Driveway Alarms – How to Secure Your Carport, Driveway and Garage

One of the most common errors in configuring a Home Security System is neglecting to integrate a driveway alarm and garage alarm, which monitors access to the driveway, the carport, and/or the garage. Many a criminal has won access to a home by “thinking like a car” – and exploiting this common security loophole.

Start with the garage door opener. Particularly if you have a keypad permitting manual access, be sure to change the factory code so that a well-informed burglar can’t simply enter one of the common presets and walk in uninvited. Keypads should be mounted under a motion-sensitive light, both to increase your security while you enter the code, and to spotlight any thief who tries to guess your combination. No thief likes to stand in a pool of light while suspiciously trying out code after code! Don’t forget that your garage door openers are just like keys to your house – don’t leave them in unsecured vehicles or hide them around your property! Clever burglars know all the hiding places – keep them secure, the same as with your house keys.

The garage door itself is often a serious weak point. Doors are made of lightweight materials, to make them easier to open and close (particularly by hand), but this also makes them vulnerable to a physical assault. Steel or plywood bracing on the inside of the door can provide a measure of additional defense against a straightforward breakthrough attempt. Wooden garage doors are very easy to break through, and you should consider a metal door replacement. Many garage doors are also relatively easy to force open, especially if they have a gap at the bottom where a crowbar can find purchase. Mortise locks and cane bolts can help slow down that type of break-in. One easy and inexpensive step to completely forestall such a break-in: drill a hole through the inside and outside tracks of the door on the inside of the garage, and padlock the door shut from the inside when you are home.

The carport is a generally open area, and as such is difficult to secure against intrusion. Instead, install a Home Security System with motion detectors and floodlights to ensure that any unwelcome visitor is at least made visible to neighbors and passing cars. Make carports less attractive to thieves by storing valuables like lawnmowers or tools in secure chests, sheds or other storage units, rather than leaving them loose in the carport.

Driveway security is relatively straightforward; barring a gate, there isn’t much you can do to keep people off your driveway, but you can be made aware of anyone who does enter. Home Security Systems equipped with Motion sensors, weight plates, and other passive devices are excellent ways of triggering your home security system and alerting you that there are unwanted guests.

Teenage Love – Attraction Or True Love?

Love: A beautiful word and a universal emotion and the most difficult one to understand (even more difficult than women!). The reason is that it has so much other emotions involved in it that you can identify these other emotions as separate ones but actually they are formed from love only.

Love consists of compassion, sacrifice, passion, lust, possessiveness and even anger. It’s really difficult to understand that anger can be a form of love but it is. Because mostly the anger arouse in you is because of your loved ones not doing the things you expect, so it is a form of love definitely. So love is really hard to understand.

Now coming on the topic, Teenage love: attraction or true love. Actually in my view Teenage love is more of attraction and less of true love. I am not saying that true love doesn’t exist in teenagers but in most of the cases it’s just attraction. For example the love which starts in college is attraction in my opinion (there can be some exceptions.) because at this age students are most fascinated towards the opposite sex and they became more frank with each other than ever before. Also they change themselves according to the liking of their respective partners for only the period of time in which they are together.

The other reason can be that because there is so much competition today parents and even teachers always keep telling the child that 11th and 12th are the two classes in which they should only study in order to have a bright future and don’t pay attention towards any other thing.

So after doing so much hard work and getting admission the suppressed desires sprout out which results in sudden attraction and they think that’s love and this is the only reason that so many break-ups happen. Because when you spend time with your partner than only you came to know about the real qualities of your partner and you may or may not like it.

And that can be a reason also to the divorces which happen even after love marriages.

So guys one can’t help the attraction but a piece of advice is that don’t believe in 1st sight love when you are in college give some time for the relationship and then make the decision.

And for girls especially DO NOT allow the physical intimacy in a new relationship.

Some of you may think that I’m wrong in saying that teenage love is attraction only but guys I am not denying the fact that true love can also happen it’s just that true will overcome all these boundaries and will win after all.

Because true love is the ultimate winner and it’s incredible and impeccable.

Create Dazzling Walls and Floors With These Three Mosaic Collection Tiles

Homeowners and designers swear by mosaic tiles with their infinite beauty and splendid grace! An artistic touch of dazzling colors and designs lights up the environment with sizzling splendor. Residences and business premises alike would become charming pieces of art in a moment. Imagining the effects would be quite possible with the visualizer as decisions are made. Look forward to raptures of happiness as a change of lifestyle dawns. No more drab interiors as the world wakes to mosaics that combine several elements of unsurpassed grace.

Mosaics are available in a range of materials like natural stone that many prefer for enhanced durability. Stone was used for ages in construction. Porcelains have served humanity for over a century now. Recent inventions like metal tiles and glass and stone blends also create exotic pieces that everybody wishes to possess. Consider the unique and catchy color combinations blended together in the mosaic factory! Bewitching assortments of shades and colors are the result for trendy surroundings. Living and working would be elevated in such a scenario.

Three of the most outstanding among the mosaic collection

• 3D Mosaics

• Brick Pattern Mosaics

• Arabesque Lantern Mosaics

Illusions of space

A single pattern might bring monotony, repeated across the walls and floors. A selection of two or three mosaics would impress. 3D Mosaics are just the right choice to create depth in the surroundings. An illusion of infinite space is the gift of 3D tiles. A variety of textures and sizes makes them more adaptable to particular requirements. These exciting gifts of technology and artistry result in a dynamic and exciting feeling. Perhaps an accent wall needs something like Silver Cube or illusion 3D among monochromes. Yet the world loves color and enigmatic shades are very common among the selection. Harmony White 3D Bracelet does resemble an ornament in golden hues.

Azzure Matte Glass/Stone Blend 3D Mosaic is simply out of this world. It feels as if out under the sky somewhere in the deep ocean. Rustique 3D Interlocking Pattern combines several pretty colors in faded tones for a remarkable effect. So is Marron Glass/Stone blend too. The Hedron style with the jutting out design is classy and would create powerful accent wall statements. Harvest Moon is similar. Asteria Blend simply bewitches with contrasting shades of light and dark fascinating colors. Some may prefer the charming simplicity of Dimensions Block Mosaic.

The timeless brick design

The brick design is a classical friend and the mosaic collection offers fabulous choices! They bring a personal element into the walls. Mixed Slate with many shades, the intimate Desert Spring Mini Brick Blend and the monochrome Gray Blend Glass Mosaic are all heavenly designs. Install them anywhere in the home or office and watch the environment flooded up with light in an instant for decades to come. If walls have character, that is exactly what these bricks do.

For those who prefer ethereal shades of white, Pietra Calacatta and Pietra Statuario present a luminous effect in a dreamy white and gray. Carrara White and Dove Gray are also simple in intensity, but with a haunting beauty. Emperador Light Brick Interlocking Polished would create a dazzling backdrop for entrances and logo backgrounds. Visitors would never stop admiring them. Chiaro Brick and Crema Mocha are variations in similar shades of cream, brown and beige, dreamlike in intensity. California Gold has deeper dramatic colors while Ardesia presents muted shades, perhaps as contrasts on adjacent walls. More color fantasies are available in blue like the Iridescent Blue Blend and Blue Blend Brick. It is simply a matter of individual or family and office group choice. Brown Blend Shimmer is classy too, and appears in customary furniture shades.

A touch of fantasy

The most mysterious among the mosaic collection is the Arabesque Lantern motif that originated with Arabic decorations. They bring an oriental touch of quaint mystery to uplift otherwise square surroundings. The curved lines that resemble the sacred flame would relieve the straight lines that are found everywhere in contemporary designs. They adapt equally well to backsplash needs in the kitchen and bathroom as they would decorate accent walls.

Choices can be challenging among several attractive colors and designs. Gris Garden, Decora Droplet and Taza Blend are similar. Enigmatic combinations of grays, whites and browns. The effect on the walls would be startling with a hint of the divine. Carrara White and Whisper White create a pristine surrounding of snowy shadows. Galena Gray contains darker shades while Fog is lighter on the senses.

Why Tractor Engines Can Overheat and How to Correct It

Its farming time whether its tillage, plowing, or just normal farm work. It’s a hot day, and there are lots of things to get done around the farm. However, suddenly you notice that the temperature gauge is showing higher than normal temperature reading. At this time, it’s wise to stop operating the tractor, and if the temperature level is not at its peak level on the gauge, make a quick check of the engine area to detect any leaks or other obvious problems, and then return quickly to turn the engine off.

The older tractors will not have safety shut off devices. The newer computerized controlled tractors will have audible alarms and in many cases, these controls will automatically shut the engine down when excessive temperature readings are present.

A tractor’s cooling system comprises of several components. There is a radiator, a radiator fan, water pump, lower radiator hose, upper radiator hose, a thermostat, and a liquid that flows through the engine, to the radiator where it is cooled, and then re-circulated back into the engine to continue the cooling process.

The first step in diagnosing an overheating problem is to ensure that there is enough fluid in the radiator. This can be checked by looking in the overflow container. If that is filled, and there is no blockage from the radiator to the overflow container, then the engine must be allowed to cool. Once cooled, the radiator cap should be removed and the radiator checked for fluid.

If there is a fluid shortage, then the cause of the shortage needs to be identified. A damaged lower and upper radiator hose can be changed. The clamps on the system can be tightened or changed.

For fluid shortage, there should be visible leaks around the failed component, either the hoses, a leaking radiator, or broken water pump. Should there be no visible leaks and missing cooling fluid, then this can indicate a damaged cylinder head gasket that is allowing the fluid to either leak into the engine, or be pulled into the combustion chamber, burnt, and then exhausted.

The thermostat, a simple device, is located directly in the path of the flowing liquid. It contains a bi-metallic disc, that opens when immersed in fluid of a high temperature, and closes when the temperature of the fluid reduced below a predetermined level. Typically, most thermostats will fail in an open manner, thereby allowing over cooling rather that the opposite, overheating.

A simple way to test the thermostat is to put it into a container of water and bring that container to a boil on a stove, or hotplate. As the water temperature reaches boiling, the thermostat should begin to open. If it doesn’t, then it needs to be changed.

Other sections of the cooling system not discussed here are the water pump, and the radiator, gauges and radiator cooling fan systems.

Benefits of Cardiovascular Exercise

Cardiovascular exercise, also called cardiorespiratory exercise and aerobic exercise, has been shown to have a number of health benefits when performed on a regular basis. These benefits may be realized by both those who are apparently healthy and those who suffer from various health problems.

Cardiovascular fitness promotes the loss of body fat and has been reported to actually decrease the appetite in many individuals. However, even if it doesn’t reduce appetite, the calorie-burning effects of regular aerobic exercise can allow for substantial caloric intake. Many endurance athletes regularly consume between 3,000-5,000 calories per day and remain extremely lean. Cardiovascular training, when combined with a sensible diet, will definitely promote an increase in lean body tissue and a decrease in body fat percentage.

The skeletal system can be strengthened by weight-bearing activities such as fast walking and jogging. This can not only assist in reducing the risk for developing osteoporosis, it can also help to slow down the progress of the disease for those whose doctors recommend exercise.

Aerobic exercise is often part of treatment programs for diabetics whose blood sugar is well controlled. This is due to the fact that aerobic training increases the sensitivity of the cells to insulin so diabetics who exercise regularly require less insulin to effectively regulate blood sugar levels. In addition, studies have shown that persons with adult-onset diabetes have been able to significantly reduce or eliminate medications other than insulin by following a regular exercise program combined with a healthy diet.

Cardiovascular exercise is often a major component of the therapy for those who have suffered a heart attack and for those who are at high risk for coronary artery disease. Three of the primary risk factors for developing coronary artery disease are high blood pressure (hypertension), smoking and high blood cholesterol. Cardiovascular exercise can play a significant role in reducing risk associated with these three factors.

First of all, many people with high blood pressure are also overweight. Regular sessions of aerobic exercise will reduce body fat and lower blood pressure. Secondly, many people who smoke find the incentive to quit after embarking upon an aerobic exercise program. Thirdly, regular, brisk, cardiovascular training leads to an increase in the level of high density lipoprotein (HDL), also known as the “good” cholesterol.

Those with arthritis can benefit from aerobic exercise to help them maintain an ideal body weight. Therapy programs for arthritis sufferers should also include appropriate exercises to help maintain joint range of motion. This can be incorporated into an overall exercise program that includes cardiovascular exercise.

Cardiovascular exercise has also been shown to decrease clinical symptoms of anxiety, tension and depression. Regular aerobic workouts increase blood flow and assists the body in eliminating toxins which can make a person feel better.

On a physiological level, cardiovascular fitness decreases resting heart rate and increase heart volume. It increases maximum oxygen consumption, capillary density and blood flow to active muscles. It also increases total blood volume, allows for maximal ventilation and increases lung diffusion capacity.

Cardiovascular training serves as the foundation for other fitness programs. The conditioning and health of the heart and blood vessels are the basis for safety and performance in nearly all athletic endeavors.

Tips to Choose Best Location for Your Portable Infrared Heater

Experiencing the efficient heat everywhere in your home is possible only by placing the heater in the right place. Even if the heating system is highly efficient, wrong placement will only waste the emitted heat, particularly in the case of portable infrared heaters. In spite of their high efficiency and flexibility, if they are not properly located, the heat transferred by them will only be wasted. Besides this, right placing also ensures proper maintenance of the heater.

Hence, this article aims to help you choose the best location for your portable infrared heater. However, let’s first know why to prefer portable infrared heaters.

Benefits of portable infrared heaters

Infrared heaters are considered to be the most reliable and efficient home heating systems as they directly warm the people or objects present on the given space. The radiation emitted by infrared heaters is similar to natural radiation from the sun. Portable features of these heaters make them much more beneficial. Some of the benefits that make their choice inevitable are:

Convenient to use in desired locations: Portable infrared heaters can be placed at any desired location in your home, both indoors and outdoors. Their ability to move from one place to the other allows you to use them in your living room, kitchen, dining room, bedroom, garage, balcony, garden or any other place.

Easy installation: The simple design of these heaters allows you to install it on your own with minimum effort. However, it is better to install it under the guidance of a professional. As they can be installed and uninstalled easily, they can be transferred to any desired location within no time.

Available in various designs: Availability of these heaters in various designs, styles and sizes make them customizable for any space. They can be simply placed above the floor or mounted on a wall.

Tips to locate a portable infrared heater

Now that you have known the benefits of portable infrared heaters and are ready to purchase one, you need to know where you need to install it to make it effective.

Choose a flat surface: It is essential to place a portable infrared heater on a flat and non-flammable surface. Placing the heater on an uneven surface can tilt it to one side. Kids or pets passing through may touch the tilted heater and slide it off. A simple flat surface like a table which can support the heater’s weight is best to place it in your room.

Avoid positioning it near windows: A portable infrared heater should not be placed near windows. An open area or an area with high rate of air movement may exhaust or dissipate the warm air to a large extent. This simultaneously reduces the amount of heat you enjoy. However, limited ventilation system to let out the air and harmful gases is necessary for certain models.

Prefer central location in larger areas: Efficient heating even in larger areas can be achieved with portable infrared heater. However, it should be placed in a central location to heat entire space, in all directions. When considering placing the heater in large rooms like garage, it can be installed near the working area to get maximum heat without any wastage.

Place it at a certain height from the floor: Keeping the portable infrared heater at a certain height from the floor ensures maximum heat. Especially, in case of a bare concrete floor it should be kept a few feet above the floor as the concrete acts as heat sink and absorbs some of the heat.

Install at moderate height on wall: While installing portable infrared heater either permanently or temporarily on the wall, mount it at moderate height so as to allow the heat transfer to all locations. They can be mounted on a wall of a room or porch or patio. When planning to hang an infrared heater on a wall, assure that it is installed at moderate height. Hanging at lower height may cause inconvenience when you are walking from one room to another.

Apart from the above, it is necessary to locate the heater away from hanging items like drapes, window treatments, furniture, clothing, bedding, rugs and other combustibles. Placing a heater at right location assures efficient heating as well as safety.

Feeling This 182 – 6 Reasons Blink 182’s Song Makes a Great Studio Composition

“Feeling This” is the first track on Blink 182’s self-titled album that jolted thousands of pop rock fans. The band really impressed major music critics with the release of this single due to its maturity. Even though “Feeling This” keeps the same up-beat flavor as most of the songs on Take Off Your Pants and Jacket, Blink 182’s fans could feel a definite progression.

As impressive as Blink 182’s melody skills are, comparatively their studio work is impeccable. The subtle aspects of their studio engineer brings “Feeling This” to another level of listening enjoyment. 6 studio effects really stand out to me why “Feeling This” is such a great composition by Blink 182.

1. Flange in the intro sounds classic.

You don’t hear too many contemporary bands from the punk genre use this effect anymore. Blink 182 uses flange on Travis Barker’s drum intro however to add dimension. It reveals a new classic side to the band since “Feeling This” is the first track on their first serious album.

2. Bass booms add bulk.

Do you hear that rumble in your speakers at the start of the first chorus? That’s a very low pedal tone in the key of the song, commonly called a bass boom. When you hear that tone resonate behind Mark Hoppus’s vocals, you can feel a whole new powerful depth to what he sings.

3. They diversify with guitar filters.

After the first chorus of “Feeling This,” Tom Delonge’s guitar is covered with a filter that creates the illusion of depth. Effects like this create a broad variation in sound throughout Blink 182’s song, ultimately to make it more interesting with each listen.

4. Barker uses drum filters.

As Delonge is singing aggressively during the bridge, Barker is banging on his drums, sounding as if he’s clipping the tracks. That “clipping effect” is actually a simple distortion filter applied to the percussion. It’s pretty similar to that of the intro to Underoath’s “Down, Set, Go.”

5. Sometimes Mark Hoppus sings through a phone.

Similarly how Travis Barker’s drums are distorted in the bridge, so is Hoppus’s voice. All of a sudden Mark Hoppus is singing through a phone! It’s a really cool and simple filter to add to create intimacy and I feel Blink 182 picked a good part for it.

6. The final fade-out to A Capella is magical.

Probably the coolest, yet simplest studio element in Blink 182’s “Feeling This” is the instrument fade-out at the end of the tune. The engineer really puts that pitch corrector to work on the boy’s vocals as they begin to overlap in harmony. It’s a great way for the song to finish.

There are so many studio production elements that went into Blink 182’s “Feeling This” to form a strong composition that it would be difficult to list them all. The more prominent studio effects include filters, bass booms, and fading. Take these into consideration when mixing your own music.

The Importance of Door Alarms

Who is watching your house when you’re away? It can be more than your neighbor. While much of your belongings could be easily replaced, most of your “special” souvenirs and valuable items might be irreplaceable. If you are uncertain whether you need a door alarm system, here are several reasons why you should install one.

1.Prevention of Crime – The door alarm is an extremely adaptable shock sensor alarm. It is very suitable for office, home, hotel, or travel and it needs no installing and assembly. You just simply dangle it on any doorknob. Once installed, it instantaneously picks up any vibration. Once the alarm is tripped, it is going to produce a 98dB warning sound for 20-30 seconds, and automatically reset in 3-5 seconds. The sound the device creates is loud enough to disturb the burglar and once he or she begins to panic, it is more likely that the person will be captured before he or she does the crime. The level of sensitivity of the alarm can be easily adjusted using a screwdriver. It is perfect to keep you and your household safe from harm. It is perfect for anyone and works extremely well almost everywhere.

2.Fire Detection – Aside from intruders, fire can also pose danger to your home. When a fire starts, the best decision is to put it out right away before it builds up. What is good with door alarm systems is that it can help avoid fire. Like motion detectors, the smoke detector is also included in the control panel. As soon as the sensors identify the smoke, you will be alerted at once. In case you are away and can’t take care of the situation, the control panel can send information to your company so that they can notify the firefighters.

3.Home insurance discount – The installation of door alarm systems is not only beneficial for your home safety. In addition, it is useful as regards to property insurance. Home insurance providers offer special discounts to properties with alarm systems because the risk of robbery is really a lot lower as compared to those without alarm system.

Once an intruder gains entry to your garage, they are able to work undetected and the tools that they need are usually right there. They may be able to open your garage door, and back their vehicle inside to take out items from your house secretly. However, door alarms can be a dosage to their own medicine. The value of a door alarm system cannot be underestimated.

Best Location For Wireless Router

Wireless routers are the core of many of our home networks. They are what our devices use to communicate with one another. The signal strength of the router’s connection to devices is important to the functionality of the network. Signal overkill in your home is no longer a security issue due to the advancements in encryption technologies. You want the best location for wireless router signal strength so that you can use the network with as few signal issues as possible. So many devices currently use WiFi that a router’s placement is important to the health and ease of use regarding your wireless network.

The first factor to consider when adjusting the placement for the best location for wireless router signal aggregation is signal strength. Some routers have higher gain antennas than others. The higher the gain of the antenna the more the signal will pierce through obstructions given a constant transmission power. The tradeoff in this instance is that if your router is on the first floor and you’re right above it… you may not receive the best signal due to the shape of the signal’s dispersion being more like a pancake than a sphere. We recommend one access point per floor for optimal coverage.

So let’s say you don’t want to purchase another access point and worry about multiple DHCP servers on the network. For most of us, that’s too much work and too confusing. Given your current router and your standard two-story home around 1,500 square feet you actually want to place the router as near to the ceiling as possible in an area as central to the home as possible. Why? What we’re attempting to do in this instance is to eliminate as many obstructions as possible to the signal as you can. When using a laptop, cell phone, or other WiFi device you would be surprised at how much your hand or body interferes with the signal to your device. In some instances it can be as much as a 30% signal decrease. If your hands can block signal this much, imagine what your refrigerator or stove can block!

It is entirely fine to place your router on top of a bookshelf or cabinet. The best location for wireless router signal strength is to mount it to the ceiling upside-down. Don’t place it on the wall vertically… remember that the antenna’s signal pattern looks like a really fat pancake and if you place it on the wall you’ll lose signal behind and in front of the router. The signal emits best from the sides of the router and not in front or behind.

How to Weld Sheet Metal – MIG Welding Sheet Steel With a Hobart Handler 140

Sheet metal, like car body panels, can be welded with a 115 volt mig welder like a Hobart Handler 140 IF you are willing to do these 5 things…

  • Get a decent mig welding machine, preferably a good 115 volt mig welder like a Hobart Handler 140.

(Actually, 115 volt mig welders are often the best choice for welding sheet metal and a Hobart Handler 140 has all the features needed to weld thin sheet metal or even up to ¼” thick steel.)

  • Get a gas conversion kit so you can run .023″ bare wire. ( the Hobart mig welder comes with gas conversion)

Don’t even think about trying to weld in an auto body patch with flux core wire. You need to get a mig welder that has a gas conversion kit so that you can use 75/25 gas and use .023″ bare wire like E70s6 or E70s3.

  • Get some 75/25  gas  (thats 75 argon and 25 c02)

Pure Co2 is not what you want. Its fine for welding thicker steel, but for thinner sheet metal, 75/25 argon/Co2 is the ticket. It is more versatile too.

  • Get an auto darkening welding helmet…(Especially if you are a noob.)

Moving even slightly off the mark before you pull the trigger can make the difference between a good weld and a big blob of crap that will have to be ground off. Unless you love to grind, get yourself a decent auto darkening welding helmet. Being able to see exactly where the tip of your wire is when you pull the trigger on the mig gun makes a huge difference.

  • Use a hammer and dolly often to spread out the contractile stresses.

Sheet metal warps when you weld it… period.  You can’t stop it, all you can do is try to control it and then fix it.  A hammer and dolly used intermittently between small stitch welds is what the pro’s do to keep metal from distorting too much.

Welding sheet metal takes a bit of patience and finesse. But if you are willing to follow the rules. You can do it. 

The Hat Stand and Coat Rack

The words hat stand and coat rack are used interchangeably and historically they are pretty much the same thing, but technically there are differences.  The traditional hat stand or coat rack is a free standing base with a pole that resembles a tree with multiple limbs protruding from the pole.  Made popular in Victorian England, coat stands could be found in the foyer of prosperous homes throughout England at the time.  Having a piece of furniture that was just to hang your hat or coat on was considered a luxury during those depressed times and it grew in popularity in Europe and the United States through to the 1950’s.  After experiencing a bit of a decline in popularity and making some design transitions, the hat rack and/or coat stand has been making a comeback.

Hat stands and coat racks are made from a variety of materials, but traditionally and still the most popular material is wood.  Wood is strong and beautiful and can be used in a variety of design choices from traditional to modern.  The stand will typically stand about 5 feet tall and the base must be sturdy and heavy to support the weight of the items to be placed on it.  The difference between the two types may be small, but there is a difference.  A hat stand will have multiple short limbs stemming off the center pole.  These limbs will normally be arrayed from the top to the bottom of the stand.  A coat rack on the other hand will usually have longer limbs stemming from the center pole and they will be fewer than a hat stand and be arranged toward the top of the pole.  A coat stand will need to have a heavier base in order to support heavy coats.  Of course, most coat stands will also double as a hat stand and have a few shorter limbs at the very top to accommodate hats.

Regardless of your choice, you will need to have the room for one of these stands.  While they do not take up much space themselves, the items placed upon them will usually quadruple their bulk so you do need the space to accommodate one.  If you do not have the space, fear not, there are alternatives.  Many people go with a wall mounted coat rack or coat hooks.  These take up far less space and attach right to your wall so everyone has space for these type of racks.

Design choice is important and hat and coat stands come in many different styles to match any home decor.  From traditional to ultra modern, you can find a stand to fit your design needs and add some extra flair to your decor.  Prices can vary greatly depending on material used and quality, but finding a reasonably priced hat rack or coat stand is doable with a little research.

Painting – Learn How to Visualize Your Painting For Greater Success

Whilst planning your painting in minute detail may inhibit spontaneity and that sudden burst of creativity, a little forethought can go a long way to helping you create an inspirational painting to be proud of. Forward planning can in fact, enhance your work of art because you then know exactly what it is that you wish to paint, and this enables you to be able to conjure up the image at will.

Firstly, it is important to decide on your subject matter and the medium in which you wish to paint. For this example, we will imagine that it is a landscape painting and that our chosen medium is watercolors. Making these two choices are extremely important as you can then begin to plan exactly what you wish to paint and also, how it is going to look in your minds eye.

As landscape paintings are often painted with a specific scene in mind, how much better will it feel if you have visited the place yourself? This then ensures that the feelings and sensations that you will have absorbed through connecting with your environment will be so much more vivid when translating onto paper.

Remember that paintings evoke emotion from those who stop to gaze, and as you paint, you should be tapping into the emotion from deep within the sensations, emotions and beauty of the scenery must then be transferred onto paper.

By following these basic steps, it is possible to learn to visualize your completed painting and be able to paint instinctively:

1. Capture the essence of the scenery by way of sketching or by taking a photograph initially if you prefer.

2. Make a note of the colours that you wish to use and this means observing natures colours around you, after some practice it is easy to know which colours should be mixed to capture the required shades.

3. Become a part of the environment around you by not just observing, but by listening to the sounds, feeling the breeze if any, on your skin, notice the coloring of the sky or how the sun casts shadows around you. Then notice the mottled colours of the leaves and notice the shades.

4. Take time to consider the best viewpoint so that you would be able to draw the observers eye into the painting.

5. To ensure that you have captured your surroundings to memory, close your eyes and let the image come to mind. Visualize yourself looking at the scenery as if you were looking at the real setting.

Once you are happy that you have absorbed your surroundings and captured them to memory, prepare all of the relevant materials so that you are ready to start painting. Think about all of the relevant layers within the painting, remember that it must be three- dimensional, and it should evoke emotion in those who view it. By considering all of these points, you begin to train your perception of the world around you and take into account how to translate your view of the painting so that it is captured for all to see.

Technique and skill with watercolors come with practice, but taking the time initially to visualize your chosen subject can only help to increase your potential to bring your painting to life.

How to Choose a Pair of Handmade Earrings As a Gift

It has been said many times that a woman is never fully dressed until she puts her earrings on! With that being said, choosing earrings as a gift for someone else, of course, has many things to consider. Some of those considerations include:

pierced or clipped

allergy to certain materials

how much weight will there be upon the ears and is there a preference

how long does the recipient prefer earrings

the hairstyle of a person you are choosing for

do they wear glasses

What is the face shape

are they for casual, professional or dinner date wear

Your first consideration is whether or not to choose earrings for pierced ears or the clip on kind. Many women and girls do not have their ears pierced. If you are making earrings to sell, try to come up with designs in which the findings can be swapped to make either pierced or clip on. If you are choosing a pair of earrings as a gift for someone else, you will need to know for sure if the ears are pierced or if the person prefers clip on style.

Allergic reactions is a huge consideration as many people are allergic to base metals. There are also individuals who can only wear real gold or silver. When making earrings for sale, it is a good idea to have earrings made with a variety of jewelry components to take into account the needs of people with allergies. I have allergies, but fortunate I am, not to any kind of earrings I have worn. When buying earrings as a gift, find out what the person can and cannot wear.

The weight of the beads and materials you use for making earrings is far more important than those used for bracelets or necklaces. You might consider using plastic or lightweight wood in some of your earring designs to accommodate those who have need to have extremely lightweight earrings. Gift giving earrings can be tricky here as well. Ask some questions about the earring weight your gift recipient might prefer.

For the most part, most of the earrings I make at the present time are fairly lightweight in my estimation. Yet, for someone else, they may not be. A variety of earrings made with plastic or lightweight wood might be a good idea for some jewelry artisans if you are making jewelry to maximize profits. I usually make what I would like to wear, so plastic or wood are not materials I normally use, however, I do use plastic flower beads which I think are cute.

When choosing earrings as a gift for someone else, be sure to question the person about the weight of the earrings they normally wear.

The length is something you must also take into consideration when designing earrings or choosing them as a gift. Drops and studs are the easiest to wear for most people as they are not obtrusive and will not get tangled up in the wearer’s hair.

There is some difference in drop earrings and dangle earrings. Drops are usually the shorter length and dangles are the longer lengths. Some dangle earrings can hang as long as 4 or more inches from the ear lobes and the weight can be quite a load to wear.

In fact, fashion now in the year of 2016 is it seems “bigger is better.” I personally prefer much shorter dangles or what is termed “drop earrings,” which generally hangs about 2 inches from the ear lobe, sometimes 3, but never any longer than this. Learn from your recipient of the gift what they prefer in length of their earrings.

The length of a woman’s hair truly makes a difference in the type of earring she can wear while wearing her hair down. She might not be comfortable in a pair of chandelier earrings as these may get tangled in her hair.

Does the recipient of your gift wear glasses. Many women do not like to wear earrings that may clash with the style or color of their glasses. This is an important consideration when trying to decide upon a gift of earrings.

What about the shape of her face? An elongated face may look even longer while wearing very long dangle earrings. Large hoops may not look good on a woman with a round face. Consider the face shape of the recipient of your gift, but do not be limited by this. Some people enjoy wearing all styles. Do some questioning before you purchase.

Is your gift for professional wear or going out on the town? Many jobs and professions require subtle jewelry, whereas, for a dinner date, you could probably go with big and bold.

These are just a few suggestions to consider before purchasing earrings as a gift and if you are a jewelry artisan the suggestions and tips also apply.

Medieval Castles – An Essay

Castles remind us of a time that was full of adventure and romance. Castles remind us of a time in history in which there was a lack of government and order. Although there was not mass confusion and anarchy, there was less order. Castles were the basis of feudalism. Castles can be seen as a manifestation of feudal society. Feudalism started with the rise of castles and ended with their end. The castle set the tone as the only homestead that nobility would live in during this time. Castles were influenced by and influenced many medieval cathedrals in Europe. Although castles served many purposes, their primary purpose was military. At that time, people were not protected by merely shutting and locking a regular wooden door. They needed the protection of castles and their knights. The lords and constables of castles needed serfs to work the land to make revenue in order to pay rent to the more important nobles. Given the following evidence, it is relatively obvious why castles and castle building played an instrumental role in the development of Western Europe.

Castles are unique to a time in history known as medieval times. The word medieval in our times is an insult to anything as is the word feudal. Through the haze and ruins, one can imagine dungeons, chivalrous knights, and mighty Lords who ruled the land and protected the common peasant from barbarians and other invaders. The rise of castles marked the rise of feudalism. This was all started by the crusades. The majority of the knights and nobles went to liberate the holy land from the Muslims. The Crusades influenced castle builders back in Europe. Ideas were gathered from Muslim and Byzantine fortifications. Because of the lack of protection in Europe, a castle’s strength needed to be increased because of the ever-present threat of a Muslim invasion. The end of Feudalism also marked the end of the middle ages and hence the end of the great castle era.

Castles integrated the combination of residence and fortress. The first castle dates back to King Sargon II of Khorsabad in ancient Egypt. He erected a grand palace for himself to protect him and his subjects. The first recorded references to castles was the Edict of Pistes by Charles the Bald, king of the West Franks. “We will and expressly command that whoever at this time has made castles and fortifications and enclosures without our out permission shall have them demolished by the First of August” (Brown Architecture of Castles 13). Other castle laws were the Norman Institutions handed down by William the Conqueror after he took over England. One law says that no one shall raise castles in Normandy without the Duke’s license.

An ideal castle site was one that had natural obstacles for defense such as steep hillsides and water. Castles that were built on rocks or islands were especially effective. An example of this is Bodiam in Sussex which was the home of Sir Edward Dalyngrigge in 1385. A moat offered good protection, but building on a lake or river offered better protection. The site should not be too remote. It should have water and building material readily available nearby. A site should have a good climate, good pasture, and ample fertile land. If a castle had all these things, it would increase its chances of surviving a siege.

A large majority of early castles followed the motte and bailey design. These designs utilized earth and timber. A motte and bailey design is a design where the keep is on a hill or motte behind the bailey which is the open area of the castle similar to a town square. A bridge usually connected the motte to the bailey. The motte was a great mound of earth or rock. Sometimes it was artificial, but the majority of the time it was authentic. At its base there was a deep trench that resembled a moat. This was used as defense. Surrounding the motte was a wall of timber. The motte also contained the keep which is where the lord of the manor and his family lived. The keep was the innermost part of the castle. It was the last defense against attack. The keep has also been referred to as the donjon. This is where the French got the word dungeon meaning the jail or place to hold prisoners. Surrounding the entire premises was a wooden fence that was at least ten feet in height. These wooden stakes were then implanted in the ground for support. The fence sometimes stood upon posts to allow men to get through. During a siege, the perimeter would be covered with wet animal skins to curb the threat of arson. Most motte and bailey castles were built before William the Conqueror’s conquest in 1066.

Walter the Archdeacon wrote a biography of John, bishop of Therouanne about 1130. In it he describes Merchem Castle near Dixmude: “There was, near the porch of the church, a fortress which we may call a castle… exceedingly high, built after the custom of that land by the lord of the town many years before. For it is the habit of the magnates and nobles of those parts… to raise a mound of earth as high as they can and surround it with a ditch as broad as possible. The top of this mound they completely enclose with a palisade of hewn logs bound close together like a wall, with towers set in its circuit so far as the site permits. In the middle of the space within the palisade they build a residence, or, dominating everything, keep” (Brown Architecture of Castles 21)

Castle designers saw a need for improvement because wood and earth were not strong and were not effective protection against fire. There was also a need for bigger, grander castles because noble visitors did not travel alone so a castle would have to have enough room for the occasional visitor and his or her group. The architects who designed castles were known as master masons. They saw that stone would be a more effective building material. Although it was cold and hard to work with, it provided the much needed protection against fire. These newer castles are called enclosure castles. Like motte and dailey designs, enclosures castles had a wall protecting the perimeter of the manor. However these castles were not built upon hills or mottes. The keep of the castle was incorporated into the wall surrounding the property. These castles still had a bailey. With this new style of castles came a new construction material. Stone became the only material to build one’s castle out of because it made castles much stronger against attack. The tower of London is an example of a masonry castle. The ideal stone for castles was the fine limestone of Caen in Normandy. This limestone was soft when first quarried, but gradually became hard as it was exposed to air. To insulate against the cold stone walls of castles, the women made tapestries for the walls. The tapestries almost always contained a story relating to the castle. One of the most famous tapestries is the Bayeux Tapestry. It depicts the Norman knights before Hastings in 1066. Since they were now using stone, castle builders were able to integrate defenses into the castles.

Castles needed to have defenses. They were not made impregnable. They were made so that it would take an enormous amount of artillery and money to take the castle. They were made so that it would take a large amount of time to take a castle. The castle of Newcastle at Tyne was far from impregnable in 1173, but it was strong enough to make an ill-prepared Scottish King William think twice about a siege: “Well sees the king of Scotland that he will never complete the conquest of Newcastle on Tyne without military engines” (Ibid 80). Some defenses used by castles were machiolations. Machiolations were projecting battlements to protect against arrows and other weapons. They were at the top of the wall surrounding the castle. Arrowslits or arrow loops were slits that were cut into stone to allow sharpshooters a place to shoot. They were angled so that the sharpshooter was protected from oncoming projectiles. Another defense used was Greek fire. This was an incendiary device that was used against wooden attack machines. The ingredients of Greek fire are a mystery. It is thought that it contained some of the following components: crude oil, refined oil, naphtha, pitch, resin, sulfur, quicklime, and bitumen. This deadly mixture was put on an arrow and then shot onto one of the attacking machines and it gave explosive results. Greek fire was probably developed in the seventh century by the Byzantines for naval warfare. Greek fire was a morale builder for the defenders during a siege. The Lord of Joinville described Greek fire as “This Greek fire was suck that seen from the front as it darted towards us it appeared as large as a vessel of verjuice, and the tail of the fire that streamed behind it was as long as the shaft of a great lance. The noise it made in coming was like that of a thunderbolt falling from the skies; it seemed like a dragon flying through the air. The light this huge, flaming mass shed all around it was so bright that you could see right through the camp as clearly as if it were day. Three times that night the enemy slung Greek fire at us from their petraries, and three times they shot it from their arbalestres a tour” (Ibid 88).

Weapons were used against castles during a siege included the trebuchet, mangonel, belfry, ballista, ram, and bore. The trebuchet was a big machine that flung artillery like a catapult. The mangonel was similar to the trebuchet but smaller and more maneuverable. Its strength was based on the tautness of the hemp, rope, or tightly twisted animal sinew. Artillery used by these weapons include rocks, fireballs, and dead animals to spread disease. The belfry was a mobile tower which was built higher than the castle walls in order to scale them during siege. The ballista was essentially a large crossbow that hurled rocks and other large boulders. The ram was a device that did what its name says. It was used to knock the portcullis or gate down. The bore was a device used by the attackers during a tactic known as mining. They mined from their camps to the castle walls. They would set up a support then start a fire to break down the castle walls. The defenders of the castle also used this tactic to counter the attackers siege. They would watch the moat to see the vibrations caused by the attackers shovels. Then they would start a counter mine. This was the most effective tactic used in a siege but it was the most dangerous. It was dark, had contaminated or little air and there was always a threat that the tunnel would cave in or be caved in by the castle’s garrison.

Castles were not just fortresses but also residences of the nobility. It is this balance of military and residential qualities which make a castle so different from other fortifications. Castles had all the best furnishings and colors. They had chapels because Europe was a Christian continent. They occasionally had more than one. On the castle property were things like gardens, parks, vineyards, dovecotes, fishponds, mills, and stables. Castle were not as primitive as we think them to be. They had some of the conveniences that we have today. They had a form of a toilet. It was a toilet made of stone. People who wished to use it had to bring some material to protect themselves from the cold stone. The waste would eventually drain to a river by way of an underground pool. These cesspits would often have to be cleaned out by dung farmers.

Not all castles were extravagant fortresses that housed kings and all his subjects. Many castles were just built for the lord, his family and a few servants. Other castles that were not well protected or had no threat of attack were called fortified manors. The design of a castle was taken very seriously by the lords. There is reference to Aubree, wife of the Count of Bayeux, executing on the spot, Lanfred, her master mason after he completed her castle. She did this because she was so pleased with it that she didn’t want him to build one like it for anyone else.

Castles were the basis of feudalism. They controlled the land and all within it. A castle was a lord’s response to a mounted cavalry charge. Castles were effective centers of military power and territorial lordship whether or not the king or prince was there. Castles are an important part to history. They are phenomenal structures that still influence modern houses today.

Increase Penis Size Naturally – How the Towel Hang Can Make Your Penis Bigger, Thicker & Stronger!

If you are looking for exercises to make your penis bigger, then you have just stumbled across a goldmine! There are a wide variety of exercises that can naturally increase the size of your penis. However, in this article I would to introduce you to the 3 easy steps of “Towel Hangs”, which will not only make your penis bigger, but far stronger and thicker too!

1) This is one penis enlargement exercise that does NOT require lubrication. In actual fact you are not even going to use your hands for this exercise once you massaged yourself into a full blown erection. Sit down on the edge of a chair or the toilet seat.

2) Place a small towel or cloth over the top of your erect penis. The idea is to tense your penis and PC muscle in order to lift the towel a little. Then relax and allow your penis and towel to gently drop down to their starting position.

3) When you initially start using this penis exercise aim for 25-50 repetitions. You can gradually increase your reps as your member gets stronger. You can also try this exercise with a bigger or wet towel to make it harder. If ever you feel any pain while performing towel hangs, stop immediately.

Towel hangs have 2 major benefits. Firstly, the majority of us guys have “untrained” penises. If you think about it, we never exercise our manhood in any way apart from during sexual intercourse or masturbation. Therefore, it would be right to believe that all guys have hugely underdeveloped and extremely weak penises. Imagine if you never exercised your body and stayed in bed all day, every day! Sorry to tell you this guys, but this is exactly what you have done to your manhood over the course of many years!

So initially you should notice that towel hangs will improve the strength and appearance of your penis. Your member should look far more muscular, you may even notice far more veins than usual. Your penis may even feel heavier. The increased amount of blood flow that has passed through your penis will stretch and extend the ligaments and tissues. This will eventually make your penis bigger. Just by performing towel hangs alone many men have reported gains of half an inch in length and girth of their penis within a relatively short space of time!

Secondly, your sexual stamina should improve dramatically. You are mainly exercising the PC muscle during towel hangs. This is the exact same muscle that you squeeze to stop yourself from urinating. As this muscle becomes stronger you will find your ability to stop yourself from ejaculating has increased astronomically!

So if you want to make your penis bigger and stronger and improve your sexual performance no end, then guys I suggest you start using towel hangs!