Hydrocarbon Sensitivity

Hydrocarbon and chemical sensitivity always go hand in hand with food sensitivities. In some patients, the chemical and hydrocarbon sensitivity is more dominant than food sensitivities. In other cases food sensitivities are more important. To date it has been possible to sort out the majority of ecological problems concentrating on foods alone. Sadly this situation is slowly changing and it is becoming necessary to take on the much more difficult task of unravelling patient’s hydrocarbon and chemical exposure in order to achieve a reasonable clinical result. The outlook for the future is bleak, as there are no signs that hydrocarbon, pesticide, insecticide, food preservative, food additive and aerosol propellant pollution is on the decrease; if anything, it is very much on the increase. By far the most important sensitivity in this group is that of hydrocarbon

What are hydrocarbons? Hydrocarbons contain only the elements of hydrogen and carbon. They occur naturally in petroleum and gas and are used in the manufacture of plastics, solvents, synthetic fibers and synthetic rubbers. Commercial petroleum products, such as petrol, kerosene, aviation fuel and lubricating oils, are derived from mixtures of hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons are also contained in the gases manufactured from coal and petroleum.

People with hydrocarbon sensitivity will usually feel ill or very tired when exposed to gas, petrol or diesel fumes. They are usually very sensitive to the smell of these fumes, whereas other people would not notice them. Another common symptom is the syndrome termed by American ecologists as ‘brain fag’. The person’s intellect becomes dulled, his memory is severely affected and often his speech becomes slurred.

Obviously, the hydrocarbon problem is of extreme concern in a world which is so reliant on motor vehicle transportation. However, with care and good management, this problem can be minimized by the sufferer. The obvious things, such as keeping clear of heavy diesel trucks, avoiding self-serve petrol stations and not walking or running near busy roads, can go a long way towards assisting a person, with hydrocarbon sensitivities, to lead a normal life. Because this sensitivity always goes hand in hand with food allergies, often the diagnosis and removal of food allergens will greatly assist the overloaded immune system to cope more efficiently with the remaining chemical/hydrocarbon allergies.

Another major form of hydrocarbon allergy is caused by heating and cooking gas. This can be the most serious of all hydrocarbon problems due to gas appliances, such as fires and cookers, being used in continuous close proximity to the sufferer. Leading American allergist, Dr Theron Randolph, has slated the gas stove as a ‘pernicious device’. In the past twenty-five years, he has made three thousand susceptible families switch to something less potentially allergenic. In the case of very sensitive gas allergies, it is necessary to remove completely all gas appliances, pipes and materials regularly exposed to gas, from the home. The obvious choice for these people is electric cooking and heating. The main hydrocarbon derivatives, which cause people problems are paints, varnishes, solvents, cleaning fluids, lighter fluids, aerosol propellants, sponge rubber, plastics, coal tar soaps, detergents, polishes, wax candles, coal fires, air fresheners, deodorants, disinfectants, substances containing phenol and all tinned foods (as the insides of tin cans are coated with phenol), and cosmetics and perfumes.

Decorating Christmas Ornaments, Spray Painting Techniques to Change the Color of Holiday Decorations

Paint and Christmas do go together and can create beautiful things from old items that would otherwise be thrown away. Learn how to change the look of your old Christmas items and give them new life and a new color. How often would you like to change the colors you use at the holidays but do not want to spend the money? It is easy with the use of paint to completely change the color and look of old Christmas items.

Spray paint is the answer here, it comes is wonderful colors and can be used for virtually any application. Christmas ornaments and garland and even Christmas trees can be transformed with a single can of spray paint.

Would you like to completely change the look and most importantly the color of Christmas this year? Now is the time and it is as easy as picking the new color and purchasing the exact color in spray paint. It is easy to find and easy to use.

Some examples of things I have transformed with new color. Say for example this year you would like to have copper color as the theme color for your Christmas decorations. Do you know that you can paint over any Christmas tree ornaments with paint? You can use spray paint or even the paints that come in 2 oz sizes at the craft stores. Don’t be afraid very few things are off limits.

I had a small tree that I wanted to have a big impact in one area of my home (I love Christmas and it shows). That year I had the color blue as my accent color throughout the house in my decorations. I took an amazing color of blue metallic spray paint and painted my small artificial Christmas tree. It was amazing; I sprayed the tips with spray glue and put the white iridescent snowflakes on the tips, adding small clear lights. I took some of my small ornaments and repainted them shades of blue and white. Taking others and painting them shiny silver. The only money spent was for the spray paint.

If you have plastic garland guess what there is spray paint that is specially made for plastic and works well to transform plastic garland to any color that you want this season. Wreathes that are not the color you want simply spray them with the color that works, it is as easy as that.

I often by ropes of accent garland from Halloween several days after, it is usually 90% off and in the color orange. Usually it is not my color, (I have been big into copper for a couple years), and so I just find the spray paint color that matches what I want. I spray the strands then I use them as accents in my arrangements, on the tree or in candle arrangements for the table or even I make beautiful wreaths out of them. The cost is under two dollars for yards of garland in my color.

The only limitation is your imagination; you can also use this technique on fresh greens from the yard. Have fun, keep the costs to a minimum and have a magnificent custom Christmas.

How to Teach Children to Think Ahead

Every mom and dad wants a successful future for their kids. But what qualities should one develop in children? Foresight – the quality you don’t hear much about, but what each child needs most! Firstly we should try to understand what foresight is and why it is so important.

We are going to tell you how to find the key to this skill, and how to teach children to have foresight.

A forward-looking person thinks about what he is doing now, and the consequences that this behaviour will have. He is able to analyse any situation and live through it in his head. This is a very special skill. People who have it can achieve anything in life.

For very young school children, the thought process is often disorganised. They think about whatever comes into their heads. Their thoughts jump around, like rabbits. If this disorganisation remains throughout their lives, it will create an abundance of problems during adulthood.

Is it possible to teach children to think ahead? Of course; it’s both possible and necessary. Everyone is able to choose what to think about, and it is important to teach children to approach that choice conscientiously, from an early age.

Above all, children need to be taught to think about what they are doing at the present moment. Tell children as often as possible: “Let’s think about the best way to do it.” Discuss everything with your children; toys, homework, washing the dishes, doing the laundry.

Ask your child: “I have to wash these clothes, what do I need to think about?” Give the child the opportunity to answer, then explain in your own words: “I mustn’t forget to wash the light clothes separately from the dark ones. Besides, the clothes made of wool should not be mixed with others textures.”

Play the following game as often as possible: WHAT YOU MUST THINK ABOUT?

When you wake up in the morning, what must you think about? When you want something to eat, what must you think about? When you’re going for a walk, what must you think about? For example, when I go for a walk I must think about:

The weather, and which clothes would be suitable; What toys I’m going to play with outside, so I can bring them with me; Thinking whom of my friends to invite. The most important part of this process is giving the child the opportunity to answer, and praising his or her response. This will encourage them to think about what they are doing. You can give the child a coloured token for each answer. Tell the child he or she must receive at least 3 tokens in order to become a forward-thinking person.

When the child learns to think this way, he or she will be able to play alone and concentrate for long periods of time. When the child gets older, he or she will be able to approach any task with due concentration, and tackle their homework alone.

But foresight does not only involve concentrating on the task in hand, it also requires the capacity to think about the future, TO IMAGINE WHAT WILL HAPPEN. The first time a young child is introduced to the concept of consequence is when they are told not to touch a hot flame. But children cannot possibly live through all the thousands of situations they might come across during their lives. So this is where one magical word comes in handy: “IMAGINE.”

When you read a child a story, end with a discussion, starting with the word “Imagine”. “Imagine a chicken gave you a golden egg. What would you do with it?”

When you’re playing or walking with the child, use the magical word “Imagine” as often as possible. “Imagine you saw a vicious dog. What would you do? Imagine you had to cross the road on your own without traffic lights. What would you do?”

And stories, as usual, will help to stimulate the child’s mind: “A bear cub was on his way to the shops. He had to cross the road. The crossing was a long way away, and the cub was in a hurry to buy an ice cream, so he decided to run across the road. The bear cub looked to the right; there was a car far away in the distance, so he started to run. Imagine what happened next…”

An example of a story to develop foresight in children aged 3-5 years.

What should the young hare have thought about? Mummy hare planted some cabbages in the garden. Her young son helped his mummy and watered the cabbages every day, while daddy hare built a fence around the vegetable patch. He stuck strong, smooth planks into the ground to stop trespassers crawling in and eating the cabbages.

Everyone was delighted when the cabbages grew, and mummy hare said to her son:

“You’ve worked very hard; now you can relax and play for a while.”

The young hare hopped off to the meadow behind the vegetable patch. There was a tree stump at the side of the meadow, and the little hare started to beat a jolly tune on it with his paws. Suddenly, a young goat appeared from the woods. He jumped up in delight and cried:

“Hey, you’re really good at that. Drum music is great for hopping around to. But it’s a bit quiet. You need drum sticks to make it louder.”

The young hare looked around. The woods were on one side of the meadow, and the vegetable patch was on the other. And the fence around the vegetable patch was made of wonderful straight planks… The young hare raced up to the fence and pulled out one of the sticks, but it was too fat, so he pulled out another’ but that one was too heavy. In the end, the hare chose two strong, light sticks.

He tried to drum with them – and it was marvellous! The sound of the drums was so appealing that the young goat started to dance. The little hare was ecstatic, and he hopped off to the woods to show his friends how he could drum. Everyone heaped praise on the drummer, and told him he had a fantastic talent.

The young hare didn’t get home until evening.

Mama! he shouted from the doorstep. “I can play the drums better than anyone; shall I show you?”

“No, I’m very upset. There is a disaster! Somebody destroyed our vegetable garden’s fence,’ replied father-hare in anger.

“Yes, hoards of thieves squeezed through the hole in the fence to steal our cabbages. We lost half our crop before dad fixed the hole in the fence,” mummy hare said with a sob.

The young hare turned bright red and hid his sticks behind his back.

“Mum always told me: Think first and act later,” the young hare remembered.

Questions and tasks:

What should the young hare have thought about? Any other idea where he could have obtained a pair of fine drumsticks? Imagine there is a little girl who is worried about her doll getting cold in the winter. She doesn’t have any warm clothing for the doll, so she cuts a piece out of mummy’s coat to warm up her doll. Do you think the girl behaved properly? How should she have behaved? Imagine you and mummy have planted some seeds in the flowerbed beside the house. They have blossomed and everyone is happy. Then imagine a young boy comes along and picks them as a present for his mummy. Is this the right way to behave? What should the boy have done?

When a child learns to think about what will happen before it happens, he or she will behave thoughtfully. This ability protects the children from disappointment in childhood and plays a huge role in their lives when they grow up.

How to Plan a Restaurant Menu – Tips and Ideas

One area that needs your focused attention when you are starting out in the restaurant business is menu planning. Many new operators simply have no idea of how to plan a restaurant menu that caters to what their target market is looking for as well as being practical in terms of preparation.

In this article we take a closer look at restaurant menu planning and ten of the points that you have to consider as you start to assemble the necessary content.

Restaurant Concept

Firstly, you have to think about your restaurant concept and the type of clientele that you are hoping to attract. These things will be affected by your location, restaurant premises and theme among other factors. Your overall concept will affect the style, quality and portion sizes of the cuisine that you will feature on your restaurant menus.

Different Types of Restaurant Menus

Most restaurant menus are static in that they are fixed for lengthy time periods and are not able to easily be changed. The alternative is to offer a menu that is constantly changing. The latter is great for restaurants that use seasonal ingredients that fluctuate in price such as seafood. ‘Soup of the day’ is another common menu variation that may change as often as daily. However it makes it difficult if new menus need to be printed frequently. Options for menus that vary frequently include writing your menu up on a chalk board or printing out special inserts with daily specials.

A la carte restaurant menus require customers to select menu items individually and everything is priced separately. On the other hand Prix Fixe menus offer several courses included in one set meal for a fixed price. Then there is buffet style dining which usually requires little in the way of menus at all but rather just descriptions on the dishes at the point where customers serve themselves.

Menu Size

One thing to remember when putting together a menu is to offer enough of a variety to give diners a great selection while also keeping it reasonably simple so that they don’t get overwhelmed. A simple menu will also likely reduce the number of errors while orders are being taken and give staff less headaches remembering details on each dish. A menu with a smaller range of offerings will also make it easier for you to manage your inventory and to reduce food waste.

Consult a Chef

At the lower end of the restaurant spectrum you can basically do your restaurant menu planning and then hire kitchen staff that are capable of making the dishes that you have in mind. However, if you will be hiring a chef then you will need to consult with him or her on the style of cuisine that he or she specializes in. A chef will no doubt be able to offer invaluable tips and advice on your menu so it is well worth consulting one if possible.

Testing and Tweaking

Before you go ahead and include a dish on your menu it is important to decide on exactly how the dish will be made and presented. It not only has to meet your personal taste but should also meet the tastes of the general public. Before you launch a new menu item it is important to do some testing. Get some opinions from cooks or chefs and look for slight modifications that could be made to improve a dish even more.

Kitchen Space and Equipment

Your menu possibilities may be limited by the size of the kitchen space that you have available or by the equipment that is required to make certain menu items. Do an assessment of the equipment that you have and the equipment that you are prepared to buy at the same time as you are planning your menu.

Something for Everyone

Try to cater to a wide range of tastes and dietary requirements if possible. You may have a separate menu section for children or your menu may include options for vegetarians. Allergies are a concern for many these days so you should have additional menu notes that staff can refer to. If they are asked by diners if certain dishes contain peanuts, eggs or other common ingredients that people are allergic to then they should be able to offer accurate information. Include as much critical information about these ingredients on a menu as possible.

Let Customers Personalize a Dish

One nice idea is to allow your customers to have some input into the dish that they want to order. At the basic level they could just be choosing between french fries or a baked potato. To take it a step further they could be choosing sauces, salad dressings, different kinds of cheeses or the intensity of spices such as chili that may be added to the meal.

Popular Trends

Trends in food can change faster then most people think so you may want to follow these food trends and make alterations to your menu accordingly, to keep up with the times. Members of the public have been educated about cuisine by celebrity chefs on TV or may be following the latest dietary craze that is getting attention in the media such as the low-carb diet.

More than One Menu?

More upscale restaurants usually need more than one menu. A separate drinks menu or wine list is common but other courses such as dessert could also have their own menu. You may also require menus for different times of the day such as breakfast time.

If you want to open a restaurant and succeed then it is essential that you know how to plan a restaurant menu, how to set menu prices and how to design a menu in a way that maximizes sales and the diner’s experience.

High School Wrestling: My 10 Favorite Moves

I never used throws in my wrestling career. Throws just weren’t my thing. High amplitude throws look cool and can score a wrestler 5 points quickly and maybe even result in a pin. But, throws are also high risk moves. Throws are high-risk, high-reward moves. Investing in commodities is also a high-risk, high-reward endeavor. I’d rather put my money into a savings account or a CD with an assured rate of return on my investment.

Similarly, in the sport of wrestling I’d rather put my practice time to use on drilling double legs, single legs, and stand-ups. In the sport of football, you see a lot of hand-offs and short passes. You don’t often see trick plays or really long passes (i.e. the bomb). Often a team will kick a field goal instead of trying for the touchdown because the field goal is more of a sure thing. I think you see what I’m getting at. It’s good to learn throws and counters to throws. However, usually the fundamentals win wrestling matches. This is probably a message you have heard before. Ninety percent of the time, you will probably use the same moves. You may use a different version of the move or set it up differently, but use the same basic move nonetheless.

I had a teammate in junior high who liked to headlock everyone he wrestled. That worked in junior high, but it stopped working in high school. If you’re good at throws then go for it. But, most NCAA champions and freestyle Olympic champions are not throwers. Watch a video of John Smith or Tom Brands and see how often they do a throw. I don’t think I’ve ever seen either wrestler do a throw in competition.

Most of the following moves can easily be found online or in books. Several are featured in online videos. I’m sure you know all of these moves. They are basic moves. But, fundamental moves win matches which is why everyone uses them. The key is to find the proper techniques for applying these moves. Remember the importance of setting your moves up and not just wildly shooting takedowns. Be aware of your position at all times. Don’t try to emulate other wrestlers or do moves just because your coach thinks they are good. Find out what works for you. Take the time to learn your craft (i.e. wrestling). Don’t be lured in by fancy moves or instant gratification. Practice and drill fundamental moves religiously. Don’t spend time in practice or in competition performing moves that are only likely to work two percent of the time. Now then, here are my ten favorite moves.

1. Double leg takedown

The double leg is one of the first moves I learned. The double leg is one of the first moves most wrestlers learn. The sport of judo has a similar technique known as morote- gari (two-handed reap or double leg grab). What could be more basic than tackling someone by grabbing both of his legs? Kids probably do it all of the time. Of course, it’s a bit more difficult than that. Proper technique is required. You don’t want to get overextended. You opponent could snap you down and spin around or put you in a front headlock. Therefore, make sure that you take a deep penetration step while keeping your hips under you. Some wrestlers like to drive through their opponents and some like to lift their opponent off the ground to finish the double leg. In junior high we were always told, “On a double leg you keep your head on the outside. On a single leg you keep your head on the inside.” Sometimes you can lock your hands while doing a double leg and then use your head as a pry to take your opponent down. I had a high school teammate who used the double leg takedown 99% of the time when he was on his feet. He placed third in the state tournament during his senior year. Sometimes you can get away with doing the same move repeatedly when you’re really good at it. You can often switch off to a double leg after performing a high crotch. The double leg is a fairly low-risk move. If you don’t finish it, you often simply end up back on your feet again. Former UFC champion Matt Hughes executed double legs in matches often and slammed his opponents to the canvas. Mixed martial artists often learn how to perform a double leg. Of course, you can’t slam your opponent in folkstyle wrestling. But, the double leg takedown is a great move. The double leg is a high percentage move (i.e. it often works).

2. Single leg takedown

The single leg is another basic takedown. I used primarily single leg takedowns in high school. There are numerous ways to set up and finish a single leg. The single leg is also a high percentage move. Push and pull your opponent causing him to bring the leg you want to attack forward. Make him “heavy” on the foot you want to attack. Lower your level and shoot in with your hips under you as a strong foundation. Keep your head inside and get an angle off to his side. Or, don’t tie up and simply make sure you are close enough to perform your shot without getting overextended. I think it’s fairly easy to shoot a single leg. I think the real secret is being able to finish it. You may have to pivot around and grab his far ankle. You may have to get his ankle on your knee to help you lift his leg. You may have to tripod up and then do a “boot scoot.” Spend a lot of time working on your ties, set-ups, and finishes for single legs and other takedowns.

3. High crotch takedown

The high crotch is a kind of single leg. It’s also similar to a duck under. You can set up a high crotch from an underhook, a two-on-one tie, or many other ways. I like to hit a high crotch and then finish it by switching off to a double leg.

4. Whizzer

If someone shoots for a takedown, you can sprawl, whizzer, and crossface him. I consider a whizzer to be a basic and effective move for countering leg attacks. The whizzer involves a deep overhook on your opponent’s near arm when he is in deep on a takedown attempt. The pressure of a whizzer on your opponent’s arm is often enough to fend off his attack. Sometimes in a whizzer situation, you can wrap your free hand around his neck and drive him to the mat in a half nelson. Other times you end up on your feet with the whizzer still secure and you can try to hip toss your opponent. The whizzer is an important move and should be drilled often.

5. Stand-up

This is the most standard move for escaping from the bottom position. Keep your elbows in, explosively stand up, break your opponent’s grip, and turn to face him. Hand and wrist control is important. You’ll have to be good at hand fighting. After you break his grip, you can try to take his captured hand and place it in your “back pocket” before you turn quickly to face him. Stand-ups are great for getting that 1-point escape. Make sure that you aggressively seek a takedown immediately after getting the escape.

6. Switch

I love the switch. The switch is the most fundamental reversal technique in wrestling. It involves a hip heist type movement. Sometimes it helps to push back into your opponent before you pivot and scoot your hips out to hit the switch. I really enjoyed doing the “standing switch” in high school. I would stand up from the bottom position. When he pulled me back to the mat, I would immediately hit a switch. You should know how to do a standing switch.

7. Sit-out

This is another fundamental move from the bottom position. After you achieve the sit-out position, you can often execute a hip heist and escape. In addition, if your opponent sticks his head over your shoulder, you can grab it, rotate hard in the opposite direction, and put him on his back. The sit-out is fundamental and you should know how to perform it.

8. Cross-body leg ride

The cross-body ride is performed from the top position and involves putting one or both of your legs inside of your opponent’s legs. We used to call it the “cowboy ride” if a wrestler put both of his legs in. I liked using a cross-body ride when I was having trouble keeping my opponent down in the bottom position. I used to do turks and guillotines from the cross-body position. Sometimes I merely used the ride to break opponents down. I was once ridden for an entire period by an opponent who put both legs in and used a force half nelson. That was not fun. The cross-body can be higher-risk. You have to keep your back arched and not let yourself get too far forward on your opponent’s back. Nonetheless, I think it’s an effective move. Olympic champion Ben Peterson was good at leg riding.

9. Arm bar (a.k.a. the chicken wing)

The arm bar was my favorite pinning move. I used single and double arm bars often. I liked to secure a single arm bar and then swing my leg over my opponent’s head and use it as a pry. This usually got my opponent to turn over to his back. Dan Gable was exceptional at arm bars.

10. Front quarter nelson

The front quarter nelson is a great move after you have sprawled and stopped an opponent’s shot. You place one hand on the back of his head while threading your other hand behind his near arm. You then place the hand you’ve threaded behind his near arm on top of the hand on the back of his head. You apply pressure, elevate his near arm, and force his head to the mat. You can often turn him onto his back in this manner. I used to apply a front quarter nelson, get my opponent moving one direction, and then arm drag or shuck him as I spun around behind for the takedown.

Other Favorite Moves

  • Granby roll
  • Cradles
  • Low single
  • Ankle pick
  • Inside trip (in judo it’s called ouchi-gari)
  • Arm drag
  • Half nelson

Remember, fundamentals win wrestling matches. Practice hard and drill your moves religiously. I hope some of my favorite moves are favorites of yours too.

Painting Brick – Hidden Cost You Should Know About

Homeowners often update the appearance of their homes with a coat of fresh paint. However if you are considering painting the ‘bricks’ on your home then there are a few things you should consider before you break out the spray guns and throw a party!

Permanence – The most important word to remember about painting brick is: permanence. That’s right. It’s a one way road. It is permanent and you can’t remove it once it has been applied. Now I know that some of you will say that you can get strippers and restoration cleaners to remove the paint if you really need to and that is true.

Remember though, you are entering a very expensive restoration process that is usually limited to very high end or very valuable masonry buildings with large amounts of funding. Practically speaking, restoration cleaning cost would simply be out of the range for all but the most affluent homeowner. (tens of thousands of dollars)

On-Going Maintenance – The day you apply the last coat of paint to the bricks on your home, is the first day paint degradation begins. Sooner or later the bricks will have to be painted again.

It has now become a never ending process. You will spend far more in the long run painting your brick over and over again then you would ever have spent in up-grading to brick work on your home in the first place. So a quick fix, like painting bricks you don’t particularly like, can often be an expensive mistake. Bricks will need to be re-painted more frequently than the rest of your home as well because of the risk of water entry which can cause severe damage.

Water Damage – The next point to remember is this: bricks need to breathe. What do I mean by that? Well bricks breathe naturally expelling moisture from the wall. When you coat them with paint you have effectively closed the pores of the bricks preventing them from breathing. In a perfect world this doesn’t sound like a bad idea because it effectively keeps the water out as well.

In real world situations though, paint will begin to crack fairly quickly. Minute hairline fissures will open allowing water to enter the masonry system with no way to escape. Unfortunately at this point it is hard for you to recognize or see the effects of the water entry, as it is hidden behind the paint.

As each freeze thaw cycle comes and goes real deterioration of the brick takes place and by the time the problem manifest the damage has already been done. Large portions of the wall area will have ‘brick face de-lamination’ and many more areas you can’t see will have de-lamination but will be held together by the paint. So a close inspection for damage will be necessary.

Now you not only have your ongoing paint maintenance to deal with but deteriorated brick repairs must be done as well.

So you can see how the seemingly simple remedy of painting your bricks to change its color can have far reaching implications and consequences. If you must go this route then I would suggest that you contact a local masonry repair expert for his advice on how to protect your masonry before painting and how to proceed with the painting process.

Extending Your Wi-Fi Range Into A Loft Conversion

For most people, having a reliable and speedy Internet is a commodity deemed incredibly important in the running of our every day lives. If you are considering a loft conversion, it is therefore essential to think about whether your current Wi-Fi solutions will be enough to cover your new living area, and if not, what the best way to rectify this is.

So, what are some of the available options when it comes to extending your Wi-Fi signal into your loft?

1. Hard wiring up to the loft and adding an additional access point

This is probably the most effective way to extend your Wi-Fi, but it is also the trickiest. The problem arises because it requires your router to be wired to each access point by Ethernet cable, which means that unless you already have this set up in your loft conversion, wiring will need to be fitted into the walls to create the new access points.

An access point is different from a router, so if you opt for this method of Wi-Fi signal boosting, make sure to buy the correct one. You should only need one router for the whole house, and the access point acts as an extension of the back of the router and simply allows supplementary Wi-Fi access rather than having any sort of control over the network itself.

2. Getting an external antenna for your router

For something a little simpler, this could be an easy fix for furthering your Wi-Fi signal strength. An external antenna increases the range of the Wi-Fi that would then reach to your converted loft area. More recent routers are increasingly found with internal antennas built in, but for those that don’t offer this, the majority of routers does have, or at least support, an external antenna.

Usually, the external antennas you find with routers are fairly cheap and omnidirectional, which means that they send equal signals in all directions. Depending on the layout of your home, it may be worthwhile replacing the standard antenna with a high-gain one, which sends more concentrated signals in one direction. This is particularly beneficial if you have an area of narrow living space, or if your router is in one area of a room and you need the Wi-Fi to predominantly extend the other way.

3. Using a repeater router

If you find that using an antenna doesn’t create a strong enough signal to be detected in your loft, an alternative option is to install another router as a repeater unit. This effectively retransmits the Wi-Fi signal from your primary router, but because the second one is strategically positioned in a different place, the combination of both gives wider network cover. You may have a spare router lying about at home, but otherwise these can be purchased.

When you plug your second router into the first’s LAN port, you should run the setup utility and assign the same netmask, gateway and SSID as your main router. The DHCP of the spare router needs to be turned off too. Finally, the second router needs to be positioned in a place with the weakest Wi-Fi signal, so find the right spot somewhere in the new loft area.

4. Using repeaters or extenders

Rather than using a spare router to extend Wi-Fi into the loft, you could buy a specific wireless repeater or extender device. This will also retransmit the signal. It is advised that these are placed halfway between your router and the device or area you want to cover, so that the repeater is placed at the outer limit of where good Wi-Fi signal is found in your home.

There is a difficulty in that using a repeater will give slower internet access for those that are connected to it, when compared with the speed when connected to the main router, but depending on what you use the internet for, this may still be acceptable.

5. Transmitting signals via the mains electrical wiring

If you don’t already have Ethernet ports throughout your house, you may consider using the mains electrical wiring and plug sockets to create access points. An adapter is plugged into an electrical socket and connected with the router, which then enables the network to be connected with the electrical lines.

If you have success with this, further adapters can be plugged into different outlets in your house and connected to your computer, either with an Ethernet cable, or by connecting the adapter to a wireless access point that then allows your device to detect the Wi-Fi. Another option is to buy a router with an already built in wireless access point and use this to extend the coverage.

Problems With Portable Storage Pods

It is no secret that portable storage pods are a very popular storage option for many. Their demand can easily be evidenced by simply looking around in your neighborhood as odds are good you will see or two fairly quickly. The interest in these has risen to the point where they have become a preferred item over other options. However, even with all this interest, they are not without their own problems or issues. Here, we take a look at a few of these issues and what you can do about them.

Storage pods have difficulty in extreme temperatures.

This will be intuitive to many people who recognize that any portable storage will have its limits. In extreme temperatures, these containers suffer in performance. However, they do turn out to do really well in a pretty broad temperature including fairly cold temperatures and very hot temperatures. But if you find that the temperature gets too hot or cold in your area, we suggest that you have the container moved to a climate controlled facility. Most of the container companies have this option and you should take advantage of this option at times when the temperature really goes beyond what these containers are designed for.

Door way opening latch can become blocked.

This can be an issue with some storage pods where the door is unable to be opened because items inside press against the door making it hard to open the container. One of the best ways to guard against this issue is to pack items up to about 85% occupancy. This will help ensure the entrance is not blocked. It also has the added benefit of making it easier to find items in storage because of the extra space.

Some containers have design issues.

One issue for some containers is that they have a raised entrance. This is an issue with only a few pods but it is worth noting. This raised entrance makes it a little harder to load and unload items and there is an increased risk of tripping because of the raised entrance.

Another issue that some containers have is what the container is made of. Some containers are made of plywood which can create an environment where mildew and moisture can become an issue. The best solution in these settings is to opt for other kinds of pods that do not have this issue.

By keeping these different issues of portable storage pods, you should be much better prepared to get the most out of yours.

How to Break 100 – Advice For the Golf Beginner

If Tiger, Phil, or any other pro makes an 8 (a snowman) on any hole, that is terrible. Your average score on a par 5 is 7 or more right now. For a golf beginner an 8 is really no big deal. 10 is the score you should avoid. The difference is a pro is trying to break 70 and you are trying to break 100. Don’t let par, Tiger, or your buddy set your goals.

To break 70 on a par 72 course Tiger needs 3 birdies and 15 pars. He plans his rounds thinking about which holes he can birdie. Do you plan your rounds thinking about what score on each hole is reasonable and achievable for you?

To score 99 on a par 72 course you must average 5½ shots on every hole. Somebody is asking themselves: “How do I score ½ of a stroke on any hole?” Obviously you don’t! On the first par 4 you score a 5 and on the next par 4 you score a 6. The average is 5½.

On the first par 5 you score a 6 and on the next part 5 you score a 7. On the first par 3 you score a 4 and on the next par 3 you score a 5. The average of all that is 5½. (6+7+4+5=22 and 22/4=5½)

To break 100 you must average bogey and ½ stokes per hole. To break 90 you must average bogey. If you don’t believe me, do the math. Now you understand the math, but what is the plan?

First, improve your skills. Don’t bother setting goals in a skill based activity unless you intend to improve. A goal doesn’t make putts or hit straight drives.

Second, set your next goal within sight of your present skill level. If your average score is 120 then aim at double bogey per hole (108). As you practice and improve one or two parts of your game you will find those 12 strokes. You can’t get to 90 or 100 strokes until you get past 110.

Third, ask yourself what is par really worth? Par is an estimate of what a scratch golfer should score on a hole or total for the entire course. Tiger’s par is really 68 or less and mine is around 90. If your par is around double bogey then add two strokes to the listed par for a hole. Now you have a reasonable target for your own performance.

Finally, what happens when you do score a snowman? There is no punishment beyond personal disappointment. Tiger makes bogey sometimes, he just needs to shoot one more birdie to make his goal. You need to score more bogeys and fewer double bogeys on the remaining holes.

At this point in time you probably struggle more on par 5’s than anywhere else. That is normal! To reach a par 5 requires 3 accurate shots in a row. Can you really do that right now? To reach a par 3 requires 1 accurate shot. You will probably loose strokes on par 5’s and make them up on short par 4’s and par 3’s. That is part of your plan. Remember pros love par 5’s but they kill us.

Learn to play golf with joy. You may never hit a drive 300 yards, but you can measure your own progress. Set reasonable goals and then practice to improve your skills. Measure your game against your own growing skills not what you see professionals do on Sunday. Remember you aren’t just an amateur, you are a beginner. Relax and enjoy every round.

See The Face You Love Light Up With Epcot Florida

Epcot Theme Park Attractions

Epcot is a land of about 300 acres straggling at Walt Disney world. The park is themed on international standard of science and tech. ark is divided into 2 portions both serve different purpose. One is the Future World and the other themed as Worlds Showcase. Epcot entertained loads of crowds every day due to its appealing attractions. The ark has both the hotspot rides and regular small rides in its attractions that being a visitor you may overlook.

Huge hits in Epcot available in world showcase attractions. If you are planning with friends and you feel boring taste for the World showcase as only leaning around and observing things you can boost yourself and your friends up by adding Drinks to regular walk. Epcot is not as attractive as the Magic kingdom of Disney but we recommend you to visit as much as possible and experience everything of Orlando. Overall World Showcase is an interesting attraction where you can find all the interesting things from all around the world.

The entrance of the theme park is the iconic spaceship Earth. The sphere is more seemed like a tennis ball. It’s a slow ride where evolution of human being highlighted. This iconic spaceship earth is world’s famous attraction of Walt Disney. The evolution story is the most informative and interesting one that demonstrate how people communicate in the beginning of the world and later how our method of communication modify with time. The park pull your interest even in entrance that guarantee that you are going to have a quality time in World Showcase.

A prominent attraction of the lace is American Adventure. The American Adventure is an animatedly played miscellaneous stage show where famous moments of American history. The show is classic, receptive and interesting any true American would feel a sense of patriotism while watching the show. This provoking show is said to be one of the big hit of Walt Disney world so being a hot spot and famous attraction of Epcot you must have to check it out.

An extravagant ride of Epcot is Soarin’ a hang glider simulator flight. While riding it you can simulate the ride over world’s amazing and famous locations. A big screen with shaggy gliders will make you believe that you are actually riding over world’s famous place. This entertaining ride will put you on knees if you are out of Fast passes+ as there are pretty long queue for tickets so arrange passes if you are aiming to visit any of Orlando’s theme park or else wait for the time at nights when wait time follow decrements which would never less than 30 minutes tough.

A new opening of the year is also a hit of Epcot. The Frozen Ever After recently opened in June 2016 and the place worth visiting. World Showcase is now a dream viewer and this year Frozen Ever After is the most renowned attraction at Walt Disney World’s theme parks and is also till date ranked on the top in popularity. The popularity make the place populous and hence Fast-Pass+ is a strong demand for the place otherwise you will lost 2 hours of the day in the line.

Gran Fiesta tour entertain you with the three Caballeros carrying Mexican culture as scenery which are searching for Donald duck. The trip is fun and a package of complete entertainment. It has a priority badge as the ride is the solo tour as is the only ride in the world Showcase area. Gran Fiesta tour is the attraction that highlight the classy Disney charm and give its guests a more vital experience. The ride appeals families with children more. Animated cartoons never seemed so inviting but the caballeros played and supported by all.

France always remain an appealing attraction for American. Epcot have a separate ‘Impressions de France’ which is a complete picture of France. The scheme highlight the cultural and regional beauty of France in enchanting way. The attraction also include Soarin but it’s different from the previously discussed Soarin. It is same in sense of visual beauty, yes the visuals are provoking.

For technology lovers and especially those who have aim of staying on mars Epcot have a Mission: Space. In this mission the tourists are sent to space where they pay visit to Mars by an accidental crash landing.. There you can find two rides one’s Green that is termed as a slow moving cow and other ride is termed as orange which is said to be the more thrilling, rusty and fun that can bring your stomach out of the mouth. The place is not so popular but is fun to visit.

Epcot is less famous for its rides but it has one famous roller coaster that deny all the laws of physics and took you on an amazing, adventurous and daring ride. Sum of All Thrills Allow you to design a roller coaster as you desire plus check out the intensity and then test in Kuka arm Simulator. Sum of All Thrills is the most exciting attraction of Epcot Park. Do remember the ride have no FastPass+ option so for you try to check it out in early morning timing.

Last and the most famous attraction of Epcot is Illuminations: Reflections of Earth the huge hit of fireworks. Most of the events are celebrated in Epcot theme park and mostly the park lit up its sky with the reflection of Earth’s colors by fireworks. The Fire Work ‘Illuminations’ is said to be the one of its kind and no such great fire work would be done in human history. The fireworks show is unique and grand on all festive evenings and the addition of melodious sound track make the atmosphere magical. Fireworks show lovers would enjoy close and clear look by doing reservation through FastPass+ or if you find difficult to enter in Epcot’s Illuminations: Reflection of Earth you can enter Lagoon park before the show starts as the place is close to World’s Showcase so you can find good coverage from there.

These are some of the most appealing attraction of Epcot there are many other attraction in the section that we skip like Journey into imagination with Figment and O Canada and colors of China and much more.

Now some interesting and exciting information regarding festivals that Epcot hold. The Most Famous Festival worth celebrating is the Epcot Food and Wine Festival. All the food lover from around America and other states gather for dining in Epcot and discover new tastes and entertain their taste buds with new wines and treats.

Fall is termed as the tastiest time on Orlando by the foodie people. Recently 21st Epcot food and wine festival is celebrated in Epcot and the festival is still on till Nov 14, 2016. From the Tables in wonderland number of special events bring forward new exciting flavored delights that leave you with savory satisfaction and the smell increase your appetite to max.

New additions to the food enlisted as Pork Tenderloin with Cannellini Bean Ragout and Zinfandel reduction, toasted Scallop, Brussel Sprout and wild Mushrooms. Veg and non veg are equally bitted in the festival.

As for Wine the champ of the year include popular California Chardonnay and Cabernet sauvignon. You can grab your own bottle or can have a glass only as per need.

Food is incomplete without chocolate pinches. The Chocolate studio Marketplace is there for you to sweeten your taste buds.

Festival is celebrated with food bashes and the “Rockin’ Burger Party” is also celebrated that serve you with outstanding savory experience. Such special events provide you special food treatment and the festival is a great way to give special treatment to food addicts by providing all the special festive offers to the visitors.

There are other number of food and wine festival games and special offers and packages available on special days and selected nights and people can enjoy special delights at up to 15 Epcot restaurants.

Planing to explore Epcot than fall is the best season when Food and Wine Festival celebrated so you would have plenty of time for dining and enjoying eating and celebrations. Also a special not Table in Wonderland is a special place at Walt Disney set up for food lovers and is exclusively for the city residents. Annual passes and Disney Vacation club membership will help you in easy attendance during festival timings.

You can also find a chance to meet famous chefs from around the world in food and wine festival as for this year the Cake master Buddy Valastro is joining, along with him there are other famous celebrity chefs like Elizabeth Faulkner, Norman Van Aken etc.

Market place food hubs to local food and popular food parties there is a lot to do in Epcot during Food and wine festival season. For all the Walt Disney World guests Epcot food and Wine festival is a market place… Throughout all the world showcase snacks are available and you can grab your pack when ever need. So if you are a foodie person Epcot have loads of fun for you. But don’t forget to check your budget if you visit Epcot during food festival as some time only purchasing snacks and visiting food booths you would lose handsome amount..

Marbro Lamp History

Marbro Lamp Company was founded by Morris Markoff and his brother, hence the name Marbro from Markoff brothers. They started the company shortly after WWII. The company was located in a 3 story brick building in the garment district of Los Angeles, just south of downtown right by the Santa Monica Freeway. During the time they ran the company, they sold almost as many antiques as they did lamps.

They also had a sizable business in decorative accessories such as tables, and a lot of animal figurines. There were quite a few dog figurines that were life size. One dog figurine was a life size Great Dane purchased by the actor Jack Webb (Dragnet). There were quite a few celebrities that came in to their shop. One actress who shopped there repeatedly was Deborah Shelton who at the time played the part of “Mandy” on Dallas (remember J.R.).

Marbro sold their products mainly through interior designers and a few upscale furniture stores. You would not find a Marbro product in a chain furniture store or discount store. Most of the products were built to order, and a typical order from a designer or retailer took between 75 and 90 days to complete.

Most of the components that made up the lamp bodies (ceramic, brass etc) were purchased from small companies around the world (see porcelain figure from Italy at top of page). In the later years almost all of the brass came from India. For the most part, none of the bodies were made on site. Marbro was well-known for importing a variety of unique lighting from all over the world. Italy was the source for alabaster, Japan and China for Porcelain, Brass in India and Crystal from Germany and France. Lamps would also be made from sculptures that customers brought in to the shop.

Once the lamp bodies arrived, a group of Marbro employees would make the wood bases, spin the metal caps, make the shades, and do the painting and tinting. With the help of about 20-40 other true world class artisans, metal workers, finishers and hand made shade makers, they produced lamps and shades that are some of last of their kind of art. For example, Marbro brass was never just plain brass. It was stained with a tinting that was homemade and kept secret by the company (reminiscent of Handel Lamp Co.). There were quite a few of these preparations all kept in one of those little metal boxes on a 3×5″ file card just like a recipe. It was truly unique.

Many of the lamp bodies that were bought were not exactly matched as pairs. Sometimes 10-20 crystal vases would have to be sorted through to get 2 of the exact same height so that if the lamps were purchased as a pair, they would match. All of the shades were made by hand by a group of women on the second floor of the building with very little automation.

The lamps were considered high style fine lamps for the times and presently. Brass and porcelain lamps would wholesale for a$300 – $3,000 while crystal and bronze lamps were $2,000 – $4,000.

The manufacturing plant was closed in Los Angeles in December 1990 and the inventory and equipment were moved to LaBarge Mirrors in Holland, MI. At the time LaBarge Mirrors was a Masco Corp subsidiary. Some time later, the Marbro product line was discontinued. Eventually, Masco sold most of their home furnishings manufacturing holdings.

Marbo assembled a very talented, experienced and most unique group of artists and craftsmen and many of their fine lamps exhibit a certain distinctive style. Most of the employees were in their 50’s and older. There were quite a few employees in their late 60’s and 70’s. Today their lamps are very collectible and sought after especially by knowledgeable collectors who are familiar with the company’s lamps and history.

It is obvious from the company’s careful selection of art objects and their unique proprietary methods of lamp making that their goal was to design beautiful unique and very high quality lamps. Their success is obvious from the very fine collectible Marbro lamps that are still sought after today.

Penis Sensitivity – 5 Masturbation Techniques to Bring Back the Pleasure

No matter what the Kama Sutra might say about the restorative powers of self-love, those who abuse their equipment might have a harder time reaching the peak of pleasure. Penile skin is sensitive, and men who are constantly handling the goods with dry, rough hands can do considerable damage, and experience an intense dip in penis sensitivity. Caring for the penis and trying the following masturbation techniques could help to bring back the sensory information that triggers feelings of pleasure during solo and mutual encounters.

Adding a Barrier

Adding a buffer between a man’s hands and his penis could reduce harmful friction, and it might add a little spice in the process. These barriers spread one touch across a larger skin surface, awakening many sensory cells in the process. Good options to try include:

  • Lubricated condoms
  • Banana peels
  • Olive oil
  • Butter

Going With the Flow

Water can be very erotic, and when it’s allowed to flow freely, it can also be quite strong. A hand-held showerhead can provide intense pleasure, and the skin of the penis won’t be subjected to any hand-based friction at all. Water techniques like this can also allow a man to feel a full-body sensory experience, rather than a targeted form of pleasure. Training like this could allow a man to expand his definition of an erogenous zone, and he might feel a sensitivity boost as a result.

Trying a Tool

Women aren’t the only ones who can benefit from a few battery-powered tools. The buzzing action of a vibrator can cause an intense bolt of pleasure for men, too, and men can experiment with the placement and intensity of the vibration in order to find a position that works for them. Adding a lubricant is vital, as these tools can abrade bare skin if they’re applied without a buffer, and they should be used only sparingly. But men who employ this method as a rare treat might find pleasurable spots on the penis they might never have found when left to their own devices.

Using a Feather

Training the penis to be more responsive and sensitive means finding those hidden touch receptors and waking them up once more. The delicate fibers of a feather can provide those cells with the mild stimulation they need, and if the feather is used properly, men may find that they’re able to reach pleasurable heights with just the softest of touches. Pairing a feather touch with visualization might be needed when men start this technique, however, as it’s a subtle and quiet method that takes time and patience to refine.

Adding a Friend

There’s no reason that masturbation must be a solo act. In fact, adding a partner into the mix might intensify the experience, and a female partner might use touches and techniques that might not have ever occurred to a man. This technique works best when men don’t give their partners direction or commands. Allowing the other partner freedom heightens the suspense, and the sensory system might be on red alert, wondering when the next touch will come and what it might feel like. This can, again, be great training to get a man’s sensory cells back on track.

Cleaning Up

Any masturbation session should end with a quick cleaning, as lubricants and other substances can dry on penis skin and cause yet more skin damage and subsequent sensory loss. After a quick cleanse, a penis vitamin creme (most experts recommend Man 1 Man Oil) can reward the penis for its hard work with natural emollients and essential nutrients to help to soothe abraded skin and allow sensory cells to do their job effectively.

The Many Benefits Of Owning A Safe In Your Home

The benefits of owning a safe in your home are numerous. Securing money, bonds, guns and jewelry is just the beginning. Treasured valuables such as family memorabilia, including documents and photographs may be kept inside a home safe as well. The invaluable protection against fire, flood, wind and theft makes them very desirable for many homeowners.

It will be an easy task that will not require much effort on the part of the homeowner and by shopping online, consumers will find many styles, brands and prices available. Sentry, First Alert and GardAll all have good products ranging around $150 to around $250 which is moderately priced on today’s market. The higher priced models will be fire resistant up to an hour or more and are also drop tested to ensure the contents will remain inside and safely locked away. A hide-a-way safe is designed for those who wish to keep things secret. Wall safes are a perfect example. Hidden behind a frame, these can be placed just about anywhere. For those who only wish to stash a little cash, a soda bottle, oil can or book disguised to hide small objects inside may be all that is required. Hidden in plain sight these neat little security objects are usually over looked during a burglary.

While some homeowners may think a home safe is unnecessary, the reality is that hundreds of homes are burglarized each year. Many home safes have the ability to be bolted onto the floor itself ensuring that no one can walk away with the entire safe and its contents. These are most often installed in the back of a closet but may be placed in any location a homeowner desires.

If purchasing a safe manufactured outside the USA ensure that all labels are read carefully. The testing standards are different from for those home safes constructed within the United States. If buying online or in your local retail store, remember to read all manufacturers specifications. This includes measurements in width, height and weight.

Current home safe owners already know and can testify to the many benefits of owning a safe in your home. Providing a dry, secure, locked location for firearms, cash and jewels are just a few good reasons. A restful night’s sleep will be easy to obtain when homeowners know all their valuables are kept safely together, locked away and protected from harm. Conveniently, many online retailers will offer delivery to an interior room or garage for an additional fee and it may be well worth it for ease of access. With the numerous home safe options available to consumers today, the hardest part may be deciding which one to choose.

How Long to Wait Before Applying Decals on Newly Painted Walls – Can Wall Decals Be Re-Applied?

Question: I just painted my walls. How long should I wait before applying my new decals?

Answer: First, it will depend on what type of paint you used. Latex paint takes up to 30 days to cure, although we’ve put wall decals on walls that have been painted less than a week. However, in our professional opinion, it would be better to wait 30 days.

If, on the other hand, you are using an oil-based paint (not common in most areas nowadays), you can apply vinyl graphics or decals or stickers within a week or so, as oil paints dry from the outside in.

When making signs using vinyl letters and logos, we always use oil-based paints as they last longer. But if you’re applying wall stickers to a wall in your home or business, it is unlikely in the modern era that you’ll be using oil-based paints.

So, while you may get away with installing vinyl wall stickers on your latex painted wall a week after it has been painted (yeah, we know it’s hard to wait!), it would be more ideal to wait a full 30 days.

Question: Can I reuse Wall Decals after I take them off the wall?

Answer: Wall Decals may not be reusable IF the vinyls used are very thin.

Using thin vinyl doesn’t mean that they are low quality, though. Do note that we don’t sell this brand of decal, but we’ll vouch for them that the thinner the vinyl, the better the quality is. Likely they are using “cast” vinyl, which doesn’t shrink like “calendared” vinyl will.

Most of the time if you remove a wall decal, you will stretch the material, thus decreasing the adhesion of the stretched material. If you put it on a textured wall, often it will lift paint flecks and plaster when you remove the sticker, also decreasing the adhesiveness of the vinyl.

On a general note, vinyl decals are rarely re-useable. If you get a removable decal or a static cling decal, these can be removed and re-used to some degree, although adhesion will tend to decline after the first usage.

Static cling decals particularly loose elasticity over time, and the thinner the static cling material, the sooner it will lose the ability to be re-applied. Static cling materials use plasticizers to maintain a soft and supple surface that will adhere to glass, acrylic, or very smooth painted surfaces. Over time, static cling material loses this suppleness and hence its re-usability as well.

On the other hand, repositionable decal adhesives are also available. The degree of removability varies from 6 months to 3 years. Some decal materials are employed only for interior use, and some for both. Obviously, any decal that can be used out-of-doors can also be used indoors.

Finishing A Basement – What A Carpet Would Do

Installing carpet in your finished basement gives the space a warmer, more welcoming feel that encourages family members and guests to spend more time there. It can also complement your decorating scheme, providing either a neutral background or a bright accent. Basement spaces don’t make carpet installation easy, however. If you don’t do the job correctly, you could end up with mold, water damage or other problems. Here’s what you should know about finishing your basement with carpet.

Concrete Sealer

Sealing your concrete can help protect the carpet in some basements. Concrete sealer is a liquid treatment that keeps moisture from passing through to the carpet. It’s commonly used when an underlayment isn’t feasible due to the height of the ceiling or basement fixtures. Concrete sealer reduces the porousness of the basement floor and acts as a water barrier, but it won’t protect against flooding or very damp basements.


If your basement slab doesn’t incorporate a moisture barrier, something that’s common in older houses, you’ll need to provide an underlayment that works as one. Several materials work to keep your carpet from wicking moisture out of the slab. One is cellulose-based soundboard at about 3/4 inch thick. You can also add dimpled polyethylene sheeting directly over the concrete, and then top it with 1/2 inch plywood. In basements that are relatively dry but still lack a vapor barrier, a single sheet of 6 mil plastic can be used instead of the polyethylene.

Synthetic Fibers

Even the driest basements end to be damper than the upper floors of the house. Stop mold and mildew from growing in your carpets by using synthetic fibers over natural ones. While low-VOC, natural fibers may be a great choice elsewhere in the home, they’ll quickly encourage fungal growth in the basement. Choose polyester, nylon or polyethylene to discourage these micro-organisms. Stick to synthetic backing materials, too. These will reduce the risk of an unpleasant smell or an increase in allergens.

Anti-microbial Treatments

If you think that mold is a high risk in your basement reconsider carpet installation or opt for a floor covering that has been treated with anti-microbial agents. These substances discourage the growth of mildew, mold and other fungi. They’re incorporated right into the carpet fiber and can last for many years.


Many basements can benefit from the use of a dehumidifier. These devices can be used either as standalone devices or installed directly into your home’s existing heating and air conditioning system. They remove the extra moisture from the air and will periodically need to be emptied, but they make a finished basement much more comfortable. In addition to making it easier to install carpet, they also reduce the “clammy” feeling of many basements.


Your carpeted basement will perform much better and feel more welcoming if it has the correct ventilation. This could mean ductwork or it could be as simple as installing a few ceiling fans. Leave the fans at a low setting to allow them to circulate the air. These devices can also be used to help maintain a consistent temperature in the basement by moving warm air down from the ceiling, a useful feature for people whose finished basements still tend to get cold.