particular colours are selected for various tasks by institutions especially health and mental institutions.

Art Therapist: A person skilled in the use of art as a form of therapy or medicine for curing mentally deranged and emotionally disturbed patients.

Art Historian: An artist who is well versed in the histories concerning the arts of various groups and people across the world.

Art Critic: An expert in the critiquing or evaluation of works of art for competitions and examinations. He also reviews various works of an artist and writes detailed commentaries on each of them for publication in journals and leading newspapers.

Art Director: The director in charge of the artistic features of a theatrical production (costumes, scenery and lighting).

Art Consultant: An expert in art who is usually consulted by firms, industries and institutions to give technical advice on decisions related to art such as choice of colours, emblem or logo etc. of the institution.

Art Collector/Trader: A person who collects several artefacts and trades in them.

Art Administrator: He is a manager of the art department of an institution who is responsible for all decisions relating to art.

Archivist- A person in charge of collecting and cataloguing archives (A depository containing historical records and documents).

Enrolling in the field of picture making as a field of study is very rewarding. Senior high school students who would want to further their education in the field of art can consider reading courses in picture making since it will furnish them with the requisite skills for their career development.

Painting Brick – Hidden Cost You Should Know About

Homeowners often update the appearance of their homes with a coat of fresh paint. However if you are considering painting the ‘bricks’ on your home then there are a few things you should consider before you break out the spray guns and throw a party!

Permanence – The most important word to remember about painting brick is: permanence. That’s right. It’s a one way road. It is permanent and you can’t remove it once it has been applied. Now I know that some of you will say that you can get strippers and restoration cleaners to remove the paint if you really need to and that is true.

Remember though, you are entering a very expensive restoration process that is usually limited to very high end or very valuable masonry buildings with large amounts of funding. Practically speaking, restoration cleaning cost would simply be out of the range for all but the most affluent homeowner. (tens of thousands of dollars)

On-Going Maintenance – The day you apply the last coat of paint to the bricks on your home, is the first day paint degradation begins. Sooner or later the bricks will have to be painted again.

It has now become a never ending process. You will spend far more in the long run painting your brick over and over again then you would ever have spent in up-grading to brick work on your home in the first place. So a quick fix, like painting bricks you don’t particularly like, can often be an expensive mistake. Bricks will need to be re-painted more frequently than the rest of your home as well because of the risk of water entry which can cause severe damage.

Water Damage – The next point to remember is this: bricks need to breathe. What do I mean by that? Well bricks breathe naturally expelling moisture from the wall. When you coat them with paint you have effectively closed the pores of the bricks preventing them from breathing. In a perfect world this doesn’t sound like a bad idea because it effectively keeps the water out as well.

In real world situations though, paint will begin to crack fairly quickly. Minute hairline fissures will open allowing water to enter the masonry system with no way to escape. Unfortunately at this point it is hard for you to recognize or see the effects of the water entry, as it is hidden behind the paint.

As each freeze thaw cycle comes and goes real deterioration of the brick takes place and by the time the problem manifest the damage has already been done. Large portions of the wall area will have ‘brick face de-lamination’ and many more areas you can’t see will have de-lamination but will be held together by the paint. So a close inspection for damage will be necessary.

Now you not only have your ongoing paint maintenance to deal with but deteriorated brick repairs must be done as well.

So you can see how the seemingly simple remedy of painting your bricks to change its color can have far reaching implications and consequences. If you must go this route then I would suggest that you contact a local masonry repair expert for his advice on how to protect your masonry before painting and how to proceed with the painting process.

What Does a GFI Do? – Electrical Problems

In your bathroom you should have a GFI electrical outlet. Most new homes or newly remodeled homes require you to have GFI electrical outlets in the kitchen. Most older kitchens do not have GFI electrical outlets. GFI stands for ground fault circuit interrupter.

Why not call it a GFCI instead of a GFI electrical outlet? Well it is called a GFCI in some instances. GFI is short and is the most common name used by most electricians and builders for this type of outlet.

GFI ‘s come in 15 amp and 20 amperage outlets. GFI outlets must be wired properly. Make sure you’re using the proper wire size when hooking up the GFI outlet.

How do I know which size wire to use? This all depends on how far away you are running it from the electrical panel. There are charts you can use to figure this out. If you are not running the electrical wire more than 80 feet from the electrical panel you can use 12 gauge electrical wires for a 20 amp GFI. This is a general rule of thumb for most electrical house wiring.

If you’re going to be using a 15 amp GFI and you are going to be less than 80 feet away from the electrical panel you can use 14 gauge electrical wires. Again this is just a general rule of thumb for most electrical house wiring.

A GFI is a light duty electrical plug used in bathrooms, kitchens and the exterior of your house. The sole purpose of the GFI is to shut the breaker off faster if there is any moisture or light load problems.

Let’s say for instance you have your hair dryer plugged into the GFI outlet. The hair dryer somehow falls into the sink while it is on or plugged in. The GFI outlet will instantly shut off because of the sensitivity of the breaker inside of the plug it self.

The GFI plug has a test button and a reset button on it. If you are continually resetting the GFI you will wear it out eventually. I have had GFI plugs after resetting the button about 10 times break and no longer able to use them.

The GFI electrical plug is a great idea and if you don’t have them in your bathroom or outside of your home it would be a great idea to have an electrician install them for you.