Latin American Phase 2 Trials: The Benefits and Downfalls

Clinical research has a mixed reputation. Most volunteers are sceptical at first, some are scared and some have already participated and are enjoying the benefits. Pharmaceutical companies have a different perspective about Latin American Phase 2 trials. These are necessary to determine side effects of medications, and to get the approval that many medications need in order to hit the shelves. On the other hand, some pharmaceutical companies do not like Latin American Phase 2 trials because of the difficulty of working with volunteers in another country. Whether it’s a volunteer or a pharmaceutical company, these awesome benefits and few downfalls will help industry leaders and volunteers see a few new things about Latin American Phase 2 trials.


When research is conducted in a different country, it gives pharmaceutical companies the chance to diversify their volunteer population. This particular nationality remains one of the most underrepresented populations in clinical research. When drug companies go out of the way to work with other countries, they are making sure that their medication is safe for everyone.

No language barrier anymore

The reason that Latin Americans are underrepresented in phase 2 trials is the simple fact that most of these people do not want to volunteer is that they have a language barrier. This makes understanding the rules and regulations, and even simply volunteering, more difficult. When companies work with a CRO that specializes in this particular area or country, they will do all of the communication with volunteers for them, making it easier to work with a more diverse population.

Quicker results

One of the hardest parts of phase 2 trials is simply finding all of the volunteers needed to do the trial. This sounds simple, but when a company does not compensate for a person’s time with money, less people volunteer. Also, people can only participate in so many trials. When this is added to the fact that many people are not eager to participate, it can make things increasingly difficult.

This is one of the many reasons why Latin America is so great for these studies. Most participants are eager to help their population, and they get to enjoy free medication, something that many participants both want and need. Because most research companies do not work in this country, most of the population has yet to participate in any type of clinical research, meaning that if they are eligible, they can usually participate.

Because of all of this, the company that is in charge of the conducting all of the research is able to get the study started quicker, and they are able to make sure that pharmaceutical companies get their results quicker.

More difficult trials

Often, to complete a successful clinical research study, companies will need to work with a CRO that already specializes in that area. It requires them to already have an office and be well established in the country, and the list of those organizations is just not that long. It can make this more difficult for drug companies as they try to work around the schedule of the CRO, try to figure out how to hire a CRO in another country, and determine if there are different laws to follow.

The benefits of these studies is usually longer than the downfalls, but that one downfall is a big one. In order to make sure that this goes successfully, drug companies will need to take their time. Coming up with a list of criteria that one must meet and reading online reviews can be helpful in finding the perfect CRO (clinical research organization) to work with in their next series of trials.

Ten Uses For a Laptop Case That Don’t Involve Laptops

Although laptop cases are designed specifically for transporting all the various laptops we use these days, there are plenty of other uses that can be found for them. And with the plethora of laptop cases on the market and in our homes, you may find that you have a spare laptop case sitting around or taking up space in a closet. Why let it waste space when you can put it to use?

1. Writing portfolio. When you are dashing from meeting to meeting, or lugging your latest set of articles to the doctor’s office, a laptop case can make a great portfolio. It will keep your work organized and together and might even have a couple of pockets for notepads and pens.

2. Art carrier. Whether you are a student or professional illustrator, you need to keep your artwork clean and free from smudges. A waterproof laptop case can do just that and provide an easy way to transport your art.

3. Important documents container. If you don’t yet have enough important documents to warrant a fire-proof safe or filing cabinet, a good quality laptop case will protect your documents from the elements. Some laptop cases may even be built to withstand a fire! Documents you should include in a safe container include social security documents, birth certificates and any titles you may have.

4. Portable photo carrier. Nothing is so disheartening as to see the only copy of a photograph ruined or destroyed. So if you need to transport a number of photographs, consider using a laptop case to protect them on their journey. Protecting your photos is particularly important if they are old and fragile or if they are the only copy and you don’t have a digital backup.

5. Student Book bag. Any type of laptop case can be easily converted to a book bag for use in college. Hard laptop cases with straps can be used to house a book or two and all of your notes, thus providing a waterproof carrier for these priceless bits of information. With your notes securely houses in this case, you won’t have to worry about the type of pen you used to take your statistics notes when you get caught in a sudden downpour on the way to history. Your notes will be safely protected from rain, with a no-ink-run guarantee!

6. Modernized Briefcase. The days of the brown or black leather briefcase have come and gone, but if you are a briefcase type person, you can use a metallic laptop case for a stylish modern look. You can house all your files or work, as well as supplies and even your Blackberry in one of these cases.

7. Kid’s art station. You can buy portable art stations for kids, but so often these stations are anything but portable. They are generally made of thin plastic with cheap snaps that come open at the worst possible time. If you’ve ever had to pick up six dozen crayons and a foot of scratch paper while attempting to board an airplane, then you know what I mean. But a good quality laptop case is made for portability, and can also house paper, markers, crayons, and more. In addition, a hard laptop case makes a great “tabletop” for the little artist on the go.

8. Needlework carrier. Whether you crochet, knit, or embroider, a laptop case is a great way to carry around your current work in progress. The case will keep your materials safe and dry, and will protect your tools and project from bumps and bangs. Unlike bags and baskets that you can find for these supplies, a laptop case will not allow loose yarn to get entangled in items when you set it down or move it.

9. Magazine holder. If you are taking a long car trip or flight and you are a magazine reader, a laptop case is the perfect way to organize and carry your magazines without dropping them, having them get torn up, or losing them. When waiting in a crowded airport, the last thing you want to do is keep track of a pile of loose magazine, and with a laptop case, you can simply scoop up the handle and be on your way.

10. Portable DVD companion. Portable DVD players come with their own variety of carrying cases, but they rarely have enough room to carry all the things that come with a portable DVD player. Why not use your laptop case to carry extra movies, cords, and any other accessories that go along with your DVD player?

Silverfish Elimination Tips – Stop Silverfish Damage In Your Home

Silverfish Elimination is probably at the top of your list if you have silverfish bugs in your home. When I realized I had a silverfish infestation in my home I was so disgusted with those creatures that all I could think about was where to find effective silverfish elimination information.

You already know how annoying and embarrassing it is to have them in your house. They crawl all over everything with no regard for your bed, your kitchen, dining room, or anywhere else in your home and if you don’t know about silverfish elimination they will stay and become a constant pest.

Silverfish Elimination Is Not Always Easy

During my personal experience with a serious silverfish infestation I discovered they were not so easy to get rid of if you don’t have the right information. I called exterminators but had no long term success in getting them out. Just when I thought they were gone I would see one crawling around and then another and another until I realized I still had an infestation. I am not blaming the exterminators because I later found out that there were additional silverfish elimination steps that I should have taken but was unaware of them.

Reasons Why Silverfish Elimination Can Be Difficult:

  1. Silverfish can enter your home in numerous ways that you may not be are of, such as in cardboard boxes, furniture, books, Insulation or drywall for a new home.
  2. They will eat so many different things it difficult to starve them out unless you know what all of their food sources are in your home.
  3. Their flat elongated bodies make it easy for them to hide under carpets, wallboards and other cracks and crevices in your home
  4. They like warm humid damp places that usually occur in places in your home that you are not aware of like sweating pipes, leaky roof, damp basements, in attics, and laundry rooms.

Steps To Get Rid Of Silverfish

I finally got sick of them and decided I would not let them take over my home so I started to do extensive research on how to get rid of a silverfish infestation. After much research, trial and error, I was finally able to get them out of my home with an effective silverfish elimination effort. Although getting rid of silverfish is not easy it can happen rather quickly when you know what silverfish elimination steps to take.

There is no one single silverfish elimination method. Below are some steps that can help with getting rid of silverfish:

  • Keep your house clean – vacuum often being sure to vacuum in the cracks, crevices and wall boards in your home. Vacuuming will suck up some of the silverfish and silverfish eggs from their hiding places as well as remove dust which contains dust mists the silverfish like to eat.
  • Silverfish like to eat the glue found on wallpaper and the glue in book binding of your books – you may want to leave essential oils such as lavender and rosemary in places where you have books. You might even look into airtight containers for books, especially valuable ones to keep silverfish from eating them.
  • Throw away old cardboard boxes, newspapers and books that you have lying around the house, in the basement or attic, silverfish love to eat them, as well as use them as hiding places.
  • Inspect your house for leaky damp areas such as dripping faucets, sweating pipes, damp basement or other areas that may be a source of dampness. If you have high humidity in your home you could try a dehumidifier since silverfish like homes with high relative humidity.
  • Silverfish insecticides are available commercially
  • Essential Oils/Plant oils such as eucalyptus, lavender, rosemary, and peppermint are commonly used to repel and kill insects.

Many people are surprised to learn that silverfish are more than just a nuisance; they can damage many items in your home as well as get into your food and lay their eggs. They can be seen any time of day but are more active at night as I discovered one night when I turned on the light to find one of those disgusting creatures on my pillow..

Their food sources include many items inside your home. The silverfish diet is varied but their main food source consists of starches and dextrin contained in adhesives such as glue. Other silverfish food sources include: clothing, paints, paper, photos, carpet, furniture, dandruff plants, cereal, and some types of flour.

The Silverfish Bug Attracts Other insects to Your Home

One of the things that I noticed with my silverfish infestation is that they attract other unwanted insects into your home. Centipedes, earwigs, and spiders are predators of silverfish and the silverfish are an attractive food source for them. When my silverfish infestation was at its peak, I noticed a lot of spiders and centipedes in my home, however as the silverfish infestation started to lessen and eventually my silverfish elimination efforts worked the spiders and centipedes seemed to disappear.

Getting the silverfish out of my home was a great relief for me. My wife and I were able to enjoy our home once again without worrying about those critters damaging our belongings or embarrassing when we have guests.

Mr Clean No More – Recommended Cleaning For Bamboo Floors

Bamboo floors are a thing of beauty and will last many, many years with the proper cleaning and maintenance. New bamboo floor owners might not realize that the recommended cleaning for bamboo floors is different than what is recommended for other wood floors, Mr. Clean is no longer a welcome house guest.

Cleaning bamboo floors does not require harsh chemicals, in fact, bamboo doesn’t react well to any chemicals. All that is necessary to clean bamboo is a broom, soft-headed vacuum nozzle or dust mop. The soft touch is a necessity when cleaning bamboo natural floors.

A damp mop can be used if necessary to clean periodically. If there are spills they should be removed immediately and if necessary a damp mop used to remove any residue. The main point is that the mop be damp, not wet.

Bamboo natural floors should not be exposed to moisture or water for extended periods of time. If a damp mop is used for periodic cleaning, go back over the floor with a dry dust mop to make sure all moisture is gone. Never use any type of scouring agent to remove stains as the finish can be damaged in the process. If a cleaning product is necessary to remove stubborn stains, it must be a non-alkaline cleaning product and most definitely not a wax.

If a cleaning product is needed it is a good idea to check with the manufacturer to find out what they recommend. The preferred method is a dampened mop and nothing more. However, if the professionals do recommend a product, be sure to spread it evenly on the floor, don’t allow it to pool, and remove it from the floor as quickly as possible.

Floor waxes will destroy the finish on the bamboo floor so avoid them at all costs. A dust map will help to bring the floor to a lustrous shine.


Rather than trying to find methods of cleaning the bamboo floor, plan a strategy to prevent as much dirt from getting on the floor as possible.

Door mats and rugs in high traffic areas are an ideal way to keep the outdoors outdoors. These can be used in hallways, in front of doors and in the middle of the floor in family rooms.

In addition to floor coverings, felt placed on the bottom of furniture will help to keep the floor from being scratched and marred when it is moved. There are precut furniture protectors or felt can simply be cut to fit the furniture’s legs.

Maintaining bamboo floors doesn’t require the muscle of Mr. Clean, it only takes a few minute of time to remove the dust on a daily basis to prevent buildup and the removal spills when they happen to prevent moisture from seeping into the floor.

All About High Heels!

Everything You Didn’t Know You Wanted to Know About High Heels: Platforms, Wedges, and Pumps

This article is for all women who have no idea what a kitten heel is! It is also for those women who have been secretly wondering what the difference between a platform shoe and a wedge shoe is. If your knowledge of the most fashionable styles for your feet is a bit fuzzy, then jump right in and read on for everything you could ever possibly have wanted to know about women’s high heels, beginning, of course, with the definition: high heels are shoes where the heel of the foot is taller than the toe.

High Heel History: From the Conception to the Contemporary

Interestingly enough, that classic women’s shoe known as the high heel originated not because of beauty and fashion but because of dirt and filth. In ancient Egypt, butchers wore heels so that their feet would be lifted above the blood on the ground, and, similarly, pattens (tall wooden soles) were worn in Europe during the Middle Ages to allow people to walk above the disgusting city streets which were littered with urine and feces.

From the 15th through the 17th centuries, heels called chopines were popularized throughout Europe. These heels could be over 30 inches tall, sometimes requiring women to use canes and servants to walk! Some theorize that chopines were invented by men to keep women immobile and submissive. But, in 1533, Queen Catherine D’Medici of France commissioned a shoe-maker to create for her a pair of shoes not unlike modern platform wedges. And thus, that fashionable footwear known today as the high heel began.

Party it Up in Platform High Heels

Now, there were those troublesome words again! Platforms and wedges. What is the difference? First, let’s pick apart the platform. Platform high heels are heels with a thick sole. Women’s platform high heels are often seen as more comfortable than general high heels, because the lifted sole decreases the angle of your foot when it sits within the shoe, decreasing the stress on your toes and calves. For example, Jessica Simpson’s Gobow shoe has a 5 inch heel accompanied by a 1 ¼ inch platform on the sole. The sexy slingback also features leather straps and a sassy zipper across the front, perfect for a girls’ night out!

What about Wedges? Get the Low-Down.

While some platform high heels have stiletto heels, wedges do not. The definition of a women’s wedge shoe is a shoe whose high heel occupies the entire space under the arch and heel portions of the foot. Some wedge shoes feature a platform under the sole as well, so a shoe featuring both a wedge and a platform is possible as well! Wedges are versatile shoes that can easily be either dressed up or dressed down. Take, for example, the BCBG Airone open-toe wedge, which features a 3 ¼ inch wedge, a thick, adjustable ankle strap, and a t-strap. Wear this trendy shoe with shorts and a tunic on a hot summer’s day for a casual look, or pair it with a cute summer dress for a more classic, dressy appearance.

Pull Out the Pumps for a Classy, Traditional Look

One essential in every woman’s closet is a pair of versatile black pumps, but what, exactly, is a women’s pump shoe? Though they can differ in stylistic detail, pumps are most often defined as closed-toe and closed-heel shoes without buckles or laces but with a stiletto heel. Modern-style pumps have been popular for women since the 1940’s, but, like all shoe styles, the trends can be tweaked over time. Take Fergie’s Marvel pump. Featuring textured plum-colored leather and sexy teardrop cutouts at the sides, as well as a tantalizing 4 ½ inch heel, Fergie’s Marvel pump combines the classic pointed-toe and women’s pump shoe style with a bit of some modern flair to create a stylish, sexy shoe.

High Heels from Platforms to Wedges to Pumps, Oh My!

Even though women’s high heeled shoes originated out of a necessity to walk high above excessively filthy streets, today, at least one pair of high heels can be found in every woman’s closet. Because of their popularity and differing styles, it is important to know the difference between the numerous types of high heels so that you are well-prepared to pick out the perfect shoes for you!

Lean To Shed Plan Roof Pitches and Different Roofing Materials

Lean To shed roofs develop an interesting problem as they get larger. If the roof pitch is very steep at all then it will rise to a height that becomes unsightly. Some may say it is ugly. This “ugly” design is most often avoided by installing a low slope roof to keep the rise of the roof at a minimum. The problem with low slope roofs is that they are more likely to leak because of the water does not run off them as fast as when they are built with steeper pitches.

Before you build a lean to shed it is wise to get a better understanding of the different roofing materials and how they can be used to cover your lean to shed without the fear of a leaks.

Asphalt Shingle

The three tab asphalt shingle is arguably the most popular roofing material because of its low cost and relative good looks for the cost. Asphalt shingles typically have a minimum slope rating of 4 in 12. This means that for every 12 inches of horizontal distance across the shed the roof will rise 4 inches. This slope works well for sheds that are fairly narrow, like 4 to 6 feet, but for sheds that are 8′ or wider the shed roof becomes unsightly high. For instance if the top of the wall starts at 8 feet high it will be almost 11 feet high on the high side of the shed.


Metal roofing comes in various profiles and each profile is rated for a different roof slope. The profile is the way the bends are made in the metal pieces to both give the roofing rigidity and allow it to be installed and connected to adjacent pieces without leaking.

Solutions for Lean To Sheds

Both the asphalt shingles and metal roofs can be installed on a low slope lean to shed roof if the proper product is used and it is installed properly. Regular asphalt shingles that are rated for 4 in 12 roof slopes can be installed on lower slope roofs by simply installing a waterproof membrane under them. This membrane can be a self adhering base sheet or a mineral surface roll roofing. These roll products create a waterproof layer that the asphalt shingles are installed on top of. One of the best metal roof profiles that is designed for use on low slope roofs is the PBR profile. Different manufactures have different ratings for the PBR design but most are around 1 in 12. It is a commercial rated roofing panel and works well for lean to shed roofs.

Lean To Shed Roof Design

Designing a lean to shed so that it can work with either a low slope metal panel or a modified asphalt shingle installation is done by making the slope 2 in 12. This allow the builder to install either panel no matter what the choice of roofing material is.

Using one of these two materials and application techniques will allow you to have a lean to shed and keep the roof height down so your neighbors don’t wonder where the sun went. By understanding how lean to shed plans can detail the proper design to facilitate a low slope material installation you will be able to build a shed that is both pleasing to look at and very functional.

Filipino Girls – Why Body Language is So Important to Attract Them Or Any Women

Maybe body language should not be termed a “language” because, at its purest, it’s a direct form of communication that bypasses conscious thought and is a universal language that was the original form of communication. While certain gestures may have different meanings across the globe, the core parts of body language are universal and will have much the same effect on all women, including Filipino girls. When you understand the full use of body language, you can communicate without using words, which will make your communication immensely more powerful and you’ll be able to “read” what women are directly communicating to you. You’ll have a massive advantage in dating as well as in life. 

The mind and body are intrinsically linked as a system whereby the state of mind affects the body and the physical actions of the body affect the mind. When we think differently, our bodies change. When we act differently, we change our thoughts and feelings. What we convincingly portray physically makes our mind believe what we portray. If your body language isn’t good, nothing you do or say will attract women. If it’s good, almost anything you say will lead to the attraction of Filipino girls or any women. 

You cannot not communicate. Numerous studies have shown that up to 93% of communication is non-verbal. A tremendous amount of information is transmitted between people without any need of speech. When you approach a woman, or even if she’s just observing you, she’s unconsciously forming an opinion of you before you even speak to her, so hopefully you’re beginning to understand the importance of body language to attract Filipino girls or any women. A woman will perceive your status from your body language. A perception of high status will start to trigger attraction, even though this is only a perception and not a proven fact. 

Confidence is a very attractive quality for a man to have. Body language should be used to show that you are a confident man. So how do you use body language to do this? 

  • It all starts with your posture. When you are standing or walking, be sure to stand erect. Imagine that you have a cord attached to your solar-plexus reaching vertically down from the sky. The cord is under slight tension which will open your chest and push your shoulders back.
  • Walk smoothly and unhurriedly and maintain your erect stance. Glide smoothly along as if you have a cord attached to your waist that is gently pulling you forward. You’ll have plenty of opportunity to attract Filipino girls as you walk around the large shopping malls in the Philippines.
  • Never look down when you’re walking unless you’re in imminent danger of falling over. Your gaze should be at the level to view oncoming people at eye level. So when you are walking up stairs, tilt your head up to meet on-comers gaze. Conversely, tilt your head down if you’re going downstairs.
  • Always walk in the middle of a pathway, never at the edge.
  • Slowly scan the scene when you are walking or standing, with a constant and unwavering gaze.
  • If you see a woman that interests you, who may be one of many Filipino girls you see, maintain eye contact with her. Don’t leer, just maintain a constant gaze and don’t look away until after she does. This is one of the tests women unconsciously make to determine if a man is confident.
  • Keep your feet at least shoulder-width apart when standing.
  • Don’t cross your arms or legs. This is interpreted as “stay away.”
  • Slow down all your movements. You will standout because you appear to be living life at a slower pace which is more relaxing for anyone in your company.
  • Take up plenty of space. Spread yourself out when you are seated and set up an imaginary barrier that you only allow people into if you want them close to you.
  • Be relaxed and always lean back when seated.
  • Don’t fidget in the presence of any Filipino girls or any women!
  • Whenever you move, move with a purpose. Don’t move around aimlessly. Know why and where you want to move to before you move.
  • Use your body language to lead others, don’t be lead by others.
  • Use James Bond as a role-model. Watch James Bond movies when the character is portrayed by either Pierce Brosnan or Sean Connery and not Daniel Craig. The two latest movies, when Daniel Craig plays the character, portray him in his early days as an agent, when he was more brash and unrefined. Notice how the character portrayed by either Pierce Brosnan or Sean Connery rarely smiles and appears aloof. Check out the expression Pierce Brosnan has. The slight squint and wrinkled brow. 

Don’t lessen the attraction that your good use of body language has caused by speaking incorrectly. Speak slowly and precisely and cultivate a deep, resonant voice. 

Remember that your body language will probably be the first stage of attracting women, so always keep a check on it until it becomes second nature.

Garage Door Services and Repairs

A garage door is more important to a house than some may think. It sets the tone of your house and depending on the condition can make it look newer or older. This is true for repairs as well. Between motor repairs and paint peeling repairs there is a lot to consider when using it to compliment your home.

Hiring a professional for garage door repair is something to look into. They have the skill and the knowledge to detect what is wrong and fix it perfectly and safely. Don’t try and fix it yourself if you don’t know what you’re doing because you can damage the door or severely injure yourself. Plus, it doesn’t help that you probably don’t have all the right tools that a professional has. That could end up costing you more.

Of course, as a home owner you naturally want to take care of business on your own. But sometimes it’s easier and safer to hire someone. The garage door is one of the most dangerous things to maintain replace and repair by yourself. It is actually the largest moving part of your house and it can way up to 400lbs. It also has parts such as high tension springs and chains which could honestly be fatal. It is definitely not a guaranteed safe thing to mess around with.

A professional can make sure to have it running smoothly and function properly by installing correct parts and removing damaged parts that are hard to detect if you don’t know what you’re doing. If the smallest detail isn’t done correctly it can cause the entire door to fall off the tracking. This can be dangerous to you, your car and your property.

Of course everyone wants to know about the cost. Garage door prices are cheaper now than they have ever been. A spring or a roller needing replacement can be less expensive if a technician replaces it than if you try and do it yourself. Sometimes you don’t even have to pay the trip fee if your garage door seller sends out repair people to assess the problem.

If you do it yourself you could be damaging your door worse. If you put the wrong part whether it is the brand, size, material or maybe just a completely different part all together it could cost you more time and more money. Hiring a professional will help you get the job done, and get the job done right.

Boxing: Knocking Out Racism and Inequality in America

Modern boxing is as old as America. They grew up together, and like America herself, boxing is as majestic as it is brutal. It’s as beautiful as it is primal. From the bloody and outlawed “exhibitions” in New Orleans to the “bare-knuckle” brawls in the shantytowns out West, boxing came of age with America. It has been called the “Sweet Science” and “the Manly Art of Self Defense,” but ultimately “boxing is a sport of confrontation and combat, a weaponless war,” pitting two warriors against each other to do battle in the squared circle.

We can trace the history of America’s poor and disenfranchised through the arc of boxing’s past. Prizefighting is a prism through which we can view the history and struggles of America’s most disenfranchised. Its heroes of legend often exemplify the social problems of the day. In many ways, the fight game serves as a means of “socioeconomic” advancement. Author and boxing historian Jeffrey T. Sammons states in Beyond the Ring: The Role of Boxing in American Society: “The succession [of great fighters] had gone from Irish to Jewish… to Italians, to [B]lacks, and to Latin[o]s, a pattern that reflected the socioeconomic ladder. As each group moved up, it pulled its youth out of prizefighting and pushed them into more promising… pursuits.”

Two fighters in particular epitomize the struggle of their people: the brash Irishman John L. Sullivan, and “The Black Menace” Jack Johnson.

Boxing’s Origins

Boxing has its origins in Ancient Greece, and was part of the Olympic Games in around 688 BC. Homer makes reference to boxing in the “Iliad.” Boxing historian Michael Katz recalls the sports primitive origins:

Much like the first American settlers, prizefighting made its way to the New World from England. And like the pilgrims, boxing’s early days were often brutish and violent. Sammons states: “Like so many American cultural, social, political, and intellectual institutions, boxing originated in England. In the late 1700s, when the sport existed only in its crudest form, prizefighting in Britain assumed an air of sophistication and acceptability.

The early Puritans and Republicans often associated game playing with the oppressive monarchies of Europe, but as American opponents of leisure lost ground, the sport quickly began to grow. In the 1820’s and 1830’s boxing, often called pugilism, became a popular sport amongst the American “immigrants who were unaccustomed to restrictions upon amusements and games.”

As the sport grew in popularity amongst the immigrants, so too did the myth of the individual. For better or for worse, the United States is a nation weaned on the myth of the individual. This is the American Dream, that fundamental creed that we can all “pull our selves up by the bootstraps” and become wildly rich, outrageously successful, and madly fulfilled. For nearly two hundred years the “Heavyweight Champion” was the crown jewel of the sporting world, and the physical embodiment of the American Dream. He was the toughest, “baddest man” on the planet, and commanded the world’s respect.

Sammons states: “[T]he physical man still stands for the potential of the individual and the survival of the fittest. He is the embodiment of the American Dream, in which the lowliest of individuals rise to the top by their own initiative and perseverance. The elusiveness of that dream is immaterial; the meaning of the dream is in its acceptance, not its fulfillment.” During the 1880’s, no one embodied the physical man, or the American Dream, more than boxing’s first great heavyweight champion, John L. Sullivan.

John L. Sullivan and the Plight of the Irish

Sullivan, also known as “The Boston Strongboy,” was the last of the “bare knuckle” champions. The son of poor Irish immigrants, he was a brash and hard-nosed man who toured the “vaudeville circuit offering fifty dollars to anyone who could last four rounds with him in the ring.” Sullivan famously challenged his audiences by claiming, “I can lick any sonofabitch in the house.”

“The Boston Strongboy” became one of America’s first sports legends when he snubbed millionaire Richard Kyle Fox, owner and proprietor of the National Police Gazette and the National Enquierer. Legend has it that one fateful evening in the spring of 1881 while at Harry Hill’s Dace Hall and Boxing Emporium on New York’s East Side, Fox was so impressed by one of Sullivan’s boxing matches, that the newspaper tycoon “invited him to his table for a business talk, which Sullivan impolitely declined, gaining Fox’s hatred.”

Sammons states:

Fox was furious and vowed to break Sullivan as well as control the crown. He did neither; Sullivan beat all comers, including a few Fox hopefuls.” Sullivan became an international celebrity and American icon “who had risen through the ranks without looking down on others. Sullivan did more than build a personal following, however; he helped elevate the sport of boxing. The prize ring now spanned the gulf between lower and upper classes.”

Sullivan became a symbol of hope and pride for recent Irish immigrants living in a new, hostile land. Nearly two million Irish immigrants arrived in America between 1820 and 1860. Most arrived as indentured servants and were considered little more than slaves in the new country. Of those two million immigrants, roughly 75 percent arrived during the “The Potato Famine” of 1845-1852. The Irish fled from poverty, disease, and English oppression. “The Potato Famine” had claimed the lives of almost a million Irishmen.

Author Jim Kinsella states:

America became their dream. Early immigrant letters described it as a land of abundance and urged others to follow them through the ‘Golden Door.’ These letters were read at social events encouraging the young to join them in this wonderful new country. They left in droves on ships that were so crowded, with conditions so terrible, that they were referred to as ‘Coffin Ships.’ (par. 1)

The Irish arrived in America destitute and often unwanted. An old saying summed up the disillusionment felt by American immigrants in the Nineteenth Century: “I came to America because I heard the streets were paved with gold. When I got here, I found out three things: First, the streets weren’t paved with gold; second, they weren’t paved at all: and third, I was expected to pave them.”

Kinsella says:

Our immigrant ancestors were not wanted in America. Ads for employment were often followed by “no Irish need apply.” They were forced to live in cellars and shanties… with [no] plumbing and [no] running water. These living conditions bred sickness and early death. It was estimated that 80 percent of all infants born to Irish immigrants in New York City died… The Chicago Post wrote, “The Irish fill our prisons, our poor houses… scratch a convict or a pauper and the chances are that [we] tickle the skin of an Irish Catholic. Putting them on a boat and sending them home would end crime in this country.

But the Irish arrived in America during a time of need. Kinsella continues:

The country was growing and it needed men to do the heavy work of building bridges, canals, and railroads. It was hard, dangerous work. A common expression heard among the railroad workers claimed “an Irishman was buried under every tie.

John L. Sullivan was the pride of the Irish during his legendary championship reign between 1882-1892).

Historian Benjamin Rader wrote:

The athletes as public heroes served as a compensatory cultural function. They assisted the public in compensating for the passion of the traditional dream of success… and feelings of individual powerlessness. As the society became more complicated and systematized and as success had to be won increasingly in bureaucracies, the need for heroes who leaped to fame and fortune outside the rules of the system seemed to grow.

During his decade long reign as champion; no one captured the public attention more than “The Boston Strongboy.” He destroyed Paddy Ryan in Mississippi City, Mississippi for the “Heavyweight Championship of America” in an illegal “boxing exhibition” on February 7, 1882. The championship belt was named the “the $10,000 Belt” and was “something fit for a king.” Sammons states: “It had a base of flat gold fifty inches long, and twelve inches wide, with a center panel consisting of Sullivan’s name spelled out in diamonds; eight other frames eagles and Irish harps; an additional 397 diamonds studded the symbolic ornament.”

After receiving the “$10,000 Belt,” Sullivan pried out the diamonds and sold it for $175. He later went on to defeat his arch nemesis Jake Kilrain in the seventy-fifth round, marking the final “bare-knuckle” championship bout in boxing history. Sullivan reigned supreme until his knockout loss to a younger, faster, more skilled fighter named “Gentleman” Jim Corbett in the twenty-first round on September 7, 1892 in New Orleans, Louisiana.

Jack Johnson and Black Oppression

Boxing historian Bert Sugar once said: “Boxing is a strange, strange sport. Bottom line, it’s legalized assault, but it has given people throughout history a chance to better themselves. [I]t has always been a sport of the dispossessed and of the lowest rung on any ladder.” Except for the Native Americans, no group in American history has been as “dispossessed” as African Americans. They were stolen from their homes in Africa, and transported under deplorable conditions to suffer a life of slavery in America. “From the 16th to 19th centuries, an estimated 12 million Africans were shipped as slaves to the Americas. Of these an estimated 645,000 were brought to what is now the United States. [According to] the 1860 United States Census, the slave population in the United States had grown to four million.”.

From the first moment they set foot on American soil, life was brutal for blacks in the New World. Although the black slaves gained freedom after President Abraham Lincoln issued the “Emancipation Proclamation” on January 1, 1863, it would be roughly one hundred years before blacks achieved full equality in America. The twenty years between 1880 and 1900 were exceptionally hard ones for blacks in America. Congress passed a series of anti-civil rights acts, culminating in the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896 guaranteeing second-class citizenship for blacks, and marked the beginning of the Jim Crow era in America.

Although there were many great black fighters during this twenty-year period, blacks were barred from fighting for the heavyweight championship. Sammons writes: “By the 1880’s the heavyweight boxing championship symbolized… America’s rise to world power… the holder of the title stood as a shining example of American strength and racial superiority.”

But the retirement of the “granite jawed” and undefeated heavyweight champion James Jeffries in 1905 left a whole in the division. After a slew of uninspiring champions came and went boxing fans began to lose interest. By 1907 the time was ripe for the first black heavyweight contender. The sportswriters of the day believed a black fighter would bring public interest back into boxing, while also proving “white physical and intellectual superiority.”

In 1908 a legend was born, and his name was Jack Johnson.

Jack Johnson, later known as “The Black Menace,” was an unknown fighter from Galveston, Texas. He would become one of the greatest and most courageous athletes in the history of American sports. He was a huge man with a flashy smile and incredible speed. In and out of the ring, Johnson was larger than life. Although he left school in the fifth grade, Johnson was a smart and worldly man. He played the bow fiddle, loved opera and literature, idolized Napoleon Bonaparte, and even invented and patented a tool used to fix automobiles. He also loved fast cars, fancy suits, and white women. Worse yet, white women loved him back. When one reporter witnessed a successive parade of women leaving Johnson’s hotel room, he asked the champ for the secret to his “staying power.” Johnson replied, “Eat jellied eels, and think distant thoughts.”

Actor James Earl Jones, who played the legendary Jack Johnson in the film Great White Hope states: “He lived life by his own rules with his balls, his head, and his heart.”

The sportswriters of the time believed the “destruction of the insolent, defiant Johnson, a usurper of white privilege, [to be] a morality event of good versus evil, [which] would serve as a lesson akin to a public lynching for blacks who did not know their place in American society.”

They couldn’t have been more wrong.

Jack Johnson pummeled the white heavyweight champion Tommy Burns in Sydney, Australia, to gain the crown. After the fight, “The Black Menace” became an instant hero for blacks suffering under the legacy of three hundred years of slavery, and the yoke of racist Jim Crow policies. Headlines from the Richmond Planet read: “No event in 40 years has given more satisfaction to the colored people of this country than has the single victory of Jack Johnson.” After winning the title, Jack Johnson would lead the boxing world, and white supremacists alike, on a seven-year chase to unseat the newly crowned champ and return the belt to its “rightful ethnic group.” Thus began the era of the “Great White Hope.”

The era of the “Great White Hope” was as comical as it was tragic. Promoters scoured the country searching for white contenders over 170 pounds. One sportswriter recalled: “In the heat of the search, well muscled white boys more then six foot, two inches tall were not safe out of their mothers’ sigh.”

Johnson, also known as “The Galveston Giant,” fought and destroyed the next five opponents including middleweight champion Stanely Ketchel. The fight with Ketchel was especially memorable. Before the “exhibition,” the two fighters, who were old friends, had agreed to take it easy with each other, and they did until the twelfth round when Ketchel saw an opening and floored Johnson with a right cross to the head. After rising to his feet, Johnson was so enraged that he knocked Ketchel out cold with one crushing uppercut to the jaw. The punch was so devastating that Ketchel’s front teeth were impaled in Johnson’s boxing glove. Fight replay shows “The Black Menace” plucking the great middleweight champion’s teeth from his glove after the fight.

White America became enraged following the humiliating defeats of the “Great White Hopes.” Jack Johnson’s success threatened the entire foundation of American society. Worse yet, there was another black heavyweight on the rise, Joe Jeanette. Never before had white privilege and superiorly been so successfully and violently challenged. Sammons writes: “Almost as alarming to whites was the success of another great black heavyweight boxer, Joe Jeannette. Together Johnson and Jeanette seemed to spell doom for white superiority… “

The calls for the return of retired heavyweight champion and boxing legend James Jeffries became deafening. Following the Ketchel defeat, author Jack London wrote: “A golden smile tells the story and the golden smile is Johnson’s, but one thing remains, Jeffries must return from the alfalfa farm and remove the golden smile from Jack Johnson’s face.”

Jefferies agreed to fight Johnson, saying: “I feel obligated to the sporting public at least to make an effort to reclaim the heavyweight championship for the white race… I should step into the ring again and demonstrate that a white man is king of them all.”

The match between Johnson and Jeffries was billed as the “Battle of the Century.” Jeffries was an undefeated legend. All of the white man’s hopes rested on the broad shoulders of James Jeffries. He was mean as a grizzly, had a chin made of steel, and hit like a truck. He stood six foot, two inches tall and was a ripped 225 pounds. In his prime, Jeffries could sprint 100 yards in just over ten seconds, and could high jump over six feet.

Although he had been retired for the previous three years, Jeffries trained for the Johnson fight as if his life was on the line. He lost an astounding 100 pounds and came into the fight determined to smash Jack Johnson and restore the status quo in America.

The fight produced a level of public hysteria never before seen in America. For white Americans, Jeffries would reaffirm African inferiority “and the white desire to exterminate these barbarians.” For blacks, Johnson was fighting against a legacy of racism and persecution. Reverend Reverdy Ransom wrote: “[W]hat Jack Johnson seeks to do to Jefferies in the roped arena will be more the ambition of Negroes in every domain of human endeavor.”

Reno was abuzz leading up to the fight. A town of 15,000 residents was bursting with boxing fans. People slept in their cars or on park benches. The bars and jails were full. “One restaurant with a capacity of 30 persons served thirty six hundred suppers.” Jack London wrote: “Reno, Nevada. July 1, 1910. I am glad I am here. No man who loves the fighting game, has the price, and is within striking distance of Reno should miss this fight. There has never been anything like it in the history of the ring.”

The two fighters finally met on July 4, 1910, in Reno, Nevada, in front of 20,000 riotous fans. Jack Johnson battered the larger man. He was younger, faster, and more skilled than the 34-year-old Jeffries. He beat him to the punch, and tied him in the clench when the two fighters engaged. By the fourth round it was obvious Johnson was the better man.

“The Galveston Giant” walloped the former champ. He beat and battered him. He danced and smiled and joked with the crowd, before unleashing a crushing combination to the body, and a ripping right hand to the head of the challenger. Johnson toyed with Jeffries the way a tiger would toy with an old tomcat before finally pouncing in for the kill in the fifteenth round. The impacts of Johnson’s crushing blows were felt across the country. There were race riots in every major city across America. Historian Randy Roberts said: “[N]ever before had a single event caused such widespread rioting. Not until the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., would another event elicit a similar reaction.”

Black America had found a hero in Jack Johnson. For the first time in American history, they could stand up tall and be proud of their heritage and their people. Not only did Jack Johnson defeat James Jeffries that fateful night, but he also knocked out 300 years of racism, humiliation, and oppression. The film of Johnson’s victory over Jeffries was banned by congress in America. Johnson was later arrested in 1912 and spent a year in prison for “transporting [white] women across state lines for immoral purposes.”

He was again arrested on similar charges in 1913. He later skipped bail and fled to France with his wife Lucille, where he spent seven years in exile. In one of the most controversial fights of all time, Johnson lost the championship in Havana, Cuba in 1915, to an uninspiring cowboy named Jess Willard. To this day, legions of boxing experts, including “The Galveston Giant” himself, contend the fight was a “fix,” arguing that Johnson threw the fight in exchange for leniency on his impending court cases in the United States.

Nobody, but Jack Johnson will ever know for sure if he threw the fight. What we do know is that over the next twenty-two years, black fighters were systematically denied a chance at the heavyweight championship by a conspiracy between government and boxing officials. The “black out” would last until 1937, when the legendary African American fighter, Joe “The Brown Bomber” Louis defeated James “Cinderella Man” Braddock for the heavyweight title.

And so begins the era of Joe Louis, and the beginning of the longest and most storied championship reign in boxing history.[1]

[1] Joe Louis held the heavyweight championship for a record 12 straight years from 1935 to 1949. During his championship reign, Joe Louis successfully defended his title 26 times, setting the all-time record. In 2005, “The Brown Bomber” was “ranked the #1 heavyweight fighter of all-time by the International Boxing Research Organization, and was ranked #1 on The Ring’s list of the 100 Greatest Punchers of All Time.”

Mobile Phone Handset Services That Improve Businesses

There are numerous services and devices can help business owners improve their ventures. For one, telephone systems help business owners to communicate with clients. Next, computers have helped business owners to accomplish different types of tasks. And, mobile phones have given business owners new opportunities. This is possible since business owners can make use of different types of mobile phone handset services that can boost their business. Below are some of the following.

Calls and SMS services

One of the main phone handset services that can improve your business is calls and SMS services. Of course, having good connection with employees and clients is important to build better relationship. Luckily, this can be done easily since some companies offer amazing calls and SMS services. For instance, employees can opt for unlimited calls and SMS. Because of this, they can efficiently communicate with clients anywhere they are.

Roaming services

With regard to calls and SMS, owners can also boost their performance since they can make use of roaming services. Surely, there are instances when you have clients from other countries. So, having constant communications is a must. By opting for roaming services, owners can call or text their clients at lower rates. As a result, they can close good deals without spending too much on communication solutions.

Data services

Apart from calls and SMS, some service providers can also offer you with data services. As of now, more and more businesses are accomplishing their tasks on online platforms. Other than that, business owners also make use of the internet to do certain tasks like advertising and communicating. Fortunately, mobile phone handset services providers can offer you with data services. With these services, employees can easily go online to accomplish their tasks at work.

Mobile phone promos

Owners can also improve their business since mobile phone handset services providers offer mobile phone promos. When talking about mobile phones, individuals can do more than calling, texting and surfing the internet. Today, mobile phones are equipped with numerous applications. These applications can be used to help make personal and business tasks easier. Because of this, employees can do more tasks that can increase business performance.


Finally, phone handset services providers also offer numerous packages. These packages include numerous services from calls, SMS and data. Some packages also offer roaming services. As a result, employees can become more productive.

Knowing all these services can help owners improve their performance and gain better profits which can make them more successful.

Intellectual Property Issues Within the Supply Chain

Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) are of the utmost importance in today’s capital markets. Not only do they provide protection for innovations which have been developed, but they now offer revenue generating opportunities for proactive companies looking to license or sell their products into new markets.

Unfortunately, there is an oft overlooked aspect of IPR. This is the impact to a company’s supply chain. Specifically what happens if a third party hits you with an infringement claim for technology which is in a vendor supplied component? Or what happens if a vendor goes out of business or decides to get out of a line of business which manufactures a key part for your product? Will your business be hamstrung by someone else’s decision?

Let’s examine how to mitigate the risks associated with those scenarios so that you can keep selling your products.

Build to Spec vs. Build to Print

First some definitions which you should already be aware of, but are worth refreshing. “Build to spec” is when a company literally instructs a vendor to build something that is a certain size and has specific operational parameters. The degree to which the component is specified may vary, but ultimately the vendor is free to use their own design expertise and manufacturing know-how to produce the parts they will supply to you. The benefit is that the vendor retains the responsibility and liability for design and part quality, which may reduce your overhead since you do not need to maintain in-house expertise in an area of subject matter that is not a core competency for your company. The definitive drawback is that the vendor owns the IPR on that part, which may be a key component to your product. More on the impact of this later.

“Build to print” is when a company not only specifies the functional requirements of the part, but they produce assembly drawings, work instructions and call out specific manufacturing practices to be used in producing the parts. This method requires more work and development cost on the part of the company, but the advantage lies in maintaining control of the IPR and having the ability to select any appropriate vendor to produce parts for you. This approach is more costly since you would likely be responsible for design and quality liability issues. Nevertheless, if you possess the subject matter expertise it is always better from the perspective of IPR to design “in-house.” This approach also makes subsequent vertical integration of your business easier.

Clearance Search / Non-Infringement Assessment

When introducing a new product, a patent clearance search is an essential part of business risk mitigation. A clear path to non-infringement of existing patents and applications provides confidence to launch your new ideas.

While most companies work with their legal counsel to ensure their own intellectual property position is secured and they have freedom to operate, most neglect to consider the risk mitigation needs within their vendor base.

All companies need to work with their vendors to ensure a clear path to non-infringement exists. If not, the company may be subject to a claim of direct or contributory infringement resulting from an issue with a vendor supplied component.

These claims can damage the company’s brand and reputation and could even lead to monetary damages to the third party, even though the infringement was on the part of the vendor.

There is a way to mitigate this risk, but there is more than just simply requesting indemnification. Protocols such as a patent clearance search and non-infringement analysis by your vendors should be mandated as part of the qualification process.

Be wary of someone who tells you they’ve looked into third party IPR and it “doesn’t matter” or “won’t be a problem” without sufficient supporting material.

Indemnification Clauses in Supply Agreements

Beyond mandating that a patent clearance search be completed for vendor supplied parts, as the buyer/licensee, you should require explicit language in the supply agreement(s) to cover indemnification from third-party infringement lawsuits.

“The use of [product] by [the buyer/licensee] shall not infringe or otherwise violate the industrial or intellectual property rights of any third party of which [the seller/licensor] has knowledge. If any third party shall assert that [the buyer’s/licensee’s] practice of the Licensed Rights under [the Supply Agreement], whether resultant from explicit knowledge [the buyer/licensee] had or should have had through reasonable due diligence, shall constitute an infringement or misappropriation of that party’s industrial or intellectual property rights, [the seller/licensor] shall in accordance with this Article defend, indemnify and hold [the buyer/licensee] harmless against any and all such claims.”

A request for the licensor to carry insurance in regards to this matter may also be inserted into the supply agreement depending on how much negotiating leverage the buyer maintains. Additionally, most supply agreements provide a use license to the buyer, which is typically transferrable to the end consumer in the case of OEMs and system integrators. Therefore, your customers should be at ease that they will not be subject to a “stop-use” injunction as a result of their purchase of your product.

However, this indemnification requires the additional work of the patent clearance. The language used above necessitates that you are explicitly aware or you should have known about third party patents. At the very least, the language above helps to mitigate any claims of gross negligence, but if a patent clearance initiative is not conducted your company may still be subject to misconduct and damage awards. This misconduct would not be covered by the indemnity, so mitigating this risk requires appropriate steps in the vendor qualification process.

It should be the responsibility of the vendor to convince you that the product they are offering for sale does not infringe on a third party’s IPR. Additionally, you may be aware of certain patents as a result of your own product clearance search or landscaping efforts. You should make it a point to maintain a catalogue or “watch-list” of patents which refer to sub-component items that are sourced from vendors. This watch list should be communicated to the vendor during the qualification process to provide them the opportunity to address these issues if they have not already.

In conducting the patent clearance search the vendor should have legal opinions from their counsel if necessary to demonstrate non-infringement position or a reasonably comprehensive approach to invalidation. Much like your own efforts those opinions should address 1) literal infringement, 2) infringement via the doctrine of equivalents, 3) prosecution history and/or file wrapper estoppel, 4) inequitable conduct, and 5) means for invalidation (if necessary).

Second Source – Another Potential IPR Impediment

For manufacturers who have parts “built to spec” instead of “built to print” another issue arises when it comes to second sourcing and spare parts.

Imagine a scenario in which one of your vendors is providing you a key component of your product, but they subsequently discover a quality issue which leads to a massive recall of that part. The financial and PR cost of an extensive warranty claim may put them out of business, but it can also damage your business if you have numerous units of your own product sold and no way to repair/replace the vendor supplied parts.

If you have something built to spec, then you must have a clause in your supply agreements that refers to your ability to take the vendor’s drawings, manuals, and manufacturing know-how to a second source in the event that they are unable or choose to not provide you with sufficient supply of parts for use or replacement in your product(s).

Also, the more highly you specify the parts to be supplied the more you are in control of the supply scenarios. If you have more than one vendor of a part and these parts are not “interchangeable” then the question should be asked about the risk exposure in case one of those vendors is unable or unwilling to supply you for whatever reason.

Taking precautions to protect your company when it comes to counter-party IPR is not just a good idea… it is a must!

Model Cars – How To Display and Care For Your Diecast Car Collection

Collecting Diecast Model Cars can become addictive. So if you are spending large sums of money on diecast model cars it is important that you protect your investment. You could leave the cars in their boxes hidden up in your attic this would protect them but as some of these models are feats of miniature engineering they deserve to be out on show and admired by all.

Displaying Your Diecast Model Cars

If you are just getting started in the world of model car collecting then a quick way to display your model is to buy ready made 1:18 scale display case. These consist of a base in either wood or plastic and a clear Perspex top which forms the lid. You need to unscrew your car from its original packaging and place it on the display case’s plinth. There are no screw holes in the plinth so the display case needs to sit on a flat surface and you can use a small amount of double sided tape under the tyre to stop the model from rolling about if your display case is knocked. All you have to do now is simply place the lid on to the base. Your model is now protected from being bashed and from becoming dusty.

As you collection of model cars grows a cabinet may become a good idea to hold your investment. Some of the model manufactures like AutoArt produce a variety of wall mounted units with sliding doors. Some of these cabinets have mirrored shelves and backs to give a different view of your model without having to touch the car.

If you need even more space for your model car collection you maybe in the market for a custom made unit. Remember large cabinets with multiple shelves may need lights to make your models shine. LED lights are always a good choice as they do not have the heat of a tungsten spot light so you won’t risk melting your car collection.

It is important to place your cabinet out of direct sunlight as it can cause the paint on your model to fade.

Cleaning Your Diecast Model Cars

If you keep your diecast model is in a display case you will avoid the worst of the dust but from time to time you will need to clean your models. Avoid washing your models to clean them as they are difficult to dry properly. Instead the best way to clean them is to use a compressed air canister and a modelers paint brush. The seats can be wiped down with a damp cloth. If the paintwork appears a little flat using a car detailing wax on a soft microfibre cloth will add an extra little shine. Be careful not to rub the model to hard especially around the stickers and badges.

Hopefully by taking these simple steps will keep your diecast model cars in excellent condition and still be able to enjoy your collection.

Please see further information on our website about caring for your Diecast Model Car Collection.

Fun Sex Games For Couples – Dress Up Time

Looking for some fun sex games for couples that will add a little heat to your relationship? Perhaps things have become a little dull in between the sheets and you are looking to bring some excitement back into the mix. Whatever the case may be, learning and playing a few fun sex games for couples can be a great way to kick start your sex life.

One of the easiest fun sex games for couples that you can play is a dress up sex game. That’s right, dress up! No longer is this just for kids. Playing a dress up sex games is simple and great at turning up the arousal factor.

There are many situations that you can use dressing up as a fun sex game for couples. Some of the most common scenarios are:

  1. Stripper/Client: Discuss with your partner who will be the stripper and who will be the customer. Women will need makeup, sexy lingerie or low cut somewhat exposing clothing, heels or sexy boots or whatever else she wants. Guys will want to wear tight t-shirts and jeans and a pair of sexy undies. Do some research to see what male or female strippers look like and use that as a starting point. Whoever is being the customer should dress up as a high end business person so wear a suit and carry a briefcase.
  2. Doctor/Patient or Nurse/Patient: Probably one of the most common dress up fun sex games for couples and for a good reason! Decide who will be who and ensure that you get a doctor’s or nurse’s uniform. Adding some props like a stethoscope, reflex hammer, etc are a great addition. Perform a full, slow examination of the patient and take things from there.
  3. Teacher/Student This dress up sex games is a favorite of many. Most prefer the man to be the teacher and the woman to be the student but feel free to switch things around. Most men love women in a school girl outfit, the short skit, tight button up top, knee high stocking, perhaps even pigtails. Have the teacher keep the student after school and decide how to go from there

Next time you find your sex life falling into a bit of a rut, consider dressing up and playing some fun sex games for couples. You will be glad you did. Remember that having a great sex life is about being open, creative and sometimes means stepping a bit out of your comfort zone. All this will help expand your sexual horizons and will lead to a more satisfying sex life.

Log Cabins, Get Away for the Holidays

Natural earthy rustic modern themes contrasting with contemporary styles bring out stylistic and unusual ideas contingent upon your flair with interior design. One thing is sure, the vast majority of us think of log cabins with stone exteriors and rustic textures connecting to Mother Earth and nature- a place where life is overflowing with joy, in the lap of nature and with a feeling of relaxed satisfaction. Finishing your space to match to your vision is an objective worth achieving once space is completed. Whether your perspective is that of subtly textured hues and includes corbel fireplaces, rustic old world arches, antique barn doors, the theme comes to life with your fantasies and your experience. Warm and cozy the ideal picture of your own lodge paradise, the family vacation home away from the bustling city and fast paced life. From tribal cotton throws and pashmina wool blankets to lodge style rustic furniture and exquisitely embroidered pillow covers the choices are limitless.

From vintage beaten barn doors embellished with brass and iron medallions to southern trunk boxes from the mid-1900s that accent the linen leather sofas, carved wood cabinets, and medieval door media consoles, carrying the natural elements of the five elements. Air, space water, sun and ether, each embodied within our body as the fives senses of smell, taste, touch, sight and feel. Designs that will move you to make a natural and unwinding environment that your family will appreciate. Accenting is simple with a wide assortment of vintage and eclectic artifacts to make your log home decor divinely unique.

The magnificent rustic log cabin room accents an exceptionally distressed turquoise painted trunk and tribal carved room dividers become the overwhelming focus. Antique Ox cart vintage tables and anglo Indian carved wood mirrors make this lodge style an eclectic mix of beautiful eccentric design.If you plan to remain in your rustic cabin lodge for the festivals you need to make it warm and nicely beautiful. Log lodges are the most wonderful coziest in the winter particularly for Christmas as your personal touches make them idealistic for the family get together’s. Christmas trees taken from the forest using natural adornments to keep it simple and loving. Keep in mind to adorn the chimney, the Santa route, with a red vintage sari tapestry, its a beautiful part of the festivities. Lovely sheer sari curtains trimmed with gold lace add to the festive mood. Pashmina blankets, a soft cashmere throw in beautiful woven designs are lovely by the fireplace.

Her Most Famous Painting (Oriental Poppies) – Georgia O’Keeffe

The American painter Georgia O’Keeffe (November 1887-March 1986) was a pioneering ‘Modernist.’ Her unique approach defied all the accepted norms of painting and gave a new definition to the ‘American Modern Art.’ Owing to her competence, American Art attained fame and recognition in creatively competent Europe. Flowers fascinated Georgia and they were her favorite subject on canvas. O’Keeffe painted “Oriental Poppies” in 1928. This stunning work was declared a groundbreaking, art masterpiece.

Georgia O’Keeffe described her painting as a product of what she perceived in her mind and felt in her heart. In “Oriental Poppies,” she depicts two giant poppy flowers. Measuring 30″ x 40″, this oil painting is an explosion of brilliant colors on a vast canvas, lending a mesmerizing effect. O’Keefe used dazzling red and orange as the main color of the petals. The hollowed centre and the inner contours of the flowers are painted in deep purple. The skillful shading and velvety finish of the petals accentuates the vibrancy of the flowers. “Oriental Poppies” almost looks like a close up photograph. O’Keeffe did not give any background to the painting, to artfully draw focus onto the flowers. The absence of context in the painting presents them in a new light as pure abstracts. “Oriental Poppies” exudes a startling pull, as if casting a hypnotic spell on the viewer.

Georgia O’Keeffe believed that due to the fast-paced lives people live, they merely glance at flowers, but never really observed their exquisiteness. She wished to give such rushing people experience and the feel of the true beauty of flowers. In her words, “If I could paint the flower exactly as I see it no one would see what I see because I would paint it small like the flower is small. So I said to myself – I’ll paint what I see – what the flower is to me but I’ll paint it big and they will be surprised into taking time to look at it – I will make even busy New Yorkers take time to see what I see of flowers.” O’Keeffe chose to paint on a huge canvas with an outburst of bold colors, to astonish the viewers and to introduce them to the wonder of nature. In her bid, she managed to capture the essence of poppies with eloquence.

Many art researchers believed that O’Keeffe’s “Oriental Poppies” was an answer to the zoomed in technique adapted by Alfred Stieglitz in ‘Modern Photography.’ The magnificent painting speaks volumes of O’Keefe’s talent and artistic vision. Georgia’s delightful representation of two ordinary flowers generated widespread admiration and was considered as one of her most memorable works. It is now a part of a collection at the University of Minnesota Art Museum, Minneapolis.